src/HOL/Tools/datatype_package.ML
author wenzelm
Wed Mar 01 20:49:13 2000 +0100 (2000-03-01)
changeset 8325 80855ae484ce
parent 8306 9855f1801d2b
child 8405 0255394a05da
permissions -rw-r--r--
project induct rule;
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(*  Title:      HOL/Tools/datatype_package.ML
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Author:     Stefan Berghofer
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    Copyright   1998  TU Muenchen
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Datatype package for Isabelle/HOL.
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*)
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signature BASIC_DATATYPE_PACKAGE =
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sig
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  val induct_tac : string -> int -> tactic
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  val exhaust_tac : string -> int -> tactic
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  val cases_tac : string -> int -> tactic
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  val distinct_simproc : simproc
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end;
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signature DATATYPE_PACKAGE =
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sig
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  include BASIC_DATATYPE_PACKAGE
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  val quiet_mode : bool ref
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  val add_datatype : bool -> string list -> (string list * bstring * mixfix *
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    (bstring * string list * mixfix) list) list -> theory -> theory *
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      {distinct : thm list list,
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       inject : thm list list,
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       exhaustion : thm list,
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       rec_thms : thm list,
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       case_thms : thm list list,
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       split_thms : (thm * thm) list,
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       induction : thm,
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       size : thm list,
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       simps : thm list}
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  val add_datatype_i : bool -> string list -> (string list * bstring * mixfix *
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    (bstring * typ list * mixfix) list) list -> theory -> theory *
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      {distinct : thm list list,
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       inject : thm list list,
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       exhaustion : thm list,
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       rec_thms : thm list,
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       case_thms : thm list list,
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       split_thms : (thm * thm) list,
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       induction : thm,
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       size : thm list,
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       simps : thm list}
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  val rep_datatype_i : string list option -> (thm * theory attribute list) list list ->
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    (thm * theory attribute list) list list -> (thm * theory attribute list) -> theory -> theory *
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      {distinct : thm list list,
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       inject : thm list list,
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       exhaustion : thm list,
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       rec_thms : thm list,
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       case_thms : thm list list,
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       split_thms : (thm * thm) list,
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       induction : thm,
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       size : thm list,
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       simps : thm list}
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  val rep_datatype : string list option -> (xstring * Args.src list) list list ->
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    (xstring * Args.src list) list list -> xstring * Args.src list -> theory -> theory *
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      {distinct : thm list list,
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       inject : thm list list,
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       exhaustion : thm list,
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       rec_thms : thm list,
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       case_thms : thm list list,
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       split_thms : (thm * thm) list,
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       induction : thm,
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       size : thm list,
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       simps : thm list}
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  val get_datatypes : theory -> DatatypeAux.datatype_info Symtab.table
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  val print_datatypes : theory -> unit
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  val datatype_info_sg : Sign.sg -> string -> DatatypeAux.datatype_info option
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  val datatype_info : theory -> string -> DatatypeAux.datatype_info option
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  val datatype_info_sg_err : Sign.sg -> string -> DatatypeAux.datatype_info
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  val datatype_info_err : theory -> string -> DatatypeAux.datatype_info
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  val constrs_of : theory -> string -> term list option
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  val constrs_of_sg : Sign.sg -> string -> term list option
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  val case_const_of : theory -> string -> term option
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  val cases_of: Sign.sg -> string -> thm
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  val setup: (theory -> theory) list
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end;
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structure DatatypePackage : DATATYPE_PACKAGE =
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struct
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open DatatypeAux;
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val quiet_mode = quiet_mode;
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(* data kind 'HOL/datatypes' *)
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structure DatatypesArgs =
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struct
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  val name = "HOL/datatypes";
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  type T = datatype_info Symtab.table;
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  val empty = Symtab.empty;
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  val copy = I;
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  val prep_ext = I;
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  val merge: T * T -> T = Symtab.merge (K true);
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  fun print sg tab =
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    Pretty.writeln (Pretty.strs ("datatypes:" ::
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      map #1 (Sign.cond_extern_table sg Sign.typeK tab)));
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end;
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structure DatatypesData = TheoryDataFun(DatatypesArgs);
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val get_datatypes_sg = DatatypesData.get_sg;
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val get_datatypes = DatatypesData.get;
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val put_datatypes = DatatypesData.put;
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val print_datatypes = DatatypesData.print;
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(** theory information about datatypes **)
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fun datatype_info_sg sg name = Symtab.lookup (get_datatypes_sg sg, name);
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fun datatype_info_sg_err sg name = (case datatype_info_sg sg name of
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      Some info => info
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    | None => error ("Unknown datatype " ^ quote name));
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val datatype_info = datatype_info_sg o Theory.sign_of;
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fun datatype_info_err thy name = (case datatype_info thy name of
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      Some info => info
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    | None => error ("Unknown datatype " ^ quote name));
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fun constrs_of_sg sg tname = (case datatype_info_sg sg tname of
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   Some {index, descr, ...} =>
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     let val (_, _, constrs) = the (assoc (descr, index))
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     in Some (map (fn (cname, _) => Const (cname, the (Sign.const_type sg cname))) constrs)
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     end
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 | _ => None);
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val constrs_of = constrs_of_sg o Theory.sign_of;
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val exhaustion_of = #exhaustion oo datatype_info_sg_err
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fun cases_of sg name = if name = HOLogic.boolN then case_split_thm else exhaustion_of sg name;
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fun case_const_of thy tname = (case datatype_info thy tname of
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   Some {case_name, ...} => Some (Const (case_name, the (Sign.const_type
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     (Theory.sign_of thy) case_name)))
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 | _ => None);
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fun find_tname var Bi =
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  let val frees = map dest_Free (term_frees Bi)
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      val params = Logic.strip_params Bi;
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  in case assoc (frees @ params, var) of
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       None => error ("No such variable in subgoal: " ^ quote var)
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     | Some(Type (tn, _)) => tn
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     | _ => error ("Cannot determine type of " ^ quote var)
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  end;
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fun infer_tname state i aterm =
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  let
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    val sign = Thm.sign_of_thm state;
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    val (_, _, Bi, _) = Thm.dest_state (state, i)
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    val params = Logic.strip_params Bi;   (*params of subgoal i*)
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    val params = rev (rename_wrt_term Bi params);   (*as they are printed*)
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    val (types, sorts) = types_sorts state;
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    fun types' (a, ~1) = (case assoc (params, a) of None => types(a, ~1) | sm => sm)
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      | types' ixn = types ixn;
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    val (ct, _) = read_def_cterm (sign, types', sorts) [] false (aterm, TypeInfer.logicT);
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  in case #T (rep_cterm ct) of
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       Type (tn, _) => tn
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     | _ => error ("Cannot determine type of " ^ quote aterm)
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  end;
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(*Warn if the (induction) variable occurs Free among the premises, which
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  usually signals a mistake.  But calls the tactic either way!*)
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fun occs_in_prems tacf vars = 
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  SUBGOAL (fn (Bi, i) =>
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	   (if  exists (fn Free (a, _) => a mem vars)
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	              (foldr add_term_frees (#2 (strip_context Bi), []))
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	     then warning "Induction variable occurs also among premises!"
