src/HOL/Set.thy
author haftmann
Fri Nov 30 20:13:03 2007 +0100 (2007-11-30)
changeset 25510 38c15efe603b
parent 25502 9200b36280c0
child 25762 c03e9d04b3e4
permissions -rw-r--r--
adjustions to due to instance target
clasohm@923
     1
(*  Title:      HOL/Set.thy
clasohm@923
     2
    ID:         $Id$
wenzelm@12257
     3
    Author:     Tobias Nipkow, Lawrence C Paulson and Markus Wenzel
clasohm@923
     4
*)
clasohm@923
     5
wenzelm@11979
     6
header {* Set theory for higher-order logic *}
wenzelm@11979
     7
nipkow@15131
     8
theory Set
haftmann@24280
     9
imports Code_Setup
nipkow@15131
    10
begin
wenzelm@11979
    11
wenzelm@11979
    12
text {* A set in HOL is simply a predicate. *}
clasohm@923
    13
wenzelm@2261
    14
wenzelm@11979
    15
subsection {* Basic syntax *}
wenzelm@2261
    16
wenzelm@3947
    17
global
wenzelm@3947
    18
wenzelm@11979
    19
typedecl 'a set
wenzelm@3820
    20
clasohm@923
    21
consts
wenzelm@11979
    22
  "{}"          :: "'a set"                             ("{}")
wenzelm@11979
    23
  UNIV          :: "'a set"
wenzelm@11979
    24
  insert        :: "'a => 'a set => 'a set"
wenzelm@11979
    25
  Collect       :: "('a => bool) => 'a set"              -- "comprehension"
haftmann@22845
    26
  "op Int"      :: "'a set => 'a set => 'a set"          (infixl "Int" 70)
haftmann@22845
    27
  "op Un"       :: "'a set => 'a set => 'a set"          (infixl "Un" 65)
wenzelm@11979
    28
  UNION         :: "'a set => ('a => 'b set) => 'b set"  -- "general union"
wenzelm@11979
    29
  INTER         :: "'a set => ('a => 'b set) => 'b set"  -- "general intersection"
wenzelm@11979
    30
  Union         :: "'a set set => 'a set"                -- "union of a set"
wenzelm@11979
    31
  Inter         :: "'a set set => 'a set"                -- "intersection of a set"
wenzelm@11979
    32
  Pow           :: "'a set => 'a set set"                -- "powerset"
wenzelm@11979
    33
  Ball          :: "'a set => ('a => bool) => bool"      -- "bounded universal quantifiers"
wenzelm@11979
    34
  Bex           :: "'a set => ('a => bool) => bool"      -- "bounded existential quantifiers"
webertj@20217
    35
  Bex1          :: "'a set => ('a => bool) => bool"      -- "bounded unique existential quantifiers"
wenzelm@11979
    36
  image         :: "('a => 'b) => 'a set => 'b set"      (infixr "`" 90)
wenzelm@19656
    37
  "op :"        :: "'a => 'a set => bool"                -- "membership"
wenzelm@19656
    38
wenzelm@21210
    39
notation
wenzelm@21404
    40
  "op :"  ("op :") and
wenzelm@19656
    41
  "op :"  ("(_/ : _)" [50, 51] 50)
wenzelm@11979
    42
wenzelm@11979
    43
local
wenzelm@11979
    44
clasohm@923
    45
wenzelm@11979
    46
subsection {* Additional concrete syntax *}
wenzelm@2261
    47
wenzelm@19363
    48
abbreviation
wenzelm@21404
    49
  range :: "('a => 'b) => 'b set" where -- "of function"
wenzelm@19363
    50
  "range f == f ` UNIV"
nipkow@19323
    51
wenzelm@19656
    52
abbreviation
wenzelm@21404
    53
  "not_mem x A == ~ (x : A)" -- "non-membership"
wenzelm@19656
    54
wenzelm@21210
    55
notation
wenzelm@21404
    56
  not_mem  ("op ~:") and
wenzelm@19656
    57
  not_mem  ("(_/ ~: _)" [50, 51] 50)
wenzelm@19656
    58
wenzelm@21210
    59
notation (xsymbols)
wenzelm@21404
    60
  "op Int"  (infixl "\<inter>" 70) and
wenzelm@21404
    61
  "op Un"  (infixl "\<union>" 65) and
wenzelm@21404
    62
  "op :"  ("op \<in>") and
wenzelm@21404
    63
  "op :"  ("(_/ \<in> _)" [50, 51] 50) and
wenzelm@21404
    64
  not_mem  ("op \<notin>") and
wenzelm@21404
    65
  not_mem  ("(_/ \<notin> _)" [50, 51] 50) and
wenzelm@21404
    66
  Union  ("\<Union>_" [90] 90) and
wenzelm@19656
    67
  Inter  ("\<Inter>_" [90] 90)
wenzelm@19656
    68
wenzelm@21210
    69
notation (HTML output)
wenzelm@21404
    70
  "op Int"  (infixl "\<inter>" 70) and
wenzelm@21404
    71
  "op Un"  (infixl "\<union>" 65) and
wenzelm@21404
    72
  "op :"  ("op \<in>") and
wenzelm@21404
    73
  "op :"  ("(_/ \<in> _)" [50, 51] 50) and
wenzelm@21404
    74
  not_mem  ("op \<notin>") and
wenzelm@19656
    75
  not_mem  ("(_/ \<notin> _)" [50, 51] 50)
wenzelm@19656
    76
clasohm@923
    77
syntax
wenzelm@11979
    78
  "@Finset"     :: "args => 'a set"                       ("{(_)}")
wenzelm@11979
    79
  "@Coll"       :: "pttrn => bool => 'a set"              ("(1{_./ _})")
wenzelm@11979
    80
  "@SetCompr"   :: "'a => idts => bool => 'a set"         ("(1{_ |/_./ _})")
nipkow@15535
    81
  "@Collect"    :: "idt => 'a set => bool => 'a set"      ("(1{_ :/ _./ _})")
wenzelm@22439
    82
  "@INTER1"     :: "pttrns => 'b set => 'b set"           ("(3INT _./ _)" [0, 10] 10)
wenzelm@22439
    83
  "@UNION1"     :: "pttrns => 'b set => 'b set"           ("(3UN _./ _)" [0, 10] 10)
wenzelm@22439
    84
  "@INTER"      :: "pttrn => 'a set => 'b set => 'b set"  ("(3INT _:_./ _)" [0, 10] 10)
wenzelm@22439
    85
  "@UNION"      :: "pttrn => 'a set => 'b set => 'b set"  ("(3UN _:_./ _)" [0, 10] 10)
wenzelm@11979
    86
  "_Ball"       :: "pttrn => 'a set => bool => bool"      ("(3ALL _:_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
wenzelm@11979
    87
  "_Bex"        :: "pttrn => 'a set => bool => bool"      ("(3EX _:_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
webertj@20217
    88
  "_Bex1"       :: "pttrn => 'a set => bool => bool"      ("(3EX! _:_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
haftmann@22478
    89
  "_Bleast"     :: "id => 'a set => bool => 'a"           ("(3LEAST _:_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@18674
    90
wenzelm@7238
    91
syntax (HOL)
wenzelm@11979
    92
  "_Ball"       :: "pttrn => 'a set => bool => bool"      ("(3! _:_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
wenzelm@11979
    93
  "_Bex"        :: "pttrn => 'a set => bool => bool"      ("(3? _:_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
webertj@20217
    94
  "_Bex1"       :: "pttrn => 'a set => bool => bool"      ("(3?! _:_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
clasohm@923
    95
clasohm@923
    96
translations
clasohm@923
    97
  "{x, xs}"     == "insert x {xs}"
clasohm@923
    98
  "{x}"         == "insert x {}"
nipkow@13764
    99
  "{x. P}"      == "Collect (%x. P)"
nipkow@15535
   100
  "{x:A. P}"    => "{x. x:A & P}"
paulson@4159
   101
  "UN x y. B"   == "UN x. UN y. B"
paulson@4159
   102
  "UN x. B"     == "UNION UNIV (%x. B)"
nipkow@13858
   103
  "UN x. B"     == "UN x:UNIV. B"
wenzelm@7238
   104
  "INT x y. B"  == "INT x. INT y. B"
paulson@4159
   105
  "INT x. B"    == "INTER UNIV (%x. B)"
nipkow@13858
   106
  "INT x. B"    == "INT x:UNIV. B"
nipkow@13764
   107
  "UN x:A. B"   == "UNION A (%x. B)"
nipkow@13764
   108
  "INT x:A. B"  == "INTER A (%x. B)"
nipkow@13764
   109
  "ALL x:A. P"  == "Ball A (%x. P)"
nipkow@13764
   110
  "EX x:A. P"   == "Bex A (%x. P)"
webertj@20217
   111
  "EX! x:A. P"  == "Bex1 A (%x. P)"
nipkow@18674
   112
  "LEAST x:A. P" => "LEAST x. x:A & P"
nipkow@18674
   113
wenzelm@12114
   114
syntax (xsymbols)
nipkow@14381
   115
  "_Ball"       :: "pttrn => 'a set => bool => bool"      ("(3\<forall>_\<in>_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14381
   116
  "_Bex"        :: "pttrn => 'a set => bool => bool"      ("(3\<exists>_\<in>_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
webertj@20217
   117
  "_Bex1"       :: "pttrn => 'a set => bool => bool"      ("(3\<exists>!_\<in>_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@18674
   118
  "_Bleast"     :: "id => 'a set => bool => 'a"           ("(3LEAST_\<in>_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14381
   119
kleing@14565
   120
syntax (HTML output)
kleing@14565
   121
  "_Ball"       :: "pttrn => 'a set => bool => bool"      ("(3\<forall>_\<in>_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
kleing@14565
   122
  "_Bex"        :: "pttrn => 'a set => bool => bool"      ("(3\<exists>_\<in>_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
webertj@20217
   123
  "_Bex1"       :: "pttrn => 'a set => bool => bool"      ("(3\<exists>!_\<in>_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
kleing@14565
   124
nipkow@15120
   125
syntax (xsymbols)
nipkow@15535
   126
  "@Collect"    :: "idt => 'a set => bool => 'a set"      ("(1{_ \<in>/ _./ _})")
wenzelm@22439
   127
  "@UNION1"     :: "pttrns => 'b set => 'b set"           ("(3\<Union>_./ _)" [0, 10] 10)
wenzelm@22439
   128
  "@INTER1"     :: "pttrns => 'b set => 'b set"           ("(3\<Inter>_./ _)" [0, 10] 10)
wenzelm@22439
   129
  "@UNION"      :: "pttrn => 'a set => 'b set => 'b set"  ("(3\<Union>_\<in>_./ _)" [0, 10] 10)
wenzelm@22439
   130
  "@INTER"      :: "pttrn => 'a set => 'b set => 'b set"  ("(3\<Inter>_\<in>_./ _)" [0, 10] 10)
wenzelm@19656
   131
nipkow@15120
   132
syntax (latex output)
wenzelm@22439
   133
  "@UNION1"     :: "pttrns => 'b set => 'b set"           ("(3\<Union>(00\<^bsub>_\<^esub>)/ _)" [0, 10] 10)
wenzelm@22439
   134
  "@INTER1"     :: "pttrns => 'b set => 'b set"           ("(3\<Inter>(00\<^bsub>_\<^esub>)/ _)" [0, 10] 10)
wenzelm@22439
   135
  "@UNION"      :: "pttrn => 'a set => 'b set => 'b set"  ("(3\<Union>(00\<^bsub>_\<in>_\<^esub>)/ _)" [0, 10] 10)
wenzelm@22439
   136
  "@INTER"      :: "pttrn => 'a set => 'b set => 'b set"  ("(3\<Inter>(00\<^bsub>_\<in>_\<^esub>)/ _)" [0, 10] 10)
nipkow@15120
   137
wenzelm@19656
   138
text{*
wenzelm@19656
   139
  Note the difference between ordinary xsymbol syntax of indexed
wenzelm@19656
   140
  unions and intersections (e.g.\ @{text"\<Union>a\<^isub>1\<in>A\<^isub>1. B"})
wenzelm@19656
   141
  and their \LaTeX\ rendition: @{term"\<Union>a\<^isub>1\<in>A\<^isub>1. B"}. The
wenzelm@19656
   142
  former does not make the index expression a subscript of the
wenzelm@19656
   143
  union/intersection symbol because this leads to problems with nested
wenzelm@19656
   144
  subscripts in Proof General. *}
wenzelm@2261
   145
haftmann@25510
   146
instantiation set :: (type) ord
haftmann@25510
   147
begin
haftmann@25510
   148
haftmann@25510
   149
definition
haftmann@25510
   150
  subset_def [code func del]: "A \<le> B \<equiv> \<forall>x\<in>A. x \<in> B"
haftmann@25510
   151
haftmann@25510
   152
definition
haftmann@25510
   153
  psubset_def [code func del]: "(A\<Colon>'a set) < B \<equiv> A \<le> B \<and> A \<noteq> B"
haftmann@25510
   154
haftmann@25510
   155
instance ..
haftmann@25510
   156
haftmann@25510
   157
end
haftmann@21333
   158
haftmann@21333
   159
abbreviation
wenzelm@21404
   160
  subset :: "'a set \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> bool" where
haftmann@21819
   161
  "subset \<equiv> less"
wenzelm@21404
   162
wenzelm@21404
   163
abbreviation
wenzelm@21404
   164
  subset_eq :: "'a set \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> bool" where
haftmann@21819
   165
  "subset_eq \<equiv> less_eq"
haftmann@21333
   166
haftmann@21333
   167
notation (output)
wenzelm@21404
   168
  subset  ("op <") and
wenzelm@21404
   169
  subset  ("(_/ < _)" [50, 51] 50) and
wenzelm@21404
   170
  subset_eq  ("op <=") and
haftmann@21333
   171
  subset_eq  ("(_/ <= _)" [50, 51] 50)
haftmann@21333
   172
haftmann@21333
   173
notation (xsymbols)
wenzelm@21404
   174
  subset  ("op \<subset>") and
wenzelm@21404
   175
  subset  ("(_/ \<subset> _)" [50, 51] 50) and
wenzelm@21404
   176
  subset_eq  ("op \<subseteq>") and
haftmann@21333
   177
  subset_eq  ("(_/ \<subseteq> _)" [50, 51] 50)
haftmann@21333
   178
haftmann@21333
   179
notation (HTML output)
wenzelm@21404
   180
  subset  ("op \<subset>") and
wenzelm@21404
   181
  subset  ("(_/ \<subset> _)" [50, 51] 50) and
wenzelm@21404
   182
  subset_eq  ("op \<subseteq>") and
haftmann@21333
   183
  subset_eq  ("(_/ \<subseteq> _)" [50, 51] 50)
haftmann@21333
   184
haftmann@21333
   185
abbreviation (input)
haftmann@21819
   186
  supset :: "'a set \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> bool" where
haftmann@21819
   187
  "supset \<equiv> greater"
wenzelm@21404
   188
wenzelm@21404
   189
abbreviation (input)
haftmann@21819
   190
  supset_eq :: "'a set \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> bool" where
haftmann@21819
   191
  "supset_eq \<equiv> greater_eq"
haftmann@21819
   192
haftmann@21819
   193
notation (xsymbols)
haftmann@21819
   194
  supset  ("op \<supset>") and
haftmann@21819
   195
  supset  ("(_/ \<supset> _)" [50, 51] 50) and
haftmann@21819
   196
  supset_eq  ("op \<supseteq>") and
haftmann@21819
   197
  supset_eq  ("(_/ \<supseteq> _)" [50, 51] 50)
haftmann@21333
   198
nipkow@14804
   199
nipkow@14804
   200
subsubsection "Bounded quantifiers"
nipkow@14804
   201
wenzelm@19656
   202
syntax (output)
nipkow@14804
   203
  "_setlessAll" :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"  ("(3ALL _<_./ _)"  [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   204
  "_setlessEx"  :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"  ("(3EX _<_./ _)"  [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   205
  "_setleAll"   :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"  ("(3ALL _<=_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   206
  "_setleEx"    :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"  ("(3EX _<=_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
webertj@20217
   207
  "_setleEx1"   :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"  ("(3EX! _<=_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   208
nipkow@14804
   209
syntax (xsymbols)
nipkow@14804
   210
  "_setlessAll" :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3\<forall>_\<subset>_./ _)"  [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   211
  "_setlessEx"  :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3\<exists>_\<subset>_./ _)"  [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   212
  "_setleAll"   :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3\<forall>_\<subseteq>_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   213
  "_setleEx"    :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3\<exists>_\<subseteq>_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
webertj@20217
   214
  "_setleEx1"   :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3\<exists>!_\<subseteq>_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   215
wenzelm@19656
   216
syntax (HOL output)
nipkow@14804
   217
  "_setlessAll" :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3! _<_./ _)"  [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   218
  "_setlessEx"  :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3? _<_./ _)"  [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   219
  "_setleAll"   :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3! _<=_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   220
  "_setleEx"    :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3? _<=_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
webertj@20217
   221
  "_setleEx1"   :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3?! _<=_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   222
nipkow@14804
   223
syntax (HTML output)
nipkow@14804
   224
  "_setlessAll" :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3\<forall>_\<subset>_./ _)"  [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   225
  "_setlessEx"  :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3\<exists>_\<subset>_./ _)"  [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   226
  "_setleAll"   :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3\<forall>_\<subseteq>_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   227
  "_setleEx"    :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3\<exists>_\<subseteq>_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
webertj@20217
   228
  "_setleEx1"   :: "[idt, 'a, bool] => bool"   ("(3\<exists>!_\<subseteq>_./ _)" [0, 0, 10] 10)
nipkow@14804
   229
nipkow@14804
   230
translations
nipkow@14804
   231
 "\<forall>A\<subset>B. P"   =>  "ALL A. A \<subset> B --> P"
webertj@20217
   232
 "\<exists>A\<subset>B. P"   =>  "EX A. A \<subset> B & P"
webertj@20217
   233
 "\<forall>A\<subseteq>B. P"   =>  "ALL A. A \<subseteq> B --> P"
nipkow@14804
   234
 "\<exists>A\<subseteq>B. P"   =>  "EX A. A \<subseteq> B & P"
webertj@20217
   235
 "\<exists>!A\<subseteq>B. P"  =>  "EX! A. A \<subseteq> B & P"
nipkow@14804
   236
nipkow@14804
   237
print_translation {*
nipkow@14804
   238
let
wenzelm@22377
   239
  val Type (set_type, _) = @{typ "'a set"};
wenzelm@22377
   240
  val All_binder = Syntax.binder_name @{const_syntax "All"};
wenzelm@22377
   241
  val Ex_binder = Syntax.binder_name @{const_syntax "Ex"};
wenzelm@22377
   242
  val impl = @{const_syntax "op -->"};
wenzelm@22377
   243
  val conj = @{const_syntax "op &"};
wenzelm@22377
   244
  val sbset = @{const_syntax "subset"};
wenzelm@22377
   245
  val sbset_eq = @{const_syntax "subset_eq"};
haftmann@21819
   246
haftmann@21819
   247
  val trans =
haftmann@21819
   248
   [((All_binder, impl, sbset), "_setlessAll"),
haftmann@21819
   249
    ((All_binder, impl, sbset_eq), "_setleAll"),
haftmann@21819
   250
    ((Ex_binder, conj, sbset), "_setlessEx"),
haftmann@21819
   251
    ((Ex_binder, conj, sbset_eq), "_setleEx")];
haftmann@21819
   252
haftmann@21819
   253
  fun mk v v' c n P =
haftmann@21819
   254
    if v = v' andalso not (Term.exists_subterm (fn Free (x, _) => x = v | _ => false) n)
haftmann@21819
   255
    then Syntax.const c $ Syntax.mark_bound v' $ n $ P else raise Match;
haftmann@21819
   256
haftmann@21819
   257
  fun tr' q = (q,
haftmann@21819
   258
    fn [Const ("_bound", _) $ Free (v, Type (T, _)), Const (c, _) $ (Const (d, _) $ (Const ("_bound", _) $ Free (v', _)) $ n) $ P] =>
haftmann@21819
   259
         if T = (set_type) then case AList.lookup (op =) trans (q, c, d)
haftmann@21819
   260
          of NONE => raise Match
haftmann@21819
   261
           | SOME l => mk v v' l n P
haftmann@21819
   262
         else raise Match
haftmann@21819
   263
     | _ => raise Match);
nipkow@14804
   264
in
haftmann@21819
   265
  [tr' All_binder, tr' Ex_binder]
nipkow@14804
   266
end
nipkow@14804
   267
*}
nipkow@14804
   268
nipkow@14804
   269
wenzelm@11979
   270
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   271
  \medskip Translate between @{text "{e | x1...xn. P}"} and @{text
wenzelm@11979
   272
  "{u. EX x1..xn. u = e & P}"}; @{text "{y. EX x1..xn. y = e & P}"} is
wenzelm@11979
   273
  only translated if @{text "[0..n] subset bvs(e)"}.
