src/Pure/axclass.ML
author wenzelm
Tue, 26 Apr 2005 19:55:25 +0200
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child 15876 a67343c6ab2a
permissions -rw-r--r--
export intro_classes_tac;
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(*  Title:      Pure/axclass.ML
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Author:     Markus Wenzel, TU Muenchen
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Axiomatic type class package.
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*)
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signature AX_CLASS =
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sig
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  val quiet_mode: bool ref
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  val print_axclasses: theory -> unit
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  val add_classrel_thms: thm list -> theory -> theory
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  val add_arity_thms: thm list -> theory -> theory
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  val add_axclass: bclass * xclass list -> ((bstring * string) * Attrib.src list) list
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    -> theory -> theory * {intro: thm, axioms: thm list}
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  val add_axclass_i: bclass * class list -> ((bstring * term) * theory attribute list) list
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    -> theory -> theory * {intro: thm, axioms: thm list}
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  val add_inst_subclass_x: xclass * xclass -> string list -> thm list
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    -> tactic option -> theory -> theory
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  val add_inst_subclass: xclass * xclass -> tactic -> theory -> theory
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  val add_inst_subclass_i: class * class -> tactic -> theory -> theory
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  val add_inst_arity_x: xstring * string list * string -> string list
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    -> thm list -> tactic option -> theory -> theory
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  val add_inst_arity: xstring * string list * string -> tactic -> theory -> theory
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  val add_inst_arity_i: string * sort list * sort -> tactic -> theory -> theory
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  val intro_classes_tac: thm list -> tactic
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  val default_intro_classes_tac: thm list -> tactic
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  val axclass_tac: thm list -> tactic
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  val instance_subclass_proof: xclass * xclass -> bool -> theory -> ProofHistory.T
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  val instance_subclass_proof_i: class * class -> bool -> theory -> ProofHistory.T
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  val instance_arity_proof: xstring * string list * string -> bool -> theory -> ProofHistory.T
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  val instance_arity_proof_i: string * sort list * sort -> bool -> theory -> ProofHistory.T
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end;
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structure AxClass: AX_CLASS =
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struct
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(** utilities **)
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(* messages *)
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val quiet_mode = ref false;
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fun message s = if ! quiet_mode then () else writeln s;
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(* type vars *)
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fun map_typ_frees f (Type (t, tys)) = Type (t, map (map_typ_frees f) tys)
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  | map_typ_frees f (TFree a) = f a
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  | map_typ_frees _ a = a;
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val map_term_tfrees = map_term_types o map_typ_frees;
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fun aT S = TFree ("'a", S);
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fun dest_varT (TFree (x, S)) = ((x, ~1), S)
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  | dest_varT (TVar xi_S) = xi_S
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  | dest_varT T = raise TYPE ("dest_varT", [T], []);
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(* get axioms and theorems *)
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val is_def = Logic.is_equals o #prop o rep_thm;
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fun witnesses thy names thms =
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  PureThy.get_thmss thy (map (rpair NONE) names) @ thms @ List.filter is_def (map snd (axioms_of thy));
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(** abstract syntax operations **)
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(* names *)
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fun intro_name c = c ^ "I";
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val introN = "intro";
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val axiomsN = "axioms";
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(* subclass relations as terms *)
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fun mk_classrel (c1, c2) = Logic.mk_inclass (aT [c1], c2);
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fun dest_classrel tm =
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  let
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    fun err () = raise TERM ("dest_classrel", [tm]);
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    val (ty, c2) = Logic.dest_inclass tm handle TERM _ => err ();
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    val c1 = (case dest_varT ty of (_, [c]) => c | _ => err ())
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      handle TYPE _ => err ();
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  in (c1, c2) end;
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(* arities as terms *)
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fun mk_arity (t, Ss, c) =
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  let
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    val tfrees = ListPair.map TFree (Term.invent_names [] "'a" (length Ss), Ss);
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  in Logic.mk_inclass (Type (t, tfrees), c) end;
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fun mk_arities (t, Ss, S) = map (fn c => mk_arity (t, Ss, c)) S;
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fun dest_arity tm =
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  let
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    fun err () = raise TERM ("dest_arity", [tm]);
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    val (ty, c) = Logic.dest_inclass tm handle TERM _ => err ();
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    val (t, tvars) =
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      (case ty of
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        Type (t, tys) => (t, map dest_varT tys handle TYPE _ => err ())
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      | _ => err ());
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    val ss =
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      if null (gen_duplicates eq_fst tvars)
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      then map snd tvars else err ();
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  in (t, ss, c) end;
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(** add theorems as axioms **)
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fun prep_thm_axm thy thm =
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  let
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    fun err msg = raise THM ("prep_thm_axm: " ^ msg, 0, [thm]);
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    val {sign, hyps, prop, ...} = rep_thm thm;
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  in
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    if not (Sign.subsig (sign, Theory.sign_of thy)) then
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      err "theorem not of same theory"
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    else if not (null (extra_shyps thm)) orelse not (null hyps) then
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      err "theorem may not contain hypotheses"
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    else prop
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  end;
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(*theorems expressing class relations*)
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fun add_classrel_thms thms thy =
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  let
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    fun prep_thm thm =
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      let
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        val prop = prep_thm_axm thy thm;
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        val (c1, c2) = dest_classrel prop handle TERM _ =>
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          raise THM ("add_classrel_thms: theorem is not a class relation", 0, [thm]);
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      in (c1, c2) end;
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  in Theory.add_classrel_i (map prep_thm thms) thy end;
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(*theorems expressing arities*)
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fun add_arity_thms thms thy =
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  let
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    fun prep_thm thm =
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      let
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        val prop = prep_thm_axm thy thm;
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        val (t, ss, c) = dest_arity prop handle TERM _ =>
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          raise THM ("add_arity_thms: theorem is not an arity", 0, [thm]);
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      in (t, ss, [c]) end;
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  in Theory.add_arities_i (map prep_thm thms) thy end;
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(** axclass info **)
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(* data kind 'Pure/axclasses' *)
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type axclass_info =
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  {super_classes: class list,
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    intro: thm,
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    axioms: thm list};
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structure AxclassesArgs =
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struct
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  val name = "Pure/axclasses";
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  type T = axclass_info Symtab.table;
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  val empty = Symtab.empty;
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  val copy = I;
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  val prep_ext = I;
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  fun merge (tab1, tab2) = Symtab.merge (K true) (tab1, tab2);
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  fun print sg tab =
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    let
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      val ext_class = Sign.cond_extern sg Sign.classK;
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      val ext_thm = PureThy.cond_extern_thm_sg sg;
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      fun pretty_class c cs = Pretty.block
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        (Pretty.str (ext_class c) :: Pretty.str " <" :: Pretty.brk 1 ::
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          Pretty.breaks (map (Pretty.str o ext_class) cs));
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      fun pretty_thms name thms = Pretty.big_list (name ^ ":")
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        (map (Display.pretty_thm_sg sg) thms);
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      fun pretty_axclass (name, {super_classes, intro, axioms}) = Pretty.block (Pretty.fbreaks
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        [pretty_class name super_classes, pretty_thms introN [intro], pretty_thms axiomsN axioms]);
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    in Pretty.writeln (Pretty.chunks (map pretty_axclass (Symtab.dest tab))) end;
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end;
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structure AxclassesData = TheoryDataFun(AxclassesArgs);
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val _ = Context.add_setup [AxclassesData.init];
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val print_axclasses = AxclassesData.print;
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(* get and put data *)
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fun lookup_axclass_info_sg sg c = Symtab.lookup (AxclassesData.get_sg sg, c);
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fun get_axclass_info thy c =
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  (case lookup_axclass_info_sg (Theory.sign_of thy) c of
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    NONE => error ("Unknown axclass " ^ quote c)
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  | SOME info => info);
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fun put_axclass_info c info thy =
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  thy |> AxclassesData.put (Symtab.update ((c, info), AxclassesData.get thy));
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(** add axiomatic type classes **)
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(* errors *)
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fun err_bad_axsort ax c =
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  error ("Sort constraint in axiom " ^ quote ax ^ " not supersort of " ^ quote c);
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fun err_bad_tfrees ax =
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  error ("More than one type variable in axiom " ^ quote ax);
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(* ext_axclass *)
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fun ext_axclass prep_class prep_axm prep_att (bclass, raw_super_classes) raw_axioms_atts thy =
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  let
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    val sign = Theory.sign_of thy;
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    val class = Sign.full_name sign bclass;
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    val super_classes = map (prep_class sign) raw_super_classes;
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    val axms = map (prep_axm sign o fst) raw_axioms_atts;
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    val atts = map (map (prep_att thy) o snd) raw_axioms_atts;
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    (*declare class*)
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    val class_thy =
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      thy |> Theory.add_classes_i [(bclass, super_classes)];
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    val class_sign = Theory.sign_of class_thy;
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    (*prepare abstract axioms*)
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    fun abs_axm ax =
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      if null (term_tfrees ax) then
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        Logic.mk_implies (Logic.mk_inclass (aT [], class), ax)
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      else map_term_tfrees (K (aT [class])) ax;
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    val abs_axms = map (abs_axm o #2) axms;
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    fun axm_sort (name, ax) =
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      (case term_tfrees ax of
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        [] => []
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      | [(_, S)] => if Sign.subsort class_sign ([class], S) then S else err_bad_axsort name class
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      | _ => err_bad_tfrees name);
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    val axS = Sign.certify_sort class_sign (List.concat (map axm_sort axms));
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    val int_axm = Logic.close_form o map_term_tfrees (K (aT axS));
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    fun inclass c = Logic.mk_inclass (aT axS, c);
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    val intro_axm = Logic.list_implies
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      (map inclass super_classes @ map (int_axm o #2) axms, inclass class);
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    (*declare axioms and rule*)
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    val (axms_thy, ([intro], [axioms])) =
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      class_thy
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      |> Theory.add_path bclass
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      |> PureThy.add_axioms_i [Thm.no_attributes (introN, intro_axm)]
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      |>>> PureThy.add_axiomss_i [Thm.no_attributes (axiomsN, abs_axms)];
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    val info = {super_classes = super_classes, intro = intro, axioms = axioms};
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    (*store info*)
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    val final_thy =
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      axms_thy
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      |> (#1 o PureThy.add_thms ((map #1 axms ~~ axioms) ~~ atts))
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      |> Theory.parent_path
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      |> (#1 o PureThy.add_thms [Thm.no_attributes (intro_name bclass, intro)])
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      |> put_axclass_info class info;
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  in (final_thy, {intro = intro, axioms = axioms}) end;
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(* external interfaces *)
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val add_axclass = ext_axclass Sign.intern_class Theory.read_axm Attrib.global_attribute;
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val add_axclass_i = ext_axclass (K I) Theory.cert_axm (K I);
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(** prove class relations and type arities **)
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(* class_axms *)
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fun class_axms sign =
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  let val classes = Sign.classes sign in
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    map (Thm.class_triv sign) classes @
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    List.mapPartial (Option.map #intro o lookup_axclass_info_sg sign) classes
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  end;
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(* proof methods *)
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fun intro_classes_tac facts st =
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  (ALLGOALS (Method.insert_tac facts THEN'
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      REPEAT_ALL_NEW (resolve_tac (class_axms (Thm.sign_of_thm st))))
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    THEN Tactic.distinct_subgoals_tac) st;
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fun default_intro_classes_tac [] = intro_classes_tac []
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  | default_intro_classes_tac _ = Tactical.no_tac;    (*no error message!*)
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fun default_tac rules ctxt facts =
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  HEADGOAL (Method.some_rule_tac rules ctxt facts) ORELSE
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    default_intro_classes_tac facts;
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val _ = Context.add_setup [Method.add_methods
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 [("intro_classes", Method.no_args (Method.METHOD intro_classes_tac),
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   "back-chain introduction rules of axiomatic type classes"),
