src/HOL/Tools/res_atp.ML
author wenzelm
Thu May 11 19:19:31 2006 +0200 (2006-05-11)
changeset 19617 7cb4b67d4b97
parent 19490 bf7f8347174a
child 19641 f1de44e61ec1
permissions -rw-r--r--
avoid raw equality on type thm;
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(*  Author: Jia Meng, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory, NICTA
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    ID: $Id$
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    Copyright 2004 University of Cambridge
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ATPs with TPTP format input.
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*)
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signature RES_ATP =
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sig
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  val prover: string ref
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  val custom_spass: string list ref
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  val destdir: string ref
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  val helper_path: string -> string -> string
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  val problem_name: string ref
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  val time_limit: int ref
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  datatype mode = Auto | Fol | Hol
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  val linkup_logic_mode : mode ref
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  val write_subgoal_file: mode -> Proof.context -> thm list -> thm list -> int -> string
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  val vampire_time: int ref
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  val eprover_time: int ref
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  val run_vampire: int -> unit
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  val run_eprover: int -> unit
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  val vampireLimit: unit -> int
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  val eproverLimit: unit -> int
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  val atp_method: (ProofContext.context -> thm list -> int -> Tactical.tactic) ->
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		  Method.src -> ProofContext.context -> Method.method
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  val cond_rm_tmp: string -> unit
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  val keep_atp_input: bool ref
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  val fol_keep_types: bool ref
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  val hol_full_types: unit -> unit
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  val hol_partial_types: unit -> unit
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  val hol_const_types_only: unit -> unit
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  val hol_no_types: unit -> unit
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  val hol_typ_level: unit -> ResHolClause.type_level
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  val run_relevance_filter: bool ref
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  val invoke_atp_ml : ProofContext.context * thm -> unit
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  val add_claset : unit -> unit
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  val add_simpset : unit -> unit
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  val add_clasimp : unit -> unit
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  val add_atpset : unit -> unit
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  val rm_claset : unit -> unit
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  val rm_simpset : unit -> unit
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  val rm_atpset : unit -> unit
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  val rm_clasimp : unit -> unit
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end;
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structure ResAtp : RES_ATP =
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struct
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(********************************************************************)
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(* some settings for both background automatic ATP calling procedure*)
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(* and also explicit ATP invocation methods                         *)
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(********************************************************************)
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(*** background linkup ***)
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val call_atp = ref false; 
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val hook_count = ref 0;
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val time_limit = ref 30;
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val prover = ref "E";   (* use E as the default prover *)
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val custom_spass =   (*specialized options for SPASS*)
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      ref ["-Auto=0","-FullRed=0","-IORe","-IOFc","-RTaut","-RFSub","-RBSub"];
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val destdir = ref "";   (*Empty means write files to /tmp*)
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val problem_name = ref "prob";
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(*Return the path to a "helper" like SPASS or tptp2X, first checking that
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  it exists.  FIXME: modify to use Path primitives and move to some central place.*)  
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fun helper_path evar base =
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  case getenv evar of
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      "" => error  ("Isabelle environment variable " ^ evar ^ " not defined")
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    | home => 
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        let val path = home ^ "/" ^ base
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        in  if File.exists (File.unpack_platform_path path) then path 
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	    else error ("Could not find the file " ^ path)
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	end;  
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fun probfile_nosuffix _ = 
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  if !destdir = "" then File.platform_path (File.tmp_path (Path.basic (!problem_name)))
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  else if File.exists (File.unpack_platform_path (!destdir))
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  then !destdir ^ "/" ^ !problem_name
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  else error ("No such directory: " ^ !destdir);
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fun prob_pathname n = probfile_nosuffix n ^ "_" ^ Int.toString n;
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(*** ATP methods ***)
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val vampire_time = ref 60;
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val eprover_time = ref 60;
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fun run_vampire time =  
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    if (time >0) then vampire_time:= time
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    else vampire_time:=60;
