Specifying File Sets

Mercurial unterstützt eine funktionale Sprache, um eine Liste von Dateien auszuwählen.

Dieses Muster ist (wie andere Dateimuster) durch ein Präfix angegeben: 'set:'. Die Sprache unterstützt eine Reihe von Prädikaten, die über Infix- Operatoren miteinander verbunden werden. Klammern können zur Gruppierung verwendet werden.

Identifiers such as filenames or patterns must be quoted with single or double quotes if they contain characters outside of "[.*{}[]?/\_a-zA-Z0-9\x80-\xff]" or if they match one of the predefined predicates. This generally applies to file patterns other than globs and arguments for predicates. Pattern prefixes such as "path:" may be specified without quoting.

Special characters can be used in quoted identifiers by escaping them, e.g., "\n" is interpreted as a newline. To prevent them from being interpreted, strings can be prefixed with "r", e.g. "r'...'".

See also 'hg help patterns'.


Es gibt einen einzigen Präfix-Operator:

"not x"
Änderungssätze, die nicht in x enthalten sind. Kurzform ist "! x".

Dies sind die unterstützten Infix-Operatoren:

"x and y"
Die Schnittmenge der Änderungssätze aus x und y. Kurzform ist "x & y".
"x or y"
Die Vereinigung der Änderungssätze aus x und y. Es gibt zwei alternative Kurzformen: "x | y" und "x + y".
"x - y"
Änderungssätze in x, aber nicht in y.


Die folgenden Prädikate werden unterstützt:

File that is added according to 'hg status'.
File that appears to be binary (contains NUL bytes).
File that is clean according to 'hg status'.
Datei, die als kopiert markiert ist.
Alias for "missing()".
File can be successfully decoded with the given character encoding. May not be useful for encodings other than ASCII and UTF-8.
File contains newlines of the given style (dos, unix, mac). Binary files are excluded, files with mixed line endings match multiple styles.
Datei ist als ausführbar markiert.
File contains the given regular expression.
Datei, die einem aktives .hgignore-Muster entspricht.
File that is ignored according to 'hg status'.
File that is missing according to 'hg status'.
File that is modified according to 'hg status'.
File that has a portable name. (This doesn't include filenames with case collisions.)
File that is removed according to 'hg status'.
File that is marked resolved according to 'hg resolve -l'.
"revs(revs, pattern)"
Evaluate set in the specified revisions. If the revset match multiple revs, this will return file matching pattern in any of the revision.
File size matches the given expression. Examples:
  • size('1k') - files from 1024 to 2047 bytes
  • size('< 20k') - files less than 20480 bytes
  • size('>= .5MB') - files at least 524288 bytes
  • size('4k - 1MB') - files from 4096 bytes to 1048576 bytes
"status(base, rev, pattern)"
Evaluate predicate using status change between "base" and "rev". Examples:
  • "status(3, 7, added())" - matches files added from "3" to "7"
Unterarchive (Subrepositories) deren Pfad auf das Muster passen.
File that is marked as a symlink.
File that is under Mercurial control.
File that is unknown according to 'hg status'.
File that is marked unresolved according to 'hg resolve -l'.


Einige Beispiel-Anfragen: