src/HOL/Real/RealPow.thy
 author paulson Thu, 29 Jul 2004 16:14:42 +0200 changeset 15085 5693a977a767 parent 15003 6145dd7538d7 child 15131 c69542757a4d permissions -rw-r--r--
removed some [iff] declarations from RealDef.thy, concerning inequalities
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(*  Title       : HOL/Real/RealPow.thy
ID          : \$Id\$
Author      : Jacques D. Fleuriot
Copyright   : 1998  University of Cambridge
Description : Natural powers theory

*)

theory RealPow = RealDef:

declare abs_mult_self [simp]

instance real :: power ..

primrec (realpow)
realpow_0:   "r ^ 0       = 1"
realpow_Suc: "r ^ (Suc n) = (r::real) * (r ^ n)"

instance real :: recpower
proof
fix z :: real
fix n :: nat
show "z^0 = 1" by simp
show "z^(Suc n) = z * (z^n)" by simp
qed

lemma realpow_not_zero: "r \<noteq> (0::real) ==> r ^ n \<noteq> 0"
by (rule field_power_not_zero)

lemma realpow_zero_zero: "r ^ n = (0::real) ==> r = 0"
by simp

lemma realpow_two: "(r::real)^ (Suc (Suc 0)) = r * r"
by simp

text{*Legacy: weaker version of the theorem @{text power_strict_mono},
used 6 times in NthRoot and Transcendental*}
lemma realpow_less:
"[|(0::real) < x; x < y; 0 < n|] ==> x ^ n < y ^ n"
apply (rule power_strict_mono, auto)
done

lemma realpow_two_le [simp]: "(0::real) \<le> r^ Suc (Suc 0)"

lemma abs_realpow_two [simp]: "abs((x::real)^Suc (Suc 0)) = x^Suc (Suc 0)"

lemma realpow_two_abs [simp]: "abs(x::real)^Suc (Suc 0) = x^Suc (Suc 0)"
by (simp add: power_abs [symmetric] abs_eqI1 del: realpow_Suc)

lemma two_realpow_ge_one [simp]: "(1::real) \<le> 2 ^ n"
by (insert power_increasing [of 0 n "2::real"], simp)

lemma two_realpow_gt [simp]: "real (n::nat) < 2 ^ n"
apply (induct_tac "n")
apply (subst mult_2)
done

lemma realpow_Suc_le_self: "[| 0 \<le> r; r \<le> (1::real) |] ==> r ^ Suc n \<le> r"
by (insert power_decreasing [of 1 "Suc n" r], simp)

text{*Used ONCE in Transcendental*}
lemma realpow_Suc_less_one: "[| 0 < r; r < (1::real) |] ==> r ^ Suc n < 1"
by (insert power_strict_decreasing [of 0 "Suc n" r], simp)

text{*Used ONCE in Lim.ML*}
lemma realpow_minus_mult [rule_format]:
"0 < n --> (x::real) ^ (n - 1) * x = x ^ n"
done

lemma realpow_two_mult_inverse [simp]:
"r \<noteq> 0 ==> r * inverse r ^Suc (Suc 0) = inverse (r::real)"
by (simp add: realpow_two real_mult_assoc [symmetric])

lemma realpow_two_minus [simp]: "(-x)^Suc (Suc 0) = (x::real)^Suc (Suc 0)"
by simp

lemma realpow_two_diff:
"(x::real)^Suc (Suc 0) - y^Suc (Suc 0) = (x - y) * (x + y)"
apply (unfold real_diff_def)
apply (simp add: right_distrib left_distrib mult_ac)
done

lemma realpow_two_disj:
"((x::real)^Suc (Suc 0) = y^Suc (Suc 0)) = (x = y | x = -y)"
apply (cut_tac x = x and y = y in realpow_two_diff)
apply (auto simp del: realpow_Suc)
done

lemma realpow_real_of_nat: "real (m::nat) ^ n = real (m ^ n)"
apply (induct_tac "n")
apply (auto simp add: real_of_nat_one real_of_nat_mult)
done