wenzelm@11979
   274
*}
wenzelm@11979
   275
wenzelm@11979
   276
parse_translation {*
wenzelm@11979
   277
  let
wenzelm@11979
   278
    val ex_tr = snd (mk_binder_tr ("EX ", "Ex"));
wenzelm@3947
   279
wenzelm@11979
   280
    fun nvars (Const ("_idts", _) $ _ $ idts) = nvars idts + 1
wenzelm@11979
   281
      | nvars _ = 1;
wenzelm@11979
   282
wenzelm@11979
   283
    fun setcompr_tr [e, idts, b] =
wenzelm@11979
   284
      let
wenzelm@11979
   285
        val eq = Syntax.const "op =" $ Bound (nvars idts) $ e;
wenzelm@11979
   286
        val P = Syntax.const "op &" $ eq $ b;
wenzelm@11979
   287
        val exP = ex_tr [idts, P];
wenzelm@17784
   288
      in Syntax.const "Collect" $ Term.absdummy (dummyT, exP) end;
wenzelm@11979
   289
wenzelm@11979
   290
  in [("@SetCompr", setcompr_tr)] end;
wenzelm@11979
   291
*}
clasohm@923
   292
nipkow@13763
   293
(* To avoid eta-contraction of body: *)
wenzelm@11979
   294
print_translation {*
nipkow@13763
   295
let
nipkow@13763
   296
  fun btr' syn [A,Abs abs] =
nipkow@13763
   297
    let val (x,t) = atomic_abs_tr' abs
nipkow@13763
   298
    in Syntax.const syn $ x $ A $ t end
nipkow@13763
   299
in
nipkow@13858
   300
[("Ball", btr' "_Ball"),("Bex", btr' "_Bex"),
nipkow@13858
   301
 ("UNION", btr' "@UNION"),("INTER", btr' "@INTER")]
nipkow@13763
   302
end
nipkow@13763
   303
*}
nipkow@13763
   304
nipkow@13763
   305
print_translation {*
nipkow@13763
   306
let
nipkow@13763
   307
  val ex_tr' = snd (mk_binder_tr' ("Ex", "DUMMY"));
nipkow@13763
   308
nipkow@13763
   309
  fun setcompr_tr' [Abs (abs as (_, _, P))] =
nipkow@13763
   310
    let
nipkow@13763
   311
      fun check (Const ("Ex", _) $ Abs (_, _, P), n) = check (P, n + 1)
nipkow@13763
   312
        | check (Const ("op &", _) $ (Const ("op =", _) $ Bound m $ e) $ P, n) =
nipkow@13763
   313
            n > 0 andalso m = n andalso not (loose_bvar1 (P, n)) andalso
nipkow@13763
   314
            ((0 upto (n - 1)) subset add_loose_bnos (e, 0, []))
nipkow@13764
   315
        | check _ = false
clasohm@923
   316
wenzelm@11979
   317
        fun tr' (_ $ abs) =
wenzelm@11979
   318
          let val _ $ idts $ (_ $ (_ $ _ $ e) $ Q) = ex_tr' [abs]
wenzelm@11979
   319
          in Syntax.const "@SetCompr" $ e $ idts $ Q end;
nipkow@13763
   320
    in if check (P, 0) then tr' P
nipkow@15535
   321
       else let val (x as _ $ Free(xN,_), t) = atomic_abs_tr' abs
nipkow@15535
   322
                val M = Syntax.const "@Coll" $ x $ t
nipkow@15535
   323
            in case t of
nipkow@15535
   324
                 Const("op &",_)
nipkow@15535
   325
                   $ (Const("op :",_) $ (Const("_bound",_) $ Free(yN,_)) $ A)
nipkow@15535
   326
                   $ P =>
nipkow@15535
   327
                   if xN=yN then Syntax.const "@Collect" $ x $ A $ P else M
nipkow@15535
   328
               | _ => M
nipkow@15535
   329
            end
nipkow@13763
   330
    end;
wenzelm@11979
   331
  in [("Collect", setcompr_tr')] end;
wenzelm@11979
   332
*}
wenzelm@11979
   333
wenzelm@11979
   334
wenzelm@11979
   335
subsection {* Rules and definitions *}
wenzelm@11979
   336
wenzelm@11979
   337
text {* Isomorphisms between predicates and sets. *}
clasohm@923
   338
wenzelm@11979
   339
axioms
paulson@17085
   340
  mem_Collect_eq: "(a : {x. P(x)}) = P(a)"
paulson@17085
   341
  Collect_mem_eq: "{x. x:A} = A"
wenzelm@17702
   342
finalconsts
wenzelm@17702
   343
  Collect
wenzelm@17702
   344
  "op :"
wenzelm@11979
   345
wenzelm@11979
   346
defs
wenzelm@11979
   347
  Ball_def:     "Ball A P       == ALL x. x:A --> P(x)"
wenzelm@11979
   348
  Bex_def:      "Bex A P        == EX x. x:A & P(x)"
webertj@20217
   349
  Bex1_def:     "Bex1 A P       == EX! x. x:A & P(x)"
wenzelm@11979
   350
haftmann@25510
   351
instantiation set :: (type) minus
haftmann@25510
   352
begin
haftmann@25510
   353
haftmann@25510
   354
definition
haftmann@25510
   355
  Compl_def [code func del]:    "- A   = {x. ~x:A}"
haftmann@25510
   356
haftmann@25510
   357
definition
haftmann@25510
   358
  set_diff_def [code func del]: "A - B = {x. x:A & ~x:B}"
haftmann@25510
   359
haftmann@25510
   360
instance ..
haftmann@25510
   361
haftmann@25510
   362
end
haftmann@22744
   363
clasohm@923
   364
defs
wenzelm@11979
   365
  Un_def:       "A Un B         == {x. x:A | x:B}"
wenzelm@11979
   366
  Int_def:      "A Int B        == {x. x:A & x:B}"
wenzelm@11979
   367
  INTER_def:    "INTER A B      == {y. ALL x:A. y: B(x)}"
wenzelm@11979
   368
  UNION_def:    "UNION A B      == {y. EX x:A. y: B(x)}"
wenzelm@11979
   369
  Inter_def:    "Inter S        == (INT x:S. x)"
wenzelm@11979
   370
  Union_def:    "Union S        == (UN x:S. x)"
wenzelm@11979
   371
  Pow_def:      "Pow A          == {B. B <= A}"
wenzelm@11979
   372
  empty_def:    "{}             == {x. False}"
wenzelm@11979
   373
  UNIV_def:     "UNIV           == {x. True}"
wenzelm@11979
   374
  insert_def:   "insert a B     == {x. x=a} Un B"
wenzelm@11979
   375
  image_def:    "f`A            == {y. EX x:A. y = f(x)}"
wenzelm@11979
   376
wenzelm@11979
   377
wenzelm@11979
   378
subsection {* Lemmas and proof tool setup *}
wenzelm@11979
   379
wenzelm@11979
   380
subsubsection {* Relating predicates and sets *}
wenzelm@11979
   381
paulson@17085
   382
declare mem_Collect_eq [iff]  Collect_mem_eq [simp]
paulson@17085
   383
wenzelm@12257
   384
lemma CollectI: "P(a) ==> a : {x. P(x)}"
wenzelm@11979
   385
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   386
wenzelm@11979
   387
lemma CollectD: "a : {x. P(x)} ==> P(a)"
wenzelm@11979
   388
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   389
wenzelm@11979
   390
lemma Collect_cong: "(!!x. P x = Q x) ==> {x. P(x)} = {x. Q(x)}"
wenzelm@11979
   391
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   392
wenzelm@12257
   393
lemmas CollectE = CollectD [elim_format]
wenzelm@11979
   394
wenzelm@11979
   395
wenzelm@11979
   396
subsubsection {* Bounded quantifiers *}
wenzelm@11979
   397
wenzelm@11979
   398
lemma ballI [intro!]: "(!!x. x:A ==> P x) ==> ALL x:A. P x"
wenzelm@11979
   399
  by (simp add: Ball_def)
wenzelm@11979
   400
wenzelm@11979
   401
lemmas strip = impI allI ballI
wenzelm@11979
   402
wenzelm@11979
   403
lemma bspec [dest?]: "ALL x:A. P x ==> x:A ==> P x"
wenzelm@11979
   404
  by (simp add: Ball_def)
wenzelm@11979
   405
wenzelm@11979
   406
lemma ballE [elim]: "ALL x:A. P x ==> (P x ==> Q) ==> (x ~: A ==> Q) ==> Q"
wenzelm@11979
   407
  by (unfold Ball_def) blast
wenzelm@22139
   408
wenzelm@22139
   409
ML {* bind_thm ("rev_ballE", permute_prems 1 1 @{thm ballE}) *}
wenzelm@11979
   410
wenzelm@11979
   411
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   412
  \medskip This tactic takes assumptions @{prop "ALL x:A. P x"} and
wenzelm@11979
   413
  @{prop "a:A"}; creates assumption @{prop "P a"}.
wenzelm@11979
   414
*}
wenzelm@11979
   415
wenzelm@11979
   416
ML {*
wenzelm@22139
   417
  fun ball_tac i = etac @{thm ballE} i THEN contr_tac (i + 1)
wenzelm@11979
   418
*}
wenzelm@11979
   419
wenzelm@11979
   420
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   421
  Gives better instantiation for bound:
wenzelm@11979
   422
*}
wenzelm@11979
   423
wenzelm@11979
   424
ML_setup {*
wenzelm@22139
   425
  change_claset (fn cs => cs addbefore ("bspec", datac @{thm bspec} 1))
wenzelm@11979
   426
*}
wenzelm@11979
   427
wenzelm@11979
   428
lemma bexI [intro]: "P x ==> x:A ==> EX x:A. P x"
wenzelm@11979
   429
  -- {* Normally the best argument order: @{prop "P x"} constrains the
wenzelm@11979
   430
    choice of @{prop "x:A"}. *}
wenzelm@11979
   431
  by (unfold Bex_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   432
wenzelm@13113
   433
lemma rev_bexI [intro?]: "x:A ==> P x ==> EX x:A. P x"
wenzelm@11979
   434
  -- {* The best argument order when there is only one @{prop "x:A"}. *}
wenzelm@11979
   435
  by (unfold Bex_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   436
wenzelm@11979
   437
lemma bexCI: "(ALL x:A. ~P x ==> P a) ==> a:A ==> EX x:A. P x"
wenzelm@11979
   438
  by (unfold Bex_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   439
wenzelm@11979
   440
lemma bexE [elim!]: "EX x:A. P x ==> (!!x. x:A ==> P x ==> Q) ==> Q"
wenzelm@11979
   441
  by (unfold Bex_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   442
wenzelm@11979
   443
lemma ball_triv [simp]: "(ALL x:A. P) = ((EX x. x:A) --> P)"
wenzelm@11979
   444
  -- {* Trival rewrite rule. *}
wenzelm@11979
   445
  by (simp add: Ball_def)
wenzelm@11979
   446
wenzelm@11979
   447
lemma bex_triv [simp]: "(EX x:A. P) = ((EX x. x:A) & P)"
wenzelm@11979
   448
  -- {* Dual form for existentials. *}
wenzelm@11979
   449
  by (simp add: Bex_def)
wenzelm@11979
   450
wenzelm@11979
   451
lemma bex_triv_one_point1 [simp]: "(EX x:A. x = a) = (a:A)"
wenzelm@11979
   452
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   453
wenzelm@11979
   454
lemma bex_triv_one_point2 [simp]: "(EX x:A. a = x) = (a:A)"
wenzelm@11979
   455
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   456
wenzelm@11979
   457
lemma bex_one_point1 [simp]: "(EX x:A. x = a & P x) = (a:A & P a)"
wenzelm@11979
   458
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   459
wenzelm@11979
   460
lemma bex_one_point2 [simp]: "(EX x:A. a = x & P x) = (a:A & P a)"
wenzelm@11979
   461
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   462
wenzelm@11979
   463
lemma ball_one_point1 [simp]: "(ALL x:A. x = a --> P x) = (a:A --> P a)"
wenzelm@11979
   464
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   465
wenzelm@11979
   466
lemma ball_one_point2 [simp]: "(ALL x:A. a = x --> P x) = (a:A --> P a)"
wenzelm@11979
   467
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   468
wenzelm@11979
   469
ML_setup {*
wenzelm@13462
   470
  local
wenzelm@22139
   471
    val unfold_bex_tac = unfold_tac @{thms "Bex_def"};
wenzelm@18328
   472
    fun prove_bex_tac ss = unfold_bex_tac ss THEN Quantifier1.prove_one_point_ex_tac;
wenzelm@11979
   473
    val rearrange_bex = Quantifier1.rearrange_bex prove_bex_tac;
wenzelm@11979
   474
wenzelm@22139
   475
    val unfold_ball_tac = unfold_tac @{thms "Ball_def"};
wenzelm@18328
   476
    fun prove_ball_tac ss = unfold_ball_tac ss THEN Quantifier1.prove_one_point_all_tac;
wenzelm@11979
   477
    val rearrange_ball = Quantifier1.rearrange_ball prove_ball_tac;
wenzelm@11979
   478
  in
wenzelm@18328
   479
    val defBEX_regroup = Simplifier.simproc (the_context ())
wenzelm@13462
   480
      "defined BEX" ["EX x:A. P x & Q x"] rearrange_bex;
wenzelm@18328
   481
    val defBALL_regroup = Simplifier.simproc (the_context ())
wenzelm@13462
   482
      "defined BALL" ["ALL x:A. P x --> Q x"] rearrange_ball;
wenzelm@11979
   483
  end;
wenzelm@13462
   484
wenzelm@13462
   485
  Addsimprocs [defBALL_regroup, defBEX_regroup];
wenzelm@11979
   486
*}
wenzelm@11979
   487
wenzelm@11979
   488
wenzelm@11979
   489
subsubsection {* Congruence rules *}
wenzelm@11979
   490
berghofe@16636
   491
lemma ball_cong:
wenzelm@11979
   492
  "A = B ==> (!!x. x:B ==> P x = Q x) ==>
wenzelm@11979
   493
    (ALL x:A. P x) = (ALL x:B. Q x)"
wenzelm@11979
   494
  by (simp add: Ball_def)
wenzelm@11979
   495
berghofe@16636
   496
lemma strong_ball_cong [cong]:
berghofe@16636
   497
  "A = B ==> (!!x. x:B =simp=> P x = Q x) ==>
berghofe@16636
   498
    (ALL x:A. P x) = (ALL x:B. Q x)"
berghofe@16636
   499
  by (simp add: simp_implies_def Ball_def)
berghofe@16636
   500
berghofe@16636
   501
lemma bex_cong:
wenzelm@11979
   502
  "A = B ==> (!!x. x:B ==> P x = Q x) ==>
wenzelm@11979
   503
    (EX x:A. P x) = (EX x:B. Q x)"
wenzelm@11979
   504
  by (simp add: Bex_def cong: conj_cong)
regensbu@1273
   505
berghofe@16636
   506
lemma strong_bex_cong [cong]:
berghofe@16636
   507
  "A = B ==> (!!x. x:B =simp=> P x = Q x) ==>
berghofe@16636
   508
    (EX x:A. P x) = (EX x:B. Q x)"
berghofe@16636
   509
  by (simp add: simp_implies_def Bex_def cong: conj_cong)
berghofe@16636
   510
wenzelm@7238
   511
wenzelm@11979
   512
subsubsection {* Subsets *}
wenzelm@11979
   513
paulson@19295
   514
lemma subsetI [atp,intro!]: "(!!x. x:A ==> x:B) ==> A \<subseteq> B"
wenzelm@11979
   515
  by (simp add: subset_def)
wenzelm@11979
   516
wenzelm@11979
   517
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   518
  \medskip Map the type @{text "'a set => anything"} to just @{typ
wenzelm@11979
   519
  'a}; for overloading constants whose first argument has type @{typ
wenzelm@11979
   520
  "'a set"}.
wenzelm@11979
   521
*}
wenzelm@11979
   522
wenzelm@12897
   523
lemma subsetD [elim]: "A \<subseteq> B ==> c \<in> A ==> c \<in> B"
wenzelm@11979
   524
  -- {* Rule in Modus Ponens style. *}
wenzelm@11979
   525
  by (unfold subset_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   526
wenzelm@11979
   527
declare subsetD [intro?] -- FIXME
wenzelm@11979
   528
wenzelm@12897
   529
lemma rev_subsetD: "c \<in> A ==> A \<subseteq> B ==> c \<in> B"
wenzelm@11979
   530
  -- {* The same, with reversed premises for use with @{text erule} --
wenzelm@11979
   531
      cf @{text rev_mp}. *}
wenzelm@11979
   532
  by (rule subsetD)
wenzelm@11979
   533
wenzelm@11979
   534
declare rev_subsetD [intro?] -- FIXME
wenzelm@11979
   535
wenzelm@11979
   536
text {*
wenzelm@12897
   537
  \medskip Converts @{prop "A \<subseteq> B"} to @{prop "x \<in> A ==> x \<in> B"}.
wenzelm@11979
   538
*}
wenzelm@11979
   539
wenzelm@11979
   540
ML {*
wenzelm@22139
   541
  fun impOfSubs th = th RSN (2, @{thm rev_subsetD})
wenzelm@11979
   542
*}
wenzelm@11979
   543
wenzelm@12897
   544
lemma subsetCE [elim]: "A \<subseteq>  B ==> (c \<notin> A ==> P) ==> (c \<in> B ==> P) ==> P"
wenzelm@11979
   545
  -- {* Classical elimination rule. *}
wenzelm@11979
   546
  by (unfold subset_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   547
wenzelm@11979
   548
text {*
wenzelm@12897
   549
  \medskip Takes assumptions @{prop "A \<subseteq> B"}; @{prop "c \<in> A"} and
wenzelm@12897
   550
  creates the assumption @{prop "c \<in> B"}.
wenzelm@11979
   551
*}
wenzelm@11979
   552
wenzelm@11979
   553
ML {*
wenzelm@22139
   554
  fun set_mp_tac i = etac @{thm subsetCE} i THEN mp_tac i
wenzelm@11979
   555
*}
wenzelm@11979
   556
wenzelm@12897
   557
lemma contra_subsetD: "A \<subseteq> B ==> c \<notin> B ==> c \<notin> A"
wenzelm@11979
   558
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   559
paulson@19175
   560
lemma subset_refl [simp,atp]: "A \<subseteq> A"
wenzelm@11979
   561
  by fast
wenzelm@11979
   562
wenzelm@12897
   563
lemma subset_trans: "A \<subseteq> B ==> B \<subseteq> C ==> A \<subseteq> C"
wenzelm@11979
   564
  by blast
clasohm@923
   565
wenzelm@2261
   566
wenzelm@11979
   567
subsubsection {* Equality *}
wenzelm@11979
   568
paulson@13865
   569
lemma set_ext: assumes prem: "(!!x. (x:A) = (x:B))" shows "A = B"
paulson@13865
   570
  apply (rule prem [THEN ext, THEN arg_cong, THEN box_equals])
paulson@13865
   571
   apply (rule Collect_mem_eq)
paulson@13865
   572
  apply (rule Collect_mem_eq)
paulson@13865
   573
  done
paulson@13865
   574
nipkow@15554
   575
(* Due to Brian Huffman *)
nipkow@15554
   576
lemma expand_set_eq: "(A = B) = (ALL x. (x:A) = (x:B))"
nipkow@15554
   577
by(auto intro:set_ext)
nipkow@15554
   578
wenzelm@12897
   579
lemma subset_antisym [intro!]: "A \<subseteq> B ==> B \<subseteq> A ==> A = B"
wenzelm@11979
   580
  -- {* Anti-symmetry of the subset relation. *}
nipkow@17589
   581
  by (iprover intro: set_ext subsetD)
wenzelm@12897
   582
wenzelm@12897
   583
lemmas equalityI [intro!] = subset_antisym
wenzelm@11979
   584
wenzelm@11979
   585
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   586
  \medskip Equality rules from ZF set theory -- are they appropriate
wenzelm@11979
   587
  here?
wenzelm@11979
   588
*}
wenzelm@11979
   589
wenzelm@12897
   590
lemma equalityD1: "A = B ==> A \<subseteq> B"
wenzelm@11979
   591
  by (simp add: subset_refl)
wenzelm@11979
   592
wenzelm@12897
   593
lemma equalityD2: "A = B ==> B \<subseteq> A"
wenzelm@11979
   594
  by (simp add: subset_refl)
wenzelm@11979
   595
wenzelm@11979
   596
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   597
  \medskip Be careful when adding this to the claset as @{text
wenzelm@11979
   598
  subset_empty} is in the simpset: @{prop "A = {}"} goes to @{prop "{}
wenzelm@12897
   599
  \<subseteq> A"} and @{prop "A \<subseteq> {}"} and then back to @{prop "A = {}"}!
wenzelm@11979
   600
*}
wenzelm@11979
   601
wenzelm@12897
   602
lemma equalityE: "A = B ==> (A \<subseteq> B ==> B \<subseteq> A ==> P) ==> P"
wenzelm@11979
   603
  by (simp add: subset_refl)
clasohm@923
   604
wenzelm@11979
   605
lemma equalityCE [elim]:
wenzelm@12897
   606
    "A = B ==> (c \<in> A ==> c \<in> B ==> P) ==> (c \<notin> A ==> c \<notin> B ==> P) ==> P"
wenzelm@11979
   607
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   608
wenzelm@11979
   609
lemma eqset_imp_iff: "A = B ==> (x : A) = (x : B)"
wenzelm@11979
   610
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   611
paulson@13865
   612
lemma eqelem_imp_iff: "x = y ==> (x : A) = (y : A)"
paulson@13865
   613
  by simp
paulson@13865
   614
wenzelm@11979
   615
wenzelm@11979
   616
subsubsection {* The universal set -- UNIV *}
wenzelm@11979
   617
wenzelm@11979
   618
lemma UNIV_I [simp]: "x : UNIV"
wenzelm@11979
   619
  by (simp add: UNIV_def)
wenzelm@11979
   620
wenzelm@11979
   621
declare UNIV_I [intro]  -- {* unsafe makes it less likely to cause problems *}
wenzelm@11979
   622
wenzelm@11979
   623
lemma UNIV_witness [intro?]: "EX x. x : UNIV"
wenzelm@11979
   624
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   625
paulson@18144
   626
lemma subset_UNIV [simp]: "A \<subseteq> UNIV"
wenzelm@11979
   627
  by (rule subsetI) (rule UNIV_I)
wenzelm@2388
   628
wenzelm@11979
   629
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   630
  \medskip Eta-contracting these two rules (to remove @{text P})
wenzelm@11979
   631
  causes them to be ignored because of their interaction with
wenzelm@11979
   632
  congruence rules.
wenzelm@11979
   633
*}
wenzelm@11979
   634
wenzelm@11979
   635
lemma ball_UNIV [simp]: "Ball UNIV P = All P"
wenzelm@11979
   636
  by (simp add: Ball_def)
wenzelm@11979
   637
wenzelm@11979
   638
lemma bex_UNIV [simp]: "Bex UNIV P = Ex P"
wenzelm@11979
   639
  by (simp add: Bex_def)
wenzelm@11979
   640
wenzelm@11979
   641
wenzelm@11979
   642
subsubsection {* The empty set *}
wenzelm@11979
   643
wenzelm@11979
   644
lemma empty_iff [simp]: "(c : {}) = False"
wenzelm@11979
   645
  by (simp add: empty_def)
wenzelm@11979
   646
wenzelm@11979
   647
lemma emptyE [elim!]: "a : {} ==> P"
wenzelm@11979
   648
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   649
wenzelm@12897
   650
lemma empty_subsetI [iff]: "{} \<subseteq> A"
wenzelm@11979
   651
    -- {* One effect is to delete the ASSUMPTION @{prop "{} <= A"} *}
wenzelm@11979
   652
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   653
wenzelm@12897
   654
lemma equals0I: "(!!y. y \<in> A ==> False) ==> A = {}"
wenzelm@11979
   655
  by blast
wenzelm@2388
   656
wenzelm@12897
   657
lemma equals0D: "A = {} ==> a \<notin> A"
wenzelm@11979
   658
    -- {* Use for reasoning about disjointness: @{prop "A Int B = {}"} *}
wenzelm@11979
   659
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   660
wenzelm@11979
   661
lemma ball_empty [simp]: "Ball {} P = True"
wenzelm@11979
   662
  by (simp add: Ball_def)
wenzelm@11979
   663
wenzelm@11979
   664
lemma bex_empty [simp]: "Bex {} P = False"
wenzelm@11979
   665
  by (simp add: Bex_def)
wenzelm@11979
   666
wenzelm@11979
   667
lemma UNIV_not_empty [iff]: "UNIV ~= {}"
wenzelm@11979
   668
  by (blast elim: equalityE)
wenzelm@11979
   669
wenzelm@11979
   670
wenzelm@12023
   671
subsubsection {* The Powerset operator -- Pow *}
wenzelm@11979
   672
wenzelm@12897
   673
lemma Pow_iff [iff]: "(A \<in> Pow B) = (A \<subseteq> B)"
wenzelm@11979
   674
  by (simp add: Pow_def)
wenzelm@11979
   675
wenzelm@12897
   676
lemma PowI: "A \<subseteq> B ==> A \<in> Pow B"
wenzelm@11979
   677
  by (simp add: Pow_def)
wenzelm@11979
   678
wenzelm@12897
   679
lemma PowD: "A \<in> Pow B ==> A \<subseteq> B"
wenzelm@11979
   680
  by (simp add: Pow_def)
wenzelm@11979
   681
wenzelm@12897
   682
lemma Pow_bottom: "{} \<in> Pow B"
wenzelm@11979
   683
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   684
wenzelm@12897
   685
lemma Pow_top: "A \<in> Pow A"
wenzelm@11979
   686
  by (simp add: subset_refl)
wenzelm@2684
   687
wenzelm@2388
   688
wenzelm@11979
   689
subsubsection {* Set complement *}
wenzelm@11979
   690
wenzelm@12897
   691
lemma Compl_iff [simp]: "(c \<in> -A) = (c \<notin> A)"
wenzelm@11979
   692
  by (unfold Compl_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   693
wenzelm@12897
   694
lemma ComplI [intro!]: "(c \<in> A ==> False) ==> c \<in> -A"
wenzelm@11979
   695
  by (unfold Compl_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   696
wenzelm@11979
   697
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   698
  \medskip This form, with negated conclusion, works well with the
wenzelm@11979
   699
  Classical prover.  Negated assumptions behave like formulae on the
wenzelm@11979
   700
  right side of the notional turnstile ... *}
wenzelm@11979
   701
paulson@17084
   702
lemma ComplD [dest!]: "c : -A ==> c~:A"
wenzelm@11979
   703
  by (unfold Compl_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   704
paulson@17084
   705
lemmas ComplE = ComplD [elim_format]
wenzelm@11979
   706
wenzelm@11979
   707
wenzelm@11979
   708
subsubsection {* Binary union -- Un *}
clasohm@923
   709
wenzelm@11979
   710
lemma Un_iff [simp]: "(c : A Un B) = (c:A | c:B)"
wenzelm@11979
   711
  by (unfold Un_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   712
wenzelm@11979
   713
lemma UnI1 [elim?]: "c:A ==> c : A Un B"
wenzelm@11979
   714
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   715
wenzelm@11979
   716
lemma UnI2 [elim?]: "c:B ==> c : A Un B"
wenzelm@11979
   717
  by simp
clasohm@923
   718
wenzelm@11979
   719
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   720
  \medskip Classical introduction rule: no commitment to @{prop A} vs
wenzelm@11979
   721
  @{prop B}.
wenzelm@11979
   722
*}
wenzelm@11979
   723
wenzelm@11979
   724
lemma UnCI [intro!]: "(c~:B ==> c:A) ==> c : A Un B"
wenzelm@11979
   725
  by auto
wenzelm@11979
   726
wenzelm@11979
   727
lemma UnE [elim!]: "c : A Un B ==> (c:A ==> P) ==> (c:B ==> P) ==> P"
wenzelm@11979
   728
  by (unfold Un_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   729
wenzelm@11979
   730
wenzelm@12023
   731
subsubsection {* Binary intersection -- Int *}
clasohm@923
   732
wenzelm@11979
   733
lemma Int_iff [simp]: "(c : A Int B) = (c:A & c:B)"
wenzelm@11979
   734
  by (unfold Int_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   735
wenzelm@11979
   736
lemma IntI [intro!]: "c:A ==> c:B ==> c : A Int B"
wenzelm@11979
   737
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   738
wenzelm@11979
   739
lemma IntD1: "c : A Int B ==> c:A"
wenzelm@11979
   740
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   741
wenzelm@11979
   742
lemma IntD2: "c : A Int B ==> c:B"
wenzelm@11979
   743
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   744
wenzelm@11979
   745
lemma IntE [elim!]: "c : A Int B ==> (c:A ==> c:B ==> P) ==> P"
wenzelm@11979
   746
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   747
wenzelm@11979
   748
wenzelm@12023
   749
subsubsection {* Set difference *}
wenzelm@11979
   750
wenzelm@11979
   751
lemma Diff_iff [simp]: "(c : A - B) = (c:A & c~:B)"
wenzelm@11979
   752
  by (unfold set_diff_def) blast
clasohm@923
   753
wenzelm@11979
   754
lemma DiffI [intro!]: "c : A ==> c ~: B ==> c : A - B"
wenzelm@11979
   755
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   756
wenzelm@11979
   757
lemma DiffD1: "c : A - B ==> c : A"
wenzelm@11979
   758
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   759
wenzelm@11979
   760
lemma DiffD2: "c : A - B ==> c : B ==> P"
wenzelm@11979
   761
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   762
wenzelm@11979
   763
lemma DiffE [elim!]: "c : A - B ==> (c:A ==> c~:B ==> P) ==> P"
wenzelm@11979
   764
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   765
wenzelm@11979
   766
wenzelm@11979
   767
subsubsection {* Augmenting a set -- insert *}
wenzelm@11979
   768
wenzelm@11979
   769
lemma insert_iff [simp]: "(a : insert b A) = (a = b | a:A)"
wenzelm@11979
   770
  by (unfold insert_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   771
wenzelm@11979
   772
lemma insertI1: "a : insert a B"
wenzelm@11979
   773
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   774
wenzelm@11979
   775
lemma insertI2: "a : B ==> a : insert b B"
wenzelm@11979
   776
  by simp
clasohm@923
   777
wenzelm@11979
   778
lemma insertE [elim!]: "a : insert b A ==> (a = b ==> P) ==> (a:A ==> P) ==> P"
wenzelm@11979
   779
  by (unfold insert_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   780
wenzelm@11979
   781
lemma insertCI [intro!]: "(a~:B ==> a = b) ==> a: insert b B"
wenzelm@11979
   782
  -- {* Classical introduction rule. *}
wenzelm@11979
   783
  by auto
wenzelm@11979
   784
wenzelm@12897
   785
lemma subset_insert_iff: "(A \<subseteq> insert x B) = (if x:A then A - {x} \<subseteq> B else A \<subseteq> B)"
wenzelm@11979
   786
  by auto
wenzelm@11979
   787
haftmann@24730
   788
lemma set_insert:
haftmann@24730
   789
  assumes "x \<in> A"
haftmann@24730
   790
  obtains B where "A = insert x B" and "x \<notin> B"
haftmann@24730
   791
proof
haftmann@24730
   792
  from assms show "A = insert x (A - {x})" by blast
haftmann@24730
   793
next
haftmann@24730
   794
  show "x \<notin> A - {x}" by blast
haftmann@24730
   795
qed
haftmann@24730
   796
nipkow@25287
   797
lemma insert_ident: "x ~: A ==> x ~: B ==> (insert x A = insert x B) = (A = B)"
nipkow@25287
   798
by auto
wenzelm@11979
   799
wenzelm@11979
   800
subsubsection {* Singletons, using insert *}
wenzelm@11979
   801
paulson@24286
   802
lemma singletonI [intro!,noatp]: "a : {a}"
wenzelm@11979
   803
    -- {* Redundant? But unlike @{text insertCI}, it proves the subgoal immediately! *}
wenzelm@11979
   804
  by (rule insertI1)
wenzelm@11979
   805
paulson@24286
   806
lemma singletonD [dest!,noatp]: "b : {a} ==> b = a"
wenzelm@11979
   807
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   808
paulson@17084
   809
lemmas singletonE = singletonD [elim_format]
wenzelm@11979
   810
wenzelm@11979
   811
lemma singleton_iff: "(b : {a}) = (b = a)"
wenzelm@11979
   812
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   813
wenzelm@11979
   814
lemma singleton_inject [dest!]: "{a} = {b} ==> a = b"
wenzelm@11979
   815
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   816
paulson@24286
   817
lemma singleton_insert_inj_eq [iff,noatp]:
paulson@24286
   818
     "({b} = insert a A) = (a = b & A \<subseteq> {b})"
wenzelm@11979
   819
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   820
paulson@24286
   821
lemma singleton_insert_inj_eq' [iff,noatp]:
paulson@24286
   822
     "(insert a A = {b}) = (a = b & A \<subseteq> {b})"
wenzelm@11979
   823
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   824
wenzelm@12897
   825
lemma subset_singletonD: "A \<subseteq> {x} ==> A = {} | A = {x}"
wenzelm@11979
   826
  by fast
wenzelm@11979
   827
wenzelm@11979
   828
lemma singleton_conv [simp]: "{x. x = a} = {a}"
wenzelm@11979
   829
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   830
wenzelm@11979
   831
lemma singleton_conv2 [simp]: "{x. a = x} = {a}"
wenzelm@11979
   832
  by blast
clasohm@923
   833
wenzelm@12897
   834
lemma diff_single_insert: "A - {x} \<subseteq> B ==> x \<in> A ==> A \<subseteq> insert x B"
wenzelm@11979
   835
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   836
paulson@19870
   837
lemma doubleton_eq_iff: "({a,b} = {c,d}) = (a=c & b=d | a=d & b=c)"
paulson@19870
   838
  by (blast elim: equalityE)
paulson@19870
   839
wenzelm@11979
   840
wenzelm@11979
   841
subsubsection {* Unions of families *}
wenzelm@11979
   842
wenzelm@11979
   843
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   844
  @{term [source] "UN x:A. B x"} is @{term "Union (B`A)"}.
