src/Pure/pure_thy.ML
author wenzelm
Wed Nov 28 00:46:26 2001 +0100 (2001-11-28)
changeset 12311 ce5f9e61c037
parent 12250 c9ff220cb6c7
child 12695 37cb8f7308f6
permissions -rw-r--r--
theory data: removed obsolete finish method;
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(*  Title:      Pure/pure_thy.ML
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Author:     Markus Wenzel, TU Muenchen
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    License:    GPL (GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE)
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Theorem database, derived theory operations, and the ProtoPure theory.
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*)
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signature BASIC_PURE_THY =
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sig
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  val print_theorems: theory -> unit
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  val print_theory: theory -> unit
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  val get_thm: theory -> xstring -> thm
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  val get_thms: theory -> xstring -> thm list
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  val get_thmss: theory -> xstring list -> thm list
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  val thms_of: theory -> (string * thm) list
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  structure ProtoPure:
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    sig
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      val thy: theory
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      val flexpair_def: thm
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      val Goal_def: thm
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    end
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end;
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signature PURE_THY =
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sig
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  include BASIC_PURE_THY
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  val get_thm_closure: theory -> xstring -> thm
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  val get_thms_closure: theory -> xstring -> thm list
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  val single_thm: string -> thm list -> thm
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  val cond_extern_thm_sg: Sign.sg -> string -> xstring
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  val thms_containing: theory -> string list -> (string * thm) list
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  val store_thm: (bstring * thm) * theory attribute list -> theory -> theory * thm
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  val smart_store_thms: (bstring * thm list) -> thm list
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  val smart_store_thms_open: (bstring * thm list) -> thm list
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  val forall_elim_var: int -> thm -> thm
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  val forall_elim_vars: int -> thm -> thm
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  val add_thms: ((bstring * thm) * theory attribute list) list -> theory -> theory * thm list
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  val add_thmss: ((bstring * thm list) * theory attribute list) list -> theory -> theory * thm list list
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  val have_thmss: theory attribute list -> ((bstring * theory attribute list) *
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    (thm list * theory attribute list) list) list -> theory -> theory * (string * thm list) list
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  val add_axioms: ((bstring * string) * theory attribute list) list -> theory -> theory * thm list
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  val add_axioms_i: ((bstring * term) * theory attribute list) list -> theory -> theory * thm list
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  val add_axiomss: ((bstring * string list) * theory attribute list) list -> theory -> theory * thm list list
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  val add_axiomss_i: ((bstring * term list) * theory attribute list) list -> theory -> theory * thm list list
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  val add_defs: bool -> ((bstring * string) * theory attribute list) list
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    -> theory -> theory * thm list
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  val add_defs_i: bool -> ((bstring * term) * theory attribute list) list
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    -> theory -> theory * thm list
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  val add_defss: bool -> ((bstring * string list) * theory attribute list) list
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    -> theory -> theory * thm list list
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  val add_defss_i: bool -> ((bstring * term list) * theory attribute list) list
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    -> theory -> theory * thm list list
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  val get_name: theory -> string
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  val put_name: string -> theory -> theory
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  val global_path: theory -> theory
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  val local_path: theory -> theory
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  val begin_theory: string -> theory list -> theory
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  val end_theory: theory -> theory
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  val checkpoint: theory -> theory
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  val add_typedecls: (bstring * string list * mixfix) list -> theory -> theory
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end;
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structure PureThy: PURE_THY =
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struct
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(*** theorem database ***)
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(** data kind 'Pure/theorems' **)
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structure TheoremsDataArgs =
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struct
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  val name = "Pure/theorems";
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  type T =
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    {space: NameSpace.T,
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      thms_tab: thm list Symtab.table,
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      const_idx: int * (int * thm) list Symtab.table} ref;
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  fun mk_empty _ =
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    ref {space = NameSpace.empty, thms_tab = Symtab.empty, const_idx = (0, Symtab.empty)} : T;
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  val empty = mk_empty ();
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  fun copy (ref x) = ref x;
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  val prep_ext = mk_empty;
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  val merge = mk_empty;
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  fun pretty sg (ref {space, thms_tab, const_idx = _}) =
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    let
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      val prt_thm = Display.pretty_thm_sg sg;
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      fun prt_thms (name, [th]) =
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            Pretty.block [Pretty.str (name ^ ":"), Pretty.brk 1, prt_thm th]
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        | prt_thms (name, ths) = Pretty.big_list (name ^ ":") (map prt_thm ths);
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      val thmss = NameSpace.cond_extern_table space thms_tab;
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    in Pretty.big_list "theorems:" (map prt_thms thmss) end;
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  fun print sg data = Pretty.writeln (pretty sg data);
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end;
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structure TheoremsData = TheoryDataFun(TheoremsDataArgs);
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val get_theorems_sg = TheoremsData.get_sg;
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val get_theorems = TheoremsData.get;
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val cond_extern_thm_sg = NameSpace.cond_extern o #space o ! o get_theorems_sg;
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(* print theory *)
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val print_theorems = TheoremsData.print;
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fun print_theory thy =
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  Display.pretty_full_theory thy @
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  [TheoremsDataArgs.pretty (Theory.sign_of thy) (get_theorems thy)]
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  |> Pretty.chunks |> Pretty.writeln;
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(** retrieve theorems **)
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(* selections *)
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fun the_thms _ (Some thms) = thms
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  | the_thms name None = error ("Unknown theorem(s) " ^ quote name);
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fun single_thm _ [thm] = thm
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  | single_thm name _ = error ("Single theorem expected " ^ quote name);
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(* get_thm(s)_closure -- statically scoped versions *)
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(*beware of proper order of evaluation!*)
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fun lookup_thms thy =
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  let
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    val sg_ref = Sign.self_ref (Theory.sign_of thy);
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    val ref {space, thms_tab, ...} = get_theorems thy;
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  in
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    fn name =>
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      apsome (map (Thm.transfer_sg (Sign.deref sg_ref)))        (*semi-dynamic identity*)
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      (Symtab.lookup (thms_tab, NameSpace.intern space name))   (*static content*)
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  end;
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fun get_thms_closure thy =
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  let val closures = map lookup_thms (thy :: Theory.ancestors_of thy)
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  in fn name => the_thms name (get_first (fn f => f name) closures) end;
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fun get_thm_closure thy =
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  let val get = get_thms_closure thy
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  in fn name => single_thm name (get name) end;
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(* get_thm etc. *)
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fun get_thms theory name =
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  get_first (fn thy => lookup_thms thy name) (theory :: Theory.ancestors_of theory)
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  |> the_thms name |> map (Thm.transfer theory);
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fun get_thmss thy names = flat (map (get_thms thy) names);
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fun get_thm thy name = single_thm name (get_thms thy name);
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(* thms_of *)
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fun attach_name thm = (Thm.name_of_thm thm, thm);
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fun thms_of thy =
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  let val ref {thms_tab, ...} = get_theorems thy in
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    map attach_name (flat (map snd (Symtab.dest thms_tab)))
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  end;
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(** theorems indexed by constants **)
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(* make index *)
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fun add_const_idx ((next, table), thm) =
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  let
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    val {hyps, prop, ...} = Thm.rep_thm thm;
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    val consts =
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      foldr add_term_consts (hyps, add_term_consts (prop, []));
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    fun add (tab, c) =
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      Symtab.update ((c, (next, thm) :: Symtab.lookup_multi (tab, c)), tab);
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  in (next + 1, foldl add (table, consts)) end;
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fun make_const_idx thm_tab =
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  Symtab.foldl (fn (x, (_, ths)) => foldl add_const_idx (x, ths)) ((0, Symtab.empty), thm_tab);
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(* lookup index *)
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(*search locally*)
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fun containing [] thy = thms_of thy
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  | containing consts thy =
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      let
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        fun int ([], _) = []
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          | int (_, []) = []
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          | int (xxs as ((x as (i:int, _)) :: xs), yys as ((y as (j, _)) :: ys)) =
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              if i = j then x :: int (xs, ys)
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              else if i > j then int (xs, yys)
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              else int (xxs, ys);
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        fun ints [xs] = xs
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          | ints xss = if exists null xss then [] else foldl int (hd xss, tl xss);
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        val ref {const_idx = (_, ctab), ...} = get_theorems thy;
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        val ithmss = map (fn c => Symtab.lookup_multi (ctab, c)) consts;
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      in map (attach_name o snd) (ints ithmss) end;
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(*search globally*)
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fun thms_containing thy consts =
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  (case filter (is_none o Sign.const_type (Theory.sign_of thy)) consts of
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    [] => flat (map (containing consts) (thy :: Theory.ancestors_of thy))
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  | cs => raise THEORY ("thms_containing: undeclared consts " ^ commas_quote cs, [thy]))
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  |> map (apsnd (Thm.transfer thy));
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(** store theorems **)                    (*DESTRUCTIVE*)
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(* naming *)
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fun gen_names j len name =
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  map (fn i => name ^ "_" ^ string_of_int i) (j+1 upto j+len);
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fun name_multi name xs = gen_names 0 (length xs) name ~~ xs;
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fun name_thms name [x] = [Thm.name_thm (name, x)]
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  | name_thms name xs = map Thm.name_thm (name_multi name xs);
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fun name_thmss name xs = (case filter_out (null o fst) xs of
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    [([x], z)] => [([Thm.name_thm (name, x)], z)]
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  | _ => snd (foldl_map (fn (i, (ys, z)) => (i + length ys,
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  (map Thm.name_thm (gen_names i (length ys) name ~~ ys), z))) (0, xs)));
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(* enter_thms *)
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fun warn_overwrite name = warning ("Replaced old copy of theorems " ^ quote name);
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fun warn_same name = warning ("Theorem database already contains a copy of " ^ quote name);
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fun enter_thms _ _ _ app_att thy ("", thms) = app_att (thy, thms)
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  | enter_thms sg pre_name post_name app_att thy (bname, thms) =
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      let
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        val name = Sign.full_name sg bname;
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        val (thy', thms') = app_att (thy, pre_name name thms);
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        val named_thms = post_name name thms';
