src/HOL/Real/RealDef.thy
author nipkow
Sun, 21 Oct 2007 14:53:44 +0200
changeset 25134 3d4953e88449
parent 25112 98824cc791c0
child 25140 273772abbea2
permissions -rw-r--r--
Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many theorems had to be rephrased with ~= 0 instead of > 0.
Ignore whitespace changes - Everywhere: Within whitespace: At end of lines:
5588
a3ab526bb891 Revised version with Abelian group simprocs
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
     1
(*  Title       : Real/RealDef.thy
7219
4e3f386c2e37 inserted Id: lines
paulson
parents: 7127
diff changeset
     2
    ID          : $Id$
5588
a3ab526bb891 Revised version with Abelian group simprocs
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
     3
    Author      : Jacques D. Fleuriot
a3ab526bb891 Revised version with Abelian group simprocs
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
     4
    Copyright   : 1998  University of Cambridge
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
     5
    Conversion to Isar and new proofs by Lawrence C Paulson, 2003/4
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
     6
    Additional contributions by Jeremy Avigad
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
     7
*)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
     8
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
     9
header{*Defining the Reals from the Positive Reals*}
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
    10
15131
c69542757a4d New theory header syntax.
nipkow
parents: 15086
diff changeset
    11
theory RealDef
15140
322485b816ac import -> imports
nipkow
parents: 15131
diff changeset
    12
imports PReal
16417
9bc16273c2d4 migrated theory headers to new format
haftmann
parents: 15923
diff changeset
    13
uses ("real_arith.ML")
15131
c69542757a4d New theory header syntax.
nipkow
parents: 15086
diff changeset
    14
begin
5588
a3ab526bb891 Revised version with Abelian group simprocs
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
    15
19765
dfe940911617 misc cleanup;
wenzelm
parents: 19023
diff changeset
    16
definition
21404
eb85850d3eb7 more robust syntax for definition/abbreviation/notation;
wenzelm
parents: 20554
diff changeset
    17
  realrel   ::  "((preal * preal) * (preal * preal)) set" where
19765
dfe940911617 misc cleanup;
wenzelm
parents: 19023
diff changeset
    18
  "realrel = {p. \<exists>x1 y1 x2 y2. p = ((x1,y1),(x2,y2)) & x1+y2 = x2+y1}"
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
    19
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
    20
typedef (Real)  real = "UNIV//realrel"
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
    21
  by (auto simp add: quotient_def)
5588
a3ab526bb891 Revised version with Abelian group simprocs
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
    22
19765
dfe940911617 misc cleanup;
wenzelm
parents: 19023
diff changeset
    23
definition
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
    24
  (** these don't use the overloaded "real" function: users don't see them **)
21404
eb85850d3eb7 more robust syntax for definition/abbreviation/notation;
wenzelm
parents: 20554
diff changeset
    25
  real_of_preal :: "preal => real" where
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
    26
  "real_of_preal m = Abs_Real(realrel``{(m + 1, 1)})"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
    27
23879
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    28
instance real :: zero
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    29
  real_zero_def: "0 == Abs_Real(realrel``{(1, 1)})" ..
24198
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
    30
lemmas [code func del] = real_zero_def
5588
a3ab526bb891 Revised version with Abelian group simprocs
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
    31
23879
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    32
instance real :: one
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    33
  real_one_def: "1 == Abs_Real(realrel``{(1 + 1, 1)})" ..
24198
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
    34
lemmas [code func del] = real_one_def
5588
a3ab526bb891 Revised version with Abelian group simprocs
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
    35
23879
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    36
instance real :: plus
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    37
  real_add_def: "z + w ==
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
    38
       contents (\<Union>(x,y) \<in> Rep_Real(z). \<Union>(u,v) \<in> Rep_Real(w).
23879
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    39
		 { Abs_Real(realrel``{(x+u, y+v)}) })" ..
24198
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
    40
lemmas [code func del] = real_add_def
10606
e3229a37d53f converted rinv to inverse;
bauerg
parents: 9391
diff changeset
    41
23879
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    42
instance real :: minus
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    43
  real_minus_def: "- r ==  contents (\<Union>(x,y) \<in> Rep_Real(r). { Abs_Real(realrel``{(y,x)}) })"
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    44
  real_diff_def: "r - (s::real) == r + - s" ..
24198
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
    45
lemmas [code func del] = real_minus_def real_diff_def
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
    46
23879
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    47
instance real :: times
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
    48
  real_mult_def:
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
    49
    "z * w ==
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
    50
       contents (\<Union>(x,y) \<in> Rep_Real(z). \<Union>(u,v) \<in> Rep_Real(w).
23879
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    51
		 { Abs_Real(realrel``{(x*u + y*v, x*v + y*u)}) })" ..
24198
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
    52
lemmas [code func del] = real_mult_def
5588
a3ab526bb891 Revised version with Abelian group simprocs
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
    53
23879
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    54
instance real :: inverse
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    55
  real_inverse_def: "inverse (R::real) == (THE S. (R = 0 & S = 0) | S * R = 1)"
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    56
  real_divide_def: "R / (S::real) == R * inverse S" ..
24198
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
    57
lemmas [code func del] = real_inverse_def real_divide_def
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
    58
23879
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    59
instance real :: ord
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    60
  real_le_def: "z \<le> (w::real) == 
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
    61
    \<exists>x y u v. x+v \<le> u+y & (x,y) \<in> Rep_Real z & (u,v) \<in> Rep_Real w"
23879
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    62
  real_less_def: "(x < (y::real)) == (x \<le> y & x \<noteq> y)" ..
24198
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
    63
lemmas [code func del] = real_le_def real_less_def
5588
a3ab526bb891 Revised version with Abelian group simprocs
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
    64
23879
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    65
instance real :: abs
4776af8be741 split class abs from class minus
haftmann
parents: 23482
diff changeset
    66
  real_abs_def:  "abs (r::real) == (if r < 0 then - r else r)" ..
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
    67
24506
020db6ec334a final(?) iteration of sgn saga.
nipkow
parents: 24198
diff changeset
    68
instance real :: sgn
020db6ec334a final(?) iteration of sgn saga.
nipkow
parents: 24198
diff changeset
    69
  real_sgn_def: "sgn x == (if x=0 then 0 else if 0<x then 1 else - 1)" ..
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
    70
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
    71
subsection {* Equivalence relation over positive reals *}
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
    72
14270
342451d763f9 More re-organising of numerical theorems
paulson
parents: 14269
diff changeset
    73
lemma preal_trans_lemma:
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
    74
  assumes "x + y1 = x1 + y"
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
    75
      and "x + y2 = x2 + y"
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
    76
  shows "x1 + y2 = x2 + (y1::preal)"
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
    77
proof -
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
    78
  have "(x1 + y2) + x = (x + y2) + x1" by (simp add: add_ac)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
    79
  also have "... = (x2 + y) + x1"  by (simp add: prems)
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
    80
  also have "... = x2 + (x1 + y)"  by (simp add: add_ac)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
    81
  also have "... = x2 + (x + y1)"  by (simp add: prems)
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
    82
  also have "... = (x2 + y1) + x"  by (simp add: add_ac)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
    83
  finally have "(x1 + y2) + x = (x2 + y1) + x" .
