src/Pure/type_infer_context.ML
author wenzelm
Mon Mar 12 13:53:26 2012 +0100 (2012-03-12)
changeset 46873 7a73f181cbcf
parent 45445 41e641a870de
child 47291 6a641856a0e9
permissions -rw-r--r--
clarified prepare_positions: always retain source positions to allow using it as formal information, not just markup reports;
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(*  Title:      Pure/type_infer_context.ML
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    Author:     Stefan Berghofer and Markus Wenzel, TU Muenchen
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Type-inference preparation and standard type inference.
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*)
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signature TYPE_INFER_CONTEXT =
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sig
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  val const_sorts: bool Config.T
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  val prepare_positions: Proof.context -> term list -> term list * (Position.T * typ) list
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  val prepare: Proof.context -> term list -> int * term list
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  val infer_types: Proof.context -> term list -> term list
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end;
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structure Type_Infer_Context: TYPE_INFER_CONTEXT =
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struct
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(** prepare types/terms: create inference parameters **)
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(* constraints *)
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val const_sorts = Config.bool (Config.declare "const_sorts" (K (Config.Bool true)));
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fun const_type ctxt =
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  try ((not (Config.get ctxt const_sorts) ? Type.strip_sorts) o
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    Consts.the_constraint (Proof_Context.consts_of ctxt));
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fun var_type ctxt = the_default dummyT o Proof_Context.def_type ctxt;
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(* prepare_typ *)
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fun prepare_typ typ params_idx =
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  let
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    val (params', idx) = fold_atyps
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      (fn TVar (xi, S) =>
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          (fn ps_idx as (ps, idx) =>
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            if Type_Infer.is_param xi andalso not (Vartab.defined ps xi)
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            then (Vartab.update (xi, Type_Infer.mk_param idx S) ps, idx + 1) else ps_idx)
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        | _ => I) typ params_idx;
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    fun prepare (T as Type (a, Ts)) idx =
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          if T = dummyT then (Type_Infer.mk_param idx [], idx + 1)
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          else
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            let val (Ts', idx') = fold_map prepare Ts idx
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            in (Type (a, Ts'), idx') end
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      | prepare (T as TVar (xi, _)) idx =
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          (case Vartab.lookup params' xi of
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            NONE => T
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          | SOME p => p, idx)
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      | prepare (TFree ("'_dummy_", S)) idx = (Type_Infer.mk_param idx S, idx + 1)
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      | prepare (T as TFree _) idx = (T, idx);
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    val (typ', idx') = prepare typ idx;
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  in (typ', (params', idx')) end;
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(* prepare_term *)
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fun prepare_term ctxt tm (vparams, params, idx) =
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  let
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    fun add_vparm xi (ps_idx as (ps, idx)) =
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      if not (Vartab.defined ps xi) then
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        (Vartab.update (xi, Type_Infer.mk_param idx []) ps, idx + 1)
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      else ps_idx;
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    val (vparams', idx') = fold_aterms
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      (fn Var (_, Type ("_polymorphic_", _)) => I
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        | Var (xi, _) => add_vparm xi
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        | Free (x, _) => add_vparm (x, ~1)
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        | _ => I)
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      tm (vparams, idx);
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    fun var_param xi = the (Vartab.lookup vparams' xi);
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    fun polyT_of T idx =
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      apsnd snd (prepare_typ (Type_Infer.paramify_vars T) (Vartab.empty, idx));
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    fun constraint T t ps =
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      if T = dummyT then (t, ps)
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      else
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        let val (T', ps') = prepare_typ T ps
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        in (Type.constraint T' t, ps') end;
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    fun prepare (Const ("_type_constraint_", T) $ t) ps_idx =
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          let
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            val A = Type.constraint_type ctxt T;
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            val (A', ps_idx') = prepare_typ A ps_idx;
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            val (t', ps_idx'') = prepare t ps_idx';
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          in (Const ("_type_constraint_", A' --> A') $ t', ps_idx'') end
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      | prepare (Const (c, T)) (ps, idx) =
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          (case const_type ctxt c of
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            SOME U =>
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              let val (U', idx') = polyT_of U idx
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              in constraint T (Const (c, U')) (ps, idx') end
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          | NONE => error ("Undeclared constant: " ^ quote c))
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      | prepare (Var (xi, Type ("_polymorphic_", [T]))) (ps, idx) =
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          let val (T', idx') = polyT_of T idx
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          in (Var (xi, T'), (ps, idx')) end
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      | prepare (Var (xi, T)) ps_idx = constraint T (Var (xi, var_param xi)) ps_idx
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      | prepare (Free (x, T)) ps_idx = constraint T (Free (x, var_param (x, ~1))) ps_idx
