src/Pure/sign.ML
author wenzelm
Tue Sep 06 13:10:38 1994 +0200 (1994-09-06)
changeset 583 550292083e66
parent 573 2fa5ef27bd0a
child 620 f787eb061618
permissions -rw-r--r--
minor internal changes;
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(*  Title:      Pure/sign.ML
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson and Markus Wenzel
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The abstract type "sg" of signatures.
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TODO:
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  clean
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*)
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signature SIGN =
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sig
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  structure Symtab: SYMTAB
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  structure Syntax: SYNTAX
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  structure Type: TYPE
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  sharing Symtab = Type.Symtab
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  local open Type Syntax in
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    type sg
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    val rep_sg: sg ->
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      {tsig: type_sig,
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       const_tab: typ Symtab.table,
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       syn: syntax,
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       stamps: string ref list}
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    val subsig: sg * sg -> bool
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    val eq_sg: sg * sg -> bool
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    val is_draft: sg -> bool
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    val const_type: sg -> string -> typ option
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    val classes: sg -> class list
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    val subsort: sg -> sort * sort -> bool
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    val norm_sort: sg -> sort -> sort
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    val print_sg: sg -> unit
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    val pretty_sg: sg -> Pretty.T
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    val pprint_sg: sg -> pprint_args -> unit
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    val pretty_term: sg -> term -> Pretty.T
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    val pretty_typ: sg -> typ -> Pretty.T
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    val string_of_term: sg -> term -> string
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    val string_of_typ: sg -> typ -> string
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    val pprint_term: sg -> term -> pprint_args -> unit
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    val pprint_typ: sg -> typ -> pprint_args -> unit
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    val certify_typ: sg -> typ -> typ
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    val certify_term: sg -> term -> term * typ * int
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    val read_typ: sg * (indexname -> sort option) -> string -> typ
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    val infer_types: sg -> (indexname -> typ option) ->
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      (indexname -> sort option) -> term * typ -> term * (indexname * typ) list
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    val add_classes: (class * class list) list -> sg -> sg
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    val add_classrel: (class * class) list -> sg -> sg
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    val add_defsort: sort -> sg -> sg
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    val add_types: (string * int * mixfix) list -> sg -> sg
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    val add_tyabbrs: (string * string list * string * mixfix) list -> sg -> sg
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    val add_tyabbrs_i: (string * string list * typ * mixfix) list -> sg -> sg
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    val add_arities: (string * sort list * sort) list -> sg -> sg
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    val add_consts: (string * string * mixfix) list -> sg -> sg
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    val add_consts_i: (string * typ * mixfix) list -> sg -> sg
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    val add_syntax: (string * string * mixfix) list -> sg -> sg
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    val add_syntax_i: (string * typ * mixfix) list -> sg -> sg
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    val add_trfuns:
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      (string * (ast list -> ast)) list *
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      (string * (term list -> term)) list *
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      (string * (term list -> term)) list *
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      (string * (ast list -> ast)) list -> sg -> sg
