src/HOL/Complex/Complex.thy
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(*  Title:       Complex.thy
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    Author:      Jacques D. Fleuriot
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    Copyright:   2001 University of Edinburgh
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    Description: Complex numbers
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*)
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theory Complex = HLog:
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typedef complex = "{p::(real*real). True}"
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  by blast
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instance complex :: zero ..
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instance complex :: one ..
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instance complex :: plus ..
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instance complex :: times ..
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instance complex :: minus ..
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instance complex :: inverse ..
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instance complex :: power ..
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consts
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  "ii"    :: complex        ("ii")
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constdefs
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  (*--- real and Imaginary parts ---*)
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  Re :: "complex => real"
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  "Re(z) == fst(Rep_complex z)"
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  Im :: "complex => real"
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  "Im(z) == snd(Rep_complex z)"
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  (*----------- modulus ------------*)
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  cmod :: "complex => real"
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  "cmod z == sqrt(Re(z) ^ 2 + Im(z) ^ 2)"
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  (*----- injection from reals -----*)
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  complex_of_real :: "real => complex"
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  "complex_of_real r == Abs_complex(r,0::real)"
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  (*------- complex conjugate ------*)
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  cnj :: "complex => complex"
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  "cnj z == Abs_complex(Re z, -Im z)"
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  (*------------ Argand -------------*)
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  sgn :: "complex => complex"
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  "sgn z == z / complex_of_real(cmod z)"
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  arg :: "complex => real"
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  "arg z == @a. Re(sgn z) = cos a & Im(sgn z) = sin a & -pi < a & a <= pi"
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defs (overloaded)
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  complex_zero_def:
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  "0 == Abs_complex(0::real,0)"
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  complex_one_def:
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  "1 == Abs_complex(1,0::real)"
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  (*------ imaginary unit ----------*)
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  i_def:
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  "ii == Abs_complex(0::real,1)"
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  (*----------- negation -----------*)
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  complex_minus_def:
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  "- (z::complex) == Abs_complex(-Re z, -Im z)"
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  (*----------- inverse -----------*)
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  complex_inverse_def:
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  "inverse (z::complex) == Abs_complex(Re(z)/(Re(z) ^ 2 + Im(z) ^ 2),
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                            -Im(z)/(Re(z) ^ 2 + Im(z) ^ 2))"
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  complex_add_def:
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  "w + (z::complex) == Abs_complex(Re(w) + Re(z),Im(w) + Im(z))"
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  complex_diff_def:
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  "w - (z::complex) == w + -(z::complex)"
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  complex_mult_def:
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  "w * (z::complex) == Abs_complex(Re(w) * Re(z) - Im(w) * Im(z),
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			Re(w) * Im(z) + Im(w) * Re(z))"
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  (*----------- division ----------*)
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  complex_divide_def:
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  "w / (z::complex) == w * inverse z"
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primrec
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     complexpow_0:   "z ^ 0       = complex_of_real 1"
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     complexpow_Suc: "z ^ (Suc n) = (z::complex) * (z ^ n)"
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constdefs
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  (* abbreviation for (cos a + i sin a) *)
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  cis :: "real => complex"
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  "cis a == complex_of_real(cos a) + ii * complex_of_real(sin a)"
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  (* abbreviation for r*(cos a + i sin a) *)
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  rcis :: "[real, real] => complex"
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  "rcis r a == complex_of_real r * cis a"
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  (* e ^ (x + iy) *)
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  expi :: "complex => complex"
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  "expi z == complex_of_real(exp (Re z)) * cis (Im z)"
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lemma inj_Rep_complex: "inj Rep_complex"
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apply (rule inj_on_inverseI)
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apply (rule Rep_complex_inverse)
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done
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lemma inj_Abs_complex: "inj Abs_complex"
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apply (rule inj_on_inverseI)
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apply (rule Abs_complex_inverse)
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apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_def)
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done
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declare inj_Abs_complex [THEN injD, simp]
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lemma Abs_complex_cancel_iff: "(Abs_complex x = Abs_complex y) = (x = y)"
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by (auto dest: inj_Abs_complex [THEN injD])
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declare Abs_complex_cancel_iff [simp]
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lemma pair_mem_complex: "(x,y) : complex"
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by (unfold complex_def, auto)
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declare pair_mem_complex [simp]
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lemma Abs_complex_inverse2: "Rep_complex (Abs_complex (x,y)) = (x,y)"
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apply (simp (no_asm) add: Abs_complex_inverse)
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done
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declare Abs_complex_inverse2 [simp]
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lemma eq_Abs_complex: "(!!x y. z = Abs_complex(x,y) ==> P) ==> P"
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apply (rule_tac p = "Rep_complex z" in PairE)
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apply (drule_tac f = Abs_complex in arg_cong)
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apply (force simp add: Rep_complex_inverse)
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done
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lemma Re: "Re(Abs_complex(x,y)) = x"
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apply (unfold Re_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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declare Re [simp]
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lemma Im: "Im(Abs_complex(x,y)) = y"
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apply (unfold Im_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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declare Im [simp]
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lemma Abs_complex_cancel: "Abs_complex(Re(z),Im(z)) = z"
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apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
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apply (simp (no_asm_simp))
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done
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declare Abs_complex_cancel [simp]
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lemma complex_Re_Im_cancel_iff: "(w=z) = (Re(w) = Re(z) & Im(w) = Im(z))"
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apply (rule_tac z = w in eq_Abs_complex)
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apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
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apply (auto dest: inj_Abs_complex [THEN injD])
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done
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lemma complex_Re_zero: "Re 0 = 0"
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apply (unfold complex_zero_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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lemma complex_Im_zero: "Im 0 = 0"
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apply (unfold complex_zero_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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declare complex_Re_zero [simp] complex_Im_zero [simp]
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lemma complex_Re_one: "Re 1 = 1"
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apply (unfold complex_one_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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declare complex_Re_one [simp]
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lemma complex_Im_one: "Im 1 = 0"
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apply (unfold complex_one_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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declare complex_Im_one [simp]
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lemma complex_Re_i: "Re(ii) = 0"
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by (unfold i_def, auto)
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declare complex_Re_i [simp]
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lemma complex_Im_i: "Im(ii) = 1"
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by (unfold i_def, auto)
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declare complex_Im_i [simp]
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lemma Re_complex_of_real_zero: "Re(complex_of_real 0) = 0"
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apply (unfold complex_of_real_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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declare Re_complex_of_real_zero [simp]
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lemma Im_complex_of_real_zero: "Im(complex_of_real 0) = 0"
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apply (unfold complex_of_real_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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declare Im_complex_of_real_zero [simp]
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lemma Re_complex_of_real_one: "Re(complex_of_real 1) = 1"
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apply (unfold complex_of_real_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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declare Re_complex_of_real_one [simp]
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lemma Im_complex_of_real_one: "Im(complex_of_real 1) = 0"
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apply (unfold complex_of_real_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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declare Im_complex_of_real_one [simp]
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lemma Re_complex_of_real: "Re(complex_of_real z) = z"
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by (unfold complex_of_real_def, auto)
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declare Re_complex_of_real [simp]
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lemma Im_complex_of_real: "Im(complex_of_real z) = 0"
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by (unfold complex_of_real_def, auto)
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declare Im_complex_of_real [simp]
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subsection{*Negation*}
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lemma complex_minus: "- Abs_complex(x,y) = Abs_complex(-x,-y)"
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apply (unfold complex_minus_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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lemma complex_Re_minus: "Re (-z) = - Re z"
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apply (unfold Re_def)
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apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
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apply (auto simp add: complex_minus)
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done
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lemma complex_Im_minus: "Im (-z) = - Im z"
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apply (unfold Im_def)
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apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
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apply (auto simp add: complex_minus)
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done
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lemma complex_minus_minus: "- (- z) = (z::complex)"
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apply (unfold complex_minus_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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declare complex_minus_minus [simp]
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lemma inj_complex_minus: "inj(%r::complex. -r)"
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apply (rule inj_onI)
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apply (drule_tac f = uminus in arg_cong, simp)
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done
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lemma complex_minus_zero: "-(0::complex) = 0"
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apply (unfold complex_zero_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_minus)
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done
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declare complex_minus_zero [simp]
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lemma complex_minus_zero_iff: "(-x = 0) = (x = (0::complex))"
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apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
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apply (auto dest: inj_Abs_complex [THEN injD]
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            simp add: complex_zero_def complex_minus)
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done
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declare complex_minus_zero_iff [simp]
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lemma complex_minus_zero_iff2: "(0 = -x) = (x = (0::real))"
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by (auto dest: sym)
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declare complex_minus_zero_iff2 [simp]
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lemma complex_minus_not_zero_iff: "(-x ~= 0) = (x ~= (0::complex))"
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by auto
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subsection{*Addition*}
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lemma complex_add:
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      "Abs_complex(x1,y1) + Abs_complex(x2,y2) = Abs_complex(x1+x2,y1+y2)"
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apply (unfold complex_add_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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lemma complex_Re_add: "Re(x + y) = Re(x) + Re(y)"
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apply (unfold Re_def)
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apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
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apply (rule_tac z = y in eq_Abs_complex)
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apply (auto simp add: complex_add)
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done
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lemma complex_Im_add: "Im(x + y) = Im(x) + Im(y)"
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apply (unfold Im_def)
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apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
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apply (rule_tac z = y in eq_Abs_complex)
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apply (auto simp add: complex_add)
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done
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lemma complex_add_commute: "(u::complex) + v = v + u"
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apply (unfold complex_add_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm) add: real_add_commute)
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done
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lemma complex_add_assoc: "((u::complex) + v) + w = u + (v + w)"
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apply (unfold complex_add_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm) add: real_add_assoc)
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done
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lemma complex_add_left_commute: "(x::complex) + (y + z) = y + (x + z)"
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apply (unfold complex_add_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm) add: add_left_commute)
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done
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lemmas complex_add_ac = complex_add_assoc complex_add_commute
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                      complex_add_left_commute
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lemma complex_add_zero_left: "(0::complex) + z = z"
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apply (unfold complex_add_def complex_zero_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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declare complex_add_zero_left [simp]
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lemma complex_add_zero_right: "z + (0::complex) = z"
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apply (unfold complex_add_def complex_zero_def)
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apply (simp (no_asm))
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done
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declare complex_add_zero_right [simp]
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   338
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
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parents: 13957
diff changeset
   339
lemma complex_add_minus_right_zero:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
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parents: 13957
diff changeset
   340
      "z + -z = (0::complex)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   341
apply (unfold complex_add_def complex_minus_def complex_zero_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   342
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   343
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
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parents: 13957
diff changeset
   344
declare complex_add_minus_right_zero [simp]
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paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   345
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   346
lemma complex_add_minus_left_zero:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
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parents: 13957
diff changeset
   347
      "-z + z = (0::complex)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   348
apply (unfold complex_add_def complex_minus_def complex_zero_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   349
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   350
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   351
declare complex_add_minus_left_zero [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   352
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   353
lemma complex_add_minus_cancel: "z + (- z + w) = (w::complex)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   354
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_add_assoc [symmetric])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   355
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   356
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   357
lemma complex_minus_add_cancel: "(-z) + (z + w) = (w::complex)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   358
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_add_assoc [symmetric])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   359
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   360
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   361
declare complex_add_minus_cancel [simp] complex_minus_add_cancel [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   362
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   363
lemma complex_add_minus_eq_minus: "x + y = (0::complex) ==> x = -y"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   364
by (auto simp add: complex_Re_Im_cancel_iff complex_Re_add complex_Im_add complex_Re_minus complex_Im_minus)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   365
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   366
lemma complex_minus_add_distrib: "-(x + y) = -x + -(y::complex)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   367
apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   368
apply (rule_tac z = y in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   369
apply (auto simp add: complex_minus complex_add)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   370
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   371
declare complex_minus_add_distrib [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   372
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   373
lemma complex_add_left_cancel: "((x::complex) + y = x + z) = (y = z)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   374
apply safe
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   375
apply (drule_tac f = "%t.-x + t" in arg_cong)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   376
apply (simp add: complex_add_assoc [symmetric])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   377
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   378
declare complex_add_left_cancel [iff]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   379
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   380
lemma complex_add_right_cancel: "(y + (x::complex)= z + x) = (y = z)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   381
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_add_commute)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   382
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   383
declare complex_add_right_cancel [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   384
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   385
lemma complex_eq_minus_iff: "((x::complex) = y) = (0 = x + - y)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   386
apply safe
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   387
apply (rule_tac [2] x1 = "-y" in complex_add_right_cancel [THEN iffD1], auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   388
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   389
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   390
lemma complex_eq_minus_iff2: "((x::complex) = y) = (x + - y = 0)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   391
apply safe
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   392
apply (rule_tac [2] x1 = "-y" in complex_add_right_cancel [THEN iffD1], auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   393
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   394
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   395
lemma complex_diff_0: "(0::complex) - x = -x"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   396
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_diff_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   397
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   398
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   399
lemma complex_diff_0_right: "x - (0::complex) = x"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   400
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_diff_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   401
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   402
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   403
lemma complex_diff_self: "x - x = (0::complex)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   404
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_diff_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   405
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   406
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   407
declare complex_diff_0 [simp] complex_diff_0_right [simp] complex_diff_self [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   408
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   409
lemma complex_diff:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   410
      "Abs_complex(x1,y1) - Abs_complex(x2,y2) = Abs_complex(x1-x2,y1-y2)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   411
apply (unfold complex_diff_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   412
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_add complex_minus)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   413
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   414
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   415
lemma complex_diff_eq_eq: "((x::complex) - y = z) = (x = z + y)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   416
by (auto simp add: complex_diff_def complex_add_assoc)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   417
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   418
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   419
subsection{*Multiplication*}
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   420
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   421
lemma complex_mult:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   422
      "Abs_complex(x1,y1) * Abs_complex(x2,y2) =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   423
       Abs_complex(x1*x2 - y1*y2,x1*y2 + y1*x2)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   424
apply (unfold complex_mult_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   425
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   426
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   427
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   428
lemma complex_mult_commute: "(w::complex) * z = z * w"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   429
apply (unfold complex_mult_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   430
apply (simp (no_asm) add: real_mult_commute real_add_commute)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   431
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   432
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   433
lemma complex_mult_assoc: "((u::complex) * v) * w = u * (v * w)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   434
apply (unfold complex_mult_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   435
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_Re_Im_cancel_iff real_mult_assoc right_diff_distrib right_distrib left_diff_distrib left_distrib mult_left_commute)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   436
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   437
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   438
lemma complex_mult_left_commute: "(x::complex) * (y * z) = y * (x * z)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   439
apply (unfold complex_mult_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   440
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_Re_Im_cancel_iff mult_left_commute right_diff_distrib right_distrib)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   441
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   442
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   443
lemmas complex_mult_ac = complex_mult_assoc complex_mult_commute
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   444
                      complex_mult_left_commute
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   445
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   446
lemma complex_mult_one_left: "(1::complex) * z = z"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   447
apply (unfold complex_one_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   448
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   449
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: complex_mult)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   450
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   451
declare complex_mult_one_left [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   452
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   453
lemma complex_mult_one_right: "z * (1::complex) = z"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   454
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_mult_commute)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   455
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   456
declare complex_mult_one_right [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   457
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   458
lemma complex_mult_zero_left: "(0::complex) * z = 0"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   459
apply (unfold complex_zero_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   460
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   461
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: complex_mult)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   462
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   463
declare complex_mult_zero_left [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   464
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   465
lemma complex_mult_zero_right: "z * 0 = (0::complex)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   466
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_mult_commute)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   467
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   468
declare complex_mult_zero_right [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   469
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   470
lemma complex_divide_zero: "0 / z = (0::complex)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   471
by (unfold complex_divide_def, auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   472
declare complex_divide_zero [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   473
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   474
lemma complex_minus_mult_eq1: "-(x * y) = -x * (y::complex)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   475
apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   476
apply (rule_tac z = y in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   477
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_minus real_diff_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   478
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   479
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   480
lemma complex_minus_mult_eq2: "-(x * y) = x * -(y::complex)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   481
apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   482
apply (rule_tac z = y in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   483
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_minus real_diff_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   484
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   485
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   486
declare complex_minus_mult_eq1 [symmetric, simp] complex_minus_mult_eq2 [symmetric, simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   487
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   488
lemma complex_mult_minus_one: "-(1::complex) * z = -z"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   489
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   490
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   491
declare complex_mult_minus_one [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   492
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   493
lemma complex_mult_minus_one_right: "z * -(1::complex) = -z"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   494
apply (subst complex_mult_commute)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   495
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   496
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   497
declare complex_mult_minus_one_right [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   498
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   499
lemma complex_minus_mult_cancel: "-x * -y = x * (y::complex)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   500
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   501
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   502
declare complex_minus_mult_cancel [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   503
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   504
lemma complex_minus_mult_commute: "-x * y = x * -(y::complex)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   505
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   506
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   507
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   508
lemma complex_add_mult_distrib: "((z1::complex) + z2) * w = (z1 * w) + (z2 * w)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   509
apply (rule_tac z = z1 in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   510
apply (rule_tac z = z2 in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   511
apply (rule_tac z = w in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   512
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_add left_distrib real_diff_def add_ac)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   513
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   514
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   515
lemma complex_add_mult_distrib2: "(w::complex) * (z1 + z2) = (w * z1) + (w * z2)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   516
apply (rule_tac z1 = "z1 + z2" in complex_mult_commute [THEN ssubst])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   517
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_add_mult_distrib)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   518
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_mult_commute)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   519
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   520
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   521
lemma complex_zero_not_eq_one: "(0::complex) ~= 1"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   522
apply (unfold complex_zero_def complex_one_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   523
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_Re_Im_cancel_iff)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   524
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   525
declare complex_zero_not_eq_one [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   526
declare complex_zero_not_eq_one [THEN not_sym, simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   527
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   528
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   529
subsection{*Inverse*}
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   530
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   531
lemma complex_inverse: "inverse (Abs_complex(x,y)) =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   532
     Abs_complex(x/(x ^ 2 + y ^ 2),-y/(x ^ 2 + y ^ 2))"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   533
apply (unfold complex_inverse_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   534
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   535
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   536
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   537
lemma COMPLEX_INVERSE_ZERO: "inverse 0 = (0::complex)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   538
by (unfold complex_inverse_def complex_zero_def, auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   539
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   540
lemma COMPLEX_DIVISION_BY_ZERO: "a / (0::complex) = 0"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   541
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_divide_def COMPLEX_INVERSE_ZERO)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   542
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   543
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   544
lemma complex_mult_inv_left: "z ~= (0::complex) ==> inverse(z) * z = 1"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   545
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   546
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_inverse complex_one_def 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   547
       complex_zero_def add_divide_distrib [symmetric] real_power_two mult_ac)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   548
apply (drule_tac y = y in real_sum_squares_not_zero)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   549
apply (drule_tac [2] x = x in real_sum_squares_not_zero2, auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   550
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   551
declare complex_mult_inv_left [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   552
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   553
lemma complex_mult_inv_right: "z ~= (0::complex) ==> z * inverse(z) = 1"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   554
by (auto intro: complex_mult_commute [THEN subst])
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   555
declare complex_mult_inv_right [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   556
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   557
lemma complex_mult_left_cancel: "(c::complex) ~= 0 ==> (c*a=c*b) = (a=b)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   558
apply auto
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   559
apply (drule_tac f = "%x. x*inverse c" in arg_cong)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   560
apply (simp add: complex_mult_ac)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   561
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   562
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   563
lemma complex_mult_right_cancel: "(c::complex) ~= 0 ==> (a*c=b*c) = (a=b)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   564
apply safe
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   565
apply (drule_tac f = "%x. x*inverse c" in arg_cong)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   566
apply (simp add: complex_mult_ac)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   567
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   568
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   569
lemma complex_inverse_not_zero: "z ~= 0 ==> inverse(z::complex) ~= 0"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   570
apply safe
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   571
apply (frule complex_mult_right_cancel [THEN iffD2])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   572
apply (erule_tac [2] V = "inverse z = 0" in thin_rl)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   573
apply (assumption, auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   574
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   575
declare complex_inverse_not_zero [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   576
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   577
lemma complex_mult_not_zero: "!!x. [| x ~= 0; y ~= (0::complex) |] ==> x * y ~= 0"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   578
apply safe
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   579
apply (drule_tac f = "%z. inverse x*z" in arg_cong)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   580
apply (simp add: complex_mult_assoc [symmetric])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   581
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   582
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   583
lemmas complex_mult_not_zeroE = complex_mult_not_zero [THEN notE, standard]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   584
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   585
lemma complex_inverse_inverse: "inverse(inverse (x::complex)) = x"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   586
apply (case_tac "x = 0", simp add: COMPLEX_INVERSE_ZERO)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   587
apply (rule_tac c1 = "inverse x" in complex_mult_right_cancel [THEN iffD1])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   588
apply (erule complex_inverse_not_zero)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   589
apply (auto dest: complex_inverse_not_zero)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   590
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   591
declare complex_inverse_inverse [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   592
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   593
lemma complex_inverse_one: "inverse(1::complex) = 1"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   594
apply (unfold complex_one_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   595
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_inverse)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   596
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   597
declare complex_inverse_one [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   598
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   599
lemma complex_minus_inverse: "inverse(-x) = -inverse(x::complex)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   600
apply (case_tac "x = 0", simp add: COMPLEX_INVERSE_ZERO)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   601
apply (rule_tac c1 = "-x" in complex_mult_right_cancel [THEN iffD1], force)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   602
apply (subst complex_mult_inv_left, auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   603
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   604
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   605
lemma complex_inverse_distrib: "inverse(x*y) = inverse x * inverse (y::complex)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   606
apply (case_tac "x = 0", simp add: COMPLEX_INVERSE_ZERO)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   607
apply (case_tac "y = 0", simp add: COMPLEX_INVERSE_ZERO)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   608
apply (rule_tac c1 = "x*y" in complex_mult_left_cancel [THEN iffD1])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   609
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult_not_zero complex_mult_ac)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   610
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult_not_zero complex_mult_assoc [symmetric])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   611
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   612
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   613
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   614
subsection{*Division*}
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   615
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   616
(*adding some of these theorems to simpset as for reals:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   617
  not 100% convinced for some*)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   618
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   619
lemma complex_times_divide1_eq: "(x::complex) * (y/z) = (x*y)/z"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   620
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_divide_def complex_mult_assoc)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   621
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   622
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   623
lemma complex_times_divide2_eq: "(y/z) * (x::complex) = (y*x)/z"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   624
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_divide_def complex_mult_ac)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   625
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   626
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   627
declare complex_times_divide1_eq [simp] complex_times_divide2_eq [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   628
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   629
lemma complex_divide_divide1_eq: "(x::complex) / (y/z) = (x*z)/y"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   630
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_divide_def complex_inverse_distrib complex_mult_ac)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   631
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   632
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   633
lemma complex_divide_divide2_eq: "((x::complex) / y) / z = x/(y*z)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   634
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_divide_def complex_inverse_distrib complex_mult_assoc)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   635
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   636
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   637
declare complex_divide_divide1_eq [simp] complex_divide_divide2_eq [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   638
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   639
(** As with multiplication, pull minus signs OUT of the / operator **)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   640
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   641
lemma complex_minus_divide_eq: "(-x) / (y::complex) = - (x/y)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   642
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_divide_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   643
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   644
declare complex_minus_divide_eq [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   645
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   646
lemma complex_divide_minus_eq: "(x / -(y::complex)) = - (x/y)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   647
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_divide_def complex_minus_inverse)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   648
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   649
declare complex_divide_minus_eq [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   650
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   651
lemma complex_add_divide_distrib: "(x+y)/(z::complex) = x/z + y/z"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   652
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_divide_def complex_add_mult_distrib)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   653
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   654
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   655
subsection{*Embedding Properties for @{term complex_of_real} Map*}
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   656
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   657
lemma inj_complex_of_real: "inj complex_of_real"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   658
apply (rule inj_onI)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   659
apply (auto dest: inj_Abs_complex [THEN injD] simp add: complex_of_real_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   660
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   661
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   662
lemma complex_of_real_one:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   663
      "complex_of_real 1 = 1"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   664
apply (unfold complex_one_def complex_of_real_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   665
apply (rule refl)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   666
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   667
declare complex_of_real_one [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   668
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   669
lemma complex_of_real_zero:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   670
      "complex_of_real 0 = 0"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   671
apply (unfold complex_zero_def complex_of_real_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   672
apply (rule refl)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   673
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   674
declare complex_of_real_zero [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   675
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   676
lemma complex_of_real_eq_iff: "(complex_of_real x = complex_of_real y) = (x = y)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   677
by (auto dest: inj_complex_of_real [THEN injD])
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   678
declare complex_of_real_eq_iff [iff]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   679
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   680
lemma complex_of_real_minus: "complex_of_real(-x) = - complex_of_real x"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   681
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_of_real_def complex_minus)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   682
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   683
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   684
lemma complex_of_real_inverse: "complex_of_real(inverse x) = inverse(complex_of_real x)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   685
apply (case_tac "x=0")
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   686
apply (simp add: DIVISION_BY_ZERO COMPLEX_INVERSE_ZERO)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   687
apply (simp add: complex_inverse complex_of_real_def real_divide_def 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   688
                 inverse_mult_distrib real_power_two)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   689
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   690
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   691
lemma complex_of_real_add: "complex_of_real x + complex_of_real y = complex_of_real (x + y)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   692
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_add complex_of_real_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   693
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   694
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   695
lemma complex_of_real_diff: "complex_of_real x - complex_of_real y = complex_of_real (x - y)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   696
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_of_real_minus [symmetric] complex_diff_def complex_of_real_add)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   697
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   698
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   699
lemma complex_of_real_mult: "complex_of_real x * complex_of_real y = complex_of_real (x * y)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   700
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_mult complex_of_real_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   701
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   702
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   703
lemma complex_of_real_divide:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   704
      "complex_of_real x / complex_of_real y = complex_of_real(x/y)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   705
apply (unfold complex_divide_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   706
apply (case_tac "y=0")
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   707
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: DIVISION_BY_ZERO COMPLEX_INVERSE_ZERO)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   708
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: complex_of_real_mult [symmetric] complex_of_real_inverse real_divide_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   709
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   710
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   711
lemma complex_of_real_pow: "complex_of_real (x ^ n) = (complex_of_real x) ^ n"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   712
apply (induct_tac "n")
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   713
apply (auto simp add: complex_of_real_mult [symmetric])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   714
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   715
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   716
lemma complex_mod: "cmod (Abs_complex(x,y)) = sqrt(x ^ 2 + y ^ 2)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   717
apply (unfold cmod_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   718
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   719
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   720
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   721
lemma complex_mod_zero: "cmod(0) = 0"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   722
apply (unfold cmod_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   723
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   724
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   725
declare complex_mod_zero [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   726
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   727
lemma complex_mod_one: "cmod(1) = 1"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   728
by (unfold cmod_def, simp)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   729
declare complex_mod_one [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   730
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   731
lemma complex_mod_complex_of_real: "cmod(complex_of_real x) = abs x"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   732
apply (unfold complex_of_real_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   733
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_mod)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   734
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   735
declare complex_mod_complex_of_real [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   736
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   737
lemma complex_of_real_abs: "complex_of_real (abs x) = complex_of_real(cmod(complex_of_real x))"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   738
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   739
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   740
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   741
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   742
subsection{*Conjugation is an Automorphism*}
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   743
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   744
lemma complex_cnj: "cnj (Abs_complex(x,y)) = Abs_complex(x,-y)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   745
apply (unfold cnj_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   746
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   747
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   748
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   749
lemma inj_cnj: "inj cnj"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   750
apply (rule inj_onI)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   751
apply (auto simp add: cnj_def Abs_complex_cancel_iff complex_Re_Im_cancel_iff)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   752
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   753
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   754
lemma complex_cnj_cancel_iff: "(cnj x = cnj y) = (x = y)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   755
by (auto dest: inj_cnj [THEN injD])
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   756
declare complex_cnj_cancel_iff [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   757
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   758
lemma complex_cnj_cnj: "cnj (cnj z) = z"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   759
apply (unfold cnj_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   760
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   761
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   762
declare complex_cnj_cnj [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   763
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   764
lemma complex_cnj_complex_of_real: "cnj (complex_of_real x) = complex_of_real x"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   765
apply (unfold complex_of_real_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   766
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_cnj)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   767
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   768
declare complex_cnj_complex_of_real [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   769
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   770
lemma complex_mod_cnj: "cmod (cnj z) = cmod z"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   771
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   772
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: complex_cnj complex_mod real_power_two)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   773
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   774
declare complex_mod_cnj [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   775
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   776
lemma complex_cnj_minus: "cnj (-z) = - cnj z"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   777
apply (unfold cnj_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   778
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_minus complex_Re_minus complex_Im_minus)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   779
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   780
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   781
lemma complex_cnj_inverse: "cnj(inverse z) = inverse(cnj z)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   782
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   783
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: complex_cnj complex_inverse real_power_two)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   784
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   785
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   786
lemma complex_cnj_add: "cnj(w + z) = cnj(w) + cnj(z)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   787
apply (rule_tac z = w in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   788
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   789
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: complex_cnj complex_add)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   790
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   791
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   792
lemma complex_cnj_diff: "cnj(w - z) = cnj(w) - cnj(z)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   793
apply (unfold complex_diff_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   794
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_cnj_add complex_cnj_minus)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   795
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   796
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   797
lemma complex_cnj_mult: "cnj(w * z) = cnj(w) * cnj(z)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   798
apply (rule_tac z = w in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   799
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   800
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: complex_cnj complex_mult)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   801
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   802
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   803
lemma complex_cnj_divide: "cnj(w / z) = (cnj w)/(cnj z)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   804
apply (unfold complex_divide_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   805
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_cnj_mult complex_cnj_inverse)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   806
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   807
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   808
lemma complex_cnj_one: "cnj 1 = 1"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   809
apply (unfold cnj_def complex_one_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   810
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   811
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   812
declare complex_cnj_one [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   813
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   814
lemma complex_cnj_pow: "cnj(z ^ n) = cnj(z) ^ n"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   815
apply (induct_tac "n")
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   816
apply (auto simp add: complex_cnj_mult)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   817
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   818
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   819
lemma complex_add_cnj: "z + cnj z = complex_of_real (2 * Re(z))"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   820
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   821
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: complex_add complex_cnj complex_of_real_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   822
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   823
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   824
lemma complex_diff_cnj: "z - cnj z = complex_of_real (2 * Im(z)) * ii"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   825
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   826
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: complex_add complex_cnj complex_of_real_def complex_diff_def complex_minus i_def complex_mult)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   827
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   828
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   829
lemma complex_cnj_zero: "cnj 0 = 0"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   830
by (simp add: cnj_def complex_zero_def)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   831
declare complex_cnj_zero [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   832
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   833
lemma complex_cnj_zero_iff: "(cnj z = 0) = (z = 0)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   834
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   835
apply (auto simp add: complex_zero_def complex_cnj)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   836
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   837
declare complex_cnj_zero_iff [iff]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   838
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   839
lemma complex_mult_cnj: "z * cnj z = complex_of_real (Re(z) ^ 2 + Im(z) ^ 2)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   840
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   841
apply (auto simp add: complex_cnj complex_mult complex_of_real_def real_power_two)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   842
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   843
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   844
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   845
subsection{*Algebra*}
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   846
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   847
lemma complex_mult_zero_iff: "(x*y = (0::complex)) = (x = 0 | y = 0)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   848
apply auto
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   849
apply (auto intro: ccontr dest: complex_mult_not_zero)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   850
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   851
declare complex_mult_zero_iff [iff]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   852
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   853
lemma complex_add_left_cancel_zero: "(x + y = x) = (y = (0::complex))"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   854
apply (unfold complex_zero_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   855
apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   856
apply (rule_tac z = y in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   857
apply (auto simp add: complex_add)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   858
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   859
declare complex_add_left_cancel_zero [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   860
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   861
lemma complex_diff_mult_distrib:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   862
