src/ZF/OrderType.ML
author lcp
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(*  Title: 	ZF/OrderType.ML
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Author: 	Lawrence C Paulson, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory
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    Copyright   1994  University of Cambridge
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For OrderType.thy.  Order types in Zermelo-Fraenkel Set Theory 
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*)
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open OrderType;
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goalw OrderType.thy [ordermap_def,ordertype_def]
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    "ordermap(A,r) : A -> ordertype(A,r)";
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by (rtac lam_type 1);
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by (rtac (lamI RS imageI) 1);
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by (REPEAT (assume_tac 1));
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qed "ordermap_type";
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(** Unfolding of ordermap **)
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(*Useful for cardinality reasoning; see CardinalArith.ML*)
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goalw OrderType.thy [ordermap_def, pred_def]
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    "!!r. [| wf[A](r);  x:A |] ==> \
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\         ordermap(A,r) ` x = ordermap(A,r) `` pred(A,x,r)";
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by (asm_simp_tac ZF_ss 1);
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by (etac (wfrec_on RS trans) 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [subset_iff, image_lam,
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                                  vimage_singleton_iff]) 1);
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qed "ordermap_eq_image";
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(*Useful for rewriting PROVIDED pred is not unfolded until later!*)
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goal OrderType.thy 
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    "!!r. [| wf[A](r);  x:A |] ==> \
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\         ordermap(A,r) ` x = {ordermap(A,r)`y . y : pred(A,x,r)}";
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by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [ordermap_eq_image, pred_subset, 
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				  ordermap_type RS image_fun]) 1);
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qed "ordermap_pred_unfold";
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(*pred-unfolded version.  NOT suitable for rewriting -- loops!*)
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val ordermap_unfold = rewrite_rule [pred_def] ordermap_pred_unfold;
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(** Showing that ordermap, ordertype yield ordinals **)
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fun ordermap_elim_tac i =
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    EVERY [etac (ordermap_unfold RS equalityD1 RS subsetD RS RepFunE) i,
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	   assume_tac (i+1),
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	   assume_tac i];
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goalw OrderType.thy [well_ord_def, tot_ord_def, part_ord_def]
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    "!!r. [| well_ord(A,r);  x:A |] ==> Ord(ordermap(A,r) ` x)";
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by (safe_tac ZF_cs);
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by (wf_on_ind_tac "x" [] 1);
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by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [ordermap_pred_unfold]) 1);
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by (rtac (Ord_is_Transset RSN (2,OrdI)) 1);
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by (rewrite_goals_tac [pred_def,Transset_def]);
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by (fast_tac ZF_cs 2);
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by (safe_tac ZF_cs);
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by (ordermap_elim_tac 1);
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by (fast_tac (ZF_cs addSEs [trans_onD]) 1);
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qed "Ord_ordermap";
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goalw OrderType.thy [ordertype_def]
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    "!!r. well_ord(A,r) ==> Ord(ordertype(A,r))";
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by (rtac ([ordermap_type, subset_refl] MRS image_fun RS ssubst) 1);
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by (rtac (Ord_is_Transset RSN (2,OrdI)) 1);
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by (fast_tac (ZF_cs addIs [Ord_ordermap]) 2);
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by (rewrite_goals_tac [Transset_def,well_ord_def]);
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by (safe_tac ZF_cs);
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by (ordermap_elim_tac 1);
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by (fast_tac ZF_cs 1);
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qed "Ord_ordertype";
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(** ordermap preserves the orderings in both directions **)
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goal OrderType.thy
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    "!!r. [| <w,x>: r;  wf[A](r);  w: A; x: A |] ==>	\
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\         ordermap(A,r)`w : ordermap(A,r)`x";
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by (eres_inst_tac [("x1", "x")] (ordermap_unfold RS ssubst) 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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by (fast_tac ZF_cs 1);
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qed "ordermap_mono";
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(*linearity of r is crucial here*)
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goalw OrderType.thy [well_ord_def, tot_ord_def]
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    "!!r. [| ordermap(A,r)`w : ordermap(A,r)`x;  well_ord(A,r);  \
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\            w: A; x: A |] ==> <w,x>: r";
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by (safe_tac ZF_cs);
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by (linear_case_tac 1);
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by (fast_tac (ZF_cs addSEs [mem_not_refl RS notE]) 1);
