src/HOL/Rings.thy
author haftmann
Mon, 23 Aug 2010 11:17:13 +0200
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dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
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(*  Title:      HOL/Rings.thy
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    Author:     Gertrud Bauer
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    Author:     Steven Obua
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    Author:     Tobias Nipkow
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    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson
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    Author:     Markus Wenzel
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    Author:     Jeremy Avigad
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*)
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header {* Rings *}
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theory Rings
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imports Groups
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begin
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class semiring = ab_semigroup_add + semigroup_mult +
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  assumes left_distrib[algebra_simps, field_simps]: "(a + b) * c = a * c + b * c"
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  assumes right_distrib[algebra_simps, field_simps]: "a * (b + c) = a * b + a * c"
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begin
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text{*For the @{text combine_numerals} simproc*}
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lemma combine_common_factor:
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  "a * e + (b * e + c) = (a + b) * e + c"
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by (simp add: left_distrib add_ac)
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end
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class mult_zero = times + zero +
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  assumes mult_zero_left [simp]: "0 * a = 0"
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  assumes mult_zero_right [simp]: "a * 0 = 0"
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class semiring_0 = semiring + comm_monoid_add + mult_zero
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class semiring_0_cancel = semiring + cancel_comm_monoid_add
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begin
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subclass semiring_0
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proof
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  fix a :: 'a
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  have "0 * a + 0 * a = 0 * a + 0" by (simp add: left_distrib [symmetric])
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  thus "0 * a = 0" by (simp only: add_left_cancel)
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next
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  fix a :: 'a
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  have "a * 0 + a * 0 = a * 0 + 0" by (simp add: right_distrib [symmetric])
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  thus "a * 0 = 0" by (simp only: add_left_cancel)
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qed
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end
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class comm_semiring = ab_semigroup_add + ab_semigroup_mult +
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  assumes distrib: "(a + b) * c = a * c + b * c"
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begin
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subclass semiring
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proof
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  fix a b c :: 'a
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  show "(a + b) * c = a * c + b * c" by (simp add: distrib)
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  have "a * (b + c) = (b + c) * a" by (simp add: mult_ac)
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  also have "... = b * a + c * a" by (simp only: distrib)
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  also have "... = a * b + a * c" by (simp add: mult_ac)
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  finally show "a * (b + c) = a * b + a * c" by blast
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qed
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end
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class comm_semiring_0 = comm_semiring + comm_monoid_add + mult_zero
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begin
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subclass semiring_0 ..
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end
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class comm_semiring_0_cancel = comm_semiring + cancel_comm_monoid_add
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begin
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subclass semiring_0_cancel ..
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subclass comm_semiring_0 ..
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end
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class zero_neq_one = zero + one +
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  assumes zero_neq_one [simp]: "0 \<noteq> 1"
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begin
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lemma one_neq_zero [simp]: "1 \<noteq> 0"
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by (rule not_sym) (rule zero_neq_one)
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end
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class semiring_1 = zero_neq_one + semiring_0 + monoid_mult
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text {* Abstract divisibility *}
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class dvd = times
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begin
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definition dvd :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> bool" (infixl "dvd" 50) where
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  "b dvd a \<longleftrightarrow> (\<exists>k. a = b * k)"
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lemma dvdI [intro?]: "a = b * k \<Longrightarrow> b dvd a"
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  unfolding dvd_def ..
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lemma dvdE [elim?]: "b dvd a \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>k. a = b * k \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> P"
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  unfolding dvd_def by blast 
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end
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class comm_semiring_1 = zero_neq_one + comm_semiring_0 + comm_monoid_mult + dvd
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  (*previously almost_semiring*)
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begin
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subclass semiring_1 ..
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lemma dvd_refl[simp]: "a dvd a"
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proof
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  show "a = a * 1" by simp
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qed
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lemma dvd_trans:
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  assumes "a dvd b" and "b dvd c"
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  shows "a dvd c"
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proof -
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  from assms obtain v where "b = a * v" by (auto elim!: dvdE)
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  moreover from assms obtain w where "c = b * w" by (auto elim!: dvdE)
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  ultimately have "c = a * (v * w)" by (simp add: mult_assoc)
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  then show ?thesis ..
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qed
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lemma dvd_0_left_iff [no_atp, simp]: "0 dvd a \<longleftrightarrow> a = 0"
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by (auto intro: dvd_refl elim!: dvdE)
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lemma dvd_0_right [iff]: "a dvd 0"
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proof
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  show "0 = a * 0" by simp
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qed
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lemma one_dvd [simp]: "1 dvd a"
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by (auto intro!: dvdI)
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lemma dvd_mult[simp]: "a dvd c \<Longrightarrow> a dvd (b * c)"
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by (auto intro!: mult_left_commute dvdI elim!: dvdE)
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lemma dvd_mult2[simp]: "a dvd b \<Longrightarrow> a dvd (b * c)"
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  apply (subst mult_commute)
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  apply (erule dvd_mult)
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  done
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lemma dvd_triv_right [simp]: "a dvd b * a"
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by (rule dvd_mult) (rule dvd_refl)
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   151
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
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   152
lemma dvd_triv_left [simp]: "a dvd a * b"
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   153
by (rule dvd_mult2) (rule dvd_refl)
27651
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   154
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
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   155
lemma mult_dvd_mono:
30042
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   156
  assumes "a dvd b"
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   157
    and "c dvd d"
27651
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   158
  shows "a * c dvd b * d"
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
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parents: 27516
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   159
proof -
30042
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   160
  from `a dvd b` obtain b' where "b = a * b'" ..
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   161
  moreover from `c dvd d` obtain d' where "d = c * d'" ..
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   162
  ultimately have "b * d = (a * c) * (b' * d')" by (simp add: mult_ac)
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
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   163
  then show ?thesis ..
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
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   164
qed
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
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diff changeset
   165
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
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   166
lemma dvd_mult_left: "a * b dvd c \<Longrightarrow> a dvd c"
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   167
by (simp add: dvd_def mult_assoc, blast)
27651
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diff changeset
   168
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
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   169
lemma dvd_mult_right: "a * b dvd c \<Longrightarrow> b dvd c"
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   170
  unfolding mult_ac [of a] by (rule dvd_mult_left)
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   171
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
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   172
lemma dvd_0_left: "0 dvd a \<Longrightarrow> a = 0"
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   173
by simp
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parents: 27516
diff changeset
   174
29925
17d1e32ef867 dvd and setprod lemmas
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   175
lemma dvd_add[simp]:
17d1e32ef867 dvd and setprod lemmas
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   176
  assumes "a dvd b" and "a dvd c" shows "a dvd (b + c)"
27651
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
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diff changeset
   177
proof -
29925
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   178
  from `a dvd b` obtain b' where "b = a * b'" ..
17d1e32ef867 dvd and setprod lemmas
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   179
  moreover from `a dvd c` obtain c' where "c = a * c'" ..
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   180
  ultimately have "b + c = a * (b' + c')" by (simp add: right_distrib)
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   181
  then show ?thesis ..
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
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   182
qed
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
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diff changeset
   183
25152
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   184
end
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ee97b6463cb4 new Ring_and_Field hierarchy, eliminating redundant axioms
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   185
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   186
class no_zero_divisors = zero + times +
25062
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   187
  assumes no_zero_divisors: "a \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> b \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> a * b \<noteq> 0"
36719
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   188
begin
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parents: 36622
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   189
d396f6f63d94 moved some lemmas from Groebner_Basis here
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   190
lemma divisors_zero:
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   191
  assumes "a * b = 0"
d396f6f63d94 moved some lemmas from Groebner_Basis here
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diff changeset
   192
  shows "a = 0 \<or> b = 0"
d396f6f63d94 moved some lemmas from Groebner_Basis here
haftmann
parents: 36622
diff changeset
   193
proof (rule classical)
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haftmann
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diff changeset
   194
  assume "\<not> (a = 0 \<or> b = 0)"
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haftmann
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diff changeset
   195
  then have "a \<noteq> 0" and "b \<noteq> 0" by auto
d396f6f63d94 moved some lemmas from Groebner_Basis here
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diff changeset
   196
  with no_zero_divisors have "a * b \<noteq> 0" by blast
d396f6f63d94 moved some lemmas from Groebner_Basis here
haftmann
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diff changeset
   197
  with assms show ?thesis by simp
d396f6f63d94 moved some lemmas from Groebner_Basis here
haftmann
parents: 36622
diff changeset
   198
qed
d396f6f63d94 moved some lemmas from Groebner_Basis here
haftmann
parents: 36622
diff changeset
   199
d396f6f63d94 moved some lemmas from Groebner_Basis here
haftmann
parents: 36622
diff changeset
   200
end
14504
7a3d80e276d4 new type class abelian_group
paulson
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   201
29904
856f16a3b436 add class cancel_comm_monoid_add
huffman
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   202
class semiring_1_cancel = semiring + cancel_comm_monoid_add
856f16a3b436 add class cancel_comm_monoid_add
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diff changeset
   203
  + zero_neq_one + monoid_mult
25267
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   204
begin
14940
b9ab8babd8b3 Further development of matrix theory
obua
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diff changeset
   205
27516
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diff changeset
   206
subclass semiring_0_cancel ..
25512
4134f7c782e2 using intro_locales instead of unfold_locales if appropriate
haftmann
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diff changeset
   207
27516
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diff changeset
   208
subclass semiring_1 ..
25267
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diff changeset
   209
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
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diff changeset
   210
end
21199
2d83f93c3580 * Added annihilation axioms ("x * 0 = 0") to axclass semiring_0.
krauss
parents: 20633
diff changeset
   211
29904
856f16a3b436 add class cancel_comm_monoid_add
huffman
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diff changeset
   212
class comm_semiring_1_cancel = comm_semiring + cancel_comm_monoid_add
856f16a3b436 add class cancel_comm_monoid_add
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diff changeset
   213
  + zero_neq_one + comm_monoid_mult
25267
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diff changeset
   214
begin
14738
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diff changeset
   215
27516
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diff changeset
   216
subclass semiring_1_cancel ..
9a5d4a8d4aac by intro_locales -> ..
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diff changeset
   217
subclass comm_semiring_0_cancel ..
9a5d4a8d4aac by intro_locales -> ..
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diff changeset
   218
subclass comm_semiring_1 ..
25267
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diff changeset
   219
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
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parents: 25238
diff changeset
   220
end
25152
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diff changeset
   221
22390
378f34b1e380 now using "class"
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diff changeset
   222
class ring = semiring + ab_group_add
25267
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diff changeset
   223
begin
25152
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diff changeset
   224
27516
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diff changeset
   225
subclass semiring_0_cancel ..
25152
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diff changeset
   226
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
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diff changeset
   227
text {* Distribution rules *}
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
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diff changeset
   228
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diff changeset
   229
lemma minus_mult_left: "- (a * b) = - a * b"
34146
14595e0c27e8 rename equals_zero_I to minus_unique (keep old name too)
huffman
parents: 33676
diff changeset
   230
by (rule minus_unique) (simp add: left_distrib [symmetric]) 
25152
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diff changeset
   231
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
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diff changeset
   232
lemma minus_mult_right: "- (a * b) = a * - b"
34146
14595e0c27e8 rename equals_zero_I to minus_unique (keep old name too)
huffman
parents: 33676
diff changeset
   233
by (rule minus_unique) (simp add: right_distrib [symmetric]) 
25152
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diff changeset
   234
29407
5ef7e97fd9e4 move lemmas mult_minus{left,right} inside class ring
huffman
parents: 29406
diff changeset
   235
text{*Extract signs from products*}
35828
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blanchet
parents: 35631
diff changeset
   236
lemmas mult_minus_left [simp, no_atp] = minus_mult_left [symmetric]
46cfc4b8112e now use "Named_Thms" for "noatp", and renamed "noatp" to "no_atp"
blanchet
parents: 35631
diff changeset
   237
lemmas mult_minus_right [simp,no_atp] = minus_mult_right [symmetric]
29407
5ef7e97fd9e4 move lemmas mult_minus{left,right} inside class ring
huffman
parents: 29406
diff changeset
   238
25152
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parents: 25078
diff changeset
   239
lemma minus_mult_minus [simp]: "- a * - b = a * b"
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53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
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diff changeset
   240
by simp
25152
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parents: 25078
diff changeset
   241
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
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diff changeset
   242
lemma minus_mult_commute: "- a * b = a * - b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   243
by simp
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   244
36348
89c54f51f55a dropped group_simps, ring_simps, field_eq_simps; classes division_ring_inverse_zero, field_inverse_zero, linordered_field_inverse_zero
haftmann
parents: 36304
diff changeset
   245
lemma right_diff_distrib[algebra_simps, field_simps]: "a * (b - c) = a * b - a * c"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   246
by (simp add: right_distrib diff_minus)
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   247
36348
89c54f51f55a dropped group_simps, ring_simps, field_eq_simps; classes division_ring_inverse_zero, field_inverse_zero, linordered_field_inverse_zero
haftmann
parents: 36304
diff changeset
   248
lemma left_diff_distrib[algebra_simps, field_simps]: "(a - b) * c = a * c - b * c"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   249
by (simp add: left_distrib diff_minus)
25152
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haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   250
35828
46cfc4b8112e now use "Named_Thms" for "noatp", and renamed "noatp" to "no_atp"
blanchet
parents: 35631
diff changeset
   251
lemmas ring_distribs[no_atp] =
25152
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haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   252
  right_distrib left_distrib left_diff_distrib right_diff_distrib
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parents: 25078
diff changeset
   253
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   254
lemma eq_add_iff1:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   255
  "a * e + c = b * e + d \<longleftrightarrow> (a - b) * e + c = d"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   256
by (simp add: algebra_simps)
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   257
022029099a83 continued localization
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parents: 25193
diff changeset
   258
lemma eq_add_iff2:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   259
  "a * e + c = b * e + d \<longleftrightarrow> c = (b - a) * e + d"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   260
by (simp add: algebra_simps)
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   261
25152
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haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   262
end
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   263
35828
46cfc4b8112e now use "Named_Thms" for "noatp", and renamed "noatp" to "no_atp"
blanchet
parents: 35631
diff changeset
   264
lemmas ring_distribs[no_atp] =
25152
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   265
  right_distrib left_distrib left_diff_distrib right_diff_distrib
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   266
22390
378f34b1e380 now using "class"
haftmann
parents: 21328
diff changeset
   267
class comm_ring = comm_semiring + ab_group_add
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   268
begin
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents: 14603
diff changeset
   269
27516
9a5d4a8d4aac by intro_locales -> ..
huffman
parents: 26274
diff changeset
   270
subclass ring ..
28141
193c3ea0f63b instances comm_semiring_0_cancel < comm_semiring_0, comm_ring < comm_semiring_0_cancel
huffman
parents: 27651
diff changeset
   271
subclass comm_semiring_0_cancel ..
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
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diff changeset
   272
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
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diff changeset
   273
end
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents: 14603
diff changeset
   274
22390
378f34b1e380 now using "class"
haftmann
parents: 21328
diff changeset
   275
class ring_1 = ring + zero_neq_one + monoid_mult
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
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diff changeset
   276
begin
14265
95b42e69436c HOL: installation of Ring_and_Field as the basis for Naturals and Reals
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   277
27516
9a5d4a8d4aac by intro_locales -> ..
huffman
parents: 26274
diff changeset
   278
subclass semiring_1_cancel ..
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
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parents: 25238
diff changeset
   279
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
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parents: 25238
diff changeset
   280
end
25152
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parents: 25078
diff changeset
   281
22390
378f34b1e380 now using "class"
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parents: 21328
diff changeset
   282
class comm_ring_1 = comm_ring + zero_neq_one + comm_monoid_mult
378f34b1e380 now using "class"
haftmann
parents: 21328
diff changeset
   283
  (*previously ring*)
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   284
begin
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents: 14603
diff changeset
   285
27516
9a5d4a8d4aac by intro_locales -> ..
huffman
parents: 26274
diff changeset
   286
subclass ring_1 ..
9a5d4a8d4aac by intro_locales -> ..
huffman
parents: 26274
diff changeset
   287
subclass comm_semiring_1_cancel ..
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   288
29465
b2cfb5d0a59e change dvd_minus_iff, minus_dvd_iff from [iff] to [simp] (due to problems with Library/Primes.thy)
huffman
parents: 29461
diff changeset
   289
lemma dvd_minus_iff [simp]: "x dvd - y \<longleftrightarrow> x dvd y"
29408
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   290
proof
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   291
  assume "x dvd - y"
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   292
  then have "x dvd - 1 * - y" by (rule dvd_mult)
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   293
  then show "x dvd y" by simp
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   294
next
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   295
  assume "x dvd y"
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   296
  then have "x dvd - 1 * y" by (rule dvd_mult)
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   297
  then show "x dvd - y" by simp
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   298
qed
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   299
29465
b2cfb5d0a59e change dvd_minus_iff, minus_dvd_iff from [iff] to [simp] (due to problems with Library/Primes.thy)
huffman
parents: 29461
diff changeset
   300
lemma minus_dvd_iff [simp]: "- x dvd y \<longleftrightarrow> x dvd y"
29408
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   301
proof
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   302
  assume "- x dvd y"
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   303
  then obtain k where "y = - x * k" ..
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   304
  then have "y = x * - k" by simp
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   305
  then show "x dvd y" ..
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   306
next
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   307
  assume "x dvd y"
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   308
  then obtain k where "y = x * k" ..
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   309
  then have "y = - x * - k" by simp
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   310
  then show "- x dvd y" ..
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   311
qed
6d10cf26b5dc add lemmas dvd_minus_iff and minus_dvd_iff in class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29407
diff changeset
   312
30042
31039ee583fa Removed subsumed lemmas
nipkow
parents: 29981
diff changeset
   313
lemma dvd_diff[simp]: "x dvd y \<Longrightarrow> x dvd z \<Longrightarrow> x dvd (y - z)"
35216
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
   314
by (simp only: diff_minus dvd_add dvd_minus_iff)
29409
f0a8fe83bc07 add lemma dvd_diff to class comm_ring_1
huffman
parents: 29408
diff changeset
   315
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   316
end
25152
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   317
22990
775e9de3db48 added classes ring_no_zero_divisors and dom (non-commutative version of idom);
huffman
parents: 22987
diff changeset
   318
class ring_no_zero_divisors = ring + no_zero_divisors
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   319
begin
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   320
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   321
lemma mult_eq_0_iff [simp]:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   322
  shows "a * b = 0 \<longleftrightarrow> (a = 0 \<or> b = 0)"
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   323
proof (cases "a = 0 \<or> b = 0")
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   324
  case False then have "a \<noteq> 0" and "b \<noteq> 0" by auto
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   325
    then show ?thesis using no_zero_divisors by simp
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   326
next
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   327
  case True then show ?thesis by auto
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   328
qed
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   329
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   330
text{*Cancellation of equalities with a common factor*}
35828
46cfc4b8112e now use "Named_Thms" for "noatp", and renamed "noatp" to "no_atp"
blanchet
parents: 35631
diff changeset
   331
lemma mult_cancel_right [simp, no_atp]:
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   332
  "a * c = b * c \<longleftrightarrow> c = 0 \<or> a = b"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   333
proof -
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   334
  have "(a * c = b * c) = ((a - b) * c = 0)"
35216
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
   335
    by (simp add: algebra_simps)
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
   336
  thus ?thesis by (simp add: disj_commute)
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   337
qed
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   338
35828
46cfc4b8112e now use "Named_Thms" for "noatp", and renamed "noatp" to "no_atp"
blanchet
parents: 35631
diff changeset
   339
lemma mult_cancel_left [simp, no_atp]:
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   340
  "c * a = c * b \<longleftrightarrow> c = 0 \<or> a = b"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   341
proof -
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   342
  have "(c * a = c * b) = (c * (a - b) = 0)"
35216
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
   343
    by (simp add: algebra_simps)
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
   344
  thus ?thesis by simp
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   345
qed
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   346
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   347
end
22990
775e9de3db48 added classes ring_no_zero_divisors and dom (non-commutative version of idom);
huffman
parents: 22987
diff changeset
   348
23544
4b4165cb3e0d rename class dom to ring_1_no_zero_divisors
huffman
parents: 23527
diff changeset
   349
class ring_1_no_zero_divisors = ring_1 + ring_no_zero_divisors
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   350
begin
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   351
36970
fb3fdb4b585e remove simp attribute from square_eq_1_iff
huffman
parents: 36821
diff changeset
   352
lemma square_eq_1_iff:
36821
9207505d1ee5 move lemma real_mult_is_one to Rings.thy, renamed to square_eq_1_iff
huffman
parents: 36719
diff changeset
   353
  "x * x = 1 \<longleftrightarrow> x = 1 \<or> x = - 1"
9207505d1ee5 move lemma real_mult_is_one to Rings.thy, renamed to square_eq_1_iff
huffman
parents: 36719
diff changeset
   354
proof -
9207505d1ee5 move lemma real_mult_is_one to Rings.thy, renamed to square_eq_1_iff
huffman
parents: 36719
diff changeset
   355
  have "(x - 1) * (x + 1) = x * x - 1"
9207505d1ee5 move lemma real_mult_is_one to Rings.thy, renamed to square_eq_1_iff
huffman
parents: 36719
diff changeset
   356
    by (simp add: algebra_simps)
9207505d1ee5 move lemma real_mult_is_one to Rings.thy, renamed to square_eq_1_iff
huffman
parents: 36719
diff changeset
   357
  hence "x * x = 1 \<longleftrightarrow> (x - 1) * (x + 1) = 0"
9207505d1ee5 move lemma real_mult_is_one to Rings.thy, renamed to square_eq_1_iff
huffman
parents: 36719
diff changeset
   358
    by simp
9207505d1ee5 move lemma real_mult_is_one to Rings.thy, renamed to square_eq_1_iff
huffman
parents: 36719
diff changeset
   359
  thus ?thesis
9207505d1ee5 move lemma real_mult_is_one to Rings.thy, renamed to square_eq_1_iff
huffman
parents: 36719
diff changeset
   360
    by (simp add: eq_neg_iff_add_eq_0)
9207505d1ee5 move lemma real_mult_is_one to Rings.thy, renamed to square_eq_1_iff
huffman
parents: 36719
diff changeset
   361
qed
9207505d1ee5 move lemma real_mult_is_one to Rings.thy, renamed to square_eq_1_iff
huffman
parents: 36719
diff changeset
   362
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   363
lemma mult_cancel_right1 [simp]:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   364
  "c = b * c \<longleftrightarrow> c = 0 \<or> b = 1"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   365
by (insert mult_cancel_right [of 1 c b], force)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   366
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   367
lemma mult_cancel_right2 [simp]:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   368
  "a * c = c \<longleftrightarrow> c = 0 \<or> a = 1"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   369
by (insert mult_cancel_right [of a c 1], simp)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   370
 
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   371
lemma mult_cancel_left1 [simp]:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   372
  "c = c * b \<longleftrightarrow> c = 0 \<or> b = 1"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   373
by (insert mult_cancel_left [of c 1 b], force)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   374
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   375
lemma mult_cancel_left2 [simp]:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   376
  "c * a = c \<longleftrightarrow> c = 0 \<or> a = 1"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   377
by (insert mult_cancel_left [of c a 1], simp)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   378
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   379
end
22990
775e9de3db48 added classes ring_no_zero_divisors and dom (non-commutative version of idom);
huffman
parents: 22987
diff changeset
   380
22390
378f34b1e380 now using "class"
haftmann
parents: 21328
diff changeset
   381
class idom = comm_ring_1 + no_zero_divisors
25186
f4d1ebffd025 localized further
haftmann
parents: 25152
diff changeset
   382
begin
14421
ee97b6463cb4 new Ring_and_Field hierarchy, eliminating redundant axioms
paulson
parents: 14398
diff changeset
   383
27516
9a5d4a8d4aac by intro_locales -> ..
