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NEWS

author | wenzelm |

Thu Dec 07 11:14:32 2017 +0100 (7 months ago) | |

changeset 67154 | c7def8f836d0 |

parent 67140 | 386a31d6d17a |

child 67157 | d0657c8b7616 |

permissions | -rw-r--r-- |

tuned output in isar-ref manual;

1 Isabelle NEWS -- history of user-relevant changes

2 =================================================

4 (Note: Isabelle/jEdit shows a tree-view of the NEWS file in Sidekick.)

7 New in this Isabelle version

8 ----------------------------

10 *** General ***

12 * The old 'def' command has been discontinued (legacy since

13 Isbelle2016-1). INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'define' instead -- usually with

14 object-logic equality or equivalence.

16 * Session-qualified theory names are mandatory: it is no longer possible

17 to refer to unqualified theories from the parent session.

18 INCOMPATIBILITY for old developments that have not been updated to

19 Isabelle2017 yet (using the "isabelle imports" tool).

21 * Theory header 'abbrevs' specifications need to be separated by 'and'.

22 INCOMPATIBILITY.

24 * Only the most fundamental theory names are global, usually the entry

25 points to major logic sessions: Pure, Main, Complex_Main, HOLCF, IFOL,

26 FOL, ZF, ZFC etc. INCOMPATIBILITY, need to use qualified names for

27 formerly global "HOL-Probability.Probability" and "HOL-SPARK.SPARK".

29 * Command 'external_file' declares the formal dependency on the given

30 file name, such that the Isabelle build process knows about it, but

31 without specific Prover IDE management.

33 * Session ROOT entries no longer allow specification of 'files'. Rare

34 INCOMPATIBILITY, use command 'external_file' within a proper theory

35 context.

37 * Session root directories may be specified multiple times: each

38 accessible ROOT file is processed only once. This facilitates

39 specification of $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/ROOTS or command-line options like

40 -d or -D for "isabelle build" and "isabelle jedit". Example:

42 isabelle build -D '~~/src/ZF'

45 *** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***

47 * Completion supports theory header imports, using theory base name.

48 E.g. "Prob" may be completed to "HOL-Probability.Probability".

50 * The command-line tool "isabelle jedit" provides more flexible options

51 for session selection:

52 - options -P opens the parent session image of -l

53 - options -A and -B modify the meaning of -l to produce a base

54 image on the spot, based on the specified ancestor (or parent)

55 - option -F focuses on the specified logic session

56 - option -R has changed: it only opens the session ROOT entry

57 - option -S sets up the development environment to edit the

58 specified session: it abbreviates -B -F -R -l

60 Examples:

61 isabelle jedit -d '$AFP' -S Formal_SSA -A HOL

62 isabelle jedit -d '$AFP' -S Formal_SSA -A HOL-Analysis

64 * Named control symbols (without special Unicode rendering) are shown as

65 bold-italic keyword. This is particularly useful for the short form of

66 antiquotations with control symbol: \<^name>\<open>argument\<close>. The action

67 "isabelle.antiquoted_cartouche" turns an antiquotation with 0 or 1

68 arguments into this format.

71 *** Document preparation ***

73 * System option "document_tags" specifies a default for otherwise

74 untagged commands. This is occasionally useful to control the global

75 visibility of commands via session options (e.g. in ROOT).

77 * Document markup commands ('section', 'text' etc.) are implicitly

78 tagged as "document" and visible by default. This avoids the application

79 of option "document_tags" to these commands.

81 * Isabelle names are mangled into LaTeX macro names to allow the full

82 identifier syntax with underscore, prime, digits. This is relevant for

83 antiquotations in control symbol notation, e.g. \<^const_name> becomes

84 \isactrlconstUNDERSCOREname.

87 *** HOL ***

89 * SMT module:

90 - The 'smt_oracle' option is now necessary when using the 'smt' method

91 with a solver other than Z3. INCOMPATIBILITY.

92 - The encoding to first-order logic is now more complete in the

93 presence of higher-order quantifiers. An 'smt_explicit_application'

94 option has been added to control this. INCOMPATIBILITY.

96 * Theory HOL-Computational_Algebra.Polynomial_Factorial does not provide

97 instances of rat, real, complex as factorial rings etc. Import

98 HOL-Computational_Algebra.Field_as_Ring explicitly in case of need.

99 INCOMPATIBILITY.

101 * Fact mod_mult_self4 (on nat) renamed to mod_mult_self3', to avoid

102 clash with fact mod_mult_self4 (on more generic semirings).

103 INCOMPATIBILITY.

105 * Facts sum.commute(_restrict) and prod.commute(_restrict) renamed to

106 sum.swap(_restrict) and prod.swap(_restrict), to avoid name clashes on

107 interpretation of abstract locales. INCOMPATIBILITY.

109 * Predicate pairwise_coprime abolished, use "pairwise coprime" instead.

110 INCOMPATIBILITY.

112 * Session HOL-Analysis: Moebius functions and the Riemann mapping

113 theorem.

115 * Class linordered_semiring_1 covers zero_less_one also, ruling out

116 pathologic instances. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

118 * Removed nat-int transfer machinery. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.

120 * Predicate coprime is now a real definition, not a mere

121 abbreviation. INCOMPATIBILITY.

124 *** System ***

126 * Session ROOT entry: empty 'document_files' means there is no document

127 for this session. There is no need to specify options [document = false]

128 anymore.

130 * The command-line tool "isabelle mkroot" now always produces a document

131 outline: its options have been adapted accordingly. INCOMPATIBILITY.

133 * The command-line tool "isabelle mkroot -I" initializes a Mercurial

134 repository for the generated session files.

136 * Linux and Windows/Cygwin is for x86_64 only. Old 32bit platform

137 support has been discontinued.

139 * Mac OS X 10.10 Yosemite is now the baseline version; Mavericks is no

140 longer supported.

142 * Java runtime is for x86_64 only. Corresponding Isabelle settings have

143 been renamed to ISABELLE_TOOL_JAVA_OPTIONS and JEDIT_JAVA_OPTIONS,

144 instead of former 32/64 variants. INCOMPATIBILITY.

146 * Command-line tool "isabelle build" supports new options:

147 - option -B NAME: include session NAME and all descendants

148 - option -S: only observe changes of sources, not heap images

149 - option -f: forces a fresh build

151 * Command-line tool "isabelle build" takes "condition" options with the

152 corresponding environment values into account, when determining the

153 up-to-date status of a session.

155 * Command-line tool "isabelle imports -I" also reports actual session

156 imports. This helps to minimize the session dependency graph.

158 * Update to current Poly/ML 5.7.1 with slightly improved performance and

159 PIDE markup for identifier bindings.

163 New in Isabelle2017 (October 2017)

164 ----------------------------------

166 *** General ***

168 * Experimental support for Visual Studio Code (VSCode) as alternative

169 Isabelle/PIDE front-end, see also

170 https://marketplace.visualstudio.com/items?itemName=makarius.Isabelle2017

172 VSCode is a new type of application that continues the concepts of

173 "programmer's editor" and "integrated development environment" towards

174 fully semantic editing and debugging -- in a relatively light-weight

175 manner. Thus it fits nicely on top of the Isabelle/PIDE infrastructure.

176 Technically, VSCode is based on the Electron application framework

177 (Node.js + Chromium browser + V8), which is implemented in JavaScript

178 and TypeScript, while Isabelle/VSCode mainly consists of Isabelle/Scala

179 modules around a Language Server implementation.

181 * Theory names are qualified by the session name that they belong to.

182 This affects imports, but not the theory name space prefix (which is

183 just the theory base name as before).

185 In order to import theories from other sessions, the ROOT file format

186 provides a new 'sessions' keyword. In contrast, a theory that is

187 imported in the old-fashioned manner via an explicit file-system path

188 belongs to the current session, and might cause theory name conflicts

189 later on. Theories that are imported from other sessions are excluded

190 from the current session document. The command-line tool "isabelle

191 imports" helps to update theory imports.

193 * The main theory entry points for some non-HOL sessions have changed,

194 to avoid confusion with the global name "Main" of the session HOL. This

195 leads to the follow renamings:

197 CTT/Main.thy ~> CTT/CTT.thy

198 ZF/Main.thy ~> ZF/ZF.thy

199 ZF/Main_ZF.thy ~> ZF/ZF.thy

200 ZF/Main_ZFC.thy ~> ZF/ZFC.thy

201 ZF/ZF.thy ~> ZF/ZF_Base.thy

203 INCOMPATIBILITY.

205 * Commands 'alias' and 'type_alias' introduce aliases for constants and

206 type constructors, respectively. This allows adhoc changes to name-space

207 accesses within global or local theory contexts, e.g. within a 'bundle'.

209 * Document antiquotations @{prf} and @{full_prf} output proof terms

210 (again) in the same way as commands 'prf' and 'full_prf'.

212 * Computations generated by the code generator can be embedded directly

213 into ML, alongside with @{code} antiquotations, using the following

214 antiquotations:

216 @{computation ... terms: ... datatypes: ...} :

217 ((term -> term) -> 'ml option -> 'a) -> Proof.context -> term -> 'a

218 @{computation_conv ... terms: ... datatypes: ...} :

219 (Proof.context -> 'ml -> conv) -> Proof.context -> conv

220 @{computation_check terms: ... datatypes: ...} : Proof.context -> conv

222 See src/HOL/ex/Computations.thy,

223 src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Commutative_Ring.thy and

224 src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Reflective_Field.thy for examples and the

225 tutorial on code generation.

228 *** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***

230 * Session-qualified theory imports allow the Prover IDE to process

231 arbitrary theory hierarchies independently of the underlying logic

232 session image (e.g. option "isabelle jedit -l"), but the directory

233 structure needs to be known in advance (e.g. option "isabelle jedit -d"

234 or a line in the file $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/ROOTS).

236 * The PIDE document model maintains file content independently of the

237 status of jEdit editor buffers. Reloading jEdit buffers no longer causes

238 changes of formal document content. Theory dependencies are always

239 resolved internally, without the need for corresponding editor buffers.

240 The system option "jedit_auto_load" has been discontinued: it is

241 effectively always enabled.

243 * The Theories dockable provides a "Purge" button, in order to restrict

244 the document model to theories that are required for open editor

245 buffers.

247 * The Theories dockable indicates the overall status of checking of each

248 entry. When all forked tasks of a theory are finished, the border is

249 painted with thick lines; remaining errors in this situation are

250 represented by a different border color.

252 * Automatic indentation is more careful to avoid redundant spaces in

253 intermediate situations. Keywords are indented after input (via typed

254 characters or completion); see also option "jedit_indent_input".

256 * Action "isabelle.preview" opens an HTML preview of the current theory

257 document in the default web browser.

259 * Command-line invocation "isabelle jedit -R -l LOGIC" opens the ROOT

260 entry of the specified logic session in the editor, while its parent is

261 used for formal checking.

263 * The main Isabelle/jEdit plugin may be restarted manually (using the

264 jEdit Plugin Manager), as long as the "Isabelle Base" plugin remains

265 enabled at all times.

267 * Update to current jedit-5.4.0.

270 *** Pure ***

272 * Deleting the last code equations for a particular function using

273 [code del] results in function with no equations (runtime abort) rather

274 than an unimplemented function (generation time abort). Use explicit

275 [[code drop:]] to enforce the latter. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

277 * Proper concept of code declarations in code.ML:

278 - Regular code declarations act only on the global theory level, being

279 ignored with warnings if syntactically malformed.

280 - Explicitly global code declarations yield errors if syntactically

281 malformed.

282 - Default code declarations are silently ignored if syntactically

283 malformed.

284 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

286 * Clarified and standardized internal data bookkeeping of code

287 declarations: history of serials allows to track potentially

288 non-monotonous declarations appropriately. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

291 *** HOL ***

293 * The Nunchaku model finder is now part of "Main".

295 * SMT module:

296 - A new option, 'smt_nat_as_int', has been added to translate 'nat' to

297 'int' and benefit from the SMT solver's theory reasoning. It is

298 disabled by default.

299 - The legacy module "src/HOL/Library/Old_SMT.thy" has been removed.

300 - Several small issues have been rectified in the 'smt' command.

302 * (Co)datatype package: The 'size_gen_o_map' lemma is no longer

303 generated for datatypes with type class annotations. As a result, the

304 tactic that derives it no longer fails on nested datatypes. Slight

305 INCOMPATIBILITY.

307 * Command and antiquotation "value" with modified default strategy:

308 terms without free variables are always evaluated using plain evaluation

309 only, with no fallback on normalization by evaluation. Minor

310 INCOMPATIBILITY.

312 * Theories "GCD" and "Binomial" are already included in "Main" (instead

313 of "Complex_Main").

315 * Constant "surj" is a full input/output abbreviation (again).

316 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

318 * Dropped aliasses RangeP, DomainP for Rangep, Domainp respectively.

319 INCOMPATIBILITY.

321 * Renamed ii to imaginary_unit in order to free up ii as a variable

322 name. The syntax \<i> remains available. INCOMPATIBILITY.

324 * Dropped abbreviations transP, antisymP, single_valuedP; use constants

325 transp, antisymp, single_valuedp instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.

327 * Constant "subseq" in Topological_Spaces has been removed -- it is

328 subsumed by "strict_mono". Some basic lemmas specific to "subseq" have

329 been renamed accordingly, e.g. "subseq_o" -> "strict_mono_o" etc.

331 * Theory List: "sublist" renamed to "nths" in analogy with "nth", and

332 "sublisteq" renamed to "subseq". Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

334 * Theory List: new generic function "sorted_wrt".

336 * Named theorems mod_simps covers various congruence rules concerning

337 mod, replacing former zmod_simps. INCOMPATIBILITY.

339 * Swapped orientation of congruence rules mod_add_left_eq,

340 mod_add_right_eq, mod_add_eq, mod_mult_left_eq, mod_mult_right_eq,

341 mod_mult_eq, mod_minus_eq, mod_diff_left_eq, mod_diff_right_eq,

342 mod_diff_eq. INCOMPATIBILITY.

344 * Generalized some facts:

345 measure_induct_rule

346 measure_induct

347 zminus_zmod ~> mod_minus_eq

348 zdiff_zmod_left ~> mod_diff_left_eq

349 zdiff_zmod_right ~> mod_diff_right_eq

350 zmod_eq_dvd_iff ~> mod_eq_dvd_iff

351 INCOMPATIBILITY.

353 * Algebraic type class hierarchy of euclidean (semi)rings in HOL:

354 euclidean_(semi)ring, euclidean_(semi)ring_cancel,

355 unique_euclidean_(semi)ring; instantiation requires provision of a

356 euclidean size.

358 * Theory "HOL-Number_Theory.Euclidean_Algorithm" has been reworked:

359 - Euclidean induction is available as rule eucl_induct.

360 - Constants Euclidean_Algorithm.gcd, Euclidean_Algorithm.lcm,

361 Euclidean_Algorithm.Gcd and Euclidean_Algorithm.Lcm allow

362 easy instantiation of euclidean (semi)rings as GCD (semi)rings.

363 - Coefficients obtained by extended euclidean algorithm are

364 available as "bezout_coefficients".

365 INCOMPATIBILITY.

367 * Theory "Number_Theory.Totient" introduces basic notions about Euler's

368 totient function previously hidden as solitary example in theory

369 Residues. Definition changed so that "totient 1 = 1" in agreement with

370 the literature. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

372 * New styles in theory "HOL-Library.LaTeXsugar":

373 - "dummy_pats" for printing equations with "_" on the lhs;

374 - "eta_expand" for printing eta-expanded terms.

376 * Theory "HOL-Library.Permutations": theorem bij_swap_ompose_bij has

377 been renamed to bij_swap_compose_bij. INCOMPATIBILITY.

379 * New theory "HOL-Library.Going_To_Filter" providing the "f going_to F"

380 filter for describing points x such that f(x) is in the filter F.

382 * Theory "HOL-Library.Formal_Power_Series": constants X/E/L/F have been

383 renamed to fps_X/fps_exp/fps_ln/fps_hypergeo to avoid polluting the name

384 space. INCOMPATIBILITY.

386 * Theory "HOL-Library.FinFun" has been moved to AFP (again).

387 INCOMPATIBILITY.

389 * Theory "HOL-Library.FuncSet": some old and rarely used ASCII

390 replacement syntax has been removed. INCOMPATIBILITY, standard syntax

391 with symbols should be used instead. The subsequent commands help to

392 reproduce the old forms, e.g. to simplify porting old theories:

394 syntax (ASCII)

395 "_PiE" :: "pttrn \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> 'b set \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) set" ("(3PIE _:_./ _)" 10)

396 "_Pi" :: "pttrn \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> 'b set \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) set" ("(3PI _:_./ _)" 10)

397 "_lam" :: "pttrn \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b)" ("(3%_:_./ _)" [0,0,3] 3)

399 * Theory "HOL-Library.Multiset": the simprocs on subsets operators of

400 multisets have been renamed:

402 msetless_cancel_numerals ~> msetsubset_cancel

403 msetle_cancel_numerals ~> msetsubset_eq_cancel

405 INCOMPATIBILITY.

407 * Theory "HOL-Library.Pattern_Aliases" provides input and output syntax

408 for pattern aliases as known from Haskell, Scala and ML.

410 * Theory "HOL-Library.Uprod" formalizes the type of unordered pairs.

412 * Session HOL-Analysis: more material involving arcs, paths, covering

413 spaces, innessential maps, retracts, infinite products, simplicial

414 complexes. Baire Category theorem. Major results include the Jordan

415 Curve Theorem and the Great Picard Theorem.

417 * Session HOL-Algebra has been extended by additional lattice theory:

418 the Knaster-Tarski fixed point theorem and Galois Connections.

420 * Sessions HOL-Computational_Algebra and HOL-Number_Theory: new notions

421 of squarefreeness, n-th powers, and prime powers.

423 * Session "HOL-Computional_Algebra" covers many previously scattered

424 theories, notably Euclidean_Algorithm, Factorial_Ring,

425 Formal_Power_Series, Fraction_Field, Fundamental_Theorem_Algebra,

426 Normalized_Fraction, Polynomial_FPS, Polynomial, Primes. Minor

427 INCOMPATIBILITY.

430 *** System ***

432 * Isabelle/Scala: the SQL module supports access to relational

433 databases, either as plain file (SQLite) or full-scale server

434 (PostgreSQL via local port or remote ssh connection).

436 * Results of "isabelle build" are recorded as SQLite database (i.e.

437 "Application File Format" in the sense of

438 https://www.sqlite.org/appfileformat.html). This allows systematic

439 access via operations from module Sessions.Store in Isabelle/Scala.

441 * System option "parallel_proofs" is 1 by default (instead of more

442 aggressive 2). This requires less heap space and avoids burning parallel

443 CPU cycles, while full subproof parallelization is enabled for repeated

444 builds (according to parallel_subproofs_threshold).

446 * System option "record_proofs" allows to change the global

447 Proofterm.proofs variable for a session. Regular values are are 0, 1, 2;

448 a negative value means the current state in the ML heap image remains

449 unchanged.

451 * Isabelle settings variable ISABELLE_SCALA_BUILD_OPTIONS has been

452 renamed to ISABELLE_SCALAC_OPTIONS. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.

454 * Isabelle settings variables ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM,

455 ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM32, ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM64 indicate the

456 native Windows platform (independently of the Cygwin installation). This

457 is analogous to ISABELLE_PLATFORM, ISABELLE_PLATFORM32,

458 ISABELLE_PLATFORM64.

460 * Command-line tool "isabelle build_docker" builds a Docker image from

461 the Isabelle application bundle for Linux. See also

462 https://hub.docker.com/r/makarius/isabelle

464 * Command-line tool "isabelle vscode_server" provides a Language Server

465 Protocol implementation, e.g. for the Visual Studio Code editor. It

466 serves as example for alternative PIDE front-ends.

468 * Command-line tool "isabelle imports" helps to maintain theory imports

469 wrt. session structure. Examples for the main Isabelle distribution:

471 isabelle imports -I -a

472 isabelle imports -U -a

473 isabelle imports -U -i -a

474 isabelle imports -M -a -d '~~/src/Benchmarks'

478 New in Isabelle2016-1 (December 2016)

479 -------------------------------------

481 *** General ***

483 * Splitter in proof methods "simp", "auto" and friends:

484 - The syntax "split add" has been discontinued, use plain "split",

485 INCOMPATIBILITY.

486 - For situations with many conditional or case expressions, there is

487 an alternative splitting strategy that can be much faster. It is

488 selected by writing "split!" instead of "split". It applies safe

489 introduction and elimination rules after each split rule. As a

490 result the subgoal may be split into several subgoals.

492 * Command 'bundle' provides a local theory target to define a bundle

493 from the body of specification commands (such as 'declare',

494 'declaration', 'notation', 'lemmas', 'lemma'). For example:

496 bundle foo

497 begin

498 declare a [simp]

499 declare b [intro]

500 end

502 * Command 'unbundle' is like 'include', but works within a local theory

503 context. Unlike "context includes ... begin", the effect of 'unbundle'

504 on the target context persists, until different declarations are given.

506 * Simplified outer syntax: uniform category "name" includes long

507 identifiers. Former "xname" / "nameref" / "name reference" has been

508 discontinued.

510 * Embedded content (e.g. the inner syntax of types, terms, props) may be

511 delimited uniformly via cartouches. This works better than old-fashioned

512 quotes when sub-languages are nested.

514 * Mixfix annotations support general block properties, with syntax

515 "(\<open>x=a y=b z \<dots>\<close>". Notable property names are "indent", "consistent",

516 "unbreakable", "markup". The existing notation "(DIGITS" is equivalent

517 to "(\<open>indent=DIGITS\<close>". The former notation "(00" for unbreakable blocks

518 is superseded by "(\<open>unbreabable\<close>" --- rare INCOMPATIBILITY.

520 * Proof method "blast" is more robust wrt. corner cases of Pure

521 statements without object-logic judgment.

523 * Commands 'prf' and 'full_prf' are somewhat more informative (again):

524 proof terms are reconstructed and cleaned from administrative thm nodes.

526 * Code generator: config option "code_timing" triggers measurements of

527 different phases of code generation. See src/HOL/ex/Code_Timing.thy for

528 examples.

530 * Code generator: implicits in Scala (stemming from type class

531 instances) are generated into companion object of corresponding type

532 class, to resolve some situations where ambiguities may occur.

534 * Solve direct: option "solve_direct_strict_warnings" gives explicit

535 warnings for lemma statements with trivial proofs.

538 *** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***

540 * More aggressive flushing of machine-generated input, according to

541 system option editor_generated_input_delay (in addition to existing

542 editor_input_delay for regular user edits). This may affect overall PIDE

543 reactivity and CPU usage.

545 * Syntactic indentation according to Isabelle outer syntax. Action

546 "indent-lines" (shortcut C+i) indents the current line according to

547 command keywords and some command substructure. Action

548 "isabelle.newline" (shortcut ENTER) indents the old and the new line

549 according to command keywords only; see also option

550 "jedit_indent_newline".

552 * Semantic indentation for unstructured proof scripts ('apply' etc.) via

553 number of subgoals. This requires information of ongoing document

554 processing and may thus lag behind, when the user is editing too

555 quickly; see also option "jedit_script_indent" and

556 "jedit_script_indent_limit".

558 * Refined folding mode "isabelle" based on Isar syntax: 'next' and 'qed'

559 are treated as delimiters for fold structure; 'begin' and 'end'

560 structure of theory specifications is treated as well.

562 * Command 'proof' provides information about proof outline with cases,

563 e.g. for proof methods "cases", "induct", "goal_cases".

565 * Completion templates for commands involving "begin ... end" blocks,

566 e.g. 'context', 'notepad'.

568 * Sidekick parser "isabelle-context" shows nesting of context blocks

569 according to 'begin' and 'end' structure.

571 * Highlighting of entity def/ref positions wrt. cursor.

573 * Action "isabelle.select-entity" (shortcut CS+ENTER) selects all

574 occurrences of the formal entity at the caret position. This facilitates

575 systematic renaming.

577 * PIDE document markup works across multiple Isar commands, e.g. the

578 results established at the end of a proof are properly identified in the

579 theorem statement.

581 * Cartouche abbreviations work both for " and ` to accomodate typical

582 situations where old ASCII notation may be updated.

584 * Dockable window "Symbols" also provides access to 'abbrevs' from the

585 outer syntax of the current theory buffer. This provides clickable

586 syntax templates, including entries with empty abbrevs name (which are

587 inaccessible via keyboard completion).

589 * IDE support for the Isabelle/Pure bootstrap process, with the

590 following independent stages:

592 src/Pure/ROOT0.ML

593 src/Pure/ROOT.ML

594 src/Pure/Pure.thy

595 src/Pure/ML_Bootstrap.thy

597 The ML ROOT files act like quasi-theories in the context of theory

598 ML_Bootstrap: this allows continuous checking of all loaded ML files.

599 The theory files are presented with a modified header to import Pure

600 from the running Isabelle instance. Results from changed versions of

601 each stage are *not* propagated to the next stage, and isolated from the

602 actual Isabelle/Pure that runs the IDE itself. The sequential

603 dependencies of the above files are only observed for batch build.

605 * Isabelle/ML and Standard ML files are presented in Sidekick with the

606 tree structure of section headings: this special comment format is

607 described in "implementation" chapter 0, e.g. (*** section ***).

609 * Additional abbreviations for syntactic completion may be specified

610 within the theory header as 'abbrevs'. The theory syntax for 'keywords'

611 has been simplified accordingly: optional abbrevs need to go into the

612 new 'abbrevs' section.

614 * Global abbreviations via $ISABELLE_HOME/etc/abbrevs and

615 $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/abbrevs are no longer supported. Minor

616 INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'abbrevs' within theory header instead.

618 * Action "isabelle.keymap-merge" asks the user to resolve pending

619 Isabelle keymap changes that are in conflict with the current jEdit

620 keymap; non-conflicting changes are always applied implicitly. This

621 action is automatically invoked on Isabelle/jEdit startup and thus

622 increases chances that users see new keyboard shortcuts when re-using

623 old keymaps.

625 * ML and document antiquotations for file-systems paths are more uniform

626 and diverse:

628 @{path NAME} -- no file-system check

629 @{file NAME} -- check for plain file

630 @{dir NAME} -- check for directory

632 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, former uses of @{file} and @{file_unchecked} may

633 have to be changed.

636 *** Document preparation ***

638 * New symbol \<circle>, e.g. for temporal operator.

640 * New document and ML antiquotation @{locale} for locales, similar to

641 existing antiquotation @{class}.

643 * Mixfix annotations support delimiters like \<^control>\<open>cartouche\<close> --

644 this allows special forms of document output.

646 * Raw LaTeX output now works via \<^latex>\<open>...\<close> instead of raw control

647 symbol \<^raw:...>. INCOMPATIBILITY, notably for LaTeXsugar.thy and its

648 derivatives.

650 * \<^raw:...> symbols are no longer supported.

652 * Old 'header' command is no longer supported (legacy since

653 Isabelle2015).

656 *** Isar ***

658 * Many specification elements support structured statements with 'if' /

659 'for' eigen-context, e.g. 'axiomatization', 'abbreviation',

660 'definition', 'inductive', 'function'.

662 * Toplevel theorem statements support eigen-context notation with 'if' /

663 'for' (in postfix), which corresponds to 'assumes' / 'fixes' in the

664 traditional long statement form (in prefix). Local premises are called

665 "that" or "assms", respectively. Empty premises are *not* bound in the

666 context: INCOMPATIBILITY.

668 * Command 'define' introduces a local (non-polymorphic) definition, with

669 optional abstraction over local parameters. The syntax resembles

670 'definition' and 'obtain'. It fits better into the Isar language than

671 old 'def', which is now a legacy feature.

673 * Command 'obtain' supports structured statements with 'if' / 'for'

674 context.

676 * Command '\<proof>' is an alias for 'sorry', with different

677 typesetting. E.g. to produce proof holes in examples and documentation.

679 * The defining position of a literal fact \<open>prop\<close> is maintained more

680 carefully, and made accessible as hyperlink in the Prover IDE.

682 * Commands 'finally' and 'ultimately' used to expose the result as

683 literal fact: this accidental behaviour has been discontinued. Rare

684 INCOMPATIBILITY, use more explicit means to refer to facts in Isar.

686 * Command 'axiomatization' has become more restrictive to correspond

687 better to internal axioms as singleton facts with mandatory name. Minor

688 INCOMPATIBILITY.

690 * Proof methods may refer to the main facts via the dynamic fact

691 "method_facts". This is particularly useful for Eisbach method

692 definitions.

694 * Proof method "use" allows to modify the main facts of a given method

695 expression, e.g.

697 (use facts in simp)

698 (use facts in \<open>simp add: ...\<close>)

700 * The old proof method "default" has been removed (legacy since

701 Isabelle2016). INCOMPATIBILITY, use "standard" instead.

704 *** Pure ***

706 * Pure provides basic versions of proof methods "simp" and "simp_all"

707 that only know about meta-equality (==). Potential INCOMPATIBILITY in

708 theory imports that merge Pure with e.g. Main of Isabelle/HOL: the order

709 is relevant to avoid confusion of Pure.simp vs. HOL.simp.

711 * The command 'unfolding' and proof method "unfold" include a second

712 stage where given equations are passed through the attribute "abs_def"

713 before rewriting. This ensures that definitions are fully expanded,

714 regardless of the actual parameters that are provided. Rare

715 INCOMPATIBILITY in some corner cases: use proof method (simp only:)

716 instead, or declare [[unfold_abs_def = false]] in the proof context.

718 * Type-inference improves sorts of newly introduced type variables for

719 the object-logic, using its base sort (i.e. HOL.type for Isabelle/HOL).

720 Thus terms like "f x" or "\<And>x. P x" without any further syntactic context

721 produce x::'a::type in HOL instead of x::'a::{} in Pure. Rare

722 INCOMPATIBILITY, need to provide explicit type constraints for Pure

723 types where this is really intended.

726 *** HOL ***

728 * New proof method "argo" using the built-in Argo solver based on SMT

729 technology. The method can be used to prove goals of quantifier-free

730 propositional logic, goals based on a combination of quantifier-free

731 propositional logic with equality, and goals based on a combination of

732 quantifier-free propositional logic with linear real arithmetic

733 including min/max/abs. See HOL/ex/Argo_Examples.thy for examples.

735 * The new "nunchaku" command integrates the Nunchaku model finder. The

736 tool is experimental. See ~~/src/HOL/Nunchaku/Nunchaku.thy for details.

738 * Metis: The problem encoding has changed very slightly. This might

739 break existing proofs. INCOMPATIBILITY.

741 * Sledgehammer:

742 - The MaSh relevance filter is now faster than before.

743 - Produce syntactically correct Vampire 4.0 problem files.

745 * (Co)datatype package:

746 - New commands for defining corecursive functions and reasoning about

747 them in "~~/src/HOL/Library/BNF_Corec.thy": 'corec', 'corecursive',

748 'friend_of_corec', and 'corecursion_upto'; and 'corec_unique' proof

749 method. See 'isabelle doc corec'.

750 - The predicator :: ('a \<Rightarrow> bool) \<Rightarrow> 'a F \<Rightarrow> bool is now a first-class

751 citizen in bounded natural functors.

752 - 'primrec' now allows nested calls through the predicator in addition

753 to the map function.

754 - 'bnf' automatically discharges reflexive proof obligations.

755 - 'bnf' outputs a slightly modified proof obligation expressing rel in

756 terms of map and set

757 (not giving a specification for rel makes this one reflexive).

758 - 'bnf' outputs a new proof obligation expressing pred in terms of set

759 (not giving a specification for pred makes this one reflexive).

760 INCOMPATIBILITY: manual 'bnf' declarations may need adjustment.

761 - Renamed lemmas:

762 rel_prod_apply ~> rel_prod_inject

763 pred_prod_apply ~> pred_prod_inject

764 INCOMPATIBILITY.

765 - The "size" plugin has been made compatible again with locales.

766 - The theorems about "rel" and "set" may have a slightly different (but

767 equivalent) form.

768 INCOMPATIBILITY.

770 * The 'coinductive' command produces a proper coinduction rule for

771 mutual coinductive predicates. This new rule replaces the old rule,

772 which exposed details of the internal fixpoint construction and was

773 hard to use. INCOMPATIBILITY.

775 * New abbreviations for negated existence (but not bounded existence):

777 \<nexists>x. P x \<equiv> \<not> (\<exists>x. P x)

778 \<nexists>!x. P x \<equiv> \<not> (\<exists>!x. P x)

780 * The print mode "HOL" for ASCII syntax of binders "!", "?", "?!", "@"

781 has been removed for output. It is retained for input only, until it is

782 eliminated altogether.

784 * The unique existence quantifier no longer provides 'binder' syntax,

785 but uses syntax translations (as for bounded unique existence). Thus

786 iterated quantification \<exists>!x y. P x y with its slightly confusing

787 sequential meaning \<exists>!x. \<exists>!y. P x y is no longer possible. Instead,

788 pattern abstraction admits simultaneous unique existence \<exists>!(x, y). P x y

789 (analogous to existing notation \<exists>!(x, y)\<in>A. P x y). Potential

790 INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations.

792 * Conventional syntax "%(). t" for unit abstractions. Slight syntactic

793 INCOMPATIBILITY.

795 * Renamed constants and corresponding theorems:

797 setsum ~> sum

798 setprod ~> prod

799 listsum ~> sum_list

800 listprod ~> prod_list

802 INCOMPATIBILITY.

804 * Sligthly more standardized theorem names:

805 sgn_times ~> sgn_mult

806 sgn_mult' ~> Real_Vector_Spaces.sgn_mult

807 divide_zero_left ~> div_0

808 zero_mod_left ~> mod_0

809 divide_zero ~> div_by_0

810 divide_1 ~> div_by_1

811 nonzero_mult_divide_cancel_left ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_left

812 div_mult_self1_is_id ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_left

813 nonzero_mult_divide_cancel_right ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_right

814 div_mult_self2_is_id ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_right

815 is_unit_divide_mult_cancel_left ~> is_unit_div_mult_cancel_left

816 is_unit_divide_mult_cancel_right ~> is_unit_div_mult_cancel_right

817 mod_div_equality ~> div_mult_mod_eq

818 mod_div_equality2 ~> mult_div_mod_eq

819 mod_div_equality3 ~> mod_div_mult_eq

820 mod_div_equality4 ~> mod_mult_div_eq

821 minus_div_eq_mod ~> minus_div_mult_eq_mod

822 minus_div_eq_mod2 ~> minus_mult_div_eq_mod

823 minus_mod_eq_div ~> minus_mod_eq_div_mult

824 minus_mod_eq_div2 ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div

825 div_mod_equality' ~> minus_mod_eq_div_mult [symmetric]

826 mod_div_equality' ~> minus_div_mult_eq_mod [symmetric]

827 zmod_zdiv_equality ~> mult_div_mod_eq [symmetric]

828 zmod_zdiv_equality' ~> minus_div_mult_eq_mod [symmetric]

829 Divides.mult_div_cancel ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div [symmetric]

830 mult_div_cancel ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div [symmetric]

831 zmult_div_cancel ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div [symmetric]

832 div_1 ~> div_by_Suc_0

833 mod_1 ~> mod_by_Suc_0

834 INCOMPATIBILITY.

836 * New type class "idom_abs_sgn" specifies algebraic properties

837 of sign and absolute value functions. Type class "sgn_if" has

838 disappeared. Slight INCOMPATIBILITY.

