src/HOL/Tools/datatype_aux.ML
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New function name_of_typ.
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(*  Title:      HOL/Tools/datatype_aux.ML
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Author:     Stefan Berghofer
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    Copyright   1998  TU Muenchen
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Auxiliary functions for defining datatypes
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*)
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signature DATATYPE_AUX =
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sig
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  val quiet_mode : bool ref
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  val message : string -> unit
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  val foldl1 : ('a * 'a -> 'a) -> 'a list -> 'a
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  val add_path : bool -> string -> theory -> theory
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  val parent_path : bool -> theory -> theory
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  val store_thmss : string -> string list -> thm list list -> theory -> theory * thm list list
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  val store_thms_atts : string -> string list -> theory attribute list list -> thm list
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    -> theory -> theory * thm list
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  val store_thms : string -> string list -> thm list -> theory -> theory * thm list
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  val split_conj_thm : thm -> thm list
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  val mk_conj : term list -> term
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  val mk_disj : term list -> term
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  val indtac : thm -> int -> tactic
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  val exh_tac : (string -> thm) -> int -> tactic
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  datatype simproc_dist = QuickAndDirty
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                        | FewConstrs of thm list
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                        | ManyConstrs of thm * simpset;
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  datatype dtyp =
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      DtTFree of string
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    | DtType of string * (dtyp list)
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    | DtRec of int;
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  type descr
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  type datatype_info
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  exception Datatype
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  val name_of_typ : typ -> string
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  val dtyp_of_typ : (string * string list) list -> typ -> dtyp
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  val mk_Free : string -> typ -> int -> term
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  val is_rec_type : dtyp -> bool
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  val typ_of_dtyp : (int * (string * dtyp list *
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    (string * dtyp list) list)) list -> (string * sort) list -> dtyp -> typ
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  val dest_DtTFree : dtyp -> string
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  val dest_DtRec : dtyp -> int
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  val dest_TFree : typ -> string
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  val get_nonrec_types : (int * (string * dtyp list *
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    (string * dtyp list) list)) list -> (string * sort) list -> typ list
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  val get_branching_types : (int * (string * dtyp list *
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    (string * dtyp list) list)) list -> (string * sort) list -> typ list
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  val get_rec_types : (int * (string * dtyp list *
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    (string * dtyp list) list)) list -> (string * sort) list -> typ list
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  val check_nonempty : (int * (string * dtyp list *
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    (string * dtyp list) list)) list list -> unit
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  val unfold_datatypes : 
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    Sign.sg -> (int * (string * dtyp list * (string * dtyp list) list)) list ->
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      (string * sort) list -> datatype_info Symtab.table ->
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        (int * (string * dtyp list * (string * dtyp list) list)) list -> int ->
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          (int * (string * dtyp list *
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            (string * dtyp list) list)) list list * int
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end;
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structure DatatypeAux : DATATYPE_AUX =
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struct
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val quiet_mode = ref false;
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fun message s = if !quiet_mode then () else writeln s;
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(* FIXME: move to library ? *)
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fun foldl1 f (x::xs) = foldl f (x, xs);
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fun add_path flat_names s = if flat_names then I else Theory.add_path s;
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fun parent_path flat_names = if flat_names then I else Theory.parent_path;
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(* store theorems in theory *)
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fun store_thmss label tnames thmss thy =
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  (thy, tnames ~~ thmss) |>
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  foldl_map (fn (thy', (tname, thms)) => thy' |>
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    Theory.add_path tname |>
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    (apsnd hd o PureThy.add_thmss [((label, thms), [])]) |>>
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    Theory.parent_path);
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fun store_thms_atts label tnames attss thms thy =
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  (thy, tnames ~~ attss ~~ thms) |>
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  foldl_map (fn (thy', ((tname, atts), thm)) => thy' |>
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    Theory.add_path tname |>
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    (apsnd hd o PureThy.add_thms [((label, thm), atts)]) |>>
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    Theory.parent_path);
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fun store_thms label tnames = store_thms_atts label tnames (replicate (length tnames) []);
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(* split theorem thm_1 & ... & thm_n into n theorems *)
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fun split_conj_thm th =
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  ((th RS conjunct1)::(split_conj_thm (th RS conjunct2))) handle THM _ => [th];
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val mk_conj = foldr1 (HOLogic.mk_binop "op &");
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val mk_disj = foldr1 (HOLogic.mk_binop "op |");
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(* instantiate induction rule *)
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fun indtac indrule i st =
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  let
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    val ts = HOLogic.dest_conj (HOLogic.dest_Trueprop (concl_of indrule));
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    val ts' = HOLogic.dest_conj (HOLogic.dest_Trueprop
