src/HOL/Library/More_List.thy
 changeset 37025 8a5718d54e71 child 37028 a6e0696d7110
```--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/HOL/Library/More_List.thy	Thu May 20 16:43:00 2010 +0200
@@ -0,0 +1,267 @@
+(*  Author:  Florian Haftmann, TU Muenchen *)
+
+header {* Operations on lists beyond the standard List theory *}
+
+theory More_List
+imports Main
+begin
+
+hide_const (open) Finite_Set.fold
+
+text {* Repairing code generator setup *}
+
+declare (in lattice) Inf_fin_set_fold [code_unfold del]
+declare (in lattice) Sup_fin_set_fold [code_unfold del]
+declare (in linorder) Min_fin_set_fold [code_unfold del]
+declare (in linorder) Max_fin_set_fold [code_unfold del]
+declare (in complete_lattice) Inf_set_fold [code_unfold del]
+declare (in complete_lattice) Sup_set_fold [code_unfold del]
+declare rev_foldl_cons [code del]
+
+text {* Fold combinator with canonical argument order *}
+
+primrec fold :: "('a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> 'b) \<Rightarrow> 'a list \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> 'b" where
+    "fold f [] = id"
+  | "fold f (x # xs) = fold f xs \<circ> f x"
+
+lemma foldl_fold:
+  "foldl f s xs = fold (\<lambda>x s. f s x) xs s"
+  by (induct xs arbitrary: s) simp_all
+
+lemma foldr_fold_rev:
+  "foldr f xs = fold f (rev xs)"
+  by (simp add: foldr_foldl foldl_fold expand_fun_eq)
+
+lemma fold_rev_conv [code_unfold]:
+  "fold f (rev xs) = foldr f xs"
+
+lemma fold_cong [fundef_cong, recdef_cong]:
+  "a = b \<Longrightarrow> xs = ys \<Longrightarrow> (\<And>x. x \<in> set xs \<Longrightarrow> f x = g x)
+    \<Longrightarrow> fold f xs a = fold g ys b"
+  by (induct ys arbitrary: a b xs) simp_all
+
+lemma fold_id:
+  assumes "\<And>x. x \<in> set xs \<Longrightarrow> f x = id"
+  shows "fold f xs = id"
+  using assms by (induct xs) simp_all
+
+lemma fold_apply:
+  assumes "\<And>x. x \<in> set xs \<Longrightarrow> h \<circ> g x = f x \<circ> h"
+  shows "h \<circ> fold g xs = fold f xs \<circ> h"
+  using assms by (induct xs) (simp_all add: expand_fun_eq)
+
+lemma fold_invariant:
+  assumes "\<And>x. x \<in> set xs \<Longrightarrow> Q x" and "P s"
+    and "\<And>x s. Q x \<Longrightarrow> P s \<Longrightarrow> P (f x s)"
+  shows "P (fold f xs s)"
+  using assms by (induct xs arbitrary: s) simp_all
+
+lemma fold_weak_invariant:
+  assumes "P s"
+    and "\<And>s x. x \<in> set xs \<Longrightarrow> P s \<Longrightarrow> P (f x s)"
+  shows "P (fold f xs s)"
+  using assms by (induct xs arbitrary: s) simp_all
+
+lemma fold_append [simp]:
+  "fold f (xs @ ys) = fold f ys \<circ> fold f xs"
+  by (induct xs) simp_all
+
+lemma fold_map [code_unfold]:
+  "fold g (map f xs) = fold (g o f) xs"
+  by (induct xs) simp_all
+
+lemma fold_rev:
+  assumes "\<And>x y. x \<in> set xs \<Longrightarrow> y \<in> set xs \<Longrightarrow> f y \<circ> f x = f x \<circ> f y"
+  shows "fold f (rev xs) = fold f xs"
+  using assms by (induct xs) (simp_all del: o_apply add: fold_apply)
+
+lemma foldr_fold:
+  assumes "\<And>x y. x \<in> set xs \<Longrightarrow> y \<in> set xs \<Longrightarrow> f y \<circ> f x = f x \<circ> f y"
