NEWS
author haftmann
Tue Sep 28 15:33:56 2010 +0200 (2010-09-28)
changeset 39771 553f9b9aed28
parent 39754 150f831ce4a3
child 39910 10097e0a9dbd
permissions -rw-r--r--
NEWS
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Isabelle NEWS -- history user-relevant changes
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==============================================
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New in this Isabelle version
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----------------------------
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*** General ***
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* Explicit treatment of UTF8 sequences as Isabelle symbols, such that
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a Unicode character is treated as a single symbol, not a sequence of
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non-ASCII bytes as before.  Since Isabelle/ML string literals may
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contain symbols without further backslash escapes, Unicode can now be
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used here as well.  Recall that Symbol.explode in ML provides a
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consistent view on symbols, while raw explode (or String.explode)
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merely give a byte-oriented representation.
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* Theory loading: only the master source file is looked-up in the
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implicit load path, all other files are addressed relatively to its
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directory.  Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, subtle change in semantics.
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* Special treatment of ML file names has been discontinued.
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Historically, optional extensions .ML or .sml were added on demand --
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at the cost of clarity of file dependencies.  Recall that Isabelle/ML
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files exclusively use the .ML extension.  Minor INCOMPATIBILTY.
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* Various options that affect pretty printing etc. are now properly
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handled within the context via configuration options, instead of
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unsynchronized references.  There are both ML Config.T entities and
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Isar declaration attributes to access these.
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  ML (Config.T)                 Isar (attribute)
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  eta_contract                  eta_contract
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  show_brackets                 show_brackets
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  show_sorts                    show_sorts
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  show_types                    show_types
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  show_question_marks           show_question_marks
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  show_consts                   show_consts
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  Syntax.ambiguity_level        syntax_ambiguity_level
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  Goal_Display.goals_limit      goals_limit
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  Goal_Display.show_main_goal   show_main_goal
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  Thy_Output.display            thy_output_display
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  Thy_Output.quotes             thy_output_quotes
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  Thy_Output.indent             thy_output_indent
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  Thy_Output.source             thy_output_source
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  Thy_Output.break              thy_output_break
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Note that corresponding "..._default" references in ML may be only
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changed globally at the ROOT session setup, but *not* within a theory.
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*** Pure ***
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* Interpretation command 'interpret' accepts a list of equations like
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'interpretation' does.
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* Diagnostic command 'print_interps' prints interpretations in proofs
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in addition to interpretations in theories.
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* Discontinued obsolete 'global' and 'local' commands to manipulate
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the theory name space.  Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.  The ML functions
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Sign.root_path and Sign.local_path may be applied directly where this
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feature is still required for historical reasons.
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* Discontinued ancient 'constdefs' command.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use
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'definition' instead.
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* Document antiquotations @{class} and @{type} for printing classes
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and type constructors.
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*** HOL ***
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* Dropped old primrec package.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Improved infrastructure for term evaluation using code generator
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techniques, in particular static evaluation conversions.
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* String.literal is a type, but not a datatype.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Renamed lemmas:
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  expand_fun_eq -> fun_eq_iff
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  expand_set_eq -> set_eq_iff
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  set_ext -> set_eqI
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 INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Renamed class eq and constant eq (for code generation) to class equal
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and constant equal, plus renaming of related facts and various tuning.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Scala (2.8 or higher) has been added to the target languages of
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the code generator.
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* Dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Theory SetsAndFunctions has been split into Function_Algebras and Set_Algebras;
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canonical names for instance definitions for functions; various improvements.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Records: logical foundation type for records do not carry a '_type' suffix
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any longer.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Code generation for records: more idiomatic representation of record types.
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Warning: records are not covered by ancient SML code generation any longer.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.  In cases of need, a suitable rep_datatype declaration
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helps to succeed then:
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  record 'a foo = ...
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  ...
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  rep_datatype foo_ext ...
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* Session Imperative_HOL: revamped, corrected dozens of inadequacies.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Quickcheck in locales considers interpretations of that locale for
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counter example search.
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* Theory Library/Monad_Syntax provides do-syntax for monad types.  Syntax
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in Library/State_Monad has been changed to avoid ambiguities.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Code generator: export_code without explicit file declaration prints
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to standard output.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Abolished symbol type names:  "prod" and "sum" replace "*" and "+"
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respectively.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Constant "split" has been merged with constant "prod_case";  names
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of ML functions, facts etc. involving split have been retained so far,
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though.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Dropped old infix syntax "mem" for List.member;  use "in set"
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instead.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Refactoring of code-generation specific operations in List.thy
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  constants
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    null ~> List.null
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  facts
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    mem_iff ~> member_def
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    null_empty ~> null_def
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INCOMPATIBILITY.  Note that these were not suppossed to be used
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regularly unless for striking reasons;  their main purpose was code
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generation.
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* Some previously unqualified names have been qualified:
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  types
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    bool ~> HOL.bool
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    nat ~> Nat.nat
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  constants
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    Trueprop ~> HOL.Trueprop
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    True ~> HOL.True
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    False ~> HOL.False
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    op & ~> HOL.conj
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    op | ~> HOL.disj
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    op --> ~> HOL.implies
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    op = ~> HOL.eq
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    Not ~> HOL.Not
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    The ~> HOL.The
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    All ~> HOL.All
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    Ex ~> HOL.Ex
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    Ex1 ~> HOL.Ex1
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    Let ~> HOL.Let
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    If ~> HOL.If
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    Ball ~> Set.Ball
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    Bex ~> Set.Bex
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    Suc ~> Nat.Suc
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    Pair ~> Product_Type.Pair
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    fst ~> Product_Type.fst
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    snd ~> Product_Type.snd
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    curry ~> Product_Type.curry
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    op : ~> Set.member
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    Collect ~> Set.Collect
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Removed simplifier congruence rule of "prod_case", as has for long
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been the case with "split".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Datatype package: theorems generated for executable equality
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(class eq) carry proper names and are treated as default code
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equations.
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* Removed lemma Option.is_none_none (Duplicate of is_none_def).
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* List.thy: use various operations from the Haskell prelude when
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generating Haskell code.
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* Multiset.thy: renamed empty_idemp -> empty_neutral
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* code_simp.ML and method code_simp: simplification with rules determined
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by code generator.
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* code generator: do not print function definitions for case
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combinators any longer.
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* Multivariate Analysis: Introduced a type class for euclidean space. Most
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theorems are now stated in terms of euclidean spaces instead of finite
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cartesian products.
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  types
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    real ^ 'n ~>  'a::real_vector
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              ~>  'a::euclidean_space
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              ~>  'a::ordered_euclidean_space
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        (depends on your needs)
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  constants
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     _ $ _        ~> _ $$ _
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     \<chi> x. _  ~> \<chi>\<chi> x. _
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     CARD('n)     ~> DIM('a)
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Also note that the indices are now natural numbers and not from some finite
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type. Finite cartesian products of euclidean spaces, products of euclidean
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spaces the real and complex numbers are instantiated to be euclidean_spaces.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Probability: Introduced pinfreal as real numbers with infinity. Use pinfreal
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as value for measures. Introduces Lebesgue Measure based on the integral in
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Multivariate Analysis. Proved Radon Nikodym for arbitrary sigma finite measure
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spaces.
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 INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Inductive package: offers new command "inductive_simps" to automatically
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derive instantiated and simplified equations for inductive predicates,
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similar to inductive_cases.
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* "bij f" is now an abbreviation of "bij_betw f UNIV UNIV". surj_on is a
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generalization of surj, and "surj f" is now a abbreviation of "surj_on f UNIV".
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The theorems bij_def and surj_def are unchanged.
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* Function package: .psimps rules are no longer implicitly declared [simp].
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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*** FOL ***
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* All constant names are now qualified.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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*** ZF ***
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* All constant names are now qualified.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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*** ML ***
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* Renamed setmp_noncritical to Unsynchronized.setmp to emphasize its
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meaning.
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* Renamed structure PureThy to Pure_Thy and moved most of its
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operations to structure Global_Theory, to emphasize that this is
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rarely-used global-only stuff.
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* Discontinued Output.debug.  Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, use plain writeln
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instead (or tracing for high-volume output).
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* Configuration option show_question_marks only affects regular pretty
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printing of types and terms, not raw Term.string_of_vname.
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* ML_Context.thm and ML_Context.thms are no longer pervasive.  Rare
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INCOMPATIBILITY, superseded by static antiquotations @{thm} and
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@{thms} for most purposes.
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* ML structure Unsynchronized never opened, not even in Isar
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interaction mode as before.  Old Unsynchronized.set etc. have been
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discontinued -- use plain := instead.  This should be *rare* anyway,
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since modern tools always work via official context data, notably
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configuration options.
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* ML antiquotations @{theory} and @{theory_ref} refer to named
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theories from the ancestry of the current context, not any accidental
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theory loader state as before.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY, subtle
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change in semantics.
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* Parallel and asynchronous execution requires special care concerning
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interrupts.  Structure Exn provides some convenience functions that
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avoid working directly with raw Interrupt.  User code must not absorb
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interrupts -- intermediate handling (for cleanup etc.) needs to be
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followed by re-raising of the original exception.  Another common
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source of mistakes are "handle _" patterns, which make the meaning of
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the program subject to physical effects of the environment.
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*** System ***
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* Discontinued support for Poly/ML 5.0 and 5.1 versions.
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New in Isabelle2009-2 (June 2010)
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---------------------------------
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*** General ***
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* Authentic syntax for *all* logical entities (type classes, type
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constructors, term constants): provides simple and robust
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correspondence between formal entities and concrete syntax.  Within
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the parse tree / AST representations, "constants" are decorated by
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their category (class, type, const) and spelled out explicitly with
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their full internal name.
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Substantial INCOMPATIBILITY concerning low-level syntax declarations
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and translations (translation rules and translation functions in ML).
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Some hints on upgrading:
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  - Many existing uses of 'syntax' and 'translations' can be replaced
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    by more modern 'type_notation', 'notation' and 'abbreviation',
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    which are independent of this issue.
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  - 'translations' require markup within the AST; the term syntax
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    provides the following special forms:
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      CONST c   -- produces syntax version of constant c from context
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      XCONST c  -- literally c, checked as constant from context
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      c         -- literally c, if declared by 'syntax'
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    Plain identifiers are treated as AST variables -- occasionally the
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    system indicates accidental variables via the error "rhs contains
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    extra variables".
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    Type classes and type constructors are marked according to their
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    concrete syntax.  Some old translations rules need to be written
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    for the "type" category, using type constructor application
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    instead of pseudo-term application of the default category
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    "logic".
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  - 'parse_translation' etc. in ML may use the following
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    antiquotations:
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      @{class_syntax c}   -- type class c within parse tree / AST
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      @{term_syntax c}    -- type constructor c within parse tree / AST
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      @{const_syntax c}   -- ML version of "CONST c" above
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      @{syntax_const c}   -- literally c (checked wrt. 'syntax' declarations)
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  - Literal types within 'typed_print_translations', i.e. those *not*
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    represented as pseudo-terms are represented verbatim.  Use @{class
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    c} or @{type_name c} here instead of the above syntax
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    antiquotations.
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Note that old non-authentic syntax was based on unqualified base
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names, so all of the above "constant" names would coincide.  Recall
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that 'print_syntax' and ML_command "set Syntax.trace_ast" help to
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diagnose syntax problems.
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* Type constructors admit general mixfix syntax, not just infix.
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* Concrete syntax may be attached to local entities without a proof
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body, too.  This works via regular mixfix annotations for 'fix',
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'def', 'obtain' etc. or via the explicit 'write' command, which is
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similar to the 'notation' command in theory specifications.
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* Discontinued unnamed infix syntax (legacy feature for many years) --
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need to specify constant name and syntax separately.  Internal ML
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datatype constructors have been renamed from InfixName to Infix etc.
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Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Schematic theorem statements need to be explicitly markup as such,
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via commands 'schematic_lemma', 'schematic_theorem',
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'schematic_corollary'.  Thus the relevance of the proof is made
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syntactically clear, which impacts performance in a parallel or
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   370
asynchronous interactive environment.  Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@37351
   371
wenzelm@35613
   372
* Use of cumulative prems via "!" in some proof methods has been
wenzelm@37351
   373
discontinued (old legacy feature).
wenzelm@35613
   374
boehmes@35979
   375
* References 'trace_simp' and 'debug_simp' have been replaced by
wenzelm@36857
   376
configuration options stored in the context. Enabling tracing (the
wenzelm@36857
   377
case of debugging is similar) in proofs works via
wenzelm@36857
   378
wenzelm@36857
   379
  using [[trace_simp = true]]
wenzelm@36857
   380
wenzelm@36857
   381
Tracing is then active for all invocations of the simplifier in
wenzelm@36857
   382
subsequent goal refinement steps. Tracing may also still be enabled or
wenzelm@36857
   383
disabled via the ProofGeneral settings menu.
boehmes@35979
   384
wenzelm@36177
   385
* Separate commands 'hide_class', 'hide_type', 'hide_const',
wenzelm@36177
   386
'hide_fact' replace the former 'hide' KIND command.  Minor
wenzelm@36177
   387
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@36177
   388
wenzelm@37298
   389
* Improved parallelism of proof term normalization: usedir -p2 -q0 is
wenzelm@37298
   390
more efficient than combinations with -q1 or -q2.
wenzelm@37298
   391
wenzelm@35260
   392
haftmann@34170
   393
*** Pure ***
haftmann@34170
   394
wenzelm@37351
   395
* Proofterms record type-class reasoning explicitly, using the
wenzelm@37351
   396
"unconstrain" operation internally.  This eliminates all sort
wenzelm@37351
   397
constraints from a theorem and proof, introducing explicit
wenzelm@37351
   398
OFCLASS-premises.  On the proof term level, this operation is
wenzelm@37351
   399
automatically applied at theorem boundaries, such that closed proofs
wenzelm@37351
   400
are always free of sort constraints.  INCOMPATIBILITY for tools that
wenzelm@37351
   401
inspect proof terms.
haftmann@36147
   402
wenzelm@35765
   403
* Local theory specifications may depend on extra type variables that
wenzelm@35765
   404
are not present in the result type -- arguments TYPE('a) :: 'a itself
wenzelm@35765
   405
are added internally.  For example:
wenzelm@35765
   406
wenzelm@35765
   407
  definition unitary :: bool where "unitary = (ALL (x::'a) y. x = y)"
wenzelm@35765
   408
wenzelm@37351
   409
* Predicates of locales introduced by classes carry a mandatory
wenzelm@37351
   410
"class" prefix.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@37351
   411
wenzelm@37351
   412
* Vacuous class specifications observe default sort.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@37351
   413
wenzelm@37351
   414
* Old 'axclass' command has been discontinued.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use
wenzelm@37351
   415
'class' instead.
wenzelm@37351
   416
wenzelm@37351
   417
* Command 'code_reflect' allows to incorporate generated ML code into
wenzelm@37351
   418
runtime environment; replaces immature code_datatype antiquotation.
wenzelm@37351
   419
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@37351
   420
wenzelm@37351
   421
* Code generator: simple concept for abstract datatypes obeying
wenzelm@37351
   422
invariants.
wenzelm@37351
   423
wenzelm@36857
   424
* Code generator: details of internal data cache have no impact on the
wenzelm@36857
   425
user space functionality any longer.
wenzelm@36857
   426
wenzelm@37351
   427
* Methods "unfold_locales" and "intro_locales" ignore non-locale
wenzelm@37351
   428
subgoals.  This is more appropriate for interpretations with 'where'.
wenzelm@36857
   429
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@34170
   430
wenzelm@36356
   431
* Command 'example_proof' opens an empty proof body.  This allows to
wenzelm@36356
   432
experiment with Isar, without producing any persistent result.
wenzelm@36356
   433
wenzelm@35413
   434
* Commands 'type_notation' and 'no_type_notation' declare type syntax
wenzelm@35413
   435
within a local theory context, with explicit checking of the
wenzelm@35413
   436
constructors involved (in contrast to the raw 'syntax' versions).
wenzelm@35413
   437
wenzelm@36178
   438
* Commands 'types' and 'typedecl' now work within a local theory
wenzelm@36178
   439
context -- without introducing dependencies on parameters or
wenzelm@36178
   440
assumptions, which is not possible in Isabelle/Pure.
wenzelm@35681
   441
wenzelm@36857
   442
* Command 'defaultsort' has been renamed to 'default_sort', it works
wenzelm@36857
   443
within a local theory context.  Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@36454
   444
haftmann@34170
   445
haftmann@33993
   446
*** HOL ***
haftmann@33993
   447
wenzelm@37351
   448
* Command 'typedef' now works within a local theory context -- without
wenzelm@37351
   449
introducing dependencies on parameters or assumptions, which is not
wenzelm@37351
   450
possible in Isabelle/Pure/HOL.  Note that the logical environment may
wenzelm@37351
   451
contain multiple interpretations of local typedefs (with different
wenzelm@37351
   452
non-emptiness proofs), even in a global theory context.
wenzelm@37351
   453
wenzelm@37351
   454
* New package for quotient types.  Commands 'quotient_type' and
wenzelm@37351
   455
'quotient_definition' may be used for defining types and constants by
wenzelm@37351
   456
quotient constructions.  An example is the type of integers created by
wenzelm@37351
   457
quotienting pairs of natural numbers:
wenzelm@37380
   458
wenzelm@37351
   459
  fun
wenzelm@37380
   460
    intrel :: "(nat * nat) => (nat * nat) => bool"
wenzelm@37351
   461
  where
wenzelm@37351
   462
    "intrel (x, y) (u, v) = (x + v = u + y)"
wenzelm@37351
   463
wenzelm@37380
   464
  quotient_type int = "nat * nat" / intrel
wenzelm@37351
   465
    by (auto simp add: equivp_def expand_fun_eq)
wenzelm@37380
   466
wenzelm@37351
   467
  quotient_definition
wenzelm@37351
   468
    "0::int" is "(0::nat, 0::nat)"
wenzelm@37351
   469
wenzelm@37351
   470
The method "lifting" can be used to lift of theorems from the
wenzelm@37351
   471
underlying "raw" type to the quotient type.  The example
wenzelm@37351
   472
src/HOL/Quotient_Examples/FSet.thy includes such a quotient
wenzelm@37351
   473
construction and provides a reasoning infrastructure for finite sets.
wenzelm@37351
   474
wenzelm@37351
   475
* Renamed Library/Quotient.thy to Library/Quotient_Type.thy to avoid
wenzelm@37351
   476
clash with new theory Quotient in Main HOL.
wenzelm@37351
   477
wenzelm@37351
   478
* Moved the SMT binding into the main HOL session, eliminating
wenzelm@37351
   479
separate HOL-SMT session.
wenzelm@37351
   480
haftmann@37020
   481
* List membership infix mem operation is only an input abbreviation.
haftmann@37020
   482
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@37020
   483
wenzelm@37144
   484
* Theory Library/Word.thy has been removed.  Use library Word/Word.thy
wenzelm@37144
   485
for future developements; former Library/Word.thy is still present in
wenzelm@37144
   486
the AFP entry RSAPPS.
haftmann@36963
   487
wenzelm@36857
   488
* Theorem Int.int_induct renamed to Int.int_of_nat_induct and is no
wenzelm@36857
   489
longer shadowed.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@36808
   490
huffman@36836
   491
* Dropped theorem duplicate comp_arith; use semiring_norm instead.
huffman@36836
   492
INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36836
   493
huffman@36836
   494
* Dropped theorem RealPow.real_sq_order; use power2_le_imp_le instead.