      "((z1::complex) - z2) * w = (z1 * w) - (z2 * w)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   863
apply (unfold complex_diff_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   864
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_add_mult_distrib)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   865
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   866
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   867
lemma complex_diff_mult_distrib2:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   868
      "(w::complex) * (z1 - z2) = (w * z1) - (w * z2)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   869
apply (unfold complex_diff_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   870
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_add_mult_distrib2)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   871
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   872
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   873
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   874
subsection{*Modulus*}
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   875
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   876
(*
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   877
Goal "[| sqrt(x) = 0; 0 <= x |] ==> x = 0"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   878
by (auto_tac (claset() addIs [real_sqrt_eq_zero_cancel],
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   879
    simpset()));
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   880
qed "real_sqrt_eq_zero_cancel2";
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   881
*)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   882
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   883
lemma complex_mod_eq_zero_cancel: "(cmod x = 0) = (x = 0)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   884
apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   885
apply (auto intro: real_sum_squares_cancel real_sum_squares_cancel2 simp add: complex_mod complex_zero_def real_power_two)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   886
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   887
declare complex_mod_eq_zero_cancel [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   888
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   889
lemma complex_mod_complex_of_real_of_nat: "cmod (complex_of_real(real (n::nat))) = real n"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   890
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   891
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   892
declare complex_mod_complex_of_real_of_nat [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   893
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   894
lemma complex_mod_minus: "cmod (-x) = cmod(x)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   895
apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   896
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: complex_mod complex_minus real_power_two)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   897
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   898
declare complex_mod_minus [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   899
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   900
lemma complex_mod_mult_cnj: "cmod(z * cnj(z)) = cmod(z) ^ 2"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   901
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   902
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: complex_mod complex_cnj complex_mult);
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   903
apply (simp (no_asm) add: real_power_two real_abs_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   904
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   905
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   906
lemma complex_mod_squared: "cmod(Abs_complex(x,y)) ^ 2 = x ^ 2 + y ^ 2"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   907
by (unfold cmod_def, auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   908
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   909
lemma complex_mod_ge_zero: "0 <= cmod x"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   910
apply (unfold cmod_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   911
apply (auto intro: real_sqrt_ge_zero)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   912
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   913
declare complex_mod_ge_zero [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   914
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   915
lemma abs_cmod_cancel: "abs(cmod x) = cmod x"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   916
by (auto intro: abs_eqI1)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   917
declare abs_cmod_cancel [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   918
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   919
lemma complex_mod_mult: "cmod(x*y) = cmod(x) * cmod(y)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   920
apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   921
apply (rule_tac z = y in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   922
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_mod real_sqrt_mult_distrib2 [symmetric] simp del: realpow_Suc)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   923
apply (rule_tac n = 1 in realpow_Suc_cancel_eq)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   924
apply (auto simp add: real_power_two [symmetric] simp del: realpow_Suc)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   925
apply (auto simp add: real_diff_def real_power_two right_distrib left_distrib add_ac mult_ac)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   926
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   927
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   928
lemma complex_mod_add_squared_eq: "cmod(x + y) ^ 2 = cmod(x) ^ 2 + cmod(y) ^ 2 + 2 * Re(x * cnj y)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   929
apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   930
apply (rule_tac z = y in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   931
apply (auto simp add: complex_add complex_mod_squared complex_mult complex_cnj real_diff_def simp del: realpow_Suc)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   932
apply (auto simp add: right_distrib left_distrib real_power_two mult_ac add_ac)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   933
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   934
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   935
lemma complex_Re_mult_cnj_le_cmod: "Re(x * cnj y) <= cmod(x * cnj y)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   936
apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   937
apply (rule_tac z = y in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   938
apply (auto simp add: complex_mod complex_mult complex_cnj real_diff_def simp del: realpow_Suc)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   939
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   940
declare complex_Re_mult_cnj_le_cmod [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   941
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   942
lemma complex_Re_mult_cnj_le_cmod2: "Re(x * cnj y) <= cmod(x * y)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   943
apply (cut_tac x = x and y = y in complex_Re_mult_cnj_le_cmod)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   944
apply (simp add: complex_mod_mult)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   945
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   946
declare complex_Re_mult_cnj_le_cmod2 [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   947
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   948
lemma real_sum_squared_expand: "((x::real) + y) ^ 2 = x ^ 2 + y ^ 2 + 2 * x * y"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   949
apply (simp (no_asm) add: left_distrib right_distrib real_power_two)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   950
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   951
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   952
lemma complex_mod_triangle_squared: "cmod (x + y) ^ 2 <= (cmod(x) + cmod(y)) ^ 2"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   953
apply (simp (no_asm) add: real_sum_squared_expand complex_mod_add_squared_eq real_mult_assoc complex_mod_mult [symmetric])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   954
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   955
declare complex_mod_triangle_squared [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   956
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   957
lemma complex_mod_minus_le_complex_mod: "- cmod x <= cmod x"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   958
apply (rule order_trans [OF _ complex_mod_ge_zero]) 
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   959
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   960
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   961
declare complex_mod_minus_le_complex_mod [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   962
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   963
lemma complex_mod_triangle_ineq: "cmod (x + y) <= cmod(x) + cmod(y)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   964
apply (rule_tac n = 1 in realpow_increasing)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   965
apply (auto intro:  order_trans [OF _ complex_mod_ge_zero]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   966
            simp add: real_power_two [symmetric])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   967
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   968
declare complex_mod_triangle_ineq [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   969
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   970
lemma complex_mod_triangle_ineq2: "cmod(b + a) - cmod b <= cmod a"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   971
apply (cut_tac x1 = b and y1 = a and c = "-cmod b" 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   972
       in complex_mod_triangle_ineq [THEN add_right_mono])
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   973
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   974
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   975
declare complex_mod_triangle_ineq2 [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   976
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   977
lemma complex_mod_diff_commute: "cmod (x - y) = cmod (y - x)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   978
apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   979
apply (rule_tac z = y in eq_Abs_complex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   980
apply (auto simp add: complex_diff complex_mod right_diff_distrib real_power_two left_diff_distrib add_ac mult_ac)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   981
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   982
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   983
lemma complex_mod_add_less: "[| cmod x < r; cmod y < s |] ==> cmod (x + y) < r + s"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   984
by (auto intro: order_le_less_trans complex_mod_triangle_ineq)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   985
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   986
lemma complex_mod_mult_less: "[| cmod x < r; cmod y < s |] ==> cmod (x * y) < r * s"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   987
by (auto intro: real_mult_less_mono' simp add: complex_mod_mult)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   988
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   989
lemma complex_mod_diff_ineq: "cmod(a) - cmod(b) <= cmod(a + b)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   990
apply (rule linorder_cases [of "cmod(a)" "cmod (b)"])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   991
apply auto
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   992
apply (rule order_trans [of _ 0], rule order_less_imp_le)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
   993
apply (simp add: compare_rls, simp)  
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   994
apply (simp add: compare_rls)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   995
apply (rule complex_mod_minus [THEN subst])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   996
apply (rule order_trans)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   997
apply (rule_tac [2] complex_mod_triangle_ineq)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   998
apply (auto simp add: complex_add_ac)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
   999
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1000
declare complex_mod_diff_ineq [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1001
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1002
lemma complex_Re_le_cmod: "Re z <= cmod z"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1003
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1004
apply (auto simp add: complex_mod simp del: realpow_Suc)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1005
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1006
declare complex_Re_le_cmod [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1007
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1008
lemma complex_mod_gt_zero: "z ~= 0 ==> 0 < cmod z"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1009