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by (dtac ordermap_mono 1);
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by (REPEAT_SOME assume_tac);
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by (etac mem_asym 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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qed "converse_ordermap_mono";
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bind_thm ("ordermap_surj", 
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	  rewrite_rule [symmetric ordertype_def] 
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	      (ordermap_type RS surj_image));
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goalw OrderType.thy [well_ord_def, tot_ord_def, bij_def, inj_def]
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    "!!r. well_ord(A,r) ==> ordermap(A,r) : bij(A, ordertype(A,r))";
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by (safe_tac ZF_cs);
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by (rtac ordermap_type 1);
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by (rtac ordermap_surj 2);
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by (linear_case_tac 1);
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(*The two cases yield similar contradictions*)
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by (ALLGOALS (dtac ordermap_mono));
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by (REPEAT_SOME assume_tac);
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by (ALLGOALS (asm_full_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [mem_not_refl])));
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qed "ordermap_bij";
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goalw OrderType.thy [ord_iso_def]
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 "!!r. well_ord(A,r) ==> \
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\      ordermap(A,r) : ord_iso(A,r, ordertype(A,r), Memrel(ordertype(A,r)))";
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by (safe_tac ZF_cs);
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by (rtac ordermap_bij 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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by (fast_tac (ZF_cs addSEs [MemrelE, converse_ordermap_mono]) 2);
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by (rewtac well_ord_def);
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by (fast_tac (ZF_cs addSIs [MemrelI, ordermap_mono,
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			    ordermap_type RS apply_type]) 1);
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qed "ordertype_ord_iso";
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(** Unfolding of ordertype **)
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goalw OrderType.thy [ordertype_def]
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    "ordertype(A,r) = {ordermap(A,r)`y . y : A}";
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by (rtac ([ordermap_type, subset_refl] MRS image_fun) 1);
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qed "ordertype_unfold";
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(** Ordertype of Memrel **)
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(*Requires Ordinal.thy as parent; otherwise could be in Order.ML*)
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goal OrderType.thy "!!i. Ord(i) ==> well_ord(i, Memrel(i))";
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by (rtac well_ordI 1);
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by (rtac (wf_Memrel RS wf_imp_wf_on) 1);
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by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [linear_def, Memrel_iff]) 1);
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by (REPEAT (resolve_tac [ballI, Ord_linear] 1));;
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by (REPEAT (eresolve_tac [asm_rl, Ord_in_Ord] 1));;
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qed "well_ord_Memrel";
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goal OrderType.thy "!!i. [| Ord(i);  j:i |] ==> ordermap(i,Memrel(i)) ` j = j";
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by (etac Ord_induct 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps
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	     [well_ord_Memrel RS well_ord_is_wf RS ordermap_pred_unfold]) 1);
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by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [pred_def, Memrel_iff]) 1);
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by (dtac OrdmemD 1);
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by (assume_tac 1);
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by (fast_tac eq_cs 1);
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qed "ordermap_Memrel";
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goal OrderType.thy "!!i. Ord(i) ==> ordertype(i,Memrel(i)) = i";
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by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [ordertype_unfold, ordermap_Memrel]) 1);
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   158
qed "ordertype_Memrel";
467
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diff changeset
   159
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   160
(** Ordertype of rvimage **)
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   161
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goal OrderType.thy
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   163
    "!!f. [| f: bij(A,B);  well_ord(B,r);  x:A |] ==>	\
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   164
\         ordermap(A,rvimage(A,f,r)) ` x = ordermap(B,r) ` (f`x)";
92868dab2939 new cardinal arithmetic developments
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diff changeset
   165
by (metacut_tac well_ord_rvimage 1 THEN 
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   166
    etac bij_is_inj 2 THEN assume_tac 2);
92868dab2939 new cardinal arithmetic developments
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parents: 437
diff changeset
   167
by (res_inst_tac [("A","A"), ("a","x")] wf_on_induct 1 THEN
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diff changeset
   168
    REPEAT (ares_tac [well_ord_is_wf] 1));
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diff changeset
   169
by (asm_simp_tac
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   170
    (bij_inverse_ss addsimps [ordermap_pred_unfold, well_ord_is_wf]) 1);
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diff changeset
   171
by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [pred_def, rvimage_iff]) 1);
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diff changeset
   172