huffman@36836
   495
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@36714
   496
wenzelm@36857
   497
* Dropped normalizing_semiring etc; use the facts in semiring classes
wenzelm@36857
   498
instead.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@36857
   499
huffman@36979
   500
* Dropped several real-specific versions of lemmas about floor and
wenzelm@37351
   501
ceiling; use the generic lemmas from theory "Archimedean_Field"
wenzelm@37351
   502
instead.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36979
   503
huffman@36979
   504
  floor_number_of_eq         ~> floor_number_of
huffman@36979
   505
  le_floor_eq_number_of      ~> number_of_le_floor
huffman@36979
   506
  le_floor_eq_zero           ~> zero_le_floor
huffman@36979
   507
  le_floor_eq_one            ~> one_le_floor
huffman@36979
   508
  floor_less_eq_number_of    ~> floor_less_number_of
huffman@36979
   509
  floor_less_eq_zero         ~> floor_less_zero
huffman@36979
   510
  floor_less_eq_one          ~> floor_less_one
huffman@36979
   511
  less_floor_eq_number_of    ~> number_of_less_floor
huffman@36979
   512
  less_floor_eq_zero         ~> zero_less_floor
huffman@36979
   513
  less_floor_eq_one          ~> one_less_floor
huffman@36979
   514
  floor_le_eq_number_of      ~> floor_le_number_of
huffman@36979
   515
  floor_le_eq_zero           ~> floor_le_zero
huffman@36979
   516
  floor_le_eq_one            ~> floor_le_one
huffman@36979
   517
  floor_subtract_number_of   ~> floor_diff_number_of
huffman@36979
   518
  floor_subtract_one         ~> floor_diff_one
huffman@36979
   519
  ceiling_number_of_eq       ~> ceiling_number_of
huffman@36979
   520
  ceiling_le_eq_number_of    ~> ceiling_le_number_of
huffman@36979
   521
  ceiling_le_zero_eq         ~> ceiling_le_zero
huffman@36979
   522
  ceiling_le_eq_one          ~> ceiling_le_one
huffman@36979
   523
  less_ceiling_eq_number_of  ~> number_of_less_ceiling
huffman@36979
   524
  less_ceiling_eq_zero       ~> zero_less_ceiling
huffman@36979
   525
  less_ceiling_eq_one        ~> one_less_ceiling
huffman@36979
   526
  ceiling_less_eq_number_of  ~> ceiling_less_number_of
huffman@36979
   527
  ceiling_less_eq_zero       ~> ceiling_less_zero
huffman@36979
   528
  ceiling_less_eq_one        ~> ceiling_less_one
huffman@36979
   529
  le_ceiling_eq_number_of    ~> number_of_le_ceiling
huffman@36979
   530
  le_ceiling_eq_zero         ~> zero_le_ceiling
huffman@36979
   531
  le_ceiling_eq_one          ~> one_le_ceiling
huffman@36979
   532
  ceiling_subtract_number_of ~> ceiling_diff_number_of
huffman@36979
   533
  ceiling_subtract_one       ~> ceiling_diff_one
huffman@36979
   534
wenzelm@37144
   535
* Theory "Finite_Set": various folding_XXX locales facilitate the
wenzelm@36857
   536
application of the various fold combinators on finite sets.
wenzelm@36857
   537
wenzelm@36857
   538
* Library theory "RBT" renamed to "RBT_Impl"; new library theory "RBT"
wenzelm@36857
   539
provides abstract red-black tree type which is backed by "RBT_Impl" as
wenzelm@36857
   540
implementation.  INCOMPATIBILTY.
haftmann@36147
   541
huffman@36830
   542
* Theory Library/Coinductive_List has been removed -- superseded by
wenzelm@35763
   543
AFP/thys/Coinductive.
wenzelm@35763
   544
huffman@36829
   545
* Theory PReal, including the type "preal" and related operations, has
huffman@36829
   546
been removed.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36829
   547
wenzelm@37380
   548
* Real: new development using Cauchy Sequences.
wenzelm@37380
   549
wenzelm@37351
   550
* Split off theory "Big_Operators" containing setsum, setprod,
wenzelm@37351
   551
Inf_fin, Sup_fin, Min, Max from theory Finite_Set.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@36857
   552
wenzelm@36857
   553
* Theory "Rational" renamed to "Rat", for consistency with "Nat",
wenzelm@36857
   554
"Int" etc.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@36857
   555
wenzelm@37351
   556
* Constant Rat.normalize needs to be qualified.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@37143
   557
wenzelm@36857
   558
* New set of rules "ac_simps" provides combined assoc / commute
wenzelm@36857
   559
rewrites for all interpretations of the appropriate generic locales.
wenzelm@36857
   560
wenzelm@36857
   561
* Renamed theory "OrderedGroup" to "Groups" and split theory
wenzelm@36857
   562
"Ring_and_Field" into theories "Rings" and "Fields"; for more
wenzelm@36857
   563
appropriate and more consistent names suitable for name prefixes
wenzelm@36857
   564
within the HOL theories.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@35050
   565
haftmann@35084
   566
* Some generic constants have been put to appropriate theories:
wenzelm@36857
   567
  - less_eq, less: Orderings
wenzelm@36857
   568
  - zero, one, plus, minus, uminus, times, abs, sgn: Groups
wenzelm@36857
   569
  - inverse, divide: Rings
haftmann@35084
   570
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@35084
   571
wenzelm@36857
   572
* More consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and
wenzelm@36857
   573
lattices):
haftmann@35027
   574
haftmann@35027
   575
    lower_semilattice                   ~> semilattice_inf
haftmann@35027
   576
    upper_semilattice                   ~> semilattice_sup
haftmann@35027
   577
haftmann@35027
   578
    dense_linear_order                  ~> dense_linorder
haftmann@35027
   579
haftmann@35027
   580
    pordered_ab_group_add               ~> ordered_ab_group_add
haftmann@35027
   581
    pordered_ab_group_add_abs           ~> ordered_ab_group_add_abs
haftmann@35027
   582
    pordered_ab_semigroup_add           ~> ordered_ab_semigroup_add
haftmann@35027
   583
    pordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le    ~> ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le
haftmann@35027
   584
    pordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add    ~> ordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add
haftmann@35027
   585
    pordered_cancel_comm_semiring       ~> ordered_cancel_comm_semiring
haftmann@35027
   586
    pordered_cancel_semiring            ~> ordered_cancel_semiring
haftmann@35027
   587
    pordered_comm_monoid_add            ~> ordered_comm_monoid_add
haftmann@35027
   588
    pordered_comm_ring                  ~> ordered_comm_ring
haftmann@35027
   589
    pordered_comm_semiring              ~> ordered_comm_semiring
haftmann@35027
   590
    pordered_ring                       ~> ordered_ring
haftmann@35027
   591
    pordered_ring_abs                   ~> ordered_ring_abs
haftmann@35027
   592
    pordered_semiring                   ~> ordered_semiring
haftmann@35027
   593
haftmann@35027
   594
    ordered_ab_group_add                ~> linordered_ab_group_add
haftmann@35027
   595
    ordered_ab_semigroup_add            ~> linordered_ab_semigroup_add
haftmann@35027
   596
    ordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add     ~> linordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add
haftmann@35027
   597
    ordered_comm_semiring_strict        ~> linordered_comm_semiring_strict
haftmann@35027
   598
    ordered_field                       ~> linordered_field
haftmann@35027
   599
    ordered_field_no_lb                 ~> linordered_field_no_lb
haftmann@35027
   600
    ordered_field_no_ub                 ~> linordered_field_no_ub
haftmann@35027
   601
    ordered_field_dense_linear_order    ~> dense_linordered_field
haftmann@35027
   602
    ordered_idom                        ~> linordered_idom
haftmann@35027
   603
    ordered_ring                        ~> linordered_ring
haftmann@35027
   604
    ordered_ring_le_cancel_factor       ~> linordered_ring_le_cancel_factor
haftmann@35027
   605
    ordered_ring_less_cancel_factor     ~> linordered_ring_less_cancel_factor
haftmann@35027
   606
    ordered_ring_strict                 ~> linordered_ring_strict
haftmann@35027
   607
    ordered_semidom                     ~> linordered_semidom
haftmann@35027
   608
    ordered_semiring                    ~> linordered_semiring
haftmann@35027
   609
    ordered_semiring_1                  ~> linordered_semiring_1
haftmann@35027
   610
    ordered_semiring_1_strict           ~> linordered_semiring_1_strict
haftmann@35027
   611
    ordered_semiring_strict             ~> linordered_semiring_strict
haftmann@35027
   612
wenzelm@36857
   613
  The following slightly odd type classes have been moved to a
wenzelm@37351
   614
  separate theory Library/Lattice_Algebras:
haftmann@35032
   615
haftmann@35032
   616
    lordered_ab_group_add               ~> lattice_ab_group_add
haftmann@35032
   617
    lordered_ab_group_add_abs           ~> lattice_ab_group_add_abs
haftmann@35032
   618
    lordered_ab_group_add_meet          ~> semilattice_inf_ab_group_add
haftmann@35032
   619
    lordered_ab_group_add_join          ~> semilattice_sup_ab_group_add
haftmann@35032
   620
    lordered_ring                       ~> lattice_ring
haftmann@35032
   621
haftmann@35027
   622
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@35027
   623
haftmann@36416
   624
* Refined field classes:
wenzelm@36857
   625
  - classes division_ring_inverse_zero, field_inverse_zero,
wenzelm@36857
   626
    linordered_field_inverse_zero include rule inverse 0 = 0 --
wenzelm@36857
   627
    subsumes former division_by_zero class;
wenzelm@36857
   628
  - numerous lemmas have been ported from field to division_ring.
wenzelm@36857
   629
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@36416
   630
haftmann@36416
   631
* Refined algebra theorem collections:
wenzelm@36857
   632
  - dropped theorem group group_simps, use algebra_simps instead;
wenzelm@36857
   633
  - dropped theorem group ring_simps, use field_simps instead;
wenzelm@36857
   634
  - proper theorem collection field_simps subsumes former theorem
wenzelm@36857
   635
    groups field_eq_simps and field_simps;
wenzelm@36857
   636
  - dropped lemma eq_minus_self_iff which is a duplicate for
wenzelm@36857
   637
    equal_neg_zero.
wenzelm@36857
   638
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@35009
   639
wenzelm@35009
   640
* Theory Finite_Set and List: some lemmas have been generalized from
wenzelm@34076
   641
sets to lattices:
wenzelm@34076
   642
haftmann@34007
   643
  fun_left_comm_idem_inter      ~> fun_left_comm_idem_inf
haftmann@34007
   644
  fun_left_comm_idem_union      ~> fun_left_comm_idem_sup
haftmann@34007
   645
  inter_Inter_fold_inter        ~> inf_Inf_fold_inf
haftmann@34007
   646
  union_Union_fold_union        ~> sup_Sup_fold_sup
haftmann@34007
   647
  Inter_fold_inter              ~> Inf_fold_inf
haftmann@34007
   648
  Union_fold_union              ~> Sup_fold_sup
haftmann@34007
   649
  inter_INTER_fold_inter        ~> inf_INFI_fold_inf
haftmann@34007
   650
  union_UNION_fold_union        ~> sup_SUPR_fold_sup
haftmann@34007
   651
  INTER_fold_inter              ~> INFI_fold_inf
haftmann@34007
   652
  UNION_fold_union              ~> SUPR_fold_sup
haftmann@34007
   653
wenzelm@37351
   654
* Theory "Complete_Lattice": lemmas top_def and bot_def have been
haftmann@36416
   655
replaced by the more convenient lemmas Inf_empty and Sup_empty.
haftmann@36416
   656
Dropped lemmas Inf_insert_simp and Sup_insert_simp, which are subsumed
haftmann@36416
   657
by Inf_insert and Sup_insert.  Lemmas Inf_UNIV and Sup_UNIV replace
haftmann@36416
   658
former Inf_Univ and Sup_Univ.  Lemmas inf_top_right and sup_bot_right
haftmann@36416
   659
subsume inf_top and sup_bot respectively.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@36416
   660
wenzelm@36857
   661
* Reorganized theory Multiset: swapped notation of pointwise and
wenzelm@36857
   662
multiset order:
wenzelm@37351
   663
wenzelm@36857
   664
  - pointwise ordering is instance of class order with standard syntax
wenzelm@36857
   665
    <= and <;
wenzelm@36857
   666
  - multiset ordering has syntax <=# and <#; partial order properties
wenzelm@36857
   667
    are provided by means of interpretation with prefix
wenzelm@36857
   668
    multiset_order;
wenzelm@36857
   669
  - less duplication, less historical organization of sections,
wenzelm@36857
   670
    conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code
wenzelm@36857
   671
    generation;
wenzelm@36857
   672
  - use insert_DiffM2 [symmetric] instead of elem_imp_eq_diff_union,
wenzelm@36857
   673
    if needed.
wenzelm@37351
   674
nipkow@36903
   675
Renamed:
wenzelm@37351
   676
wenzelm@37351
   677
  multiset_eq_conv_count_eq  ~>  multiset_ext_iff
wenzelm@37351
   678
  multi_count_ext  ~>  multiset_ext
wenzelm@37351
   679
  diff_union_inverse2  ~>  diff_union_cancelR
wenzelm@37351
   680
wenzelm@36857
   681
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@36416
   682
nipkow@36903
   683
* Theory Permutation: replaced local "remove" by List.remove1.
nipkow@36903
   684
haftmann@36416
   685
* Code generation: ML and OCaml code is decorated with signatures.
haftmann@36416
   686
wenzelm@35009
   687
* Theory List: added transpose.
wenzelm@35009
   688
huffman@35810
   689
* Library/Nat_Bijection.thy is a collection of bijective functions
huffman@35810
   690
between nat and other types, which supersedes the older libraries
huffman@35810
   691
Library/Nat_Int_Bij.thy and HOLCF/NatIso.thy.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@35810
   692
huffman@35810
   693
  Constants:
huffman@35810
   694
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat2_to_nat         ~> prod_encode
huffman@35810
   695
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat_to_nat2         ~> prod_decode
huffman@35810
   696
  Nat_Int_Bij.int_to_nat_bij      ~> int_encode
huffman@35810
   697
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat_to_int_bij      ~> int_decode
huffman@35810
   698
  Countable.pair_encode           ~> prod_encode
huffman@35810
   699
  NatIso.prod2nat                 ~> prod_encode
huffman@35810
   700
  NatIso.nat2prod                 ~> prod_decode
huffman@35810
   701
  NatIso.sum2nat                  ~> sum_encode
huffman@35810
   702
  NatIso.nat2sum                  ~> sum_decode
huffman@35810
   703
  NatIso.list2nat                 ~> list_encode
huffman@35810
   704
  NatIso.nat2list                 ~> list_decode
huffman@35810
   705
  NatIso.set2nat                  ~> set_encode
huffman@35810
   706
  NatIso.nat2set                  ~> set_decode
huffman@35810
   707
huffman@35810
   708
  Lemmas:
huffman@35810
   709
  Nat_Int_Bij.bij_nat_to_int_bij  ~> bij_int_decode
huffman@35810
   710
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat2_to_nat_inj     ~> inj_prod_encode
huffman@35810
   711
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat2_to_nat_surj    ~> surj_prod_encode
huffman@35810
   712
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat_to_nat2_inj     ~> inj_prod_decode
huffman@35810
   713
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat_to_nat2_surj    ~> surj_prod_decode
huffman@35810
   714
  Nat_Int_Bij.i2n_n2i_id          ~> int_encode_inverse
huffman@35810
   715
  Nat_Int_Bij.n2i_i2n_id          ~> int_decode_inverse
huffman@35810
   716
  Nat_Int_Bij.surj_nat_to_int_bij ~> surj_int_encode
huffman@35810
   717
  Nat_Int_Bij.surj_int_to_nat_bij ~> surj_int_decode
huffman@35810
   718
  Nat_Int_Bij.inj_nat_to_int_bij  ~> inj_int_encode
huffman@35810
   719
  Nat_Int_Bij.inj_int_to_nat_bij  ~> inj_int_decode
huffman@35810
   720
  Nat_Int_Bij.bij_nat_to_int_bij  ~> bij_int_encode
huffman@35810
   721
  Nat_Int_Bij.bij_int_to_nat_bij  ~> bij_int_decode
huffman@35810
   722
blanchet@36929
   723
* Sledgehammer:
blanchet@36929
   724
  - Renamed ATP commands:
blanchet@36929
   725
    atp_info     ~> sledgehammer running_atps
blanchet@36929
   726
    atp_kill     ~> sledgehammer kill_atps
blanchet@36929
   727
    atp_messages ~> sledgehammer messages
blanchet@36929
   728
    atp_minimize ~> sledgehammer minimize
blanchet@36929
   729
    print_atps   ~> sledgehammer available_atps
blanchet@36929
   730
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@36929
   731
  - Added user's manual ("isabelle doc sledgehammer").
blanchet@36929
   732
  - Added option syntax and "sledgehammer_params" to customize
blanchet@36929
   733
    Sledgehammer's behavior.  See the manual for details.
blanchet@36929
   734
  - Modified the Isar proof reconstruction code so that it produces
blanchet@36929
   735
    direct proofs rather than proofs by contradiction.  (This feature
blanchet@36929
   736
    is still experimental.)
blanchet@36929
   737
  - Made Isar proof reconstruction work for SPASS, remote ATPs, and in
blanchet@36929
   738
    full-typed mode.
blanchet@36929
   739
  - Added support for TPTP syntax for SPASS via the "spass_tptp" ATP.
blanchet@36929
   740
blanchet@36928
   741
* Nitpick:
blanchet@36928
   742
  - Added and implemented "binary_ints" and "bits" options.
blanchet@36928
   743
  - Added "std" option and implemented support for nonstandard models.
blanchet@36928
   744
  - Added and implemented "finitize" option to improve the precision
blanchet@36928
   745
    of infinite datatypes based on a monotonicity analysis.
blanchet@36928
   746
  - Added support for quotient types.
blanchet@36928
   747
  - Added support for "specification" and "ax_specification"
blanchet@36928
   748
    constructs.
blanchet@36928
   749
  - Added support for local definitions (for "function" and
blanchet@36928
   750
    "termination" proofs).
blanchet@36928
   751
  - Added support for term postprocessors.
blanchet@36928
   752
  - Optimized "Multiset.multiset" and "FinFun.finfun".
blanchet@36928
   753
  - Improved efficiency of "destroy_constrs" optimization.
blanchet@36928
   754
  - Fixed soundness bugs related to "destroy_constrs" optimization and
blanchet@36928
   755
    record getters.
blanchet@37272
   756
  - Fixed soundness bug related to higher-order constructors.
blanchet@37272
   757
  - Fixed soundness bug when "full_descrs" is enabled.
blanchet@36928
   758
  - Improved precision of set constructs.
blanchet@37260
   759
  - Added "atoms" option.
blanchet@36928
   760
  - Added cache to speed up repeated Kodkod invocations on the same
blanchet@36928
   761
    problems.
blanchet@36928
   762
  - Renamed "MiniSatJNI", "zChaffJNI", "BerkMinAlloy", and
blanchet@36928
   763
    "SAT4JLight" to "MiniSat_JNI", "zChaff_JNI", "BerkMin_Alloy", and
blanchet@36928
   764
    "SAT4J_Light".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@36928
   765
  - Removed "skolemize", "uncurry", "sym_break", "flatten_prop",
blanchet@36928
   766
    "sharing_depth", and "show_skolems" options.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@37264
   767
  - Removed "nitpick_intro" attribute.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@36928
   768
berghofe@37361
   769
* Method "induct" now takes instantiations of the form t, where t is not
berghofe@37361
   770
  a variable, as a shorthand for "x == t", where x is a fresh variable.
berghofe@37361
   771
  If this is not intended, t has to be enclosed in parentheses.
berghofe@37361
   772
  By default, the equalities generated by definitional instantiations
berghofe@37361
   773
  are pre-simplified, which may cause parameters of inductive cases
berghofe@37361
   774
  to disappear, or may even delete some of the inductive cases.
berghofe@37361
   775
  Use "induct (no_simp)" instead of "induct" to restore the old
berghofe@37361
   776
  behaviour. The (no_simp) option is also understood by the "cases"
berghofe@37361
   777
  and "nominal_induct" methods, which now perform pre-simplification, too.
berghofe@37361
   778
  INCOMPATIBILITY.
berghofe@37361
   779
haftmann@33993
   780
huffman@36828
   781
*** HOLCF ***
huffman@36828
   782
huffman@36828
   783
* Variable names in lemmas generated by the domain package have
huffman@36828
   784
changed; the naming scheme is now consistent with the HOL datatype
huffman@36828
   785
package.  Some proof scripts may be affected, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   786
huffman@36828
   787
* The domain package no longer defines the function "foo_copy" for
huffman@36828
   788
recursive domain "foo".  The reach lemma is now stated directly in
huffman@36828
   789
terms of "foo_take".  Lemmas and proofs that mention "foo_copy" must
huffman@36828
   790
be reformulated in terms of "foo_take", INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   791
huffman@36828
   792
* Most definedness lemmas generated by the domain package (previously
huffman@36828
   793
of the form "x ~= UU ==> foo$x ~= UU") now have an if-and-only-if form
huffman@36828
   794
like "foo$x = UU <-> x = UU", which works better as a simp rule.
