NEWS
author wenzelm
Mon Oct 01 12:41:35 2018 +0200 (13 months ago ago)
changeset 69099 d44cb8a3e5e0
parent 69095 b96dd4963e2d
child 69135 be20f5f6feb9
permissions -rw-r--r--
HOL-SPARK .prv files are no longer written to the file-system;
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Isabelle NEWS -- history of user-relevant changes
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=================================================
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(Note: Isabelle/jEdit shows a tree-view of the NEWS file in Sidekick.)
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New in this Isabelle version
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----------------------------
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*** General ***
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* Old-style inner comments (* ... *) within the term language are no
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longer supported (legacy feature in Isabelle2018).
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* Infix operators that begin or end with a "*" can now be paranthesized
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without additional spaces, eg "(*)" instead of "( * )".
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*** Isar ***
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* More robust treatment of structural errors: begin/end blocks take
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precedence over goal/proof.
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* Implicit cases goal1, goal2, goal3, etc. have been discontinued
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(legacy feature since Isabelle2016).
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*** HOL ***
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* Simplified syntax setup for big operators under image. In rare
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situations, type conversions are not inserted implicitly any longer
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and need to be given explicitly. Auxiliary abbreviations INFIMUM,
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SUPREMUM, UNION, INTER should now rarely occur in output and are just
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retained as migration auxiliary. INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Theory List: the precedence of the list_update operator has changed:
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"f a [n := x]" now needs to be written "(f a)[n := x]".
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* Theory "HOL-Library.Multiset": the <Union># operator now has the same
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precedence as any other prefix function symbol.
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* Facts sum_mset.commute and prod_mset.commute renamed to sum_mset.swap
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and prod_mset.swap, similarly to sum.swap and prod.swap.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Sledgehammer: The URL for SystemOnTPTP, which is used by remote
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provers, has been updated.
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* Session HOL-SPARK: .prv files are no longer written to the
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file-system, but exported to the session database. Results may be
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retrieved with the "isabelle export" command-line tool like this:
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  isabelle export -x "*:**.prv" HOL-SPARK-Examples
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*** ML ***
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* Original PolyML.pointerEq is retained as a convenience for tools that
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don't use Isabelle/ML (where this is called "pointer_eq").
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* ML evaluation (notably via commands 'ML' and 'ML_file') is subject to
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option ML_environment to select a named environment, such as "Isabelle"
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for Isabelle/ML, or "SML" for official Standard ML. It is also possible
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to move toplevel bindings between environments, using a notation with
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">" as separator. For example:
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  declare [[ML_environment = "Isabelle>SML"]]
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  ML \<open>val println = writeln\<close>
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  declare [[ML_environment = "SML"]]
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  ML \<open>println "test"\<close>
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  declare [[ML_environment = "Isabelle"]]
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  ML \<open>println\<close>  \<comment> \<open>not present\<close>
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The Isabelle/ML function ML_Env.setup defines new ML environments. This
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is useful to incorporate big SML projects in an isolated name space, and
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potentially with variations on ML syntax (existing ML_Env.SML_operations
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observes the official standard).
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*** System ***
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* Isabelle server command "use_theories" supports "nodes_status_delay"
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for continuous output of node status information. The time interval is
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specified in seconds; a negative value means it is disabled (default).
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* Isabelle Server command "use_theories" terminates more robustly in the
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presence of structurally broken sources: full consolidation of theories
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is no longer required.
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New in Isabelle2018 (August 2018)
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---------------------------------
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*** General ***
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* Session-qualified theory names are mandatory: it is no longer possible
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to refer to unqualified theories from the parent session.
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INCOMPATIBILITY for old developments that have not been updated to
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Isabelle2017 yet (using the "isabelle imports" tool).
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* Only the most fundamental theory names are global, usually the entry
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points to major logic sessions: Pure, Main, Complex_Main, HOLCF, IFOL,
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FOL, ZF, ZFC etc. INCOMPATIBILITY, need to use qualified names for
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formerly global "HOL-Probability.Probability" and "HOL-SPARK.SPARK".
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* Global facts need to be closed: no free variables and no hypotheses.
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Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Facts stemming from locale interpretation are subject to lazy
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evaluation for improved performance. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY: errors
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stemming from interpretation morphisms might be deferred and thus
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difficult to locate; enable system option "strict_facts" temporarily to
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avoid this.
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* Marginal comments need to be written exclusively in the new-style form
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"\<comment> \<open>text\<close>", old ASCII variants like "-- {* ... *}" are no longer
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supported. INCOMPATIBILITY, use the command-line tool "isabelle
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update_comments" to update existing theory files.
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* Old-style inner comments (* ... *) within the term language are legacy
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and will be discontinued soon: use formal comments "\<comment> \<open>...\<close>" or "\<^cancel>\<open>...\<close>"
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instead.
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* The "op <infix-op>" syntax for infix operators has been replaced by
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"(<infix-op>)". If <infix-op> begins or ends with a "*", there needs to
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be a space between the "*" and the corresponding parenthesis.
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INCOMPATIBILITY, use the command-line tool "isabelle update_op" to
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convert theory and ML files to the new syntax. Because it is based on
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regular expression matching, the result may need a bit of manual
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postprocessing. Invoking "isabelle update_op" converts all files in the
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current directory (recursively). In case you want to exclude conversion
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of ML files (because the tool frequently also converts ML's "op"
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syntax), use option "-m".
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* Theory header 'abbrevs' specifications need to be separated by 'and'.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Command 'external_file' declares the formal dependency on the given
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file name, such that the Isabelle build process knows about it, but
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without specific Prover IDE management.
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* Session ROOT entries no longer allow specification of 'files'. Rare
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INCOMPATIBILITY, use command 'external_file' within a proper theory
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context.
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* Session root directories may be specified multiple times: each
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accessible ROOT file is processed only once. This facilitates
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specification of $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/ROOTS or command-line options like
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-d or -D for "isabelle build" and "isabelle jedit". Example:
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  isabelle build -D '~~/src/ZF'
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* The command 'display_drafts' has been discontinued. INCOMPATIBILITY,
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use action "isabelle.draft" (or "print") in Isabelle/jEdit instead.
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* In HTML output, the Isabelle symbol "\<hyphen>" is rendered as explicit
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Unicode hyphen U+2010, to avoid unclear meaning of the old "soft hyphen"
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U+00AD. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY, e.g. copy-paste of historic Isabelle HTML
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output.
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*** Isabelle/jEdit Prover IDE ***
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* The command-line tool "isabelle jedit" provides more flexible options
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for session management:
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  - option -R builds an auxiliary logic image with all theories from
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    other sessions that are not already present in its parent
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  - option -S is like -R, with a focus on the selected session and its
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    descendants (this reduces startup time for big projects like AFP)
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  - option -A specifies an alternative ancestor session for options -R
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    and -S
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  - option -i includes additional sessions into the name-space of
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    theories
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  Examples:
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    isabelle jedit -R HOL-Number_Theory
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    isabelle jedit -R HOL-Number_Theory -A HOL
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    isabelle jedit -d '$AFP' -S Formal_SSA -A HOL
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    isabelle jedit -d '$AFP' -S Formal_SSA -A HOL-Analysis
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    isabelle jedit -d '$AFP' -S Formal_SSA -A HOL-Analysis -i CryptHOL
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* PIDE markup for session ROOT files: allows to complete session names,
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follow links to theories and document files etc.
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* Completion supports theory header imports, using theory base name.
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E.g. "Prob" may be completed to "HOL-Probability.Probability".
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* Named control symbols (without special Unicode rendering) are shown as
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bold-italic keyword. This is particularly useful for the short form of
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antiquotations with control symbol: \<^name>\<open>argument\<close>. The action
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"isabelle.antiquoted_cartouche" turns an antiquotation with 0 or 1
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arguments into this format.
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* Completion provides templates for named symbols with arguments,
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e.g. "\<comment> \<open>ARGUMENT\<close>" or "\<^emph>\<open>ARGUMENT\<close>".
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* Slightly more parallel checking, notably for high priority print
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functions (e.g. State output).
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* The view title is set dynamically, according to the Isabelle
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distribution and the logic session name. The user can override this via
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set-view-title (stored persistently in $JEDIT_SETTINGS/perspective.xml).
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* System options "spell_checker_include" and "spell_checker_exclude"
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supersede former "spell_checker_elements" to determine regions of text
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that are subject to spell-checking. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Action "isabelle.preview" is able to present more file formats,
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notably bibtex database files and ML files.
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* Action "isabelle.draft" is similar to "isabelle.preview", but shows a
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plain-text document draft. Both are available via the menu "Plugins /
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Isabelle".
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* When loading text files, the Isabelle symbols encoding UTF-8-Isabelle
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is only used if there is no conflict with existing Unicode sequences in
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the file. Otherwise, the fallback encoding is plain UTF-8 and Isabelle
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symbols remain in literal \<symbol> form. This avoids accidental loss of
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Unicode content when saving the file.
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* Bibtex database files (.bib) are semantically checked.
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* Update to jedit-5.5.0, the latest release.
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*** Isabelle/VSCode Prover IDE ***
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* HTML preview of theories and other file-formats similar to
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Isabelle/jEdit.
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* Command-line tool "isabelle vscode_server" accepts the same options
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-A, -R, -S, -i for session selection as "isabelle jedit". This is
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relevant for isabelle.args configuration settings in VSCode. The former
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option -A (explore all known session files) has been discontinued: it is
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enabled by default, unless option -S is used to focus on a particular
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spot in the session structure. INCOMPATIBILITY.
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*** Document preparation ***
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* Formal comments work uniformly in outer syntax, inner syntax (term
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language), Isabelle/ML and some other embedded languages of Isabelle.
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See also "Document comments" in the isar-ref manual. The following forms
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are supported:
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  - marginal text comment: \<comment> \<open>\<dots>\<close>
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  - canceled source: \<^cancel>\<open>\<dots>\<close>
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  - raw LaTeX: \<^latex>\<open>\<dots>\<close>
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* Outside of the inner theory body, the default presentation context is
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theory Pure. Thus elementary antiquotations may be used in markup
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commands (e.g. 'chapter', 'section', 'text') and formal comments.
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* System option "document_tags" specifies alternative command tags. This
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is occasionally useful to control the global visibility of commands via
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session options (e.g. in ROOT).
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* Document markup commands ('section', 'text' etc.) are implicitly
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tagged as "document" and visible by default. This avoids the application
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of option "document_tags" to these commands.
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* Isabelle names are mangled into LaTeX macro names to allow the full
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identifier syntax with underscore, prime, digits. This is relevant for
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antiquotations in control symbol notation, e.g. \<^const_name> becomes
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\isactrlconstUNDERSCOREname.
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* Document preparation with skip_proofs option now preserves the content
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more accurately: only terminal proof steps ('by' etc.) are skipped.
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* Document antiquotation @{theory name} requires the long
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session-qualified theory name: this is what users reading the text
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normally need to import.
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* Document antiquotation @{session name} checks and prints the given
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session name verbatim.
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* Document antiquotation @{cite} now checks the given Bibtex entries
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against the Bibtex database files -- only in batch-mode session builds.
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* Command-line tool "isabelle document" has been re-implemented in
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Isabelle/Scala, with simplified arguments and explicit errors from the
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latex and bibtex process. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Session ROOT entry: empty 'document_files' means there is no document
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for this session. There is no need to specify options [document = false]
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anymore.
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*** Isar ***
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* Command 'interpret' no longer exposes resulting theorems as literal
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facts, notably for the \<open>prop\<close> notation or the "fact" proof method. This
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improves modularity of proofs and scalability of locale interpretation.
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Rare INCOMPATIBILITY, need to refer to explicitly named facts instead
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(e.g. use 'find_theorems' or 'try' to figure this out).
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* The old 'def' command has been discontinued (legacy since
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Isbelle2016-1). INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'define' instead -- usually with
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object-logic equality or equivalence.
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*** Pure ***
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* The inner syntax category "sort" now includes notation "_" for the
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dummy sort: it is effectively ignored in type-inference.
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* Rewrites clauses (keyword 'rewrites') were moved into the locale
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expression syntax, where they are part of locale instances. In
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interpretation commands rewrites clauses now need to occur before 'for'
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and 'defines'. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY; definitions immediately subject to
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rewriting may need to be pulled up into the surrounding theory.
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* For 'rewrites' clauses, if activating a locale instance fails, fall
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back to reading the clause first. This helps avoid qualification of
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locale instances where the qualifier's sole purpose is avoiding
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duplicate constant declarations.
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* Proof method "simp" now supports a new modifier "flip:" followed by a
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list of theorems. Each of these theorems is removed from the simpset
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(without warning if it is not there) and the symmetric version of the
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theorem (i.e. lhs and rhs exchanged) is added to the simpset. For "auto"
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and friends the modifier is "simp flip:".
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*** HOL ***
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* Sledgehammer: bundled version of "vampire" (for non-commercial users)
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helps to avoid fragility of "remote_vampire" service.
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* Clarified relationship of characters, strings and code generation:
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  - Type "char" is now a proper datatype of 8-bit values.
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  - Conversions "nat_of_char" and "char_of_nat" are gone; use more
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    general conversions "of_char" and "char_of" with suitable type
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    constraints instead.
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  - The zero character is just written "CHR 0x00", not "0" any longer.
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  - Type "String.literal" (for code generation) is now isomorphic to
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    lists of 7-bit (ASCII) values; concrete values can be written as
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   350
    "STR ''...''" for sequences of printable characters and "STR 0x..."
wenzelm@68394
   351
    for one single ASCII code point given as hexadecimal numeral.
wenzelm@68394
   352
wenzelm@68394
   353
  - Type "String.literal" supports concatenation "... + ..." for all
wenzelm@68394
   354
    standard target languages.
wenzelm@68394
   355
wenzelm@68394
   356
  - Theory HOL-Library.Code_Char is gone; study the explanations
wenzelm@68394
   357
    concerning "String.literal" in the tutorial on code generation to
wenzelm@68394
   358
    get an idea how target-language string literals can be converted to
wenzelm@68394
   359
    HOL string values and vice versa.
wenzelm@68394
   360
wenzelm@68394
   361
  - Session Imperative-HOL: operation "raise" directly takes a value of
wenzelm@68394
   362
    type "String.literal" as argument, not type "string".
wenzelm@68394
   363
wenzelm@68394
   364
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68394
   365
wenzelm@68394
   366
* Code generation: Code generation takes an explicit option
wenzelm@68394
   367
"case_insensitive" to accomodate case-insensitive file systems.
wenzelm@68394
   368
wenzelm@68394
   369
* Abstract bit operations as part of Main: push_bit, take_bit, drop_bit.
wenzelm@68394
   370
wenzelm@68394
   371
* New, more general, axiomatization of complete_distrib_lattice. The
wenzelm@68394
   372
former axioms:
wenzelm@68394
   373
wenzelm@68394
   374
  "sup x (Inf X) = Inf (sup x ` X)" and "inf x (Sup X) = Sup (inf x ` X)"
wenzelm@68394
   375
wenzelm@68394
   376
are replaced by:
wenzelm@68394
   377
wenzelm@68394
   378
  "Inf (Sup ` A) <= Sup (Inf ` {f ` A | f . (! Y \<in> A . f Y \<in> Y)})"
wenzelm@68394
   379
wenzelm@68394
   380
The instantiations of sets and functions as complete_distrib_lattice are
wenzelm@68394
   381
moved to Hilbert_Choice.thy because their proofs need the Hilbert choice
wenzelm@68394
   382
operator. The dual of this property is also proved in theory
wenzelm@68394
   383
HOL.Hilbert_Choice.
eberlm@67831
   384
lp15@67999
   385
* New syntax for the minimum/maximum of a function over a finite set:
wenzelm@68394
   386
MIN x\<in>A. B and even MIN x. B (only useful for finite types), also MAX.
lp15@67999
   387
haftmann@67525
   388
* Clarifed theorem names:
haftmann@67525
   389
haftmann@67525
   390
  Min.antimono ~> Min.subset_imp
haftmann@67525
   391
  Max.antimono ~> Max.subset_imp
haftmann@67525
   392
haftmann@67525
   393
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@67525
   394
blanchet@66663
   395
* SMT module:
wenzelm@68394
   396
blanchet@66663
   397
  - The 'smt_oracle' option is now necessary when using the 'smt' method
blanchet@66664
   398
    with a solver other than Z3. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68394
   399
wenzelm@66844
   400
  - The encoding to first-order logic is now more complete in the
wenzelm@66844
   401
    presence of higher-order quantifiers. An 'smt_explicit_application'
wenzelm@66844
   402
    option has been added to control this. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66844
   403
haftmann@66804
   404
* Facts sum.commute(_restrict) and prod.commute(_restrict) renamed to
wenzelm@66844
   405
sum.swap(_restrict) and prod.swap(_restrict), to avoid name clashes on
wenzelm@66844
   406
interpretation of abstract locales. INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66804
   407
wenzelm@68394
   408
* Predicate coprime is now a real definition, not a mere abbreviation.
wenzelm@68394
   409
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68394
   410
haftmann@66803
   411
* Predicate pairwise_coprime abolished, use "pairwise coprime" instead.
haftmann@66803
   412
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66803
   413
lp15@68373
   414
* The relator rel_filter on filters has been strengthened to its
wenzelm@68394
   415
canonical categorical definition with better properties.
wenzelm@68394
   416
INCOMPATIBILITY.
Andreas@67615
   417
immler@68071
   418
* Generalized linear algebra involving linear, span, dependent, dim
immler@68071
   419
from type class real_vector to locales module and vector_space.
immler@68071
   420
Renamed:
wenzelm@68394
   421
wenzelm@68394
   422
  span_inc ~> span_superset
wenzelm@68394
   423
  span_superset ~> span_base
wenzelm@68394
   424
  span_eq ~> span_eq_iff
wenzelm@68394
   425
wenzelm@68394
   426
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66844
   427
haftmann@66937
   428
* Class linordered_semiring_1 covers zero_less_one also, ruling out
haftmann@66937
   429
pathologic instances. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66937
   430
wenzelm@68394
   431
* Theory HOL.List: functions "sorted_wrt" and "sorted" now compare every
wenzelm@68394
   432
element in a list to all following elements, not just the next one.
wenzelm@68394
   433
wenzelm@68394
   434
* Theory HOL.List syntax:
wenzelm@68394
   435
wenzelm@68394
   436
  - filter-syntax "[x <- xs. P]" is no longer output syntax, but only
wenzelm@68394
   437
    input syntax
wenzelm@68394
   438
wenzelm@68394
   439
  - list comprehension syntax now supports tuple patterns in "pat <- xs"
nipkow@68250
   440
nipkow@68450
   441
* Theory Map: "empty" must now be qualified as "Map.empty".
nipkow@68450
   442
haftmann@67051
   443
* Removed nat-int transfer machinery. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@67051
   444
haftmann@68103
   445
* Fact mod_mult_self4 (on nat) renamed to Suc_mod_mult_self3, to avoid
haftmann@68103
   446
clash with fact mod_mult_self4 (on more generic semirings).
haftmann@68103
   447
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@68103
   448
haftmann@68103
   449
* Eliminated some theorem aliasses:
haftmann@68103
   450
  even_times_iff ~> even_mult_iff
haftmann@68103
   451
  mod_2_not_eq_zero_eq_one_nat ~> not_mod_2_eq_0_eq_1
haftmann@68103
   452
  even_of_nat ~> even_int_iff
haftmann@68103
   453
haftmann@68103
   454
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@68103
   455
haftmann@68157
   456
* Eliminated some theorem duplicate variations:
wenzelm@68394
   457
wenzelm@68394
   458
  - dvd_eq_mod_eq_0_numeral can be replaced by dvd_eq_mod_eq_0
wenzelm@68394
   459
  - mod_Suc_eq_Suc_mod can be replaced by mod_Suc
wenzelm@68394
   460
  - mod_Suc_eq_Suc_mod [symmetrict] can be replaced by mod_simps
wenzelm@68394
   461
  - mod_eq_0_iff can be replaced by mod_eq_0_iff_dvd and dvd_def
wenzelm@68394
   462
  - the witness of mod_eqD can be given directly as "_ div _"
haftmann@68157
   463
haftmann@68157
   464
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@68157
   465
haftmann@68260
   466
* Classical setup: Assumption "m mod d = 0" (for m d :: nat) is no
wenzelm@68394
   467
longer aggresively destroyed to "\<exists>q. m = d * q". INCOMPATIBILITY, adding
wenzelm@68394
   468
"elim!: dvd" to classical proof methods in most situations restores
wenzelm@68394
   469
broken proofs.
wenzelm@68394
   470
wenzelm@68394
   471
* Theory HOL-Library.Conditional_Parametricity provides command
wenzelm@68394
   472
'parametric_constant' for proving parametricity of non-recursive
wenzelm@68394
   473
definitions. For constants that are not fully parametric the command
wenzelm@68394
   474
will infer conditions on relations (e.g., bi_unique, bi_total, or type
wenzelm@68394
   475
class conditions such as "respects 0") sufficient for parametricity. See
wenzelm@68394
   476
theory HOL-ex.Conditional_Parametricity_Examples for some examples.
wenzelm@68394
   477
wenzelm@68394
   478
* Theory HOL-Library.Code_Lazy provides a new preprocessor for the code
wenzelm@68394
   479
generator to generate code for algebraic types with lazy evaluation
Andreas@68639
   480
semantics even in call-by-value target languages. See the theories
wenzelm@68647
   481
HOL-ex.Code_Lazy_Demo and HOL-Codegenerator_Test.Code_Lazy_Test for some
wenzelm@68647
   482
examples.
wenzelm@68394
   483
wenzelm@68394
   484
* Theory HOL-Library.Landau_Symbols has been moved here from AFP.
