NEWS
author huffman
Wed Mar 04 17:12:23 2009 -0800 (2009-03-04 ago)
changeset 30273 ecd6f0ca62ea
parent 30250 05d312f09a25
child 30298 abefe1dfadbb
child 30305 720226bedc4d
permissions -rw-r--r--
declare power_Suc [simp]; remove redundant type-specific versions of power_Suc
<
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Isabelle NEWS -- history user-relevant changes
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==============================================
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New in this Isabelle version
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----------------------------
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*** General ***
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* The main reference manuals (isar-ref, implementation, system) have
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been updated and extended.  Formally checked references as hyperlinks
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are now available in uniform manner.
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* Simplified main Isabelle executables, with less surprises on
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case-insensitive file-systems (such as Mac OS).
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  - The main Isabelle tool wrapper is now called "isabelle" instead of
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    "isatool."
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  - The former "isabelle" alias for "isabelle-process" has been
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    removed (should rarely occur to regular users).
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  - The former "isabelle-interface" and its alias "Isabelle" have been
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    removed (interfaces are now regular Isabelle tools).
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Within scripts and make files, the Isabelle environment variables
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ISABELLE_TOOL and ISABELLE_PROCESS replace old ISATOOL and ISABELLE,
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respectively.  (The latter are still available as legacy feature.)
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The old isabelle-interface wrapper could react in confusing ways if
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the interface was uninstalled or changed otherwise.  Individual
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interface tool configuration is now more explicit, see also the
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Isabelle system manual.  In particular, Proof General is now available
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via "isabelle emacs".
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INCOMPATIBILITY, need to adapt derivative scripts.  Users may need to
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purge installed copies of Isabelle executables and re-run "isabelle
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install -p ...", or use symlinks.
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* The default for ISABELLE_HOME_USER is now ~/.isabelle instead of the
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old ~/isabelle, which was slightly non-standard and apt cause
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surprises on case-insensitive file-systems.
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INCOMPATIBILITY, need to move existing ~/isabelle/etc,
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~/isabelle/heaps, ~/isabelle/browser_info to the new place.  Special
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care is required when using older releases of Isabelle.  Note that
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ISABELLE_HOME_USER can be changed in Isabelle/etc/settings of any
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Isabelle distribution.
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* Proofs of fully specified statements are run in parallel on
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multi-core systems.  A speedup factor of 2-3 can be expected on a
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regular 4-core machine, if the initial heap space is made reasonably
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large (cf. Poly/ML option -H).  [Poly/ML 5.2.1 or later]
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* Generalized Isar history, with support for linear undo, direct state
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addressing etc.
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* Recovered hiding of consts, which was accidentally broken in
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Isabelle2007.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY, ``hide const c'' really
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makes c inaccessible; consider using ``hide (open) const c'' instead.
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* Removed exotic 'token_translation' command.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use ML
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interface instead.
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* There is a new syntactic category "float_const" for signed decimal
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fractions (e.g. 123.45 or -123.45).
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* New prover for coherent logic (see src/Tools/coherent.ML).
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*** Pure ***
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* Class declaration: sc. "base sort" must not be given in import list
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any longer but is inferred from the specification.  Particularly in HOL,
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write
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    class foo = ...     instead of      class foo = type + ...
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* Type binding gradually replaces formerly used type bstring for names
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to be bound.  Name space interface for declarations has been simplified:
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  NameSpace.declare: NameSpace.naming
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    -> binding -> NameSpace.T -> string * NameSpace.T
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  NameSpace.bind: NameSpace.naming
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    -> binding * 'a -> 'a NameSpace.table -> string * 'a NameSpace.table
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         (*exception Symtab.DUP*)
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See further modules src/Pure/General/binding.ML and
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src/Pure/General/name_space.ML
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* Module moves in repository:
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    src/Pure/Tools/value.ML ~> src/Tools/
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    src/Pure/Tools/quickcheck.ML ~> src/Tools/
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* Slightly more coherent Pure syntax, with updated documentation in
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isar-ref manual.  Removed locales meta_term_syntax and
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meta_conjunction_syntax: TERM and &&& (formerly &&) are now permanent,
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INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations.
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* Goal-directed proof now enforces strict proof irrelevance wrt. sort
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hypotheses.  Sorts required in the course of reasoning need to be
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covered by the constraints in the initial statement, completed by the
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type instance information of the background theory.  Non-trivial sort
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hypotheses, which rarely occur in practice, may be specified via
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vacuous propositions of the form SORT_CONSTRAINT('a::c).  For example:
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  lemma assumes "SORT_CONSTRAINT('a::empty)" shows False ...
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The result contains an implicit sort hypotheses as before --
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SORT_CONSTRAINT premises are eliminated as part of the canonical rule
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normalization.
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* Changed defaults for unify configuration options:
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  unify_trace_bound = 50 (formerly 25)
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  unify_search_bound = 60 (formerly 30)
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* Different bookkeeping for code equations (INCOMPATIBILITY):
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  a) On theory merge, the last set of code equations for a particular
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     constant is taken (in accordance with the policy applied by other
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     parts of the code generator framework).
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  b) Code equations stemming from explicit declarations (e.g. code
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     attribute) gain priority over default code equations stemming
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     from definition, primrec, fun etc.
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* Global versions of theorems stemming from classes do not carry a
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parameter prefix any longer.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Dropped locale element "includes".  This is a major INCOMPATIBILITY.
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In existing theorem specifications replace the includes element by the
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respective context elements of the included locale, omitting those
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that are already present in the theorem specification.  Multiple
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assume elements of a locale should be replaced by a single one
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involving the locale predicate.  In the proof body, declarations (most
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notably theorems) may be regained by interpreting the respective
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locales in the proof context as required (command "interpret").
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If using "includes" in replacement of a target solely because the
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parameter types in the theorem are not as general as in the target,
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consider declaring a new locale with additional type constraints on
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the parameters (context element "constrains").
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* Dropped "locale (open)".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Interpretation commands no longer attempt to simplify goal.
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INCOMPATIBILITY: in rare situations the generated goal differs.  Use
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methods intro_locales and unfold_locales to clarify.
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* Interpretation commands no longer accept interpretation attributes.
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INCOMPATBILITY.
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* Complete re-implementation of locales.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  The most
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important changes are listed below.  See documentation (forthcoming)
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and tutorial (also forthcoming) for details.
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- In locale expressions, instantiation replaces renaming.  Parameters
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must be declared in a for clause.  To aid compatibility with previous
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parameter inheritance, in locale declarations, parameters that are not
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'touched' (instantiation position "_" or omitted) are implicitly added
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with their syntax at the beginning of the for clause.
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- Syntax from abbreviations and definitions in locales is available in
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locale expressions and context elements.  The latter is particularly
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useful in locale declarations.
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- More flexible mechanisms to qualify names generated by locale
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expressions.  Qualifiers (prefixes) may be specified in locale
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expressions.  Available are normal qualifiers (syntax "name:") and
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strict qualifiers (syntax "name!:").  The latter must occur in name
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references and are useful to avoid accidental hiding of names, the
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former are optional.  Qualifiers derived from the parameter names of a
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locale are no longer generated.
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- "sublocale l < e" replaces "interpretation l < e".  The
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instantiation clause in "interpretation" and "interpret" (square
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brackets) is no longer available.  Use locale expressions.
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- When converting proof scripts, be sure to replace qualifiers in
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"interpretation" and "interpret" by strict qualifiers.  Qualifiers in
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locale expressions range over a single locale instance only.
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* Command 'instance': attached definitions no longer accepted.
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INCOMPATIBILITY, use proper 'instantiation' target.
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* Keyword 'code_exception' now named 'code_abort'.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* The 'axiomatization' command now only works within a global theory
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context.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* New find_theorems criterion "solves" matching theorems that directly
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solve the current goal. Try "find_theorems solves".
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* Added an auto solve option, which can be enabled through the
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ProofGeneral Isabelle settings menu (disabled by default).
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When enabled, find_theorems solves is called whenever a new lemma is
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stated. Any theorems that could solve the lemma directly are listed
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underneath the goal.
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* New command find_consts searches for constants based on type and
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name patterns, e.g.
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    find_consts "_ => bool"
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By default, matching is against subtypes, but it may be restricted to
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the whole type. Searching by name is possible. Multiple queries are
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conjunctive and queries may be negated by prefixing them with a
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hyphen:
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    find_consts strict: "_ => bool" name: "Int" -"int => int"
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*** Document preparation ***
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* Antiquotation @{lemma} now imitates a regular terminal proof,
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demanding keyword 'by' and supporting the full method expression
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syntax just like the Isar command 'by'.
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*** HOL ***
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* Auxiliary class "itself" has disappeared -- classes without any parameter
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are treated as expected by the 'class' command.
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* Leibnitz's Series for Pi and the arcus tangens and logarithm series.
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* Common decision procedures (Cooper, MIR, Ferrack, Approximation, Dense_Linear_Order)
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now in directory HOL/Decision_Procs.
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* Theory HOL/Decisioin_Procs/Approximation.thy provides the new proof method
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"approximation".  It proves formulas on real values by using interval arithmetic.
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In the formulas are also the transcendental functions sin, cos, tan, atan, ln,
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exp and the constant pi are allowed.  For examples see HOL/ex/ApproximationEx.thy.
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* Theory "Reflection" now resides in HOL/Library.
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* Entry point to Word library now simply named "Word".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Made source layout more coherent with logical distribution
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structure:
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    src/HOL/Library/RType.thy ~> src/HOL/Typerep.thy
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    src/HOL/Library/Code_Message.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Library/GCD.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Library/Order_Relation.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Library/Parity.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Library/Univ_Poly.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Real/ContNotDenum.thy ~> src/HOL/Library/
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    src/HOL/Real/Lubs.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Real/PReal.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Real/Rational.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Real/RComplete.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Real/RealDef.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Real/RealPow.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Real/Real.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Complex/Complex_Main.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Complex/Complex.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Complex/FrechetDeriv.thy ~> src/HOL/Library/
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    src/HOL/Complex/Fundamental_Theorem_Algebra.thy ~> src/HOL/Library/
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    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Deriv.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Fact.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Integration.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Lim.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Ln.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Log.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Hyperreal/MacLaurin.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Hyperreal/NthRoot.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Series.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Hyperreal/SEQ.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Taylor.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Transcendental.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/Real/Float ~> src/HOL/Library/
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    src/HOL/Real/HahnBanach ~> src/HOL/HahnBanach
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    src/HOL/Real/RealVector.thy ~> src/HOL/
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    src/HOL/arith_data.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
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    src/HOL/hologic.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
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    src/HOL/simpdata.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
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    src/HOL/int_arith1.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools/int_arith.ML
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    src/HOL/int_factor_simprocs.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
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    src/HOL/nat_simprocs.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
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    src/HOL/Real/float_arith.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
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    src/HOL/Real/float_syntax.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
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    src/HOL/Real/rat_arith.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
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    src/HOL/Real/real_arith.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
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    src/HOL/Library/Array.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
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    src/HOL/Library/Heap_Monad.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
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    src/HOL/Library/Heap.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
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    src/HOL/Library/Imperative_HOL.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
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    src/HOL/Library/Ref.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
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    src/HOL/Library/Relational.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
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* If methods "eval" and "evaluation" encounter a structured proof state
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with !!/==>, only the conclusion is evaluated to True (if possible),
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avoiding strange error messages.
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* Simplifier: simproc for let expressions now unfolds if bound variable
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occurs at most one time in let expression body.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* New classes "top" and "bot" with corresponding operations "top" and "bot"
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in theory Orderings;  instantiation of class "complete_lattice" requires
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instantiation of classes "top" and "bot".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Changed definition lemma "less_fun_def" in order to provide an instance
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for preorders on functions;  use lemma "less_le" instead.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Unified theorem tables for both code code generators.  Thus
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[code func] has disappeared and only [code] remains.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Constants "undefined" and "default" replace "arbitrary".  Usually
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"undefined" is the right choice to replace "arbitrary", though logically
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there is no difference.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Generic ATP manager for Sledgehammer, based on ML threads instead of
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Posix processes.  Avoids potentially expensive forking of the ML
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process.  New thread-based implementation also works on non-Unix
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platforms (Cygwin).  Provers are no longer hardwired, but defined
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within the theory via plain ML wrapper functions.  Basic Sledgehammer
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commands are covered in the isar-ref manual.
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* Wrapper scripts for remote SystemOnTPTP service allows to use
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sledgehammer without local ATP installation (Vampire etc.).  See also
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ISABELLE_HOME/contrib/SystemOnTPTP and the VAMPIRE_HOME setting
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variable.  Other provers may be included via suitable ML wrappers, see
wenzelm@28604
   327
also src/HOL/ATP_Linkup.thy.
wenzelm@28474
   328
haftmann@28350
   329
* Normalization by evaluation now allows non-leftlinear equations.
haftmann@28350
   330
Declare with attribute [code nbe].
haftmann@28350
   331
haftmann@28350
   332
* Command "value" now integrates different evaluation
wenzelm@28248
   333
mechanisms.  The result of the first successful evaluation mechanism
wenzelm@28248
   334
is printed.  In square brackets a particular named evaluation
wenzelm@28248
   335
mechanisms may be specified (currently, [SML], [code] or [nbe]).  See
wenzelm@28248
   336
further src/HOL/ex/Eval_Examples.thy.
haftmann@28227
   337
krauss@29125
   338
* New method "sizechange" to automate termination proofs using (a
krauss@29182
   339
modification of) the size-change principle. Requires SAT solver. See
krauss@29182
   340
src/HOL/ex/Termination.thy for examples.
krauss@29125
   341
wenzelm@28088
   342
* HOL/Orderings: class "wellorder" moved here, with explicit induction
wenzelm@28088
   343
rule "less_induct" as assumption.  For instantiation of "wellorder" by
wenzelm@28088
   344
means of predicate "wf", use rule wf_wellorderI.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@27823
   345
wenzelm@27793
   346
* HOL/Orderings: added class "preorder" as superclass of "order".
wenzelm@27793
   347
INCOMPATIBILITY: Instantiation proofs for order, linorder
wenzelm@27793
   348
etc. slightly changed.  Some theorems named order_class.* now named
wenzelm@27793
   349
preorder_class.*.
wenzelm@27793
   350
nipkow@30198
   351
* HOL/Relation:
nipkow@30198
   352
Renamed "refl" to "refl_on", "reflexive" to "refl, "diag" to "Id_on".
nipkow@30198
   353
nipkow@28855
   354
* HOL/Finite_Set: added a new fold combinator of type
nipkow@28855
   355
  ('a => 'b => 'b) => 'b => 'a set => 'b
nipkow@28855
   356
Occasionally this is more convenient than the old fold combinator which is
nipkow@28855
   357
now defined in terms of the new one and renamed to fold_image.
nipkow@28855
   358
nipkow@29671
   359
* HOL/Ring_and_Field and HOL/OrderedGroup: The lemmas "group_simps" and
nipkow@29671
   360
"ring_simps" have been replaced by "algebra_simps" (which can be extended with
nipkow@29671
   361
further lemmas!). At the moment both still exist but the former will disappear
nipkow@29671
   362
at some point.
nipkow@29671
   363
huffman@30273
   364
* HOL/Power: Lemma power_Suc is now declared as a simp rule in class
huffman@30273
   365
recpower.  Type-specific simp rules for various recpower types have
huffman@30273
   366
been removed.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  Rename old lemmas as follows:
huffman@30273
   367
huffman@30273
   368
rat_power_0    -> power_0
huffman@30273
   369
rat_power_Suc  -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
   370
realpow_0      -> power_0
huffman@30273
   371
realpow_Suc    -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
   372
complexpow_0   -> power_0
huffman@30273
   373
complexpow_Suc -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
   374
power_poly_0   -> power_0
huffman@30273
   375
power_poly_Suc -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
   376
wenzelm@27793
   377
* HOL/Ring_and_Field and HOL/Divides: Definition of "op dvd" has been
wenzelm@27793
   378
moved to separate class dvd in Ring_and_Field; a couple of lemmas on
wenzelm@27793
   379
dvd has been generalized to class comm_semiring_1.  Likewise a bunch
wenzelm@27793
   380
of lemmas from Divides has been generalized from nat to class
wenzelm@27793
   381
semiring_div.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  This involves the following theorem
wenzelm@27793
   382
renames resulting from duplicate elimination:
haftmann@27651
   383
haftmann@27651
   384
    dvd_def_mod ~>          dvd_eq_mod_eq_0
haftmann@27651
   385
    zero_dvd_iff ~>         dvd_0_left_iff
haftmann@28559
   386
    dvd_0 ~>                dvd_0_right
haftmann@27651
   387
    DIVISION_BY_ZERO_DIV ~> div_by_0
haftmann@27651
   388
    DIVISION_BY_ZERO_MOD ~> mod_by_0
haftmann@27651
   389
    mult_div ~>             div_mult_self2_is_id
haftmann@27651
   390
    mult_mod ~>             mod_mult_self2_is_0
haftmann@27651
   391
nipkow@30224
   392
* HOL/IntDiv: removed many lemmas that are instances of class-based
nipkow@30044
   393
generalizations (from Divides and Ring_and_Field).
nipkow@30044
   394
INCOMPATIBILITY. Rename old lemmas as follows:
nipkow@30044
   395
nipkow@30044
   396
dvd_diff               -> nat_dvd_diff
nipkow@30044
   397
dvd_zminus_iff         -> dvd_minus_iff
nipkow@30224
   398
mod_add1_eq            -> mod_add_eq
nipkow@30224
   399
mod_mult1_eq           -> mod_mult_right_eq
nipkow@30224
   400
mod_mult1_eq'          -> mod_mult_left_eq
nipkow@30224
   401
mod_mult_distrib_mod   -> mod_mult_eq
nipkow@30044
   402
nat_mod_add_left_eq    -> mod_add_left_eq
nipkow@30044
   403
nat_mod_add_right_eq   -> mod_add_right_eq
nipkow@30044
   404
nat_mod_div_trivial    -> mod_div_trivial
nipkow@30044
   405
nat_mod_mod_trivial    -> mod_mod_trivial
nipkow@30044
   406
zdiv_zadd_self1        -> div_add_self1
nipkow@30044
   407
zdiv_zadd_self2        -> div_add_self2
nipkow@30181
   408
zdiv_zmult_self1       -> div_mult_self2_is_id
nipkow@30044
   409
zdiv_zmult_self2       -> div_mult_self1_is_id
nipkow@30044
   410
zdvd_triv_left         -> dvd_triv_left
nipkow@30044
   411
zdvd_triv_right        -> dvd_triv_right
nipkow@30044
   412
zdvd_zmult_cancel_disj -> dvd_mult_cancel_left
nipkow@30085
   413
zmod_eq0_zdvd_iff      -> dvd_eq_mod_eq_0[symmetric]
nipkow@30044
   414
zmod_zadd_left_eq      -> mod_add_left_eq
nipkow@30044
   415
zmod_zadd_right_eq     -> mod_add_right_eq
nipkow@30044
   416
zmod_zadd_self1        -> mod_add_self1
nipkow@30044
   417
zmod_zadd_self2        -> mod_add_self2
nipkow@30224
   418
zmod_zadd1_eq          -> mod_add_eq
nipkow@30044
   419
zmod_zdiff1_eq         -> mod_diff_eq
nipkow@30044
   420
zmod_zdvd_zmod         -> mod_mod_cancel
nipkow@30044
   421
zmod_zmod_cancel       -> mod_mod_cancel
nipkow@30044
   422
zmod_zmult_self1       -> mod_mult_self2_is_0
nipkow@30044
   423
zmod_zmult_self2       -> mod_mult_self1_is_0
nipkow@30044
   424
zmod_1                 -> mod_by_1
nipkow@30044
   425
zdiv_1                 -> div_by_1
nipkow@30044
   426
zdvd_abs1              -> abs_dvd_iff
nipkow@30044
   427
zdvd_abs2              -> dvd_abs_iff
nipkow@30044
   428
zdvd_refl              -> dvd_refl
nipkow@30044
   429
zdvd_trans             -> dvd_trans
nipkow@30044
   430
zdvd_zadd              -> dvd_add
nipkow@30044
   431
zdvd_zdiff             -> dvd_diff
nipkow@30044
   432
zdvd_zminus_iff        -> dvd_minus_iff
nipkow@30044
   433
zdvd_zminus2_iff       -> minus_dvd_iff
nipkow@30044
   434
zdvd_zmultD            -> dvd_mult_right
nipkow@30044
   435
zdvd_zmultD2           -> dvd_mult_left
nipkow@30044
   436
zdvd_zmult_mono        -> mult_dvd_mono
nipkow@30044
   437
zdvd_0_right           -> dvd_0_right
nipkow@30044
   438
zdvd_0_left            -> dvd_0_left_iff
nipkow@30044
   439
zdvd_1_left            -> one_dvd
nipkow@30044
   440
zminus_dvd_iff         -> minus_dvd_iff
nipkow@30044
   441
wenzelm@27599
   442
* HOL/Library/GCD: Curried operations gcd, lcm (for nat) and zgcd,
wenzelm@27599
   443
zlcm (for int); carried together from various gcd/lcm developements in
wenzelm@27599
   444
the HOL Distribution.  zgcd and zlcm replace former igcd and ilcm;
huffman@30176
   445
corresponding theorems renamed accordingly.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  To
wenzelm@27599
   446
recover tupled syntax, use syntax declarations like:
haftmann@27556
   447
haftmann@27556
   448
    hide (open) const gcd
haftmann@27556
   449
    abbreviation gcd where
haftmann@27556
   450
      "gcd == (%(a, b). GCD.gcd a b)"
haftmann@27556
   451
    notation (output)
haftmann@27556
   452
      GCD.gcd ("gcd '(_, _')")
haftmann@27556
   453
haftmann@27556
   454
(analogously for lcm, zgcd, zlcm).
haftmann@27556
   455
haftmann@27556
   456
* HOL/Real/Rational: 'Fract k 0' now equals '0'.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@27551
   457
nipkow@28964
   458
* The real numbers offer decimal input syntax: 12.34 is translated into
huffman@30176
   459
  1234/10^2. This translation is not reversed upon output.
nipkow@28964
   460
haftmann@27651
   461
* New ML antiquotation @{code}: takes constant as argument, generates
haftmann@27651
   462
corresponding code in background and inserts name of the corresponding
haftmann@27651
   463
resulting ML value/function/datatype constructor binding in place.
haftmann@27651
   464
All occurrences of @{code} with a single ML block are generated
haftmann@27651
   465
simultaneously.  Provides a generic and safe interface for
haftmann@27651
   466
instrumentalizing code generation.  See HOL/ex/Code_Antiq for a toy
haftmann@27651
   467
example, or HOL/Complex/ex/ReflectedFerrack for a more ambitious
haftmann@27651
   468
application.  In future you ought refrain from ad-hoc compiling
haftmann@27651
   469
generated SML code on the ML toplevel.  Note that (for technical
haftmann@27651
   470
reasons) @{code} cannot refer to constants for which user-defined
haftmann@27651
   471
serializations are set.  Refer to the corresponding ML counterpart
haftmann@27651
   472
directly in that cases.
haftmann@27651
   473
haftmann@27424
   474
* Integrated image HOL-Complex with HOL.  Entry points Main.thy and
haftmann@27424
   475
Complex_Main.thy remain as they are.
haftmann@27424
   476
wenzelm@27599
   477
* New image HOL-Plain provides a minimal HOL with the most important
wenzelm@27599
   478
tools available (inductive, datatype, primrec, ...).  By convention
wenzelm@27599
   479
the corresponding theory Plain should be ancestor of every further
wenzelm@27599
   480
(library) theory.  Some library theories now have ancestor Plain
wenzelm@27599
   481
(instead of Main), thus theory Main occasionally has to be imported
wenzelm@27599
   482
explicitly.
haftmann@27421
   483
wenzelm@28248
   484
* The metis method now fails in the usual manner, rather than raising
wenzelm@28248
   485
an exception, if it determines that it cannot prove the theorem.
paulson@28233
   486
paulson@28700
   487
* The metis method no longer fails because the theorem is too trivial
paulson@28700
   488
(contains the empty clause).
paulson@28700
   489
wenzelm@27324
   490
* Methods "case_tac" and "induct_tac" now refer to the very same rules
wenzelm@27324
   491
as the structured Isar versions "cases" and "induct", cf. the
wenzelm@27324
   492
corresponding "cases" and "induct" attributes.  Mutual induction rules
wenzelm@27324
   493
are now presented as a list of individual projections
wenzelm@27324
   494
(e.g. foo_bar.inducts for types foo and bar); the old format with
wenzelm@27324
   495
explicit HOL conjunction is no longer supported.  INCOMPATIBILITY, in
wenzelm@27324
   496
rare situations a different rule is selected --- notably nested tuple
wenzelm@27324
   497
elimination instead of former prod.exhaust: use explicit (case_tac t
wenzelm@27324
   498
rule: prod.exhaust) here.
wenzelm@27122
   499
wenzelm@27141
   500
* Attributes "cases", "induct", "coinduct" support "del" option.
wenzelm@27141
   501
wenzelm@27122
   502
* Removed fact "case_split_thm", which duplicates "case_split".
wenzelm@27122
   503
wenzelm@27122
   504
* Command 'rep_datatype': instead of theorem names the command now
wenzelm@27122
   505
takes a list of terms denoting the constructors of the type to be
wenzelm@27122
   506
represented as datatype.  The characteristic theorems have to be
wenzelm@27122
   507
proven.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  Also observe that the following theorems
wenzelm@27122
   508
have disappeared in favour of existing ones:
wenzelm@27122
   509
haftmann@27104
   510
    unit_induct                 ~> unit.induct
haftmann@27104
   511
    prod_induct                 ~> prod.induct
haftmann@27104
   512
    sum_induct                  ~> sum.induct
haftmann@27104
   513
    Suc_Suc_eq                  ~> nat.inject
haftmann@27104
   514
    Suc_not_Zero Zero_not_Suc   ~> nat.distinct
haftmann@27104
   515
nipkow@30235
   516
* The option datatype has been moved to a new theory HOL/Option.thy.
wenzelm@30250
   517
Renamed option_map to Option.map, and o2s to Option.set.
nipkow@30235
   518
wenzelm@27122
   519
* Library/Nat_Infinity: added addition, numeral syntax and more
wenzelm@27122
   520
instantiations for algebraic structures.  Removed some duplicate
wenzelm@27122
   521
theorems.  Changes in simp rules.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@27104
   522
wenzelm@28088
   523
* ATP selection (E/Vampire/Spass) is now via Proof General's settings
wenzelm@28088
   524
menu.
nipkow@28067
   525
haftmann@27104
   526
ballarin@27696
   527
*** HOL-Algebra ***
ballarin@27696
   528
ballarin@27713
   529
* New locales for orders and lattices where the equivalence relation
wenzelm@30106
   530
is not restricted to equality.  INCOMPATIBILITY: all order and lattice
wenzelm@30106
   531
locales use a record structure with field eq for the equivalence.
ballarin@27713
   532
ballarin@27713
   533
* New theory of factorial domains.
ballarin@27713
   534
ballarin@27696
   535
* Units_l_inv and Units_r_inv are now simprules by default.
ballarin@27696
   536
INCOMPATIBILITY.  Simplifier proof that require deletion of l_inv
ballarin@27696
   537
and/or r_inv will now also require deletion of these lemmas.
ballarin@27696
   538
ballarin@27696
   539
* Renamed the following theorems.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
ballarin@27696
   540
UpperD ~> Upper_memD
ballarin@27696
   541
LowerD ~> Lower_memD
ballarin@27696
   542
least_carrier ~> least_closed
ballarin@27696
   543
greatest_carrier ~> greatest_closed
ballarin@27696
   544
greatest_Lower_above ~> greatest_Lower_below
ballarin@27717
   545
one_zero ~> carrier_one_zero
ballarin@27717
   546
one_not_zero ~> carrier_one_not_zero  (collision with assumption)
ballarin@27696
   547
wenzelm@27793
   548
huffman@27485
   549
*** HOL-NSA ***
huffman@27485
   550
huffman@27485
   551
* Created new image HOL-NSA, containing theories of nonstandard
huffman@27485
   552
analysis which were previously part of HOL-Complex.  Entry point
huffman@27485
   553
Hyperreal.thy remains valid, but theories formerly using
huffman@27485
   554
Complex_Main.thy should now use new entry point Hypercomplex.thy.
huffman@27485
   555
huffman@27485
   556
ballarin@27704
   557
*** ZF ***
ballarin@27704
   558
ballarin@27704
   559
* Proof of Zorn's Lemma for partial orders.
ballarin@27704
   560
ballarin@27704
   561
huffman@30176
   562
*** HOLCF ***
huffman@30176
   563
huffman@30176
   564
* Reimplemented the simplification procedure for proving continuity
huffman@30176
   565
subgoals.  The new simproc is extensible; users can declare additional
huffman@30176
   566
continuity introduction rules with the attribute [cont2cont].
huffman@30176
   567
huffman@30176
   568
* The continuity simproc now uses a different introduction rule for
huffman@30176
   569
solving continuity subgoals on terms with lambda abstractions.  In
huffman@30176
   570
some rare cases the new simproc may fail to solve subgoals that the
huffman@30176
   571
old one could solve, and "simp add: cont2cont_LAM" may be necessary.
huffman@30176
   572
Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@30176
   573
huffman@30176
   574
* The syntax of the fixrec package has changed.  The specification
huffman@30176
   575
syntax now conforms in style to definition, primrec, function, etc.
huffman@30176
   576
See HOLCF/ex/Fixrec_ex.thy for examples.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@30176
   577
huffman@30176
   578
wenzelm@27246
   579
*** ML ***
wenzelm@28088
   580
wenzelm@29161
   581
* High-level support for concurrent ML programming, see
wenzelm@29161
   582
src/Pure/Cuncurrent.  The data-oriented model of "future values" is
wenzelm@29161
   583
particularly convenient to organize independent functional
wenzelm@29161
   584
computations.  The concept of "synchronized variables" provides a
wenzelm@29161
   585
higher-order interface for components with shared state, avoiding the
wenzelm@29162
   586
delicate details of mutexes and condition variables.  [Poly/ML 5.2.1
wenzelm@29162
   587
or later]
wenzelm@29161
   588
wenzelm@28294
   589
* Simplified ML oracle interface Thm.add_oracle promotes 'a -> cterm
wenzelm@28294
   590
to 'a -> thm, while results are always tagged with an authentic oracle
wenzelm@28294
   591
name.  The Isar command 'oracle' is now polymorphic, no argument type
wenzelm@28294
   592
is specified.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to simplify existing oracle code
wenzelm@28294
   593
accordingly.  Note that extra performance may be gained by producing
wenzelm@28294
   594
the cterm carefully, avoiding slow Thm.cterm_of.
wenzelm@28294
   595
wenzelm@28282
   596
* ML bindings produced via Isar commands are stored within the Isar
wenzelm@28282
   597
context (theory or proof).  Consequently, commands like 'use' and 'ML'
wenzelm@28282
   598
become thread-safe and work with undo as expected (concerning
wenzelm@28282
   599
top-level bindings, not side-effects on global references).
wenzelm@28282
   600
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to provide proper Isar context when invoking the
wenzelm@28282
   601
compiler at runtime; really global bindings need to be given outside a
wenzelm@28282
   602
theory. [Poly/ML 5.2 or later]
wenzelm@28282
   603
wenzelm@28282
   604
* Command 'ML_prf' is analogous to 'ML' but works within a proof
wenzelm@28282
   605
context. Top-level ML bindings are stored within the proof context in
wenzelm@28282
   606
a purely sequential fashion, disregarding the nested proof structure.
wenzelm@28282
   607
ML bindings introduced by 'ML_prf' are discarded at the end of the
wenzelm@28282
   608
proof.  [Poly/ML 5.2 or later]
wenzelm@28282
   609
wenzelm@28099
   610
* Generic Toplevel.add_hook interface allows to analyze the result of
wenzelm@28103
   611
transactions.  E.g. see src/Pure/ProofGeneral/proof_general_pgip.ML
wenzelm@28103
   612
for theorem dependency output of transactions resulting in a new
wenzelm@28103
   613
theory state.
wenzelm@28099
   614
wenzelm@28088
   615
* Name bindings in higher specification mechanisms (notably
wenzelm@28088
   616
LocalTheory.define, LocalTheory.note, and derived packages) are now
wenzelm@28088
   617
formalized as type Name.binding, replacing old bstring.
wenzelm@28088
   618
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to wrap strings via Name.binding function, see
wenzelm@28088
   619
also Name.name_of.  Packages should pass name bindings given by the
wenzelm@28088
   620
user to underlying specification mechanisms; this enables precise
wenzelm@28088
   621
tracking of source positions, for example.
wenzelm@28088
   622
wenzelm@28089
   623
* Result facts (from PureThy.note_thms, ProofContext.note_thms,
wenzelm@28089
   624
LocalTheory.note etc.) now refer to the *full* internal name, not the
wenzelm@28089
   625
bstring as before.  INCOMPATIBILITY, not detected by ML type-checking!
wenzelm@28089
   626
wenzelm@27246
   627
* Rules and tactics that read instantiations (read_instantiate,
wenzelm@27246
   628
res_inst_tac, thin_tac, subgoal_tac etc.) now demand a proper proof
wenzelm@27246
   629
context, which is required for parsing and type-checking.  Moreover,
wenzelm@27246
   630
the variables are specified as plain indexnames, not string encodings
wenzelm@27246
   631
thereof.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@27246
   632
wenzelm@27287
   633
* Disposed old type and term read functions (Sign.read_def_typ,
wenzelm@27287
   634
Sign.read_typ, Sign.read_def_terms, Sign.read_term,
wenzelm@27287
   635
Thm.read_def_cterms, Thm.read_cterm etc.).  INCOMPATIBILITY, should
wenzelm@27287
   636
use regular Syntax.read_typ, Syntax.read_term, Syntax.read_typ_global,
wenzelm@27269
   637
Syntax.read_term_global etc.; see also OldGoals.read_term as last
wenzelm@27269
   638
resort for legacy applications.
wenzelm@27269
   639
wenzelm@27380
   640
* Antiquotations: block-structured compilation context indicated by
wenzelm@27391
   641
\<lbrace> ... \<rbrace>; additional antiquotation forms:
wenzelm@27391
   642
wenzelm@27519
   643
  @{let ?pat = term}                      - term abbreviation (HO matching)
wenzelm@27519
   644
  @{note name = fact}                     - fact abbreviation
wenzelm@27519
   645
  @{thm fact}                             - singleton fact (with attributes)
wenzelm@27519
   646
  @{thms fact}                            - general fact (with attributes)
wenzelm@27519
   647
  @{lemma prop by method}                 - singleton goal
wenzelm@27519
   648
  @{lemma prop by meth1 meth2}            - singleton goal
wenzelm@27519
   649
  @{lemma prop1 ... propN by method}      - general goal
wenzelm@27519
   650
  @{lemma prop1 ... propN by meth1 meth2} - general goal
wenzelm@27519
   651
  @{lemma (open) ...}                     - open derivation
wenzelm@27380
   652
wenzelm@27246
   653
wenzelm@27979
   654
*** System ***
wenzelm@27979
   655
wenzelm@28676
   656
* Multithreading for Poly/ML 5.1/5.2 is no longer supported, only for
wenzelm@28676
   657
Poly/ML 5.2.1 or later.
wenzelm@28254
   658
wenzelm@28248
   659
* The Isabelle "emacs" tool provides a specific interface to invoke
wenzelm@28248
   660
Proof General / Emacs, with more explicit failure if that is not
wenzelm@28248
   661
installed (the old isabelle-interface script silently falls back on
wenzelm@28248
   662
isabelle-process).  The PROOFGENERAL_HOME setting determines the
wenzelm@28248
   663
installation location of the Proof General distribution.
wenzelm@28248
   664
wenzelm@27979
   665
* Isabelle/lib/classes/Pure.jar provides basic support to integrate
wenzelm@27979
   666
the Isabelle process into a JVM/Scala application.  See
wenzelm@27979
   667
Isabelle/lib/jedit/plugin for a minimal example.  (The obsolete Java
wenzelm@27979
   668
process wrapper has been discontinued.)
wenzelm@27979
   669
wenzelm@27979
   670
* Status messages (with exact source position information) are
wenzelm@27979
   671
emitted, if proper markup print mode is enabled.  This allows
wenzelm@27979
   672
user-interface components to provide detailed feedback on internal
wenzelm@27979
   673
prover operations.
wenzelm@27979
   674
wenzelm@27979
   675
* Homegrown Isabelle font with unicode layout, see Isabelle/lib/fonts.
wenzelm@27979
   676
wenzelm@27979
   677
wenzelm@27143
   678
wenzelm@27008
   679
New in Isabelle2008 (June 2008)
wenzelm@27008
   680
-------------------------------
wenzelm@25464
   681
wenzelm@25522
   682
*** General ***
wenzelm@25522
   683
wenzelm@27061
   684
* The Isabelle/Isar Reference Manual (isar-ref) has been reorganized
wenzelm@27061
   685
and updated, with formally checked references as hyperlinks.
wenzelm@27061
   686
wenzelm@25994
   687
* Theory loader: use_thy (and similar operations) no longer set the
wenzelm@25994
   688
implicit ML context, which was occasionally hard to predict and in
wenzelm@25994
   689
conflict with concurrency.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use ML within Isar which
wenzelm@25994
   690
provides a proper context already.
wenzelm@25994
   691
wenzelm@26323
   692
* Theory loader: old-style ML proof scripts being *attached* to a thy
wenzelm@26323
   693
file are no longer supported.  INCOMPATIBILITY, regular 'uses' and
wenzelm@26323
   694
'use' within a theory file will do the job.
wenzelm@26323
   695
wenzelm@26650
   696
* Name space merge now observes canonical order, i.e. the second space
wenzelm@26650
   697
is inserted into the first one, while existing entries in the first
wenzelm@26659
   698
space take precedence.  INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations, may try to
wenzelm@26650
   699
swap theory imports.
wenzelm@26650
   700
wenzelm@27067
   701
* Syntax: symbol \<chi> is now considered a letter.  Potential
wenzelm@27067
   702
INCOMPATIBILITY in identifier syntax etc.
wenzelm@27067
   703
wenzelm@27067
   704
* Outer syntax: string tokens no longer admit escaped white space,
wenzelm@27067
   705
which was an accidental (undocumented) feature.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use
wenzelm@27067
   706
white space without escapes.
wenzelm@27067
   707
wenzelm@27067
   708
* Outer syntax: string tokens may contain arbitrary character codes
wenzelm@27067
   709
specified via 3 decimal digits (as in SML).  E.g. "foo\095bar" for
wenzelm@27067
   710
"foo_bar".
wenzelm@27067
   711
wenzelm@25522
   712
haftmann@25502
   713
*** Pure ***
haftmann@25502
   714
wenzelm@26718
   715
* Context-dependent token translations.  Default setup reverts locally
wenzelm@26718
   716
fixed variables, and adds hilite markup for undeclared frees.
wenzelm@26718
   717
berghofe@26681
   718
* Unused theorems can be found using the new command 'unused_thms'.
berghofe@26681
   719
There are three ways of invoking it:
berghofe@26681
   720
berghofe@26681
   721
(1) unused_thms
berghofe@26681
   722
     Only finds unused theorems in the current theory.
berghofe@26681
   723
berghofe@26681
   724
(2) unused_thms thy_1 ... thy_n -
berghofe@26681
   725
     Finds unused theorems in the current theory and all of its ancestors,
berghofe@26681
   726
     excluding the theories thy_1 ... thy_n and all of their ancestors.
berghofe@26681
   727
berghofe@26681
   728
(3) unused_thms thy_1 ... thy_n - thy'_1 ... thy'_m
berghofe@26681
   729
     Finds unused theorems in the theories thy'_1 ... thy'_m and all of
berghofe@26681
   730
     their ancestors, excluding the theories thy_1 ... thy_n and all of
berghofe@26681
   731
     their ancestors.
berghofe@26681
   732
wenzelm@26718
   733
In order to increase the readability of the list produced by
wenzelm@26718
   734
unused_thms, theorems that have been created by a particular instance
wenzelm@26874
   735
of a theory command such as 'inductive' or 'function' are considered
wenzelm@26874
   736
to belong to the same "group", meaning that if at least one theorem in
wenzelm@26718
   737
this group is used, the other theorems in the same group are no longer
wenzelm@26718
   738
reported as unused.  Moreover, if all theorems in the group are
wenzelm@26718
   739
unused, only one theorem in the group is displayed.
wenzelm@26718
   740
wenzelm@26718
   741
Note that proof objects have to be switched on in order for
wenzelm@26718
   742
unused_thms to work properly (i.e. !proofs must be >= 1, which is
wenzelm@26874
   743
usually the case when using Proof General with the default settings).
berghofe@26681
   744
wenzelm@26650
   745
* Authentic naming of facts disallows ad-hoc overwriting of previous
wenzelm@26650
   746
theorems within the same name space.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to remove
wenzelm@26650
   747
duplicate fact bindings, or even accidental fact duplications.  Note
wenzelm@26650
   748
that tools may maintain dynamically scoped facts systematically, using
wenzelm@26650
   749
PureThy.add_thms_dynamic.
wenzelm@26650
   750
wenzelm@26660
   751
* Command 'hide' now allows to hide from "fact" name space as well.
wenzelm@26660
   752
wenzelm@26496
   753
* Eliminated destructive theorem database, simpset, claset, and
wenzelm@26496
   754
clasimpset.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY, really need to observe linear
wenzelm@26496
   755
update of theories within ML code.
wenzelm@26479
   756
wenzelm@26955
   757
* Eliminated theory ProtoPure and CPure, leaving just one Pure theory.
wenzelm@26955
   758
INCOMPATIBILITY, object-logics depending on former Pure require
wenzelm@26955
   759
additional setup PureThy.old_appl_syntax_setup; object-logics
wenzelm@26955
   760
depending on former CPure need to refer to Pure.
wenzelm@26650
   761
wenzelm@26495
   762
* Commands 'use' and 'ML' are now purely functional, operating on
wenzelm@26479
   763
theory/local_theory.  Removed former 'ML_setup' (on theory), use 'ML'
wenzelm@26479
   764
instead.  Added 'ML_val' as mere diagnostic replacement for 'ML'.
wenzelm@26479
   765
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26479
   766
wenzelm@26874
   767
* Command 'setup': discontinued implicit version with ML reference.
wenzelm@26434
   768
wenzelm@25970
   769
* Instantiation target allows for simultaneous specification of class
wenzelm@25970
   770
instance operations together with an instantiation proof.
wenzelm@25970
   771
Type-checking phase allows to refer to class operations uniformly.
wenzelm@27067
   772
See src/HOL/Complex/Complex.thy for an Isar example and
wenzelm@27067
   773
src/HOL/Library/Eval.thy for an ML example.
haftmann@25502
   774
wenzelm@26201
   775
* Indexing of literal facts: be more serious about including only
wenzelm@26201
   776
facts from the visible specification/proof context, but not the
wenzelm@26201
   777
background context (locale etc.).  Affects `prop` notation and method
wenzelm@26201
   778
"fact".  INCOMPATIBILITY: need to name facts explicitly in rare
wenzelm@26201
   779
situations.
wenzelm@26201
   780
wenzelm@26925
   781
* Method "cases", "induct", "coinduct": removed obsolete/undocumented
wenzelm@26925
   782
"(open)" option, which used to expose internal bound variables to the
wenzelm@26925
   783
proof text.
wenzelm@26925
   784
wenzelm@26925
   785
* Isar statements: removed obsolete case "rule_context".
wenzelm@26925
   786
INCOMPATIBILITY, better use explicit fixes/assumes.
