src/HOL/Library/code_test.ML
author wenzelm
Wed, 08 Mar 2017 10:50:59 +0100
changeset 65151 a7394aa4d21c
parent 64957 3faa9b31ff78
child 65531 24544e3f183d
permissions -rw-r--r--
tuned proofs;

(*  Title:      HOL/Library/code_test.ML
    Author:     Andreas Lochbihler, ETH Z├╝rich

Test infrastructure for the code generator.
*)

signature CODE_TEST =
sig
  val add_driver:
    string * ((Proof.context -> (string * string) list * string -> Path.T -> string) * string) ->
    theory -> theory
  val overlord: bool Config.T
  val successN: string
  val failureN: string
  val start_markerN: string
  val end_markerN: string
  val test_terms: Proof.context -> term list -> string -> unit
  val test_targets: Proof.context -> term list -> string list -> unit
  val test_code_cmd: string list -> string list -> Proof.context -> unit
  val eval_term: string -> Proof.context -> term -> term
  val evaluate:
   (theory -> Path.T -> string list -> string ->
     {files: (Path.T * string) list,
       compile_cmd: string option,
       run_cmd: string,
       mk_code_file: string -> Path.T}) -> (string * string) option -> string -> theory ->
     (string * string) list * string -> Path.T -> string
  val evaluate_in_polyml: Proof.context -> (string * string) list * string -> Path.T -> string
  val evaluate_in_mlton: Proof.context -> (string * string) list * string -> Path.T -> string
  val evaluate_in_smlnj: Proof.context -> (string * string) list * string -> Path.T -> string
  val evaluate_in_ocaml: Proof.context -> (string * string) list * string -> Path.T -> string
  val ghc_options: string Config.T
  val evaluate_in_ghc: Proof.context -> (string * string) list * string -> Path.T -> string
  val evaluate_in_scala: Proof.context -> (string * string) list * string -> Path.T -> string
end

structure Code_Test: CODE_TEST =
struct

(* convert a list of terms into nested tuples and back *)

fun mk_tuples [] = @{term "()"}
  | mk_tuples [t] = t
  | mk_tuples (t :: ts) = HOLogic.mk_prod (t, mk_tuples ts)

fun dest_tuples (Const (@{const_name Pair}, _) $ l $ r) = l :: dest_tuples r
  | dest_tuples t = [t]


fun last_field sep str =
  let
    val n = size sep
    val len = size str
    fun find i =
      if i < 0 then NONE
      else if String.substring (str, i, n) = sep then SOME i
      else find (i - 1)
  in
    (case find (len - n) of
      NONE => NONE
    | SOME i => SOME (String.substring (str, 0, i), String.extract (str, i + n, NONE)))
  end

fun split_first_last start stop s =
  (case first_field start s of
    NONE => NONE
  | SOME (initial, rest) =>
      (case last_field stop rest of
        NONE => NONE
      | SOME (middle, tail) => SOME (initial, middle, tail)))


(* data slot for drivers *)

structure Drivers = Theory_Data
(
  type T =
    (string * ((Proof.context -> (string * string) list * string -> Path.T -> string) * string)) list
  val empty = []
  val extend = I
  fun merge data : T = AList.merge (op =) (K true) data
)

val add_driver = Drivers.map o AList.update (op =)
val get_driver = AList.lookup (op =) o Drivers.get

(*
  Test drivers must produce output of the following format:

  The start of the relevant data is marked with start_markerN,
  its end with end_markerN.

  Between these two markers, every line corresponds to one test.
  Lines of successful tests start with successN, failures start with failureN.
  The failure failureN may continue with the YXML encoding of the evaluated term.
  There must not be any additional whitespace in between.
*)


(* parsing of results *)

val successN = "True"
val failureN = "False"
val start_markerN = "*@*Isabelle/Code_Test-start*@*"
val end_markerN = "*@*Isabelle/Code_Test-end*@*"

fun parse_line line =
  if String.isPrefix successN line then (true, NONE)
  else if String.isPrefix failureN line then (false,
    if size line > size failureN then
      String.extract (line, size failureN, NONE)
      |> YXML.parse_body
      |> Term_XML.Decode.term
      |> dest_tuples
      |> SOME
    else NONE)
  else raise Fail ("Cannot parse result of evaluation:\n" ^ line)

fun parse_result target out =
  (case split_first_last start_markerN end_markerN out of
    NONE => error ("Evaluation failed for " ^ target ^ "!\nBash output:\n" ^ out)
  | SOME (_, middle, _) => middle |> trim_line |> split_lines |> map parse_line)


(* pretty printing of test results *)

fun pretty_eval _ NONE _ = []
  | pretty_eval ctxt (SOME evals) ts =
      [Pretty.fbrk,
       Pretty.big_list "Evaluated terms"
         (map (fn (t, eval) => Pretty.block
           [Syntax.pretty_term ctxt t, Pretty.brk 1, Pretty.str "=", Pretty.brk 1,
            Syntax.pretty_term ctxt eval])
         (ts ~~ evals))]

fun pretty_failure ctxt target (((_, evals), query), eval_ts) =
  Pretty.block (Pretty.text ("Test in " ^ target ^ " failed for")
    @ [Pretty.brk 1, Pretty.quote (Syntax.pretty_term ctxt query)]
    @ pretty_eval ctxt evals eval_ts)

fun pretty_failures ctxt target failures =
  Pretty.blk (0, Pretty.fbreaks (map (pretty_failure ctxt target) failures))


(* driver invocation *)

val overlord = Attrib.setup_config_bool @{binding "code_test_overlord"} (K false)

fun with_overlord_dir name f =
  let
    val path =
      Path.append (Path.explode "$ISABELLE_HOME_USER") (Path.basic (name ^ serial_string ()))
    val _ = Isabelle_System.mkdirs path
  in Exn.release (Exn.capture f path) end

fun dynamic_value_strict ctxt t compiler =
  let
    val thy = Proof_Context.theory_of ctxt
    val (driver, target) =
      (case get_driver thy compiler of
        NONE => error ("No driver for target " ^ compiler)
      | SOME f => f)
    val debug = Config.get (Proof_Context.init_global thy) overlord
    val with_dir = if debug then with_overlord_dir else Isabelle_System.with_tmp_dir
    fun evaluate f = with_dir "Code_Test" (driver ctxt f) |> parse_result compiler
    fun evaluator program _ vs_ty deps =
      Exn.interruptible_capture evaluate
        (Code_Target.compilation_text ctxt target program deps true vs_ty)
    fun postproc f = map (apsnd (Option.map (map f)))
  in Exn.release (Code_Thingol.dynamic_value ctxt (Exn.map_res o postproc) evaluator t) end


(* term preprocessing *)

fun add_eval (Const (@{const_name Trueprop}, _) $ t) = add_eval t
  | add_eval (Const (@{const_name "HOL.eq"}, _) $ lhs $ rhs) = (fn acc =>
      acc
      |> add_eval rhs
      |> add_eval lhs
      |> cons rhs
      |> cons lhs)
  | add_eval (Const (@{const_name "Not"}, _) $ t) = add_eval t
  | add_eval (Const (@{const_name "Orderings.ord_class.less_eq"}, _) $ lhs $ rhs) = (fn acc =>
      lhs :: rhs :: acc)
  | add_eval (Const (@{const_name "Orderings.ord_class.less"}, _) $ lhs $ rhs) = (fn acc =>
      lhs :: rhs :: acc)
  | add_eval _ = I

fun mk_term_of [] = @{term "None :: (unit \<Rightarrow> yxml_of_term) option"}
  | mk_term_of ts =
      let
        val tuple = mk_tuples ts
        val T = fastype_of tuple
      in
        @{term "Some :: (unit \<Rightarrow> yxml_of_term) \<Rightarrow> (unit \<Rightarrow> yxml_of_term) option"} $
          (absdummy @{typ unit} (@{const yxml_string_of_term} $
            (Const (@{const_name Code_Evaluation.term_of}, T --> @{typ term}) $ tuple)))
      end

fun test_terms ctxt ts target =
  let
    val thy = Proof_Context.theory_of ctxt

    fun term_of t = Sign.of_sort thy (fastype_of t, @{sort term_of})

    fun ensure_bool t =
      (case fastype_of t of
        @{typ bool} => ()
      | _ =>
        error (Pretty.string_of
          (Pretty.block [Pretty.str "Test case not of type bool:", Pretty.brk 1,
            Syntax.pretty_term ctxt t])))

    val _ = List.app ensure_bool ts

    val evals = map (fn t => filter term_of (add_eval t [])) ts
    val eval = map mk_term_of evals

    val t =
      HOLogic.mk_list @{typ "bool \<times> (unit \<Rightarrow> yxml_of_term) option"}
        (map HOLogic.mk_prod (ts ~~ eval))

    val result = dynamic_value_strict ctxt t target

    val failed =
      filter_out (fst o fst o fst) (result ~~ ts ~~ evals)
      handle ListPair.UnequalLengths =>
        error ("Evaluation failed!\nWrong number of test results: " ^ Int.toString (length result))
  in
    (case failed of [] =>
      ()
    | _ => error (Pretty.string_of (pretty_failures ctxt target failed)))
  end

fun test_targets ctxt = List.app o test_terms ctxt

fun pretty_free ctxt = Syntax.pretty_term ctxt o Free

fun test_code_cmd raw_ts targets ctxt =
  let
    val ts = Syntax.read_terms ctxt raw_ts
    val frees = fold Term.add_frees ts []
    val _ =
      if null frees then ()
      else error (Pretty.string_of
        (Pretty.block (Pretty.str "Terms contain free variables:" :: Pretty.brk 1 ::
          Pretty.commas (map (pretty_free ctxt) frees))))
  in test_targets ctxt ts targets end

fun eval_term target ctxt t =
  let
    val frees = Term.add_frees t []
    val _ =
      if null frees then ()
      else
        error (Pretty.string_of
          (Pretty.block (Pretty.str "Term contains free variables:" :: Pretty.brk 1 ::
            Pretty.commas (map (pretty_free ctxt) frees))))

    val T = fastype_of t
    val _ =
      if Sign.of_sort (Proof_Context.theory_of ctxt) (T, @{sort term_of}) then ()
      else error ("Type " ^ Syntax.string_of_typ ctxt T ^
       " of term not of sort " ^ Syntax.string_of_sort ctxt @{sort term_of})

    val t' =
      HOLogic.mk_list @{typ "bool \<times> (unit \<Rightarrow> yxml_of_term) option"}
        [HOLogic.mk_prod (@{term "False"}, mk_term_of [t])]

    val result = dynamic_value_strict ctxt t' target
  in (case result of [(_, SOME [t])] => t | _ => error "Evaluation failed") end


(* generic driver *)

fun evaluate mk_driver opt_env_var compilerN ctxt (code_files, value_name) =
  let
    val _ =
      (case opt_env_var of
        NONE => ()
      | SOME (env_var, env_var_dest) =>
          (case getenv env_var of
            "" =>
              error (Pretty.string_of (Pretty.para
                ("Environment variable " ^ env_var ^ " is not set. To test code generation with " ^
                  compilerN ^ ", set this variable to your " ^ env_var_dest ^
                  " in the $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/settings file.")))
          | _ => ()))

    fun compile NONE = ()
      | compile (SOME cmd) =
          let
            val (out, ret) = Isabelle_System.bash_output cmd
          in
            if ret = 0 then ()
            else error ("Compilation with " ^ compilerN ^ " failed:\n" ^ cmd ^ "\n" ^ out)
          end

    fun run path =
      let
        val modules = map fst code_files
        val {files, compile_cmd, run_cmd, mk_code_file} = mk_driver ctxt path modules value_name

        val _ = List.app (fn (name, code) => File.write (mk_code_file name) code) code_files
        val _ = List.app (fn (name, content) => File.write name content) files

        val _ = compile compile_cmd

        val (out, res) = Isabelle_System.bash_output run_cmd
        val _ =
          if res = 0 then ()
          else error ("Evaluation for " ^ compilerN ^ " terminated with error code " ^
            Int.toString res ^ "\nBash output:\n" ^ out)
      in out end
  in run end


(* driver for PolyML *)

val polymlN = "PolyML"

fun mk_driver_polyml _ path _ value_name =
  let
    val generatedN = "generated.sml"
    val driverN = "driver.sml"

    val code_path = Path.append path (Path.basic generatedN)
    val driver_path = Path.append path (Path.basic driverN)
    val driver =
      "fun main prog_name = \n" ^
      "  let\n" ^
      "    fun format_term NONE = \"\"\n" ^
      "      | format_term (SOME t) = t ();\n" ^
      "    fun format (true, _) = \"" ^ successN ^ "\\n\"\n" ^
      "      | format (false, to) = \"" ^ failureN ^ "\" ^ format_term to ^ \"\\n\";\n" ^
      "    val result = " ^ value_name ^ " ();\n" ^
      "    val _ = print \"" ^ start_markerN ^ "\";\n" ^
      "    val _ = map (print o format) result;\n" ^
      "    val _ = print \"" ^ end_markerN ^ "\";\n" ^
      "  in\n" ^
      "    ()\n" ^
      "  end;\n"
    val cmd =
      "echo \"use \\\"" ^ Path.implode code_path ^ "\\\"; use \\\"" ^
      Path.implode driver_path ^ "\\\"; main ();\" | \"$ML_HOME/poly\""
  in
    {files = [(driver_path, driver)], compile_cmd = NONE, run_cmd = cmd, mk_code_file = K code_path}
  end

fun evaluate_in_polyml ctxt = evaluate mk_driver_polyml NONE polymlN ctxt


(* driver for mlton *)

val mltonN = "MLton"
val ISABELLE_MLTON = "ISABELLE_MLTON"

fun mk_driver_mlton _ path _ value_name =
  let
    val generatedN = "generated.sml"
    val driverN = "driver.sml"
    val projectN = "test"
    val ml_basisN = projectN ^ ".mlb"

    val code_path = Path.append path (Path.basic generatedN)
    val driver_path = Path.append path (Path.basic driverN)
    val ml_basis_path = Path.append path (Path.basic ml_basisN)
    val driver =
      "fun format_term NONE = \"\"\n" ^
      "  | format_term (SOME t) = t ();\n" ^
      "fun format (true, _) = \"" ^ successN ^ "\\n\"\n" ^
      "  | format (false, to) = \"" ^ failureN ^ "\" ^ format_term to ^ \"\\n\";\n" ^
      "val result = " ^ value_name ^ " ();\n" ^
      "val _ = print \"" ^ start_markerN ^ "\";\n" ^
      "val _ = map (print o format) result;\n" ^
      "val _ = print \"" ^ end_markerN ^ "\";\n"
    val ml_basis =
      "$(SML_LIB)/basis/basis.mlb\n" ^
      generatedN ^ "\n" ^
      driverN

    val compile_cmd =
      File.bash_path (Path.variable ISABELLE_MLTON) ^
      " -default-type intinf " ^ File.bash_path ml_basis_path
    val run_cmd = File.bash_path (Path.append path (Path.basic projectN))
  in
    {files = [(driver_path, driver), (ml_basis_path, ml_basis)],
     compile_cmd = SOME compile_cmd, run_cmd = run_cmd, mk_code_file = K code_path}
  end

fun evaluate_in_mlton ctxt =
  evaluate mk_driver_mlton (SOME (ISABELLE_MLTON, "MLton executable")) mltonN ctxt


(* driver for SML/NJ *)

val smlnjN = "SMLNJ"
val ISABELLE_SMLNJ = "ISABELLE_SMLNJ"

fun mk_driver_smlnj _ path _ value_name =
  let
    val generatedN = "generated.sml"
    val driverN = "driver.sml"

    val code_path = Path.append path (Path.basic generatedN)
    val driver_path = Path.append path (Path.basic driverN)
    val driver =
      "structure Test = struct\n" ^
      "fun main prog_name =\n" ^
      "  let\n" ^
      "    fun format_term NONE = \"\"\n" ^
      "      | format_term (SOME t) = t ();\n" ^
      "    fun format (true, _) = \"" ^ successN ^ "\\n\"\n" ^
      "      | format (false, to) = \"" ^ failureN ^ "\" ^ format_term to ^ \"\\n\";\n" ^
      "    val result = " ^ value_name ^ " ();\n" ^
      "    val _ = print \"" ^ start_markerN ^ "\";\n" ^
      "    val _ = map (print o format) result;\n" ^
      "    val _ = print \"" ^ end_markerN ^ "\";\n" ^
      "  in\n" ^
      "    0\n" ^
      "  end;\n" ^
      "end;"
    val cmd =
      "echo \"Control.MC.matchRedundantError := false; Control.MC.matchRedundantWarn := false;" ^
      "use \\\"" ^ Path.implode code_path ^ "\\\"; use \\\"" ^ Path.implode driver_path ^ "\\\";" ^
      "Test.main ();\" | " ^ Path.implode (Path.variable ISABELLE_SMLNJ)
  in
    {files = [(driver_path, driver)], compile_cmd = NONE, run_cmd = cmd, mk_code_file = K code_path}
  end

fun evaluate_in_smlnj ctxt =
  evaluate mk_driver_smlnj (SOME (ISABELLE_SMLNJ, "SMLNJ executable")) smlnjN ctxt


(* driver for OCaml *)

val ocamlN = "OCaml"
val ISABELLE_OCAMLC = "ISABELLE_OCAMLC"

fun mk_driver_ocaml _ path _ value_name =
  let
    val generatedN = "generated.ml"
    val driverN = "driver.ml"

    val code_path = Path.append path (Path.basic generatedN)
    val driver_path = Path.append path (Path.basic driverN)
    val driver =
      "let format_term = function\n" ^
      "  | None -> \"\"\n" ^
      "  | Some t -> t ();;\n" ^
      "let format = function\n" ^
      "  | (true, _) -> \"" ^ successN ^ "\\n\"\n" ^
      "  | (false, x) -> \"" ^ failureN ^ "\" ^ format_term x ^ \"\\n\";;\n" ^
      "let result = " ^ ("Generated." ^ value_name) ^ " ();;\n" ^
      "let main x =\n" ^
      "  let _ = print_string \"" ^ start_markerN ^ "\" in\n" ^
      "  let _ = List.map (fun x -> print_string (format x)) result in\n" ^
      "  print_string \"" ^ end_markerN ^ "\";;\n" ^
      "main ();;"

    val compiled_path = Path.append path (Path.basic "test")
    val compile_cmd =
      Path.implode (Path.variable ISABELLE_OCAMLC) ^ " -w pu -o " ^ Path.implode compiled_path ^
      " -I " ^ Path.implode path ^
      " nums.cma " ^ Path.implode code_path ^ " " ^ Path.implode driver_path

    val run_cmd = File.bash_path compiled_path
  in
    {files = [(driver_path, driver)],
     compile_cmd = SOME compile_cmd, run_cmd = run_cmd, mk_code_file = K code_path}
  end

fun evaluate_in_ocaml ctxt =
  evaluate mk_driver_ocaml (SOME (ISABELLE_OCAMLC, "ocamlc executable")) ocamlN ctxt


(* driver for GHC *)

val ghcN = "GHC"
val ISABELLE_GHC = "ISABELLE_GHC"

val ghc_options = Attrib.setup_config_string @{binding code_test_ghc} (K "")

fun mk_driver_ghc ctxt path modules value_name =
  let
    val driverN = "Main.hs"

    fun mk_code_file name = Path.append path (Path.basic (name ^ ".hs"))
    val driver_path = Path.append path (Path.basic driverN)
    val driver =
      "module Main where {\n" ^
      String.concat (map (fn module => "import qualified " ^ module ^ ";\n") modules) ^
      "main = do {\n" ^
      "    let {\n" ^
      "      format_term Nothing = \"\";\n" ^
      "      format_term (Just t) = t ();\n" ^
      "      format (True, _) = \"" ^ successN ^ "\\n\";\n" ^
      "      format (False, to) = \"" ^ failureN ^ "\" ++ format_term to ++ \"\\n\";\n" ^
      "      result = " ^ value_name ^ " ();\n" ^
      "    };\n" ^
      "    Prelude.putStr \"" ^ start_markerN ^ "\";\n" ^
      "    Prelude.mapM_ (putStr . format) result;\n" ^
      "    Prelude.putStr \"" ^ end_markerN ^ "\";\n" ^
      "  }\n" ^
      "}\n"

    val compiled_path = Path.append path (Path.basic "test")
    val compile_cmd =
      Path.implode (Path.variable ISABELLE_GHC) ^ " " ^ Code_Haskell.language_params ^ " " ^
      Config.get ctxt ghc_options ^ " -o " ^ Path.implode compiled_path ^ " " ^
      Path.implode driver_path ^ " -i" ^ Path.implode path

    val run_cmd = File.bash_path compiled_path
  in
    {files = [(driver_path, driver)],
     compile_cmd = SOME compile_cmd, run_cmd = run_cmd, mk_code_file = mk_code_file}
  end

fun evaluate_in_ghc ctxt =
  evaluate mk_driver_ghc (SOME (ISABELLE_GHC, "GHC executable")) ghcN ctxt


(* driver for Scala *)

val scalaN = "Scala"

fun mk_driver_scala _ path _ value_name =
  let
    val generatedN = "Generated_Code"
    val driverN = "Driver.scala"

    val code_path = Path.append path (Path.basic (generatedN ^ ".scala"))
    val driver_path = Path.append path (Path.basic driverN)
    val driver =
      "import " ^ generatedN ^ "._\n" ^
      "object Test {\n" ^
      "  def format_term(x : Option[Unit => String]) : String = x match {\n" ^
      "    case None => \"\"\n" ^
      "    case Some(x) => x(())\n" ^
      "  }\n" ^
      "  def format(term : (Boolean, Option[Unit => String])) : String = term match {\n" ^
      "      case (true, _) => \"True\\n\"\n" ^
      "      case (false, x) => \"False\" + format_term(x) + \"\\n\"\n" ^
      "  }\n" ^
      "  def main(args:Array[String]) = {\n" ^
      "    val result = " ^ value_name ^ "(());\n" ^
      "    print(\"" ^ start_markerN ^ "\");\n" ^
      "    result.map{test:(Boolean, Option[Unit => String]) => print(format(test))};\n" ^
      "    print(\"" ^ end_markerN ^ "\");\n" ^
      "  }\n" ^
      "}\n"

    val compile_cmd =
      "\"$SCALA_HOME/bin/scalac\" $ISABELLE_SCALAC_OPTIONS -d " ^ File.bash_path path ^
      " -classpath " ^ File.bash_path path ^ " " ^
      File.bash_path code_path ^ " " ^ File.bash_path driver_path

    val run_cmd = "\"$SCALA_HOME/bin/scala\" -cp " ^ File.bash_path path ^ " Test"
  in
    {files = [(driver_path, driver)],
     compile_cmd = SOME compile_cmd, run_cmd = run_cmd, mk_code_file = K code_path}
  end

fun evaluate_in_scala ctxt = evaluate mk_driver_scala NONE scalaN ctxt


(* command setup *)

val _ =
  Outer_Syntax.command @{command_keyword test_code}
    "compile test cases to target languages, execute them and report results"
      (Scan.repeat1 Parse.prop -- (@{keyword "in"} |-- Scan.repeat1 Parse.name)
        >> (fn (ts, targets) => Toplevel.keep (test_code_cmd ts targets o Toplevel.context_of)))

val _ =
  Theory.setup (fold add_driver
    [(polymlN, (evaluate_in_polyml, Code_ML.target_SML)),
     (mltonN, (evaluate_in_mlton, Code_ML.target_SML)),
     (smlnjN, (evaluate_in_smlnj, Code_ML.target_SML)),
     (ocamlN, (evaluate_in_ocaml, Code_ML.target_OCaml)),
     (ghcN, (evaluate_in_ghc, Code_Haskell.target)),
     (scalaN, (evaluate_in_scala, Code_Scala.target))]
  #> fold (fn target => Value_Command.add_evaluator (target, eval_term target))
      [polymlN, mltonN, smlnjN, ocamlN, ghcN, scalaN])

end