src/Pure/drule.ML
author wenzelm
Tue Jul 13 13:53:34 1999 +0200 (1999-07-13)
changeset 6995 d824a86266a9
parent 6946 309276732ee1
child 7248 322151fe6f02
permissions -rw-r--r--
added mk_cgoal, assume_goal;
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(*  Title:      Pure/drule.ML
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory
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    Copyright   1993  University of Cambridge
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Derived rules and other operations on theorems.
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*)
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infix 0 RS RSN RL RLN MRS MRL COMP;
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signature BASIC_DRULE =
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sig
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  val dest_implies      : cterm -> cterm * cterm
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  val skip_flexpairs	: cterm -> cterm
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  val strip_imp_prems	: cterm -> cterm list
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  val cprems_of		: thm -> cterm list
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  val read_insts	:
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          Sign.sg -> (indexname -> typ option) * (indexname -> sort option)
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                  -> (indexname -> typ option) * (indexname -> sort option)
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                  -> string list -> (string*string)list
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                  -> (indexname*ctyp)list * (cterm*cterm)list
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  val types_sorts: thm -> (indexname-> typ option) * (indexname-> sort option)
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  val forall_intr_list	: cterm list -> thm -> thm
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  val forall_intr_frees	: thm -> thm
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  val forall_intr_vars	: thm -> thm
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  val forall_elim_list	: cterm list -> thm -> thm
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  val forall_elim_var	: int -> thm -> thm
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  val forall_elim_vars	: int -> thm -> thm
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  val freeze_thaw	: thm -> thm * (thm -> thm)
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  val implies_elim_list	: thm -> thm list -> thm
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  val implies_intr_list	: cterm list -> thm -> thm
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  val zero_var_indexes	: thm -> thm
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  val standard		: thm -> thm
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  val rotate_prems      : int -> thm -> thm
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  val assume_ax		: theory -> string -> thm
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  val RSN		: thm * (int * thm) -> thm
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  val RS		: thm * thm -> thm
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  val RLN		: thm list * (int * thm list) -> thm list
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  val RL		: thm list * thm list -> thm list
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  val MRS		: thm list * thm -> thm
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  val MRL		: thm list list * thm list -> thm list
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  val compose		: thm * int * thm -> thm list
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  val COMP		: thm * thm -> thm
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  val read_instantiate_sg: Sign.sg -> (string*string)list -> thm -> thm
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  val read_instantiate	: (string*string)list -> thm -> thm
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  val cterm_instantiate	: (cterm*cterm)list -> thm -> thm
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  val weak_eq_thm	: thm * thm -> bool
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  val eq_thm_sg		: thm * thm -> bool
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  val size_of_thm	: thm -> int
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  val reflexive_thm	: thm
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  val symmetric_thm	: thm
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  val transitive_thm	: thm
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  val refl_implies      : thm
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  val symmetric_fun     : thm -> thm
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  val rewrite_rule_aux	: (meta_simpset -> thm -> thm option) -> thm list -> thm -> thm
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  val rewrite_thm	: bool * bool * bool
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                          -> (meta_simpset -> thm -> thm option)
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                          -> meta_simpset -> thm -> thm
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  val rewrite_cterm	: bool * bool * bool
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                          -> (meta_simpset -> thm -> thm option)
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                          -> meta_simpset -> cterm -> thm
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  val rewrite_goals_rule_aux: (meta_simpset -> thm -> thm option) -> thm list -> thm -> thm
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  val rewrite_goal_rule	: bool* bool * bool
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                          -> (meta_simpset -> thm -> thm option)
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                          -> meta_simpset -> int -> thm -> thm
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  val equal_abs_elim	: cterm  -> thm -> thm
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  val equal_abs_elim_list: cterm list -> thm -> thm
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  val flexpair_abs_elim_list: cterm list -> thm -> thm
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  val asm_rl		: thm
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  val cut_rl		: thm
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  val revcut_rl		: thm
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  val thin_rl		: thm
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  val triv_forall_equality: thm
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  val swap_prems_rl     : thm
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  val equal_intr_rule   : thm
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  val instantiate'	: ctyp option list -> cterm option list -> thm -> thm
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  val incr_indexes	: int -> thm -> thm
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  val incr_indexes_wrt	: int list -> ctyp list -> cterm list -> thm list -> thm -> thm
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end;
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signature DRULE =
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sig
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  include BASIC_DRULE
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  val compose_single	: thm * int * thm -> thm
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  val triv_goal		: thm
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  val rev_triv_goal	: thm
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  val mk_triv_goal      : cterm -> thm
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  val mk_cgoal		: cterm -> cterm
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  val assume_goal	: cterm -> thm
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  val tvars_of_terms	: term list -> (indexname * sort) list
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  val vars_of_terms	: term list -> (indexname * typ) list
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  val tvars_of		: thm -> (indexname * sort) list
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  val vars_of		: thm -> (indexname * typ) list
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  val unvarifyT		: thm -> thm
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  val unvarify		: thm -> thm
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  val rule_attribute	: ('a -> thm -> thm) -> 'a attribute
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  val tag		: tag -> 'a attribute
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  val untag		: tag -> 'a attribute
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  val tag_lemma		: 'a attribute