wenzelm@11979
   845
*}
wenzelm@11979
   846
paulson@24286
   847
declare UNION_def [noatp]
paulson@24286
   848
wenzelm@11979
   849
lemma UN_iff [simp]: "(b: (UN x:A. B x)) = (EX x:A. b: B x)"
wenzelm@11979
   850
  by (unfold UNION_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   851
wenzelm@11979
   852
lemma UN_I [intro]: "a:A ==> b: B a ==> b: (UN x:A. B x)"
wenzelm@11979
   853
  -- {* The order of the premises presupposes that @{term A} is rigid;
wenzelm@11979
   854
    @{term b} may be flexible. *}
wenzelm@11979
   855
  by auto
wenzelm@11979
   856
wenzelm@11979
   857
lemma UN_E [elim!]: "b : (UN x:A. B x) ==> (!!x. x:A ==> b: B x ==> R) ==> R"
wenzelm@11979
   858
  by (unfold UNION_def) blast
clasohm@923
   859
wenzelm@11979
   860
lemma UN_cong [cong]:
wenzelm@11979
   861
    "A = B ==> (!!x. x:B ==> C x = D x) ==> (UN x:A. C x) = (UN x:B. D x)"
wenzelm@11979
   862
  by (simp add: UNION_def)
wenzelm@11979
   863
wenzelm@11979
   864
wenzelm@11979
   865
subsubsection {* Intersections of families *}
wenzelm@11979
   866
wenzelm@11979
   867
text {* @{term [source] "INT x:A. B x"} is @{term "Inter (B`A)"}. *}
wenzelm@11979
   868
wenzelm@11979
   869
lemma INT_iff [simp]: "(b: (INT x:A. B x)) = (ALL x:A. b: B x)"
wenzelm@11979
   870
  by (unfold INTER_def) blast
clasohm@923
   871
wenzelm@11979
   872
lemma INT_I [intro!]: "(!!x. x:A ==> b: B x) ==> b : (INT x:A. B x)"
wenzelm@11979
   873
  by (unfold INTER_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   874
wenzelm@11979
   875
lemma INT_D [elim]: "b : (INT x:A. B x) ==> a:A ==> b: B a"
wenzelm@11979
   876
  by auto
wenzelm@11979
   877
wenzelm@11979
   878
lemma INT_E [elim]: "b : (INT x:A. B x) ==> (b: B a ==> R) ==> (a~:A ==> R) ==> R"
wenzelm@11979
   879
  -- {* "Classical" elimination -- by the Excluded Middle on @{prop "a:A"}. *}
wenzelm@11979
   880
  by (unfold INTER_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   881
wenzelm@11979
   882
lemma INT_cong [cong]:
wenzelm@11979
   883
    "A = B ==> (!!x. x:B ==> C x = D x) ==> (INT x:A. C x) = (INT x:B. D x)"
wenzelm@11979
   884
  by (simp add: INTER_def)
wenzelm@7238
   885
clasohm@923
   886
wenzelm@11979
   887
subsubsection {* Union *}
wenzelm@11979
   888
paulson@24286
   889
lemma Union_iff [simp,noatp]: "(A : Union C) = (EX X:C. A:X)"
wenzelm@11979
   890
  by (unfold Union_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   891
wenzelm@11979
   892
lemma UnionI [intro]: "X:C ==> A:X ==> A : Union C"
wenzelm@11979
   893
  -- {* The order of the premises presupposes that @{term C} is rigid;
wenzelm@11979
   894
    @{term A} may be flexible. *}
wenzelm@11979
   895
  by auto
wenzelm@11979
   896
wenzelm@11979
   897
lemma UnionE [elim!]: "A : Union C ==> (!!X. A:X ==> X:C ==> R) ==> R"
wenzelm@11979
   898
  by (unfold Union_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   899
wenzelm@11979
   900
wenzelm@11979
   901
subsubsection {* Inter *}
wenzelm@11979
   902
paulson@24286
   903
lemma Inter_iff [simp,noatp]: "(A : Inter C) = (ALL X:C. A:X)"
wenzelm@11979
   904
  by (unfold Inter_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   905
wenzelm@11979
   906
lemma InterI [intro!]: "(!!X. X:C ==> A:X) ==> A : Inter C"
wenzelm@11979
   907
  by (simp add: Inter_def)
wenzelm@11979
   908
wenzelm@11979
   909
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   910
  \medskip A ``destruct'' rule -- every @{term X} in @{term C}
wenzelm@11979
   911
  contains @{term A} as an element, but @{prop "A:X"} can hold when
wenzelm@11979
   912
  @{prop "X:C"} does not!  This rule is analogous to @{text spec}.
wenzelm@11979
   913
*}
wenzelm@11979
   914
wenzelm@11979
   915
lemma InterD [elim]: "A : Inter C ==> X:C ==> A:X"
wenzelm@11979
   916
  by auto
wenzelm@11979
   917
wenzelm@11979
   918
lemma InterE [elim]: "A : Inter C ==> (X~:C ==> R) ==> (A:X ==> R) ==> R"
wenzelm@11979
   919
  -- {* ``Classical'' elimination rule -- does not require proving
wenzelm@11979
   920
    @{prop "X:C"}. *}
wenzelm@11979
   921
  by (unfold Inter_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   922
wenzelm@11979
   923
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   924
  \medskip Image of a set under a function.  Frequently @{term b} does
wenzelm@11979
   925
  not have the syntactic form of @{term "f x"}.
wenzelm@11979
   926
*}
wenzelm@11979
   927
paulson@24286
   928
declare image_def [noatp]
paulson@24286
   929
wenzelm@11979
   930
lemma image_eqI [simp, intro]: "b = f x ==> x:A ==> b : f`A"
wenzelm@11979
   931
  by (unfold image_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   932
wenzelm@11979
   933
lemma imageI: "x : A ==> f x : f ` A"
wenzelm@11979
   934
  by (rule image_eqI) (rule refl)
wenzelm@11979
   935
wenzelm@11979
   936
lemma rev_image_eqI: "x:A ==> b = f x ==> b : f`A"
wenzelm@11979
   937
  -- {* This version's more effective when we already have the
wenzelm@11979
   938
    required @{term x}. *}
wenzelm@11979
   939
  by (unfold image_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   940
wenzelm@11979
   941
lemma imageE [elim!]:
wenzelm@11979
   942
  "b : (%x. f x)`A ==> (!!x. b = f x ==> x:A ==> P) ==> P"
wenzelm@11979
   943
  -- {* The eta-expansion gives variable-name preservation. *}
wenzelm@11979
   944
  by (unfold image_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
   945
wenzelm@11979
   946
lemma image_Un: "f`(A Un B) = f`A Un f`B"
wenzelm@11979
   947
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   948
wenzelm@11979
   949
lemma image_iff: "(z : f`A) = (EX x:A. z = f x)"
wenzelm@11979
   950
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   951
wenzelm@12897
   952
lemma image_subset_iff: "(f`A \<subseteq> B) = (\<forall>x\<in>A. f x \<in> B)"
wenzelm@11979
   953
  -- {* This rewrite rule would confuse users if made default. *}
wenzelm@11979
   954
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   955
wenzelm@12897
   956
lemma subset_image_iff: "(B \<subseteq> f`A) = (EX AA. AA \<subseteq> A & B = f`AA)"
wenzelm@11979
   957
  apply safe
wenzelm@11979
   958
   prefer 2 apply fast
paulson@14208
   959
  apply (rule_tac x = "{a. a : A & f a : B}" in exI, fast)
wenzelm@11979
   960
  done
wenzelm@11979
   961
wenzelm@12897
   962
lemma image_subsetI: "(!!x. x \<in> A ==> f x \<in> B) ==> f`A \<subseteq> B"
wenzelm@11979
   963
  -- {* Replaces the three steps @{text subsetI}, @{text imageE},
wenzelm@11979
   964
    @{text hypsubst}, but breaks too many existing proofs. *}
wenzelm@11979
   965
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   966
wenzelm@11979
   967
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   968
  \medskip Range of a function -- just a translation for image!
wenzelm@11979
   969
*}
wenzelm@11979
   970
wenzelm@12897
   971
lemma range_eqI: "b = f x ==> b \<in> range f"
wenzelm@11979
   972
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   973
wenzelm@12897
   974
lemma rangeI: "f x \<in> range f"
wenzelm@11979
   975
  by simp
wenzelm@11979
   976
wenzelm@12897
   977
lemma rangeE [elim?]: "b \<in> range (\<lambda>x. f x) ==> (!!x. b = f x ==> P) ==> P"
wenzelm@11979
   978
  by blast
wenzelm@11979
   979
wenzelm@11979
   980
wenzelm@11979
   981
subsubsection {* Set reasoning tools *}
wenzelm@11979
   982
wenzelm@11979
   983
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   984
  Rewrite rules for boolean case-splitting: faster than @{text
wenzelm@11979
   985
  "split_if [split]"}.
wenzelm@11979
   986
*}
wenzelm@11979
   987
wenzelm@11979
   988
lemma split_if_eq1: "((if Q then x else y) = b) = ((Q --> x = b) & (~ Q --> y = b))"
wenzelm@11979
   989
  by (rule split_if)
wenzelm@11979
   990
wenzelm@11979
   991
lemma split_if_eq2: "(a = (if Q then x else y)) = ((Q --> a = x) & (~ Q --> a = y))"
wenzelm@11979
   992
  by (rule split_if)
wenzelm@11979
   993
wenzelm@11979
   994
text {*
wenzelm@11979
   995
  Split ifs on either side of the membership relation.  Not for @{text
wenzelm@11979
   996
  "[simp]"} -- can cause goals to blow up!
wenzelm@11979
   997
*}
wenzelm@11979
   998
wenzelm@11979
   999
lemma split_if_mem1: "((if Q then x else y) : b) = ((Q --> x : b) & (~ Q --> y : b))"
wenzelm@11979
  1000
  by (rule split_if)
wenzelm@11979
  1001
wenzelm@11979
  1002
lemma split_if_mem2: "(a : (if Q then x else y)) = ((Q --> a : x) & (~ Q --> a : y))"
wenzelm@11979
  1003
  by (rule split_if)
wenzelm@11979
  1004
wenzelm@11979
  1005
lemmas split_ifs = if_bool_eq_conj split_if_eq1 split_if_eq2 split_if_mem1 split_if_mem2
wenzelm@11979
  1006
wenzelm@11979
  1007
lemmas mem_simps =
wenzelm@11979
  1008
  insert_iff empty_iff Un_iff Int_iff Compl_iff Diff_iff
wenzelm@11979
  1009
  mem_Collect_eq UN_iff Union_iff INT_iff Inter_iff
wenzelm@11979
  1010
  -- {* Each of these has ALREADY been added @{text "[simp]"} above. *}
wenzelm@11979
  1011
wenzelm@11979
  1012
(*Would like to add these, but the existing code only searches for the
wenzelm@11979
  1013
  outer-level constant, which in this case is just "op :"; we instead need
wenzelm@11979
  1014
  to use term-nets to associate patterns with rules.  Also, if a rule fails to
wenzelm@11979
  1015
  apply, then the formula should be kept.
haftmann@19233
  1016
  [("HOL.uminus", Compl_iff RS iffD1), ("HOL.minus", [Diff_iff RS iffD1]),
wenzelm@11979
  1017
   ("op Int", [IntD1,IntD2]),
wenzelm@11979
  1018
   ("Collect", [CollectD]), ("Inter", [InterD]), ("INTER", [INT_D])]
wenzelm@11979
  1019
 *)
wenzelm@11979
  1020
wenzelm@11979
  1021
ML_setup {*
wenzelm@22139
  1022
  val mksimps_pairs = [("Ball", @{thms bspec})] @ mksimps_pairs;
wenzelm@17875
  1023
  change_simpset (fn ss => ss setmksimps (mksimps mksimps_pairs));
wenzelm@11979
  1024
*}
wenzelm@11979
  1025
wenzelm@11979
  1026
wenzelm@11979
  1027
subsubsection {* The ``proper subset'' relation *}
wenzelm@11979
  1028
paulson@24286
  1029
lemma psubsetI [intro!,noatp]: "A \<subseteq> B ==> A \<noteq> B ==> A \<subset> B"
wenzelm@11979
  1030
  by (unfold psubset_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
  1031
paulson@24286
  1032
lemma psubsetE [elim!,noatp]: 
paulson@13624
  1033
    "[|A \<subset> B;  [|A \<subseteq> B; ~ (B\<subseteq>A)|] ==> R|] ==> R"
paulson@13624
  1034
  by (unfold psubset_def) blast
paulson@13624
  1035
wenzelm@11979
  1036
lemma psubset_insert_iff:
wenzelm@12897
  1037
  "(A \<subset> insert x B) = (if x \<in> B then A \<subset> B else if x \<in> A then A - {x} \<subset> B else A \<subseteq> B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1038
  by (auto simp add: psubset_def subset_insert_iff)
wenzelm@12897
  1039
wenzelm@12897
  1040
lemma psubset_eq: "(A \<subset> B) = (A \<subseteq> B & A \<noteq> B)"
wenzelm@11979
  1041
  by (simp only: psubset_def)
wenzelm@11979
  1042
wenzelm@12897
  1043
lemma psubset_imp_subset: "A \<subset> B ==> A \<subseteq> B"
wenzelm@11979
  1044
  by (simp add: psubset_eq)
wenzelm@11979
  1045
paulson@14335
  1046
lemma psubset_trans: "[| A \<subset> B; B \<subset> C |] ==> A \<subset> C"
paulson@14335
  1047
apply (unfold psubset_def)
paulson@14335
  1048
apply (auto dest: subset_antisym)
paulson@14335
  1049
done
paulson@14335
  1050
paulson@14335
  1051
lemma psubsetD: "[| A \<subset> B; c \<in> A |] ==> c \<in> B"
paulson@14335
  1052
apply (unfold psubset_def)
paulson@14335
  1053
apply (auto dest: subsetD)
paulson@14335
  1054
done
paulson@14335
  1055
wenzelm@12897
  1056
lemma psubset_subset_trans: "A \<subset> B ==> B \<subseteq> C ==> A \<subset> C"
wenzelm@11979
  1057
  by (auto simp add: psubset_eq)
wenzelm@11979
  1058
wenzelm@12897
  1059
lemma subset_psubset_trans: "A \<subseteq> B ==> B \<subset> C ==> A \<subset> C"
wenzelm@11979
  1060
  by (auto simp add: psubset_eq)
wenzelm@11979
  1061
wenzelm@12897
  1062
lemma psubset_imp_ex_mem: "A \<subset> B ==> \<exists>b. b \<in> (B - A)"
wenzelm@11979
  1063
  by (unfold psubset_def) blast
wenzelm@11979
  1064
wenzelm@11979
  1065
lemma atomize_ball:
wenzelm@12897
  1066
    "(!!x. x \<in> A ==> P x) == Trueprop (\<forall>x\<in>A. P x)"
wenzelm@11979
  1067
  by (simp only: Ball_def atomize_all atomize_imp)
wenzelm@11979
  1068
wenzelm@18832
  1069
lemmas [symmetric, rulify] = atomize_ball
wenzelm@18832
  1070
  and [symmetric, defn] = atomize_ball
wenzelm@11979
  1071
wenzelm@11979
  1072
haftmann@22455
  1073
subsection {* Further set-theory lemmas *}
haftmann@22455
  1074
wenzelm@12897
  1075
subsubsection {* Derived rules involving subsets. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1076
wenzelm@12897
  1077
text {* @{text insert}. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1078
wenzelm@12897
  1079
lemma subset_insertI: "B \<subseteq> insert a B"
haftmann@23878
  1080
  by (rule subsetI) (erule insertI2)
wenzelm@12897
  1081
nipkow@14302
  1082
lemma subset_insertI2: "A \<subseteq> B \<Longrightarrow> A \<subseteq> insert b B"
haftmann@23878
  1083
  by blast
nipkow@14302
  1084
wenzelm@12897
  1085
lemma subset_insert: "x \<notin> A ==> (A \<subseteq> insert x B) = (A \<subseteq> B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1086
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1087
wenzelm@12897
  1088
wenzelm@12897
  1089
text {* \medskip Big Union -- least upper bound of a set. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1090
wenzelm@12897
  1091
lemma Union_upper: "B \<in> A ==> B \<subseteq> Union A"
nipkow@17589
  1092
  by (iprover intro: subsetI UnionI)
wenzelm@12897
  1093
wenzelm@12897
  1094
lemma Union_least: "(!!X. X \<in> A ==> X \<subseteq> C) ==> Union A \<subseteq> C"
nipkow@17589
  1095
  by (iprover intro: subsetI elim: UnionE dest: subsetD)
wenzelm@12897
  1096
wenzelm@12897
  1097
wenzelm@12897
  1098
text {* \medskip General union. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1099
wenzelm@12897
  1100
lemma UN_upper: "a \<in> A ==> B a \<subseteq> (\<Union>x\<in>A. B x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1101
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1102
wenzelm@12897
  1103
lemma UN_least: "(!!x. x \<in> A ==> B x \<subseteq> C) ==> (\<Union>x\<in>A. B x) \<subseteq> C"
nipkow@17589
  1104
  by (iprover intro: subsetI elim: UN_E dest: subsetD)
wenzelm@12897
  1105
wenzelm@12897
  1106
wenzelm@12897
  1107
text {* \medskip Big Intersection -- greatest lower bound of a set. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1108
wenzelm@12897
  1109
lemma Inter_lower: "B \<in> A ==> Inter A \<subseteq> B"
wenzelm@12897
  1110
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1111
ballarin@14551
  1112
lemma Inter_subset:
ballarin@14551
  1113
  "[| !!X. X \<in> A ==> X \<subseteq> B; A ~= {} |] ==> \<Inter>A \<subseteq> B"
ballarin@14551
  1114
  by blast
ballarin@14551
  1115
wenzelm@12897
  1116
lemma Inter_greatest: "(!!X. X \<in> A ==> C \<subseteq> X) ==> C \<subseteq> Inter A"
nipkow@17589
  1117
  by (iprover intro: InterI subsetI dest: subsetD)
wenzelm@12897
  1118
wenzelm@12897
  1119
lemma INT_lower: "a \<in> A ==> (\<Inter>x\<in>A. B x) \<subseteq> B a"
wenzelm@12897
  1120
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1121
wenzelm@12897
  1122
lemma INT_greatest: "(!!x. x \<in> A ==> C \<subseteq> B x) ==> C \<subseteq> (\<Inter>x\<in>A. B x)"
nipkow@17589
  1123
  by (iprover intro: INT_I subsetI dest: subsetD)
wenzelm@12897
  1124
wenzelm@12897
  1125
wenzelm@12897
  1126
text {* \medskip Finite Union -- the least upper bound of two sets. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1127
wenzelm@12897
  1128
lemma Un_upper1: "A \<subseteq> A \<union> B"
wenzelm@12897
  1129
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1130
wenzelm@12897
  1131
lemma Un_upper2: "B \<subseteq> A \<union> B"
wenzelm@12897
  1132
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1133
wenzelm@12897
  1134
lemma Un_least: "A \<subseteq> C ==> B \<subseteq> C ==> A \<union> B \<subseteq> C"
wenzelm@12897
  1135
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1136
wenzelm@12897
  1137
wenzelm@12897
  1138
text {* \medskip Finite Intersection -- the greatest lower bound of two sets. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1139
wenzelm@12897
  1140
lemma Int_lower1: "A \<inter> B \<subseteq> A"
wenzelm@12897
  1141
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1142
wenzelm@12897
  1143
lemma Int_lower2: "A \<inter> B \<subseteq> B"
wenzelm@12897
  1144
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1145
wenzelm@12897
  1146
lemma Int_greatest: "C \<subseteq> A ==> C \<subseteq> B ==> C \<subseteq> A \<inter> B"
wenzelm@12897
  1147
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1148
wenzelm@12897
  1149
wenzelm@12897
  1150
text {* \medskip Set difference. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1151
wenzelm@12897
  1152
lemma Diff_subset: "A - B \<subseteq> A"
wenzelm@12897
  1153
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1154
nipkow@14302
  1155
lemma Diff_subset_conv: "(A - B \<subseteq> C) = (A \<subseteq> B \<union> C)"
nipkow@14302
  1156
by blast
nipkow@14302
  1157
wenzelm@12897
  1158
wenzelm@12897
  1159
subsubsection {* Equalities involving union, intersection, inclusion, etc. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1160
wenzelm@12897
  1161
text {* @{text "{}"}. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1162
wenzelm@12897
  1163
lemma Collect_const [simp]: "{s. P} = (if P then UNIV else {})"
wenzelm@12897
  1164
  -- {* supersedes @{text "Collect_False_empty"} *}
wenzelm@12897
  1165
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1166
wenzelm@12897
  1167
lemma subset_empty [simp]: "(A \<subseteq> {}) = (A = {})"
wenzelm@12897
  1168
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1169
wenzelm@12897
  1170
lemma not_psubset_empty [iff]: "\<not> (A < {})"
wenzelm@12897
  1171
  by (unfold psubset_def) blast
wenzelm@12897
  1172
wenzelm@12897
  1173
lemma Collect_empty_eq [simp]: "(Collect P = {}) = (\<forall>x. \<not> P x)"
nipkow@18423
  1174
by blast
nipkow@18423
  1175
nipkow@18423
  1176
lemma empty_Collect_eq [simp]: "({} = Collect P) = (\<forall>x. \<not> P x)"
nipkow@18423
  1177
by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1178
wenzelm@12897
  1179
lemma Collect_neg_eq: "{x. \<not> P x} = - {x. P x}"
wenzelm@12897
  1180
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1181
wenzelm@12897
  1182
lemma Collect_disj_eq: "{x. P x | Q x} = {x. P x} \<union> {x. Q x}"
wenzelm@12897
  1183
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1184
paulson@14812
  1185
lemma Collect_imp_eq: "{x. P x --> Q x} = -{x. P x} \<union> {x. Q x}"
paulson@14812
  1186
  by blast
paulson@14812
  1187
wenzelm@12897
  1188
lemma Collect_conj_eq: "{x. P x & Q x} = {x. P x} \<inter> {x. Q x}"
wenzelm@12897
  1189
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1190
wenzelm@12897
  1191
lemma Collect_all_eq: "{x. \<forall>y. P x y} = (\<Inter>y. {x. P x y})"
wenzelm@12897
  1192
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1193
wenzelm@12897
  1194
lemma Collect_ball_eq: "{x. \<forall>y\<in>A. P x y} = (\<Inter>y\<in>A. {x. P x y})"
wenzelm@12897
  1195
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1196
paulson@24286
  1197
lemma Collect_ex_eq [noatp]: "{x. \<exists>y. P x y} = (\<Union>y. {x. P x y})"
wenzelm@12897
  1198
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1199
paulson@24286
  1200
lemma Collect_bex_eq [noatp]: "{x. \<exists>y\<in>A. P x y} = (\<Union>y\<in>A. {x. P x y})"
wenzelm@12897
  1201
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1202
wenzelm@12897
  1203
wenzelm@12897
  1204
text {* \medskip @{text insert}. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1205
wenzelm@12897
  1206
lemma insert_is_Un: "insert a A = {a} Un A"
wenzelm@12897
  1207
  -- {* NOT SUITABLE FOR REWRITING since @{text "{a} == insert a {}"} *}
wenzelm@12897
  1208
