src/HOL/Lattices.thy
 author desharna Thu, 29 Oct 2020 16:07:41 +0100 changeset 72518 4be6ae020fc4 parent 71938 e1b262e7480c permissions -rw-r--r--
```
(*  Title:      HOL/Lattices.thy
Author:     Tobias Nipkow
*)

section \<open>Abstract lattices\<close>

theory Lattices
imports Groups
begin

subsection \<open>Abstract semilattice\<close>

text \<open>
These locales provide a basic structure for interpretation into
bigger structures;  extensions require careful thinking, otherwise
undesired effects may occur due to interpretation.
\<close>

locale semilattice = abel_semigroup +
assumes idem [simp]: "a \<^bold>* a = a"
begin

lemma left_idem [simp]: "a \<^bold>* (a \<^bold>* b) = a \<^bold>* b"

lemma right_idem [simp]: "(a \<^bold>* b) \<^bold>* b = a \<^bold>* b"

end

locale semilattice_neutr = semilattice + comm_monoid

locale semilattice_order = semilattice +
fixes less_eq :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> bool"  (infix "\<^bold>\<le>" 50)
and less :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> bool"  (infix "\<^bold><" 50)
assumes order_iff: "a \<^bold>\<le> b \<longleftrightarrow> a = a \<^bold>* b"
and strict_order_iff: "a \<^bold>< b \<longleftrightarrow> a = a \<^bold>* b \<and> a \<noteq> b"
begin

lemma orderI: "a = a \<^bold>* b \<Longrightarrow> a \<^bold>\<le> b"

lemma orderE:
assumes "a \<^bold>\<le> b"
obtains "a = a \<^bold>* b"
using assms by (unfold order_iff)

sublocale ordering less_eq less
proof
show "a \<^bold>< b \<longleftrightarrow> a \<^bold>\<le> b \<and> a \<noteq> b" for a b
next
show "a \<^bold>\<le> a" for a
next
fix a b
assume "a \<^bold>\<le> b" "b \<^bold>\<le> a"
then have "a = a \<^bold>* b" "a \<^bold>* b = b"
then show "a = b" by simp
next
fix a b c
assume "a \<^bold>\<le> b" "b \<^bold>\<le> c"
then have "a = a \<^bold>* b" "b = b \<^bold>* c"
then have "a = a \<^bold>* (b \<^bold>* c)"
by simp
then have "a = (a \<^bold>* b) \<^bold>* c"
with \<open>a = a \<^bold>* b\<close> [symmetric] have "a = a \<^bold>* c" by simp
then show "a \<^bold>\<le> c" by (rule orderI)
qed

lemma cobounded1 [simp]: "a \<^bold>* b \<^bold>\<le> a"

lemma cobounded2 [simp]: "a \<^bold>* b \<^bold>\<le> b"

lemma boundedI:
assumes "a \<^bold>\<le> b" and "a \<^bold>\<le> c"
shows "a \<^bold>\<le> b \<^bold>* c"
proof (rule orderI)
from assms obtain "a \<^bold>* b = a" and "a \<^bold>* c = a"
by (auto elim!: orderE)
then show "a = a \<^bold>* (b \<^bold>* c)"
qed

lemma boundedE:
assumes "a \<^bold>\<le> b \<^bold>* c"
obtains "a \<^bold>\<le> b" and "a \<^bold>\<le> c"
using assms by (blast intro: trans cobounded1 cobounded2)

lemma bounded_iff [simp]: "a \<^bold>\<le> b \<^bold>* c \<longleftrightarrow> a \<^bold>\<le> b \<and> a \<^bold>\<le> c"
by (blast intro: boundedI elim: boundedE)

lemma strict_boundedE:
assumes "a \<^bold>< b \<^bold>* c"
obtains "a \<^bold>< b" and "a \<^bold>< c"
using assms by (auto simp add: commute strict_iff_order elim: orderE intro!: that)+

lemma coboundedI1: "a \<^bold>\<le> c \<Longrightarrow> a \<^bold>* b \<^bold>\<le> c"
by (rule trans) auto

lemma coboundedI2: "b \<^bold>\<le> c \<Longrightarrow> a \<^bold>* b \<^bold>\<le> c"
by (rule trans) auto

lemma strict_coboundedI1: "a \<^bold>< c \<Longrightarrow> a \<^bold>* b \<^bold>< c"
using irrefl
by (auto intro: not_eq_order_implies_strict coboundedI1 strict_implies_order
elim: strict_boundedE)

lemma strict_coboundedI2: "b \<^bold>< c \<Longrightarrow> a \<^bold>* b \<^bold>< c"
using strict_coboundedI1 [of b c a] by (simp add: commute)

lemma mono: "a \<^bold>\<le> c \<Longrightarrow> b \<^bold>\<le> d \<Longrightarrow> a \<^bold>* b \<^bold>\<le> c \<^bold>* d"
by (blast intro: boundedI coboundedI1 coboundedI2)

lemma absorb1: "a \<^bold>\<le> b \<Longrightarrow> a \<^bold>* b = a"
by (rule antisym) (auto simp: refl)

lemma absorb2: "b \<^bold>\<le> a \<Longrightarrow> a \<^bold>* b = b"
by (rule antisym) (auto simp: refl)

lemma absorb_iff1: "a \<^bold>\<le> b \<longleftrightarrow> a \<^bold>* b = a"
using order_iff by auto

lemma absorb_iff2: "b \<^bold>\<le> a \<longleftrightarrow> a \<^bold>* b = b"
using order_iff by (auto simp add: commute)

end

locale semilattice_neutr_order = semilattice_neutr + semilattice_order
begin

sublocale ordering_top less_eq less "\<^bold>1"