+  shows "foldr f xs = fold f xs"
+  using assms unfolding foldr_fold_rev by (rule fold_rev)
+
+lemma fold_Cons_rev:
+  "fold Cons xs = append (rev xs)"
+  by (induct xs) simp_all
+
+lemma rev_conv_fold [code]:
+  "rev xs = fold Cons xs []"
+
+lemma fold_append_concat_rev:
+  "fold append xss = append (concat (rev xss))"
+  by (induct xss) simp_all
+
+lemma concat_conv_foldr [code]:
+  "concat xss = foldr append xss []"
+  by (simp add: fold_append_concat_rev foldr_fold_rev)
+
+lemma fold_plus_listsum_rev:
+  "fold plus xs = plus (listsum (rev xs))"
+
+lemma listsum_conv_foldr [code]:
+  "listsum xs = foldr plus xs 0"
+  by (fact listsum_foldr)
+
+lemma sort_key_conv_fold:
+  assumes "inj_on f (set xs)"
+  shows "sort_key f xs = fold (insort_key f) xs []"
+proof -
+  have "fold (insort_key f) (rev xs) = fold (insort_key f) xs"
+  proof (rule fold_rev, rule ext)
+    fix zs
+    fix x y
+    assume "x \<in> set xs" "y \<in> set xs"
+    with assms have *: "f y = f x \<Longrightarrow> y = x" by (auto dest: inj_onD)
+    show "(insort_key f y \<circ> insort_key f x) zs = (insort_key f x \<circ> insort_key f y) zs"
+      by (induct zs) (auto dest: *)
+  qed
+  then show ?thesis by (simp add: sort_key_def foldr_fold_rev)
+qed
+
+lemma sort_conv_fold:
+  "sort xs = fold insort xs []"
+  by (rule sort_key_conv_fold) simp
+
+text {* @{const Finite_Set.fold} and @{const fold} *}
+
+lemma (in fun_left_comm) fold_set_remdups:
+  "Finite_Set.fold f y (set xs) = fold f (remdups xs) y"
+  by (rule sym, induct xs arbitrary: y) (simp_all add: fold_fun_comm insert_absorb)
+
+lemma (in fun_left_comm_idem) fold_set:
+  "Finite_Set.fold f y (set xs) = fold f xs y"
+  by (rule sym, induct xs arbitrary: y) (simp_all add: fold_fun_comm)
+
+lemma (in ab_semigroup_idem_mult) fold1_set:
+  assumes "xs \<noteq> []"
+  shows "Finite_Set.fold1 times (set xs) = fold times (tl xs) (hd xs)"
+proof -
+  interpret fun_left_comm_idem times by (fact fun_left_comm_idem)
+  from assms obtain y ys where xs: "xs = y # ys"
+    by (cases xs) auto
+  show ?thesis
+  proof (cases "set ys = {}")
+    case True with xs show ?thesis by simp
+  next
+    case False
+    then have "fold1 times (insert y (set ys)) = Finite_Set.fold times y (set ys)"
+      by (simp only: finite_set fold1_eq_fold_idem)
+    with xs show ?thesis by (simp add: fold_set mult_commute)
+  qed
+qed
+
+lemma (in lattice) Inf_fin_set_fold:
+  "Inf_fin (set (x # xs)) = fold inf xs x"
+proof -
+  interpret ab_semigroup_idem_mult "inf :: 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"
+    by (fact ab_semigroup_idem_mult_inf)
+  show ?thesis
+    by (simp add: Inf_fin_def fold1_set del: set.simps)
+qed
+
+lemma (in lattice) Inf_fin_set_foldr [code_unfold]:
+  "Inf_fin (set (x # xs)) = foldr inf xs x"
+  by (simp add: Inf_fin_set_fold ac_simps foldr_fold expand_fun_eq del: set.simps)
+
+lemma (in lattice) Sup_fin_set_fold:
+  "Sup_fin (set (x # xs)) = fold sup xs x"
+proof -
+  interpret ab_semigroup_idem_mult "sup :: 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"
