src/HOL/arith_data.ML
author skalberg
Sun, 13 Feb 2005 17:15:14 +0100
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child 15570 8d8c70b41bab
permissions -rw-r--r--
Deleted Library.option type.
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(*  Title:      HOL/arith_data.ML
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Author:     Markus Wenzel, Stefan Berghofer and Tobias Nipkow
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Various arithmetic proof procedures.
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*)
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(*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*)
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(* 1. Cancellation of common terms                                           *)
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(*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*)
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structure NatArithUtils =
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struct
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(** abstract syntax of structure nat: 0, Suc, + **)
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(* mk_sum, mk_norm_sum *)
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val one = HOLogic.mk_nat 1;
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val mk_plus = HOLogic.mk_binop "op +";
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fun mk_sum [] = HOLogic.zero
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  | mk_sum [t] = t
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  | mk_sum (t :: ts) = mk_plus (t, mk_sum ts);
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(*normal form of sums: Suc (... (Suc (a + (b + ...))))*)
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fun mk_norm_sum ts =
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  let val (ones, sums) = partition (equal one) ts in
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    funpow (length ones) HOLogic.mk_Suc (mk_sum sums)
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  end;
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(* dest_sum *)
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val dest_plus = HOLogic.dest_bin "op +" HOLogic.natT;
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fun dest_sum tm =
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  if HOLogic.is_zero tm then []
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  else
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    (case try HOLogic.dest_Suc tm of
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      SOME t => one :: dest_sum t
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    | NONE =>
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        (case try dest_plus tm of
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          SOME (t, u) => dest_sum t @ dest_sum u
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        | NONE => [tm]));
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(** generic proof tools **)
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(* prove conversions *)
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val mk_eqv = HOLogic.mk_Trueprop o HOLogic.mk_eq;
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fun prove_conv expand_tac norm_tac sg tu =
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  mk_meta_eq (prove_goalw_cterm_nocheck [] (cterm_of sg (mk_eqv tu))
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    (K [expand_tac, norm_tac]))
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  handle ERROR => error ("The error(s) above occurred while trying to prove " ^
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    (string_of_cterm (cterm_of sg (mk_eqv tu))));
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val subst_equals = prove_goal HOL.thy "[| t = s; u = t |] ==> u = s"
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  (fn prems => [cut_facts_tac prems 1, SIMPSET' asm_simp_tac 1]);
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(* rewriting *)
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fun simp_all rules = ALLGOALS (simp_tac (HOL_ss addsimps rules));
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val add_rules = [add_Suc, add_Suc_right, add_0, add_0_right];
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val mult_rules = [mult_Suc, mult_Suc_right, mult_0, mult_0_right];
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fun prep_simproc (name, pats, proc) =
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  Simplifier.simproc (Theory.sign_of (the_context ())) name pats proc;
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end;
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signature ARITH_DATA =
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sig
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  val nat_cancel_sums_add: simproc list
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  val nat_cancel_sums: simproc list
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end;
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structure ArithData: ARITH_DATA =
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struct
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open NatArithUtils;
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(** cancel common summands **)
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structure Sum =
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struct
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  val mk_sum = mk_norm_sum;
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  val dest_sum = dest_sum;
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  val prove_conv = prove_conv;
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  val norm_tac = simp_all add_rules THEN simp_all add_ac;
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end;
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fun gen_uncancel_tac rule ct =
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  rtac (instantiate' [] [NONE, SOME ct] (rule RS subst_equals)) 1;
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(* nat eq *)
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structure EqCancelSums = CancelSumsFun
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(struct
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  open Sum;
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  val mk_bal = HOLogic.mk_eq;
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  val dest_bal = HOLogic.dest_bin "op =" HOLogic.natT;
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  val uncancel_tac = gen_uncancel_tac nat_add_left_cancel;
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end);
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(* nat less *)