huffman
parents: 26274
diff changeset
   384
subclass ring_1_no_zero_divisors ..
22990
775e9de3db48 added classes ring_no_zero_divisors and dom (non-commutative version of idom);
huffman
parents: 22987
diff changeset
   385
29915
2146e512cec9 generalize lemma fps_square_eq_iff, move to Ring_and_Field
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   386
lemma square_eq_iff: "a * a = b * b \<longleftrightarrow> (a = b \<or> a = - b)"
2146e512cec9 generalize lemma fps_square_eq_iff, move to Ring_and_Field
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   387
proof
2146e512cec9 generalize lemma fps_square_eq_iff, move to Ring_and_Field
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   388
  assume "a * a = b * b"
2146e512cec9 generalize lemma fps_square_eq_iff, move to Ring_and_Field
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   389
  then have "(a - b) * (a + b) = 0"
2146e512cec9 generalize lemma fps_square_eq_iff, move to Ring_and_Field
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   390
    by (simp add: algebra_simps)
2146e512cec9 generalize lemma fps_square_eq_iff, move to Ring_and_Field
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   391
  then show "a = b \<or> a = - b"
35216
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
   392
    by (simp add: eq_neg_iff_add_eq_0)
29915
2146e512cec9 generalize lemma fps_square_eq_iff, move to Ring_and_Field
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   393
next
2146e512cec9 generalize lemma fps_square_eq_iff, move to Ring_and_Field
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   394
  assume "a = b \<or> a = - b"
2146e512cec9 generalize lemma fps_square_eq_iff, move to Ring_and_Field
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   395
  then show "a * a = b * b" by auto
2146e512cec9 generalize lemma fps_square_eq_iff, move to Ring_and_Field
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   396
qed
2146e512cec9 generalize lemma fps_square_eq_iff, move to Ring_and_Field
huffman
parents: 29904
diff changeset
   397
29981
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   398
lemma dvd_mult_cancel_right [simp]:
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   399
  "a * c dvd b * c \<longleftrightarrow> c = 0 \<or> a dvd b"
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   400
proof -
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   401
  have "a * c dvd b * c \<longleftrightarrow> (\<exists>k. b * c = (a * k) * c)"
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   402
    unfolding dvd_def by (simp add: mult_ac)
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   403
  also have "(\<exists>k. b * c = (a * k) * c) \<longleftrightarrow> c = 0 \<or> a dvd b"
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   404
    unfolding dvd_def by simp
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   405
  finally show ?thesis .
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   406
qed
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   407
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   408
lemma dvd_mult_cancel_left [simp]:
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   409
  "c * a dvd c * b \<longleftrightarrow> c = 0 \<or> a dvd b"
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   410
proof -
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   411
  have "c * a dvd c * b \<longleftrightarrow> (\<exists>k. b * c = (a * k) * c)"
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   412
    unfolding dvd_def by (simp add: mult_ac)
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   413
  also have "(\<exists>k. b * c = (a * k) * c) \<longleftrightarrow> c = 0 \<or> a dvd b"
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   414
    unfolding dvd_def by simp
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   415
  finally show ?thesis .
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   416
qed
7d0ed261b712 generalize int_dvd_cancel_factor simproc to idom class
huffman
parents: 29949
diff changeset
   417
25186
f4d1ebffd025 localized further
haftmann
parents: 25152
diff changeset
   418
end
25152
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   419
35083
3246e66b0874 division ring assumes divide_inverse
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
   420
class inverse =
3246e66b0874 division ring assumes divide_inverse
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
   421
  fixes inverse :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"
3246e66b0874 division ring assumes divide_inverse
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
   422
    and divide :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"  (infixl "'/" 70)
3246e66b0874 division ring assumes divide_inverse
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
   423
22390
378f34b1e380 now using "class"
haftmann
parents: 21328
diff changeset
   424
class division_ring = ring_1 + inverse +
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   425
  assumes left_inverse [simp]:  "a \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> inverse a * a = 1"
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   426
  assumes right_inverse [simp]: "a \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> a * inverse a = 1"
35083
3246e66b0874 division ring assumes divide_inverse
haftmann
parents: 35050
diff changeset
   427
  assumes divide_inverse: "a / b = a * inverse b"
25186
f4d1ebffd025 localized further
haftmann
parents: 25152
diff changeset
   428
begin
20496
23eb6034c06d added axclass division_ring (like field without commutativity; includes e.g. quaternions) and generalized some theorems from field to division_ring
huffman
parents: 19404
diff changeset
   429
25186
f4d1ebffd025 localized further
haftmann
parents: 25152
diff changeset
   430
subclass ring_1_no_zero_divisors
28823
dcbef866c9e2 tuned unfold_locales invocation
haftmann
parents: 28559
diff changeset
   431
proof
22987
550709aa8e66 instance division_ring < no_zero_divisors; clean up field instance proofs
huffman
parents: 22842
diff changeset
   432
  fix a b :: 'a
550709aa8e66 instance division_ring < no_zero_divisors; clean up field instance proofs
huffman
parents: 22842
diff changeset
   433
  assume a: "a \<noteq> 0" and b: "b \<noteq> 0"
550709aa8e66 instance division_ring < no_zero_divisors; clean up field instance proofs
huffman
parents: 22842
diff changeset
   434
  show "a * b \<noteq> 0"
550709aa8e66 instance division_ring < no_zero_divisors; clean up field instance proofs
huffman
parents: 22842
diff changeset
   435
  proof
550709aa8e66 instance division_ring < no_zero_divisors; clean up field instance proofs
huffman
parents: 22842
diff changeset
   436
    assume ab: "a * b = 0"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   437
    hence "0 = inverse a * (a * b) * inverse b" by simp
22987
550709aa8e66 instance division_ring < no_zero_divisors; clean up field instance proofs
huffman
parents: 22842
diff changeset
   438
    also have "\<dots> = (inverse a * a) * (b * inverse b)"
550709aa8e66 instance division_ring < no_zero_divisors; clean up field instance proofs
huffman
parents: 22842
diff changeset
   439
      by (simp only: mult_assoc)
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   440
    also have "\<dots> = 1" using a b by simp
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   441
    finally show False by simp
22987
550709aa8e66 instance division_ring < no_zero_divisors; clean up field instance proofs
huffman
parents: 22842
diff changeset
   442
  qed
550709aa8e66 instance division_ring < no_zero_divisors; clean up field instance proofs
huffman
parents: 22842
diff changeset
   443
qed
20496
23eb6034c06d added axclass division_ring (like field without commutativity; includes e.g. quaternions) and generalized some theorems from field to division_ring
huffman
parents: 19404
diff changeset
   444
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   445
lemma nonzero_imp_inverse_nonzero:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   446
  "a \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> inverse a \<noteq> 0"
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   447
proof
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   448
  assume ianz: "inverse a = 0"
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   449
  assume "a \<noteq> 0"
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   450
  hence "1 = a * inverse a" by simp
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   451
  also have "... = 0" by (simp add: ianz)
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   452
  finally have "1 = 0" .
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   453
  thus False by (simp add: eq_commute)
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   454
qed
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   455
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   456
lemma inverse_zero_imp_zero:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   457
  "inverse a = 0 \<Longrightarrow> a = 0"
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   458
apply (rule classical)
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   459
apply (drule nonzero_imp_inverse_nonzero)
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   460
apply auto
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   461
done
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   462
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   463
lemma inverse_unique: 
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   464
  assumes ab: "a * b = 1"
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   465
  shows "inverse a = b"
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   466
proof -
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   467
  have "a \<noteq> 0" using ab by (cases "a = 0") simp_all
29406
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   468
  moreover have "inverse a * (a * b) = inverse a" by (simp add: ab)
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   469
  ultimately show ?thesis by (simp add: mult_assoc [symmetric])
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   470
qed
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   471
29406
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   472
lemma nonzero_inverse_minus_eq:
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   473
  "a \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> inverse (- a) = - inverse a"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   474
by (rule inverse_unique) simp
29406
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   475
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   476
lemma nonzero_inverse_inverse_eq:
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   477
  "a \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> inverse (inverse a) = a"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   478
by (rule inverse_unique) simp
29406
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   479
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   480
lemma nonzero_inverse_eq_imp_eq:
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   481
  assumes "inverse a = inverse b" and "a \<noteq> 0" and "b \<noteq> 0"
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   482
  shows "a = b"
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   483
proof -
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   484
  from `inverse a = inverse b`
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   485
  have "inverse (inverse a) = inverse (inverse b)" by (rule arg_cong)
29406
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   486
  with `a \<noteq> 0` and `b \<noteq> 0` show "a = b"
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   487
    by (simp add: nonzero_inverse_inverse_eq)
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   488
qed
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   489
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   490
lemma inverse_1 [simp]: "inverse 1 = 1"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   491
by (rule inverse_unique) simp
29406
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   492
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   493
lemma nonzero_inverse_mult_distrib: 
29406
54bac26089bd clean up division_ring proofs
huffman
parents: 28823
diff changeset
   494
  assumes "a \<noteq> 0" and "b \<noteq> 0"
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   495
  shows "inverse (a * b) = inverse b * inverse a"
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   496
proof -
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   497
  have "a * (b * inverse b) * inverse a = 1" using assms by simp
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   498
  hence "a * b * (inverse b * inverse a) = 1" by (simp only: mult_assoc)
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   499
  thus ?thesis by (rule inverse_unique)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   500
qed
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   501
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   502
lemma division_ring_inverse_add:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   503
  "a \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> b \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> inverse a + inverse b = inverse a * (a + b) * inverse b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   504
by (simp add: algebra_simps)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   505
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   506
lemma division_ring_inverse_diff:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   507
  "a \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> b \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> inverse a - inverse b = inverse a * (b - a) * inverse b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   508
by (simp add: algebra_simps)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
   509
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   510
lemma right_inverse_eq: "b \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> a / b = 1 \<longleftrightarrow> a = b"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   511
proof
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   512
  assume neq: "b \<noteq> 0"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   513
  {
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   514
    hence "a = (a / b) * b" by (simp add: divide_inverse mult_assoc)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   515
    also assume "a / b = 1"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   516
    finally show "a = b" by simp
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   517
  next
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   518
    assume "a = b"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   519
    with neq show "a / b = 1" by (simp add: divide_inverse)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   520
  }
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   521
qed
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   522
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   523
lemma nonzero_inverse_eq_divide: "a \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> inverse a = 1 / a"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   524
by (simp add: divide_inverse)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   525
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   526
lemma divide_self [simp]: "a \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> a / a = 1"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   527
by (simp add: divide_inverse)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   528
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   529
lemma divide_zero_left [simp]: "0 / a = 0"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   530
by (simp add: divide_inverse)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   531
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   532
lemma inverse_eq_divide: "inverse a = 1 / a"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   533
by (simp add: divide_inverse)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   534
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   535
lemma add_divide_distrib: "(a+b) / c = a/c + b/c"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   536
by (simp add: divide_inverse algebra_simps)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   537
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   538
lemma divide_1 [simp]: "a / 1 = a"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   539
  by (simp add: divide_inverse)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   540
36304
6984744e6b34 less special treatment of times_divide_eq [simp]
haftmann
parents: 36301
diff changeset
   541
lemma times_divide_eq_right [simp]: "a * (b / c) = (a * b) / c"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   542
  by (simp add: divide_inverse mult_assoc)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   543
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   544
lemma minus_divide_left: "- (a / b) = (-a) / b"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   545
  by (simp add: divide_inverse)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   546
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   547
lemma nonzero_minus_divide_right: "b \<noteq> 0 ==> - (a / b) = a / (- b)"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   548
  by (simp add: divide_inverse nonzero_inverse_minus_eq)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   549
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   550
lemma nonzero_minus_divide_divide: "b \<noteq> 0 ==> (-a) / (-b) = a / b"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   551
  by (simp add: divide_inverse nonzero_inverse_minus_eq)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   552
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   553
lemma divide_minus_left [simp, no_atp]: "(-a) / b = - (a / b)"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   554
  by (simp add: divide_inverse)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   555
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   556
lemma diff_divide_distrib: "(a - b) / c = a / c - b / c"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   557
  by (simp add: diff_minus add_divide_distrib)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   558
36348
89c54f51f55a dropped group_simps, ring_simps, field_eq_simps; classes division_ring_inverse_zero, field_inverse_zero, linordered_field_inverse_zero
haftmann
parents: 36304
diff changeset
   559
lemma nonzero_eq_divide_eq [field_simps]: "c \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> a = b / c \<longleftrightarrow> a * c = b"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   560
proof -
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   561
  assume [simp]: "c \<noteq> 0"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   562
  have "a = b / c \<longleftrightarrow> a * c = (b / c) * c" by simp
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   563
  also have "... \<longleftrightarrow> a * c = b" by (simp add: divide_inverse mult_assoc)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   564
  finally show ?thesis .
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   565
qed
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   566
36348
89c54f51f55a dropped group_simps, ring_simps, field_eq_simps; classes division_ring_inverse_zero, field_inverse_zero, linordered_field_inverse_zero
haftmann
parents: 36304
diff changeset
   567
lemma nonzero_divide_eq_eq [field_simps]: "c \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> b / c = a \<longleftrightarrow> b = a * c"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   568
proof -
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   569
  assume [simp]: "c \<noteq> 0"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   570
  have "b / c = a \<longleftrightarrow> (b / c) * c = a * c" by simp
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   571
  also have "... \<longleftrightarrow> b = a * c" by (simp add: divide_inverse mult_assoc) 
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   572
  finally show ?thesis .
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   573
qed
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   574
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   575
lemma divide_eq_imp: "c \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> b = a * c \<Longrightarrow> b / c = a"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   576
  by (simp add: divide_inverse mult_assoc)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   577
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   578
lemma eq_divide_imp: "c \<noteq> 0 \<Longrightarrow> a * c = b \<Longrightarrow> a = b / c"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   579
  by (drule sym) (simp add: divide_inverse mult_assoc)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   580
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   581
end
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   582
36348
89c54f51f55a dropped group_simps, ring_simps, field_eq_simps; classes division_ring_inverse_zero, field_inverse_zero, linordered_field_inverse_zero
haftmann
parents: 36304
diff changeset
   583
class division_ring_inverse_zero = division_ring +
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   584
  assumes inverse_zero [simp]: "inverse 0 = 0"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   585
begin
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   586
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   587
lemma divide_zero [simp]:
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   588
  "a / 0 = 0"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   589
  by (simp add: divide_inverse)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   590
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   591
lemma divide_self_if [simp]:
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   592
  "a / a = (if a = 0 then 0 else 1)"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   593
  by simp
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   594
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   595
lemma inverse_nonzero_iff_nonzero [simp]:
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   596
  "inverse a = 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a = 0"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   597
  by rule (fact inverse_zero_imp_zero, simp)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   598
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   599
lemma inverse_minus_eq [simp]:
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   600
  "inverse (- a) = - inverse a"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   601
proof cases
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   602
  assume "a=0" thus ?thesis by simp
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   603
next
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   604
  assume "a\<noteq>0" 
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   605
  thus ?thesis by (simp add: nonzero_inverse_minus_eq)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   606
qed
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   607
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   608
lemma inverse_eq_imp_eq:
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   609
  "inverse a = inverse b \<Longrightarrow> a = b"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   610
apply (cases "a=0 | b=0") 
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   611
 apply (force dest!: inverse_zero_imp_zero
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   612
              simp add: eq_commute [of "0::'a"])
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   613
apply (force dest!: nonzero_inverse_eq_imp_eq) 
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   614
done
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   615
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   616
lemma inverse_eq_iff_eq [simp]:
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   617
  "inverse a = inverse b \<longleftrightarrow> a = b"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   618
  by (force dest!: inverse_eq_imp_eq)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   619
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   620
lemma inverse_inverse_eq [simp]:
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   621
  "inverse (inverse a) = a"
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   622
proof cases
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   623
  assume "a=0" thus ?thesis by simp
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   624
next
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   625
  assume "a\<noteq>0" 
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   626
  thus ?thesis by (simp add: nonzero_inverse_inverse_eq)
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   627
qed
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   628
25186
f4d1ebffd025 localized further
haftmann
parents: 25152
diff changeset
   629
end
25152
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   630
35302
4bc6b4d70e08 tuned text
haftmann
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   631
text {*
4bc6b4d70e08 tuned text
haftmann
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   632
  The theory of partially ordered rings is taken from the books:
4bc6b4d70e08 tuned text
haftmann
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   633
  \begin{itemize}
4bc6b4d70e08 tuned text
haftmann
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   634
  \item \emph{Lattice Theory} by Garret Birkhoff, American Mathematical Society 1979 
4bc6b4d70e08 tuned text
haftmann
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   635
  \item \emph{Partially Ordered Algebraic Systems}, Pergamon Press 1963
4bc6b4d70e08 tuned text
haftmann
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   636
  \end{itemize}
4bc6b4d70e08 tuned text
haftmann
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   637
  Most of the used notions can also be looked up in 
4bc6b4d70e08 tuned text
haftmann
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   638
  \begin{itemize}
4bc6b4d70e08 tuned text
haftmann
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   639
  \item \url{http://www.mathworld.com} by Eric Weisstein et. al.
4bc6b4d70e08 tuned text
haftmann
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   640
  \item \emph{Algebra I} by van der Waerden, Springer.
4bc6b4d70e08 tuned text
haftmann
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   641
  \end{itemize}
4bc6b4d70e08 tuned text
haftmann
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   642
*}
4bc6b4d70e08 tuned text
haftmann
parents: 35216
diff changeset
   643
38642
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   644
class ordered_semiring = semiring + comm_monoid_add + ordered_ab_semigroup_add +
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   645
  assumes mult_left_mono: "a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> c \<Longrightarrow> c * a \<le> c * b"
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   646
  assumes mult_right_mono: "a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> c \<Longrightarrow> a * c \<le> b * c"
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   647
begin
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   648
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   649
lemma mult_mono:
38642
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   650
  "a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> c \<le> d \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> c \<Longrightarrow> a * c \<le> b * d"
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   651
apply (erule mult_right_mono [THEN order_trans], assumption)
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   652
apply (erule mult_left_mono, assumption)
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   653
done
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   654
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   655
lemma mult_mono':
38642
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   656
  "a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> c \<le> d \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> c \<Longrightarrow> a * c \<le> b * d"
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   657
apply (rule mult_mono)
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   658
apply (fast intro: order_trans)+
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   659
done
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   660
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   661
end
21199
2d83f93c3580 * Added annihilation axioms ("x * 0 = 0") to axclass semiring_0.
krauss
parents: 20633
diff changeset
   662
38642
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   663
class ordered_cancel_semiring = ordered_semiring + cancel_comm_monoid_add
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   664
begin
14268
5cf13e80be0e Removal of Hyperreal/ExtraThms2.ML, sending the material to the correct files.
paulson
parents: 14267
diff changeset
   665
27516
9a5d4a8d4aac by intro_locales -> ..
huffman
parents: 26274
diff changeset
   666
subclass semiring_0_cancel ..
23521
195fe3fe2831 added ordered_ring and ordered_semiring
obua
parents: 23496
diff changeset
   667
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   668
lemma mult_nonneg_nonneg: "0 \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> a * b"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   669
using mult_left_mono [of 0 b a] by simp
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   670
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   671
lemma mult_nonneg_nonpos: "0 \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> a * b \<le> 0"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   672
using mult_left_mono [of b 0 a] by simp
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   673
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   674
lemma mult_nonpos_nonneg: "a \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> a * b \<le> 0"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   675
using mult_right_mono [of a 0 b] by simp
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   676
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   677
text {* Legacy - use @{text mult_nonpos_nonneg} *}
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   678
lemma mult_nonneg_nonpos2: "0 \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> b * a \<le> 0" 
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   679
by (drule mult_right_mono [of b 0], auto)
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   680
26234
1f6e28a88785 clarified proposition
haftmann
parents: 26193
diff changeset
   681
lemma split_mult_neg_le: "(0 \<le> a & b \<le> 0) | (a \<le> 0 & 0 \<le> b) \<Longrightarrow> a * b \<le> 0" 
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   682
by (auto simp add: mult_nonneg_nonpos mult_nonneg_nonpos2)
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   683
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   684
end
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   685
38642
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   686
class linordered_semiring = ordered_semiring + linordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   687
begin
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   688
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   689
subclass ordered_cancel_semiring ..
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   690
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   691
subclass ordered_comm_monoid_add ..
25304
7491c00f0915 removed subclass edge ordered_ring < lordered_ring
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   692
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   693
lemma mult_left_less_imp_less:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   694
  "c * a < c * b \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> c \<Longrightarrow> a < b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   695
by (force simp add: mult_left_mono not_le [symmetric])
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   696
 
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   697
lemma mult_right_less_imp_less:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   698
  "a * c < b * c \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> c \<Longrightarrow> a < b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   699
by (force simp add: mult_right_mono not_le [symmetric])
23521
195fe3fe2831 added ordered_ring and ordered_semiring
obua
parents: 23496
diff changeset
   700
25186
f4d1ebffd025 localized further
haftmann
parents: 25152
diff changeset
   701
end
25152
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   702
35043
07dbdf60d5ad dropped accidental duplication of "lin" prefix from cs. 108662d50512
haftmann
parents: 35032
diff changeset
   703
class linordered_semiring_1 = linordered_semiring + semiring_1
36622
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   704
begin
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   705
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   706
lemma convex_bound_le:
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   707
  assumes "x \<le> a" "y \<le> a" "0 \<le> u" "0 \<le> v" "u + v = 1"
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   708
  shows "u * x + v * y \<le> a"
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   709
proof-
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   710
  from assms have "u * x + v * y \<le> u * a + v * a"
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   711
    by (simp add: add_mono mult_left_mono)
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   712
  thus ?thesis using assms unfolding left_distrib[symmetric] by simp
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   713
qed
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   714
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   715
end
35043
07dbdf60d5ad dropped accidental duplication of "lin" prefix from cs. 108662d50512
haftmann
parents: 35032
diff changeset
   716
07dbdf60d5ad dropped accidental duplication of "lin" prefix from cs. 108662d50512
haftmann
parents: 35032
diff changeset
   717
class linordered_semiring_strict = semiring + comm_monoid_add + linordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add +
25062
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   718
  assumes mult_strict_left_mono: "a < b \<Longrightarrow> 0 < c \<Longrightarrow> c * a < c * b"
af5ef0d4d655 global class syntax
haftmann
parents: 24748
diff changeset
   719
  assumes mult_strict_right_mono: "a < b \<Longrightarrow> 0 < c \<Longrightarrow> a * c < b * c"
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   720
begin
14341
a09441bd4f1e Ring_and_Field now requires axiom add_left_imp_eq for semirings.
paulson
parents: 14334
diff changeset
   721
27516
9a5d4a8d4aac by intro_locales -> ..
huffman
parents: 26274
diff changeset
   722
subclass semiring_0_cancel ..
14940
b9ab8babd8b3 Further development of matrix theory
obua
parents: 14770
diff changeset
   723
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   724
subclass linordered_semiring
28823
dcbef866c9e2 tuned unfold_locales invocation
haftmann
parents: 28559
diff changeset
   725
proof
23550
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   726
  fix a b c :: 'a
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   727
  assume A: "a \<le> b" "0 \<le> c"
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   728
  from A show "c * a \<le> c * b"
25186
f4d1ebffd025 localized further
haftmann
parents: 25152
diff changeset
   729
    unfolding le_less
f4d1ebffd025 localized further
haftmann
parents: 25152
diff changeset
   730
    using mult_strict_left_mono by (cases "c = 0") auto
23550
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   731
  from A show "a * c \<le> b * c"
25152
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   732
    unfolding le_less
25186
f4d1ebffd025 localized further
haftmann
parents: 25152
diff changeset
   733
    using mult_strict_right_mono by (cases "c = 0") auto
25152
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   734
qed
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   735
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   736
lemma mult_left_le_imp_le:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   737
  "c * a \<le> c * b \<Longrightarrow> 0 < c \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   738
by (force simp add: mult_strict_left_mono _not_less [symmetric])
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   739
 
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   740
lemma mult_right_le_imp_le:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   741
  "a * c \<le> b * c \<Longrightarrow> 0 < c \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   742
by (force simp add: mult_strict_right_mono not_less [symmetric])
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   743
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   744
lemma mult_pos_pos: "0 < a \<Longrightarrow> 0 < b \<Longrightarrow> 0 < a * b"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   745
using mult_strict_left_mono [of 0 b a] by simp
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   746
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   747
lemma mult_pos_neg: "0 < a \<Longrightarrow> b < 0 \<Longrightarrow> a * b < 0"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   748
using mult_strict_left_mono [of b 0 a] by simp
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   749
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   750
lemma mult_neg_pos: "a < 0 \<Longrightarrow> 0 < b \<Longrightarrow> a * b < 0"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   751
using mult_strict_right_mono [of a 0 b] by simp
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   752
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   753
text {* Legacy - use @{text mult_neg_pos} *}
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   754
lemma mult_pos_neg2: "0 < a \<Longrightarrow> b < 0 \<Longrightarrow> b * a < 0" 
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   755
by (drule mult_strict_right_mono [of b 0], auto)
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   756
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   757
lemma zero_less_mult_pos:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   758
  "0 < a * b \<Longrightarrow> 0 < a \<Longrightarrow> 0 < b"
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   759
apply (cases "b\<le>0")
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   760
 apply (auto simp add: le_less not_less)
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   761
apply (drule_tac mult_pos_neg [of a b])
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   762
 apply (auto dest: less_not_sym)
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   763
done
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   764
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   765
lemma zero_less_mult_pos2:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   766
  "0 < b * a \<Longrightarrow> 0 < a \<Longrightarrow> 0 < b"
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   767
apply (cases "b\<le>0")
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   768
 apply (auto simp add: le_less not_less)
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   769
apply (drule_tac mult_pos_neg2 [of a b])
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   770
 apply (auto dest: less_not_sym)
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   771
done
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   772
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   773
text{*Strict monotonicity in both arguments*}
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   774
lemma mult_strict_mono:
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   775
  assumes "a < b" and "c < d" and "0 < b" and "0 \<le> c"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   776
  shows "a * c < b * d"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   777
  using assms apply (cases "c=0")
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   778
  apply (simp add: mult_pos_pos)
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   779
  apply (erule mult_strict_right_mono [THEN less_trans])
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   780
  apply (force simp add: le_less)
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   781
  apply (erule mult_strict_left_mono, assumption)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   782
  done
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   783
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   784
text{*This weaker variant has more natural premises*}
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   785
lemma mult_strict_mono':
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   786
  assumes "a < b" and "c < d" and "0 \<le> a" and "0 \<le> c"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   787
  shows "a * c < b * d"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   788
by (rule mult_strict_mono) (insert assms, auto)
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   789
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   790
lemma mult_less_le_imp_less:
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   791
  assumes "a < b" and "c \<le> d" and "0 \<le> a" and "0 < c"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   792
  shows "a * c < b * d"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   793
  using assms apply (subgoal_tac "a * c < b * c")
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   794
  apply (erule less_le_trans)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   795
  apply (erule mult_left_mono)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   796
  apply simp
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   797
  apply (erule mult_strict_right_mono)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   798
  apply assumption
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   799
  done
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   800
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   801
lemma mult_le_less_imp_less:
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   802
  assumes "a \<le> b" and "c < d" and "0 < a" and "0 \<le> c"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   803
  shows "a * c < b * d"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   804
  using assms apply (subgoal_tac "a * c \<le> b * c")
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   805
  apply (erule le_less_trans)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   806
  apply (erule mult_strict_left_mono)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   807
  apply simp
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   808
  apply (erule mult_right_mono)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   809
  apply simp
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   810
  done
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   811
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   812
lemma mult_less_imp_less_left:
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   813
  assumes less: "c * a < c * b" and nonneg: "0 \<le> c"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   814
  shows "a < b"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   815
proof (rule ccontr)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   816
  assume "\<not>  a < b"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   817
  hence "b \<le> a" by (simp add: linorder_not_less)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   818
  hence "c * b \<le> c * a" using nonneg by (rule mult_left_mono)
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   819
  with this and less show False by (simp add: not_less [symmetric])
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   820
qed
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   821
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   822
lemma mult_less_imp_less_right:
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   823
  assumes less: "a * c < b * c" and nonneg: "0 \<le> c"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   824
  shows "a < b"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   825
proof (rule ccontr)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   826
  assume "\<not> a < b"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   827
  hence "b \<le> a" by (simp add: linorder_not_less)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   828
  hence "b * c \<le> a * c" using nonneg by (rule mult_right_mono)
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   829
  with this and less show False by (simp add: not_less [symmetric])
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   830
qed  
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   831
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   832
end
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   833
35097
4554bb2abfa3 dropped last occurence of the linlinordered accident
haftmann
parents: 35092
diff changeset
   834
class linordered_semiring_1_strict = linordered_semiring_strict + semiring_1
36622
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   835
begin
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   836
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   837
subclass linordered_semiring_1 ..
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   838
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   839
lemma convex_bound_lt:
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   840
  assumes "x < a" "y < a" "0 \<le> u" "0 \<le> v" "u + v = 1"
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   841
  shows "u * x + v * y < a"
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   842
proof -
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   843
  from assms have "u * x + v * y < u * a + v * a"
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   844
    by (cases "u = 0")
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   845
       (auto intro!: add_less_le_mono mult_strict_left_mono mult_left_mono)
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   846
  thus ?thesis using assms unfolding left_distrib[symmetric] by simp
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   847
qed
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   848
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
   849
end
33319
74f0dcc0b5fb moved algebraic classes to Ring_and_Field
haftmann
parents: 32960
diff changeset
   850
38642
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   851
class ordered_comm_semiring = comm_semiring_0 + ordered_ab_semigroup_add + 
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   852
  assumes comm_mult_left_mono: "a \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> c \<Longrightarrow> c * a \<le> c * b"
25186
f4d1ebffd025 localized further
haftmann
parents: 25152
diff changeset
   853
begin
25152
bfde2f8c0f63 partially localized
haftmann
parents: 25078
diff changeset
   854
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   855
subclass ordered_semiring
28823
dcbef866c9e2 tuned unfold_locales invocation
haftmann
parents: 28559
diff changeset
   856
proof
21199
2d83f93c3580 * Added annihilation axioms ("x * 0 = 0") to axclass semiring_0.
krauss
parents: 20633
diff changeset
   857
  fix a b c :: 'a
23550
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   858
  assume "a \<le> b" "0 \<le> c"
38642
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   859
  thus "c * a \<le> c * b" by (rule comm_mult_left_mono)
23550
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   860
  thus "a * c \<le> b * c" by (simp only: mult_commute)
21199
2d83f93c3580 * Added annihilation axioms ("x * 0 = 0") to axclass semiring_0.
krauss
parents: 20633
diff changeset
   861
qed
14265
95b42e69436c HOL: installation of Ring_and_Field as the basis for Naturals and Reals
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   862
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   863
end
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   864
38642
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   865
class ordered_cancel_comm_semiring = ordered_comm_semiring + cancel_comm_monoid_add
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   866
begin
14265
95b42e69436c HOL: installation of Ring_and_Field as the basis for Naturals and Reals
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   867
38642
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   868
subclass comm_semiring_0_cancel ..
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   869
subclass ordered_comm_semiring ..
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   870
subclass ordered_cancel_semiring ..
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   871
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   872
end
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   873
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   874
class linordered_comm_semiring_strict = comm_semiring_0 + linordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add +
38642
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   875
  assumes comm_mult_strict_left_mono: "a < b \<Longrightarrow> 0 < c \<Longrightarrow> c * a < c * b"
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   876
begin
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   877
35043
07dbdf60d5ad dropped accidental duplication of "lin" prefix from cs. 108662d50512
haftmann
parents: 35032
diff changeset
   878
subclass linordered_semiring_strict
28823
dcbef866c9e2 tuned unfold_locales invocation
haftmann
parents: 28559
diff changeset
   879
proof
23550
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   880
  fix a b c :: 'a
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   881
  assume "a < b" "0 < c"
38642
8fa437809c67 dropped type classes mult_mono and mult_mono1; tuned names of technical rule duplicates
haftmann
parents: 37767
diff changeset
   882
  thus "c * a < c * b" by (rule comm_mult_strict_left_mono)
23550
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   883
  thus "a * c < b * c" by (simp only: mult_commute)
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   884
qed
14272
5efbb548107d Tidying of the integer development; towards removing the
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   885
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   886
subclass ordered_cancel_comm_semiring
28823
dcbef866c9e2 tuned unfold_locales invocation
haftmann
parents: 28559
diff changeset
   887
proof
23550
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   888
  fix a b c :: 'a
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   889
  assume "a \<le> b" "0 \<le> c"
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   890
  thus "c * a \<le> c * b"
25186
f4d1ebffd025 localized further
haftmann
parents: 25152
diff changeset
   891
    unfolding le_less
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
   892
    using mult_strict_left_mono by (cases "c = 0") auto
23550
d4f1d6ef119c convert instance proofs to Isar style
huffman
parents: 23544
diff changeset
   893
qed
14272
5efbb548107d Tidying of the integer development; towards removing the
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   894
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   895
end
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   896
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   897
class ordered_ring = ring + ordered_cancel_semiring 
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
   898
begin
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   899
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   900
subclass ordered_ab_group_add ..
14270
342451d763f9 More re-organising of numerical theorems
paulson
parents: 14269
diff changeset
   901
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   902
lemma less_add_iff1:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   903
  "a * e + c < b * e + d \<longleftrightarrow> (a - b) * e + c < d"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   904
by (simp add: algebra_simps)
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   905
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   906
lemma less_add_iff2:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   907
  "a * e + c < b * e + d \<longleftrightarrow> c < (b - a) * e + d"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   908
by (simp add: algebra_simps)
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   909
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   910
lemma le_add_iff1:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   911
  "a * e + c \<le> b * e + d \<longleftrightarrow> (a - b) * e + c \<le> d"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   912
by (simp add: algebra_simps)
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   913
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   914
lemma le_add_iff2:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   915
  "a * e + c \<le> b * e + d \<longleftrightarrow> c \<le> (b - a) * e + d"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   916
by (simp add: algebra_simps)
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   917
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   918
lemma mult_left_mono_neg:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   919
  "b \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> c \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> c * a \<le> c * b"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   920
  apply (drule mult_left_mono [of _ _ "- c"])
35216
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
   921
  apply simp_all
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   922
  done
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   923
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   924
lemma mult_right_mono_neg:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   925
  "b \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> c \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> a * c \<le> b * c"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   926
  apply (drule mult_right_mono [of _ _ "- c"])
35216
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
   927
  apply simp_all
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   928
  done
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   929
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   930
lemma mult_nonpos_nonpos: "a \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> 0 \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> a * b"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   931
using mult_right_mono_neg [of a 0 b] by simp
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   932
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   933
lemma split_mult_pos_le:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   934
  "(0 \<le> a \<and> 0 \<le> b) \<or> (a \<le> 0 \<and> b \<le> 0) \<Longrightarrow> 0 \<le> a * b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
   935
by (auto simp add: mult_nonneg_nonneg mult_nonpos_nonpos)
25186
f4d1ebffd025 localized further
haftmann
parents: 25152
diff changeset
   936
f4d1ebffd025 localized further
haftmann
parents: 25152
diff changeset
   937
end
14270
342451d763f9 More re-organising of numerical theorems
paulson
parents: 14269
diff changeset
   938
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   939
class linordered_ring = ring + linordered_semiring + linordered_ab_group_add + abs_if
25304
7491c00f0915 removed subclass edge ordered_ring < lordered_ring
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   940
begin
7491c00f0915 removed subclass edge ordered_ring < lordered_ring
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   941
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   942
subclass ordered_ring ..
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   943
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   944
subclass ordered_ab_group_add_abs
28823
dcbef866c9e2 tuned unfold_locales invocation
haftmann
parents: 28559
diff changeset
   945
proof
25304
7491c00f0915 removed subclass edge ordered_ring < lordered_ring
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   946
  fix a b
7491c00f0915 removed subclass edge ordered_ring < lordered_ring
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   947
  show "\<bar>a + b\<bar> \<le> \<bar>a\<bar> + \<bar>b\<bar>"
35216
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
   948
    by (auto simp add: abs_if not_less)
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
   949
    (auto simp del: minus_add_distrib simp add: minus_add_distrib [symmetric],
36977
71c8973a604b declare add_nonneg_nonneg [simp]; remove now-redundant lemmas realpow_two_le_order(2)
huffman
parents: 36970
diff changeset
   950
     auto intro!: less_imp_le add_neg_neg)
35216
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
   951
qed (auto simp add: abs_if)
25304
7491c00f0915 removed subclass edge ordered_ring < lordered_ring
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   952
35631
0b8a5fd339ab generalize some lemmas from class linordered_ring_strict to linordered_ring
huffman
parents: 35302
diff changeset
   953
lemma zero_le_square [simp]: "0 \<le> a * a"
0b8a5fd339ab generalize some lemmas from class linordered_ring_strict to linordered_ring
huffman
parents: 35302
diff changeset
   954
  using linear [of 0 a]
0b8a5fd339ab generalize some lemmas from class linordered_ring_strict to linordered_ring
huffman
parents: 35302
diff changeset
   955
  by (auto simp add: mult_nonneg_nonneg mult_nonpos_nonpos)
0b8a5fd339ab generalize some lemmas from class linordered_ring_strict to linordered_ring
huffman
parents: 35302
diff changeset
   956
0b8a5fd339ab generalize some lemmas from class linordered_ring_strict to linordered_ring
huffman
parents: 35302
diff changeset
   957
lemma not_square_less_zero [simp]: "\<not> (a * a < 0)"
0b8a5fd339ab generalize some lemmas from class linordered_ring_strict to linordered_ring
huffman
parents: 35302
diff changeset
   958
  by (simp add: not_less)
0b8a5fd339ab generalize some lemmas from class linordered_ring_strict to linordered_ring
huffman
parents: 35302
diff changeset
   959
25304
7491c00f0915 removed subclass edge ordered_ring < lordered_ring
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   960
end
23521
195fe3fe2831 added ordered_ring and ordered_semiring
obua
parents: 23496
diff changeset
   961
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   962
(* The "strict" suffix can be seen as describing the combination of linordered_ring and no_zero_divisors.
35043
07dbdf60d5ad dropped accidental duplication of "lin" prefix from cs. 108662d50512
haftmann
parents: 35032
diff changeset
   963
   Basically, linordered_ring + no_zero_divisors = linordered_ring_strict.
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   964
 *)
35043
07dbdf60d5ad dropped accidental duplication of "lin" prefix from cs. 108662d50512
haftmann
parents: 35032
diff changeset
   965
class linordered_ring_strict = ring + linordered_semiring_strict
25304
7491c00f0915 removed subclass edge ordered_ring < lordered_ring
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   966
  + ordered_ab_group_add + abs_if
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
   967
begin
14348
744c868ee0b7 Defining the type class "ringpower" and deleting superseded theorems for
paulson
parents: 14341
diff changeset
   968
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
   969
subclass linordered_ring ..
25304
7491c00f0915 removed subclass edge ordered_ring < lordered_ring
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
   970
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   971
lemma mult_strict_left_mono_neg: "b < a \<Longrightarrow> c < 0 \<Longrightarrow> c * a < c * b"
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   972
using mult_strict_left_mono [of b a "- c"] by simp
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   973
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   974
lemma mult_strict_right_mono_neg: "b < a \<Longrightarrow> c < 0 \<Longrightarrow> a * c < b * c"
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   975
using mult_strict_right_mono [of b a "- c"] by simp
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   976
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
   977
lemma mult_neg_neg: "a < 0 \<Longrightarrow> b < 0 \<Longrightarrow> 0 < a * b"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
   978
using mult_strict_right_mono_neg [of a 0 b] by simp
14738
83f1a514dcb4 changes made due to new Ring_and_Field theory
obua
parents: 14603
diff changeset
   979
25917
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   980
subclass ring_no_zero_divisors
28823
dcbef866c9e2 tuned unfold_locales invocation
haftmann
parents: 28559
diff changeset
   981
proof
25917
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   982
  fix a b
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   983
  assume "a \<noteq> 0" then have A: "a < 0 \<or> 0 < a" by (simp add: neq_iff)
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   984
  assume "b \<noteq> 0" then have B: "b < 0 \<or> 0 < b" by (simp add: neq_iff)
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   985
  have "a * b < 0 \<or> 0 < a * b"
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   986
  proof (cases "a < 0")
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   987
    case True note A' = this
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   988
    show ?thesis proof (cases "b < 0")
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   989
      case True with A'
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   990
      show ?thesis by (auto dest: mult_neg_neg)
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   991
    next
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   992
      case False with B have "0 < b" by auto
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   993
      with A' show ?thesis by (auto dest: mult_strict_right_mono)
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   994
    qed
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   995
  next
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   996
    case False with A have A': "0 < a" by auto
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   997
    show ?thesis proof (cases "b < 0")
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   998
      case True with A'
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
   999
      show ?thesis by (auto dest: mult_strict_right_mono_neg)
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1000
    next
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1001
      case False with B have "0 < b" by auto
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1002
      with A' show ?thesis by (auto dest: mult_pos_pos)
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1003
    qed
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1004
  qed
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1005
  then show "a * b \<noteq> 0" by (simp add: neq_iff)
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1006
qed
25304
7491c00f0915 removed subclass edge ordered_ring < lordered_ring
haftmann
parents: 25267
diff changeset
  1007
14265
95b42e69436c HOL: installation of Ring_and_Field as the basis for Naturals and Reals
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
  1008
lemma zero_less_mult_iff:
25917
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1009
  "0 < a * b \<longleftrightarrow> 0 < a \<and> 0 < b \<or> a < 0 \<and> b < 0"
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1010
  apply (auto simp add: mult_pos_pos mult_neg_neg)
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1011
  apply (simp_all add: not_less le_less)
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1012
  apply (erule disjE) apply assumption defer
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1013
  apply (erule disjE) defer apply (drule sym) apply simp
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1014
  apply (erule disjE) defer apply (drule sym) apply simp
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1015
  apply (erule disjE) apply assumption apply (drule sym) apply simp
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1016
  apply (drule sym) apply simp
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1017
  apply (blast dest: zero_less_mult_pos)
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1018
  apply (blast dest: zero_less_mult_pos2)
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1019
  done
22990
775e9de3db48 added classes ring_no_zero_divisors and dom (non-commutative version of idom);
huffman
parents: 22987
diff changeset
  1020
14265
95b42e69436c HOL: installation of Ring_and_Field as the basis for Naturals and Reals
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
  1021
lemma zero_le_mult_iff:
25917
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1022
  "0 \<le> a * b \<longleftrightarrow> 0 \<le> a \<and> 0 \<le> b \<or> a \<le> 0 \<and> b \<le> 0"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1023
by (auto simp add: eq_commute [of 0] le_less not_less zero_less_mult_iff)
14265
95b42e69436c HOL: installation of Ring_and_Field as the basis for Naturals and Reals
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
  1024
95b42e69436c HOL: installation of Ring_and_Field as the basis for Naturals and Reals
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
  1025
lemma mult_less_0_iff:
25917
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1026
  "a * b < 0 \<longleftrightarrow> 0 < a \<and> b < 0 \<or> a < 0 \<and> 0 < b"
35216
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
  1027
  apply (insert zero_less_mult_iff [of "-a" b])
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
  1028
  apply force
25917
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1029
  done
14265
95b42e69436c HOL: installation of Ring_and_Field as the basis for Naturals and Reals
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
  1030
95b42e69436c HOL: installation of Ring_and_Field as the basis for Naturals and Reals
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
  1031
lemma mult_le_0_iff:
25917
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1032
  "a * b \<le> 0 \<longleftrightarrow> 0 \<le> a \<and> b \<le> 0 \<or> a \<le> 0 \<and> 0 \<le> b"
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1033
  apply (insert zero_le_mult_iff [of "-a" b]) 
35216
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
  1034
  apply force
25917
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1035
  done
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1036
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1037
text{*Cancellation laws for @{term "c*a < c*b"} and @{term "a*c < b*c"},
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1038
   also with the relations @{text "\<le>"} and equality.*}
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1039
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1040
text{*These ``disjunction'' versions produce two cases when the comparison is
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1041
 an assumption, but effectively four when the comparison is a goal.*}
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1042
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1043
lemma mult_less_cancel_right_disj:
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1044
  "a * c < b * c \<longleftrightarrow> 0 < c \<and> a < b \<or> c < 0 \<and>  b < a"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1045
  apply (cases "c = 0")
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1046
  apply (auto simp add: neq_iff mult_strict_right_mono 
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1047
                      mult_strict_right_mono_neg)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1048
  apply (auto simp add: not_less 
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1049
                      not_le [symmetric, of "a*c"]
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1050
                      not_le [symmetric, of a])
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1051
  apply (erule_tac [!] notE)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1052
  apply (auto simp add: less_imp_le mult_right_mono 
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1053
                      mult_right_mono_neg)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1054
  done
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1055
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1056
lemma mult_less_cancel_left_disj:
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1057
  "c * a < c * b \<longleftrightarrow> 0 < c \<and> a < b \<or> c < 0 \<and>  b < a"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1058
  apply (cases "c = 0")
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1059
  apply (auto simp add: neq_iff mult_strict_left_mono 
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1060
                      mult_strict_left_mono_neg)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1061
  apply (auto simp add: not_less 
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1062
                      not_le [symmetric, of "c*a"]
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1063
                      not_le [symmetric, of a])
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1064
  apply (erule_tac [!] notE)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1065
  apply (auto simp add: less_imp_le mult_left_mono 
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1066
                      mult_left_mono_neg)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1067
  done
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1068
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1069
text{*The ``conjunction of implication'' lemmas produce two cases when the
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1070
comparison is a goal, but give four when the comparison is an assumption.*}
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1071
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1072
lemma mult_less_cancel_right:
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1073
  "a * c < b * c \<longleftrightarrow> (0 \<le> c \<longrightarrow> a < b) \<and> (c \<le> 0 \<longrightarrow> b < a)"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1074
  using mult_less_cancel_right_disj [of a c b] by auto
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1075
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1076
lemma mult_less_cancel_left:
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1077
  "c * a < c * b \<longleftrightarrow> (0 \<le> c \<longrightarrow> a < b) \<and> (c \<le> 0 \<longrightarrow> b < a)"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1078
  using mult_less_cancel_left_disj [of c a b] by auto
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1079
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1080
lemma mult_le_cancel_right:
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1081
   "a * c \<le> b * c \<longleftrightarrow> (0 < c \<longrightarrow> a \<le> b) \<and> (c < 0 \<longrightarrow> b \<le> a)"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1082
by (simp add: not_less [symmetric] mult_less_cancel_right_disj)
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1083
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1084
lemma mult_le_cancel_left:
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1085
  "c * a \<le> c * b \<longleftrightarrow> (0 < c \<longrightarrow> a \<le> b) \<and> (c < 0 \<longrightarrow> b \<le> a)"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1086
by (simp add: not_less [symmetric] mult_less_cancel_left_disj)
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1087
30649
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1088
lemma mult_le_cancel_left_pos:
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1089
  "0 < c \<Longrightarrow> c * a \<le> c * b \<longleftrightarrow> a \<le> b"
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1090
by (auto simp: mult_le_cancel_left)
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1091
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1092
lemma mult_le_cancel_left_neg:
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1093
  "c < 0 \<Longrightarrow> c * a \<le> c * b \<longleftrightarrow> b \<le> a"
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1094
by (auto simp: mult_le_cancel_left)
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1095
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1096
lemma mult_less_cancel_left_pos:
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1097
  "0 < c \<Longrightarrow> c * a < c * b \<longleftrightarrow> a < b"
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1098
by (auto simp: mult_less_cancel_left)
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1099
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1100
lemma mult_less_cancel_left_neg:
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1101
  "c < 0 \<Longrightarrow> c * a < c * b \<longleftrightarrow> b < a"
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1102
by (auto simp: mult_less_cancel_left)
57753e0ec1d4 1. New cancellation simprocs for common factors in inequations
nipkow
parents: 30242
diff changeset
  1103
25917
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1104
end
14265
95b42e69436c HOL: installation of Ring_and_Field as the basis for Naturals and Reals
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
  1105
30692
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
  1106
lemmas mult_sign_intros =
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
  1107
  mult_nonneg_nonneg mult_nonneg_nonpos
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
  1108
  mult_nonpos_nonneg mult_nonpos_nonpos
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
  1109
  mult_pos_pos mult_pos_neg
44ea10bc07a7 clean up proofs of sign rules for multiplication; add list of lemmas mult_sign_intros
huffman
parents: 30650
diff changeset
  1110
  mult_neg_pos mult_neg_neg
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1111
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
  1112
class ordered_comm_ring = comm_ring + ordered_comm_semiring
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
  1113
begin
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1114
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
  1115
subclass ordered_ring ..
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
  1116
subclass ordered_cancel_comm_semiring ..
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1117
25267
1f745c599b5c proper reinitialisation after subclass
haftmann
parents: 25238
diff changeset
  1118
end
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1119
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
  1120
class linordered_semidom = comm_semiring_1_cancel + linordered_comm_semiring_strict +
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
  1121
  (*previously linordered_semiring*)
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1122
  assumes zero_less_one [simp]: "0 < 1"
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1123
begin
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1124
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1125
lemma pos_add_strict:
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1126
  shows "0 < a \<Longrightarrow> b < c \<Longrightarrow> b < a + c"
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
  1127
  using add_strict_mono [of 0 a b c] by simp
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1128
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1129
lemma zero_le_one [simp]: "0 \<le> 1"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1130
by (rule zero_less_one [THEN less_imp_le]) 
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1131
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1132
lemma not_one_le_zero [simp]: "\<not> 1 \<le> 0"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1133
by (simp add: not_le) 
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1134
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1135
lemma not_one_less_zero [simp]: "\<not> 1 < 0"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1136
by (simp add: not_less) 
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1137
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1138
lemma less_1_mult:
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1139
  assumes "1 < m" and "1 < n"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1140
  shows "1 < m * n"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1141
  using assms mult_strict_mono [of 1 m 1 n]
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1142
    by (simp add:  less_trans [OF zero_less_one]) 
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1143
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1144
end
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1145
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
  1146
class linordered_idom = comm_ring_1 +
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
  1147
  linordered_comm_semiring_strict + ordered_ab_group_add +
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1148
  abs_if + sgn_if
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
  1149
  (*previously linordered_ring*)
25917
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1150
begin
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1151
36622
e393a91f86df Generalize swap_inj_on; add simps for Times; add Ex_list_of_length, log_inj; Added missing locale edges for linordered semiring with 1.
hoelzl
parents: 36348
diff changeset
  1152
subclass linordered_semiring_1_strict ..