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      | prepare (Bound i) ps_idx = (Bound i, ps_idx)
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      | prepare (Abs (x, T, t)) ps_idx =
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          let
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            val (T', ps_idx') = prepare_typ T ps_idx;
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            val (t', ps_idx'') = prepare t ps_idx';
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          in (Abs (x, T', t'), ps_idx'') end
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      | prepare (t $ u) ps_idx =
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          let
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            val (t', ps_idx') = prepare t ps_idx;
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            val (u', ps_idx'') = prepare u ps_idx';
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          in (t' $ u', ps_idx'') end;
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    val (tm', (params', idx'')) = prepare tm (params, idx');
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  in (tm', (vparams', params', idx'')) end;
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(* prepare_positions *)
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fun prepare_positions ctxt tms =
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  let
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    fun prepareT (Type (a, Ts)) ps_idx =
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          let val (Ts', ps_idx') = fold_map prepareT Ts ps_idx
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          in (Type (a, Ts'), ps_idx') end
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      | prepareT T (ps, idx) =
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          (case Term_Position.decode_positionT T of
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            SOME pos =>
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              let val U = Type_Infer.mk_param idx []
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              in (U, ((pos, U) :: ps, idx + 1)) end
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          | NONE => (T, (ps, idx)));
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    fun prepare (Const ("_type_constraint_", T)) ps_idx =
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          let
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            val A = Type.constraint_type ctxt T;
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            val (A', ps_idx') = prepareT A ps_idx;
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          in (Const ("_type_constraint_", A' --> A'), ps_idx') end
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      | prepare (Const (c, T)) ps_idx =
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          let val (T', ps_idx') = prepareT T ps_idx
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          in (Const (c, T'), ps_idx') end
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      | prepare (Free (x, T)) ps_idx =
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          let val (T', ps_idx') = prepareT T ps_idx
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          in (Free (x, T'), ps_idx') end
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      | prepare (Var (xi, T)) ps_idx =
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          let val (T', ps_idx') = prepareT T ps_idx
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          in (Var (xi, T'), ps_idx') end
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      | prepare (t as Bound _) ps_idx = (t, ps_idx)
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      | prepare (Abs (x, T, t)) ps_idx =
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          let
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            val (T', ps_idx') = prepareT T ps_idx;
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            val (t', ps_idx'') = prepare t ps_idx';
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          in (Abs (x, T', t'), ps_idx'') end
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      | prepare (t $ u) ps_idx =
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          let
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            val (t', ps_idx') = prepare t ps_idx;
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            val (u', ps_idx'') = prepare u ps_idx';
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          in (t' $ u', ps_idx'') end;
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    val idx = Type_Infer.param_maxidx_of tms + 1;
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    val (tms', (ps, _)) = fold_map prepare tms ([], idx);
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  in (tms', ps) end;
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(** order-sorted unification of types **)
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exception NO_UNIFIER of string * typ Vartab.table;
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fun unify ctxt =
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  let
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    val thy = Proof_Context.theory_of ctxt;
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    val arity_sorts = Type.arity_sorts (Context.pretty ctxt) (Sign.tsig_of thy);
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    (* adjust sorts of parameters *)
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    fun not_of_sort x S' S =
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      "Variable " ^ x ^ "::" ^ Syntax.string_of_sort ctxt S' ^ " not of sort " ^
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        Syntax.string_of_sort ctxt S;
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    fun meet (_, []) tye_idx = tye_idx
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      | meet (Type (a, Ts), S) (tye_idx as (tye, _)) =
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          meets (Ts, arity_sorts a S handle ERROR msg => raise NO_UNIFIER (msg, tye)) tye_idx
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      | meet (TFree (x, S'), S) (tye_idx as (tye, _)) =
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          if Sign.subsort thy (S', S) then tye_idx
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          else raise NO_UNIFIER (not_of_sort x S' S, tye)
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      | meet (TVar (xi, S'), S) (tye_idx as (tye, idx)) =
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          if Sign.subsort thy (S', S) then tye_idx
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          else if Type_Infer.is_param xi then
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            (Vartab.update_new
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              (xi, Type_Infer.mk_param idx (Sign.inter_sort thy (S', S))) tye, idx + 1)
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          else raise NO_UNIFIER (not_of_sort (Term.string_of_vname xi) S' S, tye)
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    and meets (T :: Ts, S :: Ss) (tye_idx as (tye, _)) =
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          meets (Ts, Ss) (meet (Type_Infer.deref tye T, S) tye_idx)
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      | meets _ tye_idx = tye_idx;
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    (* occurs check and assignment *)
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    fun occurs_check tye xi (TVar (xi', _)) =
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          if xi = xi' then raise NO_UNIFIER ("Occurs check!", tye)