lemma eq_neutr_iff [simp]: \<open>a \<^bold>* b = \<^bold>1 \<longleftrightarrow> a = \<^bold>1 \<and> b = \<^bold>1\<close>

lemma neutr_eq_iff [simp]: \<open>\<^bold>1 = a \<^bold>* b \<longleftrightarrow> a = \<^bold>1 \<and> b = \<^bold>1\<close>

end

text \<open>Interpretations for boolean operators\<close>

interpretation conj: semilattice_neutr \<open>(\<and>)\<close> True
by standard auto

interpretation disj: semilattice_neutr \<open>(\<or>)\<close> False
by standard auto

declare conj_assoc [ac_simps del] disj_assoc [ac_simps del] \<comment> \<open>already simp by default\<close>

subsection \<open>Syntactic infimum and supremum operations\<close>

class inf =
fixes inf :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a" (infixl "\<sqinter>" 70)

class sup =
fixes sup :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a" (infixl "\<squnion>" 65)

subsection \<open>Concrete lattices\<close>

class semilattice_inf = order + inf +
assumes inf_le1 [simp]: "x \<sqinter> y \<le> x"
and inf_le2 [simp]: "x \<sqinter> y \<le> y"
and inf_greatest: "x \<le> y \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> z \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> y \<sqinter> z"

class semilattice_sup = order + sup +
assumes sup_ge1 [simp]: "x \<le> x \<squnion> y"
and sup_ge2 [simp]: "y \<le> x \<squnion> y"
and sup_least: "y \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> z \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> y \<squnion> z \<le> x"
begin

text \<open>Dual lattice.\<close>
lemma dual_semilattice: "class.semilattice_inf sup greater_eq greater"
by (rule class.semilattice_inf.intro, rule dual_order)

end

class lattice = semilattice_inf + semilattice_sup

subsubsection \<open>Intro and elim rules\<close>

context semilattice_inf
begin

lemma le_infI1: "a \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> a \<sqinter> b \<le> x"
by (rule order_trans) auto

lemma le_infI2: "b \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> a \<sqinter> b \<le> x"
by (rule order_trans) auto

lemma le_infI: "x \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> a \<sqinter> b"
by (fact inf_greatest) (* FIXME: duplicate lemma *)

lemma le_infE: "x \<le> a \<sqinter> b \<Longrightarrow> (x \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> P"
by (blast intro: order_trans inf_le1 inf_le2)

lemma le_inf_iff: "x \<le> y \<sqinter> z \<longleftrightarrow> x \<le> y \<and> x \<le> z"
by (blast intro: le_infI elim: le_infE)

lemma le_iff_inf: "x \<le> y \<longleftrightarrow> x \<sqinter> y = x"
by (auto intro: le_infI1 antisym dest: eq_iff [THEN iffD1] simp add: le_inf_iff)

lemma inf_mono: "a \<le> c \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> d \<Longrightarrow> a \<sqinter> b \<le> c \<sqinter> d"
by (fast intro: inf_greatest le_infI1 le_infI2)

lemma mono_inf: "mono f \<Longrightarrow> f (A \<sqinter> B) \<le> f A \<sqinter> f B" for f :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b::semilattice_inf"
by (auto simp add: mono_def intro: Lattices.inf_greatest)

end

context semilattice_sup
begin

lemma le_supI1: "x \<le> a \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> a \<squnion> b"
by (rule order_trans) auto

lemma le_supI2: "x \<le> b \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> a \<squnion> b"
by (rule order_trans) auto

lemma le_supI: "a \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> a \<squnion> b \<le> x"
by (fact sup_least) (* FIXME: duplicate lemma *)

lemma le_supE: "a \<squnion> b \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> (a \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> P"
by (blast intro: order_trans sup_ge1 sup_ge2)

lemma le_sup_iff: "x \<squnion> y \<le> z \<longleftrightarrow> x \<le> z \<and> y \<le> z"
by (blast intro: le_supI elim: le_supE)

lemma le_iff_sup: "x \<le> y \<longleftrightarrow> x \<squnion> y = y"
by (auto intro: le_supI2 antisym dest: eq_iff [THEN iffD1] simp add: le_sup_iff)

lemma sup_mono: "a \<le> c \<Longrightarrow> b \<le> d \<Longrightarrow> a \<squnion> b \<le> c \<squnion> d"
by (fast intro: sup_least le_supI1 le_supI2)

lemma mono_sup: "mono f \<Longrightarrow> f A \<squnion> f B \<le> f (A \<squnion> B)" for f :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b::semilattice_sup"
by (auto simp add: mono_def intro: Lattices.sup_least)