by (safe_tac eq_cs);
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diff changeset
   173
by (fast_tac bij_apply_cs 1);
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parents: 437
diff changeset
   174
by (res_inst_tac [("a", "converse(f)`xb")] RepFun_eqI 1);
92868dab2939 new cardinal arithmetic developments
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parents: 437
diff changeset
   175
by (ALLGOALS (asm_simp_tac bij_inverse_ss));
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   176
qed "bij_ordermap_vimage";
467
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   177
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goal OrderType.thy
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   179
    "!!f. [| f: bij(A,B);  well_ord(B,r) |] ==>	\
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   180
\    ordertype(A,rvimage(A,f,r)) = ordertype(B,r)";
92868dab2939 new cardinal arithmetic developments
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diff changeset
   181
by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [ordertype_unfold, bij_ordermap_vimage]) 1);
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diff changeset
   182
by (safe_tac eq_cs);
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diff changeset
   183
by (fast_tac bij_apply_cs 1);
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parents: 437
diff changeset
   184
by (res_inst_tac [("a", "converse(f)`xa")] RepFun_eqI 1);
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parents: 437
diff changeset
   185
by (ALLGOALS (asm_simp_tac bij_inverse_ss));
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   186
qed "bij_ordertype_vimage";
467
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   187
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   188
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   189
goal OrderType.thy
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   190
    "!!r. [| well_ord(A,r);  y:A;  z: pred(A,y,r) |] ==>	\
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   191
\	  ordermap(pred(A,y,r), r) ` z = ordermap(A, r) ` z";
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parents: 437
diff changeset
   192
by (forward_tac [[well_ord_is_wf, pred_subset] MRS wf_on_subset_A] 1);
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diff changeset
   193
by (wf_on_ind_tac "z" [] 1);
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parents: 437
diff changeset
   194
by (safe_tac (ZF_cs addSEs [predE]));
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parents: 437
diff changeset
   195
by (asm_simp_tac
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   196
    (ZF_ss addsimps [ordermap_pred_unfold, well_ord_is_wf, pred_iff]) 1);
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   197
(*combining these two simplifications LOOPS! *)
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diff changeset
   198
by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [pred_pred_eq]) 1);
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lcp
parents: 437
diff changeset
   199
by (asm_full_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [pred_def]) 1);
807
3abd026e68a4 ran expandshort script
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parents: 803
diff changeset
   200
by (rtac (refl RSN (2,RepFun_cong)) 1);
3abd026e68a4 ran expandshort script
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parents: 803
diff changeset
   201
by (dtac well_ord_is_trans_on 1);
467
92868dab2939 new cardinal arithmetic developments
lcp
parents: 437
diff changeset
   202
by (fast_tac (eq_cs addSEs [trans_onD]) 1);
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f0200e91b272 added qed and qed_goal[w]
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parents: 467
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   203
qed "ordermap_pred_eq_ordermap";
467
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parents: 437
diff changeset
   204
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   205
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   206
goal OrderType.thy
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   207
    "!!r. [| well_ord(A,r);  i: ordertype(A,r) |] ==>	\
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   208
\	  EX B. B<=A & i = ordertype(B,r)";
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diff changeset
   209
by (dresolve_tac [ordertype_unfold RS equalityD1 RS subsetD] 1);
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parents: 437
diff changeset
   210
by (res_inst_tac [("x", "pred(A, converse(ordermap(A,r))`i, r)")]  exI  1);
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lcp
parents: 437
diff changeset
   211
by (safe_tac (ZF_cs addSEs [predE]));
92868dab2939 new cardinal arithmetic developments
lcp
parents: 437
diff changeset
   212
by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [ordermap_bij RS left_inverse_bij]) 1);
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parents: 437
diff changeset
   213
by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps
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   214
		  [well_ord_is_wf RS ordermap_pred_unfold]) 1);
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parents: 437
diff changeset
   215
by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [ordertype_unfold,
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   216
				  ordermap_pred_eq_ordermap]) 1);
760
f0200e91b272 added qed and qed_goal[w]
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   217
qed "ordertype_subset";
467
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   218
771
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
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parents: 760
diff changeset
   219
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
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   220
(*Kunen's Theorem 7.3 (i), page 16;  see also Ordinal/Ord_in_Ord
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
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parents: 760
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   221
  The smaller ordinal is an initial segment of the larger *)
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   222
goalw OrderType.thy [pred_def, lt_def]
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   223
    "!!i j. j<i ==> j = pred(i, j, Memrel(i))";
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
lcp
parents: 760
diff changeset
   224
by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [Memrel_iff]) 1);
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
lcp
parents: 760
diff changeset
   225
by (fast_tac (eq_cs addEs [Ord_trans]) 1);
782
200a16083201 added bind_thm for theorems defined by "standard ..."
