src/HOL/Tools/Sledgehammer/sledgehammer_isar.ML
author blanchet
Fri Oct 04 11:52:10 2013 +0200 (2013-10-04 ago)
changeset 54059 896b55752938
parent 54058 a60a00a2d0b0
child 54113 df080dfefddc
permissions -rw-r--r--
run fewer provers in "try" mode
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(*  Title:      HOL/Tools/Sledgehammer/sledgehammer_isar.ML
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    Author:     Jasmin Blanchette, TU Muenchen
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Adds "sledgehammer" and related commands to Isabelle/Isar's outer syntax.
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*)
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signature SLEDGEHAMMER_ISAR =
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sig
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  type params = Sledgehammer_Provers.params
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  val provers : string Unsynchronized.ref
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  val default_params : Proof.context -> (string * string) list -> params
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end;
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structure Sledgehammer_Isar : SLEDGEHAMMER_ISAR =
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struct
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open ATP_Util
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open ATP_Systems
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open ATP_Problem_Generate
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open ATP_Proof_Reconstruct
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open Sledgehammer_Util
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open Sledgehammer_Fact
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open Sledgehammer_Provers
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open Sledgehammer_Minimize
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open Sledgehammer_MaSh
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open Sledgehammer_Run
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(* val cvc3N = "cvc3" *)
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val yicesN = "yices"
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val z3N = "z3"
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val runN = "run"
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val minN = "min"
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val messagesN = "messages"
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val supported_proversN = "supported_provers"
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val kill_allN = "kill_all"
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val running_proversN = "running_provers"
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val running_learnersN = "running_learners"
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val refresh_tptpN = "refresh_tptp"
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val _ =
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  ProofGeneral.preference_option ProofGeneral.category_tracing
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    NONE
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    @{option auto_sledgehammer}
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    "auto-sledgehammer"
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    "Run Sledgehammer automatically"
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(** Sledgehammer commands **)
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fun add_fact_override ns : fact_override = {add = ns, del = [], only = false}
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fun del_fact_override ns : fact_override = {add = [], del = ns, only = false}
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fun only_fact_override ns : fact_override = {add = ns, del = [], only = true}
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fun merge_fact_override_pairwise (r1 : fact_override) (r2 : fact_override) =
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  {add = #add r1 @ #add r2, del = #del r1 @ #del r2,
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   only = #only r1 andalso #only r2}
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fun merge_fact_overrides rs =
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  fold merge_fact_override_pairwise rs (only_fact_override [])
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(*** parameters ***)
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val provers = Unsynchronized.ref ""
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val _ =
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  ProofGeneral.preference_string ProofGeneral.category_proof
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    NONE
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    provers
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    "Sledgehammer: Provers"
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    "Default automatic provers (separated by whitespace)"
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val _ =
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  ProofGeneral.preference_option ProofGeneral.category_proof
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    NONE
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    @{option sledgehammer_timeout}
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    "Sledgehammer: Time Limit"
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    "ATPs will be interrupted after this time (in seconds)"
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type raw_param = string * string list
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val default_default_params =
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  [("debug", "false"),
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   ("verbose", "false"),
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   ("overlord", "false"),
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   ("spy", "false"),
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   ("blocking", "false"),
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   ("type_enc", "smart"),
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   ("strict", "false"),
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   ("lam_trans", "smart"),
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   ("uncurried_aliases", "smart"),
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   ("learn", "true"),
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   ("fact_filter", "smart"),
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   ("max_facts", "smart"),
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   ("fact_thresholds", "0.45 0.85"),
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   ("max_mono_iters", "smart"),
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   ("max_new_mono_instances", "smart"),
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   ("isar_proofs", "smart"),
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   ("isar_compress", "10"),
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   ("isar_try0", "true"),
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   ("slice", "true"),
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   ("minimize", "smart"),
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   ("preplay_timeout", "3")]
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val alias_params =
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  [("prover", ("provers", [])), (* undocumented *)
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   ("dont_preplay", ("preplay_timeout", ["0"])),
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   ("dont_compress_isar", ("isar_compress", ["0"])),
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   ("isar_proof", ("isar_proofs", [])) (* legacy *)]
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val negated_alias_params =
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  [("no_debug", "debug"),
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   ("quiet", "verbose"),
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   ("no_overlord", "overlord"),
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   ("dont_spy", "spy"),
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   ("non_blocking", "blocking"),
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   ("non_strict", "strict"),
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   ("no_uncurried_aliases", "uncurried_aliases"),
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   ("dont_learn", "learn"),
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   ("no_isar_proofs", "isar_proofs"),
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   ("dont_slice", "slice"),
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   ("dont_minimize", "minimize"),
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   ("dont_try0_isar", "isar_try0")]
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val params_not_for_minimize =
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  ["blocking", "fact_filter", "max_facts", "fact_thresholds", "slice",
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   "minimize"];
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val property_dependent_params = ["provers", "timeout"]
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fun is_known_raw_param s =
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  AList.defined (op =) default_default_params s orelse
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  AList.defined (op =) alias_params s orelse
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  AList.defined (op =) negated_alias_params s orelse
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  member (op =) property_dependent_params s orelse s = "expect"
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fun is_prover_list ctxt s =
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  case space_explode " " s of
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    ss as _ :: _ => forall (is_prover_supported ctxt) ss
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  | _ => false
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fun unalias_raw_param (name, value) =
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  case AList.lookup (op =) alias_params name of
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    SOME (name', []) => (name', value)
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  | SOME (param' as (name', _)) =>
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    if value <> ["false"] then
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      param'
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    else
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      error ("Parameter " ^ quote name ^ " cannot be set to \"false\" \
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             \(cf. " ^ quote name' ^ ").")