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	     else ();
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	    tacf i));
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(* generic induction tactic for datatypes *)
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fun induct_tac s i state =
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  let
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    val vars = Syntax.read_idents s;
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    val (_, _, Bi, _) = dest_state (state, i);
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    val {sign, ...} = rep_thm state;
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    val tn = find_tname (hd vars) Bi;
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    val {induction, ...} = datatype_info_sg_err sign tn;
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    val ind_vnames = map (fn (_ $ Var (ixn, _)) =>
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      implode (tl (explode (Syntax.string_of_vname ixn))))
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        (HOLogic.dest_conj (HOLogic.dest_Trueprop (concl_of induction)));
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    val insts = (ind_vnames ~~ vars) handle LIST _ =>
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      error ("Induction rule for type " ^ tn ^ " has different number of variables")
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  in
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    occs_in_prems (res_inst_tac insts induction) vars i state
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  end;
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(* generic exhaustion tactic for datatypes *)
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fun gen_exhaust_tac get_rule aterm i state =
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  let
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    val rule = get_rule (Thm.sign_of_thm state) (infer_tname state i aterm);
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    val _ $ Var (ixn, _) $ _ = HOLogic.dest_Trueprop
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      (hd (Logic.strip_assums_hyp (hd (Thm.prems_of rule))));
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    val exh_vname = implode (tl (explode (Syntax.string_of_vname ixn)))
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  in res_inst_tac [(exh_vname, aterm)] rule i state end;
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val exhaust_tac = gen_exhaust_tac exhaustion_of;
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val cases_tac = gen_exhaust_tac cases_of;
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(* add_cases_induct *)
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fun add_cases_induct infos =
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  let
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    fun proj _ 1 thm = thm
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      | proj i n thm =
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          (if i + 1 < n then (fn th => th RS conjunct1) else I)
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            (Library.funpow i (fn th => th RS conjunct2) thm)
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          |> Drule.standard;
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    fun add (ths, (name, {index, descr, induction, exhaustion, ...}: datatype_info)) =
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      (("", proj index (length descr) induction), [InductMethod.induct_type_global name]) ::
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       (("", exhaustion), [InductMethod.cases_type_global name]) :: ths;
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  in PureThy.add_thms (foldl add ([], infos)) end;
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(**** simplification procedure for showing distinctness of constructors ****)
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fun stripT (i, Type ("fun", [_, T])) = stripT (i + 1, T)
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  | stripT p = p;
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fun stripC (i, f $ x) = stripC (i + 1, f)
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  | stripC p = p;
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val distinctN = "constr_distinct";
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exception ConstrDistinct of term;
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fun distinct_proc sg _ (t as Const ("op =", _) $ t1 $ t2) =
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  (case (stripC (0, t1), stripC (0, t2)) of
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     ((i, Const (cname1, T1)), (j, Const (cname2, T2))) =>
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         (case (stripT (0, T1), stripT (0, T2)) of
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            ((i', Type (tname1, _)), (j', Type (tname2, _))) =>
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                if tname1 = tname2 andalso not (cname1 = cname2) andalso i = i' andalso j = j' then
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                   (case (constrs_of_sg sg tname1) of
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                      Some constrs => let val cnames = map (fst o dest_Const) constrs
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                        in if cname1 mem cnames andalso cname2 mem cnames then
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                             let val eq_t = Logic.mk_equals (t, Const ("False", HOLogic.boolT));
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                                 val eq_ct = cterm_of sg eq_t;