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structure LessCancelSums = CancelSumsFun
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(struct
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  open Sum;
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  val mk_bal = HOLogic.mk_binrel "op <";
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  val dest_bal = HOLogic.dest_bin "op <" HOLogic.natT;
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  val uncancel_tac = gen_uncancel_tac nat_add_left_cancel_less;
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end);
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(* nat le *)
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structure LeCancelSums = CancelSumsFun
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(struct
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  open Sum;
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  val mk_bal = HOLogic.mk_binrel "op <=";
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  val dest_bal = HOLogic.dest_bin "op <=" HOLogic.natT;
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  val uncancel_tac = gen_uncancel_tac nat_add_left_cancel_le;
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end);
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(* nat diff *)
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structure DiffCancelSums = CancelSumsFun
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(struct
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  open Sum;
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  val mk_bal = HOLogic.mk_binop "op -";
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  val dest_bal = HOLogic.dest_bin "op -" HOLogic.natT;
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  val uncancel_tac = gen_uncancel_tac diff_cancel;
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end);
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(** prepare nat_cancel simprocs **)
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val nat_cancel_sums_add = map prep_simproc
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  [("nateq_cancel_sums",
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     ["(l::nat) + m = n", "(l::nat) = m + n", "Suc m = n", "m = Suc n"], EqCancelSums.proc),
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   ("natless_cancel_sums",
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     ["(l::nat) + m < n", "(l::nat) < m + n", "Suc m < n", "m < Suc n"], LessCancelSums.proc),
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   ("natle_cancel_sums",
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     ["(l::nat) + m <= n", "(l::nat) <= m + n", "Suc m <= n", "m <= Suc n"], LeCancelSums.proc)];
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val nat_cancel_sums = nat_cancel_sums_add @
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  [prep_simproc ("natdiff_cancel_sums",
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    ["((l::nat) + m) - n", "(l::nat) - (m + n)", "Suc m - n", "m - Suc n"], DiffCancelSums.proc)];
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end;
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open ArithData;
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(*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*)
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(* 2. Linear arithmetic                                                      *)
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(*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*)
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(* Parameters data for general linear arithmetic functor *)
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structure LA_Logic: LIN_ARITH_LOGIC =
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struct
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val ccontr = ccontr;
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val conjI = conjI;
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val neqE = linorder_neqE;
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val notI = notI;
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val sym = sym;
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val not_lessD = linorder_not_less RS iffD1;
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val not_leD = linorder_not_le RS iffD1;
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fun mk_Eq thm = (thm RS Eq_FalseI) handle THM _ => (thm RS Eq_TrueI);
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val mk_Trueprop = HOLogic.mk_Trueprop;
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fun neg_prop(TP$(Const("Not",_)$t)) = TP$t
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  | neg_prop(TP$t) = TP $ (Const("Not",HOLogic.boolT-->HOLogic.boolT)$t);
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fun is_False thm =
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  let val _ $ t = #prop(rep_thm thm)
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  in t = Const("False",HOLogic.boolT) end;
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fun is_nat(t) = fastype_of1 t = HOLogic.natT;
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fun mk_nat_thm sg t =
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  let val ct = cterm_of sg t  and cn = cterm_of sg (Var(("n",0),HOLogic.natT))
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  in instantiate ([],[(cn,ct)]) le0 end;
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end;
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(* arith theory data *)
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structure ArithTheoryDataArgs =
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struct
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  val name = "HOL/arith";
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  type T = {splits: thm list, inj_consts: (string * typ)list, discrete: string  list, presburger: (int -> tactic) option};
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  val empty = {splits = [], inj_consts = [], discrete = [], presburger = NONE};
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  val copy = I;
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  val prep_ext = I;
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  fun merge ({splits= splits1, inj_consts= inj_consts1, discrete= discrete1, presburger= presburger1},
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             {splits= splits2, inj_consts= inj_consts2, discrete= discrete2, presburger= presburger2}) =
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   {splits = Drule.merge_rules (splits1, splits2),
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    inj_consts = merge_lists inj_consts1 inj_consts2,