end

subsubsection \<open>Equational laws\<close>

context semilattice_inf
begin

sublocale inf: semilattice inf
proof
fix a b c
show "(a \<sqinter> b) \<sqinter> c = a \<sqinter> (b \<sqinter> c)"
by (rule antisym) (auto intro: le_infI1 le_infI2 simp add: le_inf_iff)
show "a \<sqinter> b = b \<sqinter> a"
by (rule antisym) (auto simp add: le_inf_iff)
show "a \<sqinter> a = a"
by (rule antisym) (auto simp add: le_inf_iff)
qed

sublocale inf: semilattice_order inf less_eq less
by standard (auto simp add: le_iff_inf less_le)

lemma inf_assoc: "(x \<sqinter> y) \<sqinter> z = x \<sqinter> (y \<sqinter> z)"
by (fact inf.assoc)

lemma inf_commute: "(x \<sqinter> y) = (y \<sqinter> x)"
by (fact inf.commute)

lemma inf_left_commute: "x \<sqinter> (y \<sqinter> z) = y \<sqinter> (x \<sqinter> z)"
by (fact inf.left_commute)

lemma inf_idem: "x \<sqinter> x = x"
by (fact inf.idem) (* already simp *)

lemma inf_left_idem: "x \<sqinter> (x \<sqinter> y) = x \<sqinter> y"
by (fact inf.left_idem) (* already simp *)

lemma inf_right_idem: "(x \<sqinter> y) \<sqinter> y = x \<sqinter> y"
by (fact inf.right_idem) (* already simp *)

lemma inf_absorb1: "x \<le> y \<Longrightarrow> x \<sqinter> y = x"
by (rule antisym) auto

lemma inf_absorb2: "y \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> x \<sqinter> y = y"
by (rule antisym) auto

lemmas inf_aci = inf_commute inf_assoc inf_left_commute inf_left_idem

end

context semilattice_sup
begin

sublocale sup: semilattice sup
proof
fix a b c
show "(a \<squnion> b) \<squnion> c = a \<squnion> (b \<squnion> c)"
by (rule antisym) (auto intro: le_supI1 le_supI2 simp add: le_sup_iff)
show "a \<squnion> b = b \<squnion> a"
by (rule antisym) (auto simp add: le_sup_iff)
show "a \<squnion> a = a"
by (rule antisym) (auto simp add: le_sup_iff)
qed

sublocale sup: semilattice_order sup greater_eq greater
by standard (auto simp add: le_iff_sup sup.commute less_le)

lemma sup_assoc: "(x \<squnion> y) \<squnion> z = x \<squnion> (y \<squnion> z)"
by (fact sup.assoc)

lemma sup_commute: "(x \<squnion> y) = (y \<squnion> x)"
by (fact sup.commute)

lemma sup_left_commute: "x \<squnion> (y \<squnion> z) = y \<squnion> (x \<squnion> z)"
by (fact sup.left_commute)

lemma sup_idem: "x \<squnion> x = x"
by (fact sup.idem) (* already simp *)

lemma sup_left_idem [simp]: "x \<squnion> (x \<squnion> y) = x \<squnion> y"
by (fact sup.left_idem)

lemma sup_absorb1: "y \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> x \<squnion> y = x"
by (rule antisym) auto

lemma sup_absorb2: "x \<le> y \<Longrightarrow> x \<squnion> y = y"
by (rule antisym) auto

lemmas sup_aci = sup_commute sup_assoc sup_left_commute sup_left_idem

end

context lattice
begin

lemma dual_lattice: "class.lattice sup (\<ge>) (>) inf"
by (rule class.lattice.intro,
rule dual_semilattice,
rule class.semilattice_sup.intro,
rule dual_order)
(unfold_locales, auto)

lemma inf_sup_absorb [simp]: "x \<sqinter> (x \<squnion> y) = x"
by (blast intro: antisym inf_le1 inf_greatest sup_ge1)

lemma sup_inf_absorb [simp]: "x \<squnion> (x \<sqinter> y) = x"
by (blast intro: antisym sup_ge1 sup_least inf_le1)

lemmas inf_sup_aci = inf_aci sup_aci

lemmas inf_sup_ord = inf_le1 inf_le2 sup_ge1 sup_ge2

text \<open>Towards distributivity.\<close>

lemma distrib_sup_le: "x \<squnion> (y \<sqinter> z) \<le> (x \<squnion> y) \<sqinter> (x \<squnion> z)"
by (auto intro: le_infI1 le_infI2 le_supI1 le_supI2)

lemma distrib_inf_le: "(x \<sqinter> y) \<squnion> (x \<sqinter> z) \<le> x \<sqinter> (y \<squnion> z)"
by (auto intro: le_infI1 le_infI2 le_supI1 le_supI2)

text \<open>If you have one of them, you have them all.\<close>

lemma distrib_imp1:
assumes distrib: "\<And>x y z. x \<sqinter> (y \<squnion> z) = (x \<sqinter> y) \<squnion> (x \<sqinter> z)"
shows "x \<squnion> (y \<sqinter> z) = (x \<squnion> y) \<sqinter> (x \<squnion> z)"
proof-
have "x \<squnion> (y \<sqinter> z) = (x \<squnion> (x \<sqinter> z)) \<squnion> (y \<sqinter> z)"
by simp
also have "\<dots> = x \<squnion> (z \<sqinter> (x \<squnion> y))"
by (simp add: distrib inf_commute sup_assoc del: sup_inf_absorb)
also have "\<dots> = ((x \<squnion> y) \<sqinter> x) \<squnion> ((x \<squnion> y) \<sqinter> z)"
also have "\<dots> = (x \<squnion> y) \<sqinter> (x \<squnion> z)" by(simp add:distrib)
finally show ?thesis .