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
    84
  thus ?thesis by (rule add_right_imp_eq)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
    85
qed
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
    86
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
    87
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
    88
lemma realrel_iff [simp]: "(((x1,y1),(x2,y2)) \<in> realrel) = (x1 + y2 = x2 + y1)"
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
    89
by (simp add: realrel_def)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
    90
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
    91
lemma equiv_realrel: "equiv UNIV realrel"
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
    92
apply (auto simp add: equiv_def refl_def sym_def trans_def realrel_def)
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
    93
apply (blast dest: preal_trans_lemma) 
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
    94
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
    95
14497
paulson
parents: 14484
diff changeset
    96
text{*Reduces equality of equivalence classes to the @{term realrel} relation:
paulson
parents: 14484
diff changeset
    97
  @{term "(realrel `` {x} = realrel `` {y}) = ((x,y) \<in> realrel)"} *}
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
    98
lemmas equiv_realrel_iff = 
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
    99
       eq_equiv_class_iff [OF equiv_realrel UNIV_I UNIV_I]
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   100
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   101
declare equiv_realrel_iff [simp]
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   102
14497
paulson
parents: 14484
diff changeset
   103
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   104
lemma realrel_in_real [simp]: "realrel``{(x,y)}: Real"
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   105
by (simp add: Real_def realrel_def quotient_def, blast)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   106
22958
b3a5569a81e5 cleaned up
huffman
parents: 22456
diff changeset
   107
declare Abs_Real_inject [simp]
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   108
declare Abs_Real_inverse [simp]
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   109
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   110
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   111
text{*Case analysis on the representation of a real number as an equivalence
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   112
      class of pairs of positive reals.*}
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   113
lemma eq_Abs_Real [case_names Abs_Real, cases type: real]: 
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   114
     "(!!x y. z = Abs_Real(realrel``{(x,y)}) ==> P) ==> P"
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   115
apply (rule Rep_Real [of z, unfolded Real_def, THEN quotientE])
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   116
apply (drule arg_cong [where f=Abs_Real])
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   117
apply (auto simp add: Rep_Real_inverse)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   118
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   119
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   120
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   121
subsection {* Addition and Subtraction *}
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   122
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   123
lemma real_add_congruent2_lemma:
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   124
     "[|a + ba = aa + b; ab + bc = ac + bb|]
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   125
      ==> a + ab + (ba + bc) = aa + ac + (b + (bb::preal))"
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   126
apply (simp add: add_assoc)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   127
apply (rule add_left_commute [of ab, THEN ssubst])
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   128
apply (simp add: add_assoc [symmetric])
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   129
apply (simp add: add_ac)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   130
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   131
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   132
lemma real_add:
14497
paulson
parents: 14484
diff changeset
   133
     "Abs_Real (realrel``{(x,y)}) + Abs_Real (realrel``{(u,v)}) =
paulson
parents: 14484
diff changeset
   134
      Abs_Real (realrel``{(x+u, y+v)})"
paulson
parents: 14484
diff changeset
   135
proof -
15169
2b5da07a0b89 new "respects" syntax for quotienting
paulson
parents: 15140
diff changeset
   136
  have "(\<lambda>z w. (\<lambda>(x,y). (\<lambda>(u,v). {Abs_Real (realrel `` {(x+u, y+v)})}) w) z)
2b5da07a0b89 new "respects" syntax for quotienting
paulson
parents: 15140
diff changeset
   137
        respects2 realrel"
14497
paulson
parents: 14484
diff changeset
   138
    by (simp add: congruent2_def, blast intro: real_add_congruent2_lemma) 
paulson
parents: 14484
diff changeset
   139
  thus ?thesis
paulson
parents: 14484
diff changeset
   140
    by (simp add: real_add_def UN_UN_split_split_eq
14658
b1293d0f8d5f congruent2 now allows different equiv relations
paulson
parents: 14497
diff changeset
   141
                  UN_equiv_class2 [OF equiv_realrel equiv_realrel])
14497
paulson
parents: 14484
diff changeset
   142
qed
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   143
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   144
lemma real_minus: "- Abs_Real(realrel``{(x,y)}) = Abs_Real(realrel `` {(y,x)})"
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   145
proof -
15169
2b5da07a0b89 new "respects" syntax for quotienting
paulson
parents: 15140
diff changeset
   146
  have "(\<lambda>(x,y). {Abs_Real (realrel``{(y,x)})}) respects realrel"
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   147
    by (simp add: congruent_def add_commute) 
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   148
  thus ?thesis
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   149
    by (simp add: real_minus_def UN_equiv_class [OF equiv_realrel])
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   150
qed
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   151
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   152
instance real :: ab_group_add
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   153
proof
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   154
  fix x y z :: real
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   155
  show "(x + y) + z = x + (y + z)"
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   156
    by (cases x, cases y, cases z, simp add: real_add add_assoc)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   157
  show "x + y = y + x"
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   158
    by (cases x, cases y, simp add: real_add add_commute)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   159
  show "0 + x = x"
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   160
    by (cases x, simp add: real_add real_zero_def add_ac)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   161
  show "- x + x = 0"
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   162
    by (cases x, simp add: real_minus real_add real_zero_def add_commute)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   163
  show "x - y = x + - y"
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   164
    by (simp add: real_diff_def)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   165
qed
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   166
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   167
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   168
subsection {* Multiplication *}
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   169
14329
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   170
lemma real_mult_congruent2_lemma:
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   171
     "!!(x1::preal). [| x1 + y2 = x2 + y1 |] ==>
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   172
          x * x1 + y * y1 + (x * y2 + y * x2) =
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   173
          x * x2 + y * y2 + (x * y1 + y * x1)"
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   174
apply (simp add: add_left_commute add_assoc [symmetric])
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   175
apply (simp add: add_assoc right_distrib [symmetric])
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   176
apply (simp add: add_commute)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   177
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   178
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   179
lemma real_mult_congruent2:
15169
2b5da07a0b89 new "respects" syntax for quotienting
paulson
parents: 15140
diff changeset
   180
    "(%p1 p2.
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   181
        (%(x1,y1). (%(x2,y2). 
15169
2b5da07a0b89 new "respects" syntax for quotienting
paulson
parents: 15140
diff changeset
   182
          { Abs_Real (realrel``{(x1*x2 + y1*y2, x1*y2+y1*x2)}) }) p2) p1)
2b5da07a0b89 new "respects" syntax for quotienting
paulson
parents: 15140
diff changeset
   183
     respects2 realrel"
14658
b1293d0f8d5f congruent2 now allows different equiv relations
paulson
parents: 14497
diff changeset
   184
apply (rule congruent2_commuteI [OF equiv_realrel], clarify)
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   185
apply (simp add: mult_commute add_commute)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   186
apply (auto simp add: real_mult_congruent2_lemma)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   187
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   188
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   189
lemma real_mult:
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   190
      "Abs_Real((realrel``{(x1,y1)})) * Abs_Real((realrel``{(x2,y2)})) =
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   191
       Abs_Real(realrel `` {(x1*x2+y1*y2,x1*y2+y1*x2)})"
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   192
by (simp add: real_mult_def UN_UN_split_split_eq
14658
b1293d0f8d5f congruent2 now allows different equiv relations
paulson
parents: 14497
diff changeset
   193
         UN_equiv_class2 [OF equiv_realrel equiv_realrel real_mult_congruent2])
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   194
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   195
lemma real_mult_commute: "(z::real) * w = w * z"
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   196
by (cases z, cases w, simp add: real_mult add_ac mult_ac)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   197
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   198
lemma real_mult_assoc: "((z1::real) * z2) * z3 = z1 * (z2 * z3)"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   199
apply (cases z1, cases z2, cases z3)
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   200
apply (simp add: real_mult right_distrib add_ac mult_ac)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   201
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   202
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   203
lemma real_mult_1: "(1::real) * z = z"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   204
apply (cases z)
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   205
apply (simp add: real_mult real_one_def right_distrib
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   206
                  mult_1_right mult_ac add_ac)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   207
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   208
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   209
lemma real_add_mult_distrib: "((z1::real) + z2) * w = (z1 * w) + (z2 * w)"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   210
apply (cases z1, cases z2, cases w)
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   211
apply (simp add: real_add real_mult right_distrib add_ac mult_ac)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   212
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   213
14329
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   214
text{*one and zero are distinct*}
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   215
lemma real_zero_not_eq_one: "0 \<noteq> (1::real)"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   216
