src/Pure/General/sha1.ML
author Peter Lammich
Fri, 04 Dec 2020 17:55:17 +0000
changeset 72813 b09f358f3eb0
parent 72661 fca4d6abebda
permissions -rw-r--r--
merged

(*  Title:      Pure/General/sha1.ML
    Author:     Makarius
    Author:     Sascha Boehme, TU Muenchen

Digesting strings according to SHA-1 (see RFC 3174).
*)

signature SHA1 =
sig
  eqtype digest
  val rep: digest -> string
  val fake: string -> digest
  val digest: string -> digest
  val test_samples: unit -> unit
end;

structure SHA1: SHA1 =
struct

(** internal implementation in ML -- relatively slow **)

local

(* 32bit words *)

infix 4 << >>;
infix 3 andb;
infix 2 orb xorb;

val op << = Word32.<<;
val op >> = Word32.>>;
val op andb = Word32.andb;
val op orb = Word32.orb;
val op xorb = Word32.xorb;
val notb = Word32.notb;

fun rotate k w = w << k orb w >> (0w32 - k);


(* hexadecimal words *)

fun hex_digit (text, w: Word32.word) =
  let
    val d = Word32.toInt (w andb 0wxf);
    val dig = if d < 10 then chr (Char.ord #"0" + d) else chr (Char.ord #"a" + d - 10);
  in (dig ^ text, w >> 0w4) end;

fun hex_word w = #1 (funpow 8 hex_digit ("", w));


(* padding *)

fun pack_bytes 0 _ = ""
  | pack_bytes k n = pack_bytes (k - 1) (n div 256) ^ chr (n mod 256);

fun padded_text str =
  let
    val len = size str;
    val padding = chr 128 ^ replicate_string (~ (len + 9) mod 64) (chr 0) ^ pack_bytes 8 (len * 8);
    fun byte i = Char.ord (String.sub (if i < len then (str, i) else (padding, (i - len))));
    fun word i =
      Word32.fromInt (byte (4 * i)) << 0w24 orb
      Word32.fromInt (byte (4 * i + 1)) << 0w16 orb
      Word32.fromInt (byte (4 * i + 2)) << 0w8 orb
      Word32.fromInt (byte (4 * i + 3));
  in ((len + size padding) div 4, word) end;


(* digest_string_internal *)

fun digest_word (i, w, {a, b, c, d, e}) =
  let
    val {f, k} =
      if i < 20 then
        {f = (b andb c) orb (notb b andb d),
         k = 0wx5A827999}
      else if i < 40 then
        {f = b xorb c xorb d,
         k = 0wx6ED9EBA1}
      else if i < 60 then
        {f = (b andb c) orb (b andb d) orb (c andb d),
         k = 0wx8F1BBCDC}
      else
        {f = b xorb c xorb d,
         k = 0wxCA62C1D6};
    val op + = Word32.+;
  in
    {a = rotate 0w5 a + f + e + w + k,
     b = a,
     c = rotate 0w30 b,
     d = c,
     e = d}
  end;

in

fun digest_string_internal str =
  let
    val (text_len, text) = padded_text str;

    (*hash result -- 5 words*)
    val hash_array : Word32.word Array.array =
      Array.fromList [0wx67452301, 0wxEFCDAB89, 0wx98BADCFE, 0wx10325476, 0wxC3D2E1F0];
    fun hash i = Array.sub (hash_array, i);
    fun add_hash x i = Array.update (hash_array, i, hash i + x);

    (*current chunk -- 80 words*)
    val chunk_array = Array.array (80, 0w0: Word32.word);
    fun chunk i = Array.sub (chunk_array, i);
    fun init_chunk pos =
      Array.modifyi (fn (i, _) =>
        if i < 16 then text (pos + i)
        else rotate 0w1 (chunk (i - 3) xorb chunk (i - 8) xorb chunk (i - 14) xorb chunk (i - 16)))
      chunk_array;

    fun digest_chunks pos =
      if pos < text_len then
        let
          val _ = init_chunk pos;
          val {a, b, c, d, e} = Array.foldli digest_word
            {a = hash 0,
             b = hash 1,
             c = hash 2,
             d = hash 3,
             e = hash 4}
            chunk_array;
          val _ = add_hash a 0;
          val _ = add_hash b 1;
          val _ = add_hash c 2;
          val _ = add_hash d 3;
          val _ = add_hash e 4;
        in digest_chunks (pos + 16) end
      else ();
    val _  = digest_chunks 0;

    val hex = hex_word o hash;
  in hex 0 ^ hex 1 ^ hex 2 ^ hex 3 ^ hex 4 end;

end;


(** external implementation in C **)

local

(* C library and memory *)

val library_path =
  Path.explode ("$ML_HOME/" ^ (if ML_System.platform_is_windows then "sha1.dll" else "libsha1.so"));

val library_call =
  Foreign.buildCall3
    (Foreign.getSymbol
      (Foreign.loadLibraryIndirect (fn () => File.platform_path library_path)) "sha1_buffer",
      (Foreign.cByteArray, Foreign.cUlong, Foreign.cPointer), Foreign.cPointer);

fun with_memory n =
  Thread_Attributes.uninterruptible (fn restore_attributes => fn f =>
    let
      val mem = Foreign.Memory.malloc (Word.fromInt n);
      val res = Exn.capture (restore_attributes f) mem;
      val _ = Foreign.Memory.free mem;
    in Exn.release res end);


(* digesting *)

fun hex_string byte = op ^ (apply2 hex_digit (Integer.div_mod (Word8.toInt byte) 16));

in

fun digest_string_external str =
  with_memory 20 (fn mem =>
    let
      val bytes = Byte.stringToBytes str;
      val _ = library_call (bytes, Word8Vector.length bytes, mem);
      fun get i = hex_string (Foreign.Memory.get8 (mem, Word.fromInt i));
    in implode (map get (0 upto 19)) end);

end;



(** type digest **)

datatype digest = Digest of string;

fun rep (Digest s) = s;
val fake = Digest;

val _ = ML_system_pp (fn _ => fn _ => Pretty.to_polyml o Pretty.str o quote o rep);

fun digest_string str = digest_string_external str
  handle Foreign.Foreign msg =>
    (warning (msg ^ "\nUsing slow ML implementation of SHA1.digest"); digest_string_internal str);

val digest = Digest o digest_string;



(** SHA1 samples found in the wild **)

local

fun check (msg, key) =
  let val key' = rep (digest msg) in
    if key = key' then ()
    else
      raise Fail ("SHA1 library integrity test failed on " ^ quote msg ^ ":\n" ^
        key ^ " expected, but\n" ^ key' ^ " was found")
  end;

in

fun test_samples () =
  List.app check
   [("", "da39a3ee5e6b4b0d3255bfef95601890afd80709"),
    ("a", "86f7e437faa5a7fce15d1ddcb9eaeaea377667b8"),
    ("abc", "a9993e364706816aba3e25717850c26c9cd0d89d"),
    ("abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz", "32d10c7b8cf96570ca04ce37f2a19d84240d3a89"),
    ("The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog", "2fd4e1c67a2d28fced849ee1bb76e7391b93eb12"),
    (replicate_string 100 "\000", "ed4a77d1b56a118938788fc53037759b6c501e3d"),
    ("a\000b", "4a3dec2d1f8245280855c42db0ee4239f917fdb8"),
    ("\000\001", "3f29546453678b855931c174a97d6c0894b8f546")];

end;

val _ = test_samples ();

end;