src/HOL/SupInf.thy
author hoelzl
Fri, 22 Mar 2013 10:41:43 +0100
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introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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(*  Author: Amine Chaieb and L C Paulson, University of Cambridge *)
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header {*Sup and Inf Operators on Sets of Reals.*}
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theory SupInf
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imports RComplete
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begin
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lemma Sup_fin_eq_Max: "finite X \<Longrightarrow> X \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> Sup_fin X = Max X"
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  by (induct X rule: finite_ne_induct) (simp_all add: sup_max)
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lemma Inf_fin_eq_Min: "finite X \<Longrightarrow> X \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> Inf_fin X = Min X"
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  by (induct X rule: finite_ne_induct) (simp_all add: inf_min)
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text {*
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To avoid name classes with the @{class complete_lattice}-class we prefix @{const Sup} and
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@{const Inf} in theorem names with c.
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*}
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class conditional_complete_lattice = lattice + Sup + Inf +
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  assumes cInf_lower: "x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>a. a \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> z \<le> a) \<Longrightarrow> Inf X \<le> x"
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    and cInf_greatest: "X \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> z \<le> x) \<Longrightarrow> z \<le> Inf X"
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  assumes cSup_upper: "x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>a. a \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> z) \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> Sup X"
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    and cSup_least: "X \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> z) \<Longrightarrow> Sup X \<le> z"
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begin
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lemma cSup_eq_maximum: (*REAL_SUP_MAX in HOL4*)
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  "z \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> z) \<Longrightarrow> Sup X = z"
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  by (blast intro: antisym cSup_upper cSup_least)
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lemma cInf_eq_minimum: (*REAL_INF_MIN in HOL4*)
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  "z \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> z \<le> x) \<Longrightarrow> Inf X = z"
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  by (intro antisym cInf_lower[of z X z] cInf_greatest[of X z]) auto
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lemma cSup_le_iff: "S \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>a. a \<in> S \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> z) \<Longrightarrow> Sup S \<le> a \<longleftrightarrow> (\<forall>x\<in>S. x \<le> a)"
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  by (metis order_trans cSup_upper cSup_least)
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lemma le_cInf_iff: "S \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>a. a \<in> S \<Longrightarrow> z \<le> a) \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> Inf S \<longleftrightarrow> (\<forall>x\<in>S. a \<le> x)"
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  by (metis order_trans cInf_lower cInf_greatest)
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lemma cSup_singleton [simp]: "Sup {x} = x"
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  by (intro cSup_eq_maximum) auto
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lemma cInf_singleton [simp]: "Inf {x} = x"
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  by (intro cInf_eq_minimum) auto
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lemma cSup_upper2: (*REAL_IMP_LE_SUP in HOL4*)
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  "x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> y \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> z) \<Longrightarrow> y \<le> Sup X"
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  by (metis cSup_upper order_trans)
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lemma cInf_lower2:
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  "x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> y \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> z \<le> x) \<Longrightarrow> Inf X \<le> y"
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  by (metis cInf_lower order_trans)
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lemma cSup_upper_EX: "x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> \<exists>z. \<forall>x. x \<in> X \<longrightarrow> x \<le> z \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> Sup X"
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  by (blast intro: cSup_upper)
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lemma cInf_lower_EX:  "x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> \<exists>z. \<forall>x. x \<in> X \<longrightarrow> z \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> Inf X \<le> x"
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  by (blast intro: cInf_lower)
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lemma cSup_eq_non_empty:
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  assumes 1: "X \<noteq> {}"
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  assumes 2: "\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> a"
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  assumes 3: "\<And>y. (\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> y) \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> y"
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  shows "Sup X = a"
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  by (intro 3 1 antisym cSup_least) (auto intro: 2 1 cSup_upper)
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lemma cInf_eq_non_empty:
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  assumes 1: "X \<noteq> {}"
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  assumes 2: "\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> x"
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  assumes 3: "\<And>y. (\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> y \<le> x) \<Longrightarrow> y \<le> a"
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  shows "Inf X = a"
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  by (intro 3 1 antisym cInf_greatest) (auto intro: 2 1 cInf_lower)
