src/Pure/Thy/html.scala
author nipkow
Wed, 02 Dec 2020 10:30:59 +0100
changeset 72803 83c6d29a2412
parent 72622 830222403681
permissions -rw-r--r--
merged

/*  Title:      Pure/Thy/html.scala
    Author:     Makarius

HTML presentation elements.
*/

package isabelle


object HTML
{
  /* output text with control symbols */

  private val control =
    Map(
      Symbol.sub -> "sub", Symbol.sub_decoded -> "sub",
      Symbol.sup -> "sup", Symbol.sup_decoded -> "sup",
      Symbol.bold -> "b", Symbol.bold_decoded -> "b")

  private val control_block =
    Map(
      Symbol.bsub -> "<sub>", Symbol.bsub_decoded -> "<sub>",
      Symbol.esub -> "</sub>", Symbol.esub_decoded -> "</sub>",
      Symbol.bsup -> "<sup>", Symbol.bsup_decoded -> "<sup>",
      Symbol.esup -> "</sup>", Symbol.esup_decoded -> "</sup>")

  def is_control(sym: Symbol.Symbol): Boolean = control.isDefinedAt(sym)

  def output_char_permissive(c: Char, s: StringBuilder)
  {
    c match {
      case '<' => s ++= "&lt;"
      case '>' => s ++= "&gt;"
      case '&' => s ++= "&amp;"
      case _ => s += c
    }
  }

  def output(text: String, s: StringBuilder, hidden: Boolean, permissive: Boolean)
  {
    def output_char(c: Char): Unit =
      if (permissive) output_char_permissive(c, s)
      else XML.output_char(c, s)

    def output_string(str: String): Unit =
      str.iterator.foreach(output_char)

    def output_hidden(body: => Unit): Unit =
      if (hidden) { s ++= "<span class=\"hidden\">"; body; s ++= "</span>" }

    def output_symbol(sym: Symbol.Symbol): Unit =
      if (sym != "") {
        control_block.get(sym) match {
          case Some(html) if html.startsWith("</") =>
            s ++= html; output_hidden(output_string(sym))
          case Some(html) =>
            output_hidden(output_string(sym)); s ++= html
          case None =>
            if (hidden && Symbol.is_control_encoded(sym)) {
              output_hidden(output_string(Symbol.control_prefix))
              s ++= "<span class=\"control\">"
              output_string(Symbol.control_name(sym).get)
              s ++= "</span>"
              output_hidden(output_string(Symbol.control_suffix))
            }
            else output_string(sym)
        }
      }

    var ctrl = ""
    for (sym <- Symbol.iterator(text)) {
      if (is_control(sym)) { output_symbol(ctrl); ctrl = sym }
      else {
        control.get(ctrl) match {
          case Some(elem) if Symbol.is_controllable(sym) =>
            output_hidden(output_symbol(ctrl))
            s += '<'; s ++= elem; s += '>'
            output_symbol(sym)
            s ++= "</"; s ++= elem; s += '>'
          case _ =>
            output_symbol(ctrl)
            output_symbol(sym)
        }
        ctrl = ""
      }
    }
    output_symbol(ctrl)
  }

  def output(text: String): String =
    Library.make_string(output(text, _, hidden = false, permissive = true))


  /* output XML as HTML */

  private val structural_elements =
    Set("head", "body", "meta", "div", "pre", "p", "title", "h1", "h2", "h3", "h4", "h5", "h6",
      "ul", "ol", "dl", "li", "dt", "dd")

  def output(body: XML.Body, s: StringBuilder, hidden: Boolean, structural: Boolean)
  {
    def elem(markup: Markup)
    {
      s ++= markup.name
      for ((a, b) <- markup.properties) {
        s += ' '
        s ++= a
        s += '='
        s += '"'
        output(b, s, hidden = hidden, permissive = false)
        s += '"'
      }
    }
    def tree(t: XML.Tree): Unit =
      t match {
        case XML.Elem(markup, Nil) =>
          s += '<'; elem(markup); s ++= "/>"
        case XML.Elem(markup, ts) =>
          if (structural && structural_elements(markup.name)) s += '\n'
          s += '<'; elem(markup); s += '>'
          ts.foreach(tree)
          s ++= "</"; s ++= markup.name; s += '>'
          if (structural && structural_elements(markup.name)) s += '\n'
        case XML.Text(txt) =>
          output(txt, s, hidden = hidden, permissive = true)
      }
    body.foreach(tree)
  }

  def output(body: XML.Body, hidden: Boolean, structural: Boolean): String =
    Library.make_string(output(body, _, hidden, structural))

  def output(tree: XML.Tree, hidden: Boolean, structural: Boolean): String =
    output(List(tree), hidden, structural)