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                                 val Datatype_thy = theory "Datatype";
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                                 val [In0_inject, In1_inject, In0_not_In1, In1_not_In0] =
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                                   map (get_thm Datatype_thy)
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                                     ["In0_inject", "In1_inject", "In0_not_In1", "In1_not_In0"]
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                             in (case (#distinct (datatype_info_sg_err sg tname1)) of
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                                 QuickAndDirty => Some (Thm.invoke_oracle
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                                   Datatype_thy distinctN (sg, ConstrDistinct eq_t))
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                               | FewConstrs thms => Some (prove_goalw_cterm [] eq_ct (K
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                                   [rtac eq_reflection 1, rtac iffI 1, rtac notE 1,
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                                    atac 2, resolve_tac thms 1, etac FalseE 1]))
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                               | ManyConstrs (thm, ss) => Some (prove_goalw_cterm [] eq_ct (K
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                                   [rtac eq_reflection 1, rtac iffI 1, dtac thm 1,
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                                    full_simp_tac ss 1,
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                                    REPEAT (dresolve_tac [In0_inject, In1_inject] 1),
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                                    eresolve_tac [In0_not_In1 RS notE, In1_not_In0 RS notE] 1,
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                                    etac FalseE 1])))
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                             end
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                           else None
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                        end
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                    | None => None)
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                else None
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          | _ => None)
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   | _ => None)
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  | distinct_proc sg _ _ = None;
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val distinct_pats = [Thm.read_cterm (Theory.sign_of HOL.thy) ("s = t", HOLogic.termT)];
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val distinct_simproc = mk_simproc distinctN distinct_pats distinct_proc;
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val dist_ss = HOL_ss addsimprocs [distinct_simproc];
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val simproc_setup =
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  [Theory.add_oracle (distinctN, fn (_, ConstrDistinct t) => t),
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   fn thy => (simpset_ref_of thy := simpset_of thy addsimprocs [distinct_simproc]; thy)];
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(* prepare types *)
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fun read_typ sign ((Ts, sorts), str) =
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  let
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    val T = Type.no_tvars (Sign.read_typ (sign, (curry assoc)
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      (map (apfst (rpair ~1)) sorts)) str) handle TYPE (msg, _, _) => error msg
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  in (Ts @ [T], add_typ_tfrees (T, sorts)) end;
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fun cert_typ sign ((Ts, sorts), raw_T) =
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  let
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    val T = Type.no_tvars (Sign.certify_typ sign raw_T) handle
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      TYPE (msg, _, _) => error msg;
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    val sorts' = add_typ_tfrees (T, sorts)
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  in (Ts @ [T],
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      case duplicates (map fst sorts') of
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         [] => sorts'
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       | dups => error ("Inconsistent sort constraints for " ^ commas dups))
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  end;
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(**** make datatype info ****)
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fun make_dt_info descr induct reccomb_names rec_thms
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  ((((((((i, (_, (tname, _, _))), case_name), case_thms),
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    exhaustion_thm), distinct_thm), inject), nchotomy), case_cong) = (tname,
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      {index = i,
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       descr = descr,
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       rec_names = reccomb_names,
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       rec_rewrites = rec_thms,
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       case_name = case_name,
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       case_rewrites = case_thms,
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       induction = induct,