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          else
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            (case Vartab.lookup tye xi' of
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              NONE => ()
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            | SOME T => occurs_check tye xi T)
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      | occurs_check tye xi (Type (_, Ts)) = List.app (occurs_check tye xi) Ts
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      | occurs_check _ _ _ = ();
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    fun assign xi (T as TVar (xi', _)) S env =
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          if xi = xi' then env
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          else env |> meet (T, S) |>> Vartab.update_new (xi, T)
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      | assign xi T S (env as (tye, _)) =
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          (occurs_check tye xi T; env |> meet (T, S) |>> Vartab.update_new (xi, T));
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    (* unification *)
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    fun show_tycon (a, Ts) =
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      quote (Syntax.string_of_typ ctxt (Type (a, replicate (length Ts) dummyT)));
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    fun unif (T1, T2) (env as (tye, _)) =
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      (case pairself (`Type_Infer.is_paramT o Type_Infer.deref tye) (T1, T2) of
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        ((true, TVar (xi, S)), (_, T)) => assign xi T S env
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      | ((_, T), (true, TVar (xi, S))) => assign xi T S env
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      | ((_, Type (a, Ts)), (_, Type (b, Us))) =>
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          if a <> b then
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            raise NO_UNIFIER
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              ("Clash of types " ^ show_tycon (a, Ts) ^ " and " ^ show_tycon (b, Us), tye)
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          else fold unif (Ts ~~ Us) env
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      | ((_, T), (_, U)) => if T = U then env else raise NO_UNIFIER ("", tye));
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  in unif end;
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(** simple type inference **)
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(* infer *)
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fun infer ctxt =
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  let
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    (* errors *)
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    fun prep_output tye bs ts Ts =
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      let
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        val (Ts_bTs', ts') = Type_Infer.finish ctxt tye (Ts @ map snd bs, ts);
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        val (Ts', Ts'') = chop (length Ts) Ts_bTs';
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        fun prep t =
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          let val xs = rev (Term.variant_frees t (rev (map fst bs ~~ Ts'')))
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          in Term.subst_bounds (map Syntax_Trans.mark_boundT xs, t) end;
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      in (map prep ts', Ts') end;
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    fun err_loose i = error ("Loose bound variable: B." ^ string_of_int i);
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    fun unif_failed msg =
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      "Type unification failed" ^ (if msg = "" then "" else ": " ^ msg) ^ "\n\n";
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    fun err_appl msg tye bs t T u U =
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      let val ([t', u'], [T', U']) = prep_output tye bs [t, u] [T, U]
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      in error (unif_failed msg ^ Type.appl_error ctxt t' T' u' U' ^ "\n") end;
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    (* main *)
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    fun inf _ (Const (_, T)) tye_idx = (T, tye_idx)
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      | inf _ (Free (_, T)) tye_idx = (T, tye_idx)
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      | inf _ (Var (_, T)) tye_idx = (T, tye_idx)
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      | inf bs (Bound i) tye_idx =
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          (snd (nth bs i handle General.Subscript => err_loose i), tye_idx)
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      | inf bs (Abs (x, T, t)) tye_idx =
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          let val (U, tye_idx') = inf ((x, T) :: bs) t tye_idx
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          in (T --> U, tye_idx') end
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      | inf bs (t $ u) tye_idx =
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          let
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            val (T, tye_idx') = inf bs t tye_idx;
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            val (U, (tye, idx)) = inf bs u tye_idx';
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            val V = Type_Infer.mk_param idx [];
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            val tye_idx'' = unify ctxt (U --> V, T) (tye, idx + 1)
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              handle NO_UNIFIER (msg, tye') => err_appl msg tye' bs t T u U;
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          in (V, tye_idx'') end;
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  in inf [] end;
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(* main interfaces *)
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fun prepare ctxt raw_ts =
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  let
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    val constrain_vars = Term.map_aterms
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      (fn Free (x, T) => Type.constraint T (Free (x, var_type ctxt (x, ~1)))
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        | Var (xi, T) => Type.constraint T (Var (xi, var_type ctxt xi))
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        | t => t);
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    val ts = burrow_types (Syntax.check_typs ctxt) raw_ts;
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    val idx = Type_Infer.param_maxidx_of ts + 1;
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    val (ts', (_, _, idx')) =
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      fold_map (prepare_term ctxt o constrain_vars) ts
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        (Vartab.empty, Vartab.empty, idx);
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  in (idx', ts') end;
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fun infer_types ctxt raw_ts =
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  let
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    val (idx, ts) = prepare ctxt raw_ts;
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    val (tye, _) = fold (snd oo infer ctxt) ts (Vartab.empty, idx);
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    val (_, ts') = Type_Infer.finish ctxt tye ([], ts);
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  in ts' end;
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end;