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        val r as ref {space, thms_tab, const_idx} = get_theorems_sg sg;
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        val overwrite =
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          (case Symtab.lookup (thms_tab, name) of
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            None => false
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          | Some thms' =>
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              if Library.equal_lists Thm.eq_thm (thms', named_thms) then (warn_same name; false)
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              else (warn_overwrite name; true));
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        val space' = NameSpace.extend (space, [name]);
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        val thms_tab' = Symtab.update ((name, named_thms), thms_tab);
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        val const_idx' =
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          if overwrite then make_const_idx thms_tab'
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          else foldl add_const_idx (const_idx, named_thms);
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      in r := {space = space', thms_tab = thms_tab', const_idx = const_idx'};
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        (thy', named_thms)
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      end;
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(* add_thms(s) *)
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fun add_thms_atts pre_name ((bname, thms), atts) thy =
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  enter_thms (Theory.sign_of thy) pre_name name_thms
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    (Thm.applys_attributes o rpair atts) thy (bname, thms);
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fun gen_add_thmss pre_name args theory =
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  foldl_map (fn (thy, arg) => add_thms_atts pre_name arg thy) (theory, args);
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fun gen_add_thms pre_name args =
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  apsnd (map hd) o gen_add_thmss pre_name (map (apfst (apsnd single)) args);
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val add_thmss = gen_add_thmss name_thms;
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val add_thms = gen_add_thms name_thms;
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(* have_thmss *)
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local
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  fun have_thss kind_atts (thy, ((bname, more_atts), ths_atts)) =
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    let
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      fun app (x, (ths, atts)) = Thm.applys_attributes ((x, ths), atts);
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      val (thy', thms) = enter_thms (Theory.sign_of thy)
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        name_thmss name_thms (apsnd flat o foldl_map app) thy
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        (bname, map (fn (ths, atts) =>
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          (ths, atts @ more_atts @ kind_atts)) ths_atts);
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    in (thy', (bname, thms)) end;
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in
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  fun have_thmss kind_atts args thy = foldl_map (have_thss kind_atts) (thy, args);
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end;
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(* store_thm *)
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fun store_thm ((bname, thm), atts) thy =
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  let val (thy', [th']) = add_thms_atts name_thms ((bname, [thm]), atts) thy
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  in (thy', th') end;
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(* smart_store_thms *)
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fun gen_smart_store_thms _ (name, []) =
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      error ("Cannot store empty list of theorems: " ^ quote name)
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  | gen_smart_store_thms name_thm (name, [thm]) =
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      snd (enter_thms (Thm.sign_of_thm thm) name_thm name_thm I () (name, [thm]))
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  | gen_smart_store_thms name_thm (name, thms) =
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      let
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        val merge_sg = Sign.merge_refs o apsnd (Sign.self_ref o Thm.sign_of_thm);
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        val sg_ref = foldl merge_sg (Sign.self_ref (Thm.sign_of_thm (hd thms)), tl thms);
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      in snd (enter_thms (Sign.deref sg_ref) name_thm name_thm I () (name, thms)) end;
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val smart_store_thms = gen_smart_store_thms name_thms;
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val smart_store_thms_open = gen_smart_store_thms (K I);
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(* forall_elim_vars (belongs to drule.ML) *)
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(*Replace outermost quantified variable by Var of given index.
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    Could clash with Vars already present.*)
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fun forall_elim_var i th =
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    let val {prop,sign,...} = rep_thm th
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    in case prop of
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          Const("all",_) $ Abs(a,T,_) =>