qed

lemma distrib_imp2:
assumes distrib: "\<And>x y z. x \<squnion> (y \<sqinter> z) = (x \<squnion> y) \<sqinter> (x \<squnion> z)"
shows "x \<sqinter> (y \<squnion> z) = (x \<sqinter> y) \<squnion> (x \<sqinter> z)"
proof-
have "x \<sqinter> (y \<squnion> z) = (x \<sqinter> (x \<squnion> z)) \<sqinter> (y \<squnion> z)"
by simp
also have "\<dots> = x \<sqinter> (z \<squnion> (x \<sqinter> y))"
by (simp add: distrib sup_commute inf_assoc del: inf_sup_absorb)
also have "\<dots> = ((x \<sqinter> y) \<squnion> x) \<sqinter> ((x \<sqinter> y) \<squnion> z)"
also have "\<dots> = (x \<sqinter> y) \<squnion> (x \<sqinter> z)" by (simp add:distrib)
finally show ?thesis .
qed

end

subsubsection \<open>Strict order\<close>

context semilattice_inf
begin

lemma less_infI1: "a < x \<Longrightarrow> a \<sqinter> b < x"
by (auto simp add: less_le inf_absorb1 intro: le_infI1)

lemma less_infI2: "b < x \<Longrightarrow> a \<sqinter> b < x"
by (auto simp add: less_le inf_absorb2 intro: le_infI2)

end

context semilattice_sup
begin

lemma less_supI1: "x < a \<Longrightarrow> x < a \<squnion> b"
using dual_semilattice
by (rule semilattice_inf.less_infI1)

lemma less_supI2: "x < b \<Longrightarrow> x < a \<squnion> b"
using dual_semilattice
by (rule semilattice_inf.less_infI2)

end

subsection \<open>Distributive lattices\<close>

class distrib_lattice = lattice +
assumes sup_inf_distrib1: "x \<squnion> (y \<sqinter> z) = (x \<squnion> y) \<sqinter> (x \<squnion> z)"

context distrib_lattice
begin

lemma sup_inf_distrib2: "(y \<sqinter> z) \<squnion> x = (y \<squnion> x) \<sqinter> (z \<squnion> x)"

lemma inf_sup_distrib1: "x \<sqinter> (y \<squnion> z) = (x \<sqinter> y) \<squnion> (x \<sqinter> z)"
by (rule distrib_imp2 [OF sup_inf_distrib1])

lemma inf_sup_distrib2: "(y \<squnion> z) \<sqinter> x = (y \<sqinter> x) \<squnion> (z \<sqinter> x)"

lemma dual_distrib_lattice: "class.distrib_lattice sup (\<ge>) (>) inf"
by (rule class.distrib_lattice.intro, rule dual_lattice)
(unfold_locales, fact inf_sup_distrib1)

lemmas sup_inf_distrib = sup_inf_distrib1 sup_inf_distrib2

lemmas inf_sup_distrib = inf_sup_distrib1 inf_sup_distrib2

lemmas distrib = sup_inf_distrib1 sup_inf_distrib2 inf_sup_distrib1 inf_sup_distrib2

end

subsection \<open>Bounded lattices and boolean algebras\<close>

class bounded_semilattice_inf_top = semilattice_inf + order_top
begin

sublocale inf_top: semilattice_neutr inf top
+ inf_top: semilattice_neutr_order inf top less_eq less
proof
show "x \<sqinter> \<top> = x" for x
by (rule inf_absorb1) simp
qed

lemma inf_top_left: "\<top> \<sqinter> x = x"
by (fact inf_top.left_neutral)

lemma inf_top_right: "x \<sqinter> \<top> = x"
by (fact inf_top.right_neutral)

lemma inf_eq_top_iff: "x \<sqinter> y = \<top> \<longleftrightarrow> x = \<top> \<and> y = \<top>"
by (fact inf_top.eq_neutr_iff)

lemma top_eq_inf_iff: "\<top> = x \<sqinter> y \<longleftrightarrow> x = \<top> \<and> y = \<top>"
by (fact inf_top.neutr_eq_iff)

end

class bounded_semilattice_sup_bot = semilattice_sup + order_bot
begin

sublocale sup_bot: semilattice_neutr sup bot
+ sup_bot: semilattice_neutr_order sup bot greater_eq greater
proof
show "x \<squnion> \<bottom> = x" for x
by (rule sup_absorb1) simp
qed

lemma sup_bot_left: "\<bottom> \<squnion> x = x"
by (fact sup_bot.left_neutral)

lemma sup_bot_right: "x \<squnion> \<bottom> = x"
by (fact sup_bot.right_neutral)

lemma sup_eq_bot_iff: "x \<squnion> y = \<bottom> \<longleftrightarrow> x = \<bottom> \<and> y = \<bottom>"
by (fact sup_bot.eq_neutr_iff)

lemma bot_eq_sup_iff: "\<bottom> = x \<squnion> y \<longleftrightarrow> x = \<bottom> \<and> y = \<bottom>"
by (fact sup_bot.neutr_eq_iff)

end

class bounded_lattice_bot = lattice + order_bot
begin

subclass bounded_semilattice_sup_bot ..