wenzelm@37351
   795
Proofs that used definedness lemmas as intro rules may break,
huffman@36828
   796
potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   797
huffman@36828
   798
* Induction and casedist rules generated by the domain package now
huffman@36828
   799
declare proper case_names (one called "bottom", and one named for each
huffman@36828
   800
constructor).  INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   801
huffman@36828
   802
* For mutually-recursive domains, separate "reach" and "take_lemma"
huffman@36828
   803
rules are generated for each domain, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   804
huffman@36828
   805
  foo_bar.reach       ~> foo.reach  bar.reach
huffman@36828
   806
  foo_bar.take_lemmas ~> foo.take_lemma  bar.take_lemma
huffman@36828
   807
huffman@36828
   808
* Some lemmas generated by the domain package have been renamed for
huffman@36828
   809
consistency with the datatype package, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   810
huffman@36828
   811
  foo.ind        ~> foo.induct
huffman@36828
   812
  foo.finite_ind ~> foo.finite_induct
huffman@36828
   813
  foo.coind      ~> foo.coinduct
huffman@36828
   814
  foo.casedist   ~> foo.exhaust
huffman@36828
   815
  foo.exhaust    ~> foo.nchotomy
huffman@36828
   816
huffman@36828
   817
* For consistency with other definition packages, the fixrec package
huffman@36828
   818
now generates qualified theorem names, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   819
huffman@36828
   820
  foo_simps  ~> foo.simps
huffman@36828
   821
  foo_unfold ~> foo.unfold
huffman@36828
   822
  foo_induct ~> foo.induct
huffman@36828
   823
huffman@37087
   824
* The "fixrec_simp" attribute has been removed.  The "fixrec_simp"
huffman@37087
   825
method and internal fixrec proofs now use the default simpset instead.
huffman@37087
   826
INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@37087
   827
huffman@36828
   828
* The "contlub" predicate has been removed.  Proof scripts should use
huffman@36828
   829
lemma contI2 in place of monocontlub2cont, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   830
huffman@36828
   831
* The "admw" predicate has been removed, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   832
huffman@36828
   833
* The constants cpair, cfst, and csnd have been removed in favor of
huffman@36828
   834
Pair, fst, and snd from Isabelle/HOL, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   835
huffman@36828
   836
haftmann@33993
   837
*** ML ***
haftmann@33993
   838
wenzelm@37351
   839
* Antiquotations for basic formal entities:
wenzelm@37351
   840
wenzelm@37351
   841
    @{class NAME}         -- type class
wenzelm@37351
   842
    @{class_syntax NAME}  -- syntax representation of the above
wenzelm@37351
   843
wenzelm@37351
   844
    @{type_name NAME}     -- logical type
wenzelm@37351
   845
    @{type_abbrev NAME}   -- type abbreviation
wenzelm@37351
   846
    @{nonterminal NAME}   -- type of concrete syntactic category
wenzelm@37351
   847
    @{type_syntax NAME}   -- syntax representation of any of the above
wenzelm@37351
   848
wenzelm@37351
   849
    @{const_name NAME}    -- logical constant (INCOMPATIBILITY)
wenzelm@37351
   850
    @{const_abbrev NAME}  -- abbreviated constant
wenzelm@37351
   851
    @{const_syntax NAME}  -- syntax representation of any of the above
wenzelm@37351
   852
wenzelm@37351
   853
* Antiquotation @{syntax_const NAME} ensures that NAME refers to a raw
wenzelm@37351
   854
syntax constant (cf. 'syntax' command).
wenzelm@37351
   855
wenzelm@37351
   856
* Antiquotation @{make_string} inlines a function to print arbitrary
wenzelm@37351
   857
values similar to the ML toplevel.  The result is compiler dependent
wenzelm@37351
   858
and may fall back on "?" in certain situations.
wenzelm@37351
   859
wenzelm@37351
   860
* Diagnostic commands 'ML_val' and 'ML_command' may refer to
wenzelm@37351
   861
antiquotations @{Isar.state} and @{Isar.goal}.  This replaces impure
wenzelm@37351
   862
Isar.state() and Isar.goal(), which belong to the old TTY loop and do
wenzelm@37351
   863
not work with the asynchronous Isar document model.
wenzelm@37351
   864
wenzelm@37351
   865
* Configuration options now admit dynamic default values, depending on
wenzelm@37351
   866
the context or even global references.
wenzelm@37351
   867
wenzelm@37351
   868
* SHA1.digest digests strings according to SHA-1 (see RFC 3174).  It
wenzelm@37351
   869
uses an efficient external library if available (for Poly/ML).
wenzelm@37351
   870
wenzelm@37144
   871
* Renamed some important ML structures, while keeping the old names
wenzelm@37144
   872
for some time as aliases within the structure Legacy:
wenzelm@37144
   873
wenzelm@37144
   874
  OuterKeyword  ~>  Keyword
wenzelm@37144
   875
  OuterLex      ~>  Token
wenzelm@37144
   876
  OuterParse    ~>  Parse
wenzelm@37144
   877
  OuterSyntax   ~>  Outer_Syntax
wenzelm@37216
   878
  PrintMode     ~>  Print_Mode
wenzelm@37144
   879
  SpecParse     ~>  Parse_Spec
wenzelm@37216
   880
  ThyInfo       ~>  Thy_Info
wenzelm@37216
   881
  ThyLoad       ~>  Thy_Load
wenzelm@37216
   882
  ThyOutput     ~>  Thy_Output
wenzelm@37145
   883
  TypeInfer     ~>  Type_Infer
wenzelm@37144
   884
wenzelm@37144
   885
Note that "open Legacy" simplifies porting of sources, but forgetting
wenzelm@37144
   886
to remove it again will complicate porting again in the future.
wenzelm@37144
   887
wenzelm@37144
   888
* Most operations that refer to a global context are named
wenzelm@37144
   889
accordingly, e.g. Simplifier.global_context or
wenzelm@37144
   890
ProofContext.init_global.  There are some situations where a global
wenzelm@37144
   891
context actually works, but under normal circumstances one needs to
wenzelm@37144
   892
pass the proper local context through the code!
wenzelm@37144
   893
wenzelm@37144
   894
* Discontinued old TheoryDataFun with its copy/init operation -- data
wenzelm@37144
   895
needs to be pure.  Functor Theory_Data_PP retains the traditional
wenzelm@37144
   896
Pretty.pp argument to merge, which is absent in the standard
wenzelm@37144
   897
Theory_Data version.
wenzelm@36429
   898
wenzelm@37144
   899
* Sorts.certify_sort and derived "cert" operations for types and terms
wenzelm@37144
   900
no longer minimize sorts.  Thus certification at the boundary of the
wenzelm@37144
   901
inference kernel becomes invariant under addition of class relations,
wenzelm@37144
   902
which is an important monotonicity principle.  Sorts are now minimized
wenzelm@37144
   903
in the syntax layer only, at the boundary between the end-user and the
wenzelm@37144
   904
system.  Subtle INCOMPATIBILITY, may have to use Sign.minimize_sort
wenzelm@37144
   905
explicitly in rare situations.
wenzelm@37144
   906
wenzelm@35021
   907
* Renamed old-style Drule.standard to Drule.export_without_context, to
wenzelm@35021
   908
emphasize that this is in no way a standard operation.
wenzelm@35021
   909
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@35021
   910
wenzelm@34076
   911
* Subgoal.FOCUS (and variants): resulting goal state is normalized as
wenzelm@34076
   912
usual for resolution.  Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@34076
   913
wenzelm@35845
   914
* Renamed varify/unvarify operations to varify_global/unvarify_global
wenzelm@35845
   915
to emphasize that these only work in a global situation (which is
wenzelm@35845
   916
quite rare).
wenzelm@35845
   917
wenzelm@37144
   918
* Curried take and drop in library.ML; negative length is interpreted
wenzelm@37144
   919
as infinity (as in chop).  Subtle INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@36961
   920
wenzelm@37351
   921
* Proof terms: type substitutions on proof constants now use canonical
wenzelm@37351
   922
order of type variables.  INCOMPATIBILITY for tools working with proof
wenzelm@37351
   923
terms.
wenzelm@37351
   924
wenzelm@37351
   925
* Raw axioms/defs may no longer carry sort constraints, and raw defs
wenzelm@37351
   926
may no longer carry premises.  User-level specifications are
wenzelm@37351
   927
transformed accordingly by Thm.add_axiom/add_def.
wenzelm@37351
   928
haftmann@33993
   929
wenzelm@34238
   930
*** System ***
wenzelm@34238
   931
wenzelm@34238
   932
* Discontinued special HOL_USEDIR_OPTIONS for the main HOL image;
wenzelm@34238
   933
ISABELLE_USEDIR_OPTIONS applies uniformly to all sessions.  Note that
wenzelm@34238
   934
proof terms are enabled unconditionally in the new HOL-Proofs image.
wenzelm@34238
   935
wenzelm@34255
   936
* Discontinued old ISABELLE and ISATOOL environment settings (legacy
wenzelm@34255
   937
feature since Isabelle2009).  Use ISABELLE_PROCESS and ISABELLE_TOOL,
wenzelm@34255
   938
respectively.
wenzelm@34255
   939
wenzelm@36201
   940
* Old lib/scripts/polyml-platform is superseded by the
wenzelm@36201
   941
ISABELLE_PLATFORM setting variable, which defaults to the 32 bit
wenzelm@36201
   942
variant, even on a 64 bit machine.  The following example setting
wenzelm@36201
   943
prefers 64 bit if available:
wenzelm@36201
   944
wenzelm@36201
   945
  ML_PLATFORM="${ISABELLE_PLATFORM64:-$ISABELLE_PLATFORM}"
wenzelm@36201
   946
wenzelm@37218
   947
* The preliminary Isabelle/jEdit application demonstrates the emerging
wenzelm@37218
   948
Isabelle/Scala layer for advanced prover interaction and integration.
wenzelm@37218
   949
See src/Tools/jEdit or "isabelle jedit" provided by the properly built
wenzelm@37218
   950
component.
wenzelm@37218
   951
wenzelm@37375
   952
* "IsabelleText" is a Unicode font derived from Bitstream Vera Mono
wenzelm@37375
   953
and Bluesky TeX fonts.  It provides the usual Isabelle symbols,
wenzelm@37375
   954
similar to the default assignment of the document preparation system
wenzelm@37375
   955
(cf. isabellesym.sty).  The Isabelle/Scala class Isabelle_System
wenzelm@37375
   956
provides some operations for direct access to the font without asking
wenzelm@37375
   957
the user for manual installation.
wenzelm@37375
   958
wenzelm@34238
   959
haftmann@33993
   960
wenzelm@33842
   961
New in Isabelle2009-1 (December 2009)
wenzelm@33842
   962
-------------------------------------
wenzelm@30904
   963
wenzelm@31547
   964
*** General ***
wenzelm@31547
   965
wenzelm@31547
   966
* Discontinued old form of "escaped symbols" such as \\<forall>.  Only
wenzelm@31547
   967
one backslash should be used, even in ML sources.
wenzelm@31547
   968
wenzelm@31547
   969
haftmann@30951
   970
*** Pure ***
haftmann@30951
   971
ballarin@32846
   972
* Locale interpretation propagates mixins along the locale hierarchy.
ballarin@32846
   973
The currently only available mixins are the equations used to map
ballarin@32846
   974
local definitions to terms of the target domain of an interpretation.
ballarin@32846
   975
wenzelm@33842
   976
* Reactivated diagnostic command 'print_interps'.  Use "print_interps
wenzelm@33842
   977
loc" to print all interpretations of locale "loc" in the theory.
wenzelm@33842
   978
Interpretations in proofs are not shown.
ballarin@32846
   979
ballarin@32983
   980
* Thoroughly revised locales tutorial.  New section on conditional
ballarin@32983
   981
interpretation.
ballarin@32983
   982
wenzelm@33843
   983
* On instantiation of classes, remaining undefined class parameters
wenzelm@33843
   984
are formally declared.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@33843
   985
haftmann@30951
   986
wenzelm@33842
   987
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@33842
   988
wenzelm@33842
   989
* New generalized style concept for printing terms: @{foo (style) ...}
wenzelm@33842
   990
instead of @{foo_style style ...}  (old form is still retained for
wenzelm@33842
   991
backward compatibility).  Styles can be also applied for
wenzelm@33842
   992
antiquotations prop, term_type and typeof.
haftmann@32891
   993
haftmann@32891
   994
haftmann@30930
   995
*** HOL ***
haftmann@30930
   996
wenzelm@33842
   997
* New proof method "smt" for a combination of first-order logic with
wenzelm@33842
   998
equality, linear and nonlinear (natural/integer/real) arithmetic, and
wenzelm@33842
   999
fixed-size bitvectors; there is also basic support for higher-order
wenzelm@33842
  1000
features (esp. lambda abstractions).  It is an incomplete decision
wenzelm@33842
  1001
procedure based on external SMT solvers using the oracle mechanism;
wenzelm@33842
  1002
for the SMT solver Z3, this method is proof-producing.  Certificates
wenzelm@33842
  1003
are provided to avoid calling the external solvers solely for
wenzelm@33842
  1004
re-checking proofs.  Due to a remote SMT service there is no need for
wenzelm@33842
  1005
installing SMT solvers locally.  See src/HOL/SMT.
wenzelm@33842
  1006
wenzelm@33842
  1007
* New commands to load and prove verification conditions generated by
wenzelm@33842
  1008
the Boogie program verifier or derived systems (e.g. the Verifying C
wenzelm@33842
  1009
Compiler (VCC) or Spec#).  See src/HOL/Boogie.
wenzelm@33842
  1010
wenzelm@33842
  1011
* New counterexample generator tool 'nitpick' based on the Kodkod
wenzelm@33842
  1012
relational model finder.  See src/HOL/Tools/Nitpick and
wenzelm@33842
  1013
src/HOL/Nitpick_Examples.
wenzelm@33842
  1014
haftmann@33860
  1015
* New commands 'code_pred' and 'values' to invoke the predicate
haftmann@33860
  1016
compiler and to enumerate values of inductive predicates.
haftmann@33860
  1017
haftmann@33860
  1018
* A tabled implementation of the reflexive transitive closure.
haftmann@33860
  1019
haftmann@33860
  1020
* New implementation of quickcheck uses generic code generator;
haftmann@33860
  1021
default generators are provided for all suitable HOL types, records
haftmann@33860
  1022
and datatypes.  Old quickcheck can be re-activated importing theory
haftmann@33860
  1023
Library/SML_Quickcheck.
haftmann@33860
  1024
wenzelm@33843
  1025
* New testing tool Mirabelle for automated proof tools.  Applies
wenzelm@33843
  1026
several tools and tactics like sledgehammer, metis, or quickcheck, to
wenzelm@33843
  1027
every proof step in a theory.  To be used in batch mode via the
wenzelm@33843
  1028
"mirabelle" utility.
wenzelm@33843
  1029
wenzelm@33843
  1030
* New proof method "sos" (sum of squares) for nonlinear real
wenzelm@33843
  1031
arithmetic (originally due to John Harison). It requires theory
wenzelm@33843
  1032
Library/Sum_Of_Squares.  It is not a complete decision procedure but
wenzelm@33843
  1033
works well in practice on quantifier-free real arithmetic with +, -,
wenzelm@33843
  1034
*, ^, =, <= and <, i.e. boolean combinations of equalities and
wenzelm@33843
  1035
inequalities between polynomials.  It makes use of external
wenzelm@33843
  1036
semidefinite programming solvers.  Method "sos" generates a
wenzelm@33843
  1037
certificate that can be pasted into the proof thus avoiding the need
wenzelm@33843
  1038
to call an external tool every time the proof is checked.  See
wenzelm@33843
  1039
src/HOL/Library/Sum_Of_Squares.
wenzelm@33843
  1040
wenzelm@33843
  1041
* New method "linarith" invokes existing linear arithmetic decision
wenzelm@33843
  1042
procedure only.
wenzelm@33843
  1043
wenzelm@33843
  1044
* New command 'atp_minimal' reduces result produced by Sledgehammer.
wenzelm@33843
  1045
wenzelm@33843
  1046
* New Sledgehammer option "Full Types" in Proof General settings menu.
wenzelm@33843
  1047
Causes full type information to be output to the ATPs.  This slows
wenzelm@33843
  1048
ATPs down considerably but eliminates a source of unsound "proofs"
wenzelm@33843
  1049
that fail later.
wenzelm@33843
  1050
wenzelm@33843
  1051
* New method "metisFT": A version of metis that uses full type
wenzelm@33843
  1052
information in order to avoid failures of proof reconstruction.
wenzelm@33843
  1053
wenzelm@33843
  1054
* New evaluator "approximate" approximates an real valued term using
wenzelm@33843
  1055
the same method as the approximation method.
wenzelm@33843
  1056
wenzelm@33843
  1057
* Method "approximate" now supports arithmetic expressions as
wenzelm@33843
  1058
boundaries of intervals and implements interval splitting and Taylor
wenzelm@33843
  1059
series expansion.
wenzelm@33843
  1060
wenzelm@33843
  1061
* ML antiquotation @{code_datatype} inserts definition of a datatype
wenzelm@33843
  1062
generated by the code generator; e.g. see src/HOL/Predicate.thy.
wenzelm@33843
  1063
haftmann@33860
  1064
* New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of
haftmann@33860
  1065
reals.
haftmann@33860
  1066
haftmann@33860
  1067
* New theory Probability, which contains a development of measure
haftmann@33860
  1068
theory, eventually leading to Lebesgue integration and probability.
haftmann@33860
  1069
haftmann@33860
  1070
* Extended Multivariate Analysis to include derivation and Brouwer's
haftmann@33860
  1071
fixpoint theorem.
wenzelm@33843
  1072
wenzelm@33842
  1073
* Reorganization of number theory, INCOMPATIBILITY:
wenzelm@33873
  1074
  - new number theory development for nat and int, in theories Divides
wenzelm@33873
  1075
    and GCD as well as in new session Number_Theory
wenzelm@33873
  1076
  - some constants and facts now suffixed with _nat and _int
wenzelm@33873
  1077
    accordingly
wenzelm@33873
  1078
  - former session NumberTheory now named Old_Number_Theory, including
wenzelm@33873
  1079
    theories Legacy_GCD and Primes (prefer Number_Theory if possible)
wenzelm@33842
  1080
  - moved theory Pocklington from src/HOL/Library to
wenzelm@33842
  1081
    src/HOL/Old_Number_Theory
haftmann@32479
  1082
wenzelm@33873
  1083
* Theory GCD includes functions Gcd/GCD and Lcm/LCM for the gcd and
wenzelm@33873
  1084
lcm of finite and infinite sets. It is shown that they form a complete
haftmann@32600
  1085
lattice.
haftmann@32600
  1086
haftmann@32600
  1087
* Class semiring_div requires superclass no_zero_divisors and proof of
haftmann@32600
  1088
div_mult_mult1; theorems div_mult_mult1, div_mult_mult2,
haftmann@32600
  1089
div_mult_mult1_if, div_mult_mult1 and div_mult_mult2 have been
haftmann@32600
  1090
generalized to class semiring_div, subsuming former theorems
haftmann@32600
  1091
zdiv_zmult_zmult1, zdiv_zmult_zmult1_if, zdiv_zmult_zmult1 and
haftmann@32600
  1092
zdiv_zmult_zmult2.  div_mult_mult1 is now [simp] by default.