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fun run_eprover time = 
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    if (time > 0) then eprover_time:= time
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    else eprover_time:=60;
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fun vampireLimit () = !vampire_time;
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fun eproverLimit () = !eprover_time;
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val keep_atp_input = ref false;
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val fol_keep_types = ResClause.keep_types;
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val hol_full_types = ResHolClause.full_types;
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val hol_partial_types = ResHolClause.partial_types;
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val hol_const_types_only = ResHolClause.const_types_only;
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val hol_no_types = ResHolClause.no_types;
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fun hol_typ_level () = ResHolClause.find_typ_level ();
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fun is_typed_hol () = 
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    let val tp_level = hol_typ_level()
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    in
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	not (tp_level = ResHolClause.T_NONE)
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    end;
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val include_combS = ResHolClause.include_combS;
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val include_min_comb = ResHolClause.include_min_comb;
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fun atp_input_file () =
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    let val file = !problem_name 
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    in
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	if !destdir = "" then File.platform_path (File.tmp_path (Path.basic file))
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	else if File.exists (File.unpack_platform_path (!destdir))
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	then !destdir ^ "/" ^ file
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	else error ("No such directory: " ^ !destdir)
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    end;
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val include_simpset = ref false;
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val include_claset = ref false; 
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val include_atpset = ref true;
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val add_simpset = (fn () => include_simpset:=true);
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val add_claset = (fn () => include_claset:=true);
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val add_clasimp = (fn () => (include_simpset:=true;include_claset:=true));
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val add_atpset = (fn () => include_atpset:=true);
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val rm_simpset = (fn () => include_simpset:=false);
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val rm_claset = (fn () => include_claset:=false);
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val rm_clasimp = (fn () => (include_simpset:=false;include_claset:=false));
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val rm_atpset = (fn () => include_atpset:=false);
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(**** relevance filter ****)
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val run_relevance_filter = ref true;
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(******************************************************************)
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(* detect whether a given problem (clauses) is FOL/HOL/HOLC/HOLCS *)
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(******************************************************************)
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datatype logic = FOL | HOL | HOLC | HOLCS;
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fun string_of_logic FOL = "FOL"
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  | string_of_logic HOL = "HOL"
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  | string_of_logic HOLC = "HOLC"
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  | string_of_logic HOLCS = "HOLCS";
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fun is_fol_logic FOL = true
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  | is_fol_logic  _ = false
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(*HOLCS will not occur here*)
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fun upgrade_lg HOLC _ = HOLC
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  | upgrade_lg HOL HOLC = HOLC
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  | upgrade_lg HOL _ = HOL
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  | upgrade_lg FOL lg = lg; 
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(* check types *)
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fun has_bool_hfn (Type("bool",_)) = true
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  | has_bool_hfn (Type("fun",_)) = true
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  | has_bool_hfn (Type(_, Ts)) = exists has_bool_hfn Ts
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  | has_bool_hfn _ = false;
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fun is_hol_fn tp =
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    let val (targs,tr) = strip_type tp
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    in
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	exists (has_bool_hfn) (tr::targs)
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    end;
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fun is_hol_pred tp =
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    let val (targs,tr) = strip_type tp
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    in
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	exists (has_bool_hfn) targs
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    end;
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exception FN_LG of term;
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fun fn_lg (t as Const(f,tp)) (lg,seen) = 
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    if is_hol_fn tp then (upgrade_lg HOL lg, t ins seen) else (lg, t ins seen) 
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  | fn_lg (t as Free(f,tp)) (lg,seen) = 
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    if is_hol_fn tp then (upgrade_lg HOL lg, t ins seen) else (lg, t ins seen) 
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  | fn_lg (t as Var(f,tp)) (lg,seen) =
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    if is_hol_fn tp then (upgrade_lg HOL lg,t ins seen) else (lg,t ins seen)
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  | fn_lg (t as Abs(_,_,_)) (lg,seen) = (upgrade_lg HOLC lg,t ins seen)
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  | fn_lg f _ = raise FN_LG(f); 
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fun term_lg [] (lg,seen) = (lg,seen)
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  | term_lg (tm::tms) (FOL,seen) =
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    let val (f,args) = strip_comb tm
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	val (lg',seen') = if f mem seen then (FOL,seen) 