proof -
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   217
  have "(1::preal) < 1 + 1"
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   218
    by (simp add: preal_self_less_add_left)
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   219
  thus ?thesis
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   220
    by (simp add: real_zero_def real_one_def)
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   221
qed
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   222
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   223
instance real :: comm_ring_1
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   224
proof
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   225
  fix x y z :: real
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   226
  show "(x * y) * z = x * (y * z)" by (rule real_mult_assoc)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   227
  show "x * y = y * x" by (rule real_mult_commute)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   228
  show "1 * x = x" by (rule real_mult_1)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   229
  show "(x + y) * z = x * z + y * z" by (rule real_add_mult_distrib)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   230
  show "0 \<noteq> (1::real)" by (rule real_zero_not_eq_one)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   231
qed
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   232
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   233
subsection {* Inverse and Division *}
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   234
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   235
lemma real_zero_iff: "Abs_Real (realrel `` {(x, x)}) = 0"
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   236
by (simp add: real_zero_def add_commute)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   237
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   238
text{*Instead of using an existential quantifier and constructing the inverse
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   239
within the proof, we could define the inverse explicitly.*}
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   240
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   241
lemma real_mult_inverse_left_ex: "x \<noteq> 0 ==> \<exists>y. y*x = (1::real)"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   242
apply (simp add: real_zero_def real_one_def, cases x)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   243
apply (cut_tac x = xa and y = y in linorder_less_linear)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   244
apply (auto dest!: less_add_left_Ex simp add: real_zero_iff)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   245
apply (rule_tac
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   246
        x = "Abs_Real (realrel``{(1, inverse (D) + 1)})"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   247
       in exI)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   248
apply (rule_tac [2]
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   249
        x = "Abs_Real (realrel``{(inverse (D) + 1, 1)})" 
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   250
       in exI)
23477
f4b83f03cac9 tuned and renamed group_eq_simps and ring_eq_simps
nipkow
parents: 23438
diff changeset
   251
apply (auto simp add: real_mult preal_mult_inverse_right ring_simps)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   252
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   253
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   254
lemma real_mult_inverse_left: "x \<noteq> 0 ==> inverse(x)*x = (1::real)"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   255
apply (simp add: real_inverse_def)
23287
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   256
apply (drule real_mult_inverse_left_ex, safe)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   257
apply (rule theI, assumption, rename_tac z)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   258
apply (subgoal_tac "(z * x) * y = z * (x * y)")
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   259
apply (simp add: mult_commute)
063039db59dd define (1::preal); clean up instance declarations
huffman
parents: 23031
diff changeset
   260
apply (rule mult_assoc)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   261
done
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   262
14341
a09441bd4f1e Ring_and_Field now requires axiom add_left_imp_eq for semirings.
paulson
parents: 14335
diff changeset
   263
a09441bd4f1e Ring_and_Field now requires axiom add_left_imp_eq for semirings.
paulson
parents: 14335
diff changeset
   264
subsection{*The Real Numbers form a Field*}
a09441bd4f1e Ring_and_Field now requires axiom add_left_imp_eq for semirings.
paulson
parents: 14335
diff changeset
   265
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   266
instance real :: field
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   267
proof
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   268
  fix x y z :: real
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   269
  show "x \<noteq> 0 ==> inverse x * x = 1" by (rule real_mult_inverse_left)
14430
5cb24165a2e1 new material from Avigad, and simplified treatment of division by 0
paulson
parents: 14426
diff changeset
   270
  show "x / y = x * inverse y" by (simp add: real_divide_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   271
qed
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   272
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   273
14341
a09441bd4f1e Ring_and_Field now requires axiom add_left_imp_eq for semirings.
paulson
parents: 14335
diff changeset
   274
text{*Inverse of zero!  Useful to simplify certain equations*}
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   275
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   276
lemma INVERSE_ZERO: "inverse 0 = (0::real)"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   277
by (simp add: real_inverse_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   278
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   279
instance real :: division_by_zero
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   280
proof
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   281
  show "inverse 0 = (0::real)" by (rule INVERSE_ZERO)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   282
qed
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   283
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   284
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   285
subsection{*The @{text "\<le>"} Ordering*}
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   286
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   287
lemma real_le_refl: "w \<le> (w::real)"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   288
by (cases w, force simp add: real_le_def)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   289
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   290
text{*The arithmetic decision procedure is not set up for type preal.
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   291
  This lemma is currently unused, but it could simplify the proofs of the
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   292
  following two lemmas.*}
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   293
lemma preal_eq_le_imp_le:
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   294
  assumes eq: "a+b = c+d" and le: "c \<le> a"
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   295
  shows "b \<le> (d::preal)"
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   296
proof -
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   297
  have "c+d \<le> a+d" by (simp add: prems)
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   298
  hence "a+b \<le> a+d" by (simp add: prems)
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   299
  thus "b \<le> d" by simp
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   300
qed
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   301
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   302
lemma real_le_lemma:
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   303
  assumes l: "u1 + v2 \<le> u2 + v1"
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   304
      and "x1 + v1 = u1 + y1"
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   305
      and "x2 + v2 = u2 + y2"
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   306
  shows "x1 + y2 \<le> x2 + (y1::preal)"
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   307
proof -
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   308
  have "(x1+v1) + (u2+y2) = (u1+y1) + (x2+v2)" by (simp add: prems)
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   309
  hence "(x1+y2) + (u2+v1) = (x2+y1) + (u1+v2)" by (simp add: add_ac)
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   310
  also have "... \<le> (x2+y1) + (u2+v1)" by (simp add: prems)
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   311
  finally show ?thesis by simp
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   312
qed
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   313
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   314
lemma real_le: 
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   315
     "(Abs_Real(realrel``{(x1,y1)}) \<le> Abs_Real(realrel``{(x2,y2)})) =  
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   316
      (x1 + y2 \<le> x2 + y1)"
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   317
apply (simp add: real_le_def)
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   318
apply (auto intro: real_le_lemma)
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   319
done
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   320
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   321
lemma real_le_anti_sym: "[| z \<le> w; w \<le> z |] ==> z = (w::real)"
15542
ee6cd48cf840 more fine tuniung
nipkow
parents: 15229
diff changeset
   322
by (cases z, cases w, simp add: real_le)
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   323
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   324
lemma real_trans_lemma:
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   325
  assumes "x + v \<le> u + y"
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   326
      and "u + v' \<le> u' + v"
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   327
      and "x2 + v2 = u2 + y2"
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   328
  shows "x + v' \<le> u' + (y::preal)"
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   329
proof -
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   330
  have "(x+v') + (u+v) = (x+v) + (u+v')" by (simp add: add_ac)
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   331
  also have "... \<le> (u+y) + (u+v')" by (simp add: prems)
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   332
  also have "... \<le> (u+y) + (u'+v)" by (simp add: prems)
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   333
  also have "... = (u'+y) + (u+v)"  by (simp add: add_ac)
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   334
  finally show ?thesis by simp
15542
ee6cd48cf840 more fine tuniung
nipkow
parents: 15229
diff changeset
   335
qed
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   336
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   337
lemma real_le_trans: "[| i \<le> j; j \<le> k |] ==> i \<le> (k::real)"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   338
apply (cases i, cases j, cases k)
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   339
apply (simp add: real_le)
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   340
apply (blast intro: real_trans_lemma)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   341
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   342
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   343
(* Axiom 'order_less_le' of class 'order': *)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   344
lemma real_less_le: "((w::real) < z) = (w \<le> z & w \<noteq> z)"
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   345
by (simp add: real_less_def)
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   346
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   347
instance real :: order
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   348
proof qed
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   349
 (assumption |
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   350