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    discrete = merge_lists discrete1 discrete2,
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    presburger = (case presburger1 of NONE => presburger2 | p => p)};
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  fun print _ _ = ();
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end;
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structure ArithTheoryData = TheoryDataFun(ArithTheoryDataArgs);
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fun arith_split_add (thy, thm) = (ArithTheoryData.map (fn {splits,inj_consts,discrete,presburger} =>
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  {splits= thm::splits, inj_consts= inj_consts, discrete= discrete, presburger= presburger}) thy, thm);
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fun arith_discrete d = ArithTheoryData.map (fn {splits,inj_consts,discrete,presburger} =>
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  {splits = splits, inj_consts = inj_consts, discrete = d :: discrete, presburger= presburger});
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fun arith_inj_const c = ArithTheoryData.map (fn {splits,inj_consts,discrete,presburger} =>
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  {splits = splits, inj_consts = c :: inj_consts, discrete = discrete, presburger = presburger});
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structure LA_Data_Ref: LIN_ARITH_DATA =
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struct
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(* Decomposition of terms *)
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fun nT (Type("fun",[N,_])) = N = HOLogic.natT
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  | nT _ = false;
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fun add_atom(t,m,(p,i)) = (case assoc(p,t) of NONE => ((t,m)::p,i)
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                           | SOME n => (overwrite(p,(t,ratadd(n,m))), i));
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exception Zero;
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fun rat_of_term(numt,dent) =
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  let val num = HOLogic.dest_binum numt and den = HOLogic.dest_binum dent
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  in if den = 0 then raise Zero else int_ratdiv(num,den) end;
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(* Warning: in rare cases number_of encloses a non-numeral,
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   in which case dest_binum raises TERM; hence all the handles below.
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   Same for Suc-terms that turn out not to be numerals -
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   although the simplifier should eliminate those anyway...
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*)
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fun number_of_Sucs (Const("Suc",_) $ n) = number_of_Sucs n + 1
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  | number_of_Sucs t = if HOLogic.is_zero t then 0
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                       else raise TERM("number_of_Sucs",[])
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(* decompose nested multiplications, bracketing them to the right and combining all
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   their coefficients
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*)
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fun demult inj_consts =
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let
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fun demult((mC as Const("op *",_)) $ s $ t,m) = ((case s of
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        Const("Numeral.number_of",_)$n
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        => demult(t,ratmul(m,rat_of_int(HOLogic.dest_binum n)))
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      | Const("uminus",_)$(Const("Numeral.number_of",_)$n)
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        => demult(t,ratmul(m,rat_of_int(~(HOLogic.dest_binum n))))
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      | Const("Suc",_) $ _
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        => demult(t,ratmul(m,rat_of_int(number_of_Sucs s)))
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      | Const("op *",_) $ s1 $ s2 => demult(mC $ s1 $ (mC $ s2 $ t),m)
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      | Const("HOL.divide",_) $ numt $ (Const("Numeral.number_of",_)$dent) =>
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          let val den = HOLogic.dest_binum dent
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          in if den = 0 then raise Zero
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             else demult(mC $ numt $ t,ratmul(m, ratinv(rat_of_int den)))
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          end
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      | _ => atomult(mC,s,t,m)
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      ) handle TERM _ => atomult(mC,s,t,m))
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  | demult(atom as Const("HOL.divide",_) $ t $ (Const("Numeral.number_of",_)$dent), m) =
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      (let val den = HOLogic.dest_binum dent
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       in if den = 0 then raise Zero else demult(t,ratmul(m, ratinv(rat_of_int den))) end
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       handle TERM _ => (SOME atom,m))
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  | demult(Const("0",_),m) = (NONE, rat_of_int 0)
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  | demult(Const("1",_),m) = (NONE, m)
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  | demult(t as Const("Numeral.number_of",_)$n,m) =
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      ((NONE,ratmul(m,rat_of_int(HOLogic.dest_binum n)))
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       handle TERM _ => (SOME t,m))
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  | demult(Const("uminus",_)$t, m) = demult(t,ratmul(m,rat_of_int(~1)))
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  | demult(t as Const f $ x, m) =
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      (if f mem inj_consts then SOME x else SOME t,m)
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  | demult(atom,m) = (SOME atom,m)
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and atomult(mC,atom,t,m) = (case demult(t,m) of (NONE,m') => (SOME atom,m')
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                            | (SOME t',m') => (SOME(mC $ atom $ t'),m'))
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in demult end;
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fun decomp2 inj_consts (rel,lhs,rhs) =
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let
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(* Turn term into list of summand * multiplicity plus a constant *)
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fun poly(Const("op +",_) $ s $ t, m, pi) = poly(s,m,poly(t,m,pi))
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  | poly(all as Const("op -",T) $ s $ t, m, pi) =
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      if nT T then add_atom(all,m,pi)
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      else poly(s,m,poly(t,ratneg m,pi))
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  | poly(Const("uminus",_) $ t, m, pi) = poly(t,ratneg m,pi)
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  | poly(Const("0",_), _, pi) = pi
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  | poly(Const("1",_), m, (p,i)) = (p,ratadd(i,m))
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  | poly(Const("Suc",_)$t, m, (p,i)) = poly(t, m, (p,ratadd(i,m)))
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  | poly(t as Const("op *",_) $ _ $ _, m, pi as (p,i)) =
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      (case demult inj_consts (t,m) of
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         (NONE,m') => (p,ratadd(i,m))
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       | (SOME u,m') => add_atom(u,m',pi))
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  | poly(t as Const("HOL.divide",_) $ _ $ _, m, pi as (p,i)) =
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   316
      (case demult inj_consts (t,m) of
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   317
         (NONE,m') => (p,ratadd(i,m'))
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   318
       | (SOME u,m') => add_atom(u,m',pi))
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  | poly(all as (Const("Numeral.number_of",_)$t,m,(p,i))) =
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diff changeset
   320
      ((p,ratadd(i,ratmul(m,rat_of_int(HOLogic.dest_binum t))))
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   321
       handle TERM _ => add_atom all)
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  | poly(all as Const f $ x, m, pi) =
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diff changeset
   323
      if f mem inj_consts then poly(x,m,pi) else add_atom(all,m,pi)
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  | poly x  = add_atom x;
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   325
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val (p,i) = poly(lhs,rat_of_int 1,([],rat_of_int 0))
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and (q,j) = poly(rhs,rat_of_int 1,([],rat_of_int 0))
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   328
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parents:
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   329
  in case rel of
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   330
       "op <"  => SOME(p,i,"<",q,j)
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parents: 15234
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   331
     | "op <=" => SOME(p,i,"<=",q,j)
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parents: 15234
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   332
     | "op ="  => SOME(p,i,"=",q,j)
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15234
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   333
     | _       => NONE
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
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parents: 15234
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   334
  end handle Zero => NONE;
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15531
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   336
fun negate(SOME(x,i,rel,y,j,d)) = SOME(x,i,"~"^rel,y,j,d)
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
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parents: 15234
diff changeset
   337
  | negate NONE = NONE;
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   339
fun of_lin_arith_sort sg U =
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diff changeset
   340
  Type.of_sort (Sign.tsig_of sg) (U,["Ring_and_Field.ordered_idom"])
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   341
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   342
fun allows_lin_arith sg discrete (U as Type(D,[])) =
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   343
      if of_lin_arith_sort sg U
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8c43ffe2bb32 tuned "discrete" field
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   344
      then (true, D mem discrete)
15121
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   345
      else (* special cases *)
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8c43ffe2bb32 tuned "discrete" field
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parents: 15184
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   346
           if D mem discrete then (true,true) else (false,false)
15121
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   347
  | allows_lin_arith sg discrete U = (of_lin_arith_sort sg U, false);
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   348
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
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   349
fun decomp1 (sg,discrete,inj_consts) (T,xxx) =
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   350
  (case T of
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   351
     Type("fun",[U,_]) =>
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parents: 14738
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   352
       (case allows_lin_arith sg discrete U of
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skalberg
parents: 15234
diff changeset
   353
          (true,d) => (case decomp2 inj_consts xxx of NONE => NONE
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
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parents: 15234
diff changeset
   354
                       | SOME(p,i,rel,q,j) => SOME(p,i,rel,q,j,d))
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15234
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   355
        | (false,_) => NONE)
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15234
diff changeset
   356
   | _ => NONE);
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   358
fun decomp2 data (_$(Const(rel,T)$lhs$rhs)) = decomp1 data (T,(rel,lhs,rhs))
8f98f0301d67 Linear arithmetic now copes with mixed nat/int formulae.
