NEWS
author wenzelm
Fri Apr 16 22:18:59 2010 +0200 (2010-04-16)
changeset 36178 0e5c133b48b6
parent 36177 8e0770d2e499
child 36201 07d4f74abd12
permissions -rw-r--r--
keep localized 'types' as regular non-old-style version -- 'type_abbrev' as 'type' just causes too many problems, e.g. clash with "type" in translations or "type:" argument syntax;
wenzelm@5363
     1
Isabelle NEWS -- history user-relevant changes
wenzelm@5363
     2
==============================================
wenzelm@2553
     3
haftmann@33993
     4
New in this Isabelle version
haftmann@33993
     5
----------------------------
haftmann@33993
     6
wenzelm@35260
     7
*** General ***
wenzelm@35260
     8
wenzelm@35436
     9
* Authentic syntax for *all* logical entities (type classes, type
wenzelm@35436
    10
constructors, term constants): provides simple and robust
wenzelm@35436
    11
correspondence between formal entities and concrete syntax.  Within
wenzelm@35436
    12
the parse tree / AST representations, "constants" are decorated by
wenzelm@35436
    13
their category (class, type, const) and spelled out explicitly with
wenzelm@35436
    14
their full internal name.
wenzelm@35436
    15
wenzelm@35436
    16
Substantial INCOMPATIBILITY concerning low-level syntax declarations
wenzelm@35436
    17
and translations (translation rules and translation functions in ML).
wenzelm@35436
    18
Some hints on upgrading:
wenzelm@35260
    19
wenzelm@35260
    20
  - Many existing uses of 'syntax' and 'translations' can be replaced
wenzelm@35436
    21
    by more modern 'type_notation', 'notation' and 'abbreviation',
wenzelm@35436
    22
    which are independent of this issue.
wenzelm@35260
    23
wenzelm@35260
    24
  - 'translations' require markup within the AST; the term syntax
wenzelm@35260
    25
    provides the following special forms:
wenzelm@35260
    26
wenzelm@35260
    27
      CONST c   -- produces syntax version of constant c from context
wenzelm@35261
    28
      XCONST c  -- literally c, checked as constant from context
wenzelm@35261
    29
      c         -- literally c, if declared by 'syntax'
wenzelm@35261
    30
wenzelm@35261
    31
    Plain identifiers are treated as AST variables -- occasionally the
wenzelm@35261
    32
    system indicates accidental variables via the error "rhs contains
wenzelm@35261
    33
    extra variables".
wenzelm@35260
    34
wenzelm@35436
    35
    Type classes and type constructors are marked according to their
wenzelm@35436
    36
    concrete syntax.  Some old translations rules need to be written
wenzelm@35436
    37
    for the "type" category, using type constructor application
wenzelm@35436
    38
    instead of pseudo-term application of the default category
wenzelm@35436
    39
    "logic".
wenzelm@35436
    40
wenzelm@35260
    41
  - 'parse_translation' etc. in ML may use the following
wenzelm@35260
    42
    antiquotations:
wenzelm@35260
    43
wenzelm@35436
    44
      @{class_syntax c}   -- type class c within parse tree / AST
wenzelm@35436
    45
      @{term_syntax c}    -- type constructor c within parse tree / AST
wenzelm@35260
    46
      @{const_syntax c}   -- ML version of "CONST c" above
wenzelm@35260
    47
      @{syntax_const c}   -- literally c (checked wrt. 'syntax' declarations)
wenzelm@35260
    48
wenzelm@35436
    49
  - Literal types within 'typed_print_translations', i.e. those *not*
wenzelm@35436
    50
    represented as pseudo-terms are represented verbatim.  Use @{class
wenzelm@35436
    51
    c} or @{type_name c} here instead of the above syntax
wenzelm@35436
    52
    antiquotations.
wenzelm@35436
    53
wenzelm@35260
    54
Note that old non-authentic syntax was based on unqualified base
wenzelm@35436
    55
names, so all of the above "constant" names would coincide.  Recall
wenzelm@35436
    56
that 'print_syntax' and ML_command "set Syntax.trace_ast" help to
wenzelm@35436
    57
diagnose syntax problems.
wenzelm@35260
    58
wenzelm@35351
    59
* Type constructors admit general mixfix syntax, not just infix.
wenzelm@35351
    60
wenzelm@35613
    61
* Use of cumulative prems via "!" in some proof methods has been
wenzelm@35613
    62
discontinued (legacy feature).
wenzelm@35613
    63
boehmes@35979
    64
* References 'trace_simp' and 'debug_simp' have been replaced by
boehmes@35979
    65
configuration options stored in the context. Enabling tracing
boehmes@35979
    66
(the case of debugging is similar) in proofs works via
boehmes@35979
    67
boehmes@35979
    68
  using [[trace_simp=true]]
boehmes@35979
    69
boehmes@35979
    70
Tracing is then active for all invocations of the simplifier
boehmes@35995
    71
in subsequent goal refinement steps. Tracing may also still be
boehmes@35995
    72
enabled or disabled via the ProofGeneral settings menu.
boehmes@35979
    73
wenzelm@36177
    74
* Separate commands 'hide_class', 'hide_type', 'hide_const',
wenzelm@36177
    75
'hide_fact' replace the former 'hide' KIND command.  Minor
wenzelm@36177
    76
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@36177
    77
wenzelm@35260
    78
haftmann@34170
    79
*** Pure ***
haftmann@34170
    80
haftmann@36147
    81
* Code generator: simple concept for abstract datatypes obeying invariants.
haftmann@36147
    82
wenzelm@35765
    83
* Local theory specifications may depend on extra type variables that
wenzelm@35765
    84
are not present in the result type -- arguments TYPE('a) :: 'a itself
wenzelm@35765
    85
are added internally.  For example:
wenzelm@35765
    86
wenzelm@35765
    87
  definition unitary :: bool where "unitary = (ALL (x::'a) y. x = y)"
wenzelm@35765
    88
haftmann@34170
    89
* Code generator: details of internal data cache have no impact on
haftmann@34170
    90
the user space functionality any longer.
haftmann@34170
    91
ballarin@36093
    92
* Methods unfold_locales and intro_locales ignore non-locale subgoals.  This
ballarin@36093
    93
is more appropriate for interpretations with 'where'.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@34170
    94
wenzelm@35129
    95
* Discontinued unnamed infix syntax (legacy feature for many years) --
wenzelm@35130
    96
need to specify constant name and syntax separately.  Internal ML
wenzelm@35130
    97
datatype constructors have been renamed from InfixName to Infix etc.
wenzelm@35130
    98
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@35129
    99
wenzelm@35413
   100
* Commands 'type_notation' and 'no_type_notation' declare type syntax
wenzelm@35413
   101
within a local theory context, with explicit checking of the
wenzelm@35413
   102
constructors involved (in contrast to the raw 'syntax' versions).
wenzelm@35413
   103
wenzelm@36178
   104
* Commands 'types' and 'typedecl' now work within a local theory
wenzelm@36178
   105
context -- without introducing dependencies on parameters or
wenzelm@36178
   106
assumptions, which is not possible in Isabelle/Pure.
wenzelm@35681
   107
krauss@36044
   108
* Proof terms: Type substitutions on proof constants now use canonical
krauss@36044
   109
order of type variables. INCOMPATIBILITY: Tools working with proof
krauss@36044
   110
terms may need to be adapted.
krauss@36044
   111
haftmann@34170
   112
haftmann@33993
   113
*** HOL ***
haftmann@33993
   114
haftmann@36147
   115
* Library theory 'RBT' renamed to 'RBT_Impl'; new library theory 'RBT'
haftmann@36147
   116
provides abstract red-black tree type which is backed by RBT_Impl
haftmann@36147
   117
as implementation.  INCOMPATIBILTY.
haftmann@36147
   118
wenzelm@35745
   119
* Command 'typedef' now works within a local theory context -- without
wenzelm@35745
   120
introducing dependencies on parameters or assumptions, which is not
wenzelm@35745
   121
possible in Isabelle/Pure/HOL.  Note that the logical environment may
wenzelm@35745
   122
contain multiple interpretations of local typedefs (with different
wenzelm@35745
   123
non-emptiness proofs), even in a global theory context.
wenzelm@35745
   124
wenzelm@35763
   125
* Theory Library/Coinductive_List has been removed -- superceded by
wenzelm@35763
   126
AFP/thys/Coinductive.
wenzelm@35763
   127
haftmann@35728
   128
* Split off theory Big_Operators containing setsum, setprod, Inf_fin, Sup_fin,
haftmann@35728
   129
Min, Max from theory Finite_Set.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@35728
   130
haftmann@35372
   131
* Theory "Rational" renamed to "Rat", for consistency with "Nat", "Int" etc.
haftmann@35372
   132
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@35372
   133
haftmann@35042
   134
* New set of rules "ac_simps" provides combined assoc / commute rewrites
haftmann@35042
   135
for all interpretations of the appropriate generic locales.
haftmann@35042
   136
haftmann@35050
   137
* Renamed theory "OrderedGroup" to "Groups" and split theory "Ring_and_Field"
haftmann@35050
   138
into theories "Rings" and "Fields";  for more appropriate and more
haftmann@35050
   139
consistent names suitable for name prefixes within the HOL theories.
haftmann@35050
   140
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@35050
   141
haftmann@35084
   142
* Some generic constants have been put to appropriate theories:
haftmann@35084
   143
haftmann@35093
   144
    less_eq, less: Orderings
haftmann@35264
   145
    zero, one, plus, minus, uminus, times, abs, sgn: Groups
haftmann@35084
   146
    inverse, divide: Rings
haftmann@35084
   147
haftmann@35084
   148
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@35084
   149
haftmann@35721
   150
* Class division_ring also requires proof of fact divide_inverse.  However instantiation
haftmann@35084
   151
of parameter divide has also been required previously.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@35084
   152
haftmann@35032
   153
* More consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices):
haftmann@35027
   154
haftmann@35027
   155
    lower_semilattice                   ~> semilattice_inf
haftmann@35027
   156
    upper_semilattice                   ~> semilattice_sup
haftmann@35027
   157
haftmann@35027
   158
    dense_linear_order                  ~> dense_linorder
haftmann@35027
   159
haftmann@35027
   160
    pordered_ab_group_add               ~> ordered_ab_group_add
haftmann@35027
   161
    pordered_ab_group_add_abs           ~> ordered_ab_group_add_abs
haftmann@35027
   162
    pordered_ab_semigroup_add           ~> ordered_ab_semigroup_add
haftmann@35027
   163
    pordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le    ~> ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le
haftmann@35027
   164
    pordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add    ~> ordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add
haftmann@35027
   165
    pordered_cancel_comm_semiring       ~> ordered_cancel_comm_semiring
haftmann@35027
   166
    pordered_cancel_semiring            ~> ordered_cancel_semiring
haftmann@35027
   167
    pordered_comm_monoid_add            ~> ordered_comm_monoid_add
haftmann@35027
   168
    pordered_comm_ring                  ~> ordered_comm_ring
haftmann@35027
   169
    pordered_comm_semiring              ~> ordered_comm_semiring
haftmann@35027
   170
    pordered_ring                       ~> ordered_ring
haftmann@35027
   171
    pordered_ring_abs                   ~> ordered_ring_abs
haftmann@35027
   172
    pordered_semiring                   ~> ordered_semiring
haftmann@35027
   173
haftmann@35027
   174
    ordered_ab_group_add                ~> linordered_ab_group_add
haftmann@35027
   175
    ordered_ab_semigroup_add            ~> linordered_ab_semigroup_add
haftmann@35027
   176
    ordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add     ~> linordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add
haftmann@35027
   177
    ordered_comm_semiring_strict        ~> linordered_comm_semiring_strict
haftmann@35027
   178
    ordered_field                       ~> linordered_field
haftmann@35027
   179
    ordered_field_no_lb                 ~> linordered_field_no_lb
haftmann@35027
   180
    ordered_field_no_ub                 ~> linordered_field_no_ub
haftmann@35027
   181
    ordered_field_dense_linear_order    ~> dense_linordered_field
haftmann@35027
   182
    ordered_idom                        ~> linordered_idom
haftmann@35027
   183
    ordered_ring                        ~> linordered_ring
haftmann@35027
   184
    ordered_ring_le_cancel_factor       ~> linordered_ring_le_cancel_factor
haftmann@35027
   185
    ordered_ring_less_cancel_factor     ~> linordered_ring_less_cancel_factor
haftmann@35027
   186
    ordered_ring_strict                 ~> linordered_ring_strict
haftmann@35027
   187
    ordered_semidom                     ~> linordered_semidom
haftmann@35027
   188
    ordered_semiring                    ~> linordered_semiring
haftmann@35027
   189
    ordered_semiring_1                  ~> linordered_semiring_1
haftmann@35027
   190
    ordered_semiring_1_strict           ~> linordered_semiring_1_strict
haftmann@35027
   191
    ordered_semiring_strict             ~> linordered_semiring_strict
haftmann@35027
   192
haftmann@35032
   193
  The following slightly odd type classes have been moved to
haftmann@35032
   194
  a separate theory Library/Lattice_Algebras.thy:
haftmann@35032
   195
haftmann@35032
   196
    lordered_ab_group_add               ~> lattice_ab_group_add
haftmann@35032
   197
    lordered_ab_group_add_abs           ~> lattice_ab_group_add_abs
haftmann@35032
   198
    lordered_ab_group_add_meet          ~> semilattice_inf_ab_group_add
haftmann@35032
   199
    lordered_ab_group_add_join          ~> semilattice_sup_ab_group_add
haftmann@35032
   200
    lordered_ring                       ~> lattice_ring
haftmann@35032
   201
haftmann@35027
   202
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@35027
   203
haftmann@34962
   204
* HOLogic.strip_psplit: types are returned in syntactic order, similar
haftmann@34962
   205
to other strip and tuple operations.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@34962
   206
haftmann@34946
   207
* Various old-style primrec specifications in the HOL theories have been
haftmann@34946
   208
replaced by new-style primrec, especially in theory List.  The corresponding
haftmann@34946
   209
constants now have authentic syntax.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@34946
   210
haftmann@35276
   211
* Reorganized theory Multiset: swapped notation of pointwise and multiset order:
haftmann@35276
   212
  * pointwise ordering is instance of class order with standard syntax <= and <;
haftmann@35276
   213
  * multiset ordering has syntax <=# and <#; partial order properties are provided
haftmann@35276
   214
      by means of interpretation with prefix multiset_order.
haftmann@35276
   215
Less duplication, less historical organization of sections,
haftmann@35270
   216
conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation.
haftmann@35270
   217
Use insert_DiffM2 [symmetric] instead of elem_imp_eq_diff_union, if needed.
haftmann@35270
   218
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@34946
   219
wenzelm@35009
   220
* Reorganized theory Sum_Type; Inl and Inr now have authentic syntax.
wenzelm@35009
   221
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@33993
   222
haftmann@33993
   223
* Code generation: ML and OCaml code is decorated with signatures.
haftmann@33993
   224
wenzelm@35009
   225
* Theory Complete_Lattice: lemmas top_def and bot_def have been
wenzelm@35009
   226
replaced by the more convenient lemmas Inf_empty and Sup_empty.
wenzelm@35009
   227
Dropped lemmas Inf_insert_simp and Sup_insert_simp, which are subsumed
wenzelm@35009
   228
by Inf_insert and Sup_insert.  Lemmas Inf_UNIV and Sup_UNIV replace
wenzelm@35009
   229
former Inf_Univ and Sup_Univ.  Lemmas inf_top_right and sup_bot_right
wenzelm@35009
   230
subsume inf_top and sup_bot respectively.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@35009
   231
wenzelm@35009
   232
* Theory Finite_Set and List: some lemmas have been generalized from
wenzelm@34076
   233
sets to lattices:
wenzelm@34076
   234
haftmann@34007
   235
  fun_left_comm_idem_inter      ~> fun_left_comm_idem_inf
haftmann@34007
   236
  fun_left_comm_idem_union      ~> fun_left_comm_idem_sup
haftmann@34007
   237
  inter_Inter_fold_inter        ~> inf_Inf_fold_inf
haftmann@34007
   238
  union_Union_fold_union        ~> sup_Sup_fold_sup
haftmann@34007
   239
  Inter_fold_inter              ~> Inf_fold_inf
haftmann@34007
   240
  Union_fold_union              ~> Sup_fold_sup
haftmann@34007
   241
  inter_INTER_fold_inter        ~> inf_INFI_fold_inf
haftmann@34007
   242
  union_UNION_fold_union        ~> sup_SUPR_fold_sup
haftmann@34007
   243
  INTER_fold_inter              ~> INFI_fold_inf
haftmann@34007
   244
  UNION_fold_union              ~> SUPR_fold_sup
haftmann@34007
   245
wenzelm@35009
   246
* Theory List: added transpose.
wenzelm@35009
   247
wenzelm@35100
   248
* Renamed Library/Quotient.thy to Library/Quotient_Type.thy to avoid
wenzelm@35100
   249
clash with new theory Quotient in Main HOL.
wenzelm@35100
   250
huffman@35810
   251
* Library/Nat_Bijection.thy is a collection of bijective functions
huffman@35810
   252
between nat and other types, which supersedes the older libraries
huffman@35810
   253
Library/Nat_Int_Bij.thy and HOLCF/NatIso.thy.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@35810
   254
huffman@35810
   255
  Constants:
huffman@35810
   256
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat2_to_nat         ~> prod_encode
huffman@35810
   257
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat_to_nat2         ~> prod_decode
huffman@35810
   258
  Nat_Int_Bij.int_to_nat_bij      ~> int_encode
huffman@35810
   259
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat_to_int_bij      ~> int_decode
huffman@35810
   260
  Countable.pair_encode           ~> prod_encode
huffman@35810
   261
  NatIso.prod2nat                 ~> prod_encode
huffman@35810
   262
  NatIso.nat2prod                 ~> prod_decode
huffman@35810
   263
  NatIso.sum2nat                  ~> sum_encode
huffman@35810
   264
  NatIso.nat2sum                  ~> sum_decode
huffman@35810
   265
  NatIso.list2nat                 ~> list_encode
huffman@35810
   266
  NatIso.nat2list                 ~> list_decode
huffman@35810
   267
  NatIso.set2nat                  ~> set_encode
huffman@35810
   268
  NatIso.nat2set                  ~> set_decode
huffman@35810
   269
huffman@35810
   270
  Lemmas:
huffman@35810
   271
  Nat_Int_Bij.bij_nat_to_int_bij  ~> bij_int_decode
huffman@35810
   272
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat2_to_nat_inj     ~> inj_prod_encode
huffman@35810
   273
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat2_to_nat_surj    ~> surj_prod_encode
huffman@35810
   274
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat_to_nat2_inj     ~> inj_prod_decode
huffman@35810
   275
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat_to_nat2_surj    ~> surj_prod_decode
huffman@35810
   276
  Nat_Int_Bij.i2n_n2i_id          ~> int_encode_inverse
huffman@35810
   277
  Nat_Int_Bij.n2i_i2n_id          ~> int_decode_inverse
huffman@35810
   278
  Nat_Int_Bij.surj_nat_to_int_bij ~> surj_int_encode
huffman@35810
   279
  Nat_Int_Bij.surj_int_to_nat_bij ~> surj_int_decode
huffman@35810
   280
  Nat_Int_Bij.inj_nat_to_int_bij  ~> inj_int_encode
huffman@35810
   281
  Nat_Int_Bij.inj_int_to_nat_bij  ~> inj_int_decode
huffman@35810
   282
  Nat_Int_Bij.bij_nat_to_int_bij  ~> bij_int_encode
huffman@35810
   283
  Nat_Int_Bij.bij_int_to_nat_bij  ~> bij_int_decode
huffman@35810
   284
haftmann@33993
   285
haftmann@33993
   286
*** ML ***
haftmann@33993
   287
wenzelm@35401
   288
* Antiquotations for basic formal entities:
wenzelm@35396
   289
wenzelm@35396
   290
    @{class NAME}         -- type class
wenzelm@35401
   291
    @{class_syntax NAME}  -- syntax representation of the above
wenzelm@35401
   292
wenzelm@35401
   293
    @{type_name NAME}     -- logical type
wenzelm@35361
   294
    @{type_abbrev NAME}   -- type abbreviation
wenzelm@35361
   295
    @{nonterminal NAME}   -- type of concrete syntactic category
wenzelm@35361
   296
    @{type_syntax NAME}   -- syntax representation of any of the above
wenzelm@35361
   297
wenzelm@35401
   298
    @{const_name NAME}    -- logical constant (INCOMPATIBILITY)
wenzelm@35401
   299
    @{const_abbrev NAME}  -- abbreviated constant
wenzelm@35401
   300
    @{const_syntax NAME}  -- syntax representation of any of the above
wenzelm@35401
   301
wenzelm@35111
   302
* Antiquotation @{syntax_const NAME} ensures that NAME refers to a raw
wenzelm@35111
   303
syntax constant (cf. 'syntax' command).
wenzelm@35111
   304
wenzelm@36162
   305
* Antiquotation @{make_string} inlines a function to print arbitrary
wenzelm@36162
   306
values similar to the ML toplevel.  The result is compiler dependent
wenzelm@36162
   307
and may fall back on "?" in certain situations.
wenzelm@36162
   308
wenzelm@35021
   309
* Renamed old-style Drule.standard to Drule.export_without_context, to
wenzelm@35021
   310
emphasize that this is in no way a standard operation.
wenzelm@35021
   311
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@35021
   312
wenzelm@34076
   313
* Curried take and drop in library.ML; negative length is interpreted
wenzelm@34076
   314
as infinity (as in chop).  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@34076
   315
wenzelm@34076
   316
* Subgoal.FOCUS (and variants): resulting goal state is normalized as
wenzelm@34076
   317
usual for resolution.  Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@34076
   318
wenzelm@34259
   319
* Discontinued old TheoryDataFun with its copy/init operation -- data
wenzelm@34259
   320
needs to be pure.  Functor Theory_Data_PP retains the traditional
wenzelm@34259
   321
Pretty.pp argument to merge, which is absent in the standard
wenzelm@34259
   322
Theory_Data version.
wenzelm@34259
   323
wenzelm@35845
   324
* Renamed varify/unvarify operations to varify_global/unvarify_global
wenzelm@35845
   325
to emphasize that these only work in a global situation (which is
wenzelm@35845
   326
quite rare).
wenzelm@35845
   327
wenzelm@36000
   328
* Configuration options now admit dynamic default values, depending on
wenzelm@36000
   329
the context or even global references.
wenzelm@36000
   330
haftmann@33993
   331
wenzelm@34238
   332
*** System ***
wenzelm@34238
   333
wenzelm@34238
   334
* Discontinued special HOL_USEDIR_OPTIONS for the main HOL image;
wenzelm@34238
   335
ISABELLE_USEDIR_OPTIONS applies uniformly to all sessions.  Note that
wenzelm@34238
   336
proof terms are enabled unconditionally in the new HOL-Proofs image.
wenzelm@34238
   337
wenzelm@34255
   338
* Discontinued old ISABELLE and ISATOOL environment settings (legacy
wenzelm@34255
   339
feature since Isabelle2009).  Use ISABELLE_PROCESS and ISABELLE_TOOL,
wenzelm@34255
   340
respectively.
wenzelm@34255
   341
wenzelm@34238
   342
haftmann@33993
   343
wenzelm@33842
   344
New in Isabelle2009-1 (December 2009)
wenzelm@33842
   345
-------------------------------------
wenzelm@30904
   346
wenzelm@31547
   347
*** General ***
wenzelm@31547
   348
wenzelm@31547
   349
* Discontinued old form of "escaped symbols" such as \\<forall>.  Only
wenzelm@31547
   350
one backslash should be used, even in ML sources.
wenzelm@31547
   351
wenzelm@31547
   352
haftmann@30951
   353
*** Pure ***
haftmann@30951
   354
ballarin@32846
   355
* Locale interpretation propagates mixins along the locale hierarchy.
ballarin@32846
   356
The currently only available mixins are the equations used to map
ballarin@32846
   357
local definitions to terms of the target domain of an interpretation.
ballarin@32846
   358
wenzelm@33842
   359
* Reactivated diagnostic command 'print_interps'.  Use "print_interps
wenzelm@33842
   360
loc" to print all interpretations of locale "loc" in the theory.
wenzelm@33842
   361
Interpretations in proofs are not shown.
ballarin@32846
   362
ballarin@32983
   363
* Thoroughly revised locales tutorial.  New section on conditional
ballarin@32983
   364
interpretation.
ballarin@32983
   365
wenzelm@33843
   366
* On instantiation of classes, remaining undefined class parameters
wenzelm@33843
   367
are formally declared.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@33843
   368
haftmann@30951
   369
wenzelm@33842
   370
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@33842
   371
wenzelm@33842
   372
* New generalized style concept for printing terms: @{foo (style) ...}
wenzelm@33842
   373
instead of @{foo_style style ...}  (old form is still retained for
wenzelm@33842
   374
backward compatibility).  Styles can be also applied for
wenzelm@33842
   375
antiquotations prop, term_type and typeof.
haftmann@32891
   376
haftmann@32891
   377
haftmann@30930
   378
*** HOL ***
haftmann@30930
   379
wenzelm@33842
   380
* New proof method "smt" for a combination of first-order logic with
wenzelm@33842
   381
equality, linear and nonlinear (natural/integer/real) arithmetic, and
wenzelm@33842
   382
fixed-size bitvectors; there is also basic support for higher-order
wenzelm@33842
   383
features (esp. lambda abstractions).  It is an incomplete decision
wenzelm@33842
   384
procedure based on external SMT solvers using the oracle mechanism;
wenzelm@33842
   385
for the SMT solver Z3, this method is proof-producing.  Certificates
wenzelm@33842
   386
are provided to avoid calling the external solvers solely for
wenzelm@33842
   387
re-checking proofs.  Due to a remote SMT service there is no need for
wenzelm@33842
   388
installing SMT solvers locally.  See src/HOL/SMT.
wenzelm@33842
   389
wenzelm@33842
   390
* New commands to load and prove verification conditions generated by
wenzelm@33842
   391
the Boogie program verifier or derived systems (e.g. the Verifying C
wenzelm@33842
   392
Compiler (VCC) or Spec#).  See src/HOL/Boogie.
wenzelm@33842
   393
wenzelm@33842
   394
* New counterexample generator tool 'nitpick' based on the Kodkod
wenzelm@33842
   395
relational model finder.  See src/HOL/Tools/Nitpick and
wenzelm@33842
   396
src/HOL/Nitpick_Examples.
wenzelm@33842
   397
haftmann@33860
   398
* New commands 'code_pred' and 'values' to invoke the predicate
haftmann@33860
   399
compiler and to enumerate values of inductive predicates.
haftmann@33860
   400
haftmann@33860
   401
* A tabled implementation of the reflexive transitive closure.
haftmann@33860
   402
haftmann@33860
   403
* New implementation of quickcheck uses generic code generator;
haftmann@33860
   404
default generators are provided for all suitable HOL types, records
haftmann@33860
   405
and datatypes.  Old quickcheck can be re-activated importing theory
haftmann@33860
   406
Library/SML_Quickcheck.
haftmann@33860
   407
wenzelm@33843
   408
* New testing tool Mirabelle for automated proof tools.  Applies
wenzelm@33843
   409
several tools and tactics like sledgehammer, metis, or quickcheck, to
wenzelm@33843
   410
every proof step in a theory.  To be used in batch mode via the
wenzelm@33843
   411
"mirabelle" utility.
wenzelm@33843
   412
wenzelm@33843
   413
* New proof method "sos" (sum of squares) for nonlinear real
wenzelm@33843
   414
arithmetic (originally due to John Harison). It requires theory
wenzelm@33843
   415
Library/Sum_Of_Squares.  It is not a complete decision procedure but
wenzelm@33843
   416
works well in practice on quantifier-free real arithmetic with +, -,
wenzelm@33843
   417
*, ^, =, <= and <, i.e. boolean combinations of equalities and
wenzelm@33843
   418
inequalities between polynomials.  It makes use of external
wenzelm@33843
   419
semidefinite programming solvers.  Method "sos" generates a
wenzelm@33843
   420
certificate that can be pasted into the proof thus avoiding the need
wenzelm@33843
   421
to call an external tool every time the proof is checked.  See
wenzelm@33843
   422
src/HOL/Library/Sum_Of_Squares.
wenzelm@33843
   423
wenzelm@33843
   424
* New method "linarith" invokes existing linear arithmetic decision
wenzelm@33843
   425
procedure only.
wenzelm@33843
   426
wenzelm@33843
   427
* New command 'atp_minimal' reduces result produced by Sledgehammer.
wenzelm@33843
   428
wenzelm@33843
   429
* New Sledgehammer option "Full Types" in Proof General settings menu.
wenzelm@33843
   430
Causes full type information to be output to the ATPs.  This slows
wenzelm@33843
   431
ATPs down considerably but eliminates a source of unsound "proofs"
wenzelm@33843
   432
that fail later.
wenzelm@33843
   433
wenzelm@33843
   434
* New method "metisFT": A version of metis that uses full type
wenzelm@33843
   435
information in order to avoid failures of proof reconstruction.
wenzelm@33843
   436
wenzelm@33843
   437
* New evaluator "approximate" approximates an real valued term using
wenzelm@33843
   438
the same method as the approximation method.
wenzelm@33843
   439
wenzelm@33843
   440
* Method "approximate" now supports arithmetic expressions as
wenzelm@33843
   441
boundaries of intervals and implements interval splitting and Taylor
wenzelm@33843
   442
series expansion.
wenzelm@33843
   443
wenzelm@33843
   444
* ML antiquotation @{code_datatype} inserts definition of a datatype
wenzelm@33843
   445
generated by the code generator; e.g. see src/HOL/Predicate.thy.
wenzelm@33843
   446
haftmann@33860
   447
* New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of
haftmann@33860
   448
reals.
haftmann@33860
   449
haftmann@33860
   450
* New theory Probability, which contains a development of measure
haftmann@33860
   451
theory, eventually leading to Lebesgue integration and probability.
haftmann@33860
   452
haftmann@33860
   453
* Extended Multivariate Analysis to include derivation and Brouwer's
haftmann@33860
   454
fixpoint theorem.
wenzelm@33843
   455
wenzelm@33842
   456
* Reorganization of number theory, INCOMPATIBILITY:
wenzelm@33873
   457
  - new number theory development for nat and int, in theories Divides
wenzelm@33873
   458
    and GCD as well as in new session Number_Theory
wenzelm@33873
   459
  - some constants and facts now suffixed with _nat and _int
wenzelm@33873
   460
    accordingly
wenzelm@33873
   461
  - former session NumberTheory now named Old_Number_Theory, including
wenzelm@33873
   462
    theories Legacy_GCD and Primes (prefer Number_Theory if possible)
wenzelm@33842
   463
  - moved theory Pocklington from src/HOL/Library to
wenzelm@33842
   464
    src/HOL/Old_Number_Theory
haftmann@32479
   465
wenzelm@33873
   466
* Theory GCD includes functions Gcd/GCD and Lcm/LCM for the gcd and
wenzelm@33873
   467
lcm of finite and infinite sets. It is shown that they form a complete
haftmann@32600
   468
lattice.
haftmann@32600
   469
haftmann@32600
   470
* Class semiring_div requires superclass no_zero_divisors and proof of
haftmann@32600
   471
div_mult_mult1; theorems div_mult_mult1, div_mult_mult2,
haftmann@32600
   472
div_mult_mult1_if, div_mult_mult1 and div_mult_mult2 have been
haftmann@32600
   473
generalized to class semiring_div, subsuming former theorems
haftmann@32600
   474
zdiv_zmult_zmult1, zdiv_zmult_zmult1_if, zdiv_zmult_zmult1 and
haftmann@32600
   475
zdiv_zmult_zmult2.  div_mult_mult1 is now [simp] by default.
haftmann@32600
   476
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@32600
   477
haftmann@32588
   478
* Refinements to lattice classes and sets:
haftmann@32064
   479
  - less default intro/elim rules in locale variant, more default
haftmann@32064
   480
    intro/elim rules in class variant: more uniformity
wenzelm@33842
   481
  - lemma ge_sup_conv renamed to le_sup_iff, in accordance with
wenzelm@33842
   482
    le_inf_iff
wenzelm@33842
   483
  - dropped lemma alias inf_ACI for inf_aci (same for sup_ACI and
wenzelm@33842
   484
    sup_aci)
haftmann@32064
   485
  - renamed ACI to inf_sup_aci
haftmann@32600
   486
  - new class "boolean_algebra"
wenzelm@33842
   487
  - class "complete_lattice" moved to separate theory
haftmann@33860
   488
    "Complete_Lattice"; corresponding constants (and abbreviations)
wenzelm@33842
   489
    renamed and with authentic syntax:
haftmann@33860
   490
    Set.Inf ~>    Complete_Lattice.Inf
haftmann@33860
   491
    Set.Sup ~>    Complete_Lattice.Sup
haftmann@33860
   492
    Set.INFI ~>   Complete_Lattice.INFI
haftmann@33860
   493
    Set.SUPR ~>   Complete_Lattice.SUPR
haftmann@33860
   494
    Set.Inter ~>  Complete_Lattice.Inter
haftmann@33860
   495
    Set.Union ~>  Complete_Lattice.Union
haftmann@33860
   496
    Set.INTER ~>  Complete_Lattice.INTER
haftmann@33860
   497
    Set.UNION ~>  Complete_Lattice.UNION
haftmann@32600
   498
  - authentic syntax for
haftmann@32600
   499
    Set.Pow
haftmann@32600
   500
    Set.image
haftmann@32588
   501
  - mere abbreviations:
haftmann@32588
   502
    Set.empty               (for bot)
haftmann@32588
   503
    Set.UNIV                (for top)
haftmann@33860
   504
    Set.inter               (for inf, formerly Set.Int)
haftmann@33860
   505
    Set.union               (for sup, formerly Set.Un)
haftmann@32588
   506
    Complete_Lattice.Inter  (for Inf)
haftmann@32588
   507
    Complete_Lattice.Union  (for Sup)
haftmann@32606
   508
    Complete_Lattice.INTER  (for INFI)
haftmann@32606
   509
    Complete_Lattice.UNION  (for SUPR)
haftmann@32600
   510
  - object-logic definitions as far as appropriate
haftmann@32217
   511
haftmann@32691
   512
INCOMPATIBILITY.  Care is required when theorems Int_subset_iff or
wenzelm@33842
   513
Un_subset_iff are explicitly deleted as default simp rules; then also
wenzelm@33842
   514
their lattice counterparts le_inf_iff and le_sup_iff have to be
haftmann@32691
   515
deleted to achieve the desired effect.
haftmann@32064
   516
wenzelm@33842
   517
* Rules inf_absorb1, inf_absorb2, sup_absorb1, sup_absorb2 are no simp
wenzelm@33842
   518
rules by default any longer; the same applies to min_max.inf_absorb1
wenzelm@33842
   519
etc.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@33842
   520
wenzelm@33842
   521
* Rules sup_Int_eq and sup_Un_eq are no longer declared as
wenzelm@33842
   522
pred_set_conv by default.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@33842
   523
wenzelm@33842
   524
* Power operations on relations and functions are now one dedicated
haftmann@32706
   525
constant "compow" with infix syntax "^^".  Power operation on
wenzelm@31547
   526
multiplicative monoids retains syntax "^" and is now defined generic
wenzelm@31547
   527
in class power.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@31547
   528
wenzelm@33842
   529
* Relation composition "R O S" now has a more standard argument order:
wenzelm@33842
   530
"R O S = {(x, z). EX y. (x, y) : R & (y, z) : S}".  INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@33842
   531
rewrite propositions with "S O R" --> "R O S". Proofs may occasionally
wenzelm@33842
   532
break, since the O_assoc rule was not rewritten like this.  Fix using
wenzelm@33842
   533
O_assoc[symmetric].  The same applies to the curried version "R OO S".
wenzelm@32427
   534
nipkow@33057
   535
* Function "Inv" is renamed to "inv_into" and function "inv" is now an
wenzelm@33842
   536
abbreviation for "inv_into UNIV".  Lemmas are renamed accordingly.
nipkow@32988
   537
INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@32988
   538
haftmann@33860
   539
* Most rules produced by inductive and datatype package have mandatory
haftmann@33860
   540
prefixes.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@31790
   541
wenzelm@33842
   542
* Changed "DERIV_intros" to a dynamic fact, which can be augmented by
wenzelm@33842
   543
the attribute of the same name.  Each of the theorems in the list
wenzelm@33842
   544
DERIV_intros assumes composition with an additional function and
wenzelm@33842
   545
matches a variable to the derivative, which has to be solved by the
wenzelm@33842
   546
Simplifier.  Hence (auto intro!: DERIV_intros) computes the derivative
wenzelm@33873
   547
of most elementary terms.  Former Maclauren.DERIV_tac and
wenzelm@33873
   548
Maclauren.deriv_tac should be replaced by (auto intro!: DERIV_intros).
wenzelm@33873
   549
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@33860
   550
haftmann@33860
   551
* Code generator attributes follow the usual underscore convention:
haftmann@33860
   552
    code_unfold     replaces    code unfold
haftmann@33860
   553
    code_post       replaces    code post
haftmann@33860
   554
    etc.
haftmann@33860
   555
  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@31900
   556
krauss@33471
   557
* Renamed methods:
krauss@33471
   558
    sizechange -> size_change
krauss@33471
   559
    induct_scheme -> induction_schema
haftmann@33860
   560
  INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@33673
   561
wenzelm@33843
   562
* Discontinued abbreviation "arbitrary" of constant "undefined".
wenzelm@33843
   563
INCOMPATIBILITY, use "undefined" directly.
wenzelm@33843
   564
haftmann@33860
   565
* Renamed theorems:
haftmann@33860
   566
    Suc_eq_add_numeral_1 -> Suc_eq_plus1
haftmann@33860
   567
    Suc_eq_add_numeral_1_left -> Suc_eq_plus1_left
haftmann@33860
   568
    Suc_plus1 -> Suc_eq_plus1
haftmann@33860
   569
    *anti_sym -> *antisym*
haftmann@33860
   570
    vector_less_eq_def -> vector_le_def
haftmann@33860
   571
  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@33860
   572
haftmann@33860
   573
* Added theorem List.map_map as [simp].  Removed List.map_compose.
haftmann@33860
   574
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@33860
   575
haftmann@33860
   576
* Removed predicate "M hassize n" (<--> card M = n & finite M).
haftmann@33860
   577
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@33860
   578
hoelzl@31812
   579
huffman@33825
   580
*** HOLCF ***
huffman@33825
   581
wenzelm@33842
   582
* Theory Representable defines a class "rep" of domains that are
wenzelm@33842
   583
representable (via an ep-pair) in the universal domain type "udom".
huffman@33825
   584
Instances are provided for all type constructors defined in HOLCF.
huffman@33825
   585
huffman@33825
   586
* The 'new_domain' command is a purely definitional version of the
huffman@33825
   587
domain package, for representable domains.  Syntax is identical to the
huffman@33825
   588
old domain package.  The 'new_domain' package also supports indirect
huffman@33825
   589
recursion using previously-defined type constructors.  See
wenzelm@33842
   590
src/HOLCF/ex/New_Domain.thy for examples.
wenzelm@33842
   591
wenzelm@33842
   592
* Method "fixrec_simp" unfolds one step of a fixrec-defined constant
huffman@33825
   593
on the left-hand side of an equation, and then performs
huffman@33825
   594
simplification.  Rewriting is done using rules declared with the
wenzelm@33842
   595
"fixrec_simp" attribute.  The "fixrec_simp" method is intended as a
wenzelm@33842
   596
replacement for "fixpat"; see src/HOLCF/ex/Fixrec_ex.thy for examples.
huffman@33825
   597
huffman@33825
   598
* The pattern-match compiler in 'fixrec' can now handle constructors
huffman@33825
   599
with HOL function types.  Pattern-match combinators for the Pair
huffman@33825
   600
constructor are pre-configured.
huffman@33825
   601
huffman@33825
   602
* The 'fixrec' package now produces better fixed-point induction rules
huffman@33825
   603
for mutually-recursive definitions:  Induction rules have conclusions
huffman@33825
   604
of the form "P foo bar" instead of "P <foo, bar>".
huffman@33825
   605
huffman@33825
   606
* The constant "sq_le" (with infix syntax "<<" or "\<sqsubseteq>") has
huffman@33825
   607
been renamed to "below".  The name "below" now replaces "less" in many
wenzelm@33842
   608
theorem names.  (Legacy theorem names using "less" are still supported
wenzelm@33842
   609
as well.)
huffman@33825
   610
huffman@33825
   611
* The 'fixrec' package now supports "bottom patterns".  Bottom
huffman@33825
   612
patterns can be used to generate strictness rules, or to make
huffman@33825
   613
functions more strict (much like the bang-patterns supported by the
wenzelm@33873
   614
Glasgow Haskell Compiler).  See src/HOLCF/ex/Fixrec_ex.thy for
wenzelm@33873
   615
examples.
huffman@33825
   616
huffman@33825
   617
wenzelm@31304
   618
*** ML ***
wenzelm@31304
   619
wenzelm@33843
   620
* Support for Poly/ML 5.3.0, with improved reporting of compiler
wenzelm@33843
   621
errors and run-time exceptions, including detailed source positions.
wenzelm@33843
   622
wenzelm@33843
   623
* Structure Name_Space (formerly NameSpace) now manages uniquely
wenzelm@33843
   624
identified entries, with some additional information such as source
wenzelm@33843
   625
position, logical grouping etc.
wenzelm@33843
   626
wenzelm@33524
   627
* Theory and context data is now introduced by the simplified and
wenzelm@33524
   628
modernized functors Theory_Data, Proof_Data, Generic_Data.  Data needs
wenzelm@33524
   629
to be pure, but the old TheoryDataFun for mutable data (with explicit
wenzelm@33524
   630
copy operation) is still available for some time.
wenzelm@33524
   631
wenzelm@32742
   632
* Structure Synchronized (cf. src/Pure/Concurrent/synchronized.ML)
wenzelm@32742
   633
provides a high-level programming interface to synchronized state
wenzelm@32742
   634
variables with atomic update.  This works via pure function
wenzelm@32742
   635
application within a critical section -- its runtime should be as
wenzelm@32742
   636
short as possible; beware of deadlocks if critical code is nested,
wenzelm@32742
   637
either directly or indirectly via other synchronized variables!
wenzelm@32742
   638
wenzelm@32742
   639
* Structure Unsynchronized (cf. src/Pure/ML-Systems/unsynchronized.ML)
wenzelm@32742
   640
wraps raw ML references, explicitly indicating their non-thread-safe
wenzelm@32742
   641
behaviour.  The Isar toplevel keeps this structure open, to
wenzelm@32742
   642
accommodate Proof General as well as quick and dirty interactive
wenzelm@32742
   643
experiments with references.
wenzelm@32742
   644
wenzelm@32365
   645
* PARALLEL_CHOICE and PARALLEL_GOALS provide basic support for
wenzelm@32365
   646
parallel tactical reasoning.
wenzelm@32365
   647
wenzelm@32427
   648
* Tacticals Subgoal.FOCUS, Subgoal.FOCUS_PREMS, Subgoal.FOCUS_PARAMS
wenzelm@32427
   649
are similar to SUBPROOF, but are slightly more flexible: only the
wenzelm@32427
   650
specified parts of the subgoal are imported into the context, and the
wenzelm@32427
   651
body tactic may introduce new subgoals and schematic variables.
wenzelm@32427
   652
wenzelm@32427
   653
* Old tactical METAHYPS, which does not observe the proof context, has
wenzelm@32427
   654
been renamed to Old_Goals.METAHYPS and awaits deletion.  Use SUBPROOF
wenzelm@32427
   655
or Subgoal.FOCUS etc.