wenzelm@68394
   485
wenzelm@68394
   486
* Theory HOL-Library.Old_Datatype no longer provides the legacy command
wenzelm@68394
   487
'old_datatype'. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68394
   488
wenzelm@68394
   489
* Theory HOL-Computational_Algebra.Polynomial_Factorial does not provide
wenzelm@68394
   490
instances of rat, real, complex as factorial rings etc. Import
wenzelm@68394
   491
HOL-Computational_Algebra.Field_as_Ring explicitly in case of need.
wenzelm@68394
   492
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68394
   493
wenzelm@68394
   494
* Session HOL-Algebra: renamed (^) to [^] to avoid conflict with new
wenzelm@68394
   495
infix/prefix notation.
wenzelm@68394
   496
wenzelm@68543
   497
* Session HOL-Algebra: revamped with much new material. The set of
wenzelm@68543
   498
isomorphisms between two groups is now denoted iso rather than iso_set.
wenzelm@68543
   499
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68543
   500
wenzelm@68543
   501
* Session HOL-Analysis: the Arg function now respects the same interval
wenzelm@68543
   502
as Ln, namely (-pi,pi]; the old Arg function has been renamed Arg2pi.
lp15@68495
   503
INCOMPATIBILITY.
lp15@68495
   504
wenzelm@68548
   505
* Session HOL-Analysis: the functions zorder, zer_poly, porder and
wenzelm@68548
   506
pol_poly have been redefined. All related lemmas have been reworked.
wl302@68532
   507
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wl302@68532
   508
wenzelm@68394
   509
* Session HOL-Analysis: infinite products, Moebius functions, the
wenzelm@68394
   510
Riemann mapping theorem, the Vitali covering theorem,
wenzelm@68394
   511
change-of-variables results for integration and measures.
haftmann@68260
   512
wenzelm@68647
   513
* Session HOL-Real_Asymp: proof method "real_asymp" proves asymptotics
wenzelm@68647
   514
or real-valued functions (limits, "Big-O", etc.) automatically.
wenzelm@68681
   515
See also ~~/src/HOL/Real_Asymp/Manual for some documentation.
wenzelm@68647
   516
wenzelm@68545
   517
* Session HOL-Types_To_Sets: more tool support (unoverload_type combines
wenzelm@68545
   518
internalize_sorts and unoverload) and larger experimental application
wenzelm@68545
   519
(type based linear algebra transferred to linear algebra on subspaces).
immler@68522
   520
wenzelm@66653
   521
wenzelm@68121
   522
*** ML ***
wenzelm@68121
   523
wenzelm@68121
   524
* Operation Export.export emits theory exports (arbitrary blobs), which
wenzelm@68121
   525
are stored persistently in the session build database.
wenzelm@68121
   526
wenzelm@68281
   527
* Command 'ML_export' exports ML toplevel bindings to the global
wenzelm@68281
   528
bootstrap environment of the ML process. This allows ML evaluation
wenzelm@68281
   529
without a formal theory context, e.g. in command-line tools like
wenzelm@68281
   530
"isabelle process".
wenzelm@68281
   531
wenzelm@68121
   532
wenzelm@66729
   533
*** System ***
wenzelm@66729
   534
wenzelm@67088
   535
* Mac OS X 10.10 Yosemite is now the baseline version; Mavericks is no
wenzelm@67088
   536
longer supported.
wenzelm@67088
   537
wenzelm@68394
   538
* Linux and Windows/Cygwin is for x86_64 only, old 32bit platform
wenzelm@68394
   539
support has been discontinued.
wenzelm@68394
   540
wenzelm@66906
   541
* Java runtime is for x86_64 only. Corresponding Isabelle settings have
wenzelm@66906
   542
been renamed to ISABELLE_TOOL_JAVA_OPTIONS and JEDIT_JAVA_OPTIONS,
wenzelm@66906
   543
instead of former 32/64 variants. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66906
   544
wenzelm@68004
   545
* Old settings ISABELLE_PLATFORM and ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM should be
wenzelm@68004
   546
phased out due to unclear preference of 32bit vs. 64bit architecture.
wenzelm@68004
   547
Explicit GNU bash expressions are now preferred, for example (with
wenzelm@68004
   548
quotes):
wenzelm@68004
   549
wenzelm@68004
   550
  #Posix executables (Unix or Cygwin), with preference for 64bit
wenzelm@68004
   551
  "${ISABELLE_PLATFORM64:-$ISABELLE_PLATFORM32}"
wenzelm@68004
   552
wenzelm@68004
   553
  #native Windows or Unix executables, with preference for 64bit
wenzelm@68004
   554
  "${ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM64:-${ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM32:-${ISABELLE_PLATFORM64:-$ISABELLE_PLATFORM32}}}"
wenzelm@68004
   555
wenzelm@68004
   556
  #native Windows (32bit) or Unix executables (preference for 64bit)
wenzelm@68004
   557
  "${ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM32:-${ISABELLE_PLATFORM64:-$ISABELLE_PLATFORM32}}"
wenzelm@68004
   558
wenzelm@66745
   559
* Command-line tool "isabelle build" supports new options:
wenzelm@66745
   560
  - option -B NAME: include session NAME and all descendants
wenzelm@66745
   561
  - option -S: only observe changes of sources, not heap images
wenzelm@66841
   562
  - option -f: forces a fresh build
wenzelm@66737
   563
wenzelm@68734
   564
* Command-line tool "isabelle build" options -c -x -B refer to
wenzelm@68734
   565
descendants wrt. the session parent or import graph. Subtle
wenzelm@68734
   566
INCOMPATIBILITY: options -c -x used to refer to the session parent graph
wenzelm@68734
   567
only.
wenzelm@68734
   568
wenzelm@66843
   569
* Command-line tool "isabelle build" takes "condition" options with the
wenzelm@66843
   570
corresponding environment values into account, when determining the
wenzelm@66843
   571
up-to-date status of a session.
wenzelm@66843
   572
wenzelm@68394
   573
* The command-line tool "dump" dumps information from the cumulative
wenzelm@68394
   574
PIDE session database: many sessions may be loaded into a given logic
wenzelm@68394
   575
image, results from all loaded theories are written to the output
wenzelm@68394
   576
directory.
wenzelm@68394
   577
wenzelm@66851
   578
* Command-line tool "isabelle imports -I" also reports actual session
wenzelm@66851
   579
imports. This helps to minimize the session dependency graph.
wenzelm@66851
   580
wenzelm@68394
   581
* The command-line tool "export" and 'export_files' in session ROOT
wenzelm@68394
   582
entries retrieve theory exports from the session build database.
wenzelm@68394
   583
wenzelm@68394
   584
* The command-line tools "isabelle server" and "isabelle client" provide
wenzelm@68394
   585
access to the Isabelle Server: it supports responsive session management
wenzelm@68394
   586
and concurrent use of theories, based on Isabelle/PIDE infrastructure.
wenzelm@68394
   587
See also the "system" manual.
wenzelm@68394
   588
wenzelm@68394
   589
* The command-line tool "isabelle update_comments" normalizes formal
wenzelm@68394
   590
comments in outer syntax as follows: \<comment> \<open>text\<close> (whith a single space to
wenzelm@68394
   591
approximate the appearance in document output). This is more specific
wenzelm@68394
   592
than former "isabelle update_cartouches -c": the latter tool option has
wenzelm@68394
   593
been discontinued.
wenzelm@68394
   594
wenzelm@68394
   595
* The command-line tool "isabelle mkroot" now always produces a document
wenzelm@68394
   596
outline: its options have been adapted accordingly. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@68394
   597
wenzelm@68394
   598
* The command-line tool "isabelle mkroot -I" initializes a Mercurial
wenzelm@68394
   599
repository for the generated session files.
wenzelm@68394
   600
wenzelm@68523
   601
* Settings ISABELLE_HEAPS + ISABELLE_BROWSER_INFO (or
wenzelm@68523
   602
ISABELLE_HEAPS_SYSTEM + ISABELLE_BROWSER_INFO_SYSTEM in "system build
wenzelm@68523
   603
mode") determine the directory locations of the main build artefacts --
wenzelm@68523
   604
instead of hard-wired directories in ISABELLE_HOME_USER (or
wenzelm@68523
   605
ISABELLE_HOME).
wenzelm@68523
   606
wenzelm@68394
   607
* Settings ISABELLE_PATH and ISABELLE_OUTPUT have been discontinued:
wenzelm@68394
   608
heap images and session databases are always stored in
wenzelm@68523
   609
$ISABELLE_HEAPS/$ML_IDENTIFIER (command-line default) or
wenzelm@68523
   610
$ISABELLE_HEAPS_SYSTEM/$ML_IDENTIFIER (main Isabelle application or
wenzelm@68394
   611
"isabelle jedit -s" or "isabelle build -s").
wenzelm@67099
   612
wenzelm@67199
   613
* ISABELLE_LATEX and ISABELLE_PDFLATEX now include platform-specific
wenzelm@67199
   614
options for improved error reporting. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY with
wenzelm@67199
   615
unusual LaTeX installations, may have to adapt these settings.
wenzelm@67199
   616
wenzelm@68394
   617
* Update to Poly/ML 5.7.1 with slightly improved performance and PIDE
wenzelm@68394
   618
markup for identifier bindings. It now uses The GNU Multiple Precision
wenzelm@67591
   619
Arithmetic Library (libgmp) on all platforms, notably Mac OS X with
wenzelm@67591
   620
32/64 bit.
wenzelm@67591
   621
wenzelm@67099
   622
wenzelm@66729
   623
wenzelm@66472
   624
New in Isabelle2017 (October 2017)
wenzelm@66472
   625
----------------------------------
wenzelm@64439
   626
wenzelm@64986
   627
*** General ***
wenzelm@64986
   628
wenzelm@66238
   629
* Experimental support for Visual Studio Code (VSCode) as alternative
wenzelm@66238
   630
Isabelle/PIDE front-end, see also
wenzelm@66601
   631
https://marketplace.visualstudio.com/items?itemName=makarius.Isabelle2017
wenzelm@66238
   632
wenzelm@66238
   633
VSCode is a new type of application that continues the concepts of
wenzelm@66238
   634
"programmer's editor" and "integrated development environment" towards
wenzelm@66238
   635
fully semantic editing and debugging -- in a relatively light-weight
wenzelm@66238
   636
manner. Thus it fits nicely on top of the Isabelle/PIDE infrastructure.
wenzelm@66238
   637
Technically, VSCode is based on the Electron application framework
wenzelm@66238
   638
(Node.js + Chromium browser + V8), which is implemented in JavaScript
wenzelm@66238
   639
and TypeScript, while Isabelle/VSCode mainly consists of Isabelle/Scala
wenzelm@66238
   640
modules around a Language Server implementation.
wenzelm@66238
   641
wenzelm@65504
   642
* Theory names are qualified by the session name that they belong to.
wenzelm@66454
   643
This affects imports, but not the theory name space prefix (which is
wenzelm@66454
   644
just the theory base name as before).
wenzelm@66454
   645
wenzelm@66454
   646
In order to import theories from other sessions, the ROOT file format
wenzelm@66454
   647
provides a new 'sessions' keyword. In contrast, a theory that is
wenzelm@66454
   648
imported in the old-fashioned manner via an explicit file-system path
wenzelm@66472
   649
belongs to the current session, and might cause theory name conflicts
wenzelm@66454
   650
later on. Theories that are imported from other sessions are excluded
wenzelm@66454
   651
from the current session document. The command-line tool "isabelle
wenzelm@66454
   652
imports" helps to update theory imports.
wenzelm@66454
   653
wenzelm@65451
   654
* The main theory entry points for some non-HOL sessions have changed,
wenzelm@65451
   655
to avoid confusion with the global name "Main" of the session HOL. This
wenzelm@65451
   656
leads to the follow renamings:
wenzelm@65451
   657
wenzelm@65451
   658
  CTT/Main.thy    ~>  CTT/CTT.thy
wenzelm@65451
   659
  ZF/Main.thy     ~>  ZF/ZF.thy
wenzelm@65451
   660
  ZF/Main_ZF.thy  ~>  ZF/ZF.thy
wenzelm@65451
   661
  ZF/Main_ZFC.thy ~>  ZF/ZFC.thy
wenzelm@65451
   662
  ZF/ZF.thy       ~>  ZF/ZF_Base.thy
wenzelm@65451
   663
wenzelm@65451
   664
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@65451
   665
wenzelm@66472
   666
* Commands 'alias' and 'type_alias' introduce aliases for constants and
wenzelm@66472
   667
type constructors, respectively. This allows adhoc changes to name-space
wenzelm@66472
   668
accesses within global or local theory contexts, e.g. within a 'bundle'.
wenzelm@66472
   669
wenzelm@64986
   670
* Document antiquotations @{prf} and @{full_prf} output proof terms
wenzelm@64986
   671
(again) in the same way as commands 'prf' and 'full_prf'.
wenzelm@64986
   672
wenzelm@65055
   673
* Computations generated by the code generator can be embedded directly
wenzelm@65055
   674
into ML, alongside with @{code} antiquotations, using the following
wenzelm@65055
   675
antiquotations:
wenzelm@65055
   676
wenzelm@65055
   677
  @{computation ... terms: ... datatypes: ...} :
wenzelm@65055
   678
    ((term -> term) -> 'ml option -> 'a) -> Proof.context -> term -> 'a
wenzelm@65055
   679
  @{computation_conv ... terms: ... datatypes: ...} :
wenzelm@65055
   680
    (Proof.context -> 'ml -> conv) -> Proof.context -> conv
wenzelm@65045
   681
  @{computation_check terms: ... datatypes: ...} : Proof.context -> conv
haftmann@65041
   682
wenzelm@65055
   683
See src/HOL/ex/Computations.thy,
wenzelm@65055
   684
src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Commutative_Ring.thy and
wenzelm@65055
   685
src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Reflective_Field.thy for examples and the
wenzelm@65055
   686
tutorial on code generation.
haftmann@65041
   687
wenzelm@64986
   688
wenzelm@64602
   689
*** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***
wenzelm@64602
   690
wenzelm@66472
   691
* Session-qualified theory imports allow the Prover IDE to process
wenzelm@66472
   692
arbitrary theory hierarchies independently of the underlying logic
wenzelm@66472
   693
session image (e.g. option "isabelle jedit -l"), but the directory
wenzelm@66472
   694
structure needs to be known in advance (e.g. option "isabelle jedit -d"
wenzelm@66472
   695
or a line in the file $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/ROOTS).
wenzelm@64602
   696
wenzelm@64842
   697
* The PIDE document model maintains file content independently of the
wenzelm@64842
   698
status of jEdit editor buffers. Reloading jEdit buffers no longer causes
wenzelm@64842
   699
changes of formal document content. Theory dependencies are always
wenzelm@64842
   700
resolved internally, without the need for corresponding editor buffers.
wenzelm@64842
   701
The system option "jedit_auto_load" has been discontinued: it is
wenzelm@64842
   702
effectively always enabled.
wenzelm@64842
   703
wenzelm@64867
   704
* The Theories dockable provides a "Purge" button, in order to restrict
wenzelm@64867
   705
the document model to theories that are required for open editor
wenzelm@64867
   706
buffers.
wenzelm@64867
   707
wenzelm@66426
   708
* The Theories dockable indicates the overall status of checking of each
wenzelm@66426
   709
entry. When all forked tasks of a theory are finished, the border is
wenzelm@66426
   710
painted with thick lines; remaining errors in this situation are
wenzelm@66426
   711
represented by a different border color.
wenzelm@66426
   712
wenzelm@66472
   713
* Automatic indentation is more careful to avoid redundant spaces in
wenzelm@66472
   714
intermediate situations. Keywords are indented after input (via typed
wenzelm@66472
   715
characters or completion); see also option "jedit_indent_input".
wenzelm@66472
   716
wenzelm@66472
   717
* Action "isabelle.preview" opens an HTML preview of the current theory
wenzelm@66472
   718
document in the default web browser.
wenzelm@66472
   719
wenzelm@66576
   720
* Command-line invocation "isabelle jedit -R -l LOGIC" opens the ROOT
wenzelm@66576
   721
entry of the specified logic session in the editor, while its parent is
wenzelm@66576
   722
used for formal checking.
wenzelm@66472
   723
wenzelm@66463
   724
* The main Isabelle/jEdit plugin may be restarted manually (using the
wenzelm@66463
   725
jEdit Plugin Manager), as long as the "Isabelle Base" plugin remains
wenzelm@66463
   726
enabled at all times.
wenzelm@66463
   727
wenzelm@66472
   728
* Update to current jedit-5.4.0.
wenzelm@65329
   729
wenzelm@64602
   730
haftmann@66149
   731
*** Pure ***
haftmann@66149
   732
haftmann@66149
   733
* Deleting the last code equations for a particular function using
haftmann@66149
   734
[code del] results in function with no equations (runtime abort) rather
wenzelm@66472
   735
than an unimplemented function (generation time abort). Use explicit
haftmann@66667
   736
[[code drop:]] to enforce the latter. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66149
   737
haftmann@66313
   738
* Proper concept of code declarations in code.ML:
wenzelm@66472
   739
  - Regular code declarations act only on the global theory level, being
wenzelm@66472
   740
    ignored with warnings if syntactically malformed.
wenzelm@66472
   741
  - Explicitly global code declarations yield errors if syntactically
wenzelm@66472
   742
    malformed.
wenzelm@66472
   743
  - Default code declarations are silently ignored if syntactically
wenzelm@66472
   744
    malformed.
haftmann@66313
   745
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66313
   746
wenzelm@66472
   747
* Clarified and standardized internal data bookkeeping of code
wenzelm@66472
   748
declarations: history of serials allows to track potentially
wenzelm@66472
   749
non-monotonous declarations appropriately. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@66313
   750
haftmann@66149
   751
haftmann@64593
   752
*** HOL ***
haftmann@64593
   753
blanchet@66616
   754
* The Nunchaku model finder is now part of "Main".
blanchet@66616
   755
wenzelm@66472
   756
* SMT module:
wenzelm@66472
   757
  - A new option, 'smt_nat_as_int', has been added to translate 'nat' to
wenzelm@66472
   758
    'int' and benefit from the SMT solver's theory reasoning. It is
wenzelm@66472
   759
    disabled by default.
wenzelm@66472
   760
  - The legacy module "src/HOL/Library/Old_SMT.thy" has been removed.
wenzelm@66472
   761
  - Several small issues have been rectified in the 'smt' command.
wenzelm@66472
   762
wenzelm@66472
   763
* (Co)datatype package: The 'size_gen_o_map' lemma is no longer
wenzelm@66472
   764
generated for datatypes with type class annotations. As a result, the
wenzelm@66472
   765
tactic that derives it no longer fails on nested datatypes. Slight
wenzelm@66472
   766
INCOMPATIBILITY.
eberlm@66450
   767
haftmann@66348
   768
* Command and antiquotation "value" with modified default strategy:
haftmann@66348
   769
terms without free variables are always evaluated using plain evaluation
wenzelm@66472
   770
only, with no fallback on normalization by evaluation. Minor
wenzelm@66472
   771
INCOMPATIBILITY.
eberlm@65956
   772
wenzelm@65552
   773
* Theories "GCD" and "Binomial" are already included in "Main" (instead
wenzelm@65575
   774
of "Complex_Main").
wenzelm@65552
   775
haftmann@65170
   776
* Constant "surj" is a full input/output abbreviation (again).
haftmann@65170
   777
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@65170
   778
haftmann@64632
   779
* Dropped aliasses RangeP, DomainP for Rangep, Domainp respectively.
haftmann@64632
   780
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@64632
   781
wenzelm@66472
   782
* Renamed ii to imaginary_unit in order to free up ii as a variable
wenzelm@66472
   783
name. The syntax \<i> remains available. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   784
wenzelm@66472
   785
* Dropped abbreviations transP, antisymP, single_valuedP; use constants
wenzelm@66472
   786
transp, antisymp, single_valuedp instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   787
wenzelm@66472
   788
* Constant "subseq" in Topological_Spaces has been removed -- it is
wenzelm@66472
   789
subsumed by "strict_mono". Some basic lemmas specific to "subseq" have
wenzelm@66472
   790
been renamed accordingly, e.g. "subseq_o" -> "strict_mono_o" etc.
wenzelm@66472
   791
wenzelm@66472
   792
* Theory List: "sublist" renamed to "nths" in analogy with "nth", and
wenzelm@66472
   793
"sublisteq" renamed to "subseq". Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   794
wenzelm@66472
   795
* Theory List: new generic function "sorted_wrt".
wenzelm@66472
   796
wenzelm@66472
   797
* Named theorems mod_simps covers various congruence rules concerning
wenzelm@66472
   798
mod, replacing former zmod_simps. INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@64787
   799
haftmann@64593
   800
* Swapped orientation of congruence rules mod_add_left_eq,
haftmann@64593
   801
mod_add_right_eq, mod_add_eq, mod_mult_left_eq, mod_mult_right_eq,
haftmann@64593
   802
mod_mult_eq, mod_minus_eq, mod_diff_left_eq, mod_diff_right_eq,
wenzelm@66472
   803
mod_diff_eq. INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@64593
   804
haftmann@64593
   805
* Generalized some facts:
blanchet@64876
   806
    measure_induct_rule
blanchet@64876
   807
    measure_induct
haftmann@64593
   808
    zminus_zmod ~> mod_minus_eq
haftmann@64593
   809
    zdiff_zmod_left ~> mod_diff_left_eq
haftmann@64593
   810
    zdiff_zmod_right ~> mod_diff_right_eq
haftmann@64593
   811
    zmod_eq_dvd_iff ~> mod_eq_dvd_iff
haftmann@64593
   812
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@64593
   813
wenzelm@66472
   814
* Algebraic type class hierarchy of euclidean (semi)rings in HOL:
wenzelm@66472
   815
euclidean_(semi)ring, euclidean_(semi)ring_cancel,
wenzelm@66472
   816
unique_euclidean_(semi)ring; instantiation requires provision of a
wenzelm@66472
   817
euclidean size.