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parents: 10516
diff changeset
   359
  | decomp2 data (_$(Const("Not",_)$(Const(rel,T)$lhs$rhs))) =
8f98f0301d67 Linear arithmetic now copes with mixed nat/int formulae.
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parents: 10516
diff changeset
   360
      negate(decomp1 data (T,(rel,lhs,rhs)))
15531
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skalberg
parents: 15234
diff changeset
   361
  | decomp2 data _ = NONE
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parents:
diff changeset
   362
10574
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parents: 10516
diff changeset
   363
fun decomp sg =
8f98f0301d67 Linear arithmetic now copes with mixed nat/int formulae.
nipkow
parents: 10516
diff changeset
   364
  let val {discrete, inj_consts, ...} = ArithTheoryData.get_sg sg
15121
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   365
  in decomp2 (sg,discrete,inj_consts) end
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parents:
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   366
10693
9e4a0e84d0d6 moved mk_bin from Numerals to HOLogic
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parents: 10574
diff changeset
   367
fun number_of(n,T) = HOLogic.number_of_const T $ (HOLogic.mk_bin n)
9e4a0e84d0d6 moved mk_bin from Numerals to HOLogic
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parents: 10574
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   368
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parents:
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   369
end;
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62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
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   371
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
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   372
structure Fast_Arith =
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wenzelm
parents:
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   373
  Fast_Lin_Arith(structure LA_Logic=LA_Logic and LA_Data=LA_Data_Ref);
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parents:
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   374
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f95f5818f24f Counter example generation mods.
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   375
val fast_arith_tac    = Fast_Arith.lin_arith_tac false
f95f5818f24f Counter example generation mods.
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   376
and fast_ex_arith_tac = Fast_Arith.lin_arith_tac
14517
7ae3b247c6e9 exposed fast_arith_neq_limit
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   377
and trace_arith    = Fast_Arith.trace
7ae3b247c6e9 exposed fast_arith_neq_limit
nipkow
parents: 14509
diff changeset
   378
and fast_arith_neq_limit = Fast_Arith.fast_arith_neq_limit;
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62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
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62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   380
local
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   381
13902
b41fc9a31975 added isolate_Suc to counteract deficiencies in one of Larry's simprocs.
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   382
val isolateSuc =
b41fc9a31975 added isolate_Suc to counteract deficiencies in one of Larry's simprocs.
nipkow
parents: 13877
diff changeset
   383
  let val thy = theory "Nat"
b41fc9a31975 added isolate_Suc to counteract deficiencies in one of Larry's simprocs.
nipkow
parents: 13877
diff changeset
   384
  in prove_goal thy "Suc(i+j) = i+j + Suc 0"
b41fc9a31975 added isolate_Suc to counteract deficiencies in one of Larry's simprocs.
nipkow
parents: 13877
diff changeset
   385
     (fn _ => [simp_tac (simpset_of thy) 1])
b41fc9a31975 added isolate_Suc to counteract deficiencies in one of Larry's simprocs.
nipkow
parents: 13877
diff changeset
   386
  end;
b41fc9a31975 added isolate_Suc to counteract deficiencies in one of Larry's simprocs.
nipkow
parents: 13877
diff changeset
   387
9436
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   388
(* reduce contradictory <= to False.
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   389
   Most of the work is done by the cancel tactics.
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   390
*)
12931
2c0251fada94 solved the problem that Larry's simproce cancle_numerals(?) returns
nipkow
parents: 12480
diff changeset
   391
val add_rules =
14368
2763da611ad9 converted Real/Lubs to Isar script. Converting arithmetic setup
paulson
parents: 14356
diff changeset
   392
 [add_zero_left,add_zero_right,Zero_not_Suc,Suc_not_Zero,le_0_eq,
15184
d2c19aea17bc made mult_mono_thms generic.
nipkow
parents: 15121
diff changeset
   393
  One_nat_def,isolateSuc,
d2c19aea17bc made mult_mono_thms generic.