lemma inf_bot_left [simp]: "\<bottom> \<sqinter> x = \<bottom>"
by (rule inf_absorb1) simp

lemma inf_bot_right [simp]: "x \<sqinter> \<bottom> = \<bottom>"
by (rule inf_absorb2) simp

end

class bounded_lattice_top = lattice + order_top
begin

subclass bounded_semilattice_inf_top ..

lemma sup_top_left [simp]: "\<top> \<squnion> x = \<top>"
by (rule sup_absorb1) simp

lemma sup_top_right [simp]: "x \<squnion> \<top> = \<top>"
by (rule sup_absorb2) simp

end

class bounded_lattice = lattice + order_bot + order_top
begin

subclass bounded_lattice_bot ..
subclass bounded_lattice_top ..

lemma dual_bounded_lattice: "class.bounded_lattice sup greater_eq greater inf \<top> \<bottom>"
by unfold_locales (auto simp add: less_le_not_le)

end

class boolean_algebra = distrib_lattice + bounded_lattice + minus + uminus +
assumes inf_compl_bot: "x \<sqinter> - x = \<bottom>"
and sup_compl_top: "x \<squnion> - x = \<top>"
assumes diff_eq: "x - y = x \<sqinter> - y"
begin

lemma dual_boolean_algebra:
"class.boolean_algebra (\<lambda>x y. x \<squnion> - y) uminus sup greater_eq greater inf \<top> \<bottom>"
by (rule class.boolean_algebra.intro,
rule dual_bounded_lattice,
rule dual_distrib_lattice)
(unfold_locales, auto simp add: inf_compl_bot sup_compl_top diff_eq)

lemma compl_inf_bot [simp]: "- x \<sqinter> x = \<bottom>"

lemma compl_sup_top [simp]: "- x \<squnion> x = \<top>"

lemma compl_unique:
assumes "x \<sqinter> y = \<bottom>"
and "x \<squnion> y = \<top>"
shows "- x = y"
proof -
have "(x \<sqinter> - x) \<squnion> (- x \<sqinter> y) = (x \<sqinter> y) \<squnion> (- x \<sqinter> y)"
using inf_compl_bot assms(1) by simp
then have "(- x \<sqinter> x) \<squnion> (- x \<sqinter> y) = (y \<sqinter> x) \<squnion> (y \<sqinter> - x)"
then have "- x \<sqinter> (x \<squnion> y) = y \<sqinter> (x \<squnion> - x)"
then have "- x \<sqinter> \<top> = y \<sqinter> \<top>"
using sup_compl_top assms(2) by simp
then show "- x = y" by simp
qed

lemma double_compl [simp]: "- (- x) = x"
using compl_inf_bot compl_sup_top by (rule compl_unique)

lemma compl_eq_compl_iff [simp]: "- x = - y \<longleftrightarrow> x = y"
proof
assume "- x = - y"
then have "- (- x) = - (- y)" by (rule arg_cong)
then show "x = y" by simp
next
assume "x = y"
then show "- x = - y" by simp
qed

lemma compl_bot_eq [simp]: "- \<bottom> = \<top>"
proof -
from sup_compl_top have "\<bottom> \<squnion> - \<bottom> = \<top>" .
then show ?thesis by simp
qed

lemma compl_top_eq [simp]: "- \<top> = \<bottom>"
proof -
from inf_compl_bot have "\<top> \<sqinter> - \<top> = \<bottom>" .
