src/HOL/Real/RealDef.thy
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(*  Title       : Real/RealDef.thy
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    ID          : $Id$
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    Author      : Jacques D. Fleuriot
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    Copyright   : 1998  University of Cambridge
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    Description : The reals
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*)
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theory RealDef = PReal:
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constdefs
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  realrel   ::  "((preal * preal) * (preal * preal)) set"
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  "realrel == {p. \<exists>x1 y1 x2 y2. p = ((x1,y1),(x2,y2)) & x1+y2 = x2+y1}"
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typedef (REAL)  real = "UNIV//realrel"
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  by (auto simp add: quotient_def)
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instance real :: ord ..
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instance real :: zero ..
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instance real :: one ..
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instance real :: plus ..
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instance real :: times ..
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instance real :: minus ..
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instance real :: inverse ..
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consts
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   (*Overloaded constants denoting the Nat and Real subsets of enclosing
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     types such as hypreal and complex*)
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   Nats  :: "'a set"
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   Reals :: "'a set"
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   (*overloaded constant for injecting other types into "real"*)
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   real :: "'a => real"
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defs (overloaded)
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  real_zero_def:
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  "0 == Abs_REAL(realrel``{(preal_of_prat(prat_of_pnat 1),
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			    preal_of_prat(prat_of_pnat 1))})"
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  real_one_def:
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  "1 == Abs_REAL(realrel``
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               {(preal_of_prat(prat_of_pnat 1) + preal_of_prat(prat_of_pnat 1),
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		 preal_of_prat(prat_of_pnat 1))})"
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  real_minus_def:
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  "- R ==  Abs_REAL(UN (x,y):Rep_REAL(R). realrel``{(y,x)})"
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  real_diff_def:
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  "R - (S::real) == R + - S"
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  real_inverse_def:
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  "inverse (R::real) == (SOME S. (R = 0 & S = 0) | S * R = 1)"
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  real_divide_def:
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  "R / (S::real) == R * inverse S"
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constdefs
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  (** these don't use the overloaded "real" function: users don't see them **)
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  real_of_preal :: "preal => real"
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  "real_of_preal m     ==
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           Abs_REAL(realrel``{(m + preal_of_prat(prat_of_pnat 1),
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                               preal_of_prat(prat_of_pnat 1))})"
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  real_of_posnat :: "nat => real"
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  "real_of_posnat n == real_of_preal(preal_of_prat(prat_of_pnat(pnat_of_nat n)))"
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defs (overloaded)
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  real_of_nat_def:   "real n == real_of_posnat n + (- 1)"
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  real_add_def:
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  "P+Q == Abs_REAL(\<Union>p1\<in>Rep_REAL(P). \<Union>p2\<in>Rep_REAL(Q).
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                   (%(x1,y1). (%(x2,y2). realrel``{(x1+x2, y1+y2)}) p2) p1)"
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  real_mult_def:
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  "P*Q == Abs_REAL(\<Union>p1\<in>Rep_REAL(P). \<Union>p2\<in>Rep_REAL(Q).
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                   (%(x1,y1). (%(x2,y2). realrel``{(x1*x2+y1*y2,x1*y2+x2*y1)})
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		   p2) p1)"
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  real_less_def:
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  "P<Q == \<exists>x1 y1 x2 y2. x1 + y2 < x2 + y1 &
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                            (x1,y1)\<in>Rep_REAL(P) & (x2,y2)\<in>Rep_REAL(Q)"
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  real_le_def:
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  "P \<le> (Q::real) == ~(Q < P)"
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  real_abs_def:  "abs (r::real) == (if 0 \<le> r then r else -r)"
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syntax (xsymbols)
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  Reals     :: "'a set"                   ("\<real>")
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  Nats      :: "'a set"                   ("\<nat>")
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subsection{*Proving that realrel is an equivalence relation*}
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lemma preal_trans_lemma:
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     "[| (x1::preal) + y2 = x2 + y1; x2 + y3 = x3 + y2 |]
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      ==> x1 + y3 = x3 + y1"
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apply (rule_tac C = y2 in preal_add_right_cancel)
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apply (rotate_tac 1, drule sym)
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apply (simp add: preal_add_ac)
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apply (rule preal_add_left_commute [THEN subst])
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apply (rule_tac x1 = x1 in preal_add_assoc [THEN subst])
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apply (simp add: preal_add_ac)
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done
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lemma realrel_iff [simp]: "(((x1,y1),(x2,y2)): realrel) = (x1 + y2 = x2 + y1)"
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by (unfold realrel_def, blast)
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lemma realrel_refl: "(x,x): realrel"
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apply (case_tac "x")
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apply (simp add: realrel_def)
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done
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lemma equiv_realrel: "equiv UNIV realrel"
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apply (unfold equiv_def refl_def sym_def trans_def realrel_def)
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apply (fast elim!: sym preal_trans_lemma)
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done
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(* (realrel `` {x} = realrel `` {y}) = ((x,y) : realrel) *)
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lemmas equiv_realrel_iff = 
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       eq_equiv_class_iff [OF equiv_realrel UNIV_I UNIV_I]
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declare equiv_realrel_iff [simp]
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lemma realrel_in_real [simp]: "realrel``{(x,y)}: REAL"
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by (unfold REAL_def realrel_def quotient_def, blast)
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lemma inj_on_Abs_REAL: "inj_on Abs_REAL REAL"
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apply (rule inj_on_inverseI)
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apply (erule Abs_REAL_inverse)
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done
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declare inj_on_Abs_REAL [THEN inj_on_iff, simp]
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declare Abs_REAL_inverse [simp]
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lemmas eq_realrelD = equiv_realrel [THEN [2] eq_equiv_class]
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lemma inj_Rep_REAL: "inj Rep_REAL"
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apply (rule inj_on_inverseI)
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apply (rule Rep_REAL_inverse)
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done
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(** real_of_preal: the injection from preal to real **)
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lemma inj_real_of_preal: "inj(real_of_preal)"
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apply (rule inj_onI)
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apply (unfold real_of_preal_def)
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apply (drule inj_on_Abs_REAL [THEN inj_onD])
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apply (rule realrel_in_real)+
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apply (drule eq_equiv_class)
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apply (rule equiv_realrel, blast)
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apply (simp add: realrel_def)
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done
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lemma eq_Abs_REAL: 
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    "(!!x y. z = Abs_REAL(realrel``{(x,y)}) ==> P) ==> P"
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apply (rule_tac x1 = z in Rep_REAL [unfolded REAL_def, THEN quotientE])
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apply (drule_tac f = Abs_REAL in arg_cong)
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apply (case_tac "x")
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apply (simp add: Rep_REAL_inverse)
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done
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subsection{*Congruence property for addition*}
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lemma real_add_congruent2_lemma:
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     "[|a + ba = aa + b; ab + bc = ac + bb|]
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      ==> a + ab + (ba + bc) = aa + ac + (b + (bb::preal))"
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apply (simp add: preal_add_assoc) 
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apply (rule preal_add_left_commute [of ab, THEN ssubst])
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apply (simp add: preal_add_assoc [symmetric])
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apply (simp add: preal_add_ac)
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done
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lemma real_add:
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  "Abs_REAL(realrel``{(x1,y1)}) + Abs_REAL(realrel``{(x2,y2)}) =
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   Abs_REAL(realrel``{(x1+x2, y1+y2)})"
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apply (simp add: real_add_def UN_UN_split_split_eq)
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apply (subst equiv_realrel [THEN UN_equiv_class2])
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apply (auto simp add: congruent2_def)
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apply (blast intro: real_add_congruent2_lemma) 
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done
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lemma real_add_commute: "(z::real) + w = w + z"
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apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (rule_tac z = w in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (simp add: preal_add_ac real_add)
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done
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lemma real_add_assoc: "((z1::real) + z2) + z3 = z1 + (z2 + z3)"
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apply (rule_tac z = z1 in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (rule_tac z = z2 in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (rule_tac z = z3 in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (simp add: real_add preal_add_assoc)
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done
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lemma real_add_zero_left: "(0::real) + z = z"
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apply (unfold real_of_preal_def real_zero_def)
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apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (simp add: real_add preal_add_ac)
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done
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lemma real_add_zero_right: "z + (0::real) = z"
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by (simp add: real_add_zero_left real_add_commute)
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instance real :: plus_ac0
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  by (intro_classes,
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      (assumption | 
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       rule real_add_commute real_add_assoc real_add_zero_left)+)
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subsection{*Additive Inverse on real*}
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lemma real_minus_congruent:
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  "congruent realrel (%p. (%(x,y). realrel``{(y,x)}) p)"
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apply (unfold congruent_def, clarify)
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apply (simp add: preal_add_commute)
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done
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lemma real_minus:
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      "- (Abs_REAL(realrel``{(x,y)})) = Abs_REAL(realrel `` {(y,x)})"
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apply (unfold real_minus_def)
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apply (rule_tac f = Abs_REAL in arg_cong)
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apply (simp add: realrel_in_real [THEN Abs_REAL_inverse] 
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            UN_equiv_class [OF equiv_realrel real_minus_congruent])
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done
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lemma real_add_minus_left: "(-z) + z = (0::real)"
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apply (unfold real_zero_def)
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apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (simp add: real_minus real_add preal_add_commute)
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done
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subsection{*Congruence property for multiplication*}
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lemma real_mult_congruent2_lemma:
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     "!!(x1::preal). [| x1 + y2 = x2 + y1 |] ==>
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          x * x1 + y * y1 + (x * y2 + x2 * y) =
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          x * x2 + y * y2 + (x * y1 + x1 * y)"
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apply (simp add: preal_add_left_commute preal_add_assoc [symmetric] preal_add_mult_distrib2 [symmetric])
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apply (rule preal_mult_commute [THEN subst])
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apply (rule_tac y1 = x2 in preal_mult_commute [THEN subst])
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apply (simp add: preal_add_assoc preal_add_mult_distrib2 [symmetric])
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apply (simp add: preal_add_commute)
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done
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lemma real_mult_congruent2:
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    "congruent2 realrel (%p1 p2.
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          (%(x1,y1). (%(x2,y2). realrel``{(x1*x2 + y1*y2, x1*y2+x2*y1)}) p2) p1)"
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apply (rule equiv_realrel [THEN congruent2_commuteI], clarify)
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apply (unfold split_def)
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apply (simp add: preal_mult_commute preal_add_commute)
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apply (auto simp add: real_mult_congruent2_lemma)
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done
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lemma real_mult:
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   "Abs_REAL((realrel``{(x1,y1)})) * Abs_REAL((realrel``{(x2,y2)})) =
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    Abs_REAL(realrel `` {(x1*x2+y1*y2,x1*y2+x2*y1)})"
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apply (unfold real_mult_def)
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apply (simp add: equiv_realrel [THEN UN_equiv_class2] real_mult_congruent2)
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done
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lemma real_mult_commute: "(z::real) * w = w * z"
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apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (rule_tac z = w in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (simp add: real_mult preal_add_ac preal_mult_ac)
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done
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lemma real_mult_assoc: "((z1::real) * z2) * z3 = z1 * (z2 * z3)"
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apply (rule_tac z = z1 in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (rule_tac z = z2 in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (rule_tac z = z3 in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (simp add: preal_add_mult_distrib2 real_mult preal_add_ac preal_mult_ac)
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done
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lemma real_mult_1: "(1::real) * z = z"
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apply (unfold real_one_def pnat_one_def)
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apply (rule_tac z = z in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (simp add: real_mult preal_add_mult_distrib2 preal_mult_1_right
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                 preal_mult_ac preal_add_ac)
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done
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lemma real_add_mult_distrib: "((z1::real) + z2) * w = (z1 * w) + (z2 * w)"
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apply (rule_tac z = z1 in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (rule_tac z = z2 in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (rule_tac z = w in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (simp add: preal_add_mult_distrib2 real_add real_mult preal_add_ac preal_mult_ac)
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done
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text{*one and zero are distinct*}
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lemma real_zero_not_eq_one: "0 ~= (1::real)"
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apply (unfold real_zero_def real_one_def)
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apply (auto simp add: preal_self_less_add_left [THEN preal_not_refl2])
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done
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subsection{*existence of inverse*}
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(** lemma -- alternative definition of 0 **)
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lemma real_zero_iff: "0 = Abs_REAL (realrel `` {(x, x)})"
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apply (unfold real_zero_def)
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apply (auto simp add: preal_add_commute)
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done
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lemma real_mult_inv_left_ex: "x ~= 0 ==> \<exists>y. y*x = (1::real)"
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apply (unfold real_zero_def real_one_def)
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apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_REAL)
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apply (cut_tac x = xa and y = y in linorder_less_linear)
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apply (auto dest!: preal_less_add_left_Ex simp add: real_zero_iff [symmetric])
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apply (rule_tac
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        x = "Abs_REAL (realrel `` { (preal_of_prat (prat_of_pnat 1), 
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                            pinv (D) + preal_of_prat (prat_of_pnat 1))}) " 
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       in exI)
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apply (rule_tac [2]
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        x = "Abs_REAL (realrel `` { (pinv (D) + preal_of_prat (prat_of_pnat 1),
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                   preal_of_prat (prat_of_pnat 1))})" 
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       in exI)
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apply (auto simp add: real_mult pnat_one_def preal_mult_1_right
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              preal_add_mult_distrib2 preal_add_mult_distrib preal_mult_1
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              preal_mult_inv_right preal_add_ac preal_mult_ac)
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done
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lemma real_mult_inv_left: "x ~= 0 ==> inverse(x)*x = (1::real)"
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apply (unfold real_inverse_def)
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apply (frule real_mult_inv_left_ex, safe)
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apply (rule someI2, auto)
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done
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instance real :: field
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proof
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  fix x y z :: real
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  show "(x + y) + z = x + (y + z)" by (rule real_add_assoc)
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  show "x + y = y + x" by (rule real_add_commute)
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   338
  show "0 + x = x" by simp
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  show "- x + x = 0" by (rule real_add_minus_left)
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   340
  show "x - y = x + (-y)" by (simp add: real_diff_def)
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  show "(x * y) * z = x * (y * z)" by (rule real_mult_assoc)
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  show "x * y = y * x" by (rule real_mult_commute)
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   343
  show "1 * x = x" by (rule real_mult_1)
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  show "(x + y) * z = x * z + y * z" by (simp add: real_add_mult_distrib)
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  show "0 \<noteq> (1::real)" by (rule real_zero_not_eq_one)
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  show "x \<noteq> 0 ==> inverse x * x = 1" by (rule real_mult_inv_left)
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  show "y \<noteq> 0 ==> x / y = x * inverse y" by (simp add: real_divide_def)
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qed
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   349
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   350
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(** Inverse of zero!  Useful to simplify certain equations **)
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lemma INVERSE_ZERO: "inverse 0 = (0::real)"
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apply (unfold real_inverse_def)
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   355
apply (rule someI2)
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   356
apply (auto simp add: zero_neq_one)
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   357
done
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   358
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   359
lemma DIVISION_BY_ZERO: "a / (0::real) = 0"
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   360
  by (simp add: real_divide_def INVERSE_ZERO)
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   361
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instance real :: division_by_zero
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   363
proof
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   364
  fix x :: real
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   365
  show "inverse 0 = (0::real)" by (rule INVERSE_ZERO)
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   366
  show "x/0 = 0" by (rule DIVISION_BY_ZERO) 
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   367
qed
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   368
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   369
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   370
(*Pull negations out*)
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   371
declare minus_mult_right [symmetric, simp] 
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        minus_mult_left [symmetric, simp]
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   373
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   374
text{*Used in RealBin*}
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   375
lemma real_minus_mult_commute: "(-x) * y = x * (- y :: real)"
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   376
by simp
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diff changeset
   377
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   378
lemma real_mult_1_right: "z * (1::real) = z"
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   379
  by (rule Ring_and_Field.mult_1_right)
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   380
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   381
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   382
subsection{*Theorems for Ordering*}
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   383
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   384
(* real_less is a strict order: irreflexive *)
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   385
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   386
text{*lemmas*}
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   387
lemma preal_lemma_eq_rev_sum:
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   388
     "!!(x::preal). [| x = y; x1 = y1 |] ==> x + y1 = x1 + y"
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   389
by (simp add: preal_add_commute)
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   390
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   391
lemma preal_add_left_commute_cancel:
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   392
     "!!(b::preal). x + (b + y) = x1 + (b + y1) ==> x + y = x1 + y1"
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   393
by (simp add: preal_add_ac)
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diff changeset
   394
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   395
lemma preal_lemma_for_not_refl:
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   396
     "!!(x::preal). [| x + y2a = x2a + y;
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   397
                       x + y2b = x2b + y |]
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   398
                    ==> x2a + y2b = x2b + y2a"
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diff changeset
   399
apply (drule preal_lemma_eq_rev_sum, assumption)
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parents: 13487
diff changeset
   400
apply (erule_tac V = "x + y2b = x2b + y" in thin_rl)
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parents: 13487
diff changeset
   401
apply (simp add: preal_add_ac)
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parents: 13487
diff changeset
   402
apply (drule preal_add_left_commute_cancel)
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   403
apply (simp add: preal_add_ac)
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   404
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
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parents: 13487
diff changeset
   405
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
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   406
lemma real_less_not_refl: "~ (R::real) < R"
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diff changeset
   407
apply (rule_tac z = R in eq_Abs_REAL)
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parents: 13487
diff changeset
   408
apply (auto simp add: real_less_def)
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   409
apply (drule preal_lemma_for_not_refl, assumption, auto)
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   410
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
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parents: 13487
diff changeset
   411
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
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   412
(*** y < y ==> P ***)
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diff changeset
   413
lemmas real_less_irrefl = real_less_not_refl [THEN notE, standard]
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diff changeset
   414
declare real_less_irrefl [elim!]
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diff changeset
   415
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
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diff changeset
   416
lemma real_not_refl2: "!!(x::real). x < y ==> x ~= y"
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diff changeset
   417
by (auto simp add: real_less_not_refl)
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diff changeset
   418
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
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diff changeset
   419
(* lemma re-arranging and eliminating terms *)
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diff changeset
   420
lemma preal_lemma_trans: "!! (a::preal). [| a + b = c + d;
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diff changeset
   421
             x2b + d + (c + y2e) < a + y2b + (x2e + b) |]
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diff changeset
   422
          ==> x2b + y2e < x2e + y2b"
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   423
apply (simp add: preal_add_ac)
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parents: 13487
diff changeset
   424
apply (rule_tac C = "c+d" in preal_add_left_less_cancel)
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   425
apply (simp add: preal_add_assoc [symmetric])
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   426
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
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diff changeset
   427
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
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   428
(** A MESS!  heavy re-writing involved*)
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   429
lemma real_less_trans: "!!(R1::real). [| R1 < R2; R2 < R3 |] ==> R1 < R3"
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   430
apply (rule_tac z = R1 in eq_Abs_REAL)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   431
apply (rule_tac z = R2 in eq_Abs_REAL)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   432
apply (rule_tac z = R3 in eq_Abs_REAL)
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   433
apply (auto simp add: real_less_def)
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   434
apply (rule exI)+
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   435
apply (rule conjI, rule_tac [2] conjI)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   436
 prefer 2 apply blast 
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   437
 prefer 2 apply blast 
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   438
apply (drule preal_lemma_for_not_refl, assumption)
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   439
apply (blast dest: preal_add_less_mono intro: preal_lemma_trans)
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   440
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
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parents: 13487
diff changeset
   441
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
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diff changeset
   442
lemma real_less_not_sym: "!! (R1::real). R1 < R2 ==> ~ (R2 < R1)"
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   443
apply (rule notI)
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   444
apply (drule real_less_trans, assumption)
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   445
apply (simp add: real_less_not_refl)
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   446
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
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parents: 13487
diff changeset
   447
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
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parents: 13487
diff changeset
   448
(* [| x < y;  ~P ==> y < x |] ==> P *)
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parents: 13487
diff changeset
   449
lemmas real_less_asym = real_less_not_sym [THEN contrapos_np, standard]
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   450
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
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diff changeset
   451
lemma real_of_preal_add:
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diff changeset
   452
     "real_of_preal ((z1::preal) + z2) =
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   453
      real_of_preal z1 + real_of_preal z2"
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   454
apply (unfold real_of_preal_def)
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paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   455
apply (simp add: real_add preal_add_mult_distrib preal_mult_1 add: preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   456
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   457
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   458
lemma real_of_preal_mult:
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   459
     "real_of_preal ((z1::preal) * z2) =
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   460
      real_of_preal z1* real_of_preal z2"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   461
apply (unfold real_of_preal_def)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   462
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: real_mult preal_add_mult_distrib2 preal_mult_1 preal_mult_1_right pnat_one_def preal_add_ac preal_mult_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   463
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   464
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   465
lemma real_of_preal_ExI:
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   466
      "!!(x::preal). y < x ==>
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   467
       \<exists>m. Abs_REAL (realrel `` {(x,y)}) = real_of_preal m"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   468
apply (unfold real_of_preal_def)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   469
apply (auto dest!: preal_less_add_left_Ex simp add: preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   470
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   471
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   472
lemma real_of_preal_ExD:
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   473
      "!!(x::preal). \<exists>m. Abs_REAL (realrel `` {(x,y)}) =
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   474
                     real_of_preal m ==> y < x"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   475
apply (unfold real_of_preal_def)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   476
apply (auto simp add: preal_add_commute preal_add_assoc)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   477
apply (simp add: preal_add_assoc [symmetric] preal_self_less_add_left)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   478
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   479
14329
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   480
lemma real_of_preal_iff:
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   481
     "(\<exists>m. Abs_REAL (realrel `` {(x,y)}) = real_of_preal m) = (y < x)"
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   482
by (blast intro!: real_of_preal_ExI real_of_preal_ExD)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   483
14329
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   484
text{*Gleason prop 9-4.4 p 127*}
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   485
lemma real_of_preal_trichotomy:
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   486
      "\<exists>m. (x::real) = real_of_preal m | x = 0 | x = -(real_of_preal m)"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   487
apply (unfold real_of_preal_def real_zero_def)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   488
apply (rule_tac z = x in eq_Abs_REAL)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   489
apply (auto simp add: real_minus preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   490
apply (cut_tac x = x and y = y in linorder_less_linear)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   491
apply (auto dest!: preal_less_add_left_Ex simp add: preal_add_assoc [symmetric])
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   492
apply (auto simp add: preal_add_commute)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   493
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   494
14329
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   495
lemma real_of_preal_trichotomyE:
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   496
     "!!P. [| !!m. x = real_of_preal m ==> P;
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   497
              x = 0 ==> P;
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   498
              !!m. x = -(real_of_preal m) ==> P |] ==> P"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   499
apply (cut_tac x = x in real_of_preal_trichotomy, auto)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   500
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   501
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   502
lemma real_of_preal_lessD:
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   503
      "real_of_preal m1 < real_of_preal m2 ==> m1 < m2"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   504
apply (unfold real_of_preal_def)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   505
apply (auto simp add: real_less_def preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   506
apply (auto simp add: preal_add_assoc [symmetric])
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   507
apply (auto simp add: preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   508
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   509
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   510
lemma real_of_preal_lessI: "m1 < m2 ==> real_of_preal m1 < real_of_preal m2"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   511
apply (drule preal_less_add_left_Ex)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   512
apply (auto simp add: real_of_preal_add real_of_preal_def real_less_def)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   513
apply (rule exI)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   514
apply (rule conjI, rule_tac [2] conjI)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   515
 apply (rule_tac [2] refl)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   516
apply (simp add: preal_self_less_add_left del: preal_add_less_iff2)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   517
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   518
14329
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   519
lemma real_of_preal_less_iff1:
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   520
     "(real_of_preal m1 < real_of_preal m2) = (m1 < m2)"
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   521
by (blast intro: real_of_preal_lessI real_of_preal_lessD)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   522
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   523
declare real_of_preal_less_iff1 [simp]
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   524
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   525
lemma real_of_preal_minus_less_self: "- real_of_preal m < real_of_preal m"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   526
apply (auto simp add: real_of_preal_def real_less_def real_minus)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   527
apply (rule exI)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   528
apply (rule conjI, rule_tac [2] conjI)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   529
 apply (rule_tac [2] refl)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   530
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   531
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: preal_self_less_add_right preal_add_assoc [symmetric])
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   532
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   533
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   534
lemma real_of_preal_minus_less_zero: "- real_of_preal m < 0"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   535
apply (unfold real_zero_def)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   536
apply (auto simp add: real_of_preal_def real_less_def real_minus)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   537
apply (rule exI)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   538
apply (rule conjI, rule_tac [2] conjI)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   539
 apply (rule_tac [2] refl)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   540
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: preal_self_less_add_right preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   541
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   542
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   543
lemma real_of_preal_not_minus_gt_zero: "~ 0 < - real_of_preal m"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   544
apply (cut_tac real_of_preal_minus_less_zero)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   545
apply (fast dest: real_less_trans elim: real_less_irrefl)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   546
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   547
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   548
lemma real_of_preal_zero_less: "0 < real_of_preal m"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   549
apply (unfold real_zero_def)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   550
apply (auto simp add: real_of_preal_def real_less_def real_minus)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   551
apply (rule exI)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   552
apply (rule conjI, rule_tac [2] conjI)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   553
 apply (rule_tac [2] refl)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   554
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: preal_self_less_add_right preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   555
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   556
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   557
lemma real_of_preal_not_less_zero: "~ real_of_preal m < 0"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   558
apply (cut_tac real_of_preal_zero_less)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   559
apply (blast dest: real_less_trans elim: real_less_irrefl)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   560
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   561
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   562
lemma real_minus_minus_zero_less: "0 < - (- real_of_preal m)"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   563
by (simp add: real_of_preal_zero_less)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   564
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   565
(* another lemma *)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   566
lemma real_of_preal_sum_zero_less:
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   567
      "0 < real_of_preal m + real_of_preal m1"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   568
apply (unfold real_zero_def)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   569
apply (auto simp add: real_of_preal_def real_less_def real_add)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   570
apply (rule exI)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   571
apply (rule conjI, rule_tac [2] conjI)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   572
 apply (rule_tac [2] refl)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   573
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   574
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: preal_self_less_add_right preal_add_assoc [symmetric])
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   575
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   576
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   577
lemma real_of_preal_minus_less_all: "- real_of_preal m < real_of_preal m1"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   578
apply (auto simp add: real_of_preal_def real_less_def real_minus)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   579
apply (rule exI)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   580
apply (rule conjI, rule_tac [2] conjI)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   581
 apply (rule_tac [2] refl)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   582
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   583
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: preal_self_less_add_right preal_add_assoc [symmetric])
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   584
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   585
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   586
lemma real_of_preal_not_minus_gt_all: "~ real_of_preal m < - real_of_preal m1"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   587
apply (cut_tac real_of_preal_minus_less_all)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   588
apply (blast dest: real_less_trans elim: real_less_irrefl)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   589
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   590
14329
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   591
lemma real_of_preal_minus_less_rev1:
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   592
     "- real_of_preal m1 < - real_of_preal m2
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   593
      ==> real_of_preal m2 < real_of_preal m1"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   594
apply (auto simp add: real_of_preal_def real_less_def real_minus)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   595
apply (rule exI)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   596
apply (rule conjI, rule_tac [2] conjI)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   597
 apply (rule_tac [2] refl)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   598
apply (auto simp add: preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   599
apply (simp add: preal_add_assoc [symmetric])
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   600
apply (auto simp add: preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   601
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   602
14329
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   603
lemma real_of_preal_minus_less_rev2:
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   604
     "real_of_preal m1 < real_of_preal m2
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   605
      ==> - real_of_preal m2 < - real_of_preal m1"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   606
apply (auto simp add: real_of_preal_def real_less_def real_minus)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   607
apply (rule exI)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   608
apply (rule conjI, rule_tac [2] conjI)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   609
 apply (rule_tac [2] refl)+
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   610
apply (auto simp add: preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   611
apply (simp add: preal_add_assoc [symmetric])
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   612
apply (auto simp add: preal_add_ac)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   613
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   614
14329
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   615
lemma real_of_preal_minus_less_rev_iff:
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   616
     "(- real_of_preal m1 < - real_of_preal m2) =
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   617
      (real_of_preal m2 < real_of_preal m1)"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   618
apply (blast intro!: real_of_preal_minus_less_rev1 real_of_preal_minus_less_rev2)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   619
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   620
14270
342451d763f9 More re-organising of numerical theorems
paulson
parents: 14269
diff changeset
   621
342451d763f9 More re-organising of numerical theorems
paulson
parents: 14269
diff changeset
   622
subsection{*Linearity of the Ordering*}
342451d763f9 More re-organising of numerical theorems
paulson
parents: 14269
diff changeset
   623
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   624
lemma real_linear: "(x::real) < y | x = y | y < x"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   625
apply (rule_tac x = x in real_of_preal_trichotomyE)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   626
apply (rule_tac [!] x = y in real_of_preal_trichotomyE)
14270
342451d763f9 More re-organising of numerical theorems
paulson
parents: 14269
diff changeset
   627
apply (auto dest!: preal_le_anti_sym 
342451d763f9 More re-organising of numerical theorems
paulson
parents: 14269
diff changeset
   628
            simp add: preal_less_le_iff real_of_preal_minus_less_zero 
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   629
                      real_of_preal_zero_less real_of_preal_minus_less_all
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   630
                      real_of_preal_minus_less_rev_iff)
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   631
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   632
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   633
lemma real_neq_iff: "!!w::real. (w ~= z) = (w<z | z<w)"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   634
by (cut_tac real_linear, blast)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   635
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   636
14329
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   637
lemma real_linear_less2:
ff3210fe968f re-organized some hyperreal and real lemmas
paulson
parents: 14270
diff changeset
   638
     "!!(R1::real). [| R1 < R2 ==> P;  R1 = R2 ==> P;
14269
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   639
                       R2 < R1 ==> P |] ==> P"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   640
apply (cut_tac x = R1 and y = R2 in real_linear, auto)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   641
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   642
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   643
lemma real_minus_zero_less_iff: "(0 < -R) = (R < (0::real))"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   644
apply (rule_tac x = R in real_of_preal_trichotomyE)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   645
apply (auto simp add: real_of_preal_not_minus_gt_zero real_of_preal_not_less_zero real_of_preal_zero_less real_of_preal_minus_less_zero)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   646
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   647
declare real_minus_zero_less_iff [simp]
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   648
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   649
lemma real_minus_zero_less_iff2: "(-R < 0) = ((0::real) < R)"
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   650
apply (rule_tac x = R in real_of_preal_trichotomyE)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   651
apply (auto simp add: real_of_preal_not_minus_gt_zero real_of_preal_not_less_zero real_of_preal_zero_less real_of_preal_minus_less_zero)
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   652
done
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   653
declare real_minus_zero_less_iff2 [simp]
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   654
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   655
ML
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   656
{*
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   657
val real_le_def = thm "real_le_def";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   658
val real_diff_def = thm "real_diff_def";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   659
val real_divide_def = thm "real_divide_def";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   660
val real_of_nat_def = thm "real_of_nat_def";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   661
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   662
val preal_trans_lemma = thm"preal_trans_lemma";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   663
val realrel_iff = thm"realrel_iff";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   664
val realrel_refl = thm"realrel_refl";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   665
val equiv_realrel = thm"equiv_realrel";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   666
val equiv_realrel_iff = thm"equiv_realrel_iff";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   667
val realrel_in_real = thm"realrel_in_real";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   668
val inj_on_Abs_REAL = thm"inj_on_Abs_REAL";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   669
val eq_realrelD = thm"eq_realrelD";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   670
val inj_Rep_REAL = thm"inj_Rep_REAL";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   671
val inj_real_of_preal = thm"inj_real_of_preal";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   672
val eq_Abs_REAL = thm"eq_Abs_REAL";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   673
val real_minus_congruent = thm"real_minus_congruent";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   674
val real_minus = thm"real_minus";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   675
val real_add = thm"real_add";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   676
val real_add_commute = thm"real_add_commute";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   677
val real_add_assoc = thm"real_add_assoc";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   678
val real_add_zero_left = thm"real_add_zero_left";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   679
val real_add_zero_right = thm"real_add_zero_right";
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   680
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   681
*}
502a7c95de73 conversion of some Real theories to Isar scripts
paulson
parents: 13487
diff changeset
   682
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   683
subsection{*Properties of Less-Than Or Equals*}
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   684
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   685
lemma real_le_imp_less_or_eq: "!!(x::real). x \<le> y ==> x < y | x = y"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   686
apply (unfold real_le_def)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   687
apply (cut_tac real_linear)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   688
apply (blast elim: real_less_irrefl real_less_asym)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   689
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   690
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   691
lemma real_less_or_eq_imp_le: "z<w | z=w ==> z \<le>(w::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   692
apply (unfold real_le_def)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   693
apply (cut_tac real_linear)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   694
apply (fast elim: real_less_irrefl real_less_asym)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   695
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   696
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   697
lemma real_le_less: "(x \<le> (y::real)) = (x < y | x=y)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   698
by (blast intro!: real_less_or_eq_imp_le dest!: real_le_imp_less_or_eq)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   699
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   700
lemma real_le_refl: "w \<le> (w::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   701
by (simp add: real_le_less)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   702
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   703
lemma real_le_trans: "[| i \<le> j; j \<le> k |] ==> i \<le> (k::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   704
apply (drule real_le_imp_less_or_eq) 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   705
apply (drule real_le_imp_less_or_eq) 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   706
apply (rule real_less_or_eq_imp_le) 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   707
apply (blast intro: real_less_trans) 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   708
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   709
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   710
lemma real_le_anti_sym: "[| z \<le> w; w \<le> z |] ==> z = (w::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   711
apply (drule real_le_imp_less_or_eq) 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   712
apply (drule real_le_imp_less_or_eq) 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   713
apply (fast elim: real_less_irrefl real_less_asym)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   714
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   715
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   716
(* Axiom 'order_less_le' of class 'order': *)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   717
lemma real_less_le: "((w::real) < z) = (w \<le> z & w \<noteq> z)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   718
apply (simp add: real_le_def real_neq_iff)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   719
apply (blast elim!: real_less_asym)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   720
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   721
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   722
instance real :: order
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   723
  by (intro_classes,
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   724
      (assumption | 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   725
       rule real_le_refl real_le_trans real_le_anti_sym real_less_le)+)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   726
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   727
(* Axiom 'linorder_linear' of class 'linorder': *)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   728
lemma real_le_linear: "(z::real) \<le> w | w \<le> z"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   729
apply (simp add: real_le_less)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   730
apply (cut_tac real_linear, blast)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   731
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   732
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   733
instance real :: linorder
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   734
  by (intro_classes, rule real_le_linear)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   735
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   736
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   737
subsection{*Theorems About the Ordering*}
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   738
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   739
lemma real_gt_zero_preal_Ex: "(0 < x) = (\<exists>y. x = real_of_preal y)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   740
apply (auto simp add: real_of_preal_zero_less)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   741
apply (cut_tac x = x in real_of_preal_trichotomy)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   742
apply (blast elim!: real_less_irrefl real_of_preal_not_minus_gt_zero [THEN notE])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   743
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   744
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   745
lemma real_gt_preal_preal_Ex:
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   746
     "real_of_preal z < x ==> \<exists>y. x = real_of_preal y"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   747
by (blast dest!: real_of_preal_zero_less [THEN real_less_trans]
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   748
             intro: real_gt_zero_preal_Ex [THEN iffD1])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   749
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   750
lemma real_ge_preal_preal_Ex:
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   751
     "real_of_preal z \<le> x ==> \<exists>y. x = real_of_preal y"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   752
by (blast dest: order_le_imp_less_or_eq real_gt_preal_preal_Ex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   753
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   754
lemma real_less_all_preal: "y \<le> 0 ==> \<forall>x. y < real_of_preal x"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   755
by (auto elim: order_le_imp_less_or_eq [THEN disjE] 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   756
            intro: real_of_preal_zero_less [THEN [2] real_less_trans] 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   757
            simp add: real_of_preal_zero_less)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   758
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   759
lemma real_less_all_real2: "~ 0 < y ==> \<forall>x. y < real_of_preal x"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   760
by (blast intro!: real_less_all_preal linorder_not_less [THEN iffD1])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   761
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   762
lemma real_of_preal_le_iff:
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   763
     "(real_of_preal m1 \<le> real_of_preal m2) = (m1 \<le> m2)"
14335
9c0b5e081037 conversion of Real/PReal to Isar script;
paulson
parents: 14334
diff changeset
   764
by (auto intro!: preal_le_iff_less_or_eq [THEN iffD1]  
9c0b5e081037 conversion of Real/PReal to Isar script;
paulson
parents: 14334
diff changeset
   765
          simp add: linorder_not_less [symmetric])
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   766
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   767
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   768
subsection{*Monotonicity of Addition*}
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   769
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   770
lemma real_mult_order: "[| 0 < x; 0 < y |] ==> (0::real) < x * y"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   771
apply (auto simp add: real_gt_zero_preal_Ex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   772
apply (rule_tac x = "y*ya" in exI)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   773
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: real_of_preal_mult)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   774
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   775
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   776
(*Alternative definition for real_less*)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   777
lemma real_less_add_positive_left_Ex: "R < S ==> \<exists>T::real. 0 < T & R + T = S"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   778
apply (rule_tac x = R in real_of_preal_trichotomyE)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   779
apply (rule_tac [!] x = S in real_of_preal_trichotomyE)
14335
9c0b5e081037 conversion of Real/PReal to Isar script;
paulson
parents: 14334
diff changeset
   780
apply (auto dest!: preal_less_add_left_Ex 
9c0b5e081037 conversion of Real/PReal to Isar script;
paulson
parents: 14334
diff changeset
   781
        simp add: real_of_preal_not_minus_gt_all real_of_preal_add
9c0b5e081037 conversion of Real/PReal to Isar script;
paulson
parents: 14334
diff changeset
   782
                real_of_preal_not_less_zero real_less_not_refl 
9c0b5e081037 conversion of Real/PReal to Isar script;
paulson
parents: 14334
diff changeset
   783
             real_of_preal_not_minus_gt_zero real_of_preal_minus_less_rev_iff)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   784
apply (rule real_of_preal_zero_less) 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   785
apply (rule_tac [1] x = "real_of_preal m+real_of_preal ma" in exI)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   786
apply (rule_tac [2] x = "real_of_preal D" in exI)
14335
9c0b5e081037 conversion of Real/PReal to Isar script;
paulson
parents: 14334
diff changeset
   787
apply (auto simp add: real_of_preal_minus_less_rev_iff real_of_preal_zero_less
9c0b5e081037 conversion of Real/PReal to Isar script;
paulson
parents: 14334
diff changeset
   788
                 real_of_preal_sum_zero_less real_add_assoc)
14334
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   789
apply (simp add: real_add_assoc [symmetric])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   790
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   791
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   792
lemma real_less_sum_gt_zero: "(W < S) ==> (0 < S + (-W::real))"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   793
apply (drule real_less_add_positive_left_Ex)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   794
apply (auto simp add: add_ac)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   795
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   796
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   797
lemma real_lemma_change_eq_subj: "!!S::real. T = S + W ==> S = T + (-W)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   798
by (simp add: add_ac)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   799
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   800
(* FIXME: long! *)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   801
lemma real_sum_gt_zero_less: "(0 < S + (-W::real)) ==> (W < S)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   802
apply (rule ccontr)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   803
apply (drule linorder_not_less [THEN iffD1, THEN real_le_imp_less_or_eq])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   804
apply (auto simp add: real_less_not_refl)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   805
apply (drule real_less_add_positive_left_Ex, clarify, simp)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   806
apply (drule real_lemma_change_eq_subj, auto)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   807
apply (drule real_less_sum_gt_zero)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   808
apply (auto elim: real_less_asym simp add: add_left_commute [of W] add_ac)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   809
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   810
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   811
lemma real_mult_less_mono2: "[| (0::real) < z; x < y |] ==> z * x < z * y"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   812
apply (rule real_sum_gt_zero_less)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   813
apply (drule real_less_sum_gt_zero [of x y])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   814
apply (drule real_mult_order, assumption)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   815
apply (simp add: right_distrib)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   816
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   817
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   818
lemma real_less_sum_gt_0_iff: "(0 < S + (-W::real)) = (W < S)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   819
by (blast intro: real_less_sum_gt_zero real_sum_gt_zero_less)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   820
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   821
lemma real_less_eq_diff: "(x<y) = (x-y < (0::real))"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   822
apply (unfold real_diff_def)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   823
apply (subst real_minus_zero_less_iff [symmetric])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   824
apply (simp add: real_add_commute real_less_sum_gt_0_iff)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   825
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   826
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   827
lemma real_less_eqI: "(x::real) - y = x' - y' ==> (x<y) = (x'<y')"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   828
apply (subst real_less_eq_diff)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   829
apply (rule_tac y1 = y in real_less_eq_diff [THEN ssubst], simp)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   830
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   831
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   832
lemma real_le_eqI: "(x::real) - y = x' - y' ==> (y\<le>x) = (y'\<le>x')"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   833
apply (drule real_less_eqI)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   834
apply (simp add: real_le_def)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   835
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   836
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   837
lemma real_add_left_mono: "x \<le> y ==> z + x \<le> z + (y::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   838
apply (rule real_le_eqI [THEN iffD1]) 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   839
 prefer 2 apply assumption
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   840
apply (simp add: real_diff_def add_ac)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   841
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   842
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   843
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   844
subsection{*The Reals Form an Ordered Field*}
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   845
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   846
instance real :: ordered_field
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   847
proof
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   848
  fix x y z :: real
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   849
  show "x \<le> y ==> z + x \<le> z + y" by (rule real_add_left_mono)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   850
  show "x < y ==> 0 < z ==> z * x < z * y" by (simp add: real_mult_less_mono2)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   851
  show "\<bar>x\<bar> = (if x < 0 then -x else x)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   852
    by (auto dest: order_le_less_trans simp add: real_abs_def linorder_not_le)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   853
qed
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   854
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   855
text{*These two need to be proved in @{text Ring_and_Field}*}
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   856
lemma real_add_less_le_mono: "[| w'<w; z'\<le>z |] ==> w' + z' < w + (z::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   857
apply (erule add_strict_right_mono [THEN order_less_le_trans])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   858
apply (erule add_left_mono) 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   859
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   860
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   861
lemma real_add_le_less_mono:
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   862
     "!!z z'::real. [| w'\<le>w; z'<z |] ==> w' + z' < w + z"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   863
apply (erule add_right_mono [THEN order_le_less_trans])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   864
apply (erule add_strict_left_mono) 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   865
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   866
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   867
lemma real_zero_less_one: "0 < (1::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   868
  by (rule Ring_and_Field.zero_less_one)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   869
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   870
lemma real_le_square [simp]: "(0::real) \<le> x*x"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   871
 by (rule Ring_and_Field.zero_le_square)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   872
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   873
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   874
subsection{*More Lemmas*}
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   875
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   876
lemma real_mult_left_cancel: "(c::real) \<noteq> 0 ==> (c*a=c*b) = (a=b)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   877
by auto
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   878
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   879
lemma real_mult_right_cancel: "(c::real) \<noteq> 0 ==> (a*c=b*c) = (a=b)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   880
by auto
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   881
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   882
text{*The precondition could be weakened to @{term "0\<le>x"}*}
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   883
lemma real_mult_less_mono:
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   884
     "[| u<v;  x<y;  (0::real) < v;  0 < x |] ==> u*x < v* y"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   885
 by (simp add: Ring_and_Field.mult_strict_mono order_less_imp_le)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   886
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   887
lemma real_mult_less_iff1 [simp]: "(0::real) < z ==> (x*z < y*z) = (x < y)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   888
  by (force elim: order_less_asym
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   889
            simp add: Ring_and_Field.mult_less_cancel_right)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   890
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   891
lemma real_mult_le_cancel_iff1 [simp]: "(0::real) < z ==> (x*z \<le> y*z) = (x\<le>y)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   892
by (auto simp add: real_le_def)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   893
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   894
lemma real_mult_le_cancel_iff2 [simp]: "(0::real) < z ==> (z*x \<le> z*y) = (x\<le>y)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   895
  by (force elim: order_less_asym
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   896
            simp add: Ring_and_Field.mult_le_cancel_left)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   897
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   898
text{*Only two uses?*}
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   899
lemma real_mult_less_mono':
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   900
     "[| x < y;  r1 < r2;  (0::real) \<le> r1;  0 \<le> x|] ==> r1 * x < r2 * y"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   901
 by (rule Ring_and_Field.mult_strict_mono')
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   902
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   903
text{*FIXME: delete or at least combine the next two lemmas*}
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   904
lemma real_sum_squares_cancel: "x * x + y * y = 0 ==> x = (0::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   905
apply (drule Ring_and_Field.equals_zero_I [THEN sym])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   906
apply (cut_tac x = y in real_le_square) 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   907
apply (auto, drule real_le_anti_sym, auto)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   908
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   909
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   910
lemma real_sum_squares_cancel2: "x * x + y * y = 0 ==> y = (0::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   911
apply (rule_tac y = x in real_sum_squares_cancel)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   912
apply (simp add: real_add_commute)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   913
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   914
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   915
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   916
lemma real_add_order: "[| 0 < x; 0 < y |] ==> (0::real) < x + y"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   917
apply (drule add_strict_mono [of concl: 0 0], assumption)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   918
apply simp 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   919
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   920
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   921
lemma real_le_add_order: "[| 0 \<le> x; 0 \<le> y |] ==> (0::real) \<le> x + y"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   922
apply (drule order_le_imp_less_or_eq)+
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   923
apply (auto intro: real_add_order order_less_imp_le)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   924
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   925
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   926
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   927
subsection{*An Embedding of the Naturals in the Reals*}
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   928
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   929
lemma real_of_posnat_one: "real_of_posnat 0 = (1::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   930
by (simp add: real_of_posnat_def pnat_one_iff [symmetric]
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   931
              real_of_preal_def symmetric real_one_def)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   932
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   933
lemma real_of_posnat_two: "real_of_posnat (Suc 0) = (1::real) + (1::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   934
by (simp add: real_of_posnat_def real_of_preal_def real_one_def pnat_two_eq
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   935
                 real_add
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   936
            prat_of_pnat_add [symmetric] preal_of_prat_add [symmetric]
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   937
            pnat_add_ac)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   938
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   939
lemma real_of_posnat_add: 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   940
     "real_of_posnat n1 + real_of_posnat n2 = real_of_posnat (n1 + n2) + (1::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   941
apply (unfold real_of_posnat_def)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   942
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: real_of_posnat_one [symmetric] real_of_posnat_def real_of_preal_add [symmetric] preal_of_prat_add [symmetric] prat_of_pnat_add [symmetric] pnat_of_nat_add)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   943
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   944
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   945
lemma real_of_posnat_add_one:
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   946
     "real_of_posnat (n + 1) = real_of_posnat n + (1::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   947
apply (rule_tac a1 = " (1::real) " in add_right_cancel [THEN iffD1])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   948
apply (rule real_of_posnat_add [THEN subst])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   949
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: real_of_posnat_two real_add_assoc)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   950
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   951
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   952
lemma real_of_posnat_Suc:
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   953
     "real_of_posnat (Suc n) = real_of_posnat n + (1::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   954
by (subst real_of_posnat_add_one [symmetric], simp)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   955
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   956
lemma inj_real_of_posnat: "inj(real_of_posnat)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   957
apply (rule inj_onI)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   958
apply (unfold real_of_posnat_def)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   959
apply (drule inj_real_of_preal [THEN injD])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   960
apply (drule inj_preal_of_prat [THEN injD])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   961
apply (drule inj_prat_of_pnat [THEN injD])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   962
apply (erule inj_pnat_of_nat [THEN injD])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   963
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   964
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   965
lemma real_of_nat_zero [simp]: "real (0::nat) = 0"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   966
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def real_of_posnat_one)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   967
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   968
lemma real_of_nat_one [simp]: "real (Suc 0) = (1::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   969
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def real_of_posnat_two real_add_assoc)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   970
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   971
lemma real_of_nat_add [simp]: 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   972
     "real (m + n) = real (m::nat) + real n"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   973
apply (simp add: real_of_nat_def add_ac)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   974
apply (simp add: real_of_posnat_add add_assoc [symmetric])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   975
apply (simp add: add_commute) 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   976
apply (simp add: add_assoc [symmetric])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   977
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   978
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   979
(*Not for addsimps: often the LHS is used to represent a positive natural*)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   980
lemma real_of_nat_Suc: "real (Suc n) = real n + (1::real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   981
by (simp add: real_of_nat_def real_of_posnat_Suc add_ac)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   982
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   983
lemma real_of_nat_less_iff [iff]: 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   984
     "(real (n::nat) < real m) = (n < m)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   985
by (auto simp add: real_of_nat_def real_of_posnat_def)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   986
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   987
lemma real_of_nat_le_iff [iff]: "(real (n::nat) \<le> real m) = (n \<le> m)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   988
by (simp add: linorder_not_less [symmetric])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   989
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   990
lemma inj_real_of_nat: "inj (real :: nat => real)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   991
apply (rule inj_onI)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   992
apply (auto intro!: inj_real_of_posnat [THEN injD]
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   993
            simp add: real_of_nat_def add_right_cancel)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   994
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   995
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   996
lemma real_of_nat_ge_zero [iff]: "0 \<le> real (n::nat)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   997
apply (induct_tac "n")
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   998
apply (auto simp add: real_of_nat_Suc)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
   999
apply (drule real_add_le_less_mono)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1000
apply (rule zero_less_one)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1001
apply (simp add: order_less_imp_le)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1002
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1003
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1004
lemma real_of_nat_mult [simp]: "real (m * n) = real (m::nat) * real n"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1005
apply (induct_tac "m")
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1006
apply (auto simp add: real_of_nat_Suc left_distrib add_commute)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1007
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1008
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1009
lemma real_of_nat_inject [iff]: "(real (n::nat) = real m) = (n = m)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1010
by (auto dest: inj_real_of_nat [THEN injD])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1011
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1012
lemma real_of_nat_diff [rule_format]:
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1013
     "n \<le> m --> real (m - n) = real (m::nat) - real n"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1014
apply (induct_tac "m", simp)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1015
apply (simp add: real_diff_def Suc_diff_le le_Suc_eq real_of_nat_Suc add_ac)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1016
apply (simp add: add_left_commute [of _ "- 1"]) 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1017
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1018
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1019
lemma real_of_nat_zero_iff: "(real (n::nat) = 0) = (n = 0)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1020
  proof 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1021
    assume "real n = 0"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1022
    have "real n = real (0::nat)" by simp
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1023
    then show "n = 0" by (simp only: real_of_nat_inject)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1024
  next
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1025
    show "n = 0 \<Longrightarrow> real n = 0" by simp
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1026
  qed
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1027
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1028
lemma real_of_nat_neg_int [simp]: "neg z ==> real (nat z) = 0"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1029
by (simp add: neg_nat real_of_nat_zero)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1030
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1031
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1032
lemma real_inverse_unique: "x*y = (1::real) ==> y = inverse x"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1033
apply (case_tac "x \<noteq> 0")
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1034
apply (rule_tac c1 = x in real_mult_left_cancel [THEN iffD1], auto)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1035
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1036
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1037
lemma real_inverse_gt_one: "[| (0::real) < x; x < 1 |] ==> 1 < inverse x"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1038
by (auto dest: less_imp_inverse_less)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1039
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1040
lemma real_of_nat_gt_zero_cancel_iff: "(0 < real (n::nat)) = (0 < n)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1041
by (rule real_of_nat_less_iff [THEN subst], auto)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1042
declare real_of_nat_gt_zero_cancel_iff [simp]
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1043
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1044
lemma real_of_nat_le_zero_cancel_iff: "(real (n::nat) <= 0) = (n = 0)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1045
apply (rule real_of_nat_zero [THEN subst])
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1046
apply (subst real_of_nat_le_iff, auto)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1047
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1048
declare real_of_nat_le_zero_cancel_iff [simp]
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1049
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1050
lemma not_real_of_nat_less_zero: "~ real (n::nat) < 0"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1051
apply (simp (no_asm) add: real_le_def [symmetric] real_of_nat_ge_zero)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1052
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1053
declare not_real_of_nat_less_zero [simp]
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1054
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1055
lemma real_of_nat_ge_zero_cancel_iff [simp]: 
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1056
      "(0 <= real (n::nat)) = (0 <= n)"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1057
apply (simp add: real_le_def le_def)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1058
done
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1059
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1060
lemma real_mult_self_sum_ge_zero: "(0::real) \<le> x*x + y*y"
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1061
proof -
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1062
  have "0 + 0 \<le> x*x + y*y" by (blast intro: add_mono zero_le_square)
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1063
  thus ?thesis by simp
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1064
qed
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1065
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1066
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1067
ML
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1068
{*
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1069
val real_abs_def = thm "real_abs_def";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1070
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1071
val real_less_eq_diff = thm "real_less_eq_diff";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1072
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1073
val real_mult = thm"real_mult";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1074
val real_mult_commute = thm"real_mult_commute";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1075
val real_mult_assoc = thm"real_mult_assoc";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1076
val real_mult_1 = thm"real_mult_1";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1077
val real_mult_1_right = thm"real_mult_1_right";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1078
val real_minus_mult_commute = thm"real_minus_mult_commute";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1079
val preal_le_linear = thm"preal_le_linear";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1080
val real_mult_inv_left = thm"real_mult_inv_left";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1081
val real_less_not_refl = thm"real_less_not_refl";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1082
val real_less_irrefl = thm"real_less_irrefl";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1083
val real_not_refl2 = thm"real_not_refl2";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1084
val preal_lemma_trans = thm"preal_lemma_trans";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1085
val real_less_trans = thm"real_less_trans";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1086
val real_less_not_sym = thm"real_less_not_sym";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1087
val real_less_asym = thm"real_less_asym";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1088
val real_of_preal_add = thm"real_of_preal_add";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1089
val real_of_preal_mult = thm"real_of_preal_mult";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1090
val real_of_preal_ExI = thm"real_of_preal_ExI";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1091
val real_of_preal_ExD = thm"real_of_preal_ExD";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1092
val real_of_preal_iff = thm"real_of_preal_iff";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1093
val real_of_preal_trichotomy = thm"real_of_preal_trichotomy";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1094
val real_of_preal_trichotomyE = thm"real_of_preal_trichotomyE";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1095
val real_of_preal_lessD = thm"real_of_preal_lessD";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1096
val real_of_preal_lessI = thm"real_of_preal_lessI";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1097
val real_of_preal_less_iff1 = thm"real_of_preal_less_iff1";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1098
val real_of_preal_minus_less_self = thm"real_of_preal_minus_less_self";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1099
val real_of_preal_minus_less_zero = thm"real_of_preal_minus_less_zero";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1100
val real_of_preal_not_minus_gt_zero = thm"real_of_preal_not_minus_gt_zero";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1101
val real_of_preal_zero_less = thm"real_of_preal_zero_less";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1102
val real_of_preal_not_less_zero = thm"real_of_preal_not_less_zero";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1103
val real_minus_minus_zero_less = thm"real_minus_minus_zero_less";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1104
val real_of_preal_sum_zero_less = thm"real_of_preal_sum_zero_less";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1105
val real_of_preal_minus_less_all = thm"real_of_preal_minus_less_all";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1106
val real_of_preal_not_minus_gt_all = thm"real_of_preal_not_minus_gt_all";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1107
val real_of_preal_minus_less_rev1 = thm"real_of_preal_minus_less_rev1";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1108
val real_of_preal_minus_less_rev2 = thm"real_of_preal_minus_less_rev2";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1109
val real_linear = thm"real_linear";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1110
val real_neq_iff = thm"real_neq_iff";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1111
val real_linear_less2 = thm"real_linear_less2";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1112
val real_le_imp_less_or_eq = thm"real_le_imp_less_or_eq";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1113
val real_less_or_eq_imp_le = thm"real_less_or_eq_imp_le";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1114
val real_le_less = thm"real_le_less";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1115
val real_le_refl = thm"real_le_refl";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1116
val real_le_linear = thm"real_le_linear";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1117
val real_le_trans = thm"real_le_trans";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1118
val real_le_anti_sym = thm"real_le_anti_sym";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1119
val real_less_le = thm"real_less_le";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1120
val real_less_sum_gt_zero = thm"real_less_sum_gt_zero";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1121
val real_sum_gt_zero_less = thm"real_sum_gt_zero_less";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1122
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1123
val real_gt_zero_preal_Ex = thm "real_gt_zero_preal_Ex";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1124
val real_gt_preal_preal_Ex = thm "real_gt_preal_preal_Ex";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1125
val real_ge_preal_preal_Ex = thm "real_ge_preal_preal_Ex";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1126
val real_less_all_preal = thm "real_less_all_preal";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1127
val real_less_all_real2 = thm "real_less_all_real2";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1128
val real_of_preal_le_iff = thm "real_of_preal_le_iff";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1129
val real_mult_order = thm "real_mult_order";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1130
val real_zero_less_one = thm "real_zero_less_one";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1131
val real_add_less_le_mono = thm "real_add_less_le_mono";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1132
val real_add_le_less_mono = thm "real_add_le_less_mono";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1133
val real_add_order = thm "real_add_order";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1134
val real_le_add_order = thm "real_le_add_order";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1135
val real_le_square = thm "real_le_square";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1136
val real_mult_less_mono2 = thm "real_mult_less_mono2";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1137
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1138
val real_mult_less_iff1 = thm "real_mult_less_iff1";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1139
val real_mult_le_cancel_iff1 = thm "real_mult_le_cancel_iff1";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1140
val real_mult_le_cancel_iff2 = thm "real_mult_le_cancel_iff2";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1141
val real_mult_less_mono = thm "real_mult_less_mono";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1142
val real_mult_less_mono' = thm "real_mult_less_mono'";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1143
val real_sum_squares_cancel = thm "real_sum_squares_cancel";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1144
val real_sum_squares_cancel2 = thm "real_sum_squares_cancel2";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1145
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1146
val real_mult_left_cancel = thm"real_mult_left_cancel";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1147
val real_mult_right_cancel = thm"real_mult_right_cancel";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1148
val real_of_posnat_one = thm "real_of_posnat_one";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1149
val real_of_posnat_two = thm "real_of_posnat_two";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1150
val real_of_posnat_add = thm "real_of_posnat_add";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1151
val real_of_posnat_add_one = thm "real_of_posnat_add_one";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1152
val real_of_nat_zero = thm "real_of_nat_zero";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1153
val real_of_nat_one = thm "real_of_nat_one";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1154
val real_of_nat_add = thm "real_of_nat_add";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1155
val real_of_nat_Suc = thm "real_of_nat_Suc";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1156
val real_of_nat_less_iff = thm "real_of_nat_less_iff";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1157
val real_of_nat_le_iff = thm "real_of_nat_le_iff";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1158
val inj_real_of_nat = thm "inj_real_of_nat";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1159
val real_of_nat_ge_zero = thm "real_of_nat_ge_zero";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1160
val real_of_nat_mult = thm "real_of_nat_mult";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1161
val real_of_nat_inject = thm "real_of_nat_inject";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1162
val real_of_nat_diff = thm "real_of_nat_diff";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1163
val real_of_nat_zero_iff = thm "real_of_nat_zero_iff";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1164
val real_of_nat_neg_int = thm "real_of_nat_neg_int";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1165
val real_inverse_unique = thm "real_inverse_unique";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1166
val real_inverse_gt_one = thm "real_inverse_gt_one";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1167
val real_of_nat_gt_zero_cancel_iff = thm "real_of_nat_gt_zero_cancel_iff";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1168
val real_of_nat_le_zero_cancel_iff = thm "real_of_nat_le_zero_cancel_iff";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1169
val not_real_of_nat_less_zero = thm "not_real_of_nat_less_zero";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1170
val real_of_nat_ge_zero_cancel_iff = thm "real_of_nat_ge_zero_cancel_iff";
6137d24eef79 tweaking of lemmas in RealDef, RealOrd
paulson
parents: 14329
diff changeset
  1171
*}
10752
c4f1bf2acf4c tidying, and separation of HOL-Hyperreal from HOL-Real
paulson
parents: 10648
diff changeset
  1172
5588
a3ab526bb891 Revised version with Abelian group simprocs
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
  1173
end