Theory Conditionally_Complete_Lattices

theory Conditionally_Complete_Lattices
imports Set_Interval
(*  Title:      HOL/Conditionally_Complete_Lattices.thy
    Author:     Amine Chaieb and L C Paulson, University of Cambridge
    Author:     Johannes Hölzl, TU München
    Author:     Luke S. Serafin, Carnegie Mellon University
*)

section ‹Conditionally-complete Lattices›

theory Conditionally_Complete_Lattices
imports Finite_Set Lattices_Big Set_Interval
begin

context linorder
begin
  
lemma Sup_fin_eq_Max:
  "finite X ⟹ X ≠ {} ⟹ Sup_fin X = Max X"
  by (induct X rule: finite_ne_induct) (simp_all add: sup_max)

lemma Inf_fin_eq_Min:
  "finite X ⟹ X ≠ {} ⟹ Inf_fin X = Min X"
  by (induct X rule: finite_ne_induct) (simp_all add: inf_min)

end

context preorder
begin

definition "bdd_above A ⟷ (∃M. ∀x ∈ A. x ≤ M)"
definition "bdd_below A ⟷ (∃m. ∀x ∈ A. m ≤ x)"

lemma bdd_aboveI[intro]: "(⋀x. x ∈ A ⟹ x ≤ M) ⟹ bdd_above A"
  by (auto simp: bdd_above_def)

lemma bdd_belowI[intro]: "(⋀x. x ∈ A ⟹ m ≤ x) ⟹ bdd_below A"
  by (auto simp: bdd_below_def)

lemma bdd_aboveI2: "(⋀x. x ∈ A ⟹ f x ≤ M) ⟹ bdd_above (f`A)"
  by force

lemma bdd_belowI2: "(⋀x. x ∈ A ⟹ m ≤ f x) ⟹ bdd_below (f`A)"
  by force

lemma bdd_above_empty [simp, intro]: "bdd_above {}"
  unfolding bdd_above_def by auto

lemma bdd_below_empty [simp, intro]: "bdd_below {}"
  unfolding bdd_below_def by auto

lemma bdd_above_mono: "bdd_above B ⟹ A ⊆ B ⟹ bdd_above A"
  by (metis (full_types) bdd_above_def order_class.le_neq_trans psubsetD)

lemma bdd_below_mono: "bdd_below B ⟹ A ⊆ B ⟹ bdd_below A"
  by (metis bdd_below_def order_class.le_neq_trans psubsetD)

lemma bdd_above_Int1 [simp]: "bdd_above A ⟹ bdd_above (A ∩ B)"
  using bdd_above_mono by auto

lemma bdd_above_Int2 [simp]: "bdd_above B ⟹ bdd_above (A ∩ B)"
  using bdd_above_mono by auto

lemma bdd_below_Int1 [simp]: "bdd_below A ⟹ bdd_below (A ∩ B)"
  using bdd_below_mono by auto

lemma bdd_below_Int2 [simp]: "bdd_below B ⟹ bdd_below (A ∩ B)"
  using bdd_below_mono by auto

lemma bdd_above_Ioo [simp, intro]: "bdd_above {a <..< b}"
  by (auto simp add: bdd_above_def intro!: exI[of _ b] less_imp_le)

lemma bdd_above_Ico [simp, intro]: "bdd_above {a ..< b}"
  by (auto simp add: bdd_above_def intro!: exI[of _ b] less_imp_le)

lemma bdd_above_Iio [simp, intro]: "bdd_above {..< b}"
  by (auto simp add: bdd_above_def intro: exI[of _ b] less_imp_le)

lemma bdd_above_Ioc [simp, intro]: "bdd_above {a <.. b}"
  by (auto simp add: bdd_above_def intro: exI[of _ b] less_imp_le)

lemma bdd_above_Icc [simp, intro]: "bdd_above {a .. b}"
  by (auto simp add: bdd_above_def intro: exI[of _ b] less_imp_le)

lemma bdd_above_Iic [simp, intro]: "bdd_above {.. b}"
  by (auto simp add: bdd_above_def intro: exI[of _ b] less_imp_le)

lemma bdd_below_Ioo [simp, intro]: "bdd_below {a <..< b}"
  by (auto simp add: bdd_below_def intro!: exI[of _ a] less_imp_le)

lemma bdd_below_Ioc [simp, intro]: "bdd_below {a <.. b}"
  by (auto simp add: bdd_below_def intro!: exI[of _ a] less_imp_le)

lemma bdd_below_Ioi [simp, intro]: "bdd_below {a <..}"
  by (auto simp add: bdd_below_def intro: exI[of _ a] less_imp_le)

lemma bdd_below_Ico [simp, intro]: "bdd_below {a ..< b}"
  by (auto simp add: bdd_below_def intro: exI[of _ a] less_imp_le)

lemma bdd_below_Icc [simp, intro]: "bdd_below {a .. b}"
  by (auto simp add: bdd_below_def intro: exI[of _ a] less_imp_le)

lemma bdd_below_Ici [simp, intro]: "bdd_below {a ..}"
  by (auto simp add: bdd_below_def intro: exI[of _ a] less_imp_le)

