src/HOL/Nominal/nominal_permeq.ML
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simplified get_thm(s): back to plain name argument;
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(*  Title:      HOL/Nominal/nominal_permeq.ML
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Authors:    Christian Urban, Julien Narboux, TU Muenchen
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Methods for simplifying permutations and
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for analysing equations involving permutations.
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*)
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(*
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FIXMES:
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 - allow the user to give an explicit set S in the
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   fresh_guess tactic which is then verified
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 - the perm_compose tactic does not do an "outermost
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   rewriting" and can therefore not deal with goals
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   like
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      [(a,b)] o pi1 o pi2 = ....
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   rather it tries to permute pi1 over pi2, which 
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   results in a failure when used with the 
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   perm_(full)_simp tactics
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*)
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signature NOMINAL_PERMEQ =
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sig
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  val perm_simproc_fun : simproc
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  val perm_simproc_app : simproc
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  val perm_simp_tac : simpset -> int -> tactic
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  val perm_full_simp_tac : simpset -> int -> tactic
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  val supports_tac : simpset -> int -> tactic
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  val finite_guess_tac : simpset -> int -> tactic
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  val fresh_guess_tac : simpset -> int -> tactic
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  val perm_simp_meth : Method.src -> Proof.context -> Proof.method
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  val perm_simp_meth_debug : Method.src -> Proof.context -> Proof.method
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  val perm_full_simp_meth : Method.src -> Proof.context -> Proof.method
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  val perm_full_simp_meth_debug : Method.src -> Proof.context -> Proof.method
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  val supports_meth : Method.src -> Proof.context -> Proof.method
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  val supports_meth_debug : Method.src -> Proof.context -> Proof.method
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  val finite_guess_meth : Method.src -> Proof.context -> Proof.method
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  val finite_guess_meth_debug : Method.src -> Proof.context -> Proof.method
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  val fresh_guess_meth : Method.src -> Proof.context -> Proof.method
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  val fresh_guess_meth_debug : Method.src -> Proof.context -> Proof.method
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end
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structure NominalPermeq : NOMINAL_PERMEQ =
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struct
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(* some lemmas needed below *)
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val finite_emptyI = @{thm "finite.emptyI"};
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val finite_Un     = @{thm "finite_Un"};
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val conj_absorb   = @{thm "conj_absorb"};
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val not_false     = @{thm "not_False_eq_True"}
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val perm_fun_def  = @{thm "Nominal.perm_fun_def"};
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val perm_eq_app   = @{thm "Nominal.pt_fun_app_eq"};
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val supports_def  = @{thm "Nominal.supports_def"};
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val fresh_def     = @{thm "Nominal.fresh_def"};
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val fresh_prod    = @{thm "Nominal.fresh_prod"};
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val fresh_unit    = @{thm "Nominal.fresh_unit"};
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val supports_rule = @{thm "supports_finite"};
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val supp_prod     = @{thm "supp_prod"};
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val supp_unit     = @{thm "supp_unit"};
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val pt_perm_compose_aux = @{thm "pt_perm_compose_aux"};
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val cp1_aux             = @{thm "cp1_aux"};
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val perm_aux_fold       = @{thm "perm_aux_fold"}; 
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val supports_fresh_rule = @{thm "supports_fresh"};
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(* pulls out dynamically a thm via the proof state *)
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fun dynamic_thms st name = PureThy.get_thms (theory_of_thm st) name;
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fun dynamic_thm  st name = PureThy.get_thm  (theory_of_thm st) name;
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(* needed in the process of fully simplifying permutations *)
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val strong_congs = [@{thm "if_cong"}]
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(* needed to avoid warnings about overwritten congs *)
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val weak_congs   = [@{thm "if_weak_cong"}]
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(* FIXME comment *)
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(* a tactical which fails if the tactic taken as an argument generates does not solve the sub goal i *)
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fun SOLVEI t = t THEN_ALL_NEW (fn i => no_tac);
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(* debugging *)
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fun DEBUG_tac (msg,tac) = 
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    CHANGED (EVERY [print_tac ("before "^msg), tac, print_tac ("after "^msg)]); 
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fun NO_DEBUG_tac (_,tac) = CHANGED tac; 
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(* simproc that deals with instances of permutations in front *)
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(* of applications; just adding this rule to the simplifier   *)
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(* would loop; it also needs careful tuning with the simproc  *)
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(* for functions to avoid further possibilities for looping   *)
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fun perm_simproc_app' sg ss redex =
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  let 
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    (* the "application" case is only applicable when the head of f is not a *)
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    (* constant or when (f x) is a permuation with two or more arguments     *)
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    fun applicable_app t = 
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          (case (strip_comb t) of
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	      (Const ("Nominal.perm",_),ts) => (length ts) >= 2
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            | (Const _,_) => false
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            | _ => true)
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  in
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    case redex of 
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        (* case pi o (f x) == (pi o f) (pi o x)          *)
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        (Const("Nominal.perm",
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          Type("fun",[Type("List.list",[Type("*",[Type(n,_),_])]),_])) $ pi $ (f $ x)) => 
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            (if (applicable_app f) then
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              let
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                val name = Sign.base_name n
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                val at_inst = PureThy.get_thm sg ("at_" ^ name ^ "_inst")
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                val pt_inst = PureThy.get_thm sg ("pt_" ^ name ^ "_inst")
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              in SOME ((at_inst RS (pt_inst RS perm_eq_app)) RS eq_reflection) end
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            else NONE)
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      | _ => NONE
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  end
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val perm_simproc_app = Simplifier.simproc @{theory} "perm_simproc_app"
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  ["Nominal.perm pi x"] perm_simproc_app';
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(* a simproc that deals with permutation instances in front of functions  *)
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fun perm_simproc_fun' sg ss redex = 
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   let 
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     fun applicable_fun t =
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       (case (strip_comb t) of
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          (Abs _ ,[]) => true
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	| (Const ("Nominal.perm",_),_) => false
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        | (Const _, _) => true
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	| _ => false)
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   in
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     case redex of 
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       (* case pi o f == (%x. pi o (f ((rev pi)o x))) *)     
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       (Const("Nominal.perm",_) $ pi $ f)  => 
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          (if (applicable_fun f) then SOME (perm_fun_def) else NONE)
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      | _ => NONE
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   end
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val perm_simproc_fun = Simplifier.simproc @{theory} "perm_simproc_fun"
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  ["Nominal.perm pi x"] perm_simproc_fun';
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(* function for simplyfying permutations *)
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fun perm_simp_gen dyn_thms eqvt_thms ss i = 
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    ("general simplification of permutations", fn st =>
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    let
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       val ss' = Simplifier.theory_context (theory_of_thm st) ss
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         addsimps (maps (dynamic_thms st) dyn_thms @ eqvt_thms)
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         delcongs weak_congs
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         addcongs strong_congs
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         addsimprocs [perm_simproc_fun, perm_simproc_app]
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    in
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      asm_full_simp_tac ss' i st
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    end);
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(* general simplification of permutations and permutation that arose from eqvt-problems *)
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fun perm_simp ss = 
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    let val simps = ["perm_swap","perm_fresh_fresh","perm_bij","perm_pi_simp","swap_simps"]
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    in 
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	perm_simp_gen simps [] ss
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    end;
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fun eqvt_simp ss = 
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    let val simps = ["perm_swap","perm_fresh_fresh","perm_pi_simp"]
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	val eqvts_thms = NominalThmDecls.get_eqvt_thms (Simplifier.the_context ss);
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    in 
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	perm_simp_gen simps eqvts_thms ss
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    end;
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(* main simplification tactics for permutations *)
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fun perm_simp_tac tactical ss i = DETERM (tactical (perm_simp ss i));
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fun eqvt_simp_tac tactical ss i = DETERM (tactical (eqvt_simp ss i)); 
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(* applies the perm_compose rule such that                             *)
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(*   pi o (pi' o lhs) = rhs                                            *)
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(* is transformed to                                                   *) 
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(*  (pi o pi') o (pi' o lhs) = rhs                                     *)
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(*                                                                     *)
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(* this rule would loop in the simplifier, so some trick is used with  *)
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(* generating perm_aux'es for the outermost permutation and then un-   *)
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(* folding the definition                                              *)
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fun perm_compose_simproc' sg ss redex =
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  (case redex of
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     (Const ("Nominal.perm", Type ("fun", [Type ("List.list", 
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       [Type ("*", [T as Type (tname,_),_])]),_])) $ pi1 $ (Const ("Nominal.perm", 
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         Type ("fun", [Type ("List.list", [Type ("*", [U as Type (uname,_),_])]),_])) $ 
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          pi2 $ t)) =>
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    let
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      val tname' = Sign.base_name tname
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      val uname' = Sign.base_name uname
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    in
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      if pi1 <> pi2 then  (* only apply the composition rule in this case *)
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        if T = U then    
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          SOME (Drule.instantiate'
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            [SOME (ctyp_of sg (fastype_of t))]
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            [SOME (cterm_of sg pi1), SOME (cterm_of sg pi2), SOME (cterm_of sg t)]
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            (mk_meta_eq ([PureThy.get_thm sg ("pt_"^tname'^"_inst"),
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             PureThy.get_thm sg ("at_"^tname'^"_inst")] MRS pt_perm_compose_aux)))
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        else
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          SOME (Drule.instantiate'
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            [SOME (ctyp_of sg (fastype_of t))]
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            [SOME (cterm_of sg pi1), SOME (cterm_of sg pi2), SOME (cterm_of sg t)]
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            (mk_meta_eq (PureThy.get_thm sg ("cp_"^tname'^"_"^uname'^"_inst") RS 
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             cp1_aux)))
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      else NONE
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    end
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  | _ => NONE);
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val perm_compose_simproc = Simplifier.simproc @{theory} "perm_compose"
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  ["Nominal.perm pi1 (Nominal.perm pi2 t)"] perm_compose_simproc';
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fun perm_compose_tac ss i = 
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  ("analysing permutation compositions on the lhs",
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   fn st => EVERY
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     [rtac trans i,
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      asm_full_simp_tac (Simplifier.theory_context (theory_of_thm st) empty_ss
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        addsimprocs [perm_compose_simproc]) i,
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      asm_full_simp_tac (HOL_basic_ss addsimps [perm_aux_fold]) i] st);
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(* applying Stefan's smart congruence tac *)
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fun apply_cong_tac i = 
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    ("application of congruence",
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     (fn st => DatatypeAux.cong_tac i st handle Subscript => no_tac st));
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(* unfolds the definition of permutations     *)
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(* applied to functions such that             *)
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(*     pi o f = rhs                           *)  
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(* is transformed to                          *)
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(*     %x. pi o (f ((rev pi) o x)) = rhs      *)
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fun unfold_perm_fun_def_tac i =
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    ("unfolding of permutations on functions", 
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      rtac (perm_fun_def RS meta_eq_to_obj_eq RS trans) i)
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(* applies the ext-rule such that      *)
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(*                                     *)
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(*    f = g   goes to  /\x. f x = g x  *)
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fun ext_fun_tac i = ("extensionality expansion of functions", rtac ext i);
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(* perm_full_simp_tac is perm_simp plus additional tactics        *)
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(* to decide equation that come from support problems             *)
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(* since it contains looping rules the "recursion" - depth is set *)
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(* to 10 - this seems to be sufficient in most cases              *)
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fun perm_full_simp_tac tactical ss =
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  let fun perm_full_simp_tac_aux tactical ss n = 
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	  if n=0 then K all_tac
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	  else DETERM o 
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	       (FIRST'[fn i => tactical ("splitting conjunctions on the rhs", rtac conjI i),
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                       fn i => tactical (perm_simp ss i),
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		       fn i => tactical (perm_compose_tac ss i),
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		       fn i => tactical (apply_cong_tac i), 
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                       fn i => tactical (unfold_perm_fun_def_tac i),
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                       fn i => tactical (ext_fun_tac i)]
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		      THEN_ALL_NEW (TRY o (perm_full_simp_tac_aux tactical ss (n-1))))
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  in perm_full_simp_tac_aux tactical ss 10 end;
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(* tactic that tries to solve "supports"-goals; first it *)
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(* unfolds the support definition and strips off the     *)
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(* intros, then applies eqvt_simp_tac                    *)
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fun supports_tac tactical ss i =
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  let 
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     val simps        = [supports_def,symmetric fresh_def,fresh_prod]
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  in
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      EVERY [tactical ("unfolding of supports   ", simp_tac (HOL_basic_ss addsimps simps) i),
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             tactical ("stripping of foralls    ", REPEAT_DETERM (rtac allI i)),
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             tactical ("geting rid of the imps  ", rtac impI i),
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             tactical ("eliminating conjuncts   ", REPEAT_DETERM (etac  conjE i)),
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             tactical ("applying eqvt_simp      ", eqvt_simp_tac tactical ss i )]
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  end;
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(* tactic that guesses the finite-support of a goal        *)
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(* it first collects all free variables and tries to show  *)
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(* that the support of these free variables (op supports)  *)
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(* the goal                                                *)
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fun collect_vars i (Bound j) vs = if j < i then vs else insert (op =) (Bound (j - i)) vs
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  | collect_vars i (v as Free _) vs = insert (op =) v vs
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  | collect_vars i (v as Var _) vs = insert (op =) v vs
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  | collect_vars i (Const _) vs = vs
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  | collect_vars i (Abs (_, _, t)) vs = collect_vars (i+1) t vs
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  | collect_vars i (t $ u) vs = collect_vars i u (collect_vars i t vs);
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fun finite_guess_tac tactical ss i st =
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    let val goal = List.nth(cprems_of st, i-1)
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    in
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      case Logic.strip_assums_concl (term_of goal) of
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          _ $ (Const ("Finite_Set.finite", _) $ (Const ("Nominal.supp", T) $ x)) =>
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          let
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            val cert = Thm.cterm_of (Thm.theory_of_thm st);
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            val ps = Logic.strip_params (term_of goal);
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            val Ts = rev (map snd ps);
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            val vs = collect_vars 0 x [];
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            val s = Library.foldr (fn (v, s) =>
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                HOLogic.pair_const (fastype_of1 (Ts, v)) (fastype_of1 (Ts, s)) $ v $ s)
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              (vs, HOLogic.unit);
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            val s' = list_abs (ps,
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              Const ("Nominal.supp", fastype_of1 (Ts, s) --> body_type T) $ s);
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            val supports_rule' = Thm.lift_rule goal supports_rule;
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            val _ $ (_ $ S $ _) =
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              Logic.strip_assums_concl (hd (prems_of supports_rule'));
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            val supports_rule'' = Drule.cterm_instantiate
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              [(cert (head_of S), cert s')] supports_rule'
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            val fin_supp = dynamic_thms st ("fin_supp")
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            val ss' = ss addsimps [supp_prod,supp_unit,finite_Un,finite_emptyI,conj_absorb]@fin_supp
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          in
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            (tactical ("guessing of the right supports-set",
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                      EVERY [compose_tac (false, supports_rule'', 2) i,
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                             asm_full_simp_tac ss' (i+1),
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                             supports_tac tactical ss i])) st
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          end
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        | _ => Seq.empty
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    end
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    handle Subscript => Seq.empty
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(* tactic that guesses whether an atom is fresh for an expression  *)
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(* it first collects all free variables and tries to show that the *) 
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(* support of these free variables (op supports) the goal          *)
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fun fresh_guess_tac tactical ss i st =
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    let 
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	val goal = List.nth(cprems_of st, i-1)
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        val fin_supp = dynamic_thms st ("fin_supp")
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        val fresh_atm = dynamic_thms st ("fresh_atm")
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	val ss1 = ss addsimps [symmetric fresh_def,fresh_prod,fresh_unit,conj_absorb,not_false]@fresh_atm
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        val ss2 = ss addsimps [supp_prod,supp_unit,finite_Un,finite_emptyI,conj_absorb]@fin_supp
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    in
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      case Logic.strip_assums_concl (term_of goal) of
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          _ $ (Const ("Nominal.fresh", Type ("fun", [T, _])) $ _ $ t) => 
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          let
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            val cert = Thm.cterm_of (Thm.theory_of_thm st);
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            val ps = Logic.strip_params (term_of goal);
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            val Ts = rev (map snd ps);
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            val vs = collect_vars 0 t [];
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            val s = Library.foldr (fn (v, s) =>
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                HOLogic.pair_const (fastype_of1 (Ts, v)) (fastype_of1 (Ts, s)) $ v $ s)
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              (vs, HOLogic.unit);
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            val s' = list_abs (ps,
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              Const ("Nominal.supp", fastype_of1 (Ts, s) --> (HOLogic.mk_setT T)) $ s);
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            val supports_fresh_rule' = Thm.lift_rule goal supports_fresh_rule;
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            val _ $ (_ $ S $ _) =
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              Logic.strip_assums_concl (hd (prems_of supports_fresh_rule'));
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            val supports_fresh_rule'' = Drule.cterm_instantiate
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              [(cert (head_of S), cert s')] supports_fresh_rule'
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          in
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            (tactical ("guessing of the right set that supports the goal", 
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                      (EVERY [compose_tac (false, supports_fresh_rule'', 3) i,
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                             asm_full_simp_tac ss1 (i+2),
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                             asm_full_simp_tac ss2 (i+1), 
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                             supports_tac tactical ss i]))) st
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          end
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          (* when a term-constructor contains more than one binder, it is useful    *) 
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          (* in nominal_primrecs to try whether the goal can be solved by an hammer *)
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        | _ => (tactical ("if it is not of the form _\<sharp>_, then try the simplifier",   
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                          (asm_full_simp_tac (HOL_ss addsimps [fresh_prod]@fresh_atm) i))) st
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    end
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    handle Subscript => Seq.empty;
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(* setup so that the simpset is used which is active at the moment when the tactic is called *)
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fun local_simp_meth_setup tac =
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  Method.only_sectioned_args (Simplifier.simp_modifiers' @ Splitter.split_modifiers)
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  (Method.SIMPLE_METHOD' o tac o local_simpset_of) ;
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(* uses HOL_basic_ss only and fails if the tactic does not solve the subgoal *)
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fun basic_simp_meth_setup debug tac =
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  Method.sectioned_args 
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   (fn (ctxt,l) => ((),((Simplifier.map_ss (fn _ => HOL_basic_ss) ctxt),l)))
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   (Simplifier.simp_modifiers' @ Splitter.split_modifiers)
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   (fn _ => Method.SIMPLE_METHOD' o (fn ss => if debug then (tac ss) else SOLVEI (tac ss)) o local_simpset_of);
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val perm_simp_meth            = local_simp_meth_setup (perm_simp_tac NO_DEBUG_tac);
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val perm_simp_meth_debug      = local_simp_meth_setup (perm_simp_tac DEBUG_tac);
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val perm_full_simp_meth       = local_simp_meth_setup (perm_full_simp_tac NO_DEBUG_tac);
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val perm_full_simp_meth_debug = local_simp_meth_setup (perm_full_simp_tac DEBUG_tac);
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val supports_meth             = local_simp_meth_setup (supports_tac NO_DEBUG_tac);
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val supports_meth_debug       = local_simp_meth_setup (supports_tac DEBUG_tac);
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val finite_guess_meth         = basic_simp_meth_setup false (finite_guess_tac NO_DEBUG_tac);
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val finite_guess_meth_debug   = basic_simp_meth_setup true (finite_guess_tac DEBUG_tac);
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val fresh_guess_meth          = basic_simp_meth_setup false (fresh_guess_tac NO_DEBUG_tac);
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val fresh_guess_meth_debug    = basic_simp_meth_setup true (fresh_guess_tac DEBUG_tac);
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val perm_simp_tac = perm_simp_tac NO_DEBUG_tac;
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val perm_full_simp_tac = perm_full_simp_tac NO_DEBUG_tac;
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val supports_tac = supports_tac NO_DEBUG_tac;
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val finite_guess_tac = finite_guess_tac NO_DEBUG_tac;
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val fresh_guess_tac = fresh_guess_tac NO_DEBUG_tac;
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end