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1209
wenzelm@12897
  1210
lemma insert_not_empty [simp]: "insert a A \<noteq> {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1211
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1212
paulson@17715
  1213
lemmas empty_not_insert = insert_not_empty [symmetric, standard]
paulson@17715
  1214
declare empty_not_insert [simp]
wenzelm@12897
  1215
wenzelm@12897
  1216
lemma insert_absorb: "a \<in> A ==> insert a A = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1217
  -- {* @{text "[simp]"} causes recursive calls when there are nested inserts *}
wenzelm@12897
  1218
  -- {* with \emph{quadratic} running time *}
wenzelm@12897
  1219
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1220
wenzelm@12897
  1221
lemma insert_absorb2 [simp]: "insert x (insert x A) = insert x A"
wenzelm@12897
  1222
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1223
wenzelm@12897
  1224
lemma insert_commute: "insert x (insert y A) = insert y (insert x A)"
wenzelm@12897
  1225
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1226
wenzelm@12897
  1227
lemma insert_subset [simp]: "(insert x A \<subseteq> B) = (x \<in> B & A \<subseteq> B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1228
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1229
wenzelm@12897
  1230
lemma mk_disjoint_insert: "a \<in> A ==> \<exists>B. A = insert a B & a \<notin> B"
wenzelm@12897
  1231
  -- {* use new @{text B} rather than @{text "A - {a}"} to avoid infinite unfolding *}
paulson@14208
  1232
  apply (rule_tac x = "A - {a}" in exI, blast)
wenzelm@12897
  1233
  done
wenzelm@12897
  1234
wenzelm@12897
  1235
lemma insert_Collect: "insert a (Collect P) = {u. u \<noteq> a --> P u}"
wenzelm@12897
  1236
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1237
wenzelm@12897
  1238
lemma UN_insert_distrib: "u \<in> A ==> (\<Union>x\<in>A. insert a (B x)) = insert a (\<Union>x\<in>A. B x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1239
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1240
nipkow@14302
  1241
lemma insert_inter_insert[simp]: "insert a A \<inter> insert a B = insert a (A \<inter> B)"
mehta@14742
  1242
  by blast
nipkow@14302
  1243
paulson@24286
  1244
lemma insert_disjoint [simp,noatp]:
nipkow@13103
  1245
 "(insert a A \<inter> B = {}) = (a \<notin> B \<and> A \<inter> B = {})"
mehta@14742
  1246
 "({} = insert a A \<inter> B) = (a \<notin> B \<and> {} = A \<inter> B)"
paulson@16773
  1247
  by auto
nipkow@13103
  1248
paulson@24286
  1249
lemma disjoint_insert [simp,noatp]:
nipkow@13103
  1250
 "(B \<inter> insert a A = {}) = (a \<notin> B \<and> B \<inter> A = {})"
mehta@14742
  1251
 "({} = A \<inter> insert b B) = (b \<notin> A \<and> {} = A \<inter> B)"
paulson@16773
  1252
  by auto
mehta@14742
  1253
wenzelm@12897
  1254
text {* \medskip @{text image}. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1255
wenzelm@12897
  1256
lemma image_empty [simp]: "f`{} = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1257
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1258
wenzelm@12897
  1259
lemma image_insert [simp]: "f ` insert a B = insert (f a) (f`B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1260
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1261
wenzelm@12897
  1262
lemma image_constant: "x \<in> A ==> (\<lambda>x. c) ` A = {c}"
paulson@16773
  1263
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1264
nipkow@21316
  1265
lemma image_constant_conv: "(%x. c) ` A = (if A = {} then {} else {c})"
nipkow@21312
  1266
by auto
nipkow@21312
  1267
wenzelm@12897
  1268
lemma image_image: "f ` (g ` A) = (\<lambda>x. f (g x)) ` A"
wenzelm@12897
  1269
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1270
wenzelm@12897
  1271
lemma insert_image [simp]: "x \<in> A ==> insert (f x) (f`A) = f`A"
wenzelm@12897
  1272
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1273
wenzelm@12897
  1274
lemma image_is_empty [iff]: "(f`A = {}) = (A = {})"
wenzelm@12897
  1275
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1276
paulson@16773
  1277
paulson@24286
  1278
lemma image_Collect [noatp]: "f ` {x. P x} = {f x | x. P x}"
paulson@16773
  1279
  -- {* NOT suitable as a default simprule: the RHS isn't simpler than the LHS,
paulson@16773
  1280
      with its implicit quantifier and conjunction.  Also image enjoys better
paulson@16773
  1281
      equational properties than does the RHS. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1282
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1283
wenzelm@12897
  1284
lemma if_image_distrib [simp]:
wenzelm@12897
  1285
  "(\<lambda>x. if P x then f x else g x) ` S
wenzelm@12897
  1286
    = (f ` (S \<inter> {x. P x})) \<union> (g ` (S \<inter> {x. \<not> P x}))"
wenzelm@12897
  1287
  by (auto simp add: image_def)
wenzelm@12897
  1288
wenzelm@12897
  1289
lemma image_cong: "M = N ==> (!!x. x \<in> N ==> f x = g x) ==> f`M = g`N"
wenzelm@12897
  1290
  by (simp add: image_def)
wenzelm@12897
  1291
wenzelm@12897
  1292
wenzelm@12897
  1293
text {* \medskip @{text range}. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1294
paulson@24286
  1295
lemma full_SetCompr_eq [noatp]: "{u. \<exists>x. u = f x} = range f"
wenzelm@12897
  1296
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1297
wenzelm@12897
  1298
lemma range_composition [simp]: "range (\<lambda>x. f (g x)) = f`range g"
paulson@14208
  1299
by (subst image_image, simp)
wenzelm@12897
  1300
wenzelm@12897
  1301
wenzelm@12897
  1302
text {* \medskip @{text Int} *}
wenzelm@12897
  1303
wenzelm@12897
  1304
lemma Int_absorb [simp]: "A \<inter> A = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1305
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1306
wenzelm@12897
  1307
lemma Int_left_absorb: "A \<inter> (A \<inter> B) = A \<inter> B"
wenzelm@12897
  1308
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1309
wenzelm@12897
  1310
lemma Int_commute: "A \<inter> B = B \<inter> A"
wenzelm@12897
  1311
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1312
wenzelm@12897
  1313
lemma Int_left_commute: "A \<inter> (B \<inter> C) = B \<inter> (A \<inter> C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1314
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1315
wenzelm@12897
  1316
lemma Int_assoc: "(A \<inter> B) \<inter> C = A \<inter> (B \<inter> C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1317
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1318
wenzelm@12897
  1319
lemmas Int_ac = Int_assoc Int_left_absorb Int_commute Int_left_commute
wenzelm@12897
  1320
  -- {* Intersection is an AC-operator *}
wenzelm@12897
  1321
wenzelm@12897
  1322
lemma Int_absorb1: "B \<subseteq> A ==> A \<inter> B = B"
wenzelm@12897
  1323
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1324
wenzelm@12897
  1325
lemma Int_absorb2: "A \<subseteq> B ==> A \<inter> B = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1326
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1327
wenzelm@12897
  1328
lemma Int_empty_left [simp]: "{} \<inter> B = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1329
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1330
wenzelm@12897
  1331
lemma Int_empty_right [simp]: "A \<inter> {} = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1332
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1333
wenzelm@12897
  1334
lemma disjoint_eq_subset_Compl: "(A \<inter> B = {}) = (A \<subseteq> -B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1335
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1336
wenzelm@12897
  1337
lemma disjoint_iff_not_equal: "(A \<inter> B = {}) = (\<forall>x\<in>A. \<forall>y\<in>B. x \<noteq> y)"
wenzelm@12897
  1338
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1339
wenzelm@12897
  1340
lemma Int_UNIV_left [simp]: "UNIV \<inter> B = B"
wenzelm@12897
  1341
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1342
wenzelm@12897
  1343
lemma Int_UNIV_right [simp]: "A \<inter> UNIV = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1344
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1345
wenzelm@12897
  1346
lemma Int_eq_Inter: "A \<inter> B = \<Inter>{A, B}"
wenzelm@12897
  1347
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1348
wenzelm@12897
  1349
lemma Int_Un_distrib: "A \<inter> (B \<union> C) = (A \<inter> B) \<union> (A \<inter> C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1350
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1351
wenzelm@12897
  1352
lemma Int_Un_distrib2: "(B \<union> C) \<inter> A = (B \<inter> A) \<union> (C \<inter> A)"
wenzelm@12897
  1353
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1354
paulson@24286
  1355
lemma Int_UNIV [simp,noatp]: "(A \<inter> B = UNIV) = (A = UNIV & B = UNIV)"
wenzelm@12897
  1356
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1357
paulson@15102
  1358
lemma Int_subset_iff [simp]: "(C \<subseteq> A \<inter> B) = (C \<subseteq> A & C \<subseteq> B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1359
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1360
wenzelm@12897
  1361
lemma Int_Collect: "(x \<in> A \<inter> {x. P x}) = (x \<in> A & P x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1362
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1363
wenzelm@12897
  1364
wenzelm@12897
  1365
text {* \medskip @{text Un}. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1366
wenzelm@12897
  1367
lemma Un_absorb [simp]: "A \<union> A = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1368
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1369
wenzelm@12897
  1370
lemma Un_left_absorb: "A \<union> (A \<union> B) = A \<union> B"
wenzelm@12897
  1371
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1372
wenzelm@12897
  1373
lemma Un_commute: "A \<union> B = B \<union> A"
wenzelm@12897
  1374
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1375
wenzelm@12897
  1376
lemma Un_left_commute: "A \<union> (B \<union> C) = B \<union> (A \<union> C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1377
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1378
wenzelm@12897
  1379
lemma Un_assoc: "(A \<union> B) \<union> C = A \<union> (B \<union> C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1380
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1381
wenzelm@12897
  1382
lemmas Un_ac = Un_assoc Un_left_absorb Un_commute Un_left_commute
wenzelm@12897
  1383
  -- {* Union is an AC-operator *}
wenzelm@12897
  1384
wenzelm@12897
  1385
lemma Un_absorb1: "A \<subseteq> B ==> A \<union> B = B"
wenzelm@12897
  1386
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1387
wenzelm@12897
  1388
lemma Un_absorb2: "B \<subseteq> A ==> A \<union> B = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1389
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1390
wenzelm@12897
  1391
lemma Un_empty_left [simp]: "{} \<union> B = B"
wenzelm@12897
  1392
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1393
wenzelm@12897
  1394
lemma Un_empty_right [simp]: "A \<union> {} = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1395
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1396
wenzelm@12897
  1397
lemma Un_UNIV_left [simp]: "UNIV \<union> B = UNIV"
wenzelm@12897
  1398
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1399
wenzelm@12897
  1400
lemma Un_UNIV_right [simp]: "A \<union> UNIV = UNIV"
wenzelm@12897
  1401
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1402
wenzelm@12897
  1403
lemma Un_eq_Union: "A \<union> B = \<Union>{A, B}"
wenzelm@12897
  1404
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1405
wenzelm@12897
  1406
lemma Un_insert_left [simp]: "(insert a B) \<union> C = insert a (B \<union> C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1407
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1408
wenzelm@12897
  1409
lemma Un_insert_right [simp]: "A \<union> (insert a B) = insert a (A \<union> B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1410
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1411
wenzelm@12897
  1412
lemma Int_insert_left:
wenzelm@12897
  1413
    "(insert a B) Int C = (if a \<in> C then insert a (B \<inter> C) else B \<inter> C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1414
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1415
wenzelm@12897
  1416
lemma Int_insert_right:
wenzelm@12897
  1417
    "A \<inter> (insert a B) = (if a \<in> A then insert a (A \<inter> B) else A \<inter> B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1418
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1419
wenzelm@12897
  1420
lemma Un_Int_distrib: "A \<union> (B \<inter> C) = (A \<union> B) \<inter> (A \<union> C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1421
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1422
wenzelm@12897
  1423
lemma Un_Int_distrib2: "(B \<inter> C) \<union> A = (B \<union> A) \<inter> (C \<union> A)"
wenzelm@12897
  1424
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1425
wenzelm@12897
  1426
lemma Un_Int_crazy:
wenzelm@12897
  1427
    "(A \<inter> B) \<union> (B \<inter> C) \<union> (C \<inter> A) = (A \<union> B) \<inter> (B \<union> C) \<inter> (C \<union> A)"
wenzelm@12897
  1428
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1429
wenzelm@12897
  1430
lemma subset_Un_eq: "(A \<subseteq> B) = (A \<union> B = B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1431
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1432
wenzelm@12897
  1433
lemma Un_empty [iff]: "(A \<union> B = {}) = (A = {} & B = {})"
wenzelm@12897
  1434
  by blast
paulson@15102
  1435
paulson@15102
  1436
lemma Un_subset_iff [simp]: "(A \<union> B \<subseteq> C) = (A \<subseteq> C & B \<subseteq> C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1437
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1438
wenzelm@12897
  1439
lemma Un_Diff_Int: "(A - B) \<union> (A \<inter> B) = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1440
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1441
paulson@22172
  1442
lemma Diff_Int2: "A \<inter> C - B \<inter> C = A \<inter> C - B"
paulson@22172
  1443
  by blast
paulson@22172
  1444
wenzelm@12897
  1445
wenzelm@12897
  1446
text {* \medskip Set complement *}
wenzelm@12897
  1447
wenzelm@12897
  1448
lemma Compl_disjoint [simp]: "A \<inter> -A = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1449
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1450
wenzelm@12897
  1451
lemma Compl_disjoint2 [simp]: "-A \<inter> A = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1452
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1453
paulson@13818
  1454
lemma Compl_partition: "A \<union> -A = UNIV"
paulson@13818
  1455
  by blast
paulson@13818
  1456
paulson@13818
  1457
lemma Compl_partition2: "-A \<union> A = UNIV"
wenzelm@12897
  1458
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1459
wenzelm@12897
  1460
lemma double_complement [simp]: "- (-A) = (A::'a set)"
wenzelm@12897
  1461
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1462
wenzelm@12897
  1463
lemma Compl_Un [simp]: "-(A \<union> B) = (-A) \<inter> (-B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1464
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1465
wenzelm@12897
  1466
lemma Compl_Int [simp]: "-(A \<inter> B) = (-A) \<union> (-B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1467
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1468
wenzelm@12897
  1469
lemma Compl_UN [simp]: "-(\<Union>x\<in>A. B x) = (\<Inter>x\<in>A. -B x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1470
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1471
wenzelm@12897
  1472
lemma Compl_INT [simp]: "-(\<Inter>x\<in>A. B x) = (\<Union>x\<in>A. -B x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1473
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1474
wenzelm@12897
  1475
lemma subset_Compl_self_eq: "(A \<subseteq> -A) = (A = {})"
wenzelm@12897
  1476
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1477
wenzelm@12897
  1478
lemma Un_Int_assoc_eq: "((A \<inter> B) \<union> C = A \<inter> (B \<union> C)) = (C \<subseteq> A)"
wenzelm@12897
  1479
  -- {* Halmos, Naive Set Theory, page 16. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1480
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1481
wenzelm@12897
  1482
lemma Compl_UNIV_eq [simp]: "-UNIV = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1483
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1484
wenzelm@12897
  1485
lemma Compl_empty_eq [simp]: "-{} = UNIV"
wenzelm@12897
  1486
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1487
wenzelm@12897
  1488
lemma Compl_subset_Compl_iff [iff]: "(-A \<subseteq> -B) = (B \<subseteq> A)"
wenzelm@12897
  1489
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1490
wenzelm@12897
  1491
lemma Compl_eq_Compl_iff [iff]: "(-A = -B) = (A = (B::'a set))"
wenzelm@12897
  1492
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1493
wenzelm@12897
  1494
wenzelm@12897
  1495
text {* \medskip @{text Union}. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1496
wenzelm@12897
  1497
lemma Union_empty [simp]: "Union({}) = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1498
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1499
wenzelm@12897
  1500
lemma Union_UNIV [simp]: "Union UNIV = UNIV"
wenzelm@12897
  1501
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1502
wenzelm@12897
  1503
lemma Union_insert [simp]: "Union (insert a B) = a \<union> \<Union>B"
wenzelm@12897
  1504
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1505
wenzelm@12897
  1506
lemma Union_Un_distrib [simp]: "\<Union>(A Un B) = \<Union>A \<union> \<Union>B"
wenzelm@12897
  1507
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1508
wenzelm@12897
  1509
lemma Union_Int_subset: "\<Union>(A \<inter> B) \<subseteq> \<Union>A \<inter> \<Union>B"
wenzelm@12897
  1510
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1511
paulson@24286
  1512
lemma Union_empty_conv [simp,noatp]: "(\<Union>A = {}) = (\<forall>x\<in>A. x = {})"
nipkow@13653
  1513
  by blast
nipkow@13653
  1514
paulson@24286
  1515
lemma empty_Union_conv [simp,noatp]: "({} = \<Union>A) = (\<forall>x\<in>A. x = {})"
nipkow@13653
  1516
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1517
wenzelm@12897
  1518
lemma Union_disjoint: "(\<Union>C \<inter> A = {}) = (\<forall>B\<in>C. B \<inter> A = {})"
wenzelm@12897
  1519
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1520
wenzelm@12897
  1521
wenzelm@12897
  1522
text {* \medskip @{text Inter}. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1523
wenzelm@12897
  1524
lemma Inter_empty [simp]: "\<Inter>{} = UNIV"
wenzelm@12897
  1525
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1526
wenzelm@12897
  1527
lemma Inter_UNIV [simp]: "\<Inter>UNIV = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1528
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1529
wenzelm@12897
  1530
lemma Inter_insert [simp]: "\<Inter>(insert a B) = a \<inter> \<Inter>B"
wenzelm@12897
  1531
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1532
wenzelm@12897
  1533
lemma Inter_Un_subset: "\<Inter>A \<union> \<Inter>B \<subseteq> \<Inter>(A \<inter> B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1534
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1535
wenzelm@12897
  1536
lemma Inter_Un_distrib: "\<Inter>(A \<union> B) = \<Inter>A \<inter> \<Inter>B"
wenzelm@12897
  1537
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1538
paulson@24286
  1539
lemma Inter_UNIV_conv [simp,noatp]:
nipkow@13653
  1540
  "(\<Inter>A = UNIV) = (\<forall>x\<in>A. x = UNIV)"
nipkow@13653
  1541
  "(UNIV = \<Inter>A) = (\<forall>x\<in>A. x = UNIV)"
paulson@14208
  1542
  by blast+
nipkow@13653
  1543
wenzelm@12897
  1544
wenzelm@12897
  1545
text {*
wenzelm@12897
  1546
  \medskip @{text UN} and @{text INT}.