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    val add_trrules: xrule list -> sg -> sg
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    val add_name: string -> sg -> sg
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    val make_draft: sg -> sg
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    val merge: sg * sg -> sg
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    val pure: sg
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    val const_of_class: class -> string
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    val class_of_const: string -> class
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  end
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end;
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functor SignFun(structure Syntax: SYNTAX and Type: TYPE): SIGN =
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struct
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structure Symtab = Type.Symtab;
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structure Syntax = Syntax;
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structure BasicSyntax: BASIC_SYNTAX = Syntax;
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structure Pretty = Syntax.Pretty;
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structure Type = Type;
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open BasicSyntax Type;
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(** datatype sg **)
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(*the "ref" in stamps ensures that no two signatures are identical -- it is
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  impossible to forge a signature*)
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datatype sg =
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  Sg of {
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    tsig: type_sig,                 (*order-sorted signature of types*)
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    const_tab: typ Symtab.table,    (*types of constants*)
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    syn: Syntax.syntax,             (*syntax for parsing and printing*)
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    stamps: string ref list};       (*unique theory indentifier*)
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fun rep_sg (Sg args) = args;
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val tsig_of = #tsig o rep_sg;
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(* stamps *)
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fun is_draft (Sg {stamps = ref "#" :: _, ...}) = true
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  | is_draft _ = false;
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fun subsig (Sg {stamps = s1, ...}, Sg {stamps = s2, ...}) = s1 subset s2;
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fun eq_sg (Sg {stamps = s1, ...}, Sg {stamps = s2, ...}) = eq_set (s1, s2);
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(* consts *)
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fun const_type (Sg {const_tab, ...}) c =
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  Symtab.lookup (const_tab, c);
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(* classes *)
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val classes = #classes o Type.rep_tsig o tsig_of;
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val subsort = Type.subsort o tsig_of;
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val norm_sort = Type.norm_sort o tsig_of;
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(** print signature **)
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val stamp_names = rev o map !;
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fun print_sg sg =
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  let
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    fun prt_typ syn ty = Pretty.quote (Syntax.pretty_typ syn ty);
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    fun pretty_sort [cl] = Pretty.str cl
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      | pretty_sort cls = Pretty.str_list "{" "}" cls;
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    fun pretty_subclass (cl, cls) = Pretty.block
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      [Pretty.str (cl ^ " <"), Pretty.brk 1, pretty_sort cls];
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    fun pretty_default cls = Pretty.block
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      [Pretty.str "default:", Pretty.brk 1, pretty_sort cls];
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    fun pretty_arg (ty, n) = Pretty.str (ty ^ " " ^ string_of_int n);
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    fun pretty_abbr syn (ty, (vs, rhs)) = Pretty.block
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      [prt_typ syn (Type (ty, map (fn v => TVar (v, [])) vs)),
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        Pretty.str " =", Pretty.brk 1, prt_typ syn rhs];
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    fun pretty_arity ty (cl, []) = Pretty.block
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          [Pretty.str (ty ^ " ::"), Pretty.brk 1, Pretty.str cl]
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      | pretty_arity ty (cl, srts) = Pretty.block
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          [Pretty.str (ty ^ " ::"), Pretty.brk 1,