  rule real_le_refl real_le_trans real_le_anti_sym real_less_le)+
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   351
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   352
(* Axiom 'linorder_linear' of class 'linorder': *)
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   353
lemma real_le_linear: "(z::real) \<le> w | w \<le> z"
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   354
apply (cases z, cases w)
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   355
apply (auto simp add: real_le real_zero_def add_ac)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   356
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   357
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   358
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   359
instance real :: linorder
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   360
  by (intro_classes, rule real_le_linear)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   361
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   362
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   363
lemma real_le_eq_diff: "(x \<le> y) = (x-y \<le> (0::real))"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   364
apply (cases x, cases y) 
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   365
apply (auto simp add: real_le real_zero_def real_diff_def real_add real_minus
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   366
                      add_ac)
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   367
apply (simp_all add: add_assoc [symmetric])
15542
ee6cd48cf840 more fine tuniung
nipkow
parents: 15229
diff changeset
   368
done
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   369
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   370
lemma real_add_left_mono: 
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   371
  assumes le: "x \<le> y" shows "z + x \<le> z + (y::real)"
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   372
proof -
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   373
  have "z + x - (z + y) = (z + -z) + (x - y)"
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   374
    by (simp add: diff_minus add_ac) 
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   375
  with le show ?thesis 
14754
a080eeeaec14 Modification / Installation of Provers/Arith/abel_cancel.ML for OrderedGroup.thy
obua
parents: 14738
diff changeset
   376
    by (simp add: real_le_eq_diff[of x] real_le_eq_diff[of "z+x"] diff_minus)
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   377
qed
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   378
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   379
lemma real_sum_gt_zero_less: "(0 < S + (-W::real)) ==> (W < S)"
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   380
by (simp add: linorder_not_le [symmetric] real_le_eq_diff [of S] diff_minus)
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   381
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   382
lemma real_less_sum_gt_zero: "(W < S) ==> (0 < S + (-W::real))"
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   383
by (simp add: linorder_not_le [symmetric] real_le_eq_diff [of S] diff_minus)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   384
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   385
lemma real_mult_order: "[| 0 < x; 0 < y |] ==> (0::real) < x * y"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   386
apply (cases x, cases y)
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   387
apply (simp add: linorder_not_le [where 'a = real, symmetric] 
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   388
                 linorder_not_le [where 'a = preal] 
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   389
                  real_zero_def real_le real_mult)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   390
  --{*Reduce to the (simpler) @{text "\<le>"} relation *}
16973
b2a894562b8f simprocs: Simplifier.inherit_bounds;
wenzelm
parents: 16888
diff changeset
   391
apply (auto dest!: less_add_left_Ex
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   392
     simp add: add_ac mult_ac
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   393
          right_distrib preal_self_less_add_left)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   394
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   395
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   396
lemma real_mult_less_mono2: "[| (0::real) < z; x < y |] ==> z * x < z * y"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   397
apply (rule real_sum_gt_zero_less)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   398
apply (drule real_less_sum_gt_zero [of x y])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   399
apply (drule real_mult_order, assumption)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   400
apply (simp add: right_distrib)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   401
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   402
22456
6070e48ecb78 added lattice definitions
haftmann
parents: 21404
diff changeset
   403
instance real :: distrib_lattice
6070e48ecb78 added lattice definitions
haftmann
parents: 21404
diff changeset
   404
  "inf x y \<equiv> min x y"
6070e48ecb78 added lattice definitions
haftmann
parents: 21404
diff changeset
   405
  "sup x y \<equiv> max x y"
6070e48ecb78 added lattice definitions
haftmann
parents: 21404
diff changeset
   406
  by default (auto simp add: inf_real_def sup_real_def min_max.sup_inf_distrib1)
6070e48ecb78 added lattice definitions
haftmann
parents: 21404
diff changeset
   407
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   408
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   409
subsection{*The Reals Form an Ordered Field*}
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   410
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   411
instance real :: ordered_field
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   412
proof
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   413
  fix x y z :: real
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   414
  show "x \<le> y ==> z + x \<le> z + y" by (rule real_add_left_mono)
22962
4bb05ba38939 remove redundant lemmas
huffman
parents: 22958
diff changeset
   415
  show "x < y ==> 0 < z ==> z * x < z * y" by (rule real_mult_less_mono2)
4bb05ba38939 remove redundant lemmas
huffman
parents: 22958
diff changeset
   416
  show "\<bar>x\<bar> = (if x < 0 then -x else x)" by (simp only: real_abs_def)
24506
020db6ec334a final(?) iteration of sgn saga.
nipkow
parents: 24198
diff changeset
   417
  show "sgn x = (if x=0 then 0 else if 0<x then 1 else - 1)"
020db6ec334a final(?) iteration of sgn saga.
nipkow
parents: 24198
diff changeset
   418
    by (simp only: real_sgn_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   419
qed
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   420
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   421
text{*The function @{term real_of_preal} requires many proofs, but it seems
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   422
to be essential for proving completeness of the reals from that of the
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   423
positive reals.*}
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   424
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   425
lemma real_of_preal_add:
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   426
     "real_of_preal ((x::preal) + y) = real_of_preal x + real_of_preal y"
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   427
by (simp add: real_of_preal_def real_add left_distrib add_ac)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   428
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   429
lemma real_of_preal_mult:
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   430
     "real_of_preal ((x::preal) * y) = real_of_preal x* real_of_preal y"
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   431
by (simp add: real_of_preal_def real_mult right_distrib add_ac mult_ac)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   432
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   433
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   434
text{*Gleason prop 9-4.4 p 127*}
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   435
lemma real_of_preal_trichotomy:
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   436
      "\<exists>m. (x::real) = real_of_preal m | x = 0 | x = -(real_of_preal m)"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   437
apply (simp add: real_of_preal_def real_zero_def, cases x)
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   438
apply (auto simp add: real_minus add_ac)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   439
apply (cut_tac x = x and y = y in linorder_less_linear)
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   440
apply (auto dest!: less_add_left_Ex simp add: add_assoc [symmetric])
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   441
done
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   442
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   443
lemma real_of_preal_leD:
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   444
      "real_of_preal m1 \<le> real_of_preal m2 ==> m1 \<le> m2"
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   445
by (simp add: real_of_preal_def real_le)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   446
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   447
lemma real_of_preal_lessI: "m1 < m2 ==> real_of_preal m1 < real_of_preal m2"
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   448
by (auto simp add: real_of_preal_leD linorder_not_le [symmetric])
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   449
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   450
lemma real_of_preal_lessD:
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   451
      "real_of_preal m1 < real_of_preal m2 ==> m1 < m2"
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   452
by (simp add: real_of_preal_def real_le linorder_not_le [symmetric])
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   453
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   454
lemma real_of_preal_less_iff [simp]:
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   455
     "(real_of_preal m1 < real_of_preal m2) = (m1 < m2)"
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   456
by (blast intro: real_of_preal_lessI real_of_preal_lessD)
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   457
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   458
lemma real_of_preal_le_iff:
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   459
     "(real_of_preal m1 \<le> real_of_preal m2) = (m1 \<le> m2)"
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   460
by (simp add: linorder_not_less [symmetric])
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   461
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   462
lemma real_of_preal_zero_less: "0 < real_of_preal m"
23288
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   463
apply (insert preal_self_less_add_left [of 1 m])
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   464
apply (auto simp add: real_zero_def real_of_preal_def
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   465
                      real_less_def real_le_def add_ac)
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   466
apply (rule_tac x="m + 1" in exI, rule_tac x="1" in exI)
3e45b5464d2b remove references to preal-specific theorems
huffman
parents: 23287
diff changeset
   467
apply (simp add: add_ac)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   468
done
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   469
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   470
lemma real_of_preal_minus_less_zero: "- real_of_preal m < 0"
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   471
by (simp add: real_of_preal_zero_less)
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   472
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   473
lemma real_of_preal_not_minus_gt_zero: "~ 0 < - real_of_preal m"
14484
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   474
proof -
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   475
  from real_of_preal_minus_less_zero
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   476
  show ?thesis by (blast dest: order_less_trans)
ef8c7c5eb01b new treatment of equivalence classes
paulson