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  ("default", Method.thms_ctxt_args (Method.METHOD oo default_tac), "apply some intro/elim rule")]];
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(* old-style axclass_tac *)
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(*(1) repeatedly resolve goals of form "OFCLASS(ty, c_class)",
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      try class_trivs first, then "cI" axioms
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  (2) rewrite goals using user supplied definitions
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  (3) repeatedly resolve goals with user supplied non-definitions*)
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fun axclass_tac thms =
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  let
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    val defs = List.filter is_def thms;
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    val non_defs = filter_out is_def thms;
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  in
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    intro_classes_tac [] THEN
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    TRY (rewrite_goals_tac defs) THEN
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    TRY (REPEAT_FIRST (fn i => assume_tac i ORELSE resolve_tac non_defs i))
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  end;
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(* old-style provers *)
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fun prove mk_prop str_of sign prop thms usr_tac =
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  (Tactic.prove sign [] [] (mk_prop prop) (K (axclass_tac thms THEN (getOpt (usr_tac,all_tac))))
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    handle ERROR => error ("The error(s) above occurred while trying to prove " ^
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     quote (str_of sign prop))) |> Drule.standard;
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val prove_subclass = prove mk_classrel (fn sg => fn (c1, c2) =>
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  Pretty.string_of_classrel (Sign.pp sg) [c1, c2]);
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val prove_arity = prove mk_arity (fn sg => fn (t, Ss, c) =>
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  Pretty.string_of_arity (Sign.pp sg) (t, Ss, [c]));
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dd3d3d6467db axiomatic type class 'package' for Pure (alpha version);
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(** add proved subclass relations and arities **)
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(* prepare classes and arities *)
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fun read_class sg c = Sign.certify_class sg (Sign.intern_class sg c);
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fun test_classrel sg cc = (Type.add_classrel (Sign.pp sg) [cc] (Sign.tsig_of sg); cc);
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fun cert_classrel sg = test_classrel sg o Library.pairself (Sign.certify_class sg);
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fun read_classrel sg = test_classrel sg o Library.pairself (read_class sg);
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fun test_arity sg ar = (Type.add_arities (Sign.pp sg) [ar] (Sign.tsig_of sg); ar);
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fun prep_arity prep_tycon prep_sort prep_x sg (t, Ss, x) =
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  test_arity sg (prep_tycon sg t, map (prep_sort sg) Ss, prep_x sg x);
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val read_arity = prep_arity Sign.intern_tycon Sign.read_sort Sign.read_sort;
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val cert_arity = prep_arity (K I) Sign.certify_sort Sign.certify_sort;
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(* old-style instance declarations *)
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fun ext_inst_subclass prep_classrel raw_c1_c2 names thms usr_tac thy =
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  let
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    val sign = Theory.sign_of thy;
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    val (c1, c2) = prep_classrel sign raw_c1_c2;
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  in
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    message ("Proving class inclusion " ^ quote (Sign.string_of_classrel sign [c1, c2]) ^ " ...");
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    thy |> add_classrel_thms [prove_subclass sign (c1, c2) (witnesses thy names thms) usr_tac]
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  end;
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fun ext_inst_arity prep_arity (raw_t, raw_Ss, raw_cs) names thms usr_tac thy =
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  let
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    val sign = Theory.sign_of thy;
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    val (t, Ss, cs) = prep_arity sign (raw_t, raw_Ss, raw_cs);
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    val wthms = witnesses thy names thms;
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    fun prove c =
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     (message ("Proving type arity " ^
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        quote (Sign.string_of_arity sign (t, Ss, [c])) ^ " ...");
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        prove_arity sign (t, Ss, c) wthms usr_tac);
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  in add_arity_thms (map prove cs) thy end;
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fun sane_inst_subclass prep sub tac = ext_inst_subclass prep sub [] [] (SOME tac);
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fun sane_inst_arity prep arity tac = ext_inst_arity prep arity [] [] (SOME tac);
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val add_inst_subclass_x = ext_inst_subclass read_classrel;
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val add_inst_subclass = sane_inst_subclass read_classrel;
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val add_inst_subclass_i = sane_inst_subclass cert_classrel;
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val add_inst_arity_x = ext_inst_arity read_arity;
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val add_inst_arity = sane_inst_arity read_arity;
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val add_inst_arity_i = sane_inst_arity cert_arity;
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(** instance proof interfaces **)
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   403
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fun inst_proof mk_prop add_thms inst int theory =
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   405
  theory
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1da4ce092c0b First release of interpretation commands.