then show ?thesis by simp
qed

lemma compl_inf [simp]: "- (x \<sqinter> y) = - x \<squnion> - y"
proof (rule compl_unique)
have "(x \<sqinter> y) \<sqinter> (- x \<squnion> - y) = (y \<sqinter> (x \<sqinter> - x)) \<squnion> (x \<sqinter> (y \<sqinter> - y))"
by (simp only: inf_sup_distrib inf_aci)
then show "(x \<sqinter> y) \<sqinter> (- x \<squnion> - y) = \<bottom>"
next
have "(x \<sqinter> y) \<squnion> (- x \<squnion> - y) = (- y \<squnion> (x \<squnion> - x)) \<sqinter> (- x \<squnion> (y \<squnion> - y))"
by (simp only: sup_inf_distrib sup_aci)
then show "(x \<sqinter> y) \<squnion> (- x \<squnion> - y) = \<top>"
qed

lemma compl_sup [simp]: "- (x \<squnion> y) = - x \<sqinter> - y"
using dual_boolean_algebra
by (rule boolean_algebra.compl_inf)

lemma compl_mono:
assumes "x \<le> y"
shows "- y \<le> - x"
proof -
from assms have "x \<squnion> y = y" by (simp only: le_iff_sup)
then have "- (x \<squnion> y) = - y" by simp
then have "- x \<sqinter> - y = - y" by simp
then have "- y \<sqinter> - x = - y" by (simp only: inf_commute)
then show ?thesis by (simp only: le_iff_inf)
qed

lemma compl_le_compl_iff [simp]: "- x \<le> - y \<longleftrightarrow> y \<le> x"
by (auto dest: compl_mono)

lemma compl_le_swap1:
assumes "y \<le> - x"
shows "x \<le> -y"
proof -
from assms have "- (- x) \<le> - y" by (simp only: compl_le_compl_iff)
then show ?thesis by simp
qed

lemma compl_le_swap2:
assumes "- y \<le> x"
shows "- x \<le> y"
proof -
from assms have "- x \<le> - (- y)" by (simp only: compl_le_compl_iff)
then show ?thesis by simp
qed

lemma compl_less_compl_iff: "- x < - y \<longleftrightarrow> y < x"  (* TODO: declare [simp] ? *)

lemma compl_less_swap1:
assumes "y < - x"
shows "x < - y"
proof -
from assms have "- (- x) < - y" by (simp only: compl_less_compl_iff)
then show ?thesis by simp
qed

lemma compl_less_swap2:
assumes "- y < x"
shows "- x < y"
proof -
from assms have "- x < - (- y)"
by (simp only: compl_less_compl_iff)
then show ?thesis by simp
qed

lemma sup_cancel_left1: "sup (sup x a) (sup (- x) b) = top"

lemma sup_cancel_left2: "sup (sup (- x) a) (sup x b) = top"

lemma inf_cancel_left1: "inf (inf x a) (inf (- x) b) = bot"

lemma inf_cancel_left2: "inf (inf (- x) a) (inf x b) = bot"

declare inf_compl_bot [simp]
and sup_compl_top [simp]

lemma sup_compl_top_left1 [simp]: "sup (- x) (sup x y) = top"

lemma sup_compl_top_left2 [simp]: "sup x (sup (- x) y) = top"
using sup_compl_top_left1[of "- x" y] by simp

lemma inf_compl_bot_left1 [simp]: "inf (- x) (inf x y) = bot"

lemma inf_compl_bot_left2 [simp]: "inf x (inf (- x) y) = bot"
using inf_compl_bot_left1[of "- x" y] by simp

lemma inf_compl_bot_right [simp]: "inf x (inf y (- x)) = bot"
by (subst inf_left_commute) simp

end

locale boolean_algebra_cancel
begin

lemma sup1: "(A::'a::semilattice_sup) \<equiv> sup k a \<Longrightarrow> sup A b \<equiv> sup k (sup a b)"
by (simp only: ac_simps)

lemma sup2: "(B::'a::semilattice_sup) \<equiv> sup k b \<Longrightarrow> sup a B \<equiv> sup k (sup a b)"
by (simp only: ac_simps)

lemma sup0: "(a::'a::bounded_semilattice_sup_bot) \<equiv> sup a bot"
by simp

lemma inf1: "(A::'a::semilattice_inf) \<equiv> inf k a \<Longrightarrow> inf A b \<equiv> inf k (inf a b)"
by (simp only: ac_simps)

lemma inf2: "(B::'a::semilattice_inf) \<equiv> inf k b \<Longrightarrow> inf a B \<equiv> inf k (inf a b)"
by (simp only: ac_simps)

lemma inf0: "(a::'a::bounded_semilattice_inf_top) \<equiv> inf a top"
by simp

end

ML_file \<open>Tools/boolean_algebra_cancel.ML\<close>

simproc_setup boolean_algebra_cancel_sup ("sup a b::'a::boolean_algebra") =
\<open>fn phi => fn ss => try Boolean_Algebra_Cancel.cancel_sup_conv\<close>

simproc_setup boolean_algebra_cancel_inf ("inf a b::'a::boolean_algebra") =
\<open>fn phi => fn ss => try Boolean_Algebra_Cancel.cancel_inf_conv\<close>

subsection \<open>\<open>min/max\<close> as special case of lattice\<close>

context linorder
begin

sublocale min: semilattice_order min less_eq less
+ max: semilattice_order max greater_eq greater
by standard (auto simp add: min_def max_def)

lemma min_le_iff_disj: "min x y \<le> z \<longleftrightarrow> x \<le> z \<or> y \<le> z"