lemma realpow_real_of_nat_two_pos [simp] : "0 < real (Suc (Suc 0) ^ n)"
apply (induct_tac "n")
apply (auto simp add: real_of_nat_mult zero_less_mult_iff)
done

lemma realpow_increasing:
"[|(0::real) \<le> x; 0 \<le> y; x ^ Suc n \<le> y ^ Suc n|] ==> x \<le> y"
by (rule power_le_imp_le_base)

lemma zero_less_realpow_abs_iff [simp]:
"(0 < (abs x)^n) = (x \<noteq> (0::real) | n=0)"
apply (induct_tac "n")
done

lemma zero_le_realpow_abs [simp]: "(0::real) \<le> (abs x)^n"
apply (induct_tac "n")
done

subsection{*Literal Arithmetic Involving Powers, Type @{typ real}*}

lemma real_of_int_power: "real (x::int) ^ n = real (x ^ n)"
apply (induct_tac "n")
done
declare real_of_int_power [symmetric, simp]

lemma power_real_number_of:
"(number_of v :: real) ^ n = real ((number_of v :: int) ^ n)"
by (simp only: real_number_of [symmetric] real_of_int_power)

declare power_real_number_of [of _ "number_of w", standard, simp]

subsection{*Various Other Theorems*}

text{*Used several times in Hyperreal/Transcendental.ML*}
lemma real_sum_squares_cancel_a: "x * x = -(y * y) ==> x = (0::real) & y=0"
done

lemma real_squared_diff_one_factored: "x*x - (1::real) = (x + 1)*(x - 1)"
by (auto simp add: left_distrib right_distrib real_diff_def)

lemma real_mult_is_one [simp]: "(x*x = (1::real)) = (x = 1 | x = - 1)"
apply auto
apply (drule right_minus_eq [THEN iffD2])
done

lemma real_le_add_half_cancel: "(x + y/2 \<le> (y::real)) = (x \<le> y /2)"
by auto

lemma real_minus_half_eq [simp]: "(x::real) - x/2 = x/2"
by auto

lemma real_mult_inverse_cancel:
"[|(0::real) < x; 0 < x1; x1 * y < x * u |]
==> inverse x * y < inverse x1 * u"
apply (rule_tac c=x in mult_less_imp_less_left)
apply (auto simp add: real_mult_assoc [symmetric])
apply (rule_tac c=x1 in mult_less_imp_less_right)
done

text{*Used once: in Hyperreal/Transcendental.ML*}
lemma real_mult_inverse_cancel2:
"[|(0::real) < x;0 < x1; x1 * y < x * u |] ==> y * inverse x < u * inverse x1"
apply (auto dest: real_mult_inverse_cancel simp add: mult_ac)
done

lemma inverse_real_of_nat_gt_zero [simp]: "0 < inverse (real (Suc n))"
by auto

lemma inverse_real_of_nat_ge_zero [simp]: "0 \<le> inverse (real (Suc n))"
by auto

lemma real_sum_squares_not_zero: "x ~= 0 ==> x * x + y * y ~= (0::real)"
by (blast dest!: real_sum_squares_cancel)

lemma real_sum_squares_not_zero2: "y ~= 0 ==> x * x + y * y ~= (0::real)"
by (blast dest!: real_sum_squares_cancel2)

subsection {*Various Other Theorems*}

lemma realpow_divide:
"(x/y) ^ n = ((x::real) ^ n/ y ^ n)"
apply (unfold real_divide_def)
apply (auto simp add: power_mult_distrib power_inverse)
done

lemma realpow_two_sum_zero_iff [simp]:
"(x ^ 2 + y ^ 2 = (0::real)) = (x = 0 & y = 0)"
apply (auto intro: real_sum_squares_cancel real_sum_squares_cancel2
done

lemma realpow_two_le_add_order [simp]: "(0::real) \<le> u ^ 2 + v ^ 2"
done

lemma realpow_two_le_add_order2 [simp]: "(0::real) \<le> u ^ 2 + v ^ 2 + w ^ 2"
done