840 * Dedicated syntax LENGTH('a) for length of types.

842 * Characters (type char) are modelled as finite algebraic type

843 corresponding to {0..255}.

845 - Logical representation:

846 * 0 is instantiated to the ASCII zero character.

847 * All other characters are represented as "Char n"

848 with n being a raw numeral expression less than 256.

849 * Expressions of the form "Char n" with n greater than 255

850 are non-canonical.

851 - Printing and parsing:

852 * Printable characters are printed and parsed as "CHR ''\<dots>''"

853 (as before).

854 * The ASCII zero character is printed and parsed as "0".

855 * All other canonical characters are printed as "CHR 0xXX"

856 with XX being the hexadecimal character code. "CHR n"

857 is parsable for every numeral expression n.

858 * Non-canonical characters have no special syntax and are

859 printed as their logical representation.

860 - Explicit conversions from and to the natural numbers are

861 provided as char_of_nat, nat_of_char (as before).

862 - The auxiliary nibble type has been discontinued.

864 INCOMPATIBILITY.

866 * Type class "div" with operation "mod" renamed to type class "modulo"

867 with operation "modulo", analogously to type class "divide". This

868 eliminates the need to qualify any of those names in the presence of

869 infix "mod" syntax. INCOMPATIBILITY.

871 * Statements and proofs of Knaster-Tarski fixpoint combinators lfp/gfp

872 have been clarified. The fixpoint properties are lfp_fixpoint, its

873 symmetric lfp_unfold (as before), and the duals for gfp. Auxiliary items

874 for the proof (lfp_lemma2 etc.) are no longer exported, but can be

875 easily recovered by composition with eq_refl. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

877 * Constant "surj" is a mere input abbreviation, to avoid hiding an

878 equation in term output. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

880 * Command 'code_reflect' accepts empty constructor lists for datatypes,

881 which renders those abstract effectively.

883 * Command 'export_code' checks given constants for abstraction

884 violations: a small guarantee that given constants specify a safe

885 interface for the generated code.

887 * Code generation for Scala: ambiguous implicts in class diagrams are

888 spelt out explicitly.

890 * Static evaluators (Code_Evaluation.static_* in Isabelle/ML) rely on

891 explicitly provided auxiliary definitions for required type class

892 dictionaries rather than half-working magic. INCOMPATIBILITY, see the

893 tutorial on code generation for details.

895 * Theory Set_Interval: substantial new theorems on indexed sums and

896 products.

898 * Locale bijection establishes convenient default simp rules such as

899 "inv f (f a) = a" for total bijections.

901 * Abstract locales semigroup, abel_semigroup, semilattice,

902 semilattice_neutr, ordering, ordering_top, semilattice_order,

903 semilattice_neutr_order, comm_monoid_set, semilattice_set,

904 semilattice_neutr_set, semilattice_order_set,

905 semilattice_order_neutr_set monoid_list, comm_monoid_list,

906 comm_monoid_list_set, comm_monoid_mset, comm_monoid_fun use boldified

907 syntax uniformly that does not clash with corresponding global syntax.

908 INCOMPATIBILITY.

910 * Former locale lifting_syntax is now a bundle, which is easier to

911 include in a local context or theorem statement, e.g. "context includes

912 lifting_syntax begin ... end". Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

914 * Some old / obsolete theorems have been renamed / removed, potential

915 INCOMPATIBILITY.

917 nat_less_cases -- removed, use linorder_cases instead

918 inv_image_comp -- removed, use image_inv_f_f instead

919 image_surj_f_inv_f ~> image_f_inv_f

921 * Some theorems about groups and orders have been generalised from

922 groups to semi-groups that are also monoids:

923 le_add_same_cancel1

924 le_add_same_cancel2

925 less_add_same_cancel1

926 less_add_same_cancel2

927 add_le_same_cancel1

928 add_le_same_cancel2

929 add_less_same_cancel1

930 add_less_same_cancel2

932 * Some simplifications theorems about rings have been removed, since

933 superseeded by a more general version:

934 less_add_cancel_left_greater_zero ~> less_add_same_cancel1

935 less_add_cancel_right_greater_zero ~> less_add_same_cancel2

936 less_eq_add_cancel_left_greater_eq_zero ~> le_add_same_cancel1

937 less_eq_add_cancel_right_greater_eq_zero ~> le_add_same_cancel2

938 less_eq_add_cancel_left_less_eq_zero ~> add_le_same_cancel1

939 less_eq_add_cancel_right_less_eq_zero ~> add_le_same_cancel2

940 less_add_cancel_left_less_zero ~> add_less_same_cancel1

941 less_add_cancel_right_less_zero ~> add_less_same_cancel2

942 INCOMPATIBILITY.

944 * Renamed split_if -> if_split and split_if_asm -> if_split_asm to

945 resemble the f.split naming convention, INCOMPATIBILITY.

947 * Added class topological_monoid.

949 * The following theorems have been renamed:

951 setsum_left_distrib ~> sum_distrib_right

952 setsum_right_distrib ~> sum_distrib_left

954 INCOMPATIBILITY.

956 * Compound constants INFIMUM and SUPREMUM are mere abbreviations now.

957 INCOMPATIBILITY.

959 * "Gcd (f ` A)" and "Lcm (f ` A)" are printed with optional

960 comprehension-like syntax analogously to "Inf (f ` A)" and "Sup (f `

961 A)".

963 * Class semiring_Lcd merged into semiring_Gcd. INCOMPATIBILITY.

965 * The type class ordered_comm_monoid_add is now called

966 ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. A new type class ordered_comm_monoid_add

967 is introduced as the combination of ordered_ab_semigroup_add +

968 comm_monoid_add. INCOMPATIBILITY.

970 * Introduced the type classes canonically_ordered_comm_monoid_add and

971 dioid.

973 * Introduced the type class ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le. When

974 instantiating linordered_semiring_strict and ordered_ab_group_add, an

975 explicit instantiation of ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le might

976 be required. INCOMPATIBILITY.

978 * Dropped various legacy fact bindings, whose replacements are often

979 of a more general type also:

980 lcm_left_commute_nat ~> lcm.left_commute

981 lcm_left_commute_int ~> lcm.left_commute

982 gcd_left_commute_nat ~> gcd.left_commute

983 gcd_left_commute_int ~> gcd.left_commute

984 gcd_greatest_iff_nat ~> gcd_greatest_iff

985 gcd_greatest_iff_int ~> gcd_greatest_iff

986 coprime_dvd_mult_nat ~> coprime_dvd_mult

987 coprime_dvd_mult_int ~> coprime_dvd_mult

988 zpower_numeral_even ~> power_numeral_even

989 gcd_mult_cancel_nat ~> gcd_mult_cancel

990 gcd_mult_cancel_int ~> gcd_mult_cancel

991 div_gcd_coprime_nat ~> div_gcd_coprime

992 div_gcd_coprime_int ~> div_gcd_coprime

993 zpower_numeral_odd ~> power_numeral_odd

994 zero_less_int_conv ~> of_nat_0_less_iff

995 gcd_greatest_nat ~> gcd_greatest

996 gcd_greatest_int ~> gcd_greatest

997 coprime_mult_nat ~> coprime_mult

998 coprime_mult_int ~> coprime_mult

999 lcm_commute_nat ~> lcm.commute

1000 lcm_commute_int ~> lcm.commute

1001 int_less_0_conv ~> of_nat_less_0_iff

1002 gcd_commute_nat ~> gcd.commute

1003 gcd_commute_int ~> gcd.commute

1004 Gcd_insert_nat ~> Gcd_insert

1005 Gcd_insert_int ~> Gcd_insert

1006 of_int_int_eq ~> of_int_of_nat_eq

1007 lcm_least_nat ~> lcm_least

1008 lcm_least_int ~> lcm_least

1009 lcm_assoc_nat ~> lcm.assoc

1010 lcm_assoc_int ~> lcm.assoc

1011 int_le_0_conv ~> of_nat_le_0_iff

1012 int_eq_0_conv ~> of_nat_eq_0_iff

1013 Gcd_empty_nat ~> Gcd_empty

1014 Gcd_empty_int ~> Gcd_empty

1015 gcd_assoc_nat ~> gcd.assoc

1016 gcd_assoc_int ~> gcd.assoc

1017 zero_zle_int ~> of_nat_0_le_iff

1018 lcm_dvd2_nat ~> dvd_lcm2

1019 lcm_dvd2_int ~> dvd_lcm2

1020 lcm_dvd1_nat ~> dvd_lcm1

1021 lcm_dvd1_int ~> dvd_lcm1

1022 gcd_zero_nat ~> gcd_eq_0_iff

1023 gcd_zero_int ~> gcd_eq_0_iff

1024 gcd_dvd2_nat ~> gcd_dvd2

1025 gcd_dvd2_int ~> gcd_dvd2

1026 gcd_dvd1_nat ~> gcd_dvd1

1027 gcd_dvd1_int ~> gcd_dvd1

1028 int_numeral ~> of_nat_numeral

1029 lcm_ac_nat ~> ac_simps

1030 lcm_ac_int ~> ac_simps

1031 gcd_ac_nat ~> ac_simps

1032 gcd_ac_int ~> ac_simps

1033 abs_int_eq ~> abs_of_nat

1034 zless_int ~> of_nat_less_iff

1035 zdiff_int ~> of_nat_diff

1036 zadd_int ~> of_nat_add

1037 int_mult ~> of_nat_mult

1038 int_Suc ~> of_nat_Suc

1039 inj_int ~> inj_of_nat

1040 int_1 ~> of_nat_1

1041 int_0 ~> of_nat_0

1042 Lcm_empty_nat ~> Lcm_empty

1043 Lcm_empty_int ~> Lcm_empty

1044 Lcm_insert_nat ~> Lcm_insert

1045 Lcm_insert_int ~> Lcm_insert

1046 comp_fun_idem_gcd_nat ~> comp_fun_idem_gcd

1047 comp_fun_idem_gcd_int ~> comp_fun_idem_gcd

1048 comp_fun_idem_lcm_nat ~> comp_fun_idem_lcm

1049 comp_fun_idem_lcm_int ~> comp_fun_idem_lcm

1050 Lcm_eq_0 ~> Lcm_eq_0_I

1051 Lcm0_iff ~> Lcm_0_iff

1052 Lcm_dvd_int ~> Lcm_least

1053 divides_mult_nat ~> divides_mult

1054 divides_mult_int ~> divides_mult

1055 lcm_0_nat ~> lcm_0_right

1056 lcm_0_int ~> lcm_0_right

1057 lcm_0_left_nat ~> lcm_0_left

1058 lcm_0_left_int ~> lcm_0_left

1059 dvd_gcd_D1_nat ~> dvd_gcdD1

1060 dvd_gcd_D1_int ~> dvd_gcdD1

1061 dvd_gcd_D2_nat ~> dvd_gcdD2

1062 dvd_gcd_D2_int ~> dvd_gcdD2

1063 coprime_dvd_mult_iff_nat ~> coprime_dvd_mult_iff

1064 coprime_dvd_mult_iff_int ~> coprime_dvd_mult_iff

1065 realpow_minus_mult ~> power_minus_mult

1066 realpow_Suc_le_self ~> power_Suc_le_self

1067 dvd_Gcd, dvd_Gcd_nat, dvd_Gcd_int removed in favour of Gcd_greatest

1068 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1070 * Renamed HOL/Quotient_Examples/FSet.thy to

1071 HOL/Quotient_Examples/Quotient_FSet.thy INCOMPATIBILITY.

1073 * Session HOL-Library: theory FinFun bundles "finfun_syntax" and

1074 "no_finfun_syntax" allow to control optional syntax in local contexts;

1075 this supersedes former theory FinFun_Syntax. INCOMPATIBILITY, e.g. use

1076 "unbundle finfun_syntax" to imitate import of

1077 "~~/src/HOL/Library/FinFun_Syntax".

1079 * Session HOL-Library: theory Multiset_Permutations (executably) defines

1080 the set of permutations of a given set or multiset, i.e. the set of all

1081 lists that contain every element of the carrier (multi-)set exactly

1082 once.

1084 * Session HOL-Library: multiset membership is now expressed using

1085 set_mset rather than count.

1087 - Expressions "count M a > 0" and similar simplify to membership

1088 by default.

1090 - Converting between "count M a = 0" and non-membership happens using

1091 equations count_eq_zero_iff and not_in_iff.

1093 - Rules count_inI and in_countE obtain facts of the form

1094 "count M a = n" from membership.

1096 - Rules count_in_diffI and in_diff_countE obtain facts of the form

1097 "count M a = n + count N a" from membership on difference sets.

1099 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1101 * Session HOL-Library: theory LaTeXsugar uses new-style "dummy_pats" for

1102 displaying equations in functional programming style --- variables

1103 present on the left-hand but not on the righ-hand side are replaced by

1104 underscores.

1106 * Session HOL-Library: theory Combinator_PER provides combinator to

1107 build partial equivalence relations from a predicate and an equivalence

1108 relation.

1110 * Session HOL-Library: theory Perm provides basic facts about almost

1111 everywhere fix bijections.

1113 * Session HOL-Library: theory Normalized_Fraction allows viewing an

1114 element of a field of fractions as a normalized fraction (i.e. a pair of

1115 numerator and denominator such that the two are coprime and the

1116 denominator is normalized wrt. unit factors).

1118 * Session HOL-NSA has been renamed to HOL-Nonstandard_Analysis.

1120 * Session HOL-Multivariate_Analysis has been renamed to HOL-Analysis.

1122 * Session HOL-Analysis: measure theory has been moved here from

1123 HOL-Probability. When importing HOL-Analysis some theorems need

1124 additional name spaces prefixes due to name clashes. INCOMPATIBILITY.

1126 * Session HOL-Analysis: more complex analysis including Cauchy's

1127 inequality, Liouville theorem, open mapping theorem, maximum modulus

1128 principle, Residue theorem, Schwarz Lemma.

1130 * Session HOL-Analysis: Theory of polyhedra: faces, extreme points,

1131 polytopes, and the Krein–Milman Minkowski theorem.

1133 * Session HOL-Analysis: Numerous results ported from the HOL Light

1134 libraries: homeomorphisms, continuous function extensions, invariance of

1135 domain.

1137 * Session HOL-Probability: the type of emeasure and nn_integral was

1138 changed from ereal to ennreal, INCOMPATIBILITY.

1140 emeasure :: 'a measure \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> ennreal

1141 nn_integral :: 'a measure \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> ennreal) \<Rightarrow> ennreal

1143 * Session HOL-Probability: Code generation and QuickCheck for

1144 Probability Mass Functions.

1146 * Session HOL-Probability: theory Random_Permutations contains some

1147 theory about choosing a permutation of a set uniformly at random and

1148 folding over a list in random order.

1150 * Session HOL-Probability: theory SPMF formalises discrete

1151 subprobability distributions.

1153 * Session HOL-Library: the names of multiset theorems have been

1154 normalised to distinguish which ordering the theorems are about

1156 mset_less_eqI ~> mset_subset_eqI

1157 mset_less_insertD ~> mset_subset_insertD

1158 mset_less_eq_count ~> mset_subset_eq_count

1159 mset_less_diff_self ~> mset_subset_diff_self

1160 mset_le_exists_conv ~> mset_subset_eq_exists_conv

1161 mset_le_mono_add_right_cancel ~> mset_subset_eq_mono_add_right_cancel

1162 mset_le_mono_add_left_cancel ~> mset_subset_eq_mono_add_left_cancel

1163 mset_le_mono_add ~> mset_subset_eq_mono_add

1164 mset_le_add_left ~> mset_subset_eq_add_left

1165 mset_le_add_right ~> mset_subset_eq_add_right

1166 mset_le_single ~> mset_subset_eq_single

1167 mset_le_multiset_union_diff_commute ~> mset_subset_eq_multiset_union_diff_commute

1168 diff_le_self ~> diff_subset_eq_self

1169 mset_leD ~> mset_subset_eqD

1170 mset_lessD ~> mset_subsetD

1171 mset_le_insertD ~> mset_subset_eq_insertD

1172 mset_less_of_empty ~> mset_subset_of_empty

1173 mset_less_size ~> mset_subset_size

1174 wf_less_mset_rel ~> wf_subset_mset_rel

1175 count_le_replicate_mset_le ~> count_le_replicate_mset_subset_eq

1176 mset_remdups_le ~> mset_remdups_subset_eq

1177 ms_lesseq_impl ~> subset_eq_mset_impl

1179 Some functions have been renamed:

1180 ms_lesseq_impl -> subset_eq_mset_impl

1182 * HOL-Library: multisets are now ordered with the multiset ordering

1183 #\<subseteq># ~> \<le>

1184 #\<subset># ~> <

1185 le_multiset ~> less_eq_multiset

1186 less_multiset ~> le_multiset

1187 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1189 * Session HOL-Library: the prefix multiset_order has been discontinued:

1190 the theorems can be directly accessed. As a consequence, the lemmas

1191 "order_multiset" and "linorder_multiset" have been discontinued, and the

1192 interpretations "multiset_linorder" and "multiset_wellorder" have been

1193 replaced by instantiations. INCOMPATIBILITY.

1195 * Session HOL-Library: some theorems about the multiset ordering have

1196 been renamed:

1198 le_multiset_def ~> less_eq_multiset_def

1199 less_multiset_def ~> le_multiset_def

1200 less_eq_imp_le_multiset ~> subset_eq_imp_le_multiset

1201 mult_less_not_refl ~> mset_le_not_refl

1202 mult_less_trans ~> mset_le_trans

1203 mult_less_not_sym ~> mset_le_not_sym

1204 mult_less_asym ~> mset_le_asym

1205 mult_less_irrefl ~> mset_le_irrefl

1206 union_less_mono2{,1,2} ~> union_le_mono2{,1,2}

1208 le_multiset\<^sub>H\<^sub>O ~> less_eq_multiset\<^sub>H\<^sub>O

1209 le_multiset_total ~> less_eq_multiset_total

1210 less_multiset_right_total ~> subset_eq_imp_le_multiset

1211 le_multiset_empty_left ~> less_eq_multiset_empty_left

1212 le_multiset_empty_right ~> less_eq_multiset_empty_right

1213 less_multiset_empty_right ~> le_multiset_empty_left

1214 less_multiset_empty_left ~> le_multiset_empty_right

1215 union_less_diff_plus ~> union_le_diff_plus

1216 ex_gt_count_imp_less_multiset ~> ex_gt_count_imp_le_multiset

1217 less_multiset_plus_left_nonempty ~> le_multiset_plus_left_nonempty

1218 le_multiset_plus_right_nonempty ~> le_multiset_plus_right_nonempty

1219 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1221 * Session HOL-Library: the lemma mset_map has now the attribute [simp].

1222 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1224 * Session HOL-Library: some theorems about multisets have been removed.

1225 INCOMPATIBILITY, use the following replacements:

1227 le_multiset_plus_plus_left_iff ~> add_less_cancel_right

1228 less_multiset_plus_plus_left_iff ~> add_less_cancel_right

1229 le_multiset_plus_plus_right_iff ~> add_less_cancel_left

1230 less_multiset_plus_plus_right_iff ~> add_less_cancel_left

1231 add_eq_self_empty_iff ~> add_cancel_left_right

1232 mset_subset_add_bothsides ~> subset_mset.add_less_cancel_right

1233 mset_less_add_bothsides ~> subset_mset.add_less_cancel_right

1234 mset_le_add_bothsides ~> subset_mset.add_less_cancel_right

1235 empty_inter ~> subset_mset.inf_bot_left

1236 inter_empty ~> subset_mset.inf_bot_right

1237 empty_sup ~> subset_mset.sup_bot_left

1238 sup_empty ~> subset_mset.sup_bot_right

1239 bdd_below_multiset ~> subset_mset.bdd_above_bot

1240 subset_eq_empty ~> subset_mset.le_zero_eq

1241 le_empty ~> subset_mset.le_zero_eq

1242 mset_subset_empty_nonempty ~> subset_mset.zero_less_iff_neq_zero

1243 mset_less_empty_nonempty ~> subset_mset.zero_less_iff_neq_zero

1245 * Session HOL-Library: some typeclass constraints about multisets have

1246 been reduced from ordered or linordered to preorder. Multisets have the

1247 additional typeclasses order_bot, no_top,

1248 ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le, ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add,

1249 linordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add, and

1250 ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le. INCOMPATIBILITY.

1252 * Session HOL-Library: there are some new simplification rules about

1253 multisets, the multiset ordering, and the subset ordering on multisets.

1254 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1256 * Session HOL-Library: the subset ordering on multisets has now the

1257 interpretations ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le and

1258 bounded_lattice_bot. INCOMPATIBILITY.

1260 * Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: single has been removed in favor

1261 of add_mset that roughly corresponds to Set.insert. Some theorems have

1262 removed or changed:

1264 single_not_empty ~> add_mset_not_empty or empty_not_add_mset

1265 fold_mset_insert ~> fold_mset_add_mset

1266 image_mset_insert ~> image_mset_add_mset

1267 union_single_eq_diff

1268 multi_self_add_other_not_self

1269 diff_single_eq_union

1270 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1272 * Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: some theorems have been changed

1273 to use add_mset instead of single:

1275 mset_add

1276 multi_self_add_other_not_self

1277 diff_single_eq_union

1278 union_single_eq_diff

1279 union_single_eq_member

1280 add_eq_conv_diff

1281 insert_noteq_member

1282 add_eq_conv_ex

1283 multi_member_split

1284 multiset_add_sub_el_shuffle

1285 mset_subset_eq_insertD

1286 mset_subset_insertD

1287 insert_subset_eq_iff

1288 insert_union_subset_iff

1289 multi_psub_of_add_self

1290 inter_add_left1

1291 inter_add_left2

1292 inter_add_right1

1293 inter_add_right2

1294 sup_union_left1

1295 sup_union_left2

1296 sup_union_right1

1297 sup_union_right2

1298 size_eq_Suc_imp_eq_union

1299 multi_nonempty_split

1300 mset_insort

1301 mset_update

1302 mult1I

1303 less_add

1304 mset_zip_take_Cons_drop_twice

1305 rel_mset_Zero

1306 msed_map_invL

1307 msed_map_invR

1308 msed_rel_invL

1309 msed_rel_invR

1310 le_multiset_right_total

1311 multiset_induct

1312 multiset_induct2_size

1313 multiset_induct2

1314 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1316 * Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the definitions of some

1317 constants have changed to use add_mset instead of adding a single

1318 element:

1320 image_mset

1321 mset

1322 replicate_mset

1323 mult1

1324 pred_mset

1325 rel_mset'

1326 mset_insort

1328 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1330 * Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: due to the above changes, the

1331 attributes of some multiset theorems have been changed:

1333 insert_DiffM [] ~> [simp]

1334 insert_DiffM2 [simp] ~> []

1335 diff_add_mset_swap [simp]

1336 fold_mset_add_mset [simp]

1337 diff_diff_add [simp] (for multisets only)

1338 diff_cancel [simp] ~> []

1339 count_single [simp] ~> []

1340 set_mset_single [simp] ~> []

1341 size_multiset_single [simp] ~> []

1342 size_single [simp] ~> []

1343 image_mset_single [simp] ~> []

1344 mset_subset_eq_mono_add_right_cancel [simp] ~> []

1345 mset_subset_eq_mono_add_left_cancel [simp] ~> []

1346 fold_mset_single [simp] ~> []

1347 subset_eq_empty [simp] ~> []

1348 empty_sup [simp] ~> []

1349 sup_empty [simp] ~> []

1350 inter_empty [simp] ~> []

1351 empty_inter [simp] ~> []

1352 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1354 * Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the order of the variables in

1355 the second cases of multiset_induct, multiset_induct2_size,

1356 multiset_induct2 has been changed (e.g. Add A a ~> Add a A).

1357 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1359 * Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: there is now a simplification

1360 procedure on multisets. It mimics the behavior of the procedure on

1361 natural numbers. INCOMPATIBILITY.

1363 * Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: renamed sums and products of

1364 multisets:

1366 msetsum ~> sum_mset

1367 msetprod ~> prod_mset

1369 * Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the notation for intersection

1370 and union of multisets have been changed:

1372 #\<inter> ~> \<inter>#

1373 #\<union> ~> \<union>#

1375 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1377 * Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the lemma

1378 one_step_implies_mult_aux on multisets has been removed, use

1379 one_step_implies_mult instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.

1381 * Session HOL-Library: theory Complete_Partial_Order2 provides reasoning

1382 support for monotonicity and continuity in chain-complete partial orders

1383 and about admissibility conditions for fixpoint inductions.

1385 * Session HOL-Library: theory Library/Polynomial contains also

1386 derivation of polynomials (formerly in Library/Poly_Deriv) but not

1387 gcd/lcm on polynomials over fields. This has been moved to a separate

1388 theory Library/Polynomial_GCD_euclidean.thy, to pave way for a possible

1389 future different type class instantiation for polynomials over factorial

1390 rings. INCOMPATIBILITY.

1392 * Session HOL-Library: theory Sublist provides function "prefixes" with

1393 the following renaming

1395 prefixeq -> prefix

1396 prefix -> strict_prefix

1397 suffixeq -> suffix

1398 suffix -> strict_suffix

1400 Added theory of longest common prefixes.

1402 * Session HOL-Number_Theory: algebraic foundation for primes:

1403 Generalisation of predicate "prime" and introduction of predicates

1404 "prime_elem", "irreducible", a "prime_factorization" function, and the

1405 "factorial_ring" typeclass with instance proofs for nat, int, poly. Some

1406 theorems now have different names, most notably "prime_def" is now

1407 "prime_nat_iff". INCOMPATIBILITY.

1409 * Session Old_Number_Theory has been removed, after porting remaining

1410 theories.

1412 * Session HOL-Types_To_Sets provides an experimental extension of

1413 Higher-Order Logic to allow translation of types to sets.

1416 *** ML ***

1418 * Integer.gcd and Integer.lcm use efficient operations from the Poly/ML

1419 library (notably for big integers). Subtle change of semantics:

1420 Integer.gcd and Integer.lcm both normalize the sign, results are never

1421 negative. This coincides with the definitions in HOL/GCD.thy.

1422 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1424 * Structure Rat for rational numbers is now an integral part of

1425 Isabelle/ML, with special notation @int/nat or @int for numerals (an

1426 abbreviation for antiquotation @{Pure.rat argument}) and ML pretty

1427 printing. Standard operations on type Rat.rat are provided via ad-hoc

1428 overloading of + - * / < <= > >= ~ abs. INCOMPATIBILITY, need to

1429 use + instead of +/ etc. Moreover, exception Rat.DIVZERO has been

1430 superseded by General.Div.

1432 * ML antiquotation @{path} is superseded by @{file}, which ensures that

1433 the argument is a plain file. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

1435 * Antiquotation @{make_string} is available during Pure bootstrap --

1436 with approximative output quality.

1438 * Low-level ML system structures (like PolyML and RunCall) are no longer

1439 exposed to Isabelle/ML user-space. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.

1441 * The ML function "ML" provides easy access to run-time compilation.

1442 This is particularly useful for conditional compilation, without

1443 requiring separate files.

1445 * Option ML_exception_debugger controls detailed exception trace via the

1446 Poly/ML debugger. Relevant ML modules need to be compiled beforehand

1447 with ML_file_debug, or with ML_file and option ML_debugger enabled. Note

1448 debugger information requires consirable time and space: main

1449 Isabelle/HOL with full debugger support may need ML_system_64.

1451 * Local_Theory.restore has been renamed to Local_Theory.reset to

1452 emphasize its disruptive impact on the cumulative context, notably the

1453 scope of 'private' or 'qualified' names. Note that Local_Theory.reset is

1454 only appropriate when targets are managed, e.g. starting from a global

1455 theory and returning to it. Regular definitional packages should use

1456 balanced blocks of Local_Theory.open_target versus

1457 Local_Theory.close_target instead. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.

1459 * Structure TimeLimit (originally from the SML/NJ library) has been

1460 replaced by structure Timeout, with slightly different signature.

1461 INCOMPATIBILITY.

1463 * Discontinued cd and pwd operations, which are not well-defined in a

1464 multi-threaded environment. Note that files are usually located

1465 relatively to the master directory of a theory (see also

1466 File.full_path). Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.

1468 * Binding.empty_atts supersedes Thm.empty_binding and

1469 Attrib.empty_binding. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

1472 *** System ***

1474 * SML/NJ and old versions of Poly/ML are no longer supported.

1476 * Poly/ML heaps now follow the hierarchy of sessions, and thus require

1477 much less disk space.

1479 * The Isabelle ML process is now managed directly by Isabelle/Scala, and

1480 shell scripts merely provide optional command-line access. In

1481 particular:

1483 . Scala module ML_Process to connect to the raw ML process,

1484 with interaction via stdin/stdout/stderr or in batch mode;

1485 . command-line tool "isabelle console" as interactive wrapper;

1486 . command-line tool "isabelle process" as batch mode wrapper.

1488 * The executable "isabelle_process" has been discontinued. Tools and

1489 prover front-ends should use ML_Process or Isabelle_Process in

1490 Isabelle/Scala. INCOMPATIBILITY.

1492 * New command-line tool "isabelle process" supports ML evaluation of

1493 literal expressions (option -e) or files (option -f) in the context of a

1494 given heap image. Errors lead to premature exit of the ML process with

1495 return code 1.

1497 * The command-line tool "isabelle build" supports option -N for cyclic

1498 shuffling of NUMA CPU nodes. This may help performance tuning on Linux

1499 servers with separate CPU/memory modules.

1501 * System option "threads" (for the size of the Isabelle/ML thread farm)

1502 is also passed to the underlying ML runtime system as --gcthreads,

1503 unless there is already a default provided via ML_OPTIONS settings.

1505 * System option "checkpoint" helps to fine-tune the global heap space

1506 management of isabelle build. This is relevant for big sessions that may

1507 exhaust the small 32-bit address space of the ML process (which is used

1508 by default).

1510 * System option "profiling" specifies the mode for global ML profiling

1511 in "isabelle build". Possible values are "time", "allocations". The

1512 command-line tool "isabelle profiling_report" helps to digest the

1513 resulting log files.

1515 * System option "ML_process_policy" specifies an optional command prefix

1516 for the underlying ML process, e.g. to control CPU affinity on

1517 multiprocessor systems. The "isabelle jedit" tool allows to override the

1518 implicit default via option -p.

1520 * Command-line tool "isabelle console" provides option -r to help to

1521 bootstrapping Isabelle/Pure interactively.

1523 * Command-line tool "isabelle yxml" has been discontinued.

1524 INCOMPATIBILITY, use operations from the modules "XML" and "YXML" in

1525 Isabelle/ML or Isabelle/Scala.

1527 * Many Isabelle tools that require a Java runtime system refer to the

1528 settings ISABELLE_TOOL_JAVA_OPTIONS32 / ISABELLE_TOOL_JAVA_OPTIONS64,

1529 depending on the underlying platform. The settings for "isabelle build"

1530 ISABELLE_BUILD_JAVA_OPTIONS32 / ISABELLE_BUILD_JAVA_OPTIONS64 have been

1531 discontinued. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.

1533 * The Isabelle system environment always ensures that the main

1534 executables are found within the shell search $PATH: "isabelle" and

1535 "isabelle_scala_script".

1537 * Isabelle tools may consist of .scala files: the Scala compiler is

1538 invoked on the spot. The source needs to define some object that extends

1539 Isabelle_Tool.Body.

1541 * File.bash_string, File.bash_path etc. represent Isabelle/ML and

1542 Isabelle/Scala strings authentically within GNU bash. This is useful to

1543 produce robust shell scripts under program control, without worrying

1544 about spaces or special characters. Note that user output works via

1545 Path.print (ML) or Path.toString (Scala). INCOMPATIBILITY, the old (and

1546 less versatile) operations File.shell_quote, File.shell_path etc. have

1547 been discontinued.

1549 * The isabelle_java executable allows to run a Java process within the

1550 name space of Java and Scala components that are bundled with Isabelle,

1551 but without the Isabelle settings environment.

1553 * Isabelle/Scala: the SSH module supports ssh and sftp connections, for

1554 remote command-execution and file-system access. This resembles

1555 operations from module File and Isabelle_System to some extent. Note

1556 that Path specifications need to be resolved remotely via

1557 ssh.remote_path instead of File.standard_path: the implicit process

1558 environment is different, Isabelle settings are not available remotely.

1560 * Isabelle/Scala: the Mercurial module supports repositories via the

1561 regular hg command-line interface. The repositroy clone and working

1562 directory may reside on a local or remote file-system (via ssh

1563 connection).

1567 New in Isabelle2016 (February 2016)

1568 -----------------------------------

1570 *** General ***

1572 * Eisbach is now based on Pure instead of HOL. Objects-logics may import

1573 either the theory ~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/Eisbach (for HOL etc.) or

1574 ~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/Eisbach_Old_Appl_Syntax (for FOL, ZF etc.). Note that

1575 the HOL-Eisbach session located in ~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/ contains further

1576 examples that do require HOL.

1578 * Better resource usage on all platforms (Linux, Windows, Mac OS X) for

1579 both Isabelle/ML and Isabelle/Scala. Slightly reduced heap space usage.

1581 * Former "xsymbols" syntax with Isabelle symbols is used by default,

1582 without any special print mode. Important ASCII replacement syntax

1583 remains available under print mode "ASCII", but less important syntax

1584 has been removed (see below).

1586 * Support for more arrow symbols, with rendering in LaTeX and Isabelle

1587 fonts: \<Lleftarrow> \<Rrightarrow> \<longlongleftarrow> \<longlongrightarrow> \<longlonglongleftarrow> \<longlonglongrightarrow>.

1589 * Special notation \<struct> for the first implicit 'structure' in the

1590 context has been discontinued. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY, use explicit

1591 structure name instead, notably in indexed notation with block-subscript

1592 (e.g. \<odot>\<^bsub>A\<^esub>).

1594 * The glyph for \<diamond> in the IsabelleText font now corresponds better to its

1595 counterpart \<box> as quantifier-like symbol. A small diamond is available as

1596 \<diamondop>; the old symbol \<struct> loses this rendering and any special

1597 meaning.

1599 * Syntax for formal comments "-- text" now also supports the symbolic

1600 form "\<comment> text". Command-line tool "isabelle update_cartouches -c" helps

1601 to update old sources.

1603 * Toplevel theorem statements have been simplified as follows:

1605 theorems ~> lemmas

1606 schematic_lemma ~> schematic_goal

1607 schematic_theorem ~> schematic_goal

1608 schematic_corollary ~> schematic_goal

1610 Command-line tool "isabelle update_theorems" updates theory sources

1611 accordingly.

1613 * Toplevel theorem statement 'proposition' is another alias for

1614 'theorem'.

1616 * The old 'defs' command has been removed (legacy since Isabelle2014).

1617 INCOMPATIBILITY, use regular 'definition' instead. Overloaded and/or

1618 deferred definitions require a surrounding 'overloading' block.

1621 *** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***

1623 * IDE support for the source-level debugger of Poly/ML, to work with

1624 Isabelle/ML and official Standard ML. Option "ML_debugger" and commands

1625 'ML_file_debug', 'ML_file_no_debug', 'SML_file_debug',

1626 'SML_file_no_debug' control compilation of sources with or without

1627 debugging information. The Debugger panel allows to set breakpoints (via

1628 context menu), step through stopped threads, evaluate local ML

1629 expressions etc. At least one Debugger view needs to be active to have

1630 any effect on the running ML program.

1632 * The State panel manages explicit proof state output, with dynamic

1633 auto-update according to cursor movement. Alternatively, the jEdit

1634 action "isabelle.update-state" (shortcut S+ENTER) triggers manual

1635 update.

1637 * The Output panel no longer shows proof state output by default, to

1638 avoid GUI overcrowding. INCOMPATIBILITY, use the State panel instead or

1639 enable option "editor_output_state".

1641 * The text overview column (status of errors, warnings etc.) is updated

1642 asynchronously, leading to much better editor reactivity. Moreover, the

1643 full document node content is taken into account. The width of the

1644 column is scaled according to the main text area font, for improved

1645 visibility.

1647 * The main text area no longer changes its color hue in outdated

1648 situations. The text overview column takes over the role to indicate

1649 unfinished edits in the PIDE pipeline. This avoids flashing text display

1650 due to ad-hoc updates by auxiliary GUI components, such as the State

1651 panel.

1653 * Slightly improved scheduling for urgent print tasks (e.g. command

1654 state output, interactive queries) wrt. long-running background tasks.

1656 * Completion of symbols via prefix of \<name> or \<^name> or \name is

1657 always possible, independently of the language context. It is never

1658 implicit: a popup will show up unconditionally.

1660 * Additional abbreviations for syntactic completion may be specified in

1661 $ISABELLE_HOME/etc/abbrevs and $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/abbrevs, with

1662 support for simple templates using ASCII 007 (bell) as placeholder.

1664 * Symbols \<oplus>, \<Oplus>, \<otimes>, \<Otimes>, \<odot>, \<Odot>, \<ominus>, \<oslash> no longer provide abbreviations for

1665 completion like "+o", "*o", ".o" etc. -- due to conflicts with other

1666 ASCII syntax. INCOMPATIBILITY, use plain backslash-completion or define

1667 suitable abbreviations in $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/abbrevs.

1669 * Action "isabelle-emph" (with keyboard shortcut C+e LEFT) controls

1670 emphasized text style; the effect is visible in document output, not in

1671 the editor.

1673 * Action "isabelle-reset" now uses keyboard shortcut C+e BACK_SPACE,

1674 instead of former C+e LEFT.

1676 * The command-line tool "isabelle jedit" and the isabelle.Main

1677 application wrapper treat the default $USER_HOME/Scratch.thy more

1678 uniformly, and allow the dummy file argument ":" to open an empty buffer

1679 instead.

1681 * New command-line tool "isabelle jedit_client" allows to connect to an

1682 already running Isabelle/jEdit process. This achieves the effect of

1683 single-instance applications seen on common GUI desktops.

1685 * The default look-and-feel for Linux is the traditional "Metal", which

1686 works better with GUI scaling for very high-resolution displays (e.g.

1687 4K). Moreover, it is generally more robust than "Nimbus".

1689 * Update to jedit-5.3.0, with improved GUI scaling and support of

1690 high-resolution displays (e.g. 4K).

1692 * The main Isabelle executable is managed as single-instance Desktop

1693 application uniformly on all platforms: Linux, Windows, Mac OS X.

1696 *** Document preparation ***

1698 * Commands 'paragraph' and 'subparagraph' provide additional section

1699 headings. Thus there are 6 levels of standard headings, as in HTML.

1701 * Command 'text_raw' has been clarified: input text is processed as in

1702 'text' (with antiquotations and control symbols). The key difference is

1703 the lack of the surrounding isabelle markup environment in output.

1705 * Text is structured in paragraphs and nested lists, using notation that

1706 is similar to Markdown. The control symbols for list items are as

1707 follows:

1709 \<^item> itemize

1710 \<^enum> enumerate

1711 \<^descr> description

1713 * There is a new short form for antiquotations with a single argument

1714 that is a cartouche: \<^name>\<open>...\<close> is equivalent to @{name \<open>...\<close>} and

1715 \<open>...\<close> without control symbol is equivalent to @{cartouche \<open>...\<close>}.

1716 \<^name> without following cartouche is equivalent to @{name}. The

1717 standard Isabelle fonts provide glyphs to render important control

1718 symbols, e.g. "\<^verbatim>", "\<^emph>", "\<^bold>".

1720 * Antiquotations @{noindent}, @{smallskip}, @{medskip}, @{bigskip} with

1721 corresponding control symbols \<^noindent>, \<^smallskip>, \<^medskip>, \<^bigskip> specify spacing formally, using

1722 standard LaTeX macros of the same names.

1724 * Antiquotation @{cartouche} in Isabelle/Pure is the same as @{text}.

1725 Consequently, \<open>...\<close> without any decoration prints literal quasi-formal

1726 text. Command-line tool "isabelle update_cartouches -t" helps to update

1727 old sources, by approximative patching of the content of string and

1728 cartouche tokens seen in theory sources.

1730 * The @{text} antiquotation now ignores the antiquotation option

1731 "source". The given text content is output unconditionally, without any

1732 surrounding quotes etc. Subtle INCOMPATIBILITY, put quotes into the

1733 argument where they are really intended, e.g. @{text \<open>"foo"\<close>}. Initial

1734 or terminal spaces are ignored.

1736 * Antiquotations @{emph} and @{bold} output LaTeX source recursively,

1737 adding appropriate text style markup. These may be used in the short

1738 form \<^emph>\<open>...\<close> and \<^bold>\<open>...\<close>.

1740 * Document antiquotation @{footnote} outputs LaTeX source recursively,

1741 marked as \footnote{}. This may be used in the short form \<^footnote>\<open>...\<close>.

1743 * Antiquotation @{verbatim [display]} supports option "indent".

1745 * Antiquotation @{theory_text} prints uninterpreted theory source text

1746 (Isar outer syntax with command keywords etc.). This may be used in the

1747 short form \<^theory_text>\<open>...\<close>. @{theory_text [display]} supports option "indent".

1749 * Antiquotation @{doc ENTRY} provides a reference to the given

1750 documentation, with a hyperlink in the Prover IDE.

1752 * Antiquotations @{command}, @{method}, @{attribute} print checked

1753 entities of the Isar language.

1755 * HTML presentation uses the standard IsabelleText font and Unicode

1756 rendering of Isabelle symbols like Isabelle/Scala/jEdit. The former

1757 print mode "HTML" loses its special meaning.

1760 *** Isar ***

1762 * Local goals ('have', 'show', 'hence', 'thus') allow structured rule

1763 statements like fixes/assumes/shows in theorem specifications, but the

1764 notation is postfix with keywords 'if' (or 'when') and 'for'. For

1765 example:

1767 have result: "C x y"

1768 if "A x" and "B y"

1769 for x :: 'a and y :: 'a

1770 <proof>

1772 The local assumptions are bound to the name "that". The result is

1773 exported from context of the statement as usual. The above roughly

1774 corresponds to a raw proof block like this:

1776 {

1777 fix x :: 'a and y :: 'a

1778 assume that: "A x" "B y"

1779 have "C x y" <proof>

1780 }

1781 note result = this

1783 The keyword 'when' may be used instead of 'if', to indicate 'presume'

1784 instead of 'assume' above.

1786 * Assumptions ('assume', 'presume') allow structured rule statements

1787 using 'if' and 'for', similar to 'have' etc. above. For example:

1789 assume result: "C x y"

1790 if "A x" and "B y"

1791 for x :: 'a and y :: 'a

1793 This assumes "\<And>x y::'a. A x \<Longrightarrow> B y \<Longrightarrow> C x y" and produces a general

1794 result as usual: "A ?x \<Longrightarrow> B ?y \<Longrightarrow> C ?x ?y".

1796 Vacuous quantification in assumptions is omitted, i.e. a for-context

1797 only effects propositions according to actual use of variables. For

1798 example:

1800 assume "A x" and "B y" for x and y

1802 is equivalent to:

1804 assume "\<And>x. A x" and "\<And>y. B y"

1806 * The meaning of 'show' with Pure rule statements has changed: premises

1807 are treated in the sense of 'assume', instead of 'presume'. This means,

1808 a goal like "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x" can be solved completely as

1809 follows:

1811 show "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x"

1813 or:

1815 show "C x" if "A x" "B x" for x

1817 Rare INCOMPATIBILITY, the old behaviour may be recovered as follows:

1819 show "C x" when "A x" "B x" for x

1821 * New command 'consider' states rules for generalized elimination and

1822 case splitting. This is like a toplevel statement "theorem obtains" used

1823 within a proof body; or like a multi-branch 'obtain' without activation

1824 of the local context elements yet.

1826 * Proof method "cases" allows to specify the rule as first entry of

1827 chained facts. This is particularly useful with 'consider':

1829 consider (a) A | (b) B | (c) C <proof>

1830 then have something

1831 proof cases

1832 case a

1833 then show ?thesis <proof>

1834 next

1835 case b

1836 then show ?thesis <proof>

1837 next

1838 case c

1839 then show ?thesis <proof>

1840 qed

1842 * Command 'case' allows fact name and attribute specification like this:

1844 case a: (c xs)

1845 case a [attributes]: (c xs)

1847 Facts that are introduced by invoking the case context are uniformly

1848 qualified by "a"; the same name is used for the cumulative fact. The old

1849 form "case (c xs) [attributes]" is no longer supported. Rare

1850 INCOMPATIBILITY, need to adapt uses of case facts in exotic situations,

1851 and always put attributes in front.

1853 * The standard proof method of commands 'proof' and '..' is now called

1854 "standard" to make semantically clear what it is; the old name "default"

1855 is still available as legacy for some time. Documentation now explains

1856 '..' more accurately as "by standard" instead of "by rule".

1858 * Nesting of Isar goal structure has been clarified: the context after

1859 the initial backwards refinement is retained for the whole proof, within

1860 all its context sections (as indicated via 'next'). This is e.g.

1861 relevant for 'using', 'including', 'supply':

1863 have "A \<and> A" if a: A for A

1864 supply [simp] = a

1865 proof

1866 show A by simp

1867 next

1868 show A by simp

1869 qed

1871 * Command 'obtain' binds term abbreviations (via 'is' patterns) in the

1872 proof body as well, abstracted over relevant parameters.

1874 * Improved type-inference for theorem statement 'obtains': separate

1875 parameter scope for of each clause.

1877 * Term abbreviations via 'is' patterns also work for schematic

1878 statements: result is abstracted over unknowns.

1880 * Command 'subgoal' allows to impose some structure on backward

1881 refinements, to avoid proof scripts degenerating into long of 'apply'

1882 sequences. Further explanations and examples are given in the isar-ref

1883 manual.

1885 * Command 'supply' supports fact definitions during goal refinement

1886 ('apply' scripts).

1888 * Proof method "goal_cases" turns the current subgoals into cases within

1889 the context; the conclusion is bound to variable ?case in each case. For

1890 example:

1892 lemma "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x"

1893 and "\<And>y z. U y \<Longrightarrow> V z \<Longrightarrow> W y z"

1894 proof goal_cases

1895 case (1 x)

1896 then show ?case using \<open>A x\<close> \<open>B x\<close> sorry

1897 next

1898 case (2 y z)

1899 then show ?case using \<open>U y\<close> \<open>V z\<close> sorry

1900 qed

1902 lemma "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x"

1903 and "\<And>y z. U y \<Longrightarrow> V z \<Longrightarrow> W y z"

1904 proof goal_cases

1905 case prems: 1

1906 then show ?case using prems sorry

1907 next

1908 case prems: 2

1909 then show ?case using prems sorry

1910 qed

1912 * The undocumented feature of implicit cases goal1, goal2, goal3, etc.

1913 is marked as legacy, and will be removed eventually. The proof method

1914 "goals" achieves a similar effect within regular Isar; often it can be

1915 done more adequately by other means (e.g. 'consider').

1917 * The vacuous fact "TERM x" may be established "by fact" or as `TERM x`

1918 as well, not just "by this" or "." as before.

1920 * Method "sleep" succeeds after a real-time delay (in seconds). This is

1921 occasionally useful for demonstration and testing purposes.

1924 *** Pure ***

1926 * Qualifiers in locale expressions default to mandatory ('!') regardless

1927 of the command. Previously, for 'locale' and 'sublocale' the default was

1928 optional ('?'). The old synatx '!' has been discontinued.

1929 INCOMPATIBILITY, remove '!' and add '?' as required.

1931 * Keyword 'rewrites' identifies rewrite morphisms in interpretation

1932 commands. Previously, the keyword was 'where'. INCOMPATIBILITY.

1934 * More gentle suppression of syntax along locale morphisms while

1935 printing terms. Previously 'abbreviation' and 'notation' declarations

1936 would be suppressed for morphisms except term identity. Now

1937 'abbreviation' is also kept for morphims that only change the involved

1938 parameters, and only 'notation' is suppressed. This can be of great help

1939 when working with complex locale hierarchies, because proof states are

1940 displayed much more succinctly. It also means that only notation needs

1941 to be redeclared if desired, as illustrated by this example:

1943 locale struct = fixes composition :: "'a => 'a => 'a" (infixl "\<cdot>" 65)

1944 begin

1945 definition derived (infixl "\<odot>" 65) where ...

1946 end

1948 locale morphism =

1949 left: struct composition + right: struct composition'

1950 for composition (infix "\<cdot>" 65) and composition' (infix "\<cdot>''" 65)

1951 begin

1952 notation right.derived ("\<odot>''")

1953 end

1955 * Command 'global_interpretation' issues interpretations into global

1956 theories, with optional rewrite definitions following keyword 'defines'.

1958 * Command 'sublocale' accepts optional rewrite definitions after keyword

1959 'defines'.

1961 * Command 'permanent_interpretation' has been discontinued. Use

1962 'global_interpretation' or 'sublocale' instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.

1964 * Command 'print_definitions' prints dependencies of definitional

1965 specifications. This functionality used to be part of 'print_theory'.

1967 * Configuration option rule_insts_schematic has been discontinued

1968 (intermediate legacy feature in Isabelle2015). INCOMPATIBILITY.

1970 * Abbreviations in type classes now carry proper sort constraint. Rare

1971 INCOMPATIBILITY in situations where the previous misbehaviour has been

1972 exploited.

1974 * Refinement of user-space type system in type classes: pseudo-local

1975 operations behave more similar to abbreviations. Potential

1976 INCOMPATIBILITY in exotic situations.

1979 *** HOL ***

1981 * The 'typedef' command has been upgraded from a partially checked

1982 "axiomatization", to a full definitional specification that takes the

1983 global collection of overloaded constant / type definitions into

1984 account. Type definitions with open dependencies on overloaded

1985 definitions need to be specified as "typedef (overloaded)". This

1986 provides extra robustness in theory construction. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.

1988 * Qualification of various formal entities in the libraries is done more

1989 uniformly via "context begin qualified definition ... end" instead of

1990 old-style "hide_const (open) ...". Consequently, both the defined

1991 constant and its defining fact become qualified, e.g. Option.is_none and

1992 Option.is_none_def. Occasional INCOMPATIBILITY in applications.

1994 * Some old and rarely used ASCII replacement syntax has been removed.

1995 INCOMPATIBILITY, standard syntax with symbols should be used instead.

1996 The subsequent commands help to reproduce the old forms, e.g. to

1997 simplify porting old theories:

1999 notation iff (infixr "<->" 25)

2001 notation Times (infixr "<*>" 80)

2003 type_notation Map.map (infixr "~=>" 0)

2004 notation Map.map_comp (infixl "o'_m" 55)

2006 type_notation FinFun.finfun ("(_ =>f /_)" [22, 21] 21)

2008 notation FuncSet.funcset (infixr "->" 60)

2009 notation FuncSet.extensional_funcset (infixr "->\<^sub>E" 60)

2011 notation Omega_Words_Fun.conc (infixr "conc" 65)

2013 notation Preorder.equiv ("op ~~")

2014 and Preorder.equiv ("(_/ ~~ _)" [51, 51] 50)

2016 notation (in topological_space) tendsto (infixr "--->" 55)

2017 notation (in topological_space) LIMSEQ ("((_)/ ----> (_))" [60, 60] 60)

2018 notation LIM ("((_)/ -- (_)/ --> (_))" [60, 0, 60] 60)

2020 notation NSA.approx (infixl "@=" 50)

2021 notation NSLIMSEQ ("((_)/ ----NS> (_))" [60, 60] 60)

2022 notation NSLIM ("((_)/ -- (_)/ --NS> (_))" [60, 0, 60] 60)

2024 * The alternative notation "\<Colon>" for type and sort constraints has been

2025 removed: in LaTeX document output it looks the same as "::".

2026 INCOMPATIBILITY, use plain "::" instead.

2028 * Commands 'inductive' and 'inductive_set' work better when names for

2029 intro rules are omitted: the "cases" and "induct" rules no longer

2030 declare empty case_names, but no case_names at all. This allows to use

2031 numbered cases in proofs, without requiring method "goal_cases".

2033 * Inductive definitions ('inductive', 'coinductive', etc.) expose

2034 low-level facts of the internal construction only if the option

2035 "inductive_internals" is enabled. This refers to the internal predicate

2036 definition and its monotonicity result. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.

2038 * Recursive function definitions ('fun', 'function', 'partial_function')

2039 expose low-level facts of the internal construction only if the option

2040 "function_internals" is enabled. Its internal inductive definition is

2041 also subject to "inductive_internals". Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.

2043 * BNF datatypes ('datatype', 'codatatype', etc.) expose low-level facts

2044 of the internal construction only if the option "bnf_internals" is

2045 enabled. This supersedes the former option "bnf_note_all". Rare

2046 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2048 * Combinator to represent case distinction on products is named

2049 "case_prod", uniformly, discontinuing any input aliasses. Very popular

2050 theorem aliasses have been retained.

2052 Consolidated facts:

2053 PairE ~> prod.exhaust

2054 Pair_eq ~> prod.inject

2055 pair_collapse ~> prod.collapse

2056 Pair_fst_snd_eq ~> prod_eq_iff

2057 split_twice ~> prod.case_distrib

2058 split_weak_cong ~> prod.case_cong_weak

2059 split_split ~> prod.split

2060 split_split_asm ~> prod.split_asm

2061 splitI ~> case_prodI

2062 splitD ~> case_prodD

2063 splitI2 ~> case_prodI2

2064 splitI2' ~> case_prodI2'

2065 splitE ~> case_prodE

2066 splitE' ~> case_prodE'

2067 split_pair ~> case_prod_Pair

2068 split_eta ~> case_prod_eta

2069 split_comp ~> case_prod_comp

2070 mem_splitI ~> mem_case_prodI

2071 mem_splitI2 ~> mem_case_prodI2

2072 mem_splitE ~> mem_case_prodE

2073 The_split ~> The_case_prod

2074 cond_split_eta ~> cond_case_prod_eta

2075 Collect_split_in_rel_leE ~> Collect_case_prod_in_rel_leE

2076 Collect_split_in_rel_leI ~> Collect_case_prod_in_rel_leI

2077 in_rel_Collect_split_eq ~> in_rel_Collect_case_prod_eq

2078 Collect_split_Grp_eqD ~> Collect_case_prod_Grp_eqD

2079 Collect_split_Grp_inD ~> Collect_case_prod_Grp_in

2080 Domain_Collect_split ~> Domain_Collect_case_prod

2081 Image_Collect_split ~> Image_Collect_case_prod

2082 Range_Collect_split ~> Range_Collect_case_prod

2083 Eps_split ~> Eps_case_prod

2084 Eps_split_eq ~> Eps_case_prod_eq

2085 split_rsp ~> case_prod_rsp

2086 curry_split ~> curry_case_prod

2087 split_curry ~> case_prod_curry

2089 Changes in structure HOLogic:

2090 split_const ~> case_prod_const

2091 mk_split ~> mk_case_prod

2092 mk_psplits ~> mk_ptupleabs

2093 strip_psplits ~> strip_ptupleabs

2095 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2097 * The coercions to type 'real' have been reorganised. The function

2098 'real' is no longer overloaded, but has type 'nat => real' and

2099 abbreviates of_nat for that type. Also 'real_of_int :: int => real'

2100 abbreviates of_int for that type. Other overloaded instances of 'real'

2101 have been replaced by 'real_of_ereal' and 'real_of_float'.

2103 Consolidated facts (among others):

2104 real_of_nat_le_iff -> of_nat_le_iff

2105 real_of_nat_numeral of_nat_numeral

2106 real_of_int_zero of_int_0

2107 real_of_nat_zero of_nat_0

2108 real_of_one of_int_1

2109 real_of_int_add of_int_add

2110 real_of_nat_add of_nat_add

2111 real_of_int_diff of_int_diff

2112 real_of_nat_diff of_nat_diff

2113 floor_subtract floor_diff_of_int

2114 real_of_int_inject of_int_eq_iff

2115 real_of_int_gt_zero_cancel_iff of_int_0_less_iff

2116 real_of_int_ge_zero_cancel_iff of_int_0_le_iff

2117 real_of_nat_ge_zero of_nat_0_le_iff

2118 real_of_int_ceiling_ge le_of_int_ceiling

2119 ceiling_less_eq ceiling_less_iff

2120 ceiling_le_eq ceiling_le_iff

2121 less_floor_eq less_floor_iff

2122 floor_less_eq floor_less_iff

2123 floor_divide_eq_div floor_divide_of_int_eq

2124 real_of_int_zero_cancel of_nat_eq_0_iff

2125 ceiling_real_of_int ceiling_of_int

2127 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2129 * Theory Map: lemma map_of_is_SomeD was a clone of map_of_SomeD and has

2130 been removed. INCOMPATIBILITY.

2132 * Quickcheck setup for finite sets.

2134 * Discontinued simp_legacy_precond. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.

2136 * Sledgehammer:

2137 - The MaSh relevance filter has been sped up.

2138 - Proof reconstruction has been improved, to minimize the incidence of

2139 cases where Sledgehammer gives a proof that does not work.

2140 - Auto Sledgehammer now minimizes and preplays the results.

2141 - Handle Vampire 4.0 proof output without raising exception.

2142 - Eliminated "MASH" environment variable. Use the "MaSh" option in

2143 Isabelle/jEdit instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.

2144 - Eliminated obsolete "blocking" option and related subcommands.

2146 * Nitpick:

2147 - Fixed soundness bug in translation of "finite" predicate.

2148 - Fixed soundness bug in "destroy_constrs" optimization.

2149 - Fixed soundness bug in translation of "rat" type.

2150 - Removed "check_potential" and "check_genuine" options.

2151 - Eliminated obsolete "blocking" option.

2153 * (Co)datatype package:

2154 - New commands "lift_bnf" and "copy_bnf" for lifting (copying) a BNF

2155 structure on the raw type to an abstract type defined using typedef.

2156 - Always generate "case_transfer" theorem.

2157 - For mutual types, generate slightly stronger "rel_induct",

2158 "rel_coinduct", and "coinduct" theorems. INCOMPATIBILITY.

2159 - Allow discriminators and selectors with the same name as the type

2160 being defined.

2161 - Avoid various internal name clashes (e.g., 'datatype f = f').

2163 * Transfer: new methods for interactive debugging of 'transfer' and

2164 'transfer_prover': 'transfer_start', 'transfer_step', 'transfer_end',

2165 'transfer_prover_start' and 'transfer_prover_end'.

2167 * New diagnostic command print_record for displaying record definitions.

2169 * Division on integers is bootstrapped directly from division on

2170 naturals and uses generic numeral algorithm for computations. Slight

2171 INCOMPATIBILITY, simproc numeral_divmod replaces and generalizes former

2172 simprocs binary_int_div and binary_int_mod

2174 * Tightened specification of class semiring_no_zero_divisors. Minor

2175 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2177 * Class algebraic_semidom introduces common algebraic notions of

2178 integral (semi)domains, particularly units. Although logically subsumed

2179 by fields, is is not a super class of these in order not to burden

2180 fields with notions that are trivial there.

2182 * Class normalization_semidom specifies canonical representants for

2183 equivalence classes of associated elements in an integral (semi)domain.

2184 This formalizes associated elements as well.

2186 * Abstract specification of gcd/lcm operations in classes semiring_gcd,

2187 semiring_Gcd, semiring_Lcd. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY: facts gcd_nat.commute

2188 and gcd_int.commute are subsumed by gcd.commute, as well as

2189 gcd_nat.assoc and gcd_int.assoc by gcd.assoc.

2191 * Former constants Fields.divide (_ / _) and Divides.div (_ div _) are

2192 logically unified to Rings.divide in syntactic type class Rings.divide,

2193 with infix syntax (_ div _). Infix syntax (_ / _) for field division is

2194 added later as abbreviation in class Fields.inverse. INCOMPATIBILITY,

2195 instantiations must refer to Rings.divide rather than the former

2196 separate constants, hence infix syntax (_ / _) is usually not available

2197 during instantiation.

2199 * New cancellation simprocs for boolean algebras to cancel complementary

2200 terms for sup and inf. For example, "sup x (sup y (- x))" simplifies to

2201 "top". INCOMPATIBILITY.

2203 * Class uniform_space introduces uniform spaces btw topological spaces

2204 and metric spaces. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY: open_<type>_def needs to be

2205 introduced in the form of an uniformity. Some constants are more general

2206 now, it may be necessary to add type class constraints.

2208 open_real_def \<leadsto> open_dist

2209 open_complex_def \<leadsto> open_dist

2211 * Library/Monad_Syntax: notation uses symbols \<bind> and \<then>. INCOMPATIBILITY.

2213 * Library/Multiset:

2214 - Renamed multiset inclusion operators:

2215 < ~> <#

2216 > ~> >#

2217 <= ~> <=#

2218 >= ~> >=#

2219 \<le> ~> \<le>#

2220 \<ge> ~> \<ge>#

2221 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2222 - Added multiset inclusion operator syntax:

2223 \<subset>#

2224 \<subseteq>#

2225 \<supset>#

2226 \<supseteq>#

2227 - "'a multiset" is no longer an instance of the "order",

2228 "ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le", "ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_diff",

2229 "semilattice_inf", and "semilattice_sup" type classes. The theorems

2230 previously provided by these type classes (directly or indirectly)

2231 are now available through the "subset_mset" interpretation

2232 (e.g. add_mono ~> subset_mset.add_mono).

2233 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2234 - Renamed conversions:

2235 multiset_of ~> mset

2236 multiset_of_set ~> mset_set

2237 set_of ~> set_mset

2238 INCOMPATIBILITY

2239 - Renamed lemmas:

2240 mset_le_def ~> subseteq_mset_def

2241 mset_less_def ~> subset_mset_def

2242 less_eq_multiset.rep_eq ~> subseteq_mset_def

2243 INCOMPATIBILITY

2244 - Removed lemmas generated by lift_definition:

2245 less_eq_multiset.abs_eq, less_eq_multiset.rsp,

2246 less_eq_multiset.transfer, less_eq_multiset_def

2247 INCOMPATIBILITY

2249 * Library/Omega_Words_Fun: Infinite words modeled as functions nat \<Rightarrow> 'a.

2251 * Library/Bourbaki_Witt_Fixpoint: Added formalisation of the

2252 Bourbaki-Witt fixpoint theorem for increasing functions in

2253 chain-complete partial orders.

2255 * Library/Old_Recdef: discontinued obsolete 'defer_recdef' command.

2256 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'function' instead.

2258 * Library/Periodic_Fun: a locale that provides convenient lemmas for

2259 periodic functions.

2261 * Library/Formal_Power_Series: proper definition of division (with

2262 remainder) for formal power series; instances for Euclidean Ring and

2263 GCD.

2265 * HOL-Imperative_HOL: obsolete theory Legacy_Mrec has been removed.

2267 * HOL-Statespace: command 'statespace' uses mandatory qualifier for

2268 import of parent, as for general 'locale' expressions. INCOMPATIBILITY,

2269 remove '!' and add '?' as required.

2271 * HOL-Decision_Procs: The "approximation" method works with "powr"

2272 (exponentiation on real numbers) again.

2274 * HOL-Multivariate_Analysis: theory Cauchy_Integral_Thm with Contour

2275 integrals (= complex path integrals), Cauchy's integral theorem, winding

2276 numbers and Cauchy's integral formula, Liouville theorem, Fundamental

2277 Theorem of Algebra. Ported from HOL Light.

2279 * HOL-Multivariate_Analysis: topological concepts such as connected

2280 components, homotopic paths and the inside or outside of a set.

2282 * HOL-Multivariate_Analysis: radius of convergence of power series and

2283 various summability tests; Harmonic numbers and the Euler–Mascheroni

2284 constant; the Generalised Binomial Theorem; the complex and real

2285 Gamma/log-Gamma/Digamma/ Polygamma functions and their most important

2286 properties.

2288 * HOL-Probability: The central limit theorem based on Levy's uniqueness

2289 and continuity theorems, weak convergence, and characterisitc functions.

2291 * HOL-Data_Structures: new and growing session of standard data

2292 structures.

2295 *** ML ***

2297 * The following combinators for low-level profiling of the ML runtime

2298 system are available:

2300 profile_time (*CPU time*)

2301 profile_time_thread (*CPU time on this thread*)

2302 profile_allocations (*overall heap allocations*)

2304 * Antiquotation @{undefined} or \<^undefined> inlines (raise Match).

2306 * Antiquotation @{method NAME} inlines the (checked) name of the given

2307 Isar proof method.

2309 * Pretty printing of Poly/ML compiler output in Isabelle has been

2310 improved: proper treatment of break offsets and blocks with consistent

2311 breaks.

2313 * The auxiliary module Pure/display.ML has been eliminated. Its

2314 elementary thm print operations are now in Pure/more_thm.ML and thus

2315 called Thm.pretty_thm, Thm.string_of_thm etc. INCOMPATIBILITY.

2317 * Simproc programming interfaces have been simplified:

2318 Simplifier.make_simproc and Simplifier.define_simproc supersede various

2319 forms of Simplifier.mk_simproc, Simplifier.simproc_global etc. Note that

2320 term patterns for the left-hand sides are specified with implicitly

2321 fixed variables, like top-level theorem statements. INCOMPATIBILITY.

2323 * Instantiation rules have been re-organized as follows:

2325 Thm.instantiate (*low-level instantiation with named arguments*)

2326 Thm.instantiate' (*version with positional arguments*)

2328 Drule.infer_instantiate (*instantiation with type inference*)

2329 Drule.infer_instantiate' (*version with positional arguments*)

2331 The LHS only requires variable specifications, instead of full terms.

2332 Old cterm_instantiate is superseded by infer_instantiate.

2333 INCOMPATIBILITY, need to re-adjust some ML names and types accordingly.

2335 * Old tactic shorthands atac, rtac, etac, dtac, ftac have been

2336 discontinued. INCOMPATIBILITY, use regular assume_tac, resolve_tac etc.

2337 instead (with proper context).

2339 * Thm.instantiate (and derivatives) no longer require the LHS of the

2340 instantiation to be certified: plain variables are given directly.

2342 * Subgoal.SUBPROOF and Subgoal.FOCUS combinators use anonymous

2343 quasi-bound variables (like the Simplifier), instead of accidentally

2344 named local fixes. This has the potential to improve stability of proof

2345 tools, but can also cause INCOMPATIBILITY for tools that don't observe

2346 the proof context discipline.

2348 * Isar proof methods are based on a slightly more general type

2349 context_tactic, which allows to change the proof context dynamically

2350 (e.g. to update cases) and indicate explicit Seq.Error results. Former

2351 METHOD_CASES is superseded by CONTEXT_METHOD; further combinators are

2352 provided in src/Pure/Isar/method.ML for convenience. INCOMPATIBILITY.

2355 *** System ***

2357 * Command-line tool "isabelle console" enables print mode "ASCII".

2359 * Command-line tool "isabelle update_then" expands old Isar command

2360 conflations:

2362 hence ~> then have

2363 thus ~> then show

2365 This syntax is more orthogonal and improves readability and

2366 maintainability of proofs.

2368 * Global session timeout is multiplied by timeout_scale factor. This

2369 allows to adjust large-scale tests (e.g. AFP) to overall hardware

2370 performance.

2372 * Property values in etc/symbols may contain spaces, if written with the

2373 replacement character "␣" (Unicode point 0x2324). For example:

2375 \<star> code: 0x0022c6 group: operator font: Deja␣Vu␣Sans␣Mono

2377 * Java runtime environment for x86_64-windows allows to use larger heap

2378 space.

2380 * Java runtime options are determined separately for 32bit vs. 64bit

2381 platforms as follows.

2383 - Isabelle desktop application: platform-specific files that are

2384 associated with the main app bundle

2386 - isabelle jedit: settings

2387 JEDIT_JAVA_SYSTEM_OPTIONS

2388 JEDIT_JAVA_OPTIONS32 vs. JEDIT_JAVA_OPTIONS64

2390 - isabelle build: settings

2391 ISABELLE_BUILD_JAVA_OPTIONS32 vs. ISABELLE_BUILD_JAVA_OPTIONS64

2393 * Bash shell function "jvmpath" has been renamed to "platform_path": it

2394 is relevant both for Poly/ML and JVM processes.

2396 * Poly/ML default platform architecture may be changed from 32bit to

2397 64bit via system option ML_system_64. A system restart (and rebuild) is

2398 required after change.

2400 * Poly/ML 5.6 runs natively on x86-windows and x86_64-windows, which

2401 both allow larger heap space than former x86-cygwin.

2403 * Heap images are 10-15% smaller due to less wasteful persistent theory

2404 content (using ML type theory_id instead of theory);

2408 New in Isabelle2015 (May 2015)

2409 ------------------------------

2411 *** General ***

2413 * Local theory specification commands may have a 'private' or

2414 'qualified' modifier to restrict name space accesses to the local scope,

2415 as provided by some "context begin ... end" block. For example:

2417 context

2418 begin

2420 private definition ...

2421 private lemma ...

2423 qualified definition ...

2424 qualified lemma ...

2426 lemma ...

2427 theorem ...

2429 end

2431 * Command 'experiment' opens an anonymous locale context with private

2432 naming policy.

2434 * Command 'notepad' requires proper nesting of begin/end and its proof

2435 structure in the body: 'oops' is no longer supported here. Minor

2436 INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'sorry' instead.

2438 * Command 'named_theorems' declares a dynamic fact within the context,

2439 together with an attribute to maintain the content incrementally. This

2440 supersedes functor Named_Thms in Isabelle/ML, but with a subtle change

2441 of semantics due to external visual order vs. internal reverse order.

2443 * 'find_theorems': search patterns which are abstractions are

2444 schematically expanded before search. Search results match the naive

2445 expectation more closely, particularly wrt. abbreviations.

2446 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2448 * Commands 'method_setup' and 'attribute_setup' now work within a local

2449 theory context.

2451 * Outer syntax commands are managed authentically within the theory

2452 context, without implicit global state. Potential for accidental

2453 INCOMPATIBILITY, make sure that required theories are really imported.

2455 * Historical command-line terminator ";" is no longer accepted (and

2456 already used differently in Isar). Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, use "isabelle

2457 update_semicolons" to remove obsolete semicolons from old theory

2458 sources.

2460 * Structural composition of proof methods (meth1; meth2) in Isar

2461 corresponds to (tac1 THEN_ALL_NEW tac2) in ML.

2463 * The Eisbach proof method language allows to define new proof methods

2464 by combining existing ones with their usual syntax. The "match" proof

2465 method provides basic fact/term matching in addition to

2466 premise/conclusion matching through Subgoal.focus, and binds fact names

2467 from matches as well as term patterns within matches. The Isabelle

2468 documentation provides an entry "eisbach" for the Eisbach User Manual.

2469 Sources and various examples are in ~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/.

2472 *** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***

2474 * Improved folding mode "isabelle" based on Isar syntax. Alternatively,

2475 the "sidekick" mode may be used for document structure.

2477 * Extended bracket matching based on Isar language structure. System

2478 option jedit_structure_limit determines maximum number of lines to scan

2479 in the buffer.

2481 * Support for BibTeX files: context menu, context-sensitive token

2482 marker, SideKick parser.

2484 * Document antiquotation @{cite} provides formal markup, which is

2485 interpreted semi-formally based on .bib files that happen to be open in

2486 the editor (hyperlinks, completion etc.).

2488 * Less waste of vertical space via negative line spacing (see Global

2489 Options / Text Area).

2491 * Improved graphview panel with optional output of PNG or PDF, for

2492 display of 'thy_deps', 'class_deps' etc.

2494 * The commands 'thy_deps' and 'class_deps' allow optional bounds to

2495 restrict the visualized hierarchy.

2497 * Improved scheduling for asynchronous print commands (e.g. provers

2498 managed by the Sledgehammer panel) wrt. ongoing document processing.

2501 *** Document preparation ***

2503 * Document markup commands 'chapter', 'section', 'subsection',

2504 'subsubsection', 'text', 'txt', 'text_raw' work uniformly in any

2505 context, even before the initial 'theory' command. Obsolete proof

2506 commands 'sect', 'subsect', 'subsubsect', 'txt_raw' have been

2507 discontinued, use 'section', 'subsection', 'subsubsection', 'text_raw'

2508 instead. The old 'header' command is still retained for some time, but

2509 should be replaced by 'chapter', 'section' etc. (using "isabelle

2510 update_header"). Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

2512 * Official support for "tt" style variants, via \isatt{...} or

2513 \begin{isabellett}...\end{isabellett}. The somewhat fragile \verb or

2514 verbatim environment of LaTeX is no longer used. This allows @{ML} etc.

2515 as argument to other macros (such as footnotes).

2517 * Document antiquotation @{verbatim} prints ASCII text literally in "tt"

2518 style.

2520 * Discontinued obsolete option "document_graph": session_graph.pdf is

2521 produced unconditionally for HTML browser_info and PDF-LaTeX document.

2523 * Diagnostic commands and document markup commands within a proof do not

2524 affect the command tag for output. Thus commands like 'thm' are subject

2525 to proof document structure, and no longer "stick out" accidentally.

2526 Commands 'text' and 'txt' merely differ in the LaTeX style, not their

2527 tags. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY in exotic situations.

2529 * System option "pretty_margin" is superseded by "thy_output_margin",

2530 which is also accessible via document antiquotation option "margin".

2531 Only the margin for document output may be changed, but not the global

2532 pretty printing: that is 76 for plain console output, and adapted

2533 dynamically in GUI front-ends. Implementations of document

2534 antiquotations need to observe the margin explicitly according to

2535 Thy_Output.string_of_margin. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

2537 * Specification of 'document_files' in the session ROOT file is

2538 mandatory for document preparation. The legacy mode with implicit

2539 copying of the document/ directory is no longer supported. Minor

2540 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2543 *** Pure ***

2545 * Proof methods with explicit instantiation ("rule_tac", "subgoal_tac"

2546 etc.) allow an optional context of local variables ('for' declaration):

2547 these variables become schematic in the instantiated theorem; this

2548 behaviour is analogous to 'for' in attributes "where" and "of".

2549 Configuration option rule_insts_schematic (default false) controls use

2550 of schematic variables outside the context. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY,

2551 declare rule_insts_schematic = true temporarily and update to use local

2552 variable declarations or dummy patterns instead.

2554 * Explicit instantiation via attributes "where", "of", and proof methods

2555 "rule_tac" with derivatives like "subgoal_tac" etc. admit dummy patterns

2556 ("_") that stand for anonymous local variables.

2558 * Generated schematic variables in standard format of exported facts are

2559 incremented to avoid material in the proof context. Rare

2560 INCOMPATIBILITY, explicit instantiation sometimes needs to refer to

2561 different index.

2563 * Lexical separation of signed and unsigned numerals: categories "num"

2564 and "float" are unsigned. INCOMPATIBILITY: subtle change in precedence

2565 of numeral signs, particularly in expressions involving infix syntax

2566 like "(- 1) ^ n".

2568 * Old inner token category "xnum" has been discontinued. Potential

2569 INCOMPATIBILITY for exotic syntax: may use mixfix grammar with "num"

2570 token category instead.

2573 *** HOL ***

2575 * New (co)datatype package:

2576 - The 'datatype_new' command has been renamed 'datatype'. The old

2577 command of that name is now called 'old_datatype' and is provided

2578 by "~~/src/HOL/Library/Old_Datatype.thy". See

2579 'isabelle doc datatypes' for information on porting.

2580 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2581 - Renamed theorems:

2582 disc_corec ~> corec_disc

2583 disc_corec_iff ~> corec_disc_iff

2584 disc_exclude ~> distinct_disc

2585 disc_exhaust ~> exhaust_disc

2586 disc_map_iff ~> map_disc_iff

2587 sel_corec ~> corec_sel

2588 sel_exhaust ~> exhaust_sel

2589 sel_map ~> map_sel

2590 sel_set ~> set_sel

2591 sel_split ~> split_sel

2592 sel_split_asm ~> split_sel_asm

2593 strong_coinduct ~> coinduct_strong

2594 weak_case_cong ~> case_cong_weak

2595 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2596 - The "no_code" option to "free_constructors", "datatype_new", and

2597 "codatatype" has been renamed "plugins del: code".

2598 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2599 - The rules "set_empty" have been removed. They are easy

2600 consequences of other set rules "by auto".

2601 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2602 - The rule "set_cases" is now registered with the "[cases set]"

2603 attribute. This can influence the behavior of the "cases" proof

2604 method when more than one case rule is applicable (e.g., an

2605 assumption is of the form "w : set ws" and the method "cases w"

2606 is invoked). The solution is to specify the case rule explicitly

2607 (e.g. "cases w rule: widget.exhaust").

2608 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2609 - Renamed theories:

2610 BNF_Comp ~> BNF_Composition

2611 BNF_FP_Base ~> BNF_Fixpoint_Base

2612 BNF_GFP ~> BNF_Greatest_Fixpoint

2613 BNF_LFP ~> BNF_Least_Fixpoint

2614 BNF_Constructions_on_Wellorders ~> BNF_Wellorder_Constructions

2615 Cardinals/Constructions_on_Wellorders ~> Cardinals/Wellorder_Constructions

2616 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2617 - Lifting and Transfer setup for basic HOL types sum and prod (also

2618 option) is now performed by the BNF package. Theories Lifting_Sum,

2619 Lifting_Product and Lifting_Option from Main became obsolete and

2620 were removed. Changed definitions of the relators rel_prod and

2621 rel_sum (using inductive).

2622 INCOMPATIBILITY: use rel_prod.simps and rel_sum.simps instead

2623 of rel_prod_def and rel_sum_def.

2624 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY: (rarely used by name) transfer theorem names

2625 changed (e.g. map_prod_transfer ~> prod.map_transfer).

2626 - Parametricity theorems for map functions, relators, set functions,

2627 constructors, case combinators, discriminators, selectors and

2628 (co)recursors are automatically proved and registered as transfer

2629 rules.

2631 * Old datatype package:

2632 - The old 'datatype' command has been renamed 'old_datatype', and

2633 'rep_datatype' has been renamed 'old_rep_datatype'. They are

2634 provided by "~~/src/HOL/Library/Old_Datatype.thy". See

2635 'isabelle doc datatypes' for information on porting.

2636 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2637 - Renamed theorems:

2638 weak_case_cong ~> case_cong_weak

2639 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2640 - Renamed theory:

2641 ~~/src/HOL/Datatype.thy ~> ~~/src/HOL/Library/Old_Datatype.thy

2642 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2644 * Nitpick:

2645 - Fixed soundness bug related to the strict and non-strict subset

2646 operations.

2648 * Sledgehammer:

2649 - CVC4 is now included with Isabelle instead of CVC3 and run by

2650 default.

2651 - Z3 is now always enabled by default, now that it is fully open

2652 source. The "z3_non_commercial" option is discontinued.

2653 - Minimization is now always enabled by default.

2654 Removed sub-command:

2655 min

2656 - Proof reconstruction, both one-liners and Isar, has been

2657 dramatically improved.

2658 - Improved support for CVC4 and veriT.

2660 * Old and new SMT modules:

2661 - The old 'smt' method has been renamed 'old_smt' and moved to

2662 'src/HOL/Library/Old_SMT.thy'. It is provided for compatibility,

2663 until applications have been ported to use the new 'smt' method. For

2664 the method to work, an older version of Z3 (e.g. Z3 3.2 or 4.0) must

2665 be installed, and the environment variable "OLD_Z3_SOLVER" must

2666 point to it.

2667 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2668 - The 'smt2' method has been renamed 'smt'.

2669 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2670 - New option 'smt_reconstruction_step_timeout' to limit the

2671 reconstruction time of Z3 proof steps in the new 'smt' method.

2672 - New option 'smt_statistics' to display statistics of the new 'smt'

2673 method, especially runtime statistics of Z3 proof reconstruction.

2675 * Lifting: command 'lift_definition' allows to execute lifted constants

2676 that have as a return type a datatype containing a subtype. This

2677 overcomes long-time limitations in the area of code generation and

2678 lifting, and avoids tedious workarounds.

2680 * Command and antiquotation "value" provide different evaluation slots

2681 (again), where the previous strategy (NBE after ML) serves as default.

2682 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

2684 * Add NO_MATCH-simproc, allows to check for syntactic non-equality.

2686 * field_simps: Use NO_MATCH-simproc for distribution rules, to avoid

2687 non-termination in case of distributing a division. With this change

2688 field_simps is in some cases slightly less powerful, if it fails try to

2689 add algebra_simps, or use divide_simps. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

2691 * Separate class no_zero_divisors has been given up in favour of fully

2692 algebraic semiring_no_zero_divisors. INCOMPATIBILITY.

2694 * Class linordered_semidom really requires no zero divisors.

2695 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2697 * Classes division_ring, field and linordered_field always demand

2698 "inverse 0 = 0". Given up separate classes division_ring_inverse_zero,

2699 field_inverse_zero and linordered_field_inverse_zero. INCOMPATIBILITY.

2701 * Classes cancel_ab_semigroup_add / cancel_monoid_add specify explicit

2702 additive inverse operation. INCOMPATIBILITY.

2704 * Complex powers and square roots. The functions "ln" and "powr" are now

2705 overloaded for types real and complex, and 0 powr y = 0 by definition.

2706 INCOMPATIBILITY: type constraints may be necessary.

2708 * The functions "sin" and "cos" are now defined for any type of sort

2709 "{real_normed_algebra_1,banach}" type, so in particular on "real" and

2710 "complex" uniformly. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY: type constraints may be

2711 needed.

2713 * New library of properties of the complex transcendental functions sin,

2714 cos, tan, exp, Ln, Arctan, Arcsin, Arccos. Ported from HOL Light.

2716 * The factorial function, "fact", now has type "nat => 'a" (of a sort

2717 that admits numeric types including nat, int, real and complex.

2718 INCOMPATIBILITY: an expression such as "fact 3 = 6" may require a type

2719 constraint, and the combination "real (fact k)" is likely to be

2720 unsatisfactory. If a type conversion is still necessary, then use

2721 "of_nat (fact k)" or "real_of_nat (fact k)".

2723 * Removed functions "natfloor" and "natceiling", use "nat o floor" and

2724 "nat o ceiling" instead. A few of the lemmas have been retained and

2725 adapted: in their names "natfloor"/"natceiling" has been replaced by

2726 "nat_floor"/"nat_ceiling".

2728 * Qualified some duplicated fact names required for boostrapping the

2729 type class hierarchy:

2730 ab_add_uminus_conv_diff ~> diff_conv_add_uminus

2731 field_inverse_zero ~> inverse_zero

2732 field_divide_inverse ~> divide_inverse

2733 field_inverse ~> left_inverse

2734 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

2736 * Eliminated fact duplicates:

2737 mult_less_imp_less_right ~> mult_right_less_imp_less

2738 mult_less_imp_less_left ~> mult_left_less_imp_less

2739 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

2741 * Fact consolidation: even_less_0_iff is subsumed by

2742 double_add_less_zero_iff_single_add_less_zero (simp by default anyway).

2744 * Generalized and consolidated some theorems concerning divsibility:

2745 dvd_reduce ~> dvd_add_triv_right_iff

2746 dvd_plus_eq_right ~> dvd_add_right_iff

2747 dvd_plus_eq_left ~> dvd_add_left_iff

2748 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

2750 * "even" and "odd" are mere abbreviations for "2 dvd _" and "~ 2 dvd _"

2751 and part of theory Main.

2752 even_def ~> even_iff_mod_2_eq_zero

2753 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2755 * Lemma name consolidation: divide_Numeral1 ~> divide_numeral_1. Minor

2756 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2758 * Bootstrap of listsum as special case of abstract product over lists.

2759 Fact rename:

2760 listsum_def ~> listsum.eq_foldr

2761 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2763 * Product over lists via constant "listprod".

2765 * Theory List: renamed drop_Suc_conv_tl and nth_drop' to

2766 Cons_nth_drop_Suc.

2768 * New infrastructure for compiling, running, evaluating and testing

2769 generated code in target languages in HOL/Library/Code_Test. See

2770 HOL/Codegenerator_Test/Code_Test* for examples.

2772 * Library/Multiset:

2773 - Introduced "replicate_mset" operation.

2774 - Introduced alternative characterizations of the multiset ordering in

2775 "Library/Multiset_Order".

2776 - Renamed multiset ordering:

2777 <# ~> #<#

2778 <=# ~> #<=#

2779 \<subset># ~> #\<subset>#

2780 \<subseteq># ~> #\<subseteq>#

2781 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2782 - Introduced abbreviations for ill-named multiset operations:

2783 <#, \<subset># abbreviate < (strict subset)

2784 <=#, \<le>#, \<subseteq># abbreviate <= (subset or equal)

2785 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2786 - Renamed

2787 in_multiset_of ~> in_multiset_in_set

2788 Multiset.fold ~> fold_mset

2789 Multiset.filter ~> filter_mset

2790 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2791 - Removed mcard, is equal to size.

2792 - Added attributes:

2793 image_mset.id [simp]

2794 image_mset_id [simp]

2795 elem_multiset_of_set [simp, intro]

2796 comp_fun_commute_plus_mset [simp]

2797 comp_fun_commute.fold_mset_insert [OF comp_fun_commute_plus_mset, simp]

2798 in_mset_fold_plus_iff [iff]

2799 set_of_Union_mset [simp]

2800 in_Union_mset_iff [iff]

2801 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2803 * Library/Sum_of_Squares: simplified and improved "sos" method. Always

2804 use local CSDP executable, which is much faster than the NEOS server.

2805 The "sos_cert" functionality is invoked as "sos" with additional

2806 argument. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

2808 * HOL-Decision_Procs: New counterexample generator quickcheck

2809 [approximation] for inequalities of transcendental functions. Uses

2810 hardware floating point arithmetic to randomly discover potential

2811 counterexamples. Counterexamples are certified with the "approximation"

2812 method. See HOL/Decision_Procs/ex/Approximation_Quickcheck_Ex.thy for

2813 examples.

2815 * HOL-Probability: Reworked measurability prover

2816 - applies destructor rules repeatedly

2817 - removed application splitting (replaced by destructor rule)

2818 - added congruence rules to rewrite measure spaces under the sets

2819 projection

2821 * New proof method "rewrite" (in theory ~~/src/HOL/Library/Rewrite) for

2822 single-step rewriting with subterm selection based on patterns.

2825 *** ML ***

2827 * Subtle change of name space policy: undeclared entries are now

2828 considered inaccessible, instead of accessible via the fully-qualified

2829 internal name. This mainly affects Name_Space.intern (and derivatives),

2830 which may produce an unexpected Long_Name.hidden prefix. Note that

2831 contemporary applications use the strict Name_Space.check (and

2832 derivatives) instead, which is not affected by the change. Potential

2833 INCOMPATIBILITY in rare applications of Name_Space.intern.

2835 * Subtle change of error semantics of Toplevel.proof_of: regular user

2836 ERROR instead of internal Toplevel.UNDEF.

2838 * Basic combinators map, fold, fold_map, split_list, apply are available

2839 as parameterized antiquotations, e.g. @{map 4} for lists of quadruples.

2841 * Renamed "pairself" to "apply2", in accordance to @{apply 2}.

2842 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2844 * Former combinators NAMED_CRITICAL and CRITICAL for central critical

2845 sections have been discontinued, in favour of the more elementary

2846 Multithreading.synchronized and its high-level derivative

2847 Synchronized.var (which is usually sufficient in applications). Subtle

2848 INCOMPATIBILITY: synchronized access needs to be atomic and cannot be

2849 nested.

2851 * Synchronized.value (ML) is actually synchronized (as in Scala): subtle

2852 change of semantics with minimal potential for INCOMPATIBILITY.

2854 * The main operations to certify logical entities are Thm.ctyp_of and

2855 Thm.cterm_of with a local context; old-style global theory variants are

2856 available as Thm.global_ctyp_of and Thm.global_cterm_of.

2857 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2859 * Elementary operations in module Thm are no longer pervasive.

2860 INCOMPATIBILITY, need to use qualified Thm.prop_of, Thm.cterm_of,

2861 Thm.term_of etc.

2863 * Proper context for various elementary tactics: assume_tac,

2864 resolve_tac, eresolve_tac, dresolve_tac, forward_tac, match_tac,

2865 compose_tac, Splitter.split_tac etc. INCOMPATIBILITY.

2867 * Tactical PARALLEL_ALLGOALS is the most common way to refer to

2868 PARALLEL_GOALS.

2870 * Goal.prove_multi is superseded by the fully general Goal.prove_common,

2871 which also allows to specify a fork priority.

2873 * Antiquotation @{command_spec "COMMAND"} is superseded by

2874 @{command_keyword COMMAND} (usually without quotes and with PIDE

2875 markup). Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

2877 * Cartouches within ML sources are turned into values of type

2878 Input.source (with formal position information).

2881 *** System ***

2883 * The Isabelle tool "update_cartouches" changes theory files to use

2884 cartouches instead of old-style {* verbatim *} or `alt_string` tokens.

2886 * The Isabelle tool "build" provides new options -X, -k, -x.

2888 * Discontinued old-fashioned "codegen" tool. Code generation can always

2889 be externally triggered using an appropriate ROOT file plus a

2890 corresponding theory. Parametrization is possible using environment

2891 variables, or ML snippets in the most extreme cases. Minor

2892 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2894 * JVM system property "isabelle.threads" determines size of Scala thread

2895 pool, like Isabelle system option "threads" for ML.

2897 * JVM system property "isabelle.laf" determines the default Swing

2898 look-and-feel, via internal class name or symbolic name as in the jEdit

2899 menu Global Options / Appearance.

2901 * Support for Proof General and Isar TTY loop has been discontinued.

2902 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, use standard PIDE infrastructure instead.

2906 New in Isabelle2014 (August 2014)

2907 ---------------------------------

2909 *** General ***

2911 * Support for official Standard ML within the Isabelle context.

2912 Command 'SML_file' reads and evaluates the given Standard ML file.

2913 Toplevel bindings are stored within the theory context; the initial

2914 environment is restricted to the Standard ML implementation of

2915 Poly/ML, without the add-ons of Isabelle/ML. Commands 'SML_import'

2916 and 'SML_export' allow to exchange toplevel bindings between the two

2917 separate environments. See also ~~/src/Tools/SML/Examples.thy for

2918 some examples.

2920 * Standard tactics and proof methods such as "clarsimp", "auto" and

2921 "safe" now preserve equality hypotheses "x = expr" where x is a free

2922 variable. Locale assumptions and chained facts containing "x"

2923 continue to be useful. The new method "hypsubst_thin" and the

2924 configuration option "hypsubst_thin" (within the attribute name space)

2925 restore the previous behavior. INCOMPATIBILITY, especially where

2926 induction is done after these methods or when the names of free and

2927 bound variables clash. As first approximation, old proofs may be

2928 repaired by "using [[hypsubst_thin = true]]" in the critical spot.

2930 * More static checking of proof methods, which allows the system to

2931 form a closure over the concrete syntax. Method arguments should be

2932 processed in the original proof context as far as possible, before

2933 operating on the goal state. In any case, the standard discipline for

2934 subgoal-addressing needs to be observed: no subgoals or a subgoal

2935 number that is out of range produces an empty result sequence, not an

2936 exception. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY for non-conformant tactical

2937 proof tools.

2939 * Lexical syntax (inner and outer) supports text cartouches with

2940 arbitrary nesting, and without escapes of quotes etc. The Prover IDE

2941 supports input via ` (backquote).

2943 * The outer syntax categories "text" (for formal comments and document

2944 markup commands) and "altstring" (for literal fact references) allow

2945 cartouches as well, in addition to the traditional mix of quotations.

2947 * Syntax of document antiquotation @{rail} now uses \<newline> instead

2948 of "\\", to avoid the optical illusion of escaped backslash within

2949 string token. General renovation of its syntax using text cartouches.

2950 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

2952 * Discontinued legacy_isub_isup, which was a temporary workaround for

2953 Isabelle/ML in Isabelle2013-1. The prover process no longer accepts

2954 old identifier syntax with \<^isub> or \<^isup>. Potential

2955 INCOMPATIBILITY.

2957 * Document antiquotation @{url} produces markup for the given URL,

2958 which results in an active hyperlink within the text.

2960 * Document antiquotation @{file_unchecked} is like @{file}, but does

2961 not check existence within the file-system.

2963 * Updated and extended manuals: codegen, datatypes, implementation,

2964 isar-ref, jedit, system.

2967 *** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***

2969 * Improved Document panel: simplified interaction where every single

2970 mouse click (re)opens document via desktop environment or as jEdit

2971 buffer.

2973 * Support for Navigator plugin (with toolbar buttons), with connection

2974 to PIDE hyperlinks.

2976 * Auxiliary files ('ML_file' etc.) are managed by the Prover IDE.

2977 Open text buffers take precedence over copies within the file-system.

2979 * Improved support for Isabelle/ML, with jEdit mode "isabelle-ml" for

2980 auxiliary ML files.

2982 * Improved syntactic and semantic completion mechanism, with simple

2983 templates, completion language context, name-space completion,

2984 file-name completion, spell-checker completion.

2986 * Refined GUI popup for completion: more robust key/mouse event

2987 handling and propagation to enclosing text area -- avoid loosing

2988 keystrokes with slow / remote graphics displays.

2990 * Completion popup supports both ENTER and TAB (default) to select an

2991 item, depending on Isabelle options.

2993 * Refined insertion of completion items wrt. jEdit text: multiple

2994 selections, rectangular selections, rectangular selection as "tall

2995 caret".

2997 * Integrated spell-checker for document text, comments etc. with

2998 completion popup and context-menu.

3000 * More general "Query" panel supersedes "Find" panel, with GUI access

3001 to commands 'find_theorems' and 'find_consts', as well as print

3002 operations for the context. Minor incompatibility in keyboard

3003 shortcuts etc.: replace action isabelle-find by isabelle-query.

3005 * Search field for all output panels ("Output", "Query", "Info" etc.)

3006 to highlight text via regular expression.

3008 * Option "jedit_print_mode" (see also "Plugin Options / Isabelle /

3009 General") allows to specify additional print modes for the prover

3010 process, without requiring old-fashioned command-line invocation of

3011 "isabelle jedit -m MODE".

3013 * More support for remote files (e.g. http) using standard Java

3014 networking operations instead of jEdit virtual file-systems.

3016 * Empty editors buffers that are no longer required (e.g.\ via theory

3017 imports) are automatically removed from the document model.

3019 * Improved monitor panel.

3021 * Improved Console/Scala plugin: more uniform scala.Console output,

3022 more robust treatment of threads and interrupts.

3024 * Improved management of dockable windows: clarified keyboard focus

3025 and window placement wrt. main editor view; optional menu item to

3026 "Detach" a copy where this makes sense.

3028 * New Simplifier Trace panel provides an interactive view of the

3029 simplification process, enabled by the "simp_trace_new" attribute

3030 within the context.

3033 *** Pure ***

3035 * Low-level type-class commands 'classes', 'classrel', 'arities' have

3036 been discontinued to avoid the danger of non-trivial axiomatization

3037 that is not immediately visible. INCOMPATIBILITY, use regular

3038 'instance' command with proof. The required OFCLASS(...) theorem

3039 might be postulated via 'axiomatization' beforehand, or the proof

3040 finished trivially if the underlying class definition is made vacuous

3041 (without any assumptions). See also Isabelle/ML operations

3042 Axclass.class_axiomatization, Axclass.classrel_axiomatization,

3043 Axclass.arity_axiomatization.

3045 * Basic constants of Pure use more conventional names and are always

3046 qualified. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY, but with potentially serious

3047 consequences, notably for tools in Isabelle/ML. The following

3048 renaming needs to be applied:

3050 == ~> Pure.eq

3051 ==> ~> Pure.imp

3052 all ~> Pure.all

3053 TYPE ~> Pure.type

3054 dummy_pattern ~> Pure.dummy_pattern

3056 Systematic porting works by using the following theory setup on a

3057 *previous* Isabelle version to introduce the new name accesses for the

3058 old constants:

3060 setup {*

3061 fn thy => thy

3062 |> Sign.root_path

3063 |> Sign.const_alias (Binding.qualify true "Pure" @{binding eq}) "=="

3064 |> Sign.const_alias (Binding.qualify true "Pure" @{binding imp}) "==>"

3065 |> Sign.const_alias (Binding.qualify true "Pure" @{binding all}) "all"

3066 |> Sign.restore_naming thy

3067 *}

3069 Thus ML antiquotations like @{const_name Pure.eq} may be used already.

3070 Later the application is moved to the current Isabelle version, and

3071 the auxiliary aliases are deleted.

3073 * Attributes "where" and "of" allow an optional context of local

3074 variables ('for' declaration): these variables become schematic in the

3075 instantiated theorem.

3077 * Obsolete attribute "standard" has been discontinued (legacy since

3078 Isabelle2012). Potential INCOMPATIBILITY, use explicit 'for' context

3079 where instantiations with schematic variables are intended (for

3080 declaration commands like 'lemmas' or attributes like "of"). The

3081 following temporary definition may help to port old applications:

3083 attribute_setup standard =

3084 "Scan.succeed (Thm.rule_attribute (K Drule.export_without_context))"

3086 * More thorough check of proof context for goal statements and

3087 attributed fact expressions (concerning background theory, declared

3088 hyps). Potential INCOMPATIBILITY, tools need to observe standard

3089 context discipline. See also Assumption.add_assumes and the more

3090 primitive Thm.assume_hyps.

3092 * Inner syntax token language allows regular quoted strings "..."

3093 (only makes sense in practice, if outer syntax is delimited

3094 differently, e.g. via cartouches).

3096 * Command 'print_term_bindings' supersedes 'print_binds' for clarity,

3097 but the latter is retained some time as Proof General legacy.

3099 * Code generator preprocessor: explicit control of simp tracing on a

3100 per-constant basis. See attribute "code_preproc".

3103 *** HOL ***

3105 * Code generator: enforce case of identifiers only for strict target

3106 language requirements. INCOMPATIBILITY.

3108 * Code generator: explicit proof contexts in many ML interfaces.

3109 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3111 * Code generator: minimize exported identifiers by default. Minor

3112 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3114 * Code generation for SML and OCaml: dropped arcane "no_signatures"

3115 option. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

3117 * "declare [[code abort: ...]]" replaces "code_abort ...".

3118 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3120 * "declare [[code drop: ...]]" drops all code equations associated

3121 with the given constants.

3123 * Code generations are provided for make, fields, extend and truncate

3124 operations on records.

3126 * Command and antiquotation "value" are now hardcoded against nbe and

3127 ML. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

3129 * Renamed command 'enriched_type' to 'functor'. INCOMPATIBILITY.

3131 * The symbol "\<newline>" may be used within char or string literals

3132 to represent (Char Nibble0 NibbleA), i.e. ASCII newline.

3134 * Qualified String.implode and String.explode. INCOMPATIBILITY.

3136 * Simplifier: Enhanced solver of preconditions of rewrite rules can

3137 now deal with conjunctions. For help with converting proofs, the old

3138 behaviour of the simplifier can be restored like this: declare/using

3139 [[simp_legacy_precond]]. This configuration option will disappear

3140 again in the future. INCOMPATIBILITY.

3142 * Simproc "finite_Collect" is no longer enabled by default, due to

3143 spurious crashes and other surprises. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.

3145 * Moved new (co)datatype package and its dependencies from session

3146 "HOL-BNF" to "HOL". The commands 'bnf', 'wrap_free_constructors',

3147 'datatype_new', 'codatatype', 'primcorec', 'primcorecursive' are now

3148 part of theory "Main".

3150 Theory renamings:

3151 FunDef.thy ~> Fun_Def.thy (and Fun_Def_Base.thy)

3152 Library/Wfrec.thy ~> Wfrec.thy

3153 Library/Zorn.thy ~> Zorn.thy

3154 Cardinals/Order_Relation.thy ~> Order_Relation.thy

3155 Library/Order_Union.thy ~> Cardinals/Order_Union.thy

3156 Cardinals/Cardinal_Arithmetic_Base.thy ~> BNF_Cardinal_Arithmetic.thy

3157 Cardinals/Cardinal_Order_Relation_Base.thy ~> BNF_Cardinal_Order_Relation.thy

3158 Cardinals/Constructions_on_Wellorders_Base.thy ~> BNF_Constructions_on_Wellorders.thy

3159 Cardinals/Wellorder_Embedding_Base.thy ~> BNF_Wellorder_Embedding.thy

3160 Cardinals/Wellorder_Relation_Base.thy ~> BNF_Wellorder_Relation.thy

3161 BNF/Ctr_Sugar.thy ~> Ctr_Sugar.thy

3162 BNF/Basic_BNFs.thy ~> Basic_BNFs.thy

3163 BNF/BNF_Comp.thy ~> BNF_Comp.thy

3164 BNF/BNF_Def.thy ~> BNF_Def.thy

3165 BNF/BNF_FP_Base.thy ~> BNF_FP_Base.thy

3166 BNF/BNF_GFP.thy ~> BNF_GFP.thy

3167 BNF/BNF_LFP.thy ~> BNF_LFP.thy

3168 BNF/BNF_Util.thy ~> BNF_Util.thy

3169 BNF/Coinduction.thy ~> Coinduction.thy

3170 BNF/More_BNFs.thy ~> Library/More_BNFs.thy

3171 BNF/Countable_Type.thy ~> Library/Countable_Set_Type.thy

3172 BNF/Examples/* ~> BNF_Examples/*

3174 New theories:

3175 Wellorder_Extension.thy (split from Zorn.thy)

3176 Library/Cardinal_Notations.thy

3177 Library/BNF_Axomatization.thy

3178 BNF_Examples/Misc_Primcorec.thy

3179 BNF_Examples/Stream_Processor.thy

3181 Discontinued theories:

3182 BNF/BNF.thy

3183 BNF/Equiv_Relations_More.thy

3185 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3187 * New (co)datatype package:

3188 - Command 'primcorec' is fully implemented.

3189 - Command 'datatype_new' generates size functions ("size_xxx" and

3190 "size") as required by 'fun'.

3191 - BNFs are integrated with the Lifting tool and new-style

3192 (co)datatypes with Transfer.

3193 - Renamed commands:

3194 datatype_new_compat ~> datatype_compat

3195 primrec_new ~> primrec

3196 wrap_free_constructors ~> free_constructors

3197 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3198 - The generated constants "xxx_case" and "xxx_rec" have been renamed

3199 "case_xxx" and "rec_xxx" (e.g., "prod_case" ~> "case_prod").

