src/HOL/Quickcheck.thy
author haftmann
Fri, 05 Feb 2010 14:33:50 +0100
changeset 35028 108662d50512
parent 34968 ceeffca32eb0
child 35880 2623b23e41fc
permissions -rw-r--r--
more consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and lattices) -- c.f. NEWS

(* Author: Florian Haftmann, TU Muenchen *)

header {* A simple counterexample generator *}

theory Quickcheck
imports Random Code_Evaluation
uses ("Tools/quickcheck_generators.ML")
begin

notation fcomp (infixl "o>" 60)
notation scomp (infixl "o\<rightarrow>" 60)


subsection {* The @{text random} class *}

class random = typerep +
  fixes random :: "code_numeral \<Rightarrow> Random.seed \<Rightarrow> ('a \<times> (unit \<Rightarrow> term)) \<times> Random.seed"


subsection {* Fundamental and numeric types*}

instantiation bool :: random
begin

definition
  "random i = Random.range 2 o\<rightarrow>
    (\<lambda>k. Pair (if k = 0 then Code_Evaluation.valtermify False else Code_Evaluation.valtermify True))"

instance ..

end

instantiation itself :: (typerep) random
begin

definition random_itself :: "code_numeral \<Rightarrow> Random.seed \<Rightarrow> ('a itself \<times> (unit \<Rightarrow> term)) \<times> Random.seed" where
  "random_itself _ = Pair (Code_Evaluation.valtermify TYPE('a))"

instance ..

end

instantiation char :: random
begin

definition
  "random _ = Random.select chars o\<rightarrow> (\<lambda>c. Pair (c, \<lambda>u. Code_Evaluation.term_of c))"

instance ..

end

instantiation String.literal :: random
begin

definition 
  "random _ = Pair (STR '''', \<lambda>u. Code_Evaluation.term_of (STR ''''))"

instance ..

end

instantiation nat :: random
begin

definition random_nat :: "code_numeral \<Rightarrow> Random.seed \<Rightarrow> (nat \<times> (unit \<Rightarrow> Code_Evaluation.term)) \<times> Random.seed" where
  "random_nat i = Random.range (i + 1) o\<rightarrow> (\<lambda>k. Pair (
     let n = Code_Numeral.nat_of k
     in (n, \<lambda>_. Code_Evaluation.term_of n)))"

instance ..

end

instantiation int :: random
begin

definition
  "random i = Random.range (2 * i + 1) o\<rightarrow> (\<lambda>k. Pair (
     let j = (if k \<ge> i then Code_Numeral.int_of (k - i) else - Code_Numeral.int_of (i - k))
     in (j, \<lambda>_. Code_Evaluation.term_of j)))"

instance ..

end


subsection {* Complex generators *}

text {* Towards @{typ "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b"} *}

axiomatization random_fun_aux :: "typerep \<Rightarrow> typerep \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> bool) \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> term)
  \<Rightarrow> (Random.seed \<Rightarrow> ('b \<times> (unit \<Rightarrow> term)) \<times> Random.seed) \<Rightarrow> (Random.seed \<Rightarrow> Random.seed \<times> Random.seed)
  \<Rightarrow> Random.seed \<Rightarrow> (('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) \<times> (unit \<Rightarrow> term)) \<times> Random.seed"

definition random_fun_lift :: "(Random.seed \<Rightarrow> ('b \<times> (unit \<Rightarrow> term)) \<times> Random.seed)
  \<Rightarrow> Random.seed \<Rightarrow> (('a\<Colon>term_of \<Rightarrow> 'b\<Colon>typerep) \<times> (unit \<Rightarrow> term)) \<times> Random.seed" where
  "random_fun_lift f = random_fun_aux TYPEREP('a) TYPEREP('b) (op =) Code_Evaluation.term_of f Random.split_seed"

instantiation "fun" :: ("{eq, term_of}", random) random
begin

definition random_fun :: "code_numeral \<Rightarrow> Random.seed \<Rightarrow> (('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) \<times> (unit \<Rightarrow> term)) \<times> Random.seed" where
  "random i = random_fun_lift (random i)"

instance ..

end

text {* Towards type copies and datatypes *}

definition collapse :: "('a \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<times> 'a) \<times> 'a) \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<times> 'a" where
  "collapse f = (f o\<rightarrow> id)"

definition beyond :: "code_numeral \<Rightarrow> code_numeral \<Rightarrow> code_numeral" where
  "beyond k l = (if l > k then l else 0)"

lemma beyond_zero:
  "beyond k 0 = 0"
  by (simp add: beyond_def)

lemma random_aux_rec:
  fixes random_aux :: "code_numeral \<Rightarrow> 'a"
  assumes "random_aux 0 = rhs 0"
    and "\<And>k. random_aux (Suc_code_numeral k) = rhs (Suc_code_numeral k)"
  shows "random_aux k = rhs k"
  using assms by (rule code_numeral.induct)

use "Tools/quickcheck_generators.ML"
setup Quickcheck_Generators.setup


subsection {* Code setup *}

code_const random_fun_aux (Quickcheck "Quickcheck'_Generators.random'_fun")
  -- {* With enough criminal energy this can be abused to derive @{prop False};
  for this reason we use a distinguished target @{text Quickcheck}
  not spoiling the regular trusted code generation *}

code_reserved Quickcheck Quickcheck_Generators

no_notation fcomp (infixl "o>" 60)
no_notation scomp (infixl "o\<rightarrow>" 60)


subsection {* The Random-Predicate Monad *} 

types 'a randompred = "Random.seed \<Rightarrow> ('a Predicate.pred \<times> Random.seed)"

definition empty :: "'a randompred"
  where "empty = Pair (bot_class.bot)"

definition single :: "'a => 'a randompred"
  where "single x = Pair (Predicate.single x)"

definition bind :: "'a randompred \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b randompred) \<Rightarrow> 'b randompred"
  where
    "bind R f = (\<lambda>s. let
       (P, s') = R s;
       (s1, s2) = Random.split_seed s'
     in (Predicate.bind P (%a. fst (f a s1)), s2))"

definition union :: "'a randompred \<Rightarrow> 'a randompred \<Rightarrow> 'a randompred"
where
  "union R1 R2 = (\<lambda>s. let
     (P1, s') = R1 s; (P2, s'') = R2 s'
   in (semilattice_sup_class.sup P1 P2, s''))"

definition if_randompred :: "bool \<Rightarrow> unit randompred"
where
  "if_randompred b = (if b then single () else empty)"

definition not_randompred :: "unit randompred \<Rightarrow> unit randompred"
where
  "not_randompred P = (\<lambda>s. let
     (P', s') = P s
   in if Predicate.eval P' () then (Orderings.bot, s') else (Predicate.single (), s'))"

definition Random :: "(Random.seed \<Rightarrow> ('a \<times> (unit \<Rightarrow> term)) \<times> Random.seed) \<Rightarrow> 'a randompred"
  where "Random g = scomp g (Pair o (Predicate.single o fst))"

definition map :: "('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) \<Rightarrow> ('a randompred \<Rightarrow> 'b randompred)"
  where "map f P = bind P (single o f)"

hide (open) fact empty_def single_def bind_def union_def if_randompred_def not_randompred_def Random_def map_def
hide (open) type randompred
hide (open) const random collapse beyond random_fun_aux random_fun_lift
  empty single bind union if_randompred not_randompred Random map

end