src/HOL/HOLCF/ex/Domain_Proofs.thy
 author wenzelm Wed, 13 Jan 2016 23:07:06 +0100 changeset 62175 8ffc4d0e652d parent 61424 c3658c18b7bc permissions -rw-r--r--
isabelle update_cartouches -c -t;
```
(*  Title:      HOL/HOLCF/ex/Domain_Proofs.thy
Author:     Brian Huffman
*)

section \<open>Internal domain package proofs done manually\<close>

theory Domain_Proofs
imports HOLCF
begin

(*

The definitions and proofs below are for the following recursive
datatypes:

domain 'a foo = Foo1 | Foo2 (lazy 'a) (lazy "'a bar")
and 'a bar = Bar (lazy "'a baz \<rightarrow> tr")
and 'a baz = Baz (lazy "'a foo convex_pd \<rightarrow> tr")

*)

(********************************************************************)

subsection \<open>Step 1: Define the new type combinators\<close>

definition
foo_bar_baz_deflF ::
"udom defl \<rightarrow> udom defl \<times> udom defl \<times> udom defl \<rightarrow> udom defl \<times> udom defl \<times> udom defl"
where
"foo_bar_baz_deflF = (\<Lambda> a. Abs_cfun (\<lambda>(t1, t2, t3).
( ssum_defl\<cdot>DEFL(one)\<cdot>(sprod_defl\<cdot>(u_defl\<cdot>a)\<cdot>(u_defl\<cdot>t2))
, u_defl\<cdot>(sfun_defl\<cdot>(u_defl\<cdot>t3)\<cdot>DEFL(tr))
, u_defl\<cdot>(sfun_defl\<cdot>(u_defl\<cdot>(convex_defl\<cdot>t1))\<cdot>DEFL(tr)))))"

lemma foo_bar_baz_deflF_beta:
"foo_bar_baz_deflF\<cdot>a\<cdot>t =
( ssum_defl\<cdot>DEFL(one)\<cdot>(sprod_defl\<cdot>(u_defl\<cdot>a)\<cdot>(u_defl\<cdot>(fst (snd t))))
, u_defl\<cdot>(sfun_defl\<cdot>(u_defl\<cdot>(snd (snd t)))\<cdot>DEFL(tr))
, u_defl\<cdot>(sfun_defl\<cdot>(u_defl\<cdot>(convex_defl\<cdot>(fst t)))\<cdot>DEFL(tr)))"
unfolding foo_bar_baz_deflF_def

text \<open>Individual type combinators are projected from the fixed point.\<close>

definition foo_defl :: "udom defl \<rightarrow> udom defl"
where "foo_defl = (\<Lambda> a. fst (fix\<cdot>(foo_bar_baz_deflF\<cdot>a)))"

definition bar_defl :: "udom defl \<rightarrow> udom defl"
where "bar_defl = (\<Lambda> a. fst (snd (fix\<cdot>(foo_bar_baz_deflF\<cdot>a))))"

definition baz_defl :: "udom defl \<rightarrow> udom defl"
where "baz_defl = (\<Lambda> a. snd (snd (fix\<cdot>(foo_bar_baz_deflF\<cdot>a))))"

lemma defl_apply_thms:
"foo_defl\<cdot>a = fst (fix\<cdot>(foo_bar_baz_deflF\<cdot>a))"
"bar_defl\<cdot>a = fst (snd (fix\<cdot>(foo_bar_baz_deflF\<cdot>a)))"
"baz_defl\<cdot>a = snd (snd (fix\<cdot>(foo_bar_baz_deflF\<cdot>a)))"
unfolding foo_defl_def bar_defl_def baz_defl_def by simp_all

text \<open>Unfold rules for each combinator.\<close>

lemma foo_defl_unfold:
"foo_defl\<cdot>a = ssum_defl\<cdot>DEFL(one)\<cdot>(sprod_defl\<cdot>(u_defl\<cdot>a)\<cdot>(u_defl\<cdot>(bar_defl\<cdot>a)))"
unfolding defl_apply_thms by (subst fix_eq, simp add: foo_bar_baz_deflF_beta)

lemma bar_defl_unfold: "bar_defl\<cdot>a = u_defl\<cdot>(sfun_defl\<cdot>(u_defl\<cdot>(baz_defl\<cdot>a))\<cdot>DEFL(tr))"
unfolding defl_apply_thms by (subst fix_eq, simp add: foo_bar_baz_deflF_beta)

lemma baz_defl_unfold: "baz_defl\<cdot>a = u_defl\<cdot>(sfun_defl\<cdot>(u_defl\<cdot>(convex_defl\<cdot>(foo_defl\<cdot>a)))\<cdot>DEFL(tr))"
unfolding defl_apply_thms by (subst fix_eq, simp add: foo_bar_baz_deflF_beta)

text "The automation for the previous steps will be quite similar to
how the fixrec package works."