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			  else fn_lg f (FOL,seen)
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	val _ = if is_fol_logic lg' then () else warning ("Found a HOL term: " ^ (Term.str_of_term f))
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	 in
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	     term_lg (args@tms) (lg',seen')
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    end
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  | term_lg _ (lg,seen) = (lg,seen)
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exception PRED_LG of term;
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fun pred_lg (t as Const(P,tp)) (lg,seen)= 
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    if is_hol_pred tp then (upgrade_lg HOL lg, t ins seen) else (lg,t ins seen) 
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  | pred_lg (t as Free(P,tp)) (lg,seen) =
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    if is_hol_pred tp then (upgrade_lg HOL lg, t ins seen) else (lg,t ins seen)
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  | pred_lg (t as Var(_,_)) (lg,seen) = (upgrade_lg HOL lg, t ins seen)
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  | pred_lg P _ = raise PRED_LG(P);
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fun lit_lg (Const("Not",_) $ P) (lg,seen) = lit_lg P (lg,seen)
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  | lit_lg P (lg,seen) =
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    let val (pred,args) = strip_comb P
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	val (lg',seen') = if pred mem seen then (lg,seen) 
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			  else pred_lg pred (lg,seen)
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	val _ = if is_fol_logic lg' then () else warning ("Found a HOL predicate: " ^ (Term.str_of_term pred))
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    in
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	term_lg args (lg',seen')
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    end;
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fun lits_lg [] (lg,seen) = (lg,seen)
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  | lits_lg (lit::lits) (FOL,seen) =
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    let val (lg,seen') = lit_lg lit (FOL,seen)
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	val _ =  if is_fol_logic lg then () else warning ("Found a HOL literal: " ^ (Term.str_of_term lit))
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    in
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	lits_lg lits (lg,seen')
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    end
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  | lits_lg lits (lg,seen) = (lg,seen);
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fun dest_disj_aux (Const ("op |", _) $ t $ t') disjs = 
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    dest_disj_aux t (dest_disj_aux t' disjs)
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  | dest_disj_aux t disjs = t::disjs;
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fun dest_disj t = dest_disj_aux t [];
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fun logic_of_clause tm (lg,seen) =
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    let val tm' = HOLogic.dest_Trueprop tm
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	val disjs = dest_disj tm'
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    in
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	lits_lg disjs (lg,seen)
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    end;
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fun logic_of_clauses [] (lg,seen) = (lg,seen)
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  | logic_of_clauses (cls::clss) (FOL,seen) =
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    let val (lg,seen') = logic_of_clause cls (FOL,seen)
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	val _ = if is_fol_logic lg then () else warning ("Found a HOL clause: " ^ (Term.str_of_term cls))
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    in
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	logic_of_clauses clss (lg,seen')
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    end
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  | logic_of_clauses (cls::clss) (lg,seen) = (lg,seen);
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fun problem_logic_goals_aux [] (lg,seen) = lg
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  | problem_logic_goals_aux (subgoal::subgoals) (lg,seen) = 
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    problem_logic_goals_aux subgoals (logic_of_clauses subgoal (lg,seen));
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fun problem_logic_goals subgoals = problem_logic_goals_aux subgoals (FOL,[]);
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(***************************************************************)
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(* ATP invocation methods setup                                *)
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(***************************************************************)
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(**** prover-specific format: TPTP ****)
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fun cnf_hyps_thms ctxt = 
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    let val ths = ProofContext.prems_of ctxt
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    in fold (fold (insert Thm.eq_thm) o ResAxioms.skolem_thm) ths [] end;
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(**** write to files ****)
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datatype mode = Auto | Fol | Hol;
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val linkup_logic_mode = ref Auto;
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fun tptp_writer logic goals filename (axioms,classrels,arities) =
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    if is_fol_logic logic 
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    then ResClause.tptp_write_file goals filename (axioms, classrels, arities)
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    else ResHolClause.tptp_write_file goals filename (axioms, classrels, arities);
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(*2006-04-07: not working: goals has type thm list (not term list as above) and
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  axioms has type ResClause.clause list (not (thm * (string * int)) list as above)*)
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fun dfg_writer logic goals filename (axioms,classrels,arities) =
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    if is_fol_logic logic 
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    then ResClause.dfg_write_file goals filename (axioms, classrels, arities)
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    else error "DFG output for higher-order translations is not implemented"
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fun write_subgoal_file mode ctxt conjectures user_thms n =
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    let val conj_cls = make_clauses conjectures 
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	val hyp_cls = cnf_hyps_thms ctxt
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	val goal_cls = conj_cls@hyp_cls
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	val user_rules = map ResAxioms.pairname user_thms