3200 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3201 - The constant "xxx_(un)fold" and related theorems are no longer

3202 generated. Use "xxx_(co)rec" or define "xxx_(un)fold" manually

3203 using "prim(co)rec".

3204 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3205 - No discriminators are generated for nullary constructors by

3206 default, eliminating the need for the odd "=:" syntax.

3207 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3208 - No discriminators or selectors are generated by default by

3209 "datatype_new", unless custom names are specified or the new

3210 "discs_sels" option is passed.

3211 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3213 * Old datatype package:

3214 - The generated theorems "xxx.cases" and "xxx.recs" have been

3215 renamed "xxx.case" and "xxx.rec" (e.g., "sum.cases" ->

3216 "sum.case"). INCOMPATIBILITY.

3217 - The generated constants "xxx_case", "xxx_rec", and "xxx_size" have

3218 been renamed "case_xxx", "rec_xxx", and "size_xxx" (e.g.,

3219 "prod_case" ~> "case_prod"). INCOMPATIBILITY.

3221 * The types "'a list" and "'a option", their set and map functions,

3222 their relators, and their selectors are now produced using the new

3223 BNF-based datatype package.

3225 Renamed constants:

3226 Option.set ~> set_option

3227 Option.map ~> map_option

3228 option_rel ~> rel_option

3230 Renamed theorems:

3231 set_def ~> set_rec[abs_def]

3232 map_def ~> map_rec[abs_def]

3233 Option.map_def ~> map_option_case[abs_def] (with "case_option" instead of "rec_option")

3234 option.recs ~> option.rec

3235 list_all2_def ~> list_all2_iff

3236 set.simps ~> set_simps (or the slightly different "list.set")

3237 map.simps ~> list.map

3238 hd.simps ~> list.sel(1)

3239 tl.simps ~> list.sel(2-3)

3240 the.simps ~> option.sel

3242 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3244 * The following map functions and relators have been renamed:

3245 sum_map ~> map_sum

3246 map_pair ~> map_prod

3247 prod_rel ~> rel_prod

3248 sum_rel ~> rel_sum

3249 fun_rel ~> rel_fun

3250 set_rel ~> rel_set

3251 filter_rel ~> rel_filter

3252 fset_rel ~> rel_fset (in "src/HOL/Library/FSet.thy")

3253 cset_rel ~> rel_cset (in "src/HOL/Library/Countable_Set_Type.thy")

3254 vset ~> rel_vset (in "src/HOL/Library/Quotient_Set.thy")

3256 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3258 * Lifting and Transfer:

3259 - a type variable as a raw type is supported

3260 - stronger reflexivity prover

3261 - rep_eq is always generated by lift_definition

3262 - setup for Lifting/Transfer is now automated for BNFs

3263 + holds for BNFs that do not contain a dead variable

3264 + relator_eq, relator_mono, relator_distr, relator_domain,

3265 relator_eq_onp, quot_map, transfer rules for bi_unique, bi_total,

3266 right_unique, right_total, left_unique, left_total are proved

3267 automatically

3268 + definition of a predicator is generated automatically

3269 + simplification rules for a predicator definition are proved

3270 automatically for datatypes

3271 - consolidation of the setup of Lifting/Transfer

3272 + property that a relator preservers reflexivity is not needed any

3273 more

3274 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

3275 + left_total and left_unique rules are now transfer rules

3276 (reflexivity_rule attribute not needed anymore)

3277 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3278 + Domainp does not have to be a separate assumption in

3279 relator_domain theorems (=> more natural statement)

3280 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3281 - registration of code equations is more robust

3282 Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.

3283 - respectfulness proof obligation is preprocessed to a more readable

3284 form

3285 Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.

3286 - eq_onp is always unfolded in respectfulness proof obligation

3287 Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.

3288 - unregister lifting setup for Code_Numeral.integer and

3289 Code_Numeral.natural

3290 Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.

3291 - Lifting.invariant -> eq_onp

3292 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3294 * New internal SAT solver "cdclite" that produces models and proof

3295 traces. This solver replaces the internal SAT solvers "enumerate" and

3296 "dpll". Applications that explicitly used one of these two SAT

3297 solvers should use "cdclite" instead. In addition, "cdclite" is now

3298 the default SAT solver for the "sat" and "satx" proof methods and

3299 corresponding tactics; the old default can be restored using "declare

3300 [[sat_solver = zchaff_with_proofs]]". Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

3302 * SMT module: A new version of the SMT module, temporarily called

3303 "SMT2", uses SMT-LIB 2 and supports recent versions of Z3 (e.g.,

3304 4.3). The new proof method is called "smt2". CVC3 and CVC4 are also

3305 supported as oracles. Yices is no longer supported, because no version

3306 of the solver can handle both SMT-LIB 2 and quantifiers.

3308 * Activation of Z3 now works via "z3_non_commercial" system option

3309 (without requiring restart), instead of former settings variable

3310 "Z3_NON_COMMERCIAL". The option can be edited in Isabelle/jEdit menu

3311 Plugin Options / Isabelle / General.

3313 * Sledgehammer:

3314 - Z3 can now produce Isar proofs.

3315 - MaSh overhaul:

3316 . New SML-based learning algorithms eliminate the dependency on

3317 Python and increase performance and reliability.

3318 . MaSh and MeSh are now used by default together with the

3319 traditional MePo (Meng-Paulson) relevance filter. To disable

3320 MaSh, set the "MaSh" system option in Isabelle/jEdit Plugin

3321 Options / Isabelle / General to "none".

3322 - New option:

3323 smt_proofs

3324 - Renamed options:

3325 isar_compress ~> compress

3326 isar_try0 ~> try0

3328 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3330 * Removed solvers remote_cvc3 and remote_z3. Use cvc3 and z3 instead.

3332 * Nitpick:

3333 - Fixed soundness bug whereby mutually recursive datatypes could

3334 take infinite values.

3335 - Fixed soundness bug with low-level number functions such as

3336 "Abs_Integ" and "Rep_Integ".

3337 - Removed "std" option.

3338 - Renamed "show_datatypes" to "show_types" and "hide_datatypes" to

3339 "hide_types".

3341 * Metis: Removed legacy proof method 'metisFT'. Use 'metis

3342 (full_types)' instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.

3344 * Try0: Added 'algebra' and 'meson' to the set of proof methods.

3346 * Adjustion of INF and SUP operations:

3347 - Elongated constants INFI and SUPR to INFIMUM and SUPREMUM.

3348 - Consolidated theorem names containing INFI and SUPR: have INF and

3349 SUP instead uniformly.

3350 - More aggressive normalization of expressions involving INF and Inf

3351 or SUP and Sup.

3352 - INF_image and SUP_image do not unfold composition.

3353 - Dropped facts INF_comp, SUP_comp.

3354 - Default congruence rules strong_INF_cong and strong_SUP_cong, with

3355 simplifier implication in premises. Generalize and replace former

3356 INT_cong, SUP_cong

3358 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3360 * SUP and INF generalized to conditionally_complete_lattice.

3362 * Swapped orientation of facts image_comp and vimage_comp:

3364 image_compose ~> image_comp [symmetric]

3365 image_comp ~> image_comp [symmetric]

3366 vimage_compose ~> vimage_comp [symmetric]

3367 vimage_comp ~> vimage_comp [symmetric]

3369 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3371 * Theory reorganization: split of Big_Operators.thy into

3372 Groups_Big.thy and Lattices_Big.thy.

3374 * Consolidated some facts about big group operators:

3376 setsum_0' ~> setsum.neutral

3377 setsum_0 ~> setsum.neutral_const

3378 setsum_addf ~> setsum.distrib

3379 setsum_cartesian_product ~> setsum.cartesian_product

3380 setsum_cases ~> setsum.If_cases

3381 setsum_commute ~> setsum.commute

3382 setsum_cong ~> setsum.cong

3383 setsum_delta ~> setsum.delta

3384 setsum_delta' ~> setsum.delta'

3385 setsum_diff1' ~> setsum.remove

3386 setsum_empty ~> setsum.empty

3387 setsum_infinite ~> setsum.infinite

3388 setsum_insert ~> setsum.insert

3389 setsum_inter_restrict'' ~> setsum.inter_filter

3390 setsum_mono_zero_cong_left ~> setsum.mono_neutral_cong_left

3391 setsum_mono_zero_cong_right ~> setsum.mono_neutral_cong_right

3392 setsum_mono_zero_left ~> setsum.mono_neutral_left

3393 setsum_mono_zero_right ~> setsum.mono_neutral_right

3394 setsum_reindex ~> setsum.reindex

3395 setsum_reindex_cong ~> setsum.reindex_cong

3396 setsum_reindex_nonzero ~> setsum.reindex_nontrivial

3397 setsum_restrict_set ~> setsum.inter_restrict

3398 setsum_Plus ~> setsum.Plus

3399 setsum_setsum_restrict ~> setsum.commute_restrict

3400 setsum_Sigma ~> setsum.Sigma

3401 setsum_subset_diff ~> setsum.subset_diff

3402 setsum_Un_disjoint ~> setsum.union_disjoint

3403 setsum_UN_disjoint ~> setsum.UNION_disjoint

3404 setsum_Un_Int ~> setsum.union_inter

3405 setsum_Union_disjoint ~> setsum.Union_disjoint

3406 setsum_UNION_zero ~> setsum.Union_comp

3407 setsum_Un_zero ~> setsum.union_inter_neutral

3408 strong_setprod_cong ~> setprod.strong_cong

3409 strong_setsum_cong ~> setsum.strong_cong

3410 setprod_1' ~> setprod.neutral

3411 setprod_1 ~> setprod.neutral_const

3412 setprod_cartesian_product ~> setprod.cartesian_product

3413 setprod_cong ~> setprod.cong

3414 setprod_delta ~> setprod.delta

3415 setprod_delta' ~> setprod.delta'

3416 setprod_empty ~> setprod.empty

3417 setprod_infinite ~> setprod.infinite

3418 setprod_insert ~> setprod.insert

3419 setprod_mono_one_cong_left ~> setprod.mono_neutral_cong_left

3420 setprod_mono_one_cong_right ~> setprod.mono_neutral_cong_right

3421 setprod_mono_one_left ~> setprod.mono_neutral_left

3422 setprod_mono_one_right ~> setprod.mono_neutral_right

3423 setprod_reindex ~> setprod.reindex

3424 setprod_reindex_cong ~> setprod.reindex_cong

3425 setprod_reindex_nonzero ~> setprod.reindex_nontrivial

3426 setprod_Sigma ~> setprod.Sigma

3427 setprod_subset_diff ~> setprod.subset_diff

3428 setprod_timesf ~> setprod.distrib

3429 setprod_Un2 ~> setprod.union_diff2

3430 setprod_Un_disjoint ~> setprod.union_disjoint

3431 setprod_UN_disjoint ~> setprod.UNION_disjoint

3432 setprod_Un_Int ~> setprod.union_inter

3433 setprod_Union_disjoint ~> setprod.Union_disjoint

3434 setprod_Un_one ~> setprod.union_inter_neutral

3436 Dropped setsum_cong2 (simple variant of setsum.cong).

3437 Dropped setsum_inter_restrict' (simple variant of setsum.inter_restrict)

3438 Dropped setsum_reindex_id, setprod_reindex_id

3439 (simple variants of setsum.reindex [symmetric], setprod.reindex [symmetric]).

3441 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3443 * Abolished slightly odd global lattice interpretation for min/max.

3445 Fact consolidations:

3446 min_max.inf_assoc ~> min.assoc

3447 min_max.inf_commute ~> min.commute

3448 min_max.inf_left_commute ~> min.left_commute

3449 min_max.inf_idem ~> min.idem

3450 min_max.inf_left_idem ~> min.left_idem

3451 min_max.inf_right_idem ~> min.right_idem

3452 min_max.sup_assoc ~> max.assoc

3453 min_max.sup_commute ~> max.commute

3454 min_max.sup_left_commute ~> max.left_commute

3455 min_max.sup_idem ~> max.idem

3456 min_max.sup_left_idem ~> max.left_idem

3457 min_max.sup_inf_distrib1 ~> max_min_distrib2

3458 min_max.sup_inf_distrib2 ~> max_min_distrib1

3459 min_max.inf_sup_distrib1 ~> min_max_distrib2

3460 min_max.inf_sup_distrib2 ~> min_max_distrib1

3461 min_max.distrib ~> min_max_distribs

3462 min_max.inf_absorb1 ~> min.absorb1

3463 min_max.inf_absorb2 ~> min.absorb2

3464 min_max.sup_absorb1 ~> max.absorb1

3465 min_max.sup_absorb2 ~> max.absorb2

3466 min_max.le_iff_inf ~> min.absorb_iff1

3467 min_max.le_iff_sup ~> max.absorb_iff2

3468 min_max.inf_le1 ~> min.cobounded1

3469 min_max.inf_le2 ~> min.cobounded2

3470 le_maxI1, min_max.sup_ge1 ~> max.cobounded1

3471 le_maxI2, min_max.sup_ge2 ~> max.cobounded2

3472 min_max.le_infI1 ~> min.coboundedI1

3473 min_max.le_infI2 ~> min.coboundedI2

3474 min_max.le_supI1 ~> max.coboundedI1

3475 min_max.le_supI2 ~> max.coboundedI2

3476 min_max.less_infI1 ~> min.strict_coboundedI1

3477 min_max.less_infI2 ~> min.strict_coboundedI2

3478 min_max.less_supI1 ~> max.strict_coboundedI1

3479 min_max.less_supI2 ~> max.strict_coboundedI2

3480 min_max.inf_mono ~> min.mono

3481 min_max.sup_mono ~> max.mono

3482 min_max.le_infI, min_max.inf_greatest ~> min.boundedI

3483 min_max.le_supI, min_max.sup_least ~> max.boundedI

3484 min_max.le_inf_iff ~> min.bounded_iff

3485 min_max.le_sup_iff ~> max.bounded_iff

3487 For min_max.inf_sup_aci, prefer (one of) min.commute, min.assoc,

3488 min.left_commute, min.left_idem, max.commute, max.assoc,

3489 max.left_commute, max.left_idem directly.

3491 For min_max.inf_sup_ord, prefer (one of) min.cobounded1,

3492 min.cobounded2, max.cobounded1m max.cobounded2 directly.

3494 For min_ac or max_ac, prefer more general collection ac_simps.

3496 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3498 * Theorem disambiguation Inf_le_Sup (on finite sets) ~>

3499 Inf_fin_le_Sup_fin. INCOMPATIBILITY.

3501 * Qualified constant names Wellfounded.acc, Wellfounded.accp.

3502 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3504 * Fact generalization and consolidation:

3505 neq_one_mod_two, mod_2_not_eq_zero_eq_one_int ~> not_mod_2_eq_0_eq_1

3507 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3509 * Purely algebraic definition of even. Fact generalization and

3510 consolidation:

3511 nat_even_iff_2_dvd, int_even_iff_2_dvd ~> even_iff_2_dvd

3512 even_zero_(nat|int) ~> even_zero

3514 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3516 * Abolished neg_numeral.

3517 - Canonical representation for minus one is "- 1".

3518 - Canonical representation for other negative numbers is "- (numeral _)".

3519 - When devising rule sets for number calculation, consider the

3520 following canonical cases: 0, 1, numeral _, - 1, - numeral _.

3521 - HOLogic.dest_number also recognizes numerals in non-canonical forms

3522 like "numeral One", "- numeral One", "- 0" and even "- ... - _".

3523 - Syntax for negative numerals is mere input syntax.

3525 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3527 * Reduced name variants for rules on associativity and commutativity:

3529 add_assoc ~> add.assoc

3530 add_commute ~> add.commute

3531 add_left_commute ~> add.left_commute

3532 mult_assoc ~> mult.assoc

3533 mult_commute ~> mult.commute

3534 mult_left_commute ~> mult.left_commute

3535 nat_add_assoc ~> add.assoc

3536 nat_add_commute ~> add.commute

3537 nat_add_left_commute ~> add.left_commute

3538 nat_mult_assoc ~> mult.assoc

3539 nat_mult_commute ~> mult.commute

3540 eq_assoc ~> iff_assoc

3541 eq_left_commute ~> iff_left_commute

3543 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3545 * Fact collections add_ac and mult_ac are considered old-fashioned.

3546 Prefer ac_simps instead, or specify rules

3547 (add|mult).(assoc|commute|left_commute) individually.

3549 * Elimination of fact duplicates:

3550 equals_zero_I ~> minus_unique

3551 diff_eq_0_iff_eq ~> right_minus_eq

3552 nat_infinite ~> infinite_UNIV_nat

3553 int_infinite ~> infinite_UNIV_int

3555 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3557 * Fact name consolidation:

3558 diff_def, diff_minus, ab_diff_minus ~> diff_conv_add_uminus

3559 minus_le_self_iff ~> neg_less_eq_nonneg

3560 le_minus_self_iff ~> less_eq_neg_nonpos

3561 neg_less_nonneg ~> neg_less_pos

3562 less_minus_self_iff ~> less_neg_neg [simp]

3564 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3566 * More simplification rules on unary and binary minus:

3567 add_diff_cancel, add_diff_cancel_left, add_le_same_cancel1,

3568 add_le_same_cancel2, add_less_same_cancel1, add_less_same_cancel2,

3569 add_minus_cancel, diff_add_cancel, le_add_same_cancel1,

3570 le_add_same_cancel2, less_add_same_cancel1, less_add_same_cancel2,

3571 minus_add_cancel, uminus_add_conv_diff. These correspondingly have

3572 been taken away from fact collections algebra_simps and field_simps.

3573 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3575 To restore proofs, the following patterns are helpful:

3577 a) Arbitrary failing proof not involving "diff_def":

3578 Consider simplification with algebra_simps or field_simps.

3580 b) Lifting rules from addition to subtraction:

3581 Try with "using <rule for addition> of [... "- _" ...]" by simp".

3583 c) Simplification with "diff_def": just drop "diff_def".

3584 Consider simplification with algebra_simps or field_simps;

3585 or the brute way with

3586 "simp add: diff_conv_add_uminus del: add_uminus_conv_diff".

3588 * Introduce bdd_above and bdd_below in theory

3589 Conditionally_Complete_Lattices, use them instead of explicitly

3590 stating boundedness of sets.

3592 * ccpo.admissible quantifies only over non-empty chains to allow more

3593 syntax-directed proof rules; the case of the empty chain shows up as

3594 additional case in fixpoint induction proofs. INCOMPATIBILITY.

3596 * Removed and renamed theorems in Series:

3597 summable_le ~> suminf_le

3598 suminf_le ~> suminf_le_const

3599 series_pos_le ~> setsum_le_suminf

3600 series_pos_less ~> setsum_less_suminf

3601 suminf_ge_zero ~> suminf_nonneg

3602 suminf_gt_zero ~> suminf_pos

3603 suminf_gt_zero_iff ~> suminf_pos_iff

3604 summable_sumr_LIMSEQ_suminf ~> summable_LIMSEQ

3605 suminf_0_le ~> suminf_nonneg [rotate]

3606 pos_summable ~> summableI_nonneg_bounded

3607 ratio_test ~> summable_ratio_test

3609 removed series_zero, replaced by sums_finite

3611 removed auxiliary lemmas:

3613 sumr_offset, sumr_offset2, sumr_offset3, sumr_offset4, sumr_group,

3614 half, le_Suc_ex_iff, lemma_realpow_diff_sumr,

3615 real_setsum_nat_ivl_bounded, summable_le2, ratio_test_lemma2,

3616 sumr_minus_one_realpow_zerom, sumr_one_lb_realpow_zero,

3617 summable_convergent_sumr_iff, sumr_diff_mult_const

3619 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3621 * Replace (F)DERIV syntax by has_derivative:

3622 - "(f has_derivative f') (at x within s)" replaces "FDERIV f x : s : f'"

3624 - "(f has_field_derivative f') (at x within s)" replaces "DERIV f x : s : f'"

3626 - "f differentiable at x within s" replaces "_ differentiable _ in _" syntax

3628 - removed constant isDiff

3630 - "DERIV f x : f'" and "FDERIV f x : f'" syntax is only available as

3631 input syntax.

3633 - "DERIV f x : s : f'" and "FDERIV f x : s : f'" syntax removed.

3635 - Renamed FDERIV_... lemmas to has_derivative_...

3637 - renamed deriv (the syntax constant used for "DERIV _ _ :> _") to DERIV

3639 - removed DERIV_intros, has_derivative_eq_intros

3641 - introduced derivative_intros and deriative_eq_intros which

3642 includes now rules for DERIV, has_derivative and

3643 has_vector_derivative.

3645 - Other renamings:

3646 differentiable_def ~> real_differentiable_def

3647 differentiableE ~> real_differentiableE

3648 fderiv_def ~> has_derivative_at

3649 field_fderiv_def ~> field_has_derivative_at

3650 isDiff_der ~> differentiable_def

3651 deriv_fderiv ~> has_field_derivative_def

3652 deriv_def ~> DERIV_def

3654 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3656 * Include more theorems in continuous_intros. Remove the

3657 continuous_on_intros, isCont_intros collections, these facts are now

3658 in continuous_intros.

3660 * Theorems about complex numbers are now stated only using Re and Im,

3661 the Complex constructor is not used anymore. It is possible to use

3662 primcorec to defined the behaviour of a complex-valued function.

3664 Removed theorems about the Complex constructor from the simpset, they

3665 are available as the lemma collection legacy_Complex_simps. This

3666 especially removes

3668 i_complex_of_real: "ii * complex_of_real r = Complex 0 r".

3670 Instead the reverse direction is supported with

3671 Complex_eq: "Complex a b = a + \<i> * b"

3673 Moved csqrt from Fundamental_Algebra_Theorem to Complex.

3675 Renamings:

3676 Re/Im ~> complex.sel

3677 complex_Re/Im_zero ~> zero_complex.sel

3678 complex_Re/Im_add ~> plus_complex.sel

3679 complex_Re/Im_minus ~> uminus_complex.sel

3680 complex_Re/Im_diff ~> minus_complex.sel

3681 complex_Re/Im_one ~> one_complex.sel

3682 complex_Re/Im_mult ~> times_complex.sel

3683 complex_Re/Im_inverse ~> inverse_complex.sel

3684 complex_Re/Im_scaleR ~> scaleR_complex.sel

3685 complex_Re/Im_i ~> ii.sel

3686 complex_Re/Im_cnj ~> cnj.sel

3687 Re/Im_cis ~> cis.sel

3689 complex_divide_def ~> divide_complex_def

3690 complex_norm_def ~> norm_complex_def

3691 cmod_def ~> norm_complex_de

3693 Removed theorems:

3694 complex_zero_def

3695 complex_add_def

3696 complex_minus_def

3697 complex_diff_def

3698 complex_one_def

3699 complex_mult_def

3700 complex_inverse_def

3701 complex_scaleR_def

3703 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3705 * Theory Lubs moved HOL image to HOL-Library. It is replaced by

3706 Conditionally_Complete_Lattices. INCOMPATIBILITY.

3708 * HOL-Library: new theory src/HOL/Library/Tree.thy.

3710 * HOL-Library: removed theory src/HOL/Library/Kleene_Algebra.thy; it

3711 is subsumed by session Kleene_Algebra in AFP.

3713 * HOL-Library / theory RBT: various constants and facts are hidden;

3714 lifting setup is unregistered. INCOMPATIBILITY.

3716 * HOL-Cardinals: new theory src/HOL/Cardinals/Ordinal_Arithmetic.thy.

3718 * HOL-Word: bit representations prefer type bool over type bit.

3719 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3721 * HOL-Word:

3722 - Abandoned fact collection "word_arith_alts", which is a duplicate

3723 of "word_arith_wis".

3724 - Dropped first (duplicated) element in fact collections

3725 "sint_word_ariths", "word_arith_alts", "uint_word_ariths",

3726 "uint_word_arith_bintrs".

3728 * HOL-Number_Theory:

3729 - consolidated the proofs of the binomial theorem

3730 - the function fib is again of type nat => nat and not overloaded

3731 - no more references to Old_Number_Theory in the HOL libraries

3732 (except the AFP)

3734 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3736 * HOL-Multivariate_Analysis:

3737 - Type class ordered_real_vector for ordered vector spaces.

3738 - New theory Complex_Basic_Analysis defining complex derivatives,

3739 holomorphic functions, etc., ported from HOL Light's canal.ml.

3740 - Changed order of ordered_euclidean_space to be compatible with

3741 pointwise ordering on products. Therefore instance of

3742 conditionally_complete_lattice and ordered_real_vector.

3743 INCOMPATIBILITY: use box instead of greaterThanLessThan or

3744 explicit set-comprehensions with eucl_less for other (half-)open

3745 intervals.

3746 - removed dependencies on type class ordered_euclidean_space with

3747 introduction of "cbox" on euclidean_space

3748 - renamed theorems:

3749 interval ~> box

3750 mem_interval ~> mem_box

3751 interval_eq_empty ~> box_eq_empty

3752 interval_ne_empty ~> box_ne_empty

3753 interval_sing(1) ~> cbox_sing

3754 interval_sing(2) ~> box_sing

3755 subset_interval_imp ~> subset_box_imp

3756 subset_interval ~> subset_box

3757 open_interval ~> open_box

3758 closed_interval ~> closed_cbox

3759 interior_closed_interval ~> interior_cbox

3760 bounded_closed_interval ~> bounded_cbox

3761 compact_interval ~> compact_cbox

3762 bounded_subset_closed_interval_symmetric ~> bounded_subset_cbox_symmetric

3763 bounded_subset_closed_interval ~> bounded_subset_cbox

3764 mem_interval_componentwiseI ~> mem_box_componentwiseI

3765 convex_box ~> convex_prod

3766 rel_interior_real_interval ~> rel_interior_real_box

3767 convex_interval ~> convex_box

3768 convex_hull_eq_real_interval ~> convex_hull_eq_real_cbox

3769 frechet_derivative_within_closed_interval ~> frechet_derivative_within_cbox

3770 content_closed_interval' ~> content_cbox'

3771 elementary_subset_interval ~> elementary_subset_box

3772 diameter_closed_interval ~> diameter_cbox

3773 frontier_closed_interval ~> frontier_cbox

3774 frontier_open_interval ~> frontier_box

3775 bounded_subset_open_interval_symmetric ~> bounded_subset_box_symmetric

3776 closure_open_interval ~> closure_box

3777 open_closed_interval_convex ~> open_cbox_convex

3778 open_interval_midpoint ~> box_midpoint

3779 content_image_affinity_interval ~> content_image_affinity_cbox

3780 is_interval_interval ~> is_interval_cbox + is_interval_box + is_interval_closed_interval

3781 bounded_interval ~> bounded_closed_interval + bounded_boxes

3783 - respective theorems for intervals over the reals:

3784 content_closed_interval + content_cbox

3785 has_integral + has_integral_real

3786 fine_division_exists + fine_division_exists_real

3787 has_integral_null + has_integral_null_real

3788 tagged_division_union_interval + tagged_division_union_interval_real

3789 has_integral_const + has_integral_const_real

3790 integral_const + integral_const_real

3791 has_integral_bound + has_integral_bound_real

3792 integrable_continuous + integrable_continuous_real

3793 integrable_subinterval + integrable_subinterval_real

3794 has_integral_reflect_lemma + has_integral_reflect_lemma_real

3795 integrable_reflect + integrable_reflect_real

3796 integral_reflect + integral_reflect_real

3797 image_affinity_interval + image_affinity_cbox

3798 image_smult_interval + image_smult_cbox

3799 integrable_const + integrable_const_ivl

3800 integrable_on_subinterval + integrable_on_subcbox

3802 - renamed theorems:

3803 derivative_linear ~> has_derivative_bounded_linear

3804 derivative_is_linear ~> has_derivative_linear

3805 bounded_linear_imp_linear ~> bounded_linear.linear

3807 * HOL-Probability:

3808 - Renamed positive_integral to nn_integral:

3810 . Renamed all lemmas "*positive_integral*" to *nn_integral*"

3811 positive_integral_positive ~> nn_integral_nonneg

3813 . Renamed abbreviation integral\<^sup>P to integral\<^sup>N.

3815 - replaced the Lebesgue integral on real numbers by the more general

3816 Bochner integral for functions into a real-normed vector space.

3818 integral_zero ~> integral_zero / integrable_zero

3819 integral_minus ~> integral_minus / integrable_minus

3820 integral_add ~> integral_add / integrable_add

3821 integral_diff ~> integral_diff / integrable_diff

3822 integral_setsum ~> integral_setsum / integrable_setsum

3823 integral_multc ~> integral_mult_left / integrable_mult_left

3824 integral_cmult ~> integral_mult_right / integrable_mult_right

3825 integral_triangle_inequality~> integral_norm_bound

3826 integrable_nonneg ~> integrableI_nonneg

3827 integral_positive ~> integral_nonneg_AE

3828 integrable_abs_iff ~> integrable_abs_cancel

3829 positive_integral_lim_INF ~> nn_integral_liminf

3830 lebesgue_real_affine ~> lborel_real_affine

3831 borel_integral_has_integral ~> has_integral_lebesgue_integral

3832 integral_indicator ~>

3833 integral_real_indicator / integrable_real_indicator

3834 positive_integral_fst ~> nn_integral_fst'

3835 positive_integral_fst_measurable ~> nn_integral_fst

3836 positive_integral_snd_measurable ~> nn_integral_snd

3838 integrable_fst_measurable ~>

3839 integral_fst / integrable_fst / AE_integrable_fst

3841 integrable_snd_measurable ~>

3842 integral_snd / integrable_snd / AE_integrable_snd

3844 integral_monotone_convergence ~>

3845 integral_monotone_convergence / integrable_monotone_convergence

3847 integral_monotone_convergence_at_top ~>

3848 integral_monotone_convergence_at_top /

3849 integrable_monotone_convergence_at_top

3851 has_integral_iff_positive_integral_lebesgue ~>

3852 has_integral_iff_has_bochner_integral_lebesgue_nonneg

3854 lebesgue_integral_has_integral ~>

3855 has_integral_integrable_lebesgue_nonneg

3857 positive_integral_lebesgue_has_integral ~>

3858 integral_has_integral_lebesgue_nonneg /

3859 integrable_has_integral_lebesgue_nonneg

3861 lebesgue_integral_real_affine ~>

3862 nn_integral_real_affine

3864 has_integral_iff_positive_integral_lborel ~>

3865 integral_has_integral_nonneg / integrable_has_integral_nonneg

3867 The following theorems where removed:

3869 lebesgue_integral_nonneg

3870 lebesgue_integral_uminus

3871 lebesgue_integral_cmult

3872 lebesgue_integral_multc

3873 lebesgue_integral_cmult_nonneg

3874 integral_cmul_indicator

3875 integral_real

3877 - Formalized properties about exponentially, Erlang, and normal

3878 distributed random variables.

3880 * HOL-Decision_Procs: Separate command 'approximate' for approximative

3881 computation in src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Approximation. Minor

3882 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3885 *** Scala ***

3887 * The signature and semantics of Document.Snapshot.cumulate_markup /

3888 select_markup have been clarified. Markup is now traversed in the

3889 order of reports given by the prover: later markup is usually more

3890 specific and may override results accumulated so far. The elements

3891 guard is mandatory and checked precisely. Subtle INCOMPATIBILITY.

3893 * Substantial reworking of internal PIDE protocol communication

3894 channels. INCOMPATIBILITY.

3897 *** ML ***

3899 * Subtle change of semantics of Thm.eq_thm: theory stamps are not

3900 compared (according to Thm.thm_ord), but assumed to be covered by the

3901 current background theory. Thus equivalent data produced in different

3902 branches of the theory graph usually coincides (e.g. relevant for

3903 theory merge). Note that the softer Thm.eq_thm_prop is often more

3904 appropriate than Thm.eq_thm.

3906 * Proper context for basic Simplifier operations: rewrite_rule,

3907 rewrite_goals_rule, rewrite_goals_tac etc. INCOMPATIBILITY, need to

3908 pass runtime Proof.context (and ensure that the simplified entity

3909 actually belongs to it).

3911 * Proper context discipline for read_instantiate and instantiate_tac:

3912 variables that are meant to become schematic need to be given as

3913 fixed, and are generalized by the explicit context of local variables.

3914 This corresponds to Isar attributes "where" and "of" with 'for'

3915 declaration. INCOMPATIBILITY, also due to potential change of indices

3916 of schematic variables.

3918 * Moved ML_Compiler.exn_trace and other operations on exceptions to

3919 structure Runtime. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

3921 * Discontinued old Toplevel.debug in favour of system option

3922 "ML_exception_trace", which may be also declared within the context

3923 via "declare [[ML_exception_trace = true]]". Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

3925 * Renamed configuration option "ML_trace" to "ML_source_trace". Minor

3926 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3928 * Configuration option "ML_print_depth" controls the pretty-printing

3929 depth of the ML compiler within the context. The old print_depth in

3930 ML is still available as default_print_depth, but rarely used. Minor

3931 INCOMPATIBILITY.

3933 * Toplevel function "use" refers to raw ML bootstrap environment,

3934 without Isar context nor antiquotations. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.

3935 Note that 'ML_file' is the canonical command to load ML files into the

3936 formal context.

3938 * Simplified programming interface to define ML antiquotations, see

3939 structure ML_Antiquotation. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

3941 * ML antiquotation @{here} refers to its source position, which is

3942 occasionally useful for experimentation and diagnostic purposes.

3944 * ML antiquotation @{path} produces a Path.T value, similarly to

3945 Path.explode, but with compile-time check against the file-system and

3946 some PIDE markup. Note that unlike theory source, ML does not have a

3947 well-defined master directory, so an absolute symbolic path

3948 specification is usually required, e.g. "~~/src/HOL".

3950 * ML antiquotation @{print} inlines a function to print an arbitrary

3951 ML value, which is occasionally useful for diagnostic or demonstration

3952 purposes.

3955 *** System ***

3957 * Proof General with its traditional helper scripts is now an optional

3958 Isabelle component, e.g. see ProofGeneral-4.2-2 from the Isabelle

3959 component repository http://isabelle.in.tum.de/components/. Note that

3960 the "system" manual provides general explanations about add-on

3961 components, especially those that are not bundled with the release.

3963 * The raw Isabelle process executable has been renamed from

3964 "isabelle-process" to "isabelle_process", which conforms to common

3965 shell naming conventions, and allows to define a shell function within

3966 the Isabelle environment to avoid dynamic path lookup. Rare

3967 incompatibility for old tools that do not use the ISABELLE_PROCESS

3968 settings variable.