end

lemma (in order_top) bdd_above_top[simp, intro!]: "bdd_above A"
  by (rule bdd_aboveI[of _ top]) simp

lemma (in order_bot) bdd_above_bot[simp, intro!]: "bdd_below A"
  by (rule bdd_belowI[of _ bot]) simp

lemma bdd_above_image_mono: "mono f ⟹ bdd_above A ⟹ bdd_above (f`A)"
  by (auto simp: bdd_above_def mono_def)

lemma bdd_below_image_mono: "mono f ⟹ bdd_below A ⟹ bdd_below (f`A)"
  by (auto simp: bdd_below_def mono_def)

lemma bdd_above_image_antimono: "antimono f ⟹ bdd_below A ⟹ bdd_above (f`A)"
  by (auto simp: bdd_above_def bdd_below_def antimono_def)

lemma bdd_below_image_antimono: "antimono f ⟹ bdd_above A ⟹ bdd_below (f`A)"
  by (auto simp: bdd_above_def bdd_below_def antimono_def)

lemma
  fixes X :: "'a::ordered_ab_group_add set"
  shows bdd_above_uminus[simp]: "bdd_above (uminus ` X) ⟷ bdd_below X"
    and bdd_below_uminus[simp]: "bdd_below (uminus ` X) ⟷ bdd_above X"
  using bdd_above_image_antimono[of uminus X] bdd_below_image_antimono[of uminus "uminus`X"]
  using bdd_below_image_antimono[of uminus X] bdd_above_image_antimono[of uminus "uminus`X"]
  by (auto simp: antimono_def image_image)

context lattice
begin

lemma bdd_above_insert [simp]: "bdd_above (insert a A) = bdd_above A"
  by (auto simp: bdd_above_def intro: le_supI2 sup_ge1)

lemma bdd_below_insert [simp]: "bdd_below (insert a A) = bdd_below A"
  by (auto simp: bdd_below_def intro: le_infI2 inf_le1)

lemma bdd_finite [simp]:
  assumes "finite A" shows bdd_above_finite: "bdd_above A" and bdd_below_finite: "bdd_below A"
  using assms by (induct rule: finite_induct, auto)

lemma bdd_above_Un [simp]: "bdd_above (A ∪ B) = (bdd_above A ∧ bdd_above B)"
proof
  assume "bdd_above (A ∪ B)"
  thus "bdd_above A ∧ bdd_above B" unfolding bdd_above_def by auto
next
  assume "bdd_above A ∧ bdd_above B"
  then obtain a b where "∀x∈A. x ≤ a" "∀x∈B. x ≤ b" unfolding bdd_above_def by auto
  hence "∀x ∈ A ∪ B. x ≤ sup a b" by (auto intro: Un_iff le_supI1 le_supI2)
  thus "bdd_above (A ∪ B)" unfolding bdd_above_def ..
qed

lemma bdd_below_Un [simp]: "bdd_below (A ∪ B) = (bdd_below A ∧ bdd_below B)"
proof
  assume "bdd_below (A ∪ B)"
  thus "bdd_below A ∧ bdd_below B" unfolding bdd_below_def by auto
next
  assume "bdd_below A ∧ bdd_below B"
  then obtain a b where "∀x∈A. a ≤ x" "∀x∈B. b ≤ x" unfolding bdd_below_def by auto
  hence "∀x ∈ A ∪ B. inf a b ≤ x" by (auto intro: Un_iff le_infI1 le_infI2)
  thus "bdd_below (A ∪ B)" unfolding bdd_below_def ..
qed

lemma bdd_above_sup[simp]: "bdd_above ((λx. sup (f x) (g x)) ` A) ⟷ bdd_above (f`A) ∧ bdd_above (g`A)"
  by (auto simp: bdd_above_def intro: le_supI1 le_supI2)

lemma bdd_below_inf[simp]: "bdd_below ((λx. inf (f x) (g x)) ` A) ⟷ bdd_below (f`A) ∧ bdd_below (g`A)"
  by (auto simp: bdd_below_def intro: le_infI1 le_infI2)

end


text ‹

To avoid name classes with the @{class complete_lattice}-class we prefix @{const Sup} and
@{const Inf} in theorem names with c.

›

class conditionally_complete_lattice = lattice + Sup + Inf +
  assumes cInf_lower: "x ∈ X ⟹ bdd_below X ⟹ Inf X ≤ x"
    and cInf_greatest: "X ≠ {} ⟹ (⋀x. x ∈ X ⟹ z ≤ x) ⟹ z ≤ Inf X"
  assumes cSup_upper: "x ∈ X ⟹ bdd_above X ⟹ x ≤ Sup X"
    and cSup_least: "X ≠ {} ⟹ (⋀x. x ∈ X ⟹ x ≤ z) ⟹ Sup X ≤ z"
begin

lemma cSup_upper2: "x ∈ X ⟹ y ≤ x ⟹ bdd_above X ⟹ y ≤ Sup X"
  by (metis cSup_upper order_trans)