unfolding min_def using linear by (auto intro: order_trans)

lemma le_max_iff_disj: "z \<le> max x y \<longleftrightarrow> z \<le> x \<or> z \<le> y"
unfolding max_def using linear by (auto intro: order_trans)

lemma min_less_iff_disj: "min x y < z \<longleftrightarrow> x < z \<or> y < z"
unfolding min_def le_less using less_linear by (auto intro: less_trans)

lemma less_max_iff_disj: "z < max x y \<longleftrightarrow> z < x \<or> z < y"
unfolding max_def le_less using less_linear by (auto intro: less_trans)

lemma min_less_iff_conj [simp]: "z < min x y \<longleftrightarrow> z < x \<and> z < y"
unfolding min_def le_less using less_linear by (auto intro: less_trans)

lemma max_less_iff_conj [simp]: "max x y < z \<longleftrightarrow> x < z \<and> y < z"
unfolding max_def le_less using less_linear by (auto intro: less_trans)

lemma min_max_distrib1: "min (max b c) a = max (min b a) (min c a)"
by (auto simp add: min_def max_def not_le dest: le_less_trans less_trans intro: antisym)

lemma min_max_distrib2: "min a (max b c) = max (min a b) (min a c)"
by (auto simp add: min_def max_def not_le dest: le_less_trans less_trans intro: antisym)

lemma max_min_distrib1: "max (min b c) a = min (max b a) (max c a)"
by (auto simp add: min_def max_def not_le dest: le_less_trans less_trans intro: antisym)

lemma max_min_distrib2: "max a (min b c) = min (max a b) (max a c)"
by (auto simp add: min_def max_def not_le dest: le_less_trans less_trans intro: antisym)

lemmas min_max_distribs = min_max_distrib1 min_max_distrib2 max_min_distrib1 max_min_distrib2

lemma split_min [no_atp]: "P (min i j) \<longleftrightarrow> (i \<le> j \<longrightarrow> P i) \<and> (\<not> i \<le> j \<longrightarrow> P j)"

lemma split_max [no_atp]: "P (max i j) \<longleftrightarrow> (i \<le> j \<longrightarrow> P j) \<and> (\<not> i \<le> j \<longrightarrow> P i)"

lemma split_min_lin [no_atp]:
\<open>P (min a b) \<longleftrightarrow> (b = a \<longrightarrow> P a) \<and> (a < b \<longrightarrow> P a) \<and> (b < a \<longrightarrow> P b)\<close>
by (cases a b rule: linorder_cases) (auto simp add: min.absorb1 min.absorb2)

lemma split_max_lin [no_atp]:
\<open>P (max a b) \<longleftrightarrow> (b = a \<longrightarrow> P a) \<and> (a < b \<longrightarrow> P b) \<and> (b < a \<longrightarrow> P a)\<close>
by (cases a b rule: linorder_cases) (auto simp add: max.absorb1 max.absorb2)

lemma min_of_mono: "mono f \<Longrightarrow> min (f m) (f n) = f (min m n)" for f :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b::linorder"
by (auto simp: mono_def Orderings.min_def min_def intro: Orderings.antisym)

lemma max_of_mono: "mono f \<Longrightarrow> max (f m) (f n) = f (max m n)" for f :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b::linorder"
by (auto simp: mono_def Orderings.max_def max_def intro: Orderings.antisym)

end

lemma max_of_antimono: "antimono f \<Longrightarrow> max (f x) (f y) = f (min x y)"
and min_of_antimono: "antimono f \<Longrightarrow> min (f x) (f y) = f (max x y)"
for f::"'a::linorder \<Rightarrow> 'b::linorder"
by (auto simp: antimono_def Orderings.max_def min_def intro!: antisym)

lemma inf_min: "inf = (min :: 'a::{semilattice_inf,linorder} \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a)"
by (auto intro: antisym simp add: min_def fun_eq_iff)

lemma sup_max: "sup = (max :: 'a::{semilattice_sup,linorder} \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'a)"
by (auto intro: antisym simp add: max_def fun_eq_iff)

subsection \<open>Uniqueness of inf and sup\<close>

lemma (in semilattice_inf) inf_unique:
fixes f  (infixl "\<triangle>" 70)
assumes le1: "\<And>x y. x \<triangle> y \<le> x"
and le2: "\<And>x y. x \<triangle> y \<le> y"
and greatest: "\<And>x y z. x \<le> y \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> z \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> y \<triangle> z"
shows "x \<sqinter> y = x \<triangle> y"
proof (rule antisym)
show "x \<triangle> y \<le> x \<sqinter> y"
by (rule le_infI) (rule le1, rule le2)
have leI: "\<And>x y z. x \<le> y \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> z \<Longrightarrow> x \<le> y \<triangle> z"
