src/Provers/Arith/fast_lin_arith.ML
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(*  Title:      Provers/Arith/fast_lin_arith.ML
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    Author:     Tobias Nipkow and Tjark Weber and Sascha Boehme
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A generic linear arithmetic package.  It provides two tactics
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(cut_lin_arith_tac, lin_arith_tac) and a simplification procedure
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(lin_arith_simproc).
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Only take premises and conclusions into account that are already
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(negated) (in)equations. lin_arith_simproc tries to prove or disprove
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the term.
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*)
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(*** Data needed for setting up the linear arithmetic package ***)
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signature LIN_ARITH_LOGIC =
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sig
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  val conjI       : thm  (* P ==> Q ==> P & Q *)
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  val ccontr      : thm  (* (~ P ==> False) ==> P *)
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  val notI        : thm  (* (P ==> False) ==> ~ P *)
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  val not_lessD   : thm  (* ~(m < n) ==> n <= m *)
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  val not_leD     : thm  (* ~(m <= n) ==> n < m *)
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  val sym         : thm  (* x = y ==> y = x *)
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  val trueI       : thm  (* True *)
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  val mk_Eq       : thm -> thm
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  val atomize     : thm -> thm list
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  val mk_Trueprop : term -> term
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  val neg_prop    : term -> term
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  val is_False    : thm -> bool
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  val is_nat      : typ list * term -> bool
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  val mk_nat_thm  : theory -> term -> thm
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end;
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(*
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mk_Eq(~in) = `in == False'
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mk_Eq(in) = `in == True'
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where `in' is an (in)equality.
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neg_prop(t) = neg  if t is wrapped up in Trueprop and neg is the
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  (logically) negated version of t (again wrapped up in Trueprop),
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  where the negation of a negative term is the term itself (no
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  double negation!); raises TERM ("neg_prop", [t]) if t is not of
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  the form 'Trueprop $ _'
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is_nat(parameter-types,t) =  t:nat
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mk_nat_thm(t) = "0 <= t"
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*)
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signature LIN_ARITH_DATA =
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sig
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  (*internal representation of linear (in-)equations:*)
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  type decomp = (term * Rat.rat) list * Rat.rat * string * (term * Rat.rat) list * Rat.rat * bool
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  val decomp: Proof.context -> term -> decomp option
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  val domain_is_nat: term -> bool
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  (*preprocessing, performed on a representation of subgoals as list of premises:*)
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  val pre_decomp: Proof.context -> typ list * term list -> (typ list * term list) list
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  (*preprocessing, performed on the goal -- must do the same as 'pre_decomp':*)
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  val pre_tac: simpset -> int -> tactic
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  (*the limit on the number of ~= allowed; because each ~= is split
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    into two cases, this can lead to an explosion*)
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  val fast_arith_neq_limit: int Config.T
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end;
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(*
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decomp(`x Rel y') should yield (p,i,Rel,q,j,d)
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   where Rel is one of "<", "~<", "<=", "~<=" and "=" and
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         p (q, respectively) is the decomposition of the sum term x
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         (y, respectively) into a list of summand * multiplicity
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         pairs and a constant summand and d indicates if the domain
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         is discrete.
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domain_is_nat(`x Rel y') t should yield true iff x is of type "nat".
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The relationship between pre_decomp and pre_tac is somewhat tricky.  The
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internal representation of a subgoal and the corresponding theorem must
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be modified by pre_decomp (pre_tac, resp.) in a corresponding way.  See
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the comment for split_items below.  (This is even necessary for eta- and
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beta-equivalent modifications, as some of the lin. arith. code is not
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insensitive to them.)
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ss must reduce contradictory <= to False.
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   It should also cancel common summands to keep <= reduced;
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   otherwise <= can grow to massive proportions.
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*)
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signature FAST_LIN_ARITH =
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sig
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  val cut_lin_arith_tac: simpset -> int -> tactic
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  val lin_arith_tac: Proof.context -> bool -> int -> tactic
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  val lin_arith_simproc: simpset -> term -> thm option
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  val map_data:
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    ({add_mono_thms: thm list, mult_mono_thms: thm list, inj_thms: thm list,
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      lessD: thm list, neqE: thm list, simpset: Simplifier.simpset,
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      number_of: (theory -> typ -> int -> cterm) option} ->
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     {add_mono_thms: thm list, mult_mono_thms: thm list, inj_thms: thm list,
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      lessD: thm list, neqE: thm list, simpset: Simplifier.simpset,
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      number_of: (theory -> typ -> int -> cterm) option}) ->
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      Context.generic -> Context.generic
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  val add_inj_thms: thm list -> Context.generic -> Context.generic
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  val add_lessD: thm -> Context.generic -> Context.generic
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  val add_simps: thm list -> Context.generic -> Context.generic
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  val add_simprocs: simproc list -> Context.generic -> Context.generic
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  val set_number_of: (theory -> typ -> int -> cterm) -> Context.generic -> Context.generic
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  val trace: bool Unsynchronized.ref
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end;
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functor Fast_Lin_Arith
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  (structure LA_Logic: LIN_ARITH_LOGIC and LA_Data: LIN_ARITH_DATA): FAST_LIN_ARITH =
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struct
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(** theory data **)
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structure Data = Generic_Data
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(
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  type T =
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   {add_mono_thms: thm list,
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    mult_mono_thms: thm list,
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    inj_thms: thm list,
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    lessD: thm list,
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    neqE: thm list,
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    simpset: Simplifier.simpset,
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    number_of: (theory -> typ -> int -> cterm) option};
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  val empty : T =
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   {add_mono_thms = [], mult_mono_thms = [], inj_thms = [],
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    lessD = [], neqE = [], simpset = Simplifier.empty_ss,
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    number_of = NONE};
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  val extend = I;
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  fun merge
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    ({add_mono_thms = add_mono_thms1, mult_mono_thms = mult_mono_thms1, inj_thms = inj_thms1,
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      lessD = lessD1, neqE = neqE1, simpset = simpset1, number_of = number_of1},
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     {add_mono_thms = add_mono_thms2, mult_mono_thms = mult_mono_thms2, inj_thms = inj_thms2,
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      lessD = lessD2, neqE = neqE2, simpset = simpset2, number_of = number_of2}) : T =
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    {add_mono_thms = Thm.merge_thms (add_mono_thms1, add_mono_thms2),
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     mult_mono_thms = Thm.merge_thms (mult_mono_thms1, mult_mono_thms2),
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     inj_thms = Thm.merge_thms (inj_thms1, inj_thms2),
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     lessD = Thm.merge_thms (lessD1, lessD2),
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     neqE = Thm.merge_thms (neqE1, neqE2),
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     simpset = Simplifier.merge_ss (simpset1, simpset2),
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     number_of = if is_some number_of1 then number_of1 else number_of2};
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);
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val map_data = Data.map;
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val get_data = Data.get o Context.Proof;
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fun map_inj_thms f {add_mono_thms, mult_mono_thms, inj_thms, lessD, neqE, simpset, number_of} =
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  {add_mono_thms = add_mono_thms, mult_mono_thms = mult_mono_thms, inj_thms = f inj_thms,
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    lessD = lessD, neqE = neqE, simpset = simpset, number_of = number_of};
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fun map_lessD f {add_mono_thms, mult_mono_thms, inj_thms, lessD, neqE, simpset, number_of} =
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  {add_mono_thms = add_mono_thms, mult_mono_thms = mult_mono_thms, inj_thms = inj_thms,
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    lessD = f lessD, neqE = neqE, simpset = simpset, number_of = number_of};
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fun map_simpset f {add_mono_thms, mult_mono_thms, inj_thms, lessD, neqE, simpset, number_of} =
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  {add_mono_thms = add_mono_thms, mult_mono_thms = mult_mono_thms, inj_thms = inj_thms,
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    lessD = lessD, neqE = neqE, simpset = f simpset, number_of = number_of};
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fun add_inj_thms thms = map_data (map_inj_thms (append thms));
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fun add_lessD thm = map_data (map_lessD (fn thms => thms @ [thm]));
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fun add_simps thms = map_data (map_simpset (fn simpset => simpset addsimps thms));
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fun add_simprocs procs = map_data (map_simpset (fn simpset => simpset addsimprocs procs));
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fun set_number_of f =
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  map_data (fn {add_mono_thms, mult_mono_thms, inj_thms, lessD, neqE, simpset, ...} =>
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   {add_mono_thms = add_mono_thms, mult_mono_thms = mult_mono_thms, inj_thms = inj_thms,
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    lessD = lessD, neqE = neqE, simpset = simpset, number_of = SOME f});
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fun number_of ctxt =
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  (case Data.get (Context.Proof ctxt) of
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    {number_of = SOME f, ...} => f (ProofContext.theory_of ctxt)
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  | _ => fn _ => fn _ => raise CTERM ("number_of", []));
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(*** A fast decision procedure ***)
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(*** Code ported from HOL Light ***)
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(* possible optimizations:
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   use (var,coeff) rep or vector rep  tp save space;
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   treat non-negative atoms separately rather than adding 0 <= atom
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*)
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val trace = Unsynchronized.ref false;
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datatype lineq_type = Eq | Le | Lt;
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datatype injust = Asm of int
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                | Nat of int (* index of atom *)
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                | LessD of injust
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                | NotLessD of injust
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                | NotLeD of injust
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                | NotLeDD of injust
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                | Multiplied of int * injust
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                | Added of injust * injust;
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datatype lineq = Lineq of int * lineq_type * int list * injust;
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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(* Finding a (counter) example from the trace of a failed elimination        *)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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(* Examples are represented as rational numbers,                             *)
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(* Dont blame John Harrison for this code - it is entirely mine. TN          *)
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exception NoEx;
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(* Coding: (i,true,cs) means i <= cs and (i,false,cs) means i < cs.