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  | NONE =>
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    case AList.lookup (op =) negated_alias_params name of
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      SOME name' => (name', case value of
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                              ["false"] => ["true"]
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                            | ["true"] => ["false"]
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                            | [] => ["false"]
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                            | _ => value)
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    | NONE => (name, value)
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val any_type_enc = type_enc_of_string Strict "erased"
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(* "provers =", "type_enc =", "lam_trans =", "fact_filter =", and "max_facts ="
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   can be omitted. For the last four, this is a secret feature. *)
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fun normalize_raw_param ctxt =
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  unalias_raw_param
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  #> (fn (name, value) =>
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         if is_known_raw_param name then
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           (name, value)
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         else if null value then
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           if is_prover_list ctxt name then
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             ("provers", [name])
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           else if can (type_enc_of_string Strict) name then
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             ("type_enc", [name])
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           else if can (trans_lams_of_string ctxt any_type_enc) name then
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             ("lam_trans", [name])
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           else if member (op =) fact_filters name then
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             ("fact_filter", [name])
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           else if is_some (Int.fromString name) then
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             ("max_facts", [name])
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           else
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             error ("Unknown parameter: " ^ quote name ^ ".")
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         else
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           error ("Unknown parameter: " ^ quote name ^ "."))
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(* Ensures that type encodings such as "mono_native?" and "poly_guards!!" are
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   read correctly. *)
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val implode_param = strip_spaces_except_between_idents o space_implode " "
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(* FIXME: use "Generic_Data" *)
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structure Data = Theory_Data
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(
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  type T = raw_param list
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  val empty =
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    default_default_params
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    |> getenv "SLEDGEHAMMER_SPY" = "yes" ? AList.update (op =) ("spy", "true")
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    |> map (apsnd single)
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  val extend = I
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  fun merge data : T = AList.merge (op =) (K true) data
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)
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(* The first ATP of the list is used by Auto Sledgehammer. Because of the low
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   timeout, it makes sense to put E first. *)
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fun default_provers_param_value mode ctxt =
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  [eN, spassN, z3N, vampireN, e_sineN, yicesN]
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  |> map_filter (remotify_prover_if_not_installed ctxt)
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  (* In "try" mode, leave at least one thread to another slow tool (e.g. Nitpick) *)
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  |> take (Multithreading.max_threads_value () - (if mode = Try then 1 else 0))
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  |> implode_param
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fun set_default_raw_param param thy =
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  let val ctxt = Proof_Context.init_global thy in
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    thy |> Data.map (AList.update (op =) (normalize_raw_param ctxt param))
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  end
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fun default_raw_params mode ctxt =
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  let val thy = Proof_Context.theory_of ctxt in
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    Data.get thy
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    |> fold (AList.default (op =))
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            [("provers", [case !provers of
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                            "" => default_provers_param_value mode ctxt
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                          | s => s]),
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             ("timeout", let val timeout = Options.default_int @{option sledgehammer_timeout} in
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                           [if timeout <= 0 then "none"
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                            else string_of_int timeout]
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                         end)]
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  end
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fun extract_params mode default_params override_params =
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  let
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    val raw_params = rev override_params @ rev default_params
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    val lookup = Option.map implode_param o AList.lookup (op =) raw_params
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    val lookup_string = the_default "" o lookup
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    fun general_lookup_bool option default_value name =
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      case lookup name of
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        SOME s => parse_bool_option option name s
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      | NONE => default_value
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    val lookup_bool = the o general_lookup_bool false (SOME false)
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    fun lookup_time name =
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      case lookup name of
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        SOME s => parse_time_option name s
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      | NONE => NONE
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    fun lookup_int name =
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      case lookup name of
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        NONE => 0
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      | SOME s => case Int.fromString s of
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                    SOME n => n
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                  | NONE => error ("Parameter " ^ quote name ^
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                                   " must be assigned an integer value.")
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    fun lookup_real name =
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      case lookup name of
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        NONE => 0.0
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      | SOME s => case Real.fromString s of
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                    SOME n => n
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                  | NONE => error ("Parameter " ^ quote name ^
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                                   " must be assigned a real value.")
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    fun lookup_real_pair name =
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      case lookup name of
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        NONE => (0.0, 0.0)
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      | SOME s => case s |> space_explode " " |> map Real.fromString of
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                    [SOME r1, SOME r2] => (r1, r2)
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                  | _ => error ("Parameter " ^ quote name ^
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                                " must be assigned a pair of floating-point \
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                                \values (e.g., \"0.6 0.95\")")
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    fun lookup_option lookup' name =
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      case lookup name of
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        SOME "smart" => NONE
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      | _ => SOME (lookup' name)
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    val debug = mode <> Auto_Try andalso lookup_bool "debug"
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    val verbose = debug orelse (mode <> Auto_Try andalso lookup_bool "verbose")
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    val overlord = lookup_bool "overlord"
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    val spy = lookup_bool "spy"
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    val blocking =
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      Isabelle_Process.is_active () orelse mode <> Normal orelse debug orelse
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      lookup_bool "blocking"
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    val provers = lookup_string "provers" |> space_explode " "
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                  |> mode = Auto_Try ? single o hd
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    val type_enc =
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      if mode = Auto_Try then
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        NONE
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      else case lookup_string "type_enc" of
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        "smart" => NONE
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      | s => (type_enc_of_string Strict s; SOME s)
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    val strict = mode = Auto_Try orelse lookup_bool "strict"
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    val lam_trans = lookup_option lookup_string "lam_trans"
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    val uncurried_aliases = lookup_option lookup_bool "uncurried_aliases"
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    val learn = lookup_bool "learn"
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    val fact_filter = lookup_option lookup_string "fact_filter"
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    val max_facts = lookup_option lookup_int "max_facts"
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    val fact_thresholds = lookup_real_pair "fact_thresholds"
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    val max_mono_iters = lookup_option lookup_int "max_mono_iters"
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    val max_new_mono_instances =
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      lookup_option lookup_int "max_new_mono_instances"
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    val isar_proofs = lookup_option lookup_bool "isar_proofs"
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    val isar_compress = Real.max (1.0, lookup_real "isar_compress")
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    val isar_try0 = lookup_bool "isar_try0"
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    val slice = mode <> Auto_Try andalso lookup_bool "slice"
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    val minimize =
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      if mode = Auto_Try then NONE else lookup_option lookup_bool "minimize"
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    val timeout = if mode = Auto_Try then NONE else lookup_time "timeout"
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    val preplay_timeout =
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      if mode = Auto_Try then SOME Time.zeroTime
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      else lookup_time "preplay_timeout"
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    val expect = lookup_string "expect"
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  in
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    {debug = debug, verbose = verbose, overlord = overlord, spy = spy, blocking = blocking,
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     provers = provers, type_enc = type_enc, strict = strict, lam_trans = lam_trans,
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     uncurried_aliases = uncurried_aliases, learn = learn, fact_filter = fact_filter,
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     max_facts = max_facts, fact_thresholds = fact_thresholds, max_mono_iters = max_mono_iters,
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     max_new_mono_instances = max_new_mono_instances, isar_proofs = isar_proofs,
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     isar_compress = isar_compress, isar_try0 = isar_try0, slice = slice, minimize = minimize,
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     timeout = timeout, preplay_timeout = preplay_timeout, expect = expect}
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  end
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fun get_params mode = extract_params mode o default_raw_params mode
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fun default_params thy = get_params Normal thy o map (apsnd single)
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(* Sledgehammer the given subgoal *)
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val default_minimize_prover = metisN
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fun is_raw_param_relevant_for_minimize (name, _) =
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  not (member (op =) params_not_for_minimize name)
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fun string_of_raw_param (key, values) =
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  key ^ (case implode_param values of "" => "" | value => " = " ^ value)
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fun nice_string_of_raw_param (p as (key, ["false"])) =
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    (case AList.find (op =) negated_alias_params key of
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       [neg] => neg
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     | _ => string_of_raw_param p)
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  | nice_string_of_raw_param p = string_of_raw_param p
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fun minimize_command override_params i more_override_params prover_name
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                     fact_names =
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  let
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    val params =
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      (override_params
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       |> filter_out (AList.defined (op =) more_override_params o fst)) @
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      more_override_params
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      |> filter is_raw_param_relevant_for_minimize
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      |> map nice_string_of_raw_param
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      |> (if prover_name = default_minimize_prover then I else cons prover_name)
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      |> space_implode ", "
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  in
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    sledgehammerN ^ " " ^ minN ^
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    (if params = "" then "" else enclose " [" "]" params) ^
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    " (" ^ space_implode " " fact_names ^ ")" ^
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    (if i = 1 then "" else " " ^ string_of_int i)
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  end
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val default_learn_prover_timeout = 2.0
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fun hammer_away override_params subcommand opt_i fact_override state =
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  let
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    val ctxt = Proof.context_of state
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    val override_params = override_params |> map (normalize_raw_param ctxt)
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    val _ = Isabelle_System.mkdir (Path.explode (getenv "ISABELLE_TMP"))
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  in
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    if subcommand = runN then
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      let val i = the_default 1 opt_i in
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        run_sledgehammer (get_params Normal ctxt override_params) Normal NONE i
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                         fact_override (minimize_command override_params i)
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                         state
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        |> K ()
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      end
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    else if subcommand = minN then
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      let
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        val ctxt = ctxt |> Config.put instantiate_inducts false
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        val i = the_default 1 opt_i
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        val params =
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          get_params Minimize ctxt (("provers", [default_minimize_prover]) ::
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                                    override_params)
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        val goal = prop_of (#goal (Proof.goal state))
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        val facts = nearly_all_facts ctxt false fact_override Symtab.empty
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                                     Termtab.empty [] [] goal
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        fun learn prover = mash_learn_proof ctxt params prover goal facts
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      in run_minimize params learn i (#add fact_override) state end
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    else if subcommand = messagesN then
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      messages opt_i
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    else if subcommand = supported_proversN then
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      supported_provers ctxt
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    else if subcommand = kill_allN then
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      (kill_provers ();
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       kill_learners ctxt (get_params Normal ctxt override_params))
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    else if subcommand = running_proversN then
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      running_provers ()
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    else if subcommand = unlearnN then
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      mash_unlearn ctxt (get_params Normal ctxt override_params)
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    else if subcommand = learn_isarN orelse subcommand = learn_proverN orelse
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            subcommand = relearn_isarN orelse subcommand = relearn_proverN then
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      (if subcommand = relearn_isarN orelse subcommand = relearn_proverN then
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         mash_unlearn ctxt (get_params Normal ctxt override_params)
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       else
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         ();
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       mash_learn ctxt
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           (get_params Normal ctxt
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                ([("timeout",
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                   [string_of_real default_learn_prover_timeout]),
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                  ("slice", ["false"])] @
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   395
                 override_params @
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                 [("minimize", ["true"]),
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   397
                  ("preplay_timeout", ["0"])]))
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   398
           fact_override (#facts (Proof.goal state))
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           (subcommand = learn_proverN orelse subcommand = relearn_proverN))
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   400
    else if subcommand = running_learnersN then
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   401
      running_learners ()
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   402
    else if subcommand = refresh_tptpN then
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   403
      refresh_systems_on_tptp ()
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   404
    else
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   405
      error ("Unknown subcommand: " ^ quote subcommand ^ ".")