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	val (names_arr,axclauses_as_thms) = ResClasimp.get_clasimp_atp_lemmas ctxt (map prop_of goal_cls) user_rules (!include_claset,!include_simpset,!include_atpset) (!run_relevance_filter)  
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	val thy = ProofContext.theory_of ctxt
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	val prob_logic = case mode of Auto => problem_logic_goals [map prop_of goal_cls]
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				    | Fol => FOL
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				    | Hol => HOL
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	val keep_types = if is_fol_logic prob_logic then !fol_keep_types else is_typed_hol ()
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	val classrel_clauses = if keep_types then ResClause.classrel_clauses_thy thy else []
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	val arity_clauses = if keep_types then ResClause.arity_clause_thy thy else []
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        val writer = (*if !prover = "spass" then dfg_writer else*) tptp_writer 
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	val file = atp_input_file()
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    in
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	(writer prob_logic goal_cls file (axclauses_as_thms,classrel_clauses,arity_clauses);
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	 warning ("Writing to " ^ file);
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	 file)
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    end;
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(**** remove tmp files ****)
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fun cond_rm_tmp file = 
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    if !keep_atp_input then warning "ATP input kept..." 
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    else if !destdir <> "" then warning ("ATP input kept in directory " ^ (!destdir))
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    else (warning "deleting ATP inputs..."; OS.FileSys.remove file);
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   321
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   322
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(****** setup ATPs as Isabelle methods ******)
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fun atp_meth' tac ths ctxt = 
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    Method.SIMPLE_METHOD' HEADGOAL
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    (tac ctxt ths);
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fun atp_meth tac ths ctxt = 
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    let val thy = ProofContext.theory_of ctxt
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	val _ = ResClause.init thy
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	val _ = ResHolClause.init thy
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    in
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	atp_meth' tac ths ctxt
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    end;
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fun atp_method tac = Method.thms_ctxt_args (atp_meth tac);
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(***************************************************************)
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(* automatic ATP invocation                                    *)
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(***************************************************************)
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   341
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(* call prover with settings and problem file for the current subgoal *)
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fun watcher_call_provers sign sg_terms (childin, childout, pid) =
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  let
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    fun make_atp_list [] n = []
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      | make_atp_list (sg_term::xs) n =
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          let
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            val probfile = prob_pathname n
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            val time = Int.toString (!time_limit)
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          in
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            Output.debug ("problem file in watcher_call_provers is " ^ probfile);
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            (*options are separated by Watcher.setting_sep, currently #"%"*)
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            if !prover = "spass"
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            then
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              let val spass = helper_path "SPASS_HOME" "SPASS"
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                  val sopts =
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   "-Auto%-SOS=1%-PGiven=0%-PProblem=0%-Splits=0%-FullRed=0%-DocProof%-TimeLimit=" ^ time
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              in 
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                  ("spass", spass, sopts, probfile) :: make_atp_list xs (n+1)
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              end
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            else if !prover = "vampire"
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	    then 
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              let val vampire = helper_path "VAMPIRE_HOME" "vampire"
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                  val casc = if !time_limit > 70 then "--mode casc%" else ""
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                  val vopts = casc ^ "-m 100000%-t " ^ time
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              in
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                  ("vampire", vampire, vopts, probfile) :: make_atp_list xs (n+1)
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              end
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      	     else if !prover = "E"
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      	     then
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	       let val Eprover = helper_path "E_HOME" "eproof"
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	       in
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		  ("E", Eprover, 
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		     "--tptp-in%-l5%-xAuto%-tAuto%--cpu-limit=" ^ time, probfile) ::
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		   make_atp_list xs (n+1)
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	       end
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	     else error ("Invalid prover name: " ^ !prover)
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   378
          end
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   379
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    val atp_list = make_atp_list sg_terms 1
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  in
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    Watcher.callResProvers(childout,atp_list);
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    Output.debug "Sent commands to watcher!"