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  val tag_assumption	: 'a attribute
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  val tag_internal	: 'a attribute
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end;
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structure Drule: DRULE =
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struct
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(** some cterm->cterm operations: much faster than calling cterm_of! **)
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(** SAME NAMES as in structure Logic: use compound identifiers! **)
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(*dest_implies for cterms. Note T=prop below*)
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fun dest_implies ct =
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    case term_of ct of 
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	(Const("==>", _) $ _ $ _) => 
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	    let val (ct1,ct2) = dest_comb ct
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	    in  (#2 (dest_comb ct1), ct2)  end	     
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      | _ => raise TERM ("dest_implies", [term_of ct]) ;
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(*Discard flexflex pairs; return a cterm*)
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fun skip_flexpairs ct =
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    case term_of ct of
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	(Const("==>", _) $ (Const("=?=",_)$_$_) $ _) =>
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	    skip_flexpairs (#2 (dest_implies ct))
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      | _ => ct;
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(* A1==>...An==>B  goes to  [A1,...,An], where B is not an implication *)
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fun strip_imp_prems ct =
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    let val (cA,cB) = dest_implies ct
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    in  cA :: strip_imp_prems cB  end
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    handle TERM _ => [];
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(* A1==>...An==>B  goes to B, where B is not an implication *)
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fun strip_imp_concl ct =
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    case term_of ct of (Const("==>", _) $ _ $ _) => 
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	strip_imp_concl (#2 (dest_comb ct))
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  | _ => ct;
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(*The premises of a theorem, as a cterm list*)
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val cprems_of = strip_imp_prems o skip_flexpairs o cprop_of;
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(** reading of instantiations **)
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fun absent ixn =
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  error("No such variable in term: " ^ Syntax.string_of_vname ixn);
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fun inst_failure ixn =
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  error("Instantiation of " ^ Syntax.string_of_vname ixn ^ " fails");
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fun read_insts sign (rtypes,rsorts) (types,sorts) used insts =
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let val {tsig,...} = Sign.rep_sg sign
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    fun split([],tvs,vs) = (tvs,vs)
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      | split((sv,st)::l,tvs,vs) = (case Symbol.explode sv of
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                  "'"::cs => split(l,(Syntax.indexname cs,st)::tvs,vs)
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                | cs => split(l,tvs,(Syntax.indexname cs,st)::vs));
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    val (tvs,vs) = split(insts,[],[]);
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    fun readT((a,i),st) =
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        let val ixn = ("'" ^ a,i);
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            val S = case rsorts ixn of Some S => S | None => absent ixn;
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            val T = Sign.read_typ (sign,sorts) st;
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        in if Type.typ_instance(tsig,T,TVar(ixn,S)) then (ixn,T)
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           else inst_failure ixn
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        end
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    val tye = map readT tvs;
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    fun mkty(ixn,st) = (case rtypes ixn of
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                          Some T => (ixn,(st,typ_subst_TVars tye T))
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                        | None => absent ixn);
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    val ixnsTs = map mkty vs;
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    val ixns = map fst ixnsTs
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    and sTs  = map snd ixnsTs
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    val (cts,tye2) = read_def_cterms(sign,types,sorts) used false sTs;
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    fun mkcVar(ixn,T) =
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        let val U = typ_subst_TVars tye2 T
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        in cterm_of sign (Var(ixn,U)) end
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    val ixnTs = ListPair.zip(ixns, map snd sTs)
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in (map (fn (ixn,T) => (ixn,ctyp_of sign T)) (tye2 @ tye),
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    ListPair.zip(map mkcVar ixnTs,cts))
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end;
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(*** Find the type (sort) associated with a (T)Var or (T)Free in a term
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     Used for establishing default types (of variables) and sorts (of
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     type variables) when reading another term.
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     Index -1 indicates that a (T)Free rather than a (T)Var is wanted.
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***)
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fun types_sorts thm =
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    let val {prop,hyps,...} = rep_thm thm;
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        val big = list_comb(prop,hyps); (* bogus term! *)
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        val vars = map dest_Var (term_vars big);
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        val frees = map dest_Free (term_frees big);
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        val tvars = term_tvars big;
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        val tfrees = term_tfrees big;
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        fun typ(a,i) = if i<0 then assoc(frees,a) else assoc(vars,(a,i));
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        fun sort(a,i) = if i<0 then assoc(tfrees,a) else assoc(tvars,(a,i));
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    in (typ,sort) end;
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(** Standardization of rules **)
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(*Generalization over a list of variables, IGNORING bad ones*)
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fun forall_intr_list [] th = th
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  | forall_intr_list (y::ys) th =
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        let val gth = forall_intr_list ys th
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        in  forall_intr y gth   handle THM _ =>  gth  end;
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(*Generalization over all suitable Free variables*)
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fun forall_intr_frees th =
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    let val {prop,sign,...} = rep_thm th
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    in  forall_intr_list
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         (map (cterm_of sign) (sort (make_ord atless) (term_frees prop)))
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         th
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    end;
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(*Replace outermost quantified variable by Var of given index.