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              forall_elim (cterm_of sign (Var((a,i), T)))  th
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        | _ => raise THM("forall_elim_var", i, [th])
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    end;
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(*Repeat forall_elim_var until all outer quantifiers are removed*)
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fun forall_elim_vars i th =
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    forall_elim_vars i (forall_elim_var i th)
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        handle THM _ => th;
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   343
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(* store axioms as theorems *)
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   345
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local
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  fun get_axs thy named_axs =
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    map (forall_elim_vars 0 o Thm.get_axiom thy o fst) named_axs;
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  fun add_single add (thy, ((name, ax), atts)) =
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    let
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      val named_ax = [(name, ax)];
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      val thy' = add named_ax thy;
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      val thm = hd (get_axs thy' named_ax);
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    in apsnd hd (gen_add_thms (K I) [((name, thm), atts)] thy') end;
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   356
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   357
  fun add_multi add (thy, ((name, axs), atts)) =
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    let
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      val named_axs = name_multi name axs;
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      val thy' = add named_axs thy;
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      val thms = get_axs thy' named_axs;
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    in apsnd hd (gen_add_thmss (K I) [((name, thms), atts)] thy') end;
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   363
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   364
  fun add_singles add args thy = foldl_map (add_single add) (thy, args);
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  fun add_multis add args thy = foldl_map (add_multi add) (thy, args);
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in
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  val add_axioms    = add_singles Theory.add_axioms;
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  val add_axioms_i  = add_singles Theory.add_axioms_i;
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  val add_axiomss   = add_multis Theory.add_axioms;
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  val add_axiomss_i = add_multis Theory.add_axioms_i;
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  val add_defs      = add_singles o Theory.add_defs;
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  val add_defs_i    = add_singles o Theory.add_defs_i;
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  val add_defss     = add_multis o Theory.add_defs;
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   374
  val add_defss_i   = add_multis o Theory.add_defs_i;
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   375
end;
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wenzelm@4022
   377
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   378
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   379
(*** derived theory operations ***)
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   380
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   381
(** theory management **)
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   382
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   383
(* data kind 'Pure/theory_management' *)
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   384
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   385
structure TheoryManagementDataArgs =
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struct
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   387
  val name = "Pure/theory_management";
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  type T = {name: string, version: int};
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   390
  val empty = {name = "", version = 0};
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  val copy = I;
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  val prep_ext  = I;
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  fun merge _ = empty;
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  fun print _ _ = ();
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   395
end;
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   396
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   397
structure TheoryManagementData = TheoryDataFun(TheoryManagementDataArgs);
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val get_info = TheoryManagementData.get;
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   399
val put_info = TheoryManagementData.put;
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   400
wenzelm@4963
   401
wenzelm@4963
   402
(* get / put name *)
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   403
wenzelm@5000
   404
val get_name = #name o get_info;
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   405
fun put_name name = put_info {name = name, version = 0};
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   406
wenzelm@4963
   407
wenzelm@4963
   408
(* control prefixing of theory name *)
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   409
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   410
val global_path = Theory.root_path;