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  end
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   385
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(*We write out problem files for each subgoal. Argument pf generates filenames,
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  and allows the suppression of the suffix "_1" in problem-generation mode.
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  FIXME: does not cope with &&, and it isn't easy because one could have multiple
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   389
  subgoals, each involving &&.*)
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fun write_problem_files pf (ctxt,th)  =
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  let val goals = Thm.prems_of th
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      val _ = Output.debug ("number of subgoals = " ^ Int.toString (length goals))
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      val (names_arr, axclauses) = ResClasimp.get_clasimp_atp_lemmas ctxt goals [] (true,true,true) (!run_relevance_filter) (* no user supplied rules here, because no user invocation *)
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      val _ = Output.debug ("claset, simprules and atprules total clauses = " ^ 
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   395
                     Int.toString (Array.length names_arr))
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      val thy = ProofContext.theory_of ctxt
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   397
      fun get_neg_subgoals n =
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   398
	  if n=0 then []
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   399
	  else
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   400
	      let val st = Seq.hd (EVERY'
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   401
				       [rtac ccontr, ObjectLogic.atomize_tac, skolemize_tac] n th)
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   402
		  val negs = Option.valOf (metahyps_thms n st)
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   403
		  val negs_clauses = make_clauses negs
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   404
	      in
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   405
		  negs_clauses::(get_neg_subgoals (n - 1))
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   406
	      end
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   407
      val neg_subgoals = get_neg_subgoals (length goals) 
mengj@19442
   408
      val goals_logic = case !linkup_logic_mode of Auto => problem_logic_goals (map (map prop_of) neg_subgoals)
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   409
						 | Fol => FOL
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   410
						 | Hol => HOL
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   411
      val keep_types = if is_fol_logic goals_logic then !ResClause.keep_types else is_typed_hol ()
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   412
      val classrel_clauses = if keep_types then ResClause.classrel_clauses_thy thy else []
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   413
      val _ = Output.debug ("classrel clauses = " ^ Int.toString (length classrel_clauses))
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   414
      val arity_clauses = if keep_types then ResClause.arity_clause_thy thy else []
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   415
      val _ = Output.debug ("arity clauses = " ^ Int.toString (length arity_clauses))
paulson@19445
   416
      val writer = (*if !prover = "spass" then dfg_writer else*) tptp_writer 
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   417
      fun write_all [] _ = []
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   418
	| write_all (subgoal::subgoals) k =
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   419
	  (writer goals_logic subgoal (pf k) (axclauses,classrel_clauses,arity_clauses); pf k):: (write_all subgoals (k - 1))
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   420
