src/HOL/int_arith1.ML
author huffman
Wed, 13 Jun 2007 03:31:11 +0200
changeset 23365 f31794033ae1
parent 23164 69e55066dbca
child 23400 a64b39e5809b
permissions -rw-r--r--
removed constant int :: nat => int; int is now an abbreviation for of_nat :: nat => int

(*  Title:      HOL/int_arith1.ML
    ID:         $Id$
    Authors:    Larry Paulson and Tobias Nipkow

Simprocs and decision procedure for linear arithmetic.
*)

(** Misc ML bindings **)

val succ_Pls = thm "succ_Pls";
val succ_Min = thm "succ_Min";
val succ_1 = thm "succ_1";
val succ_0 = thm "succ_0";

val pred_Pls = thm "pred_Pls";
val pred_Min = thm "pred_Min";
val pred_1 = thm "pred_1";
val pred_0 = thm "pred_0";

val minus_Pls = thm "minus_Pls";
val minus_Min = thm "minus_Min";
val minus_1 = thm "minus_1";
val minus_0 = thm "minus_0";

val add_Pls = thm "add_Pls";
val add_Min = thm "add_Min";
val add_BIT_11 = thm "add_BIT_11";
val add_BIT_10 = thm "add_BIT_10";
val add_BIT_0 = thm "add_BIT_0";
val add_Pls_right = thm "add_Pls_right";
val add_Min_right = thm "add_Min_right";

val mult_Pls = thm "mult_Pls";
val mult_Min = thm "mult_Min";
val mult_num1 = thm "mult_num1";
val mult_num0 = thm "mult_num0";

val neg_def = thm "neg_def";
val iszero_def = thm "iszero_def";

val number_of_succ = thm "number_of_succ";
val number_of_pred = thm "number_of_pred";
val number_of_minus = thm "number_of_minus";
val number_of_add = thm "number_of_add";
val diff_number_of_eq = thm "diff_number_of_eq";
val number_of_mult = thm "number_of_mult";
val double_number_of_BIT = thm "double_number_of_BIT";
val numeral_0_eq_0 = thm "numeral_0_eq_0";
val numeral_1_eq_1 = thm "numeral_1_eq_1";
val numeral_m1_eq_minus_1 = thm "numeral_m1_eq_minus_1";
val mult_minus1 = thm "mult_minus1";
val mult_minus1_right = thm "mult_minus1_right";
val minus_number_of_mult = thm "minus_number_of_mult";
val zero_less_nat_eq = thm "zero_less_nat_eq";
val eq_number_of_eq = thm "eq_number_of_eq";
val iszero_number_of_Pls = thm "iszero_number_of_Pls";
val nonzero_number_of_Min = thm "nonzero_number_of_Min";
val iszero_number_of_BIT = thm "iszero_number_of_BIT";
val iszero_number_of_0 = thm "iszero_number_of_0";
val iszero_number_of_1 = thm "iszero_number_of_1";
val less_number_of_eq_neg = thm "less_number_of_eq_neg";
val le_number_of_eq = thm "le_number_of_eq";
val not_neg_number_of_Pls = thm "not_neg_number_of_Pls";
val neg_number_of_Min = thm "neg_number_of_Min";
val neg_number_of_BIT = thm "neg_number_of_BIT";
val le_number_of_eq_not_less = thm "le_number_of_eq_not_less";
val abs_number_of = thm "abs_number_of";
val number_of_reorient = thm "number_of_reorient";
val add_number_of_left = thm "add_number_of_left";
val mult_number_of_left = thm "mult_number_of_left";
val add_number_of_diff1 = thm "add_number_of_diff1";
val add_number_of_diff2 = thm "add_number_of_diff2";
val less_iff_diff_less_0 = thm "less_iff_diff_less_0";
val eq_iff_diff_eq_0 = thm "eq_iff_diff_eq_0";
val le_iff_diff_le_0 = thm "le_iff_diff_le_0";

val arith_extra_simps = thms "arith_extra_simps";
val arith_simps = thms "arith_simps";
val rel_simps = thms "rel_simps";

val zless_imp_add1_zle = thm "zless_imp_add1_zle";

val combine_common_factor = thm "combine_common_factor";
val eq_add_iff1 = thm "eq_add_iff1";
val eq_add_iff2 = thm "eq_add_iff2";
val less_add_iff1 = thm "less_add_iff1";
val less_add_iff2 = thm "less_add_iff2";
val le_add_iff1 = thm "le_add_iff1";
val le_add_iff2 = thm "le_add_iff2";

val arith_special = thms "arith_special";

structure Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs =
  struct
  fun prove_conv tacs ctxt (_: thm list) (t, u) =
    if t aconv u then NONE
    else
      let val eq = HOLogic.mk_Trueprop (HOLogic.mk_eq (t, u))
      in SOME (Goal.prove ctxt [] [] eq (K (EVERY tacs))) end

  fun prove_conv_nohyps tacs sg = prove_conv tacs sg [];

  fun prep_simproc (name, pats, proc) =
    Simplifier.simproc (the_context()) name pats proc;

  fun is_numeral (Const(@{const_name Numeral.number_of}, _) $ w) = true
    | is_numeral _ = false

  fun simplify_meta_eq f_number_of_eq f_eq =
      mk_meta_eq ([f_eq, f_number_of_eq] MRS trans)

  (*reorientation simprules using ==, for the following simproc*)
  val meta_zero_reorient = zero_reorient RS eq_reflection
  val meta_one_reorient = one_reorient RS eq_reflection
  val meta_number_of_reorient = number_of_reorient RS eq_reflection

  (*reorientation simplification procedure: reorients (polymorphic) 
    0 = x, 1 = x, nnn = x provided x isn't 0, 1 or a numeral.*)
  fun reorient_proc sg _ (_ $ t $ u) =
    case u of
	Const(@{const_name HOL.zero}, _) => NONE
      | Const(@{const_name HOL.one}, _) => NONE
      | Const(@{const_name Numeral.number_of}, _) $ _ => NONE
      | _ => SOME (case t of
		  Const(@{const_name HOL.zero}, _) => meta_zero_reorient
		| Const(@{const_name HOL.one}, _) => meta_one_reorient
		| Const(@{const_name Numeral.number_of}, _) $ _ => meta_number_of_reorient)

  val reorient_simproc = 
      prep_simproc ("reorient_simproc", ["0=x", "1=x", "number_of w = x"], reorient_proc)

  end;


Addsimprocs [Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs.reorient_simproc];


structure Int_Numeral_Simprocs =
struct

(*Maps 0 to Numeral0 and 1 to Numeral1 so that arithmetic in Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs
  isn't complicated by the abstract 0 and 1.*)
val numeral_syms = [numeral_0_eq_0 RS sym, numeral_1_eq_1 RS sym];

(** New term ordering so that AC-rewriting brings numerals to the front **)

(*Order integers by absolute value and then by sign. The standard integer
  ordering is not well-founded.*)
fun num_ord (i,j) =
      (case IntInf.compare (IntInf.abs i, IntInf.abs j) of
            EQUAL => int_ord (IntInf.sign i, IntInf.sign j) 
          | ord => ord);

(*This resembles Term.term_ord, but it puts binary numerals before other
  non-atomic terms.*)
local open Term 
in 
fun numterm_ord (Abs (_, T, t), Abs(_, U, u)) =
      (case numterm_ord (t, u) of EQUAL => typ_ord (T, U) | ord => ord)
  | numterm_ord
     (Const(@{const_name Numeral.number_of}, _) $ v, Const(@{const_name Numeral.number_of}, _) $ w) =
     num_ord (HOLogic.dest_numeral v, HOLogic.dest_numeral w)
  | numterm_ord (Const(@{const_name Numeral.number_of}, _) $ _, _) = LESS
  | numterm_ord (_, Const(@{const_name Numeral.number_of}, _) $ _) = GREATER
  | numterm_ord (t, u) =
      (case int_ord (size_of_term t, size_of_term u) of
        EQUAL =>
          let val (f, ts) = strip_comb t and (g, us) = strip_comb u in
            (case hd_ord (f, g) of EQUAL => numterms_ord (ts, us) | ord => ord)
          end
      | ord => ord)
and numterms_ord (ts, us) = list_ord numterm_ord (ts, us)
end;

fun numtermless tu = (numterm_ord tu = LESS);

(*Defined in this file, but perhaps needed only for Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs of type nat.*)
val num_ss = HOL_ss settermless numtermless;


(** Utilities **)

fun mk_number T n = HOLogic.number_of_const T $ HOLogic.mk_numeral n;

fun find_first_numeral past (t::terms) =
        ((snd (HOLogic.dest_number t), rev past @ terms)
         handle TERM _ => find_first_numeral (t::past) terms)
  | find_first_numeral past [] = raise TERM("find_first_numeral", []);

val mk_plus = HOLogic.mk_binop @{const_name HOL.plus};

fun mk_minus t = 
  let val T = Term.fastype_of t
  in Const (@{const_name HOL.uminus}, T --> T) $ t
  end;

(*Thus mk_sum[t] yields t+0; longer sums don't have a trailing zero*)
fun mk_sum T []        = mk_number T 0
  | mk_sum T [t,u]     = mk_plus (t, u)
  | mk_sum T (t :: ts) = mk_plus (t, mk_sum T ts);

(*this version ALWAYS includes a trailing zero*)
fun long_mk_sum T []        = mk_number T 0
  | long_mk_sum T (t :: ts) = mk_plus (t, mk_sum T ts);

val dest_plus = HOLogic.dest_bin @{const_name HOL.plus} Term.dummyT;

(*decompose additions AND subtractions as a sum*)
fun dest_summing (pos, Const (@{const_name HOL.plus}, _) $ t $ u, ts) =
        dest_summing (pos, t, dest_summing (pos, u, ts))
  | dest_summing (pos, Const (@{const_name HOL.minus}, _) $ t $ u, ts) =
        dest_summing (pos, t, dest_summing (not pos, u, ts))
  | dest_summing (pos, t, ts) =
        if pos then t::ts else mk_minus t :: ts;

fun dest_sum t = dest_summing (true, t, []);

val mk_diff = HOLogic.mk_binop @{const_name HOL.minus};
val dest_diff = HOLogic.dest_bin @{const_name HOL.minus} Term.dummyT;

val mk_times = HOLogic.mk_binop @{const_name HOL.times};

fun mk_prod T = 
  let val one = mk_number T 1
  fun mk [] = one
    | mk [t] = t
    | mk (t :: ts) = if t = one then mk ts else mk_times (t, mk ts)
  in mk end;

(*This version ALWAYS includes a trailing one*)
fun long_mk_prod T []        = mk_number T 1
  | long_mk_prod T (t :: ts) = mk_times (t, mk_prod T ts);

val dest_times = HOLogic.dest_bin @{const_name HOL.times} Term.dummyT;

fun dest_prod t =
      let val (t,u) = dest_times t
      in  dest_prod t @ dest_prod u  end
      handle TERM _ => [t];

(*DON'T do the obvious simplifications; that would create special cases*)
fun mk_coeff (k, t) = mk_times (mk_number (Term.fastype_of t) k, t);

(*Express t as a product of (possibly) a numeral with other sorted terms*)
fun dest_coeff sign (Const (@{const_name HOL.uminus}, _) $ t) = dest_coeff (~sign) t
  | dest_coeff sign t =
    let val ts = sort Term.term_ord (dest_prod t)
        val (n, ts') = find_first_numeral [] ts
                          handle TERM _ => (1, ts)
    in (sign*n, mk_prod (Term.fastype_of t) ts') end;

(*Find first coefficient-term THAT MATCHES u*)
fun find_first_coeff past u [] = raise TERM("find_first_coeff", [])
  | find_first_coeff past u (t::terms) =
        let val (n,u') = dest_coeff 1 t
        in  if u aconv u' then (n, rev past @ terms)
                          else find_first_coeff (t::past) u terms
        end
        handle TERM _ => find_first_coeff (t::past) u terms;

(*Fractions as pairs of ints. Can't use Rat.rat because the representation
  needs to preserve negative values in the denominator.*)
fun mk_frac (p, q : IntInf.int) = if q = 0 then raise Div else (p, q);