lemma cInf_lower2: "x ∈ X ⟹ x ≤ y ⟹ bdd_below X ⟹ Inf X ≤ y"
  by (metis cInf_lower order_trans)

lemma cSup_mono: "B ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above A ⟹ (⋀b. b ∈ B ⟹ ∃a∈A. b ≤ a) ⟹ Sup B ≤ Sup A"
  by (metis cSup_least cSup_upper2)

lemma cInf_mono: "B ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below A ⟹ (⋀b. b ∈ B ⟹ ∃a∈A. a ≤ b) ⟹ Inf A ≤ Inf B"
  by (metis cInf_greatest cInf_lower2)

lemma cSup_subset_mono: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above B ⟹ A ⊆ B ⟹ Sup A ≤ Sup B"
  by (metis cSup_least cSup_upper subsetD)

lemma cInf_superset_mono: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below B ⟹ A ⊆ B ⟹ Inf B ≤ Inf A"
  by (metis cInf_greatest cInf_lower subsetD)

lemma cSup_eq_maximum: "z ∈ X ⟹ (⋀x. x ∈ X ⟹ x ≤ z) ⟹ Sup X = z"
  by (intro antisym cSup_upper[of z X] cSup_least[of X z]) auto

lemma cInf_eq_minimum: "z ∈ X ⟹ (⋀x. x ∈ X ⟹ z ≤ x) ⟹ Inf X = z"
  by (intro antisym cInf_lower[of z X] cInf_greatest[of X z]) auto

lemma cSup_le_iff: "S ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above S ⟹ Sup S ≤ a ⟷ (∀x∈S. x ≤ a)"
  by (metis order_trans cSup_upper cSup_least)

lemma le_cInf_iff: "S ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below S ⟹ a ≤ Inf S ⟷ (∀x∈S. a ≤ x)"
  by (metis order_trans cInf_lower cInf_greatest)

lemma cSup_eq_non_empty:
  assumes 1: "X ≠ {}"
  assumes 2: "⋀x. x ∈ X ⟹ x ≤ a"
  assumes 3: "⋀y. (⋀x. x ∈ X ⟹ x ≤ y) ⟹ a ≤ y"
  shows "Sup X = a"
  by (intro 3 1 antisym cSup_least) (auto intro: 2 1 cSup_upper)

lemma cInf_eq_non_empty:
  assumes 1: "X ≠ {}"
  assumes 2: "⋀x. x ∈ X ⟹ a ≤ x"
  assumes 3: "⋀y. (⋀x. x ∈ X ⟹ y ≤ x) ⟹ y ≤ a"
  shows "Inf X = a"
  by (intro 3 1 antisym cInf_greatest) (auto intro: 2 1 cInf_lower)

lemma cInf_cSup: "S ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below S ⟹ Inf S = Sup {x. ∀s∈S. x ≤ s}"
  by (rule cInf_eq_non_empty) (auto intro!: cSup_upper cSup_least simp: bdd_below_def)

lemma cSup_cInf: "S ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above S ⟹ Sup S = Inf {x. ∀s∈S. s ≤ x}"
  by (rule cSup_eq_non_empty) (auto intro!: cInf_lower cInf_greatest simp: bdd_above_def)

lemma cSup_insert: "X ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above X ⟹ Sup (insert a X) = sup a (Sup X)"
  by (intro cSup_eq_non_empty) (auto intro: le_supI2 cSup_upper cSup_least)

lemma cInf_insert: "X ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below X ⟹ Inf (insert a X) = inf a (Inf X)"
  by (intro cInf_eq_non_empty) (auto intro: le_infI2 cInf_lower cInf_greatest)

lemma cSup_singleton [simp]: "Sup {x} = x"
  by (intro cSup_eq_maximum) auto

lemma cInf_singleton [simp]: "Inf {x} = x"
  by (intro cInf_eq_minimum) auto

lemma cSup_insert_If:  "bdd_above X ⟹ Sup (insert a X) = (if X = {} then a else sup a (Sup X))"
  using cSup_insert[of X] by simp

lemma cInf_insert_If: "bdd_below X ⟹ Inf (insert a X) = (if X = {} then a else inf a (Inf X))"
  using cInf_insert[of X] by simp

lemma le_cSup_finite: "finite X ⟹ x ∈ X ⟹ x ≤ Sup X"
proof (induct X arbitrary: x rule: finite_induct)
  case (insert x X y) then show ?case
    by (cases "X = {}") (auto simp: cSup_insert intro: le_supI2)
qed simp

lemma cInf_le_finite: "finite X ⟹ x ∈ X ⟹ Inf X ≤ x"
proof (induct X arbitrary: x rule: finite_induct)
  case (insert x X y) then show ?case
    by (cases "X = {}") (auto simp: cInf_insert intro: le_infI2)
qed simp

lemma cSup_eq_Sup_fin: "finite X ⟹ X ≠ {} ⟹ Sup X = Sup_fin X"
  by (induct X rule: finite_ne_induct) (simp_all add: cSup_insert)

lemma cInf_eq_Inf_fin: "finite X ⟹ X ≠ {} ⟹ Inf X = Inf_fin X"
  by (induct X rule: finite_ne_induct) (simp_all add: cInf_insert)

lemma cSup_atMost[simp]: "Sup {..x} = x"
  by (auto intro!: cSup_eq_maximum)

lemma cSup_greaterThanAtMost[simp]: "y < x ⟹ Sup {y<..x} = x"
  by (auto intro!: cSup_eq_maximum)

lemma cSup_atLeastAtMost[simp]: "y ≤ x ⟹ Sup {y..x} = x"
  by (auto intro!: cSup_eq_maximum)

lemma cInf_atLeast[simp]: "Inf {x..} = x"
  by (auto intro!: cInf_eq_minimum)

lemma cInf_atLeastLessThan[simp]: "y < x ⟹ Inf {y..<x} = y"
  by (auto intro!: cInf_eq_minimum)

lemma cInf_atLeastAtMost[simp]: "y ≤ x ⟹ Inf {y..x} = y"
  by (auto intro!: cInf_eq_minimum)

lemma cINF_lower: "bdd_below (f ` A) ⟹ x ∈ A ⟹ INFIMUM A f ≤ f x"
  using cInf_lower [of _ "f ` A"] by simp

lemma cINF_greatest: "A ≠ {} ⟹ (⋀x. x ∈ A ⟹ m ≤ f x) ⟹ m ≤ INFIMUM A f"
  using cInf_greatest [of "f ` A"] by auto

lemma cSUP_upper: "x ∈ A ⟹ bdd_above (f ` A) ⟹ f x ≤ SUPREMUM A f"
  using cSup_upper [of _ "f ` A"] by simp

lemma cSUP_least: "A ≠ {} ⟹ (⋀x. x ∈ A ⟹ f x ≤ M) ⟹ SUPREMUM A f ≤ M"
  using cSup_least [of "f ` A"] by auto

lemma cINF_lower2: "bdd_below (f ` A) ⟹ x ∈ A ⟹ f x ≤ u ⟹ INFIMUM A f ≤ u"
  by (auto intro: cINF_lower order_trans)

lemma cSUP_upper2: "bdd_above (f ` A) ⟹ x ∈ A ⟹ u ≤ f x ⟹ u ≤ SUPREMUM A f"
  by (auto intro: cSUP_upper order_trans)

lemma cSUP_const [simp]: "A ≠ {} ⟹ (SUP x:A. c) = c"
  by (intro antisym cSUP_least) (auto intro: cSUP_upper)

lemma cINF_const [simp]: "A ≠ {} ⟹ (INF x:A. c) = c"
  by (intro antisym cINF_greatest) (auto intro: cINF_lower)

lemma le_cINF_iff: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below (f ` A) ⟹ u ≤ INFIMUM A f ⟷ (∀x∈A. u ≤ f x)"
  by (metis cINF_greatest cINF_lower order_trans)

lemma cSUP_le_iff: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above (f ` A) ⟹ SUPREMUM A f ≤ u ⟷ (∀x∈A. f x ≤ u)"
  by (metis cSUP_least cSUP_upper order_trans)

lemma less_cINF_D: "bdd_below (f`A) ⟹ y < (INF i:A. f i) ⟹ i ∈ A ⟹ y < f i"
  by (metis cINF_lower less_le_trans)

lemma cSUP_lessD: "bdd_above (f`A) ⟹ (SUP i:A. f i) < y ⟹ i ∈ A ⟹ f i < y"
  by (metis cSUP_upper le_less_trans)

lemma cINF_insert: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below (f ` A) ⟹ INFIMUM (insert a A) f = inf (f a) (INFIMUM A f)"
  by (metis cInf_insert image_insert image_is_empty)

lemma cSUP_insert: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above (f ` A) ⟹ SUPREMUM (insert a A) f = sup (f a) (SUPREMUM A f)"
  by (metis cSup_insert image_insert image_is_empty)

lemma cINF_mono: "B ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below (f ` A) ⟹ (⋀m. m ∈ B ⟹ ∃n∈A. f n ≤ g m) ⟹ INFIMUM A f ≤ INFIMUM B g"
  using cInf_mono [of "g ` B" "f ` A"] by auto

lemma cSUP_mono: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above (g ` B) ⟹ (⋀n. n ∈ A ⟹ ∃m∈B. f n ≤ g m) ⟹ SUPREMUM A f ≤ SUPREMUM B g"
  using cSup_mono [of "f ` A" "g ` B"] by auto

lemma cINF_superset_mono: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below (g ` B) ⟹ A ⊆ B ⟹ (⋀x. x ∈ B ⟹ g x ≤ f x) ⟹ INFIMUM B g ≤ INFIMUM A f"
  by (rule cINF_mono) auto

lemma cSUP_subset_mono: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above (g ` B) ⟹ A ⊆ B ⟹ (⋀x. x ∈ B ⟹ f x ≤ g x) ⟹ SUPREMUM A f ≤ SUPREMUM B g"
  by (rule cSUP_mono) auto

lemma less_eq_cInf_inter: "bdd_below A ⟹ bdd_below B ⟹ A ∩ B ≠ {} ⟹ inf (Inf A) (Inf B) ≤ Inf (A ∩ B)"
  by (metis cInf_superset_mono lattice_class.inf_sup_ord(1) le_infI1)

lemma cSup_inter_less_eq: "bdd_above A ⟹ bdd_above B ⟹ A ∩ B ≠ {} ⟹ Sup (A ∩ B) ≤ sup (Sup A) (Sup B) "
  by (metis cSup_subset_mono lattice_class.inf_sup_ord(1) le_supI1)

lemma cInf_union_distrib: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below A ⟹ B ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below B ⟹ Inf (A ∪ B) = inf (Inf A) (Inf B)"
  by (intro antisym le_infI cInf_greatest cInf_lower) (auto intro: le_infI1 le_infI2 cInf_lower)

lemma cINF_union: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below (f`A) ⟹ B ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below (f`B) ⟹ INFIMUM (A ∪ B) f = inf (INFIMUM A f) (INFIMUM B f)"
  using cInf_union_distrib [of "f ` A" "f ` B"] by (simp add: image_Un [symmetric])

lemma cSup_union_distrib: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above A ⟹ B ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above B ⟹ Sup (A ∪ B) = sup (Sup A) (Sup B)"
  by (intro antisym le_supI cSup_least cSup_upper) (auto intro: le_supI1 le_supI2 cSup_upper)

lemma cSUP_union: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above (f`A) ⟹ B ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above (f`B) ⟹ SUPREMUM (A ∪ B) f = sup (SUPREMUM A f) (SUPREMUM B f)"
  using cSup_union_distrib [of "f ` A" "f ` B"] by (simp add: image_Un [symmetric])

lemma cINF_inf_distrib: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below (f`A) ⟹ bdd_below (g`A) ⟹ inf (INFIMUM A f) (INFIMUM A g) = (INF a:A. inf (f a) (g a))"
  by (intro antisym le_infI cINF_greatest cINF_lower2)
     (auto intro: le_infI1 le_infI2 cINF_greatest cINF_lower le_infI)

lemma SUP_sup_distrib: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above (f`A) ⟹ bdd_above (g`A) ⟹ sup (SUPREMUM A f) (SUPREMUM A g) = (SUP a:A. sup (f a) (g a))"
  by (intro antisym le_supI cSUP_least cSUP_upper2)
     (auto intro: le_supI1 le_supI2 cSUP_least cSUP_upper le_supI)

lemma cInf_le_cSup:
  "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above A ⟹ bdd_below A ⟹ Inf A ≤ Sup A"
  by (auto intro!: cSup_upper2[of "SOME a. a ∈ A"] intro: someI cInf_lower)

end

instance complete_lattice  conditionally_complete_lattice
  by standard (auto intro: Sup_upper Sup_least Inf_lower Inf_greatest)

lemma cSup_eq:
  fixes a :: "'a :: {conditionally_complete_lattice, no_bot}"
  assumes upper: "⋀x. x ∈ X ⟹ x ≤ a"
  assumes least: "⋀y. (⋀x. x ∈ X ⟹ x ≤ y) ⟹ a ≤ y"
  shows "Sup X = a"
proof cases
  assume "X = {}" with lt_ex[of a] least show ?thesis by (auto simp: less_le_not_le)
qed (intro cSup_eq_non_empty assms)

lemma cInf_eq:
  fixes a :: "'a :: {conditionally_complete_lattice, no_top}"
  assumes upper: "⋀x. x ∈ X ⟹ a ≤ x"
  assumes least: "⋀y. (⋀x. x ∈ X ⟹ y ≤ x) ⟹ y ≤ a"
  shows "Inf X = a"
proof cases
  assume "X = {}" with gt_ex[of a] least show ?thesis by (auto simp: less_le_not_le)
qed (intro cInf_eq_non_empty assms)

class conditionally_complete_linorder = conditionally_complete_lattice + linorder
begin

lemma less_cSup_iff:
  "X ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above X ⟹ y < Sup X ⟷ (∃x∈X. y < x)"
  by (rule iffI) (metis cSup_least not_less, metis cSup_upper less_le_trans)

lemma cInf_less_iff: "X ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below X ⟹ Inf X < y ⟷ (∃x∈X. x < y)"
  by (rule iffI) (metis cInf_greatest not_less, metis cInf_lower le_less_trans)

lemma cINF_less_iff: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_below (f`A) ⟹ (INF i:A. f i) < a ⟷ (∃x∈A. f x < a)"
  using cInf_less_iff[of "f`A"] by auto

lemma less_cSUP_iff: "A ≠ {} ⟹ bdd_above (f`A) ⟹ a < (SUP i:A. f i) ⟷ (∃x∈A. a < f x)"
  using less_cSup_iff[of "f`A"] by auto

lemma less_cSupE:
  assumes "y < Sup X" "X ≠ {}" obtains x where "x ∈ X" "y < x"
  by (metis cSup_least assms not_le that)

lemma less_cSupD:
  "X ≠ {} ⟹ z < Sup X ⟹ ∃x∈X. z < x"
  by (metis less_cSup_iff not_le_imp_less bdd_above_def)

