src/HOL/Library/Sum_Of_Squares.thy
author chaieb
Wed May 13 17:13:33 2009 +0100 (2009-05-13)
changeset 31131 d9752181691a
parent 31119 2532bb2d65c7
child 31512 27118561c2e0
permissions -rw-r--r--
Now deals with division
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(* Title:      Library/Sum_Of_Squares
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   Author:     Amine Chaieb, University of Cambridge
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*)
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header {* A decision method for universal multivariate real arithmetic with addition, 
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          multiplication and ordering using semidefinite programming*}
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theory Sum_Of_Squares
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  imports Complex_Main (* "~~/src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Dense_Linear_Order" *)
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  uses "positivstellensatz.ML" "sum_of_squares.ML"
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  begin
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(* Note: 
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In order to use the method sos, install CSDP (https://projects.coin-or.org/Csdp/) and put the executable csdp on your path. 
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*)
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method_setup sos = {* Scan.succeed (SIMPLE_METHOD' o Sos.sos_tac) *} 
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  "Prove universal problems over the reals using sums of squares"
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text{* Tests -- commented since they work only when csdp is installed -- see above *}
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(*
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lemma "(3::real) * x + 7 * a < 4 & 3 < 2 * x \<Longrightarrow> a < 0" by sos
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lemma "a1 >= 0 & a2 >= 0 \<and> (a1 * a1 + a2 * a2 = b1 * b1 + b2 * b2 + 2) \<and> (a1 * b1 + a2 * b2 = 0) --> a1 * a2 - b1 * b2 >= (0::real)" by sos
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lemma "(3::real) * x + 7 * a < 4 & 3 < 2 * x --> a < 0" by sos
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lemma "(0::real) <= x & x <= 1 & 0 <= y & y <= 1  --> x^2 + y^2 < 1 |(x - 1)^2 + y^2 < 1 | x^2 + (y - 1)^2 < 1 | (x - 1)^2 + (y - 1)^2 < 1" by sos
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lemma "(0::real) <= x & 0 <= y & 0 <= z & x + y + z <= 3 --> x * y + x * z + y * z >= 3 * x * y * z" by sos
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lemma "((x::real)^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 1) --> (x + y + z)^2 <= 3" by sos
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lemma "(w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 1) --> (w + x + y + z)^2 <= (4::real)" by sos
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lemma "(x::real) >= 1 & y >= 1 --> x * y >= x + y - 1" by sos
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lemma "(x::real) > 1 & y > 1 --> x * y > x + y - 1" by sos; 
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lemma "abs(x) <= 1 --> abs(64 * x^7 - 112 * x^5 + 56 * x^3 - 7 * x) <= (1::real)" by sos  
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*)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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(* One component of denominator in dodecahedral example.                     *)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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(*
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lemma "2 <= x & x <= 125841 / 50000 & 2 <= y & y <= 125841 / 50000 & 2 <= z & z <= 125841 / 50000 --> 2 * (x * z + x * y + y * z) - (x * x + y * y + z * z) >= (0::real)" by sos;
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*)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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(* Over a larger but simpler interval.                                       *)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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(*
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lemma "(2::real) <= x & x <= 4 & 2 <= y & y <= 4 & 2 <= z & z <= 4 --> 0 <= 2 * (x * z + x * y + y * z) - (x * x + y * y + z * z)" by sos
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*)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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(* We can do 12. I think 12 is a sharp bound; see PP's certificate.          *)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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(*
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lemma "2 <= (x::real) & x <= 4 & 2 <= y & y <= 4 & 2 <= z & z <= 4 --> 12 <= 2 * (x * z + x * y + y * z) - (x * x + y * y + z * z)" by sos
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*)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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(* Inequality from sci.math (see "Leon-Sotelo, por favor").                  *)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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(*
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lemma "0 <= (x::real) & 0 <= y & (x * y = 1) --> x + y <= x^2 + y^2" by sos 
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lemma "0 <= (x::real) & 0 <= y & (x * y = 1) --> x * y * (x + y) <= x^2 + y^2" by sos 
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lemma "0 <= (x::real) & 0 <= y --> x * y * (x + y)^2 <= (x^2 + y^2)^2" by sos
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lemma "(0::real) <= a & 0 <= b & 0 <= c & c * (2 * a + b)^3/ 27 <= x \<longrightarrow> c * a^2 * b <= x" by sos
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lemma "(0::real) < x --> 0 < 1 + x + x^2" by sos
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lemma "(0::real) <= x --> 0 < 1 + x + x^2" by sos
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lemma "(0::real) < 1 + x^2" by sos
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lemma "(0::real) <= 1 + 2 * x + x^2" by sos
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lemma "(0::real) < 1 + abs x" by sos
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lemma "(0::real) < 1 + (1 + x)^2 * (abs x)" by sos
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lemma "abs ((1::real) + x^2) = (1::real) + x^2" by sos
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lemma "(3::real) * x + 7 * a < 4 \<and> 3 < 2 * x \<longrightarrow> a < 0" by sos
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lemma "(0::real) < x --> 1 < y --> y * x <= z --> x < z" by sos
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lemma "(1::real) < x --> x^2 < y --> 1 < y" by sos
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lemma "(b::real)^2 < 4 * a * c --> ~(a * x^2 + b * x + c = 0)" by sos
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lemma "(b::real)^2 < 4 * a * c --> ~(a * x^2 + b * x + c = 0)" by sos
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lemma "((a::real) * x^2 + b * x + c = 0) --> b^2 >= 4 * a * c" by sos
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lemma "(0::real) <= b & 0 <= c & 0 <= x & 0 <= y & (x^2 = c) & (y^2 = a^2 * c + b) --> a * c <= y * x" by sos
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lemma "abs(x - z) <= e & abs(y - z) <= e & 0 <= u & 0 <= v & (u + v = 1) --> abs((u * x + v * y) - z) <= (e::real)" by sos
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*)
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(*
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lemma "((x::real) - y - 2 * x^4 = 0) & 0 <= x & x <= 2 & 0 <= y & y <= 3 --> y^2 - 7 * y - 12 * x + 17 >= 0" by sos *) (* Too hard?*)
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(*
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lemma "(0::real) <= x --> (1 + x + x^2)/(1 + x^2) <= 1 + x"
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apply sos
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done
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lemma "(0::real) <= x --> 1 - x <= 1 / (1 + x + x^2)"
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apply sos
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done
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lemma "(x::real) <= 1 / 2 --> - x - 2 * x^2 <= - x / (1 - x)"
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apply sos
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done 
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lemma "4*r^2 = p^2 - 4*q & r >= (0::real) & x^2 + p*x + q = 0 --> 2*(x::real) = - p + 2*r | 2*x = -p - 2*r" by sos
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*)
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end