wenzelm@66472
   818
wenzelm@66472
   819
* Theory "HOL-Number_Theory.Euclidean_Algorithm" has been reworked:
wenzelm@66472
   820
  - Euclidean induction is available as rule eucl_induct.
wenzelm@66472
   821
  - Constants Euclidean_Algorithm.gcd, Euclidean_Algorithm.lcm,
wenzelm@66472
   822
    Euclidean_Algorithm.Gcd and Euclidean_Algorithm.Lcm allow
wenzelm@66472
   823
    easy instantiation of euclidean (semi)rings as GCD (semi)rings.
wenzelm@66472
   824
  - Coefficients obtained by extended euclidean algorithm are
wenzelm@66472
   825
    available as "bezout_coefficients".
wenzelm@66472
   826
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   827
wenzelm@66472
   828
* Theory "Number_Theory.Totient" introduces basic notions about Euler's
wenzelm@66472
   829
totient function previously hidden as solitary example in theory
wenzelm@66472
   830
Residues. Definition changed so that "totient 1 = 1" in agreement with
wenzelm@66472
   831
the literature. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   832
wenzelm@66542
   833
* New styles in theory "HOL-Library.LaTeXsugar":
nipkow@66541
   834
  - "dummy_pats" for printing equations with "_" on the lhs;
nipkow@66541
   835
  - "eta_expand" for printing eta-expanded terms.
nipkow@66541
   836
wenzelm@66472
   837
* Theory "HOL-Library.Permutations": theorem bij_swap_ompose_bij has
wenzelm@66472
   838
been renamed to bij_swap_compose_bij. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   839
lp15@66645
   840
* New theory "HOL-Library.Going_To_Filter" providing the "f going_to F"
eberlm@66487
   841
filter for describing points x such that f(x) is in the filter F.
eberlm@66487
   842
eberlm@66480
   843
* Theory "HOL-Library.Formal_Power_Series": constants X/E/L/F have been
eberlm@66480
   844
renamed to fps_X/fps_exp/fps_ln/fps_hypergeo to avoid polluting the name
wenzelm@66472
   845
space. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   846
wenzelm@66472
   847
* Theory "HOL-Library.FinFun" has been moved to AFP (again).
wenzelm@66472
   848
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   849
wenzelm@66472
   850
* Theory "HOL-Library.FuncSet": some old and rarely used ASCII
wenzelm@66472
   851
replacement syntax has been removed. INCOMPATIBILITY, standard syntax
wenzelm@66472
   852
with symbols should be used instead. The subsequent commands help to
wenzelm@66472
   853
reproduce the old forms, e.g. to simplify porting old theories:
wenzelm@66472
   854
wenzelm@66472
   855
syntax (ASCII)
wenzelm@66472
   856
  "_PiE" :: "pttrn \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> 'b set \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) set"  ("(3PIE _:_./ _)" 10)
wenzelm@66472
   857
  "_Pi"  :: "pttrn \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> 'b set \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) set"  ("(3PI _:_./ _)" 10)
wenzelm@66472
   858
  "_lam" :: "pttrn \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b)"  ("(3%_:_./ _)" [0,0,3] 3)
wenzelm@66472
   859
wenzelm@66472
   860
* Theory "HOL-Library.Multiset": the simprocs on subsets operators of
wenzelm@66472
   861
multisets have been renamed:
wenzelm@66472
   862
wenzelm@66472
   863
  msetless_cancel_numerals ~> msetsubset_cancel
wenzelm@66472
   864
  msetle_cancel_numerals ~> msetsubset_eq_cancel
wenzelm@66472
   865
wenzelm@66472
   866
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   867
lars@66481
   868
* Theory "HOL-Library.Pattern_Aliases" provides input and output syntax
lars@66481
   869
for pattern aliases as known from Haskell, Scala and ML.
blanchet@65515
   870
Andreas@66555
   871
* Theory "HOL-Library.Uprod" formalizes the type of unordered pairs.
Andreas@66555
   872
wenzelm@64898
   873
* Session HOL-Analysis: more material involving arcs, paths, covering
wenzelm@66652
   874
spaces, innessential maps, retracts, infinite products, simplicial
wenzelm@66652
   875
complexes. Baire Category theorem. Major results include the Jordan
wenzelm@66652
   876
Curve Theorem and the Great Picard Theorem.
wenzelm@66472
   877
wenzelm@66472
   878
* Session HOL-Algebra has been extended by additional lattice theory:
wenzelm@66472
   879
the Knaster-Tarski fixed point theorem and Galois Connections.
wenzelm@66472
   880
wenzelm@66472
   881
* Sessions HOL-Computational_Algebra and HOL-Number_Theory: new notions
wenzelm@66472
   882
of squarefreeness, n-th powers, and prime powers.
wenzelm@66472
   883
wenzelm@66472
   884
* Session "HOL-Computional_Algebra" covers many previously scattered
wenzelm@66472
   885
theories, notably Euclidean_Algorithm, Factorial_Ring,
wenzelm@66472
   886
Formal_Power_Series, Fraction_Field, Fundamental_Theorem_Algebra,
wenzelm@66472
   887
Normalized_Fraction, Polynomial_FPS, Polynomial, Primes. Minor
wenzelm@66472
   888
INCOMPATIBILITY.
Mathias@65027
   889
wenzelm@60331
   890
wenzelm@64844
   891
*** System ***
wenzelm@64844
   892
wenzelm@66474
   893
* Isabelle/Scala: the SQL module supports access to relational
wenzelm@66474
   894
databases, either as plain file (SQLite) or full-scale server
wenzelm@66474
   895
(PostgreSQL via local port or remote ssh connection).
wenzelm@66474
   896
wenzelm@66474
   897
* Results of "isabelle build" are recorded as SQLite database (i.e.
wenzelm@66474
   898
"Application File Format" in the sense of
wenzelm@66474
   899
https://www.sqlite.org/appfileformat.html). This allows systematic
wenzelm@66474
   900
access via operations from module Sessions.Store in Isabelle/Scala.
wenzelm@66474
   901
wenzelm@66472
   902
* System option "parallel_proofs" is 1 by default (instead of more
wenzelm@66472
   903
aggressive 2). This requires less heap space and avoids burning parallel
wenzelm@66472
   904
CPU cycles, while full subproof parallelization is enabled for repeated
wenzelm@66472
   905
builds (according to parallel_subproofs_threshold).
wenzelm@65072
   906
wenzelm@65448
   907
* System option "record_proofs" allows to change the global
wenzelm@65448
   908
Proofterm.proofs variable for a session. Regular values are are 0, 1, 2;
wenzelm@65448
   909
a negative value means the current state in the ML heap image remains
wenzelm@65448
   910
unchanged.
wenzelm@65448
   911
wenzelm@66472
   912
* Isabelle settings variable ISABELLE_SCALA_BUILD_OPTIONS has been
wenzelm@66472
   913
renamed to ISABELLE_SCALAC_OPTIONS. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@66472
   914
wenzelm@66472
   915
* Isabelle settings variables ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM,
wenzelm@66472
   916
ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM32, ISABELLE_WINDOWS_PLATFORM64 indicate the
wenzelm@66472
   917
native Windows platform (independently of the Cygwin installation). This
wenzelm@66472
   918
is analogous to ISABELLE_PLATFORM, ISABELLE_PLATFORM32,
wenzelm@66472
   919
ISABELLE_PLATFORM64.
wenzelm@65557
   920
wenzelm@66786
   921
* Command-line tool "isabelle build_docker" builds a Docker image from
wenzelm@66786
   922
the Isabelle application bundle for Linux. See also
wenzelm@66786
   923
https://hub.docker.com/r/makarius/isabelle
wenzelm@66786
   924
wenzelm@66473
   925
* Command-line tool "isabelle vscode_server" provides a Language Server
wenzelm@66473
   926
Protocol implementation, e.g. for the Visual Studio Code editor. It
wenzelm@66473
   927
serves as example for alternative PIDE front-ends.
wenzelm@66473
   928
wenzelm@66472
   929
* Command-line tool "isabelle imports" helps to maintain theory imports
wenzelm@66673
   930
wrt. session structure. Examples for the main Isabelle distribution:
wenzelm@66472
   931
wenzelm@66472
   932
  isabelle imports -I -a
wenzelm@66472
   933
  isabelle imports -U -a
wenzelm@66472
   934
  isabelle imports -U -i -a
wenzelm@66472
   935
  isabelle imports -M -a -d '~~/src/Benchmarks'
wenzelm@66472
   936
wenzelm@64844
   937
wenzelm@67099
   938
wenzelm@64072
   939
New in Isabelle2016-1 (December 2016)
wenzelm@64072
   940
-------------------------------------
wenzelm@62216
   941
wenzelm@62440
   942
*** General ***
wenzelm@62440
   943
wenzelm@64390
   944
* Splitter in proof methods "simp", "auto" and friends:
wenzelm@64390
   945
  - The syntax "split add" has been discontinued, use plain "split",
wenzelm@64390
   946
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
   947
  - For situations with many conditional or case expressions, there is
wenzelm@64390
   948
    an alternative splitting strategy that can be much faster. It is
wenzelm@64390
   949
    selected by writing "split!" instead of "split". It applies safe
wenzelm@64390
   950
    introduction and elimination rules after each split rule. As a
wenzelm@64390
   951
    result the subgoal may be split into several subgoals.
wenzelm@64390
   952
wenzelm@63273
   953
* Command 'bundle' provides a local theory target to define a bundle
wenzelm@63273
   954
from the body of specification commands (such as 'declare',
wenzelm@63273
   955
'declaration', 'notation', 'lemmas', 'lemma'). For example:
wenzelm@63273
   956
wenzelm@63273
   957
bundle foo
wenzelm@63273
   958
begin
wenzelm@63273
   959
  declare a [simp]
wenzelm@63273
   960
  declare b [intro]
wenzelm@63273
   961
end
wenzelm@63272
   962
wenzelm@63282
   963
* Command 'unbundle' is like 'include', but works within a local theory
wenzelm@63282
   964
context. Unlike "context includes ... begin", the effect of 'unbundle'
wenzelm@63282
   965
on the target context persists, until different declarations are given.
wenzelm@63282
   966
wenzelm@63977
   967
* Simplified outer syntax: uniform category "name" includes long
wenzelm@63977
   968
identifiers. Former "xname" / "nameref" / "name reference" has been
wenzelm@63977
   969
discontinued.
wenzelm@63977
   970
wenzelm@63977
   971
* Embedded content (e.g. the inner syntax of types, terms, props) may be
wenzelm@63977
   972
delimited uniformly via cartouches. This works better than old-fashioned
wenzelm@63977
   973
quotes when sub-languages are nested.
wenzelm@63977
   974
wenzelm@63977
   975
* Mixfix annotations support general block properties, with syntax
wenzelm@63977
   976
"(\<open>x=a y=b z \<dots>\<close>". Notable property names are "indent", "consistent",
wenzelm@63977
   977
"unbreakable", "markup". The existing notation "(DIGITS" is equivalent
wenzelm@63977
   978
to "(\<open>indent=DIGITS\<close>". The former notation "(00" for unbreakable blocks
wenzelm@63977
   979
is superseded by "(\<open>unbreabable\<close>" --- rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@63649
   980
wenzelm@63384
   981
* Proof method "blast" is more robust wrt. corner cases of Pure
wenzelm@63384
   982
statements without object-logic judgment.
wenzelm@63384
   983
wenzelm@63624
   984
* Commands 'prf' and 'full_prf' are somewhat more informative (again):
wenzelm@63977
   985
proof terms are reconstructed and cleaned from administrative thm nodes.
wenzelm@63977
   986
wenzelm@63977
   987
* Code generator: config option "code_timing" triggers measurements of
wenzelm@63977
   988
different phases of code generation. See src/HOL/ex/Code_Timing.thy for
wenzelm@63977
   989
examples.
wenzelm@63977
   990
wenzelm@63977
   991
* Code generator: implicits in Scala (stemming from type class
wenzelm@63977
   992
instances) are generated into companion object of corresponding type
wenzelm@63977
   993
class, to resolve some situations where ambiguities may occur.
wenzelm@63977
   994
wenzelm@64390
   995
* Solve direct: option "solve_direct_strict_warnings" gives explicit
wenzelm@64390
   996
warnings for lemma statements with trivial proofs.
haftmann@64013
   997
wenzelm@64602
   998
wenzelm@62904
   999
*** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***
wenzelm@62904
  1000
wenzelm@64527
  1001
* More aggressive flushing of machine-generated input, according to
wenzelm@64527
  1002
system option editor_generated_input_delay (in addition to existing
wenzelm@64527
  1003
editor_input_delay for regular user edits). This may affect overall PIDE
wenzelm@64527
  1004
reactivity and CPU usage.
wenzelm@64527
  1005
wenzelm@64390
  1006
* Syntactic indentation according to Isabelle outer syntax. Action
wenzelm@64390
  1007
"indent-lines" (shortcut C+i) indents the current line according to
wenzelm@64390
  1008
command keywords and some command substructure. Action
wenzelm@64390
  1009
"isabelle.newline" (shortcut ENTER) indents the old and the new line
wenzelm@64390
  1010
according to command keywords only; see also option
wenzelm@64390
  1011
"jedit_indent_newline".
wenzelm@64390
  1012
wenzelm@64390
  1013
* Semantic indentation for unstructured proof scripts ('apply' etc.) via
wenzelm@64390
  1014
number of subgoals. This requires information of ongoing document
wenzelm@64390
  1015
processing and may thus lag behind, when the user is editing too
wenzelm@64390
  1016
quickly; see also option "jedit_script_indent" and
wenzelm@64390
  1017
"jedit_script_indent_limit".
wenzelm@64390
  1018
wenzelm@64390
  1019
* Refined folding mode "isabelle" based on Isar syntax: 'next' and 'qed'
wenzelm@64390
  1020
are treated as delimiters for fold structure; 'begin' and 'end'
wenzelm@64390
  1021
structure of theory specifications is treated as well.
wenzelm@64390
  1022
wenzelm@64390
  1023
* Command 'proof' provides information about proof outline with cases,
wenzelm@64390
  1024
e.g. for proof methods "cases", "induct", "goal_cases".
wenzelm@64390
  1025
wenzelm@64390
  1026
* Completion templates for commands involving "begin ... end" blocks,
wenzelm@64390
  1027
e.g. 'context', 'notepad'.
wenzelm@64390
  1028
wenzelm@64390
  1029
* Sidekick parser "isabelle-context" shows nesting of context blocks
wenzelm@64390
  1030
according to 'begin' and 'end' structure.
wenzelm@64390
  1031
wenzelm@63977
  1032
* Highlighting of entity def/ref positions wrt. cursor.
wenzelm@63977
  1033
wenzelm@63977
  1034
* Action "isabelle.select-entity" (shortcut CS+ENTER) selects all
wenzelm@64514
  1035
occurrences of the formal entity at the caret position. This facilitates
wenzelm@63977
  1036
systematic renaming.
wenzelm@63977
  1037
wenzelm@63977
  1038
* PIDE document markup works across multiple Isar commands, e.g. the
wenzelm@63977
  1039
results established at the end of a proof are properly identified in the
wenzelm@63977
  1040
theorem statement.
wenzelm@63977
  1041
wenzelm@63977
  1042
* Cartouche abbreviations work both for " and ` to accomodate typical
wenzelm@63977
  1043
situations where old ASCII notation may be updated.
wenzelm@63977
  1044
wenzelm@63875
  1045
* Dockable window "Symbols" also provides access to 'abbrevs' from the
wenzelm@63875
  1046
outer syntax of the current theory buffer. This provides clickable
wenzelm@63875
  1047
syntax templates, including entries with empty abbrevs name (which are
wenzelm@63875
  1048
inaccessible via keyboard completion).
wenzelm@63875
  1049
wenzelm@63022
  1050
* IDE support for the Isabelle/Pure bootstrap process, with the
wenzelm@63022
  1051
following independent stages:
wenzelm@63022
  1052
wenzelm@63022
  1053
  src/Pure/ROOT0.ML
wenzelm@63022
  1054
  src/Pure/ROOT.ML
wenzelm@63022
  1055
  src/Pure/Pure.thy
wenzelm@63022
  1056
  src/Pure/ML_Bootstrap.thy
wenzelm@63022
  1057
wenzelm@63022
  1058
The ML ROOT files act like quasi-theories in the context of theory
wenzelm@63022
  1059
ML_Bootstrap: this allows continuous checking of all loaded ML files.
wenzelm@63022
  1060
The theory files are presented with a modified header to import Pure
wenzelm@63022
  1061
from the running Isabelle instance. Results from changed versions of
wenzelm@63022
  1062
each stage are *not* propagated to the next stage, and isolated from the
wenzelm@63022
  1063
actual Isabelle/Pure that runs the IDE itself. The sequential
wenzelm@63308
  1064
dependencies of the above files are only observed for batch build.
wenzelm@62904
  1065
wenzelm@63977
  1066
* Isabelle/ML and Standard ML files are presented in Sidekick with the
wenzelm@63977
  1067
tree structure of section headings: this special comment format is
wenzelm@63977
  1068
described in "implementation" chapter 0, e.g. (*** section ***).
wenzelm@63461
  1069
wenzelm@63581
  1070
* Additional abbreviations for syntactic completion may be specified
wenzelm@63871
  1071
within the theory header as 'abbrevs'. The theory syntax for 'keywords'
wenzelm@63871
  1072
has been simplified accordingly: optional abbrevs need to go into the
wenzelm@63871
  1073
new 'abbrevs' section.
wenzelm@63871
  1074
wenzelm@63871
  1075
* Global abbreviations via $ISABELLE_HOME/etc/abbrevs and
wenzelm@63871
  1076
$ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/abbrevs are no longer supported. Minor
wenzelm@63871
  1077
INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'abbrevs' within theory header instead.
wenzelm@63579
  1078
wenzelm@64390
  1079
* Action "isabelle.keymap-merge" asks the user to resolve pending
wenzelm@64390
  1080
Isabelle keymap changes that are in conflict with the current jEdit
wenzelm@64390
  1081
keymap; non-conflicting changes are always applied implicitly. This
wenzelm@64390
  1082
action is automatically invoked on Isabelle/jEdit startup and thus
wenzelm@64390
  1083
increases chances that users see new keyboard shortcuts when re-using
wenzelm@64390
  1084
old keymaps.
wenzelm@64390
  1085
wenzelm@63675
  1086
* ML and document antiquotations for file-systems paths are more uniform
wenzelm@63675
  1087
and diverse:
wenzelm@63675
  1088
wenzelm@63675
  1089
  @{path NAME}   -- no file-system check
wenzelm@63675
  1090
  @{file NAME}   -- check for plain file
wenzelm@63675
  1091
  @{dir NAME}    -- check for directory
wenzelm@63675
  1092
wenzelm@63675
  1093
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, former uses of @{file} and @{file_unchecked} may
wenzelm@63675
  1094
have to be changed.
wenzelm@63669
  1095
wenzelm@63669
  1096
wenzelm@63977
  1097
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@63977
  1098
wenzelm@63977
  1099
* New symbol \<circle>, e.g. for temporal operator.
wenzelm@63977
  1100
wenzelm@64073
  1101
* New document and ML antiquotation @{locale} for locales, similar to
wenzelm@64073
  1102
existing antiquotation @{class}.
wenzelm@64073
  1103
wenzelm@63977
  1104
* Mixfix annotations support delimiters like \<^control>\<open>cartouche\<close> --
wenzelm@63977
  1105
this allows special forms of document output.
wenzelm@63977
  1106
wenzelm@63977
  1107
* Raw LaTeX output now works via \<^latex>\<open>...\<close> instead of raw control
wenzelm@63977
  1108
symbol \<^raw:...>. INCOMPATIBILITY, notably for LaTeXsugar.thy and its
wenzelm@63977
  1109
derivatives.
wenzelm@63977
  1110
wenzelm@63977
  1111
* \<^raw:...> symbols are no longer supported.
wenzelm@63977
  1112
wenzelm@63977
  1113
* Old 'header' command is no longer supported (legacy since
wenzelm@63977
  1114
Isabelle2015).
wenzelm@63977
  1115
wenzelm@63977
  1116
wenzelm@62312
  1117
*** Isar ***
wenzelm@62312
  1118
wenzelm@63180
  1119
* Many specification elements support structured statements with 'if' /
wenzelm@63180
  1120
'for' eigen-context, e.g. 'axiomatization', 'abbreviation',
wenzelm@63180
  1121
'definition', 'inductive', 'function'.
wenzelm@63180
  1122
wenzelm@63094
  1123
* Toplevel theorem statements support eigen-context notation with 'if' /
wenzelm@63285
  1124
'for' (in postfix), which corresponds to 'assumes' / 'fixes' in the
wenzelm@63094
  1125
traditional long statement form (in prefix). Local premises are called
wenzelm@63094
  1126
"that" or "assms", respectively. Empty premises are *not* bound in the
wenzelm@63094
  1127
context: INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63094
  1128
wenzelm@63043
  1129
* Command 'define' introduces a local (non-polymorphic) definition, with
wenzelm@63043
  1130
optional abstraction over local parameters. The syntax resembles
wenzelm@63047
  1131
'definition' and 'obtain'. It fits better into the Isar language than
wenzelm@63047
  1132
old 'def', which is now a legacy feature.
wenzelm@63043
  1133
wenzelm@63059
  1134
* Command 'obtain' supports structured statements with 'if' / 'for'
wenzelm@63059
  1135
context.
wenzelm@63059
  1136
wenzelm@62312
  1137
* Command '\<proof>' is an alias for 'sorry', with different
wenzelm@62312
  1138
typesetting. E.g. to produce proof holes in examples and documentation.
wenzelm@62216
  1139
wenzelm@63977
  1140
* The defining position of a literal fact \<open>prop\<close> is maintained more
wenzelm@63977
  1141
carefully, and made accessible as hyperlink in the Prover IDE.
wenzelm@63977
  1142
wenzelm@63977
  1143
* Commands 'finally' and 'ultimately' used to expose the result as
wenzelm@63977
  1144
literal fact: this accidental behaviour has been discontinued. Rare
wenzelm@63977
  1145
INCOMPATIBILITY, use more explicit means to refer to facts in Isar.
wenzelm@63977
  1146
wenzelm@63977
  1147
* Command 'axiomatization' has become more restrictive to correspond
wenzelm@63977
  1148
better to internal axioms as singleton facts with mandatory name. Minor
wenzelm@63977
  1149
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62939
  1150
wenzelm@63259
  1151
* Proof methods may refer to the main facts via the dynamic fact
wenzelm@63259
  1152
"method_facts". This is particularly useful for Eisbach method
wenzelm@63259
  1153
definitions.
wenzelm@63259
  1154
wenzelm@63528
  1155
* Proof method "use" allows to modify the main facts of a given method
wenzelm@63528
  1156
expression, e.g.
wenzelm@63259
  1157
wenzelm@63259
  1158
  (use facts in simp)
wenzelm@63259
  1159
  (use facts in \<open>simp add: ...\<close>)
wenzelm@63259
  1160
wenzelm@63977
  1161
* The old proof method "default" has been removed (legacy since
wenzelm@63977
  1162
Isabelle2016). INCOMPATIBILITY, use "standard" instead.
wenzelm@63977
  1163
wenzelm@62216
  1164
haftmann@63165
  1165
*** Pure ***
haftmann@63165
  1166
wenzelm@63977
  1167
* Pure provides basic versions of proof methods "simp" and "simp_all"
wenzelm@63977
  1168
that only know about meta-equality (==). Potential INCOMPATIBILITY in
wenzelm@63977
  1169
theory imports that merge Pure with e.g. Main of Isabelle/HOL: the order
wenzelm@63977
  1170
is relevant to avoid confusion of Pure.simp vs. HOL.simp.
wenzelm@63977
  1171
wenzelm@63977
  1172
* The command 'unfolding' and proof method "unfold" include a second
wenzelm@63977
  1173
stage where given equations are passed through the attribute "abs_def"
wenzelm@63977
  1174
before rewriting. This ensures that definitions are fully expanded,
wenzelm@63977
  1175
regardless of the actual parameters that are provided. Rare
wenzelm@63977
  1176
INCOMPATIBILITY in some corner cases: use proof method (simp only:)
wenzelm@63977
  1177
instead, or declare [[unfold_abs_def = false]] in the proof context.
wenzelm@63977
  1178
wenzelm@63977
  1179
* Type-inference improves sorts of newly introduced type variables for
wenzelm@63977
  1180
the object-logic, using its base sort (i.e. HOL.type for Isabelle/HOL).
wenzelm@63977
  1181
Thus terms like "f x" or "\<And>x. P x" without any further syntactic context
wenzelm@63977
  1182
produce x::'a::type in HOL instead of x::'a::{} in Pure. Rare
wenzelm@63977
  1183
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to provide explicit type constraints for Pure
wenzelm@63977
  1184
types where this is really intended.
haftmann@63350
  1185
haftmann@63165
  1186
blanchet@62327
  1187
*** HOL ***
blanchet@62327
  1188
wenzelm@63977
  1189
* New proof method "argo" using the built-in Argo solver based on SMT
wenzelm@63977
  1190
technology. The method can be used to prove goals of quantifier-free
wenzelm@63977
  1191
propositional logic, goals based on a combination of quantifier-free
wenzelm@63977
  1192
propositional logic with equality, and goals based on a combination of
wenzelm@63977
  1193
quantifier-free propositional logic with linear real arithmetic
wenzelm@63977
  1194
including min/max/abs. See HOL/ex/Argo_Examples.thy for examples.
wenzelm@63977
  1195
blanchet@66616
  1196
* The new "nunchaku" command integrates the Nunchaku model finder. The
wenzelm@64390
  1197
tool is experimental. See ~~/src/HOL/Nunchaku/Nunchaku.thy for details.
wenzelm@64390
  1198
wenzelm@63977
  1199
* Metis: The problem encoding has changed very slightly. This might
blanchet@63785
  1200
break existing proofs. INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@63785
  1201
blanchet@63116
  1202
* Sledgehammer:
lp15@63967
  1203
  - The MaSh relevance filter is now faster than before.
blanchet@63116
  1204
  - Produce syntactically correct Vampire 4.0 problem files.
blanchet@63116
  1205
blanchet@62327
  1206
* (Co)datatype package:
blanchet@62693
  1207
  - New commands for defining corecursive functions and reasoning about
blanchet@62693
  1208
    them in "~~/src/HOL/Library/BNF_Corec.thy": 'corec', 'corecursive',
blanchet@62693
  1209
    'friend_of_corec', and 'corecursion_upto'; and 'corec_unique' proof
blanchet@62842
  1210
    method. See 'isabelle doc corec'.
wenzelm@63977
  1211
  - The predicator :: ('a \<Rightarrow> bool) \<Rightarrow> 'a F \<Rightarrow> bool is now a first-class
blanchet@63855
  1212
    citizen in bounded natural functors.
blanchet@62693
  1213
  - 'primrec' now allows nested calls through the predicator in addition
blanchet@62327
  1214
    to the map function.
blanchet@63855
  1215
  - 'bnf' automatically discharges reflexive proof obligations.
blanchet@62693
  1216
  - 'bnf' outputs a slightly modified proof obligation expressing rel in
traytel@62332
  1217
       terms of map and set
blanchet@63855
  1218
       (not giving a specification for rel makes this one reflexive).
blanchet@62693
  1219
  - 'bnf' outputs a new proof obligation expressing pred in terms of set
blanchet@63855
  1220
       (not giving a specification for pred makes this one reflexive).
blanchet@63855
  1221
    INCOMPATIBILITY: manual 'bnf' declarations may need adjustment.
blanchet@62335
  1222
  - Renamed lemmas:
blanchet@62335
  1223
      rel_prod_apply ~> rel_prod_inject
blanchet@62335
  1224
      pred_prod_apply ~> pred_prod_inject
blanchet@62335
  1225
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@62536
  1226
  - The "size" plugin has been made compatible again with locales.
blanchet@63855
  1227
  - The theorems about "rel" and "set" may have a slightly different (but
blanchet@63855
  1228
    equivalent) form.
blanchet@63855
  1229
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@62327
  1230
wenzelm@63977
  1231
* The 'coinductive' command produces a proper coinduction rule for
wenzelm@63977
  1232
mutual coinductive predicates. This new rule replaces the old rule,
wenzelm@63977
  1233
which exposed details of the internal fixpoint construction and was
wenzelm@63977
  1234
hard to use. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1235
wenzelm@63977
  1236
* New abbreviations for negated existence (but not bounded existence):
wenzelm@63977
  1237
wenzelm@63977
  1238
  \<nexists>x. P x \<equiv> \<not> (\<exists>x. P x)
wenzelm@63977
  1239
  \<nexists>!x. P x \<equiv> \<not> (\<exists>!x. P x)
wenzelm@63977
  1240
wenzelm@63977
  1241
* The print mode "HOL" for ASCII syntax of binders "!", "?", "?!", "@"
wenzelm@63977
  1242
has been removed for output. It is retained for input only, until it is
wenzelm@63977
  1243
eliminated altogether.
wenzelm@63977
  1244
wenzelm@63977
  1245
* The unique existence quantifier no longer provides 'binder' syntax,
wenzelm@63977
  1246
but uses syntax translations (as for bounded unique existence). Thus
wenzelm@63977
  1247
iterated quantification \<exists>!x y. P x y with its slightly confusing
wenzelm@63977
  1248
sequential meaning \<exists>!x. \<exists>!y. P x y is no longer possible. Instead,
wenzelm@63977
  1249
pattern abstraction admits simultaneous unique existence \<exists>!(x, y). P x y
wenzelm@63977
  1250
(analogous to existing notation \<exists>!(x, y)\<in>A. P x y). Potential
wenzelm@63977
  1251
INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations.
wenzelm@63977
  1252
wenzelm@63977
  1253
* Conventional syntax "%(). t" for unit abstractions. Slight syntactic
wenzelm@63977
  1254
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1255
wenzelm@64390
  1256
* Renamed constants and corresponding theorems:
wenzelm@64390
  1257
wenzelm@64390
  1258
    setsum ~> sum
wenzelm@64390
  1259
    setprod ~> prod
wenzelm@64390
  1260
    listsum ~> sum_list
wenzelm@64390
  1261
    listprod ~> prod_list
wenzelm@64390
  1262
wenzelm@64390
  1263
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1264
wenzelm@64390
  1265
* Sligthly more standardized theorem names:
wenzelm@64390
  1266
    sgn_times ~> sgn_mult
wenzelm@64390
  1267
    sgn_mult' ~> Real_Vector_Spaces.sgn_mult
wenzelm@64390
  1268
    divide_zero_left ~> div_0
wenzelm@64390
  1269
    zero_mod_left ~> mod_0
wenzelm@64390
  1270
    divide_zero ~> div_by_0
wenzelm@64390
  1271
    divide_1 ~> div_by_1
wenzelm@64390
  1272
    nonzero_mult_divide_cancel_left ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
  1273
    div_mult_self1_is_id ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
  1274
    nonzero_mult_divide_cancel_right ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1275
    div_mult_self2_is_id ~> nonzero_mult_div_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1276
    is_unit_divide_mult_cancel_left ~> is_unit_div_mult_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
  1277
    is_unit_divide_mult_cancel_right ~> is_unit_div_mult_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1278
    mod_div_equality ~> div_mult_mod_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1279
    mod_div_equality2 ~> mult_div_mod_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1280
    mod_div_equality3 ~> mod_div_mult_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1281
    mod_div_equality4 ~> mod_mult_div_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1282
    minus_div_eq_mod ~> minus_div_mult_eq_mod
wenzelm@64390
  1283
    minus_div_eq_mod2 ~> minus_mult_div_eq_mod
wenzelm@64390
  1284
    minus_mod_eq_div ~> minus_mod_eq_div_mult
wenzelm@64390
  1285
    minus_mod_eq_div2 ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div
wenzelm@64390
  1286
    div_mod_equality' ~> minus_mod_eq_div_mult [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1287
    mod_div_equality' ~> minus_div_mult_eq_mod [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1288
    zmod_zdiv_equality ~> mult_div_mod_eq [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1289
    zmod_zdiv_equality' ~> minus_div_mult_eq_mod [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1290
    Divides.mult_div_cancel ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1291
    mult_div_cancel ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1292
    zmult_div_cancel ~> minus_mod_eq_mult_div [symmetric]
wenzelm@64390
  1293
    div_1 ~> div_by_Suc_0
wenzelm@64390
  1294
    mod_1 ~> mod_by_Suc_0
wenzelm@64390
  1295
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1296
wenzelm@64390
  1297
* New type class "idom_abs_sgn" specifies algebraic properties
wenzelm@64390
  1298
of sign and absolute value functions.  Type class "sgn_if" has
wenzelm@64390
  1299
disappeared.  Slight INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1300
wenzelm@64390
  1301
* Dedicated syntax LENGTH('a) for length of types.
wenzelm@64390
  1302
wenzelm@63977
  1303
* Characters (type char) are modelled as finite algebraic type
wenzelm@63977
  1304
corresponding to {0..255}.
wenzelm@63977
  1305
wenzelm@63977
  1306
  - Logical representation:
wenzelm@63977
  1307
    * 0 is instantiated to the ASCII zero character.
wenzelm@63977
  1308
    * All other characters are represented as "Char n"
wenzelm@63977
  1309
      with n being a raw numeral expression less than 256.
wenzelm@63977
  1310
    * Expressions of the form "Char n" with n greater than 255
wenzelm@63977
  1311
      are non-canonical.
wenzelm@63977
  1312
  - Printing and parsing:
wenzelm@63977
  1313
    * Printable characters are printed and parsed as "CHR ''\<dots>''"
wenzelm@63977
  1314
      (as before).
wenzelm@63977
  1315
    * The ASCII zero character is printed and parsed as "0".
wenzelm@63977
  1316
    * All other canonical characters are printed as "CHR 0xXX"
wenzelm@63977
  1317
      with XX being the hexadecimal character code.  "CHR n"
wenzelm@63977
  1318
      is parsable for every numeral expression n.
wenzelm@63977
  1319
    * Non-canonical characters have no special syntax and are
wenzelm@63977
  1320
      printed as their logical representation.
wenzelm@63977
  1321
  - Explicit conversions from and to the natural numbers are
wenzelm@63977
  1322
    provided as char_of_nat, nat_of_char (as before).
wenzelm@63977
  1323
  - The auxiliary nibble type has been discontinued.
wenzelm@63977
  1324
wenzelm@63977
  1325
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1326
wenzelm@63977
  1327
* Type class "div" with operation "mod" renamed to type class "modulo"
wenzelm@63977
  1328
with operation "modulo", analogously to type class "divide". This
wenzelm@63977
  1329
eliminates the need to qualify any of those names in the presence of
wenzelm@63977
  1330
infix "mod" syntax. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1331
wenzelm@63979
  1332
* Statements and proofs of Knaster-Tarski fixpoint combinators lfp/gfp
wenzelm@63979
  1333
have been clarified. The fixpoint properties are lfp_fixpoint, its
wenzelm@63979
  1334
symmetric lfp_unfold (as before), and the duals for gfp. Auxiliary items
wenzelm@63979
  1335
for the proof (lfp_lemma2 etc.) are no longer exported, but can be
wenzelm@63979
  1336
easily recovered by composition with eq_refl. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63979
  1337
wenzelm@63977
  1338
* Constant "surj" is a mere input abbreviation, to avoid hiding an
wenzelm@63977
  1339
equation in term output. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1340
wenzelm@63977
  1341
* Command 'code_reflect' accepts empty constructor lists for datatypes,
wenzelm@63977
  1342
which renders those abstract effectively.
wenzelm@63977
  1343
wenzelm@63977
  1344
* Command 'export_code' checks given constants for abstraction
wenzelm@63977
  1345
violations: a small guarantee that given constants specify a safe
wenzelm@63977
  1346
interface for the generated code.
wenzelm@63977
  1347
wenzelm@63977
  1348
* Code generation for Scala: ambiguous implicts in class diagrams are
wenzelm@63977
  1349
spelt out explicitly.
wenzelm@63977
  1350
wenzelm@63977
  1351
* Static evaluators (Code_Evaluation.static_* in Isabelle/ML) rely on
wenzelm@63977
  1352
explicitly provided auxiliary definitions for required type class
wenzelm@64390
  1353
dictionaries rather than half-working magic. INCOMPATIBILITY, see the
wenzelm@64390
  1354
tutorial on code generation for details.
wenzelm@64390
  1355
wenzelm@64390
  1356
* Theory Set_Interval: substantial new theorems on indexed sums and
wenzelm@64390
  1357
products.
wenzelm@63977
  1358
wenzelm@63977
  1359
* Locale bijection establishes convenient default simp rules such as
wenzelm@63977
  1360
"inv f (f a) = a" for total bijections.
wenzelm@63977
  1361
wenzelm@63977
  1362
* Abstract locales semigroup, abel_semigroup, semilattice,
wenzelm@63977
  1363
semilattice_neutr, ordering, ordering_top, semilattice_order,
wenzelm@63977
  1364
semilattice_neutr_order, comm_monoid_set, semilattice_set,
wenzelm@63977
  1365
semilattice_neutr_set, semilattice_order_set,
wenzelm@63977
  1366
semilattice_order_neutr_set monoid_list, comm_monoid_list,
wenzelm@63977
  1367
comm_monoid_list_set, comm_monoid_mset, comm_monoid_fun use boldified
wenzelm@63977
  1368
syntax uniformly that does not clash with corresponding global syntax.
wenzelm@63977
  1369
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1370
wenzelm@63977
  1371
* Former locale lifting_syntax is now a bundle, which is easier to
wenzelm@63977
  1372
include in a local context or theorem statement, e.g. "context includes
wenzelm@63977
  1373
lifting_syntax begin ... end". Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1374
wenzelm@63807
  1375
* Some old / obsolete theorems have been renamed / removed, potential
wenzelm@63807
  1376
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63807
  1377
wenzelm@63807
  1378
  nat_less_cases  --  removed, use linorder_cases instead
wenzelm@63807
  1379
  inv_image_comp  --  removed, use image_inv_f_f instead
wenzelm@63807
  1380
  image_surj_f_inv_f  ~>  image_f_inv_f
wenzelm@63113
  1381
Mathias@63456
  1382
* Some theorems about groups and orders have been generalised from
Mathias@63456
  1383
  groups to semi-groups that are also monoids:
Mathias@63456
  1384
    le_add_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1385
    le_add_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1386
    less_add_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1387
    less_add_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1388
    add_le_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1389
    add_le_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1390
    add_less_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1391
    add_less_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1392
Mathias@63456
  1393
* Some simplifications theorems about rings have been removed, since
Mathias@63456
  1394
  superseeded by a more general version:
Mathias@63456
  1395
    less_add_cancel_left_greater_zero ~> less_add_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1396
    less_add_cancel_right_greater_zero ~> less_add_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1397
    less_eq_add_cancel_left_greater_eq_zero ~> le_add_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1398
    less_eq_add_cancel_right_greater_eq_zero ~> le_add_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1399
    less_eq_add_cancel_left_less_eq_zero ~> add_le_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1400
    less_eq_add_cancel_right_less_eq_zero ~> add_le_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1401
    less_add_cancel_left_less_zero ~> add_less_same_cancel1
Mathias@63456
  1402
    less_add_cancel_right_less_zero ~> add_less_same_cancel2
Mathias@63456
  1403
INCOMPATIBILITY.
Mathias@63456
  1404
wenzelm@62407
  1405
* Renamed split_if -> if_split and split_if_asm -> if_split_asm to
wenzelm@62407
  1406
resemble the f.split naming convention, INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@62396
  1407
wenzelm@63977
  1408
* Added class topological_monoid.
wenzelm@63977
  1409
wenzelm@64391
  1410
* The following theorems have been renamed:
wenzelm@64391
  1411
nipkow@64457
  1412
  setsum_left_distrib ~> sum_distrib_right
nipkow@64457
  1413
  setsum_right_distrib ~> sum_distrib_left
wenzelm@64391
  1414
wenzelm@64391
  1415
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1416
wenzelm@64391
  1417
* Compound constants INFIMUM and SUPREMUM are mere abbreviations now.
wenzelm@64391
  1418
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1419
wenzelm@64391
  1420
* "Gcd (f ` A)" and "Lcm (f ` A)" are printed with optional
wenzelm@64391
  1421
comprehension-like syntax analogously to "Inf (f ` A)" and "Sup (f `
wenzelm@64391
  1422
A)".
wenzelm@64391
  1423
wenzelm@64391
  1424
* Class semiring_Lcd merged into semiring_Gcd. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1425
wenzelm@64391
  1426
* The type class ordered_comm_monoid_add is now called
wenzelm@64391
  1427
ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add. A new type class ordered_comm_monoid_add
wenzelm@64391
  1428
is introduced as the combination of ordered_ab_semigroup_add +
wenzelm@64391
  1429
comm_monoid_add. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1430
wenzelm@64391
  1431
* Introduced the type classes canonically_ordered_comm_monoid_add and
wenzelm@64391
  1432
dioid.
wenzelm@64391
  1433
wenzelm@64391
  1434
* Introduced the type class ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le. When
wenzelm@64391
  1435
instantiating linordered_semiring_strict and ordered_ab_group_add, an
wenzelm@64391
  1436
explicit instantiation of ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le might
wenzelm@64391
  1437
be required. INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@63117
  1438
haftmann@62348
  1439
* Dropped various legacy fact bindings, whose replacements are often
haftmann@62348
  1440
of a more general type also:
haftmann@62348
  1441
  lcm_left_commute_nat ~> lcm.left_commute
haftmann@62348
  1442
  lcm_left_commute_int ~> lcm.left_commute
haftmann@62348
  1443
  gcd_left_commute_nat ~> gcd.left_commute
haftmann@62348
  1444
  gcd_left_commute_int ~> gcd.left_commute
haftmann@62348
  1445
  gcd_greatest_iff_nat ~> gcd_greatest_iff
haftmann@62348
  1446
  gcd_greatest_iff_int ~> gcd_greatest_iff
haftmann@62348
  1447
  coprime_dvd_mult_nat ~> coprime_dvd_mult
haftmann@62348
  1448
  coprime_dvd_mult_int ~> coprime_dvd_mult
haftmann@62348
  1449
  zpower_numeral_even ~> power_numeral_even
haftmann@62348
  1450
  gcd_mult_cancel_nat ~> gcd_mult_cancel
haftmann@62348
  1451
  gcd_mult_cancel_int ~> gcd_mult_cancel
haftmann@62348
  1452
  div_gcd_coprime_nat ~> div_gcd_coprime
haftmann@62348
  1453
  div_gcd_coprime_int ~> div_gcd_coprime
haftmann@62348
  1454
  zpower_numeral_odd ~> power_numeral_odd
haftmann@62348
  1455
  zero_less_int_conv ~> of_nat_0_less_iff
haftmann@62348
  1456
  gcd_greatest_nat ~> gcd_greatest
haftmann@62348
  1457
  gcd_greatest_int ~> gcd_greatest
haftmann@62348
  1458
  coprime_mult_nat ~> coprime_mult
haftmann@62348
  1459
  coprime_mult_int ~> coprime_mult
haftmann@62348
  1460
  lcm_commute_nat ~> lcm.commute
haftmann@62348
  1461
  lcm_commute_int ~> lcm.commute
haftmann@62348
  1462
  int_less_0_conv ~> of_nat_less_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1463
  gcd_commute_nat ~> gcd.commute
haftmann@62348
  1464
  gcd_commute_int ~> gcd.commute
haftmann@62348
  1465
  Gcd_insert_nat ~> Gcd_insert
haftmann@62348
  1466
  Gcd_insert_int ~> Gcd_insert
haftmann@62348
  1467
  of_int_int_eq ~> of_int_of_nat_eq
haftmann@62348
  1468
  lcm_least_nat ~> lcm_least
haftmann@62348
  1469
  lcm_least_int ~> lcm_least
haftmann@62348
  1470
  lcm_assoc_nat ~> lcm.assoc
haftmann@62348
  1471
  lcm_assoc_int ~> lcm.assoc
haftmann@62348
  1472
  int_le_0_conv ~> of_nat_le_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1473
  int_eq_0_conv ~> of_nat_eq_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1474
  Gcd_empty_nat ~> Gcd_empty
haftmann@62348
  1475
  Gcd_empty_int ~> Gcd_empty
haftmann@62348
  1476
  gcd_assoc_nat ~> gcd.assoc
haftmann@62348
  1477
  gcd_assoc_int ~> gcd.assoc
haftmann@62348
  1478
  zero_zle_int ~> of_nat_0_le_iff
haftmann@62348
  1479
  lcm_dvd2_nat ~> dvd_lcm2
haftmann@62348
  1480
  lcm_dvd2_int ~> dvd_lcm2
haftmann@62348
  1481
  lcm_dvd1_nat ~> dvd_lcm1
haftmann@62348
  1482
  lcm_dvd1_int ~> dvd_lcm1
haftmann@62348
  1483
  gcd_zero_nat ~> gcd_eq_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1484
  gcd_zero_int ~> gcd_eq_0_iff
haftmann@62348
  1485
  gcd_dvd2_nat ~> gcd_dvd2
haftmann@62348
  1486
  gcd_dvd2_int ~> gcd_dvd2
haftmann@62348
  1487
  gcd_dvd1_nat ~> gcd_dvd1
haftmann@62348
  1488
  gcd_dvd1_int ~> gcd_dvd1
haftmann@62348
  1489
  int_numeral ~> of_nat_numeral
haftmann@62348
  1490
  lcm_ac_nat ~> ac_simps
haftmann@62348
  1491
  lcm_ac_int ~> ac_simps
haftmann@62348
  1492
  gcd_ac_nat ~> ac_simps
haftmann@62348
  1493
  gcd_ac_int ~> ac_simps
haftmann@62348
  1494
  abs_int_eq ~> abs_of_nat
haftmann@62348
  1495
  zless_int ~> of_nat_less_iff
haftmann@62348
  1496
  zdiff_int ~> of_nat_diff
haftmann@62348
  1497
  zadd_int ~> of_nat_add
haftmann@62348
  1498
  int_mult ~> of_nat_mult
haftmann@62348
  1499
  int_Suc ~> of_nat_Suc
haftmann@62348
  1500
  inj_int ~> inj_of_nat
haftmann@62348
  1501
  int_1 ~> of_nat_1
haftmann@62348
  1502
  int_0 ~> of_nat_0
haftmann@62353
  1503
  Lcm_empty_nat ~> Lcm_empty
haftmann@62353
  1504
  Lcm_empty_int ~> Lcm_empty
haftmann@62353
  1505
  Lcm_insert_nat ~> Lcm_insert
haftmann@62353
  1506
  Lcm_insert_int ~> Lcm_insert
haftmann@62353
  1507
  comp_fun_idem_gcd_nat ~> comp_fun_idem_gcd
haftmann@62353
  1508
  comp_fun_idem_gcd_int ~> comp_fun_idem_gcd
haftmann@62353
  1509
  comp_fun_idem_lcm_nat ~> comp_fun_idem_lcm
haftmann@62353
  1510
  comp_fun_idem_lcm_int ~> comp_fun_idem_lcm
haftmann@62353
  1511
  Lcm_eq_0 ~> Lcm_eq_0_I
haftmann@62353
  1512
  Lcm0_iff ~> Lcm_0_iff
haftmann@62353
  1513
  Lcm_dvd_int ~> Lcm_least
haftmann@62353
  1514
  divides_mult_nat ~> divides_mult
haftmann@62353
  1515
  divides_mult_int ~> divides_mult
haftmann@62353
  1516
  lcm_0_nat ~> lcm_0_right
haftmann@62353
  1517
  lcm_0_int ~> lcm_0_right
haftmann@62353
  1518
  lcm_0_left_nat ~> lcm_0_left
haftmann@62353
  1519
  lcm_0_left_int ~> lcm_0_left
haftmann@62353
  1520
  dvd_gcd_D1_nat ~> dvd_gcdD1
haftmann@62353
  1521
  dvd_gcd_D1_int ~> dvd_gcdD1
haftmann@62353
  1522
  dvd_gcd_D2_nat ~> dvd_gcdD2
haftmann@62353
  1523
  dvd_gcd_D2_int ~> dvd_gcdD2
haftmann@62353
  1524
  coprime_dvd_mult_iff_nat ~> coprime_dvd_mult_iff
haftmann@62353
  1525
  coprime_dvd_mult_iff_int ~> coprime_dvd_mult_iff
haftmann@62348
  1526
  realpow_minus_mult ~> power_minus_mult
haftmann@62348
  1527
  realpow_Suc_le_self ~> power_Suc_le_self
haftmann@62353
  1528
  dvd_Gcd, dvd_Gcd_nat, dvd_Gcd_int removed in favour of Gcd_greatest
haftmann@62347
  1529
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@62347
  1530
lp15@63967
  1531
* Renamed HOL/Quotient_Examples/FSet.thy to
wenzelm@63977
  1532
HOL/Quotient_Examples/Quotient_FSet.thy INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63977
  1533
wenzelm@64390
  1534
* Session HOL-Library: theory FinFun bundles "finfun_syntax" and
wenzelm@64390
  1535
"no_finfun_syntax" allow to control optional syntax in local contexts;
wenzelm@64390
  1536
this supersedes former theory FinFun_Syntax. INCOMPATIBILITY, e.g. use
wenzelm@64390
  1537
"unbundle finfun_syntax" to imitate import of
wenzelm@64390
  1538
"~~/src/HOL/Library/FinFun_Syntax".
wenzelm@64390
  1539
wenzelm@64390
  1540
* Session HOL-Library: theory Multiset_Permutations (executably) defines
wenzelm@64390
  1541
the set of permutations of a given set or multiset, i.e. the set of all
wenzelm@64390
  1542
lists that contain every element of the carrier (multi-)set exactly
wenzelm@64390
  1543
once.
wenzelm@64390
  1544
wenzelm@64390
  1545
* Session HOL-Library: multiset membership is now expressed using
wenzelm@64390
  1546
set_mset rather than count.
wenzelm@64390
  1547
wenzelm@64390
  1548
  - Expressions "count M a > 0" and similar simplify to membership
wenzelm@64390
  1549
    by default.
wenzelm@64390
  1550
wenzelm@64390
  1551
  - Converting between "count M a = 0" and non-membership happens using
wenzelm@64390
  1552
    equations count_eq_zero_iff and not_in_iff.
wenzelm@64390
  1553
wenzelm@64390
  1554
  - Rules count_inI and in_countE obtain facts of the form
wenzelm@64390
  1555
    "count M a = n" from membership.
wenzelm@64390
  1556
wenzelm@64390
  1557
  - Rules count_in_diffI and in_diff_countE obtain facts of the form
wenzelm@64390
  1558
    "count M a = n + count N a" from membership on difference sets.
wenzelm@64390
  1559
wenzelm@64390
  1560
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1561
wenzelm@64390
  1562
* Session HOL-Library: theory LaTeXsugar uses new-style "dummy_pats" for
wenzelm@64390
  1563
displaying equations in functional programming style --- variables
wenzelm@64390
  1564
present on the left-hand but not on the righ-hand side are replaced by
wenzelm@64390
  1565
underscores.
wenzelm@64390
  1566
wenzelm@64390
  1567
* Session HOL-Library: theory Combinator_PER provides combinator to
wenzelm@64390
  1568
build partial equivalence relations from a predicate and an equivalence
wenzelm@64390
  1569
relation.
wenzelm@64390
  1570
wenzelm@64390
  1571
* Session HOL-Library: theory Perm provides basic facts about almost
wenzelm@64390
  1572
everywhere fix bijections.
wenzelm@64390
  1573
wenzelm@64390
  1574
* Session HOL-Library: theory Normalized_Fraction allows viewing an
wenzelm@64390
  1575
element of a field of fractions as a normalized fraction (i.e. a pair of
wenzelm@64390
  1576
numerator and denominator such that the two are coprime and the
wenzelm@64390
  1577
denominator is normalized wrt. unit factors).
wenzelm@64390
  1578
wenzelm@64390
  1579
* Session HOL-NSA has been renamed to HOL-Nonstandard_Analysis.
wenzelm@64390
  1580
wenzelm@64390
  1581
* Session HOL-Multivariate_Analysis has been renamed to HOL-Analysis.
wenzelm@64390
  1582
wenzelm@64390
  1583
* Session HOL-Analysis: measure theory has been moved here from
wenzelm@64390
  1584
HOL-Probability. When importing HOL-Analysis some theorems need
wenzelm@64390
  1585
additional name spaces prefixes due to name clashes. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1586
wenzelm@64390
  1587
* Session HOL-Analysis: more complex analysis including Cauchy's
wenzelm@64390
  1588
inequality, Liouville theorem, open mapping theorem, maximum modulus
wenzelm@64390
  1589
principle, Residue theorem, Schwarz Lemma.
wenzelm@64390
  1590
wenzelm@64390
  1591
* Session HOL-Analysis: Theory of polyhedra: faces, extreme points,
wenzelm@64390
  1592
polytopes, and the Krein–Milman Minkowski theorem.
wenzelm@64390
  1593
wenzelm@64390
  1594
* Session HOL-Analysis: Numerous results ported from the HOL Light
wenzelm@64390
  1595
libraries: homeomorphisms, continuous function extensions, invariance of
wenzelm@64390
  1596
domain.
wenzelm@64390
  1597
wenzelm@64390
  1598
* Session HOL-Probability: the type of emeasure and nn_integral was
wenzelm@64390
  1599
changed from ereal to ennreal, INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1600
wenzelm@64390
  1601
  emeasure :: 'a measure \<Rightarrow> 'a set \<Rightarrow> ennreal
wenzelm@64390
  1602
  nn_integral :: 'a measure \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> ennreal) \<Rightarrow> ennreal
wenzelm@64390
  1603
wenzelm@64390
  1604
* Session HOL-Probability: Code generation and QuickCheck for
wenzelm@64390
  1605
Probability Mass Functions.
wenzelm@64390
  1606
wenzelm@64390
  1607
* Session HOL-Probability: theory Random_Permutations contains some
wenzelm@64390
  1608
theory about choosing a permutation of a set uniformly at random and
wenzelm@64390
  1609
folding over a list in random order.
wenzelm@64390
  1610
wenzelm@64390
  1611
* Session HOL-Probability: theory SPMF formalises discrete
wenzelm@64390
  1612
subprobability distributions.
wenzelm@64390
  1613
wenzelm@64390
  1614
* Session HOL-Library: the names of multiset theorems have been
wenzelm@64390
  1615
normalised to distinguish which ordering the theorems are about
wenzelm@64390
  1616
wenzelm@64390
  1617
    mset_less_eqI ~> mset_subset_eqI
wenzelm@64390
  1618
    mset_less_insertD ~> mset_subset_insertD
wenzelm@64390
  1619
    mset_less_eq_count ~> mset_subset_eq_count
wenzelm@64390
  1620
    mset_less_diff_self ~> mset_subset_diff_self
wenzelm@64390
  1621
    mset_le_exists_conv ~> mset_subset_eq_exists_conv
wenzelm@64390
  1622
    mset_le_mono_add_right_cancel ~> mset_subset_eq_mono_add_right_cancel
wenzelm@64390
  1623
    mset_le_mono_add_left_cancel ~> mset_subset_eq_mono_add_left_cancel
wenzelm@64390
  1624
    mset_le_mono_add ~> mset_subset_eq_mono_add
wenzelm@64390
  1625
    mset_le_add_left ~> mset_subset_eq_add_left
wenzelm@64390
  1626
    mset_le_add_right ~> mset_subset_eq_add_right
wenzelm@64390
  1627
    mset_le_single ~> mset_subset_eq_single
wenzelm@64390
  1628
    mset_le_multiset_union_diff_commute ~> mset_subset_eq_multiset_union_diff_commute
wenzelm@64390
  1629
    diff_le_self ~> diff_subset_eq_self
wenzelm@64390
  1630
    mset_leD ~> mset_subset_eqD
wenzelm@64390
  1631
    mset_lessD ~> mset_subsetD
wenzelm@64390
  1632
    mset_le_insertD ~> mset_subset_eq_insertD
wenzelm@64390
  1633
    mset_less_of_empty ~> mset_subset_of_empty
wenzelm@64390
  1634
    mset_less_size ~> mset_subset_size
wenzelm@64390
  1635
    wf_less_mset_rel ~> wf_subset_mset_rel
wenzelm@64390
  1636
    count_le_replicate_mset_le ~> count_le_replicate_mset_subset_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1637
    mset_remdups_le ~> mset_remdups_subset_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1638
    ms_lesseq_impl ~> subset_eq_mset_impl
wenzelm@64390
  1639
wenzelm@64390
  1640
Some functions have been renamed:
wenzelm@64390
  1641
    ms_lesseq_impl -> subset_eq_mset_impl
wenzelm@64390
  1642
wenzelm@64390
  1643
* HOL-Library: multisets are now ordered with the multiset ordering
wenzelm@64390
  1644
    #\<subseteq># ~> \<le>
wenzelm@64390
  1645
    #\<subset># ~> <
wenzelm@64390
  1646
    le_multiset ~> less_eq_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1647
    less_multiset ~> le_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1648
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1649
wenzelm@64390
  1650
* Session HOL-Library: the prefix multiset_order has been discontinued:
wenzelm@64390
  1651
the theorems can be directly accessed. As a consequence, the lemmas
wenzelm@64390
  1652
"order_multiset" and "linorder_multiset" have been discontinued, and the
wenzelm@64390
  1653
interpretations "multiset_linorder" and "multiset_wellorder" have been
wenzelm@64390
  1654
replaced by instantiations. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1655
wenzelm@64390
  1656
* Session HOL-Library: some theorems about the multiset ordering have
wenzelm@64390
  1657
been renamed:
wenzelm@64390
  1658
wenzelm@64390
  1659
    le_multiset_def ~> less_eq_multiset_def
wenzelm@64390
  1660
    less_multiset_def ~> le_multiset_def
wenzelm@64390
  1661
    less_eq_imp_le_multiset ~> subset_eq_imp_le_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1662
    mult_less_not_refl ~> mset_le_not_refl
wenzelm@64390
  1663
    mult_less_trans ~> mset_le_trans
wenzelm@64390
  1664
    mult_less_not_sym ~> mset_le_not_sym
wenzelm@64390
  1665
    mult_less_asym ~> mset_le_asym
wenzelm@64390
  1666
    mult_less_irrefl ~> mset_le_irrefl
wenzelm@64390
  1667
    union_less_mono2{,1,2} ~> union_le_mono2{,1,2}
wenzelm@64390
  1668
wenzelm@64390
  1669
    le_multiset\<^sub>H\<^sub>O ~> less_eq_multiset\<^sub>H\<^sub>O
wenzelm@64390
  1670
    le_multiset_total ~> less_eq_multiset_total
wenzelm@64390
  1671
    less_multiset_right_total ~> subset_eq_imp_le_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1672
    le_multiset_empty_left ~> less_eq_multiset_empty_left
wenzelm@64390
  1673
    le_multiset_empty_right ~> less_eq_multiset_empty_right
wenzelm@64390
  1674
    less_multiset_empty_right ~> le_multiset_empty_left
wenzelm@64390
  1675
    less_multiset_empty_left ~> le_multiset_empty_right
wenzelm@64390
  1676
    union_less_diff_plus ~> union_le_diff_plus
wenzelm@64390
  1677
    ex_gt_count_imp_less_multiset ~> ex_gt_count_imp_le_multiset
wenzelm@64390
  1678
    less_multiset_plus_left_nonempty ~> le_multiset_plus_left_nonempty
wenzelm@64390
  1679
    le_multiset_plus_right_nonempty ~> le_multiset_plus_right_nonempty
wenzelm@64390
  1680
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1681
wenzelm@64390
  1682
* Session HOL-Library: the lemma mset_map has now the attribute [simp].
wenzelm@64390
  1683
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1684
wenzelm@64390
  1685
* Session HOL-Library: some theorems about multisets have been removed.
wenzelm@64390
  1686
INCOMPATIBILITY, use the following replacements:
wenzelm@64390
  1687
wenzelm@64390
  1688
    le_multiset_plus_plus_left_iff ~> add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1689
    less_multiset_plus_plus_left_iff ~> add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1690
    le_multiset_plus_plus_right_iff ~> add_less_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
  1691
    less_multiset_plus_plus_right_iff ~> add_less_cancel_left
wenzelm@64390
  1692
    add_eq_self_empty_iff ~> add_cancel_left_right
wenzelm@64390
  1693
    mset_subset_add_bothsides ~> subset_mset.add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1694
    mset_less_add_bothsides ~> subset_mset.add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1695
    mset_le_add_bothsides ~> subset_mset.add_less_cancel_right
wenzelm@64390
  1696
    empty_inter ~> subset_mset.inf_bot_left
wenzelm@64390
  1697
    inter_empty ~> subset_mset.inf_bot_right
wenzelm@64390
  1698
    empty_sup ~> subset_mset.sup_bot_left
wenzelm@64390
  1699
    sup_empty ~> subset_mset.sup_bot_right
wenzelm@64390
  1700
    bdd_below_multiset ~> subset_mset.bdd_above_bot
wenzelm@64390
  1701
    subset_eq_empty ~> subset_mset.le_zero_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1702
    le_empty ~> subset_mset.le_zero_eq
wenzelm@64390
  1703
    mset_subset_empty_nonempty ~> subset_mset.zero_less_iff_neq_zero
wenzelm@64390
  1704
    mset_less_empty_nonempty ~> subset_mset.zero_less_iff_neq_zero
wenzelm@64390
  1705
wenzelm@64390
  1706
* Session HOL-Library: some typeclass constraints about multisets have
wenzelm@64390
  1707
been reduced from ordered or linordered to preorder. Multisets have the
wenzelm@64390
  1708
additional typeclasses order_bot, no_top,
wenzelm@64390
  1709
ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le, ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_add,
wenzelm@64390
  1710
linordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add, and
wenzelm@64390
  1711
ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1712
wenzelm@64390
  1713
* Session HOL-Library: there are some new simplification rules about
wenzelm@64390
  1714
multisets, the multiset ordering, and the subset ordering on multisets.
wenzelm@64390
  1715
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1716
wenzelm@64390
  1717
* Session HOL-Library: the subset ordering on multisets has now the
wenzelm@64390
  1718
interpretations ordered_ab_semigroup_monoid_add_imp_le and
wenzelm@64390
  1719
bounded_lattice_bot. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1720
wenzelm@64390
  1721
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: single has been removed in favor
wenzelm@64390
  1722
of add_mset that roughly corresponds to Set.insert. Some theorems have
wenzelm@64390
  1723
removed or changed:
wenzelm@64390
  1724
wenzelm@64390
  1725
  single_not_empty ~> add_mset_not_empty or empty_not_add_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1726
  fold_mset_insert ~> fold_mset_add_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1727
  image_mset_insert ~> image_mset_add_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1728
  union_single_eq_diff
wenzelm@64390
  1729
  multi_self_add_other_not_self
wenzelm@64390
  1730
  diff_single_eq_union
wenzelm@64390
  1731
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1732
wenzelm@64390
  1733
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: some theorems have been changed
wenzelm@64390
  1734
to use add_mset instead of single:
wenzelm@64390
  1735
wenzelm@64390
  1736
  mset_add
wenzelm@64390
  1737
  multi_self_add_other_not_self
wenzelm@64390
  1738
  diff_single_eq_union
wenzelm@64390
  1739
  union_single_eq_diff
wenzelm@64390
  1740
  union_single_eq_member
wenzelm@64390
  1741
  add_eq_conv_diff
wenzelm@64390
  1742
  insert_noteq_member
wenzelm@64390
  1743
  add_eq_conv_ex
wenzelm@64390
  1744
  multi_member_split
wenzelm@64390
  1745
  multiset_add_sub_el_shuffle
wenzelm@64390
  1746
  mset_subset_eq_insertD
wenzelm@64390
  1747
  mset_subset_insertD
wenzelm@64390
  1748
  insert_subset_eq_iff
wenzelm@64390
  1749
  insert_union_subset_iff
wenzelm@64390
  1750
  multi_psub_of_add_self
wenzelm@64390
  1751
  inter_add_left1
wenzelm@64390
  1752
  inter_add_left2
wenzelm@64390
  1753
  inter_add_right1
wenzelm@64390
  1754
  inter_add_right2
wenzelm@64390
  1755
  sup_union_left1
wenzelm@64390
  1756
  sup_union_left2
wenzelm@64390
  1757
  sup_union_right1
wenzelm@64390
  1758
  sup_union_right2
wenzelm@64390
  1759
  size_eq_Suc_imp_eq_union
wenzelm@64390
  1760
  multi_nonempty_split
wenzelm@64390
  1761
  mset_insort
wenzelm@64390
  1762
  mset_update
wenzelm@64390
  1763
  mult1I
wenzelm@64390
  1764
  less_add
wenzelm@64390
  1765
  mset_zip_take_Cons_drop_twice
wenzelm@64390
  1766
  rel_mset_Zero
wenzelm@64390
  1767
  msed_map_invL
wenzelm@64390
  1768
  msed_map_invR
wenzelm@64390
  1769
  msed_rel_invL
wenzelm@64390
  1770
  msed_rel_invR
wenzelm@64390
  1771
  le_multiset_right_total
wenzelm@64390
  1772
  multiset_induct
wenzelm@64390
  1773
  multiset_induct2_size
wenzelm@64390
  1774
  multiset_induct2
wenzelm@64390
  1775
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1776
wenzelm@64390
  1777
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the definitions of some
wenzelm@64390
  1778
constants have changed to use add_mset instead of adding a single
wenzelm@64390
  1779
element:
wenzelm@64390
  1780
wenzelm@64390
  1781
  image_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1782
  mset
wenzelm@64390
  1783
  replicate_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1784
  mult1
wenzelm@64390
  1785
  pred_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1786
  rel_mset'
wenzelm@64390
  1787
  mset_insort
wenzelm@64390
  1788
wenzelm@64390
  1789
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1790
wenzelm@64390
  1791
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: due to the above changes, the
wenzelm@64390
  1792
attributes of some multiset theorems have been changed:
wenzelm@64390
  1793
wenzelm@64390
  1794
  insert_DiffM  [] ~> [simp]
wenzelm@64390
  1795
  insert_DiffM2 [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1796
  diff_add_mset_swap [simp]
wenzelm@64390
  1797
  fold_mset_add_mset [simp]
wenzelm@64390
  1798
  diff_diff_add [simp] (for multisets only)
wenzelm@64390
  1799
  diff_cancel [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1800
  count_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1801
  set_mset_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1802
  size_multiset_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1803
  size_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1804
  image_mset_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1805
  mset_subset_eq_mono_add_right_cancel [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1806
  mset_subset_eq_mono_add_left_cancel [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1807
  fold_mset_single [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1808
  subset_eq_empty [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1809
  empty_sup [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1810
  sup_empty [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1811
  inter_empty [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1812
  empty_inter [simp] ~> []
wenzelm@64390
  1813
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1814
wenzelm@64391
  1815
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the order of the variables in
wenzelm@64390
  1816
the second cases of multiset_induct, multiset_induct2_size,
wenzelm@64390
  1817
multiset_induct2 has been changed (e.g. Add A a ~> Add a A).
wenzelm@64390
  1818
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1819
wenzelm@64390
  1820
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: there is now a simplification
wenzelm@64390
  1821
procedure on multisets. It mimics the behavior of the procedure on
wenzelm@64390
  1822
natural numbers. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1823
wenzelm@64390
  1824
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: renamed sums and products of
wenzelm@64390
  1825
multisets:
wenzelm@64390
  1826
wenzelm@64390
  1827
  msetsum ~> sum_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1828
  msetprod ~> prod_mset
wenzelm@64390
  1829
wenzelm@64390
  1830
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the notation for intersection
wenzelm@64390
  1831
and union of multisets have been changed:
wenzelm@64390
  1832
wenzelm@64390
  1833
  #\<inter> ~> \<inter>#
wenzelm@64390
  1834
  #\<union> ~> \<union>#
wenzelm@64390
  1835
wenzelm@64390
  1836
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1837
wenzelm@64390
  1838
* Session HOL-Library, theory Multiset: the lemma
wenzelm@64390
  1839
one_step_implies_mult_aux on multisets has been removed, use
wenzelm@64390
  1840
one_step_implies_mult instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1841
wenzelm@64390
  1842
* Session HOL-Library: theory Complete_Partial_Order2 provides reasoning
wenzelm@64390
  1843
support for monotonicity and continuity in chain-complete partial orders
wenzelm@64390
  1844
and about admissibility conditions for fixpoint inductions.
wenzelm@64390
  1845
haftmann@64523
  1846
* Session HOL-Library: theory Library/Polynomial contains also
haftmann@64523
  1847
derivation of polynomials (formerly in Library/Poly_Deriv) but not
haftmann@64523
  1848
gcd/lcm on polynomials over fields. This has been moved to a separate
haftmann@64523
  1849
theory Library/Polynomial_GCD_euclidean.thy, to pave way for a possible
haftmann@64523
  1850
future different type class instantiation for polynomials over factorial
haftmann@64523
  1851
rings. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1852
wenzelm@64390
  1853
* Session HOL-Library: theory Sublist provides function "prefixes" with
wenzelm@64390
  1854
the following renaming
wenzelm@64390
  1855
wenzelm@64390
  1856
  prefixeq -> prefix
wenzelm@64390
  1857
  prefix -> strict_prefix
wenzelm@64390
  1858
  suffixeq -> suffix
wenzelm@64390
  1859
  suffix -> strict_suffix
wenzelm@64390
  1860
wenzelm@64390
  1861
Added theory of longest common prefixes.
blanchet@64389
  1862
wenzelm@64391
  1863
* Session HOL-Number_Theory: algebraic foundation for primes:
wenzelm@64391
  1864
Generalisation of predicate "prime" and introduction of predicates
wenzelm@64391
  1865
"prime_elem", "irreducible", a "prime_factorization" function, and the
wenzelm@64391
  1866
"factorial_ring" typeclass with instance proofs for nat, int, poly. Some
wenzelm@64391
  1867
theorems now have different names, most notably "prime_def" is now
wenzelm@64391
  1868
"prime_nat_iff". INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64391
  1869
wenzelm@64391
  1870
* Session Old_Number_Theory has been removed, after porting remaining
wenzelm@64391
  1871
theories.
wenzelm@64391
  1872
wenzelm@64551
  1873
* Session HOL-Types_To_Sets provides an experimental extension of
wenzelm@64551
  1874
Higher-Order Logic to allow translation of types to sets.
wenzelm@64551
  1875
wenzelm@63198
  1876
wenzelm@62498
  1877
*** ML ***
wenzelm@62498
  1878
wenzelm@63227
  1879
* Integer.gcd and Integer.lcm use efficient operations from the Poly/ML
wenzelm@63228
  1880
library (notably for big integers). Subtle change of semantics:
wenzelm@63228
  1881
Integer.gcd and Integer.lcm both normalize the sign, results are never
wenzelm@63228
  1882
negative. This coincides with the definitions in HOL/GCD.thy.
wenzelm@63228
  1883
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63227
  1884
wenzelm@63212
  1885
* Structure Rat for rational numbers is now an integral part of
wenzelm@63215
  1886
Isabelle/ML, with special notation @int/nat or @int for numerals (an
wenzelm@63215
  1887
abbreviation for antiquotation @{Pure.rat argument}) and ML pretty
wenzelm@63212
  1888
printing. Standard operations on type Rat.rat are provided via ad-hoc
wenzelm@63215
  1889
overloading of + - * / < <= > >= ~ abs. INCOMPATIBILITY, need to
wenzelm@63212
  1890
use + instead of +/ etc. Moreover, exception Rat.DIVZERO has been
wenzelm@63212
  1891
superseded by General.Div.
wenzelm@63198
  1892
wenzelm@64390
  1893
* ML antiquotation @{path} is superseded by @{file}, which ensures that
wenzelm@64390
  1894
the argument is a plain file. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1895
wenzelm@64390
  1896
* Antiquotation @{make_string} is available during Pure bootstrap --
wenzelm@64390
  1897
with approximative output quality.
wenzelm@64390
  1898
wenzelm@64390
  1899
* Low-level ML system structures (like PolyML and RunCall) are no longer
wenzelm@64390
  1900
exposed to Isabelle/ML user-space. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1901
wenzelm@62861
  1902
* The ML function "ML" provides easy access to run-time compilation.
wenzelm@62861
  1903
This is particularly useful for conditional compilation, without
wenzelm@62861
  1904
requiring separate files.
wenzelm@62861
  1905
wenzelm@62498
  1906
* Option ML_exception_debugger controls detailed exception trace via the
wenzelm@62498
  1907
Poly/ML debugger. Relevant ML modules need to be compiled beforehand
wenzelm@62498
  1908
with ML_file_debug, or with ML_file and option ML_debugger enabled. Note
wenzelm@62498
  1909
debugger information requires consirable time and space: main
wenzelm@62498
  1910
Isabelle/HOL with full debugger support may need ML_system_64.
wenzelm@62498
  1911
wenzelm@62514
  1912
* Local_Theory.restore has been renamed to Local_Theory.reset to
wenzelm@62514
  1913
emphasize its disruptive impact on the cumulative context, notably the
wenzelm@62514
  1914
scope of 'private' or 'qualified' names. Note that Local_Theory.reset is
wenzelm@62514
  1915
only appropriate when targets are managed, e.g. starting from a global
wenzelm@62514
  1916
theory and returning to it. Regular definitional packages should use
wenzelm@62514
  1917
balanced blocks of Local_Theory.open_target versus
wenzelm@62514
  1918
Local_Theory.close_target instead. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62514
  1919
wenzelm@62519
  1920
* Structure TimeLimit (originally from the SML/NJ library) has been
wenzelm@62519
  1921
replaced by structure Timeout, with slightly different signature.
wenzelm@62519
  1922
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62519
  1923
wenzelm@62551
  1924
* Discontinued cd and pwd operations, which are not well-defined in a
wenzelm@62551
  1925
multi-threaded environment. Note that files are usually located
wenzelm@62551
  1926
relatively to the master directory of a theory (see also
wenzelm@62551
  1927
File.full_path). Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62551
  1928
wenzelm@63352
  1929
* Binding.empty_atts supersedes Thm.empty_binding and
wenzelm@63352
  1930
Attrib.empty_binding. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@63352
  1931
wenzelm@62498
  1932
wenzelm@62354
  1933
*** System ***
wenzelm@62354
  1934
wenzelm@64390
  1935
* SML/NJ and old versions of Poly/ML are no longer supported.
wenzelm@64390
  1936
wenzelm@64390
  1937
* Poly/ML heaps now follow the hierarchy of sessions, and thus require
wenzelm@64390
  1938
much less disk space.
wenzelm@63226
  1939
wenzelm@62591
  1940
* The Isabelle ML process is now managed directly by Isabelle/Scala, and
wenzelm@62591
  1941
shell scripts merely provide optional command-line access. In
wenzelm@62591
  1942
particular:
wenzelm@62591
  1943
wenzelm@62591
  1944
  . Scala module ML_Process to connect to the raw ML process,
wenzelm@62591
  1945
    with interaction via stdin/stdout/stderr or in batch mode;
wenzelm@62591
  1946
  . command-line tool "isabelle console" as interactive wrapper;
wenzelm@62591
  1947
  . command-line tool "isabelle process" as batch mode wrapper.
wenzelm@62588
  1948
wenzelm@62588
  1949
* The executable "isabelle_process" has been discontinued. Tools and
wenzelm@62588
  1950
prover front-ends should use ML_Process or Isabelle_Process in
wenzelm@62591
  1951
Isabelle/Scala. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62588
  1952
wenzelm@62588
  1953
* New command-line tool "isabelle process" supports ML evaluation of
wenzelm@62588
  1954
literal expressions (option -e) or files (option -f) in the context of a
wenzelm@62588
  1955
given heap image. Errors lead to premature exit of the ML process with
wenzelm@62588
  1956
return code 1.
wenzelm@62588
  1957
wenzelm@64390
  1958
* The command-line tool "isabelle build" supports option -N for cyclic
wenzelm@64390
  1959
shuffling of NUMA CPU nodes. This may help performance tuning on Linux
wenzelm@64390
  1960
servers with separate CPU/memory modules.
wenzelm@64390
  1961
wenzelm@64390
  1962
* System option "threads" (for the size of the Isabelle/ML thread farm)
wenzelm@64390
  1963
is also passed to the underlying ML runtime system as --gcthreads,
wenzelm@64274
  1964
unless there is already a default provided via ML_OPTIONS settings.
wenzelm@64274
  1965
wenzelm@63827
  1966
* System option "checkpoint" helps to fine-tune the global heap space
wenzelm@63827
  1967
management of isabelle build. This is relevant for big sessions that may
wenzelm@63827
  1968
exhaust the small 32-bit address space of the ML process (which is used
wenzelm@63827
  1969
by default).
wenzelm@63827
  1970
wenzelm@64308
  1971
* System option "profiling" specifies the mode for global ML profiling
wenzelm@64342
  1972
in "isabelle build". Possible values are "time", "allocations". The
wenzelm@64342
  1973
command-line tool "isabelle profiling_report" helps to digest the
wenzelm@64342
  1974
resulting log files.
wenzelm@64308
  1975
wenzelm@63986
  1976
* System option "ML_process_policy" specifies an optional command prefix
wenzelm@63986
  1977
for the underlying ML process, e.g. to control CPU affinity on
wenzelm@63987
  1978
multiprocessor systems. The "isabelle jedit" tool allows to override the
wenzelm@63987
  1979
implicit default via option -p.
wenzelm@63986
  1980
wenzelm@64390
  1981
* Command-line tool "isabelle console" provides option -r to help to
wenzelm@64390
  1982
bootstrapping Isabelle/Pure interactively.
wenzelm@64390
  1983
wenzelm@64390
  1984
* Command-line tool "isabelle yxml" has been discontinued.
wenzelm@64390
  1985
INCOMPATIBILITY, use operations from the modules "XML" and "YXML" in
wenzelm@64390
  1986
Isabelle/ML or Isabelle/Scala.
wenzelm@64390
  1987
wenzelm@64390
  1988
* Many Isabelle tools that require a Java runtime system refer to the
wenzelm@64390
  1989
settings ISABELLE_TOOL_JAVA_OPTIONS32 / ISABELLE_TOOL_JAVA_OPTIONS64,
wenzelm@64390
  1990
depending on the underlying platform. The settings for "isabelle build"
wenzelm@64390
  1991
ISABELLE_BUILD_JAVA_OPTIONS32 / ISABELLE_BUILD_JAVA_OPTIONS64 have been
wenzelm@64390
  1992
discontinued. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@64390
  1993
wenzelm@64390
  1994
* The Isabelle system environment always ensures that the main
wenzelm@64390
  1995
executables are found within the shell search $PATH: "isabelle" and
wenzelm@64390
  1996
"isabelle_scala_script".
wenzelm@64390
  1997
wenzelm@64390
  1998
* Isabelle tools may consist of .scala files: the Scala compiler is
wenzelm@64390
  1999
invoked on the spot. The source needs to define some object that extends
wenzelm@64390
  2000
Isabelle_Tool.Body.
wenzelm@64390
  2001
wenzelm@64390
  2002
* File.bash_string, File.bash_path etc. represent Isabelle/ML and
wenzelm@64390
  2003
Isabelle/Scala strings authentically within GNU bash. This is useful to
wenzelm@64390
  2004
produce robust shell scripts under program control, without worrying
wenzelm@64390
  2005
about spaces or special characters. Note that user output works via
wenzelm@64390
  2006
Path.print (ML) or Path.toString (Scala). INCOMPATIBILITY, the old (and
wenzelm@64390
  2007
less versatile) operations File.shell_quote, File.shell_path etc. have
wenzelm@64390
  2008
been discontinued.
wenzelm@64390
  2009
wenzelm@63995
  2010
* The isabelle_java executable allows to run a Java process within the
wenzelm@63995
  2011
name space of Java and Scala components that are bundled with Isabelle,
wenzelm@63995
  2012
but without the Isabelle settings environment.
wenzelm@63995
  2013
wenzelm@64390
  2014
* Isabelle/Scala: the SSH module supports ssh and sftp connections, for
wenzelm@64390
  2015
remote command-execution and file-system access. This resembles
wenzelm@64390
  2016
operations from module File and Isabelle_System to some extent. Note
wenzelm@64390
  2017
that Path specifications need to be resolved remotely via
wenzelm@64390
  2018
ssh.remote_path instead of File.standard_path: the implicit process
wenzelm@64390
  2019
environment is different, Isabelle settings are not available remotely.
wenzelm@64390
  2020
wenzelm@64390
  2021
* Isabelle/Scala: the Mercurial module supports repositories via the
wenzelm@64390
  2022
regular hg command-line interface. The repositroy clone and working
wenzelm@64390
  2023
directory may reside on a local or remote file-system (via ssh
wenzelm@64390
  2024
connection).
wenzelm@64265
  2025
wenzelm@62354
  2026
wenzelm@62354
  2027
wenzelm@62031
  2028
New in Isabelle2016 (February 2016)
wenzelm@62016
  2029
-----------------------------------
wenzelm@60138
  2030
wenzelm@61337
  2031
*** General ***
wenzelm@61337
  2032
wenzelm@62168
  2033
* Eisbach is now based on Pure instead of HOL. Objects-logics may import
wenzelm@62168
  2034
either the theory ~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/Eisbach (for HOL etc.) or
wenzelm@62168
  2035
~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/Eisbach_Old_Appl_Syntax (for FOL, ZF etc.). Note that
wenzelm@62168
  2036
the HOL-Eisbach session located in ~~/src/HOL/Eisbach/ contains further
wenzelm@62168
  2037
examples that do require HOL.
wenzelm@62168
  2038
wenzelm@62157
  2039
* Better resource usage on all platforms (Linux, Windows, Mac OS X) for
wenzelm@62157
  2040
both Isabelle/ML and Isabelle/Scala.  Slightly reduced heap space usage.
wenzelm@62157
  2041
wenzelm@62017
  2042
* Former "xsymbols" syntax with Isabelle symbols is used by default,
wenzelm@62017
  2043
without any special print mode. Important ASCII replacement syntax
wenzelm@62017
  2044
remains available under print mode "ASCII", but less important syntax
wenzelm@62017
  2045
has been removed (see below).
wenzelm@62017
  2046
wenzelm@62109
  2047
* Support for more arrow symbols, with rendering in LaTeX and Isabelle
wenzelm@62109
  2048
fonts: \<Lleftarrow> \<Rrightarrow> \<longlongleftarrow> \<longlongrightarrow> \<longlonglongleftarrow> \<longlonglongrightarrow>.
wenzelm@62017
  2049
wenzelm@62108
  2050
* Special notation \<struct> for the first implicit 'structure' in the
wenzelm@62108
  2051
context has been discontinued. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY, use explicit
wenzelm@62108
  2052
structure name instead, notably in indexed notation with block-subscript
wenzelm@62108
  2053
(e.g. \<odot>\<^bsub>A\<^esub>).
wenzelm@62108
  2054
wenzelm@62108
  2055
* The glyph for \<diamond> in the IsabelleText font now corresponds better to its
wenzelm@62108
  2056
counterpart \<box> as quantifier-like symbol. A small diamond is available as
wenzelm@62108
  2057
\<diamondop>; the old symbol \<struct> loses this rendering and any special
wenzelm@62108
  2058
meaning.
wenzelm@62108
  2059
wenzelm@62017
  2060
* Syntax for formal comments "-- text" now also supports the symbolic
wenzelm@62017
  2061
form "\<comment> text". Command-line tool "isabelle update_cartouches -c" helps
wenzelm@62017
  2062
to update old sources.
wenzelm@62017
  2063
wenzelm@61337
  2064
* Toplevel theorem statements have been simplified as follows:
wenzelm@61337
  2065
wenzelm@61337
  2066
  theorems             ~>  lemmas
wenzelm@61337
  2067
  schematic_lemma      ~>  schematic_goal
wenzelm@61337
  2068
  schematic_theorem    ~>  schematic_goal
wenzelm@61337
  2069
  schematic_corollary  ~>  schematic_goal
wenzelm@61337
  2070
wenzelm@61337
  2071
Command-line tool "isabelle update_theorems" updates theory sources
wenzelm@61337
  2072
accordingly.
wenzelm@61337
  2073
wenzelm@61338
  2074
* Toplevel theorem statement 'proposition' is another alias for
wenzelm@61338
  2075
'theorem'.
wenzelm@61338
  2076
wenzelm@62169
  2077
* The old 'defs' command has been removed (legacy since Isabelle2014).
wenzelm@62169
  2078
INCOMPATIBILITY, use regular 'definition' instead. Overloaded and/or
wenzelm@62169
  2079
deferred definitions require a surrounding 'overloading' block.
wenzelm@62169
  2080
wenzelm@61337
  2081
wenzelm@60610
  2082
*** Prover IDE -- Isabelle/Scala/jEdit ***
wenzelm@60610
  2083
wenzelm@60986
  2084
* IDE support for the source-level debugger of Poly/ML, to work with
wenzelm@62253
  2085
Isabelle/ML and official Standard ML. Option "ML_debugger" and commands
wenzelm@62253
  2086
'ML_file_debug', 'ML_file_no_debug', 'SML_file_debug',
wenzelm@62253
  2087
'SML_file_no_debug' control compilation of sources with or without
wenzelm@62253
  2088
debugging information. The Debugger panel allows to set breakpoints (via
wenzelm@62253
  2089
context menu), step through stopped threads, evaluate local ML
wenzelm@62253
  2090
expressions etc. At least one Debugger view needs to be active to have
wenzelm@62253
  2091
any effect on the running ML program.
wenzelm@60984
  2092
wenzelm@61804
  2093
* The State panel manages explicit proof state output, with dynamic
wenzelm@61804
  2094
auto-update according to cursor movement. Alternatively, the jEdit
wenzelm@61804
  2095
action "isabelle.update-state" (shortcut S+ENTER) triggers manual
wenzelm@61804
  2096
update.
wenzelm@61729
  2097
wenzelm@61729
  2098
* The Output panel no longer shows proof state output by default, to
wenzelm@61729
  2099
avoid GUI overcrowding. INCOMPATIBILITY, use the State panel instead or
wenzelm@61729
  2100
enable option "editor_output_state".
wenzelm@61215
  2101
wenzelm@61804
  2102
* The text overview column (status of errors, warnings etc.) is updated
wenzelm@61804
  2103
asynchronously, leading to much better editor reactivity. Moreover, the
wenzelm@61804
  2104
full document node content is taken into account. The width of the
wenzelm@61804
  2105
column is scaled according to the main text area font, for improved
wenzelm@61804
  2106
visibility.
wenzelm@61804
  2107
wenzelm@61804
  2108
* The main text area no longer changes its color hue in outdated
wenzelm@61804
  2109
situations. The text overview column takes over the role to indicate
wenzelm@61804
  2110
unfinished edits in the PIDE pipeline. This avoids flashing text display
wenzelm@61804
  2111
due to ad-hoc updates by auxiliary GUI components, such as the State
wenzelm@61804
  2112
panel.
wenzelm@61804
  2113
wenzelm@62254
  2114
* Slightly improved scheduling for urgent print tasks (e.g. command
wenzelm@62254
  2115
state output, interactive queries) wrt. long-running background tasks.
wenzelm@62017
  2116
wenzelm@62017
  2117
* Completion of symbols via prefix of \<name> or \<^name> or \name is
wenzelm@62017
  2118
always possible, independently of the language context. It is never
wenzelm@62017
  2119
implicit: a popup will show up unconditionally.
wenzelm@62017
  2120
wenzelm@62017
  2121
* Additional abbreviations for syntactic completion may be specified in
wenzelm@62017
  2122
$ISABELLE_HOME/etc/abbrevs and $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/abbrevs, with
wenzelm@62017
  2123
support for simple templates using ASCII 007 (bell) as placeholder.
wenzelm@62017
  2124
wenzelm@62234
  2125
* Symbols \<oplus>, \<Oplus>, \<otimes>, \<Otimes>, \<odot>, \<Odot>, \<ominus>, \<oslash> no longer provide abbreviations for
wenzelm@62234
  2126
completion like "+o", "*o", ".o" etc. -- due to conflicts with other
wenzelm@62234
  2127
ASCII syntax. INCOMPATIBILITY, use plain backslash-completion or define
wenzelm@62234
  2128
suitable abbreviations in $ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/abbrevs.
wenzelm@62234
  2129
wenzelm@61483
  2130
* Action "isabelle-emph" (with keyboard shortcut C+e LEFT) controls
wenzelm@61483
  2131
emphasized text style; the effect is visible in document output, not in
wenzelm@61483
  2132
the editor.
wenzelm@61483
  2133
wenzelm@61483
  2134
* Action "isabelle-reset" now uses keyboard shortcut C+e BACK_SPACE,
wenzelm@61483
  2135
instead of former C+e LEFT.
wenzelm@61483
  2136
wenzelm@61512
  2137
* The command-line tool "isabelle jedit" and the isabelle.Main
wenzelm@62027
  2138
application wrapper treat the default $USER_HOME/Scratch.thy more
wenzelm@61512
  2139
uniformly, and allow the dummy file argument ":" to open an empty buffer
wenzelm@61512
  2140
instead.
wenzelm@61512
  2141
wenzelm@62017
  2142
* New command-line tool "isabelle jedit_client" allows to connect to an
wenzelm@62017
  2143
already running Isabelle/jEdit process. This achieves the effect of
wenzelm@62017
  2144
single-instance applications seen on common GUI desktops.
wenzelm@62017
  2145
wenzelm@61530
  2146
* The default look-and-feel for Linux is the traditional "Metal", which
wenzelm@61530
  2147
works better with GUI scaling for very high-resolution displays (e.g.
wenzelm@61530
  2148
4K). Moreover, it is generally more robust than "Nimbus".
wenzelm@61530
  2149
wenzelm@62163
  2150
* Update to jedit-5.3.0, with improved GUI scaling and support of
wenzelm@62163
  2151
high-resolution displays (e.g. 4K).
wenzelm@62163
  2152
wenzelm@62034
  2153
* The main Isabelle executable is managed as single-instance Desktop
wenzelm@62034
  2154
application uniformly on all platforms: Linux, Windows, Mac OS X.
wenzelm@62034
  2155
wenzelm@60610
  2156
wenzelm@61405
  2157
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@61405
  2158
wenzelm@62017
  2159
* Commands 'paragraph' and 'subparagraph' provide additional section
wenzelm@62017
  2160
headings. Thus there are 6 levels of standard headings, as in HTML.
wenzelm@62017
  2161
wenzelm@62017
  2162
* Command 'text_raw' has been clarified: input text is processed as in
wenzelm@62017
  2163
'text' (with antiquotations and control symbols). The key difference is
wenzelm@62017
  2164
the lack of the surrounding isabelle markup environment in output.
wenzelm@62017
  2165
wenzelm@62017
  2166
* Text is structured in paragraphs and nested lists, using notation that
wenzelm@62017
  2167
is similar to Markdown. The control symbols for list items are as
wenzelm@62017
  2168
follows:
wenzelm@62017
  2169
wenzelm@62017
  2170
  \<^item>  itemize
wenzelm@62017
  2171
  \<^enum>  enumerate
wenzelm@62017
  2172
  \<^descr>  description
wenzelm@62017
  2173
wenzelm@61491
  2174
* There is a new short form for antiquotations with a single argument
wenzelm@61491
  2175
that is a cartouche: \<^name>\<open>...\<close> is equivalent to @{name \<open>...\<close>} and
wenzelm@61595
  2176
\<open>...\<close> without control symbol is equivalent to @{cartouche \<open>...\<close>}.
wenzelm@61595
  2177
\<^name> without following cartouche is equivalent to @{name}. The
wenzelm@61501
  2178
standard Isabelle fonts provide glyphs to render important control
wenzelm@61501
  2179
symbols, e.g. "\<^verbatim>", "\<^emph>", "\<^bold>".
wenzelm@61491
  2180
wenzelm@61595
  2181
* Antiquotations @{noindent}, @{smallskip}, @{medskip}, @{bigskip} with
wenzelm@61595
  2182
corresponding control symbols \<^noindent>, \<^smallskip>, \<^medskip>, \<^bigskip> specify spacing formally, using
wenzelm@61595
  2183
standard LaTeX macros of the same names.
wenzelm@61595
  2184
wenzelm@61491
  2185
* Antiquotation @{cartouche} in Isabelle/Pure is the same as @{text}.
wenzelm@61491
  2186
Consequently, \<open>...\<close> without any decoration prints literal quasi-formal
wenzelm@61492
  2187
text. Command-line tool "isabelle update_cartouches -t" helps to update
wenzelm@61492
  2188
old sources, by approximative patching of the content of string and
wenzelm@61492
  2189
cartouche tokens seen in theory sources.
wenzelm@61491
  2190
wenzelm@61491
  2191
* The @{text} antiquotation now ignores the antiquotation option
wenzelm@61491
  2192
"source". The given text content is output unconditionally, without any
wenzelm@61491
  2193
surrounding quotes etc. Subtle INCOMPATIBILITY, put quotes into the
wenzelm@61494
  2194
argument where they are really intended, e.g. @{text \<open>"foo"\<close>}. Initial
wenzelm@61494
  2195
or terminal spaces are ignored.
wenzelm@61491
  2196
wenzelm@62017
  2197
* Antiquotations @{emph} and @{bold} output LaTeX source recursively,
wenzelm@62017
  2198
adding appropriate text style markup. These may be used in the short
wenzelm@62017
  2199
form \<^emph>\<open>...\<close> and \<^bold>\<open>...\<close>.
wenzelm@62017
  2200
wenzelm@62017
  2201
* Document antiquotation @{footnote} outputs LaTeX source recursively,
wenzelm@62017
  2202
marked as \footnote{}. This may be used in the short form \<^footnote>\<open>...\<close>.
wenzelm@62017
  2203
wenzelm@62017
  2204
* Antiquotation @{verbatim [display]} supports option "indent".
wenzelm@62017
  2205
wenzelm@62017
  2206
* Antiquotation @{theory_text} prints uninterpreted theory source text
wenzelm@62231
  2207
(Isar outer syntax with command keywords etc.). This may be used in the
wenzelm@62231
  2208
short form \<^theory_text>\<open>...\<close>. @{theory_text [display]} supports option "indent".
wenzelm@62017
  2209
wenzelm@62017
  2210
* Antiquotation @{doc ENTRY} provides a reference to the given
wenzelm@62017
  2211
documentation, with a hyperlink in the Prover IDE.
wenzelm@62017
  2212
wenzelm@62017
  2213
* Antiquotations @{command}, @{method}, @{attribute} print checked
wenzelm@62017
  2214
entities of the Isar language.
wenzelm@62017
  2215
wenzelm@61471
  2216
* HTML presentation uses the standard IsabelleText font and Unicode
wenzelm@61471
  2217
rendering of Isabelle symbols like Isabelle/Scala/jEdit.  The former
wenzelm@61488
  2218
print mode "HTML" loses its special meaning.
wenzelm@61471
  2219
wenzelm@61405
  2220
wenzelm@60406
  2221
*** Isar ***
wenzelm@60406
  2222
wenzelm@62205
  2223
* Local goals ('have', 'show', 'hence', 'thus') allow structured rule
wenzelm@62205
  2224
statements like fixes/assumes/shows in theorem specifications, but the
wenzelm@62205
  2225
notation is postfix with keywords 'if' (or 'when') and 'for'. For
wenzelm@60555
  2226
example:
wenzelm@60414
  2227
wenzelm@60414
  2228
  have result: "C x y"
wenzelm@60414
  2229
    if "A x" and "B y"
wenzelm@60414
  2230
    for x :: 'a and y :: 'a
wenzelm@60414
  2231
    <proof>
wenzelm@60414
  2232
wenzelm@60449
  2233
The local assumptions are bound to the name "that". The result is
wenzelm@60449
  2234
exported from context of the statement as usual. The above roughly
wenzelm@60414
  2235
corresponds to a raw proof block like this:
wenzelm@60414
  2236
wenzelm@60414
  2237
  {
wenzelm@60414
  2238
    fix x :: 'a and y :: 'a
wenzelm@60449
  2239
    assume that: "A x" "B y"
wenzelm@60414
  2240
    have "C x y" <proof>
wenzelm@60414
  2241
  }
wenzelm@60414
  2242
  note result = this
wenzelm@60406
  2243
wenzelm@60555
  2244
The keyword 'when' may be used instead of 'if', to indicate 'presume'
wenzelm@60555
  2245
instead of 'assume' above.
wenzelm@60555
  2246
wenzelm@61733
  2247
* Assumptions ('assume', 'presume') allow structured rule statements
wenzelm@61733
  2248
using 'if' and 'for', similar to 'have' etc. above. For example:
wenzelm@61658
  2249
wenzelm@61658
  2250
  assume result: "C x y"
wenzelm@61658
  2251
    if "A x" and "B y"
wenzelm@61658
  2252
    for x :: 'a and y :: 'a
wenzelm@61658
  2253
wenzelm@61658
  2254
This assumes "\<And>x y::'a. A x \<Longrightarrow> B y \<Longrightarrow> C x y" and produces a general
wenzelm@61658
  2255
result as usual: "A ?x \<Longrightarrow> B ?y \<Longrightarrow> C ?x ?y".
wenzelm@61658
  2256
wenzelm@61658
  2257
Vacuous quantification in assumptions is omitted, i.e. a for-context
wenzelm@61658
  2258
only effects propositions according to actual use of variables. For
wenzelm@61658
  2259
example:
wenzelm@61658
  2260
wenzelm@61658
  2261
  assume "A x" and "B y" for x and y
wenzelm@61658
  2262
wenzelm@61658
  2263
is equivalent to:
wenzelm@61658
  2264
wenzelm@61658
  2265
  assume "\<And>x. A x" and "\<And>y. B y"
wenzelm@61658
  2266
wenzelm@60595
  2267
* The meaning of 'show' with Pure rule statements has changed: premises
wenzelm@60595
  2268
are treated in the sense of 'assume', instead of 'presume'. This means,
wenzelm@62205
  2269
a goal like "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x" can be solved completely as
wenzelm@62205
  2270
follows:
wenzelm@60595
  2271
wenzelm@60595
  2272
  show "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x"
wenzelm@60595
  2273
wenzelm@60595
  2274
or:
wenzelm@60595
  2275
wenzelm@60595
  2276
  show "C x" if "A x" "B x" for x
wenzelm@60595
  2277
wenzelm@60595
  2278
Rare INCOMPATIBILITY, the old behaviour may be recovered as follows:
wenzelm@60595
  2279
wenzelm@60595
  2280
  show "C x" when "A x" "B x" for x
wenzelm@60595
  2281
wenzelm@60459
  2282
* New command 'consider' states rules for generalized elimination and
wenzelm@60459
  2283
case splitting. This is like a toplevel statement "theorem obtains" used
wenzelm@60459
  2284
within a proof body; or like a multi-branch 'obtain' without activation
wenzelm@60459
  2285
of the local context elements yet.
wenzelm@60459
  2286
wenzelm@60455
  2287
* Proof method "cases" allows to specify the rule as first entry of
wenzelm@60455
  2288
chained facts.  This is particularly useful with 'consider':
wenzelm@60455
  2289
wenzelm@60455
  2290
  consider (a) A | (b) B | (c) C <proof>
wenzelm@60455
  2291
  then have something
wenzelm@60455
  2292
  proof cases
wenzelm@60455
  2293
    case a
wenzelm@60455
  2294
    then show ?thesis <proof>
wenzelm@60455
  2295
  next
wenzelm@60455
  2296
    case b
wenzelm@60455
  2297
    then show ?thesis <proof>
wenzelm@60455
  2298
  next
wenzelm@60455
  2299
    case c
wenzelm@60455
  2300
    then show ?thesis <proof>
wenzelm@60455
  2301
  qed
wenzelm@60455
  2302
wenzelm@60565
  2303
* Command 'case' allows fact name and attribute specification like this:
wenzelm@60565
  2304
wenzelm@60565
  2305
  case a: (c xs)
wenzelm@60565
  2306
  case a [attributes]: (c xs)
wenzelm@60565
  2307
wenzelm@60565
  2308
Facts that are introduced by invoking the case context are uniformly
wenzelm@60565
  2309
qualified by "a"; the same name is used for the cumulative fact. The old
wenzelm@60565
  2310
form "case (c xs) [attributes]" is no longer supported. Rare
wenzelm@60565
  2311
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to adapt uses of case facts in exotic situations,
wenzelm@60565
  2312
and always put attributes in front.
wenzelm@60565
  2313
wenzelm@60618
  2314
* The standard proof method of commands 'proof' and '..' is now called
wenzelm@60618
  2315
"standard" to make semantically clear what it is; the old name "default"
wenzelm@60618
  2316
is still available as legacy for some time. Documentation now explains
wenzelm@60618
  2317
'..' more accurately as "by standard" instead of "by rule".
wenzelm@60618
  2318
wenzelm@62017
  2319
* Nesting of Isar goal structure has been clarified: the context after
wenzelm@62017
  2320
the initial backwards refinement is retained for the whole proof, within
wenzelm@62017
  2321
all its context sections (as indicated via 'next'). This is e.g.
wenzelm@62017
  2322
relevant for 'using', 'including', 'supply':
wenzelm@62017
  2323
wenzelm@62017
  2324
  have "A \<and> A" if a: A for A
wenzelm@62017
  2325
    supply [simp] = a
wenzelm@62017
  2326
  proof
wenzelm@62017
  2327
    show A by simp
wenzelm@62017
  2328
  next
wenzelm@62017
  2329
    show A by simp
wenzelm@62017
  2330
  qed
wenzelm@62017
  2331
wenzelm@62017
  2332
* Command 'obtain' binds term abbreviations (via 'is' patterns) in the
wenzelm@62017
  2333
proof body as well, abstracted over relevant parameters.
wenzelm@62017
  2334
wenzelm@62017
  2335
* Improved type-inference for theorem statement 'obtains': separate
wenzelm@62017
  2336
parameter scope for of each clause.
wenzelm@62017
  2337
wenzelm@62017
  2338
* Term abbreviations via 'is' patterns also work for schematic
wenzelm@62017
  2339
statements: result is abstracted over unknowns.
wenzelm@62017
  2340
wenzelm@60631
  2341
* Command 'subgoal' allows to impose some structure on backward
wenzelm@60631
  2342
refinements, to avoid proof scripts degenerating into long of 'apply'
wenzelm@60631
  2343
sequences. Further explanations and examples are given in the isar-ref
wenzelm@60631
  2344
manual.
wenzelm@60631
  2345
wenzelm@62017
  2346
* Command 'supply' supports fact definitions during goal refinement
wenzelm@62017
  2347
('apply' scripts).
wenzelm@62017
  2348
wenzelm@61166
  2349
* Proof method "goal_cases" turns the current subgoals into cases within
wenzelm@61166
  2350
the context; the conclusion is bound to variable ?case in each case. For
wenzelm@61166
  2351
example:
wenzelm@60617
  2352
wenzelm@60617
  2353
lemma "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x"
wenzelm@60622
  2354
  and "\<And>y z. U y \<Longrightarrow> V z \<Longrightarrow> W y z"
wenzelm@61166
  2355
proof goal_cases
wenzelm@60622
  2356
  case (1 x)
wenzelm@60622
  2357
  then show ?case using \<open>A x\<close> \<open>B x\<close> sorry
wenzelm@60622
  2358
next
wenzelm@60622
  2359
  case (2 y z)
wenzelm@60622
  2360
  then show ?case using \<open>U y\<close> \<open>V z\<close> sorry
wenzelm@60622
  2361
qed
wenzelm@60622
  2362
wenzelm@60622
  2363
lemma "\<And>x. A x \<Longrightarrow> B x \<Longrightarrow> C x"
wenzelm@60622
  2364
  and "\<And>y z. U y \<Longrightarrow> V z \<Longrightarrow> W y z"
wenzelm@61166
  2365
proof goal_cases
wenzelm@60617
  2366
  case prems: 1
wenzelm@60617
  2367
  then show ?case using prems sorry
wenzelm@60617
  2368
next
wenzelm@60617
  2369
  case prems: 2
wenzelm@60617
  2370
  then show ?case using prems sorry
wenzelm@60617
  2371
qed
wenzelm@60578
  2372
wenzelm@60581
  2373
* The undocumented feature of implicit cases goal1, goal2, goal3, etc.
wenzelm@60617
  2374
is marked as legacy, and will be removed eventually. The proof method
wenzelm@60617
  2375
"goals" achieves a similar effect within regular Isar; often it can be
wenzelm@60617
  2376
done more adequately by other means (e.g. 'consider').
wenzelm@60581
  2377
wenzelm@62017
  2378
* The vacuous fact "TERM x" may be established "by fact" or as `TERM x`
wenzelm@62017
  2379
as well, not just "by this" or "." as before.
wenzelm@60551
  2380
wenzelm@60554
  2381
* Method "sleep" succeeds after a real-time delay (in seconds). This is
wenzelm@60554
  2382
occasionally useful for demonstration and testing purposes.
wenzelm@60554
  2383
wenzelm@60406
  2384
wenzelm@60331
  2385
*** Pure ***
wenzelm@60331
  2386
wenzelm@61606
  2387
* Qualifiers in locale expressions default to mandatory ('!') regardless
wenzelm@61606
  2388
of the command. Previously, for 'locale' and 'sublocale' the default was
wenzelm@61606
  2389
optional ('?'). The old synatx '!' has been discontinued.
wenzelm@61606
  2390
INCOMPATIBILITY, remove '!' and add '?' as required.
ballarin@61565
  2391
ballarin@61566
  2392
* Keyword 'rewrites' identifies rewrite morphisms in interpretation
wenzelm@62017
  2393
commands. Previously, the keyword was 'where'. INCOMPATIBILITY.
ballarin@61566
  2394
ballarin@61701
  2395
* More gentle suppression of syntax along locale morphisms while
wenzelm@62017
  2396
printing terms. Previously 'abbreviation' and 'notation' declarations
wenzelm@62017
  2397
would be suppressed for morphisms except term identity. Now
ballarin@61701
  2398
'abbreviation' is also kept for morphims that only change the involved
wenzelm@62017
  2399
parameters, and only 'notation' is suppressed. This can be of great help
wenzelm@62017
  2400
when working with complex locale hierarchies, because proof states are
wenzelm@62017
  2401
displayed much more succinctly. It also means that only notation needs
wenzelm@62017
  2402
to be redeclared if desired, as illustrated by this example:
ballarin@61701
  2403
ballarin@61701
  2404
  locale struct = fixes composition :: "'a => 'a => 'a" (infixl "\<cdot>" 65)
ballarin@61701
  2405
  begin
ballarin@61701
  2406
    definition derived (infixl "\<odot>" 65) where ...
ballarin@61701
  2407
  end
ballarin@61701
  2408
ballarin@61701
  2409
  locale morphism =
ballarin@61701
  2410
    left: struct composition + right: struct composition'
ballarin@61701
  2411
    for composition (infix "\<cdot>" 65) and composition' (infix "\<cdot>''" 65)
ballarin@61701
  2412
  begin
ballarin@61701
  2413
    notation right.derived ("\<odot>''")
ballarin@61701
  2414
  end
ballarin@61701
  2415
wenzelm@61895
  2416
* Command 'global_interpretation' issues interpretations into global
wenzelm@61895
  2417
theories, with optional rewrite definitions following keyword 'defines'.
wenzelm@61895
  2418
wenzelm@61895
  2419
* Command 'sublocale' accepts optional rewrite definitions after keyword
haftmann@61675
  2420
'defines'.
haftmann@61675
  2421
wenzelm@61895
  2422
* Command 'permanent_interpretation' has been discontinued. Use
wenzelm@61895
  2423
'global_interpretation' or 'sublocale' instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@61670
  2424
wenzelm@61252
  2425
* Command 'print_definitions' prints dependencies of definitional
wenzelm@61252
  2426
specifications. This functionality used to be part of 'print_theory'.
wenzelm@61252
  2427
wenzelm@60331
  2428
* Configuration option rule_insts_schematic has been discontinued
wenzelm@62017
  2429
(intermediate legacy feature in Isabelle2015). INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@60331
  2430
wenzelm@62205
  2431
* Abbreviations in type classes now carry proper sort constraint. Rare
wenzelm@62205
  2432
INCOMPATIBILITY in situations where the previous misbehaviour has been
wenzelm@62205
  2433
exploited.
haftmann@60349
  2434
haftmann@60349
  2435
* Refinement of user-space type system in type classes: pseudo-local
wenzelm@62205
  2436
operations behave more similar to abbreviations. Potential
haftmann@60349
  2437
INCOMPATIBILITY in exotic situations.