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lemma cSup_insert: 
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  assumes x: "X \<noteq> {}"
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      and z: "\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> z"
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  shows "Sup (insert a X) = sup a (Sup X)"
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proof (intro cSup_eq_non_empty)
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  fix y assume "\<And>x. x \<in> insert a X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> y" with x show "sup a (Sup X) \<le> y" by (auto intro: cSup_least)
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qed (auto intro: le_supI2 z cSup_upper)
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lemma cInf_insert: 
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  assumes x: "X \<noteq> {}"
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      and z: "\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> z \<le> x"
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  shows "Inf (insert a X) = inf a (Inf X)"
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proof (intro cInf_eq_non_empty)
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  fix y assume "\<And>x. x \<in> insert a X \<Longrightarrow> y \<le> x" with x show "y \<le> inf a (Inf X)" by (auto intro: cInf_greatest)
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qed (auto intro: le_infI2 z cInf_lower)
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lemma cSup_insert_If: 
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  "(\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> z) \<Longrightarrow> Sup (insert a X) = (if X = {} then a else sup a (Sup X))"
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  using cSup_insert[of X z] by simp
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lemma cInf_insert_if: 
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  "(\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> z \<le> x) \<Longrightarrow> Inf (insert a X) = (if X = {} then a else inf a (Inf X))"
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  using cInf_insert[of X z] by simp
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lemma le_cSup_finite: "finite X \<Longrightarrow> x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> Sup X"
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proof (induct X arbitrary: x rule: finite_induct)
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  case (insert x X y) then show ?case
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    apply (cases "X = {}")
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    apply simp
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    apply (subst cSup_insert[of _ "Sup X"])
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    apply (auto intro: le_supI2)
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    done
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qed simp
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lemma cInf_le_finite: "finite X \<Longrightarrow> x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> Inf X \<le> x"
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proof (induct X arbitrary: x rule: finite_induct)
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  case (insert x X y) then show ?case
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    apply (cases "X = {}")
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    apply simp
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    apply (subst cInf_insert[of _ "Inf X"])
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    apply (auto intro: le_infI2)
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    done
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qed simp
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lemma cSup_eq_Sup_fin: "finite X \<Longrightarrow> X \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> Sup X = Sup_fin X"
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proof (induct X rule: finite_ne_induct)
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  case (insert x X) then show ?case
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    using cSup_insert[of X "Sup_fin X" x] le_cSup_finite[of X] by simp
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qed simp
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lemma cInf_eq_Inf_fin: "finite X \<Longrightarrow> X \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> Inf X = Inf_fin X"
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proof (induct X rule: finite_ne_induct)
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  case (insert x X) then show ?case
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    using cInf_insert[of X "Inf_fin X" x] cInf_le_finite[of X] by simp
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qed simp
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lemma cSup_atMost[simp]: "Sup {..x} = x"
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  by (auto intro!: cSup_eq_maximum)
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lemma cSup_greaterThanAtMost[simp]: "y < x \<Longrightarrow> Sup {y<..x} = x"
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  by (auto intro!: cSup_eq_maximum)
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lemma cSup_atLeastAtMost[simp]: "y \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> Sup {y..x} = x"
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  by (auto intro!: cSup_eq_maximum)
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lemma cInf_atLeast[simp]: "Inf {x..} = x"
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  by (auto intro!: cInf_eq_minimum)
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lemma cInf_atLeastLessThan[simp]: "y < x \<Longrightarrow> Inf {y..<x} = y"
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  by (auto intro!: cInf_eq_minimum)
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lemma cInf_atLeastAtMost[simp]: "y \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> Inf {y..x} = y"
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  by (auto intro!: cInf_eq_minimum)
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end
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instance complete_lattice \<subseteq> conditional_complete_lattice
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  by default (auto intro: Sup_upper Sup_least Inf_lower Inf_greatest)
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lemma isLub_cSup: 
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  "(S::'a :: conditional_complete_lattice set) \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> (\<exists>b. S *<= b) \<Longrightarrow> isLub UNIV S (Sup S)"
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  by  (auto simp add: isLub_def setle_def leastP_def isUb_def
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            intro!: setgeI intro: cSup_upper cSup_least)
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lemma cSup_eq:
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  fixes a :: "'a :: {conditional_complete_lattice, no_bot}"
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  assumes upper: "\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> a"
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  assumes least: "\<And>y. (\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> y) \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> y"
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  shows "Sup X = a"
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proof cases
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  assume "X = {}" with lt_ex[of a] least show ?thesis by (auto simp: less_le_not_le)
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qed (intro cSup_eq_non_empty assms)
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lemma cInf_eq:
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  fixes a :: "'a :: {conditional_complete_lattice, no_top}"
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  assumes upper: "\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> x"
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  assumes least: "\<And>y. (\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> y \<le> x) \<Longrightarrow> y \<le> a"
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  shows "Inf X = a"
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proof cases
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  assume "X = {}" with gt_ex[of a] least show ?thesis by (auto simp: less_le_not_le)
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qed (intro cInf_eq_non_empty assms)
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lemma cSup_le: "(S::'a::conditional_complete_lattice set) \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> S *<= b \<Longrightarrow> Sup S \<le> b"
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  by (metis cSup_least setle_def)
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lemma cInf_ge: "(S::'a :: conditional_complete_lattice set) \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> b <=* S \<Longrightarrow> Inf S \<ge> b"
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  by (metis cInf_greatest setge_def)
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class conditional_complete_linorder = conditional_complete_lattice + linorder
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begin
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lemma less_cSup_iff : (*REAL_SUP_LE in HOL4*)
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  "X \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> z) \<Longrightarrow> y < Sup X \<longleftrightarrow> (\<exists>x\<in>X. y < x)"
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  by (rule iffI) (metis cSup_least not_less, metis cSup_upper less_le_trans)
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lemma cInf_less_iff: "X \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> z \<le> x) \<Longrightarrow> Inf X < y \<longleftrightarrow> (\<exists>x\<in>X. x < y)"
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  by (rule iffI) (metis cInf_greatest not_less, metis cInf_lower le_less_trans)
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lemma less_cSupE:
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  assumes "y < Sup X" "X \<noteq> {}" obtains x where "x \<in> X" "y < x"
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  by (metis cSup_least assms not_le that)
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lemma complete_interval:
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  assumes "a < b" and "P a" and "\<not> P b"
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  shows "\<exists>c. a \<le> c \<and> c \<le> b \<and> (\<forall>x. a \<le> x \<and> x < c \<longrightarrow> P x) \<and>
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             (\<forall>d. (\<forall>x. a \<le> x \<and> x < d \<longrightarrow> P x) \<longrightarrow> d \<le> c)"
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proof (rule exI [where x = "Sup {d. \<forall>x. a \<le> x & x < d --> P x}"], auto)
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  show "a \<le> Sup {d. \<forall>c. a \<le> c \<and> c < d \<longrightarrow> P c}"
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    by (rule cSup_upper [where z=b], auto)
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       (metis `a < b` `\<not> P b` linear less_le)
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next
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  show "Sup {d. \<forall>c. a \<le> c \<and> c < d \<longrightarrow> P c} \<le> b"
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    apply (rule cSup_least) 
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    apply auto
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    apply (metis less_le_not_le)
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    apply (metis `a<b` `~ P b` linear less_le)
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    done
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next
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  fix x
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  assume x: "a \<le> x" and lt: "x < Sup {d. \<forall>c. a \<le> c \<and> c < d \<longrightarrow> P c}"
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  show "P x"
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    apply (rule less_cSupE [OF lt], auto)
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    apply (metis less_le_not_le)
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    apply (metis x) 
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    done
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next
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  fix d
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    assume 0: "\<forall>x. a \<le> x \<and> x < d \<longrightarrow> P x"
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    thus "d \<le> Sup {d. \<forall>c. a \<le> c \<and> c < d \<longrightarrow> P c}"
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      by (rule_tac z="b" in cSup_upper, auto) 
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         (metis `a<b` `~ P b` linear less_le)
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qed
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end
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lemma cSup_unique: "(S::'a :: {conditional_complete_linorder, no_bot} set) *<= b \<Longrightarrow> (\<forall>b'<b. \<exists>x\<in>S. b' < x) \<Longrightarrow> Sup S = b"
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   233
  by (rule cSup_eq) (auto simp: not_le[symmetric] setle_def)
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   234
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   235
lemma cInf_unique: "b <=* (S::'a :: {conditional_complete_linorder, no_top} set) \<Longrightarrow> (\<forall>b'>b. \<exists>x\<in>S. b' > x) \<Longrightarrow> Inf S = b"
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   236
  by (rule cInf_eq) (auto simp: not_le[symmetric] setge_def)
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   237
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   238
lemma cSup_eq_Max: "finite (X::'a::conditional_complete_linorder set) \<Longrightarrow> X \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> Sup X = Max X"
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   239
  using cSup_eq_Sup_fin[of X] Sup_fin_eq_Max[of X] by simp
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   240
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   241
lemma cInf_eq_Min: "finite (X::'a::conditional_complete_linorder set) \<Longrightarrow> X \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> Inf X = Min X"
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   242
  using cInf_eq_Inf_fin[of X] Inf_fin_eq_Min[of X] by simp
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   243
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   244
lemma cSup_lessThan[simp]: "Sup {..<x::'a::{conditional_complete_linorder, dense_linorder}} = x"
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   245
  by (auto intro!: cSup_eq_non_empty intro: dense_le)
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   246
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   247
lemma cSup_greaterThanLessThan[simp]: "y < x \<Longrightarrow> Sup {y<..<x::'a::{conditional_complete_linorder, dense_linorder}} = x"
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   248
  by (auto intro!: cSup_eq intro: dense_le_bounded)
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   249
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   250
lemma cSup_atLeastLessThan[simp]: "y < x \<Longrightarrow> Sup {y..<x::'a::{conditional_complete_linorder, dense_linorder}} = x"
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   251
  by (auto intro!: cSup_eq intro: dense_le_bounded)
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   252
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   253
lemma cInf_greaterThan[simp]: "Inf {x::'a::{conditional_complete_linorder, dense_linorder} <..} = x"
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   254
  by (auto intro!: cInf_eq intro: dense_ge)
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   255
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   256
lemma cInf_greaterThanAtMost[simp]: "y < x \<Longrightarrow> Inf {y<..x::'a::{conditional_complete_linorder, dense_linorder}} = y"
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diff changeset
   257
  by (auto intro!: cInf_eq intro: dense_ge_bounded)
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diff changeset
   258
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   259
lemma cInf_greaterThanLessThan[simp]: "y < x \<Longrightarrow> Inf {y<..<x::'a::{conditional_complete_linorder, dense_linorder}} = y"
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diff changeset
   260
  by (auto intro!: cInf_eq intro: dense_ge_bounded)
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   261
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   262
instantiation real :: conditional_complete_linorder
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   263
begin
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   264
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   265
subsection{*Supremum of a set of reals*}
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   266
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paulson
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   267
definition
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   268
  Sup_real_def: "Sup X \<equiv> LEAST z::real. \<forall>x\<in>X. x\<le>z"
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   269
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   270
definition
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   271
  Inf_real_def: "Inf (X::real set) \<equiv> - Sup (uminus ` X)"
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   272
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   273
instance
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   274
proof
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   275
  { fix z x :: real and X :: "real set"
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   276
    assume x: "x \<in> X" and z: "!!x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> z"
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   277
    show "x \<le> Sup X"
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   278
    proof (auto simp add: Sup_real_def) 
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   279
      from complete_real[of X]
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   280
      obtain s where s: "(\<forall>y\<in>X. y \<le> s) & (\<forall>z. ((\<forall>y\<in>X. y \<le> z) --> s \<le> z))"
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   281
        by (blast intro: x z)
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   282
      hence "x \<le> s"
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   283
        by (blast intro: x z)
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   284
      also with s have "... = (LEAST z. \<forall>x\<in>X. x \<le> z)"
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   285
        by (fast intro: Least_equality [symmetric])  
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   286
      finally show "x \<le> (LEAST z. \<forall>x\<in>X. x \<le> z)" .
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   287
    qed }
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   288
  note Sup_upper = this
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3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
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   289
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   290
  { fix z :: real and X :: "real set"
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   291
    assume x: "X \<noteq> {}"
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   292
        and z: "\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> z"
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   293
    show "Sup X \<le> z"
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   294
    proof (auto simp add: Sup_real_def) 
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   295
      from complete_real x
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   296
      obtain s where s: "(\<forall>y\<in>X. y \<le> s) & (\<forall>z. ((\<forall>y\<in>X. y \<le> z) --> s \<le> z))"
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   297
        by (blast intro: z)
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   298
      hence "(LEAST z. \<forall>x\<in>X. x \<le> z) = s"
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   299
        by (best intro: Least_equality)  
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   300
      also with s z have "... \<le> z"
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   301
        by blast
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   302
      finally show "(LEAST z. \<forall>x\<in>X. x \<le> z) \<le> z" .
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   303
    qed }
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   304
  note Sup_least = this
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   305
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   306
  { fix x z :: real and X :: "real set"
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   307
    assume x: "x \<in> X" and z: "!!x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> z \<le> x"
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   308
    show "Inf X \<le> x"
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   309
    proof -
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   310
      have "-x \<le> Sup (uminus ` X)"
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   311
        by (rule Sup_upper[of _ _ "- z"]) (auto simp add: image_iff x z)
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   312
      thus ?thesis 
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   313
        by (auto simp add: Inf_real_def)
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   314
    qed }
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   315
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   316
  { fix z :: real and X :: "real set"
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   317
    assume x: "X \<noteq> {}"
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   318
      and z: "\<And>x. x \<in> X \<Longrightarrow> z \<le> x"
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   319
    show "z \<le> Inf X"
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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diff changeset
   320
    proof -
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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diff changeset
   321
      have "Sup (uminus ` X) \<le> -z"
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   322
        using x z by (force intro: Sup_least)
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   323
      hence "z \<le> - Sup (uminus ` X)"
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diff changeset
   324
        by simp
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
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diff changeset
   325
      thus ?thesis 
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
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diff changeset
   326
        by (auto simp add: Inf_real_def)
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   327
    qed }
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   328
qed
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3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
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   329
end
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
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   330
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
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   331
subsection{*Supremum of a set of reals*}
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
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   332
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   333
lemma cSup_abs_le:
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3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
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   334
  fixes S :: "real set"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   335
  shows "S \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> (\<forall>x\<in>S. \<bar>x\<bar> \<le> a) \<Longrightarrow> \<bar>Sup S\<bar> \<le> a"
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   336
by (auto simp add: abs_le_interval_iff intro: cSup_least) (metis cSup_upper2) 
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
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diff changeset
   337
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   338
lemma cSup_bounds:
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3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
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   339
  fixes S :: "real set"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
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   340
  assumes Se: "S \<noteq> {}" and l: "a <=* S" and u: "S *<= b"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   341
  shows "a \<le> Sup S \<and> Sup S \<le> b"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   342
proof-
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ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
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   343
  from isLub_cSup[OF Se] u have lub: "isLub UNIV S (Sup S)" by blast
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
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   344
  hence b: "Sup S \<le> b" using u 
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   345
    by (auto simp add: isLub_def leastP_def setle_def setge_def isUb_def) 
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   346
  from Se obtain y where y: "y \<in> S" by blast
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   347
  from lub l have "a \<le> Sup S"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   348
    by (auto simp add: isLub_def leastP_def setle_def setge_def isUb_def)
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
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   349
       (metis le_iff_sup le_sup_iff y)
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   350
  with b show ?thesis by blast
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   351
qed
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   352
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   353
lemma cSup_asclose: 
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   354
  fixes S :: "real set"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   355
  assumes S:"S \<noteq> {}" and b: "\<forall>x\<in>S. \<bar>x - l\<bar> \<le> e" shows "\<bar>Sup S - l\<bar> \<le> e"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   356
proof-
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   357
  have th: "\<And>(x::real) l e. \<bar>x - l\<bar> \<le> e \<longleftrightarrow> l - e \<le> x \<and> x \<le> l + e" by arith
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   358
  thus ?thesis using S b cSup_bounds[of S "l - e" "l+e"] unfolding th
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   359
    by  (auto simp add: setge_def setle_def)
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   360
qed
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   361
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   362
subsection{*Infimum of a set of reals*}
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   363
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   364
lemma cInf_greater:
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   365
  fixes z :: real
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   366
  shows "X \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> Inf X < z \<Longrightarrow> \<exists>x\<in>X. x < z"
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   367
  by (metis cInf_less_iff not_leE)
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   368
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   369
lemma cInf_close:
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   370
  fixes e :: real
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   371
  shows "X \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> 0 < e \<Longrightarrow> \<exists>x \<in> X. x < Inf X + e"
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   372
  by (metis add_strict_increasing add_commute cInf_greater linorder_not_le pos_add_strict)
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   373
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   374
lemma cInf_finite_in: 
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   375
  fixes S :: "real set"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   376
  assumes fS: "finite S" and Se: "S \<noteq> {}"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   377
  shows "Inf S \<in> S"
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   378
  using cInf_eq_Min[OF fS Se] Min_in[OF fS Se] by metis
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   379
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   380
lemma cInf_finite_ge_iff: 
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   381
  fixes S :: "real set"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   382
  shows "finite S \<Longrightarrow> S \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> a \<le> Inf S \<longleftrightarrow> (\<forall> x \<in> S. a \<le> x)"
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   383
by (metis cInf_eq_Min cInf_finite_in Min_le order_trans)
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   384
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   385
lemma cInf_finite_le_iff:
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   386
  fixes S :: "real set"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   387
  shows "finite S \<Longrightarrow> S \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> a \<ge> Inf S \<longleftrightarrow> (\<exists> x \<in> S. a \<ge> x)"
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   388
by (metis cInf_eq_Min cInf_finite_ge_iff cInf_finite_in Min_le order_antisym linear)
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   389
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   390
lemma cInf_finite_gt_iff: 
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   391
  fixes S :: "real set"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   392
  shows "finite S \<Longrightarrow> S \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> a < Inf S \<longleftrightarrow> (\<forall> x \<in> S. a < x)"
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   393
by (metis cInf_finite_le_iff linorder_not_less)
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   394
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   395
lemma cInf_finite_lt_iff: 
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   396
  fixes S :: "real set"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   397
  shows "finite S \<Longrightarrow> S \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> a > Inf S \<longleftrightarrow> (\<exists> x \<in> S. a > x)"
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   398
by (metis cInf_finite_ge_iff linorder_not_less)
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   399
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   400
lemma cInf_abs_ge:
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   401
  fixes S :: "real set"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   402
  shows "S \<noteq> {} \<Longrightarrow> (\<forall>x\<in>S. \<bar>x\<bar> \<le> a) \<Longrightarrow> \<bar>Inf S\<bar> \<le> a"
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   403
by (simp add: Inf_real_def) (rule cSup_abs_le, auto) 
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   404
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   405
lemma cInf_asclose:
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   406
  fixes S :: "real set"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   407
  assumes S:"S \<noteq> {}" and b: "\<forall>x\<in>S. \<bar>x - l\<bar> \<le> e" shows "\<bar>Inf S - l\<bar> \<le> e"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   408
proof -
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   409
  have "\<bar>- Sup (uminus ` S) - l\<bar> =  \<bar>Sup (uminus ` S) - (-l)\<bar>"
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   410
    by auto
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   411
  also have "... \<le> e" 
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   412
    apply (rule cSup_asclose) 
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   413
    apply (auto simp add: S)
37887
2ae085b07f2f diff_minus subsumes diff_def
haftmann
parents: 37765
diff changeset
   414
    apply (metis abs_minus_add_cancel b add_commute diff_minus)
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   415
    done
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   416
  finally have "\<bar>- Sup (uminus ` S) - l\<bar> \<le> e" .
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   417
  thus ?thesis
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   418
    by (simp add: Inf_real_def)
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   419
qed
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   420
33271
7be66dee1a5a New theory Probability, which contains a development of measure theory
paulson
parents: 33269
diff changeset
   421
subsection{*Relate max and min to Sup and Inf.*}
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   422
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   423
lemma real_max_cSup:
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   424
  fixes x :: real
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   425
  shows "max x y = Sup {x,y}"
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   426
  by (subst cSup_insert[of _ y]) (simp_all add: sup_max)
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   427
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   428
lemma real_min_cInf: 
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   429
  fixes x :: real
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   430
  shows "min x y = Inf {x,y}"
51475
ebf9d4fd00ba introduct the conditional_complete_lattice type class; generalize theorems about real Sup and Inf to it
hoelzl
parents: 46757
diff changeset
   431
  by (subst cInf_insert[of _ y]) (simp_all add: inf_min)
33609
059cd49e4b1e Added two new lemmas
paulson
parents: 33271
diff changeset
   432
33269
3b7e2dbbd684 New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of reals.
paulson
parents:
diff changeset
   433
end