  in
mengj@19194
   421
      (write_all neg_subgoals (length goals), names_arr)
mengj@19194
   422
  end;
quigley@15644
   423
paulson@17775
   424
val last_watcher_pid = ref (NONE : (TextIO.instream * TextIO.outstream * 
paulson@17775
   425
                                    Posix.Process.pid * string list) option);
paulson@17775
   426
paulson@17775
   427
fun kill_last_watcher () =
paulson@17775
   428
    (case !last_watcher_pid of 
paulson@17775
   429
         NONE => ()
paulson@19445
   430
       | SOME (_, _, pid, files) => 
wenzelm@18680
   431
	  (Output.debug ("Killing old watcher, pid = " ^ string_of_pid pid);
paulson@17775
   432
	   Watcher.killWatcher pid;  
paulson@17775
   433
	   ignore (map (try OS.FileSys.remove) files)))
wenzelm@18680
   434
     handle OS.SysErr _ => Output.debug "Attempt to kill watcher failed";
paulson@17525
   435
paulson@17525
   436
(*writes out the current clasimpset to a tptp file;
paulson@17525
   437
  turns off xsymbol at start of function, restoring it at end    *)
paulson@17484
   438
val isar_atp = setmp print_mode [] 
paulson@17717
   439
 (fn (ctxt, th) =>
paulson@17717
   440
  if Thm.no_prems th then ()
wenzelm@16802
   441
  else
wenzelm@16802
   442
    let
paulson@17775
   443
      val _ = kill_last_watcher()
mengj@19194
   444
      val (files,names_arr) = write_problem_files prob_pathname (ctxt,th)
mengj@19194
   445
      val (childin, childout, pid) = Watcher.createWatcher (th, names_arr)
paulson@15608
   446
    in
paulson@17772
   447
      last_watcher_pid := SOME (childin, childout, pid, files);
wenzelm@18680
   448
      Output.debug ("problem files: " ^ space_implode ", " files); 
wenzelm@18680
   449
      Output.debug ("pid: " ^ string_of_pid pid);
paulson@17717
   450
      watcher_call_provers (sign_of_thm th) (Thm.prems_of th) (childin, childout, pid)
wenzelm@16802
   451
    end);
paulson@15608
   452
paulson@17422
   453
val isar_atp_writeonly = setmp print_mode [] 
paulson@17717
   454
      (fn (ctxt,th) =>
paulson@17717
   455
       if Thm.no_prems th then ()
paulson@17717
   456
       else 
paulson@17717
   457
         let val pf = if Thm.nprems_of th = 1 then probfile_nosuffix 
paulson@17717
   458
         	      else prob_pathname
paulson@17717
   459
         in ignore (write_problem_files pf (ctxt,th)) end);
paulson@15452
   460
quigley@16357
   461
wenzelm@16802
   462
(** the Isar toplevel hook **)
wenzelm@16802
   463
paulson@19205
   464
fun invoke_atp_ml (ctxt, goal) =
paulson@19205
   465
  let val thy = ProofContext.theory_of ctxt;
wenzelm@16802
   466
  in
wenzelm@18680
   467
    Output.debug ("subgoals in isar_atp:\n" ^ 
paulson@19205
   468
		  Pretty.string_of (ProofContext.pretty_term ctxt
paulson@19205
   469
		    (Logic.mk_conjunction_list (Thm.prems_of goal))));
wenzelm@18680
   470
    Output.debug ("current theory: " ^ Context.theory_name thy);
quigley@17150
   471
    hook_count := !hook_count +1;
wenzelm@18680
   472
    Output.debug ("in hook for time: " ^ Int.toString (!hook_count));
paulson@16925
   473
    ResClause.init thy;
mengj@19194
   474
    ResHolClause.init thy;
paulson@17690
   475
    if !destdir = "" andalso !time_limit > 0 then isar_atp (ctxt, goal)
paulson@17502
   476
    else isar_atp_writeonly (ctxt, goal)
paulson@19205
   477
  end;
paulson@19205
   478
paulson@19205
   479
val invoke_atp = Toplevel.no_timing o Toplevel.unknown_proof o Toplevel.keep
paulson@19205
   480
 (fn state =>
paulson@19205
   481
  let val (ctxt, (_, goal)) = Proof.get_goal (Toplevel.proof_of state)
paulson@19205
   482
  in  invoke_atp_ml (ctxt, goal)  end);
quigley@16357
   483
paulson@17091
   484
val call_atpP =
paulson@17746
   485
  OuterSyntax.command 
paulson@17091
   486
    "ProofGeneral.call_atp" 
paulson@17091
   487
    "call automatic theorem provers" 
paulson@17091
   488
    OuterKeyword.diag
paulson@19205
   489
    (Scan.succeed invoke_atp);
paulson@17091
   490
paulson@17091
   491
val _ = OuterSyntax.add_parsers [call_atpP];
paulson@17091
   492
paulson@15347
   493
end;