(*Don't reduce fractions; sums must be proved by rule add_frac_eq.
  Fractions are reduced later by the cancel_numeral_factor simproc.*)
fun add_frac ((p1 : IntInf.int, q1 : IntInf.int), (p2, q2)) = (p1 * q2 + p2 * q1, q1 * q2);

val mk_divide = HOLogic.mk_binop @{const_name HOL.divide};

(*Build term (p / q) * t*)
fun mk_fcoeff ((p, q), t) =
  let val T = Term.fastype_of t
  in  mk_times (mk_divide (mk_number T p, mk_number T q), t) end;

(*Express t as a product of a fraction with other sorted terms*)
fun dest_fcoeff sign (Const (@{const_name HOL.uminus}, _) $ t) = dest_fcoeff (~sign) t
  | dest_fcoeff sign (Const (@{const_name HOL.divide}, _) $ t $ u) =
    let val (p, t') = dest_coeff sign t
        val (q, u') = dest_coeff 1 u
    in  (mk_frac (p, q), mk_divide (t', u')) end
  | dest_fcoeff sign t =
    let val (p, t') = dest_coeff sign t
        val T = Term.fastype_of t
    in  (mk_frac (p, 1), mk_divide (t', mk_number T 1)) end;


(*Simplify Numeral0+n, n+Numeral0, Numeral1*n, n*Numeral1*)
val add_0s =  thms "add_0s";
val mult_1s = thms "mult_1s";

(*Simplify inverse Numeral1, a/Numeral1*)
val inverse_1s = [@{thm inverse_numeral_1}];
val divide_1s = [@{thm divide_numeral_1}];

(*To perform binary arithmetic.  The "left" rewriting handles patterns
  created by the Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs, such as 3 * (5 * x). *)
val simps = [numeral_0_eq_0 RS sym, numeral_1_eq_1 RS sym,
                 add_number_of_left, mult_number_of_left] @
                arith_simps @ rel_simps;

(*Binary arithmetic BUT NOT ADDITION since it may collapse adjacent terms
  during re-arrangement*)
val non_add_simps =
  subtract Thm.eq_thm [add_number_of_left, number_of_add RS sym] simps;

(*To evaluate binary negations of coefficients*)
val minus_simps = [numeral_m1_eq_minus_1 RS sym, number_of_minus RS sym,
                   minus_1, minus_0, minus_Pls, minus_Min,
                   pred_1, pred_0, pred_Pls, pred_Min];

(*To let us treat subtraction as addition*)
val diff_simps = [@{thm diff_minus}, @{thm minus_add_distrib}, @{thm minus_minus}];

(*To let us treat division as multiplication*)
val divide_simps = [@{thm divide_inverse}, @{thm inverse_mult_distrib}, @{thm inverse_inverse_eq}];

(*push the unary minus down: - x * y = x * - y *)
val minus_mult_eq_1_to_2 =
    [@{thm minus_mult_left} RS sym, @{thm minus_mult_right}] MRS trans |> standard;

(*to extract again any uncancelled minuses*)
val minus_from_mult_simps =
    [@{thm minus_minus}, @{thm minus_mult_left} RS sym, @{thm minus_mult_right} RS sym];

(*combine unary minus with numeric literals, however nested within a product*)
val mult_minus_simps =
    [@{thm mult_assoc}, @{thm minus_mult_left}, minus_mult_eq_1_to_2];

(*Apply the given rewrite (if present) just once*)
fun trans_tac NONE      = all_tac
  | trans_tac (SOME th) = ALLGOALS (rtac (th RS trans));

fun simplify_meta_eq rules =
  let val ss0 = HOL_basic_ss addeqcongs [eq_cong2] addsimps rules
  in fn ss => simplify (Simplifier.inherit_context ss ss0) o mk_meta_eq end

structure CancelNumeralsCommon =
  struct
  val mk_sum            = mk_sum
  val dest_sum          = dest_sum
  val mk_coeff          = mk_coeff
  val dest_coeff        = dest_coeff 1
  val find_first_coeff  = find_first_coeff []
  val trans_tac         = fn _ => trans_tac