35043
07dbdf60d5ad dropped accidental duplication of "lin" prefix from cs. 108662d50512
haftmann
parents: 35032
diff changeset
  1153
subclass linordered_ring_strict ..
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
  1154
subclass ordered_comm_ring ..
27516
9a5d4a8d4aac by intro_locales -> ..
huffman
parents: 26274
diff changeset
  1155
subclass idom ..
25917
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1156
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
  1157
subclass linordered_semidom
28823
dcbef866c9e2 tuned unfold_locales invocation
haftmann
parents: 28559
diff changeset
  1158
proof
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1159
  have "0 \<le> 1 * 1" by (rule zero_le_square)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1160
  thus "0 < 1" by (simp add: le_less)
25917
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1161
qed 
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1162
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
  1163
lemma linorder_neqE_linordered_idom:
26193
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1164
  assumes "x \<noteq> y" obtains "x < y" | "y < x"
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1165
  using assms by (rule neqE)
37a7eb7fd5f7 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25917
diff changeset
  1166
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1167
text {* These cancellation simprules also produce two cases when the comparison is a goal. *}
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1168
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1169
lemma mult_le_cancel_right1:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1170
  "c \<le> b * c \<longleftrightarrow> (0 < c \<longrightarrow> 1 \<le> b) \<and> (c < 0 \<longrightarrow> b \<le> 1)"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1171
by (insert mult_le_cancel_right [of 1 c b], simp)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1172
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1173
lemma mult_le_cancel_right2:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1174
  "a * c \<le> c \<longleftrightarrow> (0 < c \<longrightarrow> a \<le> 1) \<and> (c < 0 \<longrightarrow> 1 \<le> a)"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1175
by (insert mult_le_cancel_right [of a c 1], simp)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1176
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1177
lemma mult_le_cancel_left1:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1178
  "c \<le> c * b \<longleftrightarrow> (0 < c \<longrightarrow> 1 \<le> b) \<and> (c < 0 \<longrightarrow> b \<le> 1)"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1179
by (insert mult_le_cancel_left [of c 1 b], simp)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1180
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1181
lemma mult_le_cancel_left2:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1182
  "c * a \<le> c \<longleftrightarrow> (0 < c \<longrightarrow> a \<le> 1) \<and> (c < 0 \<longrightarrow> 1 \<le> a)"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1183
by (insert mult_le_cancel_left [of c a 1], simp)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1184
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1185
lemma mult_less_cancel_right1:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1186
  "c < b * c \<longleftrightarrow> (0 \<le> c \<longrightarrow> 1 < b) \<and> (c \<le> 0 \<longrightarrow> b < 1)"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1187
by (insert mult_less_cancel_right [of 1 c b], simp)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1188
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1189
lemma mult_less_cancel_right2:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1190
  "a * c < c \<longleftrightarrow> (0 \<le> c \<longrightarrow> a < 1) \<and> (c \<le> 0 \<longrightarrow> 1 < a)"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1191
by (insert mult_less_cancel_right [of a c 1], simp)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1192
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1193
lemma mult_less_cancel_left1:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1194
  "c < c * b \<longleftrightarrow> (0 \<le> c \<longrightarrow> 1 < b) \<and> (c \<le> 0 \<longrightarrow> b < 1)"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1195
by (insert mult_less_cancel_left [of c 1 b], simp)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1196
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1197
lemma mult_less_cancel_left2:
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1198
  "c * a < c \<longleftrightarrow> (0 \<le> c \<longrightarrow> a < 1) \<and> (c \<le> 0 \<longrightarrow> 1 < a)"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1199
by (insert mult_less_cancel_left [of c a 1], simp)
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1200
27651
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1201
lemma sgn_sgn [simp]:
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1202
  "sgn (sgn a) = sgn a"
29700
22faf21db3df added some simp rules
nipkow
parents: 29668
diff changeset
  1203
unfolding sgn_if by simp
27651
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1204
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1205
lemma sgn_0_0:
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1206
  "sgn a = 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a = 0"
29700
22faf21db3df added some simp rules
nipkow
parents: 29668
diff changeset
  1207
unfolding sgn_if by simp
27651
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1208
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1209
lemma sgn_1_pos:
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1210
  "sgn a = 1 \<longleftrightarrow> a > 0"
35216
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
  1211
unfolding sgn_if by simp
27651
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1212
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1213
lemma sgn_1_neg:
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1214
  "sgn a = - 1 \<longleftrightarrow> a < 0"
35216
7641e8d831d2 get rid of many duplicate simp rule warnings
huffman
parents: 35097
diff changeset
  1215
unfolding sgn_if by auto
27651
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1216
29940
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1217
lemma sgn_pos [simp]:
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1218
  "0 < a \<Longrightarrow> sgn a = 1"
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1219
unfolding sgn_1_pos .
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1220
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1221
lemma sgn_neg [simp]:
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1222
  "a < 0 \<Longrightarrow> sgn a = - 1"
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1223
unfolding sgn_1_neg .
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1224
27651
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1225
lemma sgn_times:
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1226
  "sgn (a * b) = sgn a * sgn b"
29667
53103fc8ffa3 Replaced group_ and ring_simps by algebra_simps;
nipkow
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1227
by (auto simp add: sgn_if zero_less_mult_iff)
27651
16a26996c30e moved op dvd to theory Ring_and_Field; generalized a couple of lemmas
haftmann
parents: 27516
diff changeset
  1228
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
  1229
lemma abs_sgn: "\<bar>k\<bar> = k * sgn k"
29700
22faf21db3df added some simp rules
nipkow
parents: 29668
diff changeset
  1230
unfolding sgn_if abs_if by auto
22faf21db3df added some simp rules
nipkow
parents: 29668
diff changeset
  1231
29940
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1232
lemma sgn_greater [simp]:
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1233
  "0 < sgn a \<longleftrightarrow> 0 < a"
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1234
  unfolding sgn_if by auto
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1235
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1236
lemma sgn_less [simp]:
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1237
  "sgn a < 0 \<longleftrightarrow> a < 0"
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1238
  unfolding sgn_if by auto
83b373f61d41 more default simp rules for sgn
haftmann
parents: 29925
diff changeset
  1239
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
  1240
lemma abs_dvd_iff [simp]: "\<bar>m\<bar> dvd k \<longleftrightarrow> m dvd k"
29949
20a506b8256d lemmas abs_dvd_iff, dvd_abs_iff
huffman
parents: 29940
diff changeset
  1241
  by (simp add: abs_if)
20a506b8256d lemmas abs_dvd_iff, dvd_abs_iff
huffman
parents: 29940
diff changeset
  1242
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
  1243
lemma dvd_abs_iff [simp]: "m dvd \<bar>k\<bar> \<longleftrightarrow> m dvd k"
29949
20a506b8256d lemmas abs_dvd_iff, dvd_abs_iff
huffman
parents: 29940
diff changeset
  1244
  by (simp add: abs_if)
29653
ece6a0e9f8af added lemma abs_sng
haftmann
parents: 29465
diff changeset
  1245
33676
802f5e233e48 moved lemma from Algebra/IntRing to Ring_and_Field
nipkow
parents: 33364
diff changeset
  1246
lemma dvd_if_abs_eq:
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
  1247
  "\<bar>l\<bar> = \<bar>k\<bar> \<Longrightarrow> l dvd k"
33676
802f5e233e48 moved lemma from Algebra/IntRing to Ring_and_Field
nipkow
parents: 33364
diff changeset
  1248
by(subst abs_dvd_iff[symmetric]) simp
802f5e233e48 moved lemma from Algebra/IntRing to Ring_and_Field
nipkow
parents: 33364
diff changeset
  1249
25917
d6c920623afc further localization
haftmann
parents: 25762
diff changeset
  1250
end
25230
022029099a83 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 25193
diff changeset
  1251
26274
2bdb61a28971 continued localization
haftmann
parents: 26234
diff changeset
  1252
text {* Simprules for comparisons where common factors can be cancelled. *}
15234
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15229
diff changeset
  1253
35828
46cfc4b8112e now use "Named_Thms" for "noatp", and renamed "noatp" to "no_atp"
blanchet
parents: 35631
diff changeset
  1254
lemmas mult_compare_simps[no_atp] =
15234
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15229
diff changeset
  1255
    mult_le_cancel_right mult_le_cancel_left
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15229
diff changeset
  1256
    mult_le_cancel_right1 mult_le_cancel_right2
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15229
diff changeset
  1257
    mult_le_cancel_left1 mult_le_cancel_left2
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15229
diff changeset
  1258
    mult_less_cancel_right mult_less_cancel_left
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15229
diff changeset
  1259
    mult_less_cancel_right1 mult_less_cancel_right2
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15229
diff changeset
  1260
    mult_less_cancel_left1 mult_less_cancel_left2
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15229
diff changeset
  1261
    mult_cancel_right mult_cancel_left
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15229
diff changeset
  1262
    mult_cancel_right1 mult_cancel_right2
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15229
diff changeset
  1263
    mult_cancel_left1 mult_cancel_left2
ec91a90c604e simplification tweaks for better arithmetic reasoning
paulson
parents: 15229
diff changeset
  1264
36301
72f4d079ebf8 more localization; factored out lemmas for division_ring
haftmann
parents: 35828
diff changeset
  1265
text {* Reasoning about inequalities with division *}
16775
c1b87ef4a1c3 added lemmas to OrderedGroup.thy (reasoning about signs, absolute value, triangle inequalities)
avigad
parents: 16568
diff changeset
  1266
35028
108662d50512 more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS
haftmann
parents: 34146
diff changeset
  1267
context linordered_semidom
25193
e2e1a4b00de3 various localizations
haftmann
parents: 25186
diff changeset
  1268
begin
e2e1a4b00de3 various localizations
haftmann
parents: 25186
diff changeset
  1269
e2e1a4b00de3 various localizations
haftmann
parents: 25186
diff changeset
  1270
lemma less_add_one: "a < a + 1"
14293
22542982bffd moving some division theorems to Ring_and_Field
paulson
parents: 14288
diff changeset
  1271
proof -
25193
e2e1a4b00de3 various localizations
haftmann
parents: 25186
diff changeset
  1272
  have "a + 0 < a + 1"
23482
2f4be6844f7c tuned and used field_simps
nipkow