src/HOLCF/Fixrec.thy
author huffman
Tue, 12 Jul 2005 18:44:32 +0200
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(*  Title:      HOLCF/Fixrec.thy
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Author:     Amber Telfer and Brian Huffman
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*)
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header "Package for defining recursive functions in HOLCF"
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theory Fixrec
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imports Sprod Ssum Up One Tr Fix
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uses ("fixrec_package.ML")
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begin
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subsection {* Maybe monad type *}
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defaultsort cpo
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types 'a maybe = "one ++ 'a u"
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constdefs
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  fail :: "'a maybe"
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  "fail \<equiv> sinl\<cdot>ONE"
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  return :: "'a \<rightarrow> 'a maybe"
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  "return \<equiv> sinr oo up"
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lemma maybeE:
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  "\<lbrakk>p = \<bottom> \<Longrightarrow> Q; p = fail \<Longrightarrow> Q; \<And>x. p = return\<cdot>x \<Longrightarrow> Q\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> Q"
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apply (unfold fail_def return_def)
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apply (rule_tac p=p in ssumE, simp)
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apply (rule_tac p=x in oneE, simp, simp)
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apply (rule_tac p=y in upE, simp, simp)
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done
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subsection {* Monadic bind operator *}
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constdefs
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  bind :: "'a maybe \<rightarrow> ('a \<rightarrow> 'b maybe) \<rightarrow> 'b maybe"
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  "bind \<equiv> \<Lambda> m f. sscase\<cdot>sinl\<cdot>(fup\<cdot>f)\<cdot>m"
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syntax
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  "_bind" :: "'a maybe \<Rightarrow> ('a \<rightarrow> 'b maybe) \<Rightarrow> 'b maybe"
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    ("(_ >>= _)" [50, 51] 50)
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translations "m >>= k" == "bind\<cdot>m\<cdot>k"
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nonterminals
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  maybebind maybebinds
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syntax 
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  "_MBIND"  :: "pttrn \<Rightarrow> 'a maybe \<Rightarrow> maybebind"         ("(2_ <-/ _)" 10)
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  ""        :: "maybebind \<Rightarrow> maybebinds"                ("_")
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  "_MBINDS" :: "[maybebind, maybebinds] \<Rightarrow> maybebinds"  ("_;/ _")
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  "_MDO"    :: "[maybebinds, 'a maybe] \<Rightarrow> 'a maybe"     ("(do _;/ (_))" 10)
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translations
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  "_MDO (_MBINDS b bs) e" == "_MDO b (_MDO bs e)"
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  "do (x,y) <- m; e" == "m >>= (LAM <x,y>. e)" 
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  "do x <- m; e"            == "m >>= (LAM x. e)"
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text {* monad laws *}
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lemma bind_strict [simp]: "UU >>= f = UU"
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by (simp add: bind_def)
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lemma bind_fail [simp]: "fail >>= f = fail"
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by (simp add: bind_def fail_def)
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lemma left_unit [simp]: "(return\<cdot>a) >>= k = k\<cdot>a"
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by (simp add: bind_def return_def)
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lemma right_unit [simp]: "m >>= return = m"
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by (rule_tac p=m in maybeE, simp_all)
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lemma bind_assoc [simp]:
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 "(do b <- (do a <- m; k\<cdot>a); h\<cdot>b) = (do a <- m; b <- k\<cdot>a; h\<cdot>b)"
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by (rule_tac p=m in maybeE, simp_all)
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subsection {* Run operator *}
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constdefs
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  run:: "'a::pcpo maybe \<rightarrow> 'a"
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  "run \<equiv> sscase\<cdot>\<bottom>\<cdot>(fup\<cdot>ID)"
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text {* rewrite rules for run *}
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lemma run_strict [simp]: "run\<cdot>\<bottom> = \<bottom>"
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by (simp add: run_def)
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lemma run_fail [simp]: "run\<cdot>fail = \<bottom>"
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by (simp add: run_def fail_def)
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lemma run_return [simp]: "run\<cdot>(return\<cdot>x) = x"
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by (simp add: run_def return_def)
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subsection {* Monad plus operator *}
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constdefs
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  mplus :: "'a maybe \<rightarrow> 'a maybe \<rightarrow> 'a maybe"
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  "mplus \<equiv> \<Lambda> m1 m2. sscase\<cdot>(\<Lambda> x. m2)\<cdot>(fup\<cdot>return)\<cdot>m1"
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syntax "+++" :: "'a maybe \<Rightarrow> 'a maybe \<Rightarrow> 'a maybe" (infixr 65)
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translations "x +++ y" == "mplus\<cdot>x\<cdot>y"
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text {* rewrite rules for mplus *}
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lemma mplus_strict [simp]: "\<bottom> +++ m = \<bottom>"
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by (simp add: mplus_def)
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lemma mplus_fail [simp]: "fail +++ m = m"
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by (simp add: mplus_def fail_def)
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lemma mplus_return [simp]: "return\<cdot>x +++ m = return\<cdot>x"
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by (simp add: mplus_def return_def)
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lemma mplus_fail2 [simp]: "m +++ fail = m"
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by (rule_tac p=m in maybeE, simp_all)
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lemma mplus_assoc: "(x +++ y) +++ z = x +++ (y +++ z)"
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by (rule_tac p=x in maybeE, simp_all)
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subsection {* Match functions for built-in types *}