  /* attributes */

  class Attribute(val name: String, value: String)
  {
    def xml: XML.Attribute = name -> value
    def apply(elem: XML.Elem): XML.Elem = elem + xml
  }

  def id(s: String): Attribute = new Attribute("id", s)
  def class_(name: String): Attribute = new Attribute("class", name)

  def width(w: Int): Attribute = new Attribute("width", w.toString)
  def height(h: Int): Attribute = new Attribute("height", h.toString)
  def size(w: Int, h: Int)(elem: XML.Elem): XML.Elem = width(w)(height(h)(elem))


  /* structured markup operators */

  def text(txt: String): XML.Body = if (txt.isEmpty) Nil else List(XML.Text(txt))
  val no_text: XML.Tree = XML.Text("")
  val break: XML.Body = List(XML.elem("br"))
  val nl: XML.Body = List(XML.Text("\n"))

  class Operator(val name: String)
  {
    def apply(body: XML.Body): XML.Elem = XML.elem(name, body)
    def apply(att: Attribute, body: XML.Body): XML.Elem = att(apply(body))
    def apply(c: String, body: XML.Body): XML.Elem = apply(class_(c), body)
  }

  class Heading(name: String) extends Operator(name)
  {
    def apply(txt: String): XML.Elem = super.apply(text(txt))
    def apply(att: Attribute, txt: String): XML.Elem = super.apply(att, text(txt))
    def apply(c: String, txt: String): XML.Elem = super.apply(c, text(txt))
  }

  val div = new Operator("div")
  val span = new Operator("span")
  val pre = new Operator("pre")
  val par = new Operator("p")
  val emph = new Operator("em")
  val bold = new Operator("b")
  val code = new Operator("code")
  val item = new Operator("li")
  val list = new Operator("ul")
  val enum = new Operator("ol")
  val descr = new Operator("dl")
  val dt = new Operator("dt")
  val dd = new Operator("dd")

  val title = new Heading("title")
  val chapter = new Heading("h1")
  val section = new Heading("h2")
  val subsection = new Heading("h3")
  val subsubsection = new Heading("h4")
  val paragraph = new Heading("h5")
  val subparagraph = new Heading("h6")

  def itemize(items: List[XML.Body]): XML.Elem = list(items.map(item(_)))
  def enumerate(items: List[XML.Body]): XML.Elem = enum(items.map(item(_)))
  def description(items: List[(XML.Body, XML.Body)]): XML.Elem =
    descr(items.flatMap({ case (x, y) => List(dt(x), dd(y)) }))

  def link(href: String, body: XML.Body): XML.Elem =
    XML.Elem(Markup("a", List("href" -> href)), if (body.isEmpty) text(href) else body)

  def link(path: Path, body: XML.Body): XML.Elem = link(path.implode, body)

  def image(src: String, alt: String = ""): XML.Elem =
    XML.Elem(Markup("img", List("src" -> src) ::: proper_string(alt).map("alt" -> _).toList), Nil)

  def source(body: XML.Body): XML.Elem = pre("source", body)
  def source(src: String): XML.Elem = source(text(src))

  def style(s: String): XML.Elem = XML.elem("style", text(s))
  def style_file(href: String): XML.Elem =
    XML.Elem(Markup("link", List("rel" -> "stylesheet", "type" -> "text/css", "href" -> href)), Nil)
  def style_file(path: Path): XML.Elem = style_file(Url.print_file(path.file))

  def script(s: String): XML.Elem = XML.elem("script", text(s))
  def script_file(href: String): XML.Elem = XML.Elem(Markup("script", List("src" -> href)), Nil)
  def script_file(path: Path): XML.Elem = script_file(Url.print_file(path.file))


  /* messages */

  // background
  val writeln_message: Attribute = class_("writeln_message")
  val warning_message: Attribute = class_("warning_message")
  val error_message: Attribute = class_("error_message")

  // underline
  val writeln: Attribute = class_("writeln")
  val warning: Attribute = class_("warning")
  val error: Attribute = class_("error")


  /* tooltips */

  def tooltip(item: XML.Body, tip: XML.Body): XML.Elem =
    span(item ::: List(div("tooltip", tip)))

  def tooltip_errors(item: XML.Body, msgs: List[XML.Body]): XML.Elem =
    HTML.error(tooltip(item, msgs.map(msg => error_message(pre(msg)))))


  /* GUI elements */

  object GUI
  {
    private def optional_value(text: String): XML.Attributes =
      proper_string(text).map(a => "value" -> a).toList

    private def optional_name(name: String): XML.Attributes =
      proper_string(name).map(a => "name" -> a).toList

    private def optional_title(tooltip: String): XML.Attributes =
      proper_string(tooltip).map(a => "title" -> a).toList

    private def optional_submit(submit: Boolean): XML.Attributes =
      if (submit) List("onChange" -> "this.form.submit()") else Nil

    private def optional_checked(selected: Boolean): XML.Attributes =
      if (selected) List("checked" -> "") else Nil

    private def optional_action(action: String): XML.Attributes =
      proper_string(action).map(a => "action" -> a).toList