haftmann@32600
  1093
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@32600
  1094
haftmann@32588
  1095
* Refinements to lattice classes and sets:
haftmann@32064
  1096
  - less default intro/elim rules in locale variant, more default
haftmann@32064
  1097
    intro/elim rules in class variant: more uniformity
wenzelm@33842
  1098
  - lemma ge_sup_conv renamed to le_sup_iff, in accordance with
wenzelm@33842
  1099
    le_inf_iff
wenzelm@33842
  1100
  - dropped lemma alias inf_ACI for inf_aci (same for sup_ACI and
wenzelm@33842
  1101
    sup_aci)
haftmann@32064
  1102
  - renamed ACI to inf_sup_aci
haftmann@32600
  1103
  - new class "boolean_algebra"
wenzelm@33842
  1104
  - class "complete_lattice" moved to separate theory
haftmann@33860
  1105
    "Complete_Lattice"; corresponding constants (and abbreviations)
wenzelm@33842
  1106
    renamed and with authentic syntax:
haftmann@33860
  1107
    Set.Inf ~>    Complete_Lattice.Inf
haftmann@33860
  1108
    Set.Sup ~>    Complete_Lattice.Sup
haftmann@33860
  1109
    Set.INFI ~>   Complete_Lattice.INFI
haftmann@33860
  1110
    Set.SUPR ~>   Complete_Lattice.SUPR
haftmann@33860
  1111
    Set.Inter ~>  Complete_Lattice.Inter
haftmann@33860
  1112
    Set.Union ~>  Complete_Lattice.Union
haftmann@33860
  1113
    Set.INTER ~>  Complete_Lattice.INTER
haftmann@33860
  1114
    Set.UNION ~>  Complete_Lattice.UNION
haftmann@32600
  1115
  - authentic syntax for
haftmann@32600
  1116
    Set.Pow
haftmann@32600
  1117
    Set.image
haftmann@32588
  1118
  - mere abbreviations:
haftmann@32588
  1119
    Set.empty               (for bot)
haftmann@32588
  1120
    Set.UNIV                (for top)
haftmann@33860
  1121
    Set.inter               (for inf, formerly Set.Int)
haftmann@33860
  1122
    Set.union               (for sup, formerly Set.Un)
haftmann@32588
  1123
    Complete_Lattice.Inter  (for Inf)
haftmann@32588
  1124
    Complete_Lattice.Union  (for Sup)
haftmann@32606
  1125
    Complete_Lattice.INTER  (for INFI)
haftmann@32606
  1126
    Complete_Lattice.UNION  (for SUPR)
haftmann@32600
  1127
  - object-logic definitions as far as appropriate
haftmann@32217
  1128
haftmann@32691
  1129
INCOMPATIBILITY.  Care is required when theorems Int_subset_iff or
wenzelm@33842
  1130
Un_subset_iff are explicitly deleted as default simp rules; then also
wenzelm@33842
  1131
their lattice counterparts le_inf_iff and le_sup_iff have to be
haftmann@32691
  1132
deleted to achieve the desired effect.
haftmann@32064
  1133
wenzelm@33842
  1134
* Rules inf_absorb1, inf_absorb2, sup_absorb1, sup_absorb2 are no simp
wenzelm@33842
  1135
rules by default any longer; the same applies to min_max.inf_absorb1
wenzelm@33842
  1136
etc.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@33842
  1137
wenzelm@33842
  1138
* Rules sup_Int_eq and sup_Un_eq are no longer declared as
wenzelm@33842
  1139
pred_set_conv by default.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@33842
  1140
wenzelm@33842
  1141
* Power operations on relations and functions are now one dedicated
haftmann@32706
  1142
constant "compow" with infix syntax "^^".  Power operation on
wenzelm@31547
  1143
multiplicative monoids retains syntax "^" and is now defined generic
wenzelm@31547
  1144
in class power.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@31547
  1145
wenzelm@33842
  1146
* Relation composition "R O S" now has a more standard argument order:
wenzelm@33842
  1147
"R O S = {(x, z). EX y. (x, y) : R & (y, z) : S}".  INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@33842
  1148
rewrite propositions with "S O R" --> "R O S". Proofs may occasionally
wenzelm@33842
  1149
break, since the O_assoc rule was not rewritten like this.  Fix using
wenzelm@33842
  1150
O_assoc[symmetric].  The same applies to the curried version "R OO S".
wenzelm@32427
  1151
nipkow@33057
  1152
* Function "Inv" is renamed to "inv_into" and function "inv" is now an
wenzelm@33842
  1153
abbreviation for "inv_into UNIV".  Lemmas are renamed accordingly.
nipkow@32988
  1154
INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@32988
  1155
haftmann@33860
  1156
* Most rules produced by inductive and datatype package have mandatory
haftmann@33860
  1157
prefixes.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@31790
  1158
wenzelm@33842
  1159
* Changed "DERIV_intros" to a dynamic fact, which can be augmented by
wenzelm@33842
  1160
the attribute of the same name.  Each of the theorems in the list
wenzelm@33842
  1161
DERIV_intros assumes composition with an additional function and
wenzelm@33842
  1162
matches a variable to the derivative, which has to be solved by the
wenzelm@33842
  1163
Simplifier.  Hence (auto intro!: DERIV_intros) computes the derivative
wenzelm@33873
  1164
of most elementary terms.  Former Maclauren.DERIV_tac and
wenzelm@33873
  1165
Maclauren.deriv_tac should be replaced by (auto intro!: DERIV_intros).
wenzelm@33873
  1166
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@33860
  1167
haftmann@33860
  1168
* Code generator attributes follow the usual underscore convention:
haftmann@33860
  1169
    code_unfold     replaces    code unfold
haftmann@33860
  1170
    code_post       replaces    code post
haftmann@33860
  1171
    etc.
haftmann@33860
  1172
  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@31900
  1173
krauss@33471
  1174
* Renamed methods:
krauss@33471
  1175
    sizechange -> size_change
krauss@33471
  1176
    induct_scheme -> induction_schema
haftmann@33860
  1177
  INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@33673
  1178
wenzelm@33843
  1179
* Discontinued abbreviation "arbitrary" of constant "undefined".
wenzelm@33843
  1180
INCOMPATIBILITY, use "undefined" directly.
wenzelm@33843
  1181
haftmann@33860
  1182
* Renamed theorems:
haftmann@33860
  1183
    Suc_eq_add_numeral_1 -> Suc_eq_plus1
haftmann@33860
  1184
    Suc_eq_add_numeral_1_left -> Suc_eq_plus1_left
haftmann@33860
  1185
    Suc_plus1 -> Suc_eq_plus1
haftmann@33860
  1186
    *anti_sym -> *antisym*
haftmann@33860
  1187
    vector_less_eq_def -> vector_le_def
haftmann@33860
  1188
  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@33860
  1189
haftmann@33860
  1190
* Added theorem List.map_map as [simp].  Removed List.map_compose.
haftmann@33860
  1191
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@33860
  1192
haftmann@33860
  1193
* Removed predicate "M hassize n" (<--> card M = n & finite M).
haftmann@33860
  1194
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@33860
  1195
hoelzl@31812
  1196
huffman@33825
  1197
*** HOLCF ***
huffman@33825
  1198
wenzelm@33842
  1199
* Theory Representable defines a class "rep" of domains that are
wenzelm@33842
  1200
representable (via an ep-pair) in the universal domain type "udom".
huffman@33825
  1201
Instances are provided for all type constructors defined in HOLCF.
huffman@33825
  1202
huffman@33825
  1203
* The 'new_domain' command is a purely definitional version of the
huffman@33825
  1204
domain package, for representable domains.  Syntax is identical to the
huffman@33825
  1205
old domain package.  The 'new_domain' package also supports indirect
huffman@33825
  1206
recursion using previously-defined type constructors.  See
wenzelm@33842
  1207
src/HOLCF/ex/New_Domain.thy for examples.
wenzelm@33842
  1208
wenzelm@33842
  1209
* Method "fixrec_simp" unfolds one step of a fixrec-defined constant
huffman@33825
  1210
on the left-hand side of an equation, and then performs
huffman@33825
  1211
simplification.  Rewriting is done using rules declared with the
wenzelm@33842
  1212
"fixrec_simp" attribute.  The "fixrec_simp" method is intended as a
wenzelm@33842
  1213
replacement for "fixpat"; see src/HOLCF/ex/Fixrec_ex.thy for examples.
huffman@33825
  1214
huffman@33825
  1215
* The pattern-match compiler in 'fixrec' can now handle constructors
huffman@33825
  1216
with HOL function types.  Pattern-match combinators for the Pair
huffman@33825
  1217
constructor are pre-configured.
huffman@33825
  1218
huffman@33825
  1219
* The 'fixrec' package now produces better fixed-point induction rules
huffman@33825
  1220
for mutually-recursive definitions:  Induction rules have conclusions
huffman@33825
  1221
of the form "P foo bar" instead of "P <foo, bar>".
huffman@33825
  1222
huffman@33825
  1223
* The constant "sq_le" (with infix syntax "<<" or "\<sqsubseteq>") has
huffman@33825
  1224
been renamed to "below".  The name "below" now replaces "less" in many
wenzelm@33842
  1225
theorem names.  (Legacy theorem names using "less" are still supported
wenzelm@33842
  1226
as well.)
huffman@33825
  1227
huffman@33825
  1228
* The 'fixrec' package now supports "bottom patterns".  Bottom
huffman@33825
  1229
patterns can be used to generate strictness rules, or to make
huffman@33825
  1230
functions more strict (much like the bang-patterns supported by the
wenzelm@33873
  1231
Glasgow Haskell Compiler).  See src/HOLCF/ex/Fixrec_ex.thy for
wenzelm@33873
  1232
examples.
huffman@33825
  1233
huffman@33825
  1234
wenzelm@31304
  1235
*** ML ***
wenzelm@31304
  1236
wenzelm@33843
  1237
* Support for Poly/ML 5.3.0, with improved reporting of compiler
wenzelm@33843
  1238
errors and run-time exceptions, including detailed source positions.
wenzelm@33843
  1239
wenzelm@33843
  1240
* Structure Name_Space (formerly NameSpace) now manages uniquely
wenzelm@33843
  1241
identified entries, with some additional information such as source
wenzelm@33843
  1242
position, logical grouping etc.
wenzelm@33843
  1243
wenzelm@33524
  1244
* Theory and context data is now introduced by the simplified and
wenzelm@33524
  1245
modernized functors Theory_Data, Proof_Data, Generic_Data.  Data needs
wenzelm@33524
  1246
to be pure, but the old TheoryDataFun for mutable data (with explicit
wenzelm@33524
  1247
copy operation) is still available for some time.
wenzelm@33524
  1248
wenzelm@32742
  1249
* Structure Synchronized (cf. src/Pure/Concurrent/synchronized.ML)
wenzelm@32742
  1250
provides a high-level programming interface to synchronized state
wenzelm@32742
  1251
variables with atomic update.  This works via pure function
wenzelm@32742
  1252
application within a critical section -- its runtime should be as
wenzelm@32742
  1253
short as possible; beware of deadlocks if critical code is nested,
wenzelm@32742
  1254
either directly or indirectly via other synchronized variables!
wenzelm@32742
  1255
wenzelm@32742
  1256
* Structure Unsynchronized (cf. src/Pure/ML-Systems/unsynchronized.ML)
wenzelm@32742
  1257
wraps raw ML references, explicitly indicating their non-thread-safe
wenzelm@32742
  1258
behaviour.  The Isar toplevel keeps this structure open, to
wenzelm@32742
  1259
accommodate Proof General as well as quick and dirty interactive
wenzelm@32742
  1260
experiments with references.
wenzelm@32742
  1261
wenzelm@32365
  1262
* PARALLEL_CHOICE and PARALLEL_GOALS provide basic support for
wenzelm@32365
  1263
parallel tactical reasoning.
wenzelm@32365
  1264
wenzelm@32427
  1265
* Tacticals Subgoal.FOCUS, Subgoal.FOCUS_PREMS, Subgoal.FOCUS_PARAMS
wenzelm@32427
  1266
are similar to SUBPROOF, but are slightly more flexible: only the
wenzelm@32427
  1267
specified parts of the subgoal are imported into the context, and the
wenzelm@32427
  1268
body tactic may introduce new subgoals and schematic variables.
wenzelm@32427
  1269
wenzelm@32427
  1270
* Old tactical METAHYPS, which does not observe the proof context, has
wenzelm@32427
  1271
been renamed to Old_Goals.METAHYPS and awaits deletion.  Use SUBPROOF
wenzelm@32427
  1272
or Subgoal.FOCUS etc.
wenzelm@32216
  1273
wenzelm@31971
  1274
* Renamed functor TableFun to Table, and GraphFun to Graph.  (Since
wenzelm@31971
  1275
functors have their own ML name space there is no point to mark them
wenzelm@31971
  1276
separately.)  Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@31971
  1277
wenzelm@31901
  1278
* Renamed NamedThmsFun to Named_Thms.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@31901
  1279
wenzelm@33842
  1280
* Renamed several structures FooBar to Foo_Bar.  Occasional,
wenzelm@33842
  1281
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@33842
  1282
wenzelm@33843
  1283
* Operations of structure Skip_Proof no longer require quick_and_dirty
wenzelm@33843
  1284
mode, which avoids critical setmp.
wenzelm@33843
  1285
wenzelm@31306
  1286
* Eliminated old Attrib.add_attributes, Method.add_methods and related
wenzelm@33842
  1287
combinators for "args".  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to use simplified
wenzelm@31306
  1288
Attrib/Method.setup introduced in Isabelle2009.
wenzelm@31304
  1289
wenzelm@32151
  1290
* Proper context for simpset_of, claset_of, clasimpset_of.  May fall
wenzelm@32151
  1291
back on global_simpset_of, global_claset_of, global_clasimpset_of as
wenzelm@32151
  1292
last resort.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@32151
  1293
wenzelm@32092
  1294
* Display.pretty_thm now requires a proper context (cf. former
wenzelm@32092
  1295
ProofContext.pretty_thm).  May fall back on Display.pretty_thm_global
wenzelm@32092
  1296
or even Display.pretty_thm_without_context as last resort.
wenzelm@32092
  1297
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@32092
  1298
wenzelm@32433
  1299
* Discontinued Display.pretty_ctyp/cterm etc.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use
wenzelm@32433
  1300
Syntax.pretty_typ/term directly, preferably with proper context
wenzelm@32433
  1301
instead of global theory.
wenzelm@32433
  1302
wenzelm@31304
  1303
wenzelm@31308
  1304
*** System ***
wenzelm@31308
  1305
wenzelm@33842
  1306
* Further fine tuning of parallel proof checking, scales up to 8 cores
wenzelm@33842
  1307
(max. speedup factor 5.0).  See also Goal.parallel_proofs in ML and
wenzelm@33842
  1308
usedir option -q.
wenzelm@33842
  1309
wenzelm@32326
  1310
* Support for additional "Isabelle components" via etc/components, see
wenzelm@32326
  1311
also the system manual.
wenzelm@32326
  1312
wenzelm@32326
  1313
* The isabelle makeall tool now operates on all components with
wenzelm@32326
  1314
IsaMakefile, not just hardwired "logics".
wenzelm@32326
  1315
wenzelm@33842
  1316
* Removed "compress" option from isabelle-process and isabelle usedir;
wenzelm@33842
  1317
this is always enabled.
kleing@33818
  1318
wenzelm@31308
  1319
* Discontinued support for Poly/ML 4.x versions.
wenzelm@31308
  1320
wenzelm@33842
  1321
* Isabelle tool "wwwfind" provides web interface for 'find_theorems'
wenzelm@33842
  1322
on a given logic image.  This requires the lighttpd webserver and is
wenzelm@33842
  1323
currently supported on Linux only.
wenzelm@32061
  1324
wenzelm@31308
  1325
wenzelm@31304
  1326
wenzelm@30845
  1327
New in Isabelle2009 (April 2009)
wenzelm@30845
  1328
--------------------------------
haftmann@27104
  1329
wenzelm@27599
  1330
*** General ***
wenzelm@27599
  1331
wenzelm@28504
  1332
* Simplified main Isabelle executables, with less surprises on
wenzelm@28504
  1333
case-insensitive file-systems (such as Mac OS).
wenzelm@28504
  1334
wenzelm@28504
  1335
  - The main Isabelle tool wrapper is now called "isabelle" instead of
wenzelm@28504
  1336
    "isatool."
wenzelm@28504
  1337
wenzelm@28504
  1338
  - The former "isabelle" alias for "isabelle-process" has been
wenzelm@28504
  1339
    removed (should rarely occur to regular users).
wenzelm@28504
  1340
wenzelm@28915
  1341
  - The former "isabelle-interface" and its alias "Isabelle" have been
wenzelm@28915
  1342
    removed (interfaces are now regular Isabelle tools).
wenzelm@28504
  1343
wenzelm@28504
  1344
Within scripts and make files, the Isabelle environment variables
wenzelm@28504
  1345
ISABELLE_TOOL and ISABELLE_PROCESS replace old ISATOOL and ISABELLE,
wenzelm@28504
  1346
respectively.  (The latter are still available as legacy feature.)
wenzelm@28504
  1347
wenzelm@28915
  1348
The old isabelle-interface wrapper could react in confusing ways if
wenzelm@28915
  1349
the interface was uninstalled or changed otherwise.  Individual
wenzelm@28915
  1350
interface tool configuration is now more explicit, see also the
wenzelm@28915
  1351
Isabelle system manual.  In particular, Proof General is now available
wenzelm@28915
  1352
via "isabelle emacs".
wenzelm@28504
  1353
wenzelm@28504
  1354
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to adapt derivative scripts.  Users may need to
wenzelm@28504
  1355
purge installed copies of Isabelle executables and re-run "isabelle
wenzelm@28504
  1356
install -p ...", or use symlinks.
wenzelm@28504
  1357
wenzelm@28914
  1358
* The default for ISABELLE_HOME_USER is now ~/.isabelle instead of the
wenzelm@30845
  1359
old ~/isabelle, which was slightly non-standard and apt to cause
wenzelm@30845
  1360
surprises on case-insensitive file-systems (such as Mac OS).
wenzelm@28914
  1361
wenzelm@28914
  1362
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to move existing ~/isabelle/etc,
wenzelm@28914
  1363
~/isabelle/heaps, ~/isabelle/browser_info to the new place.  Special
wenzelm@28914
  1364
care is required when using older releases of Isabelle.  Note that
wenzelm@28914
  1365
ISABELLE_HOME_USER can be changed in Isabelle/etc/settings of any
wenzelm@30845
  1366
Isabelle distribution, in order to use the new ~/.isabelle uniformly.
wenzelm@28914
  1367
wenzelm@29161
  1368
* Proofs of fully specified statements are run in parallel on
wenzelm@30845
  1369
multi-core systems.  A speedup factor of 2.5 to 3.2 can be expected on
wenzelm@30845
  1370
a regular 4-core machine, if the initial heap space is made reasonably
wenzelm@30845
  1371
large (cf. Poly/ML option -H).  (Requires Poly/ML 5.2.1 or later.)
wenzelm@30845
  1372
wenzelm@30845
  1373
* The main reference manuals ("isar-ref", "implementation", and
wenzelm@30845
  1374
"system") have been updated and extended.  Formally checked references
wenzelm@30845
  1375
as hyperlinks are now available uniformly.
wenzelm@30845
  1376
wenzelm@30163
  1377
wenzelm@27599
  1378
*** Pure ***
wenzelm@27599
  1379
wenzelm@30845
  1380
* Complete re-implementation of locales.  INCOMPATIBILITY in several
wenzelm@30845
  1381
respects.  The most important changes are listed below.  See the
wenzelm@30845
  1382
Tutorial on Locales ("locales" manual) for details.
ballarin@29253
  1383
ballarin@29253
  1384
- In locale expressions, instantiation replaces renaming.  Parameters
ballarin@29253
  1385
must be declared in a for clause.  To aid compatibility with previous
ballarin@29253
  1386
parameter inheritance, in locale declarations, parameters that are not
ballarin@29253
  1387
'touched' (instantiation position "_" or omitted) are implicitly added
ballarin@29253
  1388
with their syntax at the beginning of the for clause.
ballarin@29253
  1389
ballarin@29253
  1390
- Syntax from abbreviations and definitions in locales is available in
ballarin@29253
  1391
locale expressions and context elements.  The latter is particularly
ballarin@29253
  1392
useful in locale declarations.
ballarin@29253
  1393
ballarin@29253
  1394
- More flexible mechanisms to qualify names generated by locale
ballarin@29253
  1395
expressions.  Qualifiers (prefixes) may be specified in locale
wenzelm@30728
  1396
expressions, and can be marked as mandatory (syntax: "name!:") or
wenzelm@30728
  1397
optional (syntax "name?:").  The default depends for plain "name:"
wenzelm@30728
  1398
depends on the situation where a locale expression is used: in
wenzelm@30728
  1399
commands 'locale' and 'sublocale' prefixes are optional, in
wenzelm@30845
  1400
'interpretation' and 'interpret' prefixes are mandatory.  The old
wenzelm@30728
  1401
implicit qualifiers derived from the parameter names of a locale are
wenzelm@30728
  1402
no longer generated.
wenzelm@30106
  1403
wenzelm@30845
  1404
- Command "sublocale l < e" replaces "interpretation l < e".  The
wenzelm@30106
  1405
instantiation clause in "interpretation" and "interpret" (square
wenzelm@30106
  1406
brackets) is no longer available.  Use locale expressions.