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   411
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   412
fun local_path thy =
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   413
  thy |> Theory.root_path |> Theory.add_path (get_name thy);
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   414
wenzelm@4963
   415
wenzelm@4963
   416
(* begin / end theory *)
wenzelm@4963
   417
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   418
fun begin_theory name thys =
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   419
  Theory.prep_ext_merge thys
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   420
  |> put_name name
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   421
  |> local_path;
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   422
wenzelm@12123
   423
fun end_theory thy =
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   424
  thy
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   425
  |> Theory.add_name (get_name thy);
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   426
wenzelm@6682
   427
fun checkpoint thy =
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   428
  if is_draft thy then
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   429
    let val {name, version} = get_info thy in
wenzelm@6682
   430
      thy
wenzelm@6682
   431
      |> Theory.add_name (name ^ ":" ^ string_of_int version)
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   432
      |> put_info {name = name, version = version + 1}
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   433
    end
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   434
  else thy;
wenzelm@5000
   435
wenzelm@5000
   436
wenzelm@4963
   437
wenzelm@4963
   438
(** add logical types **)
wenzelm@4922
   439
wenzelm@4922
   440
fun add_typedecls decls thy =
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   441
  let
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   442
    val full = Sign.full_name (Theory.sign_of thy);
wenzelm@4922
   443
wenzelm@4922
   444
    fun type_of (raw_name, vs, mx) =
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   445
      if null (duplicates vs) then (raw_name, length vs, mx)
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   446
      else error ("Duplicate parameters in type declaration: " ^ quote raw_name);
wenzelm@4922
   447
wenzelm@4922
   448
    fun arity_of (raw_name, len, mx) =
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   449
      (full (Syntax.type_name raw_name mx), replicate len logicS, logicS);
wenzelm@4922
   450
wenzelm@4922
   451
    val types = map type_of decls;
wenzelm@4922
   452
    val arities = map arity_of types;
wenzelm@4922
   453
  in
wenzelm@4922
   454
    thy
wenzelm@4922
   455
    |> Theory.add_types types
wenzelm@4922
   456
    |> Theory.add_arities_i arities
wenzelm@4922
   457
  end;
wenzelm@4922
   458
wenzelm@4922
   459
wenzelm@4922
   460
wenzelm@5091
   461
(*** the ProtoPure theory ***)
wenzelm@3987
   462
wenzelm@3987
   463
val proto_pure =
wenzelm@3987
   464
  Theory.pre_pure
berghofe@11516
   465
  |> Library.apply [TheoremsData.init, TheoryManagementData.init, Proofterm.init]
wenzelm@4963
   466
  |> put_name "ProtoPure"
wenzelm@4963
   467
  |> global_path
wenzelm@3987
   468
  |> Theory.add_types
wenzelm@4922
   469
   [("fun", 2, NoSyn),
wenzelm@4922
   470
    ("prop", 0, NoSyn),
wenzelm@4922
   471
    ("itself", 1, NoSyn),
wenzelm@4922
   472
    ("dummy", 0, NoSyn)]
wenzelm@3987
   473
  |> Theory.add_classes_i [(logicC, [])]
wenzelm@3987
   474
  |> Theory.add_defsort_i logicS
wenzelm@3987
   475
  |> Theory.add_arities_i
wenzelm@3987
   476
   [("fun", [logicS, logicS], logicS),
wenzelm@3987
   477
    ("prop", [], logicS),
wenzelm@3987
   478
    ("itself", [logicS], logicS)]
wenzelm@4922
   479
  |> Theory.add_nonterminals Syntax.pure_nonterms
wenzelm@3987
   480
  |> Theory.add_syntax Syntax.pure_syntax
wenzelm@6692
   481
  |> Theory.add_modesyntax (Symbol.xsymbolsN, true) Syntax.pure_xsym_syntax
wenzelm@3987
   482
  |> Theory.add_syntax
wenzelm@7949
   483
   [("==>", "[prop, prop] => prop", Delimfix "op ==>"),
wenzelm@9534
   484
    (Term.dummy_patternN, "aprop", Delimfix "'_")]
wenzelm@3987
   485
  |> Theory.add_consts
wenzelm@3987
   486
   [("==", "['a::{}, 'a] => prop", InfixrName ("==", 2)),
wenzelm@3987
   487
    ("=?=", "['a::{}, 'a] => prop", InfixrName ("=?=", 2)),
wenzelm@3987
   488
    ("==>", "[prop, prop] => prop", Mixfix ("(_/ ==> _)", [2, 1], 1)),
wenzelm@3987
   489
    ("all", "('a => prop) => prop", Binder ("!!", 0, 0)),
wenzelm@10667
   490
    ("Goal", "prop => prop", NoSyn),
wenzelm@6547
   491
    ("TYPE", "'a itself", NoSyn),
wenzelm@9534
   492
    (Term.dummy_patternN, "'a", Delimfix "'_")]
nipkow@5041
   493
  |> Theory.add_modesyntax ("", false)
wenzelm@12138
   494
    (Syntax.pure_syntax_output @ Syntax.pure_appl_syntax)
wenzelm@12250
   495
  |> Theory.add_trfuns Syntax.pure_trfuns
wenzelm@12250
   496
  |> Theory.add_trfunsT Syntax.pure_trfunsT
wenzelm@4963
   497
  |> local_path
wenzelm@9318
   498
  |> (#1 oo (add_defs false o map Thm.no_attributes))
wenzelm@10667
   499
   [("flexpair_def", "(t =?= u) == (t == u::'a::{})")]
wenzelm@10667
   500
  |> (#1 oo (add_defs_i false o map Thm.no_attributes))
wenzelm@10667
   501
   [("Goal_def", let val A = Free ("A", propT) in Logic.mk_equals (Logic.mk_goal A, A) end)]
wenzelm@9238
   502
  |> (#1 o add_thmss [(("nothing", []), [])])
berghofe@11516
   503
  |> Theory.add_axioms_i Proofterm.equality_axms
wenzelm@4963
   504
  |> end_theory;
wenzelm@3987
   505
wenzelm@5091
   506
structure ProtoPure =
wenzelm@5091
   507
struct
wenzelm@5091
   508
  val thy = proto_pure;
wenzelm@5091
   509
  val flexpair_def = get_axiom thy "flexpair_def";
wenzelm@5091
   510
  val Goal_def = get_axiom thy "Goal_def";
wenzelm@5091
   511
end;
wenzelm@3987
   512
wenzelm@3987
   513
wenzelm@3987
   514
end;
wenzelm@3987
   515
wenzelm@3987
   516
wenzelm@4022
   517
structure BasicPureThy: BASIC_PURE_THY = PureThy;
wenzelm@4022
   518
open BasicPureThy;