wenzelm@32216
   656
wenzelm@31971
   657
* Renamed functor TableFun to Table, and GraphFun to Graph.  (Since
wenzelm@31971
   658
functors have their own ML name space there is no point to mark them
wenzelm@31971
   659
separately.)  Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@31971
   660
wenzelm@31901
   661
* Renamed NamedThmsFun to Named_Thms.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@31901
   662
wenzelm@33842
   663
* Renamed several structures FooBar to Foo_Bar.  Occasional,
wenzelm@33842
   664
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@33842
   665
wenzelm@33843
   666
* Operations of structure Skip_Proof no longer require quick_and_dirty
wenzelm@33843
   667
mode, which avoids critical setmp.
wenzelm@33843
   668
wenzelm@31306
   669
* Eliminated old Attrib.add_attributes, Method.add_methods and related
wenzelm@33842
   670
combinators for "args".  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to use simplified
wenzelm@31306
   671
Attrib/Method.setup introduced in Isabelle2009.
wenzelm@31304
   672
wenzelm@32151
   673
* Proper context for simpset_of, claset_of, clasimpset_of.  May fall
wenzelm@32151
   674
back on global_simpset_of, global_claset_of, global_clasimpset_of as
wenzelm@32151
   675
last resort.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@32151
   676
wenzelm@32092
   677
* Display.pretty_thm now requires a proper context (cf. former
wenzelm@32092
   678
ProofContext.pretty_thm).  May fall back on Display.pretty_thm_global
wenzelm@32092
   679
or even Display.pretty_thm_without_context as last resort.
wenzelm@32092
   680
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@32092
   681
wenzelm@32433
   682
* Discontinued Display.pretty_ctyp/cterm etc.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use
wenzelm@32433
   683
Syntax.pretty_typ/term directly, preferably with proper context
wenzelm@32433
   684
instead of global theory.
wenzelm@32433
   685
wenzelm@31304
   686
wenzelm@31308
   687
*** System ***
wenzelm@31308
   688
wenzelm@33842
   689
* Further fine tuning of parallel proof checking, scales up to 8 cores
wenzelm@33842
   690
(max. speedup factor 5.0).  See also Goal.parallel_proofs in ML and
wenzelm@33842
   691
usedir option -q.
wenzelm@33842
   692
wenzelm@32326
   693
* Support for additional "Isabelle components" via etc/components, see
wenzelm@32326
   694
also the system manual.
wenzelm@32326
   695
wenzelm@32326
   696
* The isabelle makeall tool now operates on all components with
wenzelm@32326
   697
IsaMakefile, not just hardwired "logics".
wenzelm@32326
   698
wenzelm@33842
   699
* Removed "compress" option from isabelle-process and isabelle usedir;
wenzelm@33842
   700
this is always enabled.
kleing@33818
   701
wenzelm@31308
   702
* Discontinued support for Poly/ML 4.x versions.
wenzelm@31308
   703
wenzelm@33842
   704
* Isabelle tool "wwwfind" provides web interface for 'find_theorems'
wenzelm@33842
   705
on a given logic image.  This requires the lighttpd webserver and is
wenzelm@33842
   706
currently supported on Linux only.
wenzelm@32061
   707
wenzelm@31308
   708
wenzelm@31304
   709
wenzelm@30845
   710
New in Isabelle2009 (April 2009)
wenzelm@30845
   711
--------------------------------
haftmann@27104
   712
wenzelm@27599
   713
*** General ***
wenzelm@27599
   714
wenzelm@28504
   715
* Simplified main Isabelle executables, with less surprises on
wenzelm@28504
   716
case-insensitive file-systems (such as Mac OS).
wenzelm@28504
   717
wenzelm@28504
   718
  - The main Isabelle tool wrapper is now called "isabelle" instead of
wenzelm@28504
   719
    "isatool."
wenzelm@28504
   720
wenzelm@28504
   721
  - The former "isabelle" alias for "isabelle-process" has been
wenzelm@28504
   722
    removed (should rarely occur to regular users).
wenzelm@28504
   723
wenzelm@28915
   724
  - The former "isabelle-interface" and its alias "Isabelle" have been
wenzelm@28915
   725
    removed (interfaces are now regular Isabelle tools).
wenzelm@28504
   726
wenzelm@28504
   727
Within scripts and make files, the Isabelle environment variables
wenzelm@28504
   728
ISABELLE_TOOL and ISABELLE_PROCESS replace old ISATOOL and ISABELLE,
wenzelm@28504
   729
respectively.  (The latter are still available as legacy feature.)
wenzelm@28504
   730
wenzelm@28915
   731
The old isabelle-interface wrapper could react in confusing ways if
wenzelm@28915
   732
the interface was uninstalled or changed otherwise.  Individual
wenzelm@28915
   733
interface tool configuration is now more explicit, see also the
wenzelm@28915
   734
Isabelle system manual.  In particular, Proof General is now available
wenzelm@28915
   735
via "isabelle emacs".
wenzelm@28504
   736
wenzelm@28504
   737
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to adapt derivative scripts.  Users may need to
wenzelm@28504
   738
purge installed copies of Isabelle executables and re-run "isabelle
wenzelm@28504
   739
install -p ...", or use symlinks.
wenzelm@28504
   740
wenzelm@28914
   741
* The default for ISABELLE_HOME_USER is now ~/.isabelle instead of the
wenzelm@30845
   742
old ~/isabelle, which was slightly non-standard and apt to cause
wenzelm@30845
   743
surprises on case-insensitive file-systems (such as Mac OS).
wenzelm@28914
   744
wenzelm@28914
   745
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to move existing ~/isabelle/etc,
wenzelm@28914
   746
~/isabelle/heaps, ~/isabelle/browser_info to the new place.  Special
wenzelm@28914
   747
care is required when using older releases of Isabelle.  Note that
wenzelm@28914
   748
ISABELLE_HOME_USER can be changed in Isabelle/etc/settings of any
wenzelm@30845
   749
Isabelle distribution, in order to use the new ~/.isabelle uniformly.
wenzelm@28914
   750
wenzelm@29161
   751
* Proofs of fully specified statements are run in parallel on
wenzelm@30845
   752
multi-core systems.  A speedup factor of 2.5 to 3.2 can be expected on
wenzelm@30845
   753
a regular 4-core machine, if the initial heap space is made reasonably
wenzelm@30845
   754
large (cf. Poly/ML option -H).  (Requires Poly/ML 5.2.1 or later.)
wenzelm@30845
   755
wenzelm@30845
   756
* The main reference manuals ("isar-ref", "implementation", and
wenzelm@30845
   757
"system") have been updated and extended.  Formally checked references
wenzelm@30845
   758
as hyperlinks are now available uniformly.
wenzelm@30845
   759
wenzelm@30163
   760
wenzelm@27599
   761
*** Pure ***
wenzelm@27599
   762
wenzelm@30845
   763
* Complete re-implementation of locales.  INCOMPATIBILITY in several
wenzelm@30845
   764
respects.  The most important changes are listed below.  See the
wenzelm@30845
   765
Tutorial on Locales ("locales" manual) for details.
ballarin@29253
   766
ballarin@29253
   767
- In locale expressions, instantiation replaces renaming.  Parameters
ballarin@29253
   768
must be declared in a for clause.  To aid compatibility with previous
ballarin@29253
   769
parameter inheritance, in locale declarations, parameters that are not
ballarin@29253
   770
'touched' (instantiation position "_" or omitted) are implicitly added
ballarin@29253
   771
with their syntax at the beginning of the for clause.
ballarin@29253
   772
ballarin@29253
   773
- Syntax from abbreviations and definitions in locales is available in
ballarin@29253
   774
locale expressions and context elements.  The latter is particularly
ballarin@29253
   775
useful in locale declarations.
ballarin@29253
   776
ballarin@29253
   777
- More flexible mechanisms to qualify names generated by locale
ballarin@29253
   778
expressions.  Qualifiers (prefixes) may be specified in locale
wenzelm@30728
   779
expressions, and can be marked as mandatory (syntax: "name!:") or
wenzelm@30728
   780
optional (syntax "name?:").  The default depends for plain "name:"
wenzelm@30728
   781
depends on the situation where a locale expression is used: in
wenzelm@30728
   782
commands 'locale' and 'sublocale' prefixes are optional, in
wenzelm@30845
   783
'interpretation' and 'interpret' prefixes are mandatory.  The old
wenzelm@30728
   784
implicit qualifiers derived from the parameter names of a locale are
wenzelm@30728
   785
no longer generated.
wenzelm@30106
   786
wenzelm@30845
   787
- Command "sublocale l < e" replaces "interpretation l < e".  The
wenzelm@30106
   788
instantiation clause in "interpretation" and "interpret" (square
wenzelm@30106
   789
brackets) is no longer available.  Use locale expressions.
ballarin@29253
   790
wenzelm@30845
   791
- When converting proof scripts, mandatory qualifiers in
wenzelm@30728
   792
'interpretation' and 'interpret' should be retained by default, even
wenzelm@30845
   793
if this is an INCOMPATIBILITY compared to former behavior.  In the
wenzelm@30845
   794
worst case, use the "name?:" form for non-mandatory ones.  Qualifiers
wenzelm@30845
   795
in locale expressions range over a single locale instance only.
wenzelm@30845
   796
wenzelm@30845
   797
- Dropped locale element "includes".  This is a major INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
   798
In existing theorem specifications replace the includes element by the
wenzelm@30845
   799
respective context elements of the included locale, omitting those
wenzelm@30845
   800
that are already present in the theorem specification.  Multiple
wenzelm@30845
   801
assume elements of a locale should be replaced by a single one
wenzelm@30845
   802
involving the locale predicate.  In the proof body, declarations (most
wenzelm@30845
   803
notably theorems) may be regained by interpreting the respective
wenzelm@30845
   804
locales in the proof context as required (command "interpret").
wenzelm@30845
   805
wenzelm@30845
   806
If using "includes" in replacement of a target solely because the
wenzelm@30845
   807
parameter types in the theorem are not as general as in the target,
wenzelm@30845
   808
consider declaring a new locale with additional type constraints on
wenzelm@30845
   809
the parameters (context element "constrains").
wenzelm@30845
   810
wenzelm@30845
   811
- Discontinued "locale (open)".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
   812
wenzelm@30845
   813
- Locale interpretation commands no longer attempt to simplify goal.
wenzelm@30845
   814
INCOMPATIBILITY: in rare situations the generated goal differs.  Use
wenzelm@30845
   815
methods intro_locales and unfold_locales to clarify.
wenzelm@30845
   816
wenzelm@30845
   817
- Locale interpretation commands no longer accept interpretation
wenzelm@30845
   818
attributes.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
   819
wenzelm@30845
   820
* Class declaration: so-called "base sort" must not be given in import
wenzelm@30845
   821
list any longer, but is inferred from the specification.  Particularly
wenzelm@30845
   822
in HOL, write
wenzelm@30845
   823
wenzelm@30845
   824
    class foo = ...
wenzelm@30845
   825
wenzelm@30845
   826
instead of
wenzelm@30845
   827
wenzelm@30845
   828
    class foo = type + ...
wenzelm@30845
   829
wenzelm@30845
   830
* Class target: global versions of theorems stemming do not carry a
wenzelm@30845
   831
parameter prefix any longer.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
   832
wenzelm@30845
   833
* Class 'instance' command no longer accepts attached definitions.
wenzelm@30845
   834
INCOMPATIBILITY, use proper 'instantiation' target instead.
wenzelm@30845
   835
wenzelm@30845
   836
* Recovered hiding of consts, which was accidentally broken in
wenzelm@30845
   837
Isabelle2007.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY, ``hide const c'' really
wenzelm@30845
   838
makes c inaccessible; consider using ``hide (open) const c'' instead.
wenzelm@30845
   839
wenzelm@30845
   840
* Slightly more coherent Pure syntax, with updated documentation in
wenzelm@30845
   841
isar-ref manual.  Removed locales meta_term_syntax and
wenzelm@30845
   842
meta_conjunction_syntax: TERM and &&& (formerly &&) are now permanent,
wenzelm@30845
   843
INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations.  Note that &&& should not be used
wenzelm@30845
   844
directly in regular applications.
wenzelm@30845
   845
wenzelm@30845
   846
* There is a new syntactic category "float_const" for signed decimal
wenzelm@30845
   847
fractions (e.g. 123.45 or -123.45).
wenzelm@30845
   848
wenzelm@30845
   849
* Removed exotic 'token_translation' command.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use ML
wenzelm@30845
   850
interface with 'setup' command instead.
wenzelm@30845
   851
wenzelm@30845
   852
* Command 'local_setup' is similar to 'setup', but operates on a local
wenzelm@30845
   853
theory context.
haftmann@27104
   854
wenzelm@28114
   855
* The 'axiomatization' command now only works within a global theory
wenzelm@28114
   856
context.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@28114
   857
wenzelm@30845
   858
* Goal-directed proof now enforces strict proof irrelevance wrt. sort
wenzelm@30845
   859
hypotheses.  Sorts required in the course of reasoning need to be
wenzelm@30845
   860
covered by the constraints in the initial statement, completed by the
wenzelm@30845
   861
type instance information of the background theory.  Non-trivial sort
wenzelm@30845
   862
hypotheses, which rarely occur in practice, may be specified via
wenzelm@30845
   863
vacuous propositions of the form SORT_CONSTRAINT('a::c).  For example:
wenzelm@30845
   864
wenzelm@30845
   865
  lemma assumes "SORT_CONSTRAINT('a::empty)" shows False ...
wenzelm@30845
   866
wenzelm@30845
   867
The result contains an implicit sort hypotheses as before --
wenzelm@30845
   868
SORT_CONSTRAINT premises are eliminated as part of the canonical rule
wenzelm@30845
   869
normalization.
wenzelm@30845
   870
wenzelm@30845
   871
* Generalized Isar history, with support for linear undo, direct state
wenzelm@30845
   872
addressing etc.
wenzelm@30845
   873
wenzelm@30845
   874
* Changed defaults for unify configuration options:
wenzelm@30845
   875
wenzelm@30845
   876
  unify_trace_bound = 50 (formerly 25)
wenzelm@30845
   877
  unify_search_bound = 60 (formerly 30)
wenzelm@30845
   878
wenzelm@30845
   879
* Different bookkeeping for code equations (INCOMPATIBILITY):
wenzelm@30845
   880
wenzelm@30845
   881
  a) On theory merge, the last set of code equations for a particular
wenzelm@30845
   882
     constant is taken (in accordance with the policy applied by other
wenzelm@30845
   883
     parts of the code generator framework).
wenzelm@30845
   884
wenzelm@30845
   885
  b) Code equations stemming from explicit declarations (e.g. code
wenzelm@30845
   886
     attribute) gain priority over default code equations stemming
wenzelm@30845
   887
     from definition, primrec, fun etc.
wenzelm@30845
   888
wenzelm@30845
   889
* Keyword 'code_exception' now named 'code_abort'.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
   890
haftmann@30965
   891
* Unified theorem tables for both code generators.  Thus [code
wenzelm@30845
   892
func] has disappeared and only [code] remains.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30577
   893
wenzelm@30577
   894
* Command 'find_consts' searches for constants based on type and name
wenzelm@30577
   895
patterns, e.g.
kleing@29883
   896
kleing@29883
   897
    find_consts "_ => bool"
kleing@29883
   898
wenzelm@30106
   899
By default, matching is against subtypes, but it may be restricted to
wenzelm@30728
   900
the whole type.  Searching by name is possible.  Multiple queries are
wenzelm@30106
   901
conjunctive and queries may be negated by prefixing them with a
wenzelm@30106
   902
hyphen:
kleing@29883
   903
kleing@29883
   904
    find_consts strict: "_ => bool" name: "Int" -"int => int"
kleing@29861
   905
wenzelm@30845
   906
* New 'find_theorems' criterion "solves" matches theorems that
wenzelm@30845
   907
directly solve the current goal (modulo higher-order unification).
wenzelm@30845
   908
wenzelm@30845
   909
* Auto solve feature for main theorem statements: whenever a new goal
wenzelm@30845
   910
is stated, "find_theorems solves" is called; any theorems that could
wenzelm@30845
   911
solve the lemma directly are listed as part of the goal state.
wenzelm@30845
   912
Cf. associated options in Proof General Isabelle settings menu,
wenzelm@30845
   913
enabled by default, with reasonable timeout for pathological cases of
wenzelm@30845
   914
higher-order unification.
webertj@30415
   915
haftmann@27104
   916
wenzelm@27381
   917
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@27381
   918
wenzelm@27381
   919
* Antiquotation @{lemma} now imitates a regular terminal proof,
wenzelm@27392
   920
demanding keyword 'by' and supporting the full method expression
wenzelm@27519
   921
syntax just like the Isar command 'by'.
wenzelm@27381
   922
wenzelm@27381
   923
haftmann@27104
   924
*** HOL ***
haftmann@27104
   925
wenzelm@30845
   926
* Integrated main parts of former image HOL-Complex with HOL.  Entry
wenzelm@30845
   927
points Main and Complex_Main remain as before.
wenzelm@30845
   928
wenzelm@30845
   929
* Logic image HOL-Plain provides a minimal HOL with the most important
wenzelm@30845
   930
tools available (inductive, datatype, primrec, ...).  This facilitates
wenzelm@30845
   931
experimentation and tool development.  Note that user applications
wenzelm@30845
   932
(and library theories) should never refer to anything below theory
wenzelm@30845
   933
Main, as before.
wenzelm@30845
   934
wenzelm@30845
   935
* Logic image HOL-Main stops at theory Main, and thus facilitates
wenzelm@30845
   936
experimentation due to shorter build times.
wenzelm@30845
   937
wenzelm@30845
   938
* Logic image HOL-NSA contains theories of nonstandard analysis which
wenzelm@30845
   939
were previously part of former HOL-Complex.  Entry point Hyperreal
wenzelm@30845
   940
remains valid, but theories formerly using Complex_Main should now use
wenzelm@30845
   941
new entry point Hypercomplex.
wenzelm@30845
   942
wenzelm@30845
   943
* Generic ATP manager for Sledgehammer, based on ML threads instead of
wenzelm@30845
   944
Posix processes.  Avoids potentially expensive forking of the ML
wenzelm@30845
   945
process.  New thread-based implementation also works on non-Unix
wenzelm@30845
   946
platforms (Cygwin).  Provers are no longer hardwired, but defined
wenzelm@30845
   947
within the theory via plain ML wrapper functions.  Basic Sledgehammer
wenzelm@30845
   948
commands are covered in the isar-ref manual.
wenzelm@30845
   949
wenzelm@30845
   950
* Wrapper scripts for remote SystemOnTPTP service allows to use
wenzelm@30845
   951
sledgehammer without local ATP installation (Vampire etc.). Other
wenzelm@30845
   952
provers may be included via suitable ML wrappers, see also
wenzelm@30845
   953
src/HOL/ATP_Linkup.thy.
wenzelm@30845
   954
wenzelm@30845
   955
* ATP selection (E/Vampire/Spass) is now via Proof General's settings
wenzelm@30845
   956
menu.
wenzelm@30845
   957
wenzelm@30845
   958
* The metis method no longer fails because the theorem is too trivial
wenzelm@30845
   959
(contains the empty clause).
wenzelm@30845
   960
wenzelm@30845
   961
* The metis method now fails in the usual manner, rather than raising
wenzelm@30845
   962
an exception, if it determines that it cannot prove the theorem.
wenzelm@30845
   963
wenzelm@30845
   964
* Method "coherent" implements a prover for coherent logic (see also
wenzelm@30845
   965
src/Tools/coherent.ML).
wenzelm@30845
   966
wenzelm@30845
   967
* Constants "undefined" and "default" replace "arbitrary".  Usually
wenzelm@30845
   968
"undefined" is the right choice to replace "arbitrary", though
wenzelm@30845
   969
logically there is no difference.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
   970
wenzelm@30845
   971
* Command "value" now integrates different evaluation mechanisms.  The
wenzelm@30845
   972
result of the first successful evaluation mechanism is printed.  In
wenzelm@30845
   973
square brackets a particular named evaluation mechanisms may be
wenzelm@30845
   974
specified (currently, [SML], [code] or [nbe]).  See further
wenzelm@30845
   975
src/HOL/ex/Eval_Examples.thy.
wenzelm@30845
   976
wenzelm@30845
   977
* Normalization by evaluation now allows non-leftlinear equations.
wenzelm@30845
   978
Declare with attribute [code nbe].
wenzelm@30845
   979
wenzelm@30845
   980
* Methods "case_tac" and "induct_tac" now refer to the very same rules
wenzelm@30845
   981
as the structured Isar versions "cases" and "induct", cf. the
wenzelm@30845
   982
corresponding "cases" and "induct" attributes.  Mutual induction rules
wenzelm@30845
   983
are now presented as a list of individual projections
wenzelm@30845
   984
(e.g. foo_bar.inducts for types foo and bar); the old format with
wenzelm@30845
   985
explicit HOL conjunction is no longer supported.  INCOMPATIBILITY, in
wenzelm@30845
   986
rare situations a different rule is selected --- notably nested tuple
wenzelm@30845
   987
elimination instead of former prod.exhaust: use explicit (case_tac t
wenzelm@30845
   988
rule: prod.exhaust) here.
wenzelm@30845
   989
wenzelm@30845
   990
* Attributes "cases", "induct", "coinduct" support "del" option.
wenzelm@30845
   991
wenzelm@30845
   992
* Removed fact "case_split_thm", which duplicates "case_split".
wenzelm@30845
   993
wenzelm@30845
   994
* The option datatype has been moved to a new theory Option.  Renamed
wenzelm@30845
   995
option_map to Option.map, and o2s to Option.set, INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
   996
wenzelm@30845
   997
* New predicate "strict_mono" classifies strict functions on partial
wenzelm@30845
   998
orders.  With strict functions on linear orders, reasoning about
wenzelm@30845
   999
(in)equalities is facilitated by theorems "strict_mono_eq",
wenzelm@30845
  1000
"strict_mono_less_eq" and "strict_mono_less".
