NEWS
author wenzelm
Wed Oct 31 15:53:32 2018 +0100 (11 months ago)
changeset 69216 1a52baa70aed
parent 69213 ab98f058f9dc
child 69230 07fc77bf5eb6
permissions -rw-r--r--
clarified ML_Context.expression: it is a closed expression, not a let-declaration -- thus source positions are more accurate (amending d8849cfad60f, 162a4c2e97bc);
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Isabelle NEWS -- history of user-relevant changes
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=================================================
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(Note: Isabelle/jEdit shows a tree-view of the NEWS file in Sidekick.)
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New in this Isabelle version
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----------------------------
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*** General ***
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* Old-style inner comments (* ... *) within the term language are no
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longer supported (legacy feature in Isabelle2018).
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* Infix operators that begin or end with a "*" can now be paranthesized
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without additional spaces, eg "(*)" instead of "( * )".
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* ML setup commands (e.g. 'setup', 'method_setup', 'parse_translation')
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need to provide a closed expression -- without trailing semicolon. Minor
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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*** Isabelle/jEdit Prover IDE ***
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* Improved sub-pixel font rendering (especially on Linux), thanks to
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OpenJDK 11.
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*** Isar ***
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* More robust treatment of structural errors: begin/end blocks take
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precedence over goal/proof.
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* Implicit cases goal1, goal2, goal3, etc. have been discontinued
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(legacy feature since Isabelle2016).
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*** HOL ***
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* Simplified syntax setup for big operators under image. In rare
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situations, type conversions are not inserted implicitly any longer
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and need to be given explicitly. Auxiliary abbreviations INFIMUM,
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SUPREMUM, UNION, INTER should now rarely occur in output and are just
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retained as migration auxiliary. INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Theory List: the precedence of the list_update operator has changed:
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"f a [n := x]" now needs to be written "(f a)[n := x]".
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* Theory "HOL-Library.Multiset": the <Union># operator now has the same
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precedence as any other prefix function symbol.
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* Facts sum_mset.commute and prod_mset.commute renamed to sum_mset.swap
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and prod_mset.swap, similarly to sum.swap and prod.swap.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Strong congruence rules (with =simp=> in the premises) for constant f
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are now uniformly called f_cong_strong. 
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* Sledgehammer: The URL for SystemOnTPTP, which is used by remote
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provers, has been updated.
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* SMT: reconstruction is now possible using the SMT solver veriT.
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* Session HOL-SPARK: .prv files are no longer written to the
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file-system, but exported to the session database. Results may be
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retrieved with the "isabelle export" command-line tool like this:
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  isabelle export -x "*:**.prv" HOL-SPARK-Examples
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*** ML ***
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* Original PolyML.pointerEq is retained as a convenience for tools that
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don't use Isabelle/ML (where this is called "pointer_eq").
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* ML evaluation (notably via commands 'ML' and 'ML_file') is subject to
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option ML_environment to select a named environment, such as "Isabelle"
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for Isabelle/ML, or "SML" for official Standard ML. It is also possible
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to move toplevel bindings between environments, using a notation with
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">" as separator. For example:
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  declare [[ML_environment = "Isabelle>SML"]]
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  ML \<open>val println = writeln\<close>
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  declare [[ML_environment = "SML"]]
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  ML \<open>println "test"\<close>
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  declare [[ML_environment = "Isabelle"]]
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  ML \<open>println\<close>  \<comment> \<open>not present\<close>
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The Isabelle/ML function ML_Env.setup defines new ML environments. This
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is useful to incorporate big SML projects in an isolated name space, and
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potentially with variations on ML syntax (existing ML_Env.SML_operations
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observes the official standard).
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* GHC.read_source reads Haskell source text with antiquotations (only
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the control-cartouche form). The default "cartouche" antiquotation
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evaluates an ML expression of type string and inlines the result as
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Haskell string literal. This allows to refer to Isabelle items robustly,
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e.g. via Isabelle/ML antiquotations or library operations. For example:
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ML_command \<open>
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  GHC.read_source \<^context> \<open>
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    allConst, impConst, eqConst :: String
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    allConst = \<open>\<^const_name>\<open>Pure.all\<close>\<close>
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    impConst = \<open>\<^const_name>\<open>Pure.imp\<close>\<close>
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    eqConst = \<open>\<^const_name>\<open>Pure.eq\<close>\<close>
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  \<close>
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  |> writeln
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\<close>
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*** System ***
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* Isabelle server command "use_theories" supports "nodes_status_delay"
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for continuous output of node status information. The time interval is
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specified in seconds; a negative value means it is disabled (default).
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* Isabelle Server command "use_theories" terminates more robustly in the
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presence of structurally broken sources: full consolidation of theories
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is no longer required.
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* Support for OCaml via command-line tools "isabelle ocaml_setup",
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"isabelle ocaml", "isabelle ocamlc", "isabelle ocaml_opam". Existing
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settings variables ISABELLE_OCAML and ISABELLE_OCAMLC are maintained
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dynamically according the state of ISABELLE_OPAM_ROOT and
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ISABELLE_OCAML_VERSION.
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* Support for Glasgow Haskell Compiler via command-line tools "isabelle
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ghc_setup", "isabelle ghci", "isabelle ghc", "isabelle ghc_stack".
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Existing settings variable ISABELLE_GHC is maintained dynamically
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according to the state of ISABELLE_STACK_ROOT and
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ISABELLE_STACK_RESOLVER.
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* Update to Java 11: the latest long-term support version of OpenJDK.
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New in Isabelle2018 (August 2018)
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---------------------------------
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*** General ***
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* Session-qualified theory names are mandatory: it is no longer possible
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to refer to unqualified theories from the parent session.
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INCOMPATIBILITY for old developments that have not been updated to
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Isabelle2017 yet (using the "isabelle imports" tool).
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* Only the most fundamental theory names are global, usually the entry
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points to major logic sessions: Pure, Main, Complex_Main, HOLCF, IFOL,
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FOL, ZF, ZFC etc. INCOMPATIBILITY, need to use qualified names for
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formerly global "HOL-Probability.Probability" and "HOL-SPARK.SPARK".
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* Global facts need to be closed: no free variables and no hypotheses.
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Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Facts stemming from locale interpretation are subject to lazy
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evaluation for improved performance. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY: errors
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stemming from interpretation morphisms might be deferred and thus
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difficult to locate; enable system option "strict_facts" temporarily to
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avoid this.
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* Marginal comments need to be written exclusively in the new-style form
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"\<comment> \<open>text\<close>", old ASCII variants like "-- {* ... *}" are no longer
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supported. INCOMPATIBILITY, use the command-line tool "isabelle
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update_comments" to update existing theory files.
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* Old-style inner comments (* ... *) within the term language are legacy
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and will be discontinued soon: use formal comments "\<comment> \<open>...\<close>" or "\<^cancel>\<open>...\<close>"
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instead.
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* The "op <infix-op>" syntax for infix operators has been replaced by
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"(<infix-op>)". If <infix-op> begins or ends with a "*", there needs to
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be a space between the "*" and the corresponding parenthesis.
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INCOMPATIBILITY, use the command-line tool "isabelle update_op" to
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convert theory and ML files to the new syntax. Because it is based on
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regular expression matching, the result may need a bit of manual
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postprocessing. Invoking "isabelle update_op" converts all files in the
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current directory (recursively). In case you want to exclude conversion
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of ML files (because the tool frequently also converts ML's "op"
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syntax), use option "-m".
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* Theory header 'abbrevs' specifications need to be separated by 'and'.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Command 'external_file' declares the formal dependency on the given
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file name, such that the Isabelle build process knows about it, but
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without specific Prover IDE management.
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* Session ROOT entries no longer allow specification of 'files'. Rare
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INCOMPATIBILITY, use command 'external_file' within a proper theory
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context.
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* Session root directories may be specified multiple times: each
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accessible ROOT file is processed only once. This facilitates
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specification of $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/ROOTS or command-line options like
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-d or -D for "isabelle build" and "isabelle jedit". Example:
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  isabelle build -D '~~/src/ZF'
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* The command 'display_drafts' has been discontinued. INCOMPATIBILITY,
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use action "isabelle.draft" (or "print") in Isabelle/jEdit instead.
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* In HTML output, the Isabelle symbol "\<hyphen>" is rendered as explicit
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Unicode hyphen U+2010, to avoid unclear meaning of the old "soft hyphen"
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U+00AD. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY, e.g. copy-paste of historic Isabelle HTML
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output.
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*** Isabelle/jEdit Prover IDE ***
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* The command-line tool "isabelle jedit" provides more flexible options
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for session management:
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  - option -R builds an auxiliary logic image with all theories from
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    other sessions that are not already present in its parent
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  - option -S is like -R, with a focus on the selected session and its
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    descendants (this reduces startup time for big projects like AFP)
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  - option -A specifies an alternative ancestor session for options -R
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    and -S
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  - option -i includes additional sessions into the name-space of
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    theories
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  Examples:
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    isabelle jedit -R HOL-Number_Theory
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    isabelle jedit -R HOL-Number_Theory -A HOL
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    isabelle jedit -d '$AFP' -S Formal_SSA -A HOL
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    isabelle jedit -d '$AFP' -S Formal_SSA -A HOL-Analysis
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    isabelle jedit -d '$AFP' -S Formal_SSA -A HOL-Analysis -i CryptHOL
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* PIDE markup for session ROOT files: allows to complete session names,
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follow links to theories and document files etc.
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* Completion supports theory header imports, using theory base name.
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E.g. "Prob" may be completed to "HOL-Probability.Probability".
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* Named control symbols (without special Unicode rendering) are shown as
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bold-italic keyword. This is particularly useful for the short form of
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antiquotations with control symbol: \<^name>\<open>argument\<close>. The action
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"isabelle.antiquoted_cartouche" turns an antiquotation with 0 or 1
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arguments into this format.
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* Completion provides templates for named symbols with arguments,
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e.g. "\<comment> \<open>ARGUMENT\<close>" or "\<^emph>\<open>ARGUMENT\<close>".
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* Slightly more parallel checking, notably for high priority print
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functions (e.g. State output).
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* The view title is set dynamically, according to the Isabelle
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distribution and the logic session name. The user can override this via
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set-view-title (stored persistently in $JEDIT_SETTINGS/perspective.xml).
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* System options "spell_checker_include" and "spell_checker_exclude"
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supersede former "spell_checker_elements" to determine regions of text
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that are subject to spell-checking. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Action "isabelle.preview" is able to present more file formats,
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notably bibtex database files and ML files.
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* Action "isabelle.draft" is similar to "isabelle.preview", but shows a
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plain-text document draft. Both are available via the menu "Plugins /
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Isabelle".
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* When loading text files, the Isabelle symbols encoding UTF-8-Isabelle
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is only used if there is no conflict with existing Unicode sequences in
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the file. Otherwise, the fallback encoding is plain UTF-8 and Isabelle
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symbols remain in literal \<symbol> form. This avoids accidental loss of
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Unicode content when saving the file.
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* Bibtex database files (.bib) are semantically checked.
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* Update to jedit-5.5.0, the latest release.
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*** Isabelle/VSCode Prover IDE ***
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* HTML preview of theories and other file-formats similar to
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Isabelle/jEdit.
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* Command-line tool "isabelle vscode_server" accepts the same options
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-A, -R, -S, -i for session selection as "isabelle jedit". This is
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relevant for isabelle.args configuration settings in VSCode. The former
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option -A (explore all known session files) has been discontinued: it is
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enabled by default, unless option -S is used to focus on a particular
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spot in the session structure. INCOMPATIBILITY.
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*** Document preparation ***
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* Formal comments work uniformly in outer syntax, inner syntax (term
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language), Isabelle/ML and some other embedded languages of Isabelle.
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See also "Document comments" in the isar-ref manual. The following forms
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are supported:
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  - marginal text comment: \<comment> \<open>\<dots>\<close>
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  - canceled source: \<^cancel>\<open>\<dots>\<close>
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  - raw LaTeX: \<^latex>\<open>\<dots>\<close>
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* Outside of the inner theory body, the default presentation context is
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theory Pure. Thus elementary antiquotations may be used in markup
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commands (e.g. 'chapter', 'section', 'text') and formal comments.
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* System option "document_tags" specifies alternative command tags. This
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is occasionally useful to control the global visibility of commands via
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session options (e.g. in ROOT).
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* Document markup commands ('section', 'text' etc.) are implicitly
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tagged as "document" and visible by default. This avoids the application
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of option "document_tags" to these commands.
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* Isabelle names are mangled into LaTeX macro names to allow the full
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identifier syntax with underscore, prime, digits. This is relevant for
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antiquotations in control symbol notation, e.g. \<^const_name> becomes
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\isactrlconstUNDERSCOREname.
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* Document preparation with skip_proofs option now preserves the content
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more accurately: only terminal proof steps ('by' etc.) are skipped.
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* Document antiquotation @{theory name} requires the long
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session-qualified theory name: this is what users reading the text
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normally need to import.
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* Document antiquotation @{session name} checks and prints the given
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session name verbatim.
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* Document antiquotation @{cite} now checks the given Bibtex entries
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against the Bibtex database files -- only in batch-mode session builds.
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* Command-line tool "isabelle document" has been re-implemented in
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Isabelle/Scala, with simplified arguments and explicit errors from the
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latex and bibtex process. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Session ROOT entry: empty 'document_files' means there is no document
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for this session. There is no need to specify options [document = false]
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anymore.
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*** Isar ***
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* Command 'interpret' no longer exposes resulting theorems as literal
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facts, notably for the \<open>prop\<close> notation or the "fact" proof method. This
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improves modularity of proofs and scalability of locale interpretation.
wenzelm@67702
   346
Rare INCOMPATIBILITY, need to refer to explicitly named facts instead
wenzelm@67702
   347
(e.g. use 'find_theorems' or 'try' to figure this out).
wenzelm@67702
   348
wenzelm@68393
   349
* The old 'def' command has been discontinued (legacy since
wenzelm@68393
   350
Isbelle2016-1). INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'define' instead -- usually with
wenzelm@68393
   351
object-logic equality or equivalence.
wenzelm@68393
   352
wenzelm@68543
   353
wenzelm@68543
   354
*** Pure ***
wenzelm@68543
   355
wenzelm@68543
   356
* The inner syntax category "sort" now includes notation "_" for the
wenzelm@68543
   357
dummy sort: it is effectively ignored in type-inference.
wenzelm@68543
   358
ballarin@67740
   359
* Rewrites clauses (keyword 'rewrites') were moved into the locale
wenzelm@68393
   360
expression syntax, where they are part of locale instances. In
wenzelm@68393
   361
interpretation commands rewrites clauses now need to occur before 'for'
ballarin@68469
   362
and 'defines'. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY; definitions immediately subject to
ballarin@68469
   363
rewriting may need to be pulled up into the surrounding theory.
wenzelm@68393
   364
wenzelm@68393
   365
* For 'rewrites' clauses, if activating a locale instance fails, fall
wenzelm@68393
   366
back to reading the clause first. This helps avoid qualification of
ballarin@67764
   367
locale instances where the qualifier's sole purpose is avoiding
ballarin@67764
   368
duplicate constant declarations.
ballarin@67741
   369
wenzelm@68543
   370
* Proof method "simp" now supports a new modifier "flip:" followed by a
wenzelm@68543
   371
list of theorems. Each of these theorems is removed from the simpset
wenzelm@68543
   372
(without warning if it is not there) and the symmetric version of the
wenzelm@68543
   373
theorem (i.e. lhs and rhs exchanged) is added to the simpset. For "auto"
wenzelm@68543
   374
and friends the modifier is "simp flip:".
wenzelm@67718
   375
wenzelm@67718
   376
blanchet@66661
   377
*** HOL ***
blanchet@66661
   378
wenzelm@68568
   379
* Sledgehammer: bundled version of "vampire" (for non-commercial users)
wenzelm@68568
   380
helps to avoid fragility of "remote_vampire" service.
wenzelm@68568
   381
haftmann@68028
   382
* Clarified relationship of characters, strings and code generation:
haftmann@68028
   383
wenzelm@68393
   384
  - Type "char" is now a proper datatype of 8-bit values.
wenzelm@68393
   385
wenzelm@68393
   386
  - Conversions "nat_of_char" and "char_of_nat" are gone; use more
wenzelm@68393
   387
    general conversions "of_char" and "char_of" with suitable type
wenzelm@68393
   388
    constraints instead.
wenzelm@68393
   389
wenzelm@68393
   390
  - The zero character is just written "CHR 0x00", not "0" any longer.
wenzelm@68393
   391
wenzelm@68393
   392
  - Type "String.literal" (for code generation) is now isomorphic to
wenzelm@68393
   393
    lists of 7-bit (ASCII) values; concrete values can be written as
wenzelm@68393
   394
    "STR ''...''" for sequences of printable characters and "STR 0x..."
wenzelm@68393
   395
    for one single ASCII code point given as hexadecimal numeral.
wenzelm@68393
   396
wenzelm@68393
   397
  - Type "String.literal" supports concatenation "... + ..." for all
wenzelm@68393
   398
    standard target languages.
wenzelm@68393
   399
wenzelm@68393
   400
  - Theory HOL-Library.Code_Char is gone; study the explanations
wenzelm@68393
   401
    concerning "String.literal" in the tutorial on code generation to
wenzelm@68393
   402
    get an idea how target-language string literals can be converted to
wenzelm@68393
   403
    HOL string values and vice versa.
wenzelm@68393
   404
wenzelm@68393
   405
  - Session Imperative-HOL: operation "raise" directly takes a value of
wenzelm@68393
   406
    type "String.literal" as argument, not type "string".
wenzelm@68393
   407
wenzelm@68393
   408
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68393
   409
wenzelm@68393
   410
* Code generation: Code generation takes an explicit option
wenzelm@68393
   411
"case_insensitive" to accomodate case-insensitive file systems.
wenzelm@68393
   412
wenzelm@68393
   413
* Abstract bit operations as part of Main: push_bit, take_bit, drop_bit.
wenzelm@68393
   414
wenzelm@68393
   415
* New, more general, axiomatization of complete_distrib_lattice. The
wenzelm@68393
   416
former axioms:
wenzelm@68393
   417
wenzelm@68393
   418
  "sup x (Inf X) = Inf (sup x ` X)" and "inf x (Sup X) = Sup (inf x ` X)"
wenzelm@68393
   419
wenzelm@68393
   420
are replaced by:
wenzelm@68393
   421
wenzelm@68393
   422
  "Inf (Sup ` A) <= Sup (Inf ` {f ` A | f . (! Y \<in> A . f Y \<in> Y)})"
wenzelm@68393
   423
wenzelm@68393
   424
The instantiations of sets and functions as complete_distrib_lattice are
wenzelm@68393
   425
moved to Hilbert_Choice.thy because their proofs need the Hilbert choice
wenzelm@68393
   426
operator. The dual of this property is also proved in theory
wenzelm@68393
   427
HOL.Hilbert_Choice.
eberlm@67831
   428
lp15@67999
   429
* New syntax for the minimum/maximum of a function over a finite set:
wenzelm@68393
   430
MIN x\<in>A. B and even MIN x. B (only useful for finite types), also MAX.
lp15@67999
   431
haftmann@67525
   432
* Clarifed theorem names:
haftmann@67525
   433
haftmann@67525
   434
  Min.antimono ~> Min.subset_imp
haftmann@67525
   435
  Max.antimono ~> Max.subset_imp
haftmann@67525
   436
haftmann@67525
   437
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@67525
   438
blanchet@66661
   439
* SMT module:
wenzelm@68393
   440
blanchet@66661
   441
  - The 'smt_oracle' option is now necessary when using the 'smt' method
blanchet@66662
   442
    with a solver other than Z3. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68393
   443
wenzelm@66844
   444
  - The encoding to first-order logic is now more complete in the
wenzelm@66844
   445
    presence of higher-order quantifiers. An 'smt_explicit_application'
wenzelm@66844
   446
    option has been added to control this. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66844
   447
haftmann@66804
   448
* Facts sum.commute(_restrict) and prod.commute(_restrict) renamed to
wenzelm@66844
   449
sum.swap(_restrict) and prod.swap(_restrict), to avoid name clashes on
wenzelm@66844
   450
interpretation of abstract locales. INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66804
   451
wenzelm@68393
   452
* Predicate coprime is now a real definition, not a mere abbreviation.
wenzelm@68393
   453
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68393
   454
haftmann@66803
   455
* Predicate pairwise_coprime abolished, use "pairwise coprime" instead.
haftmann@66803
   456
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66803
   457
lp15@68373
   458
* The relator rel_filter on filters has been strengthened to its
wenzelm@68393
   459
canonical categorical definition with better properties.
wenzelm@68393
   460
INCOMPATIBILITY.
Andreas@67616
   461
immler@68072
   462
* Generalized linear algebra involving linear, span, dependent, dim
immler@68072
   463
from type class real_vector to locales module and vector_space.
immler@68072
   464
Renamed:
wenzelm@68393
   465
wenzelm@68393
   466
  span_inc ~> span_superset
wenzelm@68393
   467
  span_superset ~> span_base
wenzelm@68393
   468
  span_eq ~> span_eq_iff
wenzelm@68393
   469
wenzelm@68393
   470
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66844
   471
haftmann@66937
   472
* Class linordered_semiring_1 covers zero_less_one also, ruling out
haftmann@66937
   473
pathologic instances. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66937
   474
wenzelm@68393
   475
* Theory HOL.List: functions "sorted_wrt" and "sorted" now compare every
wenzelm@68393
   476
element in a list to all following elements, not just the next one.
wenzelm@68393
   477
wenzelm@68393
   478
* Theory HOL.List syntax:
wenzelm@68393
   479
wenzelm@68393
   480
  - filter-syntax "[x <- xs. P]" is no longer output syntax, but only
wenzelm@68393
   481
    input syntax
wenzelm@68393
   482
wenzelm@68393
   483
  - list comprehension syntax now supports tuple patterns in "pat <- xs"
nipkow@68249
   484
nipkow@68450
   485
* Theory Map: "empty" must now be qualified as "Map.empty".
nipkow@68450
   486
haftmann@67051
   487
* Removed nat-int transfer machinery. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@67051
   488
haftmann@68100
   489
* Fact mod_mult_self4 (on nat) renamed to Suc_mod_mult_self3, to avoid
haftmann@68100
   490
clash with fact mod_mult_self4 (on more generic semirings).
haftmann@68100
   491
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@68100
   492
haftmann@68100
   493
* Eliminated some theorem aliasses:
haftmann@68100
   494
  even_times_iff ~> even_mult_iff
haftmann@68100
   495
  mod_2_not_eq_zero_eq_one_nat ~> not_mod_2_eq_0_eq_1
haftmann@68100
   496
  even_of_nat ~> even_int_iff
haftmann@68100
   497
haftmann@68100
   498
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@68100
   499
haftmann@68157
   500
* Eliminated some theorem duplicate variations:
wenzelm@68393
   501
wenzelm@68393
   502
  - dvd_eq_mod_eq_0_numeral can be replaced by dvd_eq_mod_eq_0
wenzelm@68393
   503
  - mod_Suc_eq_Suc_mod can be replaced by mod_Suc
wenzelm@68393
   504
  - mod_Suc_eq_Suc_mod [symmetrict] can be replaced by mod_simps
wenzelm@68393
   505
  - mod_eq_0_iff can be replaced by mod_eq_0_iff_dvd and dvd_def
wenzelm@68393
   506
  - the witness of mod_eqD can be given directly as "_ div _"
haftmann@68157
   507
haftmann@68157
   508
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@68157
   509
haftmann@68260
   510
* Classical setup: Assumption "m mod d = 0" (for m d :: nat) is no
wenzelm@68393
   511
longer aggresively destroyed to "\<exists>q. m = d * q". INCOMPATIBILITY, adding
wenzelm@68393
   512
"elim!: dvd" to classical proof methods in most situations restores
wenzelm@68393
   513
broken proofs.
wenzelm@68393
   514
wenzelm@68393
   515
* Theory HOL-Library.Conditional_Parametricity provides command
wenzelm@68393
   516
'parametric_constant' for proving parametricity of non-recursive
wenzelm@68393
   517
definitions. For constants that are not fully parametric the command
wenzelm@68393
   518
will infer conditions on relations (e.g., bi_unique, bi_total, or type
wenzelm@68393
   519
class conditions such as "respects 0") sufficient for parametricity. See
wenzelm@68393
   520
theory HOL-ex.Conditional_Parametricity_Examples for some examples.
wenzelm@68393
   521
wenzelm@68393
   522
* Theory HOL-Library.Code_Lazy provides a new preprocessor for the code
wenzelm@68393
   523
generator to generate code for algebraic types with lazy evaluation
Andreas@68639
   524
semantics even in call-by-value target languages. See the theories
wenzelm@68647
   525
HOL-ex.Code_Lazy_Demo and HOL-Codegenerator_Test.Code_Lazy_Test for some
wenzelm@68647
   526
examples.
wenzelm@68393
   527
wenzelm@68393
   528
* Theory HOL-Library.Landau_Symbols has been moved here from AFP.
wenzelm@68393
   529
wenzelm@68393
   530
* Theory HOL-Library.Old_Datatype no longer provides the legacy command
wenzelm@68393
   531
'old_datatype'. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68393
   532
wenzelm@68393
   533
* Theory HOL-Computational_Algebra.Polynomial_Factorial does not provide
wenzelm@68393
   534
instances of rat, real, complex as factorial rings etc. Import
wenzelm@68393
   535
HOL-Computational_Algebra.Field_as_Ring explicitly in case of need.
wenzelm@68393
   536
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68393
   537
wenzelm@68393
   538
* Session HOL-Algebra: renamed (^) to [^] to avoid conflict with new
wenzelm@68393
   539
infix/prefix notation.
wenzelm@68393
   540
wenzelm@68543
   541
* Session HOL-Algebra: revamped with much new material. The set of
wenzelm@68543
   542
isomorphisms between two groups is now denoted iso rather than iso_set.
wenzelm@68543
   543
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68543
   544
wenzelm@68543
   545
* Session HOL-Analysis: the Arg function now respects the same interval
wenzelm@68543
   546
as Ln, namely (-pi,pi]; the old Arg function has been renamed Arg2pi.
lp15@68499
   547
INCOMPATIBILITY.
lp15@68499
   548
wenzelm@68548
   549
* Session HOL-Analysis: the functions zorder, zer_poly, porder and
wenzelm@68548
   550
pol_poly have been redefined. All related lemmas have been reworked.
wl302@68531
   551
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wl302@68531
   552
wenzelm@68393
   553
* Session HOL-Analysis: infinite products, Moebius functions, the
wenzelm@68393
   554
Riemann mapping theorem, the Vitali covering theorem,
wenzelm@68393
   555
change-of-variables results for integration and measures.
haftmann@68260
   556
wenzelm@68647
   557
* Session HOL-Real_Asymp: proof method "real_asymp" proves asymptotics
wenzelm@68647
   558
or real-valued functions (limits, "Big-O", etc.) automatically.
wenzelm@68681
   559
See also ~~/src/HOL/Real_Asymp/Manual for some documentation.
wenzelm@68647
   560
wenzelm@68545
   561
* Session HOL-Types_To_Sets: more tool support (unoverload_type combines
wenzelm@68545
   562
internalize_sorts and unoverload) and larger experimental application
wenzelm@68545
   563
(type based linear algebra transferred to linear algebra on subspaces).
immler@68522
   564
wenzelm@66651
   565
wenzelm@68116
   566
*** ML ***
wenzelm@68116
   567
wenzelm@68116
   568
* Operation Export.export emits theory exports (arbitrary blobs), which
wenzelm@68116
   569
are stored persistently in the session build database.
wenzelm@68116
   570
wenzelm@68276
   571
* Command 'ML_export' exports ML toplevel bindings to the global
wenzelm@68276
   572
bootstrap environment of the ML process. This allows ML evaluation
wenzelm@68276
   573
without a formal theory context, e.g. in command-line tools like
wenzelm@68276
   574
"isabelle process".
wenzelm@68276
   575
wenzelm@68116
   576
wenzelm@66729
   577
*** System ***
wenzelm@66729
   578
wenzelm@67088
   579
* Mac OS X 10.10 Yosemite is now the baseline version; Mavericks is no
wenzelm@67088
   580
longer supported.
wenzelm@67088
   581
wenzelm@68393
   582
* Linux and Windows/Cygwin is for x86_64 only, old 32bit platform
wenzelm@68393
   583
support has been discontinued.
wenzelm@68393
   584
wenzelm@66906
   585
* Java runtime is for x86_64 only. Corresponding Isabelle settings have
wenzelm@66906
   586
been renamed to ISABELLE_TOOL_JAVA_OPTIONS and JEDIT_JAVA_OPTIONS,
wenzelm@66906
   587
instead of former 32/64 variants. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66906
   588
wenzelm@68003
   589
* Old settings ISABELLE_PLATFORM and ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM should be
wenzelm@68003
   590
phased out due to unclear preference of 32bit vs. 64bit architecture.
wenzelm@68003
   591
Explicit GNU bash expressions are now preferred, for example (with
wenzelm@68003
   592
quotes):
wenzelm@68003
   593
wenzelm@68003
   594
  #Posix executables (Unix or Cygwin), with preference for 64bit
wenzelm@68003
   595
  "${ISABELLE_PLATFORM64:-$ISABELLE_PLATFORM32}"
wenzelm@68003
   596
wenzelm@68003
   597
  #native Windows or Unix executables, with preference for 64bit
wenzelm@68003
   598
  "${ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM64:-${ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM32:-${ISABELLE_PLATFORM64:-$ISABELLE_PLATFORM32}}}"
wenzelm@68003
   599
wenzelm@68003
   600
  #native Windows (32bit) or Unix executables (preference for 64bit)
wenzelm@68003
   601
  "${ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM32:-${ISABELLE_PLATFORM64:-$ISABELLE_PLATFORM32}}"
wenzelm@68003
   602
wenzelm@66745
   603
* Command-line tool "isabelle build" supports new options:
wenzelm@66745
   604
  - option -B NAME: include session NAME and all descendants
wenzelm@66745
   605
  - option -S: only observe changes of sources, not heap images
wenzelm@66841
   606
  - option -f: forces a fresh build
wenzelm@66737
   607
wenzelm@68734
   608
* Command-line tool "isabelle build" options -c -x -B refer to
wenzelm@68734
   609
descendants wrt. the session parent or import graph. Subtle
wenzelm@68734
   610
INCOMPATIBILITY: options -c -x used to refer to the session parent graph
wenzelm@68734
   611
only.
wenzelm@68734
   612
wenzelm@66843
   613
* Command-line tool "isabelle build" takes "condition" options with the
wenzelm@66843
   614
corresponding environment values into account, when determining the
wenzelm@66843
   615
up-to-date status of a session.
wenzelm@66843
   616
wenzelm@68393
   617
* The command-line tool "dump" dumps information from the cumulative
wenzelm@68393
   618
PIDE session database: many sessions may be loaded into a given logic
wenzelm@68393
   619
image, results from all loaded theories are written to the output
wenzelm@68393
   620
directory.
wenzelm@68393
   621
wenzelm@66851
   622
* Command-line tool "isabelle imports -I" also reports actual session
wenzelm@66851
   623
imports. This helps to minimize the session dependency graph.
wenzelm@66851
   624
wenzelm@68393
   625
* The command-line tool "export" and 'export_files' in session ROOT
wenzelm@68393
   626
entries retrieve theory exports from the session build database.
wenzelm@68393
   627
wenzelm@68393
   628
* The command-line tools "isabelle server" and "isabelle client" provide
wenzelm@68393
   629
access to the Isabelle Server: it supports responsive session management
wenzelm@68393
   630
and concurrent use of theories, based on Isabelle/PIDE infrastructure.
wenzelm@68393
   631
See also the "system" manual.
wenzelm@68393
   632
wenzelm@68393
   633
* The command-line tool "isabelle update_comments" normalizes formal
wenzelm@68393
   634
comments in outer syntax as follows: \<comment> \<open>text\<close> (whith a single space to
wenzelm@68393
   635
approximate the appearance in document output). This is more specific
wenzelm@68393
   636
than former "isabelle update_cartouches -c": the latter tool option has
wenzelm@68393
   637
been discontinued.
wenzelm@68393
   638
wenzelm@68393
   639
* The command-line tool "isabelle mkroot" now always produces a document
wenzelm@68393
   640
outline: its options have been adapted accordingly. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68393
   641
wenzelm@68393
   642
* The command-line tool "isabelle mkroot -I" initializes a Mercurial
wenzelm@68393
   643
repository for the generated session files.
wenzelm@68393
   644
wenzelm@68523
   645
* Settings ISABELLE_HEAPS + ISABELLE_BROWSER_INFO (or
wenzelm@68523
   646
ISABELLE_HEAPS_SYSTEM + ISABELLE_BROWSER_INFO_SYSTEM in "system build
wenzelm@68523
   647
mode") determine the directory locations of the main build artefacts --
wenzelm@68523
   648
instead of hard-wired directories in ISABELLE_HOME_USER (or
wenzelm@68523
   649
ISABELLE_HOME).
wenzelm@68523
   650
wenzelm@68393
   651
* Settings ISABELLE_PATH and ISABELLE_OUTPUT have been discontinued:
wenzelm@68393
   652
heap images and session databases are always stored in
wenzelm@68523
   653
$ISABELLE_HEAPS/$ML_IDENTIFIER (command-line default) or
wenzelm@68523
   654
$ISABELLE_HEAPS_SYSTEM/$ML_IDENTIFIER (main Isabelle application or
wenzelm@68393
   655
"isabelle jedit -s" or "isabelle build -s").
wenzelm@67099
   656
wenzelm@67199
   657
* ISABELLE_LATEX and ISABELLE_PDFLATEX now include platform-specific
wenzelm@67199
   658
options for improved error reporting. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY with
wenzelm@67199
   659
unusual LaTeX installations, may have to adapt these settings.
wenzelm@67199
   660
wenzelm@68393
   661
* Update to Poly/ML 5.7.1 with slightly improved performance and PIDE
wenzelm@68393
   662
markup for identifier bindings. It now uses The GNU Multiple Precision
wenzelm@67591
   663
Arithmetic Library (libgmp) on all platforms, notably Mac OS X with
wenzelm@67591
   664
32/64 bit.
wenzelm@67591
   665
wenzelm@67099
   666
wenzelm@66729
   667
wenzelm@66472
   668
New in Isabelle2017 (October 2017)
wenzelm@66472
   669
----------------------------------
wenzelm@64439
   670
wenzelm@64986
   671
*** General ***
wenzelm@64986
   672
wenzelm@66238
   673
* Experimental support for Visual Studio Code (VSCode) as alternative
wenzelm@66238
   674
Isabelle/PIDE front-end, see also
wenzelm@66599
   675
https://marketplace.visualstudio.com/items?itemName=makarius.Isabelle2017
wenzelm@66238
   676
wenzelm@66238
   677
VSCode is a new type of application that continues the concepts of
wenzelm@66238
   678
"programmer's editor" and "integrated development environment" towards
wenzelm@66238
   679
fully semantic editing and debugging -- in a relatively light-weight
wenzelm@66238
   680
manner. Thus it fits nicely on top of the Isabelle/PIDE infrastructure.
wenzelm@66238
   681
Technically, VSCode is based on the Electron application framework
wenzelm@66238
   682
(Node.js + Chromium browser + V8), which is implemented in JavaScript
wenzelm@66238
   683
and TypeScript, while Isabelle/VSCode mainly consists of Isabelle/Scala
wenzelm@66238
   684
modules around a Language Server implementation.
wenzelm@66238
   685
wenzelm@65504
   686
* Theory names are qualified by the session name that they belong to.
wenzelm@66454
   687
This affects imports, but not the theory name space prefix (which is
wenzelm@66454
   688
just the theory base name as before).
wenzelm@66454
   689
wenzelm@66454
   690
In order to import theories from other sessions, the ROOT file format
wenzelm@66454
   691
provides a new 'sessions' keyword. In contrast, a theory that is
wenzelm@66454
   692
imported in the old-fashioned manner via an explicit file-system path
wenzelm@66472
   693
belongs to the current session, and might cause theory name conflicts
wenzelm@66454
   694
later on. Theories that are imported from other sessions are excluded
wenzelm@66454
   695
from the current session document. The command-line tool "isabelle
wenzelm@66454
   696
imports" helps to update theory imports.
wenzelm@66454
   697
wenzelm@65451
   698
* The main theory entry points for some non-HOL sessions have changed,
wenzelm@65451
   699
to avoid confusion with the global name "Main" of the session HOL. This
wenzelm@65451
   700
leads to the follow renamings:
wenzelm@65451
   701
wenzelm@65451
   702
  CTT/Main.thy    ~>  CTT/CTT.thy
wenzelm@65451
   703
  ZF/Main.thy     ~>  ZF/ZF.thy
wenzelm@65451
   704
  ZF/Main_ZF.thy  ~>  ZF/ZF.thy
wenzelm@65451
   705
  ZF/Main_ZFC.thy ~>  ZF/ZFC.thy
wenzelm@65451
   706
  ZF/ZF.thy       ~>  ZF/ZF_Base.thy
wenzelm@65451
   707
wenzelm@65451
   708
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@65451
   709
wenzelm@66472
   710
* Commands 'alias' and 'type_alias' introduce aliases for constants and
wenzelm@66472
   711
type constructors, respectively. This allows adhoc changes to name-space
wenzelm@66472
   712
accesses within global or local theory contexts, e.g. within a 'bundle'.
wenzelm@66472
   713
wenzelm@64986
   714
* Document antiquotations @{prf} and @{full_prf} output proof terms
wenzelm@64986
   715
(again) in the same way as commands 'prf' and 'full_prf'.
wenzelm@64986
   716
wenzelm@65055
   717
* Computations generated by the code generator can be embedded directly
wenzelm@65055
   718
into ML, alongside with @{code} antiquotations, using the following
wenzelm@65055
   719
antiquotations:
wenzelm@65055
   720
wenzelm@65055
   721
  @{computation ... terms: ... datatypes: ...} :
wenzelm@65055
   722
    ((term -> term) -> 'ml option -> 'a) -> Proof.context -> term -> 'a
wenzelm@65055
   723
  @{computation_conv ... terms: ... datatypes: ...} :
wenzelm@65055
   724
    (Proof.context -> 'ml -> conv) -> Proof.context -> conv
wenzelm@65045
   725
  @{computation_check terms: ... datatypes: ...} : Proof.context -> conv
haftmann@65041
   726
wenzelm@65055
   727
See src/HOL/ex/Computations.thy,
wenzelm@65055
   728
src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Commutative_Ring.thy and
wenzelm@65055
   729
src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Reflective_Field.thy for examples and the
wenzelm@65055
   730
tutorial on code generation.
haftmann@65041
   731
wenzelm@64986
   732
wenzelm@64602
   733
*** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***
wenzelm@64602
   734
wenzelm@66472
   735
* Session-qualified theory imports allow the Prover IDE to process
wenzelm@66472
   736
arbitrary theory hierarchies independently of the underlying logic
wenzelm@66472
   737
session image (e.g. option "isabelle jedit -l"), but the directory
wenzelm@66472
   738
structure needs to be known in advance (e.g. option "isabelle jedit -d"
wenzelm@66472
   739
or a line in the file $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/ROOTS).
wenzelm@64602
   740
wenzelm@64842
   741
* The PIDE document model maintains file content independently of the
wenzelm@64842
   742
status of jEdit editor buffers. Reloading jEdit buffers no longer causes
wenzelm@64842
   743
changes of formal document content. Theory dependencies are always
wenzelm@64842
   744
resolved internally, without the need for corresponding editor buffers.
wenzelm@64842
   745
The system option "jedit_auto_load" has been discontinued: it is
wenzelm@64842
   746
effectively always enabled.
wenzelm@64842
   747
wenzelm@64867
   748
* The Theories dockable provides a "Purge" button, in order to restrict
wenzelm@64867
   749
the document model to theories that are required for open editor
wenzelm@64867
   750
buffers.
wenzelm@64867
   751
wenzelm@66424
   752
* The Theories dockable indicates the overall status of checking of each
wenzelm@66424
   753
entry. When all forked tasks of a theory are finished, the border is
wenzelm@66424
   754
painted with thick lines; remaining errors in this situation are
wenzelm@66424
   755
represented by a different border color.
wenzelm@66424
   756
wenzelm@66472
   757
* Automatic indentation is more careful to avoid redundant spaces in
wenzelm@66472
   758
intermediate situations. Keywords are indented after input (via typed
wenzelm@66472
   759
characters or completion); see also option "jedit_indent_input".
wenzelm@66472
   760
wenzelm@66472
   761
* Action "isabelle.preview" opens an HTML preview of the current theory
wenzelm@66472
   762
document in the default web browser.
wenzelm@66472
   763
wenzelm@66574
   764
* Command-line invocation "isabelle jedit -R -l LOGIC" opens the ROOT
wenzelm@66574
   765
entry of the specified logic session in the editor, while its parent is
wenzelm@66574
   766
used for formal checking.
wenzelm@66472
   767
wenzelm@66462
   768
* The main Isabelle/jEdit plugin may be restarted manually (using the
wenzelm@66462
   769
jEdit Plugin Manager), as long as the "Isabelle Base" plugin remains
wenzelm@66462
   770
enabled at all times.
wenzelm@66462
   771
wenzelm@66472
   772
* Update to current jedit-5.4.0.
wenzelm@65329
   773
wenzelm@64602
   774
haftmann@66149
   775
*** Pure ***
haftmann@66149
   776
haftmann@66149
   777
* Deleting the last code equations for a particular function using
haftmann@66149
   778
[code del] results in function with no equations (runtime abort) rather
wenzelm@66472
   779
than an unimplemented function (generation time abort). Use explicit
haftmann@66665
   780
[[code drop:]] to enforce the latter. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66149
   781
haftmann@66310
   782
* Proper concept of code declarations in code.ML:
wenzelm@66472
   783
  - Regular code declarations act only on the global theory level, being
wenzelm@66472
   784
    ignored with warnings if syntactically malformed.
wenzelm@66472
   785
  - Explicitly global code declarations yield errors if syntactically
wenzelm@66472
   786
    malformed.
wenzelm@66472
   787
  - Default code declarations are silently ignored if syntactically
wenzelm@66472
   788
    malformed.
haftmann@66310
   789
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66310
   790
wenzelm@66472
   791
* Clarified and standardized internal data bookkeeping of code
wenzelm@66472
   792
declarations: history of serials allows to track potentially
wenzelm@66472
   793
non-monotonous declarations appropriately. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66310
   794
haftmann@66149
   795
haftmann@64593
   796
*** HOL ***
haftmann@64593
   797
blanchet@66614
   798
* The Nunchaku model finder is now part of "Main".
blanchet@66614
   799
wenzelm@66472
   800
* SMT module:
wenzelm@66472
   801
  - A new option, 'smt_nat_as_int', has been added to translate 'nat' to
wenzelm@66472
   802
    'int' and benefit from the SMT solver's theory reasoning. It is
wenzelm@66472
   803
    disabled by default.
wenzelm@66472
   804
  - The legacy module "src/HOL/Library/Old_SMT.thy" has been removed.
wenzelm@66472
   805
  - Several small issues have been rectified in the 'smt' command.
wenzelm@66472
   806
wenzelm@66472
   807
* (Co)datatype package: The 'size_gen_o_map' lemma is no longer
wenzelm@66472
   808
generated for datatypes with type class annotations. As a result, the
wenzelm@66472
   809
tactic that derives it no longer fails on nested datatypes. Slight
wenzelm@66472
   810
INCOMPATIBILITY.
eberlm@66450
   811
haftmann@66345
   812
* Command and antiquotation "value" with modified default strategy:
haftmann@66345
   813
terms without free variables are always evaluated using plain evaluation
wenzelm@66472
   814
only, with no fallback on normalization by evaluation. Minor
wenzelm@66472
   815
INCOMPATIBILITY.
eberlm@65956
   816
wenzelm@65552
   817
* Theories "GCD" and "Binomial" are already included in "Main" (instead
wenzelm@65575
   818
of "Complex_Main").
wenzelm@65552
   819
haftmann@65170
   820
* Constant "surj" is a full input/output abbreviation (again).
haftmann@65170
   821
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@65170
   822
haftmann@64632
   823
* Dropped aliasses RangeP, DomainP for Rangep, Domainp respectively.
haftmann@64632
   824
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@64632
   825
wenzelm@66472
   826
* Renamed ii to imaginary_unit in order to free up ii as a variable
wenzelm@66472
   827
name. The syntax \<i> remains available. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   828
wenzelm@66472
   829
* Dropped abbreviations transP, antisymP, single_valuedP; use constants
wenzelm@66472
   830
transp, antisymp, single_valuedp instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   831
wenzelm@66472
   832
* Constant "subseq" in Topological_Spaces has been removed -- it is
wenzelm@66472
   833
subsumed by "strict_mono". Some basic lemmas specific to "subseq" have
wenzelm@66472
   834
been renamed accordingly, e.g. "subseq_o" -> "strict_mono_o" etc.
wenzelm@66472
   835
wenzelm@66472
   836
* Theory List: "sublist" renamed to "nths" in analogy with "nth", and
wenzelm@66472
   837
"sublisteq" renamed to "subseq". Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   838
wenzelm@66472
   839
* Theory List: new generic function "sorted_wrt".
wenzelm@66472
   840
wenzelm@66472
   841
* Named theorems mod_simps covers various congruence rules concerning
wenzelm@66472
   842
mod, replacing former zmod_simps. INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@64787
   843
haftmann@64593
   844
* Swapped orientation of congruence rules mod_add_left_eq,
haftmann@64593
   845
mod_add_right_eq, mod_add_eq, mod_mult_left_eq, mod_mult_right_eq,
haftmann@64593
   846
mod_mult_eq, mod_minus_eq, mod_diff_left_eq, mod_diff_right_eq,
wenzelm@66472
   847
mod_diff_eq. INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@64593
   848
haftmann@64593
   849
* Generalized some facts:
blanchet@64876
   850
    measure_induct_rule
blanchet@64876
   851
    measure_induct
haftmann@64593
   852
    zminus_zmod ~> mod_minus_eq
haftmann@64593
   853
    zdiff_zmod_left ~> mod_diff_left_eq
haftmann@64593
   854
    zdiff_zmod_right ~> mod_diff_right_eq
haftmann@64593
   855
    zmod_eq_dvd_iff ~> mod_eq_dvd_iff
haftmann@64593
   856
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@64593
   857
wenzelm@66472
   858
* Algebraic type class hierarchy of euclidean (semi)rings in HOL:
wenzelm@66472
   859
euclidean_(semi)ring, euclidean_(semi)ring_cancel,
wenzelm@66472
   860
unique_euclidean_(semi)ring; instantiation requires provision of a
wenzelm@66472
   861
euclidean size.
wenzelm@66472
   862
wenzelm@66472
   863
* Theory "HOL-Number_Theory.Euclidean_Algorithm" has been reworked:
wenzelm@66472
   864
  - Euclidean induction is available as rule eucl_induct.
wenzelm@66472
   865
  - Constants Euclidean_Algorithm.gcd, Euclidean_Algorithm.lcm,
wenzelm@66472
   866
    Euclidean_Algorithm.Gcd and Euclidean_Algorithm.Lcm allow
wenzelm@66472
   867
    easy instantiation of euclidean (semi)rings as GCD (semi)rings.
wenzelm@66472
   868
  - Coefficients obtained by extended euclidean algorithm are
wenzelm@66472
   869
    available as "bezout_coefficients".
wenzelm@66472
   870
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   871
wenzelm@66472
   872
* Theory "Number_Theory.Totient" introduces basic notions about Euler's
wenzelm@66472
   873
totient function previously hidden as solitary example in theory
wenzelm@66472
   874
Residues. Definition changed so that "totient 1 = 1" in agreement with
wenzelm@66472
   875
the literature. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   876
wenzelm@66542
   877
* New styles in theory "HOL-Library.LaTeXsugar":
nipkow@66541
   878
  - "dummy_pats" for printing equations with "_" on the lhs;
nipkow@66541
   879
  - "eta_expand" for printing eta-expanded terms.
nipkow@66541
   880
wenzelm@66472
   881
* Theory "HOL-Library.Permutations": theorem bij_swap_ompose_bij has
wenzelm@66472
   882
been renamed to bij_swap_compose_bij. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   883
lp15@66643
   884
* New theory "HOL-Library.Going_To_Filter" providing the "f going_to F"
eberlm@66488
   885
filter for describing points x such that f(x) is in the filter F.
eberlm@66488
   886
eberlm@66480
   887
* Theory "HOL-Library.Formal_Power_Series": constants X/E/L/F have been
eberlm@66480
   888
renamed to fps_X/fps_exp/fps_ln/fps_hypergeo to avoid polluting the name
wenzelm@66472
   889
space. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   890
wenzelm@66472
   891
* Theory "HOL-Library.FinFun" has been moved to AFP (again).
wenzelm@66472
   892
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   893
wenzelm@66472
   894
* Theory "HOL-Library.FuncSet": some old and rarely used ASCII
wenzelm@66472
   895
replacement syntax has been removed. INCOMPATIBILITY, standard syntax
wenzelm@66472
   896
with symbols should be used instead. The subsequent commands help to
wenzelm@66472
   897
reproduce the old forms, e.g. to simplify porting old theories:
wenzelm@66472
   898
wenzelm@66472
   899
syntax (ASCII)
wenzelm@66472
   900
  "_PiE" :: "pttrn \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> 'b set \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) set"  ("(3PIE _:_./ _)" 10)
wenzelm@66472
   901
  "_Pi"  :: "pttrn \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> 'b set \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) set"  ("(3PI _:_./ _)" 10)
wenzelm@66472
   902
  "_lam" :: "pttrn \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b)"  ("(3%_:_./ _)" [0,0,3] 3)
wenzelm@66472
   903
wenzelm@66472
   904
* Theory "HOL-Library.Multiset": the simprocs on subsets operators of
wenzelm@66472
   905
multisets have been renamed:
wenzelm@66472
   906
wenzelm@66472
   907
  msetless_cancel_numerals ~> msetsubset_cancel
wenzelm@66472
   908
  msetle_cancel_numerals ~> msetsubset_eq_cancel
wenzelm@66472
   909
wenzelm@66472
   910
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   911
lars@66481
   912
* Theory "HOL-Library.Pattern_Aliases" provides input and output syntax
lars@66481
   913
for pattern aliases as known from Haskell, Scala and ML.
blanchet@65515
   914
Andreas@66563
   915
* Theory "HOL-Library.Uprod" formalizes the type of unordered pairs.
Andreas@66563
   916
wenzelm@64898
   917
* Session HOL-Analysis: more material involving arcs, paths, covering
wenzelm@66650
   918
spaces, innessential maps, retracts, infinite products, simplicial
wenzelm@66650
   919
complexes. Baire Category theorem. Major results include the Jordan
wenzelm@66650
   920
Curve Theorem and the Great Picard Theorem.
wenzelm@66472
   921
wenzelm@66472
   922
* Session HOL-Algebra has been extended by additional lattice theory:
wenzelm@66472
   923
the Knaster-Tarski fixed point theorem and Galois Connections.
wenzelm@66472
   924
wenzelm@66472
   925
* Sessions HOL-Computational_Algebra and HOL-Number_Theory: new notions
wenzelm@66472
   926
of squarefreeness, n-th powers, and prime powers.
wenzelm@66472
   927
wenzelm@66472
   928
* Session "HOL-Computional_Algebra" covers many previously scattered
wenzelm@66472
   929
theories, notably Euclidean_Algorithm, Factorial_Ring,
wenzelm@66472
   930
Formal_Power_Series, Fraction_Field, Fundamental_Theorem_Algebra,
wenzelm@66472
   931
Normalized_Fraction, Polynomial_FPS, Polynomial, Primes. Minor
wenzelm@66472
   932
INCOMPATIBILITY.
Mathias@65027
   933
wenzelm@60331
   934
wenzelm@64844
   935
*** System ***
wenzelm@64844
   936
wenzelm@66474
   937
* Isabelle/Scala: the SQL module supports access to relational
wenzelm@66474
   938
databases, either as plain file (SQLite) or full-scale server
wenzelm@66474
   939
(PostgreSQL via local port or remote ssh connection).
wenzelm@66474
   940
wenzelm@66474
   941
* Results of "isabelle build" are recorded as SQLite database (i.e.
wenzelm@66474
   942
"Application File Format" in the sense of
wenzelm@66474
   943
https://www.sqlite.org/appfileformat.html). This allows systematic
wenzelm@66474
   944
access via operations from module Sessions.Store in Isabelle/Scala.
wenzelm@66474
   945
wenzelm@66472
   946
* System option "parallel_proofs" is 1 by default (instead of more
wenzelm@66472
   947
aggressive 2). This requires less heap space and avoids burning parallel
wenzelm@66472
   948
CPU cycles, while full subproof parallelization is enabled for repeated
wenzelm@66472
   949
builds (according to parallel_subproofs_threshold).
wenzelm@65072
   950
wenzelm@65448
   951
* System option "record_proofs" allows to change the global
wenzelm@65448
   952
Proofterm.proofs variable for a session. Regular values are are 0, 1, 2;
wenzelm@65448
   953
a negative value means the current state in the ML heap image remains
wenzelm@65448
   954
unchanged.
wenzelm@65448
   955
wenzelm@66472
   956
* Isabelle settings variable ISABELLE_SCALA_BUILD_OPTIONS has been
wenzelm@66472
   957
renamed to ISABELLE_SCALAC_OPTIONS. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   958
wenzelm@66472
   959
* Isabelle settings variables ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM,
wenzelm@66472
   960
ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM32, ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM64 indicate the
wenzelm@66472
   961
native Windows platform (independently of the Cygwin installation). This
wenzelm@66472
   962
is analogous to ISABELLE_PLATFORM, ISABELLE_PLATFORM32,
wenzelm@66472
   963
ISABELLE_PLATFORM64.
wenzelm@65557
   964
wenzelm@66786
   965
* Command-line tool "isabelle build_docker" builds a Docker image from
wenzelm@66786
   966
the Isabelle application bundle for Linux. See also
wenzelm@66786
   967
https://hub.docker.com/r/makarius/isabelle
wenzelm@66786
   968
wenzelm@66473
   969
* Command-line tool "isabelle vscode_server" provides a Language Server
wenzelm@66473
   970
Protocol implementation, e.g. for the Visual Studio Code editor. It
wenzelm@66473
   971
serves as example for alternative PIDE front-ends.
wenzelm@66473
   972
wenzelm@66472
   973
* Command-line tool "isabelle imports" helps to maintain theory imports
wenzelm@66671
   974
wrt. session structure. Examples for the main Isabelle distribution:
wenzelm@66472
   975
wenzelm@66472
   976
  isabelle imports -I -a
wenzelm@66472
   977
  isabelle imports -U -a
wenzelm@66472
   978
  isabelle imports -U -i -a
wenzelm@66472
   979
  isabelle imports -M -a -d '~~/src/Benchmarks'
wenzelm@66472
   980
wenzelm@64844
   981
wenzelm@67099
   982
wenzelm@64072
   983
New in Isabelle2016-1 (December 2016)
wenzelm@64072
   984
-------------------------------------
wenzelm@62216
   985
wenzelm@62440
   986
*** General ***
wenzelm@62440
   987
wenzelm@64390
   988
* Splitter in proof methods "simp", "auto" and friends:
wenzelm@64390
   989
  - The syntax "split add" has been discontinued, use plain "split",
wenzelm@64390
   990
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
   991
  - For situations with many conditional or case expressions, there is
wenzelm@64390
   992
    an alternative splitting strategy that can be much faster. It is
wenzelm@64390
   993
    selected by writing "split!" instead of "split". It applies safe
wenzelm@64390
   994
    introduction and elimination rules after each split rule. As a
wenzelm@64390
   995
    result the subgoal may be split into several subgoals.
wenzelm@64390
   996
wenzelm@63273
   997
* Command 'bundle' provides a local theory target to define a bundle
wenzelm@63273
   998
from the body of specification commands (such as 'declare',
wenzelm@63273
   999
'declaration', 'notation', 'lemmas', 'lemma'). For example:
wenzelm@63273
  1000
wenzelm@63273
  1001
bundle foo
wenzelm@63273
  1002
begin
wenzelm@63273
  1003
  declare a [simp]
wenzelm@63273
  1004
  declare b [intro]
wenzelm@63273
  1005
end
wenzelm@63272
  1006
wenzelm@63282
  1007
* Command 'unbundle' is like 'include', but works within a local theory
wenzelm@63282
  1008
context. Unlike "context includes ... begin", the effect of 'unbundle'
wenzelm@63282
  1009
on the target context persists, until different declarations are given.
wenzelm@63282
  1010
wenzelm@63977
  1011
* Simplified outer syntax: uniform category "name" includes long
wenzelm@63977
  1012
identifiers. Former "xname" / "nameref" / "name reference" has been
wenzelm@63977
  1013
discontinued.
wenzelm@63977
  1014
wenzelm@63977
  1015
* Embedded content (e.g. the inner syntax of types, terms, props) may be
wenzelm@63977
  1016
delimited uniformly via cartouches. This works better than old-fashioned
wenzelm@63977
  1017
quotes when sub-languages are nested.
wenzelm@63977
  1018
wenzelm@63977
  1019
* Mixfix annotations support general block properties, with syntax
wenzelm@63977
  1020
"(\<open>x=a y=b z \<dots>\<close>". Notable property names are "indent", "consistent",
wenzelm@63977
  1021
"unbreakable", "markup". The existing notation "(DIGITS" is equivalent
wenzelm@63977
  1022
to "(\<open>indent=DIGITS\<close>". The former notation "(00" for unbreakable blocks
wenzelm@63977
  1023
is superseded by "(\<open>unbreabable\<close>" --- rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@63650
  1024
wenzelm@63383
  1025
* Proof method "blast" is more robust wrt. corner cases of Pure
wenzelm@63383
  1026
statements without object-logic judgment.
wenzelm@63383
  1027
wenzelm@63624
  1028
* Commands 'prf' and 'full_prf' are somewhat more informative (again):
wenzelm@63977
  1029
proof terms are reconstructed and cleaned from administrative thm nodes.
wenzelm@63977
  1030
wenzelm@63977
  1031
* Code generator: config option "code_timing" triggers measurements of
wenzelm@63977
  1032
different phases of code generation. See src/HOL/ex/Code_Timing.thy for
wenzelm@63977
  1033
examples.
wenzelm@63977
  1034
wenzelm@63977
  1035
* Code generator: implicits in Scala (stemming from type class
wenzelm@63977
  1036
instances) are generated into companion object of corresponding type
wenzelm@63977
  1037
class, to resolve some situations where ambiguities may occur.
wenzelm@63977
  1038
wenzelm@64390
  1039
* Solve direct: option "solve_direct_strict_warnings" gives explicit
wenzelm@64390
  1040
warnings for lemma statements with trivial proofs.
haftmann@64013
  1041
wenzelm@64602
  1042
wenzelm@62904
  1043
*** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***
wenzelm@62904
  1044
wenzelm@64527
  1045
* More aggressive flushing of machine-generated input, according to
wenzelm@64527
  1046
system option editor_generated_input_delay (in addition to existing
wenzelm@64527
  1047
editor_input_delay for regular user edits). This may affect overall PIDE
wenzelm@64527
  1048
reactivity and CPU usage.
wenzelm@64527
  1049
wenzelm@64390
  1050
* Syntactic indentation according to Isabelle outer syntax. Action
wenzelm@64390
  1051
"indent-lines" (shortcut C+i) indents the current line according to
wenzelm@64390
  1052
command keywords and some command substructure. Action
wenzelm@64390
  1053
"isabelle.newline" (shortcut ENTER) indents the old and the new line
wenzelm@64390
  1054
according to command keywords only; see also option
wenzelm@64390
  1055
"jedit_indent_newline".
wenzelm@64390
  1056
wenzelm@64390
  1057
* Semantic indentation for unstructured proof scripts ('apply' etc.) via
wenzelm@64390
  1058
number of subgoals. This requires information of ongoing document
wenzelm@64390
  1059
processing and may thus lag behind, when the user is editing too
wenzelm@64390
  1060
quickly; see also option "jedit_script_indent" and
wenzelm@64390
  1061
"jedit_script_indent_limit".
wenzelm@64390
  1062
wenzelm@64390
  1063
* Refined folding mode "isabelle" based on Isar syntax: 'next' and 'qed'
wenzelm@64390
  1064
are treated as delimiters for fold structure; 'begin' and 'end'
wenzelm@64390
  1065
structure of theory specifications is treated as well.
wenzelm@64390
  1066
wenzelm@64390
  1067
* Command 'proof' provides information about proof outline with cases,
wenzelm@64390
  1068
e.g. for proof methods "cases", "induct", "goal_cases".
wenzelm@64390
  1069
wenzelm@64390
  1070
* Completion templates for commands involving "begin ... end" blocks,
wenzelm@64390
  1071
e.g. 'context', 'notepad'.
wenzelm@64390
  1072
wenzelm@64390
  1073
* Sidekick parser "isabelle-context" shows nesting of context blocks
wenzelm@64390
  1074
according to 'begin' and 'end' structure.
wenzelm@64390
  1075
wenzelm@63977
  1076
* Highlighting of entity def/ref positions wrt. cursor.
wenzelm@63977
  1077
wenzelm@63977
  1078
* Action "isabelle.select-entity" (shortcut CS+ENTER) selects all
wenzelm@64514
  1079
occurrences of the formal entity at the caret position. This facilitates
wenzelm@63977
  1080
systematic renaming.
wenzelm@63977
  1081
wenzelm@63977
  1082
* PIDE document markup works across multiple Isar commands, e.g. the
wenzelm@63977
  1083
results established at the end of a proof are properly identified in the
wenzelm@63977
  1084
theorem statement.
wenzelm@63977
  1085
wenzelm@63977
  1086
* Cartouche abbreviations work both for " and ` to accomodate typical
wenzelm@63977
  1087
situations where old ASCII notation may be updated.
wenzelm@63977
  1088
wenzelm@63875
  1089
* Dockable window "Symbols" also provides access to 'abbrevs' from the
wenzelm@63875
  1090
outer syntax of the current theory buffer. This provides clickable
wenzelm@63875
  1091
syntax templates, including entries with empty abbrevs name (which are
wenzelm@63875
  1092
inaccessible via keyboard completion).
wenzelm@63875
  1093
wenzelm@63022
  1094
* IDE support for the Isabelle/Pure bootstrap process, with the
wenzelm@63022
  1095
following independent stages:
wenzelm@63022
  1096
wenzelm@63022
  1097
  src/Pure/ROOT0.ML
wenzelm@63022
  1098
  src/Pure/ROOT.ML
wenzelm@63022
  1099
  src/Pure/Pure.thy
wenzelm@63022
  1100
  src/Pure/ML_Bootstrap.thy
wenzelm@63022
  1101
wenzelm@63022
  1102
The ML ROOT files act like quasi-theories in the context of theory
wenzelm@63022
  1103
ML_Bootstrap: this allows continuous checking of all loaded ML files.
wenzelm@63022
  1104
The theory files are presented with a modified header to import Pure
wenzelm@63022
  1105
from the running Isabelle instance. Results from changed versions of
wenzelm@63022
  1106
each stage are *not* propagated to the next stage, and isolated from the
wenzelm@63022
  1107
actual Isabelle/Pure that runs the IDE itself. The sequential
wenzelm@63307
  1108
dependencies of the above files are only observed for batch build.
wenzelm@62904
  1109
wenzelm@63977
  1110
* Isabelle/ML and Standard ML files are presented in Sidekick with the
wenzelm@63977
  1111
tree structure of section headings: this special comment format is
wenzelm@63977
  1112
described in "implementation" chapter 0, e.g. (*** section ***).
wenzelm@63461
  1113
wenzelm@63581
  1114
* Additional abbreviations for syntactic completion may be specified
wenzelm@63871
  1115
within the theory header as 'abbrevs'. The theory syntax for 'keywords'
wenzelm@63871
  1116
has been simplified accordingly: optional abbrevs need to go into the
wenzelm@63871
  1117
new 'abbrevs' section.
wenzelm@63871
  1118
wenzelm@63871
  1119
* Global abbreviations via $ISABELLE_HOME/etc/abbrevs and
wenzelm@63871
  1120
$ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/abbrevs are no longer supported. Minor
wenzelm@63871
  1121
INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'abbrevs' within theory header instead.
wenzelm@63579
  1122
wenzelm@64390
  1123
* Action "isabelle.keymap-merge" asks the user to resolve pending
wenzelm@64390
  1124
Isabelle keymap changes that are in conflict with the current jEdit
wenzelm@64390
  1125
keymap; non-conflicting changes are always applied implicitly. This
wenzelm@64390
  1126
action is automatically invoked on Isabelle/jEdit startup and thus
wenzelm@64390
  1127
increases chances that users see new keyboard shortcuts when re-using
wenzelm@64390
  1128
old keymaps.
wenzelm@64390
  1129
wenzelm@63675
  1130
* ML and document antiquotations for file-systems paths are more uniform
wenzelm@63675
  1131
and diverse:
wenzelm@63675
  1132
wenzelm@63675
  1133
  @{path NAME}   -- no file-system check
wenzelm@63675
  1134
  @{file NAME}   -- check for plain file
wenzelm@63675
  1135
  @{dir NAME}    -- check for directory
wenzelm@63675
  1136
wenzelm@63675
  1137
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, former uses of @{file} and @{file_unchecked} may
wenzelm@63675
  1138
have to be changed.
wenzelm@63669
  1139
wenzelm@63669
  1140
wenzelm@63977
  1141
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@63977
  1142
wenzelm@63977
  1143
* New symbol \<circle>, e.g. for temporal operator.
wenzelm@63977
  1144
wenzelm@64073
  1145
* New document and ML antiquotation @{locale} for locales, similar to
wenzelm@64073
  1146
existing antiquotation @{class}.
wenzelm@64073
  1147
wenzelm@63977
  1148
* Mixfix annotations support delimiters like \<^control>\<open>cartouche\<close> --
wenzelm@63977
  1149
this allows special forms of document output.
wenzelm@63977
  1150
wenzelm@63977
  1151
* Raw LaTeX output now works via \<^latex>\<open>...\<close> instead of raw control
wenzelm@63977
  1152
symbol \<^raw:...>. INCOMPATIBILITY, notably for LaTeXsugar.thy and its
wenzelm@63977
  1153
derivatives.
wenzelm@63977
  1154
wenzelm@63977
  1155
* \<^raw:...> symbols are no longer supported.
wenzelm@63977
  1156
wenzelm@63977
  1157
* Old 'header' command is no longer supported (legacy since
wenzelm@63977
  1158
Isabelle2015).
wenzelm@63977
  1159
wenzelm@63977
  1160
wenzelm@62312
  1161
*** Isar ***
wenzelm@62312
  1162
wenzelm@63180
  1163
* Many specification elements support structured statements with 'if' /
wenzelm@63180
  1164
'for' eigen-context, e.g. 'axiomatization', 'abbreviation',
wenzelm@63180
  1165
'definition', 'inductive', 'function'.
wenzelm@63180
  1166
wenzelm@63094
  1167
* Toplevel theorem statements support eigen-context notation with 'if' /
wenzelm@63284
  1168
'for' (in postfix), which corresponds to 'assumes' / 'fixes' in the
wenzelm@63094
  1169
traditional long statement form (in prefix). Local premises are called
wenzelm@63094
  1170
"that" or "assms", respectively. Empty premises are *not* bound in the
wenzelm@63094
  1171
context: INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63094
  1172
wenzelm@63039
  1173
* Command 'define' introduces a local (non-polymorphic) definition, with
wenzelm@63039
  1174
optional abstraction over local parameters. The syntax resembles
wenzelm@63043
  1175
'definition' and 'obtain'. It fits better into the Isar language than
wenzelm@63043
  1176
old 'def', which is now a legacy feature.
wenzelm@63039
  1177
wenzelm@63059
  1178
* Command 'obtain' supports structured statements with 'if' / 'for'
wenzelm@63059
  1179
context.
wenzelm@63059
  1180
wenzelm@62312
  1181
* Command '\<proof>' is an alias for 'sorry', with different
wenzelm@62312
  1182
typesetting. E.g. to produce proof holes in examples and documentation.
wenzelm@62216
  1183
wenzelm@63977
  1184
* The defining position of a literal fact \<open>prop\<close> is maintained more
wenzelm@63977
  1185
carefully, and made accessible as hyperlink in the Prover IDE.
wenzelm@63977
  1186
wenzelm@63977
  1187
* Commands 'finally' and 'ultimately' used to expose the result as
wenzelm@63977
  1188
literal fact: this accidental behaviour has been discontinued. Rare
wenzelm@63977
  1189
INCOMPATIBILITY, use more explicit means to refer to facts in Isar.
wenzelm@63977
  1190
wenzelm@63977
  1191
* Command 'axiomatization' has become more restrictive to correspond
wenzelm@63977
  1192
better to internal axioms as singleton facts with mandatory name. Minor
wenzelm@63977
  1193
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62939
  1194
wenzelm@63259
  1195
* Proof methods may refer to the main facts via the dynamic fact
wenzelm@63259
  1196
"method_facts". This is particularly useful for Eisbach method
wenzelm@63259
  1197
definitions.
wenzelm@63259
  1198
wenzelm@63527
  1199
* Proof method "use" allows to modify the main facts of a given method
wenzelm@63527
  1200
expression, e.g.
wenzelm@63259
  1201
wenzelm@63259
  1202
  (use facts in simp)
wenzelm@63259
  1203
  (use facts in \<open>simp add: ...\<close>)
wenzelm@63259
  1204
wenzelm@63977
  1205
* The old proof method "default" has been removed (legacy since
wenzelm@63977
  1206
Isabelle2016). INCOMPATIBILITY, use "standard" instead.
wenzelm@63977
  1207
wenzelm@62216
  1208
haftmann@63165
  1209
*** Pure ***
haftmann@63165
  1210
wenzelm@63977
  1211
* Pure provides basic versions of proof methods "simp" and "simp_all"
wenzelm@63977
  1212
that only know about meta-equality (==). Potential INCOMPATIBILITY in
wenzelm@63977
  1213
theory imports that merge Pure with e.g. Main of Isabelle/HOL: the order
wenzelm@63977
  1214
is relevant to avoid confusion of Pure.simp vs. HOL.simp.
wenzelm@63977
  1215
wenzelm@63977
  1216
* The command 'unfolding' and proof method "unfold" include a second
wenzelm@63977
  1217
stage where given equations are passed through the attribute "abs_def"
wenzelm@63977
  1218
before rewriting. This ensures that definitions are fully expanded,
wenzelm@63977
  1219
regardless of the actual parameters that are provided. Rare
wenzelm@63977
  1220
INCOMPATIBILITY in some corner cases: use proof method (simp only:)
wenzelm@63977
  1221
instead, or declare [[unfold_abs_def = false]] in the proof context.
wenzelm@63977
  1222
wenzelm@63977
  1223
* Type-inference improves sorts of newly introduced type variables for
wenzelm@63977
  1224
the object-logic, using its base sort (i.e. HOL.type for Isabelle/HOL).
wenzelm@63977
  1225
Thus terms like "f x" or "\<And>x. P x" without any further syntactic context
wenzelm@63977
  1226
produce x::'a::type in HOL instead of x::'a::{} in Pure. Rare
wenzelm@63977
  1227
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to provide explicit type constraints for Pure
wenzelm@63977
  1228
types where this is really intended.
haftmann@63350
  1229
haftmann@63165
  1230
blanchet@62327
  1231
*** HOL ***
blanchet@62327
  1232
wenzelm@63977
  1233
* New proof method "argo" using the built-in Argo solver based on SMT
wenzelm@63977
  1234
technology. The method can be used to prove goals of quantifier-free
wenzelm@63977
  1235
propositional logic, goals based on a combination of quantifier-free
wenzelm@63977
  1236
propositional logic with equality, and goals based on a combination of
wenzelm@63977
  1237
quantifier-free propositional logic with linear real arithmetic
wenzelm@63977
  1238
including min/max/abs. See HOL/ex/Argo_Examples.thy for examples.
wenzelm@63977
  1239
blanchet@66614
  1240
* The new "nunchaku" command integrates the Nunchaku model finder. The
wenzelm@64390
  1241
tool is experimental. See ~~/src/HOL/Nunchaku/Nunchaku.thy for details.
wenzelm@64390
  1242
wenzelm@63977
  1243
* Metis: The problem encoding has changed very slightly. This might
blanchet@63785
  1244
break existing proofs. INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@63785
  1245
blanchet@63116
  1246
* Sledgehammer:
lp15@63967
  1247
  - The MaSh relevance filter is now faster than before.
blanchet@63116
  1248
  - Produce syntactically correct Vampire 4.0 problem files.
blanchet@63116
  1249
blanchet@62327
  1250
* (Co)datatype package:
blanchet@62693
  1251
  - New commands for defining corecursive functions and reasoning about
blanchet@62693
  1252
    them in "~~/src/HOL/Library/BNF_Corec.thy": 'corec', 'corecursive',
blanchet@62693
  1253
    'friend_of_corec', and 'corecursion_upto'; and 'corec_unique' proof
blanchet@62842
  1254
    method. See 'isabelle doc corec'.
wenzelm@63977
  1255
  - The predicator :: ('a \<Rightarrow> bool) \<Rightarrow> 'a F \<Rightarrow> bool is now a first-class
blanchet@63855
  1256
    citizen in bounded natural functors.
blanchet@62693
  1257
  - 'primrec' now allows nested calls through the predicator in addition
blanchet@62327
  1258
    to the map function.
blanchet@63855
  1259
  - 'bnf' automatically discharges reflexive proof obligations.
blanchet@62693
  1260
  - 'bnf' outputs a slightly modified proof obligation expressing rel in
traytel@62332
  1261
       terms of map and set
blanchet@63855
  1262
       (not giving a specification for rel makes this one reflexive).
blanchet@62693
  1263
  - 'bnf' outputs a new proof obligation expressing pred in terms of set
blanchet@63855
  1264
       (not giving a specification for pred makes this one reflexive).
blanchet@63855
  1265
    INCOMPATIBILITY: manual 'bnf' declarations may need adjustment.
blanchet@62335
  1266
  - Renamed lemmas:
blanchet@62335
  1267
      rel_prod_apply ~> rel_prod_inject
blanchet@62335
  1268
      pred_prod_apply ~> pred_prod_inject
blanchet@62335
  1269
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@62536
  1270
  - The "size" plugin has been made compatible again with locales.
blanchet@63855
  1271
  - The theorems about "rel" and "set" may have a slightly different (but
blanchet@63855
  1272
    equivalent) form.
blanchet@63855
  1273
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@62327
  1274
wenzelm@63977
  1275
* The 'coinductive' command produces a proper coinduction rule for
wenzelm@63977
  1276
mutual coinductive predicates. This new rule replaces the old rule,
wenzelm@63977
  1277
which exposed details of the internal fixpoint construction and was
wenzelm@63977
  1278
hard to use. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1279
wenzelm@63977
  1280
* New abbreviations for negated existence (but not bounded existence):
wenzelm@63977
  1281
wenzelm@63977
  1282
  \<nexists>x. P x \<equiv> \<not> (\<exists>x. P x)
wenzelm@63977
  1283
  \<nexists>!x. P x \<equiv> \<not> (\<exists>!x. P x)
wenzelm@63977
  1284
wenzelm@63977
  1285
* The print mode "HOL" for ASCII syntax of binders "!", "?", "?!", "@"
wenzelm@63977
  1286
has been removed for output. It is retained for input only, until it is
wenzelm@63977
  1287
eliminated altogether.
wenzelm@63977
  1288
wenzelm@63977
  1289
* The unique existence quantifier no longer provides 'binder' syntax,
wenzelm@63977
  1290
but uses syntax translations (as for bounded unique existence). Thus
wenzelm@63977
  1291
iterated quantification \<exists>!x y. P x y with its slightly confusing
wenzelm@63977
  1292
sequential meaning \<exists>!x. \<exists>!y. P x y is no longer possible. Instead,
wenzelm@63977
  1293
pattern abstraction admits simultaneous unique existence \<exists>!(x, y). P x y
wenzelm@63977
  1294
(analogous to existing notation \<exists>!(x, y)\<in>A. P x y). Potential
wenzelm@63977
  1295
INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations.
wenzelm@63977
  1296
wenzelm@63977
  1297
* Conventional syntax "%(). t" for unit abstractions. Slight syntactic
wenzelm@63977
  1298
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1299
wenzelm@64390
  1300
* Renamed constants and corresponding theorems:
wenzelm@64390
  1301
wenzelm@64390
  1302
    setsum ~> sum
wenzelm@64390
  1303
    setprod ~> prod
wenzelm@64390
  1304
    listsum ~> sum_list
wenzelm@64390
  1305
    listprod ~> prod_list
wenzelm@64390
  1306
wenzelm@64390
  1307
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1308
wenzelm@64390
  1309
* Sligthly more standardized theorem names:
wenzelm@64390
  1310
    sgn_times ~> sgn_mult
wenzelm@64390
  1311
    sgn_mult' ~> Real_Vector_Spaces.sgn_mult
wenzelm@64390
  1312
    divide_zero_left ~> div_0
wenzelm@64390
  1313
    zero_mod_left ~> mod_0
wenzelm@64390
  1314
    divide_zero ~> div_by_0
wenzelm@64390
  1315
    divide_1 ~> div_by_1
wenzelm@64390
  1316
    nonzero_mult_divide_cancel_left ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
  1317
    div_mult_self1_is_id ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
  1318
    nonzero_mult_divide_cancel_right ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1319
    div_mult_self2_is_id ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1320
    is_unit_divide_mult_cancel_left ~> is_unit_div_mult_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
  1321
    is_unit_divide_mult_cancel_right ~> is_unit_div_mult_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1322
    mod_div_equality ~> div_mult_mod_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1323
    mod_div_equality2 ~> mult_div_mod_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1324
    mod_div_equality3 ~> mod_div_mult_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1325
    mod_div_equality4 ~> mod_mult_div_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1326
    minus_div_eq_mod ~> minus_div_mult_eq_mod
wenzelm@64390
  1327
    minus_div_eq_mod2 ~> minus_mult_div_eq_mod
wenzelm@64390
  1328
    minus_mod_eq_div ~> minus_mod_eq_div_mult
wenzelm@64390
  1329
    minus_mod_eq_div2 ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div
wenzelm@64390
  1330
    div_mod_equality' ~> minus_mod_eq_div_mult [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1331
    mod_div_equality' ~> minus_div_mult_eq_mod [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1332
    zmod_zdiv_equality ~> mult_div_mod_eq [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1333
    zmod_zdiv_equality' ~> minus_div_mult_eq_mod [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1334
    Divides.mult_div_cancel ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1335
    mult_div_cancel ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1336
    zmult_div_cancel ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1337
    div_1 ~> div_by_Suc_0
wenzelm@64390
  1338
    mod_1 ~> mod_by_Suc_0
wenzelm@64390
  1339
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1340
wenzelm@64390
  1341
* New type class "idom_abs_sgn" specifies algebraic properties
wenzelm@64390
  1342
of sign and absolute value functions.  Type class "sgn_if" has
wenzelm@64390
  1343
disappeared.  Slight INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1344
wenzelm@64390
  1345
* Dedicated syntax LENGTH('a) for length of types.
wenzelm@64390
  1346
wenzelm@63977
  1347
* Characters (type char) are modelled as finite algebraic type
wenzelm@63977
  1348
corresponding to {0..255}.
wenzelm@63977
  1349
wenzelm@63977
  1350
  - Logical representation:
wenzelm@63977
  1351
    * 0 is instantiated to the ASCII zero character.
wenzelm@63977
  1352
    * All other characters are represented as "Char n"
wenzelm@63977
  1353
      with n being a raw numeral expression less than 256.
wenzelm@63977
  1354
    * Expressions of the form "Char n" with n greater than 255
wenzelm@63977
  1355
      are non-canonical.
wenzelm@63977
  1356
  - Printing and parsing:
wenzelm@63977
  1357
    * Printable characters are printed and parsed as "CHR ''\<dots>''"
wenzelm@63977
  1358
      (as before).
wenzelm@63977
  1359
    * The ASCII zero character is printed and parsed as "0".
wenzelm@63977
  1360
    * All other canonical characters are printed as "CHR 0xXX"
wenzelm@63977
  1361
      with XX being the hexadecimal character code.  "CHR n"
wenzelm@63977
  1362
      is parsable for every numeral expression n.
wenzelm@63977
  1363
    * Non-canonical characters have no special syntax and are
wenzelm@63977
  1364
      printed as their logical representation.
wenzelm@63977
  1365
  - Explicit conversions from and to the natural numbers are
wenzelm@63977
  1366
    provided as char_of_nat, nat_of_char (as before).
wenzelm@63977
  1367
  - The auxiliary nibble type has been discontinued.
wenzelm@63977
  1368
wenzelm@63977
  1369
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1370
wenzelm@63977
  1371
* Type class "div" with operation "mod" renamed to type class "modulo"
wenzelm@63977
  1372
with operation "modulo", analogously to type class "divide". This
wenzelm@63977
  1373
eliminates the need to qualify any of those names in the presence of
wenzelm@63977
  1374
infix "mod" syntax. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1375
wenzelm@63979
  1376
* Statements and proofs of Knaster-Tarski fixpoint combinators lfp/gfp
wenzelm@63979
  1377
have been clarified. The fixpoint properties are lfp_fixpoint, its
wenzelm@63979
  1378
symmetric lfp_unfold (as before), and the duals for gfp. Auxiliary items
wenzelm@63979
  1379
for the proof (lfp_lemma2 etc.) are no longer exported, but can be
wenzelm@63979
  1380
easily recovered by composition with eq_refl. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63979
  1381
wenzelm@63977
  1382
* Constant "surj" is a mere input abbreviation, to avoid hiding an
wenzelm@63977
  1383
equation in term output. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1384
wenzelm@63977
  1385
* Command 'code_reflect' accepts empty constructor lists for datatypes,
wenzelm@63977
  1386
which renders those abstract effectively.
wenzelm@63977
  1387
wenzelm@63977
  1388
* Command 'export_code' checks given constants for abstraction
wenzelm@63977
  1389
violations: a small guarantee that given constants specify a safe
wenzelm@63977
  1390
interface for the generated code.
wenzelm@63977
  1391
wenzelm@63977
  1392
* Code generation for Scala: ambiguous implicts in class diagrams are
wenzelm@63977
  1393
spelt out explicitly.
wenzelm@63977
  1394
wenzelm@63977
  1395
* Static evaluators (Code_Evaluation.static_* in Isabelle/ML) rely on
wenzelm@63977
  1396
explicitly provided auxiliary definitions for required type class
wenzelm@64390
  1397
dictionaries rather than half-working magic. INCOMPATIBILITY, see the
wenzelm@64390
  1398
tutorial on code generation for details.
wenzelm@64390
  1399
wenzelm@64390
  1400
* Theory Set_Interval: substantial new theorems on indexed sums and
wenzelm@64390
  1401
products.
wenzelm@63977
  1402
wenzelm@63977
  1403
* Locale bijection establishes convenient default simp rules such as
wenzelm@63977
  1404
"inv f (f a) = a" for total bijections.
wenzelm@63977
  1405
wenzelm@63977
  1406
* Abstract locales semigroup, abel_semigroup, semilattice,
wenzelm@63977
  1407
semilattice_neutr, ordering, ordering_top, semilattice_order,
wenzelm@63977
  1408
semilattice_neutr_order, comm_monoid_set, semilattice_set,
wenzelm@63977
  1409
semilattice_neutr_set, semilattice_order_set,
wenzelm@63977
  1410
semilattice_order_neutr_set monoid_list, comm_monoid_list,
wenzelm@63977
  1411
comm_monoid_list_set, comm_monoid_mset, comm_monoid_fun use boldified
wenzelm@63977
  1412
syntax uniformly that does not clash with corresponding global syntax.
wenzelm@63977
  1413
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1414
wenzelm@63977
  1415
* Former locale lifting_syntax is now a bundle, which is easier to
wenzelm@63977
  1416
include in a local context or theorem statement, e.g. "context includes
wenzelm@63977
  1417
lifting_syntax begin ... end". Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1418
wenzelm@63807
  1419
* Some old / obsolete theorems have been renamed / removed, potential
wenzelm@63807
  1420
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63807
  1421
wenzelm@63807
  1422
  nat_less_cases  --  removed, use linorder_cases instead
wenzelm@63807
  1423
  inv_image_comp  --  removed, use image_inv_f_f instead
wenzelm@63807
  1424
  image_surj_f_inv_f  ~>  image_f_inv_f
wenzelm@63113
  1425
Mathias@63456
  1426
* Some theorems about groups and orders have been generalised from
Mathias@63456
  1427
  groups to semi-groups that are also monoids:
Mathias@63456
  1428
    le_add_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1429
    le_add_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1430
    less_add_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1431
    less_add_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1432
    add_le_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1433
    add_le_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1434
    add_less_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1435
    add_less_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1436
Mathias@63456
  1437
* Some simplifications theorems about rings have been removed, since
Mathias@63456
  1438
  superseeded by a more general version:
Mathias@63456
  1439
    less_add_cancel_left_greater_zero ~> less_add_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1440
    less_add_cancel_right_greater_zero ~> less_add_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1441
    less_eq_add_cancel_left_greater_eq_zero ~> le_add_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1442
    less_eq_add_cancel_right_greater_eq_zero ~> le_add_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1443
    less_eq_add_cancel_left_less_eq_zero ~> add_le_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1444
    less_eq_add_cancel_right_less_eq_zero ~> add_le_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1445
    less_add_cancel_left_less_zero ~> add_less_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1446
    less_add_cancel_right_less_zero ~> add_less_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1447
INCOMPATIBILITY.
Mathias@63456
  1448
wenzelm@62407
  1449
* Renamed split_if -> if_split and split_if_asm -> if_split_asm to
wenzelm@62407
  1450
resemble the f.split naming convention, INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@62396
  1451
wenzelm@63977
  1452
* Added class topological_monoid.
wenzelm@63977
  1453
wenzelm@64391
  1454
* The following theorems have been renamed:
wenzelm@64391
  1455
nipkow@64457
  1456
  setsum_left_distrib ~> sum_distrib_right
nipkow@64457
  1457
  setsum_right_distrib ~> sum_distrib_left
wenzelm@64391
  1458
wenzelm@64391
  1459
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1460
wenzelm@64391
  1461
* Compound constants INFIMUM and SUPREMUM are mere abbreviations now.
wenzelm@64391
  1462
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1463
wenzelm@64391
  1464
* "Gcd (f ` A)" and "Lcm (f ` A)" are printed with optional
wenzelm@64391
  1465
comprehension-like syntax analogously to "Inf (f ` A)" and "Sup (f `
wenzelm@64391
  1466
A)".
wenzelm@64391
  1467
wenzelm@64391
  1468
* Class semiring_Lcd merged into semiring_Gcd. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1469
wenzelm@64391
  1470
* The type class ordered_comm_monoid_add is now called
wenzelm@64391
  1471
ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. A new type class ordered_comm_monoid_add
wenzelm@64391
  1472
is introduced as the combination of ordered_ab_semigroup_add +
wenzelm@64391
  1473
comm_monoid_add. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1474
wenzelm@64391
  1475
* Introduced the type classes canonically_ordered_comm_monoid_add and
wenzelm@64391
  1476
dioid.
wenzelm@64391
  1477
wenzelm@64391
  1478
* Introduced the type class ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le. When
wenzelm@64391
  1479
instantiating linordered_semiring_strict and ordered_ab_group_add, an
wenzelm@64391
  1480
explicit instantiation of ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le might
wenzelm@64391
  1481
be required. INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@63117
  1482
haftmann@62348
  1483
* Dropped various legacy fact bindings, whose replacements are often
haftmann@62348
  1484
of a more general type also:
haftmann@62348
  1485
  lcm_left_commute_nat ~> lcm.left_commute
haftmann@62348
  1486
  lcm_left_commute_int ~> lcm.left_commute
haftmann@62348
  1487
  gcd_left_commute_nat ~> gcd.left_commute
haftmann@62348
  1488
  gcd_left_commute_int ~> gcd.left_commute
haftmann@62348
  1489
  gcd_greatest_iff_nat ~> gcd_greatest_iff
haftmann@62348
  1490
  gcd_greatest_iff_int ~> gcd_greatest_iff
haftmann@62348
  1491
  coprime_dvd_mult_nat ~> coprime_dvd_mult
haftmann@62348
  1492
  coprime_dvd_mult_int ~> coprime_dvd_mult
haftmann@62348
  1493
  zpower_numeral_even ~> power_numeral_even
haftmann@62348
  1494
  gcd_mult_cancel_nat ~> gcd_mult_cancel
haftmann@62348
  1495
  gcd_mult_cancel_int ~> gcd_mult_cancel
haftmann@62348
  1496
  div_gcd_coprime_nat ~> div_gcd_coprime
haftmann@62348
  1497
  div_gcd_coprime_int ~> div_gcd_coprime
haftmann@62348
  1498
  zpower_numeral_odd ~> power_numeral_odd
haftmann@62348
  1499
  zero_less_int_conv ~> of_nat_0_less_iff
haftmann@62348
  1500
  gcd_greatest_nat ~> gcd_greatest
haftmann@62348
  1501
  gcd_greatest_int ~> gcd_greatest
haftmann@62348
  1502
  coprime_mult_nat ~> coprime_mult
haftmann@62348
  1503
  coprime_mult_int ~> coprime_mult
haftmann@62348
  1504
  lcm_commute_nat ~> lcm.commute
haftmann@62348
  1505
  lcm_commute_int ~> lcm.commute
haftmann@62348
  1506
  int_less_0_conv ~> of_nat_less_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1507
  gcd_commute_nat ~> gcd.commute
haftmann@62348
  1508
  gcd_commute_int ~> gcd.commute
haftmann@62348
  1509
  Gcd_insert_nat ~> Gcd_insert
haftmann@62348
  1510
  Gcd_insert_int ~> Gcd_insert
haftmann@62348
  1511
  of_int_int_eq ~> of_int_of_nat_eq
haftmann@62348
  1512
  lcm_least_nat ~> lcm_least
haftmann@62348
  1513
  lcm_least_int ~> lcm_least
haftmann@62348
  1514
  lcm_assoc_nat ~> lcm.assoc
haftmann@62348
  1515
  lcm_assoc_int ~> lcm.assoc
haftmann@62348
  1516
  int_le_0_conv ~> of_nat_le_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1517
  int_eq_0_conv ~> of_nat_eq_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1518
  Gcd_empty_nat ~> Gcd_empty
haftmann@62348
  1519
  Gcd_empty_int ~> Gcd_empty
haftmann@62348
  1520
  gcd_assoc_nat ~> gcd.assoc
haftmann@62348
  1521
  gcd_assoc_int ~> gcd.assoc
haftmann@62348
  1522
  zero_zle_int ~> of_nat_0_le_iff
haftmann@62348
  1523
  lcm_dvd2_nat ~> dvd_lcm2
haftmann@62348
  1524
  lcm_dvd2_int ~> dvd_lcm2
haftmann@62348
  1525
  lcm_dvd1_nat ~> dvd_lcm1
haftmann@62348
  1526
  lcm_dvd1_int ~> dvd_lcm1
haftmann@62348
  1527
  gcd_zero_nat ~> gcd_eq_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1528
  gcd_zero_int ~> gcd_eq_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1529
  gcd_dvd2_nat ~> gcd_dvd2
haftmann@62348
  1530
  gcd_dvd2_int ~> gcd_dvd2
haftmann@62348
  1531
  gcd_dvd1_nat ~> gcd_dvd1
haftmann@62348
  1532
  gcd_dvd1_int ~> gcd_dvd1
haftmann@62348
  1533
  int_numeral ~> of_nat_numeral
haftmann@62348
  1534
  lcm_ac_nat ~> ac_simps
haftmann@62348
  1535
  lcm_ac_int ~> ac_simps
haftmann@62348
  1536
  gcd_ac_nat ~> ac_simps
haftmann@62348
  1537
  gcd_ac_int ~> ac_simps
haftmann@62348
  1538
  abs_int_eq ~> abs_of_nat
haftmann@62348
  1539
  zless_int ~> of_nat_less_iff
haftmann@62348
  1540
  zdiff_int ~> of_nat_diff
haftmann@62348
  1541
  zadd_int ~> of_nat_add
haftmann@62348
  1542
  int_mult ~> of_nat_mult
haftmann@62348
  1543
  int_Suc ~> of_nat_Suc
haftmann@62348
  1544
  inj_int ~> inj_of_nat
haftmann@62348
  1545
  int_1 ~> of_nat_1
haftmann@62348
  1546
  int_0 ~> of_nat_0
haftmann@62353
  1547
  Lcm_empty_nat ~> Lcm_empty
haftmann@62353
  1548
  Lcm_empty_int ~> Lcm_empty
haftmann@62353
  1549
  Lcm_insert_nat ~> Lcm_insert
haftmann@62353
  1550
  Lcm_insert_int ~> Lcm_insert
haftmann@62353
  1551
  comp_fun_idem_gcd_nat ~> comp_fun_idem_gcd
haftmann@62353
  1552
  comp_fun_idem_gcd_int ~> comp_fun_idem_gcd
haftmann@62353
  1553
  comp_fun_idem_lcm_nat ~> comp_fun_idem_lcm
haftmann@62353
  1554
  comp_fun_idem_lcm_int ~> comp_fun_idem_lcm
haftmann@62353
  1555
  Lcm_eq_0 ~> Lcm_eq_0_I
haftmann@62353
  1556
  Lcm0_iff ~> Lcm_0_iff
haftmann@62353
  1557
  Lcm_dvd_int ~> Lcm_least
haftmann@62353
  1558
  divides_mult_nat ~> divides_mult
haftmann@62353
  1559
  divides_mult_int ~> divides_mult
haftmann@62353
  1560
  lcm_0_nat ~> lcm_0_right
haftmann@62353
  1561
  lcm_0_int ~> lcm_0_right
haftmann@62353
  1562
  lcm_0_left_nat ~> lcm_0_left
haftmann@62353
  1563
  lcm_0_left_int ~> lcm_0_left
haftmann@62353
  1564
  dvd_gcd_D1_nat ~> dvd_gcdD1
haftmann@62353
  1565
  dvd_gcd_D1_int ~> dvd_gcdD1
haftmann@62353
  1566
  dvd_gcd_D2_nat ~> dvd_gcdD2
haftmann@62353
  1567
  dvd_gcd_D2_int ~> dvd_gcdD2
haftmann@62353
  1568
  coprime_dvd_mult_iff_nat ~> coprime_dvd_mult_iff
haftmann@62353
  1569
  coprime_dvd_mult_iff_int ~> coprime_dvd_mult_iff
haftmann@62348
  1570
  realpow_minus_mult ~> power_minus_mult
haftmann@62348
  1571
  realpow_Suc_le_self ~> power_Suc_le_self
haftmann@62353
  1572
  dvd_Gcd, dvd_Gcd_nat, dvd_Gcd_int removed in favour of Gcd_greatest
haftmann@62347
  1573
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@62347
  1574
lp15@63967
  1575
* Renamed HOL/Quotient_Examples/FSet.thy to
wenzelm@63977
  1576
HOL/Quotient_Examples/Quotient_FSet.thy INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1577
wenzelm@64390
  1578
* Session HOL-Library: theory FinFun bundles "finfun_syntax" and
wenzelm@64390
  1579
"no_finfun_syntax" allow to control optional syntax in local contexts;
wenzelm@64390
  1580
this supersedes former theory FinFun_Syntax. INCOMPATIBILITY, e.g. use
wenzelm@64390
  1581
"unbundle finfun_syntax" to imitate import of
wenzelm@64390
  1582
"~~/src/HOL/Library/FinFun_Syntax".
wenzelm@64390
  1583
wenzelm@64390
  1584
* Session HOL-Library: theory Multiset_Permutations (executably) defines
wenzelm@64390
  1585
the set of permutations of a given set or multiset, i.e. the set of all
wenzelm@64390
  1586
lists that contain every element of the carrier (multi-)set exactly
wenzelm@64390
  1587
once.
wenzelm@64390
  1588
wenzelm@64390
  1589
* Session HOL-Library: multiset membership is now expressed using
wenzelm@64390
  1590
set_mset rather than count.
wenzelm@64390
  1591
wenzelm@64390
  1592
  - Expressions "count M a > 0" and similar simplify to membership
wenzelm@64390
  1593
    by default.
wenzelm@64390
  1594
wenzelm@64390
  1595
  - Converting between "count M a = 0" and non-membership happens using
wenzelm@64390
  1596
    equations count_eq_zero_iff and not_in_iff.
wenzelm@64390
  1597
wenzelm@64390
  1598
  - Rules count_inI and in_countE obtain facts of the form
wenzelm@64390
  1599
    "count M a = n" from membership.
wenzelm@64390
  1600
wenzelm@64390
  1601
  - Rules count_in_diffI and in_diff_countE obtain facts of the form
wenzelm@64390
  1602
    "count M a = n + count N a" from membership on difference sets.
wenzelm@64390
  1603
wenzelm@64390
  1604
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1605
wenzelm@64390
  1606
* Session HOL-Library: theory LaTeXsugar uses new-style "dummy_pats" for
wenzelm@64390
  1607
displaying equations in functional programming style --- variables
wenzelm@64390
  1608
present on the left-hand but not on the righ-hand side are replaced by
wenzelm@64390
  1609
underscores.
wenzelm@64390
  1610
wenzelm@64390
  1611
* Session HOL-Library: theory Combinator_PER provides combinator to
wenzelm@64390
  1612
build partial equivalence relations from a predicate and an equivalence
wenzelm@64390
  1613
relation.
wenzelm@64390
  1614
wenzelm@64390
  1615
* Session HOL-Library: theory Perm provides basic facts about almost
wenzelm@64390
  1616
everywhere fix bijections.
wenzelm@64390
  1617
wenzelm@64390
  1618
* Session HOL-Library: theory Normalized_Fraction allows viewing an
wenzelm@64390
  1619
element of a field of fractions as a normalized fraction (i.e. a pair of
wenzelm@64390
  1620
numerator and denominator such that the two are coprime and the
wenzelm@64390
  1621
denominator is normalized wrt. unit factors).
wenzelm@64390
  1622
wenzelm@64390
  1623
* Session HOL-NSA has been renamed to HOL-Nonstandard_Analysis.
wenzelm@64390
  1624
wenzelm@64390
  1625
* Session HOL-Multivariate_Analysis has been renamed to HOL-Analysis.
wenzelm@64390
  1626
wenzelm@64390
  1627
* Session HOL-Analysis: measure theory has been moved here from
wenzelm@64390
  1628
HOL-Probability. When importing HOL-Analysis some theorems need
wenzelm@64390
  1629
additional name spaces prefixes due to name clashes. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1630
wenzelm@64390
  1631
* Session HOL-Analysis: more complex analysis including Cauchy's
wenzelm@64390
  1632
inequality, Liouville theorem, open mapping theorem, maximum modulus
wenzelm@64390
  1633
principle, Residue theorem, Schwarz Lemma.
wenzelm@64390
  1634
wenzelm@64390
  1635
* Session HOL-Analysis: Theory of polyhedra: faces, extreme points,
wenzelm@64390
  1636
polytopes, and the Krein–Milman Minkowski theorem.
wenzelm@64390
  1637
wenzelm@64390
  1638
* Session HOL-Analysis: Numerous results ported from the HOL Light
wenzelm@64390
  1639
libraries: homeomorphisms, continuous function extensions, invariance of
wenzelm@64390
  1640
domain.
wenzelm@64390
  1641
wenzelm@64390
  1642
* Session HOL-Probability: the type of emeasure and nn_integral was
wenzelm@64390
  1643
changed from ereal to ennreal, INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1644
wenzelm@64390
  1645
  emeasure :: 'a measure \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> ennreal
wenzelm@64390
  1646
  nn_integral :: 'a measure \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> ennreal) \<Rightarrow> ennreal
wenzelm@64390
  1647
wenzelm@64390
  1648
* Session HOL-Probability: Code generation and QuickCheck for
wenzelm@64390
  1649
Probability Mass Functions.
wenzelm@64390
  1650
wenzelm@64390
  1651
* Session HOL-Probability: theory Random_Permutations contains some
wenzelm@64390
  1652
theory about choosing a permutation of a set uniformly at random and
wenzelm@64390
  1653
folding over a list in random order.
wenzelm@64390
  1654
wenzelm@64390
  1655
* Session HOL-Probability: theory SPMF formalises discrete
wenzelm@64390
  1656
subprobability distributions.
wenzelm@64390
  1657
wenzelm@64390
  1658
* Session HOL-Library: the names of multiset theorems have been
wenzelm@64390
  1659
normalised to distinguish which ordering the theorems are about
wenzelm@64390
  1660
wenzelm@64390
  1661
    mset_less_eqI ~> mset_subset_eqI
wenzelm@64390
  1662
    mset_less_insertD ~> mset_subset_insertD
wenzelm@64390
  1663
    mset_less_eq_count ~> mset_subset_eq_count
wenzelm@64390
  1664
    mset_less_diff_self ~> mset_subset_diff_self
wenzelm@64390
  1665
    mset_le_exists_conv ~> mset_subset_eq_exists_conv
wenzelm@64390
  1666
    mset_le_mono_add_right_cancel ~> mset_subset_eq_mono_add_right_cancel
wenzelm@64390
  1667
    mset_le_mono_add_left_cancel ~> mset_subset_eq_mono_add_left_cancel
wenzelm@64390
  1668
    mset_le_mono_add ~> mset_subset_eq_mono_add
wenzelm@64390
  1669
    mset_le_add_left ~> mset_subset_eq_add_left
wenzelm@64390
  1670
    mset_le_add_right ~> mset_subset_eq_add_right
wenzelm@64390
  1671
    mset_le_single ~> mset_subset_eq_single
wenzelm@64390
  1672
    mset_le_multiset_union_diff_commute ~> mset_subset_eq_multiset_union_diff_commute
wenzelm@64390
  1673
    diff_le_self ~> diff_subset_eq_self
wenzelm@64390
  1674
    mset_leD ~> mset_subset_eqD
wenzelm@64390
  1675
    mset_lessD ~> mset_subsetD
wenzelm@64390
  1676
    mset_le_insertD ~> mset_subset_eq_insertD
wenzelm@64390
  1677
    mset_less_of_empty ~> mset_subset_of_empty
wenzelm@64390
  1678
    mset_less_size ~> mset_subset_size
wenzelm@64390
  1679
    wf_less_mset_rel ~> wf_subset_mset_rel
wenzelm@64390
  1680
    count_le_replicate_mset_le ~> count_le_replicate_mset_subset_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1681
    mset_remdups_le ~> mset_remdups_subset_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1682
    ms_lesseq_impl ~> subset_eq_mset_impl
wenzelm@64390
  1683
wenzelm@64390
  1684
Some functions have been renamed:
wenzelm@64390
  1685
    ms_lesseq_impl -> subset_eq_mset_impl
wenzelm@64390
  1686
wenzelm@64390
  1687
* HOL-Library: multisets are now ordered with the multiset ordering
wenzelm@64390
  1688
    #\<subseteq># ~> \<le>
wenzelm@64390
  1689
    #\<subset># ~> <
wenzelm@64390
  1690
    le_multiset ~> less_eq_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1691
    less_multiset ~> le_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1692
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1693
wenzelm@64390
  1694
* Session HOL-Library: the prefix multiset_order has been discontinued:
wenzelm@64390
  1695
the theorems can be directly accessed. As a consequence, the lemmas
wenzelm@64390
  1696
"order_multiset" and "linorder_multiset" have been discontinued, and the
wenzelm@64390
  1697
interpretations "multiset_linorder" and "multiset_wellorder" have been
wenzelm@64390
  1698
replaced by instantiations. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1699
wenzelm@64390
  1700
* Session HOL-Library: some theorems about the multiset ordering have
wenzelm@64390
  1701
been renamed:
wenzelm@64390
  1702
wenzelm@64390
  1703
    le_multiset_def ~> less_eq_multiset_def
wenzelm@64390
  1704
    less_multiset_def ~> le_multiset_def
wenzelm@64390
  1705
    less_eq_imp_le_multiset ~> subset_eq_imp_le_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1706
    mult_less_not_refl ~> mset_le_not_refl
wenzelm@64390
  1707
    mult_less_trans ~> mset_le_trans
wenzelm@64390
  1708
    mult_less_not_sym ~> mset_le_not_sym
wenzelm@64390
  1709
    mult_less_asym ~> mset_le_asym
wenzelm@64390
  1710
    mult_less_irrefl ~> mset_le_irrefl
wenzelm@64390
  1711
    union_less_mono2{,1,2} ~> union_le_mono2{,1,2}
wenzelm@64390
  1712
wenzelm@64390
  1713
    le_multiset\<^sub>H\<^sub>O ~> less_eq_multiset\<^sub>H\<^sub>O
wenzelm@64390
  1714
    le_multiset_total ~> less_eq_multiset_total
wenzelm@64390
  1715
    less_multiset_right_total ~> subset_eq_imp_le_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1716
    le_multiset_empty_left ~> less_eq_multiset_empty_left
wenzelm@64390
  1717
    le_multiset_empty_right ~> less_eq_multiset_empty_right
wenzelm@64390
  1718
    less_multiset_empty_right ~> le_multiset_empty_left
wenzelm@64390
  1719
    less_multiset_empty_left ~> le_multiset_empty_right
wenzelm@64390
  1720
    union_less_diff_plus ~> union_le_diff_plus
wenzelm@64390
  1721
    ex_gt_count_imp_less_multiset ~> ex_gt_count_imp_le_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1722
    less_multiset_plus_left_nonempty ~> le_multiset_plus_left_nonempty
wenzelm@64390
  1723
    le_multiset_plus_right_nonempty ~> le_multiset_plus_right_nonempty
wenzelm@64390
  1724
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1725
wenzelm@64390
  1726
* Session HOL-Library: the lemma mset_map has now the attribute [simp].
wenzelm@64390
  1727
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1728
wenzelm@64390
  1729
* Session HOL-Library: some theorems about multisets have been removed.
wenzelm@64390
  1730
INCOMPATIBILITY, use the following replacements:
wenzelm@64390
  1731
wenzelm@64390
  1732
    le_multiset_plus_plus_left_iff ~> add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1733
    less_multiset_plus_plus_left_iff ~> add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1734
    le_multiset_plus_plus_right_iff ~> add_less_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
  1735
    less_multiset_plus_plus_right_iff ~> add_less_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
  1736
    add_eq_self_empty_iff ~> add_cancel_left_right
wenzelm@64390
  1737
    mset_subset_add_bothsides ~> subset_mset.add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1738
    mset_less_add_bothsides ~> subset_mset.add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1739
    mset_le_add_bothsides ~> subset_mset.add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1740
    empty_inter ~> subset_mset.inf_bot_left
wenzelm@64390
  1741
    inter_empty ~> subset_mset.inf_bot_right
wenzelm@64390
  1742
    empty_sup ~> subset_mset.sup_bot_left
wenzelm@64390
  1743
    sup_empty ~> subset_mset.sup_bot_right
wenzelm@64390
  1744
    bdd_below_multiset ~> subset_mset.bdd_above_bot
wenzelm@64390
  1745
    subset_eq_empty ~> subset_mset.le_zero_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1746
    le_empty ~> subset_mset.le_zero_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1747
    mset_subset_empty_nonempty ~> subset_mset.zero_less_iff_neq_zero
wenzelm@64390
  1748
    mset_less_empty_nonempty ~> subset_mset.zero_less_iff_neq_zero
wenzelm@64390
  1749
wenzelm@64390
  1750
* Session HOL-Library: some typeclass constraints about multisets have
wenzelm@64390
  1751
been reduced from ordered or linordered to preorder. Multisets have the
wenzelm@64390
  1752
additional typeclasses order_bot, no_top,
wenzelm@64390
  1753
ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le, ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add,
wenzelm@64390
  1754
linordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add, and
wenzelm@64390
  1755
ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1756
wenzelm@64390
  1757
* Session HOL-Library: there are some new simplification rules about
wenzelm@64390
  1758
multisets, the multiset ordering, and the subset ordering on multisets.
wenzelm@64390
  1759
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1760
wenzelm@64390
  1761
* Session HOL-Library: the subset ordering on multisets has now the
wenzelm@64390
  1762
interpretations ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le and
wenzelm@64390
  1763
bounded_lattice_bot. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1764
wenzelm@64390
  1765
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: single has been removed in favor
wenzelm@64390
  1766
of add_mset that roughly corresponds to Set.insert. Some theorems have
wenzelm@64390
  1767
removed or changed:
wenzelm@64390
  1768
wenzelm@64390
  1769
  single_not_empty ~> add_mset_not_empty or empty_not_add_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1770
  fold_mset_insert ~> fold_mset_add_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1771
  image_mset_insert ~> image_mset_add_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1772
  union_single_eq_diff
wenzelm@64390
  1773
  multi_self_add_other_not_self
wenzelm@64390
  1774
  diff_single_eq_union
wenzelm@64390
  1775
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1776
wenzelm@64390
  1777
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: some theorems have been changed
wenzelm@64390
  1778
to use add_mset instead of single:
wenzelm@64390
  1779
wenzelm@64390
  1780
  mset_add
wenzelm@64390
  1781
  multi_self_add_other_not_self
wenzelm@64390
  1782
  diff_single_eq_union
wenzelm@64390
  1783
  union_single_eq_diff
wenzelm@64390
  1784
  union_single_eq_member
wenzelm@64390
  1785
  add_eq_conv_diff
wenzelm@64390
  1786
  insert_noteq_member
wenzelm@64390
  1787
  add_eq_conv_ex
wenzelm@64390
  1788
  multi_member_split
wenzelm@64390
  1789
  multiset_add_sub_el_shuffle
wenzelm@64390
  1790
  mset_subset_eq_insertD
wenzelm@64390
  1791
  mset_subset_insertD
wenzelm@64390
  1792
  insert_subset_eq_iff
wenzelm@64390
  1793
  insert_union_subset_iff
wenzelm@64390
  1794
  multi_psub_of_add_self
wenzelm@64390
  1795
  inter_add_left1
wenzelm@64390
  1796
  inter_add_left2
wenzelm@64390
  1797
  inter_add_right1
wenzelm@64390
  1798
  inter_add_right2
wenzelm@64390
  1799
  sup_union_left1
wenzelm@64390
  1800
  sup_union_left2
wenzelm@64390
  1801
  sup_union_right1
wenzelm@64390
  1802
  sup_union_right2
wenzelm@64390
  1803
  size_eq_Suc_imp_eq_union
wenzelm@64390
  1804
  multi_nonempty_split
wenzelm@64390
  1805
  mset_insort
wenzelm@64390
  1806
  mset_update
wenzelm@64390
  1807
  mult1I
wenzelm@64390
  1808
  less_add
wenzelm@64390
  1809
  mset_zip_take_Cons_drop_twice
wenzelm@64390
  1810
  rel_mset_Zero
wenzelm@64390
  1811
  msed_map_invL
wenzelm@64390
  1812
  msed_map_invR
wenzelm@64390
  1813
  msed_rel_invL
wenzelm@64390
  1814
  msed_rel_invR
wenzelm@64390
  1815
  le_multiset_right_total
wenzelm@64390
  1816
  multiset_induct
wenzelm@64390
  1817
  multiset_induct2_size
wenzelm@64390
  1818
  multiset_induct2
wenzelm@64390
  1819
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1820
wenzelm@64390
  1821
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the definitions of some
wenzelm@64390
  1822
constants have changed to use add_mset instead of adding a single
wenzelm@64390
  1823
element:
wenzelm@64390
  1824
wenzelm@64390
  1825
  image_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1826
  mset
wenzelm@64390
  1827
  replicate_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1828
  mult1
wenzelm@64390
  1829
  pred_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1830
  rel_mset'
wenzelm@64390
  1831
  mset_insort
wenzelm@64390
  1832
wenzelm@64390
  1833
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1834
wenzelm@64390
  1835
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: due to the above changes, the
wenzelm@64390
  1836
attributes of some multiset theorems have been changed:
wenzelm@64390
  1837
wenzelm@64390
  1838
  insert_DiffM  [] ~> [simp]
wenzelm@64390
  1839
  insert_DiffM2 [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1840
  diff_add_mset_swap [simp]
wenzelm@64390
  1841
  fold_mset_add_mset [simp]
wenzelm@64390
  1842
  diff_diff_add [simp] (for multisets only)
wenzelm@64390
  1843
  diff_cancel [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1844
  count_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1845
  set_mset_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1846
  size_multiset_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1847
  size_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1848
  image_mset_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1849
  mset_subset_eq_mono_add_right_cancel [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1850
  mset_subset_eq_mono_add_left_cancel [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1851
  fold_mset_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1852
  subset_eq_empty [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1853
  empty_sup [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1854
  sup_empty [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1855
  inter_empty [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1856
  empty_inter [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1857
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1858
wenzelm@64391
  1859
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the order of the variables in
wenzelm@64390
  1860
the second cases of multiset_induct, multiset_induct2_size,
wenzelm@64390
  1861
multiset_induct2 has been changed (e.g. Add A a ~> Add a A).
wenzelm@64390
  1862
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1863
wenzelm@64390
  1864
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: there is now a simplification
wenzelm@64390
  1865
procedure on multisets. It mimics the behavior of the procedure on
wenzelm@64390
  1866
natural numbers. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1867
wenzelm@64390
  1868
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: renamed sums and products of
wenzelm@64390
  1869
multisets:
wenzelm@64390
  1870
wenzelm@64390
  1871
  msetsum ~> sum_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1872
  msetprod ~> prod_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1873
wenzelm@64390
  1874
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the notation for intersection
wenzelm@64390
  1875
and union of multisets have been changed:
wenzelm@64390
  1876
wenzelm@64390
  1877
  #\<inter> ~> \<inter>#
wenzelm@64390
  1878
  #\<union> ~> \<union>#
wenzelm@64390
  1879
wenzelm@64390
  1880
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1881
wenzelm@64390
  1882
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the lemma
wenzelm@64390
  1883
one_step_implies_mult_aux on multisets has been removed, use
wenzelm@64390
  1884
one_step_implies_mult instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1885
wenzelm@64390
  1886
* Session HOL-Library: theory Complete_Partial_Order2 provides reasoning
wenzelm@64390
  1887
support for monotonicity and continuity in chain-complete partial orders
wenzelm@64390
  1888
and about admissibility conditions for fixpoint inductions.
wenzelm@64390
  1889
haftmann@64523
  1890
* Session HOL-Library: theory Library/Polynomial contains also
haftmann@64523
  1891
derivation of polynomials (formerly in Library/Poly_Deriv) but not
haftmann@64523
  1892
gcd/lcm on polynomials over fields. This has been moved to a separate
haftmann@64523
  1893
theory Library/Polynomial_GCD_euclidean.thy, to pave way for a possible
haftmann@64523
  1894
future different type class instantiation for polynomials over factorial
haftmann@64523
  1895
rings. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1896
wenzelm@64390
  1897
* Session HOL-Library: theory Sublist provides function "prefixes" with
wenzelm@64390
  1898
the following renaming
wenzelm@64390
  1899
wenzelm@64390
  1900
  prefixeq -> prefix
wenzelm@64390
  1901
  prefix -> strict_prefix
wenzelm@64390
  1902
  suffixeq -> suffix
wenzelm@64390
  1903
  suffix -> strict_suffix
wenzelm@64390
  1904
wenzelm@64390
  1905
Added theory of longest common prefixes.
blanchet@64389
  1906
wenzelm@64391
  1907
* Session HOL-Number_Theory: algebraic foundation for primes:
wenzelm@64391
  1908
Generalisation of predicate "prime" and introduction of predicates
wenzelm@64391
  1909
"prime_elem", "irreducible", a "prime_factorization" function, and the
wenzelm@64391
  1910
"factorial_ring" typeclass with instance proofs for nat, int, poly. Some
wenzelm@64391
  1911
theorems now have different names, most notably "prime_def" is now
wenzelm@64391
  1912
"prime_nat_iff". INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1913
wenzelm@64391
  1914
* Session Old_Number_Theory has been removed, after porting remaining
wenzelm@64391
  1915
theories.
wenzelm@64391
  1916
wenzelm@64551
  1917
* Session HOL-Types_To_Sets provides an experimental extension of
wenzelm@64551
  1918
Higher-Order Logic to allow translation of types to sets.
wenzelm@64551
  1919
wenzelm@63198
  1920
wenzelm@62498
  1921
*** ML ***
wenzelm@62498
  1922
wenzelm@63227
  1923
* Integer.gcd and Integer.lcm use efficient operations from the Poly/ML
wenzelm@63228
  1924
library (notably for big integers). Subtle change of semantics:
wenzelm@63228
  1925
Integer.gcd and Integer.lcm both normalize the sign, results are never
wenzelm@63228
  1926
negative. This coincides with the definitions in HOL/GCD.thy.
wenzelm@63228
  1927
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63227
  1928
wenzelm@63212
  1929
* Structure Rat for rational numbers is now an integral part of
wenzelm@63215
  1930
Isabelle/ML, with special notation @int/nat or @int for numerals (an
wenzelm@63215
  1931
abbreviation for antiquotation @{Pure.rat argument}) and ML pretty
wenzelm@63212
  1932
printing. Standard operations on type Rat.rat are provided via ad-hoc
wenzelm@63215
  1933
overloading of + - * / < <= > >= ~ abs. INCOMPATIBILITY, need to
wenzelm@63212
  1934
use + instead of +/ etc. Moreover, exception Rat.DIVZERO has been
wenzelm@63212
  1935
superseded by General.Div.
wenzelm@63198
  1936
wenzelm@64390
  1937
* ML antiquotation @{path} is superseded by @{file}, which ensures that
wenzelm@64390
  1938
the argument is a plain file. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1939
wenzelm@64390
  1940
* Antiquotation @{make_string} is available during Pure bootstrap --
wenzelm@64390
  1941
with approximative output quality.
wenzelm@64390
  1942
wenzelm@64390
  1943
* Low-level ML system structures (like PolyML and RunCall) are no longer
wenzelm@64390
  1944
exposed to Isabelle/ML user-space. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1945
wenzelm@62861
  1946
* The ML function "ML" provides easy access to run-time compilation.
wenzelm@62861
  1947
This is particularly useful for conditional compilation, without
wenzelm@62861
  1948
requiring separate files.
wenzelm@62861
  1949
wenzelm@62498
  1950
* Option ML_exception_debugger controls detailed exception trace via the
wenzelm@62498
  1951
Poly/ML debugger. Relevant ML modules need to be compiled beforehand
wenzelm@62498
  1952
with ML_file_debug, or with ML_file and option ML_debugger enabled. Note
wenzelm@62498
  1953
debugger information requires consirable time and space: main
wenzelm@62498
  1954
Isabelle/HOL with full debugger support may need ML_system_64.
wenzelm@62498
  1955
wenzelm@62514
  1956
* Local_Theory.restore has been renamed to Local_Theory.reset to
wenzelm@62514
  1957
emphasize its disruptive impact on the cumulative context, notably the
wenzelm@62514
  1958
scope of 'private' or 'qualified' names. Note that Local_Theory.reset is
wenzelm@62514
  1959
only appropriate when targets are managed, e.g. starting from a global
wenzelm@62514
  1960
theory and returning to it. Regular definitional packages should use
wenzelm@62514
  1961
balanced blocks of Local_Theory.open_target versus
wenzelm@62514
  1962
Local_Theory.close_target instead. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62514
  1963
wenzelm@62519
  1964
* Structure TimeLimit (originally from the SML/NJ library) has been
wenzelm@62519
  1965
replaced by structure Timeout, with slightly different signature.
wenzelm@62519
  1966
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62519
  1967
wenzelm@62551
  1968
* Discontinued cd and pwd operations, which are not well-defined in a
wenzelm@62551
  1969
multi-threaded environment. Note that files are usually located
wenzelm@62551
  1970
relatively to the master directory of a theory (see also
wenzelm@62551
  1971
File.full_path). Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62551
  1972
wenzelm@63352
  1973
* Binding.empty_atts supersedes Thm.empty_binding and
wenzelm@63352
  1974
Attrib.empty_binding. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63352
  1975
wenzelm@62498
  1976
wenzelm@62354
  1977
*** System ***
wenzelm@62354
  1978
wenzelm@64390
  1979
* SML/NJ and old versions of Poly/ML are no longer supported.
wenzelm@64390
  1980
wenzelm@64390
  1981
* Poly/ML heaps now follow the hierarchy of sessions, and thus require
wenzelm@64390
  1982
much less disk space.
wenzelm@63226
  1983
wenzelm@62591
  1984
* The Isabelle ML process is now managed directly by Isabelle/Scala, and
wenzelm@62591
  1985
shell scripts merely provide optional command-line access. In
wenzelm@62591
  1986
particular:
wenzelm@62591
  1987
wenzelm@62591
  1988
  . Scala module ML_Process to connect to the raw ML process,
wenzelm@62591
  1989
    with interaction via stdin/stdout/stderr or in batch mode;
wenzelm@62591
  1990
  . command-line tool "isabelle console" as interactive wrapper;
wenzelm@62591
  1991
  . command-line tool "isabelle process" as batch mode wrapper.
wenzelm@62588
  1992
wenzelm@62588
  1993
* The executable "isabelle_process" has been discontinued. Tools and
wenzelm@62588
  1994
prover front-ends should use ML_Process or Isabelle_Process in
wenzelm@62591
  1995
Isabelle/Scala. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62588
  1996
wenzelm@62588
  1997
* New command-line tool "isabelle process" supports ML evaluation of
wenzelm@62588
  1998
literal expressions (option -e) or files (option -f) in the context of a
wenzelm@62588
  1999
given heap image. Errors lead to premature exit of the ML process with
wenzelm@62588
  2000
return code 1.
wenzelm@62588
  2001
wenzelm@64390
  2002
* The command-line tool "isabelle build" supports option -N for cyclic
wenzelm@64390
  2003
shuffling of NUMA CPU nodes. This may help performance tuning on Linux
wenzelm@64390
  2004
servers with separate CPU/memory modules.
wenzelm@64390
  2005
wenzelm@64390
  2006
* System option "threads" (for the size of the Isabelle/ML thread farm)
wenzelm@64390
  2007
is also passed to the underlying ML runtime system as --gcthreads,
wenzelm@64274
  2008
unless there is already a default provided via ML_OPTIONS settings.
wenzelm@64274
  2009
wenzelm@63827
  2010
* System option "checkpoint" helps to fine-tune the global heap space
wenzelm@63827
  2011
management of isabelle build. This is relevant for big sessions that may
wenzelm@63827
  2012
exhaust the small 32-bit address space of the ML process (which is used
wenzelm@63827
  2013
by default).
wenzelm@63827
  2014
wenzelm@64308
  2015
* System option "profiling" specifies the mode for global ML profiling
wenzelm@64342
  2016
in "isabelle build". Possible values are "time", "allocations". The
wenzelm@64342
  2017
command-line tool "isabelle profiling_report" helps to digest the
wenzelm@64342
  2018
resulting log files.
wenzelm@64308
  2019
wenzelm@63986
  2020
* System option "ML_process_policy" specifies an optional command prefix
wenzelm@63986
  2021
for the underlying ML process, e.g. to control CPU affinity on
wenzelm@63987
  2022
multiprocessor systems. The "isabelle jedit" tool allows to override the
wenzelm@63987
  2023
implicit default via option -p.
wenzelm@63986
  2024
wenzelm@64390
  2025
* Command-line tool "isabelle console" provides option -r to help to
wenzelm@64390
  2026
bootstrapping Isabelle/Pure interactively.
wenzelm@64390
  2027
wenzelm@64390
  2028
* Command-line tool "isabelle yxml" has been discontinued.
wenzelm@64390
  2029
INCOMPATIBILITY, use operations from the modules "XML" and "YXML" in
wenzelm@64390
  2030
Isabelle/ML or Isabelle/Scala.
wenzelm@64390
  2031
wenzelm@64390
  2032
* Many Isabelle tools that require a Java runtime system refer to the
wenzelm@64390
  2033
settings ISABELLE_TOOL_JAVA_OPTIONS32 / ISABELLE_TOOL_JAVA_OPTIONS64,
wenzelm@64390
  2034
depending on the underlying platform. The settings for "isabelle build"
wenzelm@64390
  2035
ISABELLE_BUILD_JAVA_OPTIONS32 / ISABELLE_BUILD_JAVA_OPTIONS64 have been
wenzelm@64390
  2036
discontinued. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  2037
wenzelm@64390
  2038
* The Isabelle system environment always ensures that the main
wenzelm@64390
  2039
executables are found within the shell search $PATH: "isabelle" and
wenzelm@64390
  2040
"isabelle_scala_script".
wenzelm@64390
  2041
wenzelm@64390
  2042
* Isabelle tools may consist of .scala files: the Scala compiler is
wenzelm@64390
  2043
invoked on the spot. The source needs to define some object that extends
wenzelm@64390
  2044
Isabelle_Tool.Body.
wenzelm@64390
  2045
wenzelm@64390
  2046
* File.bash_string, File.bash_path etc. represent Isabelle/ML and
wenzelm@64390
  2047
Isabelle/Scala strings authentically within GNU bash. This is useful to
wenzelm@64390
  2048
produce robust shell scripts under program control, without worrying
wenzelm@64390
  2049
about spaces or special characters. Note that user output works via
wenzelm@64390
  2050
Path.print (ML) or Path.toString (Scala). INCOMPATIBILITY, the old (and
wenzelm@64390
  2051
less versatile) operations File.shell_quote, File.shell_path etc. have
wenzelm@64390
  2052
been discontinued.
wenzelm@64390
  2053
wenzelm@63995
  2054
* The isabelle_java executable allows to run a Java process within the
wenzelm@63995
  2055
name space of Java and Scala components that are bundled with Isabelle,
wenzelm@63995
  2056
but without the Isabelle settings environment.
wenzelm@63995
  2057
wenzelm@64390
  2058
* Isabelle/Scala: the SSH module supports ssh and sftp connections, for
wenzelm@64390
  2059
remote command-execution and file-system access. This resembles
wenzelm@64390
  2060
operations from module File and Isabelle_System to some extent. Note
wenzelm@64390
  2061
that Path specifications need to be resolved remotely via
wenzelm@64390
  2062
ssh.remote_path instead of File.standard_path: the implicit process
wenzelm@64390
  2063
environment is different, Isabelle settings are not available remotely.
wenzelm@64390
  2064
wenzelm@64390
  2065
* Isabelle/Scala: the Mercurial module supports repositories via the
wenzelm@64390
  2066
regular hg command-line interface. The repositroy clone and working
wenzelm@64390
  2067
directory may reside on a local or remote file-system (via ssh
wenzelm@64390
  2068
connection).
wenzelm@64265
  2069
wenzelm@62354
  2070
wenzelm@62354
  2071
wenzelm@62031
  2072
New in Isabelle2016 (February 2016)
wenzelm@62016
  2073
-----------------------------------
wenzelm@60138
  2074
wenzelm@61337
  2075
*** General ***
wenzelm@61337
  2076
wenzelm@62168
  2077
* Eisbach is now based on Pure instead of HOL. Objects-logics may import
wenzelm@62168
  2078
either the theory ~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/Eisbach (for HOL etc.) or
wenzelm@62168
  2079
~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/Eisbach_Old_Appl_Syntax (for FOL, ZF etc.). Note that
wenzelm@62168
  2080
the HOL-Eisbach session located in ~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/ contains further
wenzelm@62168
  2081
examples that do require HOL.
wenzelm@62168
  2082
wenzelm@62157
  2083
* Better resource usage on all platforms (Linux, Windows, Mac OS X) for
wenzelm@62157
  2084
both Isabelle/ML and Isabelle/Scala.  Slightly reduced heap space usage.
wenzelm@62157
  2085
wenzelm@62017
  2086
* Former "xsymbols" syntax with Isabelle symbols is used by default,
wenzelm@62017
  2087
without any special print mode. Important ASCII replacement syntax
wenzelm@62017
  2088
remains available under print mode "ASCII", but less important syntax
wenzelm@62017
  2089
has been removed (see below).
wenzelm@62017
  2090
wenzelm@62109
  2091
* Support for more arrow symbols, with rendering in LaTeX and Isabelle
wenzelm@62109
  2092
fonts: \<Lleftarrow> \<Rrightarrow> \<longlongleftarrow> \<longlongrightarrow> \<longlonglongleftarrow> \<longlonglongrightarrow>.
wenzelm@62017
  2093
wenzelm@62108
  2094
* Special notation \<struct> for the first implicit 'structure' in the
wenzelm@62108
  2095
context has been discontinued. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY, use explicit
wenzelm@62108
  2096
structure name instead, notably in indexed notation with block-subscript
wenzelm@62108
  2097
(e.g. \<odot>\<^bsub>A\<^esub>).
wenzelm@62108
  2098
wenzelm@62108
  2099
* The glyph for \<diamond> in the IsabelleText font now corresponds better to its
wenzelm@62108
  2100
counterpart \<box> as quantifier-like symbol. A small diamond is available as
wenzelm@62108
  2101
\<diamondop>; the old symbol \<struct> loses this rendering and any special
wenzelm@62108
  2102
meaning.
wenzelm@62108
  2103
wenzelm@62017
  2104
* Syntax for formal comments "-- text" now also supports the symbolic
wenzelm@62017
  2105
form "\<comment> text". Command-line tool "isabelle update_cartouches -c" helps
wenzelm@62017
  2106
to update old sources.
wenzelm@62017
  2107
wenzelm@61337
  2108
* Toplevel theorem statements have been simplified as follows:
wenzelm@61337
  2109
wenzelm@61337
  2110
  theorems             ~>  lemmas
wenzelm@61337
  2111
  schematic_lemma      ~>  schematic_goal
wenzelm@61337
  2112
  schematic_theorem    ~>  schematic_goal
wenzelm@61337
  2113
  schematic_corollary  ~>  schematic_goal
wenzelm@61337
  2114
wenzelm@61337
  2115
Command-line tool "isabelle update_theorems" updates theory sources
wenzelm@61337
  2116
accordingly.
wenzelm@61337
  2117
wenzelm@61338
  2118
* Toplevel theorem statement 'proposition' is another alias for
wenzelm@61338
  2119
'theorem'.
wenzelm@61338
  2120
wenzelm@62169
  2121
* The old 'defs' command has been removed (legacy since Isabelle2014).
wenzelm@62169
  2122
INCOMPATIBILITY, use regular 'definition' instead. Overloaded and/or
wenzelm@62169
  2123
deferred definitions require a surrounding 'overloading' block.
wenzelm@62169
  2124
wenzelm@61337
  2125
wenzelm@60610
  2126
*** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***
wenzelm@60610
  2127
wenzelm@60986
  2128
* IDE support for the source-level debugger of Poly/ML, to work with
wenzelm@62253
  2129
Isabelle/ML and official Standard ML. Option "ML_debugger" and commands
wenzelm@62253
  2130
'ML_file_debug', 'ML_file_no_debug', 'SML_file_debug',
wenzelm@62253
  2131
'SML_file_no_debug' control compilation of sources with or without
wenzelm@62253
  2132
debugging information. The Debugger panel allows to set breakpoints (via
wenzelm@62253
  2133
context menu), step through stopped threads, evaluate local ML
wenzelm@62253
  2134
expressions etc. At least one Debugger view needs to be active to have
wenzelm@62253
  2135
any effect on the running ML program.
wenzelm@60984
  2136
wenzelm@61803
  2137
* The State panel manages explicit proof state output, with dynamic
wenzelm@61803
  2138
auto-update according to cursor movement. Alternatively, the jEdit
wenzelm@61803
  2139
action "isabelle.update-state" (shortcut S+ENTER) triggers manual
wenzelm@61803
  2140
update.
wenzelm@61729
  2141
wenzelm@61729
  2142
* The Output panel no longer shows proof state output by default, to
wenzelm@61729
  2143
avoid GUI overcrowding. INCOMPATIBILITY, use the State panel instead or
wenzelm@61729
  2144
enable option "editor_output_state".
wenzelm@61215
  2145
wenzelm@61803
  2146
* The text overview column (status of errors, warnings etc.) is updated
wenzelm@61803
  2147
asynchronously, leading to much better editor reactivity. Moreover, the
wenzelm@61803
  2148
full document node content is taken into account. The width of the
wenzelm@61803
  2149
column is scaled according to the main text area font, for improved
wenzelm@61803
  2150
visibility.
wenzelm@61803
  2151
wenzelm@61803
  2152
* The main text area no longer changes its color hue in outdated
wenzelm@61803
  2153
situations. The text overview column takes over the role to indicate
wenzelm@61803
  2154
unfinished edits in the PIDE pipeline. This avoids flashing text display
wenzelm@61803
  2155
due to ad-hoc updates by auxiliary GUI components, such as the State
wenzelm@61803
  2156
panel.
wenzelm@61803
  2157
wenzelm@62254
  2158
* Slightly improved scheduling for urgent print tasks (e.g. command
wenzelm@62254
  2159
state output, interactive queries) wrt. long-running background tasks.
wenzelm@62017
  2160
wenzelm@62017
  2161
* Completion of symbols via prefix of \<name> or \<^name> or \name is
wenzelm@62017
  2162
always possible, independently of the language context. It is never
wenzelm@62017
  2163
implicit: a popup will show up unconditionally.
wenzelm@62017
  2164
wenzelm@62017
  2165
* Additional abbreviations for syntactic completion may be specified in
wenzelm@62017
  2166
$ISABELLE_HOME/etc/abbrevs and $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/abbrevs, with
wenzelm@62017
  2167
support for simple templates using ASCII 007 (bell) as placeholder.
wenzelm@62017
  2168
wenzelm@62234
  2169
* Symbols \<oplus>, \<Oplus>, \<otimes>, \<Otimes>, \<odot>, \<Odot>, \<ominus>, \<oslash> no longer provide abbreviations for
wenzelm@62234
  2170
completion like "+o", "*o", ".o" etc. -- due to conflicts with other
wenzelm@62234
  2171
ASCII syntax. INCOMPATIBILITY, use plain backslash-completion or define
wenzelm@62234
  2172
suitable abbreviations in $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/abbrevs.
wenzelm@62234
  2173
wenzelm@61483
  2174
* Action "isabelle-emph" (with keyboard shortcut C+e LEFT) controls
wenzelm@61483
  2175
emphasized text style; the effect is visible in document output, not in
wenzelm@61483
  2176
the editor.
wenzelm@61483
  2177
wenzelm@61483
  2178
* Action "isabelle-reset" now uses keyboard shortcut C+e BACK_SPACE,
wenzelm@61483
  2179
instead of former C+e LEFT.
wenzelm@61483
  2180
wenzelm@61512
  2181
* The command-line tool "isabelle jedit" and the isabelle.Main
wenzelm@62027
  2182
application wrapper treat the default $USER_HOME/Scratch.thy more
wenzelm@61512
  2183
uniformly, and allow the dummy file argument ":" to open an empty buffer
wenzelm@61512
  2184
instead.
wenzelm@61512
  2185
wenzelm@62017
  2186
* New command-line tool "isabelle jedit_client" allows to connect to an
wenzelm@62017
  2187
already running Isabelle/jEdit process. This achieves the effect of
wenzelm@62017
  2188
single-instance applications seen on common GUI desktops.
wenzelm@62017
  2189
wenzelm@61529
  2190
* The default look-and-feel for Linux is the traditional "Metal", which
wenzelm@61529
  2191
works better with GUI scaling for very high-resolution displays (e.g.
wenzelm@61529
  2192
4K). Moreover, it is generally more robust than "Nimbus".
wenzelm@61529
  2193
wenzelm@62163
  2194
* Update to jedit-5.3.0, with improved GUI scaling and support of
wenzelm@62163
  2195
high-resolution displays (e.g. 4K).
wenzelm@62163
  2196
wenzelm@62034
  2197
* The main Isabelle executable is managed as single-instance Desktop
wenzelm@62034
  2198
application uniformly on all platforms: Linux, Windows, Mac OS X.
wenzelm@62034
  2199
wenzelm@60610
  2200
wenzelm@61405
  2201
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@61405
  2202
wenzelm@62017
  2203
* Commands 'paragraph' and 'subparagraph' provide additional section
wenzelm@62017
  2204
headings. Thus there are 6 levels of standard headings, as in HTML.
wenzelm@62017
  2205
wenzelm@62017
  2206
* Command 'text_raw' has been clarified: input text is processed as in
wenzelm@62017
  2207
'text' (with antiquotations and control symbols). The key difference is
wenzelm@62017
  2208
the lack of the surrounding isabelle markup environment in output.
wenzelm@62017
  2209
wenzelm@62017
  2210
* Text is structured in paragraphs and nested lists, using notation that
wenzelm@62017
  2211
is similar to Markdown. The control symbols for list items are as
wenzelm@62017
  2212
follows:
wenzelm@62017
  2213
wenzelm@62017
  2214
  \<^item>  itemize
wenzelm@62017
  2215
  \<^enum>  enumerate
wenzelm@62017
  2216
  \<^descr>  description
wenzelm@62017
  2217
wenzelm@61491
  2218
* There is a new short form for antiquotations with a single argument
wenzelm@61491
  2219
that is a cartouche: \<^name>\<open>...\<close> is equivalent to @{name \<open>...\<close>} and
wenzelm@61595
  2220
\<open>...\<close> without control symbol is equivalent to @{cartouche \<open>...\<close>}.
wenzelm@61595
  2221
\<^name> without following cartouche is equivalent to @{name}. The
wenzelm@61501
  2222
standard Isabelle fonts provide glyphs to render important control
wenzelm@61501
  2223
symbols, e.g. "\<^verbatim>", "\<^emph>", "\<^bold>".
wenzelm@61491
  2224
wenzelm@61595
  2225
* Antiquotations @{noindent}, @{smallskip}, @{medskip}, @{bigskip} with
wenzelm@61595
  2226
corresponding control symbols \<^noindent>, \<^smallskip>, \<^medskip>, \<^bigskip> specify spacing formally, using
wenzelm@61595
  2227
standard LaTeX macros of the same names.
wenzelm@61595
  2228
wenzelm@61491
  2229
* Antiquotation @{cartouche} in Isabelle/Pure is the same as @{text}.
wenzelm@61491
  2230
Consequently, \<open>...\<close> without any decoration prints literal quasi-formal
wenzelm@61492
  2231
text. Command-line tool "isabelle update_cartouches -t" helps to update
wenzelm@61492
  2232
old sources, by approximative patching of the content of string and
wenzelm@61492
  2233
cartouche tokens seen in theory sources.
wenzelm@61491
  2234
wenzelm@61491
  2235
* The @{text} antiquotation now ignores the antiquotation option
wenzelm@61491
  2236
"source". The given text content is output unconditionally, without any
wenzelm@61491
  2237
surrounding quotes etc. Subtle INCOMPATIBILITY, put quotes into the
wenzelm@61494
  2238
argument where they are really intended, e.g. @{text \<open>"foo"\<close>}. Initial
wenzelm@61494
  2239
or terminal spaces are ignored.
wenzelm@61491
  2240
wenzelm@62017
  2241
* Antiquotations @{emph} and @{bold} output LaTeX source recursively,
wenzelm@62017
  2242
adding appropriate text style markup. These may be used in the short
wenzelm@62017
  2243
form \<^emph>\<open>...\<close> and \<^bold>\<open>...\<close>.
wenzelm@62017
  2244
wenzelm@62017
  2245
* Document antiquotation @{footnote} outputs LaTeX source recursively,
wenzelm@62017
  2246
marked as \footnote{}. This may be used in the short form \<^footnote>\<open>...\<close>.
wenzelm@62017
  2247
wenzelm@62017
  2248
* Antiquotation @{verbatim [display]} supports option "indent".
wenzelm@62017
  2249
wenzelm@62017
  2250
* Antiquotation @{theory_text} prints uninterpreted theory source text
wenzelm@62231
  2251
(Isar outer syntax with command keywords etc.). This may be used in the
wenzelm@62231
  2252
short form \<^theory_text>\<open>...\<close>. @{theory_text [display]} supports option "indent".
wenzelm@62017
  2253
wenzelm@62017
  2254
* Antiquotation @{doc ENTRY} provides a reference to the given
wenzelm@62017
  2255
documentation, with a hyperlink in the Prover IDE.
wenzelm@62017
  2256
wenzelm@62017
  2257
* Antiquotations @{command}, @{method}, @{attribute} print checked
wenzelm@62017
  2258
entities of the Isar language.
wenzelm@62017
  2259
wenzelm@61471
  2260
* HTML presentation uses the standard IsabelleText font and Unicode
wenzelm@61471
  2261
rendering of Isabelle symbols like Isabelle/Scala/jEdit.  The former
wenzelm@61488
  2262
print mode "HTML" loses its special meaning.
wenzelm@61471
  2263
wenzelm@61405
  2264
wenzelm@60406
  2265
*** Isar ***
wenzelm@60406
  2266
wenzelm@62205
  2267
* Local goals ('have', 'show', 'hence', 'thus') allow structured rule
wenzelm@62205
  2268
statements like fixes/assumes/shows in theorem specifications, but the
wenzelm@62205
  2269
notation is postfix with keywords 'if' (or 'when') and 'for'. For
wenzelm@60555
  2270
example:
wenzelm@60414
  2271
wenzelm@60414
  2272
  have result: "C x y"
wenzelm@60414
  2273
    if "A x" and "B y"
wenzelm@60414
  2274
    for x :: 'a and y :: 'a
wenzelm@60414
  2275
    <proof>
wenzelm@60414
  2276
wenzelm@60449
  2277
The local assumptions are bound to the name "that". The result is
wenzelm@60449
  2278
exported from context of the statement as usual. The above roughly
wenzelm@60414
  2279
corresponds to a raw proof block like this:
wenzelm@60414
  2280
wenzelm@60414
  2281
  {
wenzelm@60414
  2282
    fix x :: 'a and y :: 'a
wenzelm@60449
  2283
    assume that: "A x" "B y"
wenzelm@60414
  2284
    have "C x y" <proof>
wenzelm@60414
  2285
  }
wenzelm@60414
  2286
  note result = this
wenzelm@60406
  2287
wenzelm@60555
  2288
The keyword 'when' may be used instead of 'if', to indicate 'presume'
wenzelm@60555
  2289
instead of 'assume' above.
wenzelm@60555
  2290
wenzelm@61733
  2291
* Assumptions ('assume', 'presume') allow structured rule statements
wenzelm@61733
  2292
using 'if' and 'for', similar to 'have' etc. above. For example:
wenzelm@61658
  2293
wenzelm@61658
  2294
  assume result: "C x y"
wenzelm@61658
  2295
    if "A x" and "B y"
wenzelm@61658
  2296
    for x :: 'a and y :: 'a
wenzelm@61658
  2297
wenzelm@61658
  2298
This assumes "\<And>x y::'a. A x \<Longrightarrow> B y \<Longrightarrow> C x y" and produces a general
wenzelm@61658
  2299
result as usual: "A ?x \<Longrightarrow> B ?y \<Longrightarrow> C ?x ?y".
wenzelm@61658
  2300
wenzelm@61658
  2301
Vacuous quantification in assumptions is omitted, i.e. a for-context
wenzelm@61658
  2302
only effects propositions according to actual use of variables. For
wenzelm@61658
  2303
example:
wenzelm@61658
  2304
wenzelm@61658
  2305
  assume "A x" and "B y" for x and y
wenzelm@61658
  2306
wenzelm@61658
  2307
is equivalent to:
wenzelm@61658
  2308
wenzelm@61658
  2309
  assume "\<And>x. A x" and "\<And>y. B y"
wenzelm@61658
  2310
wenzelm@60595
  2311
* The meaning of 'show' with Pure rule statements has changed: premises
wenzelm@60595
  2312
are treated in the sense of 'assume', instead of 'presume'. This means,
wenzelm@62205
  2313
a goal like "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x" can be solved completely as
wenzelm@62205
  2314
follows:
wenzelm@60595
  2315
wenzelm@60595
  2316
  show "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x"
wenzelm@60595
  2317
wenzelm@60595
  2318
or:
wenzelm@60595
  2319
wenzelm@60595
  2320
  show "C x" if "A x" "B x" for x
wenzelm@60595
  2321
wenzelm@60595
  2322
Rare INCOMPATIBILITY, the old behaviour may be recovered as follows:
wenzelm@60595
  2323
wenzelm@60595
  2324
  show "C x" when "A x" "B x" for x
wenzelm@60595
  2325
wenzelm@60459
  2326
* New command 'consider' states rules for generalized elimination and
wenzelm@60459
  2327
case splitting. This is like a toplevel statement "theorem obtains" used
wenzelm@60459
  2328
within a proof body; or like a multi-branch 'obtain' without activation
wenzelm@60459
  2329
of the local context elements yet.
wenzelm@60459
  2330
wenzelm@60455
  2331
* Proof method "cases" allows to specify the rule as first entry of
wenzelm@60455
  2332
chained facts.  This is particularly useful with 'consider':
wenzelm@60455
  2333
wenzelm@60455
  2334
  consider (a) A | (b) B | (c) C <proof>
wenzelm@60455
  2335
  then have something
wenzelm@60455
  2336
  proof cases
wenzelm@60455
  2337
    case a
wenzelm@60455
  2338
    then show ?thesis <proof>
wenzelm@60455
  2339
  next
wenzelm@60455
  2340
    case b
wenzelm@60455
  2341
    then show ?thesis <proof>
wenzelm@60455
  2342
  next
wenzelm@60455
  2343
    case c
wenzelm@60455
  2344
    then show ?thesis <proof>
wenzelm@60455
  2345
  qed
wenzelm@60455
  2346
wenzelm@60565
  2347
* Command 'case' allows fact name and attribute specification like this:
wenzelm@60565
  2348
wenzelm@60565
  2349
  case a: (c xs)
wenzelm@60565
  2350
  case a [attributes]: (c xs)
wenzelm@60565
  2351
wenzelm@60565
  2352
Facts that are introduced by invoking the case context are uniformly
wenzelm@60565
  2353
qualified by "a"; the same name is used for the cumulative fact. The old
wenzelm@60565
  2354
form "case (c xs) [attributes]" is no longer supported. Rare
wenzelm@60565
  2355
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to adapt uses of case facts in exotic situations,
wenzelm@60565
  2356
and always put attributes in front.
wenzelm@60565
  2357
wenzelm@60618
  2358
* The standard proof method of commands 'proof' and '..' is now called
wenzelm@60618
  2359
"standard" to make semantically clear what it is; the old name "default"
wenzelm@60618
  2360
is still available as legacy for some time. Documentation now explains
wenzelm@60618
  2361
'..' more accurately as "by standard" instead of "by rule".
wenzelm@60618
  2362
wenzelm@62017
  2363
* Nesting of Isar goal structure has been clarified: the context after
wenzelm@62017
  2364
the initial backwards refinement is retained for the whole proof, within
wenzelm@62017
  2365
all its context sections (as indicated via 'next'). This is e.g.
wenzelm@62017
  2366
relevant for 'using', 'including', 'supply':
wenzelm@62017
  2367
wenzelm@62017
  2368
  have "A \<and> A" if a: A for A
wenzelm@62017
  2369
    supply [simp] = a
wenzelm@62017
  2370
  proof
wenzelm@62017
  2371
    show A by simp
wenzelm@62017
  2372
  next
wenzelm@62017
  2373
    show A by simp
wenzelm@62017
  2374
  qed
wenzelm@62017
  2375
wenzelm@62017
  2376
* Command 'obtain' binds term abbreviations (via 'is' patterns) in the
wenzelm@62017
  2377
proof body as well, abstracted over relevant parameters.
wenzelm@62017
  2378
wenzelm@62017
  2379
* Improved type-inference for theorem statement 'obtains': separate
wenzelm@62017
  2380
parameter scope for of each clause.
wenzelm@62017
  2381
wenzelm@62017
  2382
* Term abbreviations via 'is' patterns also work for schematic
wenzelm@62017
  2383
statements: result is abstracted over unknowns.
wenzelm@62017
  2384
wenzelm@60631
  2385
* Command 'subgoal' allows to impose some structure on backward
wenzelm@60631
  2386
refinements, to avoid proof scripts degenerating into long of 'apply'
wenzelm@60631
  2387
sequences. Further explanations and examples are given in the isar-ref
wenzelm@60631
  2388
manual.
wenzelm@60631
  2389
wenzelm@62017
  2390
* Command 'supply' supports fact definitions during goal refinement
wenzelm@62017
  2391
('apply' scripts).
wenzelm@62017
  2392
wenzelm@61166
  2393
* Proof method "goal_cases" turns the current subgoals into cases within
wenzelm@61166
  2394
the context; the conclusion is bound to variable ?case in each case. For
wenzelm@61166
  2395
example:
wenzelm@60617
  2396
wenzelm@60617
  2397
lemma "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x"
wenzelm@60622
  2398
  and "\<And>y z. U y \<Longrightarrow> V z \<Longrightarrow> W y z"
wenzelm@61166
  2399
proof goal_cases
wenzelm@60622
  2400
  case (1 x)
wenzelm@60622
  2401
  then show ?case using \<open>A x\<close> \<open>B x\<close> sorry
wenzelm@60622
  2402
next
wenzelm@60622
  2403
  case (2 y z)
wenzelm@60622
  2404
  then show ?case using \<open>U y\<close> \<open>V z\<close> sorry
wenzelm@60622
  2405
qed
wenzelm@60622
  2406
wenzelm@60622
  2407
lemma "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x"
wenzelm@60622
  2408
  and "\<And>y z. U y \<Longrightarrow> V z \<Longrightarrow> W y z"
wenzelm@61166
  2409
proof goal_cases
wenzelm@60617
  2410
  case prems: 1
wenzelm@60617
  2411
  then show ?case using prems sorry
wenzelm@60617
  2412
next
wenzelm@60617
  2413
  case prems: 2
wenzelm@60617
  2414
  then show ?case using prems sorry
wenzelm@60617
  2415
qed
wenzelm@60578
  2416
wenzelm@60581
  2417
* The undocumented feature of implicit cases goal1, goal2, goal3, etc.
wenzelm@60617
  2418
is marked as legacy, and will be removed eventually. The proof method
wenzelm@60617
  2419
"goals" achieves a similar effect within regular Isar; often it can be
wenzelm@60617
  2420
done more adequately by other means (e.g. 'consider').
wenzelm@60581
  2421
wenzelm@62017
  2422
* The vacuous fact "TERM x" may be established "by fact" or as `TERM x`
wenzelm@62017
  2423
as well, not just "by this" or "." as before.
wenzelm@60551
  2424
wenzelm@60554
  2425
* Method "sleep" succeeds after a real-time delay (in seconds). This is
wenzelm@60554
  2426
occasionally useful for demonstration and testing purposes.
wenzelm@60554
  2427
wenzelm@60406
  2428
wenzelm@60331
  2429
*** Pure ***
wenzelm@60331
  2430
wenzelm@61606
  2431
* Qualifiers in locale expressions default to mandatory ('!') regardless
wenzelm@61606
  2432
of the command. Previously, for 'locale' and 'sublocale' the default was
wenzelm@61606
  2433
optional ('?'). The old synatx '!' has been discontinued.
wenzelm@61606
  2434
INCOMPATIBILITY, remove '!' and add '?' as required.
ballarin@61565
  2435
ballarin@61566
  2436
* Keyword 'rewrites' identifies rewrite morphisms in interpretation
wenzelm@62017
  2437
commands. Previously, the keyword was 'where'. INCOMPATIBILITY.
ballarin@61566
  2438
ballarin@61701
  2439
* More gentle suppression of syntax along locale morphisms while
wenzelm@62017
  2440
printing terms. Previously 'abbreviation' and 'notation' declarations
wenzelm@62017
  2441
would be suppressed for morphisms except term identity. Now
ballarin@61701
  2442
'abbreviation' is also kept for morphims that only change the involved
wenzelm@62017
  2443
parameters, and only 'notation' is suppressed. This can be of great help
wenzelm@62017
  2444
when working with complex locale hierarchies, because proof states are
wenzelm@62017
  2445
displayed much more succinctly. It also means that only notation needs
wenzelm@62017
  2446
to be redeclared if desired, as illustrated by this example:
ballarin@61701
  2447
ballarin@61701
  2448
  locale struct = fixes composition :: "'a => 'a => 'a" (infixl "\<cdot>" 65)
ballarin@61701
  2449
  begin
ballarin@61701
  2450
    definition derived (infixl "\<odot>" 65) where ...
ballarin@61701
  2451
  end
ballarin@61701
  2452
ballarin@61701
  2453
  locale morphism =
ballarin@61701
  2454
    left: struct composition + right: struct composition'
ballarin@61701
  2455
    for composition (infix "\<cdot>" 65) and composition' (infix "\<cdot>''" 65)
ballarin@61701
  2456
  begin
ballarin@61701
  2457
    notation right.derived ("\<odot>''")
ballarin@61701
  2458
  end
ballarin@61701
  2459
wenzelm@61895
  2460
* Command 'global_interpretation' issues interpretations into global
wenzelm@61895
  2461
theories, with optional rewrite definitions following keyword 'defines'.
wenzelm@61895
  2462
wenzelm@61895
  2463
* Command 'sublocale' accepts optional rewrite definitions after keyword
haftmann@61675
  2464
'defines'.
haftmann@61675
  2465
wenzelm@61895
  2466
* Command 'permanent_interpretation' has been discontinued. Use
wenzelm@61895
  2467
'global_interpretation' or 'sublocale' instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@61670
  2468
wenzelm@61252
  2469
* Command 'print_definitions' prints dependencies of definitional
wenzelm@61252
  2470
specifications. This functionality used to be part of 'print_theory'.
wenzelm@61252
  2471
wenzelm@60331
  2472
* Configuration option rule_insts_schematic has been discontinued
wenzelm@62017
  2473
(intermediate legacy feature in Isabelle2015). INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@60331
  2474
wenzelm@62205
  2475
* Abbreviations in type classes now carry proper sort constraint. Rare
wenzelm@62205
  2476
INCOMPATIBILITY in situations where the previous misbehaviour has been
wenzelm@62205
  2477
exploited.
haftmann@60347
  2478
haftmann@60347
  2479
* Refinement of user-space type system in type classes: pseudo-local
wenzelm@62205
  2480
operations behave more similar to abbreviations. Potential
haftmann@60347
  2481
INCOMPATIBILITY in exotic situations.
haftmann@60347
  2482
haftmann@60347
  2483
nipkow@60171
  2484
*** HOL ***
nipkow@60171
  2485
wenzelm@62017
  2486
* The 'typedef' command has been upgraded from a partially checked
wenzelm@62017
  2487
"axiomatization", to a full definitional specification that takes the
wenzelm@62017
  2488
global collection of overloaded constant / type definitions into
wenzelm@62017
  2489
account. Type definitions with open dependencies on overloaded
wenzelm@62017
  2490
definitions need to be specified as "typedef (overloaded)". This
wenzelm@62017
  2491
provides extra robustness in theory construction. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62017
  2492
wenzelm@62017
  2493
* Qualification of various formal entities in the libraries is done more
wenzelm@62017
  2494
uniformly via "context begin qualified definition ... end" instead of
wenzelm@62017
  2495
old-style "hide_const (open) ...". Consequently, both the defined
wenzelm@62017
  2496
constant and its defining fact become qualified, e.g. Option.is_none and
wenzelm@62017
  2497
Option.is_none_def. Occasional INCOMPATIBILITY in applications.
wenzelm@62017
  2498
wenzelm@62017
  2499
* Some old and rarely used ASCII replacement syntax has been removed.
wenzelm@62017
  2500
INCOMPATIBILITY, standard syntax with symbols should be used instead.
wenzelm@62017
  2501
The subsequent commands help to reproduce the old forms, e.g. to
wenzelm@62017
  2502
simplify porting old theories:
wenzelm@62017
  2503
wenzelm@62017
  2504
  notation iff  (infixr "<->" 25)
wenzelm@62017
  2505
wenzelm@62017
  2506
  notation Times  (infixr "<*>" 80)
wenzelm@62017
  2507
wenzelm@62017
  2508
  type_notation Map.map  (infixr "~=>" 0)
wenzelm@62017
  2509
  notation Map.map_comp  (infixl "o'_m" 55)
wenzelm@62017
  2510
wenzelm@62017
  2511
  type_notation FinFun.finfun ("(_ =>f /_)" [22, 21] 21)
wenzelm@62017
  2512
wenzelm@62017
  2513
  notation FuncSet.funcset  (infixr "->" 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2514
  notation FuncSet.extensional_funcset  (infixr "->\<^sub>E" 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2515
wenzelm@62017
  2516
  notation Omega_Words_Fun.conc (infixr "conc" 65)
wenzelm@62017
  2517
wenzelm@62017
  2518
  notation Preorder.equiv ("op ~~")
wenzelm@62017
  2519
    and Preorder.equiv ("(_/ ~~ _)" [51, 51] 50)
wenzelm@62017
  2520
wenzelm@62017
  2521
  notation (in topological_space) tendsto (infixr "--->" 55)
wenzelm@62017
  2522
  notation (in topological_space) LIMSEQ ("((_)/ ----> (_))" [60, 60] 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2523
  notation LIM ("((_)/ -- (_)/ --> (_))" [60, 0, 60] 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2524
wenzelm@62017
  2525
  notation NSA.approx (infixl "@=" 50)
wenzelm@62017
  2526
  notation NSLIMSEQ ("((_)/ ----NS> (_))" [60, 60] 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2527
  notation NSLIM ("((_)/ -- (_)/ --NS> (_))" [60, 0, 60] 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2528
wenzelm@62017
  2529
* The alternative notation "\<Colon>" for type and sort constraints has been
wenzelm@62017
  2530
removed: in LaTeX document output it looks the same as "::".
wenzelm@62017
  2531
INCOMPATIBILITY, use plain "::" instead.
wenzelm@62017
  2532
wenzelm@62017
  2533
* Commands 'inductive' and 'inductive_set' work better when names for
wenzelm@62017
  2534
intro rules are omitted: the "cases" and "induct" rules no longer
wenzelm@62017
  2535
declare empty case_names, but no case_names at all. This allows to use
wenzelm@62017
  2536
numbered cases in proofs, without requiring method "goal_cases".
wenzelm@62017
  2537
wenzelm@62017
  2538
* Inductive definitions ('inductive', 'coinductive', etc.) expose
wenzelm@62017
  2539
low-level facts of the internal construction only if the option
wenzelm@62093
  2540
"inductive_internals" is enabled. This refers to the internal predicate
wenzelm@62017
  2541
definition and its monotonicity result. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62017
  2542
wenzelm@62017
  2543
* Recursive function definitions ('fun', 'function', 'partial_function')
wenzelm@62017
  2544
expose low-level facts of the internal construction only if the option
wenzelm@62205
  2545
"function_internals" is enabled. Its internal inductive definition is
wenzelm@62205
  2546
also subject to "inductive_internals". Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62093
  2547
wenzelm@62093
  2548
* BNF datatypes ('datatype', 'codatatype', etc.) expose low-level facts
wenzelm@62093
  2549
of the internal construction only if the option "bnf_internals" is
wenzelm@62093
  2550
enabled. This supersedes the former option "bnf_note_all". Rare
wenzelm@62093
  2551
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62017
  2552
wenzelm@62017
  2553
* Combinator to represent case distinction on products is named
wenzelm@62017
  2554
"case_prod", uniformly, discontinuing any input aliasses. Very popular
wenzelm@62017
  2555
theorem aliasses have been retained.
wenzelm@62017
  2556
haftmann@61424
  2557
Consolidated facts:
haftmann@61424
  2558
  PairE ~> prod.exhaust
haftmann@61424
  2559
  Pair_eq ~> prod.inject
haftmann@61424
  2560
  pair_collapse ~> prod.collapse
haftmann@61424
  2561
  Pair_fst_snd_eq ~> prod_eq_iff
haftmann@61424
  2562
  split_twice ~> prod.case_distrib
haftmann@61424
  2563
  split_weak_cong ~> prod.case_cong_weak
haftmann@61424
  2564
  split_split ~> prod.split
haftmann@61424
  2565
  split_split_asm ~> prod.split_asm
haftmann@61424
  2566
  splitI ~> case_prodI
haftmann@61424
  2567
  splitD ~> case_prodD
haftmann@61424
  2568
  splitI2 ~> case_prodI2
haftmann@61424
  2569
  splitI2' ~> case_prodI2'
haftmann@61424
  2570
  splitE ~> case_prodE
haftmann@61424
  2571
  splitE' ~> case_prodE'
haftmann@61424
  2572
  split_pair ~> case_prod_Pair
haftmann@61424
  2573
  split_eta ~> case_prod_eta
haftmann@61424
  2574
  split_comp ~> case_prod_comp
haftmann@61424
  2575
  mem_splitI ~> mem_case_prodI
haftmann@61424
  2576
  mem_splitI2 ~> mem_case_prodI2
haftmann@61424
  2577
  mem_splitE ~> mem_case_prodE
haftmann@61424
  2578
  The_split ~> The_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2579
  cond_split_eta ~> cond_case_prod_eta
haftmann@61424
  2580
  Collect_split_in_rel_leE ~> Collect_case_prod_in_rel_leE
haftmann@61424
  2581
  Collect_split_in_rel_leI ~> Collect_case_prod_in_rel_leI
haftmann@61424
  2582
  in_rel_Collect_split_eq ~> in_rel_Collect_case_prod_eq
haftmann@61424
  2583
  Collect_split_Grp_eqD ~> Collect_case_prod_Grp_eqD
haftmann@61424
  2584
  Collect_split_Grp_inD ~> Collect_case_prod_Grp_in
haftmann@61424
  2585
  Domain_Collect_split ~> Domain_Collect_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2586
  Image_Collect_split ~> Image_Collect_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2587
  Range_Collect_split ~> Range_Collect_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2588
  Eps_split ~> Eps_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2589
  Eps_split_eq ~> Eps_case_prod_eq
haftmann@61424
  2590
  split_rsp ~> case_prod_rsp
haftmann@61424
  2591
  curry_split ~> curry_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2592
  split_curry ~> case_prod_curry
wenzelm@62017
  2593
haftmann@61424
  2594
Changes in structure HOLogic:
haftmann@61424
  2595
  split_const ~> case_prod_const
haftmann@61424
  2596
  mk_split ~> mk_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2597
  mk_psplits ~> mk_ptupleabs
haftmann@61424
  2598
  strip_psplits ~> strip_ptupleabs
wenzelm@62017
  2599
wenzelm@62017
  2600
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62017
  2601
wenzelm@62017
  2602
* The coercions to type 'real' have been reorganised. The function
wenzelm@62017
  2603
'real' is no longer overloaded, but has type 'nat => real' and
wenzelm@62017
  2604
abbreviates of_nat for that type. Also 'real_of_int :: int => real'
wenzelm@62017
  2605
abbreviates of_int for that type. Other overloaded instances of 'real'
wenzelm@62017
  2606
have been replaced by 'real_of_ereal' and 'real_of_float'.
wenzelm@62017
  2607
lp15@61694
  2608
Consolidated facts (among others):
lp15@61694
  2609
  real_of_nat_le_iff -> of_nat_le_iff
lp15@61694
  2610
  real_of_nat_numeral of_nat_numeral
lp15@61694
  2611
  real_of_int_zero of_int_0
lp15@61694
  2612
  real_of_nat_zero of_nat_0
lp15@61694
  2613
  real_of_one of_int_1
lp15@61694
  2614
  real_of_int_add of_int_add
lp15@61694
  2615
  real_of_nat_add of_nat_add
lp15@61694
  2616
  real_of_int_diff of_int_diff
lp15@61694
  2617
  real_of_nat_diff of_nat_diff
lp15@61694
  2618
  floor_subtract floor_diff_of_int
lp15@61694
  2619
  real_of_int_inject of_int_eq_iff
lp15@61694
  2620
  real_of_int_gt_zero_cancel_iff of_int_0_less_iff
lp15@61694
  2621
  real_of_int_ge_zero_cancel_iff of_int_0_le_iff
lp15@61694
  2622
  real_of_nat_ge_zero of_nat_0_le_iff
lp15@61694
  2623
  real_of_int_ceiling_ge le_of_int_ceiling
lp15@61694
  2624
  ceiling_less_eq ceiling_less_iff
lp15@61694
  2625
  ceiling_le_eq ceiling_le_iff
lp15@61694
  2626
  less_floor_eq less_floor_iff
lp15@61694
  2627
  floor_less_eq floor_less_iff
lp15@61694
  2628
  floor_divide_eq_div floor_divide_of_int_eq
lp15@61694
  2629
  real_of_int_zero_cancel of_nat_eq_0_iff
lp15@61694
  2630
  ceiling_real_of_int ceiling_of_int
wenzelm@62017
  2631
wenzelm@62017
  2632
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@61143
  2633
wenzelm@60841
  2634
* Theory Map: lemma map_of_is_SomeD was a clone of map_of_SomeD and has
wenzelm@60841
  2635
been removed. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@60841
  2636
lars@60712
  2637
* Quickcheck setup for finite sets.
lars@60712
  2638
nipkow@60171
  2639
* Discontinued simp_legacy_precond. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@60138
  2640
blanchet@60306
  2641
* Sledgehammer:
blanchet@61318
  2642
  - The MaSh relevance filter has been sped up.
blanchet@60306
  2643
  - Proof reconstruction has been improved, to minimize the incidence of
blanchet@60306
  2644
    cases where Sledgehammer gives a proof that does not work.
blanchet@60306
  2645
  - Auto Sledgehammer now minimizes and preplays the results.
blanchet@61030
  2646
  - Handle Vampire 4.0 proof output without raising exception.
blanchet@61043
  2647
  - Eliminated "MASH" environment variable. Use the "MaSh" option in
blanchet@61043
  2648
    Isabelle/jEdit instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@61317
  2649
  - Eliminated obsolete "blocking" option and related subcommands.
blanchet@60306
  2650
blanchet@60310
  2651
* Nitpick:
blanchet@61325
  2652
  - Fixed soundness bug in translation of "finite" predicate.
blanchet@61324
  2653
  - Fixed soundness bug in "destroy_constrs" optimization.
blanchet@62080
  2654
  - Fixed soundness bug in translation of "rat" type.
blanchet@60310
  2655
  - Removed "check_potential" and "check_genuine" options.
blanchet@61317
  2656
  - Eliminated obsolete "blocking" option.
blanchet@60310
  2657
wenzelm@62027
  2658
* (Co)datatype package:
blanchet@61345
  2659
  - New commands "lift_bnf" and "copy_bnf" for lifting (copying) a BNF
blanchet@61345
  2660
    structure on the raw type to an abstract type defined using typedef.
blanchet@61345
  2661
  - Always generate "case_transfer" theorem.
wenzelm@62235
  2662
  - For mutual types, generate slightly stronger "rel_induct",
haftmann@63946
  2663
    "rel_coinduct", and "coinduct" theorems. INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@61551
  2664
  - Allow discriminators and selectors with the same name as the type
blanchet@61551
  2665
    being defined.
blanchet@61551
  2666
  - Avoid various internal name clashes (e.g., 'datatype f = f').
traytel@60920
  2667
wenzelm@62098
  2668
* Transfer: new methods for interactive debugging of 'transfer' and
wenzelm@62098
  2669
'transfer_prover': 'transfer_start', 'transfer_step', 'transfer_end',
wenzelm@62098
  2670
'transfer_prover_start' and 'transfer_prover_end'.
kuncar@61370
  2671
kleing@62118
  2672
* New diagnostic command print_record for displaying record definitions.
kleing@62118
  2673
haftmann@60868
  2674
* Division on integers is bootstrapped directly from division on
wenzelm@62017
  2675
naturals and uses generic numeral algorithm for computations. Slight
wenzelm@62017
  2676
INCOMPATIBILITY, simproc numeral_divmod replaces and generalizes former
wenzelm@62017
  2677
simprocs binary_int_div and binary_int_mod
wenzelm@62017
  2678
wenzelm@62017
  2679
* Tightened specification of class semiring_no_zero_divisors. Minor
haftmann@60516
  2680
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@60516
  2681
haftmann@60688
  2682
* Class algebraic_semidom introduces common algebraic notions of
wenzelm@62017
  2683
integral (semi)domains, particularly units. Although logically subsumed
wenzelm@62017
  2684
by fields, is is not a super class of these in order not to burden
wenzelm@62017
  2685
fields with notions that are trivial there.
wenzelm@62017
  2686
wenzelm@62017
  2687
* Class normalization_semidom specifies canonical representants for
wenzelm@62017
  2688
equivalence classes of associated elements in an integral (semi)domain.
wenzelm@62017
  2689
This formalizes associated elements as well.
haftmann@60688
  2690
haftmann@60688
  2691
* Abstract specification of gcd/lcm operations in classes semiring_gcd,
wenzelm@62017
  2692
semiring_Gcd, semiring_Lcd. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY: facts gcd_nat.commute
wenzelm@62017
  2693
and gcd_int.commute are subsumed by gcd.commute, as well as
wenzelm@62017
  2694
gcd_nat.assoc and gcd_int.assoc by gcd.assoc.
wenzelm@62017
  2695
wenzelm@62017
  2696
* Former constants Fields.divide (_ / _) and Divides.div (_ div _) are
wenzelm@62017
  2697
logically unified to Rings.divide in syntactic type class Rings.divide,
wenzelm@62017
  2698
with infix syntax (_ div _). Infix syntax (_ / _) for field division is
wenzelm@62017
  2699
added later as abbreviation in class Fields.inverse. INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@62017
  2700
instantiations must refer to Rings.divide rather than the former
wenzelm@62017
  2701
separate constants, hence infix syntax (_ / _) is usually not available
wenzelm@62017
  2702
during instantiation.
wenzelm@62017
  2703
wenzelm@62017
  2704
* New cancellation simprocs for boolean algebras to cancel complementary
wenzelm@62017
  2705
terms for sup and inf. For example, "sup x (sup y (- x))" simplifies to
wenzelm@62017
  2706
"top". INCOMPATIBILITY.
Andreas@61629
  2707
hoelzl@62101
  2708
* Class uniform_space introduces uniform spaces btw topological spaces
hoelzl@62101
  2709
and metric spaces. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY: open_<type>_def needs to be
wenzelm@62205
  2710
introduced in the form of an uniformity. Some constants are more general
wenzelm@62205
  2711
now, it may be necessary to add type class constraints.
hoelzl@62101
  2712
hoelzl@62101
  2713
  open_real_def \<leadsto> open_dist
hoelzl@62101
  2714
  open_complex_def \<leadsto> open_dist
hoelzl@62101
  2715
wenzelm@62026
  2716
* Library/Monad_Syntax: notation uses symbols \<bind> and \<then>. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62026
  2717
Mathias@60397
  2718
* Library/Multiset:
Mathias@60397
  2719
  - Renamed multiset inclusion operators:
Mathias@60397
  2720
      < ~> <#
blanchet@62208
  2721
      > ~> >#
Mathias@60397
  2722
      <= ~> <=#
blanchet@62208
  2723
      >= ~> >=#
Mathias@60397
  2724
      \<le> ~> \<le>#
blanchet@62208
  2725
      \<ge> ~> \<ge>#
Mathias@60397
  2726
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@62209
  2727
  - Added multiset inclusion operator syntax:
blanchet@62209
  2728
      \<subset>#
blanchet@62209
  2729
      \<subseteq>#
blanchet@62209
  2730
      \<supset>#
blanchet@62209
  2731
      \<supseteq>#
Mathias@60397
  2732
  - "'a multiset" is no longer an instance of the "order",
Mathias@60397
  2733
    "ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le", "ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_diff",
Mathias@60397
  2734
    "semilattice_inf", and "semilattice_sup" type classes. The theorems