by (blast intro: greatest)
show "x \<sqinter> y \<le> x \<triangle> y"
by (rule leI) simp_all
qed

lemma (in semilattice_sup) sup_unique:
fixes f  (infixl "\<nabla>" 70)
assumes ge1 [simp]: "\<And>x y. x \<le> x \<nabla> y"
and ge2: "\<And>x y. y \<le> x \<nabla> y"
and least: "\<And>x y z. y \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> z \<le> x \<Longrightarrow> y \<nabla> z \<le> x"
shows "x \<squnion> y = x \<nabla> y"
proof (rule antisym)
show "x \<squnion> y \<le> x \<nabla> y"
by (rule le_supI) (rule ge1, rule ge2)
have leI: "\<And>x y z. x \<le> z \<Longrightarrow> y \<le> z \<Longrightarrow> x \<nabla> y \<le> z"
by (blast intro: least)
show "x \<nabla> y \<le> x \<squnion> y"
by (rule leI) simp_all
qed

subsection \<open>Lattice on \<^typ>\<open>bool\<close>\<close>

instantiation bool :: boolean_algebra
begin

definition bool_Compl_def [simp]: "uminus = Not"

definition bool_diff_def [simp]: "A - B \<longleftrightarrow> A \<and> \<not> B"

definition [simp]: "P \<sqinter> Q \<longleftrightarrow> P \<and> Q"

definition [simp]: "P \<squnion> Q \<longleftrightarrow> P \<or> Q"

instance by standard auto

end

lemma sup_boolI1: "P \<Longrightarrow> P \<squnion> Q"
by simp

lemma sup_boolI2: "Q \<Longrightarrow> P \<squnion> Q"
by simp

lemma sup_boolE: "P \<squnion> Q \<Longrightarrow> (P \<Longrightarrow> R) \<Longrightarrow> (Q \<Longrightarrow> R) \<Longrightarrow> R"
by auto

subsection \<open>Lattice on \<^typ>\<open>_ \<Rightarrow> _\<close>\<close>

instantiation "fun" :: (type, semilattice_sup) semilattice_sup
begin

definition "f \<squnion> g = (\<lambda>x. f x \<squnion> g x)"

lemma sup_apply [simp, code]: "(f \<squnion> g) x = f x \<squnion> g x"

instance

end

instantiation "fun" :: (type, semilattice_inf) semilattice_inf
begin

definition "f \<sqinter> g = (\<lambda>x. f x \<sqinter> g x)"

lemma inf_apply [simp, code]: "(f \<sqinter> g) x = f x \<sqinter> g x"

instance by standard (simp_all add: le_fun_def)

end

instance "fun" :: (type, lattice) lattice ..

instance "fun" :: (type, distrib_lattice) distrib_lattice
by standard (rule ext, simp add: sup_inf_distrib1)

instance "fun" :: (type, bounded_lattice) bounded_lattice ..

instantiation "fun" :: (type, uminus) uminus
begin

definition fun_Compl_def: "- A = (\<lambda>x. - A x)"

lemma uminus_apply [simp, code]: "(- A) x = - (A x)"

instance ..

end

instantiation "fun" :: (type, minus) minus
begin

definition fun_diff_def: "A - B = (\<lambda>x. A x - B x)"

lemma minus_apply [simp, code]: "(A - B) x = A x - B x"

instance ..

end

instance "fun" :: (type, boolean_algebra) boolean_algebra
by standard (rule ext, simp_all add: inf_compl_bot sup_compl_top diff_eq)+

subsection \<open>Lattice on unary and binary predicates\<close>

lemma inf1I: "A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> (A \<sqinter> B) x"

lemma inf2I: "A x y \<Longrightarrow> B x y \<Longrightarrow> (A \<sqinter> B) x y"

lemma inf1E: "(A \<sqinter> B) x \<Longrightarrow> (A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> P"

lemma inf2E: "(A \<sqinter> B) x y \<Longrightarrow> (A x y \<Longrightarrow> B x y \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> P"

lemma inf1D1: "(A \<sqinter> B) x \<Longrightarrow> A x"
by (rule inf1E)

lemma inf2D1: "(A \<sqinter> B) x y \<Longrightarrow> A x y"
by (rule inf2E)

lemma inf1D2: "(A \<sqinter> B) x \<Longrightarrow> B x"
by (rule inf1E)

lemma inf2D2: "(A \<sqinter> B) x y \<Longrightarrow> B x y"
by (rule inf2E)

lemma sup1I1: "A x \<Longrightarrow> (A \<squnion> B) x"

lemma sup2I1: "A x y \<Longrightarrow> (A \<squnion> B) x y"

lemma sup1I2: "B x \<Longrightarrow> (A \<squnion> B) x"

lemma sup2I2: "B x y \<Longrightarrow> (A \<squnion> B) x y"

lemma sup1E: "(A \<squnion> B) x \<Longrightarrow> (A x \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> (B x \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> P"

lemma sup2E: "(A \<squnion> B) x y \<Longrightarrow> (A x y \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> (B x y \<Longrightarrow> P) \<Longrightarrow> P"