author wenzelm
Mon, 03 Nov 1997 12:13:18 +0100
changeset 4089 96fba19bcbe2
parent 3919 c036caebfc75
child 4379 7049ca8f912e
permissions -rw-r--r--
isatool fixclasimp;

(*  Title:      HOL/ex/Fib
    ID:         $Id$
    Author:     Lawrence C Paulson
    Copyright   1997  University of Cambridge

Fibonacci numbers: proofs of laws taken from

  R. L. Graham, D. E. Knuth, O. Patashnik.
  Concrete Mathematics.
  (Addison-Wesley, 1989)

(** The difficulty in these proofs is to ensure that the induction hypotheses
    are applied before the definition of "fib".  Towards this end, the 
    "fib" equations are not added to the simpset and are applied very 
    selectively at first.

bind_thm ("fib_Suc_Suc", hd(rev fib.rules));

(*Concrete Mathematics, page 280*)
goal thy "fib (Suc (n + k)) = fib(Suc k) * fib(Suc n) + fib k * fib n";
by (res_inst_tac [("u","n")] fib.induct 1);
(*Simplify the LHS just enough to apply the induction hypotheses*)
by (asm_full_simp_tac
    (simpset() addsimps [read_instantiate[("x", "Suc(?m+?n)")] fib_Suc_Suc]) 3);
    (asm_simp_tac (simpset() addsimps 
		   (fib.rules @ add_ac @ mult_ac @
		    [add_mult_distrib, add_mult_distrib2]))));
qed "fib_add";

goal thy "fib (Suc n) ~= 0";
by (res_inst_tac [("u","n")] fib.induct 1);
by (ALLGOALS (asm_simp_tac (simpset() addsimps fib.rules)));
qed "fib_Suc_neq_0";
Addsimps [fib_Suc_neq_0];

(*Concrete Mathematics, page 278: Cassini's identity*)
goal thy "fib (Suc (Suc n)) * fib n = \
\              (if n mod 2 = 0 then pred(fib(Suc n) * fib(Suc n)) \
\                              else Suc (fib(Suc n) * fib(Suc n)))";
by (res_inst_tac [("u","n")] fib.induct 1);
by (res_inst_tac [("P", "%z. ?ff(x) * z = ?kk(x)")] (fib_Suc_Suc RS ssubst) 3);
by (stac (read_instantiate [("x", "Suc(Suc ?n)")] fib_Suc_Suc) 3);
by (asm_simp_tac (simpset() addsimps [add_mult_distrib, add_mult_distrib2]) 3);
by (stac (read_instantiate [("x", "Suc ?n")] fib_Suc_Suc) 3);
by (ALLGOALS  (*using fib.rules here results in a longer proof!*)
    (asm_simp_tac (simpset() addsimps [add_mult_distrib, add_mult_distrib2, 
				      mod_less, mod_Suc]
                            addsplits [expand_if])));
by (safe_tac (claset() addSDs [mod2_neq_0]));
     (simpset() addsimps (fib.rules @ add_ac @ mult_ac @
			 [add_mult_distrib, add_mult_distrib2, 
			  mod_less, mod_Suc]))));
qed "fib_Cassini";

(** exercise: prove gcd(fib m, fib n) = fib(gcd(m,n)) **)