lemma cInf_lessD:
  "X ≠ {} ⟹ Inf X < z ⟹ ∃x∈X. x < z"
  by (metis cInf_less_iff not_le_imp_less bdd_below_def)

lemma complete_interval:
  assumes "a < b" and "P a" and "¬ P b"
  shows "∃c. a ≤ c ∧ c ≤ b ∧ (∀x. a ≤ x ∧ x < c ⟶ P x) ∧
             (∀d. (∀x. a ≤ x ∧ x < d ⟶ P x) ⟶ d ≤ c)"
proof (rule exI [where x = "Sup {d. ∀x. a ≤ x & x < d --> P x}"], auto)
  show "a ≤ Sup {d. ∀c. a ≤ c ∧ c < d ⟶ P c}"
    by (rule cSup_upper, auto simp: bdd_above_def)
       (metis ‹a < b› ‹¬ P b› linear less_le)
next
  show "Sup {d. ∀c. a ≤ c ∧ c < d ⟶ P c} ≤ b"
    apply (rule cSup_least)
    apply auto
    apply (metis less_le_not_le)
    apply (metis ‹a<b› ‹~ P b› linear less_le)
    done
next
  fix x
  assume x: "a ≤ x" and lt: "x < Sup {d. ∀c. a ≤ c ∧ c < d ⟶ P c}"
  show "P x"
    apply (rule less_cSupE [OF lt], auto)
    apply (metis less_le_not_le)
    apply (metis x)
    done
next
  fix d
    assume 0: "∀x. a ≤ x ∧ x < d ⟶ P x"
    thus "d ≤ Sup {d. ∀c. a ≤ c ∧ c < d ⟶ P c}"
      by (rule_tac cSup_upper, auto simp: bdd_above_def)
         (metis ‹a<b› ‹~ P b› linear less_le)
qed

end

instance complete_linorder < conditionally_complete_linorder
  ..

lemma cSup_eq_Max: "finite (X::'a::conditionally_complete_linorder set) ⟹ X ≠ {} ⟹ Sup X = Max X"
  using cSup_eq_Sup_fin[of X] Sup_fin_eq_Max[of X] by simp

lemma cInf_eq_Min: "finite (X::'a::conditionally_complete_linorder set) ⟹ X ≠ {} ⟹ Inf X = Min X"
  using cInf_eq_Inf_fin[of X] Inf_fin_eq_Min[of X] by simp

lemma cSup_lessThan[simp]: "Sup {..<x::'a::{conditionally_complete_linorder, no_bot, dense_linorder}} = x"
  by (auto intro!: cSup_eq_non_empty intro: dense_le)

lemma cSup_greaterThanLessThan[simp]: "y < x ⟹ Sup {y<..<x::'a::{conditionally_complete_linorder, dense_linorder}} = x"
  by (auto intro!: cSup_eq_non_empty intro: dense_le_bounded)

lemma cSup_atLeastLessThan[simp]: "y < x ⟹ Sup {y..<x::'a::{conditionally_complete_linorder, dense_linorder}} = x"
  by (auto intro!: cSup_eq_non_empty intro: dense_le_bounded)

lemma cInf_greaterThan[simp]: "Inf {x::'a::{conditionally_complete_linorder, no_top, dense_linorder} <..} = x"
  by (auto intro!: cInf_eq_non_empty intro: dense_ge)

lemma cInf_greaterThanAtMost[simp]: "y < x ⟹ Inf {y<..x::'a::{conditionally_complete_linorder, dense_linorder}} = y"
  by (auto intro!: cInf_eq_non_empty intro: dense_ge_bounded)

lemma cInf_greaterThanLessThan[simp]: "y < x ⟹ Inf {y<..<x::'a::{conditionally_complete_linorder, dense_linorder}} = y"
  by (auto intro!: cInf_eq_non_empty intro: dense_ge_bounded)

class linear_continuum = conditionally_complete_linorder + dense_linorder +
  assumes UNIV_not_singleton: "∃a b::'a. a ≠ b"
begin

lemma ex_gt_or_lt: "∃b. a < b ∨ b < a"
  by (metis UNIV_not_singleton neq_iff)

end

instantiation nat :: conditionally_complete_linorder
begin

definition "Sup (X::nat set) = Max X"
definition "Inf (X::nat set) = (LEAST n. n ∈ X)"

lemma bdd_above_nat: "bdd_above X ⟷ finite (X::nat set)"
proof
  assume "bdd_above X"
  then obtain z where "X ⊆ {.. z}"
    by (auto simp: bdd_above_def)
  then show "finite X"
    by (rule finite_subset) simp
qed simp