lemma real_sum_square_gt_zero: "x ~= 0 ==> (0::real) < x * x + y * y"
apply (cut_tac x = x and y = y in real_mult_self_sum_ge_zero)
apply (drule real_le_imp_less_or_eq)
apply (drule_tac y = y in real_sum_squares_not_zero, auto)
done

lemma real_sum_square_gt_zero2: "y ~= 0 ==> (0::real) < x * x + y * y"
apply (erule real_sum_square_gt_zero)
done

lemma real_minus_mult_self_le [simp]: "-(u * u) \<le> (x * (x::real))"
by (rule_tac j = 0 in real_le_trans, auto)

lemma realpow_square_minus_le [simp]: "-(u ^ 2) \<le> (x::real) ^ 2"

lemma realpow_num_eq_if: "(m::real) ^ n = (if n=0 then 1 else m * m ^ (n - 1))"
by (case_tac "n", auto)

lemma real_num_zero_less_two_pow [simp]: "0 < (2::real) ^ (4*d)"
apply (induct_tac "d")
done

lemma lemma_realpow_num_two_mono:
"x * (4::real)   < y ==> x * (2 ^ 8) < y * (2 ^ 6)"
apply (subgoal_tac " (2::real) ^ 8 = 4 * (2 ^ 6) ")
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: real_mult_assoc [symmetric])
done

ML
{*
val realpow_0 = thm "realpow_0";
val realpow_Suc = thm "realpow_Suc";

val realpow_not_zero = thm "realpow_not_zero";
val realpow_zero_zero = thm "realpow_zero_zero";
val realpow_two = thm "realpow_two";
val realpow_less = thm "realpow_less";
val realpow_two_le = thm "realpow_two_le";
val abs_realpow_two = thm "abs_realpow_two";
val realpow_two_abs = thm "realpow_two_abs";
val two_realpow_ge_one = thm "two_realpow_ge_one";
val two_realpow_gt = thm "two_realpow_gt";
val realpow_Suc_le_self = thm "realpow_Suc_le_self";
val realpow_Suc_less_one = thm "realpow_Suc_less_one";
val realpow_minus_mult = thm "realpow_minus_mult";
val realpow_two_mult_inverse = thm "realpow_two_mult_inverse";
val realpow_two_minus = thm "realpow_two_minus";
val realpow_two_disj = thm "realpow_two_disj";
val realpow_real_of_nat = thm "realpow_real_of_nat";
val realpow_real_of_nat_two_pos = thm "realpow_real_of_nat_two_pos";
val realpow_increasing = thm "realpow_increasing";
val zero_less_realpow_abs_iff = thm "zero_less_realpow_abs_iff";
val zero_le_realpow_abs = thm "zero_le_realpow_abs";
val real_of_int_power = thm "real_of_int_power";
val power_real_number_of = thm "power_real_number_of";
val real_sum_squares_cancel_a = thm "real_sum_squares_cancel_a";
val real_mult_inverse_cancel2 = thm "real_mult_inverse_cancel2";
val real_squared_diff_one_factored = thm "real_squared_diff_one_factored";
val real_mult_is_one = thm "real_mult_is_one";
val real_minus_half_eq = thm "real_minus_half_eq";
val real_mult_inverse_cancel = thm "real_mult_inverse_cancel";
val real_mult_inverse_cancel2 = thm "real_mult_inverse_cancel2";
val inverse_real_of_nat_gt_zero = thm "inverse_real_of_nat_gt_zero";
val inverse_real_of_nat_ge_zero = thm "inverse_real_of_nat_ge_zero";
val real_sum_squares_not_zero = thm "real_sum_squares_not_zero";
val real_sum_squares_not_zero2 = thm "real_sum_squares_not_zero2";

val realpow_divide = thm "realpow_divide";
val realpow_two_sum_zero_iff = thm "realpow_two_sum_zero_iff";