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       exhaustion = exhaustion_thm,
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       distinct = distinct_thm,
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       inject = inject,
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       nchotomy = nchotomy,
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       case_cong = case_cong});
berghofe@5177
   318
berghofe@5177
   319
fun store_clasimp thy (cla, simp) =
berghofe@5177
   320
  (claset_ref_of thy := cla; simpset_ref_of thy := simp);
berghofe@5177
   321
berghofe@5177
   322
berghofe@5177
   323
(********************* axiomatic introduction of datatypes ********************)
berghofe@5177
   324
berghofe@5177
   325
fun add_and_get_axioms label tnames ts thy =
berghofe@5177
   326
  foldr (fn ((tname, t), (thy', axs)) =>
berghofe@5177
   327
    let
berghofe@5177
   328
      val thy'' = thy' |>
berghofe@5661
   329
        Theory.add_path tname |>
berghofe@5177
   330
        PureThy.add_axioms_i [((label, t), [])];
wenzelm@7904
   331
      val ax = PureThy.get_thm thy'' label
berghofe@5661
   332
    in (Theory.parent_path thy'', ax::axs)
berghofe@5177
   333
    end) (tnames ~~ ts, (thy, []));
berghofe@5177
   334
berghofe@5177
   335
fun add_and_get_axiomss label tnames tss thy =
berghofe@5177
   336
  foldr (fn ((tname, ts), (thy', axss)) =>
berghofe@5177
   337
    let
berghofe@5177
   338
      val thy'' = thy' |>
berghofe@5661
   339
        Theory.add_path tname |>
berghofe@5177
   340
        PureThy.add_axiomss_i [((label, ts), [])];
berghofe@5177
   341
      val axs = PureThy.get_thms thy'' label
berghofe@5661
   342
    in (Theory.parent_path thy'', axs::axss)
berghofe@5177
   343
    end) (tnames ~~ tss, (thy, []));
berghofe@5177
   344
berghofe@5661
   345
fun add_datatype_axm flat_names new_type_names descr sorts types_syntax constr_syntax dt_info thy =
berghofe@5177
   346
  let
berghofe@5177
   347
    val descr' = flat descr;
berghofe@5177
   348
    val recTs = get_rec_types descr' sorts;
berghofe@5578
   349
    val used = foldr add_typ_tfree_names (recTs, []);
berghofe@5177
   350
    val newTs = take (length (hd descr), recTs);
berghofe@5177
   351
berghofe@7015
   352
    val no_size = exists (fn (_, (_, _, constrs)) => exists (fn (_, cargs) => exists
berghofe@7015
   353
      (fn (DtType ("fun", [_, DtRec _])) => true | _ => false) cargs) constrs) descr';
berghofe@7015
   354
berghofe@5177
   355
    (**** declare new types and constants ****)
berghofe@5177
   356
berghofe@5177
   357
    val tyvars = map (fn (_, (_, Ts, _)) => map dest_DtTFree Ts) (hd descr);
berghofe@5177
   358
berghofe@5177
   359
    val constr_decls = map (fn (((_, (_, _, constrs)), T), constr_syntax') =>
berghofe@5177
   360
      map (fn ((_, cargs), (cname, mx)) =>
berghofe@5177
   361
        (cname, map (typ_of_dtyp descr' sorts) cargs ---> T, mx))
berghofe@5177
   362
          (constrs ~~ constr_syntax')) ((hd descr) ~~ newTs ~~ constr_syntax);
berghofe@5177
   363
berghofe@5578
   364
    val rec_result_Ts = map TFree (variantlist (replicate (length descr') "'t", used) ~~
berghofe@5578
   365
      replicate (length descr') HOLogic.termS);
berghofe@5177
   366
berghofe@5177
   367
    val reccomb_fn_Ts = flat (map (fn (i, (_, _, constrs)) =>
berghofe@5177
   368
      map (fn (_, cargs) =>
berghofe@5177
   369
        let
berghofe@7015
   370
          val Ts = map (typ_of_dtyp descr' sorts) cargs;
berghofe@7015
   371
          val recs = filter (is_rec_type o fst) (cargs ~~ Ts);
berghofe@7015
   372
berghofe@7015
   373
          fun mk_argT (DtRec k, _) = nth_elem (k, rec_result_Ts)
berghofe@7015
   374
            | mk_argT (DtType ("fun", [_, DtRec k]), Type ("fun", [T, _])) =
berghofe@7015
   375
               T --> nth_elem (k, rec_result_Ts);
berghofe@7015
   376
berghofe@7015
   377
          val argTs = Ts @ map mk_argT recs
berghofe@5177
   378
        in argTs ---> nth_elem (i, rec_result_Ts)
berghofe@5177
   379
        end) constrs) descr');
berghofe@5177
   380
berghofe@5177
   381
    val big_reccomb_name = (space_implode "_" new_type_names) ^ "_rec";
berghofe@5177
   382
    val reccomb_names = if length descr' = 1 then [big_reccomb_name] else
berghofe@5177
   383
      (map ((curry (op ^) (big_reccomb_name ^ "_")) o string_of_int)
berghofe@5177
   384
        (1 upto (length descr')));
berghofe@5177
   385
berghofe@5177
   386
    val big_size_name = space_implode "_" new_type_names ^ "_size";
berghofe@5177
   387
    val size_names = if length (flat (tl descr)) = 1 then [big_size_name] else
berghofe@5177
   388
      map (fn i => big_size_name ^ "_" ^ string_of_int i)
berghofe@5177
   389
        (1 upto length (flat (tl descr)));
berghofe@5177
   390
berghofe@5578
   391
    val freeT = TFree (variant used "'t", HOLogic.termS);
berghofe@5177
   392
    val case_fn_Ts = map (fn (i, (_, _, constrs)) =>
berghofe@5177
   393
      map (fn (_, cargs) =>
berghofe@5177
   394
        let val Ts = map (typ_of_dtyp descr' sorts) cargs
berghofe@5177
   395
        in Ts ---> freeT end) constrs) (hd descr);
berghofe@5177
   396
berghofe@5177
   397
    val case_names = map (fn s => (s ^ "_case")) new_type_names;
berghofe@5177
   398
berghofe@6305
   399
    val thy2' = thy |>
berghofe@5177
   400
berghofe@5177
   401
      (** new types **)
berghofe@5177
   402
berghofe@5177
   403
      curry (foldr (fn (((name, mx), tvs), thy') => thy' |>
wenzelm@6385
   404
          TypedefPackage.add_typedecls [(name, tvs, mx)]))
wenzelm@6385
   405
        (types_syntax ~~ tyvars) |>
berghofe@5661
   406
      add_path flat_names (space_implode "_" new_type_names) |>
berghofe@5177
   407
berghofe@5177
   408
      (** primrec combinators **)
berghofe@5177
   409
berghofe@5177
   410
      Theory.add_consts_i (map (fn ((name, T), T') =>