wenzelm@12897
  1547
wenzelm@12897
  1548
  Basic identities: *}
wenzelm@12897
  1549
paulson@24286
  1550
lemma UN_empty [simp,noatp]: "(\<Union>x\<in>{}. B x) = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1551
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1552
wenzelm@12897
  1553
lemma UN_empty2 [simp]: "(\<Union>x\<in>A. {}) = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1554
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1555
wenzelm@12897
  1556
lemma UN_singleton [simp]: "(\<Union>x\<in>A. {x}) = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1557
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1558
wenzelm@12897
  1559
lemma UN_absorb: "k \<in> I ==> A k \<union> (\<Union>i\<in>I. A i) = (\<Union>i\<in>I. A i)"
paulson@15102
  1560
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1561
wenzelm@12897
  1562
lemma INT_empty [simp]: "(\<Inter>x\<in>{}. B x) = UNIV"
wenzelm@12897
  1563
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1564
wenzelm@12897
  1565
lemma INT_absorb: "k \<in> I ==> A k \<inter> (\<Inter>i\<in>I. A i) = (\<Inter>i\<in>I. A i)"
wenzelm@12897
  1566
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1567
wenzelm@12897
  1568
lemma UN_insert [simp]: "(\<Union>x\<in>insert a A. B x) = B a \<union> UNION A B"
wenzelm@12897
  1569
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1570
nipkow@24331
  1571
lemma UN_Un[simp]: "(\<Union>i \<in> A \<union> B. M i) = (\<Union>i\<in>A. M i) \<union> (\<Union>i\<in>B. M i)"
wenzelm@12897
  1572
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1573
wenzelm@12897
  1574
lemma UN_UN_flatten: "(\<Union>x \<in> (\<Union>y\<in>A. B y). C x) = (\<Union>y\<in>A. \<Union>x\<in>B y. C x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1575
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1576
wenzelm@12897
  1577
lemma UN_subset_iff: "((\<Union>i\<in>I. A i) \<subseteq> B) = (\<forall>i\<in>I. A i \<subseteq> B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1578
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1579
wenzelm@12897
  1580
lemma INT_subset_iff: "(B \<subseteq> (\<Inter>i\<in>I. A i)) = (\<forall>i\<in>I. B \<subseteq> A i)"
wenzelm@12897
  1581
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1582
wenzelm@12897
  1583
lemma INT_insert [simp]: "(\<Inter>x \<in> insert a A. B x) = B a \<inter> INTER A B"
wenzelm@12897
  1584
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1585
wenzelm@12897
  1586
lemma INT_Un: "(\<Inter>i \<in> A \<union> B. M i) = (\<Inter>i \<in> A. M i) \<inter> (\<Inter>i\<in>B. M i)"
wenzelm@12897
  1587
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1588
wenzelm@12897
  1589
lemma INT_insert_distrib:
wenzelm@12897
  1590
    "u \<in> A ==> (\<Inter>x\<in>A. insert a (B x)) = insert a (\<Inter>x\<in>A. B x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1591
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1592
wenzelm@12897
  1593
lemma Union_image_eq [simp]: "\<Union>(B`A) = (\<Union>x\<in>A. B x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1594
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1595
wenzelm@12897
  1596
lemma image_Union: "f ` \<Union>S = (\<Union>x\<in>S. f ` x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1597
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1598
wenzelm@12897
  1599
lemma Inter_image_eq [simp]: "\<Inter>(B`A) = (\<Inter>x\<in>A. B x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1600
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1601
wenzelm@12897
  1602
lemma UN_constant [simp]: "(\<Union>y\<in>A. c) = (if A = {} then {} else c)"
wenzelm@12897
  1603
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1604
wenzelm@12897
  1605
lemma INT_constant [simp]: "(\<Inter>y\<in>A. c) = (if A = {} then UNIV else c)"
wenzelm@12897
  1606
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1607
wenzelm@12897
  1608
lemma UN_eq: "(\<Union>x\<in>A. B x) = \<Union>({Y. \<exists>x\<in>A. Y = B x})"
wenzelm@12897
  1609
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1610
wenzelm@12897
  1611
lemma INT_eq: "(\<Inter>x\<in>A. B x) = \<Inter>({Y. \<exists>x\<in>A. Y = B x})"
wenzelm@12897
  1612
  -- {* Look: it has an \emph{existential} quantifier *}
wenzelm@12897
  1613
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1614
paulson@18447
  1615
lemma UNION_empty_conv[simp]:
nipkow@13653
  1616
  "({} = (UN x:A. B x)) = (\<forall>x\<in>A. B x = {})"
nipkow@13653
  1617
  "((UN x:A. B x) = {}) = (\<forall>x\<in>A. B x = {})"
nipkow@13653
  1618
by blast+
nipkow@13653
  1619
paulson@18447
  1620
lemma INTER_UNIV_conv[simp]:
nipkow@13653
  1621
 "(UNIV = (INT x:A. B x)) = (\<forall>x\<in>A. B x = UNIV)"
nipkow@13653
  1622
 "((INT x:A. B x) = UNIV) = (\<forall>x\<in>A. B x = UNIV)"
nipkow@13653
  1623
by blast+
wenzelm@12897
  1624
wenzelm@12897
  1625
wenzelm@12897
  1626
text {* \medskip Distributive laws: *}
wenzelm@12897
  1627
wenzelm@12897
  1628
lemma Int_Union: "A \<inter> \<Union>B = (\<Union>C\<in>B. A \<inter> C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1629
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1630
wenzelm@12897
  1631
lemma Int_Union2: "\<Union>B \<inter> A = (\<Union>C\<in>B. C \<inter> A)"
wenzelm@12897
  1632
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1633
wenzelm@12897
  1634
lemma Un_Union_image: "(\<Union>x\<in>C. A x \<union> B x) = \<Union>(A`C) \<union> \<Union>(B`C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1635
  -- {* Devlin, Fundamentals of Contemporary Set Theory, page 12, exercise 5: *}
wenzelm@12897
  1636
  -- {* Union of a family of unions *}
wenzelm@12897
  1637
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1638
wenzelm@12897
  1639
lemma UN_Un_distrib: "(\<Union>i\<in>I. A i \<union> B i) = (\<Union>i\<in>I. A i) \<union> (\<Union>i\<in>I. B i)"
wenzelm@12897
  1640
  -- {* Equivalent version *}
wenzelm@12897
  1641
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1642
wenzelm@12897
  1643
lemma Un_Inter: "A \<union> \<Inter>B = (\<Inter>C\<in>B. A \<union> C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1644
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1645
wenzelm@12897
  1646
lemma Int_Inter_image: "(\<Inter>x\<in>C. A x \<inter> B x) = \<Inter>(A`C) \<inter> \<Inter>(B`C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1647
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1648
wenzelm@12897
  1649
lemma INT_Int_distrib: "(\<Inter>i\<in>I. A i \<inter> B i) = (\<Inter>i\<in>I. A i) \<inter> (\<Inter>i\<in>I. B i)"
wenzelm@12897
  1650
  -- {* Equivalent version *}
wenzelm@12897
  1651
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1652
wenzelm@12897
  1653
lemma Int_UN_distrib: "B \<inter> (\<Union>i\<in>I. A i) = (\<Union>i\<in>I. B \<inter> A i)"
wenzelm@12897
  1654
  -- {* Halmos, Naive Set Theory, page 35. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1655
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1656
wenzelm@12897
  1657
lemma Un_INT_distrib: "B \<union> (\<Inter>i\<in>I. A i) = (\<Inter>i\<in>I. B \<union> A i)"
wenzelm@12897
  1658
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1659
wenzelm@12897
  1660
lemma Int_UN_distrib2: "(\<Union>i\<in>I. A i) \<inter> (\<Union>j\<in>J. B j) = (\<Union>i\<in>I. \<Union>j\<in>J. A i \<inter> B j)"
wenzelm@12897
  1661
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1662
wenzelm@12897
  1663
lemma Un_INT_distrib2: "(\<Inter>i\<in>I. A i) \<union> (\<Inter>j\<in>J. B j) = (\<Inter>i\<in>I. \<Inter>j\<in>J. A i \<union> B j)"
wenzelm@12897
  1664
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1665
wenzelm@12897
  1666
wenzelm@12897
  1667
text {* \medskip Bounded quantifiers.
wenzelm@12897
  1668
wenzelm@12897
  1669
  The following are not added to the default simpset because
wenzelm@12897
  1670
  (a) they duplicate the body and (b) there are no similar rules for @{text Int}. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1671
wenzelm@12897
  1672
lemma ball_Un: "(\<forall>x \<in> A \<union> B. P x) = ((\<forall>x\<in>A. P x) & (\<forall>x\<in>B. P x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1673
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1674
wenzelm@12897
  1675
lemma bex_Un: "(\<exists>x \<in> A \<union> B. P x) = ((\<exists>x\<in>A. P x) | (\<exists>x\<in>B. P x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1676
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1677
wenzelm@12897
  1678
lemma ball_UN: "(\<forall>z \<in> UNION A B. P z) = (\<forall>x\<in>A. \<forall>z \<in> B x. P z)"
wenzelm@12897
  1679
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1680
wenzelm@12897
  1681
lemma bex_UN: "(\<exists>z \<in> UNION A B. P z) = (\<exists>x\<in>A. \<exists>z\<in>B x. P z)"
wenzelm@12897
  1682
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1683
wenzelm@12897
  1684
wenzelm@12897
  1685
text {* \medskip Set difference. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1686
wenzelm@12897
  1687
lemma Diff_eq: "A - B = A \<inter> (-B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1688
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1689
paulson@24286
  1690
lemma Diff_eq_empty_iff [simp,noatp]: "(A - B = {}) = (A \<subseteq> B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1691
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1692
wenzelm@12897
  1693
lemma Diff_cancel [simp]: "A - A = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1694
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1695
nipkow@14302
  1696
lemma Diff_idemp [simp]: "(A - B) - B = A - (B::'a set)"
nipkow@14302
  1697
by blast
nipkow@14302
  1698
wenzelm@12897
  1699
lemma Diff_triv: "A \<inter> B = {} ==> A - B = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1700
  by (blast elim: equalityE)
wenzelm@12897
  1701
wenzelm@12897
  1702
lemma empty_Diff [simp]: "{} - A = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1703
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1704
wenzelm@12897
  1705
lemma Diff_empty [simp]: "A - {} = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1706
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1707
wenzelm@12897
  1708
lemma Diff_UNIV [simp]: "A - UNIV = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1709
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1710
paulson@24286
  1711
lemma Diff_insert0 [simp,noatp]: "x \<notin> A ==> A - insert x B = A - B"
wenzelm@12897
  1712
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1713
wenzelm@12897
  1714
lemma Diff_insert: "A - insert a B = A - B - {a}"
wenzelm@12897
  1715
  -- {* NOT SUITABLE FOR REWRITING since @{text "{a} == insert a 0"} *}
wenzelm@12897
  1716
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1717
wenzelm@12897
  1718
lemma Diff_insert2: "A - insert a B = A - {a} - B"
wenzelm@12897
  1719
  -- {* NOT SUITABLE FOR REWRITING since @{text "{a} == insert a 0"} *}
wenzelm@12897
  1720
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1721
wenzelm@12897
  1722
lemma insert_Diff_if: "insert x A - B = (if x \<in> B then A - B else insert x (A - B))"
wenzelm@12897
  1723
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1724
wenzelm@12897
  1725
lemma insert_Diff1 [simp]: "x \<in> B ==> insert x A - B = A - B"
wenzelm@12897
  1726
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1727
nipkow@14302
  1728
lemma insert_Diff_single[simp]: "insert a (A - {a}) = insert a A"
nipkow@14302
  1729
by blast
nipkow@14302
  1730
wenzelm@12897
  1731
lemma insert_Diff: "a \<in> A ==> insert a (A - {a}) = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1732
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1733
wenzelm@12897
  1734
lemma Diff_insert_absorb: "x \<notin> A ==> (insert x A) - {x} = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1735
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1736
wenzelm@12897
  1737
lemma Diff_disjoint [simp]: "A \<inter> (B - A) = {}"
wenzelm@12897
  1738
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1739
wenzelm@12897
  1740
lemma Diff_partition: "A \<subseteq> B ==> A \<union> (B - A) = B"
wenzelm@12897
  1741
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1742
wenzelm@12897
  1743
lemma double_diff: "A \<subseteq> B ==> B \<subseteq> C ==> B - (C - A) = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1744
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1745
wenzelm@12897
  1746
lemma Un_Diff_cancel [simp]: "A \<union> (B - A) = A \<union> B"
wenzelm@12897
  1747
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1748
wenzelm@12897
  1749
lemma Un_Diff_cancel2 [simp]: "(B - A) \<union> A = B \<union> A"
wenzelm@12897
  1750
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1751
wenzelm@12897
  1752
lemma Diff_Un: "A - (B \<union> C) = (A - B) \<inter> (A - C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1753
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1754
wenzelm@12897
  1755
lemma Diff_Int: "A - (B \<inter> C) = (A - B) \<union> (A - C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1756
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1757
wenzelm@12897
  1758
lemma Un_Diff: "(A \<union> B) - C = (A - C) \<union> (B - C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1759
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1760
wenzelm@12897
  1761
lemma Int_Diff: "(A \<inter> B) - C = A \<inter> (B - C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1762
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1763
wenzelm@12897
  1764
lemma Diff_Int_distrib: "C \<inter> (A - B) = (C \<inter> A) - (C \<inter> B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1765
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1766
wenzelm@12897
  1767
lemma Diff_Int_distrib2: "(A - B) \<inter> C = (A \<inter> C) - (B \<inter> C)"
wenzelm@12897
  1768
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1769
wenzelm@12897
  1770
lemma Diff_Compl [simp]: "A - (- B) = A \<inter> B"
wenzelm@12897
  1771
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1772
wenzelm@12897
  1773
lemma Compl_Diff_eq [simp]: "- (A - B) = -A \<union> B"
wenzelm@12897
  1774
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1775
wenzelm@12897
  1776
wenzelm@12897
  1777
text {* \medskip Quantification over type @{typ bool}. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1778
wenzelm@12897
  1779
lemma bool_induct: "P True \<Longrightarrow> P False \<Longrightarrow> P x"
haftmann@21549
  1780
  by (cases x) auto
haftmann@21549
  1781
haftmann@21549
  1782
lemma all_bool_eq: "(\<forall>b. P b) \<longleftrightarrow> P True \<and> P False"