apply (cut_tac x = z in complex_mod_ge_zero)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1010
apply (drule order_le_imp_less_or_eq, auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1011
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1012
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1013
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1014
subsection{*A Few More Theorems*}
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1015
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1016
lemma complex_mod_complexpow: "cmod(x ^ n) = cmod(x) ^ n"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1017
apply (induct_tac "n")
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1018
apply (auto simp add: complex_mod_mult)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1019
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1020
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1021
lemma complexpow_minus: "(-x::complex) ^ n = (if even n then (x ^ n) else -(x ^ n))"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1022
by (induct_tac "n", auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1023
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1024
lemma complex_inverse_minus: "inverse (-x) = - inverse (x::complex)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1025
apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1026
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: complex_inverse complex_minus real_power_two)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1027
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1028
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1029
lemma complex_divide_one: "x / (1::complex) = x"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1030
apply (unfold complex_divide_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1031
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1032
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1033
declare complex_divide_one [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1034
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1035
lemma complex_mod_inverse: "cmod(inverse x) = inverse(cmod x)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1036
apply (case_tac "x=0", simp add: COMPLEX_INVERSE_ZERO)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1037
apply (rule_tac c1 = "cmod x" in real_mult_left_cancel [THEN iffD1])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1038
apply (auto simp add: complex_mod_mult [symmetric])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1039
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1040
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1041
lemma complex_mod_divide:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1042
      "cmod(x/y) = cmod(x)/(cmod y)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1043
apply (unfold complex_divide_def real_divide_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1044
apply (auto simp add: complex_mod_mult complex_mod_inverse)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1045
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1046
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1047
lemma complex_inverse_divide:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1048
      "inverse(x/y) = y/(x::complex)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1049
apply (unfold complex_divide_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1050
apply (auto simp add: complex_inverse_distrib complex_mult_commute)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1051
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1052
declare complex_inverse_divide [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1053
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1054
lemma complexpow_mult: "((r::complex) * s) ^ n = (r ^ n) * (s ^ n)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1055
apply (induct_tac "n")
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1056
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult_ac)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1057
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1058
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1059
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1060
subsection{*More Exponentiation*}
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1061
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1062
lemma complexpow_zero: "(0::complex) ^ (Suc n) = 0"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1063
by auto
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1064
declare complexpow_zero [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1065
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1066
lemma complexpow_not_zero [rule_format (no_asm)]: "r ~= (0::complex) --> r ^ n ~= 0"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1067
apply (induct_tac "n")
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1068
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult_not_zero)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1069
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1070
declare complexpow_not_zero [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1071
declare complexpow_not_zero [intro]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1072
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1073
lemma complexpow_zero_zero: "r ^ n = (0::complex) ==> r = 0"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1074
by (blast intro: ccontr dest: complexpow_not_zero)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1075
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1076
lemma complexpow_i_squared: "ii ^ 2 = -(1::complex)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1077
apply (unfold i_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1078
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_one_def complex_minus numeral_2_eq_2)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1079
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1080
declare complexpow_i_squared [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1081
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1082
lemma complex_i_not_zero: "ii ~= 0"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1083
by (unfold i_def complex_zero_def, auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1084
declare complex_i_not_zero [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1085
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1086
lemma complex_mult_eq_zero_cancel1: "x * y ~= (0::complex) ==> x ~= 0"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1087
by auto
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1088
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1089
lemma complex_mult_eq_zero_cancel2: "x * y ~= 0 ==> y ~= (0::complex)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1090
by auto
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1091
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1092
lemma complex_mult_not_eq_zero_iff: "(x * y ~= 0) = (x ~= 0 & y ~= (0::complex))"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1093
by auto
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1094
declare complex_mult_not_eq_zero_iff [iff]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1095
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1096
lemma complexpow_inverse: "inverse ((r::complex) ^ n) = (inverse r) ^ n"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1097
apply (induct_tac "n")
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1098
apply (auto simp add: complex_inverse_distrib)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1099
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1100
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1101
(*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1102
(* sgn                                                                       *)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1103
(*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1104
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1105
lemma sgn_zero: "sgn 0 = 0"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1106
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1107
apply (unfold sgn_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1108
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1109
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1110
declare sgn_zero [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1111
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1112
lemma sgn_one: "sgn 1 = 1"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1113
apply (unfold sgn_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1114
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1115
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1116
declare sgn_one [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1117
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1118
lemma sgn_minus: "sgn (-z) = - sgn(z)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1119
by (unfold sgn_def, auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1120
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1121
lemma sgn_eq:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1122
    "sgn z = z / complex_of_real (cmod z)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1123
apply (unfold sgn_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1124
apply (simp (no_asm))
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1125
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1126
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1127
lemma complex_split: "EX x y. z = complex_of_real(x) + ii * complex_of_real(y)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1128
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1129
apply (auto simp add: complex_of_real_def i_def complex_mult complex_add)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1130
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1131
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1132
lemma Re_complex_i: "Re(complex_of_real(x) + ii * complex_of_real(y)) = x"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1133
by (auto simp add: complex_of_real_def i_def complex_mult complex_add)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1134
declare Re_complex_i [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1135
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1136
lemma Im_complex_i: "Im(complex_of_real(x) + ii * complex_of_real(y)) = y"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1137
by (auto simp add: complex_of_real_def i_def complex_mult complex_add)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1138
declare Im_complex_i [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1139
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1140
lemma i_mult_eq: "ii * ii = complex_of_real (-1)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1141
apply (unfold i_def complex_of_real_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1142
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_add)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1143
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1144
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1145
lemma i_mult_eq2: "ii * ii = -(1::complex)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1146
apply (unfold i_def complex_one_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1147
apply (simp (no_asm) add: complex_mult complex_minus)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1148
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1149
declare i_mult_eq2 [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1150
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1151
lemma cmod_i: "cmod (complex_of_real(x) + ii * complex_of_real(y)) =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1152
      sqrt (x ^ 2 + y ^ 2)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1153
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_add i_def complex_of_real_def cmod_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1154
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1155
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1156
lemma complex_eq_Re_eq:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1157
     "complex_of_real xa + ii * complex_of_real ya =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1158
      complex_of_real xb + ii * complex_of_real yb
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1159
       ==> xa = xb"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1160
apply (unfold complex_of_real_def i_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1161
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_add)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1162
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1163
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1164
lemma complex_eq_Im_eq:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1165
     "complex_of_real xa + ii * complex_of_real ya =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1166
      complex_of_real xb + ii * complex_of_real yb
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1167
       ==> ya = yb"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1168
apply (unfold complex_of_real_def i_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1169
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_add)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1170