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    Could clash with Vars already present.*)
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fun forall_elim_var i th =
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    let val {prop,sign,...} = rep_thm th
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    in case prop of
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          Const("all",_) $ Abs(a,T,_) =>
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              forall_elim (cterm_of sign (Var((a,i), T)))  th
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        | _ => raise THM("forall_elim_var", i, [th])
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    end;
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(*Repeat forall_elim_var until all outer quantifiers are removed*)
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fun forall_elim_vars i th =
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    forall_elim_vars i (forall_elim_var i th)
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        handle THM _ => th;
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(*Specialization over a list of cterms*)
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fun forall_elim_list cts th = foldr (uncurry forall_elim) (rev cts, th);
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(* maps [A1,...,An], B   to   [| A1;...;An |] ==> B  *)
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fun implies_intr_list cAs th = foldr (uncurry implies_intr) (cAs,th);
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(* maps [| A1;...;An |] ==> B and [A1,...,An]   to   B *)
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fun implies_elim_list impth ths = foldl (uncurry implies_elim) (impth,ths);
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(*Reset Var indexes to zero, renaming to preserve distinctness*)
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fun zero_var_indexes th =
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    let val {prop,sign,...} = rep_thm th;
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        val vars = term_vars prop
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        val bs = foldl add_new_id ([], map (fn Var((a,_),_)=>a) vars)
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        val inrs = add_term_tvars(prop,[]);
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        val nms' = rev(foldl add_new_id ([], map (#1 o #1) inrs));
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        val tye = ListPair.map (fn ((v,rs),a) => (v, TVar((a,0),rs)))
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	             (inrs, nms')
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        val ctye = map (fn (v,T) => (v,ctyp_of sign T)) tye;
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        fun varpairs([],[]) = []
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          | varpairs((var as Var(v,T)) :: vars, b::bs) =
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                let val T' = typ_subst_TVars tye T
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                in (cterm_of sign (Var(v,T')),
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                    cterm_of sign (Var((b,0),T'))) :: varpairs(vars,bs)
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                end
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          | varpairs _ = raise TERM("varpairs", []);
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    in instantiate (ctye, varpairs(vars,rev bs)) th end;
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(*Standard form of object-rule: no hypotheses, Frees, or outer quantifiers;
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    all generality expressed by Vars having index 0.*)
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fun standard th =
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  let val {maxidx,...} = rep_thm th
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  in
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    th |> implies_intr_hyps
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       |> forall_intr_frees |> forall_elim_vars (maxidx + 1)
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       |> Thm.strip_shyps |> Thm.implies_intr_shyps
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       |> zero_var_indexes |> Thm.varifyT |> Thm.compress
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  end;
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(*Convert all Vars in a theorem to Frees.  Also return a function for 
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  reversing that operation.  DOES NOT WORK FOR TYPE VARIABLES.
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  Similar code in type/freeze_thaw*)
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fun freeze_thaw th =
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  let val fth = freezeT th
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      val {prop,sign,...} = rep_thm fth
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      val used = add_term_names (prop, [])
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      and vars = term_vars prop
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      fun newName (Var(ix,_), (pairs,used)) = 
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	    let val v = variant used (string_of_indexname ix)
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	    in  ((ix,v)::pairs, v::used)  end;
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      val (alist, _) = foldr newName (vars, ([], used))
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      fun mk_inst (Var(v,T)) = 
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	  (cterm_of sign (Var(v,T)),
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	   cterm_of sign (Free(the (assoc(alist,v)), T)))
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      val insts = map mk_inst vars
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      fun thaw th' = 
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	  th' |> forall_intr_list (map #2 insts)
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	      |> forall_elim_list (map #1 insts)
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  in  (instantiate ([],insts) fth, thaw)  end;
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(*Rotates a rule's premises to the left by k.  Does nothing if k=0 or
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  if k equals the number of premises.  Useful, for instance, with etac.
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  Similar to tactic/defer_tac*)