haftmann@21549
  1783
  by (auto intro: bool_induct)
haftmann@21549
  1784
haftmann@21549
  1785
lemma bool_contrapos: "P x \<Longrightarrow> \<not> P False \<Longrightarrow> P True"
haftmann@21549
  1786
  by (cases x) auto
haftmann@21549
  1787
haftmann@21549
  1788
lemma ex_bool_eq: "(\<exists>b. P b) \<longleftrightarrow> P True \<or> P False"
haftmann@21549
  1789
  by (auto intro: bool_contrapos)
wenzelm@12897
  1790
wenzelm@12897
  1791
lemma Un_eq_UN: "A \<union> B = (\<Union>b. if b then A else B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1792
  by (auto simp add: split_if_mem2)
wenzelm@12897
  1793
wenzelm@12897
  1794
lemma UN_bool_eq: "(\<Union>b::bool. A b) = (A True \<union> A False)"
haftmann@21549
  1795
  by (auto intro: bool_contrapos)
wenzelm@12897
  1796
wenzelm@12897
  1797
lemma INT_bool_eq: "(\<Inter>b::bool. A b) = (A True \<inter> A False)"
haftmann@21549
  1798
  by (auto intro: bool_induct)
wenzelm@12897
  1799
wenzelm@12897
  1800
text {* \medskip @{text Pow} *}
wenzelm@12897
  1801
wenzelm@12897
  1802
lemma Pow_empty [simp]: "Pow {} = {{}}"
wenzelm@12897
  1803
  by (auto simp add: Pow_def)
wenzelm@12897
  1804
wenzelm@12897
  1805
lemma Pow_insert: "Pow (insert a A) = Pow A \<union> (insert a ` Pow A)"
wenzelm@12897
  1806
  by (blast intro: image_eqI [where ?x = "u - {a}", standard])
wenzelm@12897
  1807
wenzelm@12897
  1808
lemma Pow_Compl: "Pow (- A) = {-B | B. A \<in> Pow B}"
wenzelm@12897
  1809
  by (blast intro: exI [where ?x = "- u", standard])
wenzelm@12897
  1810
wenzelm@12897
  1811
lemma Pow_UNIV [simp]: "Pow UNIV = UNIV"
wenzelm@12897
  1812
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1813
wenzelm@12897
  1814
lemma Un_Pow_subset: "Pow A \<union> Pow B \<subseteq> Pow (A \<union> B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1815
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1816
wenzelm@12897
  1817
lemma UN_Pow_subset: "(\<Union>x\<in>A. Pow (B x)) \<subseteq> Pow (\<Union>x\<in>A. B x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1818
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1819
wenzelm@12897
  1820
lemma subset_Pow_Union: "A \<subseteq> Pow (\<Union>A)"
wenzelm@12897
  1821
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1822
wenzelm@12897
  1823
lemma Union_Pow_eq [simp]: "\<Union>(Pow A) = A"
wenzelm@12897
  1824
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1825
wenzelm@12897
  1826
lemma Pow_Int_eq [simp]: "Pow (A \<inter> B) = Pow A \<inter> Pow B"
wenzelm@12897
  1827
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1828
wenzelm@12897
  1829
lemma Pow_INT_eq: "Pow (\<Inter>x\<in>A. B x) = (\<Inter>x\<in>A. Pow (B x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1830
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1831
wenzelm@12897
  1832
wenzelm@12897
  1833
text {* \medskip Miscellany. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1834
wenzelm@12897
  1835
lemma set_eq_subset: "(A = B) = (A \<subseteq> B & B \<subseteq> A)"
wenzelm@12897
  1836
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1837
wenzelm@12897
  1838
lemma subset_iff: "(A \<subseteq> B) = (\<forall>t. t \<in> A --> t \<in> B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1839
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1840
wenzelm@12897
  1841
lemma subset_iff_psubset_eq: "(A \<subseteq> B) = ((A \<subset> B) | (A = B))"
wenzelm@12897
  1842
  by (unfold psubset_def) blast
wenzelm@12897
  1843
paulson@18447
  1844
lemma all_not_in_conv [simp]: "(\<forall>x. x \<notin> A) = (A = {})"
wenzelm@12897
  1845
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1846
paulson@13831
  1847
lemma ex_in_conv: "(\<exists>x. x \<in> A) = (A \<noteq> {})"
paulson@13831
  1848
  by blast
paulson@13831
  1849
wenzelm@12897
  1850
lemma distinct_lemma: "f x \<noteq> f y ==> x \<noteq> y"
nipkow@17589
  1851
  by iprover
wenzelm@12897
  1852
wenzelm@12897
  1853
paulson@13860
  1854
text {* \medskip Miniscoping: pushing in quantifiers and big Unions
paulson@13860
  1855
           and Intersections. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1856
wenzelm@12897
  1857
lemma UN_simps [simp]:
wenzelm@12897
  1858
  "!!a B C. (UN x:C. insert a (B x)) = (if C={} then {} else insert a (UN x:C. B x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1859
  "!!A B C. (UN x:C. A x Un B)   = ((if C={} then {} else (UN x:C. A x) Un B))"
wenzelm@12897
  1860
  "!!A B C. (UN x:C. A Un B x)   = ((if C={} then {} else A Un (UN x:C. B x)))"
wenzelm@12897
  1861
  "!!A B C. (UN x:C. A x Int B)  = ((UN x:C. A x) Int B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1862
  "!!A B C. (UN x:C. A Int B x)  = (A Int (UN x:C. B x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1863
  "!!A B C. (UN x:C. A x - B)    = ((UN x:C. A x) - B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1864
  "!!A B C. (UN x:C. A - B x)    = (A - (INT x:C. B x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1865
  "!!A B. (UN x: Union A. B x) = (UN y:A. UN x:y. B x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1866
  "!!A B C. (UN z: UNION A B. C z) = (UN  x:A. UN z: B(x). C z)"
wenzelm@12897
  1867
  "!!A B f. (UN x:f`A. B x)     = (UN a:A. B (f a))"
wenzelm@12897
  1868
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1869
wenzelm@12897
  1870
lemma INT_simps [simp]:
wenzelm@12897
  1871
  "!!A B C. (INT x:C. A x Int B) = (if C={} then UNIV else (INT x:C. A x) Int B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1872
  "!!A B C. (INT x:C. A Int B x) = (if C={} then UNIV else A Int (INT x:C. B x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1873
  "!!A B C. (INT x:C. A x - B)   = (if C={} then UNIV else (INT x:C. A x) - B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1874
  "!!A B C. (INT x:C. A - B x)   = (if C={} then UNIV else A - (UN x:C. B x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1875
  "!!a B C. (INT x:C. insert a (B x)) = insert a (INT x:C. B x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1876
  "!!A B C. (INT x:C. A x Un B)  = ((INT x:C. A x) Un B)"
wenzelm@12897
  1877
  "!!A B C. (INT x:C. A Un B x)  = (A Un (INT x:C. B x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1878
  "!!A B. (INT x: Union A. B x) = (INT y:A. INT x:y. B x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1879
  "!!A B C. (INT z: UNION A B. C z) = (INT x:A. INT z: B(x). C z)"
wenzelm@12897
  1880
  "!!A B f. (INT x:f`A. B x)    = (INT a:A. B (f a))"
wenzelm@12897
  1881
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1882
paulson@24286
  1883
lemma ball_simps [simp,noatp]:
wenzelm@12897
  1884
  "!!A P Q. (ALL x:A. P x | Q) = ((ALL x:A. P x) | Q)"
wenzelm@12897
  1885
  "!!A P Q. (ALL x:A. P | Q x) = (P | (ALL x:A. Q x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1886
  "!!A P Q. (ALL x:A. P --> Q x) = (P --> (ALL x:A. Q x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1887
  "!!A P Q. (ALL x:A. P x --> Q) = ((EX x:A. P x) --> Q)"
wenzelm@12897
  1888
  "!!P. (ALL x:{}. P x) = True"
wenzelm@12897
  1889
  "!!P. (ALL x:UNIV. P x) = (ALL x. P x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1890
  "!!a B P. (ALL x:insert a B. P x) = (P a & (ALL x:B. P x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1891
  "!!A P. (ALL x:Union A. P x) = (ALL y:A. ALL x:y. P x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1892
  "!!A B P. (ALL x: UNION A B. P x) = (ALL a:A. ALL x: B a. P x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1893
  "!!P Q. (ALL x:Collect Q. P x) = (ALL x. Q x --> P x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1894
  "!!A P f. (ALL x:f`A. P x) = (ALL x:A. P (f x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1895
  "!!A P. (~(ALL x:A. P x)) = (EX x:A. ~P x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1896
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1897
paulson@24286
  1898
lemma bex_simps [simp,noatp]:
wenzelm@12897
  1899
  "!!A P Q. (EX x:A. P x & Q) = ((EX x:A. P x) & Q)"
wenzelm@12897
  1900
  "!!A P Q. (EX x:A. P & Q x) = (P & (EX x:A. Q x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1901
  "!!P. (EX x:{}. P x) = False"
wenzelm@12897
  1902
  "!!P. (EX x:UNIV. P x) = (EX x. P x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1903
  "!!a B P. (EX x:insert a B. P x) = (P(a) | (EX x:B. P x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1904
  "!!A P. (EX x:Union A. P x) = (EX y:A. EX x:y. P x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1905
  "!!A B P. (EX x: UNION A B. P x) = (EX a:A. EX x:B a. P x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1906
  "!!P Q. (EX x:Collect Q. P x) = (EX x. Q x & P x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1907
  "!!A P f. (EX x:f`A. P x) = (EX x:A. P (f x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1908
  "!!A P. (~(EX x:A. P x)) = (ALL x:A. ~P x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1909
  by auto
wenzelm@12897
  1910
wenzelm@12897
  1911
lemma ball_conj_distrib:
wenzelm@12897
  1912
  "(ALL x:A. P x & Q x) = ((ALL x:A. P x) & (ALL x:A. Q x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1913
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1914
wenzelm@12897
  1915
lemma bex_disj_distrib:
wenzelm@12897
  1916
  "(EX x:A. P x | Q x) = ((EX x:A. P x) | (EX x:A. Q x))"
wenzelm@12897
  1917
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1918
wenzelm@12897
  1919
paulson@13860
  1920
text {* \medskip Maxiscoping: pulling out big Unions and Intersections. *}
paulson@13860
  1921
paulson@13860
  1922
lemma UN_extend_simps:
paulson@13860
  1923
  "!!a B C. insert a (UN x:C. B x) = (if C={} then {a} else (UN x:C. insert a (B x)))"
paulson@13860
  1924
  "!!A B C. (UN x:C. A x) Un B    = (if C={} then B else (UN x:C. A x Un B))"
paulson@13860
  1925
  "!!A B C. A Un (UN x:C. B x)   = (if C={} then A else (UN x:C. A Un B x))"
paulson@13860
  1926
  "!!A B C. ((UN x:C. A x) Int B) = (UN x:C. A x Int B)"
paulson@13860
  1927
  "!!A B C. (A Int (UN x:C. B x)) = (UN x:C. A Int B x)"
paulson@13860
  1928
  "!!A B C. ((UN x:C. A x) - B) = (UN x:C. A x - B)"
paulson@13860
  1929
  "!!A B C. (A - (INT x:C. B x)) = (UN x:C. A - B x)"
paulson@13860
  1930
  "!!A B. (UN y:A. UN x:y. B x) = (UN x: Union A. B x)"
paulson@13860
  1931
  "!!A B C. (UN  x:A. UN z: B(x). C z) = (UN z: UNION A B. C z)"
paulson@13860
  1932
  "!!A B f. (UN a:A. B (f a)) = (UN x:f`A. B x)"
paulson@13860
  1933
  by auto
paulson@13860
  1934
paulson@13860
  1935
lemma INT_extend_simps:
paulson@13860
  1936
  "!!A B C. (INT x:C. A x) Int B = (if C={} then B else (INT x:C. A x Int B))"
paulson@13860
  1937
  "!!A B C. A Int (INT x:C. B x) = (if C={} then A else (INT x:C. A Int B x))"
paulson@13860
  1938
  "!!A B C. (INT x:C. A x) - B   = (if C={} then UNIV-B else (INT x:C. A x - B))"
paulson@13860
  1939
  "!!A B C. A - (UN x:C. B x)   = (if C={} then A else (INT x:C. A - B x))"
paulson@13860
  1940
  "!!a B C. insert a (INT x:C. B x) = (INT x:C. insert a (B x))"
paulson@13860
  1941
  "!!A B C. ((INT x:C. A x) Un B)  = (INT x:C. A x Un B)"
paulson@13860
  1942
  "!!A B C. A Un (INT x:C. B x)  = (INT x:C. A Un B x)"
paulson@13860
  1943
  "!!A B. (INT y:A. INT x:y. B x) = (INT x: Union A. B x)"
paulson@13860
  1944
  "!!A B C. (INT x:A. INT z: B(x). C z) = (INT z: UNION A B. C z)"
paulson@13860
  1945
  "!!A B f. (INT a:A. B (f a))    = (INT x:f`A. B x)"
paulson@13860
  1946
  by auto
paulson@13860
  1947
paulson@13860
  1948
wenzelm@12897
  1949
subsubsection {* Monotonicity of various operations *}
wenzelm@12897
  1950
wenzelm@12897
  1951
lemma image_mono: "A \<subseteq> B ==> f`A \<subseteq> f`B"
wenzelm@12897
  1952
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1953
wenzelm@12897
  1954
lemma Pow_mono: "A \<subseteq> B ==> Pow A \<subseteq> Pow B"
wenzelm@12897
  1955
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1956
wenzelm@12897
  1957
lemma Union_mono: "A \<subseteq> B ==> \<Union>A \<subseteq> \<Union>B"
wenzelm@12897
  1958
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1959
wenzelm@12897
  1960
lemma Inter_anti_mono: "B \<subseteq> A ==> \<Inter>A \<subseteq> \<Inter>B"
wenzelm@12897
  1961
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1962
wenzelm@12897
  1963
lemma UN_mono:
wenzelm@12897
  1964
  "A \<subseteq> B ==> (!!x. x \<in> A ==> f x \<subseteq> g x) ==>
wenzelm@12897
  1965
    (\<Union>x\<in>A. f x) \<subseteq> (\<Union>x\<in>B. g x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1966
  by (blast dest: subsetD)
wenzelm@12897
  1967
wenzelm@12897
  1968
lemma INT_anti_mono:
wenzelm@12897
  1969
  "B \<subseteq> A ==> (!!x. x \<in> A ==> f x \<subseteq> g x) ==>
wenzelm@12897
  1970
    (\<Inter>x\<in>A. f x) \<subseteq> (\<Inter>x\<in>A. g x)"
wenzelm@12897
  1971
  -- {* The last inclusion is POSITIVE! *}
wenzelm@12897
  1972
  by (blast dest: subsetD)
wenzelm@12897
  1973
wenzelm@12897
  1974
lemma insert_mono: "C \<subseteq> D ==> insert a C \<subseteq> insert a D"
wenzelm@12897
  1975
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1976
wenzelm@12897
  1977
lemma Un_mono: "A \<subseteq> C ==> B \<subseteq> D ==> A \<union> B \<subseteq> C \<union> D"
wenzelm@12897
  1978
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1979
wenzelm@12897
  1980
lemma Int_mono: "A \<subseteq> C ==> B \<subseteq> D ==> A \<inter> B \<subseteq> C \<inter> D"
wenzelm@12897
  1981
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1982
wenzelm@12897
  1983
lemma Diff_mono: "A \<subseteq> C ==> D \<subseteq> B ==> A - B \<subseteq> C - D"
wenzelm@12897
  1984
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1985
wenzelm@12897
  1986
lemma Compl_anti_mono: "A \<subseteq> B ==> -B \<subseteq> -A"
wenzelm@12897
  1987
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  1988
wenzelm@12897
  1989
text {* \medskip Monotonicity of implications. *}
wenzelm@12897
  1990
wenzelm@12897
  1991
lemma in_mono: "A \<subseteq> B ==> x \<in> A --> x \<in> B"
wenzelm@12897
  1992
  apply (rule impI)
paulson@14208
  1993
  apply (erule subsetD, assumption)
wenzelm@12897
  1994
  done
wenzelm@12897
  1995
wenzelm@12897
  1996
lemma conj_mono: "P1 --> Q1 ==> P2 --> Q2 ==> (P1 & P2) --> (Q1 & Q2)"
nipkow@17589
  1997
  by iprover
wenzelm@12897
  1998
wenzelm@12897
  1999
lemma disj_mono: "P1 --> Q1 ==> P2 --> Q2 ==> (P1 | P2) --> (Q1 | Q2)"
nipkow@17589
  2000
  by iprover
wenzelm@12897
  2001
wenzelm@12897
  2002
lemma imp_mono: "Q1 --> P1 ==> P2 --> Q2 ==> (P1 --> P2) --> (Q1 --> Q2)"
nipkow@17589
  2003
  by iprover
wenzelm@12897
  2004
wenzelm@12897
  2005
lemma imp_refl: "P --> P" ..
