HOL-Library: supplemental theories for main Isabelle/HOL

This is a collection of generic theories that may be used together with main Isabelle/HOL. Note that theory loader path already includes this directory by default.

Addition of new theories should be done with some care, as the ``module system'' of Isabelle is rather simplistic. The following guidelines may be helpful to achieve maximum re-usability and minimum clashes with existing developments.

Avoid unnecessary scattering of theories over several files. Use new-style theories only, as old ones tend to clutter the file space with separate .thy and .ML files.
Theories should be as ``generic'' as is sensible. Unused (or rather unusable?) standalone theories should be avoided; common applications should actually refer to the present theory. Small example uses may be included as well, but should be put in a separate theory, such as Foobar accompanied by Foobar_Examples.
Theory names
The theory loader name space is flat, so use sufficiently long and descriptive names to reduce the danger of clashes with the user's own theories. The convention for theory names is as follows: Foobar_Doobar (this looks best in LaTeX output).
Names of logical items
There are separate hierarchically structured name spaces for types, constants, theorems etc. Nevertheless, some care should be taken, as the name spaces are always ``open''. Use adequate names; avoid unreadable abbreviations. The general naming convention is to separate word constituents by underscores, as in foo_bar or Foo_Bar (this looks best in LaTeX output).

Note that syntax is global; qualified names loose syntax on output. Do not use ``exotic'' symbols for syntax (such as \<oplus>), but leave these for user applications.

Global context declarations
Only items introduced in the present theory should be declared globally (e.g. as Simplifier rules). Note that adding / deleting rules stemming from parent theories may result in strange behavior later, depending on the user's arrangement of import lists.
Mathematical symbols
Non-ASCII symbols should be used with some care. In particular, avoid unreadable arrows: ==> should be preferred over \<Longrightarrow>. Use isatool unsymbolize to clean up the sources.

The following ASCII symbols of HOL should be generally avoided: @, !, ?, ?!, %, better use SOME, ALL (or \<forall>), EX (or \<exists>), EX! (or \<exists;>!), \<lambda>, respectively. Note that bracket notation [| |] looks bad in LaTeX output.

Some additional mathematical symbols are quite suitable for both readable sources and output document: \<Inter>, \<Union>, \<and>, \<in>, \<inter>, \<not>, \<noteq>, \<notin>, \<or>, \<subset>, \<subseteq>, \<times>, \<union>.

Isabelle is able to produce a high-quality LaTeX document from the theory sources, provided some minor issues are taken care of. In particular, spacing and line breaks are directly taken from source text. Incidently, output looks very good common type-setting conventions are observed: put a single space after each punctuation character (",", ".", etc.), but none before it; do not extra spaces inside of parentheses, unless the delimiters are composed of multiple symbols (as in [| |]); do not attempt to simulate table markup with spaces, avoid ``hanging'' indentations.