src/Pure/Isar/class.ML
author wenzelm
Sun Feb 07 19:33:34 2010 +0100 (2010-02-07)
changeset 35021 c839a4c670c6
parent 33671 4b0f2599ed48
child 35120 0a3adceb9c67
permissions -rw-r--r--
renamed old-style Drule.standard to Drule.export_without_context, to emphasize that this is in no way a standard operation;
     1 (*  Title:      Pure/Isar/ML
     2     Author:     Florian Haftmann, TU Muenchen
     3 
     4 Type classes derived from primitive axclasses and locales - interfaces.
     5 *)
     6 
     7 signature CLASS =
     8 sig
     9   include CLASS_TARGET
    10     (*FIXME the split into class_target.ML, theory_target.ML and
    11       class.ML is artificial*)
    12 
    13   val class: binding -> class list -> Element.context_i list
    14     -> theory -> string * local_theory
    15   val class_cmd: binding -> xstring list -> Element.context list
    16     -> theory -> string * local_theory
    17   val prove_subclass: tactic -> class -> local_theory -> local_theory
    18   val subclass: class -> local_theory -> Proof.state
    19   val subclass_cmd: xstring -> local_theory -> Proof.state
    20 end;
    21 
    22 structure Class : CLASS =
    23 struct
    24 
    25 open Class_Target;
    26 
    27 (** class definitions **)
    28 
    29 local
    30 
    31 (* calculating class-related rules including canonical interpretation *)
    32 
    33 fun calculate thy class sups base_sort param_map assm_axiom =
    34   let
    35     val empty_ctxt = ProofContext.init thy;
    36 
    37     (* instantiation of canonical interpretation *)
    38     val aT = TFree (Name.aT, base_sort);
    39     val param_map_const = (map o apsnd) Const param_map;
    40     val param_map_inst = (map o apsnd)
    41       (Const o apsnd (map_atyps (K aT))) param_map;
    42     val const_morph = Element.inst_morphism thy
    43       (Symtab.empty, Symtab.make param_map_inst);
    44     val typ_morph = Element.inst_morphism thy
    45       (Symtab.empty |> Symtab.update (Name.aT, TFree (Name.aT, [class])), Symtab.empty);
    46     val (([raw_props], [(_, raw_inst_morph)], export_morph), _) = empty_ctxt
    47       |> Expression.cert_goal_expression ([(class, (("", false),
    48            Expression.Named param_map_const))], []);
    49     val (props, inst_morph) = if null param_map
    50       then (raw_props |> map (Morphism.term typ_morph),
    51         raw_inst_morph $> typ_morph)
    52       else (raw_props, raw_inst_morph); (*FIXME proper handling in
    53         locale.ML / expression.ML would be desirable*)
    54 
    55     (* witness for canonical interpretation *)
    56     val prop = try the_single props;
    57     val wit = Option.map (fn prop => let
    58         val sup_axioms = map_filter (fst o rules thy) sups;
    59         val loc_intro_tac = case Locale.intros_of thy class
    60           of (_, NONE) => all_tac
    61            | (_, SOME intro) => ALLGOALS (Tactic.rtac intro);
    62         val tac = loc_intro_tac
    63           THEN ALLGOALS (ProofContext.fact_tac (sup_axioms @ the_list assm_axiom))
    64       in Element.prove_witness empty_ctxt prop tac end) prop;
    65     val axiom = Option.map Element.conclude_witness wit;
    66 
    67     (* canonical interpretation *)
    68     val base_morph = inst_morph
    69       $> Morphism.binding_morphism (Binding.prefix false (class_prefix class))
    70       $> Element.satisfy_morphism (the_list wit);
    71     val eq_morph = Element.eq_morphism thy (these_defs thy sups);
    72 
    73     (* assm_intro *)
    74     fun prove_assm_intro thm =
    75       let
    76         val ((_, [thm']), _) = Variable.import true [thm] empty_ctxt;
    77         val thm'' = Morphism.thm (const_morph $> eq_morph) thm';
    78         val tac = ALLGOALS (ProofContext.fact_tac [thm'']);
    79       in Skip_Proof.prove_global thy [] [] (Thm.prop_of thm'') (K tac) end;
    80     val assm_intro = Option.map prove_assm_intro
    81       (fst (Locale.intros_of thy class));
    82 
    83     (* of_class *)
    84     val of_class_prop_concl = Logic.mk_of_class (aT, class);
    85     val of_class_prop = case prop of NONE => of_class_prop_concl
    86       | SOME prop => Logic.mk_implies (Morphism.term const_morph
    87           ((map_types o map_atyps) (K aT) prop), of_class_prop_concl);
    88     val sup_of_classes = map (snd o rules thy) sups;
    89     val loc_axiom_intros = map Drule.export_without_context_open (Locale.axioms_of thy class);
    90     val axclass_intro = #intro (AxClass.get_info thy class);
    91     val base_sort_trivs = Thm.of_sort (Thm.ctyp_of thy aT, base_sort);
    92     val tac = REPEAT (SOMEGOAL
    93       (Tactic.match_tac (axclass_intro :: sup_of_classes
    94          @ loc_axiom_intros @ base_sort_trivs)
    95            ORELSE' Tactic.assume_tac));
    96     val of_class = Skip_Proof.prove_global thy [] [] of_class_prop (K tac);
    97 
    98   in (base_morph, eq_morph, export_morph, axiom, assm_intro, of_class) end;
    99 
   100 
   101 (* reading and processing class specifications *)
   102 
   103 fun prep_class_elems prep_decl thy sups proto_base_sort raw_elems =
   104   let
   105 
   106     (* user space type system: only permits 'a type variable, improves towards 'a *)
   107     val base_constraints = (map o apsnd)
   108       (map_type_tfree (K (TVar ((Name.aT, 0), proto_base_sort))) o fst o snd)
   109         (these_operations thy sups);
   110     val reject_bcd_etc = (map o map_atyps) (fn T as TFree (v, sort) =>
   111           if v = Name.aT then T
   112           else error ("No type variable other than " ^ Name.aT ^ " allowed in class specification")
   113       | T => T);
   114     fun singleton_fixate thy algebra Ts =
   115       let
   116         fun extract f = (fold o fold_atyps) f Ts [];
   117         val tfrees = extract
   118           (fn TFree (v, sort) => insert (op =) (v, sort) | _ => I);
   119         val inferred_sort = extract
   120           (fn TVar (_, sort) => curry (Sorts.inter_sort algebra) sort | _ => I);
   121         val fixate_sort = if null tfrees then inferred_sort
   122           else case tfrees
   123            of [(_, a_sort)] => if Sorts.sort_le algebra (a_sort, inferred_sort)
   124                 then Sorts.inter_sort algebra (a_sort, inferred_sort)
   125                 else error ("Type inference imposes additional sort constraint "
   126                   ^ Syntax.string_of_sort_global thy inferred_sort
   127                   ^ " of type parameter " ^ Name.aT ^ " of sort "
   128                   ^ Syntax.string_of_sort_global thy a_sort ^ ".")
   129             | _ => error "Multiple type variables in class specification.";
   130       in (map o map_atyps) (K (TFree (Name.aT, fixate_sort))) Ts end;
   131     fun add_typ_check level name f = Context.proof_map
   132       (Syntax.add_typ_check level name (fn xs => fn ctxt =>
   133         let val xs' = f xs in if eq_list (op =) (xs, xs') then NONE else SOME (xs', ctxt) end));
   134 
   135     (* preprocessing elements, retrieving base sort from typechecked elements *)
   136     val init_class_body = fold (ProofContext.add_const_constraint o apsnd SOME) base_constraints
   137       #> redeclare_operations thy sups
   138       #> add_typ_check 10 "reject_bcd_etc" reject_bcd_etc
   139       #> add_typ_check ~10 "singleton_fixate" (singleton_fixate thy (Sign.classes_of thy));
   140     val raw_supexpr = (map (fn sup => (sup, (("", false),
   141       Expression.Positional []))) sups, []);
   142     val ((raw_supparams, _, inferred_elems), _) = ProofContext.init thy
   143       |> prep_decl raw_supexpr init_class_body raw_elems;
   144     fun fold_element_types f (Element.Fixes fxs) = fold (fn (_, SOME T, _) => f T) fxs
   145       | fold_element_types f (Element.Constrains cnstrs) = fold (f o snd) cnstrs
   146       | fold_element_types f (Element.Assumes assms) = fold (fold (fn (t, ts) =>
   147           fold_types f t #> (fold o fold_types) f ts) o snd) assms
   148       | fold_element_types f (Element.Defines _) =
   149           error ("\"defines\" element not allowed in class specification.")
   150       | fold_element_types f (Element.Notes _) =
   151           error ("\"notes\" element not allowed in class specification.");
   152     val base_sort = if null inferred_elems then proto_base_sort else
   153       case (fold o fold_element_types) Term.add_tfreesT inferred_elems []
   154        of [] => error "No type variable in class specification"
   155         | [(_, sort)] => sort
   156         | _ => error "Multiple type variables in class specification";
   157     val supparams = map (fn ((c, T), _) =>
   158       (c, map_atyps (K (TFree (Name.aT, base_sort))) T)) raw_supparams;
   159     val supparam_names = map fst supparams;
   160     fun mk_param ((c, _), _) = Free (c, (the o AList.lookup (op =) supparams) c);
   161     val supexpr = (map (fn sup => (sup, (("", false),
   162       Expression.Positional (map (SOME o mk_param) (Locale.params_of thy sup))))) sups,
   163         map (fn (c, T) => (Binding.name c, SOME T, NoSyn)) supparams);
   164 
   165   in (base_sort, supparam_names, supexpr, inferred_elems) end;
   166 
   167 val cert_class_elems = prep_class_elems Expression.cert_declaration;
   168 val read_class_elems = prep_class_elems Expression.cert_read_declaration;
   169 
   170 fun prep_class_spec prep_class prep_class_elems thy raw_supclasses raw_elems =
   171   let
   172 
   173     (* prepare import *)
   174     val inter_sort = curry (Sorts.inter_sort (Sign.classes_of thy));
   175     val sups = map (prep_class thy) raw_supclasses
   176       |> Sign.minimize_sort thy;
   177     val _ = case filter_out (is_class thy) sups
   178      of [] => ()
   179       | no_classes => error ("No (proper) classes: " ^ commas (map quote no_classes));
   180     val raw_supparams = (map o apsnd) (snd o snd) (these_params thy sups);
   181     val raw_supparam_names = map fst raw_supparams;
   182     val _ = if has_duplicates (op =) raw_supparam_names
   183       then error ("Duplicate parameter(s) in superclasses: "
   184         ^ (commas o map quote o duplicates (op =)) raw_supparam_names)
   185       else ();
   186     val given_basesort = fold inter_sort (map (base_sort thy) sups) [];
   187 
   188     (* infer types and base sort *)
   189     val (base_sort, supparam_names, supexpr, inferred_elems) =
   190       prep_class_elems thy sups given_basesort raw_elems;
   191     val sup_sort = inter_sort base_sort sups;
   192 
   193     (* process elements as class specification *)
   194     val class_ctxt = begin sups base_sort (ProofContext.init thy);
   195     val ((_, _, syntax_elems), _) = class_ctxt
   196       |> Expression.cert_declaration supexpr I inferred_elems;
   197     fun check_vars e vs = if null vs
   198       then error ("No type variable in part of specification element "
   199         ^ (Pretty.output o Pretty.chunks) (Element.pretty_ctxt class_ctxt e))
   200       else ();
   201     fun check_element (e as Element.Fixes fxs) =
   202           map (fn (_, SOME T, _) => check_vars e (Term.add_tfreesT T [])) fxs
   203       | check_element (e as Element.Assumes assms) =
   204           maps (fn (_, ts_pss) => map
   205             (fn (t, _) => check_vars e (Term.add_tfrees t [])) ts_pss) assms
   206       | check_element e = [()];
   207     val _ = map check_element syntax_elems;
   208     fun fork_syn (Element.Fixes xs) =
   209           fold_map (fn (c, ty, syn) => cons (c, syn) #> pair (c, ty, NoSyn)) xs
   210           #>> Element.Fixes
   211       | fork_syn x = pair x;
   212     val (elems, global_syntax) = fold_map fork_syn syntax_elems [];
   213 
   214   in (((sups, supparam_names), (sup_sort, base_sort, supexpr)), (elems, global_syntax)) end;
   215 
   216 val cert_class_spec = prep_class_spec (K I) cert_class_elems;
   217 val read_class_spec = prep_class_spec Sign.intern_class read_class_elems;
   218 
   219 
   220 (* class establishment *)
   221 
   222 fun add_consts class base_sort sups supparam_names global_syntax thy =
   223   let
   224     (*FIXME simplify*)
   225     val supconsts = supparam_names
   226       |> AList.make (snd o the o AList.lookup (op =) (these_params thy sups))
   227       |> (map o apsnd o apsnd o map_atyps o K o TFree) (Name.aT, [class]);
   228     val all_params = Locale.params_of thy class;
   229     val raw_params = (snd o chop (length supparam_names)) all_params;
   230     fun add_const ((raw_c, raw_ty), _) thy =
   231       let
   232         val b = Binding.name raw_c;
   233         val c = Sign.full_name thy b;
   234         val ty = map_atyps (K (TFree (Name.aT, base_sort))) raw_ty;
   235         val ty0 = Type.strip_sorts ty;
   236         val ty' = map_atyps (K (TFree (Name.aT, [class]))) ty0;
   237         val syn = (the_default NoSyn o AList.lookup Binding.eq_name global_syntax) b;
   238       in
   239         thy
   240         |> Sign.declare_const ((b, ty0), syn)
   241         |> snd
   242         |> pair ((Name.of_binding b, ty), (c, ty'))
   243       end;
   244   in
   245     thy
   246     |> Sign.add_path (class_prefix class)
   247     |> fold_map add_const raw_params
   248     ||> Sign.restore_naming thy
   249     |-> (fn params => pair (supconsts @ (map o apfst) fst params, params))
   250   end;
   251 
   252 fun adjungate_axclass bname class base_sort sups supsort supparam_names global_syntax thy =
   253   let
   254     (*FIXME simplify*)
   255     fun globalize param_map = map_aterms
   256       (fn Free (v, ty) => Const ((fst o the o AList.lookup (op =) param_map) v, ty)
   257         | t => t);
   258     val raw_pred = Locale.intros_of thy class
   259       |> fst
   260       |> Option.map (Logic.unvarify o Logic.strip_imp_concl o Thm.prop_of);
   261     fun get_axiom thy = case (#axioms o AxClass.get_info thy) class
   262      of [] => NONE
   263       | [thm] => SOME thm;
   264   in
   265     thy
   266     |> add_consts class base_sort sups supparam_names global_syntax
   267     |-> (fn (param_map, params) => AxClass.define_class (bname, supsort)
   268           (map (fst o snd) params)
   269           [(Thm.empty_binding, Option.map (globalize param_map) raw_pred |> the_list)]
   270     #> snd
   271     #> `get_axiom
   272     #-> (fn assm_axiom => fold (Sign.add_const_constraint o apsnd SOME o snd) params
   273     #> pair (param_map, params, assm_axiom)))
   274   end;
   275 
   276 fun gen_class prep_class_spec bname raw_supclasses raw_elems thy =
   277   let
   278     val class = Sign.full_name thy bname;
   279     val (((sups, supparam_names), (supsort, base_sort, supexpr)), (elems, global_syntax)) =
   280       prep_class_spec thy raw_supclasses raw_elems;
   281   in
   282     thy
   283     |> Expression.add_locale bname Binding.empty supexpr elems
   284     |> snd |> Local_Theory.exit_global
   285     |> adjungate_axclass bname class base_sort sups supsort supparam_names global_syntax
   286     ||> Theory.checkpoint
   287     |-> (fn (param_map, params, assm_axiom) =>
   288        `(fn thy => calculate thy class sups base_sort param_map assm_axiom)
   289     #-> (fn (base_morph, eq_morph, export_morph, axiom, assm_intro, of_class) =>
   290        Locale.add_registration (class, base_morph $> eq_morph) NONE export_morph
   291          (*FIXME should not modify base_morph, although admissible*)
   292     #> register class sups params base_sort base_morph export_morph axiom assm_intro of_class))
   293     |> Theory_Target.init (SOME class)
   294     |> pair class
   295   end;
   296 
   297 in
   298 
   299 val class = gen_class cert_class_spec;
   300 val class_cmd = gen_class read_class_spec;
   301 
   302 end; (*local*)
   303 
   304 
   305 (** subclass relations **)
   306 
   307 local
   308 
   309 fun gen_subclass prep_class do_proof raw_sup lthy =
   310   let
   311     val thy = ProofContext.theory_of lthy;
   312     val proto_sup = prep_class thy raw_sup;
   313     val proto_sub = case Theory_Target.peek lthy
   314      of {is_class = false, ...} => error "Not in a class context"
   315       | {target, ...} => target;
   316     val (sub, sup) = AxClass.cert_classrel thy (proto_sub, proto_sup);
   317 
   318     val expr = ([(sup, (("", false), Expression.Positional []))], []);
   319     val (([props], deps, export), goal_ctxt) =
   320       Expression.cert_goal_expression expr lthy;
   321     val some_prop = try the_single props;
   322     val some_dep_morph = try the_single (map snd deps);
   323     fun after_qed some_wit =
   324       ProofContext.theory (register_subclass (sub, sup)
   325         some_dep_morph some_wit export)
   326       #> ProofContext.theory_of #> Theory_Target.init (SOME sub);
   327   in do_proof after_qed some_prop goal_ctxt end;
   328 
   329 fun user_proof after_qed some_prop =
   330   Element.witness_proof (after_qed o try the_single o the_single)
   331     [the_list some_prop];
   332 
   333 fun tactic_proof tac after_qed some_prop ctxt =
   334   after_qed (Option.map
   335     (fn prop => Element.prove_witness ctxt prop tac) some_prop) ctxt;
   336 
   337 in
   338 
   339 val subclass = gen_subclass (K I) user_proof;
   340 fun prove_subclass tac = gen_subclass (K I) (tactic_proof tac);
   341 val subclass_cmd = gen_subclass Sign.read_class user_proof;
   342 
   343 end; (*local*)
   344 
   345 end;