Theory FP

theory FP
imports UNITY
(*  Title:      HOL/UNITY/FP.thy
    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory
    Copyright   1998  University of Cambridge

From Misra, "A Logic for Concurrent Programming", 1994

section‹Fixed Point of a Program›

theory FP imports UNITY begin

definition FP_Orig :: "'a program => 'a set" where
    "FP_Orig F == ⋃{A. ALL B. F : stable (A Int B)}"

definition FP :: "'a program => 'a set" where
    "FP F == {s. F : stable {s}}"

lemma stable_FP_Orig_Int: "F : stable (FP_Orig F Int B)"
apply (simp only: FP_Orig_def stable_def Int_Union2)
apply (blast intro: constrains_UN)

lemma FP_Orig_weakest:
    "(!!B. F : stable (A Int B)) ==> A <= FP_Orig F"
by (simp add: FP_Orig_def stable_def, blast)

lemma stable_FP_Int: "F : stable (FP F Int B)"
apply (subgoal_tac "FP F Int B = (UN x:B. FP F Int {x}) ")
prefer 2 apply blast
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: Int_insert_right)
apply (simp add: FP_def stable_def)
apply (rule constrains_UN)
apply (simp (no_asm))

lemma FP_equivalence: "FP F = FP_Orig F"
apply (rule equalityI) 
 apply (rule stable_FP_Int [THEN FP_Orig_weakest])
apply (simp add: FP_Orig_def FP_def, clarify)
apply (drule_tac x = "{x}" in spec)
apply (simp add: Int_insert_right)

lemma FP_weakest:
    "(!!B. F : stable (A Int B)) ==> A <= FP F"
by (simp add: FP_equivalence FP_Orig_weakest)

lemma Compl_FP: 
    "-(FP F) = (UN act: Acts F. -{s. act``{s} <= {s}})"
by (simp add: FP_def stable_def constrains_def, blast)

lemma Diff_FP: "A - (FP F) = (UN act: Acts F. A - {s. act``{s} <= {s}})"
by (simp add: Diff_eq Compl_FP)

lemma totalize_FP [simp]: "FP (totalize F) = FP F"
by (simp add: FP_def)