(********************************************************************)

subsection \<open>Step 2: Define types, prove class instances\<close>

text \<open>Use \<open>pcpodef\<close> with the appropriate type combinator.\<close>

pcpodef 'a foo = "defl_set (foo_defl\<cdot>DEFL('a))"

pcpodef 'a bar = "defl_set (bar_defl\<cdot>DEFL('a))"

pcpodef 'a baz = "defl_set (baz_defl\<cdot>DEFL('a))"

text \<open>Prove rep instance using lemma \<open>typedef_rep_class\<close>.\<close>

instantiation foo :: ("domain") "domain"
begin

definition emb_foo :: "'a foo \<rightarrow> udom"
where "emb_foo \<equiv> (\<Lambda> x. Rep_foo x)"

definition prj_foo :: "udom \<rightarrow> 'a foo"
where "prj_foo \<equiv> (\<Lambda> y. Abs_foo (cast\<cdot>(foo_defl\<cdot>DEFL('a))\<cdot>y))"

definition defl_foo :: "'a foo itself \<Rightarrow> udom defl"
where "defl_foo \<equiv> \<lambda>a. foo_defl\<cdot>DEFL('a)"

definition
"(liftemb :: 'a foo u \<rightarrow> udom u) \<equiv> u_map\<cdot>emb"

definition
"(liftprj :: udom u \<rightarrow> 'a foo u) \<equiv> u_map\<cdot>prj"

definition
"liftdefl \<equiv> \<lambda>(t::'a foo itself). liftdefl_of\<cdot>DEFL('a foo)"

instance
apply (rule typedef_domain_class)
apply (rule type_definition_foo)
apply (rule below_foo_def)
apply (rule emb_foo_def)
apply (rule prj_foo_def)
apply (rule defl_foo_def)
apply (rule liftemb_foo_def)
apply (rule liftprj_foo_def)
apply (rule liftdefl_foo_def)
done

end

instantiation bar :: ("domain") "domain"
begin

definition emb_bar :: "'a bar \<rightarrow> udom"
where "emb_bar \<equiv> (\<Lambda> x. Rep_bar x)"

definition prj_bar :: "udom \<rightarrow> 'a bar"
where "prj_bar \<equiv> (\<Lambda> y. Abs_bar (cast\<cdot>(bar_defl\<cdot>DEFL('a))\<cdot>y))"

definition defl_bar :: "'a bar itself \<Rightarrow> udom defl"
where "defl_bar \<equiv> \<lambda>a. bar_defl\<cdot>DEFL('a)"

definition
"(liftemb :: 'a bar u \<rightarrow> udom u) \<equiv> u_map\<cdot>emb"

definition
"(liftprj :: udom u \<rightarrow> 'a bar u) \<equiv> u_map\<cdot>prj"

definition
"liftdefl \<equiv> \<lambda>(t::'a bar itself). liftdefl_of\<cdot>DEFL('a bar)"

instance
apply (rule typedef_domain_class)
apply (rule type_definition_bar)
apply (rule below_bar_def)
apply (rule emb_bar_def)
apply (rule prj_bar_def)
apply (rule defl_bar_def)
apply (rule liftemb_bar_def)
apply (rule liftprj_bar_def)
apply (rule liftdefl_bar_def)
done

end

instantiation baz :: ("domain") "domain"
begin

definition emb_baz :: "'a baz \<rightarrow> udom"
where "emb_baz \<equiv> (\<Lambda> x. Rep_baz x)"

definition prj_baz :: "udom \<rightarrow> 'a baz"
where "prj_baz \<equiv> (\<Lambda> y. Abs_baz (cast\<cdot>(baz_defl\<cdot>DEFL('a))\<cdot>y))"