3970 * Former "isabelle tty" has been superseded by "isabelle console",

3971 with implicit build like "isabelle jedit", and without the mostly

3972 obsolete Isar TTY loop.

3974 * Simplified "isabelle display" tool. Settings variables DVI_VIEWER

3975 and PDF_VIEWER now refer to the actual programs, not shell

3976 command-lines. Discontinued option -c: invocation may be asynchronous

3977 via desktop environment, without any special precautions. Potential

3978 INCOMPATIBILITY with ambitious private settings.

3980 * Removed obsolete "isabelle unsymbolize". Note that the usual format

3981 for email communication is the Unicode rendering of Isabelle symbols,

3982 as produced by Isabelle/jEdit, for example.

3984 * Removed obsolete tool "wwwfind". Similar functionality may be

3985 integrated into Isabelle/jEdit eventually.

3987 * Improved 'display_drafts' concerning desktop integration and

3988 repeated invocation in PIDE front-end: re-use single file

3989 $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/tmp/drafts.pdf and corresponding views.

3991 * Session ROOT specifications require explicit 'document_files' for

3992 robust dependencies on LaTeX sources. Only these explicitly given

3993 files are copied to the document output directory, before document

3994 processing is started.

3996 * Windows: support for regular TeX installation (e.g. MiKTeX) instead

3997 of TeX Live from Cygwin.

4001 New in Isabelle2013-2 (December 2013)

4002 -------------------------------------

4004 *** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***

4006 * More robust editing of running commands with internal forks,

4007 e.g. non-terminating 'by' steps.

4009 * More relaxed Sledgehammer panel: avoid repeated application of query

4010 after edits surrounding the command location.

4012 * More status information about commands that are interrupted

4013 accidentally (via physical event or Poly/ML runtime system signal,

4014 e.g. out-of-memory).

4017 *** System ***

4019 * More robust termination of external processes managed by

4020 Isabelle/ML: support cancellation of tasks within the range of

4021 milliseconds, as required for PIDE document editing with automatically

4022 tried tools (e.g. Sledgehammer).

4024 * Reactivated Isabelle/Scala kill command for external processes on

4025 Mac OS X, which was accidentally broken in Isabelle2013-1 due to a

4026 workaround for some Debian/Ubuntu Linux versions from 2013.

4030 New in Isabelle2013-1 (November 2013)

4031 -------------------------------------

4033 *** General ***

4035 * Discontinued obsolete 'uses' within theory header. Note that

4036 commands like 'ML_file' work without separate declaration of file

4037 dependencies. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

4039 * Discontinued redundant 'use' command, which was superseded by

4040 'ML_file' in Isabelle2013. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

4042 * Simplified subscripts within identifiers, using plain \<^sub>

4043 instead of the second copy \<^isub> and \<^isup>. Superscripts are

4044 only for literal tokens within notation; explicit mixfix annotations

4045 for consts or fixed variables may be used as fall-back for unusual

4046 names. Obsolete \<twosuperior> has been expanded to \<^sup>2 in

4047 Isabelle/HOL. INCOMPATIBILITY, use "isabelle update_sub_sup" to

4048 standardize symbols as a starting point for further manual cleanup.

4049 The ML reference variable "legacy_isub_isup" may be set as temporary

4050 workaround, to make the prover accept a subset of the old identifier

4051 syntax.

4053 * Document antiquotations: term style "isub" has been renamed to

4054 "sub". Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

4056 * Uniform management of "quick_and_dirty" as system option (see also

4057 "isabelle options"), configuration option within the context (see also

4058 Config.get in Isabelle/ML), and attribute in Isabelle/Isar. Minor

4059 INCOMPATIBILITY, need to use more official Isabelle means to access

4060 quick_and_dirty, instead of historical poking into mutable reference.

4062 * Renamed command 'print_configs' to 'print_options'. Minor

4063 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4065 * Proper diagnostic command 'print_state'. Old 'pr' (with its

4066 implicit change of some global references) is retained for now as

4067 control command, e.g. for ProofGeneral 3.7.x.

4069 * Discontinued 'print_drafts' command with its old-fashioned PS output

4070 and Unix command-line print spooling. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY: use

4071 'display_drafts' instead and print via the regular document viewer.

4073 * Updated and extended "isar-ref" and "implementation" manual,

4074 eliminated old "ref" manual.

4077 *** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***

4079 * New manual "jedit" for Isabelle/jEdit, see isabelle doc or

4080 Documentation panel.

4082 * Dockable window "Documentation" provides access to Isabelle

4083 documentation.

4085 * Dockable window "Find" provides query operations for formal entities

4086 (GUI front-end to 'find_theorems' command).

4088 * Dockable window "Sledgehammer" manages asynchronous / parallel

4089 sledgehammer runs over existing document sources, independently of

4090 normal editing and checking process.

4092 * Dockable window "Timing" provides an overview of relevant command

4093 timing information, depending on option jedit_timing_threshold. The

4094 same timing information is shown in the extended tooltip of the

4095 command keyword, when hovering the mouse over it while the CONTROL or

4096 COMMAND modifier is pressed.

4098 * Improved dockable window "Theories": Continuous checking of proof

4099 document (visible and required parts) may be controlled explicitly,

4100 using check box or shortcut "C+e ENTER". Individual theory nodes may

4101 be marked explicitly as required and checked in full, using check box

4102 or shortcut "C+e SPACE".

4104 * Improved completion mechanism, which is now managed by the

4105 Isabelle/jEdit plugin instead of SideKick. Refined table of Isabelle

4106 symbol abbreviations (see $ISABELLE_HOME/etc/symbols).

4108 * Standard jEdit keyboard shortcut C+b complete-word is remapped to

4109 isabelle.complete for explicit completion in Isabelle sources.

4110 INCOMPATIBILITY wrt. jEdit defaults, may have to invent new shortcuts

4111 to resolve conflict.

4113 * Improved support of various "minor modes" for Isabelle NEWS,

4114 options, session ROOT etc., with completion and SideKick tree view.

4116 * Strictly monotonic document update, without premature cancellation of

4117 running transactions that are still needed: avoid reset/restart of

4118 such command executions while editing.

4120 * Support for asynchronous print functions, as overlay to existing

4121 document content.

4123 * Support for automatic tools in HOL, which try to prove or disprove

4124 toplevel theorem statements.

4126 * Action isabelle.reset-font-size resets main text area font size

4127 according to Isabelle/Scala plugin option "jedit_font_reset_size" (see

4128 also "Plugin Options / Isabelle / General"). It can be bound to some

4129 keyboard shortcut by the user (e.g. C+0 and/or C+NUMPAD0).

4131 * File specifications in jEdit (e.g. file browser) may refer to

4132 $ISABELLE_HOME and $ISABELLE_HOME_USER on all platforms. Discontinued

4133 obsolete $ISABELLE_HOME_WINDOWS variable.

4135 * Improved support for Linux look-and-feel "GTK+", see also "Utilities

4136 / Global Options / Appearance".

4138 * Improved support of native Mac OS X functionality via "MacOSX"

4139 plugin, which is now enabled by default.

4142 *** Pure ***

4144 * Commands 'interpretation' and 'sublocale' are now target-sensitive.

4145 In particular, 'interpretation' allows for non-persistent

4146 interpretation within "context ... begin ... end" blocks offering a

4147 light-weight alternative to 'sublocale'. See "isar-ref" manual for

4148 details.

4150 * Improved locales diagnostic command 'print_dependencies'.

4152 * Discontinued obsolete 'axioms' command, which has been marked as

4153 legacy since Isabelle2009-2. INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'axiomatization'

4154 instead, while observing its uniform scope for polymorphism.

4156 * Discontinued empty name bindings in 'axiomatization'.

4157 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4159 * System option "proofs" has been discontinued. Instead the global

4160 state of Proofterm.proofs is persistently compiled into logic images

4161 as required, notably HOL-Proofs. Users no longer need to change

4162 Proofterm.proofs dynamically. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

4164 * Syntax translation functions (print_translation etc.) always depend

4165 on Proof.context. Discontinued former "(advanced)" option -- this is

4166 now the default. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

4168 * Former global reference trace_unify_fail is now available as

4169 configuration option "unify_trace_failure" (global context only).

4171 * SELECT_GOAL now retains the syntactic context of the overall goal

4172 state (schematic variables etc.). Potential INCOMPATIBILITY in rare

4173 situations.

4176 *** HOL ***

4178 * Stronger precedence of syntax for big intersection and union on

4179 sets, in accordance with corresponding lattice operations.

4180 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4182 * Notation "{p:A. P}" now allows tuple patterns as well.

4184 * Nested case expressions are now translated in a separate check phase

4185 rather than during parsing. The data for case combinators is separated

4186 from the datatype package. The declaration attribute

4187 "case_translation" can be used to register new case combinators:

4189 declare [[case_translation case_combinator constructor1 ... constructorN]]

4191 * Code generator:

4192 - 'code_printing' unifies 'code_const' / 'code_type' / 'code_class' /

4193 'code_instance'.

4194 - 'code_identifier' declares name hints for arbitrary identifiers in

4195 generated code, subsuming 'code_modulename'.

4197 See the isar-ref manual for syntax diagrams, and the HOL theories for

4198 examples.

4200 * Attibute 'code': 'code' now declares concrete and abstract code

4201 equations uniformly. Use explicit 'code equation' and 'code abstract'

4202 to distinguish both when desired.

4204 * Discontinued theories Code_Integer and Efficient_Nat by a more

4205 fine-grain stack of theories Code_Target_Int, Code_Binary_Nat,

4206 Code_Target_Nat and Code_Target_Numeral. See the tutorial on code

4207 generation for details. INCOMPATIBILITY.

4209 * Numeric types are mapped by default to target language numerals:

4210 natural (replaces former code_numeral) and integer (replaces former

4211 code_int). Conversions are available as integer_of_natural /

4212 natural_of_integer / integer_of_nat / nat_of_integer (in HOL) and

4213 Code_Numeral.integer_of_natural / Code_Numeral.natural_of_integer (in

4214 ML). INCOMPATIBILITY.

4216 * Function package: For mutually recursive functions f and g, separate

4217 cases rules f.cases and g.cases are generated instead of unusable

4218 f_g.cases which exposed internal sum types. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY,

4219 in the case that the unusable rule was used nevertheless.

4221 * Function package: For each function f, new rules f.elims are

4222 generated, which eliminate equalities of the form "f x = t".

4224 * New command 'fun_cases' derives ad-hoc elimination rules for

4225 function equations as simplified instances of f.elims, analogous to

4226 inductive_cases. See ~~/src/HOL/ex/Fundefs.thy for some examples.

4228 * Lifting:

4229 - parametrized correspondence relations are now supported:

4230 + parametricity theorems for the raw term can be specified in

4231 the command lift_definition, which allow us to generate stronger

4232 transfer rules

4233 + setup_lifting generates stronger transfer rules if parametric

4234 correspondence relation can be generated

4235 + various new properties of the relator must be specified to support

4236 parametricity

4237 + parametricity theorem for the Quotient relation can be specified

4238 - setup_lifting generates domain rules for the Transfer package

4239 - stronger reflexivity prover of respectfulness theorems for type

4240 copies

4241 - ===> and --> are now local. The symbols can be introduced

4242 by interpreting the locale lifting_syntax (typically in an

4243 anonymous context)

4244 - Lifting/Transfer relevant parts of Library/Quotient_* are now in

4245 Main. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY

4246 - new commands for restoring and deleting Lifting/Transfer context:

4247 lifting_forget, lifting_update

4248 - the command print_quotmaps was renamed to print_quot_maps.

4249 INCOMPATIBILITY

4251 * Transfer:

4252 - better support for domains in Transfer: replace Domainp T

4253 by the actual invariant in a transferred goal

4254 - transfer rules can have as assumptions other transfer rules

4255 - Experimental support for transferring from the raw level to the

4256 abstract level: Transfer.transferred attribute

4257 - Attribute version of the transfer method: untransferred attribute

4259 * Reification and reflection:

4260 - Reification is now directly available in HOL-Main in structure

4261 "Reification".

4262 - Reflection now handles multiple lists with variables also.

4263 - The whole reflection stack has been decomposed into conversions.

4264 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4266 * Revised devices for recursive definitions over finite sets:

4267 - Only one fundamental fold combinator on finite set remains:

4268 Finite_Set.fold :: ('a => 'b => 'b) => 'b => 'a set => 'b

4269 This is now identity on infinite sets.

4270 - Locales ("mini packages") for fundamental definitions with

4271 Finite_Set.fold: folding, folding_idem.

4272 - Locales comm_monoid_set, semilattice_order_set and

4273 semilattice_neutr_order_set for big operators on sets.

4274 See theory Big_Operators for canonical examples.

4275 Note that foundational constants comm_monoid_set.F and

4276 semilattice_set.F correspond to former combinators fold_image

4277 and fold1 respectively. These are now gone. You may use

4278 those foundational constants as substitutes, but it is

4279 preferable to interpret the above locales accordingly.

4280 - Dropped class ab_semigroup_idem_mult (special case of lattice,

4281 no longer needed in connection with Finite_Set.fold etc.)

4282 - Fact renames:

4283 card.union_inter ~> card_Un_Int [symmetric]

4284 card.union_disjoint ~> card_Un_disjoint

4285 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4287 * Locale hierarchy for abstract orderings and (semi)lattices.

4289 * Complete_Partial_Order.admissible is defined outside the type class

4290 ccpo, but with mandatory prefix ccpo. Admissibility theorems lose the

4291 class predicate assumption or sort constraint when possible.

4292 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4294 * Introduce type class "conditionally_complete_lattice": Like a

4295 complete lattice but does not assume the existence of the top and

4296 bottom elements. Allows to generalize some lemmas about reals and

4297 extended reals. Removed SupInf and replaced it by the instantiation

4298 of conditionally_complete_lattice for real. Renamed lemmas about

4299 conditionally-complete lattice from Sup_... to cSup_... and from

4300 Inf_... to cInf_... to avoid hidding of similar complete lattice

4301 lemmas.

4303 * Introduce type class linear_continuum as combination of

4304 conditionally-complete lattices and inner dense linorders which have

4305 more than one element. INCOMPATIBILITY.

4307 * Introduced type classes order_top and order_bot. The old classes top

4308 and bot only contain the syntax without assumptions. INCOMPATIBILITY:

4309 Rename bot -> order_bot, top -> order_top

4311 * Introduce type classes "no_top" and "no_bot" for orderings without

4312 top and bottom elements.

4314 * Split dense_linorder into inner_dense_order and no_top, no_bot.

4316 * Complex_Main: Unify and move various concepts from

4317 HOL-Multivariate_Analysis to HOL-Complex_Main.

4319 - Introduce type class (lin)order_topology and

4320 linear_continuum_topology. Allows to generalize theorems about

4321 limits and order. Instances are reals and extended reals.

4323 - continuous and continuos_on from Multivariate_Analysis:

4324 "continuous" is the continuity of a function at a filter. "isCont"

4325 is now an abbrevitation: "isCont x f == continuous (at _) f".

4327 Generalized continuity lemmas from isCont to continuous on an

4328 arbitrary filter.

4330 - compact from Multivariate_Analysis. Use Bolzano's lemma to prove

4331 compactness of closed intervals on reals. Continuous functions

4332 attain infimum and supremum on compact sets. The inverse of a

4333 continuous function is continuous, when the function is continuous

4334 on a compact set.

4336 - connected from Multivariate_Analysis. Use it to prove the

4337 intermediate value theorem. Show connectedness of intervals on

4338 linear_continuum_topology).

4340 - first_countable_topology from Multivariate_Analysis. Is used to

4341 show equivalence of properties on the neighbourhood filter of x and

4342 on all sequences converging to x.

4344 - FDERIV: Definition of has_derivative moved to Deriv.thy. Moved

4345 theorems from Library/FDERIV.thy to Deriv.thy and base the

4346 definition of DERIV on FDERIV. Add variants of DERIV and FDERIV

4347 which are restricted to sets, i.e. to represent derivatives from

4348 left or right.

4350 - Removed the within-filter. It is replaced by the principal filter:

4352 F within X = inf F (principal X)

4354 - Introduce "at x within U" as a single constant, "at x" is now an

4355 abbreviation for "at x within UNIV"

4357 - Introduce named theorem collections tendsto_intros,

4358 continuous_intros, continuous_on_intros and FDERIV_intros. Theorems

4359 in tendsto_intros (or FDERIV_intros) are also available as

4360 tendsto_eq_intros (or FDERIV_eq_intros) where the right-hand side

4361 is replaced by a congruence rule. This allows to apply them as

4362 intro rules and then proving equivalence by the simplifier.

4364 - Restructured theories in HOL-Complex_Main:

4366 + Moved RealDef and RComplete into Real

4368 + Introduced Topological_Spaces and moved theorems about

4369 topological spaces, filters, limits and continuity to it

4371 + Renamed RealVector to Real_Vector_Spaces

4373 + Split Lim, SEQ, Series into Topological_Spaces,

4374 Real_Vector_Spaces, and Limits

4376 + Moved Ln and Log to Transcendental

4378 + Moved theorems about continuity from Deriv to Topological_Spaces

4380 - Remove various auxiliary lemmas.

4382 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4384 * Nitpick:

4385 - Added option "spy".

4386 - Reduce incidence of "too high arity" errors.

4388 * Sledgehammer:

4389 - Renamed option:

4390 isar_shrink ~> isar_compress

4391 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4392 - Added options "isar_try0", "spy".

4393 - Better support for "isar_proofs".

4394 - MaSh has been fined-tuned and now runs as a local server.

4396 * Improved support for ad hoc overloading of constants (see also

4397 isar-ref manual and ~~/src/HOL/ex/Adhoc_Overloading_Examples.thy).

4399 * Library/Polynomial.thy:

4400 - Use lifting for primitive definitions.

4401 - Explicit conversions from and to lists of coefficients, used for

4402 generated code.

4403 - Replaced recursion operator poly_rec by fold_coeffs.

4404 - Prefer pre-existing gcd operation for gcd.

4405 - Fact renames:

4406 poly_eq_iff ~> poly_eq_poly_eq_iff

4407 poly_ext ~> poly_eqI

4408 expand_poly_eq ~> poly_eq_iff

4409 IMCOMPATIBILITY.

4411 * New Library/Simps_Case_Conv.thy: Provides commands simps_of_case and

4412 case_of_simps to convert function definitions between a list of

4413 equations with patterns on the lhs and a single equation with case

4414 expressions on the rhs. See also Ex/Simps_Case_Conv_Examples.thy.

4416 * New Library/FSet.thy: type of finite sets defined as a subtype of

4417 sets defined by Lifting/Transfer.

4419 * Discontinued theory src/HOL/Library/Eval_Witness. INCOMPATIBILITY.

4421 * Consolidation of library theories on product orders:

4423 Product_Lattice ~> Product_Order -- pointwise order on products

4424 Product_ord ~> Product_Lexorder -- lexicographic order on products

4426 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4428 * Imperative-HOL: The MREC combinator is considered legacy and no

4429 longer included by default. INCOMPATIBILITY, use partial_function

4430 instead, or import theory Legacy_Mrec as a fallback.

4432 * HOL-Algebra: Discontinued theories ~~/src/HOL/Algebra/abstract and

4433 ~~/src/HOL/Algebra/poly. Existing theories should be based on

4434 ~~/src/HOL/Library/Polynomial instead. The latter provides

4435 integration with HOL's type classes for rings. INCOMPATIBILITY.

4437 * HOL-BNF:

4438 - Various improvements to BNF-based (co)datatype package, including

4439 new commands "primrec_new", "primcorec", and

4440 "datatype_new_compat", as well as documentation. See

4441 "datatypes.pdf" for details.

4442 - New "coinduction" method to avoid some boilerplate (compared to

4443 coinduct).

4444 - Renamed keywords:

4445 data ~> datatype_new

4446 codata ~> codatatype

4447 bnf_def ~> bnf

4448 - Renamed many generated theorems, including

4449 discs ~> disc

4450 map_comp' ~> map_comp

4451 map_id' ~> map_id

4452 sels ~> sel

4453 set_map' ~> set_map

4454 sets ~> set

4455 IMCOMPATIBILITY.

4458 *** ML ***

4460 * Spec_Check is a Quickcheck tool for Isabelle/ML. The ML function

4461 "check_property" allows to check specifications of the form "ALL x y

4462 z. prop x y z". See also ~~/src/Tools/Spec_Check/ with its

4463 Examples.thy in particular.

4465 * Improved printing of exception trace in Poly/ML 5.5.1, with regular

4466 tracing output in the command transaction context instead of physical

4467 stdout. See also Toplevel.debug, Toplevel.debugging and

4468 ML_Compiler.exn_trace.

4470 * ML type "theory" is now immutable, without any special treatment of

4471 drafts or linear updates (which could lead to "stale theory" errors in

4472 the past). Discontinued obsolete operations like Theory.copy,

4473 Theory.checkpoint, and the auxiliary type theory_ref. Minor

4474 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4476 * More uniform naming of goal functions for skipped proofs:

4478 Skip_Proof.prove ~> Goal.prove_sorry

4479 Skip_Proof.prove_global ~> Goal.prove_sorry_global

4481 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

4483 * Simplifier tactics and tools use proper Proof.context instead of

4484 historic type simpset. Old-style declarations like addsimps,

4485 addsimprocs etc. operate directly on Proof.context. Raw type simpset

4486 retains its use as snapshot of the main Simplifier context, using

4487 simpset_of and put_simpset on Proof.context. INCOMPATIBILITY -- port

4488 old tools by making them depend on (ctxt : Proof.context) instead of

4489 (ss : simpset), then turn (simpset_of ctxt) into ctxt.

4491 * Modifiers for classical wrappers (e.g. addWrapper, delWrapper)

4492 operate on Proof.context instead of claset, for uniformity with addIs,

4493 addEs, addDs etc. Note that claset_of and put_claset allow to manage

4494 clasets separately from the context.

4496 * Discontinued obsolete ML antiquotations @{claset} and @{simpset}.

4497 INCOMPATIBILITY, use @{context} instead.

4499 * Antiquotation @{theory_context A} is similar to @{theory A}, but

4500 presents the result as initial Proof.context.

4503 *** System ***

4505 * Discontinued obsolete isabelle usedir, mkdir, make -- superseded by

4506 "isabelle build" in Isabelle2013. INCOMPATIBILITY.

4508 * Discontinued obsolete isabelle-process options -f and -u (former

4509 administrative aliases of option -e). Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

4511 * Discontinued obsolete isabelle print tool, and PRINT_COMMAND

4512 settings variable.

4514 * Discontinued ISABELLE_DOC_FORMAT settings variable and historic

4515 document formats: dvi.gz, ps, ps.gz -- the default document format is

4516 always pdf.

4518 * Isabelle settings variable ISABELLE_BUILD_JAVA_OPTIONS allows to

4519 specify global resources of the JVM process run by isabelle build.

4521 * Toplevel executable $ISABELLE_HOME/bin/isabelle_scala_script allows

4522 to run Isabelle/Scala source files as standalone programs.

4524 * Improved "isabelle keywords" tool (for old-style ProofGeneral

4525 keyword tables): use Isabelle/Scala operations, which inspect outer

4526 syntax without requiring to build sessions first.

4528 * Sessions may be organized via 'chapter' specifications in the ROOT

4529 file, which determines a two-level hierarchy of browser info. The old

4530 tree-like organization via implicit sub-session relation (with its

4531 tendency towards erratic fluctuation of URLs) has been discontinued.

4532 The default chapter is called "Unsorted". Potential INCOMPATIBILITY

4533 for HTML presentation of theories.

4537 New in Isabelle2013 (February 2013)

4538 -----------------------------------

4540 *** General ***

4542 * Theorem status about oracles and unfinished/failed future proofs is

4543 no longer printed by default, since it is incompatible with

4544 incremental / parallel checking of the persistent document model. ML

4545 function Thm.peek_status may be used to inspect a snapshot of the

4546 ongoing evaluation process. Note that in batch mode --- notably

4547 isabelle build --- the system ensures that future proofs of all

4548 accessible theorems in the theory context are finished (as before).

4550 * Configuration option show_markup controls direct inlining of markup

4551 into the printed representation of formal entities --- notably type

4552 and sort constraints. This enables Prover IDE users to retrieve that

4553 information via tooltips in the output window, for example.

4555 * Command 'ML_file' evaluates ML text from a file directly within the

4556 theory, without any predeclaration via 'uses' in the theory header.

4558 * Old command 'use' command and corresponding keyword 'uses' in the

4559 theory header are legacy features and will be discontinued soon.

4560 Tools that load their additional source files may imitate the

4561 'ML_file' implementation, such that the system can take care of

4562 dependencies properly.

4564 * Discontinued obsolete method fastsimp / tactic fast_simp_tac, which

4565 is called fastforce / fast_force_tac already since Isabelle2011-1.

4567 * Updated and extended "isar-ref" and "implementation" manual, reduced

4568 remaining material in old "ref" manual.

4570 * Improved support for auxiliary contexts that indicate block structure

4571 for specifications. Nesting of "context fixes ... context assumes ..."

4572 and "class ... context ...".

4574 * Attribute "consumes" allows a negative value as well, which is

4575 interpreted relatively to the total number of premises of the rule in

4576 the target context. This form of declaration is stable when exported

4577 from a nested 'context' with additional assumptions. It is the

4578 preferred form for definitional packages, notably cases/rules produced

4579 in HOL/inductive and HOL/function.

4581 * More informative error messages for Isar proof commands involving

4582 lazy enumerations (method applications etc.).

4584 * Refined 'help' command to retrieve outer syntax commands according

4585 to name patterns (with clickable results).

4588 *** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***

4590 * Parallel terminal proofs ('by') are enabled by default, likewise

4591 proofs that are built into packages like 'datatype', 'function'. This

4592 allows to "run ahead" checking the theory specifications on the

4593 surface, while the prover is still crunching on internal

4594 justifications. Unfinished / cancelled proofs are restarted as

4595 required to complete full proof checking eventually.

4597 * Improved output panel with tooltips, hyperlinks etc. based on the

4598 same Rich_Text_Area as regular Isabelle/jEdit buffers. Activation of

4599 tooltips leads to some window that supports the same recursively,

4600 which can lead to stacks of tooltips as the semantic document content

4601 is explored. ESCAPE closes the whole stack, individual windows may be

4602 closed separately, or detached to become independent jEdit dockables.

4604 * Improved support for commands that produce graph output: the text

4605 message contains a clickable area to open a new instance of the graph

4606 browser on demand.

4608 * More robust incremental parsing of outer syntax (partial comments,

4609 malformed symbols). Changing the balance of open/close quotes and

4610 comment delimiters works more conveniently with unfinished situations

4611 that frequently occur in user interaction.

4613 * More efficient painting and improved reactivity when editing large

4614 files. More scalable management of formal document content.

4616 * Smarter handling of tracing messages: prover process pauses after

4617 certain number of messages per command transaction, with some user

4618 dialog to stop or continue. This avoids swamping the front-end with

4619 potentially infinite message streams.

4621 * More plugin options and preferences, based on Isabelle/Scala. The

4622 jEdit plugin option panel provides access to some Isabelle/Scala

4623 options, including tuning parameters for editor reactivity and color

4624 schemes.

4626 * Dockable window "Symbols" provides some editing support for Isabelle

4627 symbols.

4629 * Dockable window "Monitor" shows ML runtime statistics. Note that

4630 continuous display of the chart slows down the system.

4632 * Improved editing support for control styles: subscript, superscript,

4633 bold, reset of style -- operating on single symbols or text

4634 selections. Cf. keyboard shortcuts C+e DOWN/UP/RIGHT/LEFT.

4636 * Actions isabelle.increase-font-size and isabelle.decrease-font-size

4637 adjust the main text area font size, and its derivatives for output,

4638 tooltips etc. Cf. keyboard shortcuts C-PLUS and C-MINUS, which often

4639 need to be adapted to local keyboard layouts.

4641 * More reactive completion popup by default: use \t (TAB) instead of

4642 \n (NEWLINE) to minimize intrusion into regular flow of editing. See

4643 also "Plugin Options / SideKick / General / Code Completion Options".

4645 * Implicit check and build dialog of the specified logic session

4646 image. For example, HOL, HOLCF, HOL-Nominal can be produced on

4647 demand, without bundling big platform-dependent heap images in the

4648 Isabelle distribution.

4650 * Uniform Java 7 platform on Linux, Mac OS X, Windows: recent updates

4651 from Oracle provide better multi-platform experience. This version is

4652 now bundled exclusively with Isabelle.

4655 *** Pure ***

4657 * Code generation for Haskell: restrict unqualified imports from

4658 Haskell Prelude to a small set of fundamental operations.

4660 * Command 'export_code': relative file names are interpreted

4661 relatively to master directory of current theory rather than the

4662 rather arbitrary current working directory. INCOMPATIBILITY.

4664 * Discontinued obsolete attribute "COMP". Potential INCOMPATIBILITY,

4665 use regular rule composition via "OF" / "THEN", or explicit proof

4666 structure instead. Note that Isabelle/ML provides a variety of

4667 operators like COMP, INCR_COMP, COMP_INCR, which need to be applied

4668 with some care where this is really required.

4670 * Command 'typ' supports an additional variant with explicit sort

4671 constraint, to infer and check the most general type conforming to a

4672 given sort. Example (in HOL):

4674 typ "_ * _ * bool * unit" :: finite

4676 * Command 'locale_deps' visualizes all locales and their relations as

4677 a Hasse diagram.

4680 *** HOL ***

4682 * Sledgehammer:

4684 - Added MaSh relevance filter based on machine-learning; see the

4685 Sledgehammer manual for details.

4686 - Polished Isar proofs generated with "isar_proofs" option.

4687 - Rationalized type encodings ("type_enc" option).

4688 - Renamed "kill_provers" subcommand to "kill_all".

4689 - Renamed options:

4690 isar_proof ~> isar_proofs

4691 isar_shrink_factor ~> isar_shrink

4692 max_relevant ~> max_facts

4693 relevance_thresholds ~> fact_thresholds

4695 * Quickcheck: added an optimisation for equality premises. It is

4696 switched on by default, and can be switched off by setting the

4697 configuration quickcheck_optimise_equality to false.

4699 * Quotient: only one quotient can be defined by quotient_type

4700 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4702 * Lifting:

4703 - generation of an abstraction function equation in lift_definition

4704 - quot_del attribute

4705 - renamed no_abs_code -> no_code (INCOMPATIBILITY.)

4707 * Simproc "finite_Collect" rewrites set comprehensions into pointfree

4708 expressions.

4710 * Preprocessing of the code generator rewrites set comprehensions into

4711 pointfree expressions.

4713 * The SMT solver Z3 has now by default a restricted set of directly

4714 supported features. For the full set of features (div/mod, nonlinear

4715 arithmetic, datatypes/records) with potential proof reconstruction

4716 failures, enable the configuration option "z3_with_extensions". Minor

4717 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4719 * Simplified 'typedef' specifications: historical options for implicit

4720 set definition and alternative name have been discontinued. The

4721 former behavior of "typedef (open) t = A" is now the default, but

4722 written just "typedef t = A". INCOMPATIBILITY, need to adapt theories

4723 accordingly.

4725 * Removed constant "chars"; prefer "Enum.enum" on type "char"

4726 directly. INCOMPATIBILITY.

4728 * Moved operation product, sublists and n_lists from theory Enum to

4729 List. INCOMPATIBILITY.

4731 * Theorem UN_o generalized to SUP_comp. INCOMPATIBILITY.

4733 * Class "comm_monoid_diff" formalises properties of bounded

4734 subtraction, with natural numbers and multisets as typical instances.

4736 * Added combinator "Option.these" with type "'a option set => 'a set".

4738 * Theory "Transitive_Closure": renamed lemmas

4740 reflcl_tranclp -> reflclp_tranclp

4741 rtranclp_reflcl -> rtranclp_reflclp

4743 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4745 * Theory "Rings": renamed lemmas (in class semiring)

4747 left_distrib ~> distrib_right

4748 right_distrib ~> distrib_left

4750 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4752 * Generalized the definition of limits:

4754 - Introduced the predicate filterlim (LIM x F. f x :> G) which

4755 expresses that when the input values x converge to F then the

4756 output f x converges to G.

4758 - Added filters for convergence to positive (at_top) and negative

4759 infinity (at_bot).

4761 - Moved infinity in the norm (at_infinity) from

4762 Multivariate_Analysis to Complex_Main.

4764 - Removed real_tendsto_inf, it is superseded by "LIM x F. f x :>

4765 at_top".

4767 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4769 * Theory "Library/Option_ord" provides instantiation of option type to

4770 lattice type classes.

4772 * Theory "Library/Multiset": renamed

4774 constant fold_mset ~> Multiset.fold

4775 fact fold_mset_commute ~> fold_mset_comm

4777 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4779 * Renamed theory Library/List_Prefix to Library/Sublist, with related

4780 changes as follows.

4782 - Renamed constants (and related lemmas)

4784 prefix ~> prefixeq

4785 strict_prefix ~> prefix

4787 - Replaced constant "postfix" by "suffixeq" with swapped argument

4788 order (i.e., "postfix xs ys" is now "suffixeq ys xs") and dropped

4789 old infix syntax "xs >>= ys"; use "suffixeq ys xs" instead.

4790 Renamed lemmas accordingly.

4792 - Added constant "list_hembeq" for homeomorphic embedding on

4793 lists. Added abbreviation "sublisteq" for special case

4794 "list_hembeq (op =)".

4796 - Theory Library/Sublist no longer provides "order" and "bot" type

4797 class instances for the prefix order (merely corresponding locale

4798 interpretations). The type class instances are now in theory

4799 Library/Prefix_Order.

4801 - The sublist relation of theory Library/Sublist_Order is now based

4802 on "Sublist.sublisteq". Renamed lemmas accordingly:

4804 le_list_append_le_same_iff ~> Sublist.sublisteq_append_le_same_iff

4805 le_list_append_mono ~> Sublist.list_hembeq_append_mono

4806 le_list_below_empty ~> Sublist.list_hembeq_Nil, Sublist.list_hembeq_Nil2

4807 le_list_Cons_EX ~> Sublist.list_hembeq_ConsD

4808 le_list_drop_Cons2 ~> Sublist.sublisteq_Cons2'

4809 le_list_drop_Cons_neq ~> Sublist.sublisteq_Cons2_neq

4810 le_list_drop_Cons ~> Sublist.sublisteq_Cons'

4811 le_list_drop_many ~> Sublist.sublisteq_drop_many

4812 le_list_filter_left ~> Sublist.sublisteq_filter_left

4813 le_list_rev_drop_many ~> Sublist.sublisteq_rev_drop_many

4814 le_list_rev_take_iff ~> Sublist.sublisteq_append

4815 le_list_same_length ~> Sublist.sublisteq_same_length

4816 le_list_take_many_iff ~> Sublist.sublisteq_append'

4817 less_eq_list.drop ~> less_eq_list_drop

4818 less_eq_list.induct ~> less_eq_list_induct

4819 not_le_list_length ~> Sublist.not_sublisteq_length

4821 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4823 * New theory Library/Countable_Set.