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1171
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1172
lemma complex_eq_cancel_iff: "(complex_of_real xa + ii * complex_of_real ya =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1173
       complex_of_real xb + ii * complex_of_real yb) = ((xa = xb) & (ya = yb))"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1174
apply (auto intro: complex_eq_Im_eq complex_eq_Re_eq)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1175
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1176
declare complex_eq_cancel_iff [iff]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1177
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1178
lemma complex_eq_cancel_iffA: "(complex_of_real xa + complex_of_real ya * ii =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1179
       complex_of_real xb + complex_of_real yb * ii ) = ((xa = xb) & (ya = yb))"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1180
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult_commute)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1181
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1182
declare complex_eq_cancel_iffA [iff]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1183
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1184
lemma complex_eq_cancel_iffB: "(complex_of_real xa + complex_of_real ya * ii =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1185
       complex_of_real xb + ii * complex_of_real yb) = ((xa = xb) & (ya = yb))"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1186
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult_commute)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1187
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1188
declare complex_eq_cancel_iffB [iff]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1189
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1190
lemma complex_eq_cancel_iffC: "(complex_of_real xa + ii * complex_of_real ya  =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1191
       complex_of_real xb + complex_of_real yb * ii) = ((xa = xb) & (ya = yb))"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1192
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult_commute)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1193
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1194
declare complex_eq_cancel_iffC [iff]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1195
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1196
lemma complex_eq_cancel_iff2: "(complex_of_real x + ii * complex_of_real y =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1197
      complex_of_real xa) = (x = xa & y = 0)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1198
apply (cut_tac xa = x and ya = y and xb = xa and yb = 0 in complex_eq_cancel_iff)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1199
apply (simp del: complex_eq_cancel_iff)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1200
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1201
declare complex_eq_cancel_iff2 [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1202
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1203
lemma complex_eq_cancel_iff2a: "(complex_of_real x + complex_of_real y * ii =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1204
      complex_of_real xa) = (x = xa & y = 0)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1205
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult_commute)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1206
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1207
declare complex_eq_cancel_iff2a [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1208
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1209
lemma complex_eq_cancel_iff3: "(complex_of_real x + ii * complex_of_real y =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1210
      ii * complex_of_real ya) = (x = 0 & y = ya)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1211
apply (cut_tac xa = x and ya = y and xb = 0 and yb = ya in complex_eq_cancel_iff)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1212
apply (simp del: complex_eq_cancel_iff)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1213
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1214
declare complex_eq_cancel_iff3 [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1215
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1216
lemma complex_eq_cancel_iff3a: "(complex_of_real x + complex_of_real y * ii =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1217
      ii * complex_of_real ya) = (x = 0 & y = ya)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1218
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult_commute)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1219
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1220
declare complex_eq_cancel_iff3a [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1221
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1222
lemma complex_split_Re_zero:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1223
     "complex_of_real x + ii * complex_of_real y = 0
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1224
      ==> x = 0"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1225
apply (unfold complex_of_real_def i_def complex_zero_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1226
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_add)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1227
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1228
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1229
lemma complex_split_Im_zero:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1230
     "complex_of_real x + ii * complex_of_real y = 0
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1231
      ==> y = 0"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1232
apply (unfold complex_of_real_def i_def complex_zero_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1233
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_add)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1234
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1235
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1236
lemma Re_sgn:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1237
      "Re(sgn z) = Re(z)/cmod z"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1238
apply (unfold sgn_def complex_divide_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1239
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1240
apply (auto simp add: complex_of_real_inverse [symmetric])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1241
apply (auto simp add: complex_of_real_def complex_mult real_divide_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1242
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1243
declare Re_sgn [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1244
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1245
lemma Im_sgn:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1246
      "Im(sgn z) = Im(z)/cmod z"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1247
apply (unfold sgn_def complex_divide_def)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1248
apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_complex)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1249
apply (auto simp add: complex_of_real_inverse [symmetric])
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1250
apply (auto simp add: complex_of_real_def complex_mult real_divide_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1251
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1252
declare Im_sgn [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1253
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1254
lemma complex_inverse_complex_split:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1255
     "inverse(complex_of_real x + ii * complex_of_real y) =
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1256
      complex_of_real(x/(x ^ 2 + y ^ 2)) -
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1257
      ii * complex_of_real(y/(x ^ 2 + y ^ 2))"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1258
apply (unfold complex_of_real_def i_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1259
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_add complex_diff_def complex_minus complex_inverse real_divide_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1260
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1261
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1262
(*----------------------------------------------------------------------------*)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1263
(* Many of the theorems below need to be moved elsewhere e.g. Transc. Also *)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1264
(* many of the theorems are not used - so should they be kept?                *)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1265
(*----------------------------------------------------------------------------*)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1266
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1267
lemma Re_mult_i_eq:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1268
    "Re (ii * complex_of_real y) = 0"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1269
apply (unfold i_def complex_of_real_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1270
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1271
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1272
declare Re_mult_i_eq [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1273
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1274
lemma Im_mult_i_eq:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1275
    "Im (ii * complex_of_real y) = y"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1276
apply (unfold i_def complex_of_real_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1277
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1278
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1279
declare Im_mult_i_eq [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1280
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1281
lemma complex_mod_mult_i:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1282
    "cmod (ii * complex_of_real y) = abs y"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1283
apply (unfold i_def complex_of_real_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1284
apply (auto simp add: complex_mult complex_mod real_power_two)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1285
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1286
declare complex_mod_mult_i [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1287
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1288
lemma cos_arg_i_mult_zero:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1289
   "0 < y ==> cos (arg(ii * complex_of_real y)) = 0"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1290
apply (unfold arg_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1291
apply (auto simp add: abs_eqI2)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1292
apply (rule_tac a = "pi/2" in someI2, auto)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1293
apply (rule order_less_trans [of _ 0], auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1294
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1295
declare cos_arg_i_mult_zero [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1296
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1297
lemma cos_arg_i_mult_zero2:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1298
   "y < 0 ==> cos (arg(ii * complex_of_real y)) = 0"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1299
apply (unfold arg_def)
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1300
apply (auto simp add: abs_minus_eqI2)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1301
apply (rule_tac a = "- pi/2" in someI2, auto)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1302
apply (rule order_trans [of _ 0], auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1303
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1304
declare cos_arg_i_mult_zero2 [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1305
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1306
lemma complex_of_real_not_zero_iff:
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1307
      "(complex_of_real y ~= 0) = (y ~= 0)"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1308
apply (unfold complex_zero_def complex_of_real_def, auto)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1309
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1310
declare complex_of_real_not_zero_iff [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1311
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1312
lemma complex_of_real_zero_iff: "(complex_of_real y = 0) = (y = 0)"
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1313
apply auto
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14323
diff changeset
  1314
apply (rule ccontr, drule complex_of_real_not_zero_iff [THEN iffD2], simp)
14323
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1315
done
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1316
declare complex_of_real_zero_iff [simp]
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1317
27724f528f82 converting Complex/Complex.ML to Isar
paulson
parents: 13957
diff changeset
  1318
lemma cos_arg_i_mult_zero3: "y ~= 0 ==> cos (arg(ii * complex_of_real y)) = 0"
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: