author  haftmann 
Fri, 19 Feb 2010 16:52:00 +0100  
changeset 35268  04673275441a 
parent 35028  108662d50512 
child 35273  51692ec1b220 
permissions  rwrr 
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(* Title: HOL/Library/Multiset.thy 
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Author: Tobias Nipkow, Markus Wenzel, Lawrence C Paulson, Norbert Voelker 
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*) 
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header {* (Finite) multisets *} 
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theory Multiset 
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imports Main 
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begin 
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subsection {* The type of multisets *} 

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typedef 'a multiset = "{f :: 'a => nat. finite {x. f x > 0}}" 
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morphisms count Abs_multiset 
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proof 
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show "(\<lambda>x. 0::nat) \<in> ?multiset" by simp 
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qed 
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lemmas multiset_typedef = Abs_multiset_inverse count_inverse count 
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abbreviation Melem :: "'a => 'a multiset => bool" ("(_/ :# _)" [50, 51] 50) where 
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"a :# M == 0 < count M a" 
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notation (xsymbols) 
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Melem (infix "\<in>#" 50) 

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lemma multiset_eq_conv_count_eq: 
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"M = N \<longleftrightarrow> (\<forall>a. count M a = count N a)" 
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by (simp only: count_inject [symmetric] expand_fun_eq) 
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lemma multi_count_ext: 
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"(\<And>x. count A x = count B x) \<Longrightarrow> A = B" 
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using multiset_eq_conv_count_eq by auto 
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text {* 
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\medskip Preservation of the representing set @{term multiset}. 
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*} 
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lemma const0_in_multiset: 
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"(\<lambda>a. 0) \<in> multiset" 
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by (simp add: multiset_def) 
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lemma only1_in_multiset: 
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"(\<lambda>b. if b = a then n else 0) \<in> multiset" 
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by (simp add: multiset_def) 
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lemma union_preserves_multiset: 
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"M \<in> multiset \<Longrightarrow> N \<in> multiset \<Longrightarrow> (\<lambda>a. M a + N a) \<in> multiset" 
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by (simp add: multiset_def) 
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lemma diff_preserves_multiset: 
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assumes "M \<in> multiset" 
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shows "(\<lambda>a. M a  N a) \<in> multiset" 
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proof  
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have "{x. N x < M x} \<subseteq> {x. 0 < M x}" 
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by auto 
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with assms show ?thesis 
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by (auto simp add: multiset_def intro: finite_subset) 
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qed 
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lemma MCollect_preserves_multiset: 
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assumes "M \<in> multiset" 
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shows "(\<lambda>x. if P x then M x else 0) \<in> multiset" 
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proof  
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have "{x. (P x \<longrightarrow> 0 < M x) \<and> P x} \<subseteq> {x. 0 < M x}" 
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by auto 
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with assms show ?thesis 
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by (auto simp add: multiset_def intro: finite_subset) 
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qed 
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lemmas in_multiset = const0_in_multiset only1_in_multiset 
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union_preserves_multiset diff_preserves_multiset MCollect_preserves_multiset 
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subsection {* Representing multisets *} 
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text {* Multiset comprehension *} 
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definition MCollect :: "'a multiset => ('a => bool) => 'a multiset" where 
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"MCollect M P = Abs_multiset (\<lambda>x. if P x then count M x else 0)" 
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syntax 
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"_MCollect" :: "pttrn => 'a multiset => bool => 'a multiset" ("(1{# _ :# _./ _#})") 
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translations 
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"{#x :# M. P#}" == "CONST MCollect M (\<lambda>x. P)" 
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text {* Multiset enumeration *} 
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instantiation multiset :: (type) "{zero, plus}" 
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begin 
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definition Mempty_def: 
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"0 = Abs_multiset (\<lambda>a. 0)" 
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abbreviation Mempty :: "'a multiset" ("{#}") where 
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"Mempty \<equiv> 0" 
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definition union_def: 
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"M + N = Abs_multiset (\<lambda>a. count M a + count N a)" 
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instance .. 
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end 
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definition single :: "'a => 'a multiset" where 
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"single a = Abs_multiset (\<lambda>b. if b = a then 1 else 0)" 
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syntax 
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"_multiset" :: "args => 'a multiset" ("{#(_)#}") 
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translations 
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"{#x, xs#}" == "{#x#} + {#xs#}" 

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"{#x#}" == "CONST single x" 

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lemma count_empty [simp]: "count {#} a = 0" 
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by (simp add: Mempty_def in_multiset multiset_typedef) 
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lemma count_single [simp]: "count {#b#} a = (if b = a then 1 else 0)" 
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by (simp add: single_def in_multiset multiset_typedef) 
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subsection {* Basic operations *} 
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subsubsection {* Union *} 

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lemma count_union [simp]: "count (M + N) a = count M a + count N a" 
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by (simp add: union_def in_multiset multiset_typedef) 
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instance multiset :: (type) cancel_comm_monoid_add proof 
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qed (simp_all add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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subsubsection {* Difference *} 

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instantiation multiset :: (type) minus 
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begin 
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137 

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138 
definition diff_def: 
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139 
"M  N = Abs_multiset (\<lambda>a. count M a  count N a)" 
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140 

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141 
instance .. 
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142 

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143 
end 
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144 

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145 
lemma count_diff [simp]: "count (M  N) a = count M a  count N a" 
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146 
by (simp add: diff_def in_multiset multiset_typedef) 
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147 

17161  148 
lemma diff_empty [simp]: "M  {#} = M \<and> {#}  M = {#}" 
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149 
by (simp add: Mempty_def diff_def in_multiset multiset_typedef) 
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17161  151 
lemma diff_union_inverse2 [simp]: "M + {#a#}  {#a#} = M" 
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152 
by (rule multi_count_ext) 
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153 
(auto simp del: count_single simp add: union_def diff_def in_multiset multiset_typedef) 
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155 
lemma diff_cancel: "A  A = {#}" 
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156 
by (rule multi_count_ext) simp 
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157 

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158 
lemma insert_DiffM: 
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159 
"x \<in># M \<Longrightarrow> {#x#} + (M  {#x#}) = M" 
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160 
by (clarsimp simp: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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161 

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162 
lemma insert_DiffM2 [simp]: 
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163 
"x \<in># M \<Longrightarrow> M  {#x#} + {#x#} = M" 
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164 
by (clarsimp simp: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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165 

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166 
lemma diff_right_commute: 
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167 
"(M::'a multiset)  N  Q = M  Q  N" 
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168 
by (auto simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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169 

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170 
lemma diff_union_swap: 
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171 
"a \<noteq> b \<Longrightarrow> M  {#a#} + {#b#} = M + {#b#}  {#a#}" 
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172 
by (auto simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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173 

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174 
lemma diff_union_single_conv: 
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175 
"a \<in># J \<Longrightarrow> I + J  {#a#} = I + (J  {#a#})" 
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176 
by (simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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177 

10249  178 

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179 
subsubsection {* Equality of multisets *} 
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180 

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181 
lemma single_not_empty [simp]: "{#a#} \<noteq> {#} \<and> {#} \<noteq> {#a#}" 
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182 
by (simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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183 

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184 
lemma single_eq_single [simp]: "{#a#} = {#b#} \<longleftrightarrow> a = b" 
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185 
by (auto simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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186 

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187 
lemma union_eq_empty [iff]: "M + N = {#} \<longleftrightarrow> M = {#} \<and> N = {#}" 
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188 
by (auto simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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189 

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190 
lemma empty_eq_union [iff]: "{#} = M + N \<longleftrightarrow> M = {#} \<and> N = {#}" 
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191 
by (auto simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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192 

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193 
lemma multi_self_add_other_not_self [simp]: "M = M + {#x#} \<longleftrightarrow> False" 
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194 
by (auto simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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195 

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196 
lemma diff_single_trivial: 
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197 
"\<not> x \<in># M \<Longrightarrow> M  {#x#} = M" 
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198 
by (auto simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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199 

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200 
lemma diff_single_eq_union: 
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201 
"x \<in># M \<Longrightarrow> M  {#x#} = N \<longleftrightarrow> M = N + {#x#}" 
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202 
by auto 
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203 

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204 
lemma union_single_eq_diff: 
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205 
"M + {#x#} = N \<Longrightarrow> M = N  {#x#}" 
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206 
by (auto dest: sym) 
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207 

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208 
lemma union_single_eq_member: 
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209 
"M + {#x#} = N \<Longrightarrow> x \<in># N" 
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210 
by auto 
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211 

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212 
lemma union_is_single: 
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213 
"M + N = {#a#} \<longleftrightarrow> M = {#a#} \<and> N={#} \<or> M = {#} \<and> N = {#a#}" (is "?lhs = ?rhs") 
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214 
proof 
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215 
assume ?rhs then show ?lhs by auto 
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216 
next 
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217 
assume ?lhs 
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218 
then have "\<And>b. count (M + N) b = (if b = a then 1 else 0)" by auto 
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219 
then have *: "\<And>b. count M b + count N b = (if b = a then 1 else 0)" by auto 
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220 
then have "count M a + count N a = 1" by auto 
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221 
then have **: "count M a = 1 \<and> count N a = 0 \<or> count M a = 0 \<and> count N a = 1" 
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222 
by auto 
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223 
from * have "\<And>b. b \<noteq> a \<Longrightarrow> count M b + count N b = 0" by auto 
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224 
then have ***: "\<And>b. b \<noteq> a \<Longrightarrow> count M b = 0 \<and> count N b = 0" by auto 
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225 
from ** and *** have 
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226 
"(\<forall>b. count M b = (if b = a then 1 else 0) \<and> count N b = 0) \<or> 
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227 
(\<forall>b. count M b = 0 \<and> count N b = (if b = a then 1 else 0))" 
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228 
by auto 
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229 
then have 
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230 
"(\<forall>b. count M b = (if b = a then 1 else 0)) \<and> (\<forall>b. count N b = 0) \<or> 
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231 
(\<forall>b. count M b = 0) \<and> (\<forall>b. count N b = (if b = a then 1 else 0))" 
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232 
by auto 
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233 
then show ?rhs by (auto simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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234 
qed 
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235 

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236 
lemma single_is_union: 
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"{#a#} = M + N \<longleftrightarrow> {#a#} = M \<and> N = {#} \<or> M = {#} \<and> {#a#} = N" 
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238 
by (auto simp add: eq_commute [of "{#a#}" "M + N"] union_is_single) 
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239 

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240 
lemma add_eq_conv_diff: 
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241 
"M + {#a#} = N + {#b#} \<longleftrightarrow> M = N \<and> a = b \<or> M = N  {#a#} + {#b#} \<and> N = M  {#b#} + {#a#}" (is "?lhs = ?rhs") 
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242 
proof 
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243 
assume ?rhs then show ?lhs 
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244 
by (auto simp add: add_assoc add_commute [of "{#b#}"]) 
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245 
(drule sym, simp add: add_assoc [symmetric]) 
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246 
next 
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247 
assume ?lhs 
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248 
show ?rhs 
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249 
proof (cases "a = b") 
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250 
case True with `?lhs` show ?thesis by simp 
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251 
next 
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252 
case False 
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253 
from `?lhs` have "a \<in># N + {#b#}" by (rule union_single_eq_member) 
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254 
with False have "a \<in># N" by auto 
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255 
moreover from `?lhs` have "M = N + {#b#}  {#a#}" by (rule union_single_eq_diff) 
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256 
moreover note False 
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257 
ultimately show ?thesis by (auto simp add: diff_right_commute [of _ "{#a#}"] diff_union_swap) 
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258 
qed 
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259 
qed 
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260 

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261 
lemma insert_noteq_member: 
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262 
assumes BC: "B + {#b#} = C + {#c#}" 
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263 
and bnotc: "b \<noteq> c" 
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264 
shows "c \<in># B" 
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265 
proof  
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266 
have "c \<in># C + {#c#}" by simp 
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267 
have nc: "\<not> c \<in># {#b#}" using bnotc by simp 
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268 
then have "c \<in># B + {#b#}" using BC by simp 
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269 
then show "c \<in># B" using nc by simp 
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270 
qed 
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271 

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272 
lemma add_eq_conv_ex: 
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273 
"(M + {#a#} = N + {#b#}) = 
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274 
(M = N \<and> a = b \<or> (\<exists>K. M = K + {#b#} \<and> N = K + {#a#}))" 
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275 
by (auto simp add: add_eq_conv_diff) 
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276 

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277 

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278 
subsubsection {* Pointwise ordering induced by count *} 
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279 

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280 
instantiation multiset :: (type) ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le 
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281 
begin 
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282 

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283 
definition less_eq_multiset :: "'a multiset \<Rightarrow> 'a multiset \<Rightarrow> bool" where 
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mset_le_def: "A \<le> B \<longleftrightarrow> (\<forall>a. count A a \<le> count B a)" 
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285 

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286 
definition less_multiset :: "'a multiset \<Rightarrow> 'a multiset \<Rightarrow> bool" where 
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287 
mset_less_def: "(A::'a multiset) < B \<longleftrightarrow> A \<le> B \<and> A \<noteq> B" 
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288 

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289 
instance proof 
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290 
qed (auto simp add: mset_le_def mset_less_def multiset_eq_conv_count_eq intro: order_trans antisym) 
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291 

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292 
end 
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293 

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294 
lemma mset_less_eqI: 
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295 
"(\<And>x. count A x \<le> count B x) \<Longrightarrow> A \<le> B" 
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296 
by (simp add: mset_le_def) 
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297 

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298 
lemma mset_le_exists_conv: 
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299 
"(A::'a multiset) \<le> B \<longleftrightarrow> (\<exists>C. B = A + C)" 
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300 
apply (unfold mset_le_def, rule iffI, rule_tac x = "B  A" in exI) 
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301 
apply (auto intro: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq [THEN iffD2]) 
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302 
done 
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303 

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304 
lemma mset_le_mono_add_right_cancel [simp]: 
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305 
"(A::'a multiset) + C \<le> B + C \<longleftrightarrow> A \<le> B" 
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306 
by (fact add_le_cancel_right) 
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307 

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308 
lemma mset_le_mono_add_left_cancel [simp]: 
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309 
"C + (A::'a multiset) \<le> C + B \<longleftrightarrow> A \<le> B" 
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310 
by (fact add_le_cancel_left) 
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311 

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312 
lemma mset_le_mono_add: 
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313 
"(A::'a multiset) \<le> B \<Longrightarrow> C \<le> D \<Longrightarrow> A + C \<le> B + D" 
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314 
by (fact add_mono) 
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315 

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316 
lemma mset_le_add_left [simp]: 
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317 
"(A::'a multiset) \<le> A + B" 
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318 
unfolding mset_le_def by auto 
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319 

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320 
lemma mset_le_add_right [simp]: 
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321 
"B \<le> (A::'a multiset) + B" 
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322 
unfolding mset_le_def by auto 
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323 

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324 
lemma mset_le_single: 
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325 
"a :# B \<Longrightarrow> {#a#} \<le> B" 
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326 
by (simp add: mset_le_def) 
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327 

35268
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328 
lemma multiset_diff_union_assoc: 
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329 
"C \<le> B \<Longrightarrow> (A::'a multiset) + B  C = A + (B  C)" 
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330 
by (simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq mset_le_def) 
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331 

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332 
lemma mset_le_multiset_union_diff_commute: 
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333 
assumes "B \<le> A" 
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334 
shows "(A::'a multiset)  B + C = A + C  B" 
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335 
proof  
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336 
from mset_le_exists_conv [of "B" "A"] assms have "\<exists>D. A = B + D" .. 
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337 
from this obtain D where "A = B + D" .. 
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338 
then show ?thesis 
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339 
apply simp 
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340 
apply (subst add_commute) 
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341 
apply (subst multiset_diff_union_assoc) 
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342 
apply simp 
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343 
apply (simp add: diff_cancel) 
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344 
apply (subst add_assoc) 
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345 
apply (subst add_commute [of "B" _]) 
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346 
apply (subst multiset_diff_union_assoc) 
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347 
apply simp 
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348 
apply (simp add: diff_cancel) 
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349 
done 
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350 
qed 
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351 

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352 
lemma mset_lessD: "A < B \<Longrightarrow> x \<in># A \<Longrightarrow> x \<in># B" 
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353 
apply (clarsimp simp: mset_le_def mset_less_def) 
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354 
apply (erule_tac x=x in allE) 
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355 
apply auto 
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356 
done 
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357 

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358 
lemma mset_leD: "A \<le> B \<Longrightarrow> x \<in># A \<Longrightarrow> x \<in># B" 
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359 
apply (clarsimp simp: mset_le_def mset_less_def) 
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360 
apply (erule_tac x = x in allE) 
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361 
apply auto 
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362 
done 
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363 

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364 
lemma mset_less_insertD: "(A + {#x#} < B) \<Longrightarrow> (x \<in># B \<and> A < B)" 
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365 
apply (rule conjI) 
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366 
apply (simp add: mset_lessD) 
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367 
apply (clarsimp simp: mset_le_def mset_less_def) 
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368 
apply safe 
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369 
apply (erule_tac x = a in allE) 
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370 
apply (auto split: split_if_asm) 
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371 
done 
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372 

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373 
lemma mset_le_insertD: "(A + {#x#} \<le> B) \<Longrightarrow> (x \<in># B \<and> A \<le> B)" 
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374 
apply (rule conjI) 
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375 
apply (simp add: mset_leD) 
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376 
apply (force simp: mset_le_def mset_less_def split: split_if_asm) 
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377 
done 
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378 

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379 
lemma mset_less_of_empty[simp]: "A < {#} \<longleftrightarrow> False" 
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380 
by (auto simp add: mset_less_def mset_le_def multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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381 

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382 
lemma multi_psub_of_add_self[simp]: "A < A + {#x#}" 
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383 
by (auto simp: mset_le_def mset_less_def) 
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384 

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385 
lemma multi_psub_self[simp]: "(A::'a multiset) < A = False" 
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386 
by simp 
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387 

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388 
lemma mset_less_add_bothsides: 
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389 
"T + {#x#} < S + {#x#} \<Longrightarrow> T < S" 
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390 
by (fact add_less_imp_less_right) 
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391 

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392 
lemma mset_less_empty_nonempty: 
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393 
"{#} < S \<longleftrightarrow> S \<noteq> {#}" 
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394 
by (auto simp: mset_le_def mset_less_def) 
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395 

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396 
lemma mset_less_diff_self: 
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397 
"c \<in># B \<Longrightarrow> B  {#c#} < B" 
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398 
by (auto simp: mset_le_def mset_less_def multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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399 

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400 

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401 
subsubsection {* Intersection *} 
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402 

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403 
instantiation multiset :: (type) semilattice_inf 
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404 
begin 
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405 

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406 
definition inf_multiset :: "'a multiset \<Rightarrow> 'a multiset \<Rightarrow> 'a multiset" where 
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407 
multiset_inter_def: "inf_multiset A B = A  (A  B)" 
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408 

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409 
instance proof  
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410 
have aux: "\<And>m n q :: nat. m \<le> n \<Longrightarrow> m \<le> q \<Longrightarrow> m \<le> n  (n  q)" by arith 
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411 
show "OFCLASS('a multiset, semilattice_inf_class)" proof 
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412 
qed (auto simp add: multiset_inter_def mset_le_def aux) 
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413 
qed 
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414 

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415 
end 
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416 

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417 
abbreviation multiset_inter :: "'a multiset \<Rightarrow> 'a multiset \<Rightarrow> 'a multiset" (infixl "#\<inter>" 70) where 
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418 
"multiset_inter \<equiv> inf" 
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419 

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420 
lemma multiset_inter_count: 
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421 
"count (A #\<inter> B) x = min (count A x) (count B x)" 
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422 
by (simp add: multiset_inter_def multiset_typedef) 
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423 

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424 
lemma multiset_inter_single: "a \<noteq> b \<Longrightarrow> {#a#} #\<inter> {#b#} = {#}" 
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425 
by (rule multi_count_ext) (auto simp add: multiset_inter_count) 
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426 

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427 
lemma multiset_union_diff_commute: 
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428 
assumes "B #\<inter> C = {#}" 
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429 
shows "A + B  C = A  C + B" 
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430 
proof (rule multi_count_ext) 
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431 
fix x 
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432 
from assms have "min (count B x) (count C x) = 0" 
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433 
by (auto simp add: multiset_inter_count multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
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434 
then have "count B x = 0 \<or> count C x = 0" 
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435 
by auto 
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436 
then show "count (A + B  C) x = count (A  C + B) x" 
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437 
by auto 
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438 
qed 
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439 

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440 

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441 
subsubsection {* Comprehension (filter) *} 
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442 

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443 
lemma count_MCollect [simp]: 
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444 
"count {# x:#M. P x #} a = (if P a then count M a else 0)" 
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445 
by (simp add: MCollect_def in_multiset multiset_typedef) 
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446 

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447 
lemma MCollect_empty [simp]: "MCollect {#} P = {#}" 
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448 
by (rule multi_count_ext) simp 
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449 

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450 
lemma MCollect_single [simp]: 
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451 
"MCollect {#x#} P = (if P x then {#x#} else {#})" 
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452 
by (rule multi_count_ext) simp 
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453 

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454 
lemma MCollect_union [simp]: 
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455 
"MCollect (M + N) f = MCollect M f + MCollect N f" 
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456 
by (rule multi_count_ext) simp 
10249  457 

458 

459 
subsubsection {* Set of elements *} 

460 

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461 
definition set_of :: "'a multiset => 'a set" where 
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462 
"set_of M = {x. x :# M}" 
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cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

463 

17161  464 
lemma set_of_empty [simp]: "set_of {#} = {}" 
26178  465 
by (simp add: set_of_def) 
10249  466 

17161  467 
lemma set_of_single [simp]: "set_of {#b#} = {b}" 
26178  468 
by (simp add: set_of_def) 
10249  469 

17161  470 
lemma set_of_union [simp]: "set_of (M + N) = set_of M \<union> set_of N" 
26178  471 
by (auto simp add: set_of_def) 
10249  472 

17161  473 
lemma set_of_eq_empty_iff [simp]: "(set_of M = {}) = (M = {#})" 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

474 
by (auto simp add: set_of_def multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
10249  475 

17161  476 
lemma mem_set_of_iff [simp]: "(x \<in> set_of M) = (x :# M)" 
26178  477 
by (auto simp add: set_of_def) 
26016  478 

26033  479 
lemma set_of_MCollect [simp]: "set_of {# x:#M. P x #} = set_of M \<inter> {x. P x}" 
26178  480 
by (auto simp add: set_of_def) 
10249  481 

34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

482 
lemma finite_set_of [iff]: "finite (set_of M)" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

483 
using count [of M] by (simp add: multiset_def set_of_def) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

484 

10249  485 

486 
subsubsection {* Size *} 

487 

34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
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diff
changeset

488 
instantiation multiset :: (type) size 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
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diff
changeset

489 
begin 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

490 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

491 
definition size_def: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
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diff
changeset

492 
"size M = setsum (count M) (set_of M)" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

493 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
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diff
changeset

494 
instance .. 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

495 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
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diff
changeset

496 
end 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
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diff
changeset

497 

28708
a1a436f09ec6
explicit check for pattern discipline before code translation
haftmann
parents:
28562
diff
changeset

498 
lemma size_empty [simp]: "size {#} = 0" 
26178  499 
by (simp add: size_def) 
10249  500 

28708
a1a436f09ec6
explicit check for pattern discipline before code translation
haftmann
parents:
28562
diff
changeset

501 
lemma size_single [simp]: "size {#b#} = 1" 
26178  502 
by (simp add: size_def) 
10249  503 

17161  504 
lemma setsum_count_Int: 
26178  505 
"finite A ==> setsum (count N) (A \<inter> set_of N) = setsum (count N) A" 
506 
apply (induct rule: finite_induct) 

507 
apply simp 

508 
apply (simp add: Int_insert_left set_of_def) 

509 
done 

10249  510 

28708
a1a436f09ec6
explicit check for pattern discipline before code translation
haftmann
parents:
28562
diff
changeset

511 
lemma size_union [simp]: "size (M + N::'a multiset) = size M + size N" 
26178  512 
apply (unfold size_def) 
513 
apply (subgoal_tac "count (M + N) = (\<lambda>a. count M a + count N a)") 

514 
prefer 2 

515 
apply (rule ext, simp) 

516 
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: setsum_Un_nat setsum_addf setsum_count_Int) 

517 
apply (subst Int_commute) 

518 
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: setsum_count_Int) 

519 
done 

10249  520 

17161  521 
lemma size_eq_0_iff_empty [iff]: "(size M = 0) = (M = {#})" 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

522 
by (auto simp add: size_def multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
26016  523 

524 
lemma nonempty_has_size: "(S \<noteq> {#}) = (0 < size S)" 

26178  525 
by (metis gr0I gr_implies_not0 size_empty size_eq_0_iff_empty) 
10249  526 

17161  527 
lemma size_eq_Suc_imp_elem: "size M = Suc n ==> \<exists>a. a :# M" 
26178  528 
apply (unfold size_def) 
529 
apply (drule setsum_SucD) 

530 
apply auto 

531 
done 

10249  532 

34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

533 
lemma size_eq_Suc_imp_eq_union: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

534 
assumes "size M = Suc n" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

535 
shows "\<exists>a N. M = N + {#a#}" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

536 
proof  
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

537 
from assms obtain a where "a \<in># M" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

538 
by (erule size_eq_Suc_imp_elem [THEN exE]) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

539 
then have "M = M  {#a#} + {#a#}" by simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

540 
then show ?thesis by blast 
23611  541 
qed 
15869  542 

26016  543 

544 
subsection {* Induction and case splits *} 

10249  545 

546 
lemma setsum_decr: 

11701
3d51fbf81c17
sane numerals (stage 1): added generic 1, removed 1' and 2 on nat,
wenzelm
parents:
11655
diff
changeset

547 
"finite F ==> (0::nat) < f a ==> 
15072  548 
setsum (f (a := f a  1)) F = (if a\<in>F then setsum f F  1 else setsum f F)" 
26178  549 
apply (induct rule: finite_induct) 
550 
apply auto 

551 
apply (drule_tac a = a in mk_disjoint_insert, auto) 

552 
done 

10249  553 

10313  554 
lemma rep_multiset_induct_aux: 
26178  555 
assumes 1: "P (\<lambda>a. (0::nat))" 
556 
and 2: "!!f b. f \<in> multiset ==> P f ==> P (f (b := f b + 1))" 

557 
shows "\<forall>f. f \<in> multiset > setsum f {x. f x \<noteq> 0} = n > P f" 

558 
apply (unfold multiset_def) 

559 
apply (induct_tac n, simp, clarify) 

560 
apply (subgoal_tac "f = (\<lambda>a.0)") 

561 
apply simp 

562 
apply (rule 1) 

563 
apply (rule ext, force, clarify) 

564 
apply (frule setsum_SucD, clarify) 

565 
apply (rename_tac a) 

566 
apply (subgoal_tac "finite {x. (f (a := f a  1)) x > 0}") 

567 
prefer 2 

568 
apply (rule finite_subset) 

569 
prefer 2 

570 
apply assumption 

571 
apply simp 

572 
apply blast 

573 
apply (subgoal_tac "f = (f (a := f a  1))(a := (f (a := f a  1)) a + 1)") 

574 
prefer 2 

575 
apply (rule ext) 

576 
apply (simp (no_asm_simp)) 

577 
apply (erule ssubst, rule 2 [unfolded multiset_def], blast) 

578 
apply (erule allE, erule impE, erule_tac [2] mp, blast) 

579 
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: setsum_decr del: fun_upd_apply One_nat_def) 

580 
apply (subgoal_tac "{x. x \<noteq> a > f x \<noteq> 0} = {x. f x \<noteq> 0}") 

581 
prefer 2 

582 
apply blast 

583 
apply (subgoal_tac "{x. x \<noteq> a \<and> f x \<noteq> 0} = {x. f x \<noteq> 0}  {a}") 

584 
prefer 2 

585 
apply blast 

586 
apply (simp add: le_imp_diff_is_add setsum_diff1_nat cong: conj_cong) 

587 
done 

10249  588 

10313  589 
theorem rep_multiset_induct: 
11464  590 
"f \<in> multiset ==> P (\<lambda>a. 0) ==> 
11701
3d51fbf81c17
sane numerals (stage 1): added generic 1, removed 1' and 2 on nat,
wenzelm
parents:
11655
diff
changeset

591 
(!!f b. f \<in> multiset ==> P f ==> P (f (b := f b + 1))) ==> P f" 
26178  592 
using rep_multiset_induct_aux by blast 
10249  593 

18258  594 
theorem multiset_induct [case_names empty add, induct type: multiset]: 
26178  595 
assumes empty: "P {#}" 
596 
and add: "!!M x. P M ==> P (M + {#x#})" 

597 
shows "P M" 

10249  598 
proof  
599 
note defns = union_def single_def Mempty_def 

34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

600 
note add' = add [unfolded defns, simplified] 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

601 
have aux: "\<And>a::'a. count (Abs_multiset (\<lambda>b. if b = a then 1 else 0)) = 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

602 
(\<lambda>b. if b = a then 1 else 0)" by (simp add: Abs_multiset_inverse in_multiset) 
10249  603 
show ?thesis 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

604 
apply (rule count_inverse [THEN subst]) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

605 
apply (rule count [THEN rep_multiset_induct]) 
18258  606 
apply (rule empty [unfolded defns]) 
15072  607 
apply (subgoal_tac "f(b := f b + 1) = (\<lambda>a. f a + (if a=b then 1 else 0))") 
10249  608 
prefer 2 
609 
apply (simp add: expand_fun_eq) 

610 
apply (erule ssubst) 

17200  611 
apply (erule Abs_multiset_inverse [THEN subst]) 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

612 
apply (drule add') 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

613 
apply (simp add: aux) 
10249  614 
done 
615 
qed 

616 

25610  617 
lemma multi_nonempty_split: "M \<noteq> {#} \<Longrightarrow> \<exists>A a. M = A + {#a#}" 
26178  618 
by (induct M) auto 
25610  619 

620 
lemma multiset_cases [cases type, case_names empty add]: 

26178  621 
assumes em: "M = {#} \<Longrightarrow> P" 
622 
assumes add: "\<And>N x. M = N + {#x#} \<Longrightarrow> P" 

623 
shows "P" 

25610  624 
proof (cases "M = {#}") 
26145  625 
assume "M = {#}" then show ?thesis using em by simp 
25610  626 
next 
627 
assume "M \<noteq> {#}" 

628 
then obtain M' m where "M = M' + {#m#}" 

629 
by (blast dest: multi_nonempty_split) 

26145  630 
then show ?thesis using add by simp 
25610  631 
qed 
632 

633 
lemma multi_member_split: "x \<in># M \<Longrightarrow> \<exists>A. M = A + {#x#}" 

26178  634 
apply (cases M) 
635 
apply simp 

636 
apply (rule_tac x="M  {#x#}" in exI, simp) 

637 
done 

25610  638 

34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

639 
lemma multi_drop_mem_not_eq: "c \<in># B \<Longrightarrow> B  {#c#} \<noteq> B" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

640 
by (cases "B = {#}") (auto dest: multi_member_split) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

641 

26033  642 
lemma multiset_partition: "M = {# x:#M. P x #} + {# x:#M. \<not> P x #}" 
26178  643 
apply (subst multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
644 
apply auto 

645 
done 

10249  646 

35268
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

647 
lemma mset_less_size: "(A::'a multiset) < B \<Longrightarrow> size A < size B" 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

648 
proof (induct A arbitrary: B) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

649 
case (empty M) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

650 
then have "M \<noteq> {#}" by (simp add: mset_less_empty_nonempty) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

651 
then obtain M' x where "M = M' + {#x#}" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

652 
by (blast dest: multi_nonempty_split) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

653 
then show ?case by simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

654 
next 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

655 
case (add S x T) 
35268
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

656 
have IH: "\<And>B. S < B \<Longrightarrow> size S < size B" by fact 
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

657 
have SxsubT: "S + {#x#} < T" by fact 
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

658 
then have "x \<in># T" and "S < T" by (auto dest: mset_less_insertD) 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

659 
then obtain T' where T: "T = T' + {#x#}" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

660 
by (blast dest: multi_member_split) 
35268
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

661 
then have "S < T'" using SxsubT 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

662 
by (blast intro: mset_less_add_bothsides) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

663 
then have "size S < size T'" using IH by simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

664 
then show ?case using T by simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

665 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

666 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

667 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

668 
subsubsection {* Strong induction and subset induction for multisets *} 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

669 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

670 
text {* Wellfoundedness of proper subset operator: *} 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

671 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

672 
text {* proper multiset subset *} 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

673 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

674 
definition 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

675 
mset_less_rel :: "('a multiset * 'a multiset) set" where 
35268
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

676 
"mset_less_rel = {(A,B). A < B}" 
10249  677 

34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

678 
lemma multiset_add_sub_el_shuffle: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

679 
assumes "c \<in># B" and "b \<noteq> c" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

680 
shows "B  {#c#} + {#b#} = B + {#b#}  {#c#}" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

681 
proof  
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

682 
from `c \<in># B` obtain A where B: "B = A + {#c#}" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

683 
by (blast dest: multi_member_split) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

684 
have "A + {#b#} = A + {#b#} + {#c#}  {#c#}" by simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

685 
then have "A + {#b#} = A + {#c#} + {#b#}  {#c#}" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

686 
by (simp add: add_ac) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

687 
then show ?thesis using B by simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

688 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

689 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

690 
lemma wf_mset_less_rel: "wf mset_less_rel" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

691 
apply (unfold mset_less_rel_def) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

692 
apply (rule wf_measure [THEN wf_subset, where f1=size]) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

693 
apply (clarsimp simp: measure_def inv_image_def mset_less_size) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

694 
done 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

695 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

696 
text {* The induction rules: *} 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

697 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

698 
lemma full_multiset_induct [case_names less]: 
35268
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

699 
assumes ih: "\<And>B. \<forall>(A::'a multiset). A < B \<longrightarrow> P A \<Longrightarrow> P B" 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

700 
shows "P B" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

701 
apply (rule wf_mset_less_rel [THEN wf_induct]) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

702 
apply (rule ih, auto simp: mset_less_rel_def) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

703 
done 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

704 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

705 
lemma multi_subset_induct [consumes 2, case_names empty add]: 
35268
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

706 
assumes "F \<le> A" 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

707 
and empty: "P {#}" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

708 
and insert: "\<And>a F. a \<in># A \<Longrightarrow> P F \<Longrightarrow> P (F + {#a#})" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

709 
shows "P F" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

710 
proof  
35268
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

711 
from `F \<le> A` 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

712 
show ?thesis 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

713 
proof (induct F) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

714 
show "P {#}" by fact 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

715 
next 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

716 
fix x F 
35268
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

717 
assume P: "F \<le> A \<Longrightarrow> P F" and i: "F + {#x#} \<le> A" 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

718 
show "P (F + {#x#})" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

719 
proof (rule insert) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

720 
from i show "x \<in># A" by (auto dest: mset_le_insertD) 
35268
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

721 
from i have "F \<le> A" by (auto dest: mset_le_insertD) 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

722 
with P show "P F" . 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

723 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

724 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

725 
qed 
26145  726 

17161  727 

34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

728 
subsection {* Alternative representations *} 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

729 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

730 
subsubsection {* Lists *} 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

731 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

732 
primrec multiset_of :: "'a list \<Rightarrow> 'a multiset" where 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

733 
"multiset_of [] = {#}"  
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

734 
"multiset_of (a # x) = multiset_of x + {# a #}" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

735 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

736 
lemma multiset_of_zero_iff[simp]: "(multiset_of x = {#}) = (x = [])" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

737 
by (induct x) auto 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

738 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

739 
lemma multiset_of_zero_iff_right[simp]: "({#} = multiset_of x) = (x = [])" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

740 
by (induct x) auto 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

741 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

742 
lemma set_of_multiset_of[simp]: "set_of(multiset_of x) = set x" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

743 
by (induct x) auto 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

744 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

745 
lemma mem_set_multiset_eq: "x \<in> set xs = (x :# multiset_of xs)" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

746 
by (induct xs) auto 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

747 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

748 
lemma multiset_of_append [simp]: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

749 
"multiset_of (xs @ ys) = multiset_of xs + multiset_of ys" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

750 
by (induct xs arbitrary: ys) (auto simp: add_ac) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

751 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

752 
lemma surj_multiset_of: "surj multiset_of" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

753 
apply (unfold surj_def) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

754 
apply (rule allI) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

755 
apply (rule_tac M = y in multiset_induct) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

756 
apply auto 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

757 
apply (rule_tac x = "x # xa" in exI) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

758 
apply auto 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

759 
done 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

760 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

761 
lemma set_count_greater_0: "set x = {a. count (multiset_of x) a > 0}" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

762 
by (induct x) auto 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

763 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

764 
lemma distinct_count_atmost_1: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

765 
"distinct x = (! a. count (multiset_of x) a = (if a \<in> set x then 1 else 0))" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

766 
apply (induct x, simp, rule iffI, simp_all) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

767 
apply (rule conjI) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

768 
apply (simp_all add: set_of_multiset_of [THEN sym] del: set_of_multiset_of) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

769 
apply (erule_tac x = a in allE, simp, clarify) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

770 
apply (erule_tac x = aa in allE, simp) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

771 
done 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

772 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

773 
lemma multiset_of_eq_setD: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

774 
"multiset_of xs = multiset_of ys \<Longrightarrow> set xs = set ys" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

775 
by (rule) (auto simp add:multiset_eq_conv_count_eq set_count_greater_0) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

776 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

777 
lemma set_eq_iff_multiset_of_eq_distinct: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

778 
"distinct x \<Longrightarrow> distinct y \<Longrightarrow> 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

779 
(set x = set y) = (multiset_of x = multiset_of y)" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

780 
by (auto simp: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq distinct_count_atmost_1) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

781 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

782 
lemma set_eq_iff_multiset_of_remdups_eq: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

783 
"(set x = set y) = (multiset_of (remdups x) = multiset_of (remdups y))" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

784 
apply (rule iffI) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

785 
apply (simp add: set_eq_iff_multiset_of_eq_distinct[THEN iffD1]) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

786 
apply (drule distinct_remdups [THEN distinct_remdups 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

787 
[THEN set_eq_iff_multiset_of_eq_distinct [THEN iffD2]]]) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

788 
apply simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

789 
done 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

790 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

791 
lemma multiset_of_compl_union [simp]: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

792 
"multiset_of [x\<leftarrow>xs. P x] + multiset_of [x\<leftarrow>xs. \<not>P x] = multiset_of xs" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

793 
by (induct xs) (auto simp: add_ac) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

794 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

795 
lemma count_filter: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

796 
"count (multiset_of xs) x = length [y \<leftarrow> xs. y = x]" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

797 
by (induct xs) auto 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

798 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

799 
lemma nth_mem_multiset_of: "i < length ls \<Longrightarrow> (ls ! i) :# multiset_of ls" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

800 
apply (induct ls arbitrary: i) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

801 
apply simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

802 
apply (case_tac i) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

803 
apply auto 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

804 
done 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

805 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

806 
lemma multiset_of_remove1: "multiset_of (remove1 a xs) = multiset_of xs  {#a#}" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

807 
by (induct xs) (auto simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

808 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

809 
lemma multiset_of_eq_length: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

810 
assumes "multiset_of xs = multiset_of ys" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

811 
shows "length xs = length ys" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

812 
using assms 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

813 
proof (induct arbitrary: ys rule: length_induct) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

814 
case (1 xs ys) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

815 
show ?case 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

816 
proof (cases xs) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

817 
case Nil with "1.prems" show ?thesis by simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

818 
next 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

819 
case (Cons x xs') 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

820 
note xCons = Cons 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

821 
show ?thesis 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

822 
proof (cases ys) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

823 
case Nil 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

824 
with "1.prems" Cons show ?thesis by simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

825 
next 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

826 
case (Cons y ys') 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

827 
have x_in_ys: "x = y \<or> x \<in> set ys'" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

828 
proof (cases "x = y") 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

829 
case True then show ?thesis .. 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

830 
next 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

831 
case False 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

832 
from "1.prems" [symmetric] xCons Cons have "x :# multiset_of ys' + {#y#}" by simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

833 
with False show ?thesis by (simp add: mem_set_multiset_eq) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

834 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

835 
from "1.hyps" have IH: "length xs' < length xs \<longrightarrow> 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

836 
(\<forall>x. multiset_of xs' = multiset_of x \<longrightarrow> length xs' = length x)" by blast 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

837 
from "1.prems" x_in_ys Cons xCons have "multiset_of xs' = multiset_of (remove1 x (y#ys'))" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

838 
apply  
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

839 
apply (simp add: multiset_of_remove1, simp only: add_eq_conv_diff) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

840 
apply fastsimp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

841 
done 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

842 
with IH xCons have IH': "length xs' = length (remove1 x (y#ys'))" by fastsimp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

843 
from x_in_ys have "x \<noteq> y \<Longrightarrow> length ys' > 0" by auto 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

844 
with Cons xCons x_in_ys IH' show ?thesis by (auto simp add: length_remove1) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

845 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

846 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

847 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

848 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

849 
text {* 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

850 
This lemma shows which properties suffice to show that a function 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

851 
@{text "f"} with @{text "f xs = ys"} behaves like sort. 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

852 
*} 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

853 
lemma properties_for_sort: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

854 
"multiset_of ys = multiset_of xs \<Longrightarrow> sorted ys \<Longrightarrow> sort xs = ys" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

855 
proof (induct xs arbitrary: ys) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

856 
case Nil then show ?case by simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

857 
next 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

858 
case (Cons x xs) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

859 
then have "x \<in> set ys" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

860 
by (auto simp add: mem_set_multiset_eq intro!: ccontr) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

861 
with Cons.prems Cons.hyps [of "remove1 x ys"] show ?case 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

862 
by (simp add: sorted_remove1 multiset_of_remove1 insort_remove1) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

863 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

864 

35268
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

865 
lemma multiset_of_remdups_le: "multiset_of (remdups xs) \<le> multiset_of xs" 
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

866 
by (induct xs) (auto intro: order_trans) 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

867 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

868 
lemma multiset_of_update: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

869 
"i < length ls \<Longrightarrow> multiset_of (ls[i := v]) = multiset_of ls  {#ls ! i#} + {#v#}" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

870 
proof (induct ls arbitrary: i) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

871 
case Nil then show ?case by simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

872 
next 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

873 
case (Cons x xs) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

874 
show ?case 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

875 
proof (cases i) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

876 
case 0 then show ?thesis by simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

877 
next 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

878 
case (Suc i') 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

879 
with Cons show ?thesis 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

880 
apply simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

881 
apply (subst add_assoc) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

882 
apply (subst add_commute [of "{#v#}" "{#x#}"]) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

883 
apply (subst add_assoc [symmetric]) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

884 
apply simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

885 
apply (rule mset_le_multiset_union_diff_commute) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

886 
apply (simp add: mset_le_single nth_mem_multiset_of) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

887 
done 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

888 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

889 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

890 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

891 
lemma multiset_of_swap: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

892 
"i < length ls \<Longrightarrow> j < length ls \<Longrightarrow> 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

893 
multiset_of (ls[j := ls ! i, i := ls ! j]) = multiset_of ls" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

894 
by (cases "i = j") (simp_all add: multiset_of_update nth_mem_multiset_of) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

895 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

896 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

897 
subsubsection {* Association lists  including rudimentary code generation *} 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

898 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

899 
definition count_of :: "('a \<times> nat) list \<Rightarrow> 'a \<Rightarrow> nat" where 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

900 
"count_of xs x = (case map_of xs x of None \<Rightarrow> 0  Some n \<Rightarrow> n)" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

901 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

902 
lemma count_of_multiset: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

903 
"count_of xs \<in> multiset" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

904 
proof  
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

905 
let ?A = "{x::'a. 0 < (case map_of xs x of None \<Rightarrow> 0\<Colon>nat  Some (n\<Colon>nat) \<Rightarrow> n)}" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

906 
have "?A \<subseteq> dom (map_of xs)" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

907 
proof 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

908 
fix x 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

909 
assume "x \<in> ?A" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

910 
then have "0 < (case map_of xs x of None \<Rightarrow> 0\<Colon>nat  Some (n\<Colon>nat) \<Rightarrow> n)" by simp 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

911 
then have "map_of xs x \<noteq> None" by (cases "map_of xs x") auto 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

912 
then show "x \<in> dom (map_of xs)" by auto 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

913 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

914 
with finite_dom_map_of [of xs] have "finite ?A" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

915 
by (auto intro: finite_subset) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

916 
then show ?thesis 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

917 
by (simp add: count_of_def expand_fun_eq multiset_def) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

918 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

919 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

920 
lemma count_simps [simp]: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

921 
"count_of [] = (\<lambda>_. 0)" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

922 
"count_of ((x, n) # xs) = (\<lambda>y. if x = y then n else count_of xs y)" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

923 
by (simp_all add: count_of_def expand_fun_eq) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

924 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

925 
lemma count_of_empty: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

926 
"x \<notin> fst ` set xs \<Longrightarrow> count_of xs x = 0" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

927 
by (induct xs) (simp_all add: count_of_def) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

928 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

929 
lemma count_of_filter: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

930 
"count_of (filter (P \<circ> fst) xs) x = (if P x then count_of xs x else 0)" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

931 
by (induct xs) auto 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

932 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

933 
definition Bag :: "('a \<times> nat) list \<Rightarrow> 'a multiset" where 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

934 
"Bag xs = Abs_multiset (count_of xs)" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

935 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

936 
code_datatype Bag 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

937 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

938 
lemma count_Bag [simp, code]: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

939 
"count (Bag xs) = count_of xs" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

940 
by (simp add: Bag_def count_of_multiset Abs_multiset_inverse) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

941 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

942 
lemma Mempty_Bag [code]: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

943 
"{#} = Bag []" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

944 
by (simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

945 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

946 
lemma single_Bag [code]: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

947 
"{#x#} = Bag [(x, 1)]" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

948 
by (simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

949 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

950 
lemma MCollect_Bag [code]: 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

951 
"MCollect (Bag xs) P = Bag (filter (P \<circ> fst) xs)" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

952 
by (simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq count_of_filter) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

953 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

954 
lemma mset_less_eq_Bag [code]: 
35268
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

955 
"Bag xs \<le> A \<longleftrightarrow> (\<forall>(x, n) \<in> set xs. count_of xs x \<le> count A x)" 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

956 
(is "?lhs \<longleftrightarrow> ?rhs") 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

957 
proof 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

958 
assume ?lhs then show ?rhs 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

959 
by (auto simp add: mset_le_def count_Bag) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

960 
next 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

961 
assume ?rhs 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

962 
show ?lhs 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

963 
proof (rule mset_less_eqI) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

964 
fix x 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

965 
from `?rhs` have "count_of xs x \<le> count A x" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

966 
by (cases "x \<in> fst ` set xs") (auto simp add: count_of_empty) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

967 
then show "count (Bag xs) x \<le> count A x" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

968 
by (simp add: mset_le_def count_Bag) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

969 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

970 
qed 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

971 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

972 
instantiation multiset :: (eq) eq 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

973 
begin 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

974 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

975 
definition 
35268
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

976 
"HOL.eq A B \<longleftrightarrow> (A::'a multiset) \<le> B \<and> B \<le> A" 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

977 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

978 
instance proof 
35268
04673275441a
switched notations for pointwise and multiset order
haftmann
parents:
35028
diff
changeset

979 
qed (simp add: eq_multiset_def eq_iff) 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

980 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

981 
end 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

982 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

983 
definition (in term_syntax) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

984 
bagify :: "('a\<Colon>typerep \<times> nat) list \<times> (unit \<Rightarrow> Code_Evaluation.term) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

985 
\<Rightarrow> 'a multiset \<times> (unit \<Rightarrow> Code_Evaluation.term)" where 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

986 
[code_unfold]: "bagify xs = Code_Evaluation.valtermify Bag {\<cdot>} xs" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

987 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

988 
notation fcomp (infixl "o>" 60) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

989 
notation scomp (infixl "o\<rightarrow>" 60) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

990 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

991 
instantiation multiset :: (random) random 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

992 
begin 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

993 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

994 
definition 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

995 
"Quickcheck.random i = Quickcheck.random i o\<rightarrow> (\<lambda>xs. Pair (bagify xs))" 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

996 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

997 
instance .. 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

998 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

999 
end 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

1000 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

1001 
no_notation fcomp (infixl "o>" 60) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

1002 
no_notation scomp (infixl "o\<rightarrow>" 60) 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

1003 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

1004 
hide (open) const bagify 
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

1005 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

1006 

e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

1007 
subsection {* The multiset order *} 
10249  1008 

1009 
subsubsection {* Wellfoundedness *} 

1010 

28708
a1a436f09ec6
explicit check for pattern discipline before code translation
haftmann
parents:
28562
diff
changeset

1011 
definition mult1 :: "('a \<times> 'a) set => ('a multiset \<times> 'a multiset) set" where 
a1a436f09ec6
explicit check for pattern discipline before code translation
haftmann
parents:
28562
diff
changeset

1012 
[code del]: "mult1 r = {(N, M). \<exists>a M0 K. M = M0 + {#a#} \<and> N = M0 + K \<and> 
23751  1013 
(\<forall>b. b :# K > (b, a) \<in> r)}" 
10249  1014 

28708
a1a436f09ec6
explicit check for pattern discipline before code translation
haftmann
parents:
28562
diff
changeset

1015 
definition mult :: "('a \<times> 'a) set => ('a multiset \<times> 'a multiset) set" where 
34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

1016 
[code del]: "mult r = (mult1 r)\<^sup>+" 
10249  1017 

23751  1018 
lemma not_less_empty [iff]: "(M, {#}) \<notin> mult1 r" 
26178  1019 
by (simp add: mult1_def) 
10249  1020 

23751  1021 
lemma less_add: "(N, M0 + {#a#}) \<in> mult1 r ==> 
1022 
(\<exists>M. (M, M0) \<in> mult1 r \<and> N = M + {#a#}) \<or> 

1023 
(\<exists>K. (\<forall>b. b :# K > (b, a) \<in> r) \<and> N = M0 + K)" 

19582  1024 
(is "_ \<Longrightarrow> ?case1 (mult1 r) \<or> ?case2") 
10249  1025 
proof (unfold mult1_def) 
23751  1026 
let ?r = "\<lambda>K a. \<forall>b. b :# K > (b, a) \<in> r" 
11464  1027 
let ?R = "\<lambda>N M. \<exists>a M0 K. M = M0 + {#a#} \<and> N = M0 + K \<and> ?r K a" 
23751  1028 
let ?case1 = "?case1 {(N, M). ?R N M}" 
10249  1029 

23751  1030 
assume "(N, M0 + {#a#}) \<in> {(N, M). ?R N M}" 
18258  1031 
then have "\<exists>a' M0' K. 
11464  1032 
M0 + {#a#} = M0' + {#a'#} \<and> N = M0' + K \<and> ?r K a'" by simp 
18258  1033 
then show "?case1 \<or> ?case2" 
10249  1034 
proof (elim exE conjE) 
1035 
fix a' M0' K 

1036 
assume N: "N = M0' + K" and r: "?r K a'" 

1037 
assume "M0 + {#a#} = M0' + {#a'#}" 

18258  1038 
then have "M0 = M0' \<and> a = a' \<or> 
11464  1039 
(\<exists>K'. M0 = K' + {#a'#} \<and> M0' = K' + {#a#})" 
10249  1040 
by (simp only: add_eq_conv_ex) 
18258  1041 
then show ?thesis 
10249  1042 
proof (elim disjE conjE exE) 
1043 
assume "M0 = M0'" "a = a'" 

11464  1044 
with N r have "?r K a \<and> N = M0 + K" by simp 
18258  1045 
then have ?case2 .. then show ?thesis .. 
10249  1046 
next 
1047 
fix K' 

1048 
assume "M0' = K' + {#a#}" 

34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

1049 
with N have n: "N = K' + K + {#a#}" by (simp add: add_ac) 
10249  1050 

1051 
assume "M0 = K' + {#a'#}" 

1052 
with r have "?R (K' + K) M0" by blast 

18258  1053 
with n have ?case1 by simp then show ?thesis .. 
10249  1054 
qed 
1055 
qed 

1056 
qed 

1057 

23751  1058 
lemma all_accessible: "wf r ==> \<forall>M. M \<in> acc (mult1 r)" 
10249  1059 
proof 
1060 
let ?R = "mult1 r" 

1061 
let ?W = "acc ?R" 

1062 
{ 

1063 
fix M M0 a 

23751  1064 
assume M0: "M0 \<in> ?W" 
1065 
and wf_hyp: "!!b. (b, a) \<in> r ==> (\<forall>M \<in> ?W. M + {#b#} \<in> ?W)" 

1066 
and acc_hyp: "\<forall>M. (M, M0) \<in> ?R > M + {#a#} \<in> ?W" 

1067 
have "M0 + {#a#} \<in> ?W" 

1068 
proof (rule accI [of "M0 + {#a#}"]) 

10249  1069 
fix N 
23751  1070 
assume "(N, M0 + {#a#}) \<in> ?R" 
1071 
then have "((\<exists>M. (M, M0) \<in> ?R \<and> N = M + {#a#}) \<or> 

1072 
(\<exists>K. (\<forall>b. b :# K > (b, a) \<in> r) \<and> N = M0 + K))" 

10249  1073 
by (rule less_add) 
23751  1074 
then show "N \<in> ?W" 
10249  1075 
proof (elim exE disjE conjE) 
23751  1076 
fix M assume "(M, M0) \<in> ?R" and N: "N = M + {#a#}" 
1077 
from acc_hyp have "(M, M0) \<in> ?R > M + {#a#} \<in> ?W" .. 

1078 
from this and `(M, M0) \<in> ?R` have "M + {#a#} \<in> ?W" .. 

1079 
then show "N \<in> ?W" by (simp only: N) 

10249  1080 
next 
1081 
fix K 

1082 
assume N: "N = M0 + K" 

23751  1083 
assume "\<forall>b. b :# K > (b, a) \<in> r" 
1084 
then have "M0 + K \<in> ?W" 

10249  1085 
proof (induct K) 
18730  1086 
case empty 
23751  1087 
from M0 show "M0 + {#} \<in> ?W" by simp 
18730  1088 
next 
1089 
case (add K x) 

23751  1090 
from add.prems have "(x, a) \<in> r" by simp 
1091 
with wf_hyp have "\<forall>M \<in> ?W. M + {#x#} \<in> ?W" by blast 

1092 
moreover from add have "M0 + K \<in> ?W" by simp 

1093 
ultimately have "(M0 + K) + {#x#} \<in> ?W" .. 

34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

1094 
then show "M0 + (K + {#x#}) \<in> ?W" by (simp only: add_assoc) 
10249  1095 
qed 
23751  1096 
then show "N \<in> ?W" by (simp only: N) 
10249  1097 
qed 
1098 
qed 

1099 
} note tedious_reasoning = this 

1100 

23751  1101 
assume wf: "wf r" 
10249  1102 
fix M 
23751  1103 
show "M \<in> ?W" 
10249  1104 
proof (induct M) 
23751  1105 
show "{#} \<in> ?W" 
10249  1106 
proof (rule accI) 
23751  1107 
fix b assume "(b, {#}) \<in> ?R" 
1108 
with not_less_empty show "b \<in> ?W" by contradiction 

10249  1109 
qed 
1110 

23751  1111 
fix M a assume "M \<in> ?W" 
1112 
from wf have "\<forall>M \<in> ?W. M + {#a#} \<in> ?W" 

10249  1113 
proof induct 
1114 
fix a 

23751  1115 
assume r: "!!b. (b, a) \<in> r ==> (\<forall>M \<in> ?W. M + {#b#} \<in> ?W)" 
1116 
show "\<forall>M \<in> ?W. M + {#a#} \<in> ?W" 

10249  1117 
proof 
23751  1118 
fix M assume "M \<in> ?W" 
1119 
then show "M + {#a#} \<in> ?W" 

23373  1120 
by (rule acc_induct) (rule tedious_reasoning [OF _ r]) 
10249  1121 
qed 
1122 
qed 

23751  1123 
from this and `M \<in> ?W` show "M + {#a#} \<in> ?W" .. 
10249  1124 
qed 
1125 
qed 

1126 

23751  1127 
theorem wf_mult1: "wf r ==> wf (mult1 r)" 
26178  1128 
by (rule acc_wfI) (rule all_accessible) 
10249  1129 

23751  1130 
theorem wf_mult: "wf r ==> wf (mult r)" 
26178  1131 
unfolding mult_def by (rule wf_trancl) (rule wf_mult1) 
10249  1132 

1133 

1134 
subsubsection {* Closurefree presentation *} 

1135 

1136 
text {* One direction. *} 

1137 

1138 
lemma mult_implies_one_step: 

23751  1139 
"trans r ==> (M, N) \<in> mult r ==> 
11464  1140 
\<exists>I J K. N = I + J \<and> M = I + K \<and> J \<noteq> {#} \<and> 
23751  1141 
(\<forall>k \<in> set_of K. \<exists>j \<in> set_of J. (k, j) \<in> r)" 
26178  1142 
apply (unfold mult_def mult1_def set_of_def) 
1143 
apply (erule converse_trancl_induct, clarify) 

1144 
apply (rule_tac x = M0 in exI, simp, clarify) 

1145 
apply (case_tac "a :# K") 

1146 
apply (rule_tac x = I in exI) 

1147 
apply (simp (no_asm)) 

1148 
apply (rule_tac x = "(K  {#a#}) + Ka" in exI) 

34943
e97b22500a5c
cleanup of Multiset.thy: less duplication, tuned and simplified a couple of proofs, less historical organization of sections, conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code generation
haftmann
parents:
33102
diff
changeset

1149 
apply (simp (no_asm_simp) add: add_assoc [symmetric]) 
26178  1150 
apply (drule_tac f = "\<lambda>M. M  {#a#}" in arg_cong) 
1151 
apply (simp add: diff_union_single_conv) 

1152 
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: trans_def) 

1153 
apply blast 

1154 
apply (subgoal_tac "a :# I") 

1155 
apply (rule_tac x = "I  {#a#}" in exI) 

1156 
apply (rule_tac x = "J + {#a#}" in exI) 

1157 
apply (rule_tac x = "K + Ka" in exI) 

1158 
apply (rule conjI) 

1159 
apply (simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq split: nat_diff_split) 

1160 
apply (rule conjI) 

1161 
apply (drule_tac f = "\<lambda>M. M  {#a#}" in arg_cong, simp) 

1162 
apply (simp add: multiset_eq_conv_count_eq split: nat_diff_split) 

1163 
apply (simp (no_asm_use) add: trans_def) 

1164 
apply blast 