definition defl_baz :: "'a baz itself \<Rightarrow> udom defl"
where "defl_baz \<equiv> \<lambda>a. baz_defl\<cdot>DEFL('a)"

definition
"(liftemb :: 'a baz u \<rightarrow> udom u) \<equiv> u_map\<cdot>emb"

definition
"(liftprj :: udom u \<rightarrow> 'a baz u) \<equiv> u_map\<cdot>prj"

definition
"liftdefl \<equiv> \<lambda>(t::'a baz itself). liftdefl_of\<cdot>DEFL('a baz)"

instance
apply (rule typedef_domain_class)
apply (rule type_definition_baz)
apply (rule below_baz_def)
apply (rule emb_baz_def)
apply (rule prj_baz_def)
apply (rule defl_baz_def)
apply (rule liftemb_baz_def)
apply (rule liftprj_baz_def)
apply (rule liftdefl_baz_def)
done

end

text \<open>Prove DEFL rules using lemma \<open>typedef_DEFL\<close>.\<close>

lemma DEFL_foo: "DEFL('a foo) = foo_defl\<cdot>DEFL('a)"
apply (rule typedef_DEFL)
apply (rule defl_foo_def)
done

lemma DEFL_bar: "DEFL('a bar) = bar_defl\<cdot>DEFL('a)"
apply (rule typedef_DEFL)
apply (rule defl_bar_def)
done

lemma DEFL_baz: "DEFL('a baz) = baz_defl\<cdot>DEFL('a)"
apply (rule typedef_DEFL)
apply (rule defl_baz_def)
done

text \<open>Prove DEFL equations using type combinator unfold lemmas.\<close>

lemma DEFL_foo': "DEFL('a foo) = DEFL(one \<oplus> 'a\<^sub>\<bottom> \<otimes> ('a bar)\<^sub>\<bottom>)"
unfolding DEFL_foo DEFL_bar DEFL_baz domain_defl_simps
by (rule foo_defl_unfold)

lemma DEFL_bar': "DEFL('a bar) = DEFL(('a baz \<rightarrow> tr)\<^sub>\<bottom>)"
unfolding DEFL_foo DEFL_bar DEFL_baz domain_defl_simps
by (rule bar_defl_unfold)

lemma DEFL_baz': "DEFL('a baz) = DEFL(('a foo convex_pd \<rightarrow> tr)\<^sub>\<bottom>)"
unfolding DEFL_foo DEFL_bar DEFL_baz domain_defl_simps
by (rule baz_defl_unfold)

(********************************************************************)

subsection \<open>Step 3: Define rep and abs functions\<close>

text \<open>Define them all using \<open>prj\<close> and \<open>emb\<close>!\<close>

definition foo_rep :: "'a foo \<rightarrow> one \<oplus> ('a\<^sub>\<bottom> \<otimes> ('a bar)\<^sub>\<bottom>)"
where "foo_rep \<equiv> prj oo emb"

definition foo_abs :: "one \<oplus> ('a\<^sub>\<bottom> \<otimes> ('a bar)\<^sub>\<bottom>) \<rightarrow> 'a foo"
where "foo_abs \<equiv> prj oo emb"

definition bar_rep :: "'a bar \<rightarrow> ('a baz \<rightarrow> tr)\<^sub>\<bottom>"
where "bar_rep \<equiv> prj oo emb"

definition bar_abs :: "('a baz \<rightarrow> tr)\<^sub>\<bottom> \<rightarrow> 'a bar"
where "bar_abs \<equiv> prj oo emb"

definition baz_rep :: "'a baz \<rightarrow> ('a foo convex_pd \<rightarrow> tr)\<^sub>\<bottom>"
where "baz_rep \<equiv> prj oo emb"

definition baz_abs :: "('a foo convex_pd \<rightarrow> tr)\<^sub>\<bottom> \<rightarrow> 'a baz"
where "baz_abs \<equiv> prj oo emb"

text \<open>Prove isomorphism rules.\<close>

lemma foo_abs_iso: "foo_rep\<cdot>(foo_abs\<cdot>x) = x"
by (rule domain_abs_iso [OF DEFL_foo' foo_abs_def foo_rep_def])

lemma foo_rep_iso: "foo_abs\<cdot>(foo_rep\<cdot>x) = x"
by (rule domain_rep_iso [OF DEFL_foo' foo_abs_def foo_rep_def])

lemma bar_abs_iso: "bar_rep\<cdot>(bar_abs\<cdot>x) = x"
by (rule domain_abs_iso [OF DEFL_bar' bar_abs_def bar_rep_def])

lemma bar_rep_iso: "bar_abs\<cdot>(bar_rep\<cdot>x) = x"
by (rule domain_rep_iso [OF DEFL_bar' bar_abs_def bar_rep_def])

lemma baz_abs_iso: "baz_rep\<cdot>(baz_abs\<cdot>x) = x"
by (rule domain_abs_iso [OF DEFL_baz' baz_abs_def baz_rep_def])

lemma baz_rep_iso: "baz_abs\<cdot>(baz_rep\<cdot>x) = x"
by (rule domain_rep_iso [OF DEFL_baz' baz_abs_def baz_rep_def])

text \<open>Prove isodefl rules using \<open>isodefl_coerce\<close>.\<close>

lemma isodefl_foo_abs:
"isodefl d t \<Longrightarrow> isodefl (foo_abs oo d oo foo_rep) t"
by (rule isodefl_abs_rep [OF DEFL_foo' foo_abs_def foo_rep_def])

lemma isodefl_bar_abs:
"isodefl d t \<Longrightarrow> isodefl (bar_abs oo d oo bar_rep) t"
by (rule isodefl_abs_rep [OF DEFL_bar' bar_abs_def bar_rep_def])

lemma isodefl_baz_abs:
"isodefl d t \<Longrightarrow> isodefl (baz_abs oo d oo baz_rep) t"
by (rule isodefl_abs_rep [OF DEFL_baz' baz_abs_def baz_rep_def])

(********************************************************************)

subsection \<open>Step 4: Define map functions, prove isodefl property\<close>

text \<open>Note that the type of the map function depends on which
variables are used in positive and negative positions.\<close>

definition
foo_bar_baz_mapF ::
"('a \<rightarrow> 'b) \<rightarrow>
('a foo \<rightarrow> 'b foo) \<times> ('a bar \<rightarrow> 'b bar) \<times> ('b baz \<rightarrow> 'a baz) \<rightarrow>
('a foo \<rightarrow> 'b foo) \<times> ('a bar \<rightarrow> 'b bar) \<times> ('b baz \<rightarrow> 'a baz)"
where
"foo_bar_baz_mapF = (\<Lambda> f. Abs_cfun (\<lambda>(d1, d2, d3).
(
foo_abs oo
ssum_map\<cdot>ID\<cdot>(sprod_map\<cdot>(u_map\<cdot>f)\<cdot>(u_map\<cdot>d2))
oo foo_rep
,
bar_abs oo u_map\<cdot>(cfun_map\<cdot>d3\<cdot>ID) oo bar_rep
,
baz_abs oo u_map\<cdot>(cfun_map\<cdot>(convex_map\<cdot>d1)\<cdot>ID) oo baz_rep
)))"

lemma foo_bar_baz_mapF_beta:
"foo_bar_baz_mapF\<cdot>f\<cdot>d =
(
foo_abs oo
ssum_map\<cdot>ID\<cdot>(sprod_map\<cdot>(u_map\<cdot>f)\<cdot>(u_map\<cdot>(fst (snd d))))
oo foo_rep
,
bar_abs oo u_map\<cdot>(cfun_map\<cdot>(snd (snd d))\<cdot>ID) oo bar_rep
,
baz_abs oo u_map\<cdot>(cfun_map\<cdot>(convex_map\<cdot>(fst d))\<cdot>ID) oo baz_rep
)"
unfolding foo_bar_baz_mapF_def

text \<open>Individual map functions are projected from the fixed point.\<close>

definition foo_map :: "('a \<rightarrow> 'b) \<rightarrow> ('a foo \<rightarrow> 'b foo)"
where "foo_map = (\<Lambda> f. fst (fix\<cdot>(foo_bar_baz_mapF\<cdot>f)))"

definition bar_map :: "('a \<rightarrow> 'b) \<rightarrow> ('a bar \<rightarrow> 'b bar)"
where "bar_map = (\<Lambda> f. fst (snd (fix\<cdot>(foo_bar_baz_mapF\<cdot>f))))"

definition baz_map :: "('a \<rightarrow> 'b) \<rightarrow> ('b baz \<rightarrow> 'a baz)"
where "baz_map = (\<Lambda> f. snd (snd (fix\<cdot>(foo_bar_baz_mapF\<cdot>f))))"

lemma map_apply_thms:
"foo_map\<cdot>f = fst (fix\<cdot>(foo_bar_baz_mapF\<cdot>f))"
"bar_map\<cdot>f = fst (snd (fix\<cdot>(foo_bar_baz_mapF\<cdot>f)))"
"baz_map\<cdot>f = snd (snd (fix\<cdot>(foo_bar_baz_mapF\<cdot>f)))"
unfolding foo_map_def bar_map_def baz_map_def by simp_all

text \<open>Prove isodefl rules for all map functions simultaneously.\<close>

lemma isodefl_foo_bar_baz:
assumes isodefl_d: "isodefl d t"
shows
"isodefl (foo_map\<cdot>d) (foo_defl\<cdot>t) \<and>
isodefl (bar_map\<cdot>d) (bar_defl\<cdot>t) \<and>
isodefl (baz_map\<cdot>d) (baz_defl\<cdot>t)"
unfolding map_apply_thms defl_apply_thms
apply (rule parallel_fix_ind)
apply (simp only: fst_strict snd_strict isodefl_bottom simp_thms)
apply (simp only: foo_bar_baz_mapF_beta
foo_bar_baz_deflF_beta
fst_conv snd_conv)
apply (elim conjE)
apply (intro
conjI
isodefl_foo_abs
isodefl_bar_abs
isodefl_baz_abs
domain_isodefl
isodefl_ID_DEFL isodefl_LIFTDEFL
isodefl_d
)
apply assumption+
done

lemmas isodefl_foo = isodefl_foo_bar_baz [THEN conjunct1]
lemmas isodefl_bar = isodefl_foo_bar_baz [THEN conjunct2, THEN conjunct1]
lemmas isodefl_baz = isodefl_foo_bar_baz [THEN conjunct2, THEN conjunct2]

text \<open>Prove map ID lemmas, using isodefl_DEFL_imp_ID\<close>

lemma foo_map_ID: "foo_map\<cdot>ID = ID"
apply (rule isodefl_DEFL_imp_ID)
apply (subst DEFL_foo)
apply (rule isodefl_foo)
apply (rule isodefl_ID_DEFL)
done

lemma bar_map_ID: "bar_map\<cdot>ID = ID"
apply (rule isodefl_DEFL_imp_ID)
apply (subst DEFL_bar)
apply (rule isodefl_bar)
apply (rule isodefl_ID_DEFL)
done

lemma baz_map_ID: "baz_map\<cdot>ID = ID"
apply (rule isodefl_DEFL_imp_ID)
apply (subst DEFL_baz)
apply (rule isodefl_baz)
apply (rule isodefl_ID_DEFL)
done

(********************************************************************)

subsection \<open>Step 5: Define take functions, prove lub-take lemmas\<close>

definition
foo_bar_baz_takeF ::
"('a foo \<rightarrow> 'a foo) \<times> ('a bar \<rightarrow> 'a bar) \<times> ('a baz \<rightarrow> 'a baz) \<rightarrow>
('a foo \<rightarrow> 'a foo) \<times> ('a bar \<rightarrow> 'a bar) \<times> ('a baz \<rightarrow> 'a baz)"
where
"foo_bar_baz_takeF = (\<Lambda> p.
( foo_abs oo
ssum_map\<cdot>ID\<cdot>(sprod_map\<cdot>(u_map\<cdot>ID)\<cdot>(u_map\<cdot>(fst (snd p))))
oo foo_rep
, bar_abs oo
u_map\<cdot>(cfun_map\<cdot>(snd (snd p))\<cdot>ID) oo bar_rep
, baz_abs oo
u_map\<cdot>(cfun_map\<cdot>(convex_map\<cdot>(fst p))\<cdot>ID) oo baz_rep
))"

lemma foo_bar_baz_takeF_beta:
"foo_bar_baz_takeF\<cdot>p =
( foo_abs oo
ssum_map\<cdot>ID\<cdot>(sprod_map\<cdot>(u_map\<cdot>ID)\<cdot>(u_map\<cdot>(fst (snd p))))
oo foo_rep
, bar_abs oo
u_map\<cdot>(cfun_map\<cdot>(snd (snd p))\<cdot>ID) oo bar_rep
, baz_abs oo
u_map\<cdot>(cfun_map\<cdot>(convex_map\<cdot>(fst p))\<cdot>ID) oo baz_rep
)"
unfolding foo_bar_baz_takeF_def by (rule beta_cfun, simp)

definition
foo_take :: "nat \<Rightarrow> 'a foo \<rightarrow> 'a foo"
where
"foo_take = (\<lambda>n. fst (iterate n\<cdot>foo_bar_baz_takeF\<cdot>\<bottom>))"

definition
bar_take :: "nat \<Rightarrow> 'a bar \<rightarrow> 'a bar"
where
"bar_take = (\<lambda>n. fst (snd (iterate n\<cdot>foo_bar_baz_takeF\<cdot>\<bottom>)))"

definition
baz_take :: "nat \<Rightarrow> 'a baz \<rightarrow> 'a baz"
where
"baz_take = (\<lambda>n. snd (snd (iterate n\<cdot>foo_bar_baz_takeF\<cdot>\<bottom>)))"

lemma chain_take_thms: "chain foo_take" "chain bar_take" "chain baz_take"
unfolding foo_take_def bar_take_def baz_take_def
by (intro ch2ch_fst ch2ch_snd chain_iterate)+

lemma take_0_thms: "foo_take 0 = \<bottom>" "bar_take 0 = \<bottom>" "baz_take 0 = \<bottom>"
unfolding foo_take_def bar_take_def baz_take_def
by (simp only: iterate_0 fst_strict snd_strict)+

lemma take_Suc_thms:
"foo_take (Suc n) =
foo_abs oo ssum_map\<cdot>ID\<cdot>(sprod_map\<cdot>(u_map\<cdot>ID)\<cdot>(u_map\<cdot>(bar_take n))) oo foo_rep"
"bar_take (Suc n) =
bar_abs oo u_map\<cdot>(cfun_map\<cdot>(baz_take n)\<cdot>ID) oo bar_rep"
"baz_take (Suc n) =
baz_abs oo u_map\<cdot>(cfun_map\<cdot>(convex_map\<cdot>(foo_take n))\<cdot>ID) oo baz_rep"
unfolding foo_take_def bar_take_def baz_take_def
by (simp only: iterate_Suc foo_bar_baz_takeF_beta fst_conv snd_conv)+

lemma lub_take_lemma:
"(\<Squnion>n. foo_take n, \<Squnion>n. bar_take n, \<Squnion>n. baz_take n)
= (foo_map\<cdot>(ID::'a \<rightarrow> 'a), bar_map\<cdot>(ID::'a \<rightarrow> 'a), baz_map\<cdot>(ID::'a \<rightarrow> 'a))"
apply (simp only: lub_Pair [symmetric] ch2ch_Pair chain_take_thms)
apply (simp only: map_apply_thms prod.collapse)
apply (simp only: fix_def2)
apply (rule lub_eq)
apply (rule nat.induct)
apply (simp only: iterate_0 Pair_strict take_0_thms)
apply (simp only: iterate_Suc prod_eq_iff fst_conv snd_conv
foo_bar_baz_mapF_beta take_Suc_thms simp_thms)
done

lemma lub_foo_take: "(\<Squnion>n. foo_take n) = ID"
apply (rule trans [OF _ foo_map_ID])
using lub_take_lemma
apply (elim Pair_inject)
apply assumption
done

lemma lub_bar_take: "(\<Squnion>n. bar_take n) = ID"
apply (rule trans [OF _ bar_map_ID])
using lub_take_lemma
apply (elim Pair_inject)
apply assumption
done

lemma lub_baz_take: "(\<Squnion>n. baz_take n) = ID"
apply (rule trans [OF _ baz_map_ID])
using lub_take_lemma
apply (elim Pair_inject)
apply assumption
done

end
```