nipkow
parents: 15121
diff changeset
   394
  order_less_irrefl];
9436
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   395
14368
2763da611ad9 converted Real/Lubs to Isar script. Converting arithmetic setup
paulson
parents: 14356
diff changeset
   396
val add_mono_thms_ordered_semiring = map (fn s => prove_goal (the_context ()) s
9436
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   397
 (fn prems => [cut_facts_tac prems 1,
14368
2763da611ad9 converted Real/Lubs to Isar script. Converting arithmetic setup
paulson
parents: 14356
diff changeset
   398
               blast_tac (claset() addIs [add_mono]) 1]))
15121
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   399
["(i <= j) & (k <= l) ==> i + k <= j + (l::'a::pordered_ab_semigroup_add)",
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   400
 "(i  = j) & (k <= l) ==> i + k <= j + (l::'a::pordered_ab_semigroup_add)",
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   401
 "(i <= j) & (k  = l) ==> i + k <= j + (l::'a::pordered_ab_semigroup_add)",
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   402
 "(i  = j) & (k  = l) ==> i + k  = j + (l::'a::pordered_ab_semigroup_add)"
9436
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   403
];
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   404
15121
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   405
val mono_ss = simpset() addsimps
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   406
                [add_mono,add_strict_mono,add_less_le_mono,add_le_less_mono];
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   407
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   408
val add_mono_thms_ordered_field =
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   409
  map (fn s => prove_goal (the_context ()) s
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   410
                 (fn prems => [cut_facts_tac prems 1, asm_simp_tac mono_ss 1]))
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   411
    ["(i<j) & (k=l)   ==> i+k < j+(l::'a::pordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add)",
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   412
     "(i=j) & (k<l)   ==> i+k < j+(l::'a::pordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add)",
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   413
     "(i<j) & (k<=l)  ==> i+k < j+(l::'a::pordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add)",
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   414
     "(i<=j) & (k<l)  ==> i+k < j+(l::'a::pordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add)",
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   415
     "(i<j) & (k<l)   ==> i+k < j+(l::'a::pordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add)"];
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   416
9436
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   417
in
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   418
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   419
val init_lin_arith_data =
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   420
 Fast_Arith.setup @
10693
9e4a0e84d0d6 moved mk_bin from Numerals to HOLogic
nipkow
parents: 10574
diff changeset
   421
 [Fast_Arith.map_data (fn {add_mono_thms, mult_mono_thms, inj_thms, lessD, simpset = _} =>
15121
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   422
   {add_mono_thms = add_mono_thms @
1198032bad25 Initial changes to extend arithmetic from individual types to type classes.
nipkow
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   423
    add_mono_thms_ordered_semiring @ add_mono_thms_ordered_field,
10693
9e4a0e84d0d6 moved mk_bin from Numerals to HOLogic
nipkow
parents: 10574
diff changeset
   424
    mult_mono_thms = mult_mono_thms,
10574
8f98f0301d67 Linear arithmetic now copes with mixed nat/int formulae.
nipkow
parents: 10516
diff changeset
   425
    inj_thms = inj_thms,
9436
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   426
    lessD = lessD @ [Suc_leI],
15234
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15221
diff changeset
   427
    simpset = HOL_basic_ss addsimps add_rules
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15221
diff changeset
   428
                   addsimprocs [ab_group_add_cancel.sum_conv, 
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15221
diff changeset
   429
                                ab_group_add_cancel.rel_conv]
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15221
diff changeset
   430
                   (*abel_cancel helps it work in abstract algebraic domains*)
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15221
diff changeset
   431
                   addsimprocs nat_cancel_sums_add}),
15185
8c43ffe2bb32 tuned "discrete" field
nipkow
parents: 15184
diff changeset
   432
  ArithTheoryData.init, arith_discrete "nat"];
9436