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fun rotate_prems k rl = 
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    let val (rl',thaw) = freeze_thaw rl
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	val hyps = strip_imp_prems (adjust_maxidx (cprop_of rl'))
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	val hyps' = List.drop(hyps, k)
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    in  implies_elim_list rl' (map assume hyps)
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        |> implies_intr_list (hyps' @ List.take(hyps, k))
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        |> thaw |> varifyT
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    end;
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   305
paulson@4610
   306
wenzelm@252
   307
(*Assume a new formula, read following the same conventions as axioms.
clasohm@0
   308
  Generalizes over Free variables,
clasohm@0
   309
  creates the assumption, and then strips quantifiers.
clasohm@0
   310
  Example is [| ALL x:?A. ?P(x) |] ==> [| ?P(?a) |]
wenzelm@252
   311
             [ !(A,P,a)[| ALL x:A. P(x) |] ==> [| P(a) |] ]    *)
clasohm@0
   312
fun assume_ax thy sP =
wenzelm@6390
   313
    let val sign = Theory.sign_of thy
paulson@4610
   314
        val prop = Logic.close_form (term_of (read_cterm sign (sP, propT)))
lcp@229
   315
    in forall_elim_vars 0 (assume (cterm_of sign prop))  end;
clasohm@0
   316
wenzelm@252
   317
(*Resolution: exactly one resolvent must be produced.*)
clasohm@0
   318
fun tha RSN (i,thb) =
wenzelm@4270
   319
  case Seq.chop (2, biresolution false [(false,tha)] i thb) of
clasohm@0
   320
      ([th],_) => th
clasohm@0
   321
    | ([],_)   => raise THM("RSN: no unifiers", i, [tha,thb])
clasohm@0
   322
    |      _   => raise THM("RSN: multiple unifiers", i, [tha,thb]);
clasohm@0
   323
clasohm@0
   324
(*resolution: P==>Q, Q==>R gives P==>R. *)
clasohm@0
   325
fun tha RS thb = tha RSN (1,thb);
clasohm@0
   326
clasohm@0
   327
(*For joining lists of rules*)
wenzelm@252
   328
fun thas RLN (i,thbs) =
clasohm@0
   329
  let val resolve = biresolution false (map (pair false) thas) i
wenzelm@4270
   330
      fun resb thb = Seq.list_of (resolve thb) handle THM _ => []
paulson@2672
   331
  in  List.concat (map resb thbs)  end;
clasohm@0
   332
clasohm@0
   333
fun thas RL thbs = thas RLN (1,thbs);
clasohm@0
   334
lcp@11
   335
(*Resolve a list of rules against bottom_rl from right to left;
lcp@11
   336
  makes proof trees*)
wenzelm@252
   337
fun rls MRS bottom_rl =
lcp@11
   338
  let fun rs_aux i [] = bottom_rl
wenzelm@252
   339
        | rs_aux i (rl::rls) = rl RSN (i, rs_aux (i+1) rls)
lcp@11
   340
  in  rs_aux 1 rls  end;
lcp@11
   341
lcp@11
   342
(*As above, but for rule lists*)
wenzelm@252
   343
fun rlss MRL bottom_rls =
lcp@11
   344
  let fun rs_aux i [] = bottom_rls
wenzelm@252
   345
        | rs_aux i (rls::rlss) = rls RLN (i, rs_aux (i+1) rlss)
lcp@11
   346
  in  rs_aux 1 rlss  end;
lcp@11
   347
wenzelm@252
   348
(*compose Q and [...,Qi,Q(i+1),...]==>R to [...,Q(i+1),...]==>R
clasohm@0
   349
  with no lifting or renaming!  Q may contain ==> or meta-quants
clasohm@0
   350
  ALWAYS deletes premise i *)
wenzelm@252
   351
fun compose(tha,i,thb) =
wenzelm@4270
   352
    Seq.list_of (bicompose false (false,tha,0) i thb);
clasohm@0
   353
wenzelm@6946
   354
fun compose_single (tha,i,thb) =
wenzelm@6946
   355
  (case compose (tha,i,thb) of
wenzelm@6946
   356
    [th] => th
wenzelm@6946
   357
  | _ => raise THM ("compose: unique result expected", i, [tha,thb]));
wenzelm@6946
   358
clasohm@0
   359
(*compose Q and [Q1,Q2,...,Qk]==>R to [Q2,...,Qk]==>R getting unique result*)
clasohm@0
   360
fun tha COMP thb =
clasohm@0
   361
    case compose(tha,1,thb) of
wenzelm@252
   362
        [th] => th
clasohm@0
   363
      | _ =>   raise THM("COMP", 1, [tha,thb]);
clasohm@0
   364
clasohm@0
   365
(*Instantiate theorem th, reading instantiations under signature sg*)
clasohm@0
   366
fun read_instantiate_sg sg sinsts th =
clasohm@0
   367
    let val ts = types_sorts th;
nipkow@952
   368
        val used = add_term_tvarnames(#prop(rep_thm th),[]);
nipkow@952
   369
    in  instantiate (read_insts sg ts ts used sinsts) th  end;
clasohm@0
   370
clasohm@0
   371
(*Instantiate theorem th, reading instantiations under theory of th*)
clasohm@0
   372
fun read_instantiate sinsts th =
clasohm@0
   373
    read_instantiate_sg (#sign (rep_thm th)) sinsts th;
clasohm@0
   374
clasohm@0
   375
clasohm@0
   376
(*Left-to-right replacements: tpairs = [...,(vi,ti),...].
clasohm@0
   377
  Instantiates distinct Vars by terms, inferring type instantiations. *)
clasohm@0
   378
local
nipkow@1435
   379
  fun add_types ((ct,cu), (sign,tye,maxidx)) =
paulson@2152
   380
    let val {sign=signt, t=t, T= T, maxidx=maxt,...} = rep_cterm ct
paulson@2152
   381
        and {sign=signu, t=u, T= U, maxidx=maxu,...} = rep_cterm cu;
paulson@2152
   382
        val maxi = Int.max(maxidx, Int.max(maxt, maxu));
clasohm@0
   383
        val sign' = Sign.merge(sign, Sign.merge(signt, signu))
nipkow@1435
   384
        val (tye',maxi') = Type.unify (#tsig(Sign.rep_sg sign')) maxi tye (T,U)
wenzelm@252
   385
          handle Type.TUNIFY => raise TYPE("add_types", [T,U], [t,u])
nipkow@1435
   386
    in  (sign', tye', maxi')  end;
clasohm@0
   387
in
wenzelm@252
   388
fun cterm_instantiate ctpairs0 th =
nipkow@1435
   389
  let val (sign,tye,_) = foldr add_types (ctpairs0, (#sign(rep_thm th),[],0))
clasohm@0
   390
      val tsig = #tsig(Sign.rep_sg sign);
clasohm@0
   391
      fun instT(ct,cu) = let val inst = subst_TVars tye
wenzelm@252
   392
                         in (cterm_fun inst ct, cterm_fun inst cu) end
lcp@229
   393
      fun ctyp2 (ix,T) = (ix, ctyp_of sign T)
clasohm@0
   394
  in  instantiate (map ctyp2 tye, map instT ctpairs0) th  end
wenzelm@252
   395
  handle TERM _ =>
clasohm@0
   396
           raise THM("cterm_instantiate: incompatible signatures",0,[th])
wenzelm@6930
   397
       | TYPE (msg, _, _) => raise THM(msg, 0, [th])
clasohm@0
   398
end;
clasohm@0
   399
clasohm@0
   400
wenzelm@4016
   401
(** theorem equality **)
clasohm@0
   402
clasohm@0
   403
(*Do the two theorems have the same signature?*)
wenzelm@252
   404
fun eq_thm_sg (th1,th2) = Sign.eq_sg(#sign(rep_thm th1), #sign(rep_thm th2));
clasohm@0
   405
clasohm@0
   406
(*Useful "distance" function for BEST_FIRST*)
clasohm@0
   407
val size_of_thm = size_of_term o #prop o rep_thm;
clasohm@0
   408
clasohm@0
   409
lcp@1194
   410
(** Mark Staples's weaker version of eq_thm: ignores variable renaming and
lcp@1194
   411
    (some) type variable renaming **)
lcp@1194
   412
lcp@1194
   413
 (* Can't use term_vars, because it sorts the resulting list of variable names.
