author huffman
Wed, 13 Oct 2010 10:27:26 -0700
changeset 40010 d7fdd84b959f
parent 40004 9f6ed6840e8d
child 40736 72857de90621
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(*  Title:      HOLCF/Cont.thy
    Author:     Franz Regensburger
    Author:     Brian Huffman

header {* Continuity and monotonicity *}

theory Cont
imports Pcpo

text {*
   Now we change the default class! Form now on all untyped type variables are
   of default class po

default_sort po

subsection {* Definitions *}

  monofun :: "('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) \<Rightarrow> bool"  -- "monotonicity"  where
  "monofun f = (\<forall>x y. x \<sqsubseteq> y \<longrightarrow> f x \<sqsubseteq> f y)"

  cont :: "('a::cpo \<Rightarrow> 'b::cpo) \<Rightarrow> bool"
  "cont f = (\<forall>Y. chain Y \<longrightarrow> range (\<lambda>i. f (Y i)) <<| f (\<Squnion>i. Y i))"

lemma contI:
  "\<lbrakk>\<And>Y. chain Y \<Longrightarrow> range (\<lambda>i. f (Y i)) <<| f (\<Squnion>i. Y i)\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> cont f"
by (simp add: cont_def)

lemma contE:
  "\<lbrakk>cont f; chain Y\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> range (\<lambda>i. f (Y i)) <<| f (\<Squnion>i. Y i)"
by (simp add: cont_def)

lemma monofunI: 
  "\<lbrakk>\<And>x y. x \<sqsubseteq> y \<Longrightarrow> f x \<sqsubseteq> f y\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> monofun f"
by (simp add: monofun_def)

lemma monofunE: 
  "\<lbrakk>monofun f; x \<sqsubseteq> y\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> f x \<sqsubseteq> f y"
by (simp add: monofun_def)

subsection {* Equivalence of alternate definition *}

text {* monotone functions map chains to chains *}

lemma ch2ch_monofun: "\<lbrakk>monofun f; chain Y\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> chain (\<lambda>i. f (Y i))"
apply (rule chainI)
apply (erule monofunE)
apply (erule chainE)

text {* monotone functions map upper bound to upper bounds *}

lemma ub2ub_monofun: 
  "\<lbrakk>monofun f; range Y <| u\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> range (\<lambda>i. f (Y i)) <| f u"
apply (rule ub_rangeI)
apply (erule monofunE)
apply (erule ub_rangeD)

text {* a lemma about binary chains *}

lemma binchain_cont:
  "\<lbrakk>cont f; x \<sqsubseteq> y\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> range (\<lambda>i::nat. f (if i = 0 then x else y)) <<| f y"
apply (subgoal_tac "f (\<Squnion>i::nat. if i = 0 then x else y) = f y")
apply (erule subst)
apply (erule contE)
apply (erule bin_chain)
apply (rule_tac f=f in arg_cong)
apply (erule lub_bin_chain [THEN thelubI])

text {* continuity implies monotonicity *}

lemma cont2mono: "cont f \<Longrightarrow> monofun f"
apply (rule monofunI)
apply (drule (1) binchain_cont)
apply (drule_tac i=0 in is_ub_lub)
apply simp

lemmas cont2monofunE = cont2mono [THEN monofunE]

lemmas ch2ch_cont = cont2mono [THEN ch2ch_monofun]

text {* continuity implies preservation of lubs *}

lemma cont2contlubE:
  "\<lbrakk>cont f; chain Y\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> f (\<Squnion> i. Y i) = (\<Squnion> i. f (Y i))"
apply (rule thelubI [symmetric])
apply (erule (1) contE)

lemma contI2:
  assumes mono: "monofun f"
  assumes below: "\<And>Y. \<lbrakk>chain Y; chain (\<lambda>i. f (Y i))\<rbrakk>
     \<Longrightarrow> f (\<Squnion>i. Y i) \<sqsubseteq> (\<Squnion>i. f (Y i))"
  shows "cont f"
apply (rule contI)
apply (rule thelubE)
apply (erule ch2ch_monofun [OF mono])
apply (rule below_antisym)
apply (rule is_lub_thelub)
apply (erule ch2ch_monofun [OF mono])
apply (rule ub2ub_monofun [OF mono])
apply (rule is_lubD1)
apply (erule cpo_lubI)
apply (rule below, assumption)
apply (erule ch2ch_monofun [OF mono])

subsection {* Collection of continuity rules *}

ML {*
structure Cont2ContData = Named_Thms
  val name = "cont2cont"
  val description = "continuity intro rule"

setup Cont2ContData.setup

subsection {* Continuity of basic functions *}

text {* The identity function is continuous *}

lemma cont_id [simp, cont2cont]: "cont (\<lambda>x. x)"
apply (rule contI)
apply (erule cpo_lubI)

text {* constant functions are continuous *}

lemma cont_const [simp, cont2cont]: "cont (\<lambda>x. c)"
apply (rule contI)
apply (rule lub_const)

text {* application of functions is continuous *}

lemma cont_apply:
  fixes f :: "'a::cpo \<Rightarrow> 'b::cpo \<Rightarrow> 'c::cpo" and t :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b"
  assumes 1: "cont (\<lambda>x. t x)"
  assumes 2: "\<And>x. cont (\<lambda>y. f x y)"
  assumes 3: "\<And>y. cont (\<lambda>x. f x y)"
  shows "cont (\<lambda>x. (f x) (t x))"
proof (rule contI2 [OF monofunI])
  fix x y :: "'a" assume "x \<sqsubseteq> y"
  then show "f x (t x) \<sqsubseteq> f y (t y)"
    by (auto intro: cont2monofunE [OF 1]
                    cont2monofunE [OF 2]
                    cont2monofunE [OF 3]
  fix Y :: "nat \<Rightarrow> 'a" assume "chain Y"
  then show "f (\<Squnion>i. Y i) (t (\<Squnion>i. Y i)) \<sqsubseteq> (\<Squnion>i. f (Y i) (t (Y i)))"
    by (simp only: cont2contlubE [OF 1] ch2ch_cont [OF 1]
                   cont2contlubE [OF 2] ch2ch_cont [OF 2]
                   cont2contlubE [OF 3] ch2ch_cont [OF 3]
                   diag_lub below_refl)

lemma cont_compose:
  "\<lbrakk>cont c; cont (\<lambda>x. f x)\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> cont (\<lambda>x. c (f x))"
by (rule cont_apply [OF _ _ cont_const])

text {* Least upper bounds preserve continuity *}

lemma cont2cont_lub [simp]:
  assumes chain: "\<And>x. chain (\<lambda>i. F i x)" and cont: "\<And>i. cont (\<lambda>x. F i x)"
  shows "cont (\<lambda>x. \<Squnion>i. F i x)"
apply (rule contI2)
apply (simp add: monofunI cont2monofunE [OF cont] lub_mono chain)
apply (simp add: cont2contlubE [OF cont])
apply (simp add: diag_lub ch2ch_cont [OF cont] chain)

text {* if-then-else is continuous *}

lemma cont_if [simp, cont2cont]:
  "\<lbrakk>cont f; cont g\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> cont (\<lambda>x. if b then f x else g x)"
by (induct b) simp_all

subsection {* Finite chains and flat pcpos *}

text {* Monotone functions map finite chains to finite chains. *}

lemma monofun_finch2finch:
  "\<lbrakk>monofun f; finite_chain Y\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> finite_chain (\<lambda>n. f (Y n))"
apply (unfold finite_chain_def)
apply (simp add: ch2ch_monofun)
apply (force simp add: max_in_chain_def)

text {* The same holds for continuous functions. *}

lemma cont_finch2finch:
  "\<lbrakk>cont f; finite_chain Y\<rbrakk> \<Longrightarrow> finite_chain (\<lambda>n. f (Y n))"
by (rule cont2mono [THEN monofun_finch2finch])

text {* All monotone functions with chain-finite domain are continuous. *}

lemma chfindom_monofun2cont: "monofun f \<Longrightarrow> cont (f::'a::chfin \<Rightarrow> 'b::cpo)"
apply (erule contI2)
apply (frule chfin2finch)
apply (clarsimp simp add: finite_chain_def)
apply (subgoal_tac "max_in_chain i (\<lambda>i. f (Y i))")
apply (simp add: maxinch_is_thelub ch2ch_monofun)
apply (force simp add: max_in_chain_def)

text {* All strict functions with flat domain are continuous. *}

lemma flatdom_strict2mono: "f \<bottom> = \<bottom> \<Longrightarrow> monofun (f::'a::flat \<Rightarrow> 'b::pcpo)"
apply (rule monofunI)
apply (drule ax_flat)
apply auto

lemma flatdom_strict2cont: "f \<bottom> = \<bottom> \<Longrightarrow> cont (f::'a::flat \<Rightarrow> 'b::pcpo)"
by (rule flatdom_strict2mono [THEN chfindom_monofun2cont])

text {* All functions with discrete domain are continuous. *}

lemma cont_discrete_cpo [simp, cont2cont]: "cont (f::'a::discrete_cpo \<Rightarrow> 'b::cpo)"
apply (rule contI)
apply (drule discrete_chain_const, clarify)
apply (simp add: lub_const)