parents: 14476
diff changeset
   477
qed
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   478
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   479
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   480
subsection{*Theorems About the Ordering*}
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   481
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   482
lemma real_gt_zero_preal_Ex: "(0 < x) = (\<exists>y. x = real_of_preal y)"
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   483
apply (auto simp add: real_of_preal_zero_less)
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   484
apply (cut_tac x = x in real_of_preal_trichotomy)
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   485
apply (blast elim!: real_of_preal_not_minus_gt_zero [THEN notE])
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   486
done
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   487
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   488
lemma real_gt_preal_preal_Ex:
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   489
     "real_of_preal z < x ==> \<exists>y. x = real_of_preal y"
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   490
by (blast dest!: real_of_preal_zero_less [THEN order_less_trans]
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   491
             intro: real_gt_zero_preal_Ex [THEN iffD1])
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   492
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   493
lemma real_ge_preal_preal_Ex:
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   494
     "real_of_preal z \<le> x ==> \<exists>y. x = real_of_preal y"
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   495
by (blast dest: order_le_imp_less_or_eq real_gt_preal_preal_Ex)
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   496
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   497
lemma real_less_all_preal: "y \<le> 0 ==> \<forall>x. y < real_of_preal x"
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   498
by (auto elim: order_le_imp_less_or_eq [THEN disjE] 
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   499
            intro: real_of_preal_zero_less [THEN [2] order_less_trans] 
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   500
            simp add: real_of_preal_zero_less)
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   501
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   502
lemma real_less_all_real2: "~ 0 < y ==> \<forall>x. y < real_of_preal x"
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   503
by (blast intro!: real_less_all_preal linorder_not_less [THEN iffD1])
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   504
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   505
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   506
subsection{*More Lemmas*}
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   507
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   508
lemma real_mult_left_cancel: "(c::real) \<noteq> 0 ==> (c*a=c*b) = (a=b)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   509
by auto
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   510
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   511
lemma real_mult_right_cancel: "(c::real) \<noteq> 0 ==> (a*c=b*c) = (a=b)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   512
by auto
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   513
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   514
lemma real_mult_less_iff1 [simp]: "(0::real) < z ==> (x*z < y*z) = (x < y)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   515
  by (force elim: order_less_asym
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   516
            simp add: Ring_and_Field.mult_less_cancel_right)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   517
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   518
lemma real_mult_le_cancel_iff1 [simp]: "(0::real) < z ==> (x*z \<le> y*z) = (x\<le>y)"
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   519
apply (simp add: mult_le_cancel_right)
23289
0cf371d943b1 remove redundant lemmas
huffman
parents: 23288
diff changeset
   520
apply (blast intro: elim: order_less_asym)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   521
done
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   522
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   523
lemma real_mult_le_cancel_iff2 [simp]: "(0::real) < z ==> (z*x \<le> z*y) = (x\<le>y)"
15923
01d5d0c1c078 fixed lin.arith
nipkow
parents: 15542
diff changeset
   524
by(simp add:mult_commute)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   525
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   526
lemma real_inverse_gt_one: "[| (0::real) < x; x < 1 |] ==> 1 < inverse x"
23289
0cf371d943b1 remove redundant lemmas
huffman
parents: 23288
diff changeset
   527
by (simp add: one_less_inverse_iff) (* TODO: generalize/move *)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   528
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   529
24198
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   530
subsection {* Embedding numbers into the Reals *}
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   531
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   532
abbreviation
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   533
  real_of_nat :: "nat \<Rightarrow> real"
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   534
where
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   535
  "real_of_nat \<equiv> of_nat"
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   536
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   537
abbreviation
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   538
  real_of_int :: "int \<Rightarrow> real"
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   539
where
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   540
  "real_of_int \<equiv> of_int"
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   541
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   542
abbreviation
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   543
  real_of_rat :: "rat \<Rightarrow> real"
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   544
where
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   545
  "real_of_rat \<equiv> of_rat"
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   546
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   547
consts
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   548
  (*overloaded constant for injecting other types into "real"*)
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   549
  real :: "'a => real"
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   550
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   551
defs (overloaded)
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   552
  real_of_nat_def [code inline]: "real == real_of_nat"
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   553
  real_of_int_def [code inline]: "real == real_of_int"
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   554
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   555
lemma real_eq_of_nat: "real = of_nat"
24198
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   556
  unfolding real_of_nat_def ..
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   557
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   558
lemma real_eq_of_int: "real = of_int"
24198
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   559
  unfolding real_of_int_def ..
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   560
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   561
lemma real_of_int_zero [simp]: "real (0::int) = 0"  
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   562
by (simp add: real_of_int_def) 
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   563
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   564
lemma real_of_one [simp]: "real (1::int) = (1::real)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   565
by (simp add: real_of_int_def) 
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   566
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   567
lemma real_of_int_add [simp]: "real(x + y) = real (x::int) + real y"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   568
by (simp add: real_of_int_def) 
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   569
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   570
lemma real_of_int_minus [simp]: "real(-x) = -real (x::int)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   571
by (simp add: real_of_int_def) 
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   572
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   573
lemma real_of_int_diff [simp]: "real(x - y) = real (x::int) - real y"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   574
by (simp add: real_of_int_def) 
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   575
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   576
lemma real_of_int_mult [simp]: "real(x * y) = real (x::int) * real y"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   577
by (simp add: real_of_int_def) 
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   578
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   579
lemma real_of_int_setsum [simp]: "real ((SUM x:A. f x)::int) = (SUM x:A. real(f x))"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   580
  apply (subst real_eq_of_int)+
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   581
  apply (rule of_int_setsum)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   582
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   583
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   584
lemma real_of_int_setprod [simp]: "real ((PROD x:A. f x)::int) = 
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   585
    (PROD x:A. real(f x))"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   586
  apply (subst real_eq_of_int)+
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   587
  apply (rule of_int_setprod)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   588
done
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   589
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   590
lemma real_of_int_zero_cancel [simp]: "(real x = 0) = (x = (0::int))"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   591
by (simp add: real_of_int_def) 
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   592
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   593
lemma real_of_int_inject [iff]: "(real (x::int) = real y) = (x = y)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   594
by (simp add: real_of_int_def) 
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   595
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   596
lemma real_of_int_less_iff [iff]: "(real (x::int) < real y) = (x < y)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   597
by (simp add: real_of_int_def) 
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   598
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   599
lemma real_of_int_le_iff [simp]: "(real (x::int) \<le> real y) = (x \<le> y)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   600
by (simp add: real_of_int_def) 
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   601
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   602
lemma real_of_int_gt_zero_cancel_iff [simp]: "(0 < real (n::int)) = (0 < n)"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   603
by (simp add: real_of_int_def) 
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   604
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   605
lemma real_of_int_ge_zero_cancel_iff [simp]: "(0 <= real (n::int)) = (0 <= n)"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   606
by (simp add: real_of_int_def) 
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   607
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   608
lemma real_of_int_lt_zero_cancel_iff [simp]: "(real (n::int) < 0) = (n < 0)"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   609
by (simp add: real_of_int_def)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   610
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   611
lemma real_of_int_le_zero_cancel_iff [simp]: "(real (n::int) <= 0) = (n <= 0)"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   612
by (simp add: real_of_int_def)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   613
16888
7cb4bcfa058e added list of theorem changes to NEWS
avigad
parents: 16819
diff changeset
   614
lemma real_of_int_abs [simp]: "real (abs x) = abs(real (x::int))"
7cb4bcfa058e added list of theorem changes to NEWS
avigad
parents: 16819
diff changeset
   615
by (auto simp add: abs_if)
7cb4bcfa058e added list of theorem changes to NEWS
avigad
parents: 16819
diff changeset
   616
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   617
lemma int_less_real_le: "((n::int) < m) = (real n + 1 <= real m)"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   618
  apply (subgoal_tac "real n + 1 = real (n + 1)")
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   619
  apply (simp del: real_of_int_add)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   620
  apply auto
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   621
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   622
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   623
lemma int_le_real_less: "((n::int) <= m) = (real n < real m + 1)"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   624
  apply (subgoal_tac "real m + 1 = real (m + 1)")
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   625
  apply (simp del: real_of_int_add)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   626
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   627
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   628
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   629
lemma real_of_int_div_aux: "d ~= 0 ==> (real (x::int)) / (real d) = 
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   630
    real (x div d) + (real (x mod d)) / (real d)"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   631
proof -
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   632
  assume "d ~= 0"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   633
  have "x = (x div d) * d + x mod d"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   634
    by auto
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   635
  then have "real x = real (x div d) * real d + real(x mod d)"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   636
    by (simp only: real_of_int_mult [THEN sym] real_of_int_add [THEN sym])
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   637
  then have "real x / real d = ... / real d"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   638
    by simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   639
  then show ?thesis
23477
f4b83f03cac9 tuned and renamed group_eq_simps and ring_eq_simps
nipkow
parents: 23438
diff changeset
   640
    by (auto simp add: add_divide_distrib ring_simps prems)
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   641
qed
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   642
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   643
lemma real_of_int_div: "(d::int) ~= 0 ==> d dvd n ==>
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   644
    real(n div d) = real n / real d"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   645
  apply (frule real_of_int_div_aux [of d n])
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   646
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   647
  apply (simp add: zdvd_iff_zmod_eq_0)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   648
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   649
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   650
lemma real_of_int_div2:
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   651
  "0 <= real (n::int) / real (x) - real (n div x)"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   652
  apply (case_tac "x = 0")
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   653
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   654
  apply (case_tac "0 < x")
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   655
  apply (simp add: compare_rls)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   656
  apply (subst real_of_int_div_aux)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   657
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   658
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   659
  apply (subst zero_le_divide_iff)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   660
  apply auto
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   661
  apply (simp add: compare_rls)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   662
  apply (subst real_of_int_div_aux)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   663
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   664
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   665
  apply (subst zero_le_divide_iff)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   666
  apply auto
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   667
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   668
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   669
lemma real_of_int_div3:
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   670
  "real (n::int) / real (x) - real (n div x) <= 1"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   671
  apply(case_tac "x = 0")
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   672
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   673
  apply (simp add: compare_rls)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   674
  apply (subst real_of_int_div_aux)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   675
  apply assumption
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   676
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   677
  apply (subst divide_le_eq)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   678
  apply clarsimp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   679
  apply (rule conjI)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   680
  apply (rule impI)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   681
  apply (rule order_less_imp_le)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   682
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   683
  apply (rule impI)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   684
  apply (rule order_less_imp_le)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   685
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   686
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   687
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   688
lemma real_of_int_div4: "real (n div x) <= real (n::int) / real x" 
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   689
  by (insert real_of_int_div2 [of n x], simp)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   690
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   691
subsection{*Embedding the Naturals into the Reals*}
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   692
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   693
lemma real_of_nat_zero [simp]: "real (0::nat) = 0"
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   694
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   695
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   696
lemma real_of_nat_one [simp]: "real (Suc 0) = (1::real)"
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   697
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   698
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   699
lemma real_of_nat_add [simp]: "real (m + n) = real (m::nat) + real n"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   700
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   701
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   702
(*Not for addsimps: often the LHS is used to represent a positive natural*)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   703
lemma real_of_nat_Suc: "real (Suc n) = real n + (1::real)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   704
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   705
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   706
lemma real_of_nat_less_iff [iff]: 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   707
     "(real (n::nat) < real m) = (n < m)"
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   708
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   709
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   710
lemma real_of_nat_le_iff [iff]: "(real (n::nat) \<le> real m) = (n \<le> m)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   711
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   712
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   713
lemma real_of_nat_ge_zero [iff]: "0 \<le> real (n::nat)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   714
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def zero_le_imp_of_nat)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   715
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   716
lemma real_of_nat_Suc_gt_zero: "0 < real (Suc n)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   717
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def del: of_nat_Suc)
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   718
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   719
lemma real_of_nat_mult [simp]: "real (m * n) = real (m::nat) * real n"
23431
25ca91279a9b change simp rules for of_nat to work like int did previously (reorient of_nat_Suc, remove of_nat_mult [simp]); preserve original variable names in legacy int theorems
huffman
parents: 23289
diff changeset
   720
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def of_nat_mult)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   721
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   722
lemma real_of_nat_setsum [simp]: "real ((SUM x:A. f x)::nat) = 
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   723
    (SUM x:A. real(f x))"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   724
  apply (subst real_eq_of_nat)+
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   725
  apply (rule of_nat_setsum)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   726
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   727
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   728
lemma real_of_nat_setprod [simp]: "real ((PROD x:A. f x)::nat) = 
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   729
    (PROD x:A. real(f x))"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   730
  apply (subst real_eq_of_nat)+
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   731
  apply (rule of_nat_setprod)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   732
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   733
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   734
lemma real_of_card: "real (card A) = setsum (%x.1) A"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   735
  apply (subst card_eq_setsum)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   736
  apply (subst real_of_nat_setsum)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   737
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   738
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   739
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   740
lemma real_of_nat_inject [iff]: "(real (n::nat) = real m) = (n = m)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   741
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   742
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   743
lemma real_of_nat_zero_iff [iff]: "(real (n::nat) = 0) = (n = 0)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   744
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   745
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   746
lemma real_of_nat_diff: "n \<le> m ==> real (m - n) = real (m::nat) - real n"
23438
dd824e86fa8a remove simp attribute from of_nat_diff, for backward compatibility with zdiff_int
huffman
parents: 23431
diff changeset
   747
by (simp add: add: real_of_nat_def of_nat_diff)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   748
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   749
lemma real_of_nat_gt_zero_cancel_iff [simp]: "(0 < real (n::nat)) = (0 < n)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   750
by (simp add: add: real_of_nat_def) 
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   751
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   752
lemma real_of_nat_le_zero_cancel_iff [simp]: "(real (n::nat) \<le> 0) = (n = 0)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   753
by (simp add: add: real_of_nat_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   754
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   755
lemma not_real_of_nat_less_zero [simp]: "~ real (n::nat) < 0"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   756
by (simp add: add: real_of_nat_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   757
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   758
lemma real_of_nat_ge_zero_cancel_iff [simp]: "(0 \<le> real (n::nat)) = (0 \<le> n)"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   759
by (simp add: add: real_of_nat_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   760
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   761
lemma nat_less_real_le: "((n::nat) < m) = (real n + 1 <= real m)"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   762
  apply (subgoal_tac "real n + 1 = real (Suc n)")
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   763
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   764
  apply (auto simp add: real_of_nat_Suc)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   765
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   766
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   767
lemma nat_le_real_less: "((n::nat) <= m) = (real n < real m + 1)"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   768
  apply (subgoal_tac "real m + 1 = real (Suc m)")
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   769
  apply (simp add: less_Suc_eq_le)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   770
  apply (simp add: real_of_nat_Suc)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   771
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   772
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   773
lemma real_of_nat_div_aux: "0 < d ==> (real (x::nat)) / (real d) = 
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   774
    real (x div d) + (real (x mod d)) / (real d)"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   775
proof -
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   776
  assume "0 < d"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   777
  have "x = (x div d) * d + x mod d"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   778
    by auto
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   779
  then have "real x = real (x div d) * real d + real(x mod d)"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   780
    by (simp only: real_of_nat_mult [THEN sym] real_of_nat_add [THEN sym])
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   781
  then have "real x / real d = \<dots> / real d"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   782
    by simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   783
  then show ?thesis
23477
f4b83f03cac9 tuned and renamed group_eq_simps and ring_eq_simps
nipkow
parents: 23438
diff changeset
   784
    by (auto simp add: add_divide_distrib ring_simps prems)
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   785
qed
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   786
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   787
lemma real_of_nat_div: "0 < (d::nat) ==> d dvd n ==>
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   788
    real(n div d) = real n / real d"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   789
  apply (frule real_of_nat_div_aux [of d n])
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   790
  apply simp
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   791
  apply (subst dvd_eq_mod_eq_0 [THEN sym])
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   792
  apply assumption
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   793
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   794
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   795
lemma real_of_nat_div2:
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   796
  "0 <= real (n::nat) / real (x) - real (n div x)"
25134
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   797
apply(case_tac "x = 0")
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   798
 apply (simp)
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   799
apply (simp add: compare_rls)
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   800
apply (subst real_of_nat_div_aux)
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   801
 apply simp
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   802
apply simp
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   803
apply (subst zero_le_divide_iff)
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   804
apply simp
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   805
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   806
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   807
lemma real_of_nat_div3:
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   808
  "real (n::nat) / real (x) - real (n div x) <= 1"
25134
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   809
apply(case_tac "x = 0")
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   810
apply (simp)
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   811
apply (simp add: compare_rls)
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   812
apply (subst real_of_nat_div_aux)
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   813
 apply simp
3d4953e88449 Eliminated most of the neq0_conv occurrences. As a result, many
nipkow
parents: 25112
diff changeset
   814
apply simp
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   815
done
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   816
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   817
lemma real_of_nat_div4: "real (n div x) <= real (n::nat) / real x" 
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   818
  by (insert real_of_nat_div2 [of n x], simp)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   819
14365
3d4df8c166ae replacing HOL/Real/PRat, PNat by the rational number development
paulson
parents: 14348
diff changeset
   820
lemma real_of_int_real_of_nat: "real (int n) = real n"
14378
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   821
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def real_of_int_def int_eq_of_nat)
69c4d5997669 generic of_nat and of_int functions, and generalization of iszero
paulson
parents: 14369
diff changeset
   822
14426
de890c247b38 fixed bugs in the setup of arithmetic procedures
paulson
parents: 14421
diff changeset
   823
lemma real_of_int_of_nat_eq [simp]: "real (of_nat n :: int) = real n"
de890c247b38 fixed bugs in the setup of arithmetic procedures
paulson
parents: 14421
diff changeset
   824
by (simp add: real_of_int_def real_of_nat_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   825
16819
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   826
lemma real_nat_eq_real [simp]: "0 <= x ==> real(nat x) = real x"
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   827
  apply (subgoal_tac "real(int(nat x)) = real(nat x)")
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   828
  apply force
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   829
  apply (simp only: real_of_int_real_of_nat)
00d8f9300d13 Additions to the Real (and Hyperreal) libraries:
avigad
parents: 16417
diff changeset
   830
done
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   831
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   832
subsection{*Numerals and Arithmetic*}
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   833
24198
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   834
instance real :: number_ring
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   835
  real_number_of_def: "number_of w \<equiv> real_of_int w"
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   836
  by intro_classes (simp add: real_number_of_def)
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   837
24198
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   838
lemma [code, code unfold]:
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   839
  "number_of k = real_of_int (number_of k)"
4031da6d8ba3 adaptions for code generation
haftmann
parents: 24075
diff changeset
   840
  unfolding number_of_is_id real_number_of_def ..
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   841
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   842
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   843
text{*Collapse applications of @{term real} to @{term number_of}*}
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   844
lemma real_number_of [simp]: "real (number_of v :: int) = number_of v"
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   845
by (simp add:  real_of_int_def of_int_number_of_eq)
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   846
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   847
lemma real_of_nat_number_of [simp]:
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   848
     "real (number_of v :: nat) =  
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   849
        (if neg (number_of v :: int) then 0  
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   850
         else (number_of v :: real))"
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   851
by (simp add: real_of_int_real_of_nat [symmetric] int_nat_number_of)
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   852
 
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   853
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   854
use "real_arith.ML"
24075
366d4d234814 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 23879
diff changeset
   855
declaration {* K real_arith_setup *}
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   856
19023
5652a536b7e8 * include generalised MVT in HyperReal (contributed by Benjamin Porter)
kleing
parents: 16973
diff changeset
   857
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   858
subsection{* Simprules combining x+y and 0: ARE THEY NEEDED?*}
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   859
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   860
text{*Needed in this non-standard form by Hyperreal/Transcendental*}
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   861
lemma real_0_le_divide_iff:
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   862
     "((0::real) \<le> x/y) = ((x \<le> 0 | 0 \<le> y) & (0 \<le> x | y \<le> 0))"
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   863
by (simp add: real_divide_def zero_le_mult_iff, auto)
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   864
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   865
lemma real_add_minus_iff [simp]: "(x + - a = (0::real)) = (x=a)" 
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   866
by arith
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   867
15085
5693a977a767 removed some [iff] declarations from RealDef.thy, concerning inequalities
paulson
parents: 15077
diff changeset
   868
lemma real_add_eq_0_iff: "(x+y = (0::real)) = (y = -x)"
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   869
by auto
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   870
15085
5693a977a767 removed some [iff] declarations from RealDef.thy, concerning inequalities
paulson
parents: 15077
diff changeset
   871
lemma real_add_less_0_iff: "(x+y < (0::real)) = (y < -x)"
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   872
by auto
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   873
15085
5693a977a767 removed some [iff] declarations from RealDef.thy, concerning inequalities
paulson
parents: 15077
diff changeset
   874
lemma real_0_less_add_iff: "((0::real) < x+y) = (-x < y)"
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   875
by auto
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   876
15085
5693a977a767 removed some [iff] declarations from RealDef.thy, concerning inequalities
paulson
parents: 15077
diff changeset
   877
lemma real_add_le_0_iff: "(x+y \<le> (0::real)) = (y \<le> -x)"
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   878
by auto
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   879
15085
5693a977a767 removed some [iff] declarations from RealDef.thy, concerning inequalities
paulson
parents: 15077
diff changeset
   880
lemma real_0_le_add_iff: "((0::real) \<le> x+y) = (-x \<le> y)"
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   881
by auto
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   882
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   883
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   884
(*
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   885
FIXME: we should have this, as for type int, but many proofs would break.
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   886
It replaces x+-y by x-y.