ballarin@29253
  1407
wenzelm@30845
  1408
- When converting proof scripts, mandatory qualifiers in
wenzelm@30728
  1409
'interpretation' and 'interpret' should be retained by default, even
wenzelm@30845
  1410
if this is an INCOMPATIBILITY compared to former behavior.  In the
wenzelm@30845
  1411
worst case, use the "name?:" form for non-mandatory ones.  Qualifiers
wenzelm@30845
  1412
in locale expressions range over a single locale instance only.
wenzelm@30845
  1413
wenzelm@30845
  1414
- Dropped locale element "includes".  This is a major INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1415
In existing theorem specifications replace the includes element by the
wenzelm@30845
  1416
respective context elements of the included locale, omitting those
wenzelm@30845
  1417
that are already present in the theorem specification.  Multiple
wenzelm@30845
  1418
assume elements of a locale should be replaced by a single one
wenzelm@30845
  1419
involving the locale predicate.  In the proof body, declarations (most
wenzelm@30845
  1420
notably theorems) may be regained by interpreting the respective
wenzelm@30845
  1421
locales in the proof context as required (command "interpret").
wenzelm@30845
  1422
wenzelm@30845
  1423
If using "includes" in replacement of a target solely because the
wenzelm@30845
  1424
parameter types in the theorem are not as general as in the target,
wenzelm@30845
  1425
consider declaring a new locale with additional type constraints on
wenzelm@30845
  1426
the parameters (context element "constrains").
wenzelm@30845
  1427
wenzelm@30845
  1428
- Discontinued "locale (open)".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1429
wenzelm@30845
  1430
- Locale interpretation commands no longer attempt to simplify goal.
wenzelm@30845
  1431
INCOMPATIBILITY: in rare situations the generated goal differs.  Use
wenzelm@30845
  1432
methods intro_locales and unfold_locales to clarify.
wenzelm@30845
  1433
wenzelm@30845
  1434
- Locale interpretation commands no longer accept interpretation
wenzelm@30845
  1435
attributes.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1436
wenzelm@30845
  1437
* Class declaration: so-called "base sort" must not be given in import
wenzelm@30845
  1438
list any longer, but is inferred from the specification.  Particularly
wenzelm@30845
  1439
in HOL, write
wenzelm@30845
  1440
wenzelm@30845
  1441
    class foo = ...
wenzelm@30845
  1442
wenzelm@30845
  1443
instead of
wenzelm@30845
  1444
wenzelm@30845
  1445
    class foo = type + ...
wenzelm@30845
  1446
wenzelm@30845
  1447
* Class target: global versions of theorems stemming do not carry a
wenzelm@30845
  1448
parameter prefix any longer.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1449
wenzelm@30845
  1450
* Class 'instance' command no longer accepts attached definitions.
wenzelm@30845
  1451
INCOMPATIBILITY, use proper 'instantiation' target instead.
wenzelm@30845
  1452
wenzelm@30845
  1453
* Recovered hiding of consts, which was accidentally broken in
wenzelm@30845
  1454
Isabelle2007.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY, ``hide const c'' really
wenzelm@30845
  1455
makes c inaccessible; consider using ``hide (open) const c'' instead.
wenzelm@30845
  1456
wenzelm@30845
  1457
* Slightly more coherent Pure syntax, with updated documentation in
wenzelm@30845
  1458
isar-ref manual.  Removed locales meta_term_syntax and
wenzelm@30845
  1459
meta_conjunction_syntax: TERM and &&& (formerly &&) are now permanent,
wenzelm@30845
  1460
INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations.  Note that &&& should not be used
wenzelm@30845
  1461
directly in regular applications.
wenzelm@30845
  1462
wenzelm@30845
  1463
* There is a new syntactic category "float_const" for signed decimal
wenzelm@30845
  1464
fractions (e.g. 123.45 or -123.45).
wenzelm@30845
  1465
wenzelm@30845
  1466
* Removed exotic 'token_translation' command.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use ML
wenzelm@30845
  1467
interface with 'setup' command instead.
wenzelm@30845
  1468
wenzelm@30845
  1469
* Command 'local_setup' is similar to 'setup', but operates on a local
wenzelm@30845
  1470
theory context.
haftmann@27104
  1471
wenzelm@28114
  1472
* The 'axiomatization' command now only works within a global theory
wenzelm@28114
  1473
context.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@28114
  1474
wenzelm@30845
  1475
* Goal-directed proof now enforces strict proof irrelevance wrt. sort
wenzelm@30845
  1476
hypotheses.  Sorts required in the course of reasoning need to be
wenzelm@30845
  1477
covered by the constraints in the initial statement, completed by the
wenzelm@30845
  1478
type instance information of the background theory.  Non-trivial sort
wenzelm@30845
  1479
hypotheses, which rarely occur in practice, may be specified via
wenzelm@30845
  1480
vacuous propositions of the form SORT_CONSTRAINT('a::c).  For example:
wenzelm@30845
  1481
wenzelm@30845
  1482
  lemma assumes "SORT_CONSTRAINT('a::empty)" shows False ...
wenzelm@30845
  1483
wenzelm@30845
  1484
The result contains an implicit sort hypotheses as before --
wenzelm@30845
  1485
SORT_CONSTRAINT premises are eliminated as part of the canonical rule
wenzelm@30845
  1486
normalization.
wenzelm@30845
  1487
wenzelm@30845
  1488
* Generalized Isar history, with support for linear undo, direct state
wenzelm@30845
  1489
addressing etc.
wenzelm@30845
  1490
wenzelm@30845
  1491
* Changed defaults for unify configuration options:
wenzelm@30845
  1492
wenzelm@30845
  1493
  unify_trace_bound = 50 (formerly 25)
wenzelm@30845
  1494
  unify_search_bound = 60 (formerly 30)
wenzelm@30845
  1495
wenzelm@30845
  1496
* Different bookkeeping for code equations (INCOMPATIBILITY):
wenzelm@30845
  1497
wenzelm@30845
  1498
  a) On theory merge, the last set of code equations for a particular
wenzelm@30845
  1499
     constant is taken (in accordance with the policy applied by other
wenzelm@30845
  1500
     parts of the code generator framework).
wenzelm@30845
  1501
wenzelm@30845
  1502
  b) Code equations stemming from explicit declarations (e.g. code
wenzelm@30845
  1503
     attribute) gain priority over default code equations stemming
wenzelm@30845
  1504
     from definition, primrec, fun etc.
wenzelm@30845
  1505
wenzelm@30845
  1506
* Keyword 'code_exception' now named 'code_abort'.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1507
haftmann@30965
  1508
* Unified theorem tables for both code generators.  Thus [code
wenzelm@30845
  1509
func] has disappeared and only [code] remains.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30577
  1510
wenzelm@30577
  1511
* Command 'find_consts' searches for constants based on type and name
wenzelm@30577
  1512
patterns, e.g.
kleing@29883
  1513
kleing@29883
  1514
    find_consts "_ => bool"
kleing@29883
  1515
wenzelm@30106
  1516
By default, matching is against subtypes, but it may be restricted to
wenzelm@30728
  1517
the whole type.  Searching by name is possible.  Multiple queries are
wenzelm@30106
  1518
conjunctive and queries may be negated by prefixing them with a
wenzelm@30106
  1519
hyphen:
kleing@29883
  1520
kleing@29883
  1521
    find_consts strict: "_ => bool" name: "Int" -"int => int"
kleing@29861
  1522
wenzelm@30845
  1523
* New 'find_theorems' criterion "solves" matches theorems that
wenzelm@30845
  1524
directly solve the current goal (modulo higher-order unification).
wenzelm@30845
  1525
wenzelm@30845
  1526
* Auto solve feature for main theorem statements: whenever a new goal
wenzelm@30845
  1527
is stated, "find_theorems solves" is called; any theorems that could
wenzelm@30845
  1528
solve the lemma directly are listed as part of the goal state.
wenzelm@30845
  1529
Cf. associated options in Proof General Isabelle settings menu,
wenzelm@30845
  1530
enabled by default, with reasonable timeout for pathological cases of
wenzelm@30845
  1531
higher-order unification.
webertj@30415
  1532
haftmann@27104
  1533
wenzelm@27381
  1534
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@27381
  1535
wenzelm@27381
  1536
* Antiquotation @{lemma} now imitates a regular terminal proof,
wenzelm@27392
  1537
demanding keyword 'by' and supporting the full method expression
wenzelm@27519
  1538
syntax just like the Isar command 'by'.
wenzelm@27381
  1539
wenzelm@27381
  1540
haftmann@27104
  1541
*** HOL ***
haftmann@27104
  1542
wenzelm@30845
  1543
* Integrated main parts of former image HOL-Complex with HOL.  Entry
wenzelm@30845
  1544
points Main and Complex_Main remain as before.
wenzelm@30845
  1545
wenzelm@30845
  1546
* Logic image HOL-Plain provides a minimal HOL with the most important
wenzelm@30845
  1547
tools available (inductive, datatype, primrec, ...).  This facilitates
wenzelm@30845
  1548
experimentation and tool development.  Note that user applications
wenzelm@30845
  1549
(and library theories) should never refer to anything below theory
wenzelm@30845
  1550
Main, as before.
wenzelm@30845
  1551
wenzelm@30845
  1552
* Logic image HOL-Main stops at theory Main, and thus facilitates
wenzelm@30845
  1553
experimentation due to shorter build times.
wenzelm@30845
  1554
wenzelm@30845
  1555
* Logic image HOL-NSA contains theories of nonstandard analysis which
wenzelm@30845
  1556
were previously part of former HOL-Complex.  Entry point Hyperreal
wenzelm@30845
  1557
remains valid, but theories formerly using Complex_Main should now use
wenzelm@30845
  1558
new entry point Hypercomplex.
wenzelm@30845
  1559
wenzelm@30845
  1560
* Generic ATP manager for Sledgehammer, based on ML threads instead of
wenzelm@30845
  1561
Posix processes.  Avoids potentially expensive forking of the ML
wenzelm@30845
  1562
process.  New thread-based implementation also works on non-Unix
wenzelm@30845
  1563
platforms (Cygwin).  Provers are no longer hardwired, but defined
wenzelm@30845
  1564
within the theory via plain ML wrapper functions.  Basic Sledgehammer
wenzelm@30845
  1565
commands are covered in the isar-ref manual.
wenzelm@30845
  1566
wenzelm@30845
  1567
* Wrapper scripts for remote SystemOnTPTP service allows to use
wenzelm@30845
  1568
sledgehammer without local ATP installation (Vampire etc.). Other
wenzelm@30845
  1569
provers may be included via suitable ML wrappers, see also
wenzelm@30845
  1570
src/HOL/ATP_Linkup.thy.
wenzelm@30845
  1571
wenzelm@30845
  1572
* ATP selection (E/Vampire/Spass) is now via Proof General's settings
wenzelm@30845
  1573
menu.
wenzelm@30845
  1574
wenzelm@30845
  1575
* The metis method no longer fails because the theorem is too trivial
wenzelm@30845
  1576
(contains the empty clause).
wenzelm@30845
  1577
wenzelm@30845
  1578
* The metis method now fails in the usual manner, rather than raising
wenzelm@30845
  1579
an exception, if it determines that it cannot prove the theorem.
wenzelm@30845
  1580
wenzelm@30845
  1581
* Method "coherent" implements a prover for coherent logic (see also
wenzelm@30845
  1582
src/Tools/coherent.ML).
wenzelm@30845
  1583
wenzelm@30845
  1584
* Constants "undefined" and "default" replace "arbitrary".  Usually
wenzelm@30845
  1585
"undefined" is the right choice to replace "arbitrary", though
wenzelm@30845
  1586
logically there is no difference.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1587
wenzelm@30845
  1588
* Command "value" now integrates different evaluation mechanisms.  The
wenzelm@30845
  1589
result of the first successful evaluation mechanism is printed.  In
wenzelm@30845
  1590
square brackets a particular named evaluation mechanisms may be
wenzelm@30845
  1591
specified (currently, [SML], [code] or [nbe]).  See further
wenzelm@30845
  1592
src/HOL/ex/Eval_Examples.thy.
wenzelm@30845
  1593
wenzelm@30845
  1594
* Normalization by evaluation now allows non-leftlinear equations.
wenzelm@30845
  1595
Declare with attribute [code nbe].
wenzelm@30845
  1596
wenzelm@30845
  1597
* Methods "case_tac" and "induct_tac" now refer to the very same rules
wenzelm@30845
  1598
as the structured Isar versions "cases" and "induct", cf. the
wenzelm@30845
  1599
corresponding "cases" and "induct" attributes.  Mutual induction rules
wenzelm@30845
  1600
are now presented as a list of individual projections
wenzelm@30845
  1601
(e.g. foo_bar.inducts for types foo and bar); the old format with
wenzelm@30845
  1602
explicit HOL conjunction is no longer supported.  INCOMPATIBILITY, in
wenzelm@30845
  1603
rare situations a different rule is selected --- notably nested tuple
wenzelm@30845
  1604
elimination instead of former prod.exhaust: use explicit (case_tac t
wenzelm@30845
  1605
rule: prod.exhaust) here.
wenzelm@30845
  1606
wenzelm@30845
  1607
* Attributes "cases", "induct", "coinduct" support "del" option.
wenzelm@30845
  1608
wenzelm@30845
  1609
* Removed fact "case_split_thm", which duplicates "case_split".
wenzelm@30845
  1610
wenzelm@30845
  1611
* The option datatype has been moved to a new theory Option.  Renamed
wenzelm@30845
  1612
option_map to Option.map, and o2s to Option.set, INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1613
wenzelm@30845
  1614
* New predicate "strict_mono" classifies strict functions on partial
wenzelm@30845
  1615
orders.  With strict functions on linear orders, reasoning about
wenzelm@30845
  1616
(in)equalities is facilitated by theorems "strict_mono_eq",
wenzelm@30845
  1617
"strict_mono_less_eq" and "strict_mono_less".
wenzelm@30845
  1618
wenzelm@30845
  1619
* Some set operations are now proper qualified constants with
wenzelm@30845
  1620
authentic syntax.  INCOMPATIBILITY:
haftmann@30304
  1621
haftmann@30304
  1622
    op Int ~>   Set.Int
haftmann@30304
  1623
    op Un ~>    Set.Un
haftmann@30304
  1624
    INTER ~>    Set.INTER
haftmann@30304
  1625
    UNION ~>    Set.UNION
haftmann@30304
  1626
    Inter ~>    Set.Inter
haftmann@30304
  1627
    Union ~>    Set.Union
haftmann@30304
  1628
    {} ~>       Set.empty
haftmann@30304
  1629
    UNIV ~>     Set.UNIV
haftmann@30304
  1630
wenzelm@30845
  1631
* Class complete_lattice with operations Inf, Sup, INFI, SUPR now in
wenzelm@30845
  1632
theory Set.
wenzelm@30845
  1633
wenzelm@30845
  1634
* Auxiliary class "itself" has disappeared -- classes without any
wenzelm@30845
  1635
parameter are treated as expected by the 'class' command.
haftmann@29797
  1636
haftmann@29823
  1637
* Leibnitz's Series for Pi and the arcus tangens and logarithm series.
haftmann@29823
  1638
wenzelm@30845
  1639
* Common decision procedures (Cooper, MIR, Ferrack, Approximation,
wenzelm@30845
  1640
Dense_Linear_Order) are now in directory HOL/Decision_Procs.
wenzelm@30845
  1641
wenzelm@30845
  1642
* Theory src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Approximation provides the new proof
wenzelm@30845
  1643
method "approximation".  It proves formulas on real values by using
wenzelm@30845
  1644
interval arithmetic.  In the formulas are also the transcendental
wenzelm@30845
  1645
functions sin, cos, tan, atan, ln, exp and the constant pi are
wenzelm@30845
  1646
allowed. For examples see
wenzelm@30845
  1647
src/HOL/Descision_Procs/ex/Approximation_Ex.thy.
haftmann@29823
  1648
haftmann@29823
  1649
* Theory "Reflection" now resides in HOL/Library.
haftmann@29650
  1650
wenzelm@30845
  1651
* Entry point to Word library now simply named "Word".
wenzelm@30845
  1652
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@29628
  1653
haftmann@29197
  1654
* Made source layout more coherent with logical distribution
haftmann@29197
  1655
structure:
haftmann@28952
  1656
haftmann@28952
  1657
    src/HOL/Library/RType.thy ~> src/HOL/Typerep.thy
haftmann@28952
  1658
    src/HOL/Library/Code_Message.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1659
    src/HOL/Library/GCD.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1660
    src/HOL/Library/Order_Relation.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1661
    src/HOL/Library/Parity.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1662
    src/HOL/Library/Univ_Poly.thy ~> src/HOL/
huffman@30176
  1663
    src/HOL/Real/ContNotDenum.thy ~> src/HOL/Library/
haftmann@28952
  1664
    src/HOL/Real/Lubs.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1665
    src/HOL/Real/PReal.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1666
    src/HOL/Real/Rational.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1667
    src/HOL/Real/RComplete.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1668
    src/HOL/Real/RealDef.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1669
    src/HOL/Real/RealPow.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1670
    src/HOL/Real/Real.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1671
    src/HOL/Complex/Complex_Main.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1672
    src/HOL/Complex/Complex.thy ~> src/HOL/
huffman@30176
  1673
    src/HOL/Complex/FrechetDeriv.thy ~> src/HOL/Library/
huffman@30176
  1674
    src/HOL/Complex/Fundamental_Theorem_Algebra.thy ~> src/HOL/Library/
haftmann@28952
  1675
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Deriv.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1676
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Fact.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1677
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Integration.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1678
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Lim.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1679
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Ln.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1680
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Log.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1681
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/MacLaurin.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1682
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/NthRoot.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1683
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Series.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@29197
  1684
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/SEQ.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1685
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Taylor.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1686
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Transcendental.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1687
    src/HOL/Real/Float ~> src/HOL/Library/
haftmann@29197
  1688
    src/HOL/Real/HahnBanach ~> src/HOL/HahnBanach
haftmann@29197
  1689
    src/HOL/Real/RealVector.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1690
haftmann@28952
  1691
    src/HOL/arith_data.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1692
    src/HOL/hologic.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1693
    src/HOL/simpdata.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1694
    src/HOL/int_arith1.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools/int_arith.ML
haftmann@28952
  1695
    src/HOL/int_factor_simprocs.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1696
    src/HOL/nat_simprocs.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1697
    src/HOL/Real/float_arith.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1698
    src/HOL/Real/float_syntax.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1699
    src/HOL/Real/rat_arith.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1700
    src/HOL/Real/real_arith.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1701
haftmann@29398
  1702
    src/HOL/Library/Array.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1703
    src/HOL/Library/Heap_Monad.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1704
    src/HOL/Library/Heap.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1705
    src/HOL/Library/Imperative_HOL.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1706
    src/HOL/Library/Ref.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1707
    src/HOL/Library/Relational.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1708
wenzelm@30845
  1709
* If methods "eval" and "evaluation" encounter a structured proof
wenzelm@30845
  1710
state with !!/==>, only the conclusion is evaluated to True (if
wenzelm@30845
  1711
possible), avoiding strange error messages.
wenzelm@30845
  1712
wenzelm@30845
  1713
* Method "sizechange" automates termination proofs using (a
wenzelm@30845
  1714
modification of) the size-change principle.  Requires SAT solver.  See
wenzelm@30845
  1715
src/HOL/ex/Termination.thy for examples.
wenzelm@30845
  1716
wenzelm@30845
  1717
* Simplifier: simproc for let expressions now unfolds if bound
wenzelm@30845
  1718
variable occurs at most once in let expression body.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1719
wenzelm@30845
  1720
* Method "arith": Linear arithmetic now ignores all inequalities when
wenzelm@30845
  1721
fast_arith_neq_limit is exceeded, instead of giving up entirely.
wenzelm@30845
  1722
wenzelm@30845
  1723
* New attribute "arith" for facts that should always be used
wenzelm@30845
  1724
automatically by arithmetic. It is intended to be used locally in
wenzelm@30845
  1725
proofs, e.g.
wenzelm@30845
  1726
wenzelm@30845
  1727
  assumes [arith]: "x > 0"
wenzelm@30845
  1728
nipkow@30706
  1729
Global usage is discouraged because of possible performance impact.