wenzelm@26925
   787
wenzelm@26874
   788
* Locale proofs: default proof step now includes 'unfold_locales';
wenzelm@26874
   789
hence 'proof' without argument may be used to unfold locale
wenzelm@26874
   790
predicates.
ballarin@26765
   791
ballarin@26765
   792
haftmann@26762
   793
*** Document preparation ***
haftmann@26762
   794
wenzelm@26914
   795
* Simplified pdfsetup.sty: color/hyperref is used unconditionally for
wenzelm@26914
   796
both pdf and dvi (hyperlinks usually work in xdvi as well); removed
wenzelm@26914
   797
obsolete thumbpdf setup (contemporary PDF viewers do this on the
wenzelm@26914
   798
spot); renamed link color from "darkblue" to "linkcolor" (default
wenzelm@26920
   799
value unchanged, can be redefined via \definecolor); no longer sets
wenzelm@26920
   800
"a4paper" option (unnecessary or even intrusive).
wenzelm@26914
   801
wenzelm@27008
   802
* Antiquotation @{lemma A method} proves proposition A by the given
wenzelm@27008
   803
method (either a method name or a method name plus (optional) method
wenzelm@27008
   804
arguments in parentheses) and prints A just like @{prop A}.
haftmann@26762
   805
haftmann@26762
   806
wenzelm@25464
   807
*** HOL ***
wenzelm@25464
   808
wenzelm@27067
   809
* New primrec package.  Specification syntax conforms in style to
wenzelm@27067
   810
definition/function/....  No separate induction rule is provided.  The
wenzelm@27067
   811
"primrec" command distinguishes old-style and new-style specifications
wenzelm@27067
   812
by syntax.  The former primrec package is now named OldPrimrecPackage.
wenzelm@27067
   813
When adjusting theories, beware: constants stemming from new-style
wenzelm@27067
   814
primrec specifications have authentic syntax.
wenzelm@27067
   815
wenzelm@27067
   816
* Metis prover is now an order of magnitude faster, and also works
wenzelm@27067
   817
with multithreading.
wenzelm@27067
   818
wenzelm@27067
   819
* Metis: the maximum number of clauses that can be produced from a
wenzelm@27067
   820
theorem is now given by the attribute max_clauses.  Theorems that
wenzelm@27067
   821
exceed this number are ignored, with a warning printed.
wenzelm@27067
   822
wenzelm@27067
   823
* Sledgehammer no longer produces structured proofs by default. To
wenzelm@27067
   824
enable, declare [[sledgehammer_full = true]].  Attributes
wenzelm@27067
   825
reconstruction_modulus, reconstruction_sorts renamed
wenzelm@27067
   826
sledgehammer_modulus, sledgehammer_sorts.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@27067
   827
haftmann@27104
   828
* Method "induct_scheme" derives user-specified induction rules
wenzelm@27067
   829
from well-founded induction and completeness of patterns. This factors
wenzelm@27067
   830
out some operations that are done internally by the function package
wenzelm@27067
   831
and makes them available separately.  See
wenzelm@27067
   832
src/HOL/ex/Induction_Scheme.thy for examples.
wenzelm@27067
   833
wenzelm@27067
   834
* More flexible generation of measure functions for termination
wenzelm@27067
   835
proofs: Measure functions can be declared by proving a rule of the
wenzelm@27067
   836
form "is_measure f" and giving it the [measure_function] attribute.
wenzelm@27067
   837
The "is_measure" predicate is logically meaningless (always true), and
wenzelm@27067
   838
just guides the heuristic.  To find suitable measure functions, the
wenzelm@27067
   839
termination prover sets up the goal "is_measure ?f" of the appropriate
wenzelm@27067
   840
type and generates all solutions by prolog-style backwards proof using
wenzelm@27067
   841
the declared rules.
wenzelm@27067
   842
wenzelm@27067
   843
This setup also deals with rules like 
wenzelm@27067
   844
wenzelm@27067
   845
  "is_measure f ==> is_measure (list_size f)"
wenzelm@27067
   846
wenzelm@27067
   847
which accommodates nested datatypes that recurse through lists.
wenzelm@27067
   848
Similar rules are predeclared for products and option types.
wenzelm@27067
   849
berghofe@26964
   850
* Turned the type of sets "'a set" into an abbreviation for "'a => bool"
berghofe@26964
   851
berghofe@26964
   852
  INCOMPATIBILITIES:
berghofe@26964
   853
wenzelm@27008
   854
  - Definitions of overloaded constants on sets have to be replaced by
wenzelm@27008
   855
    definitions on => and bool.
berghofe@26964
   856
berghofe@26964
   857
  - Some definitions of overloaded operators on sets can now be proved
wenzelm@27008
   858
    using the definitions of the operators on => and bool.  Therefore,
wenzelm@27008
   859
    the following theorems have been renamed:
berghofe@26964
   860
berghofe@26964
   861
      subset_def   -> subset_eq
berghofe@26964
   862
      psubset_def  -> psubset_eq
berghofe@26964
   863
      set_diff_def -> set_diff_eq
berghofe@26964
   864
      Compl_def    -> Compl_eq
berghofe@26964
   865
      Sup_set_def  -> Sup_set_eq
berghofe@26964
   866
      Inf_set_def  -> Inf_set_eq
berghofe@26964
   867
      sup_set_def  -> sup_set_eq
berghofe@26964
   868
      inf_set_def  -> inf_set_eq
berghofe@26964
   869
berghofe@26964
   870
  - Due to the incompleteness of the HO unification algorithm, some
berghofe@26964
   871
    rules such as subst may require manual instantiation, if some of
berghofe@26964
   872
    the unknowns in the rule is a set.
berghofe@26964
   873
berghofe@26964
   874
  - Higher order unification and forward proofs:
berghofe@26964
   875
    The proof pattern
berghofe@26964
   876
berghofe@26964
   877
      have "P (S::'a set)" <...>
berghofe@26964
   878
      then have "EX S. P S" ..
berghofe@26964
   879
wenzelm@27008
   880
    no longer works (due to the incompleteness of the HO unification
wenzelm@27008
   881
    algorithm) and must be replaced by the pattern
berghofe@26964
   882
berghofe@26964
   883
      have "EX S. P S"
berghofe@26964
   884
      proof
berghofe@26964
   885
        show "P S" <...>
berghofe@26964
   886
      qed
berghofe@26964
   887
berghofe@26964
   888
  - Calculational reasoning with subst (or similar rules):
berghofe@26964
   889
    The proof pattern
berghofe@26964
   890
berghofe@26964
   891
      have "P (S::'a set)" <...>
berghofe@26964
   892
      also have "S = T" <...>
berghofe@26964
   893
      finally have "P T" .
berghofe@26964
   894
wenzelm@27008
   895
    no longer works (for similar reasons as the previous example) and
wenzelm@27008
   896
    must be replaced by something like
berghofe@26964
   897
berghofe@26964
   898
      have "P (S::'a set)" <...>
berghofe@26964
   899
      moreover have "S = T" <...>
berghofe@26964
   900
      ultimately have "P T" by simp
berghofe@26964
   901
berghofe@26964
   902
  - Tactics or packages written in ML code:
berghofe@26964
   903
    Code performing pattern matching on types via
berghofe@26964
   904
berghofe@26964
   905
      Type ("set", [T]) => ...
berghofe@26964
   906
wenzelm@27008
   907
    must be rewritten. Moreover, functions like strip_type or
wenzelm@27008
   908
    binder_types no longer return the right value when applied to a
wenzelm@27008
   909
    type of the form
berghofe@26964
   910
berghofe@26964
   911
      T1 => ... => Tn => U => bool
berghofe@26964
   912
berghofe@26964
   913
    rather than
berghofe@26964
   914
berghofe@26964
   915
      T1 => ... => Tn => U set
berghofe@26964
   916
wenzelm@26874
   917
* Merged theories Wellfounded_Recursion, Accessible_Part and
wenzelm@27067
   918
Wellfounded_Relations to theory Wellfounded.
krauss@26748
   919
haftmann@26513
   920
* Explicit class "eq" for executable equality.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26513
   921
wenzelm@26874
   922
* Class finite no longer treats UNIV as class parameter.  Use class
wenzelm@26874
   923
enum from theory Library/Enum instead to achieve a similar effect.
haftmann@26445
   924
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26445
   925
wenzelm@26874
   926
* Theory List: rule list_induct2 now has explicitly named cases "Nil"
wenzelm@26874
   927
and "Cons".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26874
   928
wenzelm@26422
   929
* HOL (and FOL): renamed variables in rules imp_elim and swap.
wenzelm@26422
   930
Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26422
   931
wenzelm@26874
   932
* Theory Product_Type: duplicated lemmas split_Pair_apply and
wenzelm@26874
   933
injective_fst_snd removed, use split_eta and prod_eqI instead.
wenzelm@26874
   934
Renamed upd_fst to apfst and upd_snd to apsnd.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26355
   935
wenzelm@26335
   936
* Theory Nat: removed redundant lemmas that merely duplicate lemmas of
wenzelm@26335
   937
the same name in theory Orderings:
wenzelm@26335
   938
wenzelm@26335
   939
  less_trans
wenzelm@26335
   940
  less_linear
wenzelm@26335
   941
  le_imp_less_or_eq
wenzelm@26335
   942
  le_less_trans
wenzelm@26335
   943
  less_le_trans
wenzelm@26335
   944
  less_not_sym
wenzelm@26335
   945
  less_asym
wenzelm@26335
   946
wenzelm@26335
   947
Renamed less_imp_le to less_imp_le_nat, and less_irrefl to
wenzelm@26335
   948
less_irrefl_nat.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY due to more general types
wenzelm@26335
   949
and different variable names.
wenzelm@26315
   950
haftmann@26231
   951
* Library/Option_ord.thy: Canonical order on option type.
haftmann@26231
   952
wenzelm@27008
   953
* Library/RBT.thy: Red-black trees, an efficient implementation of
wenzelm@27008
   954
finite maps.
krauss@26197
   955
haftmann@26231
   956
* Library/Countable.thy: Type class for countable types.
haftmann@26231
   957
wenzelm@26180
   958
* Theory Int: The representation of numerals has changed.  The infix
wenzelm@26180
   959
operator BIT and the bit datatype with constructors B0 and B1 have
wenzelm@26180
   960
disappeared.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use "Int.Bit0 x" and "Int.Bit1 y" in
wenzelm@26180
   961
place of "x BIT bit.B0" and "y BIT bit.B1", respectively.  Theorems
wenzelm@26180
   962
involving BIT, B0, or B1 have been renamed with "Bit0" or "Bit1"
wenzelm@26180
   963
accordingly.
wenzelm@26180
   964
wenzelm@26180
   965
* Theory Nat: definition of <= and < on natural numbers no longer
wenzelm@26180
   966
depend on well-founded relations.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  Definitions
wenzelm@26180
   967
le_def and less_def have disappeared.  Consider lemmas not_less
wenzelm@26180
   968
[symmetric, where ?'a = nat] and less_eq [symmetric] instead.
wenzelm@26180
   969
wenzelm@26180
   970
* Theory Finite_Set: locales ACf, ACe, ACIf, ACIfSL and ACIfSLlin
wenzelm@26180
   971
(whose purpose mainly is for various fold_set functionals) have been
wenzelm@26874
   972
abandoned in favor of the existing algebraic classes
wenzelm@26180
   973
ab_semigroup_mult, comm_monoid_mult, ab_semigroup_idem_mult,
wenzelm@26180
   974
lower_semilattice (resp. upper_semilattice) and linorder.
haftmann@26139
   975
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26041
   976
wenzelm@26180
   977
* Theory Transitive_Closure: induct and cases rules now declare proper
wenzelm@26180
   978
case_names ("base" and "step").  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26180
   979
wenzelm@26180
   980
* Theorem Inductive.lfp_ordinal_induct generalized to complete
wenzelm@26180
   981
lattices.  The form set-specific version is available as
wenzelm@26180
   982
Inductive.lfp_ordinal_induct_set.
haftmann@26013
   983
wenzelm@26874
   984
* Renamed theorems "power.simps" to "power_int.simps".
wenzelm@27067
   985
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25961
   986
wenzelm@26180
   987
* Class semiring_div provides basic abstract properties of semirings
haftmann@25942
   988
with division and modulo operations.  Subsumes former class dvd_mod.
haftmann@25942
   989
wenzelm@26180
   990
* Merged theories IntDef, Numeral and IntArith into unified theory
wenzelm@26180
   991
Int.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26180
   992
wenzelm@26180
   993
* Theory Library/Code_Index: type "index" now represents natural
wenzelm@26180
   994
numbers rather than integers.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26180
   995
wenzelm@26180
   996
* New class "uminus" with operation "uminus" (split of from class
wenzelm@26180
   997
"minus" which now only has operation "minus", binary).
haftmann@25919
   998
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25919
   999
wenzelm@25522
  1000
* Constants "card", "internal_split", "option_map" now with authentic
haftmann@25919
  1001
syntax.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@25522
  1002
wenzelm@25522
  1003
* Definitions subset_def, psubset_def, set_diff_def, Compl_def,
wenzelm@25522
  1004
le_bool_def, less_bool_def, le_fun_def, less_fun_def, inf_bool_def,
wenzelm@25522
  1005
sup_bool_def, Inf_bool_def, Sup_bool_def, inf_fun_def, sup_fun_def,
wenzelm@25522
  1006
Inf_fun_def, Sup_fun_def, inf_set_def, sup_set_def, Inf_set_def,
wenzelm@25522
  1007
Sup_set_def, le_def, less_def, option_map_def now with object
haftmann@25919
  1008
equality.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@25464
  1009
schirmer@25705
  1010
* Records. Removed K_record, and replaced it by pure lambda term
wenzelm@25726
  1011
%x. c. The simplifier setup is now more robust against eta expansion.
schirmer@25705
  1012
INCOMPATIBILITY: in cases explicitly referring to K_record.
wenzelm@25464
  1013
wenzelm@27067
  1014
* Library/Multiset: {#a, b, c#} abbreviates {#a#} + {#b#} + {#c#}.
wenzelm@27067
  1015
wenzelm@27067
  1016
* Library/ListVector: new theory of arithmetic vector operations.
wenzelm@27067
  1017
wenzelm@27067
  1018
* Library/Order_Relation: new theory of various orderings as sets of
wenzelm@27067
  1019
pairs.  Defines preorders, partial orders, linear orders and
wenzelm@27067
  1020
well-orders on sets and on types.
krauss@26877
  1021
wenzelm@25726
  1022
krauss@26197
  1023
*** ZF ***
krauss@26197
  1024
wenzelm@26874
  1025
* Renamed some theories to allow to loading both ZF and HOL in the
wenzelm@26874
  1026
same session:
wenzelm@26874
  1027
wenzelm@26874
  1028
  Datatype  -> Datatype_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1029
  Inductive -> Inductive_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1030
  Int       -> Int_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1031
  IntDiv    -> IntDiv_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1032
  Nat       -> Nat_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1033
  List      -> List_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1034
  Main      -> Main_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  1035
wenzelm@26874
  1036
INCOMPATIBILITY: ZF theories that import individual theories below
wenzelm@26874
  1037
Main might need to be adapted.  Regular theory Main is still
wenzelm@26874
  1038
available, as trivial extension of Main_ZF.
krauss@26197
  1039
krauss@26197
  1040
wenzelm@25737
  1041
*** ML ***
wenzelm@25737
  1042
wenzelm@27067
  1043
* ML within Isar: antiquotation @{const name} or @{const
wenzelm@27067
  1044
name(typargs)} produces statically-checked Const term.
wenzelm@27067
  1045
wenzelm@26401
  1046
* Functor NamedThmsFun: data is available to the user as dynamic fact
wenzelm@26724
  1047
(of the same name).  Removed obsolete print command.
wenzelm@26401
  1048
wenzelm@27067
  1049
* Removed obsolete "use_legacy_bindings" function.
wenzelm@26188
  1050
wenzelm@25737
  1051
* The ``print mode'' is now a thread-local value derived from a global
wenzelm@25737
  1052
template (the former print_mode reference), thus access becomes
wenzelm@25737
  1053
non-critical.  The global print_mode reference is for session
wenzelm@25737
  1054
management only; user-code should use print_mode_value,
wenzelm@25737
  1055
print_mode_active, PrintMode.setmp etc.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@25737
  1056
wenzelm@26874
  1057
* Functions system/system_out provide a robust way to invoke external
wenzelm@29161
  1058
shell commands, with propagation of interrupts (requires Poly/ML
wenzelm@29161
  1059
5.2.1).  Do not use OS.Process.system etc. from the basis library!
wenzelm@26222
  1060
wenzelm@25737
  1061
wenzelm@25626
  1062
*** System ***
wenzelm@25626
  1063
wenzelm@25971
  1064
* Default settings: PROOFGENERAL_OPTIONS no longer impose xemacs ---
wenzelm@25971
  1065
in accordance with Proof General 3.7, which prefers GNU emacs.
wenzelm@25970
  1066
wenzelm@25626
  1067
* isatool tty runs Isabelle process with plain tty interaction;
wenzelm@25626
  1068
optional line editor may be specified via ISABELLE_LINE_EDITOR
wenzelm@25626
  1069
setting, the default settings attempt to locate "ledit" and "rlwrap".
wenzelm@25626
  1070
wenzelm@25651
  1071
* isatool browser now works with Cygwin as well, using general
wenzelm@25651
  1072
"javapath" function defined in Isabelle process environment.
wenzelm@25651
  1073
wenzelm@27067
  1074
* YXML notation provides a simple and efficient alternative to
wenzelm@27067
  1075
standard XML transfer syntax.  See src/Pure/General/yxml.ML and
wenzelm@27067
  1076
isatool yxml as described in the Isabelle system manual.
wenzelm@25651
  1077
wenzelm@25652
  1078
* JVM class isabelle.IsabelleProcess (located in Isabelle/lib/classes)
wenzelm@25651
  1079
provides general wrapper for managing an Isabelle process in a robust
wenzelm@25651
  1080
fashion, with ``cooked'' output from stdin/stderr.
wenzelm@25651
  1081
wenzelm@25855
  1082
* Rudimentary Isabelle plugin for jEdit (see Isabelle/lib/jedit),
wenzelm@25855
  1083
based on Isabelle/JVM process wrapper (see Isabelle/lib/classes).
wenzelm@25855
  1084
wenzelm@27067
  1085
* Removed obsolete THIS_IS_ISABELLE_BUILD feature.  NB: the documented
wenzelm@27067
  1086
way of changing the user's settings is via
wenzelm@27067
  1087
ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/settings, which is a fully featured bash
wenzelm@27067
  1088
script.
wenzelm@27067
  1089
wenzelm@27067
  1090
* Multithreading.max_threads := 0 refers to the number of actual CPU
wenzelm@27067
  1091
cores of the underlying machine, which is a good starting point for
wenzelm@27067
  1092
optimal performance tuning.  The corresponding usedir option -M allows
wenzelm@27067
  1093
"max" as an alias for "0".  WARNING: does not work on certain versions
wenzelm@27067
  1094
of Mac OS (with Poly/ML 5.1).
wenzelm@27067
  1095
wenzelm@27067
  1096
* isabelle-process: non-ML sessions are run with "nice", to reduce the
wenzelm@27067
  1097
adverse effect of Isabelle flooding interactive front-ends (notably
wenzelm@27067
  1098
ProofGeneral / XEmacs).
wenzelm@27067
  1099
wenzelm@25626
  1100
wenzelm@25464
  1101
wenzelm@25429
  1102
New in Isabelle2007 (November 2007)
wenzelm@25429
  1103
-----------------------------------
wenzelm@17754
  1104
wenzelm@17754
  1105
*** General ***
wenzelm@17754
  1106
wenzelm@22826
  1107
* More uniform information about legacy features, notably a
wenzelm@22826
  1108
warning/error of "Legacy feature: ...", depending on the state of the
wenzelm@23367
  1109
tolerate_legacy_features flag (default true). FUTURE INCOMPATIBILITY:
wenzelm@23367
  1110
legacy features will disappear eventually.
wenzelm@22826
  1111
wenzelm@17918
  1112
* Theory syntax: the header format ``theory A = B + C:'' has been
wenzelm@17918
  1113
discontinued in favour of ``theory A imports B C begin''.  Use isatool
wenzelm@17918
  1114
fixheaders to convert existing theory files.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@17918
  1115
wenzelm@17918
  1116
* Theory syntax: the old non-Isar theory file format has been
wenzelm@17918
  1117
discontinued altogether.  Note that ML proof scripts may still be used
wenzelm@17918
  1118
with Isar theories; migration is usually quite simple with the ML
wenzelm@17918
  1119
function use_legacy_bindings.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@17918
  1120
wenzelm@22871
  1121
* Theory syntax: some popular names (e.g. 'class', 'declaration',
wenzelm@22871
  1122
'fun', 'help', 'if') are now keywords.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use double
wenzelm@22871
  1123
quotes.
wenzelm@19814
  1124
wenzelm@23888
  1125
* Theory loader: be more serious about observing the static theory
wenzelm@23888
  1126
header specifications (including optional directories), but not the
wenzelm@24172
  1127
accidental file locations of previously successful loads.  The strict
wenzelm@24172
  1128
update policy of former update_thy is now already performed by
wenzelm@24172
  1129
use_thy, so the former has been removed; use_thys updates several
wenzelm@24172
  1130
theories simultaneously, just as 'imports' within a theory header
wenzelm@24172
  1131
specification, but without merging the results.  Potential
wenzelm@24172
  1132
INCOMPATIBILITY: may need to refine theory headers and commands
wenzelm@24172
  1133
ROOT.ML which depend on load order.
wenzelm@23888
  1134
wenzelm@23888
  1135
* Theory loader: optional support for content-based file
wenzelm@23888
  1136
identification, instead of the traditional scheme of full physical
wenzelm@23889
  1137
path plus date stamp; configured by the ISABELLE_FILE_IDENT setting
wenzelm@23888
  1138
(cf. the system manual).  The new scheme allows to work with
wenzelm@23888
  1139
non-finished theories in persistent session images, such that source
wenzelm@23888
  1140
files may be moved later on without requiring reloads.
wenzelm@23888
  1141
wenzelm@24187
  1142
* Theory loader: old-style ML proof scripts being *attached* to a thy
wenzelm@24187
  1143
file (with the same base name as the theory) are considered a legacy
wenzelm@24800
  1144
feature, which will disappear eventually. Even now, the theory loader
wenzelm@24800
  1145
no longer maintains dependencies on such files.
wenzelm@24800
  1146
wenzelm@24800
  1147
* Syntax: the scope for resolving ambiguities via type-inference is
wenzelm@24800
  1148
now limited to individual terms, instead of whole simultaneous
wenzelm@24234
  1149
specifications as before. This greatly reduces the complexity of the
wenzelm@24234
  1150
syntax module and improves flexibility by separating parsing and
wenzelm@24234
  1151
type-checking. INCOMPATIBILITY: additional type-constraints (explicit
wenzelm@24234
  1152
'fixes' etc.) are required in rare situations.
wenzelm@24234
  1153
wenzelm@25034
  1154
* Syntax: constants introduced by new-style packages ('definition',
wenzelm@25034
  1155
'abbreviation' etc.) are passed through the syntax module in
wenzelm@25034
  1156
``authentic mode''. This means that associated mixfix annotations
wenzelm@25034
  1157
really stick to such constants, independently of potential name space
wenzelm@25034
  1158
ambiguities introduced later on. INCOMPATIBILITY: constants in parse
wenzelm@25034
  1159
trees are represented slightly differently, may need to adapt syntax
wenzelm@25034
  1160
translations accordingly. Use CONST marker in 'translations' and
wenzelm@25034
  1161
@{const_syntax} antiquotation in 'parse_translation' etc.
wenzelm@25034
  1162
wenzelm@17981
  1163
* Legacy goal package: reduced interface to the bare minimum required
wenzelm@17981
  1164
to keep existing proof scripts running.  Most other user-level
wenzelm@17981
  1165
functions are now part of the OldGoals structure, which is *not* open
wenzelm@17981
  1166
by default (consider isatool expandshort before open OldGoals).
wenzelm@17981
  1167
Removed top_sg, prin, printyp, pprint_term/typ altogether, because
wenzelm@17981
  1168
these tend to cause confusion about the actual goal (!) context being
wenzelm@17981
  1169
used here, which is not necessarily the same as the_context().
wenzelm@17918
  1170
wenzelm@23379
  1171
* Command 'find_theorems': supports "*" wild-card in "name:"
wenzelm@23379
  1172
criterion; "with_dups" option.  Certain ProofGeneral versions might
wenzelm@23379
  1173
support a specific search form (see ProofGeneral/CHANGES).
webertj@22965
  1174
wenzelm@20370
  1175
* The ``prems limit'' option (cf. ProofContext.prems_limit) is now -1
wenzelm@20370
  1176
by default, which means that "prems" (and also "fixed variables") are
wenzelm@20370
  1177
suppressed from proof state output.  Note that the ProofGeneral
wenzelm@20370
  1178
settings mechanism allows to change and save options persistently, but
wenzelm@20370
  1179
older versions of Isabelle will fail to start up if a negative prems
wenzelm@20370
  1180
limit is imposed.
wenzelm@20370
  1181
wenzelm@21308
  1182
* Local theory targets may be specified by non-nested blocks of
wenzelm@21308
  1183
``context/locale/class ... begin'' followed by ``end''.  The body may
wenzelm@21308
  1184
contain definitions, theorems etc., including any derived mechanism
wenzelm@21308
  1185
that has been implemented on top of these primitives.  This concept
wenzelm@21308
  1186
generalizes the existing ``theorem (in ...)'' towards more versatility
wenzelm@21308
  1187
and scalability.
wenzelm@21308
  1188
wenzelm@21960
  1189
* Proof General interface: proper undo of final 'end' command;
wenzelm@21960
  1190
discontinued Isabelle/classic mode (ML proof scripts).
wenzelm@21960
  1191
wenzelm@17754
  1192
wenzelm@17865
  1193
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@17865
  1194
wenzelm@21717
  1195
* Added antiquotation @{theory name} which prints the given name,
wenzelm@21717
  1196
after checking that it refers to a valid ancestor theory in the
wenzelm@21717
  1197
current context.
haftmann@21339
  1198
wenzelm@17869
  1199
* Added antiquotations @{ML_type text} and @{ML_struct text} which
wenzelm@17869
  1200
check the given source text as ML type/structure, printing verbatim.
wenzelm@17865
  1201
wenzelm@21717
  1202
* Added antiquotation @{abbrev "c args"} which prints the abbreviation
wenzelm@21717
  1203
"c args == rhs" given in the current context.  (Any number of
wenzelm@21735
  1204
arguments may be given on the LHS.)
wenzelm@21717
  1205
wenzelm@21717
  1206
wenzelm@17779
  1207
*** Pure ***
wenzelm@17779
  1208
wenzelm@24800
  1209
* The 'class' package offers a combination of axclass and locale to
wenzelm@25129
  1210
achieve Haskell-like type classes in Isabelle.  Definitions and
wenzelm@25129
  1211
theorems within a class context produce both relative results (with
wenzelm@25129
  1212
implicit parameters according to the locale context), and polymorphic
wenzelm@25129
  1213
constants with qualified polymorphism (according to the class
wenzelm@25129
  1214
context).  Within the body context of a 'class' target, a separate
wenzelm@25129
  1215
syntax layer ("user space type system") takes care of converting
wenzelm@25129
  1216
between global polymorphic consts and internal locale representation.
wenzelm@25177
  1217
See src/HOL/ex/Classpackage.thy for examples (as well as main HOL).
haftmann@25184
  1218
"isatool doc classes" provides a tutorial.
wenzelm@20807
  1219
haftmann@25199
  1220
* Generic code generator framework allows to generate executable
wenzelm@24800
  1221
code for ML and Haskell (including Isabelle classes).  A short usage
wenzelm@24800
  1222
sketch:
haftmann@20188
  1223
haftmann@20188
  1224
    internal compilation:
haftmann@25199
  1225
        export_code <list of constants (term syntax)> in SML
haftmann@20453
  1226
    writing SML code to a file:
haftmann@25199
  1227
        export_code <list of constants (term syntax)> in SML <filename>
haftmann@22735
  1228
    writing OCaml code to a file:
haftmann@25199
  1229
        export_code <list of constants (term syntax)> in OCaml <filename>
haftmann@20188
  1230
    writing Haskell code to a bunch of files:
haftmann@25199
  1231
        export_code <list of constants (term syntax)> in Haskell <filename>
haftmann@25199
  1232
haftmann@25199
  1233
    evaluating closed propositions to True/False using code generation:
haftmann@25184
  1234
        method ``eval''
haftmann@25184
  1235
haftmann@25184
  1236
Reasonable default setup of framework in HOL.
haftmann@20453
  1237
haftmann@20453
  1238
Theorem attributs for selecting and transforming function equations theorems:
haftmann@20453
  1239
haftmann@22845
  1240
    [code fun]:        select a theorem as function equation for a specific constant
haftmann@22845
  1241
    [code fun del]:    deselect a theorem as function equation for a specific constant
haftmann@22845
  1242
    [code inline]:     select an equation theorem for unfolding (inlining) in place
haftmann@22845
  1243
    [code inline del]: deselect an equation theorem for unfolding (inlining) in place
haftmann@20453
  1244
haftmann@22735
  1245
User-defined serializations (target in {SML, OCaml, Haskell}):
haftmann@20453
  1246
haftmann@20453
  1247
    code_const <and-list of constants (term syntax)>
haftmann@20453
  1248
      {(target) <and-list of const target syntax>}+
haftmann@20453
  1249
haftmann@20453
  1250
    code_type <and-list of type constructors>
haftmann@20453
  1251
      {(target) <and-list of type target syntax>}+
haftmann@20453
  1252
haftmann@20453
  1253
    code_instance <and-list of instances>
haftmann@20453
  1254
      {(target)}+
haftmann@20453
  1255
        where instance ::= <type constructor> :: <class>
haftmann@20453
  1256
haftmann@20453
  1257
    code_class <and_list of classes>
haftmann@20453
  1258
      {(target) <and-list of class target syntax>}+
haftmann@20453
  1259
        where class target syntax ::= <class name> {where {<classop> == <target syntax>}+}?
haftmann@20453
  1260
haftmann@25199
  1261
code_instance and code_class only are effective to target Haskell.
haftmann@22735
  1262
wenzelm@25177
  1263
For example usage see src/HOL/ex/Codegenerator.thy and
wenzelm@25177
  1264
src/HOL/ex/Codegenerator_Pretty.thy.  A separate tutorial on code
wenzelm@24800
  1265
generation from Isabelle/HOL theories is available via "isatool doc
wenzelm@24800
  1266
codegen".
haftmann@20188
  1267
wenzelm@25129
  1268
* Code generator: consts in 'consts_code' Isar commands are now
wenzelm@25129
  1269
referred to by usual term syntax (including optional type
wenzelm@25129
  1270
annotations).
wenzelm@25129
  1271
wenzelm@19254
  1272
* Command 'no_translations' removes translation rules from theory
wenzelm@19254
  1273
syntax.
wenzelm@19254
  1274
wenzelm@19625
  1275
* Overloaded definitions are now actually checked for acyclic
wenzelm@19714
  1276
dependencies.  The overloading scheme is slightly more general than
wenzelm@19714
  1277
that of Haskell98, although Isabelle does not demand an exact
wenzelm@19714
  1278
correspondence to type class and instance declarations.
wenzelm@19714
  1279
INCOMPATIBILITY, use ``defs (unchecked overloaded)'' to admit more
wenzelm@19714
  1280
exotic versions of overloading -- at the discretion of the user!
wenzelm@19711
  1281
wenzelm@19711
  1282
Polymorphic constants are represented via type arguments, i.e. the
wenzelm@19711
  1283
instantiation that matches an instance against the most general
wenzelm@19711
  1284
declaration given in the signature.  For example, with the declaration
wenzelm@19711
  1285
c :: 'a => 'a => 'a, an instance c :: nat => nat => nat is represented
wenzelm@19711
  1286
as c(nat).  Overloading is essentially simultaneous structural
wenzelm@19711
  1287
recursion over such type arguments.  Incomplete specification patterns
wenzelm@19714
  1288
impose global constraints on all occurrences, e.g. c('a * 'a) on the
wenzelm@19715
  1289
LHS means that more general c('a * 'b) will be disallowed on any RHS.
wenzelm@19714
  1290
Command 'print_theory' outputs the normalized system of recursive
wenzelm@19714
  1291
equations, see section "definitions".
wenzelm@19625
  1292
wenzelm@24086
  1293
* Configuration options are maintained within the theory or proof
wenzelm@24086
  1294
context (with name and type bool/int/string), providing a very simple
wenzelm@24086
  1295
interface to a poor-man's version of general context data.  Tools may
wenzelm@24110
  1296
declare options in ML (e.g. using Attrib.config_int) and then refer to
wenzelm@24110
  1297
these values using Config.get etc.  Users may change options via an
wenzelm@24110
  1298
associated attribute of the same name.  This form of context
wenzelm@24110
  1299
declaration works particularly well with commands 'declare' or
wenzelm@24110
  1300
'using', for example ``declare [[foo = 42]]''.  Thus it has become
wenzelm@24110
  1301
very easy to avoid global references, which would not observe Isar
wenzelm@24110
  1302
toplevel undo/redo and fail to work with multithreading.
wenzelm@24086
  1303
wenzelm@24172
  1304
Various global ML references of Pure and HOL have been turned into
wenzelm@24172
  1305
configuration options:
wenzelm@24172
  1306
wenzelm@24172
  1307
  Unify.search_bound		unify_search_bound
wenzelm@24172
  1308
  Unify.trace_bound		unify_trace_bound
wenzelm@24172
  1309
  Unify.trace_simp		unify_trace_simp
wenzelm@24172
  1310
  Unify.trace_types		unify_trace_types
wenzelm@24172
  1311
  Simplifier.simp_depth_limit	simp_depth_limit
wenzelm@24172
  1312
  Blast.depth_limit		blast_depth_limit
wenzelm@24172
  1313
  DatatypeProp.dtK		datatype_distinctness_limit
wenzelm@24172
  1314
  fast_arith_neq_limit  	fast_arith_neq_limit
wenzelm@24172
  1315
  fast_arith_split_limit	fast_arith_split_limit
wenzelm@24172
  1316
wenzelm@24086
  1317
* Named collections of theorems may be easily installed as context
wenzelm@24800
  1318
data using the functor NamedThmsFun (see also
wenzelm@24086
  1319
src/Pure/Tools/named_thms.ML).  The user may add or delete facts via
wenzelm@24110
  1320
attributes; there is also a toplevel print command.  This facility is
wenzelm@24110
  1321
just a common case of general context data, which is the preferred way
wenzelm@24110
  1322
for anything more complex than just a list of facts in canonical
wenzelm@24110
  1323
order.
wenzelm@24086
  1324
wenzelm@24032
  1325
* Isar: command 'declaration' augments a local theory by generic
wenzelm@24032
  1326
declaration functions written in ML.  This enables arbitrary content
wenzelm@24032
  1327
being added to the context, depending on a morphism that tells the
wenzelm@24032
  1328
difference of the original declaration context wrt. the application
wenzelm@24032
  1329
context encountered later on.
wenzelm@24032
  1330
wenzelm@24032
  1331
* Isar: proper interfaces for simplification procedures.  Command
wenzelm@24032
  1332
'simproc_setup' declares named simprocs (with match patterns, and body
wenzelm@24032
  1333
text in ML).  Attribute "simproc" adds/deletes simprocs in the current
wenzelm@24032
  1334
context.  ML antiquotation @{simproc name} retrieves named simprocs.
wenzelm@24032
  1335
wenzelm@24032
  1336
* Isar: an extra pair of brackets around attribute declarations
wenzelm@24032
  1337
abbreviates a theorem reference involving an internal dummy fact,
wenzelm@24032
  1338
which will be ignored later --- only the effect of the attribute on
wenzelm@24032
  1339
the background context will persist.  This form of in-place
wenzelm@24032
  1340
declarations is particularly useful with commands like 'declare' and
wenzelm@24032
  1341
'using', for example ``have A using [[simproc a]] by simp''.
wenzelm@24032
  1342
wenzelm@23369
  1343
* Isar: method "assumption" (and implicit closing of subproofs) now
wenzelm@23369
  1344
takes simple non-atomic goal assumptions into account: after applying
wenzelm@23369
  1345
an assumption as a rule the resulting subgoals are solved by atomic
wenzelm@23369
  1346
assumption steps.  This is particularly useful to finish 'obtain'
wenzelm@23369
  1347
goals, such as "!!x. (!!x. P x ==> thesis) ==> P x ==> thesis",
wenzelm@23369
  1348
without referring to the original premise "!!x. P x ==> thesis" in the
wenzelm@23369
  1349
Isar proof context.  POTENTIAL INCOMPATIBILITY: method "assumption" is
wenzelm@23369
  1350
more permissive.
wenzelm@23369
  1351
wenzelm@23369
  1352
* Isar: implicit use of prems from the Isar proof context is
wenzelm@23369
  1353
considered a legacy feature.  Common applications like ``have A .''
wenzelm@23369
  1354
may be replaced by ``have A by fact'' or ``note `A`''.  In general,
wenzelm@23369
  1355
referencing facts explicitly here improves readability and
wenzelm@23369
  1356
maintainability of proof texts.
wenzelm@23369
  1357
wenzelm@17865
  1358
* Isar: improper proof element 'guess' is like 'obtain', but derives
wenzelm@17865
  1359
the obtained context from the course of reasoning!  For example:
wenzelm@17865
  1360
wenzelm@17865
  1361
  assume "EX x y. A x & B y"   -- "any previous fact"
wenzelm@17865
  1362
  then guess x and y by clarify
wenzelm@17865
  1363
wenzelm@17865
  1364
This technique is potentially adventurous, depending on the facts and
wenzelm@17865
  1365
proof tools being involved here.
wenzelm@17865
  1366
wenzelm@18020
  1367
* Isar: known facts from the proof context may be specified as literal
wenzelm@18020
  1368
propositions, using ASCII back-quote syntax.  This works wherever
wenzelm@18020
  1369
named facts used to be allowed so far, in proof commands, proof
wenzelm@18020
  1370
methods, attributes etc.  Literal facts are retrieved from the context
wenzelm@18020
  1371
according to unification of type and term parameters.  For example,
wenzelm@18020
  1372
provided that "A" and "A ==> B" and "!!x. P x ==> Q x" are known
wenzelm@18020
  1373
theorems in the current context, then these are valid literal facts:
wenzelm@18020
  1374
`A` and `A ==> B` and `!!x. P x ==> Q x" as well as `P a ==> Q a` etc.
wenzelm@18020
  1375
wenzelm@18020
  1376
There is also a proof method "fact" which does the same composition
wenzelm@18044
  1377
for explicit goal states, e.g. the following proof texts coincide with
wenzelm@18044
  1378
certain special cases of literal facts:
wenzelm@18020
  1379
wenzelm@18020
  1380
  have "A" by fact                 ==  note `A`
wenzelm@18020
  1381
  have "A ==> B" by fact           ==  note `A ==> B`
wenzelm@18020
  1382
  have "!!x. P x ==> Q x" by fact  ==  note `!!x. P x ==> Q x`
wenzelm@18020
  1383
  have "P a ==> Q a" by fact       ==  note `P a ==> Q a`
wenzelm@18020
  1384
wenzelm@20118
  1385
* Isar: ":" (colon) is no longer a symbolic identifier character in
wenzelm@20118
  1386
outer syntax.  Thus symbolic identifiers may be used without
wenzelm@20118
  1387
additional white space in declarations like this: ``assume *: A''.
wenzelm@20118
  1388
wenzelm@20013
  1389
* Isar: 'print_facts' prints all local facts of the current context,
wenzelm@20013
  1390
both named and unnamed ones.
wenzelm@20013
  1391
wenzelm@18308
  1392
* Isar: 'def' now admits simultaneous definitions, e.g.:
wenzelm@18308
  1393
wenzelm@18308
  1394
  def x == "t" and y == "u"
wenzelm@18308
  1395
wenzelm@18540
  1396
* Isar: added command 'unfolding', which is structurally similar to
wenzelm@18540
  1397
'using', but affects both the goal state and facts by unfolding given
wenzelm@18815
  1398
rewrite rules.  Thus many occurrences of the 'unfold' method or
wenzelm@18540
  1399
'unfolded' attribute may be replaced by first-class proof text.
wenzelm@18540
  1400
wenzelm@18815
  1401
* Isar: methods 'unfold' / 'fold', attributes 'unfolded' / 'folded',
wenzelm@18815
  1402
and command 'unfolding' now all support object-level equalities
wenzelm@18815
  1403
(potentially conditional).  The underlying notion of rewrite rule is
wenzelm@18815
  1404
analogous to the 'rule_format' attribute, but *not* that of the
wenzelm@18815
  1405
Simplifier (which is usually more generous).
wenzelm@18815
  1406
kleing@24238
  1407
* Isar: the new attribute [rotated n] (default n = 1) rotates the
kleing@24238
  1408
premises of a theorem by n. Useful in conjunction with drule.
kleing@24238
  1409
wenzelm@19220
  1410
* Isar: the goal restriction operator [N] (default N = 1) evaluates a
wenzelm@19220
  1411
method expression within a sandbox consisting of the first N
wenzelm@19240
  1412
sub-goals, which need to exist.  For example, ``simp_all [3]''
wenzelm@19240
  1413
simplifies the first three sub-goals, while (rule foo, simp_all)[]
wenzelm@19240
  1414
simplifies all new goals that emerge from applying rule foo to the
wenzelm@19240
  1415
originally first one.
wenzelm@19220
  1416
wenzelm@19814
  1417
* Isar: schematic goals are no longer restricted to higher-order
wenzelm@19814
  1418
patterns; e.g. ``lemma "?P(?x)" by (rule TrueI)'' now works as
wenzelm@19814
  1419
expected.
wenzelm@19814
  1420
wenzelm@18901
  1421
* Isar: the conclusion of a long theorem statement is now either
wenzelm@18901
  1422
'shows' (a simultaneous conjunction, as before), or 'obtains'
wenzelm@18901
  1423
(essentially a disjunction of cases with local parameters and
wenzelm@18901
  1424
assumptions).  The latter allows to express general elimination rules
wenzelm@18910
  1425
adequately; in this notation common elimination rules look like this:
wenzelm@18901
  1426
wenzelm@18901
  1427
  lemma exE:    -- "EX x. P x ==> (!!x. P x ==> thesis) ==> thesis"
wenzelm@18901
  1428
    assumes "EX x. P x"
wenzelm@18901
  1429
    obtains x where "P x"
wenzelm@18901
  1430
wenzelm@18901
  1431
  lemma conjE:  -- "A & B ==> (A ==> B ==> thesis) ==> thesis"
wenzelm@18901
  1432
    assumes "A & B"
wenzelm@18901
  1433
    obtains A and B
wenzelm@18901
  1434
wenzelm@18901
  1435
  lemma disjE:  -- "A | B ==> (A ==> thesis) ==> (B ==> thesis) ==> thesis"
wenzelm@18901
  1436
    assumes "A | B"
wenzelm@18901
  1437
    obtains
wenzelm@18901
  1438
      A
wenzelm@18901
  1439
    | B
wenzelm@18901
  1440
wenzelm@18910
  1441
The subsequent classical rules even refer to the formal "thesis"
wenzelm@18901
  1442
explicitly:
wenzelm@18901
  1443
wenzelm@18901
  1444
  lemma classical:     -- "(~ thesis ==> thesis) ==> thesis"
wenzelm@18901
  1445
    obtains "~ thesis"
wenzelm@18901
  1446
wenzelm@18910
  1447
  lemma Peirce's_Law:  -- "((thesis ==> something) ==> thesis) ==> thesis"
wenzelm@18910
  1448
    obtains "thesis ==> something"
wenzelm@18901
  1449
wenzelm@18901
  1450
The actual proof of an 'obtains' statement is analogous to that of the
wenzelm@18910
  1451
Isar proof element 'obtain', only that there may be several cases.
wenzelm@18910
  1452
Optional case names may be specified in parentheses; these will be
wenzelm@18910
  1453
available both in the present proof and as annotations in the
wenzelm@18910
  1454
resulting rule, for later use with the 'cases' method (cf. attribute
wenzelm@18910
  1455
case_names).
wenzelm@18901
  1456
wenzelm@21447
  1457
* Isar: the assumptions of a long theorem statement are available as
wenzelm@21447
  1458
"assms" fact in the proof context.  This is more appropriate than the
wenzelm@21447
  1459
(historical) "prems", which refers to all assumptions of the current
wenzelm@21447
  1460
context, including those from the target locale, proof body etc.
wenzelm@21447
  1461
wenzelm@19263
  1462
* Isar: 'print_statement' prints theorems from the current theory or
wenzelm@19263
  1463
proof context in long statement form, according to the syntax of a
wenzelm@19263
  1464
top-level lemma.
wenzelm@19263
  1465
wenzelm@18901
  1466
* Isar: 'obtain' takes an optional case name for the local context
wenzelm@18901
  1467
introduction rule (default "that").
wenzelm@18901
  1468
wenzelm@19587
  1469
* Isar: removed obsolete 'concl is' patterns.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use
wenzelm@19587
  1470
explicit (is "_ ==> ?foo") in the rare cases where this still happens
wenzelm@19587
  1471
to occur.
wenzelm@19587
  1472
wenzelm@19682
  1473
* Pure: syntax "CONST name" produces a fully internalized constant
wenzelm@19682
  1474
according to the current context.  This is particularly useful for
wenzelm@19682
  1475
syntax translations that should refer to internal constant
wenzelm@19682
  1476
representations independently of name spaces.
wenzelm@19682
  1477
wenzelm@21537
  1478
* Pure: syntax constant for foo (binder "FOO ") is called "foo_binder"
wenzelm@21537
  1479
instead of "FOO ". This allows multiple binder declarations to coexist
wenzelm@21537
  1480
in the same context.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@21537
  1481
wenzelm@21209
  1482
* Isar/locales: 'notation' provides a robust interface to the 'syntax'
wenzelm@21209
  1483
primitive that also works in a locale context (both for constants and
wenzelm@24950
  1484
fixed variables). Type declaration and internal syntactic representation
wenzelm@24950
  1485
of given constants retrieved from the context. Likewise, the
wenzelm@24950
  1486
'no_notation' command allows to remove given syntax annotations from the
wenzelm@24950
  1487
current context.
wenzelm@19682
  1488
wenzelm@19665
  1489
* Isar/locales: new derived specification elements 'axiomatization',
wenzelm@19665
  1490
'definition', 'abbreviation', which support type-inference, admit
wenzelm@19083
  1491
object-level specifications (equality, equivalence).  See also the
wenzelm@19083
  1492
isar-ref manual.  Examples:
wenzelm@19081
  1493
wenzelm@19665
  1494
  axiomatization
wenzelm@21595
  1495
    eq  (infix "===" 50) where
wenzelm@21595
  1496
    eq_refl: "x === x" and eq_subst: "x === y ==> P x ==> P y"
wenzelm@21595
  1497
wenzelm@21595
  1498
  definition "f x y = x + y + 1"
wenzelm@21595
  1499
  definition g where "g x = f x x"
wenzelm@19081
  1500
wenzelm@19363
  1501
  abbreviation
wenzelm@21595
  1502
    neq  (infix "=!=" 50) where
wenzelm@19363
  1503
    "x =!= y == ~ (x === y)"
wenzelm@19081
  1504
wenzelm@19083
  1505
These specifications may be also used in a locale context.  Then the
wenzelm@19083
  1506
constants being introduced depend on certain fixed parameters, and the
wenzelm@19083
  1507
constant name is qualified by the locale base name.  An internal
wenzelm@19083
  1508
abbreviation takes care for convenient input and output, making the
wenzelm@19088
  1509
parameters implicit and using the original short name.  See also
wenzelm@25177
  1510
src/HOL/ex/Abstract_NAT.thy for an example of deriving polymorphic
wenzelm@19083
  1511
entities from a monomorphic theory.
wenzelm@19083
  1512
wenzelm@19083
  1513
Presently, abbreviations are only available 'in' a target locale, but
wenzelm@19363
  1514
not inherited by general import expressions.  Also note that
wenzelm@19363
  1515
'abbreviation' may be used as a type-safe replacement for 'syntax' +
wenzelm@24735
  1516
'translations' in common applications.  The "no_abbrevs" print mode
wenzelm@24735
  1517
prevents folding of abbreviations in term output.
wenzelm@19084
  1518
wenzelm@19682
  1519
Concrete syntax is attached to specified constants in internal form,
wenzelm@19682
  1520
independently of name spaces.  The parse tree representation is
wenzelm@21209
  1521
slightly different -- use 'notation' instead of raw 'syntax', and
wenzelm@19682
  1522
'translations' with explicit "CONST" markup to accommodate this.
wenzelm@19665
  1523
wenzelm@24800
  1524
* Pure/Isar: unified syntax for new-style specification mechanisms
wenzelm@24800
  1525
(e.g.  'definition', 'abbreviation', or 'inductive' in HOL) admits
wenzelm@24800
  1526
full type inference and dummy patterns ("_").  For example:
wenzelm@24735
  1527
wenzelm@24735
  1528
  definition "K x _ = x"
wenzelm@24735
  1529
wenzelm@24738
  1530
  inductive conj for A B
wenzelm@24738
  1531
  where "A ==> B ==> conj A B"
wenzelm@24738
  1532
wenzelm@21735
  1533
* Pure: command 'print_abbrevs' prints all constant abbreviations of
wenzelm@21735
  1534
the current context.  Print mode "no_abbrevs" prevents inversion of
wenzelm@21735
  1535
abbreviations on output.
wenzelm@21735
  1536
wenzelm@24800
  1537
* Isar/locales: improved parameter handling: use of locales "var" and
wenzelm@24800
  1538
"struct" no longer necessary; - parameter renamings are no longer
wenzelm@24800
  1539
required to be injective.  For example, this allows to define
wenzelm@24800
  1540
endomorphisms as locale endom = homom mult mult h.
ballarin@19783
  1541
ballarin@19931
  1542
* Isar/locales: changed the way locales with predicates are defined.
ballarin@19931
  1543
Instead of accumulating the specification, the imported expression is
wenzelm@22126
  1544
now an interpretation.  INCOMPATIBILITY: different normal form of
wenzelm@22126
  1545
locale expressions.  In particular, in interpretations of locales with
wenzelm@22126
  1546
predicates, goals repesenting already interpreted fragments are not
wenzelm@22126
  1547
removed automatically.  Use methods `intro_locales' and
wenzelm@22126
  1548
`unfold_locales'; see below.
wenzelm@22126
  1549
wenzelm@22126
  1550
* Isar/locales: new methods `intro_locales' and `unfold_locales'
wenzelm@22126
  1551
provide backward reasoning on locales predicates.  The methods are
wenzelm@22126
  1552
aware of interpretations and discharge corresponding goals.
wenzelm@22126
  1553
`intro_locales' is less aggressive then `unfold_locales' and does not
wenzelm@22126
  1554
unfold predicates to assumptions.
ballarin@19931
  1555
ballarin@19931
  1556
* Isar/locales: the order in which locale fragments are accumulated
wenzelm@22126
  1557
has changed.  This enables to override declarations from fragments due
wenzelm@22126
  1558
to interpretations -- for example, unwanted simp rules.
ballarin@19931
  1559
ballarin@23920
  1560
* Isar/locales: interpretation in theories and proof contexts has been
ballarin@23920
  1561
extended.  One may now specify (and prove) equations, which are
ballarin@23920
  1562
unfolded in interpreted theorems.  This is useful for replacing
ballarin@23920
  1563
defined concepts (constants depending on locale parameters) by
ballarin@23920
  1564
concepts already existing in the target context.  Example:
ballarin@23920
  1565
ballarin@23920
  1566
  interpretation partial_order ["op <= :: [int, int] => bool"]
ballarin@23920
  1567
    where "partial_order.less (op <=) (x::int) y = (x < y)"
ballarin@23920
  1568
wenzelm@24800
  1569
Typically, the constant `partial_order.less' is created by a
wenzelm@24800
  1570
definition specification element in the context of locale
wenzelm@24800
  1571
partial_order.
wenzelm@24800
  1572
wenzelm@24859
  1573
* Method "induct": improved internal context management to support
wenzelm@24800
  1574
local fixes and defines on-the-fly. Thus explicit meta-level
wenzelm@24800
  1575
connectives !!  and ==> are rarely required anymore in inductive goals
wenzelm@24800
  1576
(using object-logic connectives for this purpose has been long
wenzelm@24800
  1577
obsolete anyway). Common proof patterns are explained in
wenzelm@25177
  1578
src/HOL/Induct/Common_Patterns.thy, see also
wenzelm@25177
  1579
src/HOL/Isar_examples/Puzzle.thy and src/HOL/Lambda for realistic
wenzelm@25177
  1580
examples.
wenzelm@24606
  1581
wenzelm@24859
  1582
* Method "induct": improved handling of simultaneous goals. Instead of
wenzelm@24606
  1583
introducing object-level conjunction, the statement is now split into
wenzelm@24606
  1584
several conclusions, while the corresponding symbolic cases are nested
wenzelm@24606
  1585
accordingly. INCOMPATIBILITY, proofs need to be structured explicitly,
wenzelm@25177
  1586
see src/HOL/Induct/Common_Patterns.thy, for example.
wenzelm@24606
  1587
wenzelm@24859
  1588
* Method "induct": mutual induction rules are now specified as a list
wenzelm@24800
  1589
of rule sharing the same induction cases. HOL packages usually provide
wenzelm@24606
  1590
foo_bar.inducts for mutually defined items foo and bar (e.g. inductive
wenzelm@24859
  1591
predicates/sets or datatypes). INCOMPATIBILITY, users need to specify
wenzelm@24859
  1592
mutual induction rules differently, i.e. like this:
wenzelm@18506
  1593
wenzelm@18506
  1594
  (induct rule: foo_bar.inducts)
wenzelm@18506
  1595
  (induct set: foo bar)
wenzelm@24859
  1596
  (induct pred: foo bar)
wenzelm@18506
  1597
  (induct type: foo bar)
wenzelm@18506
  1598
wenzelm@18506
  1599
The ML function ProjectRule.projections turns old-style rules into the
wenzelm@18506
  1600
new format.
wenzelm@18506
  1601
wenzelm@24859
  1602
* Method "coinduct": dual of induction, see
wenzelm@18399
  1603
src/HOL/Library/Coinductive_List.thy for various examples.
wenzelm@18399
  1604
wenzelm@24859
  1605
* Method "cases", "induct", "coinduct": the ``(open)'' option is
wenzelm@24859
  1606
considered a legacy feature.
wenzelm@24859
  1607
wenzelm@20919
  1608
* Attribute "symmetric" produces result with standardized schematic
wenzelm@20919
  1609
variables (index 0).  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@20919
  1610
wenzelm@22126
  1611
* Simplifier: by default the simplifier trace only shows top level
wenzelm@22126
  1612
rewrites now. That is, trace_simp_depth_limit is set to 1 by
wenzelm@22126
  1613
default. Thus there is less danger of being flooded by the trace. The
wenzelm@22126
  1614
trace indicates where parts have been suppressed.
nipkow@18674
  1615
  
wenzelm@18536
  1616
* Provers/classical: removed obsolete classical version of elim_format
wenzelm@18536
  1617
attribute; classical elim/dest rules are now treated uniformly when
wenzelm@18536
  1618
manipulating the claset.
wenzelm@18536
  1619
wenzelm@18694
  1620
* Provers/classical: stricter checks to ensure that supplied intro,
wenzelm@18694
  1621
dest and elim rules are well-formed; dest and elim rules must have at
wenzelm@18694
  1622
least one premise.
wenzelm@18694
  1623
wenzelm@18694
  1624
* Provers/classical: attributes dest/elim/intro take an optional
wenzelm@18695
  1625
weight argument for the rule (just as the Pure versions).  Weights are
wenzelm@18696
  1626
ignored by automated tools, but determine the search order of single
wenzelm@18694
  1627
rule steps.
paulson@18557
  1628
wenzelm@18536
  1629
* Syntax: input syntax now supports dummy variable binding "%_. b",
wenzelm@18536
  1630
where the body does not mention the bound variable.  Note that dummy
wenzelm@18536
  1631
patterns implicitly depend on their context of bounds, which makes
wenzelm@18536
  1632
"{_. _}" match any set comprehension as expected.  Potential
wenzelm@18536
  1633
INCOMPATIBILITY -- parse translations need to cope with syntactic
wenzelm@18536
  1634
constant "_idtdummy" in the binding position.
wenzelm@18536
  1635
wenzelm@18536
  1636
* Syntax: removed obsolete syntactic constant "_K" and its associated
wenzelm@18536
  1637
parse translation.  INCOMPATIBILITY -- use dummy abstraction instead,
wenzelm@18536
  1638
for example "A -> B" => "Pi A (%_. B)".
wenzelm@17779
  1639
wenzelm@20582
  1640
* Pure: 'class_deps' command visualizes the subclass relation, using
wenzelm@20582
  1641
the graph browser tool.
wenzelm@20582
  1642
wenzelm@24800
  1643
* Pure: 'print_theory' now suppresses certain internal declarations by
wenzelm@24800
  1644
default; use '!' option for full details.
wenzelm@20620
  1645
wenzelm@17865
  1646
nipkow@17806
  1647
*** HOL ***
nipkow@17806
  1648
wenzelm@25129
  1649
* Method "metis" proves goals by applying the Metis general-purpose
wenzelm@25129
  1650
resolution prover (see also http://gilith.com/software/metis/).
wenzelm@25129
  1651
Examples are in the directory MetisExamples.  WARNING: the
wenzelm@25129
  1652
Isabelle/HOL-Metis integration does not yet work properly with
wenzelm@25129
  1653
multi-threading.
wenzelm@25129
  1654
  
wenzelm@25129
  1655
* Command 'sledgehammer' invokes external automatic theorem provers as
wenzelm@25129
  1656
background processes.  It generates calls to the "metis" method if
wenzelm@25129
  1657
successful. These can be pasted into the proof.  Users do not have to
wenzelm@25129
  1658
wait for the automatic provers to return.  WARNING: does not really
wenzelm@25129
  1659
work with multi-threading.
wenzelm@25129
  1660
wenzelm@24804
  1661
* New "auto_quickcheck" feature tests outermost goal statements for
wenzelm@24804
  1662
potential counter-examples.  Controlled by ML references
wenzelm@24804
  1663
auto_quickcheck (default true) and auto_quickcheck_time_limit (default
wenzelm@25129
  1664
5000 milliseconds).  Fails silently if statements is outside of
wenzelm@25129
  1665
executable fragment, or any other codgenerator problem occurs.
wenzelm@24804
  1666
haftmann@25184
  1667
* New constant "undefined" with axiom "undefined x = undefined".
haftmann@25184
  1668
haftmann@25184
  1669
* Added class "HOL.eq", allowing for code generation with polymorphic
haftmann@25184
  1670
equality.
haftmann@25184
  1671
haftmann@25184
  1672
* Some renaming of class constants due to canonical name prefixing in
haftmann@25184
  1673
the new 'class' package:
haftmann@25184
  1674
haftmann@25184
  1675
    HOL.abs ~> HOL.abs_class.abs
haftmann@25184
  1676
    HOL.divide ~> HOL.divide_class.divide
haftmann@25184
  1677
    0 ~> HOL.zero_class.zero
haftmann@25184
  1678
    1 ~> HOL.one_class.one
haftmann@25184
  1679
    op + ~> HOL.plus_class.plus
haftmann@25184
  1680
    op - ~> HOL.minus_class.minus
haftmann@25184
  1681
    uminus ~> HOL.minus_class.uminus
haftmann@25184
  1682
    op * ~> HOL.times_class.times
haftmann@25184
  1683
    op < ~> HOL.ord_class.less
haftmann@25184
  1684
    op <= > HOL.ord_class.less_eq
haftmann@25184
  1685
    Nat.power ~> Power.power_class.power
haftmann@25184
  1686
    Nat.size ~> Nat.size_class.size
haftmann@25184
  1687
    Numeral.number_of ~> Numeral.number_class.number_of
haftmann@25184
  1688
    FixedPoint.Inf ~> Lattices.complete_lattice_class.Inf
haftmann@25184
  1689
    FixedPoint.Sup ~> Lattices.complete_lattice_class.Sup
haftmann@25184
  1690
    Orderings.min ~> Orderings.ord_class.min
haftmann@25184
  1691
    Orderings.max ~> Orderings.ord_class.max
haftmann@25184
  1692
    Divides.op div ~> Divides.div_class.div
haftmann@25184
  1693
    Divides.op mod ~> Divides.div_class.mod
haftmann@25184
  1694
    Divides.op dvd ~> Divides.div_class.dvd
haftmann@25184
  1695
haftmann@25184
  1696
INCOMPATIBILITY.  Adaptions may be required in the following cases:
haftmann@25184
  1697
haftmann@25184
  1698
a) User-defined constants using any of the names "plus", "minus",
haftmann@25184
  1699
"times", "less" or "less_eq". The standard syntax translations for
haftmann@25184
  1700
"+", "-" and "*" may go wrong.  INCOMPATIBILITY: use more specific
haftmann@25184
  1701
names.
haftmann@25184
  1702
haftmann@25184
  1703
b) Variables named "plus", "minus", "times", "less", "less_eq"
haftmann@25184
  1704
INCOMPATIBILITY: use more specific names.
haftmann@25184
  1705
haftmann@25184
  1706
c) Permutative equations (e.g. "a + b = b + a")
haftmann@25184
  1707
Since the change of names also changes the order of terms, permutative
haftmann@25184
  1708
rewrite rules may get applied in a different order. Experience shows
haftmann@25184
  1709
that this is rarely the case (only two adaptions in the whole Isabelle
haftmann@25184
  1710
distribution).  INCOMPATIBILITY: rewrite proofs
haftmann@25184
  1711
haftmann@25184
  1712
d) ML code directly refering to constant names
haftmann@25184
  1713
This in general only affects hand-written proof tactics, simprocs and
haftmann@25184
  1714
so on.  INCOMPATIBILITY: grep your sourcecode and replace names.
haftmann@25184
  1715
Consider using @{const_name} antiquotation.
haftmann@25184
  1716
haftmann@25184
  1717
* New class "default" with associated constant "default".
haftmann@25184
  1718
haftmann@25184
  1719
* Function "sgn" is now overloaded and available on int, real, complex
haftmann@25184
  1720
(and other numeric types), using class "sgn".  Two possible defs of
haftmann@25184
  1721
sgn are given as equational assumptions in the classes sgn_if and
haftmann@25184
  1722
sgn_div_norm; ordered_idom now also inherits from sgn_if.
haftmann@25184
  1723
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25184
  1724
haftmann@25184
  1725
* Locale "partial_order" now unified with class "order" (cf. theory
haftmann@25184
  1726
Orderings), added parameter "less".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25184
  1727
haftmann@25184
  1728
* Renamings in classes "order" and "linorder": facts "refl", "trans" and
haftmann@25184
  1729
"cases" to "order_refl", "order_trans" and "linorder_cases", to avoid
haftmann@25184
  1730
clashes with HOL "refl" and "trans".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25184
  1731
haftmann@25184
  1732
* Classes "order" and "linorder": potential INCOMPATIBILITY due to
haftmann@25184
  1733
changed order of proof goals in instance proofs.
haftmann@25184
  1734
haftmann@25184
  1735
* The transitivity reasoner for partial and linear orders is set up
haftmann@25184
  1736
for classes "order" and "linorder".  Instances of the reasoner are available
haftmann@25184
  1737
in all contexts importing or interpreting the corresponding locales.
haftmann@25184
  1738
Method "order" invokes the reasoner separately; the reasoner
haftmann@25184
  1739
is also integrated with the Simplifier as a solver.  Diagnostic
haftmann@25184
  1740
command 'print_orders' shows the available instances of the reasoner
haftmann@25184
  1741
in the current context.
haftmann@25184
  1742
haftmann@25184
  1743
* Localized monotonicity predicate in theory "Orderings"; integrated
haftmann@25184
  1744
lemmas max_of_mono and min_of_mono with this predicate.
haftmann@25184
  1745
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25184
  1746
haftmann@25184
  1747
* Formulation of theorem "dense" changed slightly due to integration
haftmann@25184
  1748
with new class dense_linear_order.
haftmann@25184
  1749
haftmann@25184
  1750
* Uniform lattice theory development in HOL.
haftmann@25184
  1751
haftmann@25184
  1752
    constants "meet" and "join" now named "inf" and "sup"
haftmann@25184
  1753
    constant "Meet" now named "Inf"
haftmann@25184
  1754
haftmann@25184
  1755
    classes "meet_semilorder" and "join_semilorder" now named
haftmann@25184
  1756
      "lower_semilattice" and "upper_semilattice"
haftmann@25184
  1757
    class "lorder" now named "lattice"
haftmann@25184
  1758
    class "comp_lat" now named "complete_lattice"
haftmann@25184
  1759
haftmann@25184
  1760
    Instantiation of lattice classes allows explicit definitions
haftmann@25184
  1761
    for "inf" and "sup" operations (or "Inf" and "Sup" for complete lattices).
haftmann@25184
  1762
haftmann@25184
  1763
  INCOMPATIBILITY.  Theorem renames:
haftmann@25184
  1764
haftmann@25184
  1765
    meet_left_le            ~> inf_le1
haftmann@25184
  1766
    meet_right_le           ~> inf_le2
haftmann@25184
  1767
    join_left_le            ~> sup_ge1
haftmann@25184
  1768
    join_right_le           ~> sup_ge2
haftmann@25184
  1769
    meet_join_le            ~> inf_sup_ord
haftmann@25184
  1770
    le_meetI                ~> le_infI
haftmann@25184
  1771
    join_leI                ~> le_supI
haftmann@25184
  1772
    le_meet                 ~> le_inf_iff
haftmann@25184
  1773
    le_join                 ~> ge_sup_conv
haftmann@25184
  1774
    meet_idempotent         ~> inf_idem
haftmann@25184
  1775
    join_idempotent         ~> sup_idem
haftmann@25184
  1776
    meet_comm               ~> inf_commute
haftmann@25184
  1777
    join_comm               ~> sup_commute
haftmann@25184
  1778
    meet_leI1               ~> le_infI1
haftmann@25184
  1779
    meet_leI2               ~> le_infI2
haftmann@25184
  1780
    le_joinI1               ~> le_supI1
haftmann@25184
  1781
    le_joinI2               ~> le_supI2
haftmann@25184
  1782
    meet_assoc              ~> inf_assoc
haftmann@25184
  1783
    join_assoc              ~> sup_assoc
haftmann@25184
  1784
    meet_left_comm          ~> inf_left_commute
haftmann@25184
  1785
    meet_left_idempotent    ~> inf_left_idem
haftmann@25184
  1786
    join_left_comm          ~> sup_left_commute
haftmann@25184
  1787
    join_left_idempotent    ~> sup_left_idem
haftmann@25184
  1788
    meet_aci                ~> inf_aci
haftmann@25184
  1789
    join_aci                ~> sup_aci
haftmann@25184
  1790
    le_def_meet             ~> le_iff_inf
haftmann@25184
  1791
    le_def_join             ~> le_iff_sup
haftmann@25184
  1792
    join_absorp2            ~> sup_absorb2
haftmann@25184
  1793
    join_absorp1            ~> sup_absorb1
haftmann@25184
  1794
    meet_absorp1            ~> inf_absorb1
haftmann@25184
  1795
    meet_absorp2            ~> inf_absorb2
haftmann@25184
  1796
    meet_join_absorp        ~> inf_sup_absorb
haftmann@25184
  1797
    join_meet_absorp        ~> sup_inf_absorb
haftmann@25184
  1798
    distrib_join_le         ~> distrib_sup_le
haftmann@25184
  1799
    distrib_meet_le         ~> distrib_inf_le
haftmann@25184
  1800
haftmann@25184
  1801
    add_meet_distrib_left   ~> add_inf_distrib_left
haftmann@25184
  1802
    add_join_distrib_left   ~> add_sup_distrib_left
haftmann@25184
  1803
    is_join_neg_meet        ~> is_join_neg_inf
haftmann@25184
  1804
    is_meet_neg_join        ~> is_meet_neg_sup
haftmann@25184
  1805
    add_meet_distrib_right  ~> add_inf_distrib_right
haftmann@25184
  1806
    add_join_distrib_right  ~> add_sup_distrib_right
haftmann@25184
  1807
    add_meet_join_distribs  ~> add_sup_inf_distribs
haftmann@25184
  1808
    join_eq_neg_meet        ~> sup_eq_neg_inf
haftmann@25184
  1809
    meet_eq_neg_join        ~> inf_eq_neg_sup
haftmann@25184
  1810
    add_eq_meet_join        ~> add_eq_inf_sup
haftmann@25184
  1811
    meet_0_imp_0            ~> inf_0_imp_0
haftmann@25184
  1812
    join_0_imp_0            ~> sup_0_imp_0
haftmann@25184
  1813
    meet_0_eq_0             ~> inf_0_eq_0
haftmann@25184
  1814
    join_0_eq_0             ~> sup_0_eq_0
haftmann@25184
  1815
    neg_meet_eq_join        ~> neg_inf_eq_sup
haftmann@25184
  1816
    neg_join_eq_meet        ~> neg_sup_eq_inf
haftmann@25184
  1817
    join_eq_if              ~> sup_eq_if
haftmann@25184
  1818
haftmann@25184
  1819
    mono_meet               ~> mono_inf
haftmann@25184
  1820
    mono_join               ~> mono_sup
haftmann@25184
  1821
    meet_bool_eq            ~> inf_bool_eq
haftmann@25184
  1822
    join_bool_eq            ~> sup_bool_eq
haftmann@25184
  1823
    meet_fun_eq             ~> inf_fun_eq
haftmann@25184
  1824
    join_fun_eq             ~> sup_fun_eq
haftmann@25184
  1825
    meet_set_eq             ~> inf_set_eq
haftmann@25184
  1826
    join_set_eq             ~> sup_set_eq
haftmann@25184
  1827
    meet1_iff               ~> inf1_iff
haftmann@25184
  1828
    meet2_iff               ~> inf2_iff
haftmann@25184
  1829
    meet1I                  ~> inf1I
haftmann@25184
  1830
    meet2I                  ~> inf2I
haftmann@25184
  1831
    meet1D1                 ~> inf1D1
haftmann@25184
  1832
    meet2D1                 ~> inf2D1
haftmann@25184
  1833
    meet1D2                 ~> inf1D2
haftmann@25184
  1834
    meet2D2                 ~> inf2D2
haftmann@25184
  1835
    meet1E                  ~> inf1E
haftmann@25184
  1836
    meet2E                  ~> inf2E
haftmann@25184
  1837
    join1_iff               ~> sup1_iff
haftmann@25184
  1838
    join2_iff               ~> sup2_iff
haftmann@25184
  1839
    join1I1                 ~> sup1I1
haftmann@25184
  1840
    join2I1                 ~> sup2I1
haftmann@25184
  1841
    join1I1                 ~> sup1I1
haftmann@25184
  1842
    join2I2                 ~> sup1I2
haftmann@25184
  1843
    join1CI                 ~> sup1CI
haftmann@25184
  1844
    join2CI                 ~> sup2CI
haftmann@25184
  1845
    join1E                  ~> sup1E
haftmann@25184
  1846
    join2E                  ~> sup2E
haftmann@25184
  1847
haftmann@25184
  1848
    is_meet_Meet            ~> is_meet_Inf
haftmann@25184
  1849
    Meet_bool_def           ~> Inf_bool_def
haftmann@25184
  1850
    Meet_fun_def            ~> Inf_fun_def
haftmann@25184
  1851
    Meet_greatest           ~> Inf_greatest
haftmann@25184
  1852
    Meet_lower              ~> Inf_lower
haftmann@25184
  1853
    Meet_set_def            ~> Inf_set_def
haftmann@25184
  1854
haftmann@25184
  1855
    Sup_def                 ~> Sup_Inf
haftmann@25184
  1856
    Sup_bool_eq             ~> Sup_bool_def
haftmann@25184
  1857
    Sup_fun_eq              ~> Sup_fun_def
haftmann@25184
  1858
    Sup_set_eq              ~> Sup_set_def
haftmann@25184
  1859
haftmann@25184
  1860
    listsp_meetI            ~> listsp_infI
haftmann@25184
  1861
    listsp_meet_eq          ~> listsp_inf_eq
haftmann@25184
  1862
haftmann@25184
  1863
    meet_min                ~> inf_min
haftmann@25184
  1864
    join_max                ~> sup_max
haftmann@25184
  1865
haftmann@25184
  1866
* Added syntactic class "size"; overloaded constant "size" now has
haftmann@25184
  1867
type "'a::size ==> bool"
haftmann@25184
  1868
wenzelm@24800
  1869
* Internal reorganisation of `size' of datatypes: size theorems
wenzelm@24800
  1870
"foo.size" are no longer subsumed by "foo.simps" (but are still
wenzelm@24800
  1871
simplification rules by default!); theorems "prod.size" now named
haftmann@25184
  1872
"*.size".
haftmann@25184
  1873
haftmann@25184
  1874
* Class "div" now inherits from class "times" rather than "type".
haftmann@25184
  1875
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@24800
  1876
wenzelm@24800
  1877
* HOL/Finite_Set: "name-space" locales Lattice, Distrib_lattice,
wenzelm@24800
  1878
Linorder etc.  have disappeared; operations defined in terms of
wenzelm@24800
  1879
fold_set now are named Inf_fin, Sup_fin.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@24800
  1880
wenzelm@25129
  1881
* HOL/Nat: neq0_conv no longer declared as iff.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@25129
  1882
wenzelm@24800
  1883
* HOL-Word: New extensive library and type for generic, fixed size
wenzelm@24800
  1884
machine words, with arithemtic, bit-wise, shifting and rotating
wenzelm@24800
  1885
operations, reflection into int, nat, and bool lists, automation for
wenzelm@24800
  1886
linear arithmetic (by automatic reflection into nat or int), including
wenzelm@24800
  1887
lemmas on overflow and monotonicity.  Instantiated to all appropriate
wenzelm@24800
  1888
arithmetic type classes, supporting automatic simplification of
wenzelm@24800
  1889
numerals on all operations.
kleing@24333
  1890
kleing@24333
  1891
* Library/Boolean_Algebra: locales for abstract boolean algebras.
kleing@24333
  1892
kleing@24333
  1893
* Library/Numeral_Type: numbers as types, e.g. TYPE(32).
kleing@24333
  1894
haftmann@23850
  1895
* Code generator library theories:
haftmann@24993
  1896
  - Code_Integer represents HOL integers by big integer literals in target
haftmann@23850
  1897
    languages.
haftmann@24993
  1898
  - Code_Char represents HOL characters by character literals in target
haftmann@23850
  1899
    languages.
haftmann@24993
  1900
  - Code_Char_chr like Code_Char, but also offers treatment of character
haftmann@24993
  1901
    codes; includes Code_Integer.
wenzelm@24800
  1902
  - Executable_Set allows to generate code for finite sets using lists.
wenzelm@24800
  1903
  - Executable_Rat implements rational numbers as triples (sign, enumerator,
haftmann@23850
  1904
    denominator).
wenzelm@24800
  1905
  - Executable_Real implements a subset of real numbers, namly those
haftmann@23850
  1906
    representable by rational numbers.
wenzelm@24800
  1907
  - Efficient_Nat implements natural numbers by integers, which in general will
haftmann@23850
  1908
    result in higher efficency; pattern matching with 0/Suc is eliminated;
haftmann@24993
  1909
    includes Code_Integer.
haftmann@24993
  1910
  - Code_Index provides an additional datatype index which is mapped to
haftmann@24993
  1911
    target-language built-in integers.
haftmann@26355
  1912
  - Code_Message provides an additional datatype message_string which is isomorphic to
haftmann@24993
  1913
    strings; messages are mapped to target-language strings.
haftmann@23850
  1914
berghofe@23783
  1915
* New package for inductive predicates
berghofe@23783
  1916
berghofe@23783
  1917
  An n-ary predicate p with m parameters z_1, ..., z_m can now be defined via
berghofe@23783
  1918
berghofe@23783
  1919
    inductive
berghofe@23783
  1920
      p :: "U_1 => ... => U_m => T_1 => ... => T_n => bool"
berghofe@23783
  1921
      for z_1 :: U_1 and ... and z_n :: U_m
berghofe@23783
  1922
    where
berghofe@23783
  1923
      rule_1: "... ==> p z_1 ... z_m t_1_1 ... t_1_n"
berghofe@23783
  1924
    | ...
berghofe@23783
  1925
wenzelm@24800
  1926
  with full support for type-inference, rather than
berghofe@23783
  1927
berghofe@23783
  1928
    consts s :: "U_1 => ... => U_m => (T_1 * ... * T_n) set"
berghofe@23783
  1929
berghofe@23783
  1930
    abbreviation p :: "U_1 => ... => U_m => T_1 => ... => T_n => bool"
berghofe@23783
  1931
    where "p z_1 ... z_m x_1 ... x_n == (x_1, ..., x_n) : s z_1 ... z_m"
berghofe@23783
  1932
berghofe@23783
  1933
    inductive "s z_1 ... z_m"
berghofe@23783
  1934
    intros
berghofe@23783
  1935
      rule_1: "... ==> (t_1_1, ..., t_1_n) : s z_1 ... z_m"
berghofe@23783
  1936
      ...
berghofe@23783
  1937
berghofe@23783
  1938
  For backward compatibility, there is a wrapper allowing inductive
berghofe@23783
  1939
  sets to be defined with the new package via
berghofe@23783
  1940
berghofe@23783
  1941
    inductive_set
berghofe@23783
  1942
      s :: "U_1 => ... => U_m => (T_1 * ... * T_n) set"
berghofe@23783
  1943
      for z_1 :: U_1 and ... and z_n :: U_m
berghofe@23783
  1944
    where
berghofe@23783
  1945
      rule_1: "... ==> (t_1_1, ..., t_1_n) : s z_1 ... z_m"
berghofe@23783
  1946
    | ...
berghofe@23783
  1947
berghofe@23783
  1948
  or
berghofe@23783
  1949
berghofe@23783
  1950
    inductive_set
berghofe@23783
  1951
      s :: "U_1 => ... => U_m => (T_1 * ... * T_n) set"
berghofe@23783
  1952
      and p :: "U_1 => ... => U_m => T_1 => ... => T_n => bool"
berghofe@23783
  1953
      for z_1 :: U_1 and ... and z_n :: U_m
berghofe@23783
  1954
    where
berghofe@23783
  1955
      "p z_1 ... z_m x_1 ... x_n == (x_1, ..., x_n) : s z_1 ... z_m"
berghofe@23783
  1956
    | rule_1: "... ==> p z_1 ... z_m t_1_1 ... t_1_n"
berghofe@23783
  1957
    | ...
berghofe@23783
  1958
berghofe@23783
  1959
  if the additional syntax "p ..." is required.
berghofe@23783
  1960
wenzelm@25177
  1961
  Numerous examples can be found in the subdirectories src/HOL/Auth,
wenzelm@25177
  1962
  src/HOL/Bali, src/HOL/Induct, and src/HOL/MicroJava.
berghofe@23783
  1963
berghofe@23783
  1964
  INCOMPATIBILITIES:
berghofe@23783
  1965
berghofe@23783
  1966
  - Since declaration and definition of inductive sets or predicates
wenzelm@24800
  1967
    is no longer separated, abbreviations involving the newly
wenzelm@24800
  1968
    introduced sets or predicates must be specified together with the
wenzelm@24800
  1969
    introduction rules after the 'where' keyword (see above), rather
wenzelm@24800
  1970
    than before the actual inductive definition.
wenzelm@24800
  1971
wenzelm@24800
  1972
  - The variables in induction and elimination rules are now
wenzelm@24800
  1973
    quantified in the order of their occurrence in the introduction
wenzelm@24800
  1974
    rules, rather than in alphabetical order. Since this may break
wenzelm@24800
  1975
    some proofs, these proofs either have to be repaired, e.g. by
wenzelm@24800
  1976
    reordering the variables a_i_1 ... a_i_{k_i} in Isar 'case'
wenzelm@24800
  1977
    statements of the form
berghofe@23783
  1978
berghofe@23783
  1979
      case (rule_i a_i_1 ... a_i_{k_i})
berghofe@23783
  1980
berghofe@23783
  1981
    or the old order of quantification has to be restored by explicitly adding
berghofe@23783
  1982
    meta-level quantifiers in the introduction rules, i.e.
berghofe@23783
  1983
berghofe@23783
  1984
      | rule_i: "!!a_i_1 ... a_i_{k_i}. ... ==> p z_1 ... z_m t_i_1 ... t_i_n"
berghofe@23783
  1985
berghofe@23783
  1986
  - The format of the elimination rules is now
berghofe@23783
  1987
berghofe@23783
  1988
      p z_1 ... z_m x_1 ... x_n ==>
berghofe@23783
  1989
        (!!a_1_1 ... a_1_{k_1}. x_1 = t_1_1 ==> ... ==> x_n = t_1_n ==> ... ==> P)
berghofe@23783
  1990
        ==> ... ==> P
berghofe@23783
  1991
berghofe@23783
  1992
    for predicates and
berghofe@23783
  1993
berghofe@23783
  1994
      (x_1, ..., x_n) : s z_1 ... z_m ==>
berghofe@23783
  1995
        (!!a_1_1 ... a_1_{k_1}. x_1 = t_1_1 ==> ... ==> x_n = t_1_n ==> ... ==> P)
berghofe@23783
  1996
        ==> ... ==> P
berghofe@23783
  1997
berghofe@23783
  1998
    for sets rather than
berghofe@23783
  1999
berghofe@23783
  2000
      x : s z_1 ... z_m ==>
berghofe@23783
  2001
        (!!a_1_1 ... a_1_{k_1}. x = (t_1_1, ..., t_1_n) ==> ... ==> P)
berghofe@23783
  2002
        ==> ... ==> P
berghofe@23783
  2003
wenzelm@24800
  2004
    This may require terms in goals to be expanded to n-tuples
wenzelm@24800
  2005
    (e.g. using case_tac or simplification with the split_paired_all
wenzelm@24800
  2006
    rule) before the above elimination rule is applicable.
wenzelm@24800
  2007
wenzelm@24800
  2008
  - The elimination or case analysis rules for (mutually) inductive
wenzelm@24800
  2009
    sets or predicates are now called "p_1.cases" ... "p_k.cases". The
wenzelm@24800
  2010
    list of rules "p_1_..._p_k.elims" is no longer available.
berghofe@23783
  2011
krauss@25198
  2012
* New package "function"/"fun" for general recursive functions,
krauss@25198
  2013
supporting mutual and nested recursion, definitions in local contexts,
krauss@25198
  2014
more general pattern matching and partiality. See HOL/ex/Fundefs.thy
krauss@25198
  2015
for small examples, and the separate tutorial on the function
krauss@25198
  2016
package. The old recdef "package" is still available as before, but
krauss@25198
  2017
users are encouraged to use the new package.
krauss@25198
  2018
krauss@25198
  2019
* Method "lexicographic_order" automatically synthesizes termination
krauss@25198
  2020
relations as lexicographic combinations of size measures. 
krauss@25198
  2021
wenzelm@24800
  2022
* Case-expressions allow arbitrary constructor-patterns (including
wenzelm@24800
  2023
"_") and take their order into account, like in functional
wenzelm@24800
  2024
programming.  Internally, this is translated into nested
wenzelm@24800
  2025
case-expressions; missing cases are added and mapped to the predefined
wenzelm@24800
  2026
constant "undefined". In complicated cases printing may no longer show
wenzelm@24800
  2027
the original input but the internal form. Lambda-abstractions allow
wenzelm@24800
  2028
the same form of pattern matching: "% pat1 => e1 | ..." is an
wenzelm@24800
  2029
abbreviation for "%x. case x of pat1 => e1 | ..." where x is a new
wenzelm@24800
  2030
variable.
nipkow@23564
  2031
huffman@23468
  2032
* IntDef: The constant "int :: nat => int" has been removed; now "int"
wenzelm@24800
  2033
is an abbreviation for "of_nat :: nat => int". The simplification
wenzelm@24800
  2034
rules for "of_nat" have been changed to work like "int" did
wenzelm@24800
  2035
previously.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY:
huffman@23468
  2036
  - "of_nat (Suc m)" simplifies to "1 + of_nat m" instead of "of_nat m + 1"
huffman@23468
  2037
  - of_nat_diff and of_nat_mult are no longer default simp rules
huffman@23377
  2038
chaieb@23295
  2039
* Method "algebra" solves polynomial equations over (semi)rings using
wenzelm@24800
  2040
Groebner bases. The (semi)ring structure is defined by locales and the
wenzelm@24800
  2041
tool setup depends on that generic context. Installing the method for
wenzelm@24800
  2042
a specific type involves instantiating the locale and possibly adding
wenzelm@24800
  2043
declarations for computation on the coefficients.  The method is
wenzelm@24800
  2044
already instantiated for natural numbers and for the axiomatic class
wenzelm@24800
  2045
of idoms with numerals.  See also the paper by Chaieb and Wenzel at
wenzelm@24800
  2046
CALCULEMUS 2007 for the general principles underlying this
wenzelm@24800
  2047
architecture of context-aware proof-tools.
wenzelm@24800
  2048
wenzelm@25033
  2049
* Method "ferrack" implements quantifier elimination over
wenzelm@25033
  2050
special-purpose dense linear orders using locales (analogous to
wenzelm@25033
  2051
"algebra"). The method is already installed for class
wenzelm@25033
  2052
{ordered_field,recpower,number_ring} which subsumes real, hyperreal,
wenzelm@25033
  2053
rat, etc.
wenzelm@25033
  2054
wenzelm@24800
  2055
* Former constant "List.op @" now named "List.append".  Use ML
wenzelm@24800
  2056
antiquotations @{const_name List.append} or @{term " ... @ ... "} to
wenzelm@24800
  2057
circumvent possible incompatibilities when working on ML level.
wenzelm@24800
  2058
haftmann@24996
  2059
* primrec: missing cases mapped to "undefined" instead of "arbitrary".
haftmann@22845
  2060
wenzelm@24800
  2061
* New function listsum :: 'a list => 'a for arbitrary monoids.
wenzelm@24800
  2062
Special syntax: "SUM x <- xs. f x" (and latex variants)
wenzelm@24800
  2063
wenzelm@24800
  2064
* New syntax for Haskell-like list comprehension (input only), eg.
wenzelm@25177
  2065
[(x,y). x <- xs, y <- ys, x ~= y], see also src/HOL/List.thy.
wenzelm@24800
  2066
wenzelm@24800
  2067
* The special syntax for function "filter" has changed from [x :
wenzelm@24800
  2068
xs. P] to [x <- xs. P] to avoid an ambiguity caused by list
wenzelm@24800
  2069
comprehension syntax, and for uniformity.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@24800
  2070
wenzelm@24800
  2071
* [a..b] is now defined for arbitrary linear orders.  It used to be
wenzelm@24800
  2072
defined on nat only, as an abbreviation for [a..<Suc b]
wenzelm@24800
  2073
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@24800
  2074
wenzelm@24800
  2075
* Renamed lemma "set_take_whileD"  to "set_takeWhileD".
wenzelm@24800
  2076
wenzelm@25177
  2077
* New functions "sorted" and "sort" in src/HOL/List.thy.
wenzelm@24800
  2078
wenzelm@24800
  2079
* New lemma collection field_simps (an extension of ring_simps) for
wenzelm@24800
  2080
manipulating (in)equations involving division. Multiplies with all
wenzelm@24800
  2081
denominators that can be proved to be non-zero (in equations) or
wenzelm@24800
  2082
positive/negative (in inequations).
nipkow@23480
  2083
nipkow@23480
  2084
* Lemma collections ring_eq_simps, group_eq_simps and ring_distrib
wenzelm@24800
  2085
have been improved and renamed to ring_simps, group_simps and
wenzelm@24800
  2086
ring_distribs.  Removed lemmas field_xyz in theory Ring_and_Field
wenzelm@24800
  2087
because they were subsumed by lemmas xyz.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@24800
  2088
wenzelm@25177
  2089
* Theory Library/Commutative_Ring: switched from recdef to function
wenzelm@24800
  2090
package; constants add, mul, pow now curried.  Infix syntax for
wenzelm@24800
  2091
algebraic operations.
haftmann@22735
  2092
wenzelm@24800
  2093
* Dropped redundant lemma def_imp_eq in favor of meta_eq_to_obj_eq.
haftmann@22218
  2094
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@22218
  2095
wenzelm@24800
  2096
* Dropped redundant lemma if_def2 in favor of if_bool_eq_conj.
haftmann@22218
  2097
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@22218
  2098
wenzelm@22126
  2099
* HOL/records: generalised field-update to take a function on the
wenzelm@22126
  2100
field rather than the new value: r(|A := x|) is translated to A_update
wenzelm@22126
  2101
(K x) r The K-combinator that is internally used is called K_record.
schirmer@21226
  2102
INCOMPATIBILITY: Usage of the plain update functions has to be
schirmer@21226
  2103
adapted.
schirmer@21226
  2104
 
wenzelm@24800
  2105
* Class "semiring_0" now contains annihilation axioms x * 0 = 0 and 0
wenzelm@24800
  2106
* x = 0, which are required for a semiring.  Richer structures do not
wenzelm@24800
  2107
inherit from semiring_0 anymore, because this property is a theorem
wenzelm@24800
  2108
there, not an axiom.  INCOMPATIBILITY: In instances of semiring_0,
wenzelm@24800
  2109
there is more to prove, but this is mostly trivial.
wenzelm@24800
  2110
wenzelm@24800
  2111
* Class "recpower" is generalized to arbitrary monoids, not just
wenzelm@24800
  2112
commutative semirings.  INCOMPATIBILITY: may need to incorporate
haftmann@25163
  2113
commutativity or semiring properties additionally.
haftmann@21215
  2114
haftmann@21099
  2115
* Constant "List.list_all2" in List.thy now uses authentic syntax.
wenzelm@24800
  2116
INCOMPATIBILITY: translations containing list_all2 may go wrong,
wenzelm@24800
  2117
better use 'abbreviation'.
wenzelm@24800
  2118
wenzelm@24800
  2119
* Renamed constant "List.op mem" to "List.member".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@24800
  2120
wenzelm@22126
  2121
* Numeral syntax: type 'bin' which was a mere type copy of 'int' has
wenzelm@24800
  2122
been abandoned in favour of plain 'int'.  INCOMPATIBILITY --
wenzelm@22126
  2123
significant changes for setting up numeral syntax for types:
wenzelm@24800
  2124
  - New constants Numeral.pred and Numeral.succ instead
haftmann@20485
  2125
      of former Numeral.bin_pred and Numeral.bin_succ.
haftmann@20485
  2126
  - Use integer operations instead of bin_add, bin_mult and so on.
haftmann@20485
  2127
  - Numeral simplification theorems named Numeral.numeral_simps instead of Bin_simps.
haftmann@20485
  2128
  - ML structure Bin_Simprocs now named Int_Numeral_Base_Simprocs.
haftmann@20485
  2129
wenzelm@25177
  2130
See src/HOL/Integ/IntArith.thy for an example setup.
wenzelm@25177
  2131
wenzelm@25177
  2132
* Command 'normal_form' computes the normal form of a term that may
wenzelm@25177
  2133
contain free variables.  For example ``normal_form "rev [a, b, c]"''
wenzelm@25177
  2134
produces ``[b, c, a]'' (without proof).  This command is suitable for
wenzelm@25177
  2135
heavy-duty computations because the functions are compiled to ML
wenzelm@25177
  2136
first.  Correspondingly, a method "normalization" is provided.  See
wenzelm@25177
  2137
further src/HOL/ex/NormalForm.thy and src/Tools/nbe.ML.
nipkow@19895
  2138
wenzelm@17996
  2139
* Alternative iff syntax "A <-> B" for equality on bool (with priority
wenzelm@17996
  2140
25 like -->); output depends on the "iff" print_mode, the default is
wenzelm@17996
  2141
"A = B" (with priority 50).
wenzelm@17996
  2142
wenzelm@21265
  2143
* Relations less (<) and less_eq (<=) are also available on type bool.
wenzelm@21265
  2144
Modified syntax to disallow nesting without explicit parentheses,
wenzelm@24800
  2145
e.g. "(x < y) < z" or "x < (y < z)", but NOT "x < y < z".  Potential
wenzelm@24800
  2146
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@21265
  2147
nipkow@18674
  2148
* "LEAST x:A. P" expands to "LEAST x. x:A & P" (input only).
nipkow@18674
  2149
krauss@20716
  2150
* Relation composition operator "op O" now has precedence 75 and binds
krauss@20716
  2151
stronger than union and intersection. INCOMPATIBILITY.
krauss@20716
  2152
wenzelm@22126
  2153
* The old set interval syntax "{m..n(}" (and relatives) has been
wenzelm@22126
  2154
removed.  Use "{m..<n}" (and relatives) instead.
nipkow@19377
  2155
wenzelm@17865
  2156
* In the context of the assumption "~(s = t)" the Simplifier rewrites
wenzelm@24800
  2157
"t = s" to False (by simproc "neq").  INCOMPATIBILITY, consider using
wenzelm@24800
  2158
``declare [[simproc del: neq]]''.
wenzelm@24800
  2159
wenzelm@24800
  2160
* Simplifier: "m dvd n" where m and n are numbers is evaluated to
wenzelm@24800
  2161
True/False.
wenzelm@24800
  2162
wenzelm@24800
  2163
* Theorem Cons_eq_map_conv no longer declared as "simp".
nipkow@19211
  2164
ballarin@19279
  2165
* Theorem setsum_mult renamed to setsum_right_distrib.
ballarin@19279
  2166
nipkow@19211
  2167
* Prefer ex1I over ex_ex1I in single-step reasoning, e.g. by the
wenzelm@22126
  2168
``rule'' method.
wenzelm@22126
  2169
wenzelm@24800
  2170
* Reimplemented methods "sat" and "satx", with several improvements:
wenzelm@24800
  2171
goals no longer need to be stated as "<prems> ==> False", equivalences
wenzelm@24800
  2172
(i.e. "=" on type bool) are handled, variable names of the form
wenzelm@24800
  2173
"lit_<n>" are no longer reserved, significant speedup.
wenzelm@24800
  2174
wenzelm@24800
  2175
* Methods "sat" and "satx" can now replay MiniSat proof traces.
wenzelm@22126
  2176
zChaff is still supported as well.
wenzelm@22126
  2177
wenzelm@22126
  2178
* 'inductive' and 'datatype': provide projections of mutual rules,
wenzelm@22126
  2179
bundled as foo_bar.inducts;
wenzelm@22126
  2180
wenzelm@22126
  2181
* Library: moved theories Parity, GCD, Binomial, Infinite_Set to
wenzelm@22126
  2182
Library.
wenzelm@21256
  2183
wenzelm@21256
  2184
* Library: moved theory Accessible_Part to main HOL.
wenzelm@19572
  2185
wenzelm@18446
  2186
* Library: added theory Coinductive_List of potentially infinite lists
wenzelm@18446
  2187
as greatest fixed-point.
wenzelm@18399
  2188
wenzelm@19254
  2189
* Library: added theory AssocList which implements (finite) maps as
schirmer@19252
  2190
association lists.
webertj@17809
  2191
wenzelm@24800
  2192
* Method "evaluation" solves goals (i.e. a boolean expression)
wenzelm@24800
  2193
efficiently by compiling it to ML.  The goal is "proved" (via an
wenzelm@24800
  2194
oracle) if it evaluates to True.
wenzelm@20807
  2195
wenzelm@20807
  2196
* Linear arithmetic now splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
wenzelm@24800
  2197
also when invoked by the simplifier.  This results in the Simplifier
wenzelm@24800
  2198
being more powerful on arithmetic goals.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@24800
  2199
Configuration option fast_arith_split_limit=0 recovers the old
wenzelm@24800
  2200
behavior.
webertj@20217
  2201
wenzelm@22126
  2202
* Support for hex (0x20) and binary (0b1001) numerals.
wenzelm@19254
  2203
wenzelm@20807
  2204
* New method: reify eqs (t), where eqs are equations for an
wenzelm@20807
  2205
interpretation I :: 'a list => 'b => 'c and t::'c is an optional
wenzelm@20807
  2206
parameter, computes a term s::'b and a list xs::'a list and proves the
wenzelm@20807
  2207
theorem I xs s = t. This is also known as reification or quoting. The
wenzelm@20807
  2208
resulting theorem is applied to the subgoal to substitute t with I xs
wenzelm@20807
  2209
s.  If t is omitted, the subgoal itself is reified.
wenzelm@20807
  2210
wenzelm@20807
  2211
* New method: reflection corr_thm eqs (t). The parameters eqs and (t)
wenzelm@20807
  2212
are as explained above. corr_thm is a theorem for I vs (f t) = I vs t,
wenzelm@20807
  2213
where f is supposed to be a computable function (in the sense of code
wenzelm@20807
  2214
generattion). The method uses reify to compute s and xs as above then
wenzelm@20807
  2215
applies corr_thm and uses normalization by evaluation to "prove" f s =
wenzelm@20807
  2216
r and finally gets the theorem t = r, which is again applied to the
wenzelm@25177
  2217
subgoal. An Example is available in src/HOL/ex/ReflectionEx.thy.
wenzelm@25177
  2218
wenzelm@25177
  2219
* Reflection: Automatic reification now handels binding, an example is
wenzelm@25177
  2220
available in src/HOL/ex/ReflectionEx.thy
wenzelm@20807
  2221
wenzelm@25397
  2222
* HOL-Statespace: ``State Spaces: The Locale Way'' introduces a
schirmer@25409
  2223
command 'statespace' that is similar to 'record', but introduces an
wenzelm@25397
  2224
abstract specification based on the locale infrastructure instead of
wenzelm@25397
  2225
HOL types.  This leads to extra flexibility in composing state spaces,
wenzelm@25397
  2226
in particular multiple inheritance and renaming of components.
wenzelm@25397
  2227
wenzelm@25397
  2228
wenzelm@19653
  2229
*** HOL-Complex ***
wenzelm@19653
  2230
huffman@22971
  2231
* Hyperreal: Functions root and sqrt are now defined on negative real
huffman@22971
  2232
inputs so that root n (- x) = - root n x and sqrt (- x) = - sqrt x.
huffman@22971
  2233
Nonnegativity side conditions have been removed from many lemmas, so
huffman@22971
  2234
that more subgoals may now be solved by simplification; potential
huffman@22971
  2235
INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@22971
  2236
wenzelm@24800
  2237
* Real: new type classes formalize real normed vector spaces and
huffman@21791
  2238
algebras, using new overloaded constants scaleR :: real => 'a => 'a
huffman@21791
  2239
and norm :: 'a => real.
huffman@21791
  2240
wenzelm@24800
  2241
* Real: constant of_real :: real => 'a::real_algebra_1 injects from
wenzelm@24800
  2242
reals into other types. The overloaded constant Reals :: 'a set is now
wenzelm@24800
  2243
defined as range of_real; potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@24800
  2244
wenzelm@24800
  2245
* Real: proper support for ML code generation, including 'quickcheck'.
nipkow@23013
  2246
Reals are implemented as arbitrary precision rationals.
nipkow@23013
  2247
wenzelm@22126
  2248
* Hyperreal: Several constants that previously worked only for the
wenzelm@22126
  2249
reals have been generalized, so they now work over arbitrary vector
wenzelm@22126
  2250
spaces. Type annotations may need to be added in some cases; potential
wenzelm@22126
  2251
INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@21791
  2252
huffman@22972
  2253
  Infinitesimal  :: ('a::real_normed_vector) star set
huffman@22972
  2254
  HFinite        :: ('a::real_normed_vector) star set
huffman@22972
  2255
  HInfinite      :: ('a::real_normed_vector) star set
huffman@21791
  2256
  approx         :: ('a::real_normed_vector) star => 'a star => bool
huffman@21791
  2257
  monad          :: ('a::real_normed_vector) star => 'a star set
huffman@21791
  2258
  galaxy         :: ('a::real_normed_vector) star => 'a star set
huffman@22972
  2259
  (NS)LIMSEQ     :: [nat => 'a::real_normed_vector, 'a] => bool
huffman@21791
  2260
  (NS)convergent :: (nat => 'a::real_normed_vector) => bool
huffman@21791
  2261
  (NS)Bseq       :: (nat => 'a::real_normed_vector) => bool
huffman@21791
  2262
  (NS)Cauchy     :: (nat => 'a::real_normed_vector) => bool
huffman@21791
  2263
  (NS)LIM        :: ['a::real_normed_vector => 'b::real_normed_vector, 'a, 'b] => bool
huffman@21791
  2264
  is(NS)Cont     :: ['a::real_normed_vector => 'b::real_normed_vector, 'a] => bool
huffman@21791
  2265
  deriv          :: ['a::real_normed_field => 'a, 'a, 'a] => bool
huffman@22972
  2266
  sgn            :: 'a::real_normed_vector => 'a
huffman@23116
  2267
  exp            :: 'a::{recpower,real_normed_field,banach} => 'a
huffman@21791
  2268
huffman@21791
  2269
* Complex: Some complex-specific constants are now abbreviations for
wenzelm@22126
  2270
overloaded ones: complex_of_real = of_real, cmod = norm, hcmod =
wenzelm@22126
  2271
hnorm.  Other constants have been entirely removed in favor of the
wenzelm@22126
  2272
polymorphic versions (INCOMPATIBILITY):
huffman@21791
  2273
huffman@21791
  2274
  approx        <-- capprox
huffman@21791
  2275
  HFinite       <-- CFinite
huffman@21791
  2276
  HInfinite     <-- CInfinite
huffman@21791
  2277
  Infinitesimal <-- CInfinitesimal
huffman@21791
  2278
  monad         <-- cmonad
huffman@21791
  2279
  galaxy        <-- cgalaxy
huffman@21791
  2280
  (NS)LIM       <-- (NS)CLIM, (NS)CRLIM
huffman@21791
  2281
  is(NS)Cont    <-- is(NS)Contc, is(NS)contCR
huffman@21791
  2282
  (ns)deriv     <-- (ns)cderiv
huffman@21791
  2283
wenzelm@19653
  2284
wenzelm@24801
  2285
*** HOL-Algebra ***
wenzelm@24801
  2286
wenzelm@24801
  2287
* Formalisation of ideals and the quotient construction over rings.
wenzelm@24801
  2288
wenzelm@24801
  2289
* Order and lattice theory no longer based on records.
wenzelm@24801
  2290
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@24801
  2291
wenzelm@24801
  2292
* Renamed lemmas least_carrier -> least_closed and greatest_carrier ->
wenzelm@24801
  2293
greatest_closed.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@24801
  2294
wenzelm@24801
  2295
* Method algebra is now set up via an attribute.  For examples see
wenzelm@24801
  2296
Ring.thy.  INCOMPATIBILITY: the method is now weaker on combinations
wenzelm@24801
  2297
of algebraic structures.
wenzelm@24801
  2298
wenzelm@24801
  2299
* Renamed theory CRing to Ring.
wenzelm@24801
  2300
wenzelm@24801
  2301
wenzelm@24801
  2302
*** HOL-Nominal ***
wenzelm@24801
  2303
wenzelm@25148
  2304
* Substantial, yet incomplete support for nominal datatypes (binding
wenzelm@25177
  2305
structures) based on HOL-Nominal logic.  See src/HOL/Nominal and
wenzelm@25177
  2306
src/HOL/Nominal/Examples.  Prospective users should consult
wenzelm@25148
  2307
http://isabelle.in.tum.de/nominal/
wenzelm@25148
  2308
wenzelm@24801
  2309
wenzelm@17878
  2310
*** ML ***
wenzelm@17878
  2311
wenzelm@24643
  2312
* ML basics: just one true type int, which coincides with IntInf.int
wenzelm@24643
  2313
(even on SML/NJ).
wenzelm@24643
  2314
wenzelm@22138
  2315
* ML within Isar: antiquotations allow to embed statically-checked
wenzelm@22138
  2316
formal entities in the source, referring to the context available at
wenzelm@22138
  2317
compile-time.  For example:
wenzelm@22138
  2318
wenzelm@25142
  2319
ML {* @{sort "{zero,one}"} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2320
ML {* @{typ "'a => 'b"} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2321
ML {* @{term "%x. x"} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2322
ML {* @{prop "x == y"} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2323
ML {* @{ctyp "'a => 'b"} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2324
ML {* @{cterm "%x. x"} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2325
ML {* @{cprop "x == y"} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2326
ML {* @{thm asm_rl} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2327
ML {* @{thms asm_rl} *}
wenzelm@24692
  2328
ML {* @{type_name c} *}
wenzelm@25142
  2329
ML {* @{type_syntax c} *}
wenzelm@22376
  2330
ML {* @{const_name c} *}
wenzelm@22376
  2331
ML {* @{const_syntax c} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2332
ML {* @{context} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2333
ML {* @{theory} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2334
ML {* @{theory Pure} *}
wenzelm@24692
  2335
ML {* @{theory_ref} *}
wenzelm@24692
  2336
ML {* @{theory_ref Pure} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2337
ML {* @{simpset} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2338
ML {* @{claset} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2339
ML {* @{clasimpset} *}
wenzelm@22138
  2340
wenzelm@22151
  2341
The same works for sources being ``used'' within an Isar context.
wenzelm@22151
  2342
wenzelm@22152
  2343
* ML in Isar: improved error reporting; extra verbosity with
wenzelm@24706
  2344
ML_Context.trace enabled.
wenzelm@22152
  2345
wenzelm@19032
  2346
* Pure/General/table.ML: the join operations now works via exceptions
wenzelm@24706
  2347
DUP/SAME instead of type option. This is simpler in simple cases, and
wenzelm@19081
  2348
admits slightly more efficient complex applications.
wenzelm@18446
  2349
wenzelm@24800
  2350
* Pure: 'advanced' translation functions (parse_translation etc.) now
wenzelm@24800
  2351
use Context.generic instead of just theory.
wenzelm@24800
  2352
wenzelm@18642
  2353
* Pure: datatype Context.generic joins theory/Proof.context and
wenzelm@18644
  2354
provides some facilities for code that works in either kind of
wenzelm@18642
  2355
context, notably GenericDataFun for uniform theory and proof data.
wenzelm@18642
  2356
wenzelm@18737
  2357
* Pure: simplified internal attribute type, which is now always
wenzelm@24706
  2358
Context.generic * thm -> Context.generic * thm. Global (theory) vs.
wenzelm@24706
  2359
local (Proof.context) attributes have been discontinued, while
wenzelm@24706
  2360
minimizing code duplication. Thm.rule_attribute and
wenzelm@24706
  2361
Thm.declaration_attribute build canonical attributes; see also structure
wenzelm@24706
  2362
Context for further operations on Context.generic, notably
wenzelm@24706
  2363
GenericDataFun. INCOMPATIBILITY, need to adapt attribute type
wenzelm@19006
  2364
declarations and definitions.
wenzelm@19006
  2365
wenzelm@24800
  2366
* Context data interfaces (Theory/Proof/GenericDataFun): removed
wenzelm@24800
  2367
name/print, uninitialized data defaults to ad-hoc copy of empty value,
wenzelm@24800
  2368
init only required for impure data. INCOMPATIBILITY: empty really need
wenzelm@24800
  2369
to be empty (no dependencies on theory content!)
wenzelm@24800
  2370
wenzelm@19508
  2371
* Pure/kernel: consts certification ignores sort constraints given in
wenzelm@24800
  2372
signature declarations. (This information is not relevant to the
wenzelm@24800
  2373
logic, but only for type inference.) SIGNIFICANT INTERNAL CHANGE,
wenzelm@24800
  2374
potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@19508
  2375
wenzelm@19508
  2376
* Pure: axiomatic type classes are now purely definitional, with
wenzelm@19508
  2377
explicit proofs of class axioms and super class relations performed
wenzelm@24706
  2378
internally. See Pure/axclass.ML for the main internal interfaces --
wenzelm@19508
  2379
notably AxClass.define_class supercedes AxClass.add_axclass, and
wenzelm@24706
  2380
AxClass.axiomatize_class/classrel/arity supersede
wenzelm@19508
  2381
Sign.add_classes/classrel/arities.
wenzelm@19508
  2382
wenzelm@19006
  2383
* Pure/Isar: Args/Attrib parsers operate on Context.generic --
wenzelm@19006
  2384
global/local versions on theory vs. Proof.context have been
wenzelm@19006
  2385
discontinued; Attrib.syntax and Method.syntax have been adapted
wenzelm@19006
  2386
accordingly.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to adapt parser expressions for
wenzelm@19006
  2387
attributes, methods, etc.
wenzelm@18642
  2388
wenzelm@18446
  2389
* Pure: several functions of signature "... -> theory -> theory * ..."