instance
proof
  fix x :: nat
  fix X :: "nat set"
  show "Inf X ≤ x" if "x ∈ X" "bdd_below X"
    using that by (simp add: Inf_nat_def Least_le)
  show "x ≤ Inf X" if "X ≠ {}" "⋀y. y ∈ X ⟹ x ≤ y"
    using that unfolding Inf_nat_def ex_in_conv[symmetric] by (rule LeastI2_ex)
  show "x ≤ Sup X" if "x ∈ X" "bdd_above X"
    using that by (simp add: Sup_nat_def bdd_above_nat)
  show "Sup X ≤ x" if "X ≠ {}" "⋀y. y ∈ X ⟹ y ≤ x"
  proof -
    from that have "bdd_above X"
      by (auto simp: bdd_above_def)
    with that show ?thesis 
      by (simp add: Sup_nat_def bdd_above_nat)
  qed
qed

end

instantiation int :: conditionally_complete_linorder
begin

definition "Sup (X::int set) = (THE x. x ∈ X ∧ (∀y∈X. y ≤ x))"
definition "Inf (X::int set) = - (Sup (uminus ` X))"

instance
proof
  { fix x :: int and X :: "int set" assume "X ≠ {}" "bdd_above X"
    then obtain x y where "X ⊆ {..y}" "x ∈ X"
      by (auto simp: bdd_above_def)
    then have *: "finite (X ∩ {x..y})" "X ∩ {x..y} ≠ {}" and "x ≤ y"
      by (auto simp: subset_eq)
    have "∃!x∈X. (∀y∈X. y ≤ x)"
    proof
      { fix z assume "z ∈ X"
        have "z ≤ Max (X ∩ {x..y})"
        proof cases
          assume "x ≤ z" with ‹z ∈ X› ‹X ⊆ {..y}› *(1) show ?thesis
            by (auto intro!: Max_ge)
        next
          assume "¬ x ≤ z"
          then have "z < x" by simp
          also have "x ≤ Max (X ∩ {x..y})"
            using ‹x ∈ X› *(1) ‹x ≤ y› by (intro Max_ge) auto
          finally show ?thesis by simp
        qed }
      note le = this
      with Max_in[OF *] show ex: "Max (X ∩ {x..y}) ∈ X ∧ (∀z∈X. z ≤ Max (X ∩ {x..y}))" by auto

      fix z assume *: "z ∈ X ∧ (∀y∈X. y ≤ z)"
      with le have "z ≤ Max (X ∩ {x..y})"
        by auto
      moreover have "Max (X ∩ {x..y}) ≤ z"
        using * ex by auto
      ultimately show "z = Max (X ∩ {x..y})"
        by auto
    qed
    then have "Sup X ∈ X ∧ (∀y∈X. y ≤ Sup X)"
      unfolding Sup_int_def by (rule theI') }
  note Sup_int = this

  { fix x :: int and X :: "int set" assume "x ∈ X" "bdd_above X" then show "x ≤ Sup X"
      using Sup_int[of X] by auto }
  note le_Sup = this
  { fix x :: int and X :: "int set" assume "X ≠ {}" "⋀y. y ∈ X ⟹ y ≤ x" then show "Sup X ≤ x"
      using Sup_int[of X] by (auto simp: bdd_above_def) }
  note Sup_le = this

  { fix x :: int and X :: "int set" assume "x ∈ X" "bdd_below X" then show "Inf X ≤ x"
      using le_Sup[of "-x" "uminus ` X"] by (auto simp: Inf_int_def) }
  { fix x :: int and X :: "int set" assume "X ≠ {}" "⋀y. y ∈ X ⟹ x ≤ y" then show "x ≤ Inf X"
      using Sup_le[of "uminus ` X" "-x"] by (force simp: Inf_int_def) }
qed
end

lemma interval_cases:
  fixes S :: "'a :: conditionally_complete_linorder set"
  assumes ivl: "⋀a b x. a ∈ S ⟹ b ∈ S ⟹ a ≤ x ⟹ x ≤ b ⟹ x ∈ S"
  shows "∃a b. S = {} ∨
    S = UNIV ∨
    S = {..<b} ∨
    S = {..b} ∨
    S = {a<..} ∨
    S = {a..} ∨
    S = {a<..<b} ∨
    S = {a<..b} ∨
    S = {a..<b} ∨
    S = {a..b}"
proof -
  define lower upper where "lower = {x. ∃s∈S. s ≤ x}" and "upper = {x. ∃s∈S. x ≤ s}"
  with ivl have "S = lower ∩ upper"
    by auto
  moreover
  have "∃a. upper = UNIV ∨ upper = {} ∨ upper = {.. a} ∨ upper = {..< a}"
  proof cases
    assume *: "bdd_above S ∧ S ≠ {}"
    from * have "upper ⊆ {.. Sup S}"
      by (auto simp: upper_def intro: cSup_upper2)
    moreover from * have "{..< Sup S} ⊆ upper"
      by (force simp add: less_cSup_iff upper_def subset_eq Ball_def)
    ultimately have "upper = {.. Sup S} ∨ upper = {..< Sup S}"
      unfolding ivl_disj_un(2)[symmetric] by auto
    then show ?thesis by auto
  next
    assume "¬ (bdd_above S ∧ S ≠ {})"
    then have "upper = UNIV ∨ upper = {}"
      by (auto simp: upper_def bdd_above_def not_le dest: less_imp_le)
    then show ?thesis
      by auto
  qed
  moreover
  have "∃b. lower = UNIV ∨ lower = {} ∨ lower = {b ..} ∨ lower = {b <..}"
  proof cases
    assume *: "bdd_below S ∧ S ≠ {}"
    from * have "lower ⊆ {Inf S ..}"
      by (auto simp: lower_def intro: cInf_lower2)
    moreover from * have "{Inf S <..} ⊆ lower"
      by (force simp add: cInf_less_iff lower_def subset_eq Ball_def)
    ultimately have "lower = {Inf S ..} ∨ lower = {Inf S <..}"
      unfolding ivl_disj_un(1)[symmetric] by auto
    then show ?thesis by auto
  next
    assume "¬ (bdd_below S ∧ S ≠ {})"
    then have "lower = UNIV ∨ lower = {}"
      by (auto simp: lower_def bdd_below_def not_le dest: less_imp_le)
    then show ?thesis
      by auto
  qed
  ultimately show ?thesis
    unfolding greaterThanAtMost_def greaterThanLessThan_def atLeastAtMost_def atLeastLessThan_def
    by (metis inf_bot_left inf_bot_right inf_top.left_neutral inf_top.right_neutral)
qed

lemma cSUP_eq_cINF_D:
  fixes f :: "_ ⇒ 'b::conditionally_complete_lattice"
  assumes eq: "(SUP x:A. f x) = (INF x:A. f x)"
     and bdd: "bdd_above (f ` A)" "bdd_below (f ` A)"
     and a: "a ∈ A"
  shows "f a = (INF x:A. f x)"
apply (rule antisym)
using a bdd
apply (auto simp: cINF_lower)
apply (metis eq cSUP_upper)
done

lemma cSUP_UNION:
  fixes f :: "_ ⇒ 'b::conditionally_complete_lattice"
  assumes ne: "A ≠ {}" "⋀x. x ∈ A ⟹ B(x) ≠ {}"
      and bdd_UN: "bdd_above (⋃x∈A. f ` B x)"
  shows "(SUP z : ⋃x∈A. B x. f z) = (SUP x:A. SUP z:B x. f z)"
proof -
  have bdd: "⋀x. x ∈ A ⟹ bdd_above (f ` B x)"
    using bdd_UN by (meson UN_upper bdd_above_mono)
  obtain M where "⋀x y. x ∈ A ⟹ y ∈ B(x) ⟹ f y ≤ M"
    using bdd_UN by (auto simp: bdd_above_def)
  then have bdd2: "bdd_above ((λx. SUP z:B x. f z) ` A)"
    unfolding bdd_above_def by (force simp: bdd cSUP_le_iff ne(2))
  have "(SUP z:⋃x∈A. B x. f z) ≤ (SUP x:A. SUP z:B x. f z)"
    using assms by (fastforce simp add: intro!: cSUP_least intro: cSUP_upper2 simp: bdd2 bdd)
  moreover have "(SUP x:A. SUP z:B x. f z) ≤ (SUP z:⋃x∈A. B x. f z)"
    using assms by (fastforce simp add: intro!: cSUP_least intro: cSUP_upper simp: image_UN bdd_UN)
  ultimately show ?thesis
    by (rule order_antisym)
qed

lemma cINF_UNION:
  fixes f :: "_ ⇒ 'b::conditionally_complete_lattice"
  assumes ne: "A ≠ {}" "⋀x. x ∈ A ⟹ B(x) ≠ {}"
      and bdd_UN: "bdd_below (⋃x∈A. f ` B x)"
  shows "(INF z : ⋃x∈A. B x. f z) = (INF x:A. INF z:B x. f z)"
proof -
  have bdd: "⋀x. x ∈ A ⟹ bdd_below (f ` B x)"
    using bdd_UN by (meson UN_upper bdd_below_mono)
  obtain M where "⋀x y. x ∈ A ⟹ y ∈ B(x) ⟹ f y ≥ M"
    using bdd_UN by (auto simp: bdd_below_def)
  then have bdd2: "bdd_below ((λx. INF z:B x. f z) ` A)"
    unfolding bdd_below_def by (force simp: bdd le_cINF_iff ne(2))
  have "(INF z:⋃x∈A. B x. f z) ≤ (INF x:A. INF z:B x. f z)"
    using assms by (fastforce simp add: intro!: cINF_greatest intro: cINF_lower simp: bdd2 bdd)
  moreover have "(INF x:A. INF z:B x. f z) ≤ (INF z:⋃x∈A. B x. f z)"
    using assms  by (fastforce simp add: intro!: cINF_greatest intro: cINF_lower2  simp: bdd bdd_UN bdd2)
  ultimately show ?thesis
    by (rule order_antisym)
qed

lemma cSup_abs_le:
  fixes S :: "('a::{linordered_idom,conditionally_complete_linorder}) set"
  shows "S ≠ {} ⟹ (⋀x. x∈S ⟹ ¦x¦ ≤ a) ⟹ ¦Sup S¦ ≤ a"
  apply (auto simp add: abs_le_iff intro: cSup_least)
  by (metis bdd_aboveI cSup_upper neg_le_iff_le order_trans)

end