haftmann@60349
  2438
haftmann@60349
  2439
nipkow@60171
  2440
*** HOL ***
nipkow@60171
  2441
wenzelm@62017
  2442
* The 'typedef' command has been upgraded from a partially checked
wenzelm@62017
  2443
"axiomatization", to a full definitional specification that takes the
wenzelm@62017
  2444
global collection of overloaded constant / type definitions into
wenzelm@62017
  2445
account. Type definitions with open dependencies on overloaded
wenzelm@62017
  2446
definitions need to be specified as "typedef (overloaded)". This
wenzelm@62017
  2447
provides extra robustness in theory construction. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62017
  2448
wenzelm@62017
  2449
* Qualification of various formal entities in the libraries is done more
wenzelm@62017
  2450
uniformly via "context begin qualified definition ... end" instead of
wenzelm@62017
  2451
old-style "hide_const (open) ...". Consequently, both the defined
wenzelm@62017
  2452
constant and its defining fact become qualified, e.g. Option.is_none and
wenzelm@62017
  2453
Option.is_none_def. Occasional INCOMPATIBILITY in applications.
wenzelm@62017
  2454
wenzelm@62017
  2455
* Some old and rarely used ASCII replacement syntax has been removed.
wenzelm@62017
  2456
INCOMPATIBILITY, standard syntax with symbols should be used instead.
wenzelm@62017
  2457
The subsequent commands help to reproduce the old forms, e.g. to
wenzelm@62017
  2458
simplify porting old theories:
wenzelm@62017
  2459
wenzelm@62017
  2460
  notation iff  (infixr "<->" 25)
wenzelm@62017
  2461
wenzelm@62017
  2462
  notation Times  (infixr "<*>" 80)
wenzelm@62017
  2463
wenzelm@62017
  2464
  type_notation Map.map  (infixr "~=>" 0)
wenzelm@62017
  2465
  notation Map.map_comp  (infixl "o'_m" 55)
wenzelm@62017
  2466
wenzelm@62017
  2467
  type_notation FinFun.finfun ("(_ =>f /_)" [22, 21] 21)
wenzelm@62017
  2468
wenzelm@62017
  2469
  notation FuncSet.funcset  (infixr "->" 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2470
  notation FuncSet.extensional_funcset  (infixr "->\<^sub>E" 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2471
wenzelm@62017
  2472
  notation Omega_Words_Fun.conc (infixr "conc" 65)
wenzelm@62017
  2473
wenzelm@62017
  2474
  notation Preorder.equiv ("op ~~")
wenzelm@62017
  2475
    and Preorder.equiv ("(_/ ~~ _)" [51, 51] 50)
wenzelm@62017
  2476
wenzelm@62017
  2477
  notation (in topological_space) tendsto (infixr "--->" 55)
wenzelm@62017
  2478
  notation (in topological_space) LIMSEQ ("((_)/ ----> (_))" [60, 60] 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2479
  notation LIM ("((_)/ -- (_)/ --> (_))" [60, 0, 60] 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2480
wenzelm@62017
  2481
  notation NSA.approx (infixl "@=" 50)
wenzelm@62017
  2482
  notation NSLIMSEQ ("((_)/ ----NS> (_))" [60, 60] 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2483
  notation NSLIM ("((_)/ -- (_)/ --NS> (_))" [60, 0, 60] 60)
wenzelm@62017
  2484
wenzelm@62017
  2485
* The alternative notation "\<Colon>" for type and sort constraints has been
wenzelm@62017
  2486
removed: in LaTeX document output it looks the same as "::".
wenzelm@62017
  2487
INCOMPATIBILITY, use plain "::" instead.
wenzelm@62017
  2488
wenzelm@62017
  2489
* Commands 'inductive' and 'inductive_set' work better when names for
wenzelm@62017
  2490
intro rules are omitted: the "cases" and "induct" rules no longer
wenzelm@62017
  2491
declare empty case_names, but no case_names at all. This allows to use
wenzelm@62017
  2492
numbered cases in proofs, without requiring method "goal_cases".
wenzelm@62017
  2493
wenzelm@62017
  2494
* Inductive definitions ('inductive', 'coinductive', etc.) expose
wenzelm@62017
  2495
low-level facts of the internal construction only if the option
wenzelm@62093
  2496
"inductive_internals" is enabled. This refers to the internal predicate
wenzelm@62017
  2497
definition and its monotonicity result. Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62017
  2498
wenzelm@62017
  2499
* Recursive function definitions ('fun', 'function', 'partial_function')
wenzelm@62017
  2500
expose low-level facts of the internal construction only if the option
wenzelm@62205
  2501
"function_internals" is enabled. Its internal inductive definition is
wenzelm@62205
  2502
also subject to "inductive_internals". Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62093
  2503
wenzelm@62093
  2504
* BNF datatypes ('datatype', 'codatatype', etc.) expose low-level facts
wenzelm@62093
  2505
of the internal construction only if the option "bnf_internals" is
wenzelm@62093
  2506
enabled. This supersedes the former option "bnf_note_all". Rare
wenzelm@62093
  2507
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62017
  2508
wenzelm@62017
  2509
* Combinator to represent case distinction on products is named
wenzelm@62017
  2510
"case_prod", uniformly, discontinuing any input aliasses. Very popular
wenzelm@62017
  2511
theorem aliasses have been retained.
wenzelm@62017
  2512
haftmann@61424
  2513
Consolidated facts:
haftmann@61424
  2514
  PairE ~> prod.exhaust
haftmann@61424
  2515
  Pair_eq ~> prod.inject
haftmann@61424
  2516
  pair_collapse ~> prod.collapse
haftmann@61424
  2517
  Pair_fst_snd_eq ~> prod_eq_iff
haftmann@61424
  2518
  split_twice ~> prod.case_distrib
haftmann@61424
  2519
  split_weak_cong ~> prod.case_cong_weak
haftmann@61424
  2520
  split_split ~> prod.split
haftmann@61424
  2521
  split_split_asm ~> prod.split_asm
haftmann@61424
  2522
  splitI ~> case_prodI
haftmann@61424
  2523
  splitD ~> case_prodD
haftmann@61424
  2524
  splitI2 ~> case_prodI2
haftmann@61424
  2525
  splitI2' ~> case_prodI2'
haftmann@61424
  2526
  splitE ~> case_prodE
haftmann@61424
  2527
  splitE' ~> case_prodE'
haftmann@61424
  2528
  split_pair ~> case_prod_Pair
haftmann@61424
  2529
  split_eta ~> case_prod_eta
haftmann@61424
  2530
  split_comp ~> case_prod_comp
haftmann@61424
  2531
  mem_splitI ~> mem_case_prodI
haftmann@61424
  2532
  mem_splitI2 ~> mem_case_prodI2
haftmann@61424
  2533
  mem_splitE ~> mem_case_prodE
haftmann@61424
  2534
  The_split ~> The_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2535
  cond_split_eta ~> cond_case_prod_eta
haftmann@61424
  2536
  Collect_split_in_rel_leE ~> Collect_case_prod_in_rel_leE
haftmann@61424
  2537
  Collect_split_in_rel_leI ~> Collect_case_prod_in_rel_leI
haftmann@61424
  2538
  in_rel_Collect_split_eq ~> in_rel_Collect_case_prod_eq
haftmann@61424
  2539
  Collect_split_Grp_eqD ~> Collect_case_prod_Grp_eqD
haftmann@61424
  2540
  Collect_split_Grp_inD ~> Collect_case_prod_Grp_in
haftmann@61424
  2541
  Domain_Collect_split ~> Domain_Collect_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2542
  Image_Collect_split ~> Image_Collect_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2543
  Range_Collect_split ~> Range_Collect_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2544
  Eps_split ~> Eps_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2545
  Eps_split_eq ~> Eps_case_prod_eq
haftmann@61424
  2546
  split_rsp ~> case_prod_rsp
haftmann@61424
  2547
  curry_split ~> curry_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2548
  split_curry ~> case_prod_curry
wenzelm@62017
  2549
haftmann@61424
  2550
Changes in structure HOLogic:
haftmann@61424
  2551
  split_const ~> case_prod_const
haftmann@61424
  2552
  mk_split ~> mk_case_prod
haftmann@61424
  2553
  mk_psplits ~> mk_ptupleabs
haftmann@61424
  2554
  strip_psplits ~> strip_ptupleabs
wenzelm@62017
  2555
wenzelm@62017
  2556
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62017
  2557
wenzelm@62017
  2558
* The coercions to type 'real' have been reorganised. The function
wenzelm@62017
  2559
'real' is no longer overloaded, but has type 'nat => real' and
wenzelm@62017
  2560
abbreviates of_nat for that type. Also 'real_of_int :: int => real'
wenzelm@62017
  2561
abbreviates of_int for that type. Other overloaded instances of 'real'
wenzelm@62017
  2562
have been replaced by 'real_of_ereal' and 'real_of_float'.
wenzelm@62017
  2563
lp15@61694
  2564
Consolidated facts (among others):
lp15@61694
  2565
  real_of_nat_le_iff -> of_nat_le_iff
lp15@61694
  2566
  real_of_nat_numeral of_nat_numeral
lp15@61694
  2567
  real_of_int_zero of_int_0
lp15@61694
  2568
  real_of_nat_zero of_nat_0
lp15@61694
  2569
  real_of_one of_int_1
lp15@61694
  2570
  real_of_int_add of_int_add
lp15@61694
  2571
  real_of_nat_add of_nat_add
lp15@61694
  2572
  real_of_int_diff of_int_diff
lp15@61694
  2573
  real_of_nat_diff of_nat_diff
lp15@61694
  2574
  floor_subtract floor_diff_of_int
lp15@61694
  2575
  real_of_int_inject of_int_eq_iff
lp15@61694
  2576
  real_of_int_gt_zero_cancel_iff of_int_0_less_iff
lp15@61694
  2577
  real_of_int_ge_zero_cancel_iff of_int_0_le_iff
lp15@61694
  2578
  real_of_nat_ge_zero of_nat_0_le_iff
lp15@61694
  2579
  real_of_int_ceiling_ge le_of_int_ceiling
lp15@61694
  2580
  ceiling_less_eq ceiling_less_iff
lp15@61694
  2581
  ceiling_le_eq ceiling_le_iff
lp15@61694
  2582
  less_floor_eq less_floor_iff
lp15@61694
  2583
  floor_less_eq floor_less_iff
lp15@61694
  2584
  floor_divide_eq_div floor_divide_of_int_eq
lp15@61694
  2585
  real_of_int_zero_cancel of_nat_eq_0_iff
lp15@61694
  2586
  ceiling_real_of_int ceiling_of_int
wenzelm@62017
  2587
wenzelm@62017
  2588
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@61143
  2589
wenzelm@60841
  2590
* Theory Map: lemma map_of_is_SomeD was a clone of map_of_SomeD and has
wenzelm@60841
  2591
been removed. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@60841
  2592
lars@60712
  2593
* Quickcheck setup for finite sets.
lars@60712
  2594
nipkow@60171
  2595
* Discontinued simp_legacy_precond. Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@60138
  2596
blanchet@60306
  2597
* Sledgehammer:
blanchet@61318
  2598
  - The MaSh relevance filter has been sped up.
blanchet@60306
  2599
  - Proof reconstruction has been improved, to minimize the incidence of
blanchet@60306
  2600
    cases where Sledgehammer gives a proof that does not work.
blanchet@60306
  2601
  - Auto Sledgehammer now minimizes and preplays the results.
blanchet@61030
  2602
  - Handle Vampire 4.0 proof output without raising exception.
blanchet@61043
  2603
  - Eliminated "MASH" environment variable. Use the "MaSh" option in
blanchet@61043
  2604
    Isabelle/jEdit instead. INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@61317
  2605
  - Eliminated obsolete "blocking" option and related subcommands.
blanchet@60306
  2606
blanchet@60310
  2607
* Nitpick:
blanchet@61325
  2608
  - Fixed soundness bug in translation of "finite" predicate.
blanchet@61324
  2609
  - Fixed soundness bug in "destroy_constrs" optimization.
blanchet@62080
  2610
  - Fixed soundness bug in translation of "rat" type.
blanchet@60310
  2611
  - Removed "check_potential" and "check_genuine" options.
blanchet@61317
  2612
  - Eliminated obsolete "blocking" option.
blanchet@60310
  2613
wenzelm@62027
  2614
* (Co)datatype package:
blanchet@61345
  2615
  - New commands "lift_bnf" and "copy_bnf" for lifting (copying) a BNF
blanchet@61345
  2616
    structure on the raw type to an abstract type defined using typedef.
blanchet@61345
  2617
  - Always generate "case_transfer" theorem.
wenzelm@62235
  2618
  - For mutual types, generate slightly stronger "rel_induct",
haftmann@63946
  2619
    "rel_coinduct", and "coinduct" theorems. INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@61552
  2620
  - Allow discriminators and selectors with the same name as the type
blanchet@61552
  2621
    being defined.
blanchet@61552
  2622
  - Avoid various internal name clashes (e.g., 'datatype f = f').
traytel@60920
  2623
wenzelm@62098
  2624
* Transfer: new methods for interactive debugging of 'transfer' and
wenzelm@62098
  2625
'transfer_prover': 'transfer_start', 'transfer_step', 'transfer_end',
wenzelm@62098
  2626
'transfer_prover_start' and 'transfer_prover_end'.
kuncar@61370
  2627
kleing@62118
  2628
* New diagnostic command print_record for displaying record definitions.
kleing@62118
  2629
haftmann@60868
  2630
* Division on integers is bootstrapped directly from division on
wenzelm@62017
  2631
naturals and uses generic numeral algorithm for computations. Slight
wenzelm@62017
  2632
INCOMPATIBILITY, simproc numeral_divmod replaces and generalizes former
wenzelm@62017
  2633
simprocs binary_int_div and binary_int_mod
wenzelm@62017
  2634
wenzelm@62017
  2635
* Tightened specification of class semiring_no_zero_divisors. Minor
haftmann@60516
  2636
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@60516
  2637
haftmann@60688
  2638
* Class algebraic_semidom introduces common algebraic notions of
wenzelm@62017
  2639
integral (semi)domains, particularly units. Although logically subsumed
wenzelm@62017
  2640
by fields, is is not a super class of these in order not to burden
wenzelm@62017
  2641
fields with notions that are trivial there.
wenzelm@62017
  2642
wenzelm@62017
  2643
* Class normalization_semidom specifies canonical representants for
wenzelm@62017
  2644
equivalence classes of associated elements in an integral (semi)domain.
wenzelm@62017
  2645
This formalizes associated elements as well.
haftmann@60688
  2646
haftmann@60688
  2647
* Abstract specification of gcd/lcm operations in classes semiring_gcd,
wenzelm@62017
  2648
semiring_Gcd, semiring_Lcd. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY: facts gcd_nat.commute
wenzelm@62017
  2649
and gcd_int.commute are subsumed by gcd.commute, as well as
wenzelm@62017
  2650
gcd_nat.assoc and gcd_int.assoc by gcd.assoc.
wenzelm@62017
  2651
wenzelm@62017
  2652
* Former constants Fields.divide (_ / _) and Divides.div (_ div _) are
wenzelm@62017
  2653
logically unified to Rings.divide in syntactic type class Rings.divide,
wenzelm@62017
  2654
with infix syntax (_ div _). Infix syntax (_ / _) for field division is
wenzelm@62017
  2655
added later as abbreviation in class Fields.inverse. INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@62017
  2656
instantiations must refer to Rings.divide rather than the former
wenzelm@62017
  2657
separate constants, hence infix syntax (_ / _) is usually not available
wenzelm@62017
  2658
during instantiation.
wenzelm@62017
  2659
wenzelm@62017
  2660
* New cancellation simprocs for boolean algebras to cancel complementary
wenzelm@62017
  2661
terms for sup and inf. For example, "sup x (sup y (- x))" simplifies to
wenzelm@62017
  2662
"top". INCOMPATIBILITY.
Andreas@61628
  2663
hoelzl@62101
  2664
* Class uniform_space introduces uniform spaces btw topological spaces
hoelzl@62101
  2665
and metric spaces. Minor INCOMPATIBILITY: open_<type>_def needs to be
wenzelm@62205
  2666
introduced in the form of an uniformity. Some constants are more general
wenzelm@62205
  2667
now, it may be necessary to add type class constraints.
hoelzl@62101
  2668
hoelzl@62101
  2669
  open_real_def \<leadsto> open_dist
hoelzl@62101
  2670
  open_complex_def \<leadsto> open_dist
hoelzl@62101
  2671
wenzelm@62026
  2672
* Library/Monad_Syntax: notation uses symbols \<bind> and \<then>. INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@62026
  2673
Mathias@60397
  2674
* Library/Multiset:
Mathias@60397
  2675
  - Renamed multiset inclusion operators:
Mathias@60397
  2676
      < ~> <#
blanchet@62208
  2677
      > ~> >#
Mathias@60397
  2678
      <= ~> <=#
blanchet@62208
  2679
      >= ~> >=#
Mathias@60397
  2680
      \<le> ~> \<le>#
blanchet@62208
  2681
      \<ge> ~> \<ge>#
Mathias@60397
  2682
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@62209
  2683
  - Added multiset inclusion operator syntax:
blanchet@62209
  2684
      \<subset>#
blanchet@62209
  2685
      \<subseteq>#
blanchet@62209
  2686
      \<supset>#
blanchet@62209
  2687
      \<supseteq>#
Mathias@60397
  2688
  - "'a multiset" is no longer an instance of the "order",
Mathias@60397
  2689
    "ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le", "ordered_cancel_comm_monoid_diff",
Mathias@60397
  2690
    "semilattice_inf", and "semilattice_sup" type classes. The theorems
Mathias@60397
  2691
    previously provided by these type classes (directly or indirectly)
Mathias@60397
  2692
    are now available through the "subset_mset" interpretation
Mathias@60397
  2693
    (e.g. add_mono ~> subset_mset.add_mono).
Mathias@60397
  2694
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@60497
  2695
  - Renamed conversions:
nipkow@60515
  2696
      multiset_of ~> mset
nipkow@60515
  2697
      multiset_of_set ~> mset_set
nipkow@60497
  2698
      set_of ~> set_mset
nipkow@60497
  2699
    INCOMPATIBILITY
Mathias@60398
  2700
  - Renamed lemmas:
Mathias@60398
  2701
      mset_le_def ~> subseteq_mset_def
Mathias@60398
  2702
      mset_less_def ~> subset_mset_def
Mathias@60400
  2703
      less_eq_multiset.rep_eq ~> subseteq_mset_def
Mathias@60400
  2704
    INCOMPATIBILITY
Mathias@60400
  2705
  - Removed lemmas generated by lift_definition:
wenzelm@62235
  2706
    less_eq_multiset.abs_eq, less_eq_multiset.rsp,
wenzelm@62235
  2707
    less_eq_multiset.transfer, less_eq_multiset_def
Mathias@60400
  2708
    INCOMPATIBILITY
wenzelm@60007
  2709
wenzelm@62017
  2710
* Library/Omega_Words_Fun: Infinite words modeled as functions nat \<Rightarrow> 'a.
wenzelm@62017
  2711
wenzelm@62017
  2712
* Library/Bourbaki_Witt_Fixpoint: Added formalisation of the
wenzelm@62017
  2713
Bourbaki-Witt fixpoint theorem for increasing functions in
wenzelm@62017
  2714
chain-complete partial orders.
wenzelm@62017
  2715
wenzelm@62017
  2716
* Library/Old_Recdef: discontinued obsolete 'defer_recdef' command.
wenzelm@62017
  2717
Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, use 'function' instead.
wenzelm@62017
  2718
wenzelm@62065
  2719
* Library/Periodic_Fun: a locale that provides convenient lemmas for
wenzelm@62065
  2720
periodic functions.
eberlm@62060
  2721
wenzelm@62098
  2722
* Library/Formal_Power_Series: proper definition of division (with
wenzelm@62098
  2723
remainder) for formal power series; instances for Euclidean Ring and
wenzelm@62098
  2724
GCD.
eberlm@62086
  2725
wenzelm@62084
  2726
* HOL-Imperative_HOL: obsolete theory Legacy_Mrec has been removed.
wenzelm@62084
  2727
wenzelm@62084
  2728
* HOL-Statespace: command 'statespace' uses mandatory qualifier for
wenzelm@62084
  2729
import of parent, as for general 'locale' expressions. INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@62084
  2730
remove '!' and add '?' as required.
wenzelm@62084
  2731
wenzelm@62237
  2732
* HOL-Decision_Procs: The "approximation" method works with "powr"
wenzelm@62237
  2733
(exponentiation on real numbers) again.
wenzelm@62237
  2734
wenzelm@62084
  2735
* HOL-Multivariate_Analysis: theory Cauchy_Integral_Thm with Contour
wenzelm@62084
  2736
integrals (= complex path integrals), Cauchy's integral theorem, winding
wenzelm@62084
  2737
numbers and Cauchy's integral formula, Liouville theorem, Fundamental
wenzelm@62084
  2738
Theorem of Algebra. Ported from HOL Light.
wenzelm@62084
  2739
wenzelm@62084
  2740
* HOL-Multivariate_Analysis: topological concepts such as connected
wenzelm@62017
  2741
components, homotopic paths and the inside or outside of a set.
wenzelm@61121
  2742
wenzelm@62084
  2743
* HOL-Multivariate_Analysis: radius of convergence of power series and
wenzelm@62065
  2744
various summability tests; Harmonic numbers and the Euler–Mascheroni
wenzelm@62065
  2745
constant; the Generalised Binomial Theorem; the complex and real
wenzelm@62065
  2746
Gamma/log-Gamma/Digamma/ Polygamma functions and their most important
wenzelm@62065
  2747
properties.
eberlm@62060
  2748
wenzelm@62084
  2749
* HOL-Probability: The central limit theorem based on Levy's uniqueness
wenzelm@62084
  2750
and continuity theorem