wenzelm@18446
  2390
have been reoriented to "... -> theory -> ... * theory" in order to
wenzelm@18446
  2391
allow natural usage in combination with the ||>, ||>>, |-> and
wenzelm@18446
  2392
fold_map combinators.
haftmann@18051
  2393
wenzelm@21647
  2394
* Pure: official theorem names (closed derivations) and additional
wenzelm@21647
  2395
comments (tags) are now strictly separate.  Name hints -- which are
wenzelm@21647
  2396
maintained as tags -- may be attached any time without affecting the
wenzelm@21647
  2397
derivation.
wenzelm@21647
  2398
wenzelm@18020
  2399
* Pure: primitive rule lift_rule now takes goal cterm instead of an
wenzelm@18145
  2400
actual goal state (thm).  Use Thm.lift_rule (Thm.cprem_of st i) to
wenzelm@18020
  2401
achieve the old behaviour.
wenzelm@18020
  2402
wenzelm@18020
  2403
* Pure: the "Goal" constant is now called "prop", supporting a
wenzelm@18020
  2404
slightly more general idea of ``protecting'' meta-level rule
wenzelm@18020
  2405
statements.
wenzelm@18020
  2406
wenzelm@20040
  2407
* Pure: Logic.(un)varify only works in a global context, which is now
wenzelm@20040
  2408
enforced instead of silently assumed.  INCOMPATIBILITY, may use
wenzelm@20040
  2409
Logic.legacy_(un)varify as temporary workaround.
wenzelm@20040
  2410
wenzelm@20090
  2411
* Pure: structure Name provides scalable operations for generating
wenzelm@20090
  2412
internal variable names, notably Name.variants etc.  This replaces
wenzelm@20090
  2413
some popular functions from term.ML:
wenzelm@20090
  2414
wenzelm@20090
  2415
  Term.variant		->  Name.variant
wenzelm@24800
  2416
  Term.variantlist	->  Name.variant_list
wenzelm@20090
  2417
  Term.invent_names	->  Name.invent_list
wenzelm@20090
  2418
wenzelm@20090
  2419
Note that low-level renaming rarely occurs in new code -- operations
wenzelm@20090
  2420
from structure Variable are used instead (see below).
wenzelm@20090
  2421
wenzelm@20040
  2422
* Pure: structure Variable provides fundamental operations for proper
wenzelm@20040
  2423
treatment of fixed/schematic variables in a context.  For example,
wenzelm@20040
  2424
Variable.import introduces fixes for schematics of given facts and
wenzelm@20040
  2425
Variable.export reverses the effect (up to renaming) -- this replaces
wenzelm@20040
  2426
various freeze_thaw operations.
wenzelm@20040
  2427
wenzelm@18567
  2428
* Pure: structure Goal provides simple interfaces for
wenzelm@17981
  2429
init/conclude/finish and tactical prove operations (replacing former
wenzelm@20040
  2430
Tactic.prove).  Goal.prove is the canonical way to prove results
wenzelm@20040
  2431
within a given context; Goal.prove_global is a degraded version for
wenzelm@20040
  2432
theory level goals, including a global Drule.standard.  Note that
wenzelm@20040
  2433
OldGoals.prove_goalw_cterm has long been obsolete, since it is
wenzelm@20040
  2434
ill-behaved in a local proof context (e.g. with local fixes/assumes or
wenzelm@20040
  2435
in a locale context).
wenzelm@17981
  2436
wenzelm@24706
  2437
* Pure/Syntax: generic interfaces for parsing (Syntax.parse_term etc.)
wenzelm@24706
  2438
and type checking (Syntax.check_term etc.), with common combinations
wenzelm@24706
  2439
(Syntax.read_term etc.). These supersede former Sign.read_term etc.
wenzelm@24706
  2440
which are considered legacy and await removal.
wenzelm@24706
  2441
wenzelm@24920
  2442
* Pure/Syntax: generic interfaces for type unchecking
wenzelm@24920
  2443
(Syntax.uncheck_terms etc.) and unparsing (Syntax.unparse_term etc.),
wenzelm@24920
  2444
with common combinations (Syntax.pretty_term, Syntax.string_of_term
wenzelm@24920
  2445
etc.).  Former Sign.pretty_term, Sign.string_of_term etc. are still
wenzelm@24924
  2446
available for convenience, but refer to the very same operations using
wenzelm@24924
  2447
a mere theory instead of a full context.
wenzelm@24920
  2448
wenzelm@18815
  2449
* Isar: simplified treatment of user-level errors, using exception
wenzelm@18687
  2450
ERROR of string uniformly.  Function error now merely raises ERROR,
wenzelm@18686
  2451
without any side effect on output channels.  The Isar toplevel takes
wenzelm@18686
  2452
care of proper display of ERROR exceptions.  ML code may use plain
wenzelm@18686
  2453
handle/can/try; cat_error may be used to concatenate errors like this:
wenzelm@18686
  2454
wenzelm@18686
  2455
  ... handle ERROR msg => cat_error msg "..."
wenzelm@18686
  2456
wenzelm@18686
  2457
Toplevel ML code (run directly or through the Isar toplevel) may be
wenzelm@18687
  2458
embedded into the Isar toplevel with exception display/debug like
wenzelm@18687
  2459
this:
wenzelm@18686
  2460
wenzelm@18686
  2461
  Isar.toplevel (fn () => ...)
wenzelm@18686
  2462
wenzelm@18686
  2463
INCOMPATIBILITY, removed special transform_error facilities, removed
wenzelm@18686
  2464
obsolete variants of user-level exceptions (ERROR_MESSAGE,
wenzelm@18686
  2465
Context.PROOF, ProofContext.CONTEXT, Proof.STATE, ProofHistory.FAIL)
wenzelm@18686
  2466
-- use plain ERROR instead.
wenzelm@18686
  2467
wenzelm@18815
  2468
* Isar: theory setup now has type (theory -> theory), instead of a
wenzelm@18722
  2469
list.  INCOMPATIBILITY, may use #> to compose setup functions.
wenzelm@18722
  2470
wenzelm@24706
  2471
* Isar: ML toplevel pretty printer for type Proof.context, subject to
wenzelm@24706
  2472
ProofContext.debug/verbose flags.
wenzelm@18815
  2473
wenzelm@18815
  2474
* Isar: Toplevel.theory_to_proof admits transactions that modify the
wenzelm@18815
  2475
theory before entering a proof state.  Transactions now always see a
wenzelm@18815
  2476
quasi-functional intermediate checkpoint, both in interactive and
wenzelm@18590
  2477
batch mode.
wenzelm@18567
  2478
wenzelm@24867
  2479
* Isar: simplified interfaces for outer syntax.  Renamed
wenzelm@24867
  2480
OuterSyntax.add_keywords to OuterSyntax.keywords.  Removed
wenzelm@24867
  2481
OuterSyntax.add_parsers -- this functionality is now included in
wenzelm@24867
  2482
OuterSyntax.command etc.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@24867
  2483
wenzelm@17878
  2484
* Simplifier: the simpset of a running simplification process now
wenzelm@17878
  2485
contains a proof context (cf. Simplifier.the_context), which is the
wenzelm@17878
  2486
very context that the initial simpset has been retrieved from (by
wenzelm@17890
  2487
simpset_of/local_simpset_of).  Consequently, all plug-in components
wenzelm@17878
  2488
(solver, looper etc.) may depend on arbitrary proof data.
wenzelm@17878
  2489
wenzelm@17878
  2490
* Simplifier.inherit_context inherits the proof context (plus the
wenzelm@17878
  2491
local bounds) of the current simplification process; any simproc
wenzelm@17878
  2492
etc. that calls the Simplifier recursively should do this!  Removed
wenzelm@17878
  2493
former Simplifier.inherit_bounds, which is already included here --
wenzelm@17890
  2494
INCOMPATIBILITY.  Tools based on low-level rewriting may even have to
wenzelm@17890
  2495
specify an explicit context using Simplifier.context/theory_context.
wenzelm@17878
  2496
wenzelm@17878
  2497
* Simplifier/Classical Reasoner: more abstract interfaces
wenzelm@17878
  2498
change_simpset/claset for modifying the simpset/claset reference of a
wenzelm@17878
  2499
theory; raw versions simpset/claset_ref etc. have been discontinued --
wenzelm@17878
  2500
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@17878
  2501
wenzelm@18540
  2502
* Provers: more generic wrt. syntax of object-logics, avoid hardwired
wenzelm@18540
  2503
"Trueprop" etc.
wenzelm@18540
  2504
wenzelm@17878
  2505
wenzelm@20988
  2506
*** System ***
wenzelm@20988
  2507
wenzelm@25433
  2508
* settings: the default heap location within ISABELLE_HOME_USER now
wenzelm@25433
  2509
includes ISABELLE_IDENTIFIER.  This simplifies use of multiple
wenzelm@25433
  2510
Isabelle installations.
wenzelm@21471
  2511
wenzelm@20988
  2512
* isabelle-process: option -S (secure mode) disables some critical
wenzelm@20988
  2513
operations, notably runtime compilation and evaluation of ML source
wenzelm@20988
  2514
code.
wenzelm@20988
  2515
wenzelm@24891
  2516
* Basic Isabelle mode for jEdit, see Isabelle/lib/jedit/.
wenzelm@24891
  2517
wenzelm@24801
  2518
* Support for parallel execution, using native multicore support of
wenzelm@24800
  2519
Poly/ML 5.1.  The theory loader exploits parallelism when processing
wenzelm@24800
  2520
independent theories, according to the given theory header
wenzelm@24800
  2521
specifications. The maximum number of worker threads is specified via
wenzelm@24800
  2522
usedir option -M or the "max-threads" setting in Proof General. A
wenzelm@24800
  2523
speedup factor of 1.5--3.5 can be expected on a 4-core machine, and up
wenzelm@24800
  2524
to 6 on a 8-core machine.  User-code needs to observe certain
wenzelm@24800
  2525
guidelines for thread-safe programming, see appendix A in the Isar
wenzelm@24800
  2526
Implementation manual.
wenzelm@24210
  2527
wenzelm@17754
  2528
wenzelm@25448
  2529
wenzelm@17720
  2530
New in Isabelle2005 (October 2005)
wenzelm@17720
  2531
----------------------------------
wenzelm@14655
  2532
wenzelm@14655
  2533
*** General ***
wenzelm@14655
  2534
nipkow@15130
  2535
* Theory headers: the new header syntax for Isar theories is
nipkow@15130
  2536
nipkow@15130
  2537
  theory <name>
wenzelm@16234
  2538
  imports <theory1> ... <theoryN>
wenzelm@16234
  2539
  uses <file1> ... <fileM>
nipkow@15130
  2540
  begin
nipkow@15130
  2541
wenzelm@16234
  2542
where the 'uses' part is optional.  The previous syntax
wenzelm@16234
  2543
wenzelm@16234
  2544
  theory <name> = <theory1> + ... + <theoryN>:
wenzelm@16234
  2545
wenzelm@16717
  2546
will disappear in the next release.  Use isatool fixheaders to convert
wenzelm@16717
  2547
existing theory files.  Note that there is no change in ancient
wenzelm@17371
  2548
non-Isar theories now, but these will disappear soon.
nipkow@15130
  2549
berghofe@15475
  2550
* Theory loader: parent theories can now also be referred to via
wenzelm@16234
  2551
relative and absolute paths.
wenzelm@16234
  2552
wenzelm@17408
  2553
* Command 'find_theorems' searches for a list of criteria instead of a
wenzelm@17408
  2554
list of constants. Known criteria are: intro, elim, dest, name:string,
wenzelm@17408
  2555
simp:term, and any term. Criteria can be preceded by '-' to select
wenzelm@17408
  2556
theorems that do not match. Intro, elim, dest select theorems that
wenzelm@17408
  2557
match the current goal, name:s selects theorems whose fully qualified
wenzelm@17408
  2558
name contain s, and simp:term selects all simplification rules whose
wenzelm@17408
  2559
lhs match term.  Any other term is interpreted as pattern and selects
wenzelm@17408
  2560
all theorems matching the pattern. Available in ProofGeneral under
wenzelm@17408
  2561
'ProofGeneral -> Find Theorems' or C-c C-f.  Example:
wenzelm@16234
  2562
wenzelm@17275
  2563
  C-c C-f (100) "(_::nat) + _ + _" intro -name: "HOL."
wenzelm@16234
  2564
wenzelm@16234
  2565
prints the last 100 theorems matching the pattern "(_::nat) + _ + _",
wenzelm@16234
  2566
matching the current goal as introduction rule and not having "HOL."
wenzelm@16234
  2567
in their name (i.e. not being defined in theory HOL).
wenzelm@16013
  2568
wenzelm@17408
  2569
* Command 'thms_containing' has been discontinued in favour of
wenzelm@17408
  2570
'find_theorems'; INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@17408
  2571
wenzelm@17385
  2572
* Communication with Proof General is now 8bit clean, which means that
wenzelm@17385
  2573
Unicode text in UTF-8 encoding may be used within theory texts (both
wenzelm@17408
  2574
formal and informal parts).  Cf. option -U of the Isabelle Proof
wenzelm@17538
  2575
General interface.  Here are some simple examples (cf. src/HOL/ex):
wenzelm@17538
  2576
wenzelm@17538
  2577
  http://isabelle.in.tum.de/library/HOL/ex/Hebrew.html
wenzelm@17538
  2578
  http://isabelle.in.tum.de/library/HOL/ex/Chinese.html
wenzelm@17385
  2579
wenzelm@17425
  2580
* Improved efficiency of the Simplifier and, to a lesser degree, the
wenzelm@17425
  2581
Classical Reasoner.  Typical big applications run around 2 times
wenzelm@17425
  2582
faster.
wenzelm@17425
  2583
wenzelm@15703
  2584
wenzelm@15703
  2585
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@15703
  2586
wenzelm@16234
  2587
* Commands 'display_drafts' and 'print_drafts' perform simple output
wenzelm@16234
  2588
of raw sources.  Only those symbols that do not require additional
wenzelm@16234
  2589
LaTeX packages (depending on comments in isabellesym.sty) are
wenzelm@16234
  2590
displayed properly, everything else is left verbatim.  isatool display
wenzelm@16234
  2591
and isatool print are used as front ends (these are subject to the
wenzelm@16234
  2592
DVI/PDF_VIEWER and PRINT_COMMAND settings, respectively).
wenzelm@16234
  2593
wenzelm@17047
  2594
* Command tags control specific markup of certain regions of text,
wenzelm@17047
  2595
notably folding and hiding.  Predefined tags include "theory" (for
wenzelm@17047
  2596
theory begin and end), "proof" for proof commands, and "ML" for
wenzelm@17047
  2597
commands involving ML code; the additional tags "visible" and
wenzelm@17047
  2598
"invisible" are unused by default.  Users may give explicit tag
wenzelm@17047
  2599
specifications in the text, e.g. ''by %invisible (auto)''.  The
wenzelm@17047
  2600
interpretation of tags is determined by the LaTeX job during document
wenzelm@17047
  2601
preparation: see option -V of isatool usedir, or options -n and -t of
wenzelm@17047
  2602
isatool document, or even the LaTeX macros \isakeeptag, \isafoldtag,
wenzelm@17047
  2603
\isadroptag.
wenzelm@17047
  2604
wenzelm@17047
  2605
Several document versions may be produced at the same time via isatool
wenzelm@17047
  2606
usedir (the generated index.html will link all of them).  Typical
wenzelm@17047
  2607
specifications include ''-V document=theory,proof,ML'' to present
wenzelm@17047
  2608
theory/proof/ML parts faithfully, ''-V outline=/proof,/ML'' to fold
wenzelm@17047
  2609
proof and ML commands, and ''-V mutilated=-theory,-proof,-ML'' to omit
wenzelm@17047
  2610
these parts without any formal replacement text.  The Isabelle site
wenzelm@17047
  2611
default settings produce ''document'' and ''outline'' versions as
wenzelm@17047
  2612
specified above.
wenzelm@16234
  2613
haftmann@17402
  2614
* Several new antiquotations:
wenzelm@15979
  2615
wenzelm@15979
  2616
  @{term_type term} prints a term with its type annotated;
wenzelm@15979
  2617
wenzelm@15979
  2618
  @{typeof term} prints the type of a term;
wenzelm@15979
  2619
wenzelm@16234
  2620
  @{const const} is the same as @{term const}, but checks that the
wenzelm@16234
  2621
  argument is a known logical constant;
wenzelm@15979
  2622
wenzelm@15979
  2623
  @{term_style style term} and @{thm_style style thm} print a term or
wenzelm@16234
  2624
  theorem applying a "style" to it
wenzelm@16234
  2625
wenzelm@17117
  2626
  @{ML text}
wenzelm@17117
  2627
wenzelm@16234
  2628
Predefined styles are 'lhs' and 'rhs' printing the lhs/rhs of
wenzelm@16234
  2629
definitions, equations, inequations etc., 'concl' printing only the
schirmer@17393
  2630
conclusion of a meta-logical statement theorem, and 'prem1' .. 'prem19'
wenzelm@16234
  2631
to print the specified premise.  TermStyle.add_style provides an ML
wenzelm@16234
  2632
interface for introducing further styles.  See also the "LaTeX Sugar"
wenzelm@17117
  2633
document practical applications.  The ML antiquotation prints
wenzelm@17117
  2634
type-checked ML expressions verbatim.
wenzelm@16234
  2635
wenzelm@17259
  2636
* Markup commands 'chapter', 'section', 'subsection', 'subsubsection',
wenzelm@17259
  2637
and 'text' support optional locale specification '(in loc)', which
wenzelm@17269
  2638
specifies the default context for interpreting antiquotations.  For
wenzelm@17269
  2639
example: 'text (in lattice) {* @{thm inf_assoc}*}'.
wenzelm@17259
  2640
wenzelm@17259
  2641
* Option 'locale=NAME' of antiquotations specifies an alternative
wenzelm@17259
  2642
context interpreting the subsequent argument.  For example: @{thm
wenzelm@17269
  2643
[locale=lattice] inf_assoc}.
wenzelm@17259
  2644
wenzelm@17097
  2645
* Proper output of proof terms (@{prf ...} and @{full_prf ...}) within
wenzelm@17097
  2646
a proof context.
wenzelm@17097
  2647
wenzelm@17097
  2648
* Proper output of antiquotations for theory commands involving a
wenzelm@17097
  2649
proof context (such as 'locale' or 'theorem (in loc) ...').
wenzelm@17097
  2650
wenzelm@17193
  2651
* Delimiters of outer tokens (string etc.) now produce separate LaTeX
wenzelm@17193
  2652
macros (\isachardoublequoteopen, isachardoublequoteclose etc.).
wenzelm@17193
  2653
wenzelm@17193
  2654
* isatool usedir: new option -C (default true) controls whether option
wenzelm@17193
  2655
-D should include a copy of the original document directory; -C false
wenzelm@17193
  2656
prevents unwanted effects such as copying of administrative CVS data.
wenzelm@17193
  2657
wenzelm@16234
  2658
wenzelm@16234
  2659
*** Pure ***
wenzelm@16234
  2660
wenzelm@16234
  2661
* Considerably improved version of 'constdefs' command.  Now performs
wenzelm@16234
  2662
automatic type-inference of declared constants; additional support for
wenzelm@16234
  2663
local structure declarations (cf. locales and HOL records), see also
wenzelm@16234
  2664
isar-ref manual.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY: need to observe strictly
wenzelm@16234
  2665
sequential dependencies of definitions within a single 'constdefs'
wenzelm@16234
  2666
section; moreover, the declared name needs to be an identifier.  If
wenzelm@16234
  2667
all fails, consider to fall back on 'consts' and 'defs' separately.
wenzelm@16234
  2668
wenzelm@16234
  2669
* Improved indexed syntax and implicit structures.  First of all,
wenzelm@16234
  2670
indexed syntax provides a notational device for subscripted
wenzelm@16234
  2671
application, using the new syntax \<^bsub>term\<^esub> for arbitrary
wenzelm@16234
  2672
expressions.  Secondly, in a local context with structure
wenzelm@16234
  2673
declarations, number indexes \<^sub>n or the empty index (default
wenzelm@16234
  2674
number 1) refer to a certain fixed variable implicitly; option
wenzelm@16234
  2675
show_structs controls printing of implicit structures.  Typical
wenzelm@16234
  2676
applications of these concepts involve record types and locales.
wenzelm@16234
  2677
wenzelm@16234
  2678
* New command 'no_syntax' removes grammar declarations (and
wenzelm@16234
  2679
translations) resulting from the given syntax specification, which is
wenzelm@16234
  2680
interpreted in the same manner as for the 'syntax' command.
wenzelm@16234
  2681
wenzelm@16234
  2682
* 'Advanced' translation functions (parse_translation etc.) may depend
wenzelm@16234
  2683
on the signature of the theory context being presently used for
wenzelm@16234
  2684
parsing/printing, see also isar-ref manual.
wenzelm@16234
  2685
wenzelm@16856
  2686
* Improved 'oracle' command provides a type-safe interface to turn an
wenzelm@16856
  2687
ML expression of type theory -> T -> term into a primitive rule of
wenzelm@16856
  2688
type theory -> T -> thm (i.e. the functionality of Thm.invoke_oracle
wenzelm@16856
  2689
is already included here); see also FOL/ex/IffExample.thy;
wenzelm@16856
  2690
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@16856
  2691
wenzelm@17275
  2692
* axclass: name space prefix for class "c" is now "c_class" (was "c"
wenzelm@17275
  2693
before); "cI" is no longer bound, use "c.intro" instead.
wenzelm@17275
  2694
INCOMPATIBILITY.  This change avoids clashes of fact bindings for
wenzelm@17275
  2695
axclasses vs. locales.
wenzelm@17275
  2696
wenzelm@16234
  2697
* Improved internal renaming of symbolic identifiers -- attach primes
wenzelm@16234
  2698
instead of base 26 numbers.
wenzelm@16234
  2699
wenzelm@16234
  2700
* New flag show_question_marks controls printing of leading question
wenzelm@16234
  2701
marks in schematic variable names.