nipkow@30706
  1730
wenzelm@30845
  1731
* New classes "top" and "bot" with corresponding operations "top" and
wenzelm@30845
  1732
"bot" in theory Orderings; instantiation of class "complete_lattice"
wenzelm@30845
  1733
requires instantiation of classes "top" and "bot".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1734
wenzelm@30845
  1735
* Changed definition lemma "less_fun_def" in order to provide an
wenzelm@30845
  1736
instance for preorders on functions; use lemma "less_le" instead.
wenzelm@30845
  1737
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1738
wenzelm@30845
  1739
* Theory Orderings: class "wellorder" moved here, with explicit
wenzelm@30845
  1740
induction rule "less_induct" as assumption.  For instantiation of
wenzelm@30845
  1741
"wellorder" by means of predicate "wf", use rule wf_wellorderI.
wenzelm@30845
  1742
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1743
wenzelm@30845
  1744
* Theory Orderings: added class "preorder" as superclass of "order".
wenzelm@27793
  1745
INCOMPATIBILITY: Instantiation proofs for order, linorder
wenzelm@27793
  1746
etc. slightly changed.  Some theorems named order_class.* now named
wenzelm@27793
  1747
preorder_class.*.
wenzelm@27793
  1748
wenzelm@30845
  1749
* Theory Relation: renamed "refl" to "refl_on", "reflexive" to "refl,
wenzelm@30845
  1750
"diag" to "Id_on".
wenzelm@30845
  1751
wenzelm@30845
  1752
* Theory Finite_Set: added a new fold combinator of type
wenzelm@30845
  1753
nipkow@28855
  1754
  ('a => 'b => 'b) => 'b => 'a set => 'b
wenzelm@30845
  1755
wenzelm@30845
  1756
Occasionally this is more convenient than the old fold combinator
wenzelm@30845
  1757
which is now defined in terms of the new one and renamed to
wenzelm@30845
  1758
fold_image.
wenzelm@30845
  1759
wenzelm@30845
  1760
* Theories Ring_and_Field and OrderedGroup: The lemmas "group_simps"
wenzelm@30845
  1761
and "ring_simps" have been replaced by "algebra_simps" (which can be
wenzelm@30845
  1762
extended with further lemmas!).  At the moment both still exist but
wenzelm@30845
  1763
the former will disappear at some point.
wenzelm@30845
  1764
wenzelm@30845
  1765
* Theory Power: Lemma power_Suc is now declared as a simp rule in
wenzelm@30845
  1766
class recpower.  Type-specific simp rules for various recpower types
wenzelm@30845
  1767
have been removed.  INCOMPATIBILITY, rename old lemmas as follows:
huffman@30273
  1768
huffman@30273
  1769
rat_power_0    -> power_0
huffman@30273
  1770
rat_power_Suc  -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
  1771
realpow_0      -> power_0
huffman@30273
  1772
realpow_Suc    -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
  1773
complexpow_0   -> power_0
huffman@30273
  1774
complexpow_Suc -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
  1775
power_poly_0   -> power_0
huffman@30273
  1776
power_poly_Suc -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
  1777
wenzelm@30845
  1778
* Theories Ring_and_Field and Divides: Definition of "op dvd" has been
wenzelm@27793
  1779
moved to separate class dvd in Ring_and_Field; a couple of lemmas on
wenzelm@27793
  1780
dvd has been generalized to class comm_semiring_1.  Likewise a bunch
wenzelm@27793
  1781
of lemmas from Divides has been generalized from nat to class
wenzelm@27793
  1782
semiring_div.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  This involves the following theorem
wenzelm@27793
  1783
renames resulting from duplicate elimination:
haftmann@27651
  1784
haftmann@27651
  1785
    dvd_def_mod ~>          dvd_eq_mod_eq_0
haftmann@27651
  1786
    zero_dvd_iff ~>         dvd_0_left_iff
haftmann@28559
  1787
    dvd_0 ~>                dvd_0_right
haftmann@27651
  1788
    DIVISION_BY_ZERO_DIV ~> div_by_0
haftmann@27651
  1789
    DIVISION_BY_ZERO_MOD ~> mod_by_0
haftmann@27651
  1790
    mult_div ~>             div_mult_self2_is_id
haftmann@27651
  1791
    mult_mod ~>             mod_mult_self2_is_0
haftmann@27651
  1792
wenzelm@30845
  1793
* Theory IntDiv: removed many lemmas that are instances of class-based
wenzelm@30845
  1794
generalizations (from Divides and Ring_and_Field).  INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@30845
  1795
rename old lemmas as follows:
nipkow@30044
  1796
nipkow@30044
  1797
dvd_diff               -> nat_dvd_diff
nipkow@30044
  1798
dvd_zminus_iff         -> dvd_minus_iff
nipkow@30224
  1799
mod_add1_eq            -> mod_add_eq
nipkow@30224
  1800
mod_mult1_eq           -> mod_mult_right_eq
nipkow@30224
  1801
mod_mult1_eq'          -> mod_mult_left_eq
nipkow@30224
  1802
mod_mult_distrib_mod   -> mod_mult_eq
nipkow@30044
  1803
nat_mod_add_left_eq    -> mod_add_left_eq
nipkow@30044
  1804
nat_mod_add_right_eq   -> mod_add_right_eq
nipkow@30044
  1805
nat_mod_div_trivial    -> mod_div_trivial
nipkow@30044
  1806
nat_mod_mod_trivial    -> mod_mod_trivial
nipkow@30044
  1807
zdiv_zadd_self1        -> div_add_self1
nipkow@30044
  1808
zdiv_zadd_self2        -> div_add_self2
nipkow@30181
  1809
zdiv_zmult_self1       -> div_mult_self2_is_id
nipkow@30044
  1810
zdiv_zmult_self2       -> div_mult_self1_is_id
nipkow@30044
  1811
zdvd_triv_left         -> dvd_triv_left
nipkow@30044
  1812
zdvd_triv_right        -> dvd_triv_right
nipkow@30044
  1813
zdvd_zmult_cancel_disj -> dvd_mult_cancel_left
nipkow@30085
  1814
zmod_eq0_zdvd_iff      -> dvd_eq_mod_eq_0[symmetric]
nipkow@30044
  1815
zmod_zadd_left_eq      -> mod_add_left_eq
nipkow@30044
  1816
zmod_zadd_right_eq     -> mod_add_right_eq
nipkow@30044
  1817
zmod_zadd_self1        -> mod_add_self1
nipkow@30044
  1818
zmod_zadd_self2        -> mod_add_self2
nipkow@30224
  1819
zmod_zadd1_eq          -> mod_add_eq
nipkow@30044
  1820
zmod_zdiff1_eq         -> mod_diff_eq
nipkow@30044
  1821
zmod_zdvd_zmod         -> mod_mod_cancel
nipkow@30044
  1822
zmod_zmod_cancel       -> mod_mod_cancel
nipkow@30044
  1823
zmod_zmult_self1       -> mod_mult_self2_is_0
nipkow@30044
  1824
zmod_zmult_self2       -> mod_mult_self1_is_0
nipkow@30044
  1825
zmod_1                 -> mod_by_1
nipkow@30044
  1826
zdiv_1                 -> div_by_1
nipkow@30044
  1827
zdvd_abs1              -> abs_dvd_iff
nipkow@30044
  1828
zdvd_abs2              -> dvd_abs_iff
nipkow@30044
  1829
zdvd_refl              -> dvd_refl
nipkow@30044
  1830
zdvd_trans             -> dvd_trans
nipkow@30044
  1831
zdvd_zadd              -> dvd_add
nipkow@30044
  1832
zdvd_zdiff             -> dvd_diff
nipkow@30044
  1833
zdvd_zminus_iff        -> dvd_minus_iff
nipkow@30044
  1834
zdvd_zminus2_iff       -> minus_dvd_iff
nipkow@30044
  1835
zdvd_zmultD            -> dvd_mult_right
nipkow@30044
  1836
zdvd_zmultD2           -> dvd_mult_left
nipkow@30044
  1837
zdvd_zmult_mono        -> mult_dvd_mono
nipkow@30044
  1838
zdvd_0_right           -> dvd_0_right
nipkow@30044
  1839
zdvd_0_left            -> dvd_0_left_iff
nipkow@30044
  1840
zdvd_1_left            -> one_dvd
nipkow@30044
  1841
zminus_dvd_iff         -> minus_dvd_iff
nipkow@30044
  1842
wenzelm@30845
  1843
* Theory Rational: 'Fract k 0' now equals '0'.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1844
wenzelm@30845
  1845
* The real numbers offer decimal input syntax: 12.34 is translated
wenzelm@30845
  1846
into 1234/10^2. This translation is not reversed upon output.
wenzelm@30845
  1847
wenzelm@30845
  1848
* Theory Library/Polynomial defines an abstract type 'a poly of
wenzelm@30845
  1849
univariate polynomials with coefficients of type 'a.  In addition to
wenzelm@30845
  1850
the standard ring operations, it also supports div and mod.  Code
wenzelm@30845
  1851
generation is also supported, using list-style constructors.
wenzelm@30845
  1852
wenzelm@30845
  1853
* Theory Library/Inner_Product defines a class of real_inner for real
wenzelm@30845
  1854
inner product spaces, with an overloaded operation inner :: 'a => 'a
wenzelm@30845
  1855
=> real.  Class real_inner is a subclass of real_normed_vector from
wenzelm@30845
  1856
theory RealVector.
wenzelm@30845
  1857
wenzelm@30845
  1858
* Theory Library/Product_Vector provides instances for the product
wenzelm@30845
  1859
type 'a * 'b of several classes from RealVector and Inner_Product.
wenzelm@30845
  1860
Definitions of addition, subtraction, scalar multiplication, norms,
wenzelm@30845
  1861
and inner products are included.
wenzelm@30845
  1862
wenzelm@30845
  1863
* Theory Library/Bit defines the field "bit" of integers modulo 2.  In
wenzelm@30845
  1864
addition to the field operations, numerals and case syntax are also
wenzelm@30845
  1865
supported.
wenzelm@30845
  1866
wenzelm@30845
  1867
* Theory Library/Diagonalize provides constructive version of Cantor's
wenzelm@30845
  1868
first diagonalization argument.
wenzelm@30845
  1869
wenzelm@30845
  1870
* Theory Library/GCD: Curried operations gcd, lcm (for nat) and zgcd,
wenzelm@27599
  1871
zlcm (for int); carried together from various gcd/lcm developements in
wenzelm@30845
  1872
the HOL Distribution.  Constants zgcd and zlcm replace former igcd and
wenzelm@30845
  1873
ilcm; corresponding theorems renamed accordingly.  INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@30845
  1874
may recover tupled syntax as follows:
haftmann@27556
  1875
haftmann@27556
  1876
    hide (open) const gcd
haftmann@27556
  1877
    abbreviation gcd where
haftmann@27556
  1878
      "gcd == (%(a, b). GCD.gcd a b)"
haftmann@27556
  1879
    notation (output)
haftmann@27556
  1880
      GCD.gcd ("gcd '(_, _')")
haftmann@27556
  1881
wenzelm@30845
  1882
The same works for lcm, zgcd, zlcm.
wenzelm@30845
  1883
wenzelm@30845
  1884
* Theory Library/Nat_Infinity: added addition, numeral syntax and more
wenzelm@30845
  1885
instantiations for algebraic structures.  Removed some duplicate
wenzelm@30845
  1886
theorems.  Changes in simp rules.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1887
wenzelm@30845
  1888
* ML antiquotation @{code} takes a constant as argument and generates
haftmann@27651
  1889
corresponding code in background and inserts name of the corresponding
haftmann@27651
  1890
resulting ML value/function/datatype constructor binding in place.
haftmann@27651
  1891
All occurrences of @{code} with a single ML block are generated
haftmann@27651
  1892
simultaneously.  Provides a generic and safe interface for
wenzelm@30845
  1893
instrumentalizing code generation.  See
wenzelm@30845
  1894
src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Ferrack.thy for a more ambitious application.
wenzelm@30845
  1895
In future you ought to refrain from ad-hoc compiling generated SML
wenzelm@30845
  1896
code on the ML toplevel.  Note that (for technical reasons) @{code}
wenzelm@30845
  1897
cannot refer to constants for which user-defined serializations are
wenzelm@30845
  1898
set.  Refer to the corresponding ML counterpart directly in that
wenzelm@30845
  1899
cases.
wenzelm@27122
  1900
wenzelm@27122
  1901
* Command 'rep_datatype': instead of theorem names the command now
wenzelm@27122
  1902
takes a list of terms denoting the constructors of the type to be
wenzelm@27122
  1903
represented as datatype.  The characteristic theorems have to be
wenzelm@27122
  1904
proven.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  Also observe that the following theorems
wenzelm@27122
  1905
have disappeared in favour of existing ones:
wenzelm@27122
  1906
haftmann@27104
  1907
    unit_induct                 ~> unit.induct
haftmann@27104
  1908
    prod_induct                 ~> prod.induct
haftmann@27104
  1909
    sum_induct                  ~> sum.induct
haftmann@27104
  1910
    Suc_Suc_eq                  ~> nat.inject
haftmann@27104
  1911
    Suc_not_Zero Zero_not_Suc   ~> nat.distinct
haftmann@27104
  1912
haftmann@27104
  1913
ballarin@27696
  1914
*** HOL-Algebra ***
ballarin@27696
  1915
ballarin@27713
  1916
* New locales for orders and lattices where the equivalence relation
wenzelm@30106
  1917
is not restricted to equality.  INCOMPATIBILITY: all order and lattice
wenzelm@30106
  1918
locales use a record structure with field eq for the equivalence.
ballarin@27713
  1919
ballarin@27713
  1920
* New theory of factorial domains.
ballarin@27713
  1921
wenzelm@30845
  1922
* Units_l_inv and Units_r_inv are now simp rules by default.
ballarin@27696
  1923
INCOMPATIBILITY.  Simplifier proof that require deletion of l_inv
ballarin@27696
  1924
and/or r_inv will now also require deletion of these lemmas.
ballarin@27696
  1925
wenzelm@30845
  1926
* Renamed the following theorems, INCOMPATIBILITY:
wenzelm@30845
  1927
ballarin@27696
  1928
UpperD ~> Upper_memD
ballarin@27696
  1929
LowerD ~> Lower_memD
ballarin@27696
  1930
least_carrier ~> least_closed
ballarin@27696
  1931
greatest_carrier ~> greatest_closed
ballarin@27696
  1932
greatest_Lower_above ~> greatest_Lower_below
ballarin@27717
  1933
one_zero ~> carrier_one_zero
ballarin@27717
  1934
one_not_zero ~> carrier_one_not_zero  (collision with assumption)
ballarin@27696
  1935
wenzelm@27793
  1936
wenzelm@30849
  1937
*** HOL-Nominal ***
wenzelm@30849
  1938
wenzelm@30855
  1939
* Nominal datatypes can now contain type-variables.
wenzelm@30855
  1940
wenzelm@30855
  1941
* Commands 'nominal_inductive' and 'equivariance' work with local
wenzelm@30855
  1942
theory targets.
wenzelm@30855
  1943
wenzelm@30855
  1944
* Nominal primrec can now works with local theory targets and its
wenzelm@30855
  1945
specification syntax now conforms to the general format as seen in
wenzelm@30855
  1946
'inductive' etc.
wenzelm@30855
  1947
wenzelm@30855
  1948
* Method "perm_simp" honours the standard simplifier attributes
wenzelm@30855
  1949
(no_asm), (no_asm_use) etc.
wenzelm@30855
  1950
wenzelm@30855
  1951
* The new predicate #* is defined like freshness, except that on the
wenzelm@30855
  1952
left hand side can be a set or list of atoms.
wenzelm@30855
  1953
wenzelm@30855
  1954
* Experimental command 'nominal_inductive2' derives strong induction
wenzelm@30855
  1955
principles for inductive definitions.  In contrast to
wenzelm@30855
  1956
'nominal_inductive', which can only deal with a fixed number of
wenzelm@30855
  1957
binders, it can deal with arbitrary expressions standing for sets of
wenzelm@30855
  1958
atoms to be avoided.  The only inductive definition we have at the
wenzelm@30855
  1959
moment that needs this generalisation is the typing rule for Lets in
wenzelm@30855
  1960
the algorithm W:
wenzelm@30855
  1961
wenzelm@30855
  1962
 Gamma |- t1 : T1   (x,close Gamma T1)::Gamma |- t2 : T2   x#Gamma
wenzelm@30855
  1963
 -----------------------------------------------------------------
wenzelm@30855
  1964
         Gamma |- Let x be t1 in t2 : T2
wenzelm@30855
  1965
wenzelm@30855
  1966
In this rule one wants to avoid all the binders that are introduced by
wenzelm@30855
  1967
"close Gamma T1".  We are looking for other examples where this
wenzelm@30855
  1968
feature might be useful.  Please let us know.
wenzelm@30849
  1969
wenzelm@30849
  1970
huffman@30176
  1971
*** HOLCF ***
huffman@30176
  1972
huffman@30176
  1973
* Reimplemented the simplification procedure for proving continuity
huffman@30176
  1974
subgoals.  The new simproc is extensible; users can declare additional
huffman@30176
  1975
continuity introduction rules with the attribute [cont2cont].
huffman@30176
  1976
huffman@30176
  1977
* The continuity simproc now uses a different introduction rule for
huffman@30176
  1978
solving continuity subgoals on terms with lambda abstractions.  In
huffman@30176
  1979
some rare cases the new simproc may fail to solve subgoals that the
huffman@30176
  1980
old one could solve, and "simp add: cont2cont_LAM" may be necessary.
huffman@30176
  1981
Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@30176
  1982
wenzelm@30847
  1983
* Command 'fixrec': specification syntax now conforms to the general
wenzelm@30855
  1984
format as seen in 'inductive' etc.  See src/HOLCF/ex/Fixrec_ex.thy for
wenzelm@30855
  1985
examples.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1986
wenzelm@30845
  1987
wenzelm@30845
  1988
*** ZF ***
wenzelm@30845
  1989
wenzelm@30845
  1990
* Proof of Zorn's Lemma for partial orders.
huffman@30176
  1991
huffman@30176
  1992
wenzelm@27246
  1993
*** ML ***
wenzelm@28088
  1994
wenzelm@30845
  1995
* Multithreading for Poly/ML 5.1/5.2 is no longer supported, only for
wenzelm@30845
  1996
Poly/ML 5.2.1 or later.  Important note: the TimeLimit facility
wenzelm@30845
  1997
depends on multithreading, so timouts will not work before Poly/ML
wenzelm@30845
  1998
5.2.1!
wenzelm@30845
  1999
wenzelm@29161
  2000
* High-level support for concurrent ML programming, see
wenzelm@29161
  2001
src/Pure/Cuncurrent.  The data-oriented model of "future values" is
wenzelm@29161
  2002
particularly convenient to organize independent functional
wenzelm@29161
  2003
computations.  The concept of "synchronized variables" provides a
wenzelm@29161
  2004
higher-order interface for components with shared state, avoiding the
wenzelm@30845
  2005
delicate details of mutexes and condition variables.  (Requires
wenzelm@30845
  2006
Poly/ML 5.2.1 or later.)
wenzelm@30845
  2007
wenzelm@30845
  2008
* ML bindings produced via Isar commands are stored within the Isar
wenzelm@30845
  2009
context (theory or proof).  Consequently, commands like 'use' and 'ML'
wenzelm@30845
  2010
become thread-safe and work with undo as expected (concerning
wenzelm@30845
  2011
top-level bindings, not side-effects on global references).
wenzelm@30845
  2012
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to provide proper Isar context when invoking the
wenzelm@30845
  2013
compiler at runtime; really global bindings need to be given outside a
wenzelm@30845
  2014
theory.  (Requires Poly/ML 5.2 or later.)
wenzelm@30845
  2015
wenzelm@30845
  2016
* Command 'ML_prf' is analogous to 'ML' but works within a proof
wenzelm@30845
  2017
context.  Top-level ML bindings are stored within the proof context in
wenzelm@30845
  2018
a purely sequential fashion, disregarding the nested proof structure.
wenzelm@30845
  2019
ML bindings introduced by 'ML_prf' are discarded at the end of the
wenzelm@30845
  2020
proof.  (Requires Poly/ML 5.2 or later.)
wenzelm@29161
  2021
wenzelm@30530
  2022
* Simplified ML attribute and method setup, cf. functions Attrib.setup
wenzelm@30845
  2023
and Method.setup, as well as Isar commands 'attribute_setup' and
wenzelm@30547
  2024
'method_setup'.  INCOMPATIBILITY for 'method_setup', need to simplify
wenzelm@30547
  2025
existing code accordingly, or use plain 'setup' together with old
wenzelm@30547
  2026
Method.add_method.
wenzelm@30530
  2027
wenzelm@28294
  2028
* Simplified ML oracle interface Thm.add_oracle promotes 'a -> cterm
wenzelm@28294
  2029
to 'a -> thm, while results are always tagged with an authentic oracle
wenzelm@28294
  2030
name.  The Isar command 'oracle' is now polymorphic, no argument type
wenzelm@28294
  2031
is specified.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to simplify existing oracle code
wenzelm@28294
  2032
accordingly.  Note that extra performance may be gained by producing
wenzelm@28294
  2033
the cterm carefully, avoiding slow Thm.cterm_of.
wenzelm@28294
  2034
wenzelm@30845
  2035
* Simplified interface for defining document antiquotations via
wenzelm@30845
  2036
ThyOutput.antiquotation, ThyOutput.output, and optionally
wenzelm@30845
  2037
ThyOutput.maybe_pretty_source.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to simplify user
wenzelm@30845
  2038
antiquotations accordingly, see src/Pure/Thy/thy_output.ML for common
wenzelm@30845
  2039
examples.
wenzelm@28099
  2040
wenzelm@30395
  2041
* More systematic treatment of long names, abstract name bindings, and
wenzelm@30395
  2042
name space operations.  Basic operations on qualified names have been
wenzelm@30399
  2043
move from structure NameSpace to Long_Name, e.g. Long_Name.base_name,
wenzelm@30395
  2044
Long_Name.append.  Old type bstring has been mostly replaced by
wenzelm@30395
  2045
abstract type binding (see structure Binding), which supports precise
wenzelm@30845
  2046
qualification by packages and local theory targets, as well as proper
wenzelm@30845
  2047
tracking of source positions.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to wrap old
wenzelm@30845
  2048
bstring values into Binding.name, or better pass through abstract
wenzelm@30399
  2049
bindings everywhere.  See further src/Pure/General/long_name.ML,
wenzelm@30395
  2050
src/Pure/General/binding.ML and src/Pure/General/name_space.ML
wenzelm@30395
  2051
wenzelm@28089
  2052
* Result facts (from PureThy.note_thms, ProofContext.note_thms,
wenzelm@28089
  2053
LocalTheory.note etc.) now refer to the *full* internal name, not the
wenzelm@28089
  2054
bstring as before.  INCOMPATIBILITY, not detected by ML type-checking!
wenzelm@28089
  2055
wenzelm@27287
  2056
* Disposed old type and term read functions (Sign.read_def_typ,
wenzelm@27287
  2057
Sign.read_typ, Sign.read_def_terms, Sign.read_term,
wenzelm@27287
  2058
Thm.read_def_cterms, Thm.read_cterm etc.).  INCOMPATIBILITY, should
wenzelm@27287
  2059
use regular Syntax.read_typ, Syntax.read_term, Syntax.read_typ_global,
wenzelm@27269
  2060
Syntax.read_term_global etc.; see also OldGoals.read_term as last
wenzelm@27269
  2061
resort for legacy applications.
wenzelm@27269
  2062
wenzelm@30609
  2063
* Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to
wenzelm@30609
  2064
the simpset or claset of an implicit theory (such as Addsimps,
wenzelm@30609
  2065
Simp_tac, SIMPSET).  INCOMPATIBILITY, should use @{simpset} etc. in
wenzelm@30609
  2066
embedded ML text, or local_simpset_of with a proper context passed as
wenzelm@30609
  2067
explicit runtime argument.
wenzelm@30609
  2068
wenzelm@30845
  2069
* Rules and tactics that read instantiations (read_instantiate,
wenzelm@30845
  2070
res_inst_tac, thin_tac, subgoal_tac etc.) now demand a proper proof
wenzelm@30845
  2071
context, which is required for parsing and type-checking.  Moreover,
wenzelm@30845
  2072
the variables are specified as plain indexnames, not string encodings
wenzelm@30845
  2073
thereof.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  2074
wenzelm@30845
  2075
* Generic Toplevel.add_hook interface allows to analyze the result of
wenzelm@30845
  2076
transactions.  E.g. see src/Pure/ProofGeneral/proof_general_pgip.ML
wenzelm@30845
  2077
for theorem dependency output of transactions resulting in a new
wenzelm@30845
  2078
theory state.
wenzelm@30845
  2079
wenzelm@30845
  2080
* ML antiquotations: block-structured compilation context indicated by
wenzelm@27391
  2081
\<lbrace> ... \<rbrace>; additional antiquotation forms:
wenzelm@27391
  2082
wenzelm@30845
  2083
  @{binding name}                         - basic name binding
wenzelm@27519
  2084
  @{let ?pat = term}                      - term abbreviation (HO matching)
wenzelm@27519
  2085
  @{note name = fact}                     - fact abbreviation
wenzelm@27519
  2086
  @{thm fact}                             - singleton fact (with attributes)
wenzelm@27519
  2087
  @{thms fact}                            - general fact (with attributes)
wenzelm@27519
  2088
  @{lemma prop by method}                 - singleton goal
wenzelm@27519
  2089
  @{lemma prop by meth1 meth2}            - singleton goal
wenzelm@27519
  2090
  @{lemma prop1 ... propN by method}      - general goal
wenzelm@27519
  2091
  @{lemma prop1 ... propN by meth1 meth2} - general goal
wenzelm@27519
  2092
  @{lemma (open) ...}                     - open derivation
wenzelm@27380
  2093
wenzelm@27246
  2094
wenzelm@27979
  2095
*** System ***
wenzelm@27979
  2096
wenzelm@28248
  2097
* The Isabelle "emacs" tool provides a specific interface to invoke
wenzelm@28248
  2098
Proof General / Emacs, with more explicit failure if that is not
wenzelm@28248
  2099
installed (the old isabelle-interface script silently falls back on
wenzelm@28248
  2100
isabelle-process).  The PROOFGENERAL_HOME setting determines the
wenzelm@28248
  2101
installation location of the Proof General distribution.
wenzelm@28248
  2102
wenzelm@27979
  2103
* Isabelle/lib/classes/Pure.jar provides basic support to integrate
wenzelm@27979
  2104
the Isabelle process into a JVM/Scala application.  See
wenzelm@27979
  2105
Isabelle/lib/jedit/plugin for a minimal example.  (The obsolete Java
wenzelm@27979
  2106
process wrapper has been discontinued.)
wenzelm@27979
  2107
wenzelm@30845
  2108
* Added homegrown Isabelle font with unicode layout, see lib/fonts.
wenzelm@30845
  2109
wenzelm@30845
  2110
* Various status messages (with exact source position information) are
wenzelm@27979
  2111
emitted, if proper markup print mode is enabled.  This allows
wenzelm@27979
  2112
user-interface components to provide detailed feedback on internal
wenzelm@27979
  2113
prover operations.
wenzelm@27979
  2114
wenzelm@27979
  2115
wenzelm@27143
  2116
wenzelm@27008
  2117
New in Isabelle2008 (June 2008)
wenzelm@27008
  2118
-------------------------------
wenzelm@25464
  2119
wenzelm@25522
  2120
*** General ***
wenzelm@25522
  2121
wenzelm@27061
  2122
* The Isabelle/Isar Reference Manual (isar-ref) has been reorganized
wenzelm@27061
  2123
and updated, with formally checked references as hyperlinks.
wenzelm@27061
  2124
wenzelm@25994
  2125
* Theory loader: use_thy (and similar operations) no longer set the
wenzelm@25994
  2126
implicit ML context, which was occasionally hard to predict and in
wenzelm@25994
  2127
conflict with concurrency.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use ML within Isar which
wenzelm@25994
  2128
provides a proper context already.
wenzelm@25994
  2129
wenzelm@26323
  2130
* Theory loader: old-style ML proof scripts being *attached* to a thy
wenzelm@26323
  2131
file are no longer supported.  INCOMPATIBILITY, regular 'uses' and
wenzelm@26323
  2132
'use' within a theory file will do the job.
wenzelm@26323
  2133
wenzelm@26650
  2134
* Name space merge now observes canonical order, i.e. the second space
wenzelm@26650
  2135
is inserted into the first one, while existing entries in the first
wenzelm@26659
  2136
space take precedence.  INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations, may try to
wenzelm@26650
  2137
swap theory imports.
wenzelm@26650
  2138
wenzelm@27067
  2139
* Syntax: symbol \<chi> is now considered a letter.  Potential
wenzelm@27067
  2140
INCOMPATIBILITY in identifier syntax etc.
wenzelm@27067
  2141
wenzelm@27067
  2142
* Outer syntax: string tokens no longer admit escaped white space,
wenzelm@27067
  2143
which was an accidental (undocumented) feature.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use
wenzelm@27067
  2144
white space without escapes.
wenzelm@27067
  2145
wenzelm@27067
  2146
* Outer syntax: string tokens may contain arbitrary character codes
wenzelm@27067
  2147
specified via 3 decimal digits (as in SML).  E.g. "foo\095bar" for
wenzelm@27067
  2148
"foo_bar".
wenzelm@27067
  2149
wenzelm@25522
  2150
haftmann@25502
  2151
*** Pure ***
haftmann@25502
  2152
wenzelm@26718
  2153
* Context-dependent token translations.  Default setup reverts locally
wenzelm@26718
  2154
fixed variables, and adds hilite markup for undeclared frees.
wenzelm@26718
  2155
berghofe@26681
  2156
* Unused theorems can be found using the new command 'unused_thms'.
berghofe@26681
  2157
There are three ways of invoking it:
berghofe@26681
  2158
berghofe@26681
  2159
(1) unused_thms
berghofe@26681
  2160
     Only finds unused theorems in the current theory.
berghofe@26681
  2161
berghofe@26681
  2162
(2) unused_thms thy_1 ... thy_n -
berghofe@26681
  2163
     Finds unused theorems in the current theory and all of its ancestors,
berghofe@26681
  2164
     excluding the theories thy_1 ... thy_n and all of their ancestors.
berghofe@26681
  2165
berghofe@26681
  2166
(3) unused_thms thy_1 ... thy_n - thy'_1 ... thy'_m
berghofe@26681
  2167
     Finds unused theorems in the theories thy'_1 ... thy'_m and all of
berghofe@26681
  2168
     their ancestors, excluding the theories thy_1 ... thy_n and all of
berghofe@26681
  2169
     their ancestors.
berghofe@26681
  2170
wenzelm@26718
  2171
In order to increase the readability of the list produced by
wenzelm@26718
  2172
unused_thms, theorems that have been created by a particular instance
wenzelm@26874
  2173
of a theory command such as 'inductive' or 'function' are considered
wenzelm@26874
  2174
to belong to the same "group", meaning that if at least one theorem in
wenzelm@26718
  2175
this group is used, the other theorems in the same group are no longer
wenzelm@26718
  2176
reported as unused.  Moreover, if all theorems in the group are
wenzelm@26718
  2177
unused, only one theorem in the group is displayed.
wenzelm@26718
  2178
wenzelm@26718
  2179
Note that proof objects have to be switched on in order for
wenzelm@26718
  2180
unused_thms to work properly (i.e. !proofs must be >= 1, which is
wenzelm@26874
  2181
usually the case when using Proof General with the default settings).
berghofe@26681
  2182
wenzelm@26650
  2183
* Authentic naming of facts disallows ad-hoc overwriting of previous
wenzelm@26650
  2184
theorems within the same name space.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to remove
wenzelm@26650
  2185
duplicate fact bindings, or even accidental fact duplications.  Note
wenzelm@26650
  2186
that tools may maintain dynamically scoped facts systematically, using
wenzelm@26650
  2187
PureThy.add_thms_dynamic.
wenzelm@26650
  2188
wenzelm@26660
  2189
* Command 'hide' now allows to hide from "fact" name space as well.
wenzelm@26660
  2190
wenzelm@26496
  2191
* Eliminated destructive theorem database, simpset, claset, and
wenzelm@26496
  2192
clasimpset.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY, really need to observe linear
wenzelm@26496
  2193
update of theories within ML code.
wenzelm@26479
  2194
wenzelm@26955
  2195
* Eliminated theory ProtoPure and CPure, leaving just one Pure theory.
wenzelm@26955
  2196
INCOMPATIBILITY, object-logics depending on former Pure require
wenzelm@26955
  2197
additional setup PureThy.old_appl_syntax_setup; object-logics
wenzelm@26955
  2198
depending on former CPure need to refer to Pure.
wenzelm@26650
  2199
wenzelm@26495
  2200
* Commands 'use' and 'ML' are now purely functional, operating on
wenzelm@26479
  2201
theory/local_theory.  Removed former 'ML_setup' (on theory), use 'ML'
wenzelm@26479
  2202
instead.  Added 'ML_val' as mere diagnostic replacement for 'ML'.
wenzelm@26479
  2203
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26479
  2204
wenzelm@26874
  2205
* Command 'setup': discontinued implicit version with ML reference.
wenzelm@26434
  2206
wenzelm@25970
  2207
* Instantiation target allows for simultaneous specification of class
wenzelm@25970
  2208
instance operations together with an instantiation proof.
wenzelm@25970
  2209
Type-checking phase allows to refer to class operations uniformly.
wenzelm@27067
  2210
See src/HOL/Complex/Complex.thy for an Isar example and
wenzelm@27067
  2211
src/HOL/Library/Eval.thy for an ML example.
haftmann@25502
  2212
wenzelm@26201
  2213
* Indexing of literal facts: be more serious about including only
wenzelm@26201
  2214
facts from the visible specification/proof context, but not the
wenzelm@26201
  2215
background context (locale etc.).  Affects `prop` notation and method
wenzelm@26201
  2216
"fact".  INCOMPATIBILITY: need to name facts explicitly in rare
wenzelm@26201
  2217
situations.
wenzelm@26201
  2218
wenzelm@26925
  2219
* Method "cases", "induct", "coinduct": removed obsolete/undocumented
wenzelm@26925
  2220
"(open)" option, which used to expose internal bound variables to the
wenzelm@26925
  2221
proof text.
wenzelm@26925
  2222
wenzelm@26925
  2223
* Isar statements: removed obsolete case "rule_context".
wenzelm@26925
  2224
INCOMPATIBILITY, better use explicit fixes/assumes.
wenzelm@26925
  2225
wenzelm@26874
  2226
* Locale proofs: default proof step now includes 'unfold_locales';
wenzelm@26874
  2227
hence 'proof' without argument may be used to unfold locale
wenzelm@26874
  2228
predicates.
ballarin@26765
  2229
ballarin@26765
  2230
haftmann@26762
  2231
*** Document preparation ***
haftmann@26762
  2232
wenzelm@26914
  2233
* Simplified pdfsetup.sty: color/hyperref is used unconditionally for
wenzelm@26914
  2234
both pdf and dvi (hyperlinks usually work in xdvi as well); removed
wenzelm@26914
  2235
obsolete thumbpdf setup (contemporary PDF viewers do this on the
wenzelm@26914
  2236
spot); renamed link color from "darkblue" to "linkcolor" (default
wenzelm@26920
  2237
value unchanged, can be redefined via \definecolor); no longer sets
wenzelm@26920
  2238
"a4paper" option (unnecessary or even intrusive).
wenzelm@26914
  2239
wenzelm@27008
  2240
* Antiquotation @{lemma A method} proves proposition A by the given
wenzelm@27008
  2241
method (either a method name or a method name plus (optional) method
wenzelm@27008
  2242
arguments in parentheses) and prints A just like @{prop A}.
haftmann@26762
  2243
haftmann@26762
  2244
wenzelm@25464
  2245
*** HOL ***
wenzelm@25464
  2246
wenzelm@27067
  2247
* New primrec package.  Specification syntax conforms in style to
wenzelm@27067
  2248
definition/function/....  No separate induction rule is provided.  The
wenzelm@27067
  2249
"primrec" command distinguishes old-style and new-style specifications
wenzelm@27067
  2250
by syntax.  The former primrec package is now named OldPrimrecPackage.
wenzelm@27067
  2251
When adjusting theories, beware: constants stemming from new-style
wenzelm@27067
  2252
primrec specifications have authentic syntax.
wenzelm@27067
  2253
wenzelm@27067
  2254
* Metis prover is now an order of magnitude faster, and also works
wenzelm@27067
  2255
with multithreading.
wenzelm@27067
  2256
wenzelm@27067
  2257
* Metis: the maximum number of clauses that can be produced from a
wenzelm@27067
  2258
theorem is now given by the attribute max_clauses.  Theorems that
wenzelm@27067
  2259
exceed this number are ignored, with a warning printed.
wenzelm@27067
  2260
wenzelm@27067
  2261
* Sledgehammer no longer produces structured proofs by default. To
wenzelm@27067
  2262
enable, declare [[sledgehammer_full = true]].  Attributes
wenzelm@27067
  2263
reconstruction_modulus, reconstruction_sorts renamed
wenzelm@27067
  2264
sledgehammer_modulus, sledgehammer_sorts.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@27067
  2265
haftmann@27104
  2266
* Method "induct_scheme" derives user-specified induction rules
wenzelm@27067
  2267
from well-founded induction and completeness of patterns. This factors
wenzelm@27067
  2268
out some operations that are done internally by the function package
wenzelm@27067
  2269
and makes them available separately.  See
wenzelm@27067
  2270
src/HOL/ex/Induction_Scheme.thy for examples.
wenzelm@27067
  2271
wenzelm@27067
  2272
* More flexible generation of measure functions for termination
wenzelm@27067
  2273
proofs: Measure functions can be declared by proving a rule of the
wenzelm@27067
  2274
form "is_measure f" and giving it the [measure_function] attribute.
wenzelm@27067
  2275
The "is_measure" predicate is logically meaningless (always true), and
wenzelm@27067
  2276
just guides the heuristic.  To find suitable measure functions, the
wenzelm@27067
  2277
termination prover sets up the goal "is_measure ?f" of the appropriate
wenzelm@27067
  2278
type and generates all solutions by prolog-style backwards proof using
wenzelm@27067
  2279
the declared rules.
wenzelm@27067
  2280
wenzelm@27067
  2281
This setup also deals with rules like 
wenzelm@27067
  2282
wenzelm@27067
  2283
  "is_measure f ==> is_measure (list_size f)"
wenzelm@27067
  2284
wenzelm@27067
  2285
which accommodates nested datatypes that recurse through lists.
wenzelm@27067
  2286
Similar rules are predeclared for products and option types.
wenzelm@27067
  2287
berghofe@26964
  2288
* Turned the type of sets "'a set" into an abbreviation for "'a => bool"
berghofe@26964
  2289
berghofe@26964
  2290
  INCOMPATIBILITIES:
berghofe@26964
  2291
wenzelm@27008
  2292
  - Definitions of overloaded constants on sets have to be replaced by
wenzelm@27008
  2293
    definitions on => and bool.
berghofe@26964
  2294
berghofe@26964
  2295
  - Some definitions of overloaded operators on sets can now be proved
wenzelm@27008
  2296
    using the definitions of the operators on => and bool.  Therefore,
wenzelm@27008
  2297
    the following theorems have been renamed:
berghofe@26964
  2298
berghofe@26964
  2299
      subset_def   -> subset_eq
berghofe@26964
  2300
      psubset_def  -> psubset_eq
berghofe@26964
  2301
      set_diff_def -> set_diff_eq
berghofe@26964
  2302
      Compl_def    -> Compl_eq
berghofe@26964
  2303
      Sup_set_def  -> Sup_set_eq
berghofe@26964
  2304
      Inf_set_def  -> Inf_set_eq
berghofe@26964
  2305
      sup_set_def  -> sup_set_eq
berghofe@26964
  2306
      inf_set_def  -> inf_set_eq
berghofe@26964
  2307
berghofe@26964
  2308
  - Due to the incompleteness of the HO unification algorithm, some
berghofe@26964
  2309
    rules such as subst may require manual instantiation, if some of
berghofe@26964
  2310
    the unknowns in the rule is a set.
berghofe@26964
  2311
berghofe@26964
  2312
  - Higher order unification and forward proofs:
berghofe@26964
  2313
    The proof pattern
berghofe@26964
  2314
berghofe@26964
  2315
      have "P (S::'a set)" <...>
berghofe@26964
  2316
      then have "EX S. P S" ..
berghofe@26964
  2317
wenzelm@27008
  2318
    no longer works (due to the incompleteness of the HO unification
wenzelm@27008
  2319
    algorithm) and must be replaced by the pattern
berghofe@26964
  2320
berghofe@26964
  2321
      have "EX S. P S"
berghofe@26964
  2322
      proof
berghofe@26964
  2323
        show "P S" <...>
berghofe@26964
  2324
      qed
berghofe@26964
  2325
berghofe@26964
  2326
  - Calculational reasoning with subst (or similar rules):
berghofe@26964
  2327
    The proof pattern
berghofe@26964
  2328
berghofe@26964
  2329
      have "P (S::'a set)" <...>
berghofe@26964
  2330
      also have "S = T" <...>
berghofe@26964
  2331
      finally have "P T" .
berghofe@26964
  2332
wenzelm@27008
  2333
    no longer works (for similar reasons as the previous example) and
wenzelm@27008
  2334
    must be replaced by something like
berghofe@26964
  2335
berghofe@26964
  2336
      have "P (S::'a set)" <...>
berghofe@26964
  2337
      moreover have "S = T" <...>
berghofe@26964
  2338
      ultimately have "P T" by simp
berghofe@26964
  2339
berghofe@26964
  2340
  - Tactics or packages written in ML code:
berghofe@26964
  2341
    Code performing pattern matching on types via
berghofe@26964
  2342
berghofe@26964
  2343
      Type ("set", [T]) => ...
berghofe@26964
  2344
wenzelm@27008
  2345
    must be rewritten. Moreover, functions like strip_type or
wenzelm@27008
  2346
    binder_types no longer return the right value when applied to a
wenzelm@27008
  2347
    type of the form
berghofe@26964
  2348
berghofe@26964
  2349
      T1 => ... => Tn => U => bool
berghofe@26964
  2350
berghofe@26964
  2351
    rather than
berghofe@26964
  2352
berghofe@26964
  2353
      T1 => ... => Tn => U set
berghofe@26964
  2354
wenzelm@26874
  2355
* Merged theories Wellfounded_Recursion, Accessible_Part and
wenzelm@27067
  2356
Wellfounded_Relations to theory Wellfounded.
krauss@26748
  2357
haftmann@26513
  2358
* Explicit class "eq" for executable equality.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26513
  2359
wenzelm@26874
  2360
* Class finite no longer treats UNIV as class parameter.  Use class
wenzelm@26874
  2361
enum from theory Library/Enum instead to achieve a similar effect.
haftmann@26445
  2362
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26445
  2363
wenzelm@26874
  2364
* Theory List: rule list_induct2 now has explicitly named cases "Nil"
wenzelm@26874
  2365
and "Cons".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26874
  2366
wenzelm@26422
  2367
* HOL (and FOL): renamed variables in rules imp_elim and swap.
wenzelm@26422
  2368
Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26422
  2369
wenzelm@26874
  2370
* Theory Product_Type: duplicated lemmas split_Pair_apply and
wenzelm@26874
  2371
injective_fst_snd removed, use split_eta and prod_eqI instead.
wenzelm@26874
  2372
Renamed upd_fst to apfst and upd_snd to apsnd.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26355
  2373
wenzelm@26335
  2374
* Theory Nat: removed redundant lemmas that merely duplicate lemmas of
wenzelm@26335
  2375
the same name in theory Orderings:
wenzelm@26335
  2376
wenzelm@26335
  2377
  less_trans
wenzelm@26335
  2378
  less_linear
wenzelm@26335
  2379
  le_imp_less_or_eq
wenzelm@26335
  2380
  le_less_trans
wenzelm@26335
  2381
  less_le_trans
wenzelm@26335
  2382
  less_not_sym
wenzelm@26335
  2383
  less_asym
wenzelm@26335
  2384
wenzelm@26335
  2385
Renamed less_imp_le to less_imp_le_nat, and less_irrefl to
wenzelm@26335
  2386
less_irrefl_nat.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY due to more general types
wenzelm@26335
  2387
and different variable names.
wenzelm@26315
  2388
haftmann@26231
  2389
* Library/Option_ord.thy: Canonical order on option type.
haftmann@26231
  2390
wenzelm@27008
  2391
* Library/RBT.thy: Red-black trees, an efficient implementation of
wenzelm@27008
  2392
finite maps.
krauss@26197
  2393
haftmann@26231
  2394
* Library/Countable.thy: Type class for countable types.
haftmann@26231
  2395
wenzelm@26180
  2396
* Theory Int: The representation of numerals has changed.  The infix
wenzelm@26180
  2397
operator BIT and the bit datatype with constructors B0 and B1 have
wenzelm@26180
  2398
disappeared.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use "Int.Bit0 x" and "Int.Bit1 y" in
wenzelm@26180
  2399
place of "x BIT bit.B0" and "y BIT bit.B1", respectively.  Theorems
wenzelm@26180
  2400
involving BIT, B0, or B1 have been renamed with "Bit0" or "Bit1"
wenzelm@26180
  2401
accordingly.
wenzelm@26180
  2402
wenzelm@26180
  2403
* Theory Nat: definition of <= and < on natural numbers no longer
wenzelm@26180
  2404
depend on well-founded relations.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  Definitions
wenzelm@26180
  2405
le_def and less_def have disappeared.  Consider lemmas not_less
wenzelm@26180
  2406
[symmetric, where ?'a = nat] and less_eq [symmetric] instead.
wenzelm@26180
  2407
wenzelm@26180
  2408
* Theory Finite_Set: locales ACf, ACe, ACIf, ACIfSL and ACIfSLlin
wenzelm@26180
  2409
(whose purpose mainly is for various fold_set functionals) have been
wenzelm@26874
  2410
abandoned in favor of the existing algebraic classes
wenzelm@26180
  2411
ab_semigroup_mult, comm_monoid_mult, ab_semigroup_idem_mult,
wenzelm@26180
  2412
lower_semilattice (resp. upper_semilattice) and linorder.
haftmann@26139
  2413
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26041
  2414
wenzelm@26180
  2415
* Theory Transitive_Closure: induct and cases rules now declare proper
wenzelm@26180
  2416
case_names ("base" and "step").  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26180
  2417
wenzelm@26180
  2418
* Theorem Inductive.lfp_ordinal_induct generalized to complete
wenzelm@26180
  2419
lattices.  The form set-specific version is available as
wenzelm@26180
  2420
Inductive.lfp_ordinal_induct_set.
haftmann@26013
  2421
wenzelm@26874
  2422
* Renamed theorems "power.simps" to "power_int.simps".
wenzelm@27067
  2423
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25961
  2424
wenzelm@26180
  2425
* Class semiring_div provides basic abstract properties of semirings
haftmann@25942
  2426
with division and modulo operations.  Subsumes former class dvd_mod.
haftmann@25942
  2427
wenzelm@26180
  2428
* Merged theories IntDef, Numeral and IntArith into unified theory
wenzelm@26180
  2429
Int.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26180
  2430
wenzelm@26180
  2431
* Theory Library/Code_Index: type "index" now represents natural
wenzelm@26180
  2432
numbers rather than integers.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26180
  2433
wenzelm@26180
  2434
* New class "uminus" with operation "uminus" (split of from class
wenzelm@26180
  2435
"minus" which now only has operation "minus", binary).
haftmann@25919
  2436
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25919
  2437
wenzelm@25522
  2438
* Constants "card", "internal_split", "option_map" now with authentic
haftmann@25919
  2439
syntax.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@25522
  2440
wenzelm@25522
  2441
* Definitions subset_def, psubset_def, set_diff_def, Compl_def,
wenzelm@25522
  2442
le_bool_def, less_bool_def, le_fun_def, less_fun_def, inf_bool_def,
wenzelm@25522
  2443
sup_bool_def, Inf_bool_def, Sup_bool_def, inf_fun_def, sup_fun_def,
wenzelm@25522
  2444
Inf_fun_def, Sup_fun_def, inf_set_def, sup_set_def, Inf_set_def,
wenzelm@25522
  2445
Sup_set_def, le_def, less_def, option_map_def now with object
haftmann@25919
  2446
equality.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@25464
  2447
schirmer@25705
  2448
* Records. Removed K_record, and replaced it by pure lambda term
wenzelm@25726
  2449
%x. c. The simplifier setup is now more robust against eta expansion.
schirmer@25705
  2450
INCOMPATIBILITY: in cases explicitly referring to K_record.
wenzelm@25464
  2451
wenzelm@27067
  2452
* Library/Multiset: {#a, b, c#} abbreviates {#a#} + {#b#} + {#c#}.
wenzelm@27067
  2453
wenzelm@27067
  2454
* Library/ListVector: new theory of arithmetic vector operations.
wenzelm@27067
  2455
wenzelm@27067
  2456
* Library/Order_Relation: new theory of various orderings as sets of
wenzelm@27067
  2457
pairs.  Defines preorders, partial orders, linear orders and
wenzelm@27067
  2458
well-orders on sets and on types.
krauss@26877
  2459
wenzelm@25726
  2460
krauss@26197
  2461
*** ZF ***
krauss@26197
  2462
wenzelm@26874
  2463
* Renamed some theories to allow to loading both ZF and HOL in the
wenzelm@26874
  2464
same session:
wenzelm@26874
  2465
wenzelm@26874
  2466
  Datatype  -> Datatype_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2467
  Inductive -> Inductive_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2468
  Int       -> Int_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2469
  IntDiv    -> IntDiv_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2470
  Nat       -> Nat_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2471
  List      -> List_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2472
  Main      -> Main_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2473
wenzelm@26874
  2474
INCOMPATIBILITY: ZF theories that import individual theories below
wenzelm@26874
  2475
Main might need to be adapted.  Regular theory Main is still
wenzelm@26874
  2476
available, as trivial extension of Main_ZF.
krauss@26197
  2477
krauss@26197
  2478
wenzelm@25737
  2479
*** ML ***
wenzelm@25737
  2480
wenzelm@27067
  2481
* ML within Isar: antiquotation @{const name} or @{const
wenzelm@27067
  2482
name(typargs)} produces statically-checked Const term.
wenzelm@27067
  2483
wenzelm@26401
  2484
* Functor NamedThmsFun: data is available to the user as dynamic fact
wenzelm@26724
  2485
(of the same name).  Removed obsolete print command.
wenzelm@26401
  2486
wenzelm@27067
  2487
* Removed obsolete "use_legacy_bindings" function.
wenzelm@26188
  2488
wenzelm@25737
  2489
* The ``print mode'' is now a thread-local value derived from a global
wenzelm@25737
  2490
template (the former print_mode reference), thus access becomes
wenzelm@25737
  2491
non-critical.  The global print_mode reference is for session
wenzelm@25737
  2492
management only; user-code should use print_mode_value,
wenzelm@25737
  2493
print_mode_active, PrintMode.setmp etc.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@25737
  2494
wenzelm@26874
  2495
* Functions system/system_out provide a robust way to invoke external
wenzelm@29161
  2496
shell commands, with propagation of interrupts (requires Poly/ML
wenzelm@29161
  2497
5.2.1).  Do not use OS.Process.system etc. from the basis library!
wenzelm@26222
  2498
wenzelm@25737
  2499
wenzelm@25626
  2500
*** System ***
wenzelm@25626
  2501
wenzelm@25971
  2502
* Default settings: PROOFGENERAL_OPTIONS no longer impose xemacs ---
wenzelm@25971
  2503
in accordance with Proof General 3.7, which prefers GNU emacs.
wenzelm@25970
  2504
wenzelm@25626
  2505
* isatool tty runs Isabelle process with plain tty interaction;
wenzelm@25626
  2506
optional line editor may be specified via ISABELLE_LINE_EDITOR
wenzelm@25626
  2507
setting, the default settings attempt to locate "ledit" and "rlwrap".
wenzelm@25626
  2508
wenzelm@25651
  2509
* isatool browser now works with Cygwin as well, using general
wenzelm@25651
  2510
"javapath" function defined in Isabelle process environment.
wenzelm@25651
  2511
wenzelm@27067
  2512
* YXML notation provides a simple and efficient alternative to
wenzelm@27067
  2513
standard XML transfer syntax.  See src/Pure/General/yxml.ML and
wenzelm@27067
  2514
isatool yxml as described in the Isabelle system manual.
wenzelm@25651
  2515
wenzelm@25652
  2516
* JVM class isabelle.IsabelleProcess (located in Isabelle/lib/classes)
wenzelm@25651
  2517
provides general wrapper for managing an Isabelle process in a robust
wenzelm@25651
  2518
fashion, with ``cooked'' output from stdin/stderr.
wenzelm@25651
  2519
wenzelm@25855
  2520
* Rudimentary Isabelle plugin for jEdit (see Isabelle/lib/jedit),
wenzelm@25855
  2521
based on Isabelle/JVM process wrapper (see Isabelle/lib/classes).
wenzelm@25855
  2522
wenzelm@27067
  2523
* Removed obsolete THIS_IS_ISABELLE_BUILD feature.  NB: the documented
wenzelm@27067
  2524
way of changing the user's settings is via
wenzelm@27067
  2525
ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/settings, which is a fully featured bash
wenzelm@27067
  2526
script.
wenzelm@27067
  2527
wenzelm@27067
  2528
* Multithreading.max_threads := 0 refers to the number of actual CPU
wenzelm@27067
  2529
cores of the underlying machine, which is a good starting point for
wenzelm@27067
  2530
optimal performance tuning.  The corresponding usedir option -M allows
wenzelm@27067
  2531
"max" as an alias for "0".  WARNING: does not work on certain versions
wenzelm@27067
  2532
of Mac OS (with Poly/ML 5.1).
wenzelm@27067
  2533
wenzelm@27067
  2534
* isabelle-process: non-ML sessions are run with "nice", to reduce the
wenzelm@27067
  2535
adverse effect of Isabelle flooding interactive front-ends (notably
wenzelm@27067
  2536
ProofGeneral / XEmacs).
wenzelm@27067
  2537
wenzelm@25626
  2538
wenzelm@25464
  2539
wenzelm@25429
  2540
New in Isabelle2007 (November 2007)
wenzelm@25429
  2541
-----------------------------------
wenzelm@17754
  2542
wenzelm@17754
  2543
*** General ***
wenzelm@17754
  2544
wenzelm@22826
  2545
* More uniform information about legacy features, notably a
wenzelm@22826
  2546
warning/error of "Legacy feature: ...", depending on the state of the
wenzelm@23367
  2547
tolerate_legacy_features flag (default true). FUTURE INCOMPATIBILITY:
wenzelm@23367
  2548
legacy features will disappear eventually.
wenzelm@22826
  2549
wenzelm@17918
  2550
* Theory syntax: the header format ``theory A = B + C:'' has been
wenzelm@17918
  2551
discontinued in favour of ``theory A imports B C begin''.  Use isatool
wenzelm@17918
  2552
fixheaders to convert existing theory files.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@17918
  2553
wenzelm@17918
  2554
* Theory syntax: the old non-Isar theory file format has been
wenzelm@17918
  2555
discontinued altogether.  Note that ML proof scripts may still be used
wenzelm@17918
  2556
with Isar theories; migration is usually quite simple with the ML
wenzelm@17918
  2557
function use_legacy_bindings.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@17918
  2558
wenzelm@22871
  2559
* Theory syntax: some popular names (e.g. 'class', 'declaration',
wenzelm@22871
  2560
'fun', 'help', 'if') are now keywords.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use double
wenzelm@22871
  2561
quotes.
wenzelm@19814
  2562
wenzelm@23888
  2563
* Theory loader: be more serious about observing the static theory
wenzelm@23888
  2564
header specifications (including optional directories), but not the
wenzelm@24172
  2565
accidental file locations of previously successful loads.  The strict
wenzelm@24172
  2566
update policy of former update_thy is now already performed by
wenzelm@24172
  2567
use_thy, so the former has been removed; use_thys updates several
wenzelm@24172
  2568
theories simultaneously, just as 'imports' within a theory header
wenzelm@24172
  2569
specification, but without merging the results.  Potential
wenzelm@24172
  2570
INCOMPATIBILITY: may need to refine theory headers and commands
wenzelm@24172
  2571
ROOT.ML which depend on load order.
wenzelm@23888
  2572
wenzelm@23888
  2573
* Theory loader: optional support for content-based file
wenzelm@23888
  2574
identification, instead of the traditional scheme of full physical
wenzelm@23889
  2575
path plus date stamp; configured by the ISABELLE_FILE_IDENT setting
wenzelm@23888
  2576
(cf. the system manual).  The new scheme allows to work with
wenzelm@23888
  2577
non-finished theories in persistent session images, such that source
wenzelm@23888
  2578
files may be moved later on without requiring reloads.
wenzelm@23888
  2579
wenzelm@24187
  2580
* Theory loader: old-style ML proof scripts being *attached* to a thy
wenzelm@24187
  2581
file (with the same base name as the theory) are considered a legacy
wenzelm@24800
  2582
feature, which will disappear eventually. Even now, the theory loader
wenzelm@24800
  2583
no longer maintains dependencies on such files.
wenzelm@24800
  2584
wenzelm@24800
  2585
* Syntax: the scope for resolving ambiguities via type-inference is
wenzelm@24800
  2586
now limited to individual terms, instead of whole simultaneous
wenzelm@24234
  2587
specifications as before. This greatly reduces the complexity of the
wenzelm@24234
  2588
syntax module and improves flexibility by separating parsing and
wenzelm@24234
  2589
type-checking. INCOMPATIBILITY: additional type-constraints (explicit
wenzelm@24234
  2590
'fixes' etc.) are required in rare situations.
wenzelm@24234
  2591
wenzelm@25034
  2592
* Syntax: constants introduced by new-style packages ('definition',
wenzelm@25034
  2593
'abbreviation' etc.) are passed through the syntax module in
wenzelm@25034
  2594
``authentic mode''. This means that associated mixfix annotations
wenzelm@25034
  2595
really stick to such constants, independently of potential name space
wenzelm@25034
  2596
ambiguities introduced later on. INCOMPATIBILITY: constants in parse
wenzelm@25034
  2597
trees are represented slightly differently, may need to adapt syntax
wenzelm@25034
  2598
translations accordingly. Use CONST marker in 'translations' and
wenzelm@25034
  2599
@{const_syntax} antiquotation in 'parse_translation' etc.
wenzelm@25034
  2600
wenzelm@17981
  2601
* Legacy goal package: reduced interface to the bare minimum required
wenzelm@17981
  2602
to keep existing proof scripts running.  Most other user-level
wenzelm@17981
  2603
functions are now part of the OldGoals structure, which is *not* open
wenzelm@17981
  2604
by default (consider isatool expandshort before open OldGoals).
wenzelm@17981
  2605
Removed top_sg, prin, printyp, pprint_term/typ altogether, because
wenzelm@17981
  2606
these tend to cause confusion about the actual goal (!) context being
wenzelm@17981
  2607
used here, which is not necessarily the same as the_context().
wenzelm@17918
  2608
wenzelm@23379
  2609
* Command 'find_theorems': supports "*" wild-card in "name:"
wenzelm@23379
  2610
criterion; "with_dups" option.  Certain ProofGeneral versions might
wenzelm@23379
  2611
support a specific search form (see ProofGeneral/CHANGES).
webertj@22965
  2612
wenzelm@20370
  2613
* The ``prems limit'' option (cf. ProofContext.prems_limit) is now -1
wenzelm@20370
  2614
by default, which means that "prems" (and also "fixed variables") are
wenzelm@20370
  2615
suppressed from proof state output.  Note that the ProofGeneral
wenzelm@20370
  2616
settings mechanism allows to change and save options persistently, but
wenzelm@20370
  2617
older versions of Isabelle will fail to start up if a negative prems
wenzelm@20370
  2618
limit is imposed.
wenzelm@20370
  2619
wenzelm@21308
  2620
* Local theory targets may be specified by non-nested blocks of
wenzelm@21308
  2621
``context/locale/class ... begin'' followed by ``end''.  The body may
wenzelm@21308
  2622
contain definitions, theorems etc., including any derived mechanism
wenzelm@21308
  2623
that has been implemented on top of these primitives.  This concept
wenzelm@21308
  2624
generalizes the existing ``theorem (in ...)'' towards more versatility
wenzelm@21308
  2625
and scalability.
wenzelm@21308
  2626
wenzelm@21960
  2627
* Proof General interface: proper undo of final 'end' command;
wenzelm@21960
  2628
discontinued Isabelle/classic mode (ML proof scripts).
wenzelm@21960
  2629
wenzelm@17754
  2630
wenzelm@17865
  2631
*** Document preparation ***