berghofe@5177
   411
        (name, reccomb_fn_Ts @ [T] ---> T', NoSyn))
berghofe@5177
   412
          (reccomb_names ~~ recTs ~~ rec_result_Ts)) |>
berghofe@5177
   413
berghofe@5177
   414
      (** case combinators **)
berghofe@5177
   415
berghofe@5177
   416
      Theory.add_consts_i (map (fn ((name, T), Ts) =>
berghofe@5177
   417
        (name, Ts @ [T] ---> freeT, NoSyn))
berghofe@5177
   418
          (case_names ~~ newTs ~~ case_fn_Ts)) |>
berghofe@6305
   419
      Theory.add_trrules_i (DatatypeProp.make_case_trrules new_type_names descr);
berghofe@6305
   420
wenzelm@6394
   421
    val reccomb_names' = map (Sign.intern_const (Theory.sign_of thy2')) reccomb_names;
wenzelm@6394
   422
    val case_names' = map (Sign.intern_const (Theory.sign_of thy2')) case_names;
berghofe@6305
   423
berghofe@6305
   424
    val thy2 = thy2' |>
berghofe@5177
   425
berghofe@5177
   426
      (** size functions **)
berghofe@5177
   427
berghofe@7015
   428
      (if no_size then I else Theory.add_consts_i (map (fn (s, T) =>
berghofe@5177
   429
        (Sign.base_name s, T --> HOLogic.natT, NoSyn))
berghofe@7015
   430
          (size_names ~~ drop (length (hd descr), recTs)))) |>
berghofe@5661
   431
berghofe@5661
   432
      (** constructors **)
berghofe@5661
   433
berghofe@5661
   434
      parent_path flat_names |>
berghofe@5661
   435
      curry (foldr (fn (((((_, (_, _, constrs)), T), tname),
berghofe@5661
   436
        constr_syntax'), thy') => thy' |>
berghofe@5661
   437
          add_path flat_names tname |>
berghofe@5661
   438
            Theory.add_consts_i (map (fn ((_, cargs), (cname, mx)) =>
berghofe@5661
   439
              (cname, map (typ_of_dtyp descr' sorts) cargs ---> T, mx))
berghofe@5661
   440
                (constrs ~~ constr_syntax')) |>
berghofe@5661
   441
          parent_path flat_names))
berghofe@5661
   442
            (hd descr ~~ newTs ~~ new_type_names ~~ constr_syntax);
berghofe@5177
   443
berghofe@5177
   444
    (**** introduction of axioms ****)
berghofe@5177
   445
berghofe@5661
   446
    val rec_axs = DatatypeProp.make_primrecs new_type_names descr sorts thy2;
berghofe@7015
   447
    val size_axs = if no_size then [] else DatatypeProp.make_size new_type_names descr sorts thy2;
berghofe@5661
   448
berghofe@5177
   449
    val (thy3, inject) = thy2 |>
berghofe@5661
   450
      Theory.add_path (space_implode "_" new_type_names) |>
berghofe@5177
   451
      PureThy.add_axioms_i [(("induct", DatatypeProp.make_ind descr sorts), [])] |>
berghofe@5661
   452
      PureThy.add_axiomss_i [(("recs", rec_axs), [])] |>
berghofe@7015
   453
      (if no_size then I else PureThy.add_axiomss_i [(("size", size_axs), [])]) |>
berghofe@5661
   454
      Theory.parent_path |>
berghofe@5177
   455
      add_and_get_axiomss "inject" new_type_names
berghofe@5177
   456
        (DatatypeProp.make_injs descr sorts);
wenzelm@7904
   457
    val induct = get_thm thy3 "induct";
berghofe@5661
   458
    val rec_thms = get_thms thy3 "recs";
berghofe@7015
   459
    val size_thms = if no_size then [] else get_thms thy3 "size";
berghofe@5177
   460
    val (thy4, distinct) = add_and_get_axiomss "distinct" new_type_names
berghofe@5177
   461
      (DatatypeProp.make_distincts new_type_names descr sorts thy3) thy3;
berghofe@5177
   462
    val (thy5, exhaustion) = add_and_get_axioms "exhaust" new_type_names
berghofe@5661
   463
      (DatatypeProp.make_casedists descr sorts) thy4;
berghofe@5177
   464
    val (thy6, case_thms) = add_and_get_axiomss "cases" new_type_names
berghofe@5177
   465
      (DatatypeProp.make_cases new_type_names descr sorts thy5) thy5;
berghofe@5177
   466
    val (split_ts, split_asm_ts) = ListPair.unzip
berghofe@5177
   467
      (DatatypeProp.make_splits new_type_names descr sorts thy6);
berghofe@5177
   468
    val (thy7, split) = add_and_get_axioms "split" new_type_names split_ts thy6;
berghofe@5177
   469
    val (thy8, split_asm) = add_and_get_axioms "split_asm" new_type_names
berghofe@5177
   470
      split_asm_ts thy7;
berghofe@5177
   471
    val (thy9, nchotomys) = add_and_get_axioms "nchotomy" new_type_names
berghofe@5177
   472
      (DatatypeProp.make_nchotomys descr sorts) thy8;
berghofe@5177
   473
    val (thy10, case_congs) = add_and_get_axioms "case_cong" new_type_names
berghofe@5177
   474
      (DatatypeProp.make_case_congs new_type_names descr sorts thy9) thy9;
berghofe@5177
   475
    
berghofe@6305
   476
    val dt_infos = map (make_dt_info descr' induct reccomb_names' rec_thms)
berghofe@6305
   477
      ((0 upto length (hd descr) - 1) ~~ (hd descr) ~~ case_names' ~~ case_thms ~~
berghofe@7015
   478
        exhaustion ~~ replicate (length (hd descr)) QuickAndDirty ~~ inject ~~
berghofe@7015
   479
          nchotomys ~~ case_congs);
berghofe@5177
   480
berghofe@5177
   481
    val simps = flat (distinct @ inject @ case_thms) @ size_thms @ rec_thms;
berghofe@5177
   482
berghofe@5661
   483
    val thy11 = thy10 |>
berghofe@5661
   484
      Theory.add_path (space_implode "_" new_type_names) |>
wenzelm@6092
   485
      PureThy.add_thmss [(("simps", simps), [])] |>
berghofe@5177
   486
      put_datatypes (foldr Symtab.update (dt_infos, dt_info)) |>
wenzelm@8306
   487
      add_cases_induct dt_infos |>
berghofe@5177
   488
      Theory.parent_path;
berghofe@5177
   489
berghofe@5661
   490
    val _ = store_clasimp thy11 ((claset_of thy11, simpset_of thy11)
berghofe@5177
   491
      addsimps2 flat case_thms addsimps2 size_thms addsimps2 rec_thms
berghofe@7015
   492
      addIffs flat (inject @ distinct));
berghofe@5177
   493
berghofe@5177
   494
  in
berghofe@5661
   495
    (thy11,
berghofe@5177
   496
     {distinct = distinct,
berghofe@5177
   497
      inject = inject,
berghofe@5177
   498
      exhaustion = exhaustion,
berghofe@5177
   499
      rec_thms = rec_thms,
berghofe@5177
   500
      case_thms = case_thms,
berghofe@5177