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   433
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   434
end;
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   435
13462
56610e2ba220 sane interface for simprocs;
wenzelm
parents: 12949
diff changeset
   436
val fast_nat_arith_simproc =
56610e2ba220 sane interface for simprocs;
wenzelm
parents: 12949
diff changeset
   437
  Simplifier.simproc (Theory.sign_of (the_context ())) "fast_nat_arith"
56610e2ba220 sane interface for simprocs;
wenzelm
parents: 12949
diff changeset
   438
    ["(m::nat) < n","(m::nat) <= n", "(m::nat) = n"] Fast_Arith.lin_arith_prover;
9436
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   439
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   440
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   441
(* Because of fast_nat_arith_simproc, the arithmetic solver is really only
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   442
useful to detect inconsistencies among the premises for subgoals which are
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   443
*not* themselves (in)equalities, because the latter activate
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   444
fast_nat_arith_simproc anyway. However, it seems cheaper to activate the
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   445
solver all the time rather than add the additional check. *)
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   446
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   447
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   448
(* arith proof method *)
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   449
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   450
(* FIXME: K true should be replaced by a sensible test to speed things up
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   451
   in case there are lots of irrelevant terms involved;
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   452
   elimination of min/max can be optimized:
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   453
   (max m n + k <= r) = (m+k <= r & n+k <= r)
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   454
   (l <= min m n + k) = (l <= m+k & l <= n+k)
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   455
*)
10516
dc113303d101 arith_tac: atomize;
wenzelm
parents: 9893
diff changeset
   456
local
dc113303d101 arith_tac: atomize;
wenzelm
parents: 9893
diff changeset
   457
13499
f95f5818f24f Counter example generation mods.
nipkow
parents: 13462
diff changeset
   458
fun raw_arith_tac ex i st =
f95f5818f24f Counter example generation mods.
nipkow
parents: 13462
diff changeset
   459
  refute_tac (K true)
f95f5818f24f Counter example generation mods.
nipkow
parents: 13462
diff changeset
   460
   (REPEAT o split_tac (#splits (ArithTheoryData.get_sg (Thm.sign_of_thm st))))
14509
9d8978a2ae56 got rid of ignore_neq again.
nipkow
parents: 14507
diff changeset
   461
   ((REPEAT_DETERM o etac linorder_neqE) THEN' fast_ex_arith_tac ex)
9d8978a2ae56 got rid of ignore_neq again.
nipkow
parents: 14507
diff changeset
   462
   i st;
9436
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   463
13877
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   464
fun presburger_tac i st =
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   465
  (case ArithTheoryData.get_sg (sign_of_thm st) of
15531
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15234
diff changeset
   466
     {presburger = SOME tac, ...} =>
13877
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   467
       (tracing "Simple arithmetic decision procedure failed.\nNow trying full Presburger arithmetic..."; tac i st)
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   468
   | _ => no_tac st);
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   469
10516
dc113303d101 arith_tac: atomize;
wenzelm
parents: 9893
diff changeset
   470
in
dc113303d101 arith_tac: atomize;
wenzelm
parents: 9893
diff changeset
   471
13877
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   472
val simple_arith_tac = FIRST' [fast_arith_tac,
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   473
  ObjectLogic.atomize_tac THEN' raw_arith_tac true];
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   474
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   475
val arith_tac = FIRST' [fast_arith_tac,
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   476
  ObjectLogic.atomize_tac THEN' raw_arith_tac true,
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   477
  presburger_tac];
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   478
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   479
val silent_arith_tac = FIRST' [fast_arith_tac,
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   480
  ObjectLogic.atomize_tac THEN' raw_arith_tac false,
a6b825ee48d9 Added hook for presburger arithmetic decision procedure.