lcp@1194
   414
    We instead need the unique list noramlised by the order of appearance
lcp@1194
   415
    in the term. *)
lcp@1194
   416
fun term_vars' (t as Var(v,T)) = [t]
lcp@1194
   417
  | term_vars' (Abs(_,_,b)) = term_vars' b
lcp@1194
   418
  | term_vars' (f$a) = (term_vars' f) @ (term_vars' a)
lcp@1194
   419
  | term_vars' _ = [];
lcp@1194
   420
lcp@1194
   421
fun forall_intr_vars th =
lcp@1194
   422
  let val {prop,sign,...} = rep_thm th;
lcp@1194
   423
      val vars = distinct (term_vars' prop);
lcp@1194
   424
  in forall_intr_list (map (cterm_of sign) vars) th end;
lcp@1194
   425
wenzelm@1237
   426
fun weak_eq_thm (tha,thb) =
lcp@1194
   427
    eq_thm(forall_intr_vars (freezeT tha), forall_intr_vars (freezeT thb));
lcp@1194
   428
lcp@1194
   429
lcp@1194
   430
clasohm@0
   431
(*** Meta-Rewriting Rules ***)
clasohm@0
   432
wenzelm@6390
   433
val proto_sign = Theory.sign_of ProtoPure.thy;
paulson@4610
   434
paulson@4610
   435
fun read_prop s = read_cterm proto_sign (s, propT);
paulson@4610
   436
wenzelm@4016
   437
fun store_thm name thm = PureThy.smart_store_thm (name, standard thm);
wenzelm@4016
   438
clasohm@0
   439
val reflexive_thm =
paulson@4610
   440
  let val cx = cterm_of proto_sign (Var(("x",0),TVar(("'a",0),logicS)))
wenzelm@4016
   441
  in store_thm "reflexive" (Thm.reflexive cx) end;
clasohm@0
   442
clasohm@0
   443
val symmetric_thm =
paulson@4610
   444
  let val xy = read_prop "x::'a::logic == y"
paulson@4610
   445
  in store_thm "symmetric" 
paulson@4610
   446
      (Thm.implies_intr_hyps(Thm.symmetric(Thm.assume xy)))
paulson@4610
   447
   end;
clasohm@0
   448
clasohm@0
   449
val transitive_thm =
paulson@4610
   450
  let val xy = read_prop "x::'a::logic == y"
paulson@4610
   451
      val yz = read_prop "y::'a::logic == z"
clasohm@0
   452
      val xythm = Thm.assume xy and yzthm = Thm.assume yz
paulson@4610
   453
  in store_thm "transitive" (Thm.implies_intr yz (Thm.transitive xythm yzthm))
paulson@4610
   454
  end;
clasohm@0
   455
nipkow@4679
   456
fun symmetric_fun thm = thm RS symmetric_thm;
nipkow@4679
   457
lcp@229
   458
(** Below, a "conversion" has type cterm -> thm **)
lcp@229
   459
paulson@4610
   460
val refl_implies = reflexive (cterm_of proto_sign implies);
clasohm@0
   461
clasohm@0
   462
(*In [A1,...,An]==>B, rewrite the selected A's only -- for rewrite_goals_tac*)
nipkow@214
   463
(*Do not rewrite flex-flex pairs*)
wenzelm@252
   464
fun goals_conv pred cv =
lcp@229
   465
  let fun gconv i ct =
paulson@2004
   466
        let val (A,B) = dest_implies ct
lcp@229
   467
            val (thA,j) = case term_of A of
lcp@229
   468
                  Const("=?=",_)$_$_ => (reflexive A, i)
lcp@229
   469
                | _ => (if pred i then cv A else reflexive A, i+1)
paulson@2004
   470
        in  combination (combination refl_implies thA) (gconv j B) end
lcp@229
   471
        handle TERM _ => reflexive ct
clasohm@0
   472
  in gconv 1 end;
clasohm@0
   473
clasohm@0
   474
(*Use a conversion to transform a theorem*)
lcp@229
   475
fun fconv_rule cv th = equal_elim (cv (cprop_of th)) th;
clasohm@0
   476
clasohm@0
   477
(*rewriting conversion*)
lcp@229
   478
fun rew_conv mode prover mss = rewrite_cterm mode mss prover;
clasohm@0
   479
clasohm@0
   480
(*Rewrite a theorem*)
wenzelm@3575
   481
fun rewrite_rule_aux _ []   th = th
wenzelm@3575
   482
  | rewrite_rule_aux prover thms th =
nipkow@4713
   483
      fconv_rule (rew_conv (true,false,false) prover (Thm.mss_of thms)) th;
clasohm@0
   484
wenzelm@3555
   485
fun rewrite_thm mode prover mss = fconv_rule (rew_conv mode prover mss);
wenzelm@5079
   486
fun rewrite_cterm mode prover mss = Thm.rewrite_cterm mode mss prover;
wenzelm@3555
   487
clasohm@0
   488
(*Rewrite the subgoals of a proof state (represented by a theorem) *)
wenzelm@3575
   489
fun rewrite_goals_rule_aux _ []   th = th
wenzelm@3575
   490
  | rewrite_goals_rule_aux prover thms th =
nipkow@4713
   491
      fconv_rule (goals_conv (K true) (rew_conv (true, true, false) prover
wenzelm@3575
   492
        (Thm.mss_of thms))) th;
clasohm@0
   493
clasohm@0
   494
(*Rewrite the subgoal of a proof state (represented by a theorem) *)
nipkow@214
   495
fun rewrite_goal_rule mode prover mss i thm =
nipkow@214
   496
  if 0 < i  andalso  i <= nprems_of thm
nipkow@214
   497
  then fconv_rule (goals_conv (fn j => j=i) (rew_conv mode prover mss)) thm
nipkow@214
   498
  else raise THM("rewrite_goal_rule",i,[thm]);
clasohm@0
   499
clasohm@0
   500
clasohm@0
   501
(** Derived rules mainly for METAHYPS **)
clasohm@0
   502
clasohm@0
   503
(*Given the term "a", takes (%x.t)==(%x.u) to t[a/x]==u[a/x]*)
clasohm@0
   504
fun equal_abs_elim ca eqth =
lcp@229
   505
  let val {sign=signa, t=a, ...} = rep_cterm ca
clasohm@0
   506
      and combth = combination eqth (reflexive ca)