    private def optional_onclick(script: String): XML.Attributes =
      proper_string(script).map(a => "onclick" -> a).toList

    private def optional_onchange(script: String): XML.Attributes =
      proper_string(script).map(a => "onchange" -> a).toList

    def button(body: XML.Body, name: String = "", tooltip: String = "", submit: Boolean = false,
        script: String = ""): XML.Elem =
      XML.Elem(
        Markup("button",
          List("type" -> (if (submit) "submit" else "button"), "value" -> "true") :::
          optional_name(name) ::: optional_title(tooltip) ::: optional_onclick(script)), body)

    def checkbox(body: XML.Body, name: String = "", tooltip: String = "", submit: Boolean = false,
        selected: Boolean = false, script: String = ""): XML.Elem =
      XML.elem("label",
        XML.elem(
          Markup("input",
            List("type" -> "checkbox", "value" -> "true") ::: optional_name(name) :::
              optional_title(tooltip) ::: optional_submit(submit) :::
              optional_checked(selected) ::: optional_onchange(script))) :: body)

    def text_field(columns: Int = 0, text: String = "", name: String = "", tooltip: String = "",
        submit: Boolean = false, script: String = ""): XML.Elem =
      XML.elem(Markup("input",
        List("type" -> "text") :::
          (if (columns > 0) List("size" -> columns.toString) else Nil) :::
          optional_value(text) ::: optional_name(name) ::: optional_title(tooltip) :::
          optional_submit(submit) ::: optional_onchange(script)))

    def parameter(text: String = "", name: String = ""): XML.Elem =
      XML.elem(
        Markup("input", List("type" -> "hidden") ::: optional_value(text) ::: optional_name(name)))

    def form(body: XML.Body, name: String = "", action: String = "", http_post: Boolean = false)
        : XML.Elem =
      XML.Elem(
        Markup("form", optional_name(name) ::: optional_action(action) :::
          (if (http_post) List("method" -> "post") else Nil)), body)
  }


  /* GUI layout */

  object Wrap_Panel
  {
    object Alignment extends Enumeration
    {
      val left, right, center = Value
    }

    def apply(contents: List[XML.Elem], name: String = "", action: String = "",
      alignment: Alignment.Value = Alignment.right): XML.Elem =
    {
      val body = Library.separate(XML.Text(" "), contents)
      GUI.form(List(div(body) + ("style" -> ("text-align: " + alignment))),
        name = name, action = action)
    }
  }


  /* document */

  val header: String =
    XML.header +
    """<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">"""

  val head_meta: XML.Elem =
    XML.Elem(Markup("meta",
      List("http-equiv" -> "Content-Type", "content" -> "text/html; charset=utf-8")), Nil)

  def output_document(head: XML.Body, body: XML.Body,
    css: String = "isabelle.css",
    hidden: Boolean = true,
    structural: Boolean = true): String =
  {
    cat_lines(
      List(header,
        output(
          XML.elem("head", head_meta :: (if (css == "") Nil else List(style_file(css))) ::: head),
          hidden = hidden, structural = structural),
        output(XML.elem("body", body),
          hidden = hidden, structural = structural)))
  }


  /* fonts */

  def fonts_url(): String => String =
    (for (entry <- Isabelle_Fonts.fonts(hidden = true))
     yield (entry.path.file_name -> Url.print_file(entry.path.file))).toMap

  def fonts_dir(prefix: String)(ttf_name: String): String =
    prefix + "/" + ttf_name

  def fonts_css(make_url: String => String = fonts_url()): String =
  {
    def font_face(entry: Isabelle_Fonts.Entry): String =
      cat_lines(
        List(
          "@font-face {",
          "  font-family: '" + entry.family + "';",
          "  src: url('" + make_url(entry.path.file_name) + "') format('truetype');") :::
        (if (entry.is_bold) List("  font-weight: bold;") else Nil) :::
        (if (entry.is_italic) List("  font-style: italic;") else Nil) :::
        List("}"))

    ("/* Isabelle fonts */" :: Isabelle_Fonts.fonts(hidden = true).map(font_face))
      .mkString("", "\n\n", "\n")
  }


  /* document directory */

  def isabelle_css: Path = Path.explode("~~/etc/isabelle.css")

  def write_isabelle_css(dir: Path, make_url: String => String = fonts_dir("fonts"))
  {
    File.write(dir + isabelle_css.base,
      fonts_css(make_url) + "\n\n" + File.read(isabelle_css))
  }

  def init_dir(dir: Path): Unit =
    write_isabelle_css(Isabelle_System.make_directory(dir))

  def write_document(dir: Path, name: String, head: XML.Body, body: XML.Body,
    css: String = isabelle_css.file_name,
    hidden: Boolean = true,
    structural: Boolean = true)
  {
    init_dir(dir)
    File.write(dir + Path.basic(name),
      output_document(head, body, css = css, hidden = hidden, structural = structural))
  }
}