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            Pretty.list "(" ")" (map pretty_sort srts),
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            Pretty.brk 1, Pretty.str cl];
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    fun pretty_coreg (ty, ars) = map (pretty_arity ty) ars;
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    fun pretty_const syn (c, ty) = Pretty.block
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      [Pretty.str (quote c ^ " ::"), Pretty.brk 1, prt_typ syn ty];
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    val Sg {tsig, const_tab, syn, stamps} = sg;
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    val {classes, subclass, default, args, abbrs, coreg} = rep_tsig tsig;
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  in
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    Pretty.writeln (Pretty.strs ("stamps:" :: stamp_names stamps));
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    Pretty.writeln (Pretty.strs ("classes:" :: classes));
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    Pretty.writeln (Pretty.big_list "subclass:" (map pretty_subclass subclass));
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    Pretty.writeln (pretty_default default);
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    Pretty.writeln (Pretty.big_list "types:" (map pretty_arg args));
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    Pretty.writeln (Pretty.big_list "abbrs:" (map (pretty_abbr syn) abbrs));
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    Pretty.writeln (Pretty.big_list "coreg:" (flat (map pretty_coreg coreg)));
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    Pretty.writeln (Pretty.big_list "consts:"
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      (map (pretty_const syn) (Symtab.dest const_tab)))
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  end;
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fun pretty_sg (Sg {stamps, ...}) =
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  Pretty.str_list "{" "}" (stamp_names stamps);
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val pprint_sg = Pretty.pprint o pretty_sg;
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(** pretty printing of terms and types **)
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fun pretty_term (Sg {syn, ...}) = Syntax.pretty_term syn;
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fun pretty_typ (Sg {syn, ...}) = Syntax.pretty_typ syn;
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fun string_of_term (Sg {syn, ...}) = Syntax.string_of_term syn;
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fun string_of_typ (Sg {syn, ...}) = Syntax.string_of_typ syn;
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fun pprint_term sg = Pretty.pprint o Pretty.quote o (pretty_term sg);
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fun pprint_typ sg = Pretty.pprint o Pretty.quote o (pretty_typ sg);
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(** read types **)  (*exception ERROR*)
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fun err_in_type s =
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  error ("The error(s) above occurred in type " ^ quote s);
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fun read_raw_typ syn tsig sort_of str =
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  Syntax.read_typ syn (fn x => if_none (sort_of x) (defaultS tsig)) str
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    handle ERROR => err_in_type str;
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(*read and certify typ wrt a signature*)
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fun read_typ (Sg {tsig, syn, ...}, sort_of) str =
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  cert_typ tsig (read_raw_typ syn tsig sort_of str)
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    handle TYPE (msg, _, _) => (writeln msg; err_in_type str);
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(** certify types and terms **)   (*exception TYPE*)
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fun certify_typ (Sg {tsig, ...}) ty = cert_typ tsig ty;
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fun mapfilt_atoms f (Abs (_, _, t)) = mapfilt_atoms f t
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  | mapfilt_atoms f (t $ u) = mapfilt_atoms f t @ mapfilt_atoms f u
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  | mapfilt_atoms f a = (case f a of Some y => [y] | None => []);
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fun certify_term (sg as Sg {tsig, ...}) tm =
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  let
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    fun valid_const a T =
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      (case const_type sg a of
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        Some U => typ_instance (tsig, T, U)
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      | _ => false);
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    fun atom_err (Const (a, T)) =
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          if valid_const a T then None
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          else Some ("Illegal type for constant " ^ quote a ^ " :: " ^
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            quote (string_of_typ sg T))
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      | atom_err (Var ((x, i), _)) =
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          if i < 0 then Some ("Negative index for Var " ^ quote x) else None
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      | atom_err _ = None;
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    val norm_tm =
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      (case it_term_types (typ_errors tsig) (tm, []) of
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        [] => map_term_types (norm_typ tsig) tm
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      | errs => raise_type (cat_lines errs) [] [tm]);
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  in
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    (case mapfilt_atoms atom_err norm_tm of
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      [] => (norm_tm, type_of norm_tm, maxidx_of_term norm_tm)
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    | errs => raise_type (cat_lines errs) [] [norm_tm])
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  end;
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(** infer_types **)         (*exception ERROR*)
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fun infer_types sg types sorts (t, T) =
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  let
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    val Sg {tsig, ...} = sg;
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    val show_typ = string_of_typ sg;
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    val show_term = string_of_term sg;
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    fun term_err [] = ""
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      | term_err [t] = "\nInvolving this term:\n" ^ show_term t
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      | term_err ts = "\nInvolving these terms:\n" ^ cat_lines (map show_term ts);
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    val T' = certify_typ sg T
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      handle TYPE (msg, _, _) => error msg;
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    val (t', tye) = Type.infer_types (tsig, const_type sg, types, sorts, T', t)
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      handle TYPE (msg, Ts, ts) => error ("Type checking error: " ^ msg ^ "\n"
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        ^ cat_lines (map show_typ Ts) ^ term_err ts);
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  in (t', tye) end;
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(** extend signature **)    (*exception ERROR*)
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(* FIXME -> type.ML *)
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(* FIXME replace? *)
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fun varify_typ (Type (t, tys)) = Type (t, map varify_typ tys)
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  | varify_typ (TFree (a, s)) = TVar ((a, 0), s)
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  | varify_typ (ty as TVar _) =
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      raise_type "Illegal schematic type variable" [ty] [];
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(* fake newstyle interfaces *) (* FIXME -> type.ML *)
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fun ext_tsig_classes tsig classes =
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  extend_tsig tsig (classes, [], [], []);
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(* FIXME varify_typ, rem_sorts; norm_typ (?) *)
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fun ext_tsig_abbrs tsig abbrs = Type.ext_tsig_abbrs tsig
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  (map (fn (t, vs, rhs) => (t, (map (rpair 0) vs, varifyT rhs))) abbrs);
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fun ext_tsig_arities tsig arities = extend_tsig tsig
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  ([], [], [], flat (map (fn (t, ss, cs) => map (fn c => ([t], (ss, c))) cs) arities));
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(** extension functions **)  (*exception ERROR*)
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fun decls_of name_of mfixs =
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  map (fn (x, y, mx) => (name_of x mx, y)) mfixs;
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(* add default sort *)
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fun ext_defsort (syn, tsig, ctab) defsort =
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  (syn, ext_tsig_defsort tsig defsort, ctab);
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(* add type constructors *)
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fun ext_types (syn, tsig, ctab) types =
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  (Syntax.extend_type_gram syn types,
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    ext_tsig_types tsig (decls_of Syntax.type_name types),
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    ctab);
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(* add type abbreviations *)
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fun read_abbr syn tsig (t, vs, rhs_src) =
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  (t, vs, read_raw_typ syn tsig (K None) rhs_src)
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    handle ERROR => error ("in type abbreviation " ^ t);
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fun ext_abbrs rd_abbr (syn, tsig, ctab) abbrs =
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  let
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    fun mfix_of (t, vs, _, mx) = (t, length vs, mx);
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    val syn1 = Syntax.extend_type_gram syn (map mfix_of abbrs);
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    fun decl_of (t, vs, rhs, mx) =
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      rd_abbr syn1 tsig (Syntax.type_name t mx, vs, rhs);
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  in
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    (syn1, ext_tsig_abbrs tsig (map decl_of abbrs), ctab)
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  end;
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val ext_tyabbrs_i = ext_abbrs (K (K I));
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val ext_tyabbrs = ext_abbrs read_abbr;
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(* add type arities *)
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fun ext_arities (syn, tsig, ctab) arities =
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  let
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    val tsig1 = ext_tsig_arities tsig arities;
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    val log_types = logical_types tsig1;
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  in
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    (Syntax.extend_log_types syn log_types, tsig1, ctab)
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  end;
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(* add term constants and syntax *)
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fun err_in_const c =
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  error ("in declaration of constant " ^ quote c);
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fun err_dup_consts cs =
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  error ("Duplicate declaration of constant(s) " ^ commas_quote cs);
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fun read_const syn tsig (c, ty_src, mx) =
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  (c, read_raw_typ syn tsig (K None) ty_src, mx)
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    handle ERROR => err_in_const (Syntax.const_name c mx);
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(* FIXME move *)
wenzelm@418
   358
fun no_tvars ty =
wenzelm@418
   359
  if null (typ_tvars ty) then ty
wenzelm@418
   360
  else raise_type "Illegal schematic type variable(s)" [ty] [];
wenzelm@418
   361
wenzelm@386
   362
fun ext_cnsts rd_const syn_only (syn, tsig, ctab) raw_consts =
wenzelm@386
   363
  let
wenzelm@418
   364
    (* FIXME clean *)
wenzelm@418
   365
    fun prep_const (c, ty, mx) = (c, varify_typ (cert_typ tsig (no_tvars ty)), mx)
wenzelm@562
   366
      handle TYPE (msg, _, _) => (writeln msg; err_in_const (Syntax.const_name c mx));
wenzelm@386
   367
wenzelm@386
   368
    val consts = map (prep_const o rd_const syn tsig) raw_consts;
wenzelm@386
   369
    val decls =
wenzelm@386
   370
      if syn_only then []
wenzelm@562
   371
      else filter_out (equal "" o fst) (decls_of Syntax.const_name consts);
wenzelm@386
   372
  in
wenzelm@386
   373
    (Syntax.extend_const_gram syn consts, tsig,
wenzelm@386
   374
      Symtab.extend_new (ctab, decls)
wenzelm@386
   375
        handle Symtab.DUPS cs => err_dup_consts cs)
wenzelm@386
   376
  end;
wenzelm@386
   377
wenzelm@386
   378
val ext_consts_i = ext_cnsts (K (K I)) false;
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   379
val ext_consts = ext_cnsts read_const false;
wenzelm@386
   380
val ext_syntax_i = ext_cnsts (K (K I)) true;
wenzelm@386
   381
val ext_syntax = ext_cnsts read_const true;
wenzelm@386
   382
wenzelm@386
   383
wenzelm@386
   384
(* add type classes *)
wenzelm@386
   385
wenzelm@386
   386
fun const_of_class c = c ^ "_class";
wenzelm@386
   387
wenzelm@386
   388
fun class_of_const c_class =
wenzelm@386
   389
  let
wenzelm@386
   390
    val c = implode (take (size c_class - 6, explode c_class));
wenzelm@386
   391
  in
wenzelm@386
   392
    if const_of_class c = c_class then c
wenzelm@386
   393
    else raise_term ("class_of_const: bad name " ^ quote c_class) []
wenzelm@386
   394
  end;
wenzelm@386
   395
wenzelm@386
   396
wenzelm@386
   397
fun ext_classes (syn, tsig, ctab) classes =
wenzelm@386
   398
  let
wenzelm@562
   399
    val names = map fst classes;
wenzelm@386
   400
    val consts =
wenzelm@386
   401
      map (fn c => (const_of_class c, a_itselfT --> propT, NoSyn)) names;
wenzelm@386
   402
  in
wenzelm@386
   403
    ext_consts_i
wenzelm@386
   404
      (Syntax.extend_consts syn names, ext_tsig_classes tsig classes, ctab)
wenzelm@386
   405
      consts
wenzelm@386
   406
  end;
wenzelm@386
   407
wenzelm@386
   408
wenzelm@421
   409
(* add to subclass relation *)
wenzelm@421
   410
wenzelm@421
   411
fun ext_classrel (syn, tsig, ctab) pairs =
wenzelm@421
   412
  (syn, ext_tsig_subclass tsig pairs, ctab);
wenzelm@421
   413
wenzelm@421
   414
wenzelm@386
   415
(* add syntactic translations *)
wenzelm@386
   416
wenzelm@386
   417
fun ext_trfuns (syn, tsig, ctab) trfuns =