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      (Logic.strip_imp_concl (nth_elem (i - 1, prems_of st))));
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    val getP = if can HOLogic.dest_imp (hd ts) then
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      (apfst Some) o HOLogic.dest_imp else pair None;
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    fun abstr (t1, t2) = (case t1 of
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        None => let val [Free (s, T)] = add_term_frees (t2, [])
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          in absfree (s, T, t2) end
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      | Some (_ $ t' $ _) => Abs ("x", fastype_of t', abstract_over (t', t2)))
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    val cert = cterm_of (Thm.sign_of_thm st);
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    val Ps = map (cert o head_of o snd o getP) ts;
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    val indrule' = cterm_instantiate (Ps ~~
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      (map (cert o abstr o getP) ts')) indrule
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  in
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    rtac indrule' i st
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  end;
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(* perform exhaustive case analysis on last parameter of subgoal i *)
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fun exh_tac exh_thm_of i state =
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  let
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    val sg = Thm.sign_of_thm state;
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    val prem = nth_elem (i - 1, prems_of state);
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    val params = Logic.strip_params prem;
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    val (_, Type (tname, _)) = hd (rev params);
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    val exhaustion = lift_rule (state, i) (exh_thm_of tname);
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    val prem' = hd (prems_of exhaustion);
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    val _ $ (_ $ lhs $ _) = hd (rev (Logic.strip_assums_hyp prem'));
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    val exhaustion' = cterm_instantiate [(cterm_of sg (head_of lhs),
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      cterm_of sg (foldr (fn ((_, T), t) => Abs ("z", T, t))
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        (params, Bound 0)))] exhaustion
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  in compose_tac (false, exhaustion', nprems_of exhaustion) i state
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  end;
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(* handling of distinctness theorems *)
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datatype simproc_dist = QuickAndDirty
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                      | FewConstrs of thm list
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                      | ManyConstrs of thm * simpset;
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(********************** Internal description of datatypes *********************)
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datatype dtyp =
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    DtTFree of string
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  | DtType of string * (dtyp list)
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  | DtRec of int;
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(* information about datatypes *)
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type descr = (int * (string * dtyp list * (string * dtyp list) list)) list;
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type datatype_info =
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  {index : int,
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   descr : descr,
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   rec_names : string list,
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   rec_rewrites : thm list,
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   case_name : string,
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   case_rewrites : thm list,
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   induction : thm,
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   exhaustion : thm,
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   distinct : simproc_dist,
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   inject : thm list,
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   nchotomy : thm,
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   case_cong : thm};
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fun mk_Free s T i = Free (s ^ (string_of_int i), T);
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fun subst_DtTFree _ substs (T as (DtTFree name)) =
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      (case assoc (substs, name) of
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         None => T
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       | Some U => U)
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  | subst_DtTFree i substs (DtType (name, ts)) =
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      DtType (name, map (subst_DtTFree i substs) ts)
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  | subst_DtTFree i _ (DtRec j) = DtRec (i + j);
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exception Datatype;
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fun dest_DtTFree (DtTFree a) = a
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  | dest_DtTFree _ = raise Datatype;
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fun dest_DtRec (DtRec i) = i
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  | dest_DtRec _ = raise Datatype;
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fun is_rec_type (DtType (_, dts)) = exists is_rec_type dts
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  | is_rec_type (DtRec _) = true
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  | is_rec_type _ = false;
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fun dest_TFree (TFree (n, _)) = n;
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fun name_of_typ (Type (s, Ts)) = space_implode "_"
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      (filter (not o equal "") (map name_of_typ Ts) @ [Sign.base_name s])
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  | name_of_typ _ = "";
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fun dtyp_of_typ _ (TFree (n, _)) = DtTFree n
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  | dtyp_of_typ _ (TVar _) = error "Illegal schematic type variable(s)"
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  | dtyp_of_typ new_dts (Type (tname, Ts)) =
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      (case assoc (new_dts, tname) of
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         None => DtType (tname, map (dtyp_of_typ new_dts) Ts)
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       | Some vs => if map (try dest_TFree) Ts = map Some vs then
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             DtRec (find_index (curry op = tname o fst) new_dts)
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           else error ("Illegal occurence of recursive type " ^ tname));
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fun typ_of_dtyp descr sorts (DtTFree a) = TFree (a, the (assoc (sorts, a)))
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  | typ_of_dtyp descr sorts (DtRec i) =
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      let val (s, ds, _) = the (assoc (descr, i))
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      in Type (s, map (typ_of_dtyp descr sorts) ds) end
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  | typ_of_dtyp descr sorts (DtType (s, ds)) =
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      Type (s, map (typ_of_dtyp descr sorts) ds);
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(* find all non-recursive types in datatype description *)
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fun get_nonrec_types descr sorts =
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  let fun add (Ts, T as DtTFree _) = T ins Ts