   501
      split_thms = split ~~ split_asm,
berghofe@5177
   502
      induction = induct,
berghofe@5177
   503
      size = size_thms,
berghofe@5177
   504
      simps = simps})
berghofe@5177
   505
  end;
berghofe@5177
   506
berghofe@5177
   507
berghofe@5177
   508
(******************* definitional introduction of datatypes *******************)
berghofe@5177
   509
berghofe@5661
   510
fun add_datatype_def flat_names new_type_names descr sorts types_syntax constr_syntax dt_info thy =
berghofe@5177
   511
  let
wenzelm@6360
   512
    val _ = message ("Proofs for datatype(s) " ^ commas_quote new_type_names);
berghofe@5177
   513
berghofe@7015
   514
    val (thy2, inject, distinct, dist_rewrites, simproc_dists, induct) = thy |>
berghofe@5661
   515
      DatatypeRepProofs.representation_proofs flat_names dt_info new_type_names descr sorts
berghofe@5177
   516
        types_syntax constr_syntax;
berghofe@5177
   517
berghofe@5177
   518
    val (thy3, casedist_thms) =
berghofe@5177
   519
      DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_casedist_thms new_type_names descr sorts induct thy2;
berghofe@5177
   520
    val (thy4, reccomb_names, rec_thms) = DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_primrec_thms
berghofe@7015
   521
      flat_names new_type_names descr sorts dt_info inject dist_rewrites dist_ss induct thy3;
berghofe@7015
   522
    val (thy6, case_names, case_thms) = DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_case_thms
berghofe@5661
   523
      flat_names new_type_names descr sorts reccomb_names rec_thms thy4;
berghofe@5177
   524
    val (thy7, split_thms) = DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_split_thms new_type_names
berghofe@5177
   525
      descr sorts inject dist_rewrites casedist_thms case_thms thy6;
berghofe@5177
   526
    val (thy8, nchotomys) = DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_nchotomys new_type_names
berghofe@5177
   527
      descr sorts casedist_thms thy7;
berghofe@5177
   528
    val (thy9, case_congs) = DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_case_congs new_type_names
berghofe@5177
   529
      descr sorts nchotomys case_thms thy8;
berghofe@5661
   530
    val (thy10, size_thms) = DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_size_thms flat_names new_type_names
berghofe@5177
   531
      descr sorts reccomb_names rec_thms thy9;
berghofe@5177
   532
berghofe@5177
   533
    val dt_infos = map (make_dt_info (flat descr) induct reccomb_names rec_thms)
berghofe@5177
   534
      ((0 upto length (hd descr) - 1) ~~ (hd descr) ~~ case_names ~~ case_thms ~~
berghofe@7015
   535
        casedist_thms ~~ simproc_dists ~~ inject ~~ nchotomys ~~ case_congs);
berghofe@5177
   536
berghofe@5177
   537
    val simps = flat (distinct @ inject @ case_thms) @ size_thms @ rec_thms;
berghofe@5177
   538
berghofe@5177
   539
    val thy11 = thy10 |>
berghofe@5661
   540
      Theory.add_path (space_implode "_" new_type_names) |>
wenzelm@6092
   541
      PureThy.add_thmss [(("simps", simps), [])] |>
berghofe@5177
   542
      put_datatypes (foldr Symtab.update (dt_infos, dt_info)) |>
wenzelm@8306
   543
      add_cases_induct dt_infos |>
berghofe@5663
   544
      Theory.parent_path;
berghofe@5177
   545
berghofe@5177
   546
    val _ = store_clasimp thy11 ((claset_of thy11, simpset_of thy11)
berghofe@5177
   547
      addsimps2 flat case_thms addsimps2 size_thms addsimps2 rec_thms
berghofe@7015
   548
      addIffs flat (inject @ distinct));
berghofe@5177
   549
berghofe@5177
   550
  in
berghofe@5177
   551
    (thy11,
berghofe@5177
   552
     {distinct = distinct,
berghofe@5177
   553
      inject = inject,
berghofe@5177
   554
      exhaustion = casedist_thms,
berghofe@5177
   555
      rec_thms = rec_thms,
berghofe@5177
   556
      case_thms = case_thms,
berghofe@5177
   557
      split_thms = split_thms,
berghofe@5177
   558
      induction = induct,
berghofe@5177
   559
      size = size_thms,
berghofe@5177
   560
      simps = simps})
berghofe@5177
   561
  end;
berghofe@5177
   562
berghofe@5177
   563
wenzelm@6385
   564
(*********************** declare existing type as datatype *********************)
berghofe@5177
   565
wenzelm@6385
   566
fun gen_rep_datatype apply_theorems alt_names raw_distinct raw_inject raw_induction thy0 =
berghofe@5177
   567
  let
wenzelm@6385
   568
    fun app_thmss srcs thy = foldl_map (fn (thy, x) => apply_theorems x thy) (thy, srcs);
wenzelm@6385
   569
    fun app_thm src thy = apsnd Library.hd (apply_theorems [src] thy);
wenzelm@6385
   570
wenzelm@6385
   571
    val (((thy1, induction), inject), distinct) = thy0
wenzelm@6385
   572
      |> app_thmss raw_distinct
wenzelm@6385
   573
      |> apfst (app_thmss raw_inject)
wenzelm@6385
   574
      |> apfst (apfst (app_thm raw_induction));
wenzelm@6394
   575
    val sign = Theory.sign_of thy1;
berghofe@5177
   576
berghofe@5177
   577
    val induction' = freezeT induction;
berghofe@5177
   578
berghofe@5177
   579
    fun err t = error ("Ill-formed predicate in induction rule: " ^
berghofe@5177
   580
      Sign.string_of_term sign t);
berghofe@5177
   581
berghofe@5177
   582
    fun get_typ (t as _ $ Var (_, Type (tname, Ts))) =
berghofe@7015
   583
          ((tname, map dest_TFree Ts) handle TERM _ => err t)
berghofe@5177
   584
      | get_typ t = err t;
berghofe@5177
   585
wenzelm@8306
   586
    val dtnames = map get_typ (HOLogic.dest_conj (HOLogic.dest_Trueprop (concl_of induction')));
berghofe@5177
   587
    val new_type_names = if_none alt_names (map fst dtnames);
berghofe@5177
   588
berghofe@5177
   589
    fun get_constr t = (case Logic.strip_assums_concl t of
berghofe@5177
   590
        _ $ (_ $ t') => (case head_of t' of
berghofe@5177
   591
            Const (cname, cT) => (case strip_type cT of
berghofe@5177
   592
                (Ts, Type (tname, _)) => (tname, (cname, map (dtyp_of_typ dtnames) Ts))