+    by (fact ab_semigroup_idem_mult_sup)
+  show ?thesis
+    by (simp add: Sup_fin_def fold1_set del: set.simps)
+qed
+
+lemma (in lattice) Sup_fin_set_foldr [code_unfold]:
+  "Sup_fin (set (x # xs)) = foldr sup xs x"
+  by (simp add: Sup_fin_set_fold ac_simps foldr_fold expand_fun_eq del: set.simps)
+
+lemma (in linorder) Min_fin_set_fold:
+  "Min (set (x # xs)) = fold min xs x"
+proof -
+  interpret ab_semigroup_idem_mult "min :: 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"
+    by (fact ab_semigroup_idem_mult_min)
+  show ?thesis
+    by (simp add: Min_def fold1_set del: set.simps)
+qed
+
+lemma (in linorder) Min_fin_set_foldr [code_unfold]:
+  "Min (set (x # xs)) = foldr min xs x"
+  by (simp add: Min_fin_set_fold ac_simps foldr_fold expand_fun_eq del: set.simps)
+
+lemma (in linorder) Max_fin_set_fold:
+  "Max (set (x # xs)) = fold max xs x"
+proof -
+  interpret ab_semigroup_idem_mult "max :: 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"
+    by (fact ab_semigroup_idem_mult_max)
+  show ?thesis
+    by (simp add: Max_def fold1_set del: set.simps)
+qed
+
+lemma (in linorder) Max_fin_set_foldr [code_unfold]:
+  "Max (set (x # xs)) = foldr max xs x"
+  by (simp add: Max_fin_set_fold ac_simps foldr_fold expand_fun_eq del: set.simps)
+
+lemma (in complete_lattice) Inf_set_fold:
+  "Inf (set xs) = fold inf xs top"
+proof -
+  interpret fun_left_comm_idem "inf :: 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"
+    by (fact fun_left_comm_idem_inf)
+  show ?thesis by (simp add: Inf_fold_inf fold_set inf_commute)
+qed
+
+lemma (in complete_lattice) Inf_set_foldr [code_unfold]:
+  "Inf (set xs) = foldr inf xs top"
+  by (simp add: Inf_set_fold ac_simps foldr_fold expand_fun_eq)
+
+lemma (in complete_lattice) Sup_set_fold:
+  "Sup (set xs) = fold sup xs bot"
+proof -
+  interpret fun_left_comm_idem "sup :: 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a"
+    by (fact fun_left_comm_idem_sup)
+  show ?thesis by (simp add: Sup_fold_sup fold_set sup_commute)
+qed
+
+lemma (in complete_lattice) Sup_set_foldr [code_unfold]:
+  "Sup (set xs) = foldr sup xs bot"
+  by (simp add: Sup_set_fold ac_simps foldr_fold expand_fun_eq)
+
+lemma (in complete_lattice) INFI_set_fold:
+  "INFI (set xs) f = fold (inf \<circ> f) xs top"
+  unfolding INFI_def set_map [symmetric] Inf_set_fold fold_map ..
+
+lemma (in complete_lattice) SUPR_set_fold:
+  "SUPR (set xs) f = fold (sup \<circ> f) xs bot"
+  unfolding SUPR_def set_map [symmetric] Sup_set_fold fold_map ..
+
+text {* nth_map *}
+
+definition nth_map :: "nat \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'a) \<Rightarrow> 'a list \<Rightarrow> 'a list" where
+  "nth_map n f xs = (if n < length xs then
+       take n xs @ [f (xs ! n)] @ drop (Suc n) xs
+     else xs)"
+
+lemma nth_map_id:
+  "n \<ge> length xs \<Longrightarrow> nth_map n f xs = xs"
+
+lemma nth_map_unfold:
+  "n < length xs \<Longrightarrow> nth_map n f xs = take n xs @ [f (xs ! n)] @ drop (Suc n) xs"
+
+lemma nth_map_Nil [simp]:
+  "nth_map n f [] = []"