15086
e6a2a98d5ef5 removal of more iff-rules from RealDef.thy
paulson
parents: 15085
diff changeset
   887
declare real_diff_def [symmetric, simp]
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   888
*)
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   889
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   890
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   891
subsubsection{*Density of the Reals*}
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   892
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   893
lemma real_lbound_gt_zero:
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   894
     "[| (0::real) < d1; 0 < d2 |] ==> \<exists>e. 0 < e & e < d1 & e < d2"
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   895
apply (rule_tac x = " (min d1 d2) /2" in exI)
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   896
apply (simp add: min_def)
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   897
done
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   898
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   899
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   900
text{*Similar results are proved in @{text Ring_and_Field}*}
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   901
lemma real_less_half_sum: "x < y ==> x < (x+y) / (2::real)"
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   902
  by auto
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   903
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   904
lemma real_gt_half_sum: "x < y ==> (x+y)/(2::real) < y"
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   905
  by auto
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   906
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   907
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   908
subsection{*Absolute Value Function for the Reals*}
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   909
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   910
lemma abs_minus_add_cancel: "abs(x + (-y)) = abs (y + (-(x::real)))"
15003
6145dd7538d7 replaced monomorphic abs definitions by abs_if
paulson
parents: 14754
diff changeset
   911
by (simp add: abs_if)
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   912
23289
0cf371d943b1 remove redundant lemmas
huffman
parents: 23288
diff changeset
   913
(* FIXME: redundant, but used by Integration/RealRandVar.thy in AFP *)
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   914
lemma abs_le_interval_iff: "(abs x \<le> r) = (-r\<le>x & x\<le>(r::real))"
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents: 14691
diff changeset
   915
by (force simp add: OrderedGroup.abs_le_iff)
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   916
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   917
lemma abs_add_one_gt_zero [simp]: "(0::real) < 1 + abs(x)"
15003
6145dd7538d7 replaced monomorphic abs definitions by abs_if
paulson
parents: 14754
diff changeset
   918
by (simp add: abs_if)
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   919
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   920
lemma abs_real_of_nat_cancel [simp]: "abs (real x) = real (x::nat)"
22958
b3a5569a81e5 cleaned up
huffman
parents: 22456
diff changeset
   921
by (rule abs_of_nonneg [OF real_of_nat_ge_zero])
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   922
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   923
lemma abs_add_one_not_less_self [simp]: "~ abs(x) + (1::real) < x"
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19765
diff changeset
   924
by simp
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   925
 
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   926
lemma abs_sum_triangle_ineq: "abs ((x::real) + y + (-l + -m)) \<le> abs(x + -l) + abs(y + -m)"
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19765
diff changeset
   927
by simp
14387
e96d5c42c4b0 Polymorphic treatment of binary arithmetic using axclasses
paulson
parents: 14378
diff changeset
   928
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   929
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   930
subsection {* Implementation of rational real numbers as pairs of integers *}
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   931
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   932
definition
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   933
  Ratreal :: "int \<times> int \<Rightarrow> real"
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   934
where
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   935
  "Ratreal = INum"
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   936
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   937
code_datatype Ratreal
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   938
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   939
lemma Ratreal_simp:
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   940
  "Ratreal (k, l) = real_of_int k / real_of_int l"
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   941
  unfolding Ratreal_def INum_def by simp
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   942
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   943
lemma Ratreal_zero [simp]: "Ratreal 0\<^sub>N = 0"
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   944
  by (simp add: Ratreal_simp)
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   945
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   946
lemma Ratreal_lit [simp]: "Ratreal i\<^sub>N = real_of_int i"
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   947
  by (simp add: Ratreal_simp)
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   948
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   949
lemma zero_real_code [code, code unfold]:
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   950
  "0 = Ratreal 0\<^sub>N" by simp
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   951
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   952
lemma one_real_code [code, code unfold]:
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   953
  "1 = Ratreal 1\<^sub>N" by simp
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   954
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   955
instance real :: eq ..
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   956
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   957
lemma real_eq_code [code]: "Ratreal x = Ratreal y \<longleftrightarrow> normNum x = normNum y"
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   958
  unfolding Ratreal_def INum_normNum_iff ..
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   959
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   960
lemma real_less_eq_code [code]: "Ratreal x \<le> Ratreal y \<longleftrightarrow> normNum x \<le>\<^sub>N normNum y"
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   961
proof -
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   962
  have "normNum x \<le>\<^sub>N normNum y \<longleftrightarrow> Ratreal (normNum x) \<le> Ratreal (normNum y)" 
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   963
    by (simp add: Ratreal_def del: normNum)
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   964
  also have "\<dots> = (Ratreal x \<le> Ratreal y)" by (simp add: Ratreal_def)
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   965
  finally show ?thesis by simp
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   966
qed
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   967
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   968
lemma real_less_code [code]: "Ratreal x < Ratreal y \<longleftrightarrow> normNum x <\<^sub>N normNum y"
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   969
proof -
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   970
  have "normNum x <\<^sub>N normNum y \<longleftrightarrow> Ratreal (normNum x) < Ratreal (normNum y)" 
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   971
    by (simp add: Ratreal_def del: normNum)
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   972
  also have "\<dots> = (Ratreal x < Ratreal y)" by (simp add: Ratreal_def)
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   973
  finally show ?thesis by simp
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   974
qed
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   975
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   976
lemma real_add_code [code]: "Ratreal x + Ratreal y = Ratreal (x +\<^sub>N y)"
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   977
  unfolding Ratreal_def by simp
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   978
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   979
lemma real_mul_code [code]: "Ratreal x * Ratreal y = Ratreal (x *\<^sub>N y)"
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   980
  unfolding Ratreal_def by simp
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   981
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   982
lemma real_neg_code [code]: "- Ratreal x = Ratreal (~\<^sub>N x)"
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   983
  unfolding Ratreal_def by simp
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   984
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   985
lemma real_sub_code [code]: "Ratreal x - Ratreal y = Ratreal (x -\<^sub>N y)"
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   986
  unfolding Ratreal_def by simp
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   987
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   988
lemma real_inv_code [code]: "inverse (Ratreal x) = Ratreal (Ninv x)"
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   989
  unfolding Ratreal_def Ninv real_divide_def by simp
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   990
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   991
lemma real_div_code [code]: "Ratreal x / Ratreal y = Ratreal (x \<div>\<^sub>N y)"
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   992
  unfolding Ratreal_def by simp
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   993
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
   994
text {* Setup for SML code generator *}
23031
9da9585c816e added code generation based on Isabelle's rat type.
nipkow
parents: 22970
diff changeset
   995
9da9585c816e added code generation based on Isabelle's rat type.
nipkow
parents: 22970
diff changeset
   996
types_code
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   997
  real ("(int */ int)")
23031
9da9585c816e added code generation based on Isabelle's rat type.
nipkow
parents: 22970
diff changeset
   998
attach (term_of) {*
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
   999
fun term_of_real (p, q) =
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
  1000
  let
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
  1001
    val rT = HOLogic.realT
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1002
  in
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1003
    if q = 1 orelse p = 0 then HOLogic.mk_number rT p
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
  1004
    else @{term "op / \<Colon> real \<Rightarrow> real \<Rightarrow> real"} $
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1005
      HOLogic.mk_number rT p $ HOLogic.mk_number rT q
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1006
  end;
23031
9da9585c816e added code generation based on Isabelle's rat type.
nipkow
parents: 22970
diff changeset
  1007
*}
9da9585c816e added code generation based on Isabelle's rat type.
nipkow
parents: 22970
diff changeset
  1008
attach (test) {*
9da9585c816e added code generation based on Isabelle's rat type.
nipkow
parents: 22970
diff changeset
  1009
fun gen_real i =
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1010
  let
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1011
    val p = random_range 0 i;
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1012
    val q = random_range 1 (i + 1);
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1013
    val g = Integer.gcd p q;
24630
351a308ab58d simplified type int (eliminated IntInf.int, integer);
wenzelm
parents: 24623
diff changeset
  1014
    val p' = p div g;
351a308ab58d simplified type int (eliminated IntInf.int, integer);
wenzelm
parents: 24623
diff changeset
  1015
    val q' = q div g;
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1016
  in
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1017
    (if one_of [true, false] then p' else ~ p',
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1018
     if p' = 0 then 0 else q')
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1019
  end;
23031
9da9585c816e added code generation based on Isabelle's rat type.
nipkow
parents: 22970
diff changeset
  1020
*}
9da9585c816e added code generation based on Isabelle's rat type.
nipkow
parents: 22970
diff changeset
  1021
9da9585c816e added code generation based on Isabelle's rat type.
nipkow
parents: 22970
diff changeset
  1022
consts_code
24623
7b2bc73405b8 renamed constructor RealC to Ratreal
haftmann
parents: 24534
diff changeset
  1023
  Ratreal ("(_)")
24534
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1024
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1025
consts_code
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1026
  "of_int :: int \<Rightarrow> real" ("\<module>real'_of'_int")
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1027
attach {*
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1028
fun real_of_int 0 = (0, 0)
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1029
  | real_of_int i = (i, 1);
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1030
*}
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1031
09b9a47904b7 New code generator setup (taken from Library/Executable_Real.thy,
berghofe
parents: 24506
diff changeset
  1032
declare real_of_int_of_nat_eq [symmetric, code]
23031
9da9585c816e added code generation based on Isabelle's rat type.
nipkow
parents: 22970
diff changeset
  1033
5588
a3ab526bb891 Revised version with Abelian group simprocs
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
  1034
end