wenzelm@30845
  1001
wenzelm@30845
  1002
* Some set operations are now proper qualified constants with
wenzelm@30845
  1003
authentic syntax.  INCOMPATIBILITY:
haftmann@30304
  1004
haftmann@30304
  1005
    op Int ~>   Set.Int
haftmann@30304
  1006
    op Un ~>    Set.Un
haftmann@30304
  1007
    INTER ~>    Set.INTER
haftmann@30304
  1008
    UNION ~>    Set.UNION
haftmann@30304
  1009
    Inter ~>    Set.Inter
haftmann@30304
  1010
    Union ~>    Set.Union
haftmann@30304
  1011
    {} ~>       Set.empty
haftmann@30304
  1012
    UNIV ~>     Set.UNIV
haftmann@30304
  1013
wenzelm@30845
  1014
* Class complete_lattice with operations Inf, Sup, INFI, SUPR now in
wenzelm@30845
  1015
theory Set.
wenzelm@30845
  1016
wenzelm@30845
  1017
* Auxiliary class "itself" has disappeared -- classes without any
wenzelm@30845
  1018
parameter are treated as expected by the 'class' command.
haftmann@29797
  1019
haftmann@29823
  1020
* Leibnitz's Series for Pi and the arcus tangens and logarithm series.
haftmann@29823
  1021
wenzelm@30845
  1022
* Common decision procedures (Cooper, MIR, Ferrack, Approximation,
wenzelm@30845
  1023
Dense_Linear_Order) are now in directory HOL/Decision_Procs.
wenzelm@30845
  1024
wenzelm@30845
  1025
* Theory src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Approximation provides the new proof
wenzelm@30845
  1026
method "approximation".  It proves formulas on real values by using
wenzelm@30845
  1027
interval arithmetic.  In the formulas are also the transcendental
wenzelm@30845
  1028
functions sin, cos, tan, atan, ln, exp and the constant pi are
wenzelm@30845
  1029
allowed. For examples see
wenzelm@30845
  1030
src/HOL/Descision_Procs/ex/Approximation_Ex.thy.
haftmann@29823
  1031
haftmann@29823
  1032
* Theory "Reflection" now resides in HOL/Library.
haftmann@29650
  1033
wenzelm@30845
  1034
* Entry point to Word library now simply named "Word".
wenzelm@30845
  1035
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@29628
  1036
haftmann@29197
  1037
* Made source layout more coherent with logical distribution
haftmann@29197
  1038
structure:
haftmann@28952
  1039
haftmann@28952
  1040
    src/HOL/Library/RType.thy ~> src/HOL/Typerep.thy
haftmann@28952
  1041
    src/HOL/Library/Code_Message.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1042
    src/HOL/Library/GCD.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1043
    src/HOL/Library/Order_Relation.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1044
    src/HOL/Library/Parity.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1045
    src/HOL/Library/Univ_Poly.thy ~> src/HOL/
huffman@30176
  1046
    src/HOL/Real/ContNotDenum.thy ~> src/HOL/Library/
haftmann@28952
  1047
    src/HOL/Real/Lubs.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1048
    src/HOL/Real/PReal.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1049
    src/HOL/Real/Rational.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1050
    src/HOL/Real/RComplete.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1051
    src/HOL/Real/RealDef.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1052
    src/HOL/Real/RealPow.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1053
    src/HOL/Real/Real.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1054
    src/HOL/Complex/Complex_Main.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1055
    src/HOL/Complex/Complex.thy ~> src/HOL/
huffman@30176
  1056
    src/HOL/Complex/FrechetDeriv.thy ~> src/HOL/Library/
huffman@30176
  1057
    src/HOL/Complex/Fundamental_Theorem_Algebra.thy ~> src/HOL/Library/
haftmann@28952
  1058
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Deriv.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1059
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Fact.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1060
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Integration.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1061
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Lim.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1062
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Ln.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1063
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Log.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1064
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/MacLaurin.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1065
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/NthRoot.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1066
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Series.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@29197
  1067
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/SEQ.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1068
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Taylor.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1069
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Transcendental.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1070
    src/HOL/Real/Float ~> src/HOL/Library/
haftmann@29197
  1071
    src/HOL/Real/HahnBanach ~> src/HOL/HahnBanach
haftmann@29197
  1072
    src/HOL/Real/RealVector.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1073
haftmann@28952
  1074
    src/HOL/arith_data.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1075
    src/HOL/hologic.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1076
    src/HOL/simpdata.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1077
    src/HOL/int_arith1.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools/int_arith.ML
haftmann@28952
  1078
    src/HOL/int_factor_simprocs.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1079
    src/HOL/nat_simprocs.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1080
    src/HOL/Real/float_arith.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1081
    src/HOL/Real/float_syntax.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1082
    src/HOL/Real/rat_arith.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1083
    src/HOL/Real/real_arith.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1084
haftmann@29398
  1085
    src/HOL/Library/Array.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1086
    src/HOL/Library/Heap_Monad.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1087
    src/HOL/Library/Heap.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1088
    src/HOL/Library/Imperative_HOL.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1089
    src/HOL/Library/Ref.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1090
    src/HOL/Library/Relational.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1091
wenzelm@30845
  1092
* If methods "eval" and "evaluation" encounter a structured proof
wenzelm@30845
  1093
state with !!/==>, only the conclusion is evaluated to True (if
wenzelm@30845
  1094
possible), avoiding strange error messages.
wenzelm@30845
  1095
wenzelm@30845
  1096
* Method "sizechange" automates termination proofs using (a
wenzelm@30845
  1097
modification of) the size-change principle.  Requires SAT solver.  See
wenzelm@30845
  1098
src/HOL/ex/Termination.thy for examples.
wenzelm@30845
  1099
wenzelm@30845
  1100
* Simplifier: simproc for let expressions now unfolds if bound
wenzelm@30845
  1101
variable occurs at most once in let expression body.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1102
wenzelm@30845
  1103
* Method "arith": Linear arithmetic now ignores all inequalities when
wenzelm@30845
  1104
fast_arith_neq_limit is exceeded, instead of giving up entirely.
wenzelm@30845
  1105
wenzelm@30845
  1106
* New attribute "arith" for facts that should always be used
wenzelm@30845
  1107
automatically by arithmetic. It is intended to be used locally in
wenzelm@30845
  1108
proofs, e.g.
wenzelm@30845
  1109
wenzelm@30845
  1110
  assumes [arith]: "x > 0"
wenzelm@30845
  1111
nipkow@30706
  1112
Global usage is discouraged because of possible performance impact.
nipkow@30706
  1113
wenzelm@30845
  1114
* New classes "top" and "bot" with corresponding operations "top" and
wenzelm@30845
  1115
"bot" in theory Orderings; instantiation of class "complete_lattice"
wenzelm@30845
  1116
requires instantiation of classes "top" and "bot".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1117
wenzelm@30845
  1118
* Changed definition lemma "less_fun_def" in order to provide an
wenzelm@30845
  1119
instance for preorders on functions; use lemma "less_le" instead.
wenzelm@30845
  1120
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1121
wenzelm@30845
  1122
* Theory Orderings: class "wellorder" moved here, with explicit
wenzelm@30845
  1123
induction rule "less_induct" as assumption.  For instantiation of
wenzelm@30845
  1124
"wellorder" by means of predicate "wf", use rule wf_wellorderI.
wenzelm@30845
  1125
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1126
wenzelm@30845
  1127
* Theory Orderings: added class "preorder" as superclass of "order".
wenzelm@27793
  1128
INCOMPATIBILITY: Instantiation proofs for order, linorder
wenzelm@27793
  1129
etc. slightly changed.  Some theorems named order_class.* now named
wenzelm@27793
  1130
preorder_class.*.
wenzelm@27793
  1131
wenzelm@30845
  1132
* Theory Relation: renamed "refl" to "refl_on", "reflexive" to "refl,
wenzelm@30845
  1133
"diag" to "Id_on".
wenzelm@30845
  1134
wenzelm@30845
  1135
* Theory Finite_Set: added a new fold combinator of type
wenzelm@30845
  1136
nipkow@28855
  1137
  ('a => 'b => 'b) => 'b => 'a set => 'b
wenzelm@30845
  1138
wenzelm@30845
  1139
Occasionally this is more convenient than the old fold combinator
wenzelm@30845
  1140
which is now defined in terms of the new one and renamed to
wenzelm@30845
  1141
fold_image.
wenzelm@30845
  1142
wenzelm@30845
  1143
* Theories Ring_and_Field and OrderedGroup: The lemmas "group_simps"
wenzelm@30845
  1144
and "ring_simps" have been replaced by "algebra_simps" (which can be
wenzelm@30845
  1145
extended with further lemmas!).  At the moment both still exist but
wenzelm@30845
  1146
the former will disappear at some point.
wenzelm@30845
  1147
wenzelm@30845
  1148
* Theory Power: Lemma power_Suc is now declared as a simp rule in
wenzelm@30845
  1149
class recpower.  Type-specific simp rules for various recpower types
wenzelm@30845
  1150
have been removed.  INCOMPATIBILITY, rename old lemmas as follows:
huffman@30273
  1151
huffman@30273
  1152
rat_power_0    -> power_0
huffman@30273
  1153
rat_power_Suc  -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
  1154
realpow_0      -> power_0
huffman@30273
  1155
realpow_Suc    -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
  1156
complexpow_0   -> power_0
huffman@30273
  1157
complexpow_Suc -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
  1158
power_poly_0   -> power_0
huffman@30273
  1159
power_poly_Suc -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
  1160
wenzelm@30845
  1161
* Theories Ring_and_Field and Divides: Definition of "op dvd" has been
wenzelm@27793
  1162
moved to separate class dvd in Ring_and_Field; a couple of lemmas on
wenzelm@27793
  1163
dvd has been generalized to class comm_semiring_1.  Likewise a bunch
wenzelm@27793
  1164
of lemmas from Divides has been generalized from nat to class
wenzelm@27793
  1165
semiring_div.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  This involves the following theorem
wenzelm@27793
  1166
renames resulting from duplicate elimination:
haftmann@27651
  1167
haftmann@27651
  1168
    dvd_def_mod ~>          dvd_eq_mod_eq_0
haftmann@27651
  1169
    zero_dvd_iff ~>         dvd_0_left_iff
haftmann@28559
  1170
    dvd_0 ~>                dvd_0_right
haftmann@27651
  1171
    DIVISION_BY_ZERO_DIV ~> div_by_0
haftmann@27651
  1172
    DIVISION_BY_ZERO_MOD ~> mod_by_0
haftmann@27651
  1173
    mult_div ~>             div_mult_self2_is_id
haftmann@27651
  1174
    mult_mod ~>             mod_mult_self2_is_0
haftmann@27651
  1175
wenzelm@30845
  1176
* Theory IntDiv: removed many lemmas that are instances of class-based
wenzelm@30845
  1177
generalizations (from Divides and Ring_and_Field).  INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@30845
  1178
rename old lemmas as follows:
nipkow@30044
  1179
nipkow@30044
  1180
dvd_diff               -> nat_dvd_diff
nipkow@30044
  1181
dvd_zminus_iff         -> dvd_minus_iff
nipkow@30224
  1182
mod_add1_eq            -> mod_add_eq
nipkow@30224
  1183
mod_mult1_eq           -> mod_mult_right_eq
nipkow@30224
  1184
mod_mult1_eq'          -> mod_mult_left_eq
nipkow@30224
  1185
mod_mult_distrib_mod   -> mod_mult_eq
nipkow@30044
  1186
nat_mod_add_left_eq    -> mod_add_left_eq
nipkow@30044
  1187
nat_mod_add_right_eq   -> mod_add_right_eq
nipkow@30044
  1188
nat_mod_div_trivial    -> mod_div_trivial
nipkow@30044
  1189
nat_mod_mod_trivial    -> mod_mod_trivial
nipkow@30044
  1190
zdiv_zadd_self1        -> div_add_self1
nipkow@30044
  1191
zdiv_zadd_self2        -> div_add_self2
nipkow@30181
  1192
zdiv_zmult_self1       -> div_mult_self2_is_id
nipkow@30044
  1193
zdiv_zmult_self2       -> div_mult_self1_is_id
nipkow@30044
  1194
zdvd_triv_left         -> dvd_triv_left
nipkow@30044
  1195
zdvd_triv_right        -> dvd_triv_right
nipkow@30044
  1196
zdvd_zmult_cancel_disj -> dvd_mult_cancel_left
nipkow@30085
  1197
zmod_eq0_zdvd_iff      -> dvd_eq_mod_eq_0[symmetric]
nipkow@30044
  1198
zmod_zadd_left_eq      -> mod_add_left_eq
nipkow@30044
  1199
zmod_zadd_right_eq     -> mod_add_right_eq
nipkow@30044
  1200
zmod_zadd_self1        -> mod_add_self1
nipkow@30044
  1201
zmod_zadd_self2        -> mod_add_self2
nipkow@30224
  1202
zmod_zadd1_eq          -> mod_add_eq
nipkow@30044
  1203
zmod_zdiff1_eq         -> mod_diff_eq
nipkow@30044
  1204
zmod_zdvd_zmod         -> mod_mod_cancel
nipkow@30044
  1205
zmod_zmod_cancel       -> mod_mod_cancel
nipkow@30044
  1206
zmod_zmult_self1       -> mod_mult_self2_is_0
nipkow@30044
  1207
zmod_zmult_self2       -> mod_mult_self1_is_0
nipkow@30044
  1208
zmod_1                 -> mod_by_1
nipkow@30044
  1209
zdiv_1                 -> div_by_1
nipkow@30044
  1210
zdvd_abs1              -> abs_dvd_iff
nipkow@30044
  1211
zdvd_abs2              -> dvd_abs_iff
nipkow@30044
  1212
zdvd_refl              -> dvd_refl
nipkow@30044
  1213
zdvd_trans             -> dvd_trans
nipkow@30044
  1214
zdvd_zadd              -> dvd_add
nipkow@30044
  1215
zdvd_zdiff             -> dvd_diff
nipkow@30044
  1216
zdvd_zminus_iff        -> dvd_minus_iff
nipkow@30044
  1217
zdvd_zminus2_iff       -> minus_dvd_iff
nipkow@30044
  1218
zdvd_zmultD            -> dvd_mult_right
nipkow@30044
  1219
zdvd_zmultD2           -> dvd_mult_left
nipkow@30044
  1220
zdvd_zmult_mono        -> mult_dvd_mono
nipkow@30044
  1221
zdvd_0_right           -> dvd_0_right
nipkow@30044
  1222
zdvd_0_left            -> dvd_0_left_iff
nipkow@30044
  1223
zdvd_1_left            -> one_dvd
nipkow@30044
  1224
zminus_dvd_iff         -> minus_dvd_iff
nipkow@30044
  1225
wenzelm@30845
  1226
* Theory Rational: 'Fract k 0' now equals '0'.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1227
wenzelm@30845
  1228
* The real numbers offer decimal input syntax: 12.34 is translated
wenzelm@30845
  1229
into 1234/10^2. This translation is not reversed upon output.
wenzelm@30845
  1230
wenzelm@30845
  1231
* Theory Library/Polynomial defines an abstract type 'a poly of
wenzelm@30845
  1232
univariate polynomials with coefficients of type 'a.  In addition to
wenzelm@30845
  1233
the standard ring operations, it also supports div and mod.  Code
wenzelm@30845
  1234
generation is also supported, using list-style constructors.
wenzelm@30845
  1235
wenzelm@30845
  1236
* Theory Library/Inner_Product defines a class of real_inner for real
wenzelm@30845
  1237
inner product spaces, with an overloaded operation inner :: 'a => 'a
wenzelm@30845
  1238
=> real.  Class real_inner is a subclass of real_normed_vector from
wenzelm@30845
  1239
theory RealVector.
wenzelm@30845
  1240
wenzelm@30845
  1241
* Theory Library/Product_Vector provides instances for the product
wenzelm@30845
  1242
type 'a * 'b of several classes from RealVector and Inner_Product.
wenzelm@30845
  1243
Definitions of addition, subtraction, scalar multiplication, norms,
wenzelm@30845
  1244
and inner products are included.
wenzelm@30845
  1245
wenzelm@30845
  1246
* Theory Library/Bit defines the field "bit" of integers modulo 2.  In
wenzelm@30845
  1247
addition to the field operations, numerals and case syntax are also
wenzelm@30845
  1248
supported.
wenzelm@30845
  1249
wenzelm@30845
  1250
* Theory Library/Diagonalize provides constructive version of Cantor's
wenzelm@30845
  1251
first diagonalization argument.
wenzelm@30845
  1252
wenzelm@30845
  1253
* Theory Library/GCD: Curried operations gcd, lcm (for nat) and zgcd,
wenzelm@27599
  1254
zlcm (for int); carried together from various gcd/lcm developements in
wenzelm@30845
  1255
the HOL Distribution.  Constants zgcd and zlcm replace former igcd and
wenzelm@30845
  1256
ilcm; corresponding theorems renamed accordingly.  INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@30845
  1257
may recover tupled syntax as follows:
haftmann@27556
  1258
haftmann@27556
  1259
    hide (open) const gcd
haftmann@27556
  1260
    abbreviation gcd where
haftmann@27556
  1261
      "gcd == (%(a, b). GCD.gcd a b)"
haftmann@27556
  1262
    notation (output)
haftmann@27556
  1263
      GCD.gcd ("gcd '(_, _')")
haftmann@27556
  1264
wenzelm@30845
  1265
The same works for lcm, zgcd, zlcm.
wenzelm@30845
  1266
wenzelm@30845
  1267
* Theory Library/Nat_Infinity: added addition, numeral syntax and more
wenzelm@30845
  1268
instantiations for algebraic structures.  Removed some duplicate
wenzelm@30845
  1269
theorems.  Changes in simp rules.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1270
wenzelm@30845
  1271
* ML antiquotation @{code} takes a constant as argument and generates
haftmann@27651
  1272
corresponding code in background and inserts name of the corresponding
haftmann@27651
  1273
resulting ML value/function/datatype constructor binding in place.
haftmann@27651
  1274
All occurrences of @{code} with a single ML block are generated
haftmann@27651
  1275
simultaneously.  Provides a generic and safe interface for
wenzelm@30845
  1276
instrumentalizing code generation.  See
wenzelm@30845
  1277
src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Ferrack.thy for a more ambitious application.
wenzelm@30845
  1278
In future you ought to refrain from ad-hoc compiling generated SML
wenzelm@30845
  1279
code on the ML toplevel.  Note that (for technical reasons) @{code}
wenzelm@30845
  1280
cannot refer to constants for which user-defined serializations are
wenzelm@30845
  1281
set.  Refer to the corresponding ML counterpart directly in that
wenzelm@30845
  1282
cases.
wenzelm@27122
  1283
wenzelm@27122
  1284
* Command 'rep_datatype': instead of theorem names the command now
wenzelm@27122
  1285
takes a list of terms denoting the constructors of the type to be
wenzelm@27122
  1286
represented as datatype.  The characteristic theorems have to be
wenzelm@27122
  1287
proven.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  Also observe that the following theorems
wenzelm@27122
  1288
have disappeared in favour of existing ones:
wenzelm@27122
  1289
haftmann@27104
  1290
    unit_induct                 ~> unit.induct
haftmann@27104
  1291
    prod_induct                 ~> prod.induct
haftmann@27104
  1292
    sum_induct                  ~> sum.induct
haftmann@27104
  1293
    Suc_Suc_eq                  ~> nat.inject
haftmann@27104
  1294
    Suc_not_Zero Zero_not_Suc   ~> nat.distinct
haftmann@27104
  1295
haftmann@27104
  1296
ballarin@27696
  1297
*** HOL-Algebra ***
ballarin@27696
  1298
ballarin@27713
  1299
* New locales for orders and lattices where the equivalence relation
wenzelm@30106
  1300
is not restricted to equality.  INCOMPATIBILITY: all order and lattice
wenzelm@30106
  1301
locales use a record structure with field eq for the equivalence.
ballarin@27713
  1302
ballarin@27713
  1303
* New theory of factorial domains.
ballarin@27713
  1304
wenzelm@30845
  1305
* Units_l_inv and Units_r_inv are now simp rules by default.
ballarin@27696
  1306
INCOMPATIBILITY.  Simplifier proof that require deletion of l_inv
ballarin@27696
  1307
and/or r_inv will now also require deletion of these lemmas.
ballarin@27696
  1308
wenzelm@30845
  1309
* Renamed the following theorems, INCOMPATIBILITY:
wenzelm@30845
  1310
ballarin@27696
  1311
UpperD ~> Upper_memD
ballarin@27696
  1312
LowerD ~> Lower_memD
ballarin@27696
  1313
least_carrier ~> least_closed
ballarin@27696
  1314
greatest_carrier ~> greatest_closed
ballarin@27696
  1315
greatest_Lower_above ~> greatest_Lower_below
ballarin@27717
  1316
one_zero ~> carrier_one_zero
ballarin@27717
  1317
one_not_zero ~> carrier_one_not_zero  (collision with assumption)
ballarin@27696
  1318
wenzelm@27793
  1319
wenzelm@30849
  1320
*** HOL-Nominal ***
wenzelm@30849
  1321
wenzelm@30855
  1322
* Nominal datatypes can now contain type-variables.
wenzelm@30855
  1323
wenzelm@30855
  1324
* Commands 'nominal_inductive' and 'equivariance' work with local
wenzelm@30855
  1325
theory targets.
wenzelm@30855
  1326
wenzelm@30855
  1327
* Nominal primrec can now works with local theory targets and its
wenzelm@30855
  1328
specification syntax now conforms to the general format as seen in
wenzelm@30855
  1329
'inductive' etc.
wenzelm@30855
  1330
wenzelm@30855
  1331
* Method "perm_simp" honours the standard simplifier attributes
wenzelm@30855
  1332
(no_asm), (no_asm_use) etc.
wenzelm@30855
  1333
wenzelm@30855
  1334
* The new predicate #* is defined like freshness, except that on the
wenzelm@30855
  1335
left hand side can be a set or list of atoms.
wenzelm@30855
  1336
wenzelm@30855
  1337
* Experimental command 'nominal_inductive2' derives strong induction
wenzelm@30855
  1338
principles for inductive definitions.  In contrast to
wenzelm@30855
  1339
'nominal_inductive', which can only deal with a fixed number of
wenzelm@30855
  1340
binders, it can deal with arbitrary expressions standing for sets of
wenzelm@30855
  1341
atoms to be avoided.  The only inductive definition we have at the
wenzelm@30855
  1342
moment that needs this generalisation is the typing rule for Lets in
wenzelm@30855
  1343
the algorithm W:
wenzelm@30855
  1344
wenzelm@30855
  1345
 Gamma |- t1 : T1   (x,close Gamma T1)::Gamma |- t2 : T2   x#Gamma
wenzelm@30855
  1346
 -----------------------------------------------------------------
wenzelm@30855
  1347
         Gamma |- Let x be t1 in t2 : T2
wenzelm@30855
  1348
wenzelm@30855
  1349
In this rule one wants to avoid all the binders that are introduced by
wenzelm@30855
  1350
"close Gamma T1".  We are looking for other examples where this
wenzelm@30855
  1351
feature might be useful.  Please let us know.
wenzelm@30849
  1352
wenzelm@30849
  1353
huffman@30176
  1354
*** HOLCF ***
huffman@30176
  1355
huffman@30176
  1356
* Reimplemented the simplification procedure for proving continuity
huffman@30176
  1357
subgoals.  The new simproc is extensible; users can declare additional
huffman@30176
  1358
continuity introduction rules with the attribute [cont2cont].
huffman@30176
  1359
huffman@30176
  1360
* The continuity simproc now uses a different introduction rule for
huffman@30176
  1361
solving continuity subgoals on terms with lambda abstractions.  In
huffman@30176
  1362
some rare cases the new simproc may fail to solve subgoals that the
huffman@30176
  1363
old one could solve, and "simp add: cont2cont_LAM" may be necessary.
huffman@30176
  1364
Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@30176
  1365
wenzelm@30847
  1366
* Command 'fixrec': specification syntax now conforms to the general
wenzelm@30855
  1367
format as seen in 'inductive' etc.  See src/HOLCF/ex/Fixrec_ex.thy for
wenzelm@30855
  1368
examples.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1369
wenzelm@30845
  1370
wenzelm@30845
  1371
*** ZF ***
wenzelm@30845
  1372
wenzelm@30845
  1373
* Proof of Zorn's Lemma for partial orders.
huffman@30176
  1374
huffman@30176
  1375
wenzelm@27246
  1376
*** ML ***
wenzelm@28088
  1377
wenzelm@30845
  1378
* Multithreading for Poly/ML 5.1/5.2 is no longer supported, only for
wenzelm@30845
  1379
Poly/ML 5.2.1 or later.  Important note: the TimeLimit facility
wenzelm@30845
  1380
depends on multithreading, so timouts will not work before Poly/ML
wenzelm@30845
  1381
5.2.1!
wenzelm@30845
  1382
wenzelm@29161
  1383
* High-level support for concurrent ML programming, see
wenzelm@29161
  1384
src/Pure/Cuncurrent.  The data-oriented model of "future values" is
wenzelm@29161
  1385
particularly convenient to organize independent functional
wenzelm@29161
  1386
computations.  The concept of "synchronized variables" provides a
wenzelm@29161
  1387
higher-order interface for components with shared state, avoiding the
wenzelm@30845
  1388
delicate details of mutexes and condition variables.  (Requires
wenzelm@30845
  1389
Poly/ML 5.2.1 or later.)
wenzelm@30845
  1390
wenzelm@30845
  1391
* ML bindings produced via Isar commands are stored within the Isar
wenzelm@30845
  1392
context (theory or proof).  Consequently, commands like 'use' and 'ML'
wenzelm@30845
  1393
become thread-safe and work with undo as expected (concerning
wenzelm@30845
  1394
top-level bindings, not side-effects on global references).
wenzelm@30845
  1395
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to provide proper Isar context when invoking the
wenzelm@30845
  1396
compiler at runtime; really global bindings need to be given outside a
wenzelm@30845
  1397
theory.  (Requires Poly/ML 5.2 or later.)
wenzelm@30845
  1398
wenzelm@30845
  1399
* Command 'ML_prf' is analogous to 'ML' but works within a proof
wenzelm@30845
  1400
context.  Top-level ML bindings are stored within the proof context in
wenzelm@30845
  1401
a purely sequential fashion, disregarding the nested proof structure.
wenzelm@30845
  1402
ML bindings introduced by 'ML_prf' are discarded at the end of the
wenzelm@30845
  1403
proof.  (Requires Poly/ML 5.2 or later.)
wenzelm@29161
  1404
wenzelm@30530
  1405
* Simplified ML attribute and method setup, cf. functions Attrib.setup
wenzelm@30845
  1406
and Method.setup, as well as Isar commands 'attribute_setup' and
wenzelm@30547
  1407
'method_setup'.  INCOMPATIBILITY for 'method_setup', need to simplify
wenzelm@30547
  1408
existing code accordingly, or use plain 'setup' together with old
wenzelm@30547
  1409
Method.add_method.
wenzelm@30530
  1410
wenzelm@28294
  1411
* Simplified ML oracle interface Thm.add_oracle promotes 'a -> cterm
wenzelm@28294
  1412
to 'a -> thm, while results are always tagged with an authentic oracle
wenzelm@28294
  1413
name.  The Isar command 'oracle' is now polymorphic, no argument type
wenzelm@28294
  1414
is specified.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to simplify existing oracle code
wenzelm@28294
  1415
accordingly.  Note that extra performance may be gained by producing
wenzelm@28294
  1416
the cterm carefully, avoiding slow Thm.cterm_of.
wenzelm@28294
  1417
wenzelm@30845
  1418
* Simplified interface for defining document antiquotations via
wenzelm@30845
  1419
ThyOutput.antiquotation, ThyOutput.output, and optionally
wenzelm@30845
  1420
ThyOutput.maybe_pretty_source.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to simplify user
wenzelm@30845
  1421
antiquotations accordingly, see src/Pure/Thy/thy_output.ML for common
wenzelm@30845
  1422
examples.
wenzelm@28099
  1423
wenzelm@30395
  1424
* More systematic treatment of long names, abstract name bindings, and
wenzelm@30395
  1425
name space operations.  Basic operations on qualified names have been
wenzelm@30399
  1426
move from structure NameSpace to Long_Name, e.g. Long_Name.base_name,
wenzelm@30395
  1427
Long_Name.append.  Old type bstring has been mostly replaced by
wenzelm@30395
  1428
abstract type binding (see structure Binding), which supports precise
wenzelm@30845
  1429
qualification by packages and local theory targets, as well as proper
wenzelm@30845
  1430
tracking of source positions.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to wrap old
wenzelm@30845
  1431
bstring values into Binding.name, or better pass through abstract
wenzelm@30399
  1432
bindings everywhere.  See further src/Pure/General/long_name.ML,
wenzelm@30395
  1433
src/Pure/General/binding.ML and src/Pure/General/name_space.ML
wenzelm@30395
  1434
wenzelm@28089
  1435
* Result facts (from PureThy.note_thms, ProofContext.note_thms,
wenzelm@28089
  1436
LocalTheory.note etc.) now refer to the *full* internal name, not the
wenzelm@28089
  1437
bstring as before.  INCOMPATIBILITY, not detected by ML type-checking!
wenzelm@28089
  1438
wenzelm@27287
  1439
* Disposed old type and term read functions (Sign.read_def_typ,
wenzelm@27287
  1440
Sign.read_typ, Sign.read_def_terms, Sign.read_term,
wenzelm@27287
  1441
Thm.read_def_cterms, Thm.read_cterm etc.).  INCOMPATIBILITY, should
wenzelm@27287
  1442
use regular Syntax.read_typ, Syntax.read_term, Syntax.read_typ_global,
wenzelm@27269
  1443
Syntax.read_term_global etc.; see also OldGoals.read_term as last
wenzelm@27269
  1444
resort for legacy applications.
wenzelm@27269
  1445
wenzelm@30609
  1446
* Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to
wenzelm@30609
  1447
the simpset or claset of an implicit theory (such as Addsimps,
wenzelm@30609
  1448
Simp_tac, SIMPSET).  INCOMPATIBILITY, should use @{simpset} etc. in
wenzelm@30609
  1449
embedded ML text, or local_simpset_of with a proper context passed as
wenzelm@30609
  1450
explicit runtime argument.
wenzelm@30609
  1451
wenzelm@30845
  1452
* Rules and tactics that read instantiations (read_instantiate,
wenzelm@30845
  1453
res_inst_tac, thin_tac, subgoal_tac etc.) now demand a proper proof
wenzelm@30845
  1454
context, which is required for parsing and type-checking.  Moreover,
wenzelm@30845
  1455
the variables are specified as plain indexnames, not string encodings
wenzelm@30845
  1456
thereof.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1457
wenzelm@30845
  1458
* Generic Toplevel.add_hook interface allows to analyze the result of
wenzelm@30845
  1459
transactions.  E.g. see src/Pure/ProofGeneral/proof_general_pgip.ML
wenzelm@30845
  1460
for theorem dependency output of transactions resulting in a new
wenzelm@30845
  1461
theory state.
wenzelm@30845
  1462
wenzelm@30845
  1463
* ML antiquotations: block-structured compilation context indicated by
wenzelm@27391
  1464
\<lbrace> ... \<rbrace>; additional antiquotation forms:
wenzelm@27391
  1465
wenzelm@30845
  1466
  @{binding name}                         - basic name binding
wenzelm@27519
  1467
  @{let ?pat = term}                      - term abbreviation (HO matching)
wenzelm@27519
  1468
  @{note name = fact}                     - fact abbreviation
wenzelm@27519
  1469
  @{thm fact}                             - singleton fact (with attributes)
wenzelm@27519
  1470
  @{thms fact}                            - general fact (with attributes)
wenzelm@27519
  1471
  @{lemma prop by method}                 - singleton goal
wenzelm@27519
  1472
  @{lemma prop by meth1 meth2}            - singleton goal
wenzelm@27519
  1473
  @{lemma prop1 ... propN by method}      - general goal
wenzelm@27519
  1474
  @{lemma prop1 ... propN by meth1 meth2} - general goal
wenzelm@27519
  1475
  @{lemma (open) ...}                     - open derivation
wenzelm@27380
  1476
wenzelm@27246
  1477
wenzelm@27979
  1478
*** System ***
wenzelm@27979
  1479
wenzelm@28248
  1480
* The Isabelle "emacs" tool provides a specific interface to invoke
wenzelm@28248
  1481
Proof General / Emacs, with more explicit failure if that is not
wenzelm@28248
  1482
installed (the old isabelle-interface script silently falls back on
wenzelm@28248
  1483
isabelle-process).  The PROOFGENERAL_HOME setting determines the
wenzelm@28248
  1484
installation location of the Proof General distribution.
wenzelm@28248
  1485
wenzelm@27979
  1486
* Isabelle/lib/classes/Pure.jar provides basic support to integrate
wenzelm@27979
  1487
the Isabelle process into a JVM/Scala application.  See
wenzelm@27979
  1488
Isabelle/lib/jedit/plugin for a minimal example.  (The obsolete Java
wenzelm@27979
  1489
process wrapper has been discontinued.)
wenzelm@27979
  1490
wenzelm@30845
  1491
* Added homegrown Isabelle font with unicode layout, see lib/fonts.
wenzelm@30845
  1492
wenzelm@30845
  1493
* Various status messages (with exact source position information) are
wenzelm@27979
  1494
emitted, if proper markup print mode is enabled.  This allows
wenzelm@27979
  1495
user-interface components to provide detailed feedback on internal
wenzelm@27979
  1496
prover operations.
wenzelm@27979
  1497
wenzelm@27979
  1498
wenzelm@27143
  1499
wenzelm@27008
  1500
New in Isabelle2008 (June 2008)
wenzelm@27008
  1501
-------------------------------
wenzelm@25464
  1502
wenzelm@25522
  1503
*** General ***
wenzelm@25522
  1504
wenzelm@27061
  1505
* The Isabelle/Isar Reference Manual (isar-ref) has been reorganized
wenzelm@27061
  1506
and updated, with formally checked references as hyperlinks.
wenzelm@27061
  1507
wenzelm@25994
  1508
* Theory loader: use_thy (and similar operations) no longer set the
wenzelm@25994
  1509
implicit ML context, which was occasionally hard to predict and in
wenzelm@25994
  1510
conflict with concurrency.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use ML within Isar which
wenzelm@25994
  1511
provides a proper context already.
wenzelm@25994
  1512
wenzelm@26323
  1513
* Theory loader: old-style ML proof scripts being *attached* to a thy
wenzelm@26323
  1514
file are no longer supported.  INCOMPATIBILITY, regular 'uses' and
wenzelm@26323
  1515
'use' within a theory file will do the job.
wenzelm@26323
  1516
wenzelm@26650
  1517
* Name space merge now observes canonical order, i.e. the second space
wenzelm@26650
  1518
is inserted into the first one, while existing entries in the first
wenzelm@26659
  1519
space take precedence.  INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations, may try to
wenzelm@26650
  1520
swap theory imports.
wenzelm@26650
  1521
wenzelm@27067
  1522
* Syntax: symbol \<chi> is now considered a letter.  Potential
wenzelm@27067
  1523
INCOMPATIBILITY in identifier syntax etc.
wenzelm@27067
  1524
wenzelm@27067
  1525
* Outer syntax: string tokens no longer admit escaped white space,
wenzelm@27067
  1526
which was an accidental (undocumented) feature.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use
wenzelm@27067
  1527
white space without escapes.
wenzelm@27067
  1528
wenzelm@27067
  1529
* Outer syntax: string tokens may contain arbitrary character codes
wenzelm@27067
  1530
specified via 3 decimal digits (as in SML).  E.g. "foo\095bar" for
wenzelm@27067
  1531
"foo_bar".
wenzelm@27067
  1532
wenzelm@25522
  1533
haftmann@25502
  1534
*** Pure ***
haftmann@25502
  1535
wenzelm@26718
  1536
* Context-dependent token translations.  Default setup reverts locally
wenzelm@26718
  1537
fixed variables, and adds hilite markup for undeclared frees.
wenzelm@26718
  1538
berghofe@26681
  1539
* Unused theorems can be found using the new command 'unused_thms'.
berghofe@26681
  1540
There are three ways of invoking it:
berghofe@26681
  1541
berghofe@26681
  1542
(1) unused_thms
berghofe@26681
  1543
     Only finds unused theorems in the current theory.
berghofe@26681
  1544
berghofe@26681
  1545
(2) unused_thms thy_1 ... thy_n -
berghofe@26681
  1546
     Finds unused theorems in the current theory and all of its ancestors,
berghofe@26681
  1547
     excluding the theories thy_1 ... thy_n and all of their ancestors.
berghofe@26681
  1548
berghofe@26681
  1549
(3) unused_thms thy_1 ... thy_n - thy'_1 ... thy'_m
berghofe@26681
  1550
     Finds unused theorems in the theories thy'_1 ... thy'_m and all of
berghofe@26681
  1551
     their ancestors, excluding the theories thy_1 ... thy_n and all of
berghofe@26681
  1552
     their ancestors.
berghofe@26681
  1553
wenzelm@26718
  1554
In order to increase the readability of the list produced by
wenzelm@26718
  1555
unused_thms, theorems that have been created by a particular instance
wenzelm@26874
  1556
of a theory command such as 'inductive' or 'function' are considered
wenzelm@26874
  1557
to belong to the same "group", meaning that if at least one theorem in
wenzelm@26718
  1558
this group is used, the other theorems in the same group are no longer
wenzelm@26718
  1559
reported as unused.  Moreover, if all theorems in the group are
wenzelm@26718
  1560
unused, only one theorem in the group is displayed.
wenzelm@26718
  1561
wenzelm@26718
  1562
Note that proof objects have to be switched on in order for
wenzelm@26718
  1563
unused_thms to work properly (i.e. !proofs must be >= 1, which is
wenzelm@26874
  1564
usually the case when using Proof General with the default settings).
berghofe@26681
  1565
wenzelm@26650
  1566
* Authentic naming of facts disallows ad-hoc overwriting of previous
wenzelm@26650
  1567
theorems within the same name space.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to remove
wenzelm@26650
  1568
duplicate fact bindings, or even accidental fact duplications.  Note
wenzelm@26650
  1569
that tools may maintain dynamically scoped facts systematically, using
wenzelm@26650
  1570
PureThy.add_thms_dynamic.
wenzelm@26650
  1571
wenzelm@26660
  1572
* Command 'hide' now allows to hide from "fact" name space as well.
wenzelm@26660
  1573
wenzelm@26496
  1574
* Eliminated destructive theorem database, simpset, claset, and
wenzelm@26496
  1575
clasimpset.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY, really need to observe linear
wenzelm@26496
  1576
update of theories within ML code.
wenzelm@26479
  1577
wenzelm@26955
  1578
* Eliminated theory ProtoPure and CPure, leaving just one Pure theory.
wenzelm@26955
  1579
INCOMPATIBILITY, object-logics depending on former Pure require
wenzelm@26955
  1580
additional setup PureThy.old_appl_syntax_setup; object-logics
wenzelm@26955
  1581
depending on former CPure need to refer to Pure.
wenzelm@26650
  1582
wenzelm@26495
  1583
* Commands 'use' and 'ML' are now purely functional, operating on
wenzelm@26479
  1584
theory/local_theory.  Removed former 'ML_setup' (on theory), use 'ML'
wenzelm@26479
  1585
instead.  Added 'ML_val' as mere diagnostic replacement for 'ML'.
wenzelm@26479
  1586
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26479
  1587
wenzelm@26874
  1588
* Command 'setup': discontinued implicit version with ML reference.
wenzelm@26434
  1589
wenzelm@25970
  1590
* Instantiation target allows for simultaneous specification of class
wenzelm@25970
  1591
instance operations together with an instantiation proof.
wenzelm@25970
  1592
Type-checking phase allows to refer to class operations uniformly.
wenzelm@27067
  1593
See src/HOL/Complex/Complex.thy for an Isar example and
wenzelm@27067
  1594
src/HOL/Library/Eval.thy for an ML example.
haftmann@25502
  1595
wenzelm@26201
  1596
* Indexing of literal facts: be more serious about including only
wenzelm@26201
  1597
facts from the visible specification/proof context, but not the
wenzelm@26201
  1598
background context (locale etc.).  Affects `prop` notation and method
wenzelm@26201
  1599
"fact".  INCOMPATIBILITY: need to name facts explicitly in rare
wenzelm@26201
  1600
situations.
wenzelm@26201
  1601
wenzelm@26925
  1602
* Method "cases", "induct", "coinduct": removed obsolete/undocumented
wenzelm@26925
  1603
"(open)" option, which used to expose internal bound variables to the
wenzelm@26925
  1604
proof text.
wenzelm@26925
  1605
wenzelm@26925
  1606
* Isar statements: removed obsolete case "rule_context".
wenzelm@26925
  1607
INCOMPATIBILITY, better use explicit fixes/assumes.
wenzelm@26925
  1608
wenzelm@26874
  1609
* Locale proofs: default proof step now includes 'unfold_locales';
wenzelm@26874
  1610
hence 'proof' without argument may be used to unfold locale
wenzelm@26874
  1611
predicates.
ballarin@26765
  1612
ballarin@26765
  1613
haftmann@26762
  1614
*** Document preparation ***
haftmann@26762
  1615
wenzelm@26914
  1616
* Simplified pdfsetup.sty: color/hyperref is used unconditionally for
wenzelm@26914
  1617
both pdf and dvi (hyperlinks usually work in xdvi as well); removed
wenzelm@26914
  1618
obsolete thumbpdf setup (contemporary PDF viewers do this on the
wenzelm@26914
  1619
spot); renamed link color from "darkblue" to "linkcolor" (default
wenzelm@26920
  1620
value unchanged, can be redefined via \definecolor); no longer sets
wenzelm@26920
  1621
"a4paper" option (unnecessary or even intrusive).
wenzelm@26914
  1622
wenzelm@27008
  1623
* Antiquotation @{lemma A method} proves proposition A by the given
wenzelm@27008
  1624
method (either a method name or a method name plus (optional) method
wenzelm@27008
  1625
arguments in parentheses) and prints A just like @{prop A}.
haftmann@26762
  1626
haftmann@26762
  1627
wenzelm@25464
  1628
*** HOL ***
wenzelm@25464
  1629
wenzelm@27067
  1630
* New primrec package.  Specification syntax conforms in style to
wenzelm@27067
  1631
definition/function/....  No separate induction rule is provided.  The
wenzelm@27067
  1632
"primrec" command distinguishes old-style and new-style specifications
wenzelm@27067
  1633
by syntax.  The former primrec package is now named OldPrimrecPackage.
wenzelm@27067
  1634
When adjusting theories, beware: constants stemming from new-style
wenzelm@27067
  1635
primrec specifications have authentic syntax.
wenzelm@27067
  1636
wenzelm@27067
  1637
* Metis prover is now an order of magnitude faster, and also works
wenzelm@27067
  1638
with multithreading.
wenzelm@27067
  1639
wenzelm@27067
  1640
* Metis: the maximum number of clauses that can be produced from a
wenzelm@27067
  1641
theorem is now given by the attribute max_clauses.  Theorems that
wenzelm@27067
  1642
exceed this number are ignored, with a warning printed.
