src/HOL/Hilbert_Choice.thy
 changeset 11451 8abfb4f7bd02 child 11454 7514e5e21cb8
```--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/src/HOL/Hilbert_Choice.thy	Wed Jul 25 13:13:01 2001 +0200
@@ -0,0 +1,187 @@
+(*  Title:      HOL/Hilbert_Choice.thy
+    ID:         \$Id\$
+    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson
+    Copyright   2001  University of Cambridge
+
+Hilbert's epsilon-operator and everything to do with the Axiom of Choice
+*)
+
+theory Hilbert_Choice = NatArith
+files ("Hilbert_Choice_lemmas.ML") ("meson_lemmas.ML") ("Tools/meson.ML"):
+
+consts
+  Eps           :: "('a => bool) => 'a"
+
+
+syntax (input)
+  "_Eps"        :: "[pttrn, bool] => 'a"                 ("(3\\<epsilon>_./ _)" [0, 10] 10)
+
+syntax (HOL)
+  "_Eps"        :: "[pttrn, bool] => 'a"                 ("(3@ _./ _)" [0, 10] 10)
+
+syntax
+  "_Eps"        :: "[pttrn, bool] => 'a"                 ("(3SOME _./ _)" [0, 10] 10)
+
+translations
+  "SOME x. P"             == "Eps (%x. P)"
+
+axioms
+  someI:        "P (x::'a) ==> P (SOME x. P x)"
+
+
+constdefs
+  inv :: "('a => 'b) => ('b => 'a)"
+    "inv(f::'a=>'b) == % y. @x. f(x)=y"
+
+  Inv :: "['a set, 'a => 'b] => ('b => 'a)"
+    "Inv A f == (% x. (@ y. y : A & f y = x))"
+
+
+use "Hilbert_Choice_lemmas.ML"
+
+
+(** Least value operator **)
+
+constdefs
+  LeastM   :: "['a => 'b::ord, 'a => bool] => 'a"
+              "LeastM m P == @x. P x & (ALL y. P y --> m x <= m y)"
+
+syntax
+ "@LeastM" :: "[pttrn, 'a=>'b::ord, bool] => 'a" ("LEAST _ WRT _. _" [0,4,10]10)
+
+translations
+                "LEAST x WRT m. P" == "LeastM m (%x. P)"
+
+lemma LeastMI2:
+  "[| P x; !!y. P y ==> m x <= m y;
+           !!x. [| P x; \\<forall>y. P y --> m x \\<le> m y |] ==> Q x |]
+   ==> Q (LeastM m P)";
+apply (unfold LeastM_def)
+apply (rule someI2_ex)
+apply  blast
+apply blast
+done
+
+lemma LeastM_equality:
+ "[| P k; !!x. P x ==> m k <= m x |] ==> m (LEAST x WRT m. P x) =
+     (m k::'a::order)";
+apply (rule LeastMI2)
+apply   assumption
+apply  blast
+apply (blast intro!: order_antisym)
+done
+
+
+(** Greatest value operator **)
+
+constdefs
+  GreatestM   :: "['a => 'b::ord, 'a => bool] => 'a"
+              "GreatestM m P == @x. P x & (ALL y. P y --> m y <= m x)"
+
+  Greatest    :: "('a::ord => bool) => 'a"         (binder "GREATEST " 10)
+              "Greatest     == GreatestM (%x. x)"
+
+syntax
+ "@GreatestM" :: "[pttrn, 'a=>'b::ord, bool] => 'a"
+                                        ("GREATEST _ WRT _. _" [0,4,10]10)
+
+translations
+              "GREATEST x WRT m. P" == "GreatestM m (%x. P)"
+
+lemma GreatestMI2:
+     "[| P x;
+	 !!y. P y ==> m y <= m x;
+         !!x. [| P x; \\<forall>y. P y --> m y \\<le> m x |] ==> Q x |]
+      ==> Q (GreatestM m P)";
+apply (unfold GreatestM_def)
+apply (rule someI2_ex)
+apply  blast
+apply blast
+done
+
+lemma GreatestM_equality:
+ "[| P k;  !!x. P x ==> m x <= m k |]
+  ==> m (GREATEST x WRT m. P x) = (m k::'a::order)";
+apply (rule_tac m=m in GreatestMI2)
+apply   assumption
+apply  blast
+apply (blast intro!: order_antisym)
+done
+
+lemma Greatest_equality:
+  "[| P (k::'a::order); !!x. P x ==> x <= k |] ==> (GREATEST x. P x) = k";
+apply (unfold Greatest_def)
+apply (erule GreatestM_equality)
+apply blast
+done
+
+lemma ex_has_greatest_nat_lemma:
+     "[|P k;  ALL x. P x --> (EX y. P y & ~ ((m y::nat) <= m x))|]
+      ==> EX y. P y & ~ (m y < m k + n)"
+apply (induct_tac "n")
+apply force
+(*ind step*)
+done
+
+lemma ex_has_greatest_nat: "[|P k;  ! y. P y --> m y < b|]
+      ==> ? x. P x & (! y. P y --> (m y::nat) <= m x)"
+apply (rule ccontr)
+apply (cut_tac P = "P" and n = "b - m k" in ex_has_greatest_nat_lemma)
+apply (subgoal_tac [3] "m k <= b")
+apply auto
+done
+
+lemma GreatestM_nat_lemma:
+     "[|P k;  ! y. P y --> m y < b|]
+      ==> P (GreatestM m P) & (!y. P y --> (m y::nat) <= m (GreatestM m P))"
+apply (unfold GreatestM_def)
+apply (rule someI_ex)
+apply (erule ex_has_greatest_nat)
+apply assumption
+done
+
+lemmas GreatestM_natI = GreatestM_nat_lemma [THEN conjunct1, standard]
+
+lemma GreatestM_nat_le: "[|P x;  ! y. P y --> m y < b|]
+      ==> (m x::nat) <= m (GreatestM m P)"
+apply (blast dest: GreatestM_nat_lemma [THEN conjunct2, THEN spec])
+done
+
+(** Specialization to GREATEST **)
+
+lemma GreatestI:
+     "[|P (k::nat);  ! y. P y --> y < b|] ==> P (GREATEST x. P x)"
+
+apply (unfold Greatest_def)
+apply (rule GreatestM_natI)
+apply auto
+done
+
+lemma Greatest_le:
+     "[|P x;  ! y. P y --> y < b|] ==> (x::nat) <= (GREATEST x. P x)"
+apply (unfold Greatest_def)
+apply (rule GreatestM_nat_le)
+apply auto
+done
+
+
+ML {*
+val LeastMI2 = thm "LeastMI2";
+val LeastM_equality = thm "LeastM_equality";
+val GreatestM_def = thm "GreatestM_def";
+val GreatestMI2 = thm "GreatestMI2";
+val GreatestM_equality = thm "GreatestM_equality";
+val Greatest_def = thm "Greatest_def";
+val Greatest_equality = thm "Greatest_equality";
+val GreatestM_natI = thm "GreatestM_natI";
+val GreatestM_nat_le = thm "GreatestM_nat_le";
+val GreatestI = thm "GreatestI";
+val Greatest_le = thm "Greatest_le";
+*}
+
+use "meson_lemmas.ML"
+use "Tools/meson.ML"
+setup meson_setup
+
+end```