clasohm@0
   507
      val {sign,prop,...} = rep_thm eqth
clasohm@0
   508
      val (abst,absu) = Logic.dest_equals prop
lcp@229
   509
      val cterm = cterm_of (Sign.merge (sign,signa))
clasohm@0
   510
  in  transitive (symmetric (beta_conversion (cterm (abst$a))))
clasohm@0
   511
           (transitive combth (beta_conversion (cterm (absu$a))))
clasohm@0
   512
  end
clasohm@0
   513
  handle THM _ => raise THM("equal_abs_elim", 0, [eqth]);
clasohm@0
   514
clasohm@0
   515
(*Calling equal_abs_elim with multiple terms*)
clasohm@0
   516
fun equal_abs_elim_list cts th = foldr (uncurry equal_abs_elim) (rev cts, th);
clasohm@0
   517
clasohm@0
   518
local
clasohm@0
   519
  val alpha = TVar(("'a",0), [])     (*  type ?'a::{}  *)
clasohm@0
   520
  fun err th = raise THM("flexpair_inst: ", 0, [th])
clasohm@0
   521
  fun flexpair_inst def th =
clasohm@0
   522
    let val {prop = Const _ $ t $ u,  sign,...} = rep_thm th
wenzelm@252
   523
        val cterm = cterm_of sign
wenzelm@252
   524
        fun cvar a = cterm(Var((a,0),alpha))
wenzelm@252
   525
        val def' = cterm_instantiate [(cvar"t", cterm t), (cvar"u", cterm u)]
wenzelm@252
   526
                   def
clasohm@0
   527
    in  equal_elim def' th
clasohm@0
   528
    end
clasohm@0
   529
    handle THM _ => err th | bind => err th
clasohm@0
   530
in
wenzelm@3991
   531
val flexpair_intr = flexpair_inst (symmetric ProtoPure.flexpair_def)
wenzelm@3991
   532
and flexpair_elim = flexpair_inst ProtoPure.flexpair_def
clasohm@0
   533
end;
clasohm@0
   534
clasohm@0
   535
(*Version for flexflex pairs -- this supports lifting.*)
wenzelm@252
   536
fun flexpair_abs_elim_list cts =
clasohm@0
   537
    flexpair_intr o equal_abs_elim_list cts o flexpair_elim;
clasohm@0
   538
clasohm@0
   539
clasohm@0
   540
(*** Some useful meta-theorems ***)
clasohm@0
   541
clasohm@0
   542
(*The rule V/V, obtains assumption solving for eresolve_tac*)
wenzelm@4016
   543
val asm_rl =
paulson@4610
   544
  store_thm "asm_rl" (trivial(read_prop "PROP ?psi"));
clasohm@0
   545
clasohm@0
   546
(*Meta-level cut rule: [| V==>W; V |] ==> W *)
wenzelm@4016
   547
val cut_rl =
wenzelm@4016
   548
  store_thm "cut_rl"
paulson@4610
   549
    (trivial(read_prop "PROP ?psi ==> PROP ?theta"));
clasohm@0
   550
wenzelm@252
   551
(*Generalized elim rule for one conclusion; cut_rl with reversed premises:
clasohm@0
   552
     [| PROP V;  PROP V ==> PROP W |] ==> PROP W *)
clasohm@0
   553
val revcut_rl =
paulson@4610
   554
  let val V = read_prop "PROP V"
paulson@4610
   555
      and VW = read_prop "PROP V ==> PROP W";
wenzelm@4016
   556
  in
wenzelm@4016
   557
    store_thm "revcut_rl"
wenzelm@4016
   558
      (implies_intr V (implies_intr VW (implies_elim (assume VW) (assume V))))
clasohm@0
   559
  end;
clasohm@0
   560
lcp@668
   561
(*for deleting an unwanted assumption*)
lcp@668
   562
val thin_rl =
paulson@4610
   563
  let val V = read_prop "PROP V"
paulson@4610
   564
      and W = read_prop "PROP W";
wenzelm@4016
   565
  in  store_thm "thin_rl" (implies_intr V (implies_intr W (assume W)))
lcp@668
   566
  end;
lcp@668
   567
clasohm@0
   568
(* (!!x. PROP ?V) == PROP ?V       Allows removal of redundant parameters*)
clasohm@0
   569
val triv_forall_equality =
paulson@4610
   570
  let val V  = read_prop "PROP V"
paulson@4610
   571
      and QV = read_prop "!!x::'a. PROP V"
paulson@4610
   572
      and x  = read_cterm proto_sign ("x", TFree("'a",logicS));
wenzelm@4016
   573
  in
wenzelm@4016
   574
    store_thm "triv_forall_equality"
wenzelm@4016
   575
      (equal_intr (implies_intr QV (forall_elim x (assume QV)))
wenzelm@4016
   576
        (implies_intr V  (forall_intr x (assume V))))
clasohm@0
   577
  end;
clasohm@0
   578
nipkow@1756
   579
(* (PROP ?PhiA ==> PROP ?PhiB ==> PROP ?Psi) ==>
nipkow@1756
   580
   (PROP ?PhiB ==> PROP ?PhiA ==> PROP ?Psi)
nipkow@1756
   581
   `thm COMP swap_prems_rl' swaps the first two premises of `thm'
nipkow@1756
   582
*)
nipkow@1756
   583
val swap_prems_rl =
paulson@4610
   584
  let val cmajor = read_prop "PROP PhiA ==> PROP PhiB ==> PROP Psi";
nipkow@1756
   585
      val major = assume cmajor;
paulson@4610
   586
      val cminor1 = read_prop "PROP PhiA";
nipkow@1756
   587
      val minor1 = assume cminor1;
paulson@4610
   588
      val cminor2 = read_prop "PROP PhiB";
nipkow@1756
   589
      val minor2 = assume cminor2;
wenzelm@4016
   590
  in store_thm "swap_prems_rl"
nipkow@1756
   591
       (implies_intr cmajor (implies_intr cminor2 (implies_intr cminor1
nipkow@1756
   592
         (implies_elim (implies_elim major minor1) minor2))))
nipkow@1756
   593
  end;
nipkow@1756
   594
nipkow@3653
   595
(* [| PROP ?phi ==> PROP ?psi; PROP ?psi ==> PROP ?phi |]
nipkow@3653
   596
   ==> PROP ?phi == PROP ?psi
paulson@4610
   597
   Introduction rule for == as a meta-theorem.  
nipkow@3653
   598
*)
nipkow@3653
   599
val equal_intr_rule =
paulson@4610
   600
  let val PQ = read_prop "PROP phi ==> PROP psi"
paulson@4610
   601
      and QP = read_prop "PROP psi ==> PROP phi"
wenzelm@4016
   602
  in
wenzelm@4016
   603
    store_thm "equal_intr_rule"
wenzelm@4016
   604
      (implies_intr PQ (implies_intr QP (equal_intr (assume PQ) (assume QP))))
nipkow@3653
   605
  end;
nipkow@3653
   606
wenzelm@4285
   607
wenzelm@4789
   608
(* GOAL (PROP A) <==> PROP A *)
wenzelm@4789
   609
wenzelm@4789
   610
local
wenzelm@4789
   611
  val A = read_prop "PROP A";
wenzelm@4789
   612
  val G = read_prop "GOAL (PROP A)";
wenzelm@4789
   613
  val (G_def, _) = freeze_thaw ProtoPure.Goal_def;
wenzelm@4789
   614
in
wenzelm@4789
   615
  val triv_goal = store_thm "triv_goal" (Thm.equal_elim (Thm.symmetric G_def) (Thm.assume A));
wenzelm@4789
   616
  val rev_triv_goal = store_thm "rev_triv_goal" (Thm.equal_elim G_def (Thm.assume G));
wenzelm@4789
   617
end;
wenzelm@4789
   618
wenzelm@6995
   619
val mk_cgoal = Thm.capply (Thm.cterm_of proto_sign (Const ("Goal", propT --> propT)));
wenzelm@6995
   620
fun assume_goal ct = Thm.assume (mk_cgoal ct) RS rev_triv_goal;
wenzelm@6995
   621
wenzelm@4789
   622
wenzelm@4285
   623
wenzelm@5688
   624
(** variations on instantiate **)
wenzelm@4285
   625
wenzelm@4285
   626
(* collect vars *)
wenzelm@4285
   627
wenzelm@4285
   628
val add_tvarsT = foldl_atyps (fn (vs, TVar v) => v ins vs | (vs, _) => vs);
wenzelm@4285
   629
val add_tvars = foldl_types add_tvarsT;
wenzelm@4285
   630
val add_vars = foldl_aterms (fn (vs, Var v) => v ins vs | (vs, _) => vs);
wenzelm@4285
   631
wenzelm@5903
   632
fun tvars_of_terms ts = rev (foldl add_tvars ([], ts));
wenzelm@5903
   633
fun vars_of_terms ts = rev (foldl add_vars ([], ts));
wenzelm@5903
   634
wenzelm@5903
   635
fun tvars_of thm = tvars_of_terms [#prop (Thm.rep_thm thm)];
wenzelm@5903
   636
fun vars_of thm = vars_of_terms [#prop (Thm.rep_thm thm)];
wenzelm@4285
   637
wenzelm@4285
   638
wenzelm@4285
   639
(* instantiate by left-to-right occurrence of variables *)
wenzelm@4285
   640
wenzelm@4285
   641
fun instantiate' cTs cts thm =
wenzelm@4285
   642
  let
wenzelm@4285
   643
    fun err msg =
wenzelm@4285
   644
      raise TYPE ("instantiate': " ^ msg,
wenzelm@4285
   645
        mapfilter (apsome Thm.typ_of) cTs,
wenzelm@4285
   646
        mapfilter (apsome Thm.term_of) cts);
wenzelm@4285
   647
wenzelm@4285
   648
    fun inst_of (v, ct) =
wenzelm@4285
   649
      (Thm.cterm_of (#sign (Thm.rep_cterm ct)) (Var v), ct)
wenzelm@4285
   650
        handle TYPE (msg, _, _) => err msg;
wenzelm@4285
   651
wenzelm@4285
   652
    fun zip_vars _ [] = []
wenzelm@4285
   653
      | zip_vars (_ :: vs) (None :: opt_ts) = zip_vars vs opt_ts
wenzelm@4285
   654
      | zip_vars (v :: vs) (Some t :: opt_ts) = (v, t) :: zip_vars vs opt_ts
wenzelm@4285
   655
      | zip_vars [] _ = err "more instantiations than variables in thm";
wenzelm@4285
   656
wenzelm@4285
   657
    (*instantiate types first!*)
wenzelm@4285
   658
    val thm' =
wenzelm@4285
   659
      if forall is_none cTs then thm
wenzelm@4285
   660
      else Thm.instantiate (zip_vars (map fst (tvars_of thm)) cTs, []) thm;
wenzelm@4285
   661
    in
wenzelm@4285
   662
      if forall is_none cts then thm'
wenzelm@4285
   663
      else Thm.instantiate ([], map inst_of (zip_vars (vars_of thm') cts)) thm'
wenzelm@4285
   664
    end;
wenzelm@4285
   665
wenzelm@4285
   666
wenzelm@5688
   667
(* unvarify(T) *)
wenzelm@5688
   668
wenzelm@5688
   669
(*assume thm in standard form, i.e. no frees, 0 var indexes*)
wenzelm@5688
   670
wenzelm@5688
   671
fun unvarifyT thm =
wenzelm@5688
   672
  let
wenzelm@5688
   673
    val cT = Thm.ctyp_of (Thm.sign_of_thm thm);
wenzelm@5688
   674
    val tfrees = map (fn ((x, _), S) => Some (cT (TFree (x, S)))) (tvars_of thm);
wenzelm@5688
   675
  in instantiate' tfrees [] thm end;
wenzelm@5688
   676
wenzelm@5688
   677
fun unvarify raw_thm =
wenzelm@5688
   678
  let
wenzelm@5688
   679
    val thm = unvarifyT raw_thm;
wenzelm@5688
   680
    val ct = Thm.cterm_of (Thm.sign_of_thm thm);
wenzelm@5688
   681
    val frees = map (fn ((x, _), T) => Some (ct (Free (x, T)))) (vars_of thm);
wenzelm@5688
   682
  in instantiate' [] frees thm end;
wenzelm@5688
   683
wenzelm@5688
   684
wenzelm@6435
   685
(* increment var indexes *)
wenzelm@6435
   686
wenzelm@6435
   687
fun incr_indexes 0 thm = thm
wenzelm@6435
   688
  | incr_indexes inc thm =
wenzelm@6435
   689
      let
wenzelm@6435
   690
        val sign = Thm.sign_of_thm thm;
wenzelm@6435
   691
wenzelm@6435
   692
        fun inc_tvar ((x, i), S) = Some (Thm.ctyp_of sign (TVar ((x, i + inc), S)));
wenzelm@6435
   693
        fun inc_var ((x, i), T) = Some (Thm.cterm_of sign (Var ((x, i + inc), T)));
wenzelm@6930
   694
        val thm' = instantiate' (map inc_tvar (tvars_of thm)) [] thm;
wenzelm@6930
   695
        val thm'' = instantiate' [] (map inc_var (vars_of thm')) thm';
wenzelm@6930
   696
      in thm'' end;
wenzelm@6435
   697
wenzelm@6435
   698
fun incr_indexes_wrt is cTs cts thms =
wenzelm@6435
   699
  let
wenzelm@6435
   700
    val maxidx =
wenzelm@6435
   701
      foldl Int.max (~1, is @
wenzelm@6435
   702
        map (maxidx_of_typ o #T o Thm.rep_ctyp) cTs @
wenzelm@6435
   703
        map (#maxidx o Thm.rep_cterm) cts @
wenzelm@6435
   704
        map (#maxidx o Thm.rep_thm) thms);
wenzelm@6435
   705
  in incr_indexes (maxidx + 1) end;
wenzelm@6435
   706
wenzelm@6435
   707
wenzelm@5688
   708
(* mk_triv_goal *)
wenzelm@5688
   709
wenzelm@5688
   710
(*make an initial proof state, "PROP A ==> (PROP A)" *)
paulson@5311
   711
fun mk_triv_goal ct = instantiate' [] [Some ct] triv_goal;
paulson@5311
   712
wenzelm@5688
   713
wenzelm@6086
   714
wenzelm@6086
   715
(** basic attributes **)
wenzelm@6086
   716
wenzelm@6086
   717
(* dependent rules *)
wenzelm@6086
   718
wenzelm@6086
   719
fun rule_attribute f (x, thm) = (x, (f x thm));
wenzelm@6086
   720
wenzelm@6086
   721
wenzelm@6086
   722
(* add / delete tags *)
wenzelm@6086
   723
wenzelm@6086
   724
fun map_tags f thm =
wenzelm@6086
   725
  Thm.put_name_tags (Thm.name_of_thm thm, f (#2 (Thm.get_name_tags thm))) thm;
wenzelm@6086
   726
wenzelm@6086
   727
fun tag tg x = rule_attribute (K (map_tags (fn tgs => if tg mem tgs then tgs else tgs @ [tg]))) x;
wenzelm@6086
   728
fun untag tg x = rule_attribute (K (map_tags (fn tgs => tgs \ tg))) x;
wenzelm@6086
   729
wenzelm@6086
   730
fun simple_tag name x = tag (name, []) x;
wenzelm@6086
   731
wenzelm@6086
   732
fun tag_lemma x = simple_tag "lemma" x;
wenzelm@6086
   733
fun tag_assumption x = simple_tag "assumption" x;
wenzelm@6086
   734
fun tag_internal x = simple_tag "internal" x;
wenzelm@6086
   735
wenzelm@6086
   736
clasohm@0
   737
end;
wenzelm@252
   738
wenzelm@5903
   739
wenzelm@5903
   740
structure BasicDrule: BASIC_DRULE = Drule;
wenzelm@5903
   741
open BasicDrule;