  val norm_ss1 = num_ss addsimps numeral_syms @ add_0s @ mult_1s @
    diff_simps @ minus_simps @ add_ac
  val norm_ss2 = num_ss addsimps non_add_simps @ mult_minus_simps
  val norm_ss3 = num_ss addsimps minus_from_mult_simps @ add_ac @ mult_ac
  fun norm_tac ss =
    ALLGOALS (simp_tac (Simplifier.inherit_context ss norm_ss1))
    THEN ALLGOALS (simp_tac (Simplifier.inherit_context ss norm_ss2))
    THEN ALLGOALS (simp_tac (Simplifier.inherit_context ss norm_ss3))

  val numeral_simp_ss = HOL_ss addsimps add_0s @ simps
  fun numeral_simp_tac ss = ALLGOALS (simp_tac (Simplifier.inherit_context ss numeral_simp_ss))
  val simplify_meta_eq = simplify_meta_eq (add_0s @ mult_1s)
  end;


structure EqCancelNumerals = CancelNumeralsFun
 (open CancelNumeralsCommon
  val prove_conv = Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs.prove_conv
  val mk_bal   = HOLogic.mk_eq
  val dest_bal = HOLogic.dest_bin "op =" Term.dummyT
  val bal_add1 = eq_add_iff1 RS trans
  val bal_add2 = eq_add_iff2 RS trans
);

structure LessCancelNumerals = CancelNumeralsFun
 (open CancelNumeralsCommon
  val prove_conv = Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs.prove_conv
  val mk_bal   = HOLogic.mk_binrel @{const_name Orderings.less}
  val dest_bal = HOLogic.dest_bin @{const_name Orderings.less} Term.dummyT
  val bal_add1 = less_add_iff1 RS trans
  val bal_add2 = less_add_iff2 RS trans
);

structure LeCancelNumerals = CancelNumeralsFun
 (open CancelNumeralsCommon
  val prove_conv = Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs.prove_conv
  val mk_bal   = HOLogic.mk_binrel @{const_name Orderings.less_eq}
  val dest_bal = HOLogic.dest_bin @{const_name Orderings.less_eq} Term.dummyT
  val bal_add1 = le_add_iff1 RS trans
  val bal_add2 = le_add_iff2 RS trans
);

val cancel_numerals =
  map Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs.prep_simproc
   [("inteq_cancel_numerals",
     ["(l::'a::number_ring) + m = n",
      "(l::'a::number_ring) = m + n",
      "(l::'a::number_ring) - m = n",
      "(l::'a::number_ring) = m - n",
      "(l::'a::number_ring) * m = n",
      "(l::'a::number_ring) = m * n"],
     K EqCancelNumerals.proc),
    ("intless_cancel_numerals",
     ["(l::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) + m < n",
      "(l::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) < m + n",
      "(l::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) - m < n",
      "(l::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) < m - n",
      "(l::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) * m < n",
      "(l::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) < m * n"],
     K LessCancelNumerals.proc),
    ("intle_cancel_numerals",
     ["(l::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) + m <= n",
      "(l::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) <= m + n",
      "(l::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) - m <= n",
      "(l::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) <= m - n",
      "(l::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) * m <= n",
      "(l::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) <= m * n"],
     K LeCancelNumerals.proc)];


structure CombineNumeralsData =
  struct
  type coeff            = IntInf.int
  val iszero            = (fn x : IntInf.int => x = 0)
  val add               = IntInf.+
  val mk_sum            = long_mk_sum    (*to work for e.g. 2*x + 3*x *)
  val dest_sum          = dest_sum
  val mk_coeff          = mk_coeff
  val dest_coeff        = dest_coeff 1
  val left_distrib      = combine_common_factor RS trans
  val prove_conv        = Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs.prove_conv_nohyps
  val trans_tac         = fn _ => trans_tac

