NEWS
author wenzelm
Sat Jan 26 19:20:01 2002 +0100 (2002-01-26)
changeset 12853 de505273c971
parent 12850 d3c16021e999
child 12877 b9635eb8a448
permissions -rw-r--r--
Isar cases/induct: no backtracking;
wenzelm@12597
     1
wenzelm@5363
     2
Isabelle NEWS -- history user-relevant changes
wenzelm@5363
     3
==============================================
wenzelm@2553
     4
wenzelm@12724
     5
New in Isabelle2002 (January 2002)
wenzelm@12724
     6
----------------------------------
wenzelm@11474
     7
wenzelm@11572
     8
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@11572
     9
wenzelm@11842
    10
* greatly simplified document preparation setup, including more
wenzelm@11842
    11
graceful interpretation of isatool usedir -i/-d/-D options, and more
wenzelm@11842
    12
instructive isatool mkdir; users should basically be able to get
wenzelm@11842
    13
started with "isatool mkdir Test && isatool make";
wenzelm@11842
    14
wenzelm@11842
    15
* theory dependency graph may now be incorporated into documents;
wenzelm@11842
    16
isatool usedir -g true will produce session_graph.eps/.pdf for use
wenzelm@11842
    17
with \includegraphics of LaTeX;
wenzelm@11842
    18
wenzelm@11864
    19
* proper spacing of consecutive markup elements, especially text
wenzelm@11864
    20
blocks after section headings;
wenzelm@11864
    21
wenzelm@11572
    22
* support bold style (for single symbols only), input syntax is like
wenzelm@11572
    23
this: "\<^bold>\<alpha>" or "\<^bold>A";
wenzelm@11572
    24
wenzelm@11814
    25
* \<bullet> is now output as bold \cdot by default, which looks much
wenzelm@11572
    26
better in printed text;
wenzelm@11572
    27
wenzelm@11712
    28
* added default LaTeX bindings for \<tturnstile> and \<TTurnstile>;
wenzelm@11712
    29
note that these symbols are currently unavailable in Proof General /
wenzelm@12769
    30
X-Symbol; new symbols \<zero>, \<one>, ..., \<nine>, and \<euro>;
wenzelm@12690
    31
wenzelm@12690
    32
* isatool latex no longer depends on changed TEXINPUTS, instead
wenzelm@12690
    33
isatool document copies the Isabelle style files to the target
wenzelm@12690
    34
location;
wenzelm@11712
    35
wenzelm@11572
    36
wenzelm@11633
    37
*** Isar ***
wenzelm@11633
    38
wenzelm@12312
    39
* Pure/Provers: improved proof by cases and induction;
wenzelm@12280
    40
  - 'case' command admits impromptu naming of parameters (such as
wenzelm@12280
    41
    "case (Suc n)");
wenzelm@12280
    42
  - 'induct' method divinates rule instantiation from the inductive
wenzelm@12280
    43
    claim; no longer requires excessive ?P bindings for proper
wenzelm@12280
    44
    instantiation of cases;
wenzelm@12280
    45
  - 'induct' method properly enumerates all possibilities of set/type
wenzelm@12280
    46
    rules; as a consequence facts may be also passed through *type*
wenzelm@12280
    47
    rules without further ado;
wenzelm@12280
    48
  - 'induct' method now derives symbolic cases from the *rulified*
wenzelm@12280
    49
    rule (before it used to rulify cases stemming from the internal
wenzelm@12280
    50
    atomized version); this means that the context of a non-atomic
wenzelm@12280
    51
    statement becomes is included in the hypothesis, avoiding the
wenzelm@12280
    52
    slightly cumbersome show "PROP ?case" form;
wenzelm@12280
    53
  - 'induct' may now use elim-style induction rules without chaining
wenzelm@12280
    54
    facts, using ``missing'' premises from the goal state; this allows
wenzelm@12280
    55
    rules stemming from inductive sets to be applied in unstructured
wenzelm@12280
    56
    scripts, while still benefitting from proper handling of non-atomic
wenzelm@12280
    57
    statements; NB: major inductive premises need to be put first, all
wenzelm@12280
    58
    the rest of the goal is passed through the induction;
wenzelm@12280
    59
  - 'induct' proper support for mutual induction involving non-atomic
wenzelm@12280
    60
    rule statements (uses the new concept of simultaneous goals, see
wenzelm@12280
    61
    below);
wenzelm@12853
    62
  - append all possible rule selections, but only use the first
wenzelm@12853
    63
    success (no backtracking);
wenzelm@11995
    64
  - removed obsolete "(simplified)" and "(stripped)" options of methods;
wenzelm@12754
    65
  - undeclared rule case names default to numbers 1, 2, 3, ...;
wenzelm@12754
    66
  - added 'print_induct_rules' (covered by help item in recent Proof
wenzelm@12754
    67
    General versions);
wenzelm@11995
    68
  - moved induct/cases attributes to Pure, methods to Provers;
wenzelm@11995
    69
  - generic method setup instantiated for FOL and HOL;
wenzelm@11986
    70
wenzelm@12163
    71
* Pure: support multiple simultaneous goal statements, for example
wenzelm@12163
    72
"have a: A and b: B" (same for 'theorem' etc.); being a pure
wenzelm@12163
    73
meta-level mechanism, this acts as if several individual goals had
wenzelm@12163
    74
been stated separately; in particular common proof methods need to be
wenzelm@12163
    75
repeated in order to cover all claims; note that a single elimination
wenzelm@12163
    76
step is *not* sufficient to establish the two conjunctions, so this
wenzelm@12163
    77
fails:
wenzelm@12163
    78
wenzelm@12163
    79
  assume "A & B" then have A and B ..   (*".." fails*)
wenzelm@12163
    80
wenzelm@12163
    81
better use "obtain" in situations as above; alternative refer to
wenzelm@12163
    82
multi-step methods like 'auto', 'simp_all', 'blast+' etc.;
wenzelm@12163
    83
wenzelm@12078
    84
* Pure: proper integration with ``locales''; unlike the original
wenzelm@12210
    85
version by Florian Kammüller, Isar locales package high-level proof
wenzelm@12078
    86
contexts rather than raw logical ones (e.g. we admit to include
wenzelm@12280
    87
attributes everywhere); operations on locales include merge and
wenzelm@12280
    88
rename; e.g. see HOL/ex/Locales.thy;
wenzelm@12078
    89
wenzelm@12707
    90
* Pure: the following commands have been ``localized'', supporting a
wenzelm@12707
    91
target locale specification "(in name)": 'lemma', 'theorem',
wenzelm@12707
    92
'corollary', 'lemmas', 'theorems', 'declare'; the results will be
wenzelm@12707
    93
stored both within the locale and at the theory level (exported and
wenzelm@12707
    94
qualified by the locale name);
wenzelm@12707
    95
wenzelm@12078
    96
* Pure: theory goals now support ad-hoc contexts, which are discharged
wenzelm@12078
    97
in the result, as in ``lemma (assumes A and B) K: A .''; syntax
wenzelm@12078
    98
coincides with that of a locale body;
wenzelm@12078
    99
wenzelm@11722
   100
* Pure: renamed "antecedent" case to "rule_context";
wenzelm@11722
   101
wenzelm@11738
   102
* Pure: added 'corollary' command;
wenzelm@11738
   103
wenzelm@11722
   104
* Pure: fixed 'token_translation' command;
wenzelm@11722
   105
wenzelm@11899
   106
* Pure: removed obsolete 'exported' attribute;
wenzelm@11899
   107
wenzelm@11933
   108
* Pure: dummy pattern "_" in is/let is now automatically lifted over
wenzelm@11933
   109
bound variables: "ALL x. P x --> Q x" (is "ALL x. _ --> ?C x")
wenzelm@11899
   110
supersedes more cumbersome ... (is "ALL x. _ x --> ?C x");
wenzelm@11899
   111
wenzelm@11952
   112
* Pure: method 'atomize' presents local goal premises as object-level
wenzelm@11952
   113
statements (atomic meta-level propositions); setup controlled via
wenzelm@11952
   114
rewrite rules declarations of 'atomize' attribute; example
wenzelm@11952
   115
application: 'induct' method with proper rule statements in improper
wenzelm@11952
   116
proof *scripts*;
wenzelm@11952
   117
wenzelm@12106
   118
* Pure: emulation of instantiation tactics (rule_tac, cut_tac, etc.)
wenzelm@12106
   119
now consider the syntactic context of assumptions, giving a better
wenzelm@12106
   120
chance to get type-inference of the arguments right (this is
wenzelm@12106
   121
especially important for locales);
wenzelm@12106
   122
wenzelm@12312
   123
* Pure: "sorry" no longer requires quick_and_dirty in interactive
wenzelm@12312
   124
mode;
wenzelm@12312
   125
wenzelm@12405
   126
* Pure/obtain: the formal conclusion "thesis", being marked as
wenzelm@12405
   127
``internal'', may no longer be reference directly in the text;
wenzelm@12405
   128
potential INCOMPATIBILITY, may need to use "?thesis" in rare
wenzelm@12405
   129
situations;
wenzelm@12405
   130
wenzelm@12405
   131
* Pure: generic 'sym' attribute which declares a rule both as pure
wenzelm@12405
   132
'elim?' and for the 'symmetric' operation;
wenzelm@12405
   133
wenzelm@12364
   134
* Pure/Provers/classical: simplified integration with pure rule
wenzelm@12364
   135
attributes and methods; the classical "intro?/elim?/dest?"
wenzelm@12364
   136
declarations coincide with the pure ones; the "rule" method no longer
wenzelm@12364
   137
includes classically swapped intros; "intro" and "elim" methods no
wenzelm@12364
   138
longer pick rules from the context; also got rid of ML declarations
wenzelm@12364
   139
AddXIs/AddXEs/AddXDs; all of this has some potential for
wenzelm@12364
   140
INCOMPATIBILITY;
wenzelm@12364
   141
wenzelm@12405
   142
* Provers/classical: attribute 'swapped' produces classical inversions
wenzelm@12405
   143
of introduction rules;
wenzelm@12405
   144
wenzelm@12364
   145
* Provers/simplifier: 'simplified' attribute may refer to explicit
wenzelm@12364
   146
rules instead of full simplifier context; 'iff' attribute handles
wenzelm@12364
   147
conditional rules;
wenzelm@11936
   148
wenzelm@11745
   149
* HOL: 'typedef' now allows alternative names for Rep/Abs morphisms;
wenzelm@11745
   150
wenzelm@11690
   151
* HOL: 'recdef' now fails on unfinished automated proofs, use
wenzelm@11633
   152
"(permissive)" option to recover old behavior;
wenzelm@11633
   153
wenzelm@11933
   154
* HOL: 'inductive' no longer features separate (collective) attributes
wenzelm@11933
   155
for 'intros' (was found too confusing);
wenzelm@11933
   156
wenzelm@12405
   157
* HOL: properly declared induction rules less_induct and
wenzelm@12405
   158
wf_induct_rule;
wenzelm@12405
   159
kleing@11788
   160
wenzelm@11474
   161
*** HOL ***
wenzelm@11474
   162
wenzelm@11702
   163
* HOL: moved over to sane numeral syntax; the new policy is as
wenzelm@11702
   164
follows:
wenzelm@11702
   165
wenzelm@11702
   166
  - 0 and 1 are polymorphic constants, which are defined on any
wenzelm@11702
   167
  numeric type (nat, int, real etc.);
wenzelm@11702
   168
wenzelm@11702
   169
  - 2, 3, 4, ... and -1, -2, -3, ... are polymorphic numerals, based
wenzelm@11702
   170
  binary representation internally;
wenzelm@11702
   171
wenzelm@11702
   172
  - type nat has special constructor Suc, and generally prefers Suc 0
wenzelm@11702
   173
  over 1::nat and Suc (Suc 0) over 2::nat;
wenzelm@11702
   174
wenzelm@12364
   175
This change may cause significant problems of INCOMPATIBILITY; here
wenzelm@12364
   176
are some hints on converting existing sources:
wenzelm@11702
   177
wenzelm@11702
   178
  - due to the new "num" token, "-0" and "-1" etc. are now atomic
wenzelm@11702
   179
  entities, so expressions involving "-" (unary or binary minus) need
wenzelm@11702
   180
  to be spaced properly;
wenzelm@11702
   181
wenzelm@11702
   182
  - existing occurrences of "1" may need to be constraint "1::nat" or
wenzelm@11702
   183
  even replaced by Suc 0; similar for old "2";
wenzelm@11702
   184
wenzelm@11702
   185
  - replace "#nnn" by "nnn", and "#-nnn" by "-nnn";
wenzelm@11702
   186
wenzelm@11702
   187
  - remove all special provisions on numerals in proofs;
wenzelm@11702
   188
wenzelm@12837
   189
* HOL: simp rules nat_number_of expand numerals on nat to Suc/0
wenzelm@12837
   190
representation (depends on bin_arith_simps in the default context);
wenzelm@12837
   191
wenzelm@12736
   192
* HOL: symbolic syntax for x^2 (numeral 2);
wenzelm@12736
   193
wenzelm@12335
   194
* HOL: the class of all HOL types is now called "type" rather than
wenzelm@12335
   195
"term"; INCOMPATIBILITY, need to adapt references to this type class
wenzelm@12335
   196
in axclass/classes, instance/arities, and (usually rare) occurrences
wenzelm@12335
   197
in typings (of consts etc.); internally the class is called
wenzelm@12335
   198
"HOL.type", ML programs should refer to HOLogic.typeS;
wenzelm@12335
   199
wenzelm@12280
   200
* HOL/record package improvements:
wenzelm@12280
   201
  - new derived operations "fields" to build a partial record section,
wenzelm@12280
   202
    "extend" to promote a fixed record to a record scheme, and
wenzelm@12280
   203
    "truncate" for the reverse; cf. theorems "xxx.defs", which are *not*
wenzelm@12280
   204
    declared as simp by default;
wenzelm@12587
   205
  - shared operations ("more", "fields", etc.) now need to be always
wenzelm@12587
   206
    qualified) --- potential INCOMPATIBILITY;
wenzelm@12280
   207
  - removed "make_scheme" operations (use "make" with "extend") --
wenzelm@12280
   208
    INCOMPATIBILITY;
wenzelm@11937
   209
  - removed "more" class (simply use "term") -- INCOMPATIBILITY;
wenzelm@12253
   210
  - provides cases/induct rules for use with corresponding Isar
wenzelm@12253
   211
    methods (for concrete records, record schemes, concrete more
wenzelm@12280
   212
    parts, and schematic more parts -- in that order);
wenzelm@11930
   213
  - internal definitions directly based on a light-weight abstract
wenzelm@11930
   214
    theory of product types over typedef rather than datatype;
wenzelm@11930
   215
wenzelm@11933
   216
* HOL: canonical cases/induct rules for n-tuples (n = 3..7);
wenzelm@11933
   217
wenzelm@11802
   218
* HOL: concrete setsum syntax "\<Sum>i:A. b" == "setsum (%i. b) A"
wenzelm@11802
   219
(beware of argument permutation!);
wenzelm@11802
   220
wenzelm@11657
   221
* HOL: linorder_less_split superseded by linorder_cases;
wenzelm@11657
   222
wenzelm@11633
   223
* HOL: added "The" definite description operator; move Hilbert's "Eps"
wenzelm@11633
   224
to peripheral theory "Hilbert_Choice";
wenzelm@11437
   225
wenzelm@11572
   226
* HOL: made split_all_tac safe; EXISTING PROOFS MAY FAIL OR LOOP, so
wenzelm@11572
   227
in this (rare) case use:
wenzelm@11572
   228
wenzelm@11572
   229
  delSWrapper "split_all_tac"
wenzelm@11572
   230
  addSbefore ("unsafe_split_all_tac", unsafe_split_all_tac)
wenzelm@11572
   231
wenzelm@11572
   232
* HOL: added safe wrapper "split_conv_tac" to claset; EXISTING PROOFS
wenzelm@11474
   233
MAY FAIL;
nipkow@11361
   234
wenzelm@11572
   235
* HOL: introduced f^n = f o ... o f; warning: due to the limits of
wenzelm@11572
   236
Isabelle's type classes, ^ on functions and relations has too general
wenzelm@11572
   237
a domain, namely ('a * 'b) set and 'a => 'b; this means that it may be
wenzelm@11572
   238
necessary to attach explicit type constraints;
nipkow@11307
   239
nipkow@12489
   240
* HOL/Relation: the prefix name of the infix "O" has been changed from "comp"
nipkow@12489
   241
to "rel_comp"; INCOMPATIBILITY: a few theorems have been renamed accordingly
nipkow@12489
   242
(eg "compI" -> "rel_compI").
nipkow@12489
   243
wenzelm@11487
   244
* HOL: syntax translations now work properly with numerals and records
wenzelm@11487
   245
expressions;
wenzelm@11474
   246
wenzelm@12457
   247
* HOL: bounded abstraction now uses syntax "%" / "\<lambda>" instead
wenzelm@12457
   248
of "lam" -- INCOMPATIBILITY;
wenzelm@11474
   249
wenzelm@11933
   250
* HOL: got rid of some global declarations (potential INCOMPATIBILITY
wenzelm@11933
   251
for ML tools): const "()" renamed "Product_Type.Unity", type "unit"
wenzelm@11933
   252
renamed "Product_Type.unit";
wenzelm@11611
   253
nipkow@12564
   254
* HOL: renamed rtrancl_into_rtrancl2 to converse_rtrancl_into_rtrancl
nipkow@12564
   255
wenzelm@12597
   256
* HOL/GroupTheory: group theory examples including Sylow's theorem (by
wenzelm@12597
   257
Florian Kammüller);
wenzelm@12597
   258
wenzelm@12608
   259
* HOL/IMP: updated and converted to new-style theory format; several
wenzelm@12608
   260
parts turned into readable document, with proper Isar proof texts and
wenzelm@12608
   261
some explanations (by Gerwin Klein);
wenzelm@12597
   262
wenzelm@12734
   263
* HOL-Real: added Complex_Numbers (by Gertrud Bauer);
wenzelm@12734
   264
wenzelm@12690
   265
* HOL-Hyperreal is now a logic image;
wenzelm@12690
   266
wenzelm@11611
   267
wenzelm@12022
   268
*** HOLCF ***
wenzelm@12022
   269
wenzelm@12622
   270
* Isar: consts/constdefs supports mixfix syntax for continuous
wenzelm@12622
   271
operations;
wenzelm@12622
   272
wenzelm@12622
   273
* Isar: domain package adapted to new-style theory format, e.g. see
wenzelm@12622
   274
HOLCF/ex/Dnat.thy;
wenzelm@12622
   275
wenzelm@12622
   276
* theory Lift: proper use of rep_datatype lift instead of ML hacks --
wenzelm@12280
   277
potential INCOMPATIBILITY; now use plain induct_tac instead of former
wenzelm@12280
   278
lift.induct_tac, always use UU instead of Undef;
wenzelm@12022
   279
wenzelm@12597
   280
* HOLCF/IMP: updated and converted to new-style theory;
wenzelm@12597
   281
wenzelm@12022
   282
wenzelm@11474
   283
*** ZF ***
wenzelm@11474
   284
wenzelm@12622
   285
* Isar: proper integration of logic-specific tools and packages,
wenzelm@12622
   286
including theory commands '(co)inductive', '(co)datatype',
wenzelm@12622
   287
'rep_datatype', 'inductive_cases', as well as methods 'ind_cases',
wenzelm@12622
   288
'induct_tac', 'case_tac', and 'typecheck' (with attribute 'TC');
wenzelm@12622
   289
wenzelm@12622
   290
* theory Main no longer includes AC; for the Axiom of Choice, base
wenzelm@12622
   291
your theory on Main_ZFC;
wenzelm@12622
   292
wenzelm@12622
   293
* the integer library now covers quotients and remainders, with many
wenzelm@12622
   294
laws relating division to addition, multiplication, etc.;
paulson@12563
   295
wenzelm@12280
   296
* ZF/UNITY: Chandy and Misra's UNITY is now available in ZF, giving a
wenzelm@12280
   297
typeless version of the formalism;
wenzelm@12280
   298
paulson@12777
   299
* ZF/AC, Coind, IMP, Resid: updated and converted to new-style theory format;
wenzelm@12608
   300
wenzelm@12280
   301
* ZF/Induct: new directory for examples of inductive definitions,
wenzelm@12608
   302
including theory Multiset for multiset orderings; converted to
wenzelm@12608
   303
new-style theory format;
wenzelm@12177
   304
paulson@12850
   305
* Many new theorems about lists, ordinals, etc.;
paulson@12850
   306
wenzelm@11474
   307
wenzelm@11474
   308
*** General ***
wenzelm@11474
   309
wenzelm@12280
   310
* Pure/kernel: meta-level proof terms (by Stefan Berghofer); reference
wenzelm@12280
   311
variable proof controls level of detail: 0 = no proofs (only oracle
wenzelm@12280
   312
dependencies), 1 = lemma dependencies, 2 = compact proof terms; see
wenzelm@12280
   313
also ref manual for further ML interfaces;
wenzelm@12280
   314
wenzelm@12280
   315
* Pure/axclass: removed obsolete ML interface
wenzelm@12280
   316
goal_subclass/goal_arity;
wenzelm@12280
   317
wenzelm@12280
   318
* Pure/syntax: new token syntax "num" for plain numerals (without "#"
wenzelm@12280
   319
of "xnum"); potential INCOMPATIBILITY, since -0, -1 etc. are now
wenzelm@12280
   320
separate tokens, so expressions involving minus need to be spaced
wenzelm@12280
   321
properly;
wenzelm@12280
   322
wenzelm@12312
   323
* Pure/syntax: support non-oriented infixes, using keyword "infix"
wenzelm@12312
   324
rather than "infixl" or "infixr";
wenzelm@12312
   325
wenzelm@12312
   326
* Pure/syntax: concrete syntax for dummy type variables admits genuine
wenzelm@12312
   327
sort constraint specifications in type inference; e.g. "x::_::foo"
wenzelm@12312
   328
ensures that the type of "x" is of sort "foo" (but not necessarily a
wenzelm@12312
   329
type variable);
wenzelm@12280
   330
wenzelm@12280
   331
* Pure/syntax: print modes "type_brackets" and "no_type_brackets"
wenzelm@12280
   332
control output of nested => (types); the default behavior is
wenzelm@12280
   333
"type_brackets";
wenzelm@12280
   334
wenzelm@12280
   335
* Pure/syntax: builtin parse translation for "_constify" turns valued
wenzelm@11817
   336
tokens into AST constants;
wenzelm@11474
   337
wenzelm@12280
   338
* Pure/syntax: prefer later declarations of translations and print
wenzelm@12280
   339
translation functions; potential INCOMPATIBILITY: need to reverse
wenzelm@12280
   340
multiple declarations for same syntax element constant;
wenzelm@12280
   341
wenzelm@12832
   342
* Pure/show_hyps reset by default (in accordance to existing Isar
wenzelm@12832
   343
practice);
wenzelm@12832
   344
wenzelm@12280
   345
* Provers/classical: renamed addaltern to addafter, addSaltern to
wenzelm@12280
   346
addSafter;
wenzelm@12280
   347
wenzelm@12280
   348
* Provers/clasimp: ``iff'' declarations now handle conditional rules
wenzelm@12280
   349
as well;
wenzelm@12253
   350
wenzelm@12538
   351
* system: tested support for MacOS X; should be able to get Isabelle +
wenzelm@12538
   352
Proof General to work in a plain Terminal after installing Poly/ML
wenzelm@12538
   353
(e.g. from the Isabelle distribution area) and GNU bash alone
wenzelm@12538
   354
(e.g. from http://www.apple.com); full X11, XEmacs and X-Symbol
wenzelm@12538
   355
support requires further installations, e.g. from
wenzelm@12538
   356
http://fink.sourceforge.net/);
wenzelm@12538
   357
wenzelm@12280
   358
* system: support Poly/ML 4.1.1 (able to manage larger heaps);
wenzelm@11551
   359
wenzelm@12753
   360
* system: reduced base memory usage by Poly/ML (approx. 20 MB instead
wenzelm@12753
   361
of 40 MB), cf. ML_OPTIONS;
wenzelm@12753
   362
wenzelm@11633
   363
* system: Proof General keywords specification is now part of the
wenzelm@11633
   364
Isabelle distribution (see etc/isar-keywords.el);
wenzelm@11633
   365
wenzelm@12728
   366
* system: support for persistent Proof General sessions (refrain from
wenzelm@12728
   367
outdating all loaded theories on startup); user may create writable
wenzelm@12728
   368
logic images like this: ``isabelle -q HOL Test'';
wenzelm@12597
   369
wenzelm@11551
   370
* system: smart selection of Isabelle process versus Isabelle
wenzelm@11572
   371
interface, accommodates case-insensitive file systems (e.g. HFS+); may
wenzelm@11572
   372
run both "isabelle" and "Isabelle" even if file names are badly
wenzelm@11572
   373
damaged (executable inspects the case of the first letter of its own
wenzelm@11572
   374
name); added separate "isabelle-process" and "isabelle-interface";
wenzelm@11551
   375
wenzelm@12472
   376
* system: refrain from any attempt at filtering input streams; no
wenzelm@12472
   377
longer support ``8bit'' encoding of old isabelle font, instead proper
wenzelm@12472
   378
iso-latin characters may now be used; the related isatools
wenzelm@12472
   379
"symbolinput" and "nonascii" have disappeared as well;
wenzelm@12472
   380
wenzelm@12472
   381
* system: removed old "xterm" interface (the print modes "xterm" and
wenzelm@12472
   382
"xterm_color" are still available for direct use in a suitable
wenzelm@12472
   383
terminal);
wenzelm@12472
   384
paulson@11314
   385
oheimb@11169
   386
wenzelm@11062
   387
New in Isabelle99-2 (February 2001)
wenzelm@11062
   388
-----------------------------------
wenzelm@11062
   389
nipkow@10224
   390
*** Overview of INCOMPATIBILITIES ***
nipkow@10224
   391
paulson@11241
   392
* HOL: please note that theories in the Library and elsewhere often use the
paulson@11241
   393
new-style (Isar) format; to refer to their theorems in an ML script you must
wenzelm@12622
   394
bind them to ML identifers by e.g.      val thm_name = thm "thm_name";
paulson@11241
   395
wenzelm@11043
   396
* HOL: inductive package no longer splits induction rule aggressively,
wenzelm@11043
   397
but only as far as specified by the introductions given; the old
oheimb@11130
   398
format may be recovered via ML function complete_split_rule or attribute
wenzelm@11043
   399
'split_rule (complete)';
wenzelm@11043
   400
wenzelm@10998
   401
* HOL: induct renamed to lfp_induct, lfp_Tarski to lfp_unfold,
wenzelm@10998
   402
gfp_Tarski to gfp_unfold;
nipkow@10224
   403
paulson@10288
   404
* HOL: contrapos, contrapos2 renamed to contrapos_nn, contrapos_pp;
paulson@10288
   405
wenzelm@10858
   406
* HOL: infix "dvd" now has priority 50 rather than 70 (because it is a
wenzelm@10858
   407
relation); infix "^^" has been renamed "``"; infix "``" has been
wenzelm@10858
   408
renamed "`"; "univalent" has been renamed "single_valued";
nipkow@10793
   409
wenzelm@10998
   410
* HOL/Real: "rinv" and "hrinv" replaced by overloaded "inverse"
wenzelm@10998
   411
operation;
wenzelm@10998
   412
nipkow@10868
   413
* HOLCF: infix "`" has been renamed "$"; the symbol syntax is \<cdot>;
nipkow@10856
   414
wenzelm@10391
   415
* Isar: 'obtain' no longer declares "that" fact as simp/intro;
wenzelm@10391
   416
wenzelm@10401
   417
* Isar/HOL: method 'induct' now handles non-atomic goals; as a
wenzelm@10401
   418
consequence, it is no longer monotonic wrt. the local goal context
wenzelm@10401
   419
(which is now passed through the inductive cases);
wenzelm@10401
   420
wenzelm@10976
   421
* Document preparation: renamed standard symbols \<ll> to \<lless> and
wenzelm@10976
   422
\<gg> to \<ggreater>;
wenzelm@10976
   423
nipkow@10224
   424
wenzelm@10245
   425
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@10245
   426
wenzelm@10858
   427
* \isabellestyle{NAME} selects version of Isabelle output (currently
wenzelm@10858
   428
available: are "it" for near math-mode best-style output, "sl" for
wenzelm@10858
   429
slanted text style, and "tt" for plain type-writer; if no
wenzelm@10858
   430
\isabellestyle command is given, output is according to slanted
wenzelm@10858
   431
type-writer);
wenzelm@10858
   432
wenzelm@10322
   433
* support sub/super scripts (for single symbols only), input syntax is
wenzelm@10322
   434
like this: "A\<^sup>*" or "A\<^sup>\<star>";
wenzelm@10322
   435
wenzelm@10858
   436
* some more standard symbols; see Appendix A of the system manual for
wenzelm@11062
   437
the complete list of symbols defined in isabellesym.sty;
wenzelm@10858
   438
wenzelm@10998
   439
* improved isabelle style files; more abstract symbol implementation
wenzelm@10998
   440
(should now use \isamath{...} and \isatext{...} in custom symbol
wenzelm@10998
   441
definitions);
wenzelm@10998
   442
wenzelm@10634
   443
* antiquotation @{goals} and @{subgoals} for output of *dynamic* goals
wenzelm@10634
   444
state; Note that presentation of goal states does not conform to
wenzelm@10634
   445
actual human-readable proof documents.  Please do not include goal
wenzelm@10634
   446
states into document output unless you really know what you are doing!
wenzelm@10322
   447
wenzelm@11062
   448
* proper indentation of antiquoted output with proportional LaTeX
wenzelm@11062
   449
fonts;
wenzelm@10862
   450
wenzelm@11050
   451
* no_document ML operator temporarily disables LaTeX document
wenzelm@11050
   452
generation;
wenzelm@11050
   453
wenzelm@11062
   454
* isatool unsymbolize tunes sources for plain ASCII communication;
wenzelm@11062
   455
wenzelm@10322
   456
wenzelm@10306
   457
*** Isar ***
wenzelm@10306
   458
wenzelm@10547
   459
* Pure: Isar now suffers initial goal statements to contain unbound
wenzelm@10547
   460
schematic variables (this does not conform to actual readable proof
wenzelm@10547
   461
documents, due to unpredictable outcome and non-compositional proof
wenzelm@10547
   462
checking); users who know what they are doing may use schematic goals
wenzelm@10547
   463
for Prolog-style synthesis of proven results;
wenzelm@10547
   464
wenzelm@10391
   465
* Pure: assumption method (an implicit finishing) now handles actual
wenzelm@10391
   466
rules as well;
wenzelm@10391
   467
wenzelm@10391
   468
* Pure: improved 'obtain' --- moved to Pure, insert "that" into
wenzelm@10391
   469
initial goal, declare "that" only as Pure intro (only for single
wenzelm@10391
   470
steps); the "that" rule assumption may now be involved in implicit
wenzelm@10391
   471
finishing, thus ".." becomes a feasible for trivial obtains;
wenzelm@10391
   472
wenzelm@10391
   473
* Pure: default proof step now includes 'intro_classes'; thus trivial
wenzelm@10391
   474
instance proofs may be performed by "..";
wenzelm@10391
   475
wenzelm@10391
   476
* Pure: ?thesis / ?this / "..." now work for pure meta-level
wenzelm@10391
   477
statements as well;
wenzelm@10306
   478
wenzelm@11097
   479
* Pure: more robust selection of calculational rules;
wenzelm@11097
   480
wenzelm@10858
   481
* Pure: the builtin notion of 'finished' goal now includes the ==-refl
wenzelm@10858
   482
rule (as well as the assumption rule);
wenzelm@10858
   483
wenzelm@10858
   484
* Pure: 'thm_deps' command visualizes dependencies of theorems and
wenzelm@10858
   485
lemmas, using the graph browser tool;
wenzelm@10858
   486
wenzelm@10944
   487
* Pure: predict failure of "show" in interactive mode;
wenzelm@10944
   488
wenzelm@11016
   489
* Pure: 'thms_containing' now takes actual terms as arguments;
wenzelm@11016
   490
wenzelm@10401
   491
* HOL: improved method 'induct' --- now handles non-atomic goals
wenzelm@10401
   492
(potential INCOMPATIBILITY); tuned error handling;
wenzelm@10401
   493
wenzelm@10557
   494
* HOL: cases and induct rules now provide explicit hints about the
wenzelm@10547
   495
number of facts to be consumed (0 for "type" and 1 for "set" rules);
wenzelm@10547
   496
any remaining facts are inserted into the goal verbatim;
wenzelm@10547
   497
wenzelm@10858
   498
* HOL: local contexts (aka cases) may now contain term bindings as
wenzelm@10858
   499
well; the 'cases' and 'induct' methods new provide a ?case binding for
wenzelm@10858
   500
the result to be shown in each case;
wenzelm@10858
   501
wenzelm@10770
   502
* HOL: added 'recdef_tc' command;
wenzelm@10770
   503
wenzelm@11016
   504
* isatool convert assists in eliminating legacy ML scripts;
wenzelm@11016
   505
wenzelm@10306
   506
wenzelm@10245
   507
*** HOL ***
wenzelm@10245
   508
wenzelm@10245
   509
* HOL/Library: a collection of generic theories to be used together
wenzelm@10245
   510
with main HOL; the theory loader path already includes this directory
wenzelm@10245
   511
by default; the following existing theories have been moved here:
wenzelm@10245
   512
HOL/Induct/Multiset, HOL/Induct/Acc (as Accessible_Part), HOL/While
wenzelm@10337
   513
(as While_Combinator), HOL/Lex/Prefix (as List_Prefix);
wenzelm@10245
   514
wenzelm@10966
   515
* HOL/Unix: "Some aspects of Unix file-system security", a typical
wenzelm@10966
   516
modelling and verification task performed in Isabelle/HOL +
wenzelm@10966
   517
Isabelle/Isar + Isabelle document preparation (by Markus Wenzel).
wenzelm@10966
   518
wenzelm@11094
   519
* HOL/Algebra: special summation operator SUM no longer exists, it has
wenzelm@11094
   520
been replaced by setsum; infix 'assoc' now has priority 50 (like
wenzelm@11094
   521
'dvd'); axiom 'one_not_zero' has been moved from axclass 'ring' to
wenzelm@11094
   522
'domain', this makes the theory consistent with mathematical
wenzelm@11094
   523
literature;
wenzelm@11094
   524
wenzelm@10514
   525
* HOL basics: added overloaded operations "inverse" and "divide"
wenzelm@10726
   526
(infix "/"), syntax for generic "abs" operation, generic summation
wenzelm@11094
   527
operator \<Sum>;
wenzelm@10452
   528
wenzelm@10391
   529
* HOL/typedef: simplified package, provide more useful rules (see also
wenzelm@10391
   530
HOL/subset.thy);
wenzelm@10391
   531
wenzelm@10915
   532
* HOL/datatype: induction rule for arbitrarily branching datatypes is
wenzelm@10915
   533
now expressed as a proper nested rule (old-style tactic scripts may
wenzelm@10915
   534
require atomize_strip_tac to cope with non-atomic premises);
wenzelm@10915
   535
wenzelm@10915
   536
* HOL: renamed theory "Prod" to "Product_Type", renamed "split" rule
wenzelm@10915
   537
to "split_conv" (old name still available for compatibility);
wenzelm@10915
   538
wenzelm@10915
   539
* HOL: improved concrete syntax for strings (e.g. allows translation
wenzelm@10915
   540
rules with string literals);
wenzelm@10915
   541
paulson@12245
   542
* HOL-Real-Hyperreal: this extends HOL-Real with the hyperreals
paulson@12245
   543
 and Fleuriot's mechanization of analysis, including the transcendental
paulson@12245
   544
 functions for the reals;
paulson@10756
   545
wenzelm@11094
   546
* HOL/Real, HOL/Hyperreal: improved arithmetic simplification;
wenzelm@10391
   547
wenzelm@10858
   548
paulson@10474
   549
*** CTT ***
paulson@10474
   550
wenzelm@10547
   551
* CTT: x-symbol support for Pi, Sigma, -->, : (membership); note that
wenzelm@10547
   552
"lam" is displayed as TWO lambda-symbols
paulson@10474
   553
wenzelm@10547
   554
* CTT: theory Main now available, containing everything (that is, Bool
wenzelm@10547
   555
and Arith);
wenzelm@10547
   556
paulson@10474
   557
wenzelm@10391
   558
*** General ***
wenzelm@10391
   559
wenzelm@10547
   560
* Pure: the Simplifier has been implemented properly as a derived rule
wenzelm@10547
   561
outside of the actual kernel (at last!); the overall performance
wenzelm@10547
   562
penalty in practical applications is about 50%, while reliability of
wenzelm@10547
   563
the Isabelle inference kernel has been greatly improved;
wenzelm@10547
   564
wenzelm@11112
   565
* print modes "brackets" and "no_brackets" control output of nested =>
wenzelm@11112
   566
(types) and ==> (props); the default behaviour is "brackets";
wenzelm@11112
   567
wenzelm@10391
   568
* Provers: fast_tac (and friends) now handle actual object-logic rules
wenzelm@10391
   569
as assumptions as well;
wenzelm@10391
   570
wenzelm@11124
   571
* system: support Poly/ML 4.0;
wenzelm@11124
   572
wenzelm@11124
   573
* system: isatool install handles KDE version 1 or 2;
wenzelm@11124
   574
wenzelm@10391
   575
wenzelm@10245
   576
wenzelm@10103
   577
New in Isabelle99-1 (October 2000)
wenzelm@10103
   578
----------------------------------
wenzelm@8015
   579
wenzelm@10003
   580
*** Overview of INCOMPATIBILITIES ***
paulson@8014
   581
wenzelm@8848
   582
* HOL: simplification of natural numbers is much changed; to partly
wenzelm@8848
   583
recover the old behaviour (e.g. to prevent n+n rewriting to #2*n)
wenzelm@8848
   584
issue the following ML commands:
wenzelm@8848
   585
wenzelm@8848
   586
  Delsimprocs Nat_Numeral_Simprocs.cancel_numerals;
wenzelm@8848
   587
  Delsimprocs [Nat_Numeral_Simprocs.combine_numerals];
paulson@8788
   588
wenzelm@10129
   589
* HOL: simplification no longer dives into case-expressions; this is
wenzelm@10129
   590
controlled by "t.weak_case_cong" for each datatype t;
wenzelm@10003
   591
wenzelm@10003
   592
* HOL: nat_less_induct renamed to less_induct;
wenzelm@10003
   593
wenzelm@10003
   594
* HOL: systematic renaming of the SOME (Eps) rules, may use isatool
wenzelm@10003
   595
fixsome to patch .thy and .ML sources automatically;
paulson@8967
   596
wenzelm@10003
   597
  select_equality  -> some_equality
wenzelm@10003
   598
  select_eq_Ex     -> some_eq_ex
wenzelm@10003
   599
  selectI2EX       -> someI2_ex
wenzelm@10003
   600
  selectI2         -> someI2
wenzelm@10003
   601
  selectI          -> someI
wenzelm@10003
   602
  select1_equality -> some1_equality
wenzelm@10003
   603
  Eps_sym_eq       -> some_sym_eq_trivial
wenzelm@10003
   604
  Eps_eq           -> some_eq_trivial
wenzelm@10003
   605
wenzelm@10003
   606
* HOL: exhaust_tac on datatypes superceded by new generic case_tac;
wenzelm@10003
   607
wenzelm@10003
   608
* HOL: removed obsolete theorem binding expand_if (refer to split_if
wenzelm@10003
   609
instead);
wenzelm@10003
   610
wenzelm@10003
   611
* HOL: the recursion equations generated by 'recdef' are now called
wenzelm@10003
   612
f.simps instead of f.rules;
wenzelm@10003
   613
wenzelm@10003
   614
* HOL: qed_spec_mp now also handles bounded ALL as well;
wenzelm@10003
   615
wenzelm@10003
   616
* HOL: 0 is now overloaded, so the type constraint ":: nat" may
wenzelm@10003
   617
sometimes be needed;
wenzelm@10003
   618
wenzelm@10003
   619
* HOL: the constant for "f``x" is now "image" rather than "op ``";
paulson@8014
   620
paulson@10065
   621
* HOL: the constant for "f-``x" is now "vimage" rather than "op -``";
paulson@10065
   622
wenzelm@9330
   623
* HOL: the disjoint sum is now "<+>" instead of "Plus"; the cartesian
wenzelm@9330
   624
product is now "<*>" instead of "Times"; the lexicographic product is
wenzelm@9330
   625
now "<*lex*>" instead of "**";
nipkow@8705
   626
wenzelm@10003
   627
* HOL: theory Sexp is now in HOL/Induct examples (it used to be part
wenzelm@10003
   628
of main HOL, but was unused); better use HOL's datatype package;
paulson@9971
   629
wenzelm@10137
   630
* HOL: removed "symbols" syntax for constant "override" of theory Map;
wenzelm@10137
   631
the old syntax may be recovered as follows:
wenzelm@10137
   632
wenzelm@10137
   633
  syntax (symbols)
wenzelm@10137
   634
    override  :: "('a ~=> 'b) => ('a ~=> 'b) => ('a ~=> 'b)"
wenzelm@10137
   635
      (infixl "\\<oplus>" 100)
wenzelm@10137
   636
wenzelm@8848
   637
* HOL/Real: "rabs" replaced by overloaded "abs" function;
wenzelm@8848
   638
wenzelm@8887
   639
* HOL/ML: even fewer consts are declared as global (see theories Ord,
wenzelm@8887
   640
Lfp, Gfp, WF); this only affects ML packages that refer to const names
wenzelm@8887
   641
internally;
wenzelm@8887
   642
wenzelm@10003
   643
* HOL and ZF: syntax for quotienting wrt an equivalence relation
wenzelm@10003
   644
changed from A/r to A//r;
wenzelm@9908
   645
wenzelm@10003
   646
* ZF: new treatment of arithmetic (nat & int) may break some old
wenzelm@10003
   647
proofs;
wenzelm@8921
   648
wenzelm@10003
   649
* Isar: renamed some attributes (RS -> THEN, simplify -> simplified,
wenzelm@10003
   650
rulify -> rule_format, elimify -> elim_format, ...);
paulson@9542
   651
wenzelm@9941
   652
* Isar/Provers: intro/elim/dest attributes changed; renamed
wenzelm@9941
   653
intro/intro!/intro!! flags to intro!/intro/intro? (in most cases, one
wenzelm@9937
   654
should have to change intro!! to intro? only); replaced "delrule" by
wenzelm@9937
   655
"rule del";
wenzelm@9437
   656
wenzelm@9612
   657
* Isar/HOL: renamed "intrs" to "intros" in inductive definitions;
wenzelm@9612
   658
wenzelm@9437
   659
* Provers: strengthened force_tac by using new first_best_tac;
oheimb@9402
   660
wenzelm@10003
   661
* LaTeX document preparation: several changes of isabelle.sty (see
wenzelm@10003
   662
lib/texinputs);
wenzelm@8729
   663
paulson@8014
   664
wenzelm@8487
   665
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@8358
   666
wenzelm@9198
   667
* formal comments (text blocks etc.) in new-style theories may now
wenzelm@9753
   668
contain antiquotations of thm/prop/term/typ/text to be presented
wenzelm@9753
   669
according to latex print mode; concrete syntax is like this:
wenzelm@9753
   670
@{term[show_types] "f(x) = a + x"};
wenzelm@9198
   671
wenzelm@8358
   672
* isatool mkdir provides easy setup of Isabelle session directories,
wenzelm@8518
   673
including proper document sources;
wenzelm@8358
   674
wenzelm@8358
   675
* generated LaTeX sources are now deleted after successful run
wenzelm@8358
   676
(isatool document -c); may retain a copy somewhere else via -D option
wenzelm@8358
   677
of isatool usedir;
wenzelm@8358
   678
wenzelm@8566
   679
* isatool usedir -D now lets isatool latex -o sty update the Isabelle
wenzelm@10003
   680
style files, achieving self-contained LaTeX sources and simplifying
wenzelm@10003
   681
LaTeX debugging;
wenzelm@8566
   682
wenzelm@8518
   683
* old-style theories now produce (crude) LaTeX output as well;
wenzelm@8358
   684
wenzelm@9057
   685
* browser info session directories are now self-contained (may be put
wenzelm@9437
   686
on WWW server seperately); improved graphs of nested sessions; removed
wenzelm@9437
   687
graph for 'all sessions';
wenzelm@9057
   688
wenzelm@10003
   689
* several improvements in isabelle style files; \isabellestyle{it}
wenzelm@10003
   690
produces fake math mode output; \isamarkupheader is now \section by
wenzelm@10003
   691
default; see lib/texinputs/isabelle.sty etc.;
wenzelm@9489
   692
wenzelm@8358
   693
wenzelm@8184
   694
*** Isar ***
wenzelm@8184
   695
wenzelm@10003
   696
* Isar/Pure: local results and corresponding term bindings are now
wenzelm@10003
   697
subject to Hindley-Milner polymorphism (similar to ML); this
wenzelm@10003
   698
accommodates incremental type-inference very nicely;
wenzelm@8283
   699
wenzelm@10003
   700
* Isar/Pure: new derived language element 'obtain' supports
wenzelm@10003
   701
generalized existence reasoning;
wenzelm@8621
   702
wenzelm@10003
   703
* Isar/Pure: new calculational elements 'moreover' and 'ultimately'
wenzelm@10003
   704
support accumulation of results, without applying any rules yet;
wenzelm@10003
   705
useful to collect intermediate results without explicit name
wenzelm@10003
   706
references, and for use with transitivity rules with more than 2
wenzelm@10003
   707
premises;
wenzelm@8184
   708
wenzelm@10003
   709
* Isar/Pure: scalable support for case-analysis type proofs: new
wenzelm@10003
   710
'case' language element refers to local contexts symbolically, as
wenzelm@10003
   711
produced by certain proof methods; internally, case names are attached
wenzelm@10003
   712
to theorems as "tags";
wenzelm@8440
   713
wenzelm@10003
   714
* Isar/Pure: theory command 'hide' removes declarations from
wenzelm@9330
   715
class/type/const name spaces;
wenzelm@9330
   716
wenzelm@10003
   717
* Isar/Pure: theory command 'defs' supports option "(overloaded)" to
wenzelm@9330
   718
indicate potential overloading;
wenzelm@9330
   719
wenzelm@10003
   720
* Isar/Pure: changed syntax of local blocks from {{ }} to { };
wenzelm@8621
   721
wenzelm@10003
   722
* Isar/Pure: syntax of sorts made 'inner', i.e. have to write
wenzelm@10003
   723
"{a,b,c}" instead of {a,b,c};
wenzelm@9011
   724
wenzelm@10003
   725
* Isar/Pure now provides its own version of intro/elim/dest
wenzelm@10003
   726
attributes; useful for building new logics, but beware of confusion
wenzelm@10003
   727
with the version in Provers/classical;
wenzelm@9612
   728
wenzelm@10003
   729
* Isar/Pure: the local context of (non-atomic) goals is provided via
wenzelm@10003
   730
case name 'antecedent';
wenzelm@8440
   731
wenzelm@10003
   732
* Isar/Pure: removed obsolete 'transfer' attribute (transfer of thms
wenzelm@10003
   733
to the current context is now done automatically);
wenzelm@9383
   734
wenzelm@10003
   735
* Isar/Pure: theory command 'method_setup' provides a simple interface
wenzelm@10003
   736
for definining proof methods in ML;
wenzelm@9612
   737
wenzelm@10003
   738
* Isar/Provers: intro/elim/dest attributes changed; renamed
wenzelm@9941
   739
intro/intro!/intro!! flags to intro!/intro/intro? (INCOMPATIBILITY, in
wenzelm@9941
   740
most cases, one should have to change intro!! to intro? only);
wenzelm@9941
   741
replaced "delrule" by "rule del";
wenzelm@8283
   742
wenzelm@10003
   743
* Isar/Provers: new 'hypsubst' method, plain 'subst' method and
wenzelm@10003
   744
'symmetric' attribute (the latter supercedes [RS sym]);
wenzelm@10003
   745
wenzelm@10003
   746
* Isar/Provers: splitter support (via 'split' attribute and 'simp'
wenzelm@10003
   747
method modifier); 'simp' method: 'only:' modifier removes loopers as
wenzelm@10003
   748
well (including splits);
wenzelm@10003
   749
wenzelm@10003
   750
* Isar/Provers: Simplifier and Classical methods now support all kind
wenzelm@10003
   751
of modifiers used in the past, including 'cong', 'iff', etc.
wenzelm@10003
   752
wenzelm@10003
   753
* Isar/Provers: added 'fastsimp' and 'clarsimp' methods (combination
wenzelm@10003
   754
of Simplifier and Classical reasoner);
wenzelm@10003
   755
wenzelm@10003
   756
* Isar/HOL: new proof method 'cases' and improved version of 'induct'
wenzelm@10003
   757
now support named cases; major packages (inductive, datatype, primrec,
wenzelm@10003
   758
recdef) support case names and properly name parameters;
wenzelm@9612
   759
wenzelm@10003
   760
* Isar/HOL: new transitivity rules for substitution in inequalities --
wenzelm@10003
   761
monotonicity conditions are extracted to be proven at end of
wenzelm@10003
   762
calculations;
wenzelm@10003
   763
wenzelm@10003
   764
* Isar/HOL: removed 'case_split' thm binding, should use 'cases' proof
wenzelm@10003
   765
method anyway;
wenzelm@10003
   766
wenzelm@10003
   767
* Isar/HOL: removed old expand_if = split_if; theorems if_splits =
wenzelm@10003
   768
split_if split_if_asm; datatype package provides theorems foo.splits =
wenzelm@10003
   769
foo.split foo.split_asm for each datatype;
wenzelm@10003
   770
wenzelm@10003
   771
* Isar/HOL: tuned inductive package, rename "intrs" to "intros"
wenzelm@10003
   772
(potential INCOMPATIBILITY), emulation of mk_cases feature for proof
wenzelm@10003
   773
scripts: new 'inductive_cases' command and 'ind_cases' method; (Note:
wenzelm@10003
   774
use "(cases (simplified))" method in proper proof texts);
wenzelm@10003
   775
wenzelm@10003
   776
* Isar/HOL: added global 'arith_split' attribute for 'arith' method;
wenzelm@10003
   777
wenzelm@10003
   778
* Isar: names of theorems etc. may be natural numbers as well;
wenzelm@10003
   779
wenzelm@10003
   780
* Isar: 'pr' command: optional arguments for goals_limit and
wenzelm@9724
   781
ProofContext.prems_limit; no longer prints theory contexts, but only
wenzelm@9724
   782
proof states;
wenzelm@8487
   783
wenzelm@10003
   784
* Isar: diagnostic commands 'pr', 'thm', 'prop', 'term', 'typ' admit
wenzelm@8518
   785
additional print modes to be specified; e.g. "pr(latex)" will print
wenzelm@8518
   786
proof state according to the Isabelle LaTeX style;
wenzelm@8487
   787
wenzelm@10003
   788
* Isar: improved support for emulating tactic scripts, including proof
wenzelm@9612
   789
methods 'rule_tac' etc., 'cut_tac', 'thin_tac', 'subgoal_tac',
wenzelm@9612
   790
'rename_tac', 'rotate_tac', 'tactic', and 'case_tac' / 'induct_tac'
wenzelm@9612
   791
(for HOL datatypes);
wenzelm@8534
   792
wenzelm@10003
   793
* Isar: simplified (more robust) goal selection of proof methods: 1st
wenzelm@10003
   794
goal, all goals, or explicit goal specifier (tactic emulation); thus
wenzelm@10003
   795
'proof method scripts' have to be in depth-first order;
wenzelm@8673
   796
wenzelm@10003
   797
* Isar: tuned 'let' syntax: replaced 'as' keyword by 'and';
wenzelm@8729
   798
wenzelm@10003
   799
* Isar: removed 'help' command, which hasn't been too helpful anyway;
wenzelm@10003
   800
should instead use individual commands for printing items
wenzelm@10003
   801
(print_commands, print_methods etc.);
wenzelm@9224
   802
wenzelm@10003
   803
* Isar: added 'nothing' --- the empty list of theorems;
wenzelm@9239
   804
wenzelm@8184
   805
paulson@8014
   806
*** HOL ***
paulson@8014
   807
wenzelm@10080
   808
* HOL/MicroJava: formalization of a fragment of Java, together with a
wenzelm@10080
   809
corresponding virtual machine and a specification of its bytecode
wenzelm@10080
   810
verifier and a lightweight bytecode verifier, including proofs of
wenzelm@10080
   811
type-safety; by Gerwin Klein, Tobias Nipkow, David von Oheimb, and
wenzelm@10080
   812
Cornelia Pusch (see also the homepage of project Bali at
wenzelm@10080
   813
http://isabelle.in.tum.de/Bali/);
wenzelm@10080
   814
wenzelm@8518
   815
* HOL/Algebra: new theory of rings and univariate polynomials, by
wenzelm@8518
   816
Clemens Ballarin;
paulson@8014
   817
wenzelm@10157
   818
* HOL/NumberTheory: fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic, Chinese
wenzelm@10003
   819
Remainder Theorem, Fermat/Euler Theorem, Wilson's Theorem, by Thomas M
wenzelm@10003
   820
Rasmussen;
wenzelm@8570
   821
wenzelm@10157
   822
* HOL/Lattice: fundamental concepts of lattice theory and order
wenzelm@10157
   823
structures, including duals, properties of bounds versus algebraic
wenzelm@10157
   824
laws, lattice operations versus set-theoretic ones, the Knaster-Tarski
wenzelm@10157
   825
Theorem for complete lattices etc.; may also serve as a demonstration
wenzelm@10157
   826
for abstract algebraic reasoning using axiomatic type classes, and
wenzelm@10157
   827
mathematics-style proof in Isabelle/Isar; by Markus Wenzel;
wenzelm@10157
   828
wenzelm@10003
   829
* HOL/Prolog: a (bare-bones) implementation of Lambda-Prolog, by David
wenzelm@10003
   830
von Oheimb;
paulson@9542
   831
wenzelm@10164
   832
* HOL/IMPP: extension of IMP with local variables and mutually
wenzelm@10164
   833
recursive procedures, by David von Oheimb;
wenzelm@10164
   834
wenzelm@10003
   835
* HOL/Lambda: converted into new-style theory and document;
paulson@9542
   836
wenzelm@10003
   837
* HOL/ex/Multiquote: example of multiple nested quotations and
wenzelm@10003
   838
anti-quotations -- basically a generalized version of de-Bruijn
wenzelm@10003
   839
representation; very useful in avoiding lifting of operations;
wenzelm@8848
   840
wenzelm@9612
   841
* HOL/record: added general record equality rule to simpset; fixed
wenzelm@9612
   842
select-update simplification procedure to handle extended records as
wenzelm@9612
   843
well; admit "r" as field name;
paulson@9542
   844
paulson@8967
   845
* HOL: 0 is now overloaded over the new sort "zero", allowing its use with
paulson@8967
   846
other numeric types and also as the identity of groups, rings, etc.;
paulson@8967
   847
paulson@8967
   848
* HOL: new axclass plus_ac0 for addition with the AC-laws and 0 as identity.
paulson@8967
   849
Types nat and int belong to this axclass;
paulson@8967
   850
wenzelm@10003
   851
* HOL: greatly improved simplification involving numerals of type nat, int, real:
paulson@8788
   852
   (i + #8 + j) = Suc k simplifies to  #7 + (i + j) = k
paulson@8832
   853
   i*j + k + j*#3*i     simplifies to  #4*(i*j) + k
paulson@8832
   854
  two terms #m*u and #n*u are replaced by #(m+n)*u
paulson@8832
   855
    (where #m, #n and u can implicitly be 1; this is simproc combine_numerals)
paulson@8832
   856
  and the term/formula #m*u+x ~~ #n*u+y simplifies simplifies to #(m-n)+x ~~ y
paulson@8832
   857
    or x ~~ #(n-m)+y, where ~~ is one of = < <= or - (simproc cancel_numerals);
paulson@8736
   858
wenzelm@10003
   859
* HOL: meson_tac is available (previously in ex/meson.ML); it is a
wenzelm@10003
   860
powerful prover for predicate logic but knows nothing of clasets; see
wenzelm@10003
   861
ex/mesontest.ML and ex/mesontest2.ML for example applications;
paulson@9835
   862
wenzelm@8848
   863
* HOL: new version of "case_tac" subsumes both boolean case split and
wenzelm@8440
   864
"exhaust_tac" on datatypes; INCOMPATIBILITY: exhaust_tac no longer
wenzelm@8518
   865
exists, may define val exhaust_tac = case_tac for ad-hoc portability;
wenzelm@8440
   866
wenzelm@8848
   867
* HOL: simplification no longer dives into case-expressions: only the
wenzelm@10129
   868
selector expression is simplified, but not the remaining arms; to
wenzelm@10129
   869
enable full simplification of case-expressions for datatype t, you may
wenzelm@10129
   870
remove t.weak_case_cong from the simpset, either globally (Delcongs
wenzelm@10129
   871
[thm"t.weak_case_cong"];) or locally (delcongs [...]).
nipkow@8603
   872
wenzelm@8848
   873
* HOL/recdef: the recursion equations generated by 'recdef' for
wenzelm@8848
   874
function 'f' are now called f.simps instead of f.rules; if all
wenzelm@8848
   875
termination conditions are proved automatically, these simplification
wenzelm@8848
   876
rules are added to the simpset, as in primrec; rules may be named
wenzelm@8848
   877
individually as well, resulting in a separate list of theorems for
wenzelm@8848
   878
each equation;
wenzelm@8848
   879
wenzelm@9489
   880
* HOL/While is a new theory that provides a while-combinator. It
wenzelm@9489
   881
permits the definition of tail-recursive functions without the
wenzelm@9489
   882
provision of a termination measure. The latter is necessary once the
wenzelm@9489
   883
invariant proof rule for while is applied.
nipkow@9457
   884
wenzelm@10003
   885
* HOL: new (overloaded) notation for the set of elements below/above
wenzelm@10003
   886
some element: {..u}, {..u(}, {l..}, {)l..}. See theory SetInterval.
nipkow@8925
   887
wenzelm@8848
   888
* HOL: theorems impI, allI, ballI bound as "strip";
wenzelm@8848
   889
wenzelm@10003
   890
* HOL: new tactic induct_thm_tac: thm -> string -> int -> tactic
nipkow@9746
   891
induct_tac th "x1 ... xn" expects th to have a conclusion of the form
nipkow@9746
   892
P v1 ... vn and abbreviates res_inst_tac [("v1","x1"),...,("vn","xn")] th;
nipkow@9746
   893
wenzelm@10003
   894
* HOL/Real: "rabs" replaced by overloaded "abs" function;
nipkow@9737
   895
wenzelm@10003
   896
* HOL: theory Sexp now in HOL/Induct examples (it used to be part of
wenzelm@10003
   897
main HOL, but was unused);
nipkow@8626
   898
wenzelm@10003
   899
* HOL: fewer consts declared as global (e.g. have to refer to
wenzelm@10003
   900
"Lfp.lfp" instead of "lfp" internally; affects ML packages only);
wenzelm@8887
   901
wenzelm@10003
   902
* HOL: tuned AST representation of nested pairs, avoiding bogus output
wenzelm@10003
   903
in case of overlap with user translations (e.g. judgements over
wenzelm@10003
   904
tuples); (note that the underlying logical represenation is still
wenzelm@10003
   905
bogus);
wenzelm@9349
   906
nipkow@8412
   907
paulson@9542
   908
*** ZF ***
paulson@9542
   909
wenzelm@10003
   910
* ZF: simplification automatically cancels common terms in arithmetic
wenzelm@10003
   911
expressions over nat and int;
paulson@9542
   912
wenzelm@10003
   913
* ZF: new treatment of nat to minimize type-checking: all operators
wenzelm@10003
   914
coerce their operands to a natural number using the function natify,
wenzelm@10003
   915
making the algebraic laws unconditional;
paulson@9542
   916
wenzelm@10003
   917
* ZF: as above, for int: operators coerce their operands to an integer
wenzelm@10003
   918
using the function intify;
paulson@9542
   919
wenzelm@10003
   920
* ZF: the integer library now contains many of the usual laws for the
wenzelm@10003
   921
orderings, including $<=, and monotonicity laws for $+ and $*;
paulson@9542
   922
wenzelm@10003
   923
* ZF: new example ZF/ex/NatSum to demonstrate integer arithmetic
wenzelm@10003
   924
simplification;
paulson@9388
   925
wenzelm@10003
   926
* FOL and ZF: AddIffs now available, giving theorems of the form P<->Q
wenzelm@10003
   927
to the simplifier and classical reasoner simultaneously;
paulson@9388
   928
paulson@9388
   929
wenzelm@8358
   930
*** General ***
wenzelm@8358
   931
wenzelm@10003
   932
* Provers: blast_tac now handles actual object-logic rules as
wenzelm@10003
   933
assumptions; note that auto_tac uses blast_tac internally as well;
wenzelm@10003
   934
wenzelm@10003
   935
* Provers: new functions rulify/rulify_no_asm: thm -> thm for turning
wenzelm@10003
   936
outer -->/All/Ball into ==>/!!; qed_spec_mp now uses rulify_no_asm;
wenzelm@10003
   937
wenzelm@9941
   938
* Provers: delrules now handles destruct rules as well (no longer need
wenzelm@9941
   939
explicit make_elim);
wenzelm@9941
   940
wenzelm@10003
   941
* Provers: Blast_tac now warns of and ignores "weak elimination rules" e.g.
wenzelm@10003
   942
  [| inj ?f;          ?f ?x = ?f ?y; ?x = ?y ==> ?W |] ==> ?W
wenzelm@10003
   943
use instead the strong form,
wenzelm@10003
   944
  [| inj ?f; ~ ?W ==> ?f ?x = ?f ?y; ?x = ?y ==> ?W |] ==> ?W
wenzelm@10003
   945
in HOL, FOL and ZF the function cla_make_elim will create such rules
wenzelm@10003
   946
from destruct-rules;
wenzelm@9489
   947
wenzelm@9709
   948
* Provers: Simplifier.easy_setup provides a fast path to basic
wenzelm@9709
   949
Simplifier setup for new object-logics;
wenzelm@9709
   950
wenzelm@9709
   951
* Pure: AST translation rules no longer require constant head on LHS;
wenzelm@9349
   952
wenzelm@9709
   953
* Pure: improved name spaces: ambiguous output is qualified; support
wenzelm@9709
   954
for hiding of names;
wenzelm@8729
   955
wenzelm@10003
   956
* system: smart setup of canonical ML_HOME, ISABELLE_INTERFACE, and
wenzelm@10003
   957
XSYMBOL_HOME; no longer need to do manual configuration in most
wenzelm@10003
   958
situations;
wenzelm@10003
   959
wenzelm@9709
   960
* system: compression of ML heaps images may now be controlled via -c
wenzelm@9709
   961
option of isabelle and isatool usedir (currently only observed by
wenzelm@9709
   962
Poly/ML);
wenzelm@8358
   963
wenzelm@9981
   964
* system: isatool installfonts may handle X-Symbol fonts as well (very
wenzelm@9981
   965
useful for remote X11);
wenzelm@9981
   966
wenzelm@9709
   967
* system: provide TAGS file for Isabelle sources;
wenzelm@9052
   968
wenzelm@9288
   969
* ML: infix 'OF' is a version of 'MRS' with more appropriate argument
wenzelm@9288
   970
order;
wenzelm@9288
   971
wenzelm@8994
   972
* ML: renamed flags Syntax.trace_norm_ast to Syntax.trace_ast; global
wenzelm@8994
   973
timing flag supersedes proof_timing and Toplevel.trace;
wenzelm@8994
   974
wenzelm@10003
   975
* ML: new combinators |>> and |>>> for incremental transformations
wenzelm@10003
   976
with secondary results (e.g. certain theory extensions):
wenzelm@10003
   977
wenzelm@9330
   978
* ML: PureThy.add_defs gets additional argument to indicate potential
wenzelm@9330
   979
overloading (usually false);
wenzelm@9330
   980
wenzelm@10003
   981
* ML: PureThy.add_thms/add_axioms/add_defs now return theorems as
wenzelm@10003
   982
results;
wenzelm@8440
   983
wenzelm@8358
   984
wenzelm@8015
   985
wenzelm@7986
   986
New in Isabelle99 (October 1999)
wenzelm@7986
   987
--------------------------------
oheimb@4649
   988
paulson@5931
   989
*** Overview of INCOMPATIBILITIES (see below for more details) ***
paulson@5931
   990
paulson@6922
   991
* HOL: The THEN and ELSE parts of conditional expressions (if P then x else y)
paulson@6922
   992
are no longer simplified.  (This allows the simplifier to unfold recursive
paulson@6922
   993
functional programs.)  To restore the old behaviour, declare
wenzelm@7215
   994
wenzelm@7215
   995
    Delcongs [if_weak_cong];
paulson@6922
   996
wenzelm@6269
   997
* HOL: Removed the obsolete syntax "Compl A"; use -A for set
wenzelm@6269
   998
complement;
paulson@5931
   999
wenzelm@6269
  1000
* HOL: the predicate "inj" is now defined by translation to "inj_on";
paulson@6174
  1001
berghofe@7847
  1002
* HOL/datatype: mutual_induct_tac no longer exists --
berghofe@7847
  1003
  use induct_tac "x_1 ... x_n" instead of mutual_induct_tac ["x_1", ..., "x_n"]
berghofe@7847
  1004
wenzelm@6386
  1005
* HOL/typedef: fixed type inference for representing set; type
wenzelm@6386
  1006
arguments now have to occur explicitly on the rhs as type constraints;
wenzelm@6386
  1007
wenzelm@6269
  1008
* ZF: The con_defs part of an inductive definition may no longer refer
wenzelm@6269
  1009
to constants declared in the same theory;
nipkow@6057
  1010
wenzelm@6269
  1011
* HOL, ZF: the function mk_cases, generated by the inductive
wenzelm@6269
  1012
definition package, has lost an argument.  To simplify its result, it
wenzelm@6269
  1013
uses the default simpset instead of a supplied list of theorems.
paulson@6141
  1014
wenzelm@7215
  1015
* HOL/List: the constructors of type list are now Nil and Cons;
wenzelm@7215
  1016
nipkow@7619
  1017
* Simplifier: the type of the infix ML functions
wenzelm@8729
  1018
        setSSolver addSSolver setSolver addSolver
nipkow@7619
  1019
is now  simpset * solver -> simpset  where `solver' is a new abstract type
nipkow@7619
  1020
for packaging solvers. A solver is created via
wenzelm@8729
  1021
        mk_solver: string -> (thm list -> int -> tactic) -> solver
nipkow@7619
  1022
where the string argument is only a comment.
nipkow@6057
  1023
wenzelm@7647
  1024
paulson@6069
  1025
*** Proof tools ***
paulson@6069
  1026
wenzelm@6343
  1027
* Provers/Arith/fast_lin_arith.ML contains a functor for creating a
wenzelm@6343
  1028
decision procedure for linear arithmetic. Currently it is used for
wenzelm@7593
  1029
types `nat', `int', and `real' in HOL (see below); it can, should and
wenzelm@7593
  1030
will be instantiated for other types and logics as well.
paulson@6069
  1031
nipkow@7324
  1032
* The simplifier now accepts rewrite rules with flexible heads, eg
nipkow@7324
  1033
     hom ?f ==> ?f(?x+?y) = ?f ?x + ?f ?y
nipkow@7324
  1034
  They are applied like any rule with a non-pattern lhs, i.e. by first-order
nipkow@7324
  1035
  matching.
paulson@6069
  1036
wenzelm@7593
  1037
paulson@6014
  1038
*** General ***
paulson@6014
  1039
wenzelm@7986
  1040
* New Isabelle/Isar subsystem provides an alternative to traditional
wenzelm@7215
  1041
tactical theorem proving; together with the ProofGeneral/isar user
wenzelm@7215
  1042
interface it offers an interactive environment for developing human
wenzelm@7215
  1043
readable proof documents (Isar == Intelligible semi-automated
wenzelm@7886
  1044
reasoning); for further information see isatool doc isar-ref,
wenzelm@7986
  1045
src/HOL/Isar_examples and http://isabelle.in.tum.de/Isar/
wenzelm@7886
  1046
wenzelm@9612
  1047
* improved and simplified presentation of theories: better HTML markup
wenzelm@9612
  1048
(including colors), graph views in several sizes; isatool usedir now
wenzelm@9612
  1049
provides a proper interface for user theories (via -P option); actual
wenzelm@9612
  1050
document preparation based on (PDF)LaTeX is available as well (for
wenzelm@9612
  1051
new-style theories only); see isatool doc system for more information;
wenzelm@7215
  1052
wenzelm@7252
  1053
* native support for Proof General, both for classic Isabelle and
wenzelm@7986
  1054
Isabelle/Isar;
wenzelm@7215
  1055
wenzelm@7791
  1056
* ML function thm_deps visualizes dependencies of theorems and lemmas,
wenzelm@7791
  1057
using the graph browser tool;
wenzelm@7791
  1058
wenzelm@6751
  1059
* Isabelle manuals now also available as PDF;
wenzelm@6751
  1060
wenzelm@6449
  1061
* theory loader rewritten from scratch (may not be fully
wenzelm@6449
  1062
bug-compatible); old loadpath variable has been replaced by show_path,
wenzelm@6671
  1063
add_path, del_path, reset_path functions; new operations such as
wenzelm@7593
  1064
update_thy, touch_thy, remove_thy, use/update_thy_only (see also
wenzelm@7593
  1065
isatool doc ref);
wenzelm@6449
  1066
wenzelm@7215
  1067
* improved isatool install: option -k creates KDE application icon,
wenzelm@7215
  1068
option -p DIR installs standalone binaries;
wenzelm@7215
  1069
wenzelm@7215
  1070
* added ML_PLATFORM setting (useful for cross-platform installations);
wenzelm@7215
  1071
more robust handling of platform specific ML images for SML/NJ;
wenzelm@7215
  1072
wenzelm@7886
  1073
* the settings environment is now statically scoped, i.e. it is never
wenzelm@7986
  1074
created again in sub-processes invoked from isabelle, isatool, or
wenzelm@7886
  1075
Isabelle;
wenzelm@7886
  1076
wenzelm@7215
  1077
* path element specification '~~' refers to '$ISABELLE_HOME';
wenzelm@7215
  1078
wenzelm@6343
  1079
* in locales, the "assumes" and "defines" parts may be omitted if
wenzelm@6343
  1080
empty;
wenzelm@5973
  1081
wenzelm@6269
  1082
* new print_mode "xsymbols" for extended symbol support (e.g. genuine
wenzelm@6269
  1083
long arrows);
wenzelm@6259
  1084
wenzelm@6343
  1085
* new print_mode "HTML";
wenzelm@6343
  1086
wenzelm@6343
  1087
* new flag show_tags controls display of tags of theorems (which are
wenzelm@6343
  1088
basically just comments that may be attached by some tools);
wenzelm@6343
  1089
wenzelm@6461
  1090
* Isamode 2.6 requires patch to accomodate change of Isabelle font
wenzelm@6461
  1091
mode and goal output format:
wenzelm@6461
  1092
wenzelm@6461
  1093
diff -r Isamode-2.6/elisp/isa-load.el Isamode/elisp/isa-load.el
wenzelm@6461
  1094
244c244
wenzelm@6461
  1095
<       (list (isa-getenv "ISABELLE") "-msymbols" logic-name)
wenzelm@6461
  1096
---
wenzelm@6533
  1097
>       (list (isa-getenv "ISABELLE") "-misabelle_font" "-msymbols" logic-name)
wenzelm@6461
  1098
diff -r Isabelle-2.6/elisp/isa-proofstate.el Isamode/elisp/isa-proofstate.el
wenzelm@6461
  1099
181c181
wenzelm@6461
  1100
< (defconst proofstate-proofstart-regexp "^Level [0-9]+$"
wenzelm@6461
  1101
---
wenzelm@6461
  1102
> (defconst proofstate-proofstart-regexp "^Level [0-9]+"
wenzelm@6461
  1103
wenzelm@7450
  1104
* function bind_thms stores lists of theorems (cf. bind_thm);
wenzelm@7450
  1105
wenzelm@7593
  1106
* new shorthand tactics ftac, eatac, datac, fatac;
wenzelm@7593
  1107
wenzelm@7593
  1108
* qed (and friends) now accept "" as result name; in that case the
wenzelm@7986
  1109
theorem is not stored, but proper checks and presentation of the
wenzelm@7986
  1110
result still apply;
wenzelm@7593
  1111
wenzelm@7805
  1112
* theorem database now also indexes constants "Trueprop", "all",
wenzelm@7805
  1113
"==>", "=="; thus thms_containing, findI etc. may retrieve more rules;
wenzelm@7805
  1114
oheimb@6028
  1115
nipkow@6057
  1116
*** HOL ***
nipkow@6057
  1117
wenzelm@7215
  1118
** HOL arithmetic **
wenzelm@7215
  1119
wenzelm@6343
  1120
* There are now decision procedures for linear arithmetic over nat and
wenzelm@6343
  1121
int:
nipkow@6131
  1122
wenzelm@6343
  1123
1. arith_tac copes with arbitrary formulae involving `=', `<', `<=',
wenzelm@6343
  1124
`+', `-', `Suc', `min', `max' and numerical constants; other subterms
wenzelm@6343
  1125
are treated as atomic; subformulae not involving type `nat' or `int'
wenzelm@6343
  1126
are ignored; quantified subformulae are ignored unless they are
wenzelm@6343
  1127
positive universal or negative existential. The tactic has to be
wenzelm@6343
  1128
invoked by hand and can be a little bit slow. In particular, the
wenzelm@6343
  1129
running time is exponential in the number of occurrences of `min' and
wenzelm@6343
  1130
`max', and `-' on `nat'.
nipkow@6131
  1131
wenzelm@6343
  1132
2. fast_arith_tac is a cut-down version of arith_tac: it only takes
wenzelm@6343
  1133
(negated) (in)equalities among the premises and the conclusion into
wenzelm@6343
  1134
account (i.e. no compound formulae) and does not know about `min' and
wenzelm@6343
  1135
`max', and `-' on `nat'. It is fast and is used automatically by the
wenzelm@6343
  1136
simplifier.
nipkow@6131
  1137
wenzelm@6343
  1138
NB: At the moment, these decision procedures do not cope with mixed
wenzelm@6343
  1139
nat/int formulae where the two parts interact, such as `m < n ==>
wenzelm@6343
  1140
int(m) < int(n)'.
oheimb@6028
  1141
wenzelm@7215
  1142
* HOL/Numeral provides a generic theory of numerals (encoded
wenzelm@7313
  1143
efficiently as bit strings); setup for types nat/int/real is in place;
wenzelm@7215
  1144
INCOMPATIBILITY: since numeral syntax is now polymorphic, rather than
wenzelm@7215
  1145
int, existing theories and proof scripts may require a few additional
wenzelm@7215
  1146
type constraints;
wenzelm@7215
  1147
wenzelm@7215
  1148
* integer division and remainder can now be performed on constant
wenzelm@7215
  1149
arguments;
paulson@7157
  1150
wenzelm@7215
  1151
* many properties of integer multiplication, division and remainder
wenzelm@7215
  1152
are now available;
paulson@6922
  1153
paulson@7287
  1154
* An interface to the Stanford Validity Checker (SVC) is available through the
paulson@7287
  1155
tactic svc_tac.  Propositional tautologies and theorems of linear arithmetic
paulson@7287
  1156
are proved automatically.  SVC must be installed separately, and its results
paulson@7287
  1157
must be TAKEN ON TRUST (Isabelle does not check the proofs, but tags any
paulson@7287
  1158
invocation of the underlying oracle).  For SVC see
paulson@7444
  1159
  http://verify.stanford.edu/SVC
paulson@6922
  1160
wenzelm@7125
  1161
* IsaMakefile: the HOL-Real target now builds an actual image;
wenzelm@7125
  1162
wenzelm@7215
  1163
wenzelm@7215
  1164
** HOL misc **
wenzelm@7215
  1165
wenzelm@7595
  1166
* HOL/Real/HahnBanach: the Hahn-Banach theorem for real vector spaces
wenzelm@7595
  1167
(in Isabelle/Isar) -- by Gertrud Bauer;
wenzelm@7595
  1168
wenzelm@7691
  1169
* HOL/BCV: generic model of bytecode verification, i.e. data-flow
wenzelm@7691
  1170
analysis for assembly languages with subtypes;
wenzelm@7691
  1171
wenzelm@6278
  1172
* HOL/TLA (Lamport's Temporal Logic of Actions): major reorganization
wenzelm@6278
  1173
-- avoids syntactic ambiguities and treats state, transition, and
wenzelm@6278
  1174
temporal levels more uniformly; introduces INCOMPATIBILITIES due to
wenzelm@6278
  1175
changed syntax and (many) tactics;
wenzelm@6278
  1176
wenzelm@7791
  1177
* HOL/inductive: Now also handles more general introduction rules such
wenzelm@7791
  1178
  as "ALL y. (y, x) : r --> y : acc r ==> x : acc r"; monotonicity
wenzelm@7791
  1179
  theorems are now maintained within the theory (maintained via the
wenzelm@7791
  1180
  "mono" attribute);
berghofe@7780
  1181
wenzelm@7238
  1182
* HOL/datatype: Now also handles arbitrarily branching datatypes
wenzelm@7238
  1183
  (using function types) such as
wenzelm@7238
  1184
wenzelm@7238
  1185
  datatype 'a tree = Atom 'a | Branch "nat => 'a tree"
berghofe@7047
  1186
wenzelm@7326
  1187
* HOL/record: record_simproc (part of the default simpset) takes care
wenzelm@7326
  1188
of selectors applied to updated records; record_split_tac is no longer
wenzelm@7327
  1189
part of the default claset; update_defs may now be removed from the
wenzelm@7327
  1190
simpset in many cases; COMPATIBILITY: old behavior achieved by
wenzelm@7326
  1191
wenzelm@7326
  1192
  claset_ref () := claset() addSWrapper record_split_wrapper;
wenzelm@7326
  1193
  Delsimprocs [record_simproc]
wenzelm@7326
  1194
wenzelm@6386
  1195
* HOL/typedef: fixed type inference for representing set; type
wenzelm@6386
  1196
arguments now have to occur explicitly on the rhs as type constraints;
wenzelm@6386
  1197
paulson@7287
  1198
* HOL/recdef (TFL): 'congs' syntax now expects comma separated list of theorem
paulson@7287
  1199
names rather than an ML expression;
paulson@7287
  1200
paulson@7287
  1201
* HOL/defer_recdef (TFL): like recdef but the well-founded relation can be
paulson@7287
  1202
supplied later.  Program schemes can be defined, such as
paulson@7287
  1203
    "While B C s = (if B s then While B C (C s) else s)"
paulson@7287
  1204
where the well-founded relation can be chosen after B and C have been given.
wenzelm@6563
  1205
wenzelm@7215
  1206
* HOL/List: the constructors of type list are now Nil and Cons;
wenzelm@7215
  1207
INCOMPATIBILITY: while [] and infix # syntax is still there, of
wenzelm@7215
  1208
course, ML tools referring to List.list.op # etc. have to be adapted;
wenzelm@7215
  1209
wenzelm@7238
  1210
* HOL_quantifiers flag superseded by "HOL" print mode, which is
wenzelm@7238
  1211
disabled by default; run isabelle with option -m HOL to get back to
wenzelm@7238
  1212
the original Gordon/HOL-style output;
wenzelm@7238
  1213
wenzelm@7238
  1214
* HOL/Ord.thy: new bounded quantifier syntax (input only): ALL x<y. P,
wenzelm@7238
  1215
ALL x<=y. P, EX x<y. P, EX x<=y. P;
wenzelm@7238
  1216
wenzelm@7238
  1217
* HOL basic syntax simplified (more orthogonal): all variants of
wenzelm@7238
  1218
All/Ex now support plain / symbolic / HOL notation; plain syntax for
wenzelm@7238
  1219
Eps operator is provided as well: "SOME x. P[x]";
wenzelm@7238
  1220
berghofe@7320
  1221
* HOL/Sum.thy: sum_case has been moved to HOL/Datatype;
wenzelm@7261
  1222
wenzelm@7280
  1223
* HOL/Univ.thy: infix syntax <*>, <+>, <**>, <+> eliminated and made
wenzelm@7280
  1224
thus available for user theories;
wenzelm@7280
  1225
wenzelm@7300
  1226
* HOLCF/IOA/Sequents: renamed 'Cons' to 'Consq' to avoid clash with
wenzelm@7300
  1227
HOL/List; hardly an INCOMPATIBILITY since '>>' syntax is used all the
wenzelm@7300
  1228
time;
wenzelm@7300
  1229
wenzelm@7986
  1230
* HOL: new tactic smp_tac: int -> int -> tactic, which applies spec
wenzelm@7986
  1231
several times and then mp;
oheimb@7492
  1232
wenzelm@7215
  1233
paulson@7113
  1234
*** LK ***
paulson@7113
  1235
wenzelm@7215
  1236
* the notation <<...>> is now available as a notation for sequences of
wenzelm@7215
  1237
formulas;
paulson@7113
  1238
paulson@7113
  1239
* the simplifier is now installed
paulson@7113
  1240
wenzelm@8729
  1241
* the axiom system has been generalized (thanks to Soren Heilmann)
paulson@7113
  1242
paulson@7113
  1243
* the classical reasoner now has a default rule database
paulson@7113
  1244
paulson@7113
  1245
paulson@6064
  1246
*** ZF ***
paulson@6064
  1247
paulson@6064
  1248
* new primrec section allows primitive recursive functions to be given
wenzelm@6269
  1249
directly (as in HOL) over datatypes and the natural numbers;
paulson@6064
  1250
wenzelm@6269
  1251
* new tactics induct_tac and exhaust_tac for induction (or case
wenzelm@6269
  1252
analysis) over datatypes and the natural numbers;
paulson@6064
  1253
paulson@6064
  1254
* the datatype declaration of type T now defines the recursor T_rec;
paulson@6064
  1255
paulson@6141
  1256
* simplification automatically does freeness reasoning for datatype
wenzelm@6269
  1257
constructors;
paulson@6141
  1258
wenzelm@6269
  1259
* automatic type-inference, with AddTCs command to insert new
wenzelm@6269
  1260
type-checking rules;
paulson@6155
  1261
wenzelm@6269
  1262
* datatype introduction rules are now added as Safe Introduction rules
wenzelm@6269
  1263
to the claset;
paulson@6155
  1264
wenzelm@6269
  1265
* the syntax "if P then x else y" is now available in addition to
wenzelm@6269
  1266
if(P,x,y);
wenzelm@6269
  1267
paulson@6069
  1268
wenzelm@6343
  1269
*** Internal programming interfaces ***
wenzelm@6343
  1270
wenzelm@7919
  1271
* tuned simplifier trace output; new flag debug_simp;
wenzelm@7919
  1272
wenzelm@7420
  1273
* structures Vartab / Termtab (instances of TableFun) offer efficient
wenzelm@7420
  1274
tables indexed by indexname_ord / term_ord (compatible with aconv);
wenzelm@7420
  1275
wenzelm@6386
  1276
* AxClass.axclass_tac lost the theory argument;
wenzelm@6386
  1277
wenzelm@6343
  1278
* tuned current_goals_markers semantics: begin / end goal avoids
wenzelm@6343
  1279
printing empty lines;
wenzelm@6343
  1280
wenzelm@6343
  1281
* removed prs and prs_fn hook, which was broken because it did not
wenzelm@6343
  1282
include \n in its semantics, forcing writeln to add one
wenzelm@6343
  1283
uncoditionally; replaced prs_fn by writeln_fn; consider std_output:
wenzelm@6343
  1284
string -> unit if you really want to output text without newline;
wenzelm@6343
  1285
wenzelm@6343
  1286
* Symbol.output subject to print mode; INCOMPATIBILITY: defaults to
wenzelm@6343
  1287
plain output, interface builders may have to enable 'isabelle_font'
wenzelm@6343
  1288
mode to get Isabelle font glyphs as before;
wenzelm@6343
  1289
wenzelm@6343
  1290
* refined token_translation interface; INCOMPATIBILITY: output length
wenzelm@6343
  1291
now of type real instead of int;
wenzelm@6343
  1292
wenzelm@7196
  1293
* theory loader actions may be traced via new ThyInfo.add_hook
wenzelm@7196
  1294
interface (see src/Pure/Thy/thy_info.ML); example application: keep
wenzelm@7196
  1295
your own database of information attached to *whole* theories -- as
wenzelm@7196
  1296
opposed to intra-theory data slots offered via TheoryDataFun;
wenzelm@7196
  1297
wenzelm@7647
  1298
* proper handling of dangling sort hypotheses (at last!);
wenzelm@7647
  1299
Thm.strip_shyps and Drule.strip_shyps_warning take care of removing
wenzelm@7647
  1300
extra sort hypotheses that can be witnessed from the type signature;
wenzelm@7986
  1301
the force_strip_shyps flag is gone, any remaining shyps are simply
wenzelm@7986
  1302
left in the theorem (with a warning issued by strip_shyps_warning);
wenzelm@7647
  1303
wenzelm@6343
  1304
paulson@6064
  1305
wenzelm@5781
  1306
New in Isabelle98-1 (October 1998)
wenzelm@5781
  1307
----------------------------------
wenzelm@5781
  1308
wenzelm@5127
  1309
*** Overview of INCOMPATIBILITIES (see below for more details) ***
wenzelm@4842
  1310
wenzelm@5726
  1311
* several changes of automated proof tools;
wenzelm@5373
  1312
wenzelm@5726
  1313
* HOL: major changes to the inductive and datatype packages, including
wenzelm@5726
  1314
some minor incompatibilities of theory syntax;
berghofe@5214
  1315
wenzelm@5726
  1316
* HOL: renamed r^-1 to 'converse' from 'inverse'; 'inj_onto' is now
wenzelm@5217
  1317
called `inj_on';
paulson@5160
  1318
nipkow@5275
  1319
* HOL: removed duplicate thms in Arith:
nipkow@5275
  1320
  less_imp_add_less  should be replaced by  trans_less_add1
nipkow@5275
  1321
  le_imp_add_le      should be replaced by  trans_le_add1
paulson@5160
  1322
wenzelm@5726
  1323
* HOL: unary minus is now overloaded (new type constraints may be
wenzelm@5726
  1324
required);
paulson@5490
  1325
wenzelm@5726
  1326
* HOL and ZF: unary minus for integers is now #- instead of #~.  In
wenzelm@5726
  1327
ZF, expressions such as n#-1 must be changed to n#- 1, since #-1 is
wenzelm@5726
  1328
now taken as an integer constant.
paulson@5541
  1329
wenzelm@5726
  1330
* Pure: ML function 'theory_of' renamed to 'theory';
wenzelm@5397
  1331
wenzelm@5363
  1332
wenzelm@5127
  1333
*** Proof tools ***
nipkow@4880
  1334
nipkow@5657
  1335
* Simplifier:
nipkow@5657
  1336
  1. Asm_full_simp_tac is now more aggressive.
nipkow@5657
  1337
     1. It will sometimes reorient premises if that increases their power to
nipkow@5657
  1338
        simplify.
nipkow@5657
  1339
     2. It does no longer proceed strictly from left to right but may also
nipkow@5657
  1340
        rotate premises to achieve further simplification.
nipkow@5657
  1341
     For compatibility reasons there is now Asm_lr_simp_tac which is like the
nipkow@5657
  1342
     old Asm_full_simp_tac in that it does not rotate premises.
nipkow@5657
  1343
  2. The simplifier now knows a little bit about nat-arithmetic.
nipkow@4880
  1344
wenzelm@5127
  1345
* Classical reasoner: wrapper mechanism for the classical reasoner now
wenzelm@5127
  1346
allows for selected deletion of wrappers, by introduction of names for
wenzelm@5127
  1347
wrapper functionals.  This implies that addbefore, addSbefore,
wenzelm@5127
  1348
addaltern, and addSaltern now take a pair (name, tactic) as argument,
wenzelm@5127
  1349
and that adding two tactics with the same name overwrites the first
wenzelm@5127
  1350
one (emitting a warning).
oheimb@4824
  1351
  type wrapper = (int -> tactic) -> (int -> tactic)
oheimb@4649
  1352
  setWrapper, setSWrapper, compWrapper and compSWrapper are replaced by
oheimb@4824
  1353
  addWrapper, addSWrapper: claset * (string * wrapper) -> claset
oheimb@4824
  1354
  delWrapper, delSWrapper: claset *  string            -> claset
oheimb@4649
  1355
  getWrapper is renamed to appWrappers, getSWrapper to appSWrappers;
oheimb@4649
  1356
wenzelm@5705
  1357
* Classical reasoner: addbefore/addSbefore now have APPEND/ORELSE
wenzelm@5726
  1358
semantics; addbefore now affects only the unsafe part of step_tac
wenzelm@5726
  1359
etc.; this affects addss/auto_tac/force_tac, so EXISTING PROOFS MAY
wenzelm@5726
  1360
FAIL, but proofs should be fixable easily, e.g. by replacing Auto_tac
wenzelm@5726
  1361
by Force_tac;
oheimb@5524
  1362
wenzelm@5726
  1363
* Classical reasoner: setwrapper to setWrapper and compwrapper to
wenzelm@5726
  1364
compWrapper; added safe wrapper (and access functions for it);
oheimb@5524
  1365
wenzelm@5127
  1366
* HOL/split_all_tac is now much faster and fails if there is nothing
wenzelm@5726
  1367
to split.  Some EXISTING PROOFS MAY REQUIRE ADAPTION because the order
wenzelm@5726
  1368
and the names of the automatically generated variables have changed.
wenzelm@5726
  1369
split_all_tac has moved within claset() from unsafe wrappers to safe
wenzelm@5726
  1370
wrappers, which means that !!-bound variables are split much more
wenzelm@5726
  1371
aggressively, and safe_tac and clarify_tac now split such variables.
wenzelm@5726
  1372
If this splitting is not appropriate, use delSWrapper "split_all_tac".
wenzelm@5726
  1373
Note: the same holds for record_split_tac, which does the job of
wenzelm@5726
  1374
split_all_tac for record fields.
wenzelm@5127
  1375
wenzelm@5726
  1376
* HOL/Simplifier: Rewrite rules for case distinctions can now be added
wenzelm@5726
  1377
permanently to the default simpset using Addsplits just like
wenzelm@5726
  1378
Addsimps. They can be removed via Delsplits just like
wenzelm@5726
  1379
Delsimps. Lower-case versions are also available.
wenzelm@5127
  1380
wenzelm@5726
  1381
* HOL/Simplifier: The rule split_if is now part of the default
wenzelm@5726
  1382
simpset. This means that the simplifier will eliminate all occurrences
wenzelm@5726
  1383
of if-then-else in the conclusion of a goal. To prevent this, you can
wenzelm@5726
  1384
either remove split_if completely from the default simpset by
wenzelm@5726
  1385
`Delsplits [split_if]' or remove it in a specific call of the
wenzelm@5726
  1386
simplifier using `... delsplits [split_if]'.  You can also add/delete
wenzelm@5726
  1387
other case splitting rules to/from the default simpset: every datatype
wenzelm@5726
  1388
generates suitable rules `split_t_case' and `split_t_case_asm' (where
wenzelm@5726
  1389
t is the name of the datatype).
wenzelm@5127
  1390
wenzelm@5726
  1391
* Classical reasoner / Simplifier combination: new force_tac (and
wenzelm@5127
  1392
derivatives Force_tac, force) combines rewriting and classical
wenzelm@5127
  1393
reasoning (and whatever other tools) similarly to auto_tac, but is
wenzelm@5726
  1394
aimed to solve the given subgoal completely.
wenzelm@5127
  1395
wenzelm@5127
  1396
wenzelm@5127
  1397
*** General ***
wenzelm@5127
  1398
wenzelm@5217
  1399
* new top-level commands `Goal' and `Goalw' that improve upon `goal'
wenzelm@5127
  1400
and `goalw': the theory is no longer needed as an explicit argument -
wenzelm@5127
  1401
the current theory context is used; assumptions are no longer returned
wenzelm@5127
  1402
at the ML-level unless one of them starts with ==> or !!; it is
wenzelm@5217
  1403
recommended to convert to these new commands using isatool fixgoal
wenzelm@5217
  1404
(backup your sources first!);
wenzelm@4842
  1405
wenzelm@5217
  1406
* new top-level commands 'thm' and 'thms' for retrieving theorems from
wenzelm@5207
  1407
the current theory context, and 'theory' to lookup stored theories;
paulson@4806
  1408
paulson@5722
  1409
* new theory section 'locale' for declaring constants, assumptions and
paulson@5722
  1410
definitions that have local scope;
paulson@5722
  1411
wenzelm@5127
  1412
* new theory section 'nonterminals' for purely syntactic types;
wenzelm@4858
  1413
wenzelm@5127
  1414
* new theory section 'setup' for generic ML setup functions
wenzelm@5127
  1415
(e.g. package initialization);
wenzelm@4869
  1416
wenzelm@5131
  1417
* the distribution now includes Isabelle icons: see
wenzelm@5131
  1418
lib/logo/isabelle-{small,tiny}.xpm;
wenzelm@5131
  1419
wenzelm@5363
  1420
* isatool install - install binaries with absolute references to
wenzelm@5363
  1421
ISABELLE_HOME/bin;
wenzelm@5363
  1422
wenzelm@5572
  1423
* isatool logo -- create instances of the Isabelle logo (as EPS);
wenzelm@5572
  1424
wenzelm@5407
  1425
* print mode 'emacs' reserved for Isamode;
wenzelm@5407
  1426
wenzelm@5726
  1427
* support multiple print (ast) translations per constant name;
wenzelm@5726
  1428
wenzelm@6925
  1429
* theorems involving oracles are now printed with a suffixed [!];
wenzelm@6925
  1430
wenzelm@4711
  1431
paulson@4661
  1432
*** HOL ***
paulson@4661
  1433
wenzelm@5710
  1434
* there is now a tutorial on Isabelle/HOL (do 'isatool doc tutorial');
nipkow@5709
  1435
wenzelm@5217
  1436
* HOL/inductive package reorganized and improved: now supports mutual
paulson@5267
  1437
definitions such as
wenzelm@5217
  1438
wenzelm@5217
  1439
  inductive EVEN ODD
wenzelm@5217
  1440
    intrs
wenzelm@5217
  1441
      null "0 : EVEN"
wenzelm@5217
  1442
      oddI "n : EVEN ==> Suc n : ODD"
wenzelm@5217
  1443
      evenI "n : ODD ==> Suc n : EVEN"
wenzelm@5217
  1444
wenzelm@5217
  1445
new theorem list "elims" contains an elimination rule for each of the
wenzelm@5217
  1446
recursive sets; inductive definitions now handle disjunctive premises
wenzelm@5217
  1447
correctly (also ZF);
berghofe@5214
  1448
wenzelm@5217
  1449
INCOMPATIBILITIES: requires Inductive as an ancestor; component
wenzelm@5217
  1450
"mutual_induct" no longer exists - the induction rule is always
wenzelm@5217
  1451
contained in "induct";
wenzelm@5217
  1452
wenzelm@5217
  1453
wenzelm@5217
  1454
* HOL/datatype package re-implemented and greatly improved: now
paulson@5267
  1455
supports mutually recursive datatypes such as
wenzelm@5217
  1456
wenzelm@5217
  1457
  datatype
wenzelm@5217
  1458
    'a aexp = IF_THEN_ELSE ('a bexp) ('a aexp) ('a aexp)
wenzelm@5217
  1459
            | SUM ('a aexp) ('a aexp)
wenzelm@5217
  1460
            | DIFF ('a aexp) ('a aexp)
wenzelm@5217
  1461
            | NUM 'a
wenzelm@5217
  1462
  and
wenzelm@5217
  1463
    'a bexp = LESS ('a aexp) ('a aexp)
wenzelm@5217
  1464
            | AND ('a bexp) ('a bexp)
wenzelm@5217
  1465
            | OR ('a bexp) ('a bexp)
wenzelm@5217
  1466
paulson@5267
  1467
as well as indirectly recursive datatypes such as
berghofe@5214
  1468
wenzelm@5217
  1469
  datatype
wenzelm@5217
  1470
    ('a, 'b) term = Var 'a
wenzelm@5217
  1471
                  | App 'b ((('a, 'b) term) list)
berghofe@5214
  1472
wenzelm@5217
  1473
The new tactic  mutual_induct_tac [<var_1>, ..., <var_n>] i  performs
wenzelm@5217
  1474
induction on mutually / indirectly recursive datatypes.
wenzelm@5217
  1475
wenzelm@5217
  1476
Primrec equations are now stored in theory and can be accessed via
wenzelm@5217
  1477
<function_name>.simps.
wenzelm@5217
  1478
wenzelm@5217
  1479
INCOMPATIBILITIES:
berghofe@5214
  1480
wenzelm@5217
  1481
  - Theories using datatypes must now have theory Datatype as an
wenzelm@5217
  1482
    ancestor.
wenzelm@5217
  1483
  - The specific <typename>.induct_tac no longer exists - use the
wenzelm@5217
  1484
    generic induct_tac instead.
berghofe@5226
  1485
  - natE has been renamed to nat.exhaust - use exhaust_tac
wenzelm@5217
  1486
    instead of res_inst_tac ... natE. Note that the variable
berghofe@5226
  1487
    names in nat.exhaust differ from the names in natE, this
wenzelm@5217
  1488
    may cause some "fragile" proofs to fail.
wenzelm@5217
  1489
  - The theorems split_<typename>_case and split_<typename>_case_asm
wenzelm@5217
  1490
    have been renamed to <typename>.split and <typename>.split_asm.
wenzelm@5217
  1491
  - Since default sorts of type variables are now handled correctly,
wenzelm@5217
  1492
    some datatype definitions may have to be annotated with explicit
wenzelm@5217
  1493
    sort constraints.
wenzelm@5217
  1494
  - Primrec definitions no longer require function name and type
wenzelm@5217
  1495
    of recursive argument.
berghofe@5214
  1496
wenzelm@5217
  1497
Consider using isatool fixdatatype to adapt your theories and proof
wenzelm@5217
  1498
scripts to the new package (backup your sources first!).
wenzelm@5217
  1499
wenzelm@5217
  1500
wenzelm@5726
  1501
* HOL/record package: considerably improved implementation; now
wenzelm@5726
  1502
includes concrete syntax for record types, terms, updates; theorems
wenzelm@5726
  1503
for surjective pairing and splitting !!-bound record variables; proof
wenzelm@5726
  1504
support is as follows:
wenzelm@5726
  1505
wenzelm@5726
  1506
  1) standard conversions (selectors or updates applied to record
wenzelm@5726
  1507
constructor terms) are part of the standard simpset;
wenzelm@5726
  1508
wenzelm@5726
  1509
  2) inject equations of the form ((x, y) = (x', y')) == x=x' & y=y' are
wenzelm@5726
  1510
made part of standard simpset and claset via addIffs;
wenzelm@5726
  1511
wenzelm@5726
  1512
  3) a tactic for record field splitting (record_split_tac) is part of
wenzelm@5726
  1513
the standard claset (addSWrapper);
wenzelm@5726
  1514
wenzelm@5726
  1515
To get a better idea about these rules you may retrieve them via
wenzelm@5726
  1516
something like 'thms "foo.simps"' or 'thms "foo.iffs"', where "foo" is
wenzelm@5726
  1517
the name of your record type.
wenzelm@5726
  1518
wenzelm@5726
  1519
The split tactic 3) conceptually simplifies by the following rule:
wenzelm@5726
  1520
wenzelm@5726
  1521
  "(!!x. PROP ?P x) == (!!a b. PROP ?P (a, b))"
wenzelm@5726
  1522
wenzelm@5726
  1523
Thus any record variable that is bound by meta-all will automatically
wenzelm@5726
  1524
blow up into some record constructor term, consequently the
wenzelm@5726
  1525
simplifications of 1), 2) apply.  Thus force_tac, auto_tac etc. shall
wenzelm@5726
  1526
solve record problems automatically.
wenzelm@5726
  1527
berghofe@5214
  1528
wenzelm@5125
  1529
* reorganized the main HOL image: HOL/Integ and String loaded by
wenzelm@5125
  1530
default; theory Main includes everything;
wenzelm@5125
  1531
paulson@5650
  1532
* automatic simplification of integer sums and comparisons, using cancellation;
paulson@5650
  1533
oheimb@5526
  1534
* added option_map_eq_Some and not_Some_eq to the default simpset and claset;
wenzelm@5127
  1535
wenzelm@5127
  1536
* added disj_not1 = "(~P | Q) = (P --> Q)" to the default simpset;
wenzelm@5127
  1537
wenzelm@5127
  1538
* many new identities for unions, intersections, set difference, etc.;
wenzelm@5127
  1539
wenzelm@5127
  1540
* expand_if, expand_split, expand_sum_case and expand_nat_case are now
wenzelm@5127
  1541
called split_if, split_split, split_sum_case and split_nat_case (to go
wenzelm@5127
  1542
with add/delsplits);
wenzelm@5125
  1543
wenzelm@5127
  1544
* HOL/Prod introduces simplification procedure unit_eq_proc rewriting
wenzelm@5127
  1545
(?x::unit) = (); this is made part of the default simpset, which COULD
wenzelm@5127
  1546
MAKE EXISTING PROOFS FAIL under rare circumstances (consider
wenzelm@5207
  1547
'Delsimprocs [unit_eq_proc];' as last resort); also note that
wenzelm@5207
  1548
unit_abs_eta_conv is added in order to counter the effect of
wenzelm@5207
  1549
unit_eq_proc on (%u::unit. f u), replacing it by f rather than by
wenzelm@5207
  1550
%u.f();
wenzelm@5125
  1551
wenzelm@5217
  1552
* HOL/Fun INCOMPATIBILITY: `inj_onto' is now called `inj_on' (which
wenzelm@5217
  1553
makes more sense);
berghofe@5109
  1554
paulson@5475
  1555
* HOL/Set INCOMPATIBILITY: rule `equals0D' is now a well-formed destruct rule;
paulson@5475
  1556
  It and 'sym RS equals0D' are now in the default  claset, giving automatic
paulson@5475
  1557
  disjointness reasoning but breaking a few old proofs.
paulson@5267
  1558
wenzelm@5217
  1559
* HOL/Relation INCOMPATIBILITY: renamed the relational operator r^-1
wenzelm@5217
  1560
to 'converse' from 'inverse' (for compatibility with ZF and some
wenzelm@5217
  1561
literature);
wenzelm@5085
  1562
wenzelm@5127
  1563
* HOL/recdef can now declare non-recursive functions, with {} supplied as
wenzelm@5127
  1564
the well-founded relation;
oheimb@4838
  1565
paulson@5490
  1566
* HOL/Set INCOMPATIBILITY: the complement of set A is now written -A instead of
paulson@5490
  1567
    Compl A.  The "Compl" syntax remains available as input syntax for this
paulson@5490
  1568
    release ONLY.
paulson@5490
  1569
wenzelm@5127
  1570
* HOL/Update: new theory of function updates:
wenzelm@5127
  1571
    f(a:=b) == %x. if x=a then b else f x
wenzelm@5127
  1572
may also be iterated as in f(a:=b,c:=d,...);
nipkow@5077
  1573
wenzelm@5127
  1574
* HOL/Vimage: new theory for inverse image of a function, syntax f-``B;
paulson@4899
  1575
nipkow@5282
  1576
* HOL/List:
nipkow@5282
  1577
  - new function list_update written xs[i:=v] that updates the i-th
nipkow@5282
  1578
    list position. May also be iterated as in xs[i:=a,j:=b,...].
nipkow@5428
  1579
  - new function `upt' written [i..j(] which generates the list
nipkow@5428
  1580
    [i,i+1,...,j-1], i.e. the upper bound is excluded. To include the upper
nipkow@5428
  1581
    bound write [i..j], which is a shorthand for [i..j+1(].
nipkow@5282
  1582
  - new lexicographic orderings and corresponding wellfoundedness theorems.
paulson@4779
  1583
wenzelm@5127
  1584
* HOL/Arith:
wenzelm@5127
  1585
  - removed 'pred' (predecessor) function;
wenzelm@5127
  1586
  - generalized some theorems about n-1;
wenzelm@5127
  1587
  - many new laws about "div" and "mod";
wenzelm@5127
  1588
  - new laws about greatest common divisors (see theory ex/Primes);
oheimb@4766
  1589
wenzelm@5127
  1590
* HOL/Relation: renamed the relational operator r^-1 "converse"
wenzelm@4842
  1591
instead of "inverse";
wenzelm@4711
  1592
nipkow@5651
  1593
* HOL/Induct/Multiset: a theory of multisets, including the wellfoundedness
nipkow@5651
  1594
  of the multiset ordering;
nipkow@5651
  1595
wenzelm@5127
  1596
* directory HOL/Real: a construction of the reals using Dedekind cuts
nipkow@5651
  1597
  (not included by default);
nipkow@4835
  1598
wenzelm@5127
  1599
* directory HOL/UNITY: Chandy and Misra's UNITY formalism;
wenzelm@4711
  1600
nipkow@5651
  1601
* directory HOL/Hoare: a new version of Hoare logic which permits many-sorted
nipkow@5651
  1602
  programs, i.e. different program variables may have different types.
nipkow@5651
  1603
paulson@5142
  1604
* calling (stac rew i) now fails if "rew" has no effect on the goal
paulson@5142
  1605
  [previously, this check worked only if the rewrite rule was unconditional]
paulson@5308
  1606
  Now rew can involve either definitions or equalities (either == or =).
wenzelm@5002
  1607
wenzelm@5363
  1608
paulson@4879
  1609
*** ZF ***
paulson@4879
  1610
paulson@5332
  1611
* theory Main includes everything; INCOMPATIBILITY: theory ZF.thy contains
paulson@5332
  1612
  only the theorems proved on ZF.ML;
paulson@5160
  1613
paulson@5475
  1614
* ZF INCOMPATIBILITY: rule `equals0D' is now a well-formed destruct rule;
paulson@5475
  1615
  It and 'sym RS equals0D' are now in the default  claset, giving automatic
paulson@5475
  1616
  disjointness reasoning but breaking a few old proofs.
paulson@5267
  1617
paulson@5160
  1618
* ZF/Update: new theory of function updates
paulson@5160
  1619
    with default rewrite rule  f(x:=y) ` z = if(z=x, y, f`z)
paulson@5160
  1620
  may also be iterated as in f(a:=b,c:=d,...);
paulson@5160
  1621
paulson@4879
  1622
* in  let x=t in u(x), neither t nor u(x) has to be an FOL term.
oheimb@4649
  1623
paulson@5142
  1624
* calling (stac rew i) now fails if "rew" has no effect on the goal
paulson@5142
  1625
  [previously, this check worked only if the rewrite rule was unconditional]
paulson@5308
  1626
  Now rew can involve either definitions or equalities (either == or =).
paulson@5142
  1627
paulson@5160
  1628
* case_tac provided for compatibility with HOL
paulson@5160
  1629
    (like the old excluded_middle_tac, but with subgoals swapped)
paulson@5160
  1630
wenzelm@4842
  1631
wenzelm@5127
  1632
*** Internal programming interfaces ***
wenzelm@5002
  1633
wenzelm@5251
  1634
* Pure: several new basic modules made available for general use, see
wenzelm@5251
  1635
also src/Pure/README;
wenzelm@5207
  1636
wenzelm@5008
  1637
* improved the theory data mechanism to support encapsulation (data
wenzelm@5008
  1638
kind name replaced by private Object.kind, acting as authorization
wenzelm@5373
  1639
key); new type-safe user interface via functor TheoryDataFun; generic
wenzelm@5373
  1640
print_data function becomes basically useless;
wenzelm@5002
  1641
wenzelm@5251
  1642
* removed global_names compatibility flag -- all theory declarations
wenzelm@5251
  1643
are qualified by default;
wenzelm@5251
  1644
wenzelm@5085
  1645
* module Pure/Syntax now offers quote / antiquote translation
wenzelm@5085
  1646
functions (useful for Hoare logic etc. with implicit dependencies);
wenzelm@5373
  1647
see HOL/ex/Antiquote for an example use;
wenzelm@5085
  1648
wenzelm@5127
  1649
* Simplifier now offers conversions (asm_)(full_)rewrite: simpset ->
wenzelm@5127
  1650
cterm -> thm;
wenzelm@5127
  1651
wenzelm@5207
  1652
* new tactical CHANGED_GOAL for checking that a tactic modifies a
wenzelm@5207
  1653
subgoal;
paulson@5142
  1654
wenzelm@5251
  1655
* Display.print_goals function moved to Locale.print_goals;
wenzelm@5251
  1656
wenzelm@5731
  1657
* standard print function for goals supports current_goals_markers
wenzelm@5731
  1658
variable for marking begin of proof, end of proof, start of goal; the
wenzelm@5731
  1659
default is ("", "", ""); setting current_goals_markers := ("<proof>",
wenzelm@5731
  1660
"</proof>", "<goal>") causes SGML like tagged proof state printing,
wenzelm@5731
  1661
for example;
wenzelm@5731
  1662
wenzelm@5002
  1663
wenzelm@5002
  1664
wenzelm@4410
  1665
New in Isabelle98 (January 1998)
wenzelm@4410
  1666
--------------------------------
wenzelm@4410
  1667
wenzelm@4410
  1668
*** Overview of INCOMPATIBILITIES (see below for more details) ***
wenzelm@4410
  1669
wenzelm@4410
  1670
* changed lexical syntax of terms / types: dots made part of long
wenzelm@4410
  1671
identifiers, e.g. "%x.x" no longer possible, should be "%x. x";
wenzelm@4410
  1672
wenzelm@4410
  1673
* simpset (and claset) reference variable replaced by functions
wenzelm@4410
  1674
simpset / simpset_ref;
wenzelm@4410
  1675
wenzelm@4410
  1676
* no longer supports theory aliases (via merge) and non-trivial
wenzelm@4410
  1677
implicit merge of thms' signatures;
wenzelm@4410
  1678
wenzelm@4410
  1679
* most internal names of constants changed due to qualified names;
wenzelm@4410
  1680
wenzelm@4410
  1681
* changed Pure/Sequence interface (see Pure/seq.ML);
wenzelm@4410
  1682
wenzelm@3454
  1683
paulson@3715
  1684
*** General Changes ***
paulson@3715
  1685
wenzelm@4174
  1686
* hierachically structured name spaces (for consts, types, axms, thms
wenzelm@3943
  1687
etc.); new lexical class 'longid' (e.g. Foo.bar.x) may render much of
wenzelm@4108
  1688
old input syntactically incorrect (e.g. "%x.x"); COMPATIBILITY:
wenzelm@4108
  1689
isatool fixdots ensures space after dots (e.g. "%x. x"); set
wenzelm@4174
  1690
long_names for fully qualified output names; NOTE: ML programs
wenzelm@4174
  1691
(special tactics, packages etc.) referring to internal names may have
wenzelm@4174
  1692
to be adapted to cope with fully qualified names; in case of severe
wenzelm@4174
  1693
backward campatibility problems try setting 'global_names' at compile
wenzelm@4174
  1694
time to have enrything declared within a flat name space; one may also
wenzelm@4174
  1695
fine tune name declarations in theories via the 'global' and 'local'
wenzelm@4174
  1696
section;
wenzelm@4108
  1697
wenzelm@4108
  1698
* reimplemented the implicit simpset and claset using the new anytype
wenzelm@4108
  1699
data filed in signatures; references simpset:simpset ref etc. are
wenzelm@4108
  1700
replaced by functions simpset:unit->simpset and
wenzelm@4108
  1701
simpset_ref:unit->simpset ref; COMPATIBILITY: use isatool fixclasimp
wenzelm@4108
  1702
to patch your ML files accordingly;
paulson@3856
  1703
wenzelm@3857
  1704
* HTML output now includes theory graph data for display with Java
wenzelm@3857
  1705
applet or isatool browser; data generated automatically via isatool
wenzelm@3901
  1706
usedir (see -i option, ISABELLE_USEDIR_OPTIONS);
wenzelm@3857
  1707
paulson@3856
  1708
* defs may now be conditional; improved rewrite_goals_tac to handle
paulson@3856
  1709
conditional equations;
paulson@3856
  1710
wenzelm@4174
  1711
* defs now admits additional type arguments, using TYPE('a) syntax;
wenzelm@4174
  1712
wenzelm@3901
  1713
* theory aliases via merge (e.g. M=A+B+C) no longer supported, always
wenzelm@3901
  1714
creates a new theory node; implicit merge of thms' signatures is
wenzelm@4112
  1715
restricted to 'trivial' ones; COMPATIBILITY: one may have to use
wenzelm@3901
  1716
transfer:theory->thm->thm in (rare) cases;
wenzelm@3901
  1717
wenzelm@3968
  1718
* improved handling of draft signatures / theories; draft thms (and
wenzelm@3968
  1719
ctyps, cterms) are automatically promoted to real ones;
wenzelm@3968
  1720
wenzelm@3901
  1721
* slightly changed interfaces for oracles: admit many per theory, named
wenzelm@3901
  1722
(e.g. oracle foo = mlfun), additional name argument for invoke_oracle;
wenzelm@3901
  1723
wenzelm@3901
  1724
* print_goals: optional output of const types (set show_consts and
wenzelm@3901
  1725
show_types);
wenzelm@3851
  1726
wenzelm@4388
  1727
* improved output of warnings (###) and errors (***);
wenzelm@3697
  1728
paulson@4178
  1729
* subgoal_tac displays a warning if the new subgoal has type variables;
paulson@4178
  1730
paulson@3715
  1731
* removed old README and Makefiles;
wenzelm@3697
  1732
paulson@3856
  1733
* replaced print_goals_ref hook by print_current_goals_fn and result_error_fn;
wenzelm@3670
  1734
paulson@3715
  1735
* removed obsolete init_pps and init_database;
paulson@3715
  1736
paulson@3715
  1737
* deleted the obsolete tactical STATE, which was declared by
paulson@3715
  1738
    fun STATE tacfun st = tacfun st st;
paulson@3715
  1739
wenzelm@4388
  1740
* cd and use now support path variables, e.g. $ISABELLE_HOME, or ~
wenzelm@4388
  1741
(which abbreviates $HOME);
wenzelm@4269
  1742
wenzelm@4269
  1743
* changed Pure/Sequence interface (see Pure/seq.ML); COMPATIBILITY:
wenzelm@4269
  1744
use isatool fixseq to adapt your ML programs (this works for fully
wenzelm@4269
  1745
qualified references to the Sequence structure only!);
wenzelm@4269
  1746
wenzelm@4381
  1747
* use_thy no longer requires writable current directory; it always
wenzelm@4381
  1748
reloads .ML *and* .thy file, if either one is out of date;
wenzelm@4269
  1749
paulson@3715
  1750
paulson@3715
  1751
*** Classical Reasoner ***
paulson@3715
  1752
wenzelm@3744
  1753
* Clarify_tac, clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_step_tac: new
wenzelm@3744
  1754
tactics that use classical reasoning to simplify a subgoal without
wenzelm@3744
  1755
splitting it into several subgoals;
paulson@3715
  1756
paulson@3719
  1757
* Safe_tac: like safe_tac but uses the default claset;
paulson@3719
  1758
paulson@3715
  1759
paulson@3715
  1760
*** Simplifier ***
paulson@3715
  1761
paulson@3715
  1762
* added simplification meta rules:
paulson@3715
  1763
    (asm_)(full_)simplify: simpset -> thm -> thm;
paulson@3715
  1764
paulson@3715
  1765
* simplifier.ML no longer part of Pure -- has to be loaded by object
paulson@3715
  1766
logics (again);
paulson@3715
  1767
paulson@3715
  1768
* added prems argument to simplification procedures;
paulson@3715
  1769
paulson@4325
  1770
* HOL, FOL, ZF: added infix function `addsplits':
paulson@4325
  1771
  instead of `<simpset> setloop (split_tac <thms>)'
paulson@4325
  1772
  you can simply write `<simpset> addsplits <thms>'
paulson@4325
  1773
paulson@3715
  1774
paulson@3715
  1775
*** Syntax ***
paulson@3715
  1776
wenzelm@4174
  1777
* TYPE('a) syntax for type reflection terms;
wenzelm@4174
  1778
wenzelm@3985
  1779
* no longer handles consts with name "" -- declare as 'syntax' instead;
paulson@3856
  1780
paulson@3856
  1781
* pretty printer: changed order of mixfix annotation preference (again!);
wenzelm@3846
  1782
paulson@3715
  1783
* Pure: fixed idt/idts vs. pttrn/pttrns syntactic categories;
paulson@3715
  1784
paulson@3715
  1785
paulson@3715
  1786
*** HOL ***
paulson@3715
  1787
wenzelm@5726
  1788
* HOL: there is a new splitter `split_asm_tac' that can be used e.g.
oheimb@4189
  1789
  with `addloop' of the simplifier to faciliate case splitting in premises.
oheimb@4189
  1790
nipkow@4035
  1791
* HOL/TLA: Stephan Merz's formalization of Lamport's Temporal Logic of Actions;
wenzelm@3985
  1792
wenzelm@3985
  1793
* HOL/Auth: new protocol proofs including some for the Internet
nipkow@4035
  1794
  protocol TLS;
wenzelm@3985
  1795
wenzelm@4125
  1796
* HOL/Map: new theory of `maps' a la VDM;
nipkow@3982
  1797
wenzelm@4335
  1798
* HOL/simplifier: simplification procedures nat_cancel_sums for
wenzelm@4335
  1799
cancelling out common nat summands from =, <, <= (in)equalities, or
wenzelm@4335
  1800
differences; simplification procedures nat_cancel_factor for
wenzelm@4335
  1801
cancelling common factor from =, <, <= (in)equalities over natural
wenzelm@4373
  1802
sums; nat_cancel contains both kinds of procedures, it is installed by
wenzelm@4373
  1803
default in Arith.thy -- this COULD MAKE EXISTING PROOFS FAIL;
wenzelm@4335
  1804
nipkow@3580
  1805
* HOL/simplifier: terms of the form
paulson@4325
  1806
  `? x. P1(x) & ... & Pn(x) & x=t & Q1(x) & ... Qn(x)'  (or t=x)
nipkow@3580
  1807
  are rewritten to
nipkow@4035
  1808
  `P1(t) & ... & Pn(t) & Q1(t) & ... Qn(t)',
nipkow@4035
  1809
  and those of the form
paulson@4325
  1810
  `! x. P1(x) & ... & Pn(x) & x=t & Q1(x) & ... Qn(x) --> R(x)'  (or t=x)
nipkow@4035
  1811
  are rewritten to
nipkow@4035
  1812
  `P1(t) & ... & Pn(t) & Q1(t) & ... Qn(t) --> R(t)',
nipkow@4035
  1813
nipkow@4035
  1814
* HOL/datatype
nipkow@4035
  1815
  Each datatype `t' now comes with a theorem `split_t_case' of the form
nipkow@3580
  1816
nipkow@4035
  1817
  P(t_case f1 ... fn x) =
nipkow@4035
  1818
     ( (!y1 ... ym1. x = C1 y1 ... ym1 --> P(f1 y1 ... ym1)) &
nipkow@4035
  1819
        ...
oheimb@4189
  1820
       (!y1 ... ymn. x = Cn y1 ... ymn --> P(f1 y1 ... ymn))
nipkow@4035
  1821
     )
nipkow@4035
  1822
oheimb@4930
  1823
  and a theorem `split_t_case_asm' of the form
oheimb@4189
  1824
oheimb@4189
  1825
  P(t_case f1 ... fn x) =
oheimb@4189
  1826
    ~( (? y1 ... ym1. x = C1 y1 ... ym1 & ~P(f1 y1 ... ym1)) |
oheimb@4189
  1827
        ...
oheimb@4189
  1828
       (? y1 ... ymn. x = Cn y1 ... ymn & ~P(f1 y1 ... ymn))
oheimb@4189
  1829
     )
oheimb@4930
  1830
  which can be added to a simpset via `addsplits'. The existing theorems
oheimb@4930
  1831
  expand_list_case and expand_option_case have been renamed to
oheimb@4930
  1832
  split_list_case and split_option_case.
oheimb@4189
  1833
nipkow@4361
  1834
* HOL/Arithmetic:
nipkow@4361
  1835
  - `pred n' is automatically converted to `n-1'.
nipkow@4361
  1836
    Users are strongly encouraged not to use `pred' any longer,
nipkow@4361
  1837
    because it will disappear altogether at some point.
nipkow@4361
  1838
  - Users are strongly encouraged to write "0 < n" rather than
nipkow@4361
  1839
    "n ~= 0". Theorems and proof tools have been modified towards this
nipkow@4361
  1840
    `standard'.
nipkow@4357
  1841
nipkow@4502
  1842
* HOL/Lists:
nipkow@4502
  1843
  the function "set_of_list" has been renamed "set" (and its theorems too);
nipkow@4502
  1844
  the function "nth" now takes its arguments in the reverse order and
nipkow@4502
  1845
  has acquired the infix notation "!" as in "xs!n".
paulson@3570
  1846
paulson@4154
  1847
* HOL/Set: UNIV is now a constant and is no longer translated to Compl{};
paulson@4154
  1848
paulson@4154
  1849
* HOL/Set: The operator (UN x.B x) now abbreviates (UN x:UNIV. B x) and its
paulson@4154
  1850
  specialist theorems (like UN1_I) are gone.  Similarly for (INT x.B x);
paulson@4154
  1851
wenzelm@4575
  1852
* HOL/record: extensible records with schematic structural subtyping
wenzelm@4575
  1853
(single inheritance); EXPERIMENTAL version demonstrating the encoding,
wenzelm@4575
  1854
still lacks various theorems and concrete record syntax;
wenzelm@4575
  1855
wenzelm@4125
  1856
paulson@3715
  1857
*** HOLCF ***
wenzelm@3535
  1858
wenzelm@4125
  1859
* removed "axioms" and "generated by" sections;
wenzelm@4125
  1860
oheimb@4123
  1861
* replaced "ops" section by extended "consts" section, which is capable of
wenzelm@4125
  1862
  handling the continuous function space "->" directly;
wenzelm@4125
  1863
wenzelm@4125
  1864
* domain package:
wenzelm@4125
  1865
  . proves theorems immediately and stores them in the theory,
wenzelm@4125
  1866
  . creates hierachical name space,
wenzelm@4125
  1867
  . now uses normal mixfix annotations (instead of cinfix...),
wenzelm@4125
  1868
  . minor changes to some names and values (for consistency),
wenzelm@4125
  1869
  . e.g. cases -> casedist, dists_eq -> dist_eqs, [take_lemma] -> take_lemmas,
wenzelm@4125
  1870
  . separator between mutual domain defs: changed "," to "and",
wenzelm@4125
  1871
  . improved handling of sort constraints;  now they have to
wenzelm@4125
  1872
    appear on the left-hand side of the equations only;
oheimb@4123
  1873
oheimb@4123
  1874
* fixed LAM <x,y,zs>.b syntax;
wenzelm@3567
  1875
wenzelm@3744
  1876
* added extended adm_tac to simplifier in HOLCF -- can now discharge
wenzelm@3744
  1877
adm (%x. P (t x)), where P is chainfinite and t continuous;
wenzelm@3579
  1878
wenzelm@3579
  1879
paulson@3719
  1880
*** FOL and ZF ***
paulson@3719
  1881
wenzelm@5726
  1882
* FOL: there is a new splitter `split_asm_tac' that can be used e.g.
oheimb@4189
  1883
  with `addloop' of the simplifier to faciliate case splitting in premises.
oheimb@4189
  1884
wenzelm@3744
  1885
* qed_spec_mp, qed_goal_spec_mp, qed_goalw_spec_mp are available, as
wenzelm@3744
  1886
in HOL, they strip ALL and --> from proved theorems;
wenzelm@3744
  1887
paulson@3719
  1888
wenzelm@3579
  1889
wenzelm@3006
  1890
New in Isabelle94-8 (May 1997)
wenzelm@3006
  1891
------------------------------
wenzelm@2654
  1892
paulson@3002
  1893
*** General Changes ***
paulson@3002
  1894
paulson@3002
  1895
* new utilities to build / run / maintain Isabelle etc. (in parts
paulson@3002
  1896
still somewhat experimental); old Makefiles etc. still functional;
wenzelm@2971
  1897
wenzelm@3205
  1898
* new 'Isabelle System Manual';
wenzelm@3205
  1899
wenzelm@2825
  1900
* INSTALL text, together with ./configure and ./build scripts;
wenzelm@2773
  1901
wenzelm@3006
  1902
* reimplemented type inference for greater efficiency, better error
wenzelm@3006
  1903
messages and clean internal interface;
paulson@3002
  1904
paulson@3002
  1905
* prlim command for dealing with lots of subgoals (an easier way of
paulson@3002
  1906
setting goals_limit);
paulson@3002
  1907
wenzelm@3006
  1908
wenzelm@3006
  1909
*** Syntax ***
paulson@3002
  1910
wenzelm@3116
  1911
* supports alternative (named) syntax tables (parser and pretty
wenzelm@3116
  1912
printer); internal interface is provided by add_modesyntax(_i);
wenzelm@3116
  1913
paulson@3002
  1914
* Pure, FOL, ZF, HOL, HOLCF now support symbolic input and output; to
paulson@3002
  1915
be used in conjunction with the Isabelle symbol font; uses the
paulson@3002
  1916
"symbols" syntax table;
paulson@3002
  1917
wenzelm@2705
  1918
* added token_translation interface (may translate name tokens in
wenzelm@2756
  1919
arbitrary ways, dependent on their type (free, bound, tfree, ...) and
wenzelm@3116
  1920
the current print_mode); IMPORTANT: user print translation functions
wenzelm@3116
  1921
are responsible for marking newly introduced bounds
wenzelm@3116
  1922
(Syntax.mark_boundT);
wenzelm@2705
  1923
wenzelm@2730
  1924
* token translations for modes "xterm" and "xterm_color" that display
wenzelm@3006
  1925
names in bold, underline etc. or colors (which requires a color
wenzelm@3006
  1926
version of xterm);
wenzelm@2730
  1927
paulson@3002
  1928
* infixes may now be declared with names independent of their syntax;
paulson@3002
  1929
paulson@3002
  1930
* added typed_print_translation (like print_translation, but may
paulson@3002
  1931
access type of constant);
paulson@3002
  1932
wenzelm@3006
  1933
paulson@3002
  1934
*** Classical Reasoner ***
paulson@3002
  1935
paulson@3002
  1936
Blast_tac: a new tactic!  It is often more powerful than fast_tac, but has
paulson@3002
  1937
some limitations.  Blast_tac...
paulson@3002
  1938
  + ignores addss, addbefore, addafter; this restriction is intrinsic
paulson@3002
  1939
  + ignores elimination rules that don't have the correct format
wenzelm@5726
  1940
        (the conclusion MUST be a formula variable)
paulson@3002
  1941
  + ignores types, which can make HOL proofs fail
paulson@3002
  1942
  + rules must not require higher-order unification, e.g. apply_type in ZF
paulson@3002
  1943
    [message "Function Var's argument not a bound variable" relates to this]
paulson@3002
  1944
  + its proof strategy is more general but can actually be slower
paulson@3002
  1945
wenzelm@3107
  1946
* substitution with equality assumptions no longer permutes other
wenzelm@3107
  1947
assumptions;
paulson@3002
  1948
paulson@3002
  1949
* minor changes in semantics of addafter (now called addaltern); renamed
paulson@3002
  1950
setwrapper to setWrapper and compwrapper to compWrapper; added safe wrapper
wenzelm@3107
  1951
(and access functions for it);
paulson@3002
  1952
wenzelm@5726
  1953
* improved combination of classical reasoner and simplifier:
oheimb@3317
  1954
  + functions for handling clasimpsets
oheimb@3317
  1955
  + improvement of addss: now the simplifier is called _after_ the
oheimb@3317
  1956
    safe steps.
oheimb@3317
  1957
  + safe variant of addss called addSss: uses safe simplifications
wenzelm@5726
  1958
    _during_ the safe steps. It is more complete as it allows multiple
oheimb@3317
  1959
    instantiations of unknowns (e.g. with slow_tac).
wenzelm@3006
  1960
paulson@3002
  1961
*** Simplifier ***
paulson@3002
  1962
wenzelm@3006
  1963
* added interface for simplification procedures (functions that
wenzelm@3006
  1964
produce *proven* rewrite rules on the fly, depending on current
wenzelm@3006
  1965
redex);
wenzelm@3006
  1966
wenzelm@3006
  1967
* ordering on terms as parameter (used for ordered rewriting);
wenzelm@3006
  1968
wenzelm@3107
  1969
* new functions delcongs, deleqcongs, and Delcongs. richer rep_ss;
paulson@3002
  1970
paulson@3002
  1971
* the solver is now split into a safe and an unsafe part.
paulson@3002
  1972
This should be invisible for the normal user, except that the
paulson@3002
  1973
functions setsolver and addsolver have been renamed to setSolver and
wenzelm@3107
  1974
addSolver; added safe_asm_full_simp_tac;
paulson@3002
  1975
paulson@3002
  1976
paulson@3002
  1977
*** HOL ***
paulson@3002
  1978
nipkow@3042
  1979
* a generic induction tactic `induct_tac' which works for all datatypes and
wenzelm@3107
  1980
also for type `nat';
nipkow@3042
  1981
nipkow@3316
  1982
* a generic case distinction tactic `exhaust_tac' which works for all
nipkow@3316
  1983
datatypes and also for type `nat';
nipkow@3316
  1984
nipkow@3316
  1985
* each datatype comes with a function `size';
nipkow@3316
  1986
paulson@3002
  1987
* patterns in case expressions allow tuple patterns as arguments to
wenzelm@3107
  1988
constructors, for example `case x of [] => ... | (x,y,z)#ps => ...';
paulson@3002
  1989
paulson@3002
  1990
* primrec now also works with type nat;
paulson@3002
  1991
paulson@3338
  1992
* recdef: a new declaration form, allows general recursive functions to be
paulson@3338
  1993
defined in theory files.  See HOL/ex/Fib, HOL/ex/Primes, HOL/Subst/Unify.
paulson@3338
  1994
paulson@3002
  1995
* the constant for negation has been renamed from "not" to "Not" to
wenzelm@3107
  1996
harmonize with FOL, ZF, LK, etc.;
paulson@3002
  1997
wenzelm@3107
  1998
* HOL/ex/LFilter theory of a corecursive "filter" functional for
wenzelm@3107
  1999
infinite lists;
paulson@3002
  2000
wenzelm@3227
  2001
* HOL/Modelcheck demonstrates invocation of model checker oracle;
wenzelm@3227
  2002
paulson@3002
  2003
* HOL/ex/Ring.thy declares cring_simp, which solves equational
paulson@3002
  2004
problems in commutative rings, using axiomatic type classes for + and *;
paulson@3002
  2005
paulson@3002
  2006
* more examples in HOL/MiniML and HOL/Auth;
paulson@3002
  2007
paulson@3002
  2008
* more default rewrite rules for quantifiers, union/intersection;
paulson@3002
  2009
nipkow@3321
  2010
* a new constant `arbitrary == @x.False';
nipkow@3321
  2011
wenzelm@3107
  2012
* HOLCF/IOA replaces old HOL/IOA;
wenzelm@3107
  2013
wenzelm@5726
  2014
* HOLCF changes: derived all rules and arities
wenzelm@5726
  2015
  + axiomatic type classes instead of classes
slotosch@2653
  2016
  + typedef instead of faking type definitions
paulson@2747
  2017
  + eliminated the internal constants less_fun, less_cfun, UU_fun, UU_cfun etc.
wenzelm@2730
  2018
  + new axclasses cpo, chfin, flat with flat < chfin < pcpo < cpo < po
slotosch@2653
  2019
  + eliminated the types void, one, tr
slotosch@2653
  2020
  + use unit lift and bool lift (with translations) instead of one and tr
slotosch@2653
  2021
  + eliminated blift from Lift3.thy (use Def instead of blift)
wenzelm@3107
  2022
  all eliminated rules are derived as theorems --> no visible changes ;
oheimb@2649
  2023
wenzelm@3006
  2024
paulson@3002
  2025
*** ZF ***
wenzelm@2553
  2026
paulson@2865
  2027
* ZF now has Fast_tac, Simp_tac and Auto_tac.  Union_iff is a now a default
paulson@2865
  2028
rewrite rule; this may affect some proofs.  eq_cs is gone but can be put back
paulson@2865
  2029
as ZF_cs addSIs [equalityI];
wenzelm@2553
  2030
wenzelm@2554
  2031
wenzelm@2732
  2032
wenzelm@2553
  2033
New in Isabelle94-7 (November 96)
wenzelm@2553
  2034
---------------------------------
wenzelm@2553
  2035
wenzelm@2553
  2036
* allowing negative levels (as offsets) in prlev and choplev;
wenzelm@2553
  2037
wenzelm@2554
  2038
* super-linear speedup for large simplifications;
wenzelm@2554
  2039
wenzelm@2554
  2040
* FOL, ZF and HOL now use miniscoping: rewriting pushes
wenzelm@2554
  2041
quantifications in as far as possible (COULD MAKE EXISTING PROOFS
wenzelm@2554
  2042
FAIL); can suppress it using the command Delsimps (ex_simps @
wenzelm@2554
  2043
all_simps); De Morgan laws are also now included, by default;
wenzelm@2554
  2044
wenzelm@2554
  2045
* improved printing of ==>  :  ~:
wenzelm@2554
  2046
wenzelm@2554
  2047
* new object-logic "Sequents" adds linear logic, while replacing LK
wenzelm@2554
  2048
and Modal (thanks to Sara Kalvala);
wenzelm@2554
  2049
wenzelm@2554
  2050
* HOL/Auth: correctness proofs for authentication protocols;
wenzelm@2554
  2051
wenzelm@2554
  2052
* HOL: new auto_tac combines rewriting and classical reasoning (many
wenzelm@2554
  2053
examples on HOL/Auth);
wenzelm@2554
  2054
wenzelm@2554
  2055
* HOL: new command AddIffs for declaring theorems of the form P=Q to
wenzelm@2554
  2056
the rewriter and classical reasoner simultaneously;
wenzelm@2554
  2057
wenzelm@2554
  2058
* function uresult no longer returns theorems in "standard" format;
wenzelm@2554
  2059
regain previous version by: val uresult = standard o uresult;
wenzelm@2554
  2060
wenzelm@2554
  2061
wenzelm@2554
  2062
wenzelm@2554
  2063
New in Isabelle94-6
wenzelm@2554
  2064
-------------------
wenzelm@2554
  2065
wenzelm@2554
  2066
* oracles -- these establish an interface between Isabelle and trusted
wenzelm@2554
  2067
external reasoners, which may deliver results as theorems;
wenzelm@2554
  2068
wenzelm@2554
  2069
* proof objects (in particular record all uses of oracles);
wenzelm@2554
  2070
wenzelm@2554
  2071
* Simp_tac, Fast_tac, etc. that refer to implicit simpset / claset;
wenzelm@2554
  2072
wenzelm@2554
  2073
* "constdefs" section in theory files;
wenzelm@2554
  2074
wenzelm@2554
  2075
* "primrec" section (HOL) no longer requires names;
wenzelm@2554
  2076
wenzelm@2554
  2077
* internal type "tactic" now simply "thm -> thm Sequence.seq";
wenzelm@2554
  2078
wenzelm@2554
  2079
wenzelm@2554
  2080
wenzelm@2554
  2081
New in Isabelle94-5
wenzelm@2554
  2082
-------------------
wenzelm@2554
  2083
wenzelm@2554
  2084
* reduced space requirements;
wenzelm@2554
  2085
wenzelm@2554
  2086
* automatic HTML generation from theories;
wenzelm@2554
  2087
wenzelm@2554
  2088
* theory files no longer require "..." (quotes) around most types;
wenzelm@2554
  2089
wenzelm@2554
  2090
* new examples, including two proofs of the Church-Rosser theorem;
wenzelm@2554
  2091
wenzelm@2554
  2092
* non-curried (1994) version of HOL is no longer distributed;
wenzelm@2554
  2093
wenzelm@2553
  2094
paulson@2557
  2095
paulson@2557
  2096
New in Isabelle94-4
paulson@2557
  2097
-------------------
paulson@2557
  2098
paulson@2747
  2099
* greatly reduced space requirements;
paulson@2557
  2100
paulson@2557
  2101
* theory files (.thy) no longer require \...\ escapes at line breaks;
paulson@2557
  2102
wenzelm@5726
  2103
* searchable theorem database (see the section "Retrieving theorems" on
paulson@2557
  2104
page 8 of the Reference Manual);
paulson@2557
  2105
paulson@2557
  2106
* new examples, including Grabczewski's monumental case study of the
paulson@2557
  2107
Axiom of Choice;
paulson@2557
  2108
paulson@2557
  2109
* The previous version of HOL renamed to Old_HOL;
paulson@2557
  2110
wenzelm@5726
  2111
* The new version of HOL (previously called CHOL) uses a curried syntax
paulson@2557
  2112
for functions.  Application looks like f a b instead of f(a,b);
paulson@2557
  2113
paulson@2557
  2114
* Mutually recursive inductive definitions finally work in HOL;
paulson@2557
  2115
paulson@2557
  2116
* In ZF, pattern-matching on tuples is now available in all abstractions and
paulson@2557
  2117
translates to the operator "split";
paulson@2557
  2118
paulson@2557
  2119
paulson@2557
  2120
paulson@2557
  2121
New in Isabelle94-3
paulson@2557
  2122
-------------------
paulson@2557
  2123
wenzelm@5726
  2124
* new infix operator, addss, allowing the classical reasoner to
paulson@2557
  2125
perform simplification at each step of its search.  Example:
wenzelm@5726
  2126
        fast_tac (cs addss ss)
paulson@2557
  2127
wenzelm@5726
  2128
* a new logic, CHOL, the same as HOL, but with a curried syntax
wenzelm@5726
  2129
for functions.  Application looks like f a b instead of f(a,b).  Also pairs
paulson@2557
  2130
look like (a,b) instead of <a,b>;
paulson@2557
  2131
paulson@2557
  2132
* PLEASE NOTE: CHOL will eventually replace HOL!
paulson@2557
  2133
paulson@2557
  2134
* In CHOL, pattern-matching on tuples is now available in all abstractions.
paulson@2557
  2135
It translates to the operator "split".  A new theory of integers is available;
paulson@2557
  2136
paulson@2557
  2137
* In ZF, integer numerals now denote two's-complement binary integers.
paulson@2557
  2138
Arithmetic operations can be performed by rewriting.  See ZF/ex/Bin.ML;
paulson@2557
  2139
wenzelm@5726
  2140
* Many new examples: I/O automata, Church-Rosser theorem, equivalents
paulson@2557
  2141
of the Axiom of Choice;
paulson@2557
  2142
paulson@2557
  2143
paulson@2557
  2144
paulson@2557
  2145
New in Isabelle94-2
paulson@2557
  2146
-------------------
paulson@2557
  2147
wenzelm@5726
  2148
* Significantly faster resolution;
paulson@2557
  2149
paulson@2557
  2150
* the different sections in a .thy file can now be mixed and repeated
paulson@2557
  2151
freely;
paulson@2557
  2152
paulson@2557
  2153
* Database of theorems for FOL, HOL and ZF.  New
paulson@2557
  2154
commands including qed, qed_goal and bind_thm store theorems in the database.
paulson@2557
  2155
paulson@2557
  2156
* Simple database queries: return a named theorem (get_thm) or all theorems of
paulson@2557
  2157
a given theory (thms_of), or find out what theory a theorem was proved in
paulson@2557
  2158
(theory_of_thm);
paulson@2557
  2159
paulson@2557
  2160
* Bugs fixed in the inductive definition and datatype packages;
paulson@2557
  2161
paulson@2557
  2162
* The classical reasoner provides deepen_tac and depth_tac, making FOL_dup_cs
paulson@2557
  2163
and HOL_dup_cs obsolete;
paulson@2557
  2164
paulson@2557
  2165
* Syntactic ambiguities caused by the new treatment of syntax in Isabelle94-1
paulson@2557
  2166
have been removed;
paulson@2557
  2167
paulson@2557
  2168
* Simpler definition of function space in ZF;
paulson@2557
  2169
paulson@2557
  2170
* new results about cardinal and ordinal arithmetic in ZF;
paulson@2557
  2171
paulson@2557
  2172
* 'subtype' facility in HOL for introducing new types as subsets of existing
paulson@2557
  2173
types;
paulson@2557
  2174
paulson@2557
  2175
wenzelm@2553
  2176
$Id$