wenzelm@386
   418
  (Syntax.extend_trfuns syn trfuns, tsig, ctab);
wenzelm@386
   419
wenzelm@386
   420
fun ext_trrules (syn, tsig, ctab) xrules =
wenzelm@386
   421
  (Syntax.extend_trrules syn xrules, tsig, ctab);
wenzelm@386
   422
wenzelm@386
   423
wenzelm@386
   424
(* build signature *)
wenzelm@386
   425
wenzelm@386
   426
fun ext_stamps stamps name =
wenzelm@386
   427
  let
wenzelm@386
   428
    val stmps = (case stamps of ref "#" :: ss => ss | ss => ss);
wenzelm@386
   429
  in
wenzelm@386
   430
    if exists (equal name o !) stmps then
wenzelm@386
   431
      error ("Theory already contains a " ^ quote name ^ " component")
wenzelm@402
   432
    else ref name :: stmps
wenzelm@386
   433
  end;
wenzelm@386
   434
wenzelm@386
   435
fun make_sign (syn, tsig, ctab) stamps name =
wenzelm@386
   436
  Sg {tsig = tsig, const_tab = ctab, syn = syn,
wenzelm@386
   437
    stamps = ext_stamps stamps name};
wenzelm@386
   438
wenzelm@386
   439
fun extend_sign extfun name decls (Sg {tsig, const_tab, syn, stamps}) =
wenzelm@386
   440
  make_sign (extfun (syn, tsig, const_tab) decls) stamps name;
wenzelm@386
   441
wenzelm@386
   442
wenzelm@386
   443
(* the external interfaces *)
wenzelm@386
   444
wenzelm@386
   445
val add_classes   = extend_sign ext_classes "#";
wenzelm@421
   446
val add_classrel  = extend_sign ext_classrel "#";
wenzelm@386
   447
val add_defsort   = extend_sign ext_defsort "#";
wenzelm@386
   448
val add_types     = extend_sign ext_types "#";
wenzelm@386
   449
val add_tyabbrs   = extend_sign ext_tyabbrs "#";
wenzelm@386
   450
val add_tyabbrs_i = extend_sign ext_tyabbrs_i "#";
wenzelm@386
   451
val add_arities   = extend_sign ext_arities "#";
wenzelm@386
   452
val add_consts    = extend_sign ext_consts "#";
wenzelm@386
   453
val add_consts_i  = extend_sign ext_consts_i "#";
wenzelm@386
   454
val add_syntax    = extend_sign ext_syntax "#";
wenzelm@386
   455
val add_syntax_i  = extend_sign ext_syntax_i "#";
wenzelm@386
   456
val add_trfuns    = extend_sign ext_trfuns "#";
wenzelm@386
   457
val add_trrules   = extend_sign ext_trrules "#";
wenzelm@386
   458
wenzelm@386
   459
fun add_name name sg = extend_sign K name () sg;
wenzelm@386
   460
val make_draft = add_name "#";
wenzelm@386
   461
wenzelm@386
   462
wenzelm@386
   463
wenzelm@386
   464
(** merge signatures **)    (*exception TERM*)
wenzelm@143
   465
wenzelm@251
   466
fun merge (sg1, sg2) =
wenzelm@251
   467
  if subsig (sg2, sg1) then sg1
wenzelm@251
   468
  else if subsig (sg1, sg2) then sg2
wenzelm@386
   469
  else if is_draft sg1 orelse is_draft sg2 then
wenzelm@386
   470
    raise_term "Illegal merge of draft signatures" []
wenzelm@251
   471
  else
wenzelm@251
   472
    (*neither is union already; must form union*)
wenzelm@251
   473
    let
wenzelm@251
   474
      val Sg {tsig = tsig1, const_tab = const_tab1, syn = syn1,
wenzelm@251
   475
        stamps = stamps1} = sg1;
wenzelm@251
   476
      val Sg {tsig = tsig2, const_tab = const_tab2, syn = syn2,
wenzelm@251
   477
        stamps = stamps2} = sg2;
wenzelm@251
   478
wenzelm@386
   479
wenzelm@402
   480
      val stamps = merge_rev_lists stamps1 stamps2;
wenzelm@402
   481
      val _ =
wenzelm@402
   482
        (case duplicates (stamp_names stamps) of
wenzelm@402
   483
          [] => ()
wenzelm@402
   484
        | dups => raise_term ("Attempt to merge different versions of theories "
wenzelm@402
   485
            ^ commas_quote dups) []);
wenzelm@402
   486
wenzelm@251
   487
      val tsig = merge_tsigs (tsig1, tsig2);
wenzelm@251
   488
wenzelm@251
   489
      val const_tab = Symtab.merge (op =) (const_tab1, const_tab2)
wenzelm@386
   490
        handle Symtab.DUPS cs =>
wenzelm@386
   491
          raise_term ("Incompatible types for constant(s) " ^ commas_quote cs) [];
wenzelm@386
   492
wenzelm@386
   493
      val syn = Syntax.merge_syntaxes syn1 syn2;
wenzelm@251
   494
    in
wenzelm@251
   495
      Sg {tsig = tsig, const_tab = const_tab, syn = syn, stamps = stamps}
wenzelm@251
   496
    end;
wenzelm@143
   497
clasohm@0
   498
clasohm@0
   499
wenzelm@251
   500
(** the Pure signature **)
clasohm@0
   501
wenzelm@386
   502
val pure =
wenzelm@386
   503
  make_sign (Syntax.type_syn, tsig0, Symtab.null) [] "#"
wenzelm@410
   504
  |> add_types
wenzelm@386
   505
   (("fun", 2, NoSyn) ::
wenzelm@386
   506
    ("prop", 0, NoSyn) ::
wenzelm@386
   507
    ("itself", 1, NoSyn) ::
wenzelm@562
   508
    Syntax.pure_types)
wenzelm@562
   509
  |> add_classes [(logicC, [])]
wenzelm@410
   510
  |> add_defsort logicS
wenzelm@410
   511
  |> add_arities
wenzelm@386
   512
   [("fun", [logicS, logicS], logicS),
wenzelm@386
   513
    ("prop", [], logicS),
wenzelm@386
   514
    ("itself", [logicS], logicS)]
wenzelm@562
   515
  |> add_syntax Syntax.pure_syntax
wenzelm@410
   516
  |> add_trfuns Syntax.pure_trfuns
wenzelm@410
   517
  |> add_consts
wenzelm@386
   518
   [("==", "['a::{}, 'a] => prop", Mixfix ("(_ ==/ _)", [3, 2], 2)),
wenzelm@386
   519
    ("=?=", "['a::{}, 'a] => prop", Mixfix ("(_ =?=/ _)", [3, 2], 2)),
wenzelm@386
   520
    ("==>", "[prop, prop] => prop", Mixfix ("(_ ==>/ _)", [2, 1], 1)),
wenzelm@386
   521
    ("all", "('a => prop) => prop", Binder ("!!", 0)),
wenzelm@573
   522
    ("TYPE", "'a itself", NoSyn)]
wenzelm@410
   523
  |> add_name "Pure";
clasohm@0
   524
clasohm@0
   525
clasohm@0
   526
end;
wenzelm@143
   527