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   406
  end
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   407
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   408
fun sledgehammer_trans (((subcommand, params), fact_override), opt_i) =
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   409
  Toplevel.unknown_proof o
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   410
  Toplevel.keep (hammer_away params subcommand opt_i fact_override
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   411
                 o Toplevel.proof_of)
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   412
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   413
fun string_of_raw_param (name, value) = name ^ " = " ^ implode_param value
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   414
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   415
fun sledgehammer_params_trans params =
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   416
  Toplevel.theory
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   417
      (fold set_default_raw_param params
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   418
       #> tap (fn thy =>
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   419
                  let val ctxt = Proof_Context.init_global thy in
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   420
                    writeln ("Default parameters for Sledgehammer:\n" ^
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   421
                             (case rev (default_raw_params Normal ctxt) of
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   422
                                [] => "none"
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   423
                              | params =>
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   424
                                params |> map string_of_raw_param
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   425
                                       |> sort_strings |> cat_lines))
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   426
                  end))
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   427
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   428
val parse_query_bang = @{keyword "?"} || @{keyword "!"} || @{keyword "!!"}
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   429
val parse_key =
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   430
  Scan.repeat1 (Parse.typ_group || parse_query_bang) >> implode_param
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   431
val parse_value =
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   432
  Scan.repeat1 (Parse.xname || Parse.float_number || parse_query_bang)
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   433
val parse_param = parse_key -- Scan.optional (@{keyword "="} |-- parse_value) []
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   434
val parse_params = Scan.optional (Args.bracks (Parse.list parse_param)) []
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   435
val parse_fact_refs =
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   436
  Scan.repeat1 (Scan.unless (Parse.name -- Args.colon) Parse_Spec.xthm)
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   437
val parse_fact_override_chunk =
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   438
  (Args.add |-- Args.colon |-- parse_fact_refs >> add_fact_override)
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   439
  || (Args.del |-- Args.colon |-- parse_fact_refs >> del_fact_override)
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   440
  || (parse_fact_refs >> only_fact_override)
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   441
val parse_fact_override =
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   442
  Scan.optional (Args.parens (Scan.repeat parse_fact_override_chunk
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   443
                              >> merge_fact_overrides))
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   444
                no_fact_override
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   445
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   446
val _ =
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   447
  Outer_Syntax.improper_command @{command_spec "sledgehammer"}
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   448
    "search for first-order proof using automatic theorem provers"
wenzelm@46961
   449
    ((Scan.optional Parse.short_ident runN -- parse_params
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   450
      -- parse_fact_override -- Scan.option Parse.nat) #>> sledgehammer_trans)
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   451
val _ =
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   452
  Outer_Syntax.command @{command_spec "sledgehammer_params"}
wenzelm@46961
   453
    "set and display the default parameters for Sledgehammer"
wenzelm@46961
   454
    (parse_params #>> sledgehammer_params_trans)
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   455
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   456
fun try_sledgehammer auto state =
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   457
  let
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   458
    val ctxt = Proof.context_of state
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   459
    val mode = if auto then Auto_Try else Try
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   460
    val i = 1
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   461
  in
wenzelm@53048
   462
    run_sledgehammer (get_params mode ctxt []) mode NONE i no_fact_override
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   463
                     (minimize_command [] i) state
blanchet@40931
   464
  end
blanchet@39318
   465
wenzelm@52641
   466
val _ = Try.tool_setup (sledgehammerN, (40, @{option auto_sledgehammer}, try_sledgehammer))
blanchet@39318
   467
wenzelm@52908
   468
val _ =
wenzelm@52982
   469
  Query_Operation.register sledgehammerN (fn {state = st, args, output_result} =>
wenzelm@52982
   470
    (case try Toplevel.proof_of st of
wenzelm@52982
   471
      SOME state =>
wenzelm@52982
   472
        let
wenzelm@53057
   473
          val [provers_arg, isar_proofs_arg] = args;
wenzelm@52982
   474
          val ctxt = Proof.context_of state
wenzelm@52908
   475
wenzelm@52982
   476
          val override_params =
wenzelm@53053
   477
            ((if provers_arg = "" then [] else [("provers", space_explode " " provers_arg)]) @
wenzelm@53057
   478
              [("isar_proofs", [isar_proofs_arg]),
wenzelm@53053
   479
               ("blocking", ["true"]),
wenzelm@53053
   480
               ("minimize", ["true"]),
wenzelm@53053
   481
               ("debug", ["false"]),
wenzelm@53053
   482
               ("verbose", ["false"]),
wenzelm@53053
   483
               ("overlord", ["false"])])
wenzelm@52982
   484
            |> map (normalize_raw_param ctxt)
wenzelm@53048
   485
          val _ =
wenzelm@53052
   486
            run_sledgehammer (get_params Normal ctxt override_params) Normal (SOME output_result) 1
wenzelm@53049
   487
              no_fact_override (minimize_command override_params 1) state
wenzelm@52982
   488
        in () end
wenzelm@53055
   489
    | NONE => error "Unknown proof context"))
wenzelm@53055
   490
wenzelm@53055
   491
val _ = Session.protocol_handler "isabelle.Sledgehammer_Params$Handler"
wenzelm@53055
   492
wenzelm@53055
   493
val _ = Isabelle_Process.protocol_command "Sledgehammer.provers"
wenzelm@53055
   494
  (fn [] =>
wenzelm@53055
   495
    let
wenzelm@53055
   496
      val this_ctxt = @{context}
wenzelm@53055
   497
      val provers = space_implode " " (#provers (default_params this_ctxt []))
wenzelm@53055
   498
    in Output.protocol_message Markup.sledgehammer_provers provers end)
wenzelm@52908
   499
blanchet@35866
   500
end;