wenzelm@27067
  1643
wenzelm@27067
  1644
* Sledgehammer no longer produces structured proofs by default. To
wenzelm@27067
  1645
enable, declare [[sledgehammer_full = true]].  Attributes
wenzelm@27067
  1646
reconstruction_modulus, reconstruction_sorts renamed
wenzelm@27067
  1647
sledgehammer_modulus, sledgehammer_sorts.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@27067
  1648
haftmann@27104
  1649
* Method "induct_scheme" derives user-specified induction rules
wenzelm@27067
  1650
from well-founded induction and completeness of patterns. This factors
wenzelm@27067
  1651
out some operations that are done internally by the function package
wenzelm@27067
  1652
and makes them available separately.  See
wenzelm@27067
  1653
src/HOL/ex/Induction_Scheme.thy for examples.
wenzelm@27067
  1654
wenzelm@27067
  1655
* More flexible generation of measure functions for termination
wenzelm@27067
  1656
proofs: Measure functions can be declared by proving a rule of the
wenzelm@27067
  1657
form "is_measure f" and giving it the [measure_function] attribute.
wenzelm@27067
  1658
The "is_measure" predicate is logically meaningless (always true), and
wenzelm@27067
  1659
just guides the heuristic.  To find suitable measure functions, the
wenzelm@27067
  1660
termination prover sets up the goal "is_measure ?f" of the appropriate
wenzelm@27067
  1661
type and generates all solutions by prolog-style backwards proof using
wenzelm@27067
  1662
the declared rules.
wenzelm@27067
  1663
wenzelm@27067
  1664
This setup also deals with rules like 
wenzelm@27067
  1665
wenzelm@27067
  1666
  "is_measure f ==> is_measure (list_size f)"
wenzelm@27067
  1667
wenzelm@27067
  1668
which accommodates nested datatypes that recurse through lists.
wenzelm@27067
  1669
Similar rules are predeclared for products and option types.
wenzelm@27067
  1670
berghofe@26964
  1671
* Turned the type of sets "'a set" into an abbreviation for "'a => bool"
berghofe@26964
  1672
berghofe@26964
  1673
  INCOMPATIBILITIES:
berghofe@26964
  1674
wenzelm@27008
  1675
  - Definitions of overloaded constants on sets have to be replaced by
wenzelm@27008
  1676
    definitions on => and bool.
berghofe@26964
  1677
berghofe@26964
  1678
  - Some definitions of overloaded operators on sets can now be proved
wenzelm@27008
  1679
    using the definitions of the operators on => and bool.  Therefore,
wenzelm@27008
  1680
    the following theorems have been renamed:
berghofe@26964
  1681
berghofe@26964
  1682
      subset_def   -> subset_eq
berghofe@26964
  1683
      psubset_def  -> psubset_eq
berghofe@26964
  1684
      set_diff_def -> set_diff_eq
berghofe@26964
  1685
      Compl_def    -> Compl_eq
berghofe@26964
  1686
      Sup_set_def  -> Sup_set_eq
berghofe@26964
  1687
      Inf_set_def  -> Inf_set_eq
berghofe@26964
  1688
      sup_set_def  -> sup_set_eq
berghofe@26964
  1689
      inf_set_def  -> inf_set_eq
berghofe@26964
  1690
berghofe@26964
  1691
  - Due to the incompleteness of the HO unification algorithm, some
berghofe@26964
  1692
    rules such as subst may require manual instantiation, if some of
berghofe@26964
  1693
    the unknowns in the rule is a set.
berghofe@26964
  1694
berghofe@26964
  1695
  - Higher order unification and forward proofs:
berghofe@26964
  1696
    The proof pattern
berghofe@26964
  1697
berghofe@26964
  1698
      have "P (S::'a set)" <...>
berghofe@26964
  1699
      then have "EX S. P S" ..
berghofe@26964
  1700
wenzelm@27008
  1701
    no longer works (due to the incompleteness of the HO unification
wenzelm@27008
  1702
    algorithm) and must be replaced by the pattern
berghofe@26964
  1703
berghofe@26964
  1704
      have "EX S. P S"
berghofe@26964
  1705
      proof
berghofe@26964
  1706
        show "P S" <...>
berghofe@26964
  1707
      qed
berghofe@26964
  1708
berghofe@26964
  1709
  - Calculational reasoning with subst (or similar rules):
berghofe@26964
  1710
    The proof pattern
berghofe@26964
  1711
berghofe@26964
  1712
      have "P (S::'a set)" <...>
berghofe@26964
  1713
      also have "S = T" <...>
berghofe@26964
  1714
      finally have "P T" .
berghofe@26964
  1715
wenzelm@27008
  1716
    no longer works (for similar reasons as the previous example) and
wenzelm@27008
  1717
    must be replaced by something like
berghofe@26964
  1718
berghofe@26964
  1719
      have "P (S::'a set)" <...>
berghofe@26964
  1720
      moreover have "S = T" <...>
berghofe@26964
  1721
      ultimately have "P T" by simp
berghofe@26964
  1722
berghofe@26964
  1723
  - Tactics or packages written in ML code:
berghofe@26964
  1724
    Code performing pattern matching on types via
berghofe@26964
  1725
berghofe@26964
  1726
      Type ("set", [T]) => ...
berghofe@26964
  1727
wenzelm@27008
  1728
    must be rewritten. Moreover, functions like strip_type or
wenzelm@27008
  1729
    binder_types no longer return the right value when applied to a
wenzelm@27008
  1730
    type of the form
berghofe@26964
  1731
berghofe@26964
  1732
      T1 => ... => Tn => U => bool
berghofe@26964
  1733
berghofe@26964
  1734
    rather than
berghofe@26964
  1735
berghofe@26964
  1736
      T1 => ... => Tn => U set
berghofe@26964
  1737
wenzelm@26874
  1738
* Merged theories Wellfounded_Recursion, Accessible_Part and
wenzelm@27067
  1739
Wellfounded_Relations to theory Wellfounded.
krauss@26748
  1740
haftmann@26513
  1741
* Explicit class "eq" for executable equality.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26513
  1742
wenzelm@26874
  1743
* Class finite no longer treats UNIV as class parameter.  Use class
wenzelm@26874
  1744
enum from theory Library/Enum instead to achieve a similar effect.
haftmann@26445
  1745
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26445
  1746
wenzelm@26874
  1747
* Theory List: rule list_induct2 now has explicitly named cases "Nil"
wenzelm@26874
  1748
and "Cons".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26874
  1749
wenzelm@26422
  1750
* HOL (and FOL): renamed variables in rules imp_elim and swap.
wenzelm@26422
  1751
Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26422
  1752
wenzelm@26874
  1753
* Theory Product_Type: duplicated lemmas split_Pair_apply and
wenzelm@26874
  1754
injective_fst_snd removed, use split_eta and prod_eqI instead.
wenzelm@26874
  1755
Renamed upd_fst to apfst and upd_snd to apsnd.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26355
  1756
wenzelm@26335
  1757
* Theory Nat: removed redundant lemmas that merely duplicate lemmas of
wenzelm@26335
  1758
the same name in theory Orderings:
wenzelm@26335
  1759
wenzelm@26335
  1760
  less_trans
wenzelm@26335
  1761
  less_linear
wenzelm@26335
  1762
  le_imp_less_or_eq
wenzelm@26335
  1763
  le_less_trans
wenzelm@26335
  1764
  less_le_trans
wenzelm@26335
  1765
  less_not_sym
wenzelm@26335
  1766
  less_asym
wenzelm@26335
  1767
wenzelm@26335
  1768
Renamed less_imp_le to less_imp_le_nat, and less_irrefl to
wenzelm@26335
  1769
less_irrefl_nat.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY due to more general types
wenzelm@26335
  1770
and different variable names.
wenzelm@26315
  1771
haftmann@26231
  1772
* Library/Option_ord.thy: Canonical order on option type.
haftmann@26231
  1773
wenzelm@27008
  1774
* Library/RBT.thy: Red-black trees, an efficient implementation of
wenzelm@27008
  1775
finite maps.
krauss@26197
  1776
haftmann@26231
  1777
* Library/Countable.thy: Type class for countable types.
haftmann@26231
  1778
wenzelm@26180
  1779
* Theory Int: The representation of numerals has changed.  The infix
wenzelm@26180
  1780
operator BIT and the bit datatype with constructors B0 and B1 have
wenzelm@26180
  1781
disappeared.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use "Int.Bit0 x" and "Int.Bit1 y" in
wenzelm@26180
  1782
place of "x BIT bit.B0" and "y BIT bit.B1", respectively.  Theorems
wenzelm@26180
  1783
involving BIT, B0, or B1 have been renamed with "Bit0" or "Bit1"
wenzelm@26180
  1784
accordingly.
wenzelm@26180
  1785
wenzelm@26180
  1786
* Theory Nat: definition of <= and < on natural numbers no longer
wenzelm@26180
  1787
depend on well-founded relations.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  Definitions
wenzelm@26180
  1788
le_def and less_def have disappeared.  Consider lemmas not_less
wenzelm@26180
  1789
[symmetric, where ?'a = nat] and less_eq [symmetric] instead.
wenzelm@26180
  1790
wenzelm@26180
  1791
* Theory Finite_Set: locales ACf, ACe, ACIf, ACIfSL and ACIfSLlin
wenzelm@26180
  1792
(whose purpose mainly is for various fold_set functionals) have been
wenzelm@26874
  1793
abandoned in favor of the existing algebraic classes
wenzelm@26180
  1794
ab_semigroup_mult, comm_monoid_mult, ab_semigroup_idem_mult,
wenzelm@26180
  1795
lower_semilattice (resp. upper_semilattice) and linorder.
haftmann@26139
  1796
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26041
  1797
wenzelm@26180
  1798
* Theory Transitive_Closure: induct and cases rules now declare proper
wenzelm@26180
  1799
case_names ("base" and "step").  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26180
  1800
wenzelm@26180
  1801
* Theorem Inductive.lfp_ordinal_induct generalized to complete
wenzelm@26180
  1802
lattices.  The form set-specific version is available as
wenzelm@26180
  1803
Inductive.lfp_ordinal_induct_set.
haftmann@26013
  1804
wenzelm@26874
  1805
* Renamed theorems "power.simps" to "power_int.simps".
wenzelm@27067
  1806
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25961
  1807
wenzelm@26180
  1808
* Class semiring_div provides basic abstract properties of semirings
haftmann@25942
  1809
with division and modulo operations.  Subsumes former class dvd_mod.
haftmann@25942
  1810
wenzelm@26180
  1811
* Merged theories IntDef, Numeral and IntArith into unified theory
wenzelm@26180
  1812
Int.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26180
  1813
wenzelm@26180
  1814
* Theory Library/Code_Index: type "index" now represents natural
wenzelm@26180
  1815
numbers rather than integers.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26180
  1816
wenzelm@26180
  1817
* New class "uminus" with operation "uminus" (split of from class
wenzelm@26180
  1818
"minus" which now only has operation "minus", binary).
haftmann@25919
  1819
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25919
  1820
wenzelm@25522
  1821
* Constants "card", "internal_split", "option_map" now with authentic
haftmann@25919
  1822
syntax.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@25522
  1823
wenzelm@25522
  1824
* Definitions subset_def, psubset_def, set_diff_def, Compl_def,
wenzelm@25522
  1825
le_bool_def, less_bool_def, le_fun_def, less_fun_def, inf_bool_def,
wenzelm@25522
  1826
sup_bool_def, Inf_bool_def, Sup_bool_def, inf_fun_def, sup_fun_def,
wenzelm@25522
  1827
Inf_fun_def, Sup_fun_def, inf_set_def, sup_set_def, Inf_set_def,
wenzelm@25522
  1828
Sup_set_def, le_def, less_def, option_map_def now with object
haftmann@25919
  1829
equality.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@25464
  1830
schirmer@25705
  1831
* Records. Removed K_record, and replaced it by pure lambda term
wenzelm@25726
  1832
%x. c. The simplifier setup is now more robust against eta expansion.
schirmer@25705
  1833
INCOMPATIBILITY: in cases explicitly referring to K_record.
wenzelm@25464
  1834
wenzelm@27067
  1835
* Library/Multiset: {#a, b, c#} abbreviates {#a#} + {#b#} + {#c#}.
wenzelm@27067
  1836
wenzelm@27067
  1837
* Library/ListVector: new theory of arithmetic vector operations.
wenzelm@27067
  1838
wenzelm@27067
  1839
* Library/Order_Relation: new theory of various orderings as sets of
wenzelm@27067
  1840
pairs.  Defines preorders, partial orders, linear orders and
wenzelm@27067
  1841
well-orders on sets and on types.
krauss@26877
  1842
wenzelm@25726
  1843
krauss@26197
  1844
*** ZF ***
krauss@26197
  1845
wenzelm@26874
  1846
* Renamed some theories to allow to loading both ZF and HOL in the
wenzelm@26874
  1847
same session:
wenzelm@26874
  1848
wenzelm@26874
  1849
  Datatype  -> Datatype_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1850
  Inductive -> Inductive_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1851
  Int       -> Int_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1852
  IntDiv    -> IntDiv_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1853
  Nat       -> Nat_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1854
  List      -> List_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1855
  Main      -> Main_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1856
wenzelm@26874
  1857
INCOMPATIBILITY: ZF theories that import individual theories below
wenzelm@26874
  1858
Main might need to be adapted.  Regular theory Main is still
wenzelm@26874
  1859
available, as trivial extension of Main_ZF.
krauss@26197
  1860
krauss@26197
  1861
wenzelm@25737
  1862
*** ML ***
wenzelm@25737
  1863
wenzelm@27067
  1864
* ML within Isar: antiquotation @{const name} or @{const
wenzelm@27067
  1865
name(typargs)} produces statically-checked Const term.
wenzelm@27067
  1866
wenzelm@26401
  1867
* Functor NamedThmsFun: data is available to the user as dynamic fact
wenzelm@26724
  1868
(of the same name).  Removed obsolete print command.
wenzelm@26401
  1869
wenzelm@27067
  1870
* Removed obsolete "use_legacy_bindings" function.
wenzelm@26188
  1871
wenzelm@25737
  1872
* The ``print mode'' is now a thread-local value derived from a global
wenzelm@25737
  1873
template (the former print_mode reference), thus access becomes
wenzelm@25737
  1874
non-critical.  The global print_mode reference is for session
wenzelm@25737
  1875
management only; user-code should use print_mode_value,
wenzelm@25737
  1876
print_mode_active, PrintMode.setmp etc.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@25737
  1877
wenzelm@26874
  1878
* Functions system/system_out provide a robust way to invoke external
wenzelm@29161
  1879
shell commands, with propagation of interrupts (requires Poly/ML
wenzelm@29161
  1880
5.2.1).  Do not use OS.Process.system etc. from the basis library!
wenzelm@26222
  1881
wenzelm@25737
  1882
wenzelm@25626
  1883
*** System ***
wenzelm@25626
  1884
wenzelm@25971
  1885
* Default settings: PROOFGENERAL_OPTIONS no longer impose xemacs ---
wenzelm@25971
  1886
in accordance with Proof General 3.7, which prefers GNU emacs.
wenzelm@25970
  1887
wenzelm@25626
  1888
* isatool tty runs Isabelle process with plain tty interaction;
wenzelm@25626
  1889
optional line editor may be specified via ISABELLE_LINE_EDITOR
wenzelm@25626
  1890
setting, the default settings attempt to locate "ledit" and "rlwrap".
wenzelm@25626
  1891
wenzelm@25651
  1892
* isatool browser now works with Cygwin as well, using general
wenzelm@25651
  1893
"javapath" function defined in Isabelle process environment.
wenzelm@25651
  1894
wenzelm@27067
  1895
* YXML notation provides a simple and efficient alternative to
wenzelm@27067
  1896
standard XML transfer syntax.  See src/Pure/General/yxml.ML and
wenzelm@27067
  1897
isatool yxml as described in the Isabelle system manual.
wenzelm@25651
  1898
wenzelm@25652
  1899
* JVM class isabelle.IsabelleProcess (located in Isabelle/lib/classes)
wenzelm@25651
  1900
provides general wrapper for managing an Isabelle process in a robust
wenzelm@25651
  1901
fashion, with ``cooked'' output from stdin/stderr.
wenzelm@25651
  1902
wenzelm@25855
  1903
* Rudimentary Isabelle plugin for jEdit (see Isabelle/lib/jedit),
wenzelm@25855
  1904
based on Isabelle/JVM process wrapper (see Isabelle/lib/classes).
wenzelm@25855
  1905
wenzelm@27067
  1906
* Removed obsolete THIS_IS_ISABELLE_BUILD feature.  NB: the documented
wenzelm@27067
  1907
way of changing the user's settings is via
wenzelm@27067
  1908
ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/settings, which is a fully featured bash
wenzelm@27067
  1909
script.
wenzelm@27067
  1910
wenzelm@27067
  1911
* Multithreading.max_threads := 0 refers to the number of actual CPU
wenzelm@27067
  1912
cores of the underlying machine, which is a good starting point for
wenzelm@27067
  1913
optimal performance tuning.  The corresponding usedir option -M allows
wenzelm@27067
  1914
"max" as an alias for "0".  WARNING: does not work on certain versions
wenzelm@27067
  1915
of Mac OS (with Poly/ML 5.1).
wenzelm@27067
  1916
wenzelm@27067
  1917
* isabelle-process: non-ML sessions are run with "nice", to reduce the
wenzelm@27067
  1918
adverse effect of Isabelle flooding interactive front-ends (notably
wenzelm@27067
  1919
ProofGeneral / XEmacs).
wenzelm@27067
  1920
wenzelm@25626
  1921
wenzelm@25464
  1922
wenzelm@25429
  1923
New in Isabelle2007 (November 2007)
wenzelm@25429
  1924
-----------------------------------
wenzelm@17754
  1925
wenzelm@17754
  1926
*** General ***
wenzelm@17754
  1927
wenzelm@22826
  1928
* More uniform information about legacy features, notably a
wenzelm@22826
  1929
warning/error of "Legacy feature: ...", depending on the state of the
wenzelm@23367
  1930
tolerate_legacy_features flag (default true). FUTURE INCOMPATIBILITY:
wenzelm@23367
  1931
legacy features will disappear eventually.
wenzelm@22826
  1932
wenzelm@17918
  1933
* Theory syntax: the header format ``theory A = B + C:'' has been
wenzelm@17918
  1934
discontinued in favour of ``theory A imports B C begin''.  Use isatool
wenzelm@17918
  1935
fixheaders to convert existing theory files.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@17918
  1936
wenzelm@17918
  1937
* Theory syntax: the old non-Isar theory file format has been
wenzelm@17918
  1938
discontinued altogether.  Note that ML proof scripts may still be used
wenzelm@17918
  1939
with Isar theories; migration is usually quite simple with the ML
wenzelm@17918
  1940
function use_legacy_bindings.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@17918
  1941
wenzelm@22871
  1942
* Theory syntax: some popular names (e.g. 'class', 'declaration',
wenzelm@22871
  1943
'fun', 'help', 'if') are now keywords.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use double
wenzelm@22871
  1944
quotes.
wenzelm@19814
  1945
wenzelm@23888
  1946
* Theory loader: be more serious about observing the static theory
wenzelm@23888
  1947
header specifications (including optional directories), but not the
wenzelm@24172
  1948
accidental file locations of previously successful loads.  The strict
wenzelm@24172
  1949
update policy of former update_thy is now already performed by
wenzelm@24172
  1950
use_thy, so the former has been removed; use_thys updates several
wenzelm@24172
  1951
theories simultaneously, just as 'imports' within a theory header
wenzelm@24172
  1952
specification, but without merging the results.  Potential
wenzelm@24172
  1953
INCOMPATIBILITY: may need to refine theory headers and commands
wenzelm@24172
  1954
ROOT.ML which depend on load order.
wenzelm@23888
  1955
wenzelm@23888
  1956
* Theory loader: optional support for content-based file
wenzelm@23888
  1957
identification, instead of the traditional scheme of full physical
wenzelm@23889
  1958
path plus date stamp; configured by the ISABELLE_FILE_IDENT setting
wenzelm@23888
  1959
(cf. the system manual).  The new scheme allows to work with
wenzelm@23888
  1960
non-finished theories in persistent session images, such that source
wenzelm@23888
  1961
files may be moved later on without requiring reloads.
wenzelm@23888
  1962
wenzelm@24187
  1963
* Theory loader: old-style ML proof scripts being *attached* to a thy
wenzelm@24187
  1964
file (with the same base name as the theory) are considered a legacy
wenzelm@24800
  1965
feature, which will disappear eventually. Even now, the theory loader
wenzelm@24800
  1966
no longer maintains dependencies on such files.
wenzelm@24800
  1967
wenzelm@24800
  1968
* Syntax: the scope for resolving ambiguities via type-inference is
wenzelm@24800
  1969
now limited to individual terms, instead of whole simultaneous
wenzelm@24234
  1970
specifications as before. This greatly reduces the complexity of the
wenzelm@24234
  1971
syntax module and improves flexibility by separating parsing and
wenzelm@24234
  1972
type-checking. INCOMPATIBILITY: additional type-constraints (explicit
wenzelm@24234
  1973
'fixes' etc.) are required in rare situations.
wenzelm@24234
  1974
wenzelm@25034
  1975
* Syntax: constants introduced by new-style packages ('definition',
wenzelm@25034
  1976
'abbreviation' etc.) are passed through the syntax module in
wenzelm@25034
  1977
``authentic mode''. This means that associated mixfix annotations
wenzelm@25034
  1978
really stick to such constants, independently of potential name space
wenzelm@25034
  1979
ambiguities introduced later on. INCOMPATIBILITY: constants in parse
wenzelm@25034
  1980
trees are represented slightly differently, may need to adapt syntax
wenzelm@25034
  1981
translations accordingly. Use CONST marker in 'translations' and
wenzelm@25034
  1982
@{const_syntax} antiquotation in 'parse_translation' etc.
wenzelm@25034
  1983
wenzelm@17981
  1984
* Legacy goal package: reduced interface to the bare minimum required
wenzelm@17981
  1985
to keep existing proof scripts running.  Most other user-level
wenzelm@17981
  1986
functions are now part of the OldGoals structure, which is *not* open
wenzelm@17981
  1987
by default (consider isatool expandshort before open OldGoals).
wenzelm@17981
  1988
Removed top_sg, prin, printyp, pprint_term/typ altogether, because
wenzelm@17981
  1989
these tend to cause confusion about the actual goal (!) context being
wenzelm@17981
  1990
used here, which is not necessarily the same as the_context().
wenzelm@17918
  1991
wenzelm@23379
  1992
* Command 'find_theorems': supports "*" wild-card in "name:"
wenzelm@23379
  1993
criterion; "with_dups" option.  Certain ProofGeneral versions might
wenzelm@23379
  1994
support a specific search form (see ProofGeneral/CHANGES).
webertj@22965
  1995
wenzelm@20370
  1996
* The ``prems limit'' option (cf. ProofContext.prems_limit) is now -1
wenzelm@20370
  1997
by default, which means that "prems" (and also "fixed variables") are
wenzelm@20370
  1998
suppressed from proof state output.  Note that the ProofGeneral
wenzelm@20370
  1999
settings mechanism allows to change and save options persistently, but
wenzelm@20370
  2000
older versions of Isabelle will fail to start up if a negative prems
wenzelm@20370
  2001
limit is imposed.
wenzelm@20370
  2002
wenzelm@21308
  2003
* Local theory targets may be specified by non-nested blocks of
wenzelm@21308
  2004
``context/locale/class ... begin'' followed by ``end''.  The body may
wenzelm@21308
  2005
contain definitions, theorems etc., including any derived mechanism
wenzelm@21308
  2006
that has been implemented on top of these primitives.  This concept
wenzelm@21308
  2007
generalizes the existing ``theorem (in ...)'' towards more versatility
wenzelm@21308
  2008
and scalability.
wenzelm@21308
  2009
wenzelm@21960
  2010
* Proof General interface: proper undo of final 'end' command;
wenzelm@21960
  2011
discontinued Isabelle/classic mode (ML proof scripts).
wenzelm@21960
  2012
wenzelm@17754
  2013
wenzelm@17865
  2014
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@17865
  2015
wenzelm@21717
  2016
* Added antiquotation @{theory name} which prints the given name,
wenzelm@21717
  2017
after checking that it refers to a valid ancestor theory in the
wenzelm@21717
  2018
current context.
haftmann@21339
  2019
wenzelm@17869
  2020
* Added antiquotations @{ML_type text} and @{ML_struct text} which
wenzelm@17869
  2021
check the given source text as ML type/structure, printing verbatim.
wenzelm@17865
  2022
wenzelm@21717
  2023
* Added antiquotation @{abbrev "c args"} which prints the abbreviation
wenzelm@21717
  2024
"c args == rhs" given in the current context.  (Any number of
wenzelm@21735
  2025
arguments may be given on the LHS.)
wenzelm@21717
  2026
wenzelm@21717
  2027
wenzelm@17779
  2028
*** Pure ***
wenzelm@17779
  2029
wenzelm@24800
  2030
* The 'class' package offers a combination of axclass and locale to
wenzelm@25129
  2031
achieve Haskell-like type classes in Isabelle.  Definitions and
wenzelm@25129
  2032
theorems within a class context produce both relative results (with
wenzelm@25129
  2033
implicit parameters according to the locale context), and polymorphic
wenzelm@25129
  2034
constants with qualified polymorphism (according to the class
wenzelm@25129
  2035
context).  Within the body context of a 'class' target, a separate
wenzelm@25129
  2036
syntax layer ("user space type system") takes care of converting
wenzelm@25129
  2037
between global polymorphic consts and internal locale representation.
wenzelm@25177
  2038
See src/HOL/ex/Classpackage.thy for examples (as well as main HOL).
haftmann@25184
  2039
"isatool doc classes" provides a tutorial.
wenzelm@20807
  2040
haftmann@25199
  2041
* Generic code generator framework allows to generate executable
wenzelm@24800
  2042
code for ML and Haskell (including Isabelle classes).  A short usage
wenzelm@24800
  2043
sketch:
haftmann@20188
  2044
haftmann@20188
  2045
    internal compilation:
haftmann@25199
  2046
        export_code <list of constants (term syntax)> in SML
haftmann@20453
  2047
    writing SML code to a file:
haftmann@25199
  2048
        export_code <list of constants (term syntax)> in SML <filename>
haftmann@22735
  2049
    writing OCaml code to a file:
haftmann@25199
  2050
        export_code <list of constants (term syntax)> in OCaml <filename>
haftmann@20188
  2051
    writing Haskell code to a bunch of files:
haftmann@25199
  2052
        export_code <list of constants (term syntax)> in Haskell <filename>
haftmann@25199
  2053
haftmann@25199
  2054
    evaluating closed propositions to True/False using code generation:
haftmann@25184
  2055
        method ``eval''
haftmann@25184
  2056
haftmann@25184
  2057
Reasonable default setup of framework in HOL.
haftmann@20453
  2058
haftmann@20453
  2059
Theorem attributs for selecting and transforming function equations theorems:
haftmann@20453
  2060
haftmann@22845
  2061
    [code fun]:        select a theorem as function equation for a specific constant
haftmann@22845
  2062
    [code fun del]:    deselect a theorem as function equation for a specific constant
haftmann@22845
  2063
    [code inline]:     select an equation theorem for unfolding (inlining) in place
haftmann@22845
  2064
    [code inline del]: deselect an equation theorem for unfolding (inlining) in place
haftmann@20453
  2065
haftmann@22735
  2066
User-defined serializations (target in {SML, OCaml, Haskell}):
haftmann@20453
  2067
haftmann@20453
  2068
    code_const <and-list of constants (term syntax)>
haftmann@20453
  2069
      {(target) <and-list of const target syntax>}+
haftmann@20453
  2070
haftmann@20453
  2071
    code_type <and-list of type constructors>
haftmann@20453
  2072
      {(target) <and-list of type target syntax>}+
haftmann@20453
  2073
haftmann@20453
  2074
    code_instance <and-list of instances>
haftmann@20453
  2075
      {(target)}+
haftmann@20453
  2076
        where instance ::= <type constructor> :: <class>
haftmann@20453
  2077
haftmann@20453
  2078
    code_class <and_list of classes>
haftmann@20453
  2079
      {(target) <and-list of class target syntax>}+
haftmann@20453
  2080
        where class target syntax ::= <class name> {where {<classop> == <target syntax>}+}?
haftmann@20453
  2081
haftmann@25199
  2082
code_instance and code_class only are effective to target Haskell.
haftmann@22735
  2083
wenzelm@25177
  2084
For example usage see src/HOL/ex/Codegenerator.thy and
wenzelm@25177
  2085
src/HOL/ex/Codegenerator_Pretty.thy.  A separate tutorial on code
wenzelm@24800
  2086
generation from Isabelle/HOL theories is available via "isatool doc
wenzelm@24800
  2087
codegen".
haftmann@20188
  2088
wenzelm@25129
  2089
* Code generator: consts in 'consts_code' Isar commands are now
wenzelm@25129
  2090
referred to by usual term syntax (including optional type
wenzelm@25129
  2091
annotations).
wenzelm@25129
  2092
wenzelm@19254
  2093
* Command 'no_translations' removes translation rules from theory
wenzelm@19254
  2094
syntax.
wenzelm@19254
  2095
wenzelm@19625
  2096
* Overloaded definitions are now actually checked for acyclic
wenzelm@19714
  2097
dependencies.  The overloading scheme is slightly more general than
wenzelm@19714
  2098
that of Haskell98, although Isabelle does not demand an exact
wenzelm@19714
  2099
correspondence to type class and instance declarations.
wenzelm@19714
  2100
INCOMPATIBILITY, use ``defs (unchecked overloaded)'' to admit more
wenzelm@19714
  2101
exotic versions of overloading -- at the discretion of the user!
wenzelm@19711
  2102
wenzelm@19711
  2103
Polymorphic constants are represented via type arguments, i.e. the
wenzelm@19711
  2104
instantiation that matches an instance against the most general
wenzelm@19711
  2105
declaration given in the signature.  For example, with the declaration
wenzelm@19711
  2106
c :: 'a => 'a => 'a, an instance c :: nat => nat => nat is represented
wenzelm@19711
  2107
as c(nat).  Overloading is essentially simultaneous structural
wenzelm@19711
  2108
recursion over such type arguments.  Incomplete specification patterns
wenzelm@19714
  2109
impose global constraints on all occurrences, e.g. c('a * 'a) on the
wenzelm@19715
  2110
LHS means that more general c('a * 'b) will be disallowed on any RHS.
wenzelm@19714
  2111
Command 'print_theory' outputs the normalized system of recursive
wenzelm@19714
  2112
equations, see section "definitions".
wenzelm@19625
  2113
wenzelm@24086
  2114
* Configuration options are maintained within the theory or proof
wenzelm@24086
  2115
context (with name and type bool/int/string), providing a very simple
wenzelm@24086
  2116
interface to a poor-man's version of general context data.  Tools may
wenzelm@24110
  2117
declare options in ML (e.g. using Attrib.config_int) and then refer to
wenzelm@24110
  2118
these values using Config.get etc.  Users may change options via an
wenzelm@24110
  2119
associated attribute of the same name.  This form of context
wenzelm@24110
  2120
declaration works particularly well with commands 'declare' or
wenzelm@24110
  2121
'using', for example ``declare [[foo = 42]]''.  Thus it has become
wenzelm@24110
  2122
very easy to avoid global references, which would not observe Isar
wenzelm@24110
  2123
toplevel undo/redo and fail to work with multithreading.
wenzelm@24086
  2124
wenzelm@24172
  2125
Various global ML references of Pure and HOL have been turned into
wenzelm@24172
  2126
configuration options:
wenzelm@24172
  2127
wenzelm@24172
  2128
  Unify.search_bound		unify_search_bound
wenzelm@24172
  2129
  Unify.trace_bound		unify_trace_bound
wenzelm@24172
  2130
  Unify.trace_simp		unify_trace_simp
wenzelm@24172
  2131
  Unify.trace_types		unify_trace_types
wenzelm@24172
  2132
  Simplifier.simp_depth_limit	simp_depth_limit
wenzelm@24172
  2133
  Blast.depth_limit		blast_depth_limit
wenzelm@24172
  2134
  DatatypeProp.dtK		datatype_distinctness_limit
wenzelm@24172
  2135
  fast_arith_neq_limit  	fast_arith_neq_limit
wenzelm@24172
  2136
  fast_arith_split_limit	fast_arith_split_limit
wenzelm@24172
  2137
wenzelm@24086
  2138
* Named collections of theorems may be easily installed as context
wenzelm@24800
  2139
data using the functor NamedThmsFun (see also
wenzelm@24086
  2140
src/Pure/Tools/named_thms.ML).  The user may add or delete facts via
wenzelm@24110
  2141
attributes; there is also a toplevel print command.  This facility is
wenzelm@24110
  2142
just a common case of general context data, which is the preferred way
wenzelm@24110
  2143
for anything more complex than just a list of facts in canonical
wenzelm@24110
  2144
order.
wenzelm@24086
  2145
wenzelm@24032
  2146
* Isar: command 'declaration' augments a local theory by generic
wenzelm@24032
  2147
declaration functions written in ML.  This enables arbitrary content
wenzelm@24032
  2148
being added to the context, depending on a morphism that tells the
wenzelm@24032
  2149
difference of the original declaration context wrt. the application
wenzelm@24032
  2150
context encountered later on.
wenzelm@24032
  2151
wenzelm@24032
  2152
* Isar: proper interfaces for simplification procedures.  Command
wenzelm@24032
  2153
'simproc_setup' declares named simprocs (with match patterns, and body
wenzelm@24032
  2154
text in ML).  Attribute "simproc" adds/deletes simprocs in the current
wenzelm@24032
  2155
context.  ML antiquotation @{simproc name} retrieves named simprocs.
wenzelm@24032
  2156
wenzelm@24032
  2157
* Isar: an extra pair of brackets around attribute declarations
wenzelm@24032
  2158
abbreviates a theorem reference involving an internal dummy fact,
wenzelm@24032
  2159
which will be ignored later --- only the effect of the attribute on
wenzelm@24032
  2160
the background context will persist.  This form of in-place
wenzelm@24032
  2161
declarations is particularly useful with commands like 'declare' and
wenzelm@24032
  2162
'using', for example ``have A using [[simproc a]] by simp''.
wenzelm@24032
  2163
wenzelm@23369
  2164
* Isar: method "assumption" (and implicit closing of subproofs) now
wenzelm@23369
  2165
takes simple non-atomic goal assumptions into account: after applying
wenzelm@23369
  2166
an assumption as a rule the resulting subgoals are solved by atomic
wenzelm@23369
  2167
assumption steps.  This is particularly useful to finish 'obtain'
wenzelm@23369
  2168
goals, such as "!!x. (!!x. P x ==> thesis) ==> P x ==> thesis",
wenzelm@23369
  2169
without referring to the original premise "!!x. P x ==> thesis" in the
wenzelm@23369
  2170
Isar proof context.  POTENTIAL INCOMPATIBILITY: method "assumption" is
wenzelm@23369
  2171
more permissive.
wenzelm@23369
  2172
wenzelm@23369
  2173
* Isar: implicit use of prems from the Isar proof context is
wenzelm@23369
  2174
considered a legacy feature.  Common applications like ``have A .''
wenzelm@23369
  2175
may be replaced by ``have A by fact'' or ``note `A`''.  In general,
wenzelm@23369
  2176
referencing facts explicitly here improves readability and
wenzelm@23369
  2177
maintainability of proof texts.
wenzelm@23369
  2178
wenzelm@17865
  2179
* Isar: improper proof element 'guess' is like 'obtain', but derives
wenzelm@17865
  2180
the obtained context from the course of reasoning!  For example:
wenzelm@17865
  2181
wenzelm@17865
  2182
  assume "EX x y. A x & B y"   -- "any previous fact"
wenzelm@17865
  2183
  then guess x and y by clarify
wenzelm@17865
  2184
wenzelm@17865
  2185
This technique is potentially adventurous, depending on the facts and
wenzelm@17865
  2186
proof tools being involved here.
wenzelm@17865
  2187
wenzelm@18020
  2188
* Isar: known facts from the proof context may be specified as literal
wenzelm@18020
  2189
propositions, using ASCII back-quote syntax.  This works wherever
wenzelm@18020
  2190
named facts used to be allowed so far, in proof commands, proof
wenzelm@18020
  2191
methods, attributes etc.  Literal facts are retrieved from the context
wenzelm@18020
  2192
according to unification of type and term parameters.  For example,
wenzelm@18020
  2193
provided that "A" and "A ==> B" and "!!x. P x ==> Q x" are known
wenzelm@18020
  2194
theorems in the current context, then these are valid literal facts:
wenzelm@18020
  2195
`A` and `A ==> B` and `!!x. P x ==> Q x" as well as `P a ==> Q a` etc.
wenzelm@18020
  2196
wenzelm@18020
  2197
There is also a proof method "fact" which does the same composition
wenzelm@18044
  2198
for explicit goal states, e.g. the following proof texts coincide with
wenzelm@18044
  2199
certain special cases of literal facts:
wenzelm@18020
  2200
wenzelm@18020
  2201
  have "A" by fact                 ==  note `A`
wenzelm@18020
  2202
  have "A ==> B" by fact           ==  note `A ==> B`
wenzelm@18020
  2203
  have "!!x. P x ==> Q x" by fact  ==  note `!!x. P x ==> Q x`
wenzelm@18020
  2204
  have "P a ==> Q a" by fact       ==  note `P a ==> Q a`
wenzelm@18020
  2205
wenzelm@20118
  2206
* Isar: ":" (colon) is no longer a symbolic identifier character in
wenzelm@20118
  2207
outer syntax.  Thus symbolic identifiers may be used without
wenzelm@20118
  2208
additional white space in declarations like this: ``assume *: A''.
wenzelm@20118
  2209
wenzelm@20013
  2210
* Isar: 'print_facts' prints all local facts of the current context,
wenzelm@20013
  2211
both named and unnamed ones.
wenzelm@20013
  2212
wenzelm@18308
  2213
* Isar: 'def' now admits simultaneous definitions, e.g.:
wenzelm@18308
  2214
wenzelm@18308
  2215
  def x == "t" and y == "u"
wenzelm@18308
  2216
wenzelm@18540
  2217
* Isar: added command 'unfolding', which is structurally similar to
wenzelm@18540
  2218
'using', but affects both the goal state and facts by unfolding given
wenzelm@18815
  2219
rewrite rules.  Thus many occurrences of the 'unfold' method or
wenzelm@18540
  2220
'unfolded' attribute may be replaced by first-class proof text.
wenzelm@18540
  2221
wenzelm@18815
  2222
* Isar: methods 'unfold' / 'fold', attributes 'unfolded' / 'folded',
wenzelm@18815
  2223
and command 'unfolding' now all support object-level equalities
wenzelm@18815
  2224
(potentially conditional).  The underlying notion of rewrite rule is
wenzelm@18815
  2225
analogous to the 'rule_format' attribute, but *not* that of the
wenzelm@18815
  2226
Simplifier (which is usually more generous).
wenzelm@18815
  2227
kleing@24238
  2228
* Isar: the new attribute [rotated n] (default n = 1) rotates the
kleing@24238
  2229
premises of a theorem by n. Useful in conjunction with drule.
kleing@24238
  2230
wenzelm@19220
  2231
* Isar: the goal restriction operator [N] (default N = 1) evaluates a
wenzelm@19220
  2232
method expression within a sandbox consisting of the first N
wenzelm@19240
  2233
sub-goals, which need to exist.  For example, ``simp_all [3]''
wenzelm@19240
  2234
simplifies the first three sub-goals, while (rule foo, simp_all)[]
wenzelm@19240
  2235
simplifies all new goals that emerge from applying rule foo to the
wenzelm@19240
  2236
originally first one.
wenzelm@19220
  2237
wenzelm@19814
  2238
* Isar: schematic goals are no longer restricted to higher-order
wenzelm@19814
  2239
patterns; e.g. ``lemma "?P(?x)" by (rule TrueI)'' now works as
wenzelm@19814
  2240
expected.
wenzelm@19814
  2241
wenzelm@18901
  2242
* Isar: the conclusion of a long theorem statement is now either
wenzelm@18901
  2243
'shows' (a simultaneous conjunction, as before), or 'obtains'
wenzelm@18901
  2244
(essentially a disjunction of cases with local parameters and
wenzelm@18901
  2245
assumptions).  The latter allows to express general elimination rules
wenzelm@18910
  2246
adequately; in this notation common elimination rules look like this:
wenzelm@18901
  2247
wenzelm@18901
  2248
  lemma exE:    -- "EX x. P x ==> (!!x. P x ==> thesis) ==> thesis"
wenzelm@18901
  2249
    assumes "EX x. P x"
wenzelm@18901
  2250
    obtains x where "P x"
wenzelm@18901
  2251
wenzelm@18901
  2252
  lemma conjE:  -- "A & B ==> (A ==> B ==> thesis) ==> thesis"
wenzelm@18901
  2253
    assumes "A & B"
wenzelm@18901
  2254
    obtains A and B
wenzelm@18901
  2255
wenzelm@18901
  2256
  lemma disjE:  -- "A | B ==> (A ==> thesis) ==> (B ==> thesis) ==> thesis"
wenzelm@18901
  2257
    assumes "A | B"
wenzelm@18901
  2258
    obtains
wenzelm@18901
  2259
      A
wenzelm@18901
  2260
    | B
wenzelm@18901
  2261
wenzelm@18910
  2262
The subsequent classical rules even refer to the formal "thesis"
wenzelm@18901
  2263
explicitly:
wenzelm@18901
  2264
wenzelm@18901
  2265
  lemma classical:     -- "(~ thesis ==> thesis) ==> thesis"
wenzelm@18901
  2266
    obtains "~ thesis"
wenzelm@18901
  2267
wenzelm@18910
  2268
  lemma Peirce's_Law:  -- "((thesis ==> something) ==> thesis) ==> thesis"
wenzelm@18910
  2269
    obtains "thesis ==> something"
wenzelm@18901
  2270
wenzelm@18901
  2271
The actual proof of an 'obtains' statement is analogous to that of the
wenzelm@18910
  2272
Isar proof element 'obtain', only that there may be several cases.
wenzelm@18910
  2273
Optional case names may be specified in parentheses; these will be
wenzelm@18910
  2274
available both in the present proof and as annotations in the
wenzelm@18910
  2275
resulting rule, for later use with the 'cases' method (cf. attribute
wenzelm@18910
  2276
case_names).
wenzelm@18901
  2277
wenzelm@21447
  2278
* Isar: the assumptions of a long theorem statement are available as
wenzelm@21447
  2279
"assms" fact in the proof context.  This is more appropriate than the
wenzelm@21447
  2280
(historical) "prems", which refers to all assumptions of the current
wenzelm@21447
  2281
context, including those from the target locale, proof body etc.
wenzelm@21447
  2282
wenzelm@19263
  2283
* Isar: 'print_statement' prints theorems from the current theory or
wenzelm@19263
  2284
proof context in long statement form, according to the syntax of a
wenzelm@19263
  2285
top-level lemma.
wenzelm@19263
  2286
wenzelm@18901
  2287
* Isar: 'obtain' takes an optional case name for the local context
wenzelm@18901
  2288
introduction rule (default "that").
wenzelm@18901
  2289
wenzelm@19587
  2290
* Isar: removed obsolete 'concl is' patterns.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use
wenzelm@19587
  2291
explicit (is "_ ==> ?foo") in the rare cases where this still happens
wenzelm@19587
  2292
to occur.
wenzelm@19587
  2293
wenzelm@19682
  2294
* Pure: syntax "CONST name" produces a fully internalized constant
wenzelm@19682
  2295
according to the current context.  This is particularly useful for
wenzelm@19682
  2296
syntax translations that should refer to internal constant
wenzelm@19682
  2297
representations independently of name spaces.
wenzelm@19682
  2298
wenzelm@21537
  2299
* Pure: syntax constant for foo (binder "FOO ") is called "foo_binder"
wenzelm@21537
  2300
instead of "FOO ". This allows multiple binder declarations to coexist
wenzelm@21537
  2301
in the same context.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@21537
  2302
wenzelm@21209
  2303
* Isar/locales: 'notation' provides a robust interface to the 'syntax'
wenzelm@21209
  2304
primitive that also works in a locale context (both for constants and
wenzelm@24950
  2305
fixed variables). Type declaration and internal syntactic representation
wenzelm@24950
  2306
of given constants retrieved from the context. Likewise, the
wenzelm@24950
  2307
'no_notation' command allows to remove given syntax annotations from the
wenzelm@24950
  2308
current context.
wenzelm@19682
  2309
wenzelm@19665
  2310
* Isar/locales: new derived specification elements 'axiomatization',
wenzelm@19665
  2311
'definition', 'abbreviation', which support type-inference, admit
wenzelm@19083
  2312
object-level specifications (equality, equivalence).  See also the
wenzelm@19083
  2313
isar-ref manual.  Examples:
wenzelm@19081
  2314
wenzelm@19665
  2315
  axiomatization
wenzelm@21595
  2316
    eq  (infix "===" 50) where
wenzelm@21595
  2317
    eq_refl: "x === x" and eq_subst: "x === y ==> P x ==> P y"
wenzelm@21595
  2318
wenzelm@21595
  2319
  definition "f x y = x + y + 1"
wenzelm@21595
  2320
  definition g where "g x = f x x"
wenzelm@19081
  2321
wenzelm@19363
  2322
  abbreviation
wenzelm@21595
  2323
    neq  (infix "=!=" 50) where
wenzelm@19363
  2324
    "x =!= y == ~ (x === y)"
wenzelm@19081
  2325
wenzelm@19083
  2326
These specifications may be also used in a locale context.  Then the
wenzelm@19083
  2327
constants being introduced depend on certain fixed parameters, and the
wenzelm@19083
  2328
constant name is qualified by the locale base name.  An internal
wenzelm@19083
  2329
abbreviation takes care for convenient input and output, making the
wenzelm@19088
  2330
parameters implicit and using the original short name.  See also
wenzelm@25177
  2331
src/HOL/ex/Abstract_NAT.thy for an example of deriving polymorphic
wenzelm@19083
  2332
entities from a monomorphic theory.
wenzelm@19083
  2333
wenzelm@19083
  2334
Presently, abbreviations are only available 'in' a target locale, but
wenzelm@19363
  2335
not inherited by general import expressions.  Also note that
wenzelm@19363
  2336
'abbreviation' may be used as a type-safe replacement for 'syntax' +
wenzelm@24735
  2337
'translations' in common applications.  The "no_abbrevs" print mode
wenzelm@24735
  2338
prevents folding of abbreviations in term output.
wenzelm@19084
  2339
wenzelm@19682
  2340
Concrete syntax is attached to specified constants in internal form,
wenzelm@19682
  2341
independently of name spaces.  The parse tree representation is
wenzelm@21209
  2342
slightly different -- use 'notation' instead of raw 'syntax', and
wenzelm@19682
  2343
'translations' with explicit "CONST" markup to accommodate this.
wenzelm@19665
  2344
wenzelm@24800
  2345
* Pure/Isar: unified syntax for new-style specification mechanisms
wenzelm@24800
  2346
(e.g.  'definition', 'abbreviation', or 'inductive' in HOL) admits
wenzelm@24800
  2347
full type inference and dummy patterns ("_").  For example:
wenzelm@24735
  2348
wenzelm@24735
  2349
  definition "K x _ = x"
wenzelm@24735
  2350
wenzelm@24738
  2351
  inductive conj for A B
wenzelm@24738
  2352
  where "A ==> B ==> conj A B"
wenzelm@24738
  2353
wenzelm@21735
  2354
* Pure: command 'print_abbrevs' prints all constant abbreviations of
wenzelm@21735
  2355
the current context.  Print mode "no_abbrevs" prevents inversion of
wenzelm@21735
  2356
abbreviations on output.
wenzelm@21735
  2357
wenzelm@24800
  2358
* Isar/locales: improved parameter handling: use of locales "var" and
wenzelm@24800
  2359
"struct" no longer necessary; - parameter renamings are no longer
wenzelm@24800
  2360
required to be injective.  For example, this allows to define
wenzelm@24800
  2361
endomorphisms as locale endom = homom mult mult h.
ballarin@19783
  2362
ballarin@19931
  2363
* Isar/locales: changed the way locales with predicates are defined.
ballarin@19931
  2364
Instead of accumulating the specification, the imported expression is
wenzelm@22126
  2365
now an interpretation.  INCOMPATIBILITY: different normal form of
wenzelm@22126
  2366
locale expressions.  In particular, in interpretations of locales with
wenzelm@22126
  2367
predicates, goals repesenting already interpreted fragments are not
wenzelm@22126
  2368
removed automatically.  Use methods `intro_locales' and
wenzelm@22126
  2369
`unfold_locales'; see below.
wenzelm@22126
  2370
wenzelm@22126
  2371
* Isar/locales: new methods `intro_locales' and `unfold_locales'
wenzelm@22126
  2372
provide backward reasoning on locales predicates.  The methods are
wenzelm@22126
  2373
aware of interpretations and discharge corresponding goals.
wenzelm@22126
  2374
`intro_locales' is less aggressive then `unfold_locales' and does not
wenzelm@22126
  2375
unfold predicates to assumptions.
ballarin@19931
  2376
ballarin@19931
  2377
* Isar/locales: the order in which locale fragments are accumulated
wenzelm@22126
  2378
has changed.  This enables to override declarations from fragments due
wenzelm@22126
  2379
to interpretations -- for example, unwanted simp rules.
ballarin@19931
  2380
ballarin@23920
  2381
* Isar/locales: interpretation in theories and proof contexts has been
ballarin@23920
  2382
extended.  One may now specify (and prove) equations, which are
ballarin@23920
  2383
unfolded in interpreted theorems.  This is useful for replacing
ballarin@23920
  2384
defined concepts (constants depending on locale parameters) by
ballarin@23920
  2385
concepts already existing in the target context.  Example:
ballarin@23920
  2386
ballarin@23920
  2387
  interpretation partial_order ["op <= :: [int, int] => bool"]
ballarin@23920
  2388
    where "partial_order.less (op <=) (x::int) y = (x < y)"
ballarin@23920
  2389
wenzelm@24800
  2390
Typically, the constant `partial_order.less' is created by a
wenzelm@24800
  2391
definition specification element in the context of locale
wenzelm@24800
  2392
partial_order.
wenzelm@24800
  2393
wenzelm@24859
  2394
* Method "induct": improved internal context management to support
wenzelm@24800
  2395
local fixes and defines on-the-fly. Thus explicit meta-level
wenzelm@24800
  2396
connectives !!  and ==> are rarely required anymore in inductive goals
wenzelm@24800
  2397
(using object-logic connectives for this purpose has been long
wenzelm@24800
  2398
obsolete anyway). Common proof patterns are explained in
wenzelm@25177
  2399
src/HOL/Induct/Common_Patterns.thy, see also
wenzelm@25177
  2400
src/HOL/Isar_examples/Puzzle.thy and src/HOL/Lambda for realistic
wenzelm@25177
  2401
examples.
wenzelm@24606
  2402
wenzelm@24859
  2403
* Method "induct": improved handling of simultaneous goals. Instead of
wenzelm@24606
  2404
introducing object-level conjunction, the statement is now split into
wenzelm@24606
  2405
several conclusions, while the corresponding symbolic cases are nested
wenzelm@24606
  2406
accordingly. INCOMPATIBILITY, proofs need to be structured explicitly,
wenzelm@25177
  2407
see src/HOL/Induct/Common_Patterns.thy, for example.
wenzelm@24606
  2408
wenzelm@24859
  2409
* Method "induct": mutual induction rules are now specified as a list
wenzelm@24800
  2410
of rule sharing the same induction cases. HOL packages usually provide
wenzelm@24606
  2411
foo_bar.inducts for mutually defined items foo and bar (e.g. inductive
wenzelm@24859
  2412
predicates/sets or datatypes). INCOMPATIBILITY, users need to specify
wenzelm@24859
  2413
mutual induction rules differently, i.e. like this:
wenzelm@18506
  2414
wenzelm@18506
  2415
  (induct rule: foo_bar.inducts)
wenzelm@18506
  2416
  (induct set: foo bar)
wenzelm@24859
  2417
  (induct pred: foo bar)
wenzelm@18506
  2418
  (induct type: foo bar)
wenzelm@18506
  2419
wenzelm@18506
  2420
The ML function ProjectRule.projections turns old-style rules into the
wenzelm@18506
  2421
new format.
wenzelm@18506
  2422
wenzelm@24859
  2423
* Method "coinduct": dual of induction, see
wenzelm@18399
  2424
src/HOL/Library/Coinductive_List.thy for various examples.
wenzelm@18399
  2425
wenzelm@24859
  2426
* Method "cases", "induct", "coinduct": the ``(open)'' option is
wenzelm@24859
  2427
considered a legacy feature.
wenzelm@24859
  2428
wenzelm@20919
  2429
* Attribute "symmetric" produces result with standardized schematic
wenzelm@20919
  2430
variables (index 0).  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@20919
  2431
wenzelm@22126
  2432
* Simplifier: by default the simplifier trace only shows top level
wenzelm@22126
  2433
rewrites now. That is, trace_simp_depth_limit is set to 1 by
wenzelm@22126
  2434
default. Thus there is less danger of being flooded by the trace. The
wenzelm@22126
  2435
trace indicates where parts have been suppressed.
nipkow@18674
  2436
  
wenzelm@18536
  2437
* Provers/classical: removed obsolete classical version of elim_format
wenzelm@18536
  2438
attribute; classical elim/dest rules are now treated uniformly when
wenzelm@18536
  2439
manipulating the claset.
wenzelm@18536
  2440
wenzelm@18694
  2441
* Provers/classical: stricter checks to ensure that supplied intro,
wenzelm@18694
  2442
dest and elim rules are well-formed; dest and elim rules must have at
wenzelm@18694
  2443
least one premise.
wenzelm@18694
  2444
wenzelm@18694
  2445
* Provers/classical: attributes dest/elim/intro take an optional
wenzelm@18695
  2446
weight argument for the rule (just as the Pure versions).  Weights are
wenzelm@18696
  2447
ignored by automated tools, but determine the search order of single
wenzelm@18694
  2448
rule steps.
paulson@18557
  2449
wenzelm@18536
  2450
* Syntax: input syntax now supports dummy variable binding "%_. b",
wenzelm@18536
  2451
where the body does not mention the bound variable.  Note that dummy
wenzelm@18536
  2452
patterns implicitly depend on their context of bounds, which makes
wenzelm@18536
  2453
"{_. _}" match any set comprehension as expected.  Potential
wenzelm@18536
  2454
INCOMPATIBILITY -- parse translations need to cope with syntactic
wenzelm@18536
  2455
constant "_idtdummy" in the binding position.
wenzelm@18536
  2456
wenzelm@18536
  2457
* Syntax: removed obsolete syntactic constant "_K" and its associated
wenzelm@18536
  2458
parse translation.  INCOMPATIBILITY -- use dummy abstraction instead,
wenzelm@18536
  2459
for example "A -> B" => "Pi A (%_. B)".
wenzelm@17779
  2460
wenzelm@20582
  2461
* Pure: 'class_deps' command visualizes the subclass relation, using
wenzelm@20582
  2462
the graph browser tool.
wenzelm@20582
  2463
wenzelm@24800
  2464
* Pure: 'print_theory' now suppresses certain internal declarations by
wenzelm@24800
  2465
default; use '!' option for full details.
wenzelm@20620
  2466
wenzelm@17865
  2467
nipkow@17806
  2468
*** HOL ***
nipkow@17806
  2469
wenzelm@25129
  2470
* Method "metis" proves goals by applying the Metis general-purpose
wenzelm@25129
  2471
resolution prover (see also http://gilith.com/software/metis/).
wenzelm@25129
  2472
Examples are in the directory MetisExamples.  WARNING: the
wenzelm@25129
  2473
Isabelle/HOL-Metis integration does not yet work properly with
wenzelm@25129
  2474
multi-threading.
wenzelm@25129
  2475
  
wenzelm@25129
  2476
* Command 'sledgehammer' invokes external automatic theorem provers as
wenzelm@25129
  2477
background processes.  It generates calls to the "metis" method if
wenzelm@25129
  2478
successful. These can be pasted into the proof.  Users do not have to
wenzelm@25129
  2479
wait for the automatic provers to return.  WARNING: does not really
wenzelm@25129
  2480
work with multi-threading.
wenzelm@25129
  2481
wenzelm@24804
  2482
* New "auto_quickcheck" feature tests outermost goal statements for
wenzelm@24804
  2483
potential counter-examples.  Controlled by ML references
wenzelm@24804
  2484
auto_quickcheck (default true) and auto_quickcheck_time_limit (default
wenzelm@25129
  2485
5000 milliseconds).  Fails silently if statements is outside of
wenzelm@25129
  2486
executable fragment, or any other codgenerator problem occurs.
wenzelm@24804
  2487
haftmann@25184
  2488
* New constant "undefined" with axiom "undefined x = undefined".
haftmann@25184
  2489
haftmann@25184
  2490
* Added class "HOL.eq", allowing for code generation with polymorphic
haftmann@25184
  2491
equality.
haftmann@25184
  2492
haftmann@25184
  2493
* Some renaming of class constants due to canonical name prefixing in
haftmann@25184
  2494
the new 'class' package:
haftmann@25184
  2495
haftmann@25184
  2496
    HOL.abs ~> HOL.abs_class.abs
haftmann@25184
  2497
    HOL.divide ~> HOL.divide_class.divide
haftmann@25184
  2498
    0 ~> HOL.zero_class.zero
haftmann@25184
  2499
    1 ~> HOL.one_class.one
haftmann@25184
  2500
    op + ~> HOL.plus_class.plus
haftmann@25184
  2501
    op - ~> HOL.minus_class.minus
haftmann@25184
  2502
    uminus ~> HOL.minus_class.uminus
haftmann@25184
  2503
    op * ~> HOL.times_class.times
haftmann@25184
  2504
    op < ~> HOL.ord_class.less
haftmann@25184
  2505
    op <= > HOL.ord_class.less_eq
haftmann@25184
  2506
    Nat.power ~> Power.power_class.power
haftmann@25184
  2507
    Nat.size ~> Nat.size_class.size
haftmann@25184
  2508
    Numeral.number_of ~> Numeral.number_class.number_of
haftmann@25184
  2509
    FixedPoint.Inf ~> Lattices.complete_lattice_class.Inf
haftmann@25184
  2510
    FixedPoint.Sup ~> Lattices.complete_lattice_class.Sup
haftmann@25184
  2511
    Orderings.min ~> Orderings.ord_class.min
haftmann@25184
  2512
    Orderings.max ~> Orderings.ord_class.max
haftmann@25184
  2513
    Divides.op div ~> Divides.div_class.div
haftmann@25184
  2514
    Divides.op mod ~> Divides.div_class.mod
haftmann@25184
  2515
    Divides.op dvd ~> Divides.div_class.dvd
haftmann@25184
  2516
haftmann@25184
  2517
INCOMPATIBILITY.  Adaptions may be required in the following cases:
haftmann@25184
  2518
haftmann@25184
  2519
a) User-defined constants using any of the names "plus", "minus",
haftmann@25184
  2520
"times", "less" or "less_eq". The standard syntax translations for
haftmann@25184
  2521
"+", "-" and "*" may go wrong.  INCOMPATIBILITY: use more specific
haftmann@25184
  2522
names.
haftmann@25184
  2523
haftmann@25184
  2524
b) Variables named "plus", "minus", "times", "less", "less_eq"
haftmann@25184
  2525
INCOMPATIBILITY: use more specific names.
haftmann@25184
  2526
haftmann@25184
  2527
c) Permutative equations (e.g. "a + b = b + a")
haftmann@25184
  2528
Since the change of names also changes the order of terms, permutative
haftmann@25184
  2529
rewrite rules may get applied in a different order. Experience shows
haftmann@25184
  2530
that this is rarely the case (only two adaptions in the whole Isabelle
haftmann@25184
  2531
distribution).  INCOMPATIBILITY: rewrite proofs
haftmann@25184
  2532
haftmann@25184
  2533
d) ML code directly refering to constant names
haftmann@25184
  2534
This in general only affects hand-written proof tactics, simprocs and
haftmann@25184
  2535
so on.  INCOMPATIBILITY: grep your sourcecode and replace names.
haftmann@25184
  2536
Consider using @{const_name} antiquotation.
haftmann@25184
  2537
haftmann@25184
  2538
* New class "default" with associated constant "default".
haftmann@25184
  2539
haftmann@25184
  2540
* Function "sgn" is now overloaded and available on int, real, complex
haftmann@25184
  2541
(and other numeric types), using class "sgn".  Two possible defs of
haftmann@25184
  2542
sgn are given as equational assumptions in the classes sgn_if and
haftmann@25184
  2543
sgn_div_norm; ordered_idom now also inherits from sgn_if.
haftmann@25184
  2544
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25184
  2545
haftmann@25184
  2546
* Locale "partial_order" now unified with class "order" (cf. theory
haftmann@25184
  2547
Orderings), added parameter "less".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25184
  2548
haftmann@25184
  2549
* Renamings in classes "order" and "linorder": facts "refl", "trans" and
haftmann@25184
  2550
"cases" to "order_refl", "order_trans" and "linorder_cases", to avoid
haftmann@25184
  2551
clashes with HOL "refl" and "trans".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25184
  2552
haftmann@25184
  2553
* Classes "order" and "linorder": potential INCOMPATIBILITY due to
haftmann@25184
  2554
changed order of proof goals in instance proofs.
haftmann@25184
  2555
haftmann@25184
  2556
* The transitivity reasoner for partial and linear orders is set up
haftmann@25184
  2557
for classes "order" and "linorder".  Instances of the reasoner are available
haftmann@25184
  2558
in all contexts importing or interpreting the corresponding locales.
haftmann@25184
  2559
Method "order" invokes the reasoner separately; the reasoner
haftmann@25184
  2560
is also integrated with the Simplifier as a solver.  Diagnostic
haftmann@25184
  2561
command 'print_orders' shows the available instances of the reasoner
haftmann@25184
  2562
in the current context.
haftmann@25184
  2563
haftmann@25184
  2564
* Localized monotonicity predicate in theory "Orderings"; integrated
haftmann@25184
  2565
lemmas max_of_mono and min_of_mono with this predicate.
haftmann@25184
  2566
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25184
  2567
haftmann@25184
  2568
* Formulation of theorem "dense" changed slightly due to integration
haftmann@25184
  2569
with new class dense_linear_order.
haftmann@25184
  2570
haftmann@25184
  2571
* Uniform lattice theory development in HOL.
haftmann@25184
  2572
haftmann@25184
  2573
    constants "meet" and "join" now named "inf" and "sup"
haftmann@25184
  2574
    constant "Meet" now named "Inf"
haftmann@25184
  2575
haftmann@25184
  2576
    classes "meet_semilorder" and "join_semilorder" now named
haftmann@25184
  2577
      "lower_semilattice" and "upper_semilattice"
haftmann@25184
  2578
    class "lorder" now named "lattice"
haftmann@25184
  2579
    class "comp_lat" now named "complete_lattice"
haftmann@25184
  2580
haftmann@25184
  2581
    Instantiation of lattice classes allows explicit definitions
haftmann@25184
  2582
    for "inf" and "sup" operations (or "Inf" and "Sup" for complete lattices).
haftmann@25184
  2583
haftmann@25184
  2584
  INCOMPATIBILITY.  Theorem renames:
haftmann@25184
  2585
haftmann@25184
  2586
    meet_left_le            ~> inf_le1
haftmann@25184
  2587
    meet_right_le           ~> inf_le2
haftmann@25184
  2588
    join_left_le            ~> sup_ge1
haftmann@25184
  2589
    join_right_le           ~> sup_ge2
haftmann@25184
  2590
    meet_join_le            ~> inf_sup_ord
haftmann@25184
  2591
    le_meetI                ~> le_infI
haftmann@25184
  2592
    join_leI                ~> le_supI
haftmann@25184
  2593
    le_meet                 ~> le_inf_iff
haftmann@25184
  2594
    le_join                 ~> ge_sup_conv
haftmann@25184
  2595
    meet_idempotent         ~> inf_idem
haftmann@25184
  2596
    join_idempotent         ~> sup_idem
haftmann@25184
  2597
    meet_comm               ~> inf_commute
haftmann@25184
  2598
    join_comm               ~> sup_commute
haftmann@25184
  2599
    meet_leI1               ~> le_infI1
haftmann@25184
  2600
    meet_leI2               ~> le_infI2
haftmann@25184
  2601
    le_joinI1               ~> le_supI1
haftmann@25184
  2602
    le_joinI2               ~> le_supI2
haftmann@25184
  2603
    meet_assoc              ~> inf_assoc
haftmann@25184
  2604
    join_assoc              ~> sup_assoc
haftmann@25184
  2605
    meet_left_comm          ~> inf_left_commute
haftmann@25184
  2606
    meet_left_idempotent    ~> inf_left_idem
haftmann@25184
  2607
    join_left_comm          ~> sup_left_commute
haftmann@25184
  2608
    join_left_idempotent    ~> sup_left_idem
haftmann@25184
  2609
    meet_aci                ~> inf_aci
haftmann@25184
  2610
    join_aci                ~> sup_aci
haftmann@25184
  2611
    le_def_meet             ~> le_iff_inf
haftmann@25184
  2612
    le_def_join             ~> le_iff_sup
haftmann@25184
  2613
    join_absorp2            ~> sup_absorb2
haftmann@25184
  2614
    join_absorp1            ~> sup_absorb1
haftmann@25184
  2615
    meet_absorp1            ~> inf_absorb1
haftmann@25184
  2616
    meet_absorp2            ~> inf_absorb2