  val norm_ss1 = num_ss addsimps numeral_syms @ add_0s @ mult_1s @
    diff_simps @ minus_simps @ add_ac
  val norm_ss2 = num_ss addsimps non_add_simps @ mult_minus_simps
  val norm_ss3 = num_ss addsimps minus_from_mult_simps @ add_ac @ mult_ac
  fun norm_tac ss =
    ALLGOALS (simp_tac (Simplifier.inherit_context ss norm_ss1))
    THEN ALLGOALS (simp_tac (Simplifier.inherit_context ss norm_ss2))
    THEN ALLGOALS (simp_tac (Simplifier.inherit_context ss norm_ss3))

  val numeral_simp_ss = HOL_ss addsimps add_0s @ simps
  fun numeral_simp_tac ss = ALLGOALS (simp_tac (Simplifier.inherit_context ss numeral_simp_ss))
  val simplify_meta_eq = simplify_meta_eq (add_0s @ mult_1s)
  end;

structure CombineNumerals = CombineNumeralsFun(CombineNumeralsData);

(*Version for fields, where coefficients can be fractions*)
structure FieldCombineNumeralsData =
  struct
  type coeff            = IntInf.int * IntInf.int
  val iszero            = (fn (p : IntInf.int, q) => p = 0)
  val add               = add_frac
  val mk_sum            = long_mk_sum
  val dest_sum          = dest_sum
  val mk_coeff          = mk_fcoeff
  val dest_coeff        = dest_fcoeff 1
  val left_distrib      = combine_common_factor RS trans
  val prove_conv        = Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs.prove_conv_nohyps
  val trans_tac         = fn _ => trans_tac

  val norm_ss1 = num_ss addsimps numeral_syms @ add_0s @ mult_1s @
    inverse_1s @ divide_simps @ diff_simps @ minus_simps @ add_ac
  val norm_ss2 = num_ss addsimps non_add_simps @ mult_minus_simps
  val norm_ss3 = num_ss addsimps minus_from_mult_simps @ add_ac @ mult_ac
  fun norm_tac ss =
    ALLGOALS (simp_tac (Simplifier.inherit_context ss norm_ss1))
    THEN ALLGOALS (simp_tac (Simplifier.inherit_context ss norm_ss2))
    THEN ALLGOALS (simp_tac (Simplifier.inherit_context ss norm_ss3))

  val numeral_simp_ss = HOL_ss addsimps add_0s @ simps @ [@{thm add_frac_eq}]
  fun numeral_simp_tac ss = ALLGOALS (simp_tac (Simplifier.inherit_context ss numeral_simp_ss))
  val simplify_meta_eq = simplify_meta_eq (add_0s @ mult_1s @ divide_1s)
  end;

structure FieldCombineNumerals = CombineNumeralsFun(FieldCombineNumeralsData);

val combine_numerals =
  Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs.prep_simproc
    ("int_combine_numerals", 
     ["(i::'a::number_ring) + j", "(i::'a::number_ring) - j"], 
     K CombineNumerals.proc);

val field_combine_numerals =
  Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs.prep_simproc
    ("field_combine_numerals", 
     ["(i::'a::{number_ring,field,division_by_zero}) + j",
      "(i::'a::{number_ring,field,division_by_zero}) - j"], 
     K FieldCombineNumerals.proc);

end;

Addsimprocs Int_Numeral_Simprocs.cancel_numerals;
Addsimprocs [Int_Numeral_Simprocs.combine_numerals];
Addsimprocs [Int_Numeral_Simprocs.field_combine_numerals];

(*examples:
print_depth 22;
set timing;
set trace_simp;
fun test s = (Goal s, by (Simp_tac 1));

test "l + 2 + 2 + 2 + (l + 2) + (oo + 2) = (uu::int)";

test "2*u = (u::int)";
test "(i + j + 12 + (k::int)) - 15 = y";
test "(i + j + 12 + (k::int)) - 5 = y";

test "y - b < (b::int)";
test "y - (3*b + c) < (b::int) - 2*c";

test "(2*x - (u*v) + y) - v*3*u = (w::int)";
test "(2*x*u*v + (u*v)*4 + y) - v*u*4 = (w::int)";
test "(2*x*u*v + (u*v)*4 + y) - v*u = (w::int)";
test "u*v - (x*u*v + (u*v)*4 + y) = (w::int)";

test "(i + j + 12 + (k::int)) = u + 15 + y";
test "(i + j*2 + 12 + (k::int)) = j + 5 + y";

test "2*y + 3*z + 6*w + 2*y + 3*z + 2*u = 2*y' + 3*z' + 6*w' + 2*y' + 3*z' + u + (vv::int)";

test "a + -(b+c) + b = (d::int)";
test "a + -(b+c) - b = (d::int)";

(*negative numerals*)
test "(i + j + -2 + (k::int)) - (u + 5 + y) = zz";
test "(i + j + -3 + (k::int)) < u + 5 + y";
test "(i + j + 3 + (k::int)) < u + -6 + y";
test "(i + j + -12 + (k::int)) - 15 = y";
test "(i + j + 12 + (k::int)) - -15 = y";
test "(i + j + -12 + (k::int)) - -15 = y";
*)


(** Constant folding for multiplication in semirings **)

(*We do not need folding for addition: combine_numerals does the same thing*)

structure Semiring_Times_Assoc_Data : ASSOC_FOLD_DATA =
struct
  val assoc_ss = HOL_ss addsimps mult_ac
  val eq_reflection = eq_reflection
end;

structure Semiring_Times_Assoc = Assoc_Fold (Semiring_Times_Assoc_Data);

val assoc_fold_simproc =
  Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs.prep_simproc
   ("semiring_assoc_fold", ["(a::'a::comm_semiring_1_cancel) * b"],
    K Semiring_Times_Assoc.proc);

Addsimprocs [assoc_fold_simproc];




(*** decision procedure for linear arithmetic ***)

(*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*)
(* Linear arithmetic                                                         *)
(*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*)

(*
Instantiation of the generic linear arithmetic package for int.
*)

(* Update parameters of arithmetic prover *)
local

(* reduce contradictory <= to False *)
val add_rules =
    simp_thms @ arith_simps @ rel_simps @ arith_special @
    [@{thm neg_le_iff_le}, @{thm numeral_0_eq_0}, @{thm numeral_1_eq_1},
     @{thm minus_zero}, @{thm diff_minus}, @{thm left_minus}, @{thm right_minus},
     @{thm mult_zero_left}, @{thm mult_zero_right}, @{thm mult_num1}, @{thm mult_1_right},
     @{thm minus_mult_left} RS sym, @{thm minus_mult_right} RS sym,
     @{thm minus_add_distrib}, @{thm minus_minus}, @{thm mult_assoc},
     @{thm of_nat_0}, @{thm of_nat_1}, @{thm of_nat_Suc}, @{thm of_nat_add},
     @{thm of_nat_mult}, @{thm of_int_0}, @{thm of_int_1}, @{thm of_int_add},
     @{thm of_int_mult}]

val nat_inj_thms = [@{thm zle_int} RS iffD2, @{thm int_int_eq} RS iffD2]

val Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs = assoc_fold_simproc
  :: Int_Numeral_Simprocs.combine_numerals
  :: Int_Numeral_Simprocs.cancel_numerals;

in

val int_arith_setup =
  Fast_Arith.map_data (fn {add_mono_thms, mult_mono_thms, inj_thms, lessD, neqE, simpset} =>
   {add_mono_thms = add_mono_thms,
    mult_mono_thms = @{thm mult_strict_left_mono} :: @{thm mult_left_mono} :: mult_mono_thms,
    inj_thms = nat_inj_thms @ inj_thms,
    lessD = lessD @ [zless_imp_add1_zle],
    neqE = neqE,
    simpset = simpset addsimps add_rules
                      addsimprocs Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs
                      addcongs [if_weak_cong]}) #>
  arith_inj_const ("Nat.of_nat", HOLogic.natT --> HOLogic.intT) #>
  arith_discrete "IntDef.int"

end;

val fast_int_arith_simproc =
  Simplifier.simproc @{theory}
  "fast_int_arith" 
     ["(m::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) < n",
      "(m::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) <= n",
      "(m::'a::{ordered_idom,number_ring}) = n"] Fast_Arith.lin_arith_prover;

Addsimprocs [fast_int_arith_simproc];