berghofe@5177
   593
              | _ => err t)
berghofe@5177
   594
          | _ => err t)
berghofe@5177
   595
      | _ => err t);
berghofe@5177
   596
berghofe@5177
   597
    fun make_dt_spec [] _ _ = []
berghofe@5177
   598
      | make_dt_spec ((tname, tvs)::dtnames') i constrs =
berghofe@5177
   599
          let val (constrs', constrs'') = take_prefix (equal tname o fst) constrs
berghofe@5177
   600
          in (i, (tname, map DtTFree tvs, map snd constrs'))::
berghofe@5177
   601
            (make_dt_spec dtnames' (i + 1) constrs'')
berghofe@5177
   602
          end;
berghofe@5177
   603
berghofe@5177
   604
    val descr = make_dt_spec dtnames 0 (map get_constr (prems_of induction'));
berghofe@5177
   605
    val sorts = add_term_tfrees (concl_of induction', []);
wenzelm@6385
   606
    val dt_info = get_datatypes thy1;
berghofe@5177
   607
wenzelm@6427
   608
    val _ = message ("Proofs for datatype(s) " ^ commas_quote new_type_names);
berghofe@5177
   609
wenzelm@6385
   610
    val (thy2, casedist_thms) = thy1 |>
berghofe@5177
   611
      DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_casedist_thms new_type_names [descr] sorts induction;
berghofe@5177
   612
    val (thy3, reccomb_names, rec_thms) = DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_primrec_thms
berghofe@7015
   613
      false new_type_names [descr] sorts dt_info inject distinct dist_ss induction thy2;
berghofe@5661
   614
    val (thy4, case_names, case_thms) = DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_case_thms false
berghofe@5177
   615
      new_type_names [descr] sorts reccomb_names rec_thms thy3;
berghofe@5177
   616
    val (thy5, split_thms) = DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_split_thms
berghofe@5177
   617
      new_type_names [descr] sorts inject distinct casedist_thms case_thms thy4;
berghofe@5177
   618
    val (thy6, nchotomys) = DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_nchotomys new_type_names
berghofe@5177
   619
      [descr] sorts casedist_thms thy5;
berghofe@5177
   620
    val (thy7, case_congs) = DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_case_congs new_type_names
berghofe@5177
   621
      [descr] sorts nchotomys case_thms thy6;
berghofe@5177
   622
    val (thy8, size_thms) =
wenzelm@6394
   623
      if exists (equal "Arith") (Sign.stamp_names_of (Theory.sign_of thy7)) then
berghofe@5661
   624
        DatatypeAbsProofs.prove_size_thms false new_type_names
berghofe@5177
   625
          [descr] sorts reccomb_names rec_thms thy7
berghofe@5177
   626
      else (thy7, []);
berghofe@5177
   627
berghofe@5177
   628
    val dt_infos = map (make_dt_info descr induction reccomb_names rec_thms)
berghofe@5177
   629
      ((0 upto length descr - 1) ~~ descr ~~ case_names ~~ case_thms ~~
berghofe@7015
   630
        casedist_thms ~~ map FewConstrs distinct ~~ inject ~~ nchotomys ~~ case_congs);
berghofe@5177
   631
berghofe@5177
   632
    val simps = flat (distinct @ inject @ case_thms) @ size_thms @ rec_thms;
berghofe@5177
   633
berghofe@5177
   634
    val thy9 = thy8 |>
berghofe@7743
   635
      store_thmss "inject" new_type_names inject |>
berghofe@7743
   636
      store_thmss "distinct" new_type_names distinct |>
berghofe@5661
   637
      Theory.add_path (space_implode "_" new_type_names) |>
berghofe@7743
   638
      PureThy.add_thms [(("induct", induction), [])] |>
wenzelm@6092
   639
      PureThy.add_thmss [(("simps", simps), [])] |>
berghofe@5177
   640
      put_datatypes (foldr Symtab.update (dt_infos, dt_info)) |>
wenzelm@8306
   641
      add_cases_induct dt_infos |>
berghofe@5177
   642
      Theory.parent_path;
berghofe@5177
   643
berghofe@5177
   644
    val _ = store_clasimp thy9 ((claset_of thy9, simpset_of thy9)
berghofe@5177
   645
      addsimps2 flat case_thms addsimps2 size_thms addsimps2 rec_thms
berghofe@7015
   646
      addIffs flat (inject @ distinct));
berghofe@5177
   647
berghofe@5177
   648
  in
berghofe@5177
   649
    (thy9,
berghofe@5177
   650
     {distinct = distinct,
berghofe@5177
   651
      inject = inject,
berghofe@5177
   652
      exhaustion = casedist_thms,
berghofe@5177
   653
      rec_thms = rec_thms,
berghofe@5177
   654
      case_thms = case_thms,
berghofe@5177
   655
      split_thms = split_thms,
berghofe@5177
   656
      induction = induction,
berghofe@5177
   657
      size = size_thms,
berghofe@5177
   658
      simps = simps})
berghofe@5177
   659
  end;
berghofe@5177
   660
wenzelm@6385
   661
val rep_datatype = gen_rep_datatype IsarThy.apply_theorems;
wenzelm@6385
   662
val rep_datatype_i = gen_rep_datatype IsarThy.apply_theorems_i;
wenzelm@6385
   663
berghofe@5177
   664
berghofe@5177
   665
(******************************** add datatype ********************************)
berghofe@5177
   666
berghofe@5661
   667
fun gen_add_datatype prep_typ flat_names new_type_names dts thy =
berghofe@5177
   668
  let
berghofe@5177
   669
    val _ = Theory.requires thy "Datatype" "datatype definitions";
berghofe@5177
   670
berghofe@5177
   671
    (* this theory is used just for parsing *)
berghofe@5177
   672
berghofe@5177
   673
    val tmp_thy = thy |>
wenzelm@5892
   674
      Theory.copy |>
berghofe@5177
   675
      Theory.add_types (map (fn (tvs, tname, mx, _) =>
berghofe@5177
   676
        (tname, length tvs, mx)) dts);
berghofe@5177
   677
wenzelm@6394
   678
    val sign = Theory.sign_of tmp_thy;
berghofe@5177
   679
berghofe@5661
   680
    val (tyvars, _, _, _)::_ = dts;
berghofe@5177
   681
    val (new_dts, types_syntax) = ListPair.unzip (map (fn (tvs, tname, mx, _) =>
berghofe@5177
   682
      let val full_tname = Sign.full_name sign (Syntax.type_name tname mx)
berghofe@5177
   683
      in (case duplicates tvs of
berghofe@5661
   684
            [] => if eq_set (tyvars, tvs) then ((full_tname, tvs), (tname, mx))
berghofe@5661
   685
                  else error ("Mutually recursive datatypes must have same type parameters")
berghofe@5177
   686
          | dups => error ("Duplicate parameter(s) for datatype " ^ full_tname ^
berghofe@5177
   687
              " : " ^ commas dups))
berghofe@5177
   688
      end) dts);
berghofe@5177
   689
berghofe@5177
   690
    val _ = (case duplicates (map fst new_dts) @ duplicates new_type_names of
berghofe@5177
   691
      [] => () | dups => error ("Duplicate datatypes: " ^ commas dups));
berghofe@5177
   692
berghofe@5177
   693
    fun prep_dt_spec ((dts', constr_syntax, sorts, i), (tvs, tname, mx, constrs)) =
berghofe@5177
   694
      let
berghofe@5661
   695
        fun prep_constr ((constrs, constr_syntax', sorts'), (cname, cargs, mx')) =
berghofe@5279
   696
          let
berghofe@5279
   697
            val (cargs', sorts'') = foldl (prep_typ sign) (([], sorts'), cargs);
berghofe@5279
   698
            val _ = (case foldr add_typ_tfree_names (cargs', []) \\ tvs of
berghofe@5279
   699
                [] => ()
berghofe@5279
   700
              | vs => error ("Extra type variables on rhs: " ^ commas vs))
berghofe@5661
   701
          in (constrs @ [((if flat_names then Sign.full_name sign else
berghofe@5661
   702
                Sign.full_name_path sign tname) (Syntax.const_name cname mx'),
berghofe@5177
   703
                   map (dtyp_of_typ new_dts) cargs')],
berghofe@5177
   704
              constr_syntax' @ [(cname, mx')], sorts'')
berghofe@5177
   705
          end handle ERROR =>
berghofe@5177
   706
            error ("The error above occured in constructor " ^ cname ^
berghofe@5177
   707
              " of datatype " ^ tname);
berghofe@5177
   708
berghofe@5177
   709
        val (constrs', constr_syntax', sorts') =
berghofe@5177
   710
          foldl prep_constr (([], [], sorts), constrs)
berghofe@5177
   711
berghofe@5177
   712
      in 
berghofe@5177
   713
        case duplicates (map fst constrs') of
berghofe@5177
   714
           [] =>
berghofe@5177
   715
             (dts' @ [(i, (Sign.full_name sign (Syntax.type_name tname mx),
berghofe@5177
   716
                map DtTFree tvs, constrs'))],
berghofe@5177
   717
              constr_syntax @ [constr_syntax'], sorts', i + 1)
berghofe@5177
   718
         | dups => error ("Duplicate constructors " ^ commas dups ^
berghofe@5177
   719
             " in datatype " ^ tname)
berghofe@5177
   720
      end;
berghofe@5177
   721
berghofe@5661
   722
    val (dts', constr_syntax, sorts', i) = foldl prep_dt_spec (([], [], [], 0), dts);
berghofe@7015
   723
    val sorts = sorts' @ (map (rpair (Sign.defaultS sign)) (tyvars \\ map fst sorts'));
berghofe@5177
   724
    val dt_info = get_datatypes thy;
berghofe@7015
   725
    val (descr, _) = unfold_datatypes sign dts' sorts dt_info dts' i;
berghofe@5177
   726
    val _ = check_nonempty descr;
berghofe@5177
   727
berghofe@5177
   728
  in
berghofe@5177
   729
    (if (!quick_and_dirty) then add_datatype_axm else add_datatype_def)
berghofe@5661
   730
      flat_names new_type_names descr sorts types_syntax constr_syntax dt_info thy
berghofe@5177
   731
  end;
berghofe@5177
   732
berghofe@5177
   733
val add_datatype_i = gen_add_datatype cert_typ;
berghofe@5177
   734
val add_datatype = gen_add_datatype read_typ;
berghofe@5177
   735
wenzelm@6360
   736
wenzelm@6360
   737
(** package setup **)
wenzelm@6360
   738
wenzelm@6360
   739
(* setup theory *)
wenzelm@6360
   740
berghofe@7015
   741
val setup = [DatatypesData.init] @ simproc_setup;
wenzelm@6360
   742
wenzelm@6360
   743
wenzelm@6360
   744
(* outer syntax *)
wenzelm@6360
   745
wenzelm@6723
   746
local structure P = OuterParse and K = OuterSyntax.Keyword in
wenzelm@6360
   747
wenzelm@6360
   748
val datatype_decl =
wenzelm@6723
   749
  Scan.option (P.$$$ "(" |-- P.name --| P.$$$ ")") -- P.type_args -- P.name -- P.opt_infix --
wenzelm@6729
   750
    (P.$$$ "=" |-- P.enum1 "|" (P.name -- Scan.repeat P.typ -- P.opt_mixfix --| P.marg_comment));
wenzelm@6360
   751
wenzelm@6360
   752
fun mk_datatype args =
wenzelm@6360
   753
  let
wenzelm@6360
   754
    val names = map (fn ((((None, _), t), _), _) => t | ((((Some t, _), _), _), _) => t) args;
wenzelm@6360
   755
    val specs = map (fn ((((_, vs), t), mx), cons) => (vs, t, mx, map (fn ((x, y), z) => (x, y, z)) cons)) args;
wenzelm@6360
   756
  in #1 o add_datatype false names specs end;
wenzelm@6360
   757
wenzelm@6360
   758
val datatypeP =
wenzelm@6723
   759
  OuterSyntax.command "datatype" "define inductive datatypes" K.thy_decl
wenzelm@6723
   760
    (P.and_list1 datatype_decl >> (Toplevel.theory o mk_datatype));
wenzelm@6360
   761
wenzelm@6385
   762
wenzelm@6385
   763
val rep_datatype_decl =
wenzelm@6723
   764
  Scan.option (Scan.repeat1 P.name) --
wenzelm@6723
   765
    Scan.optional (P.$$$ "distinct" |-- P.!!! (P.and_list1 P.xthms1)) [] --
wenzelm@6723
   766
    Scan.optional (P.$$$ "inject" |-- P.!!! (P.and_list1 P.xthms1)) [] --
wenzelm@6723
   767
    (P.$$$ "induction" |-- P.!!! P.xthm);
wenzelm@6385
   768
wenzelm@6385
   769
fun mk_rep_datatype (((opt_ts, dss), iss), ind) = #1 o rep_datatype opt_ts dss iss ind;
wenzelm@6385
   770
wenzelm@6385
   771
val rep_datatypeP =
wenzelm@6723
   772
  OuterSyntax.command "rep_datatype" "represent existing types inductively" K.thy_decl
wenzelm@6385
   773
    (rep_datatype_decl >> (Toplevel.theory o mk_rep_datatype));
wenzelm@6385
   774
wenzelm@6385
   775
wenzelm@6479
   776
val _ = OuterSyntax.add_keywords ["distinct", "inject", "induction"];
wenzelm@6385
   777
val _ = OuterSyntax.add_parsers [datatypeP, rep_datatypeP];
wenzelm@6385
   778
wenzelm@6385
   779
end;
wenzelm@6385
   780
wenzelm@6360
   781
berghofe@5177
   782
end;
berghofe@5177
   783
wenzelm@6360
   784
structure BasicDatatypePackage: BASIC_DATATYPE_PACKAGE = DatatypePackage;
wenzelm@6360
   785
open BasicDatatypePackage;