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diff changeset
   406
  |> IsarThy.multi_theorem_i Drule.internalK I ProofContext.export_standard
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   407
    ("", [fn (thy, th) => (add_thms [th] thy, th)]) []
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   408
    (map (fn t => (("", []), [(t, ([], []))])) (mk_prop (Theory.sign_of theory) inst)) int;
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   410
val instance_subclass_proof =
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   411
  inst_proof (single oo (mk_classrel oo read_classrel)) add_classrel_thms;
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   412
val instance_subclass_proof_i =
9de4d64eee3b 'instance' and intro_classes now handle general sorts;
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diff changeset
   413
  inst_proof (single oo (mk_classrel oo cert_classrel)) add_classrel_thms;
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   414
val instance_arity_proof = inst_proof (mk_arities oo read_arity) add_arity_thms;
9de4d64eee3b 'instance' and intro_classes now handle general sorts;
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diff changeset
   415
val instance_arity_proof_i = inst_proof (mk_arities oo cert_arity) add_arity_thms;
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2b17ff28a6cc theory data;
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   417
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   418
(* outer syntax *)
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   419
6719
7c2dafc8e801 outer syntax keyword classification;
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   420
local structure P = OuterParse and K = OuterSyntax.Keyword in
3949
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val axclassP =
6719
7c2dafc8e801 outer syntax keyword classification;
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diff changeset
   423
  OuterSyntax.command "axclass" "define axiomatic type class" K.thy_decl
12876
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   424
    ((P.name -- Scan.optional ((P.$$$ "\\<subseteq>" || P.$$$ "<") |--
a70df1e5bf10 got rid of explicit marginal comments (now stripped earlier from input);
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diff changeset
   425
        P.!!! (P.list1 P.xname)) []) -- Scan.repeat P.spec_name
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   426
      >> (fn (cls, axs) => Toplevel.theory (#1 o add_axclass cls axs)));
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diff changeset
   427
2b17ff28a6cc theory data;
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   428
val instanceP =
6719
7c2dafc8e801 outer syntax keyword classification;
wenzelm
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diff changeset
   429
  OuterSyntax.command "instance" "prove type arity or subclass relation" K.thy_goal
12876
a70df1e5bf10 got rid of explicit marginal comments (now stripped earlier from input);
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diff changeset
   430
    ((P.xname -- ((P.$$$ "\\<subseteq>" || P.$$$ "<") |-- P.xname) >> instance_subclass_proof ||
14605
9de4d64eee3b 'instance' and intro_classes now handle general sorts;
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diff changeset
   431
      (P.xname -- (P.$$$ "::" |-- P.arity) >> P.triple2) >> instance_arity_proof)
6379
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   432
      >> (Toplevel.print oo Toplevel.theory_to_proof));
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diff changeset
   433
2b17ff28a6cc theory data;
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diff changeset
   434
val _ = OuterSyntax.add_parsers [axclassP, instanceP];
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diff changeset
   435
2b17ff28a6cc theory data;
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diff changeset
   436
end;
3949
c60ff6d0a6b8 fixed goal_XXX;
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   437
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dd3d3d6467db axiomatic type class 'package' for Pure (alpha version);
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   438
end;