wenzelm@12897
  2006
wenzelm@12897
  2007
lemma ex_mono: "(!!x. P x --> Q x) ==> (EX x. P x) --> (EX x. Q x)"
nipkow@17589
  2008
  by iprover
wenzelm@12897
  2009
wenzelm@12897
  2010
lemma all_mono: "(!!x. P x --> Q x) ==> (ALL x. P x) --> (ALL x. Q x)"
nipkow@17589
  2011
  by iprover
wenzelm@12897
  2012
wenzelm@12897
  2013
lemma Collect_mono: "(!!x. P x --> Q x) ==> Collect P \<subseteq> Collect Q"
wenzelm@12897
  2014
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  2015
wenzelm@12897
  2016
lemma Int_Collect_mono:
wenzelm@12897
  2017
    "A \<subseteq> B ==> (!!x. x \<in> A ==> P x --> Q x) ==> A \<inter> Collect P \<subseteq> B \<inter> Collect Q"
wenzelm@12897
  2018
  by blast
wenzelm@12897
  2019
wenzelm@12897
  2020
lemmas basic_monos =
wenzelm@12897
  2021
  subset_refl imp_refl disj_mono conj_mono
wenzelm@12897
  2022
  ex_mono Collect_mono in_mono
wenzelm@12897
  2023
wenzelm@12897
  2024
lemma eq_to_mono: "a = b ==> c = d ==> b --> d ==> a --> c"
nipkow@17589
  2025
  by iprover
wenzelm@12897
  2026
wenzelm@12897
  2027
lemma eq_to_mono2: "a = b ==> c = d ==> ~ b --> ~ d ==> ~ a --> ~ c"
nipkow@17589
  2028
  by iprover
wenzelm@11979
  2029
wenzelm@12020
  2030
wenzelm@12257
  2031
subsection {* Inverse image of a function *}
wenzelm@12257
  2032
wenzelm@12257
  2033
constdefs
wenzelm@12257
  2034
  vimage :: "('a => 'b) => 'b set => 'a set"    (infixr "-`" 90)
wenzelm@12257
  2035
  "f -` B == {x. f x : B}"
wenzelm@12257
  2036
wenzelm@12257
  2037
wenzelm@12257
  2038
subsubsection {* Basic rules *}
wenzelm@12257
  2039
wenzelm@12257
  2040
lemma vimage_eq [simp]: "(a : f -` B) = (f a : B)"
wenzelm@12257
  2041
  by (unfold vimage_def) blast
wenzelm@12257
  2042
wenzelm@12257
  2043
lemma vimage_singleton_eq: "(a : f -` {b}) = (f a = b)"
wenzelm@12257
  2044
  by simp
wenzelm@12257
  2045
wenzelm@12257
  2046
lemma vimageI [intro]: "f a = b ==> b:B ==> a : f -` B"
wenzelm@12257
  2047
  by (unfold vimage_def) blast
wenzelm@12257
  2048
wenzelm@12257
  2049
lemma vimageI2: "f a : A ==> a : f -` A"
wenzelm@12257
  2050
  by (unfold vimage_def) fast
wenzelm@12257
  2051
wenzelm@12257
  2052
lemma vimageE [elim!]: "a: f -` B ==> (!!x. f a = x ==> x:B ==> P) ==> P"
wenzelm@12257
  2053
  by (unfold vimage_def) blast
wenzelm@12257
  2054
wenzelm@12257
  2055
lemma vimageD: "a : f -` A ==> f a : A"
wenzelm@12257
  2056
  by (unfold vimage_def) fast
wenzelm@12257
  2057
wenzelm@12257
  2058
wenzelm@12257
  2059
subsubsection {* Equations *}
wenzelm@12257
  2060
wenzelm@12257
  2061
lemma vimage_empty [simp]: "f -` {} = {}"
wenzelm@12257
  2062
  by blast
wenzelm@12257
  2063
wenzelm@12257
  2064
lemma vimage_Compl: "f -` (-A) = -(f -` A)"
wenzelm@12257
  2065
  by blast
wenzelm@12257
  2066
wenzelm@12257
  2067
lemma vimage_Un [simp]: "f -` (A Un B) = (f -` A) Un (f -` B)"
wenzelm@12257
  2068
  by blast
wenzelm@12257
  2069
wenzelm@12257
  2070
lemma vimage_Int [simp]: "f -` (A Int B) = (f -` A) Int (f -` B)"
wenzelm@12257
  2071
  by fast
wenzelm@12257
  2072
wenzelm@12257
  2073
lemma vimage_Union: "f -` (Union A) = (UN X:A. f -` X)"
wenzelm@12257
  2074
  by blast
wenzelm@12257
  2075
wenzelm@12257
  2076
lemma vimage_UN: "f-`(UN x:A. B x) = (UN x:A. f -` B x)"
wenzelm@12257
  2077
  by blast
wenzelm@12257
  2078
wenzelm@12257
  2079
lemma vimage_INT: "f-`(INT x:A. B x) = (INT x:A. f -` B x)"
wenzelm@12257
  2080
  by blast
wenzelm@12257
  2081
wenzelm@12257
  2082
lemma vimage_Collect_eq [simp]: "f -` Collect P = {y. P (f y)}"
wenzelm@12257
  2083
  by blast
wenzelm@12257
  2084
wenzelm@12257
  2085
lemma vimage_Collect: "(!!x. P (f x) = Q x) ==> f -` (Collect P) = Collect Q"
wenzelm@12257
  2086
  by blast
wenzelm@12257
  2087
wenzelm@12257
  2088
lemma vimage_insert: "f-`(insert a B) = (f-`{a}) Un (f-`B)"
wenzelm@12257
  2089
  -- {* NOT suitable for rewriting because of the recurrence of @{term "{a}"}. *}
wenzelm@12257
  2090
  by blast
wenzelm@12257
  2091
wenzelm@12257
  2092
lemma vimage_Diff: "f -` (A - B) = (f -` A) - (f -` B)"
wenzelm@12257
  2093
  by blast
wenzelm@12257
  2094
wenzelm@12257
  2095
lemma vimage_UNIV [simp]: "f -` UNIV = UNIV"
wenzelm@12257
  2096
  by blast
wenzelm@12257
  2097
wenzelm@12257
  2098
lemma vimage_eq_UN: "f-`B = (UN y: B. f-`{y})"
wenzelm@12257
  2099
  -- {* NOT suitable for rewriting *}
wenzelm@12257
  2100
  by blast
wenzelm@12257
  2101
wenzelm@12897
  2102
lemma vimage_mono: "A \<subseteq> B ==> f -` A \<subseteq> f -` B"
wenzelm@12257
  2103
  -- {* monotonicity *}
wenzelm@12257
  2104
  by blast
wenzelm@12257
  2105
wenzelm@12257
  2106
paulson@14479
  2107
subsection {* Getting the Contents of a Singleton Set *}
paulson@14479
  2108
haftmann@24658
  2109
definition
haftmann@24658
  2110
  contents :: "'a set \<Rightarrow> 'a"
haftmann@24658
  2111
where
haftmann@24658
  2112
  [code func del]: "contents X = (THE x. X = {x})"
haftmann@24658
  2113
haftmann@24658
  2114
lemma contents_eq [simp]: "contents {x} = x"
haftmann@24658
  2115
  by (simp add: contents_def)
paulson@14479
  2116
paulson@14479
  2117
wenzelm@12023
  2118
subsection {* Transitivity rules for calculational reasoning *}
wenzelm@12020
  2119
wenzelm@12897
  2120
lemma set_rev_mp: "x:A ==> A \<subseteq> B ==> x:B"
wenzelm@12020
  2121
  by (rule subsetD)
wenzelm@12020
  2122
wenzelm@12897
  2123
lemma set_mp: "A \<subseteq> B ==> x:A ==> x:B"
wenzelm@12020
  2124
  by (rule subsetD)
wenzelm@12020
  2125
haftmann@22455
  2126
haftmann@24420
  2127
subsection {* Code generation for finite sets *}
haftmann@24420
  2128
haftmann@24420
  2129
code_datatype "{}" insert
haftmann@24420
  2130
haftmann@24420
  2131
haftmann@24420
  2132
subsubsection {* Primitive predicates *}
haftmann@24420
  2133
haftmann@24420
  2134
definition
haftmann@24420
  2135
  is_empty :: "'a set \<Rightarrow> bool"
haftmann@24420
  2136
where
haftmann@24420
  2137
  [code func del]: "is_empty A \<longleftrightarrow> A = {}"
haftmann@24420
  2138
lemmas [code inline] = is_empty_def [symmetric]
haftmann@24420
  2139
haftmann@24420
  2140
lemma is_empty_insert [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2141
  "is_empty (insert a A) \<longleftrightarrow> False"
haftmann@24420
  2142
  by (simp add: is_empty_def)
haftmann@24420
  2143
haftmann@24420
  2144
lemma is_empty_empty [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2145
  "is_empty {} \<longleftrightarrow> True"
haftmann@24420
  2146
  by (simp add: is_empty_def)
haftmann@24420
  2147
haftmann@24420
  2148
lemma Ball_insert [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2149
  "Ball (insert a A) P \<longleftrightarrow> P a \<and> Ball A P"
haftmann@24420
  2150
  by simp
haftmann@24420
  2151
haftmann@24420
  2152
lemma Ball_empty [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2153
  "Ball {} P \<longleftrightarrow> True"
haftmann@24420
  2154
  by simp
haftmann@24420
  2155
haftmann@24420
  2156
lemma Bex_insert [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2157
  "Bex (insert a A) P \<longleftrightarrow> P a \<or> Bex A P"
haftmann@24420
  2158
  by simp
haftmann@24420
  2159
haftmann@24420
  2160
lemma Bex_empty [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2161
  "Bex {} P \<longleftrightarrow> False"
haftmann@24420
  2162
  by simp
haftmann@24420
  2163
haftmann@24420
  2164
haftmann@24420
  2165
subsubsection {* Primitive operations *}
haftmann@24420
  2166
haftmann@24420
  2167
lemma minus_insert [code func]:
haftmann@24658
  2168
  "insert (a\<Colon>'a\<Colon>eq) A - B = (let C = A - B in if a \<in> B then C else insert a C)"
haftmann@24420
  2169
  by (auto simp add: Let_def)
haftmann@24420
  2170
haftmann@24420
  2171
lemma minus_empty1 [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2172
  "{} - A = {}"
haftmann@24420
  2173
  by simp
haftmann@24420
  2174
haftmann@24420
  2175
lemma minus_empty2 [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2176
  "A - {} = A"
haftmann@24420
  2177
  by simp
haftmann@24420
  2178
haftmann@24420
  2179
lemma inter_insert [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2180
  "insert a A \<inter> B = (let C = A \<inter> B in if a \<in> B then insert a C else C)"
haftmann@24420
  2181
  by (auto simp add: Let_def)
haftmann@24420
  2182
haftmann@24420
  2183
lemma inter_empty1 [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2184
  "{} \<inter> A = {}"
haftmann@24420
  2185
  by simp
haftmann@24420
  2186
haftmann@24420
  2187
lemma inter_empty2 [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2188
  "A \<inter> {} = {}"
haftmann@24420
  2189
  by simp
haftmann@24420
  2190
haftmann@24420
  2191
lemma union_insert [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2192
  "insert a A \<union> B = (let C = A \<union> B in if a \<in> B then C else insert a C)"
haftmann@24420
  2193
  by (auto simp add: Let_def)
haftmann@24420
  2194
haftmann@24420
  2195
lemma union_empty1 [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2196
  "{} \<union> A = A"
haftmann@24420
  2197
  by simp
haftmann@24420
  2198
haftmann@24420
  2199
lemma union_empty2 [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2200
  "A \<union> {} = A"
haftmann@24420
  2201
  by simp
haftmann@24420
  2202
haftmann@24420
  2203
lemma INTER_insert [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2204
  "INTER (insert a A) f = f a \<inter> INTER A f"
haftmann@24420
  2205
  by auto
haftmann@24420
  2206
haftmann@24420
  2207
lemma INTER_singleton [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2208
  "INTER {a} f = f a"
haftmann@24420
  2209
  by auto
haftmann@24420
  2210
haftmann@24420
  2211
lemma UNION_insert [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2212
  "UNION (insert a A) f = f a \<union> UNION A f"
haftmann@24420
  2213
  by auto
haftmann@24420
  2214
haftmann@24420
  2215
lemma UNION_empty [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2216
  "UNION {} f = {}"
haftmann@24420
  2217
  by auto
haftmann@24420
  2218
haftmann@24658
  2219
lemma contents_insert [code func]:
haftmann@24658
  2220
  "contents (insert a A) = contents (insert a (A - {a}))"
haftmann@24658
  2221
  by auto
haftmann@24658
  2222
declare contents_eq [code func]
haftmann@24658
  2223
haftmann@24420
  2224
haftmann@24420
  2225
subsubsection {* Derived predicates *}
haftmann@24420
  2226
haftmann@24420
  2227
lemma in_code [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2228
  "a \<in> A \<longleftrightarrow> (\<exists>x\<in>A. a = x)"
haftmann@24420
  2229
  by simp
haftmann@24420
  2230
haftmann@24420
  2231
instance set :: (eq) eq ..
haftmann@24420
  2232
haftmann@24420
  2233
lemma eq_set_code [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2234
  fixes A B :: "'a\<Colon>eq set"
haftmann@24420
  2235
  shows "A = B \<longleftrightarrow> A \<subseteq> B \<and> B \<subseteq> A"
haftmann@24420
  2236
  by auto
haftmann@24420
  2237
haftmann@24420
  2238
lemma subset_eq_code [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2239
  fixes A B :: "'a\<Colon>eq set"
haftmann@24420
  2240
  shows "A \<subseteq> B \<longleftrightarrow> (\<forall>x\<in>A. x \<in> B)"
haftmann@24420
  2241
  by auto
haftmann@24420
  2242
haftmann@24420
  2243
lemma subset_code [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2244
  fixes A B :: "'a\<Colon>eq set"
haftmann@24420
  2245
  shows "A \<subset> B \<longleftrightarrow> A \<subseteq> B \<and> \<not> B \<subseteq> A"
haftmann@24420
  2246
  by auto
haftmann@24420
  2247
haftmann@24420
  2248
haftmann@24420
  2249
subsubsection {* Derived operations *}
haftmann@24420
  2250
haftmann@24420
  2251
lemma image_code [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2252
  "image f A = UNION A (\<lambda>x. {f x})" by auto
haftmann@24420
  2253
haftmann@24420
  2254
definition
haftmann@24420
  2255
  project :: "('a \<Rightarrow> bool) \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> 'a set" where
haftmann@24420
  2256
  [code func del, code post]: "project P A = {a\<in>A. P a}"
haftmann@24420
  2257
haftmann@24420
  2258
lemmas [symmetric, code inline] = project_def
haftmann@24420
  2259
haftmann@24420
  2260
lemma project_code [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2261
  "project P A = UNION A (\<lambda>a. if P a then {a} else {})"
haftmann@24420
  2262
  by (auto simp add: project_def split: if_splits)
haftmann@24420
  2263
haftmann@24420
  2264
lemma Inter_code [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2265
  "Inter A = INTER A (\<lambda>x. x)"
haftmann@24420
  2266
  by auto
haftmann@24420
  2267
haftmann@24420
  2268
lemma Union_code [code func]:
haftmann@24420
  2269
  "Union A = UNION A (\<lambda>x. x)"
haftmann@24420
  2270
  by auto
haftmann@24420
  2271
krauss@25360
  2272
code_reserved SML union inter (* Avoid clashes with ML infixes *)
haftmann@24420
  2273
wenzelm@21669
  2274
subsection {* Basic ML bindings *}
wenzelm@21669
  2275
wenzelm@21669
  2276
ML {*
wenzelm@22139
  2277
val Ball_def = @{thm Ball_def}
wenzelm@22139
  2278
val Bex_def = @{thm Bex_def}
wenzelm@22139
  2279
val CollectD = @{thm CollectD}
wenzelm@22139
  2280
val CollectE = @{thm CollectE}
wenzelm@22139
  2281
val CollectI = @{thm CollectI}
wenzelm@22139
  2282
val Collect_conj_eq = @{thm Collect_conj_eq}
wenzelm@22139
  2283
val Collect_mem_eq = @{thm Collect_mem_eq}
wenzelm@22139
  2284
val IntD1 = @{thm IntD1}
wenzelm@22139
  2285
val IntD2 = @{thm IntD2}
wenzelm@22139
  2286
val IntE = @{thm IntE}
wenzelm@22139
  2287
val IntI = @{thm IntI}
wenzelm@22139
  2288
val Int_Collect = @{thm Int_Collect}
wenzelm@22139
  2289
val UNIV_I = @{thm UNIV_I}
wenzelm@22139
  2290
val UNIV_witness = @{thm UNIV_witness}
wenzelm@22139
  2291
val UnE = @{thm UnE}
wenzelm@22139
  2292
val UnI1 = @{thm UnI1}
wenzelm@22139
  2293
val UnI2 = @{thm UnI2}
wenzelm@22139
  2294
val ballE = @{thm ballE}
wenzelm@22139
  2295
val ballI = @{thm ballI}
wenzelm@22139
  2296
val bexCI = @{thm bexCI}
wenzelm@22139
  2297
val bexE = @{thm bexE}
wenzelm@22139
  2298
val bexI = @{thm bexI}
wenzelm@22139
  2299
val bex_triv = @{thm bex_triv}
wenzelm@22139
  2300
val bspec = @{thm bspec}
wenzelm@22139
  2301
val contra_subsetD = @{thm contra_subsetD}
wenzelm@22139
  2302
val distinct_lemma = @{thm distinct_lemma}
wenzelm@22139
  2303
val eq_to_mono = @{thm eq_to_mono}
wenzelm@22139
  2304
val eq_to_mono2 = @{thm eq_to_mono2}
wenzelm@22139
  2305
val equalityCE = @{thm equalityCE}
wenzelm@22139
  2306
val equalityD1 = @{thm equalityD1}
wenzelm@22139
  2307
val equalityD2 = @{thm equalityD2}
wenzelm@22139
  2308
val equalityE = @{thm equalityE}
wenzelm@22139
  2309
val equalityI = @{thm equalityI}
wenzelm@22139
  2310
val imageE = @{thm imageE}
wenzelm@22139
  2311
val imageI = @{thm imageI}
wenzelm@22139
  2312
val image_Un = @{thm image_Un}
wenzelm@22139
  2313
val image_insert = @{thm image_insert}
wenzelm@22139
  2314
val insert_commute = @{thm insert_commute}
wenzelm@22139
  2315
val insert_iff = @{thm insert_iff}
wenzelm@22139
  2316
val mem_Collect_eq = @{thm mem_Collect_eq}
wenzelm@22139
  2317
val rangeE = @{thm rangeE}
wenzelm@22139
  2318
val rangeI = @{thm rangeI}
wenzelm@22139
  2319
val range_eqI = @{thm range_eqI}
wenzelm@22139
  2320
val subsetCE = @{thm subsetCE}
wenzelm@22139
  2321
val subsetD = @{thm subsetD}
wenzelm@22139
  2322
val subsetI = @{thm subsetI}
wenzelm@22139
  2323
val subset_refl = @{thm subset_refl}
wenzelm@22139
  2324
val subset_trans = @{thm subset_trans}
wenzelm@22139
  2325
val vimageD = @{thm vimageD}
wenzelm@22139
  2326
val vimageE = @{thm vimageE}
wenzelm@22139
  2327
val vimageI = @{thm vimageI}
wenzelm@22139
  2328
val vimageI2 = @{thm vimageI2}
wenzelm@22139
  2329
val vimage_Collect = @{thm vimage_Collect}
wenzelm@22139
  2330
val vimage_Int = @{thm vimage_Int}
wenzelm@22139
  2331
val vimage_Un = @{thm vimage_Un}
wenzelm@21669
  2332
*}
wenzelm@21669
  2333
wenzelm@11979
  2334
end