clasohm
parents: 771
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   226
qed "lt_eq_pred";
771
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
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parents: 760
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   227
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   228
goal OrderType.thy
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   229
    "!!i. [| j<i;  f: ord_iso(i,Memrel(i),j,Memrel(j))	\
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
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parents: 760
diff changeset
   230
\         |] ==> R";
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
lcp
parents: 760
diff changeset
   231
by (forward_tac [lt_eq_pred] 1);
807
3abd026e68a4 ran expandshort script
lcp
parents: 803
diff changeset
   232
by (etac ltE 1);
788
8acbe6f3de2b Ord_iso_implies_eq_lemma: uses well_ord_iso_predE instead of
lcp
parents: 782
diff changeset
   233
by (rtac (well_ord_Memrel RS well_ord_iso_predE) 1 THEN
8acbe6f3de2b Ord_iso_implies_eq_lemma: uses well_ord_iso_predE instead of
lcp
parents: 782
diff changeset
   234
    assume_tac 3 THEN assume_tac 1);
807
3abd026e68a4 ran expandshort script
lcp
parents: 803
diff changeset
   235
by (etac subst 1);
771
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
lcp
parents: 760
diff changeset
   236
by (asm_full_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [ord_iso_def]) 1);
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
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parents: 760
diff changeset
   237
(*Combining the two simplifications causes looping*)
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
lcp
parents: 760
diff changeset
   238
by (asm_simp_tac (ZF_ss addsimps [Memrel_iff]) 1);
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
lcp
parents: 760
diff changeset
   239
by (fast_tac (ZF_cs addSEs [bij_is_fun RS apply_type]  
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
lcp
parents: 760
diff changeset
   240
                    addEs  [Ord_trans]) 1);
782
200a16083201 added bind_thm for theorems defined by "standard ..."
clasohm
parents: 771
diff changeset
   241
qed "Ord_iso_implies_eq_lemma";
771
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
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parents: 760
diff changeset
   242
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
lcp
parents: 760
diff changeset
   243
(*Kunen's Theorem 7.3 (ii), page 16.  Isomorphic ordinals are equal*)
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
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parents: 760
diff changeset
   244
goal OrderType.thy
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
lcp
parents: 760
diff changeset
   245
    "!!i. [| Ord(i);  Ord(j);  f:  ord_iso(i,Memrel(i),j,Memrel(j))	\
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
lcp
parents: 760
diff changeset
   246
\         |] ==> i=j";
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
lcp
parents: 760
diff changeset
   247
by (res_inst_tac [("i","i"),("j","j")] Ord_linear_lt 1);
067767b0b35e lt_eq_pred, Ord_iso_implies_eq: new, for Kunens Theorem 7.3
lcp
parents: 760
diff changeset
   248
by (REPEAT (eresolve_tac [asm_rl, ord_iso_sym, Ord_iso_implies_eq_lemma] 1));
782
200a16083201 added bind_thm for theorems defined by "standard ..."
clasohm
parents: 771
diff changeset
   249
qed "Ord_iso_implies_eq";