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defaultsort pcpo
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constdefs
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  match_UU :: "'a \<rightarrow> unit maybe"
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  "match_UU \<equiv> \<Lambda> x. fail"
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  match_cpair :: "'a::cpo \<times> 'b::cpo \<rightarrow> ('a \<times> 'b) maybe"
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  "match_cpair \<equiv> csplit\<cdot>(\<Lambda> x y. return\<cdot><x,y>)"
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  match_spair :: "'a \<otimes> 'b \<rightarrow> ('a \<times> 'b) maybe"
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  "match_spair \<equiv> ssplit\<cdot>(\<Lambda> x y. return\<cdot><x,y>)"
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  match_sinl :: "'a \<oplus> 'b \<rightarrow> 'a maybe"
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  "match_sinl \<equiv> sscase\<cdot>return\<cdot>(\<Lambda> y. fail)"
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  match_sinr :: "'a \<oplus> 'b \<rightarrow> 'b maybe"
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  "match_sinr \<equiv> sscase\<cdot>(\<Lambda> x. fail)\<cdot>return"
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  match_up :: "'a::cpo u \<rightarrow> 'a maybe"
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  "match_up \<equiv> fup\<cdot>return"
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  match_ONE :: "one \<rightarrow> unit maybe"
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  "match_ONE \<equiv> flift1 (\<lambda>u. return\<cdot>())"
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  match_TT :: "tr \<rightarrow> unit maybe"
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  "match_TT \<equiv> flift1 (\<lambda>b. if b then return\<cdot>() else fail)"
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  match_FF :: "tr \<rightarrow> unit maybe"
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  "match_FF \<equiv> flift1 (\<lambda>b. if b then fail else return\<cdot>())"
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lemma match_UU_simps [simp]:
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  "match_UU\<cdot>x = fail"
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by (simp add: match_UU_def)
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lemma match_cpair_simps [simp]:
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  "match_cpair\<cdot><x,y> = return\<cdot><x,y>"
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by (simp add: match_cpair_def)
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lemma match_spair_simps [simp]:
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  "\<lbrakk>x \<noteq> \<bottom>; y \<noteq> \<bottom>\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> match_spair\<cdot>(:x,y:) = return\<cdot><x,y>"
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  "match_spair\<cdot>\<bottom> = \<bottom>"
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by (simp_all add: match_spair_def)
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lemma match_sinl_simps [simp]:
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  "x \<noteq> \<bottom> \<Longrightarrow> match_sinl\<cdot>(sinl\<cdot>x) = return\<cdot>x"
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  "x \<noteq> \<bottom> \<Longrightarrow> match_sinl\<cdot>(sinr\<cdot>x) = fail"
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  "match_sinl\<cdot>\<bottom> = \<bottom>"
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by (simp_all add: match_sinl_def)
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lemma match_sinr_simps [simp]:
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  "x \<noteq> \<bottom> \<Longrightarrow> match_sinr\<cdot>(sinr\<cdot>x) = return\<cdot>x"
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  "x \<noteq> \<bottom> \<Longrightarrow> match_sinr\<cdot>(sinl\<cdot>x) = fail"
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  "match_sinr\<cdot>\<bottom> = \<bottom>"
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by (simp_all add: match_sinr_def)
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lemma match_up_simps [simp]:
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  "match_up\<cdot>(up\<cdot>x) = return\<cdot>x"
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  "match_up\<cdot>\<bottom> = \<bottom>"
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by (simp_all add: match_up_def)
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lemma match_ONE_simps [simp]:
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  "match_ONE\<cdot>ONE = return\<cdot>()"
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  "match_ONE\<cdot>\<bottom> = \<bottom>"
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by (simp_all add: ONE_def match_ONE_def)
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lemma match_TT_simps [simp]:
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  "match_TT\<cdot>TT = return\<cdot>()"
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  "match_TT\<cdot>FF = fail"
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  "match_TT\<cdot>\<bottom> = \<bottom>"
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by (simp_all add: TT_def FF_def match_TT_def)
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lemma match_FF_simps [simp]:
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  "match_FF\<cdot>FF = return\<cdot>()"
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  "match_FF\<cdot>TT = fail"
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  "match_FF\<cdot>\<bottom> = \<bottom>"
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by (simp_all add: TT_def FF_def match_FF_def)
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subsection {* Mutual recursion *}
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text {*
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  The following rules are used to prove unfolding theorems from
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  fixed-point definitions of mutually recursive functions.
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*}
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lemma cpair_equalI: "\<lbrakk>x \<equiv> cfst\<cdot>p; y \<equiv> csnd\<cdot>p\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> <x,y> \<equiv> p"
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by (simp add: surjective_pairing_Cprod2)
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lemma cpair_eqD1: "<x,y> = <x',y'> \<Longrightarrow> x = x'"
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by simp
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lemma cpair_eqD2: "<x,y> = <x',y'> \<Longrightarrow> y = y'"
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by simp
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text {* lemma for proving rewrite rules *}
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lemma ssubst_lhs: "\<lbrakk>t = s; P s = Q\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> P t = Q"
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by simp
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ML {*
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val cpair_equalI = thm "cpair_equalI";
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val cpair_eqD1 = thm "cpair_eqD1";
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val cpair_eqD2 = thm "cpair_eqD2";
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val ssubst_lhs = thm "ssubst_lhs";
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*}
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subsection {* Initializing the fixrec package *}
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use "fixrec_package.ML"
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end