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        | add (Ts, T as DtType ("fun", [_, DtRec _])) = Ts
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        | add (Ts, T as DtType _) = T ins Ts
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        | add (Ts, _) = Ts
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  in map (typ_of_dtyp descr sorts) (foldl (fn (Ts, (_, (_, _, constrs))) =>
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    foldl (fn (Ts', (_, cargs)) =>
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      foldl add (Ts', cargs)) (Ts, constrs)) ([], descr))
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  end;
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(* get all recursive types in datatype description *)
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fun get_rec_types descr sorts = map (fn (_ , (s, ds, _)) =>
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  Type (s, map (typ_of_dtyp descr sorts) ds)) descr;
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(* get all branching types *)
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fun get_branching_types descr sorts = 
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  let fun add (Ts, DtType ("fun", [T, DtRec _])) = T ins Ts
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        | add (Ts, _) = Ts
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  in map (typ_of_dtyp descr sorts) (foldl (fn (Ts, (_, (_, _, constrs))) =>
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    foldl (fn (Ts', (_, cargs)) =>
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      foldl add (Ts', cargs)) (Ts, constrs)) ([], descr))
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  end;
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(* nonemptiness check for datatypes *)
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fun check_nonempty descr =
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  let
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    val descr' = flat descr;
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    fun is_nonempty_dt is i =
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      let
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        val (_, _, constrs) = the (assoc (descr', i));
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        fun arg_nonempty (DtRec i) = if i mem is then false
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              else is_nonempty_dt (i::is) i
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          | arg_nonempty (DtType ("fun", [_, T])) = arg_nonempty T
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          | arg_nonempty _ = true;
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      in exists ((forall arg_nonempty) o snd) constrs
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      end
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  in assert_all (fn (i, _) => is_nonempty_dt [i] i) (hd descr)
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    (fn (_, (s, _, _)) => "Nonemptiness check failed for datatype " ^ s)
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  end;
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(* unfold a list of mutually recursive datatype specifications *)
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(* all types of the form DtType (dt_name, [..., DtRec _, ...]) *)
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(* need to be unfolded                                         *)
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fun unfold_datatypes sign orig_descr sorts (dt_info : datatype_info Symtab.table) descr i =
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  let
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    fun typ_error T msg = error ("Non-admissible type expression\n" ^
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      Sign.string_of_typ sign (typ_of_dtyp (orig_descr @ descr) sorts T) ^ "\n" ^ msg);
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    fun get_dt_descr T i tname dts =
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      (case Symtab.lookup (dt_info, tname) of
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         None => typ_error T (tname ^ " is not a datatype - can't use it in\
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           \ nested recursion")
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       | (Some {index, descr, ...}) =>
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           let val (_, vars, _) = the (assoc (descr, index));
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               val subst = ((map dest_DtTFree vars) ~~ dts) handle LIST _ =>
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                 typ_error T ("Type constructor " ^ tname ^ " used with wrong\
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                  \ number of arguments")
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           in (i + index, map (fn (j, (tn, args, cs)) => (i + j,
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             (tn, map (subst_DtTFree i subst) args,
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              map (apsnd (map (subst_DtTFree i subst))) cs))) descr)
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           end);
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    (* unfold a single constructor argument *)
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    fun unfold_arg ((i, Ts, descrs), T as (DtType (tname, dts))) =
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          if is_rec_type T then
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            if tname = "fun" then
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              if is_rec_type (hd dts) then
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                typ_error T "Non-strictly positive recursive occurrence of type"
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              else
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                (case hd (tl dts) of
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                   DtType ("fun", _) => typ_error T "Curried function types not allowed"
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                 | T' => let val (i', [T''], descrs') = unfold_arg ((i, [], descrs), T')
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                         in (i', Ts @ [DtType (tname, [hd dts, T''])], descrs') end)
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            else
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              let val (index, descr) = get_dt_descr T i tname dts;
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                  val (descr', i') = unfold_datatypes sign orig_descr sorts dt_info descr (i + length descr)
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              in (i', Ts @ [DtRec index], descrs @ descr') end
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          else (i, Ts @ [T], descrs)
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      | unfold_arg ((i, Ts, descrs), T) = (i, Ts @ [T], descrs);
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    (* unfold a constructor *)
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    fun unfold_constr ((i, constrs, descrs), (cname, cargs)) =
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      let val (i', cargs', descrs') = foldl unfold_arg ((i, [], descrs), cargs)
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      in (i', constrs @ [(cname, cargs')], descrs') end;
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    (* unfold a single datatype *)
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    fun unfold_datatype ((i, dtypes, descrs), (j, (tname, tvars, constrs))) =
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      let val (i', constrs', descrs') =
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        foldl unfold_constr ((i, [], descrs), constrs)
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      in (i', dtypes @ [(j, (tname, tvars, constrs'))], descrs')
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      end;
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    val (i', descr', descrs) = foldl unfold_datatype ((i, [],[]), descr);
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  in (descr' :: descrs, i') end;
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end;