berghofe
parents: 13517
diff changeset
   481
  presburger_tac];
10516
dc113303d101 arith_tac: atomize;
wenzelm
parents: 9893
diff changeset
   482
9436
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   483
fun arith_method prems =
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   484
  Method.METHOD (fn facts => HEADGOAL (Method.insert_tac (prems @ facts) THEN' arith_tac));
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   485
10516
dc113303d101 arith_tac: atomize;
wenzelm
parents: 9893
diff changeset
   486
end;
dc113303d101 arith_tac: atomize;
wenzelm
parents: 9893
diff changeset
   487
15195
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   488
(* antisymmetry:
15197
19e735596e51 Added antisymmetry simproc
nipkow
parents: 15195
diff changeset
   489
   combines x <= y (or ~(y < x)) and y <= x (or ~(x < y)) into x = y
15195
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   490
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   491
local
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   492
val antisym = mk_meta_eq order_antisym
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   493
val not_lessD = linorder_not_less RS iffD1
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   494
fun prp t thm = (#prop(rep_thm thm) = t)
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   495
in
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   496
fun antisym_eq prems thm =
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   497
  let
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   498
    val r = #prop(rep_thm thm);
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   499
  in
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   500
    case r of
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   501
      Tr $ ((c as Const("op <=",T)) $ s $ t) =>
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   502
        let val r' = Tr $ (c $ t $ s)
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   503
        in
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   504
          case Library.find_first (prp r') prems of
15531
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15234
diff changeset
   505
            NONE =>
15195
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   506
              let val r' = Tr $ (HOLogic.not_const $ (Const("op <",T) $ s $ t))
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   507
              in case Library.find_first (prp r') prems of
15531
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15234
diff changeset
   508
                   NONE => []
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15234
diff changeset
   509
                 | SOME thm' => [(thm' RS not_lessD) RS (thm RS antisym)]
15195
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   510
              end
15531
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15234
diff changeset
   511
          | SOME thm' => [thm' RS (thm RS antisym)]
15195
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   512
        end
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   513
    | Tr $ (Const("Not",_) $ (Const("op <",T) $ s $ t)) =>
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   514
        let val r' = Tr $ (Const("op <=",T) $ s $ t)
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   515
        in
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   516
          case Library.find_first (prp r') prems of
15531
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15234
diff changeset
   517
            NONE =>
15195
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   518
              let val r' = Tr $ (HOLogic.not_const $ (Const("op <",T) $ t $ s))
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   519
              in case Library.find_first (prp r') prems of
15531
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15234
diff changeset
   520
                   NONE => []
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15234
diff changeset
   521
                 | SOME thm' =>
15195
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   522
                     [(thm' RS not_lessD) RS ((thm RS not_lessD) RS antisym)]
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   523
              end
15531
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15234
diff changeset
   524
          | SOME thm' => [thm' RS ((thm RS not_lessD) RS antisym)]
15195
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   525
        end
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   526
    | _ => []
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   527
  end
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   528
  handle THM _ => []
197e00ce3f20 new forward deduction capability for simplifier
nipkow
parents: 15185
diff changeset
   529
end;
15197
19e735596e51 Added antisymmetry simproc
nipkow
parents: 15195
diff changeset
   530
*)
9436
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   531
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   532
(* theory setup *)
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   533
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   534
val arith_setup =
15197
19e735596e51 Added antisymmetry simproc
nipkow
parents: 15195
diff changeset
   535
 [Simplifier.change_simpset_of (op addsimprocs) nat_cancel_sums] @
9436
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   536
  init_lin_arith_data @
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   537
  [Simplifier.change_simpset_of (op addSolver)
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   538
   (mk_solver "lin. arith." Fast_Arith.cut_lin_arith_tac),
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   539
  Simplifier.change_simpset_of (op addsimprocs) [fast_nat_arith_simproc],
15221
8412cfdf3287 tweaking of arithmetic proofs
paulson
parents: 15197
diff changeset
   540
  Method.add_methods
8412cfdf3287 tweaking of arithmetic proofs
paulson
parents: 15197
diff changeset
   541
      [("arith", (arith_method o #2) oo Method.syntax Args.bang_facts,
8412cfdf3287 tweaking of arithmetic proofs
paulson
parents: 15197
diff changeset
   542
	"decide linear arithmethic")],
9436
62bb04ab4b01 rearranged setup of arithmetic procedures, avoiding global reference values;
wenzelm
parents:
diff changeset
   543
  Attrib.add_attributes [("arith_split",
15221
8412cfdf3287 tweaking of arithmetic proofs
paulson
parents: 15197
diff changeset
   544
    (Attrib.no_args arith_split_add, 
8412cfdf3287 tweaking of arithmetic proofs
paulson
parents: 15197
diff changeset
   545
     Attrib.no_args Attrib.undef_local_attribute),
9893
93d2fde0306c tuned msg;
wenzelm
parents: 9593
diff changeset
   546
    "declaration of split rules for arithmetic procedure")]];