src/HOL/Relation.ML
author nipkow
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(*  Title:      Relation.ML
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    ID:         $Id$
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    Authors:    Riccardo Mattolini, Dip. Sistemi e Informatica
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                Lawrence C Paulson, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory
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    Copyright   1994 Universita' di Firenze
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    Copyright   1993  University of Cambridge
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*)
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val RSLIST = curry (op MRS);
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open Relation;
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(** Identity relation **)
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goalw Relation.thy [id_def] "(a,a) : id";  
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by (rtac CollectI 1);
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by (rtac exI 1);
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by (rtac refl 1);
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qed "idI";
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val major::prems = goalw Relation.thy [id_def]
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    "[| p: id;  !!x.[| p = (x,x) |] ==> P  \
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\    |] ==>  P";  
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by (rtac (major RS CollectE) 1);
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by (etac exE 1);
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by (eresolve_tac prems 1);
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qed "idE";
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goalw Relation.thy [id_def] "(a,b):id = (a=b)";
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by (fast_tac prod_cs 1);
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qed "pair_in_id_conv";
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(** Composition of two relations **)
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val prems = goalw Relation.thy [comp_def]
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    "[| (a,b):s; (b,c):r |] ==> (a,c) : r O s";
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by (fast_tac (prod_cs addIs prems) 1);
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qed "compI";
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(*proof requires higher-level assumptions or a delaying of hyp_subst_tac*)
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val prems = goalw Relation.thy [comp_def]
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    "[| xz : r O s;  \
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\       !!x y z. [| xz = (x,z);  (x,y):s;  (y,z):r |] ==> P \
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\    |] ==> P";
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by (cut_facts_tac prems 1);
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by (REPEAT (eresolve_tac [CollectE, splitE, exE, conjE] 1 ORELSE ares_tac prems 1));
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qed "compE";
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val prems = goal Relation.thy
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    "[| (a,c) : r O s;  \
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\       !!y. [| (a,y):s;  (y,c):r |] ==> P \
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\    |] ==> P";
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by (rtac compE 1);
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac prems 1 ORELSE eresolve_tac [Pair_inject,ssubst] 1));
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qed "compEpair";
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val comp_cs = prod_cs addIs [compI, idI] addSEs [compE, idE];
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goal Relation.thy "!!r s. [| r'<=r; s'<=s |] ==> (r' O s') <= (r O s)";
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by (fast_tac comp_cs 1);
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qed "comp_mono";
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goal Relation.thy
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    "!!r s. [| s <= Sigma A (%x.B);  r <= Sigma B (%x.C) |] ==> \
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\           (r O s) <= Sigma A (%x.C)";
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by (fast_tac comp_cs 1);
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qed "comp_subset_Sigma";
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(** Natural deduction for trans(r) **)
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val prems = goalw Relation.thy [trans_def]
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    "(!! x y z. [| (x,y):r;  (y,z):r |] ==> (x,z):r) ==> trans(r)";
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by (REPEAT (ares_tac (prems@[allI,impI]) 1));
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qed "transI";
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val major::prems = goalw Relation.thy [trans_def]
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    "[| trans(r);  (a,b):r;  (b,c):r |] ==> (a,c):r";
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by (cut_facts_tac [major] 1);
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by (fast_tac (HOL_cs addIs prems) 1);
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qed "transD";
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(** Natural deduction for converse(r) **)
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goalw Relation.thy [converse_def] "!!a b r. (a,b):r ==> (b,a):converse(r)";
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by (Simp_tac 1);
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qed "converseI";
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goalw Relation.thy [converse_def] "!!a b r. (a,b) : converse(r) ==> (b,a) : r";
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by (fast_tac comp_cs 1);
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qed "converseD";
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qed_goalw "converseE" Relation.thy [converse_def]
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    "[| yx : converse(r);  \
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\       !!x y. [| yx=(y,x);  (x,y):r |] ==> P \
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\    |] ==> P"
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 (fn [major,minor]=>
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  [ (rtac (major RS CollectE) 1),
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    (REPEAT (eresolve_tac [splitE, bexE,exE, conjE, minor] 1)),
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    (assume_tac 1) ]);
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val converse_cs = comp_cs addSIs [converseI] 
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                          addSEs [converseD,converseE];
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goalw Relation.thy [converse_def] "converse(converse R) = R";
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by(fast_tac (prod_cs addSIs [equalityI]) 1);
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qed "converse_converse";
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(** Domain **)
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qed_goalw "Domain_iff" Relation.thy [Domain_def]
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    "a: Domain(r) = (EX y. (a,y): r)"
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 (fn _=> [ (fast_tac comp_cs 1) ]);
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qed_goal "DomainI" Relation.thy "!!a b r. (a,b): r ==> a: Domain(r)"
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 (fn _ => [ (etac (exI RS (Domain_iff RS iffD2)) 1) ]);
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qed_goal "DomainE" Relation.thy
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    "[| a : Domain(r);  !!y. (a,y): r ==> P |] ==> P"
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 (fn prems=>
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  [ (rtac (Domain_iff RS iffD1 RS exE) 1),
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    (REPEAT (ares_tac prems 1)) ]);
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(** Range **)
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qed_goalw "RangeI" Relation.thy [Range_def] "!!a b r.(a,b): r ==> b : Range(r)"
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 (fn _ => [ (etac (converseI RS DomainI) 1) ]);
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qed_goalw "RangeE" Relation.thy [Range_def]
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    "[| b : Range(r);  !!x. (x,b): r ==> P |] ==> P"
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 (fn major::prems=>
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  [ (rtac (major RS DomainE) 1),
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    (resolve_tac prems 1),
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    (etac converseD 1) ]);
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(*** Image of a set under a relation ***)
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qed_goalw "Image_iff" Relation.thy [Image_def]
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    "b : r^^A = (? x:A. (x,b):r)"
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 (fn _ => [ fast_tac (comp_cs addIs [RangeI]) 1 ]);
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qed_goal "Image_singleton_iff" Relation.thy
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    "(b : r^^{a}) = ((a,b):r)"
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 (fn _ => [ rtac (Image_iff RS trans) 1,
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            fast_tac comp_cs 1 ]);
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qed_goalw "ImageI" Relation.thy [Image_def]
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    "!!a b r. [| (a,b): r;  a:A |] ==> b : r^^A"
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 (fn _ => [ (REPEAT (ares_tac [CollectI,RangeI,bexI] 1)),
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            (resolve_tac [conjI ] 1),
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            (rtac RangeI 1),
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            (REPEAT (fast_tac set_cs 1))]);
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qed_goalw "ImageE" Relation.thy [Image_def]
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    "[| b: r^^A;  !!x.[| (x,b): r;  x:A |] ==> P |] ==> P"
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 (fn major::prems=>
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  [ (rtac (major RS CollectE) 1),
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    (safe_tac set_cs),
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    (etac RangeE 1),
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    (rtac (hd prems) 1),
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    (REPEAT (etac bexE 1 ORELSE ares_tac prems 1)) ]);
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   162
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qed_goal "Image_subset" Relation.thy
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    "!!A B r. r <= Sigma A (%x.B) ==> r^^C <= B"
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 (fn _ =>
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  [ (rtac subsetI 1),
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    (REPEAT (eresolve_tac [asm_rl, ImageE, subsetD RS SigmaD2] 1)) ]);
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   168
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val rel_cs = converse_cs addSIs [converseI] 
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                         addIs  [ImageI, DomainI, RangeI]
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                         addSEs [ImageE, DomainE, RangeE];
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val rel_eq_cs = rel_cs addSIs [equalityI];
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Addsimps [pair_in_id_conv];