4825 * Theory Library/Debug and Library/Parallel provide debugging and

4826 parallel execution for code generated towards Isabelle/ML.

4828 * Theory Library/FuncSet: Extended support for Pi and extensional and

4829 introduce the extensional dependent function space "PiE". Replaced

4830 extensional_funcset by an abbreviation, and renamed lemmas from

4831 extensional_funcset to PiE as follows:

4833 extensional_empty ~> PiE_empty

4834 extensional_funcset_empty_domain ~> PiE_empty_domain

4835 extensional_funcset_empty_range ~> PiE_empty_range

4836 extensional_funcset_arb ~> PiE_arb

4837 extensional_funcset_mem ~> PiE_mem

4838 extensional_funcset_extend_domainI ~> PiE_fun_upd

4839 extensional_funcset_restrict_domain ~> fun_upd_in_PiE

4840 extensional_funcset_extend_domain_eq ~> PiE_insert_eq

4841 card_extensional_funcset ~> card_PiE

4842 finite_extensional_funcset ~> finite_PiE

4844 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4846 * Theory Library/FinFun: theory of almost everywhere constant

4847 functions (supersedes the AFP entry "Code Generation for Functions as

4848 Data").

4850 * Theory Library/Phantom: generic phantom type to make a type

4851 parameter appear in a constant's type. This alternative to adding

4852 TYPE('a) as another parameter avoids unnecessary closures in generated

4853 code.

4855 * Theory Library/RBT_Impl: efficient construction of red-black trees

4856 from sorted associative lists. Merging two trees with rbt_union may

4857 return a structurally different tree than before. Potential

4858 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4860 * Theory Library/IArray: immutable arrays with code generation.

4862 * Theory Library/Finite_Lattice: theory of finite lattices.

4864 * HOL/Multivariate_Analysis: replaced

4866 "basis :: 'a::euclidean_space => nat => real"

4867 "\<Chi>\<Chi> :: (nat => real) => 'a::euclidean_space"

4869 on euclidean spaces by using the inner product "_ \<bullet> _" with

4870 vectors from the Basis set: "\<Chi>\<Chi> i. f i" is superseded by

4871 "SUM i : Basis. f i * r i".

4873 With this change the following constants are also changed or removed:

4875 DIM('a) :: nat ~> card (Basis :: 'a set) (is an abbreviation)

4876 a $$ i ~> inner a i (where i : Basis)

4877 cart_base i removed

4878 \<pi>, \<pi>' removed

4880 Theorems about these constants where removed.

4882 Renamed lemmas:

4884 component_le_norm ~> Basis_le_norm

4885 euclidean_eq ~> euclidean_eq_iff

4886 differential_zero_maxmin_component ~> differential_zero_maxmin_cart

4887 euclidean_simps ~> inner_simps

4888 independent_basis ~> independent_Basis

4889 span_basis ~> span_Basis

4890 in_span_basis ~> in_span_Basis

4891 norm_bound_component_le ~> norm_boound_Basis_le

4892 norm_bound_component_lt ~> norm_boound_Basis_lt

4893 component_le_infnorm ~> Basis_le_infnorm

4895 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4897 * HOL/Probability:

4899 - Added simproc "measurable" to automatically prove measurability.

4901 - Added induction rules for sigma sets with disjoint union

4902 (sigma_sets_induct_disjoint) and for Borel-measurable functions

4903 (borel_measurable_induct).

4905 - Added the Daniell-Kolmogorov theorem (the existence the limit of a

4906 projective family).

4908 * HOL/Cardinals: Theories of ordinals and cardinals (supersedes the

4909 AFP entry "Ordinals_and_Cardinals").

4911 * HOL/BNF: New (co)datatype package based on bounded natural functors

4912 with support for mixed, nested recursion and interesting non-free

4913 datatypes.

4915 * HOL/Finite_Set and Relation: added new set and relation operations

4916 expressed by Finite_Set.fold.

4918 * New theory HOL/Library/RBT_Set: implementation of sets by red-black

4919 trees for the code generator.

4921 * HOL/Library/RBT and HOL/Library/Mapping have been converted to

4922 Lifting/Transfer.

4923 possible INCOMPATIBILITY.

4925 * HOL/Set: renamed Set.project -> Set.filter

4926 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4929 *** Document preparation ***

4931 * Dropped legacy antiquotations "term_style" and "thm_style", since

4932 styles may be given as arguments to "term" and "thm" already.

4933 Discontinued legacy styles "prem1" .. "prem19".

4935 * Default LaTeX rendering for \<euro> is now based on eurosym package,

4936 instead of slightly exotic babel/greek.

4938 * Document variant NAME may use different LaTeX entry point

4939 document/root_NAME.tex if that file exists, instead of the common

4940 document/root.tex.

4942 * Simplified custom document/build script, instead of old-style

4943 document/IsaMakefile. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

4946 *** ML ***

4948 * The default limit for maximum number of worker threads is now 8,

4949 instead of 4, in correspondence to capabilities of contemporary

4950 hardware and Poly/ML runtime system.

4952 * Type Seq.results and related operations support embedded error

4953 messages within lazy enumerations, and thus allow to provide

4954 informative errors in the absence of any usable results.

4956 * Renamed Position.str_of to Position.here to emphasize that this is a

4957 formal device to inline positions into message text, but not

4958 necessarily printing visible text.

4961 *** System ***

4963 * Advanced support for Isabelle sessions and build management, see

4964 "system" manual for the chapter of that name, especially the "isabelle

4965 build" tool and its examples. The "isabelle mkroot" tool prepares

4966 session root directories for use with "isabelle build", similar to

4967 former "isabelle mkdir" for "isabelle usedir". Note that this affects

4968 document preparation as well. INCOMPATIBILITY, isabelle usedir /

4969 mkdir / make are rendered obsolete.

4971 * Discontinued obsolete Isabelle/build script, it is superseded by the

4972 regular isabelle build tool. For example:

4974 isabelle build -s -b HOL

4976 * Discontinued obsolete "isabelle makeall".

4978 * Discontinued obsolete IsaMakefile and ROOT.ML files from the

4979 Isabelle distribution, except for rudimentary src/HOL/IsaMakefile that

4980 provides some traditional targets that invoke "isabelle build". Note

4981 that this is inefficient! Applications of Isabelle/HOL involving

4982 "isabelle make" should be upgraded to use "isabelle build" directly.

4984 * The "isabelle options" tool prints Isabelle system options, as

4985 required for "isabelle build", for example.

4987 * The "isabelle logo" tool produces EPS and PDF format simultaneously.

4988 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY in command-line options.

4990 * The "isabelle install" tool has now a simpler command-line. Minor

4991 INCOMPATIBILITY.

4993 * The "isabelle components" tool helps to resolve add-on components

4994 that are not bundled, or referenced from a bare-bones repository

4995 version of Isabelle.

4997 * Settings variable ISABELLE_PLATFORM_FAMILY refers to the general

4998 platform family: "linux", "macos", "windows".

5000 * The ML system is configured as regular component, and no longer

5001 picked up from some surrounding directory. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY

5002 for home-made settings.

5004 * Improved ML runtime statistics (heap, threads, future tasks etc.).

5006 * Discontinued support for Poly/ML 5.2.1, which was the last version

5007 without exception positions and advanced ML compiler/toplevel

5008 configuration.

5010 * Discontinued special treatment of Proof General -- no longer guess

5011 PROOFGENERAL_HOME based on accidental file-system layout. Minor

5012 INCOMPATIBILITY: provide PROOFGENERAL_HOME and PROOFGENERAL_OPTIONS

5013 settings manually, or use a Proof General version that has been

5014 bundled as Isabelle component.

5018 New in Isabelle2012 (May 2012)

5019 ------------------------------

5021 *** General ***

5023 * Prover IDE (PIDE) improvements:

5025 - more robust Sledgehammer integration (as before the sledgehammer

5026 command-line needs to be typed into the source buffer)

5027 - markup for bound variables

5028 - markup for types of term variables (displayed as tooltips)

5029 - support for user-defined Isar commands within the running session

5030 - improved support for Unicode outside original 16bit range

5031 e.g. glyph for \<A> (thanks to jEdit 4.5.1)

5033 * Forward declaration of outer syntax keywords within the theory

5034 header -- minor INCOMPATIBILITY for user-defined commands. Allow new

5035 commands to be used in the same theory where defined.

5037 * Auxiliary contexts indicate block structure for specifications with

5038 additional parameters and assumptions. Such unnamed contexts may be

5039 nested within other targets, like 'theory', 'locale', 'class',

5040 'instantiation' etc. Results from the local context are generalized

5041 accordingly and applied to the enclosing target context. Example:

5043 context

5044 fixes x y z :: 'a

5045 assumes xy: "x = y" and yz: "y = z"

5046 begin

5048 lemma my_trans: "x = z" using xy yz by simp

5050 end

5052 thm my_trans

5054 The most basic application is to factor-out context elements of

5055 several fixes/assumes/shows theorem statements, e.g. see

5056 ~~/src/HOL/Isar_Examples/Group_Context.thy

5058 Any other local theory specification element works within the "context

5059 ... begin ... end" block as well.

5061 * Bundled declarations associate attributed fact expressions with a

5062 given name in the context. These may be later included in other

5063 contexts. This allows to manage context extensions casually, without

5064 the logical dependencies of locales and locale interpretation. See

5065 commands 'bundle', 'include', 'including' etc. in the isar-ref manual.

5067 * Commands 'lemmas' and 'theorems' allow local variables using 'for'

5068 declaration, and results are standardized before being stored. Thus

5069 old-style "standard" after instantiation or composition of facts

5070 becomes obsolete. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, due to potential change of

5071 indices of schematic variables.

5073 * Rule attributes in local theory declarations (e.g. locale or class)

5074 are now statically evaluated: the resulting theorem is stored instead

5075 of the original expression. INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations, where

5076 the historic accident of dynamic re-evaluation in interpretations

5077 etc. was exploited.

5079 * New tutorial "Programming and Proving in Isabelle/HOL"

5080 ("prog-prove"). It completely supersedes "A Tutorial Introduction to

5081 Structured Isar Proofs" ("isar-overview"), which has been removed. It

5082 also supersedes "Isabelle/HOL, A Proof Assistant for Higher-Order

5083 Logic" as the recommended beginners tutorial, but does not cover all

5084 of the material of that old tutorial.

5086 * Updated and extended reference manuals: "isar-ref",

5087 "implementation", "system"; reduced remaining material in old "ref"

5088 manual.

5091 *** Pure ***

5093 * Command 'definition' no longer exports the foundational "raw_def"

5094 into the user context. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, may use the regular

5095 "def" result with attribute "abs_def" to imitate the old version.

5097 * Attribute "abs_def" turns an equation of the form "f x y == t" into

5098 "f == %x y. t", which ensures that "simp" or "unfold" steps always

5099 expand it. This also works for object-logic equality. (Formerly

5100 undocumented feature.)

5102 * Sort constraints are now propagated in simultaneous statements, just

5103 like type constraints. INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations, where

5104 distinct sorts used to be assigned accidentally. For example:

5106 lemma "P (x::'a::foo)" and "Q (y::'a::bar)" -- "now illegal"

5108 lemma "P (x::'a)" and "Q (y::'a::bar)"

5109 -- "now uniform 'a::bar instead of default sort for first occurrence (!)"

5111 * Rule composition via attribute "OF" (or ML functions OF/MRS) is more

5112 tolerant against multiple unifiers, as long as the final result is

5113 unique. (As before, rules are composed in canonical right-to-left

5114 order to accommodate newly introduced premises.)

5116 * Renamed some inner syntax categories:

5118 num ~> num_token

5119 xnum ~> xnum_token

5120 xstr ~> str_token

5122 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY. Note that in practice "num_const" or

5123 "num_position" etc. are mainly used instead (which also include

5124 position information via constraints).

5126 * Simplified configuration options for syntax ambiguity: see

5127 "syntax_ambiguity_warning" and "syntax_ambiguity_limit" in isar-ref

5128 manual. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.

5130 * Discontinued configuration option "syntax_positions": atomic terms

5131 in parse trees are always annotated by position constraints.

5133 * Old code generator for SML and its commands 'code_module',

5134 'code_library', 'consts_code', 'types_code' have been discontinued.

5135 Use commands of the generic code generator instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.

5137 * Redundant attribute "code_inline" has been discontinued. Use

5138 "code_unfold" instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.

5140 * Dropped attribute "code_unfold_post" in favor of the its dual

5141 "code_abbrev", which yields a common pattern in definitions like

5143 definition [code_abbrev]: "f = t"

5145 INCOMPATIBILITY.

5147 * Obsolete 'types' command has been discontinued. Use 'type_synonym'

5148 instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.

5150 * Discontinued old "prems" fact, which used to refer to the accidental

5151 collection of foundational premises in the context (already marked as

5152 legacy since Isabelle2011).

5155 *** HOL ***

5157 * Type 'a set is now a proper type constructor (just as before

5158 Isabelle2008). Definitions mem_def and Collect_def have disappeared.

5159 Non-trivial INCOMPATIBILITY. For developments keeping predicates and

5160 sets separate, it is often sufficient to rephrase some set S that has

5161 been accidentally used as predicates by "%x. x : S", and some

5162 predicate P that has been accidentally used as set by "{x. P x}".

5163 Corresponding proofs in a first step should be pruned from any

5164 tinkering with former theorems mem_def and Collect_def as far as

5165 possible.

5167 For developments which deliberately mix predicates and sets, a

5168 planning step is necessary to determine what should become a predicate

5169 and what a set. It can be helpful to carry out that step in

5170 Isabelle2011-1 before jumping right into the current release.

5172 * Code generation by default implements sets as container type rather

5173 than predicates. INCOMPATIBILITY.

5175 * New type synonym 'a rel = ('a * 'a) set

5177 * The representation of numerals has changed. Datatype "num"

5178 represents strictly positive binary numerals, along with functions

5179 "numeral :: num => 'a" and "neg_numeral :: num => 'a" to represent

5180 positive and negated numeric literals, respectively. See also

5181 definitions in ~~/src/HOL/Num.thy. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY, some

5182 user theories may require adaptations as follows:

5184 - Theorems with number_ring or number_semiring constraints: These

5185 classes are gone; use comm_ring_1 or comm_semiring_1 instead.

5187 - Theories defining numeric types: Remove number, number_semiring,

5188 and number_ring instances. Defer all theorems about numerals until

5189 after classes one and semigroup_add have been instantiated.

5191 - Numeral-only simp rules: Replace each rule having a "number_of v"

5192 pattern with two copies, one for numeral and one for neg_numeral.

5194 - Theorems about subclasses of semiring_1 or ring_1: These classes

5195 automatically support numerals now, so more simp rules and

5196 simprocs may now apply within the proof.

5198 - Definitions and theorems using old constructors Pls/Min/Bit0/Bit1:

5199 Redefine using other integer operations.

5201 * Transfer: New package intended to generalize the existing

5202 "descending" method and related theorem attributes from the Quotient

5203 package. (Not all functionality is implemented yet, but future

5204 development will focus on Transfer as an eventual replacement for the

5205 corresponding parts of the Quotient package.)

5207 - transfer_rule attribute: Maintains a collection of transfer rules,

5208 which relate constants at two different types. Transfer rules may

5209 relate different type instances of the same polymorphic constant,

5210 or they may relate an operation on a raw type to a corresponding

5211 operation on an abstract type (quotient or subtype). For example:

5213 ((A ===> B) ===> list_all2 A ===> list_all2 B) map map

5214 (cr_int ===> cr_int ===> cr_int) (%(x,y) (u,v). (x+u, y+v)) plus_int

5216 - transfer method: Replaces a subgoal on abstract types with an

5217 equivalent subgoal on the corresponding raw types. Constants are

5218 replaced with corresponding ones according to the transfer rules.

5219 Goals are generalized over all free variables by default; this is

5220 necessary for variables whose types change, but can be overridden

5221 for specific variables with e.g. "transfer fixing: x y z". The

5222 variant transfer' method allows replacing a subgoal with one that

5223 is logically stronger (rather than equivalent).

5225 - relator_eq attribute: Collects identity laws for relators of

5226 various type constructors, e.g. "list_all2 (op =) = (op =)". The

5227 transfer method uses these lemmas to infer transfer rules for

5228 non-polymorphic constants on the fly.

5230 - transfer_prover method: Assists with proving a transfer rule for a

5231 new constant, provided the constant is defined in terms of other

5232 constants that already have transfer rules. It should be applied

5233 after unfolding the constant definitions.

5235 - HOL/ex/Transfer_Int_Nat.thy: Example theory demonstrating transfer

5236 from type nat to type int.

5238 * Lifting: New package intended to generalize the quotient_definition

5239 facility of the Quotient package; designed to work with Transfer.

5241 - lift_definition command: Defines operations on an abstract type in

5242 terms of a corresponding operation on a representation

5243 type. Example syntax:

5245 lift_definition dlist_insert :: "'a => 'a dlist => 'a dlist"

5246 is List.insert

5248 Users must discharge a respectfulness proof obligation when each

5249 constant is defined. (For a type copy, i.e. a typedef with UNIV,

5250 the proof is discharged automatically.) The obligation is

5251 presented in a user-friendly, readable form; a respectfulness

5252 theorem in the standard format and a transfer rule are generated

5253 by the package.

5255 - Integration with code_abstype: For typedefs (e.g. subtypes

5256 corresponding to a datatype invariant, such as dlist),

5257 lift_definition generates a code certificate theorem and sets up

5258 code generation for each constant.

5260 - setup_lifting command: Sets up the Lifting package to work with a

5261 user-defined type. The user must provide either a quotient theorem

5262 or a type_definition theorem. The package configures transfer

5263 rules for equality and quantifiers on the type, and sets up the

5264 lift_definition command to work with the type.

5266 - Usage examples: See Quotient_Examples/Lift_DList.thy,

5267 Quotient_Examples/Lift_RBT.thy, Quotient_Examples/Lift_FSet.thy,

5268 Word/Word.thy and Library/Float.thy.

5270 * Quotient package:

5272 - The 'quotient_type' command now supports a 'morphisms' option with

5273 rep and abs functions, similar to typedef.

5275 - 'quotient_type' sets up new types to work with the Lifting and

5276 Transfer packages, as with 'setup_lifting'.

5278 - The 'quotient_definition' command now requires the user to prove a

5279 respectfulness property at the point where the constant is

5280 defined, similar to lift_definition; INCOMPATIBILITY.

5282 - Renamed predicate 'Quotient' to 'Quotient3', and renamed theorems

5283 accordingly, INCOMPATIBILITY.

5285 * New diagnostic command 'find_unused_assms' to find potentially

5286 superfluous assumptions in theorems using Quickcheck.

5288 * Quickcheck:

5290 - Quickcheck returns variable assignments as counterexamples, which

5291 allows to reveal the underspecification of functions under test.

5292 For example, refuting "hd xs = x", it presents the variable

5293 assignment xs = [] and x = a1 as a counterexample, assuming that

5294 any property is false whenever "hd []" occurs in it.

5296 These counterexample are marked as potentially spurious, as

5297 Quickcheck also returns "xs = []" as a counterexample to the

5298 obvious theorem "hd xs = hd xs".

5300 After finding a potentially spurious counterexample, Quickcheck

5301 continues searching for genuine ones.

5303 By default, Quickcheck shows potentially spurious and genuine

5304 counterexamples. The option "genuine_only" sets quickcheck to only

5305 show genuine counterexamples.

5307 - The command 'quickcheck_generator' creates random and exhaustive

5308 value generators for a given type and operations.

5310 It generates values by using the operations as if they were

5311 constructors of that type.

5313 - Support for multisets.

5315 - Added "use_subtype" options.

5317 - Added "quickcheck_locale" configuration to specify how to process

5318 conjectures in a locale context.

5320 * Nitpick: Fixed infinite loop caused by the 'peephole_optim' option

5321 and affecting 'rat' and 'real'.

5323 * Sledgehammer:

5324 - Integrated more tightly with SPASS, as described in the ITP 2012

5325 paper "More SPASS with Isabelle".

5326 - Made it try "smt" as a fallback if "metis" fails or times out.

5327 - Added support for the following provers: Alt-Ergo (via Why3 and

5328 TFF1), iProver, iProver-Eq.

5329 - Sped up the minimizer.

5330 - Added "lam_trans", "uncurry_aliases", and "minimize" options.

5331 - Renamed "slicing" ("no_slicing") option to "slice" ("dont_slice").

5332 - Renamed "sound" option to "strict".

5334 * Metis: Added possibility to specify lambda translations scheme as a

5335 parenthesized argument (e.g., "by (metis (lifting) ...)").

5337 * SMT: Renamed "smt_fixed" option to "smt_read_only_certificates".

5339 * Command 'try0': Renamed from 'try_methods'. INCOMPATIBILITY.

5341 * New "case_product" attribute to generate a case rule doing multiple

5342 case distinctions at the same time. E.g.

5344 list.exhaust [case_product nat.exhaust]

5346 produces a rule which can be used to perform case distinction on both

5347 a list and a nat.

5349 * New "eventually_elim" method as a generalized variant of the

5350 eventually_elim* rules. Supports structured proofs.

5352 * Typedef with implicit set definition is considered legacy. Use

5353 "typedef (open)" form instead, which will eventually become the

5354 default.

5356 * Record: code generation can be switched off manually with

5358 declare [[record_coden = false]] -- "default true"

5360 * Datatype: type parameters allow explicit sort constraints.

5362 * Concrete syntax for case expressions includes constraints for source

5363 positions, and thus produces Prover IDE markup for its bindings.

5364 INCOMPATIBILITY for old-style syntax translations that augment the

5365 pattern notation; e.g. see src/HOL/HOLCF/One.thy for translations of

5366 one_case.

5368 * Clarified attribute "mono_set": pure declaration without modifying

5369 the result of the fact expression.

5371 * More default pred/set conversions on a couple of relation operations

5372 and predicates. Added powers of predicate relations. Consolidation

5373 of some relation theorems:

5375 converse_def ~> converse_unfold

5376 rel_comp_def ~> relcomp_unfold

5377 symp_def ~> (modified, use symp_def and sym_def instead)

5378 transp_def ~> transp_trans

5379 Domain_def ~> Domain_unfold

5380 Range_def ~> Domain_converse [symmetric]

5382 Generalized theorems INF_INT_eq, INF_INT_eq2, SUP_UN_eq, SUP_UN_eq2.

5384 See theory "Relation" for examples for making use of pred/set

5385 conversions by means of attributes "to_set" and "to_pred".

5387 INCOMPATIBILITY.

5389 * Renamed facts about the power operation on relations, i.e., relpow

5390 to match the constant's name:

5392 rel_pow_1 ~> relpow_1

5393 rel_pow_0_I ~> relpow_0_I

5394 rel_pow_Suc_I ~> relpow_Suc_I

5395 rel_pow_Suc_I2 ~> relpow_Suc_I2

5396 rel_pow_0_E ~> relpow_0_E

5397 rel_pow_Suc_E ~> relpow_Suc_E

5398 rel_pow_E ~> relpow_E

5399 rel_pow_Suc_D2 ~> relpow_Suc_D2

5400 rel_pow_Suc_E2 ~> relpow_Suc_E2

5401 rel_pow_Suc_D2' ~> relpow_Suc_D2'

5402 rel_pow_E2 ~> relpow_E2

5403 rel_pow_add ~> relpow_add

5404 rel_pow_commute ~> relpow

5405 rel_pow_empty ~> relpow_empty:

5406 rtrancl_imp_UN_rel_pow ~> rtrancl_imp_UN_relpow

5407 rel_pow_imp_rtrancl ~> relpow_imp_rtrancl

5408 rtrancl_is_UN_rel_pow ~> rtrancl_is_UN_relpow

5409 rtrancl_imp_rel_pow ~> rtrancl_imp_relpow

5410 rel_pow_fun_conv ~> relpow_fun_conv

5411 rel_pow_finite_bounded1 ~> relpow_finite_bounded1

5412 rel_pow_finite_bounded ~> relpow_finite_bounded

5413 rtrancl_finite_eq_rel_pow ~> rtrancl_finite_eq_relpow

5414 trancl_finite_eq_rel_pow ~> trancl_finite_eq_relpow

5415 single_valued_rel_pow ~> single_valued_relpow

5417 INCOMPATIBILITY.

5419 * Theory Relation: Consolidated constant name for relation composition

5420 and corresponding theorem names:

5422 - Renamed constant rel_comp to relcomp.

5424 - Dropped abbreviation pred_comp. Use relcompp instead.

5426 - Renamed theorems:

5428 rel_compI ~> relcompI

5429 rel_compEpair ~> relcompEpair

5430 rel_compE ~> relcompE

5431 pred_comp_rel_comp_eq ~> relcompp_relcomp_eq

5432 rel_comp_empty1 ~> relcomp_empty1

5433 rel_comp_mono ~> relcomp_mono

5434 rel_comp_subset_Sigma ~> relcomp_subset_Sigma

5435 rel_comp_distrib ~> relcomp_distrib

5436 rel_comp_distrib2 ~> relcomp_distrib2

5437 rel_comp_UNION_distrib ~> relcomp_UNION_distrib

5438 rel_comp_UNION_distrib2 ~> relcomp_UNION_distrib2

5439 single_valued_rel_comp ~> single_valued_relcomp

5440 rel_comp_def ~> relcomp_unfold

5441 converse_rel_comp ~> converse_relcomp

5442 pred_compI ~> relcomppI

5443 pred_compE ~> relcomppE

5444 pred_comp_bot1 ~> relcompp_bot1

5445 pred_comp_bot2 ~> relcompp_bot2

5446 transp_pred_comp_less_eq ~> transp_relcompp_less_eq

5447 pred_comp_mono ~> relcompp_mono

5448 pred_comp_distrib ~> relcompp_distrib

5449 pred_comp_distrib2 ~> relcompp_distrib2

5450 converse_pred_comp ~> converse_relcompp

5452 finite_rel_comp ~> finite_relcomp

5454 set_rel_comp ~> set_relcomp

5456 INCOMPATIBILITY.

5458 * Theory Divides: Discontinued redundant theorems about div and mod.

5459 INCOMPATIBILITY, use the corresponding generic theorems instead.

5461 DIVISION_BY_ZERO ~> div_by_0, mod_by_0

5462 zdiv_self ~> div_self

5463 zmod_self ~> mod_self

5464 zdiv_zero ~> div_0

5465 zmod_zero ~> mod_0

5466 zdiv_zmod_equality ~> div_mod_equality2

5467 zdiv_zmod_equality2 ~> div_mod_equality

5468 zmod_zdiv_trivial ~> mod_div_trivial

5469 zdiv_zminus_zminus ~> div_minus_minus

5470 zmod_zminus_zminus ~> mod_minus_minus

5471 zdiv_zminus2 ~> div_minus_right

5472 zmod_zminus2 ~> mod_minus_right

5473 zdiv_minus1_right ~> div_minus1_right

5474 zmod_minus1_right ~> mod_minus1_right

5475 zdvd_mult_div_cancel ~> dvd_mult_div_cancel

5476 zmod_zmult1_eq ~> mod_mult_right_eq

5477 zpower_zmod ~> power_mod

5478 zdvd_zmod ~> dvd_mod

5479 zdvd_zmod_imp_zdvd ~> dvd_mod_imp_dvd

5480 mod_mult_distrib ~> mult_mod_left

5481 mod_mult_distrib2 ~> mult_mod_right

5483 * Removed redundant theorems nat_mult_2 and nat_mult_2_right; use

5484 generic mult_2 and mult_2_right instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.

5486 * Finite_Set.fold now qualified. INCOMPATIBILITY.

5488 * Consolidated theorem names concerning fold combinators:

5490 inf_INFI_fold_inf ~> inf_INF_fold_inf

5491 sup_SUPR_fold_sup ~> sup_SUP_fold_sup

5492 INFI_fold_inf ~> INF_fold_inf

5493 SUPR_fold_sup ~> SUP_fold_sup

5494 union_set ~> union_set_fold

5495 minus_set ~> minus_set_fold

5496 INFI_set_fold ~> INF_set_fold

5497 SUPR_set_fold ~> SUP_set_fold

5498 INF_code ~> INF_set_foldr

5499 SUP_code ~> SUP_set_foldr

5500 foldr.simps ~> foldr.simps (in point-free formulation)

5501 foldr_fold_rev ~> foldr_conv_fold

5502 foldl_fold ~> foldl_conv_fold

5503 foldr_foldr ~> foldr_conv_foldl

5504 foldl_foldr ~> foldl_conv_foldr

5505 fold_set_remdups ~> fold_set_fold_remdups

5506 fold_set ~> fold_set_fold

5507 fold1_set ~> fold1_set_fold

5509 INCOMPATIBILITY.

5511 * Dropped rarely useful theorems concerning fold combinators:

5512 foldl_apply, foldl_fun_comm, foldl_rev, fold_weak_invariant,

5513 rev_foldl_cons, fold_set_remdups, fold_set, fold_set1,

5514 concat_conv_foldl, foldl_weak_invariant, foldl_invariant,

5515 foldr_invariant, foldl_absorb0, foldl_foldr1_lemma, foldl_foldr1,

5516 listsum_conv_fold, listsum_foldl, sort_foldl_insort, foldl_assoc,

5517 foldr_conv_foldl, start_le_sum, elem_le_sum, sum_eq_0_conv.

5518 INCOMPATIBILITY. For the common phrases "%xs. List.foldr plus xs 0"

5519 and "List.foldl plus 0", prefer "List.listsum". Otherwise it can be

5520 useful to boil down "List.foldr" and "List.foldl" to "List.fold" by

5521 unfolding "foldr_conv_fold" and "foldl_conv_fold".

5523 * Dropped lemmas minus_set_foldr, union_set_foldr, union_coset_foldr,

5524 inter_coset_foldr, Inf_fin_set_foldr, Sup_fin_set_foldr,

5525 Min_fin_set_foldr, Max_fin_set_foldr, Inf_set_foldr, Sup_set_foldr,

5526 INF_set_foldr, SUP_set_foldr. INCOMPATIBILITY. Prefer corresponding

5527 lemmas over fold rather than foldr, or make use of lemmas

5528 fold_conv_foldr and fold_rev.

5530 * Congruence rules Option.map_cong and Option.bind_cong for recursion

5531 through option types.

5533 * "Transitive_Closure.ntrancl": bounded transitive closure on

5534 relations.

5536 * Constant "Set.not_member" now qualified. INCOMPATIBILITY.

5538 * Theory Int: Discontinued many legacy theorems specific to type int.

5539 INCOMPATIBILITY, use the corresponding generic theorems instead.

5541 zminus_zminus ~> minus_minus

5542 zminus_0 ~> minus_zero

5543 zminus_zadd_distrib ~> minus_add_distrib

5544 zadd_commute ~> add_commute

5545 zadd_assoc ~> add_assoc

5546 zadd_left_commute ~> add_left_commute

5547 zadd_ac ~> add_ac

5548 zmult_ac ~> mult_ac

5549 zadd_0 ~> add_0_left

5550 zadd_0_right ~> add_0_right

5551 zadd_zminus_inverse2 ~> left_minus

5552 zmult_zminus ~> mult_minus_left

5553 zmult_commute ~> mult_commute

5554 zmult_assoc ~> mult_assoc

5555 zadd_zmult_distrib ~> left_distrib

5556 zadd_zmult_distrib2 ~> right_distrib

5557 zdiff_zmult_distrib ~> left_diff_distrib

5558 zdiff_zmult_distrib2 ~> right_diff_distrib

5559 zmult_1 ~> mult_1_left

5560 zmult_1_right ~> mult_1_right

5561 zle_refl ~> order_refl

5562 zle_trans ~> order_trans

5563 zle_antisym ~> order_antisym

5564 zle_linear ~> linorder_linear

5565 zless_linear ~> linorder_less_linear

5566 zadd_left_mono ~> add_left_mono

5567 zadd_strict_right_mono ~> add_strict_right_mono

5568 zadd_zless_mono ~> add_less_le_mono

5569 int_0_less_1 ~> zero_less_one

5570 int_0_neq_1 ~> zero_neq_one

5571 zless_le ~> less_le

5572 zpower_zadd_distrib ~> power_add

5573 zero_less_zpower_abs_iff ~> zero_less_power_abs_iff

5574 zero_le_zpower_abs ~> zero_le_power_abs

5576 * Theory Deriv: Renamed

5578 DERIV_nonneg_imp_nonincreasing ~> DERIV_nonneg_imp_nondecreasing

5580 * Theory Library/Multiset: Improved code generation of multisets.

5582 * Theory HOL/Library/Set_Algebras: Addition and multiplication on sets

5583 are expressed via type classes again. The special syntax

5584 \<oplus>/\<otimes> has been replaced by plain +/*. Removed constant

5585 setsum_set, which is now subsumed by Big_Operators.setsum.

5586 INCOMPATIBILITY.

5588 * Theory HOL/Library/Diagonalize has been removed. INCOMPATIBILITY,

5589 use theory HOL/Library/Nat_Bijection instead.

5591 * Theory HOL/Library/RBT_Impl: Backing implementation of red-black

5592 trees is now inside a type class context. Names of affected

5593 operations and lemmas have been prefixed by rbt_. INCOMPATIBILITY for

5594 theories working directly with raw red-black trees, adapt the names as

5595 follows:

5597 Operations:

5598 bulkload -> rbt_bulkload

5599 del_from_left -> rbt_del_from_left

5600 del_from_right -> rbt_del_from_right

5601 del -> rbt_del

5602 delete -> rbt_delete

5603 ins -> rbt_ins

5604 insert -> rbt_insert

5605 insertw -> rbt_insert_with

5606 insert_with_key -> rbt_insert_with_key

5607 map_entry -> rbt_map_entry

5608 lookup -> rbt_lookup

5609 sorted -> rbt_sorted

5610 tree_greater -> rbt_greater

5611 tree_less -> rbt_less

5612 tree_less_symbol -> rbt_less_symbol

5613 union -> rbt_union

5614 union_with -> rbt_union_with

5615 union_with_key -> rbt_union_with_key

5617 Lemmas:

5618 balance_left_sorted -> balance_left_rbt_sorted

5619 balance_left_tree_greater -> balance_left_rbt_greater

5620 balance_left_tree_less -> balance_left_rbt_less

5621 balance_right_sorted -> balance_right_rbt_sorted

5622 balance_right_tree_greater -> balance_right_rbt_greater

5623 balance_right_tree_less -> balance_right_rbt_less

5624 balance_sorted -> balance_rbt_sorted

5625 balance_tree_greater -> balance_rbt_greater

5626 balance_tree_less -> balance_rbt_less

5627 bulkload_is_rbt -> rbt_bulkload_is_rbt

5628 combine_sorted -> combine_rbt_sorted

5629 combine_tree_greater -> combine_rbt_greater

5630 combine_tree_less -> combine_rbt_less

5631 delete_in_tree -> rbt_delete_in_tree

5632 delete_is_rbt -> rbt_delete_is_rbt

5633 del_from_left_tree_greater -> rbt_del_from_left_rbt_greater

5634 del_from_left_tree_less -> rbt_del_from_left_rbt_less

5635 del_from_right_tree_greater -> rbt_del_from_right_rbt_greater

5636 del_from_right_tree_less -> rbt_del_from_right_rbt_less

5637 del_in_tree -> rbt_del_in_tree

5638 del_inv1_inv2 -> rbt_del_inv1_inv2

5639 del_sorted -> rbt_del_rbt_sorted

5640 del_tree_greater -> rbt_del_rbt_greater

5641 del_tree_less -> rbt_del_rbt_less

5642 dom_lookup_Branch -> dom_rbt_lookup_Branch

5643 entries_lookup -> entries_rbt_lookup

5644 finite_dom_lookup -> finite_dom_rbt_lookup

5645 insert_sorted -> rbt_insert_rbt_sorted

5646 insertw_is_rbt -> rbt_insertw_is_rbt

5647 insertwk_is_rbt -> rbt_insertwk_is_rbt

5648 insertwk_sorted -> rbt_insertwk_rbt_sorted

5649 insertw_sorted -> rbt_insertw_rbt_sorted

5650 ins_sorted -> ins_rbt_sorted

5651 ins_tree_greater -> ins_rbt_greater

5652 ins_tree_less -> ins_rbt_less

5653 is_rbt_sorted -> is_rbt_rbt_sorted

5654 lookup_balance -> rbt_lookup_balance

5655 lookup_bulkload -> rbt_lookup_rbt_bulkload

5656 lookup_delete -> rbt_lookup_rbt_delete

5657 lookup_Empty -> rbt_lookup_Empty

5658 lookup_from_in_tree -> rbt_lookup_from_in_tree

5659 lookup_in_tree -> rbt_lookup_in_tree

5660 lookup_ins -> rbt_lookup_ins

5661 lookup_insert -> rbt_lookup_rbt_insert

5662 lookup_insertw -> rbt_lookup_rbt_insertw

5663 lookup_insertwk -> rbt_lookup_rbt_insertwk

5664 lookup_keys -> rbt_lookup_keys

5665 lookup_map -> rbt_lookup_map

5666 lookup_map_entry -> rbt_lookup_rbt_map_entry

5667 lookup_tree_greater -> rbt_lookup_rbt_greater

5668 lookup_tree_less -> rbt_lookup_rbt_less

5669 lookup_union -> rbt_lookup_rbt_union

5670 map_entry_color_of -> rbt_map_entry_color_of

5671 map_entry_inv1 -> rbt_map_entry_inv1

5672 map_entry_inv2 -> rbt_map_entry_inv2

5673 map_entry_is_rbt -> rbt_map_entry_is_rbt

5674 map_entry_sorted -> rbt_map_entry_rbt_sorted

5675 map_entry_tree_greater -> rbt_map_entry_rbt_greater

5676 map_entry_tree_less -> rbt_map_entry_rbt_less

5677 map_tree_greater -> map_rbt_greater

5678 map_tree_less -> map_rbt_less

5679 map_sorted -> map_rbt_sorted

5680 paint_sorted -> paint_rbt_sorted

5681 paint_lookup -> paint_rbt_lookup

5682 paint_tree_greater -> paint_rbt_greater

5683 paint_tree_less -> paint_rbt_less

5684 sorted_entries -> rbt_sorted_entries

5685 tree_greater_eq_trans -> rbt_greater_eq_trans

5686 tree_greater_nit -> rbt_greater_nit

5687 tree_greater_prop -> rbt_greater_prop

5688 tree_greater_simps -> rbt_greater_simps

5689 tree_greater_trans -> rbt_greater_trans

5690 tree_less_eq_trans -> rbt_less_eq_trans

5691 tree_less_nit -> rbt_less_nit

5692 tree_less_prop -> rbt_less_prop

5693 tree_less_simps -> rbt_less_simps

5694 tree_less_trans -> rbt_less_trans

5695 tree_ord_props -> rbt_ord_props

5696 union_Branch -> rbt_union_Branch

5697 union_is_rbt -> rbt_union_is_rbt

5698 unionw_is_rbt -> rbt_unionw_is_rbt

5699 unionwk_is_rbt -> rbt_unionwk_is_rbt

5700 unionwk_sorted -> rbt_unionwk_rbt_sorted

5702 * Theory HOL/Library/Float: Floating point numbers are now defined as

5703 a subset of the real numbers. All operations are defined using the

5704 lifing-framework and proofs use the transfer method. INCOMPATIBILITY.

5706 Changed Operations:

5707 float_abs -> abs

5708 float_nprt -> nprt

5709 float_pprt -> pprt

5710 pow2 -> use powr

5711 round_down -> float_round_down

5712 round_up -> float_round_up

5713 scale -> exponent

5715 Removed Operations:

5716 ceiling_fl, lb_mult, lb_mod, ub_mult, ub_mod

5718 Renamed Lemmas:

5719 abs_float_def -> Float.compute_float_abs

5720 bitlen_ge0 -> bitlen_nonneg

5721 bitlen.simps -> Float.compute_bitlen

5722 float_components -> Float_mantissa_exponent

5723 float_divl.simps -> Float.compute_float_divl

5724 float_divr.simps -> Float.compute_float_divr

5725 float_eq_odd -> mult_powr_eq_mult_powr_iff

5726 float_power -> real_of_float_power

5727 lapprox_posrat_def -> Float.compute_lapprox_posrat

5728 lapprox_rat.simps -> Float.compute_lapprox_rat

5729 le_float_def' -> Float.compute_float_le

5730 le_float_def -> less_eq_float.rep_eq

5731 less_float_def' -> Float.compute_float_less

5732 less_float_def -> less_float.rep_eq

5733 normfloat_def -> Float.compute_normfloat

5734 normfloat_imp_odd_or_zero -> mantissa_not_dvd and mantissa_noteq_0

5735 normfloat -> normfloat_def

5736 normfloat_unique -> use normfloat_def

5737 number_of_float_Float -> Float.compute_float_numeral, Float.compute_float_neg_numeral

5738 one_float_def -> Float.compute_float_one

5739 plus_float_def -> Float.compute_float_plus

5740 rapprox_posrat_def -> Float.compute_rapprox_posrat

5741 rapprox_rat.simps -> Float.compute_rapprox_rat

5742 real_of_float_0 -> zero_float.rep_eq

5743 real_of_float_1 -> one_float.rep_eq

5744 real_of_float_abs -> abs_float.rep_eq

5745 real_of_float_add -> plus_float.rep_eq

5746 real_of_float_minus -> uminus_float.rep_eq

5747 real_of_float_mult -> times_float.rep_eq

5748 real_of_float_simp -> Float.rep_eq

5749 real_of_float_sub -> minus_float.rep_eq

5750 round_down.simps -> Float.compute_float_round_down

5751 round_up.simps -> Float.compute_float_round_up

5752 times_float_def -> Float.compute_float_times

5753 uminus_float_def -> Float.compute_float_uminus

5754 zero_float_def -> Float.compute_float_zero

5756 Lemmas not necessary anymore, use the transfer method:

5757 bitlen_B0, bitlen_B1, bitlen_ge1, bitlen_Min, bitlen_Pls, float_divl,

5758 float_divr, float_le_simp, float_less1_mantissa_bound,

5759 float_less_simp, float_less_zero, float_le_zero,

5760 float_pos_less1_e_neg, float_pos_m_pos, float_split, float_split2,

5761 floor_pos_exp, lapprox_posrat, lapprox_posrat_bottom, lapprox_rat,

5762 lapprox_rat_bottom, normalized_float, rapprox_posrat,

5763 rapprox_posrat_le1, rapprox_rat, real_of_float_ge0_exp,

5764 real_of_float_neg_exp, real_of_float_nge0_exp, round_down floor_fl,

5765 round_up, zero_le_float, zero_less_float

5767 * New theory HOL/Library/DAList provides an abstract type for

5768 association lists with distinct keys.

5770 * Session HOL/IMP: Added new theory of abstract interpretation of

5771 annotated commands.

5773 * Session HOL-Import: Re-implementation from scratch is faster,

5774 simpler, and more scalable. Requires a proof bundle, which is

5775 available as an external component. Discontinued old (and mostly

5776 dead) Importer for HOL4 and HOL Light. INCOMPATIBILITY.

5778 * Session HOL-Word: Discontinued many redundant theorems specific to

5779 type 'a word. INCOMPATIBILITY, use the corresponding generic theorems

5780 instead.

5782 word_sub_alt ~> word_sub_wi

5783 word_add_alt ~> word_add_def

5784 word_mult_alt ~> word_mult_def

5785 word_minus_alt ~> word_minus_def

5786 word_0_alt ~> word_0_wi

5787 word_1_alt ~> word_1_wi

5788 word_add_0 ~> add_0_left

5789 word_add_0_right ~> add_0_right

5790 word_mult_1 ~> mult_1_left

5791 word_mult_1_right ~> mult_1_right

5792 word_add_commute ~> add_commute

5793 word_add_assoc ~> add_assoc

5794 word_add_left_commute ~> add_left_commute

5795 word_mult_commute ~> mult_commute

5796 word_mult_assoc ~> mult_assoc

5797 word_mult_left_commute ~> mult_left_commute

5798 word_left_distrib ~> left_distrib

5799 word_right_distrib ~> right_distrib

5800 word_left_minus ~> left_minus

5801 word_diff_0_right ~> diff_0_right

5802 word_diff_self ~> diff_self

5803 word_sub_def ~> diff_minus

5804 word_diff_minus ~> diff_minus

5805 word_add_ac ~> add_ac

5806 word_mult_ac ~> mult_ac

5807 word_plus_ac0 ~> add_0_left add_0_right add_ac

5808 word_times_ac1 ~> mult_1_left mult_1_right mult_ac

5809 word_order_trans ~> order_trans

5810 word_order_refl ~> order_refl

5811 word_order_antisym ~> order_antisym

5812 word_order_linear ~> linorder_linear

5813 lenw1_zero_neq_one ~> zero_neq_one

5814 word_number_of_eq ~> number_of_eq

5815 word_of_int_add_hom ~> wi_hom_add

5816 word_of_int_sub_hom ~> wi_hom_sub

5817 word_of_int_mult_hom ~> wi_hom_mult

5818 word_of_int_minus_hom ~> wi_hom_neg

5819 word_of_int_succ_hom ~> wi_hom_succ

5820 word_of_int_pred_hom ~> wi_hom_pred

5821 word_of_int_0_hom ~> word_0_wi

5822 word_of_int_1_hom ~> word_1_wi

5824 * Session HOL-Word: New proof method "word_bitwise" for splitting

5825 machine word equalities and inequalities into logical circuits,

5826 defined in HOL/Word/WordBitwise.thy. Supports addition, subtraction,

5827 multiplication, shifting by constants, bitwise operators and numeric

5828 constants. Requires fixed-length word types, not 'a word. Solves

5829 many standard word identities outright and converts more into first

5830 order problems amenable to blast or similar. See also examples in

5831 HOL/Word/Examples/WordExamples.thy.

5833 * Session HOL-Probability: Introduced the type "'a measure" to

5834 represent measures, this replaces the records 'a algebra and 'a

5835 measure_space. The locales based on subset_class now have two

5836 locale-parameters the space \<Omega> and the set of measurable sets M.

5837 The product of probability spaces uses now the same constant as the

5838 finite product of sigma-finite measure spaces "PiM :: ('i => 'a)

5839 measure". Most constants are defined now outside of locales and gain

5840 an additional parameter, like null_sets, almost_eventually or \<mu>'.

5841 Measure space constructions for distributions and densities now got

5842 their own constants distr and density. Instead of using locales to

5843 describe measure spaces with a finite space, the measure count_space

5844 and point_measure is introduced. INCOMPATIBILITY.

5846 Renamed constants:

5847 measure -> emeasure

5848 finite_measure.\<mu>' -> measure

5849 product_algebra_generator -> prod_algebra

5850 product_prob_space.emb -> prod_emb

5851 product_prob_space.infprod_algebra -> PiM

5853 Removed locales:

5854 completeable_measure_space

5855 finite_measure_space

5856 finite_prob_space

5857 finite_product_finite_prob_space

5858 finite_product_sigma_algebra

5859 finite_sigma_algebra

5860 measure_space

5861 pair_finite_prob_space

5862 pair_finite_sigma_algebra

5863 pair_finite_space

5864 pair_sigma_algebra

5865 product_sigma_algebra

5867 Removed constants:

5868 conditional_space

5869 distribution -> use distr measure, or distributed predicate

5870 image_space

5871 joint_distribution -> use distr measure, or distributed predicate

5872 pair_measure_generator

5873 product_prob_space.infprod_algebra -> use PiM

5874 subvimage

5876 Replacement theorems:

5877 finite_additivity_sufficient -> ring_of_sets.countably_additiveI_finite

5878 finite_measure.empty_measure -> measure_empty

5879 finite_measure.finite_continuity_from_above -> finite_measure.finite_Lim_measure_decseq

5880 finite_measure.finite_continuity_from_below -> finite_measure.finite_Lim_measure_incseq

5881 finite_measure.finite_measure_countably_subadditive -> finite_measure.finite_measure_subadditive_countably

5882 finite_measure.finite_measure_eq -> finite_measure.emeasure_eq_measure

5883 finite_measure.finite_measure -> finite_measure.emeasure_finite

5884 finite_measure.finite_measure_finite_singleton -> finite_measure.finite_measure_eq_setsum_singleton

5885 finite_measure.positive_measure' -> measure_nonneg

5886 finite_measure.real_measure -> finite_measure.emeasure_real

5887 finite_product_prob_space.finite_measure_times -> finite_product_prob_space.finite_measure_PiM_emb

5888 finite_product_sigma_algebra.in_P -> sets_PiM_I_finite

5889 finite_product_sigma_algebra.P_empty -> space_PiM_empty, sets_PiM_empty

5890 information_space.conditional_entropy_eq -> information_space.conditional_entropy_simple_distributed

5891 information_space.conditional_entropy_positive -> information_space.conditional_entropy_nonneg_simple

5892 information_space.conditional_mutual_information_eq_mutual_information -> information_space.conditional_mutual_information_eq_mutual_information_simple

5893 information_space.conditional_mutual_information_generic_positive -> information_space.conditional_mutual_information_nonneg_simple

5894 information_space.conditional_mutual_information_positive -> information_space.conditional_mutual_information_nonneg_simple

5895 information_space.entropy_commute -> information_space.entropy_commute_simple

5896 information_space.entropy_eq -> information_space.entropy_simple_distributed

5897 information_space.entropy_generic_eq -> information_space.entropy_simple_distributed

5898 information_space.entropy_positive -> information_space.entropy_nonneg_simple

5899 information_space.entropy_uniform_max -> information_space.entropy_uniform

5900 information_space.KL_eq_0_imp -> information_space.KL_eq_0_iff_eq

5901 information_space.KL_eq_0 -> information_space.KL_same_eq_0

5902 information_space.KL_ge_0 -> information_space.KL_nonneg

5903 information_space.mutual_information_eq -> information_space.mutual_information_simple_distributed

5904 information_space.mutual_information_positive -> information_space.mutual_information_nonneg_simple

5905 Int_stable_cuboids -> Int_stable_atLeastAtMost

5906 Int_stable_product_algebra_generator -> positive_integral

5907 measure_preserving -> equality "distr M N f = N" "f : measurable M N"

5908 measure_space.additive -> emeasure_additive

5909 measure_space.AE_iff_null_set -> AE_iff_null

5910 measure_space.almost_everywhere_def -> eventually_ae_filter

5911 measure_space.almost_everywhere_vimage -> AE_distrD

5912 measure_space.continuity_from_above -> INF_emeasure_decseq

5913 measure_space.continuity_from_above_Lim -> Lim_emeasure_decseq

5914 measure_space.continuity_from_below_Lim -> Lim_emeasure_incseq

5915 measure_space.continuity_from_below -> SUP_emeasure_incseq

5916 measure_space_density -> emeasure_density

5917 measure_space.density_is_absolutely_continuous -> absolutely_continuousI_density

5918 measure_space.integrable_vimage -> integrable_distr

5919 measure_space.integral_translated_density -> integral_density

5920 measure_space.integral_vimage -> integral_distr

5921 measure_space.measure_additive -> plus_emeasure

5922 measure_space.measure_compl -> emeasure_compl

5923 measure_space.measure_countable_increasing -> emeasure_countable_increasing

5924 measure_space.measure_countably_subadditive -> emeasure_subadditive_countably

5925 measure_space.measure_decseq -> decseq_emeasure

5926 measure_space.measure_Diff -> emeasure_Diff

5927 measure_space.measure_Diff_null_set -> emeasure_Diff_null_set

5928 measure_space.measure_eq_0 -> emeasure_eq_0

5929 measure_space.measure_finitely_subadditive -> emeasure_subadditive_finite

5930 measure_space.measure_finite_singleton -> emeasure_eq_setsum_singleton

5931 measure_space.measure_incseq -> incseq_emeasure

5932 measure_space.measure_insert -> emeasure_insert

5933 measure_space.measure_mono -> emeasure_mono

5934 measure_space.measure_not_negative -> emeasure_not_MInf

5935 measure_space.measure_preserving_Int_stable -> measure_eqI_generator_eq

5936 measure_space.measure_setsum -> setsum_emeasure

5937 measure_space.measure_setsum_split -> setsum_emeasure_cover

5938 measure_space.measure_space_vimage -> emeasure_distr

5939 measure_space.measure_subadditive_finite -> emeasure_subadditive_finite

5940 measure_space.measure_subadditive -> subadditive

5941 measure_space.measure_top -> emeasure_space

5942 measure_space.measure_UN_eq_0 -> emeasure_UN_eq_0

5943 measure_space.measure_Un_null_set -> emeasure_Un_null_set

5944 measure_space.positive_integral_translated_density -> positive_integral_density

5945 measure_space.positive_integral_vimage -> positive_integral_distr

5946 measure_space.real_continuity_from_above -> Lim_measure_decseq

5947 measure_space.real_continuity_from_below -> Lim_measure_incseq

5948 measure_space.real_measure_countably_subadditive -> measure_subadditive_countably

5949 measure_space.real_measure_Diff -> measure_Diff

5950 measure_space.real_measure_finite_Union -> measure_finite_Union

5951 measure_space.real_measure_setsum_singleton -> measure_eq_setsum_singleton

5952 measure_space.real_measure_subadditive -> measure_subadditive

5953 measure_space.real_measure_Union -> measure_Union

5954 measure_space.real_measure_UNION -> measure_UNION

5955 measure_space.simple_function_vimage -> simple_function_comp

5956 measure_space.simple_integral_vimage -> simple_integral_distr

5957 measure_space.simple_integral_vimage -> simple_integral_distr

5958 measure_unique_Int_stable -> measure_eqI_generator_eq

5959 measure_unique_Int_stable_vimage -> measure_eqI_generator_eq

5960 pair_sigma_algebra.measurable_cut_fst -> sets_Pair1

5961 pair_sigma_algebra.measurable_cut_snd -> sets_Pair2

5962 pair_sigma_algebra.measurable_pair_image_fst -> measurable_Pair1

5963 pair_sigma_algebra.measurable_pair_image_snd -> measurable_Pair2

5964 pair_sigma_algebra.measurable_product_swap -> measurable_pair_swap_iff

5965 pair_sigma_algebra.pair_sigma_algebra_measurable -> measurable_pair_swap

5966 pair_sigma_algebra.pair_sigma_algebra_swap_measurable -> measurable_pair_swap'

5967 pair_sigma_algebra.sets_swap -> sets_pair_swap

5968 pair_sigma_finite.measure_cut_measurable_fst -> pair_sigma_finite.measurable_emeasure_Pair1

5969 pair_sigma_finite.measure_cut_measurable_snd -> pair_sigma_finite.measurable_emeasure_Pair2

5970 pair_sigma_finite.measure_preserving_swap -> pair_sigma_finite.distr_pair_swap

5971 pair_sigma_finite.pair_measure_alt2 -> pair_sigma_finite.emeasure_pair_measure_alt2

5972 pair_sigma_finite.pair_measure_alt -> pair_sigma_finite.emeasure_pair_measure_alt

5973 pair_sigma_finite.pair_measure_times -> pair_sigma_finite.emeasure_pair_measure_Times

5974 prob_space.indep_distribution_eq_measure -> prob_space.indep_vars_iff_distr_eq_PiM

5975 prob_space.indep_var_distributionD -> prob_space.indep_var_distribution_eq

5976 prob_space.measure_space_1 -> prob_space.emeasure_space_1

5977 prob_space.prob_space_vimage -> prob_space_distr

5978 prob_space.random_variable_restrict -> measurable_restrict

5979 prob_space_unique_Int_stable -> measure_eqI_prob_space

5980 product_algebraE -> prod_algebraE_all

5981 product_algebra_generator_der -> prod_algebra_eq_finite

5982 product_algebra_generator_into_space -> prod_algebra_sets_into_space

5983 product_algebraI -> sets_PiM_I_finite

5984 product_measure_exists -> product_sigma_finite.sigma_finite

5985 product_prob_space.finite_index_eq_finite_product -> product_prob_space.sets_PiM_generator

5986 product_prob_space.finite_measure_infprod_emb_Pi -> product_prob_space.measure_PiM_emb

5987 product_prob_space.infprod_spec -> product_prob_space.emeasure_PiM_emb_not_empty

5988 product_prob_space.measurable_component -> measurable_component_singleton

5989 product_prob_space.measurable_emb -> measurable_prod_emb

5990 product_prob_space.measurable_into_infprod_algebra -> measurable_PiM_single

5991 product_prob_space.measurable_singleton_infprod -> measurable_component_singleton

5992 product_prob_space.measure_emb -> emeasure_prod_emb

5993 product_prob_space.measure_preserving_restrict -> product_prob_space.distr_restrict

5994 product_sigma_algebra.product_algebra_into_space -> space_closed

5995 product_sigma_finite.measure_fold -> product_sigma_finite.distr_merge

5996 product_sigma_finite.measure_preserving_component_singelton -> product_sigma_finite.distr_singleton

5997 product_sigma_finite.measure_preserving_merge -> product_sigma_finite.distr_merge

5998 sequence_space.measure_infprod -> sequence_space.measure_PiM_countable

5999 sets_product_algebra -> sets_PiM

6000 sigma_algebra.measurable_sigma -> measurable_measure_of

6001 sigma_finite_measure.disjoint_sigma_finite -> sigma_finite_disjoint

6002 sigma_finite_measure.RN_deriv_vimage -> sigma_finite_measure.RN_deriv_distr

6003 sigma_product_algebra_sigma_eq -> sigma_prod_algebra_sigma_eq

6004 space_product_algebra -> space_PiM

6006 * Session HOL-TPTP: support to parse and import TPTP problems (all

6007 languages) into Isabelle/HOL.

6010 *** FOL ***

6012 * New "case_product" attribute (see HOL).

6015 *** ZF ***

6017 * Greater support for structured proofs involving induction or case

6018 analysis.

6020 * Much greater use of mathematical symbols.

6022 * Removal of many ML theorem bindings. INCOMPATIBILITY.

6025 *** ML ***

6027 * Antiquotation @{keyword "name"} produces a parser for outer syntax

6028 from a minor keyword introduced via theory header declaration.

6030 * Antiquotation @{command_spec "name"} produces the

6031 Outer_Syntax.command_spec from a major keyword introduced via theory

6032 header declaration; it can be passed to Outer_Syntax.command etc.

6034 * Local_Theory.define no longer hard-wires default theorem name

6035 "foo_def", but retains the binding as given. If that is Binding.empty

6036 / Attrib.empty_binding, the result is not registered as user-level

6037 fact. The Local_Theory.define_internal variant allows to specify a

6038 non-empty name (used for the foundation in the background theory),

6039 while omitting the fact binding in the user-context. Potential

6040 INCOMPATIBILITY for derived definitional packages: need to specify

6041 naming policy for primitive definitions more explicitly.

6043 * Renamed Thm.capply to Thm.apply, and Thm.cabs to Thm.lambda in

6044 conformance with similar operations in structure Term and Logic.

6046 * Antiquotation @{attributes [...]} embeds attribute source

6047 representation into the ML text, which is particularly useful with

6048 declarations like Local_Theory.note.

6050 * Structure Proof_Context follows standard naming scheme. Old

6051 ProofContext has been discontinued. INCOMPATIBILITY.

6053 * Refined Local_Theory.declaration {syntax, pervasive}, with subtle

6054 change of semantics: update is applied to auxiliary local theory

6055 context as well.

6057 * Modernized some old-style infix operations:

6059 addeqcongs ~> Simplifier.add_eqcong

6060 deleqcongs ~> Simplifier.del_eqcong

6061 addcongs ~> Simplifier.add_cong

6062 delcongs ~> Simplifier.del_cong

6063 setmksimps ~> Simplifier.set_mksimps

6064 setmkcong ~> Simplifier.set_mkcong

6065 setmksym ~> Simplifier.set_mksym

6066 setmkeqTrue ~> Simplifier.set_mkeqTrue

6067 settermless ~> Simplifier.set_termless

6068 setsubgoaler ~> Simplifier.set_subgoaler

6069 addsplits ~> Splitter.add_split

6070 delsplits ~> Splitter.del_split

6073 *** System ***

6075 * USER_HOME settings variable points to cross-platform user home

6076 directory, which coincides with HOME on POSIX systems only. Likewise,

6077 the Isabelle path specification "~" now expands to $USER_HOME, instead

6078 of former $HOME. A different default for USER_HOME may be set

6079 explicitly in shell environment, before Isabelle settings are

6080 evaluated. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY: need to adapt Isabelle path where

6081 the generic user home was intended.

6083 * ISABELLE_HOME_WINDOWS refers to ISABELLE_HOME in windows file name

6084 notation, which is useful for the jEdit file browser, for example.

6086 * ISABELLE_JDK_HOME settings variable points to JDK with javac and jar

6087 (not just JRE).

6091 New in Isabelle2011-1 (October 2011)

6092 ------------------------------------

6094 *** General ***

6096 * Improved Isabelle/jEdit Prover IDE (PIDE), which can be invoked as

6097 "isabelle jedit" or "ISABELLE_HOME/Isabelle" on the command line.

6099 - Management of multiple theory files directly from the editor

6100 buffer store -- bypassing the file-system (no requirement to save

6101 files for checking).

6103 - Markup of formal entities within the text buffer, with semantic

6104 highlighting, tooltips and hyperlinks to jump to defining source

6105 positions.

6107 - Improved text rendering, with sub/superscripts in the source

6108 buffer (including support for copy/paste wrt. output panel, HTML

6109 theory output and other non-Isabelle text boxes).

6111 - Refined scheduling of proof checking and printing of results,

6112 based on interactive editor view. (Note: jEdit folding and

6113 narrowing allows to restrict buffer perspectives explicitly.)

6115 - Reduced CPU performance requirements, usable on machines with few

6116 cores.

6118 - Reduced memory requirements due to pruning of unused document

6119 versions (garbage collection).

6121 See also ~~/src/Tools/jEdit/README.html for further information,

6122 including some remaining limitations.

6124 * Theory loader: source files are exclusively located via the master

6125 directory of each theory node (where the .thy file itself resides).

6126 The global load path (such as src/HOL/Library) has been discontinued.

6127 Note that the path element ~~ may be used to reference theories in the

6128 Isabelle home folder -- for instance, "~~/src/HOL/Library/FuncSet".

6129 INCOMPATIBILITY.

6131 * Theory loader: source files are identified by content via SHA1

6132 digests. Discontinued former path/modtime identification and optional

6133 ISABELLE_FILE_IDENT plugin scripts.

6135 * Parallelization of nested Isar proofs is subject to

6136 Goal.parallel_proofs_threshold (default 100). See also isabelle

6137 usedir option -Q.

6139 * Name space: former unsynchronized references are now proper

6140 configuration options, with more conventional names:

6142 long_names ~> names_long

6143 short_names ~> names_short

6144 unique_names ~> names_unique

6146 Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, need to declare options in context like this:

6148 declare [[names_unique = false]]

6150 * Literal facts `prop` may contain dummy patterns, e.g. `_ = _`. Note

6151 that the result needs to be unique, which means fact specifications

6152 may have to be refined after enriching a proof context.

6154 * Attribute "case_names" has been refined: the assumptions in each case

6155 can be named now by following the case name with [name1 name2 ...].

6157 * Isabelle/Isar reference manual has been updated and extended:

6158 - "Synopsis" provides a catalog of main Isar language concepts.

6159 - Formal references in syntax diagrams, via @{rail} antiquotation.

6160 - Updated material from classic "ref" manual, notably about

6161 "Classical Reasoner".

6164 *** HOL ***

6166 * Class bot and top require underlying partial order rather than

6167 preorder: uniqueness of bot and top is guaranteed. INCOMPATIBILITY.

6169 * Class complete_lattice: generalized a couple of lemmas from sets;

6170 generalized theorems INF_cong and SUP_cong. New type classes for

6171 complete boolean algebras and complete linear orders. Lemmas

6172 Inf_less_iff, less_Sup_iff, INF_less_iff, less_SUP_iff now reside in

6173 class complete_linorder.

6175 Changed proposition of lemmas Inf_bool_def, Sup_bool_def, Inf_fun_def,

6176 Sup_fun_def, Inf_apply, Sup_apply.

6178 Removed redundant lemmas (the right hand side gives hints how to

6179 replace them for (metis ...), or (simp only: ...) proofs):

6181 Inf_singleton ~> Inf_insert [where A="{}", unfolded Inf_empty inf_top_right]

6182 Sup_singleton ~> Sup_insert [where A="{}", unfolded Sup_empty sup_bot_right]

6183 Inf_binary ~> Inf_insert, Inf_empty, and inf_top_right

6184 Sup_binary ~> Sup_insert, Sup_empty, and sup_bot_right

6185 Int_eq_Inter ~> Inf_insert, Inf_empty, and inf_top_right

6186 Un_eq_Union ~> Sup_insert, Sup_empty, and sup_bot_right

6187 Inter_def ~> INF_def, image_def

6188 Union_def ~> SUP_def, image_def

6189 INT_eq ~> INF_def, and image_def

6190 UN_eq ~> SUP_def, and image_def

6191 INF_subset ~> INF_superset_mono [OF _ order_refl]

6193 More consistent and comprehensive names:

6195 INTER_eq_Inter_image ~> INF_def

6196 UNION_eq_Union_image ~> SUP_def

6197 INFI_def ~> INF_def

6198 SUPR_def ~> SUP_def

6199 INF_leI ~> INF_lower

6200 INF_leI2 ~> INF_lower2

6201 le_INFI ~> INF_greatest

6202 le_SUPI ~> SUP_upper

6203 le_SUPI2 ~> SUP_upper2

6204 SUP_leI ~> SUP_least

6205 INFI_bool_eq ~> INF_bool_eq

6206 SUPR_bool_eq ~> SUP_bool_eq

6207 INFI_apply ~> INF_apply

6208 SUPR_apply ~> SUP_apply

6209 INTER_def ~> INTER_eq

6210 UNION_def ~> UNION_eq

6212 INCOMPATIBILITY.

6214 * Renamed theory Complete_Lattice to Complete_Lattices.

6215 INCOMPATIBILITY.

6217 * Theory Complete_Lattices: lemmas Inf_eq_top_iff, INF_eq_top_iff,

6218 INF_image, Inf_insert, INF_top, Inf_top_conv, INF_top_conv, SUP_bot,

6219 Sup_bot_conv, SUP_bot_conv, Sup_eq_top_iff, SUP_eq_top_iff, SUP_image,

6220 Sup_insert are now declared as [simp]. INCOMPATIBILITY.

6222 * Theory Lattice: lemmas compl_inf_bot, compl_le_comp_iff,

6223 compl_sup_top, inf_idem, inf_left_idem, inf_sup_absorb, sup_idem,

6224 sup_inf_absob, sup_left_idem are now declared as [simp]. Minor

6225 INCOMPATIBILITY.

6227 * Added syntactic classes "inf" and "sup" for the respective

6228 constants. INCOMPATIBILITY: Changes in the argument order of the

6229 (mostly internal) locale predicates for some derived classes.

6231 * Theorem collections ball_simps and bex_simps do not contain theorems

6232 referring to UNION any longer; these have been moved to collection

6233 UN_ball_bex_simps. INCOMPATIBILITY.

6235 * Theory Archimedean_Field: floor now is defined as parameter of a

6236 separate type class floor_ceiling.

6238 * Theory Finite_Set: more coherent development of fold_set locales:

6240 locale fun_left_comm ~> locale comp_fun_commute

6241 locale fun_left_comm_idem ~> locale comp_fun_idem

6243 Both use point-free characterization; interpretation proofs may need

6244 adjustment. INCOMPATIBILITY.

6246 * Theory Limits: Type "'a net" has been renamed to "'a filter", in

6247 accordance with standard mathematical terminology. INCOMPATIBILITY.

6249 * Theory Complex_Main: The locale interpretations for the

6250 bounded_linear and bounded_bilinear locales have been removed, in

6251 order to reduce the number of duplicate lemmas. Users must use the

6252 original names for distributivity theorems, potential INCOMPATIBILITY.

6254 divide.add ~> add_divide_distrib

6255 divide.diff ~> diff_divide_distrib

6256 divide.setsum ~> setsum_divide_distrib

6257 mult.add_right ~> right_distrib

6258 mult.diff_right ~> right_diff_distrib

6259 mult_right.setsum ~> setsum_right_distrib

6260 mult_left.diff ~> left_diff_distrib

6262 * Theory Complex_Main: Several redundant theorems have been removed or