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   In general, true means the bound is included, false means it is excluded.
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   Need to know if it is a lower or upper bound for unambiguous interpretation!
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*)
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fun elim_eqns (Lineq (i, Le, cs, _)) = [(i, true, cs)]
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  | elim_eqns (Lineq (i, Eq, cs, _)) = [(i, true, cs),(~i, true, map ~ cs)]
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  | elim_eqns (Lineq (i, Lt, cs, _)) = [(i, false, cs)];
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(* PRE: ex[v] must be 0! *)
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fun eval ex v (a, le, cs) =
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  let
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    val rs = map Rat.rat_of_int cs;
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    val rsum = fold2 (Rat.add oo Rat.mult) rs ex Rat.zero;
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  in (Rat.mult (Rat.add (Rat.rat_of_int a) (Rat.neg rsum)) (Rat.inv (nth rs v)), le) end;
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(* If nth rs v < 0, le should be negated.
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   Instead this swap is taken into account in ratrelmin2.
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*)
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fun ratrelmin2 (x as (r, ler), y as (s, les)) =
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  case Rat.ord (r, s)
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   of EQUAL => (r, (not ler) andalso (not les))
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    | LESS => x
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    | GREATER => y;
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fun ratrelmax2 (x as (r, ler), y as (s, les)) =
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  case Rat.ord (r, s)
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   of EQUAL => (r, ler andalso les)
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    | LESS => y
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    | GREATER => x;
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val ratrelmin = foldr1 ratrelmin2;
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val ratrelmax = foldr1 ratrelmax2;
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fun ratexact up (r, exact) =
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  if exact then r else
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  let
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    val (_, q) = Rat.quotient_of_rat r;
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    val nth = Rat.inv (Rat.rat_of_int q);
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  in Rat.add r (if up then nth else Rat.neg nth) end;
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fun ratmiddle (r, s) = Rat.mult (Rat.add r s) (Rat.inv Rat.two);
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fun choose2 d ((lb, exactl), (ub, exactu)) =
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  let val ord = Rat.sign lb in
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  if (ord = LESS orelse exactl) andalso (ord = GREATER orelse exactu)
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    then Rat.zero
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    else if not d then
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      if ord = GREATER
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        then if exactl then lb else ratmiddle (lb, ub)
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        else if exactu then ub else ratmiddle (lb, ub)
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      else (*discrete domain, both bounds must be exact*)
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      if ord = GREATER
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        then let val lb' = Rat.roundup lb in
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          if Rat.le lb' ub then lb' else raise NoEx end
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        else let val ub' = Rat.rounddown ub in
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          if Rat.le lb ub' then ub' else raise NoEx end
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  end;
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fun findex1 discr (v, lineqs) ex =
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  let
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    val nz = filter (fn (Lineq (_, _, cs, _)) => nth cs v <> 0) lineqs;
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    val ineqs = maps elim_eqns nz;
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    val (ge, le) = List.partition (fn (_,_,cs) => nth cs v > 0) ineqs
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    val lb = ratrelmax (map (eval ex v) ge)
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    val ub = ratrelmin (map (eval ex v) le)
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  in nth_map v (K (choose2 (nth discr v) (lb, ub))) ex end;
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fun elim1 v x =
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  map (fn (a,le,bs) => (Rat.add a (Rat.neg (Rat.mult (nth bs v) x)), le,
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                        nth_map v (K Rat.zero) bs));
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fun single_var v (_, _, cs) = case filter_out (curry (op =) EQUAL o Rat.sign) cs
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 of [x] => x =/ nth cs v
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  | _ => false;
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(* The base case:
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   all variables occur only with positive or only with negative coefficients *)
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fun pick_vars discr (ineqs,ex) =
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  let val nz = filter_out (fn (_,_,cs) => forall (curry (op =) EQUAL o Rat.sign) cs) ineqs
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  in case nz of [] => ex
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     | (_,_,cs) :: _ =>
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       let val v = find_index (not o curry (op =) EQUAL o Rat.sign) cs
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           val d = nth discr v;
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           val pos = not (Rat.sign (nth cs v) = LESS);
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           val sv = filter (single_var v) nz;
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           val minmax =
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             if pos then if d then Rat.roundup o fst o ratrelmax
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                         else ratexact true o ratrelmax
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                    else if d then Rat.rounddown o fst o ratrelmin
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                         else ratexact false o ratrelmin
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           val bnds = map (fn (a,le,bs) => (Rat.mult a (Rat.inv (nth bs v)), le)) sv
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           val x = minmax((Rat.zero,if pos then true else false)::bnds)
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           val ineqs' = elim1 v x nz
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           val ex' = nth_map v (K x) ex
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       in pick_vars discr (ineqs',ex') end
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  end;
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fun findex0 discr n lineqs =
22950
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  let val ineqs = maps elim_eqns lineqs
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   306
      val rineqs = map (fn (a,le,cs) => (Rat.rat_of_int a, le, map Rat.rat_of_int cs))
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                       ineqs
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  in pick_vars discr (rineqs,replicate n Rat.zero) end;
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
23197
f96d909eda37 cosmetic
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(* End of counterexample finder. The actual decision procedure starts here.  *)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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(* Calculate new (in)equality type after addition.                           *)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
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fun find_add_type(Eq,x) = x
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  | find_add_type(x,Eq) = x
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  | find_add_type(_,Lt) = Lt
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  | find_add_type(Lt,_) = Lt
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  | find_add_type(Le,Le) = Le;
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aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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(* Multiply out an (in)equation.                                             *)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
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fun multiply_ineq n (i as Lineq(k,ty,l,just)) =
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  if n = 1 then i
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665862241968 replaced ancient sys_error by raise Fail, assuming that the latter is not handled specifically by the environment;
wenzelm
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   330
  else if n = 0 andalso ty = Lt then raise Fail "multiply_ineq"
665862241968 replaced ancient sys_error by raise Fail, assuming that the latter is not handled specifically by the environment;
wenzelm
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   331
  else if n < 0 andalso (ty=Le orelse ty=Lt) then raise Fail "multiply_ineq"
33002
f3f02f36a3e2 uniform use of Integer.add/mult/sum/prod;
wenzelm
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   332
  else Lineq (n * k, ty, map (Integer.mult n) l, Multiplied (n, just));
5982
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aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
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   334
(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
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   335
(* Add together (in)equations.                                               *)
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   336
(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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   337
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   338
fun add_ineq (Lineq (k1,ty1,l1,just1)) (Lineq (k2,ty2,l2,just2)) =
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f3f02f36a3e2 uniform use of Integer.add/mult/sum/prod;
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  let val l = map2 Integer.add l1 l2
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
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  in Lineq(k1+k2,find_add_type(ty1,ty2),l,Added(just1,just2)) end;
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aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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   343
(* Elimination of variable between a single pair of (in)equations.           *)
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(* If they're both inequalities, 1st coefficient must be +ve, 2nd -ve.       *)
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(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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   346
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
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   347
fun elim_var v (i1 as Lineq(k1,ty1,l1,just1)) (i2 as Lineq(k2,ty2,l2,just2)) =
23063
haftmann
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   348
  let val c1 = nth l1 v and c2 = nth l2 v
23261
85f27f79232f tuned integers
haftmann
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   349
      val m = Integer.lcm (abs c1) (abs c2)
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
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   350
      val m1 = m div (abs c1) and m2 = m div (abs c2)
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   351
      val (n1,n2) =
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   352
        if (c1 >= 0) = (c2 >= 0)
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parents:
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   353
        then if ty1 = Eq then (~m1,m2)
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   354
             else if ty2 = Eq then (m1,~m2)
40316
665862241968 replaced ancient sys_error by raise Fail, assuming that the latter is not handled specifically by the environment;
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   355
                  else raise Fail "elim_var"
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
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   356
        else (m1,m2)
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nipkow
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   357
      val (p1,p2) = if ty1=Eq andalso ty2=Eq andalso (n1 = ~1 orelse n2 = ~1)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
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   358
                    then (~n1,~n2) else (n1,n2)
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e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
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   359
  in add_ineq (multiply_ineq p1 i1) (multiply_ineq p2 i2) end;
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
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   360
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
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   361
(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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nipkow
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   362
(* The main refutation-finding code.                                         *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
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   363
(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
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nipkow
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   364
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
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   365
fun is_trivial (Lineq(_,_,l,_)) = forall (fn i => i=0) l;
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
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   366
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04a8de29e8f7 dropped dead code
haftmann
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   367
fun is_contradictory (Lineq(k,ty,_,_)) =
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   368
  case ty  of Eq => k <> 0 | Le => k > 0 | Lt => k >= 0;
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parents:
diff changeset
   369
24630
351a308ab58d simplified type int (eliminated IntInf.int, integer);
wenzelm
parents: 24112
diff changeset
   370
fun calc_blowup l =
33317
b4534348b8fd standardized filter/filter_out;
wenzelm
parents: 33245
diff changeset
   371
  let val (p,n) = List.partition (curry (op <) 0) (filter (curry (op <>) 0) l)
24630
351a308ab58d simplified type int (eliminated IntInf.int, integer);
wenzelm
parents: 24112
diff changeset
   372
  in length p * length n end;
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   373
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
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   374
(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
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   375
(* Main elimination code:                                                    *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
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   376
(*                                                                           *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
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   377
(* (1) Looks for immediate solutions (false assertions with no variables).   *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   378
(*                                                                           *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   379
(* (2) If there are any equations, picks a variable with the lowest absolute *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   380
(* coefficient in any of them, and uses it to eliminate.                     *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   381
(*                                                                           *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   382
(* (3) Otherwise, chooses a variable in the inequality to minimize the       *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   383
(* blowup (number of consequences generated) and eliminates it.              *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   384
(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   385
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   386
fun extract_first p =
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   387
  let
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   388
    fun extract xs (y::ys) = if p y then (y, xs @ ys) else extract (y::xs) ys
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   389
      | extract xs [] = raise Empty
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   390
  in extract [] end;
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   391
6056
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   392
fun print_ineqs ineqs =
9073
40d8dfac96b8 tracing flag for arith_tac
paulson
parents: 8263
diff changeset
   393
  if !trace then
12262
11ff5f47df6e use tracing function for trace output;
wenzelm
parents: 12109
diff changeset
   394
     tracing(cat_lines(""::map (fn Lineq(c,t,l,_) =>
24630
351a308ab58d simplified type int (eliminated IntInf.int, integer);
wenzelm
parents: 24112
diff changeset
   395
       string_of_int c ^
9073
40d8dfac96b8 tracing flag for arith_tac
paulson
parents: 8263
diff changeset
   396
       (case t of Eq => " =  " | Lt=> " <  " | Le => " <= ") ^
24630
351a308ab58d simplified type int (eliminated IntInf.int, integer);
wenzelm
parents: 24112
diff changeset
   397
       commas(map string_of_int l)) ineqs))
9073
40d8dfac96b8 tracing flag for arith_tac
paulson
parents: 8263
diff changeset
   398
  else ();
6056
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   399
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   400
type history = (int * lineq list) list;
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   401
datatype result = Success of injust | Failure of history;
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   402
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   403
fun elim (ineqs, hist) =
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   404
  let val _ = print_ineqs ineqs
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   405
      val (triv, nontriv) = List.partition is_trivial ineqs in
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   406
  if not (null triv)
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   407
  then case Library.find_first is_contradictory triv of
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   408
         NONE => elim (nontriv, hist)
15531
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15184
diff changeset
   409
       | SOME(Lineq(_,_,_,j)) => Success j
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   410
  else
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   411
  if null nontriv then Failure hist
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   412
  else
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   413
  let val (eqs, noneqs) = List.partition (fn (Lineq(_,ty,_,_)) => ty=Eq) nontriv in
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   414
  if not (null eqs) then
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   415
     let val c =
33042
ddf1f03a9ad9 curried union as canonical list operation
haftmann
parents: 33038
diff changeset
   416
           fold (fn Lineq(_,_,l,_) => fn cs => union (op =) l cs) eqs []
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   417
           |> filter (fn i => i <> 0)
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   418
           |> sort (int_ord o pairself abs)
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   419
           |> hd
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   420
         val (eq as Lineq(_,_,ceq,_),othereqs) =
36692
54b64d4ad524 farewell to old-style mem infixes -- type inference in situations with mem_int and mem_string should provide enough information to resolve the type of (op =)
haftmann
parents: 35872
diff changeset
   421
               extract_first (fn Lineq(_,_,l,_) => member (op =) l c) eqs
31986
a68f88d264f7 dropped find_index_eq
haftmann
parents: 31638
diff changeset
   422
         val v = find_index (fn v => v = c) ceq
23063
haftmann
parents: 23025
diff changeset
   423
         val (ioth,roth) = List.partition (fn (Lineq(_,_,l,_)) => nth l v = 0)
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   424
                                     (othereqs @ noneqs)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   425
         val others = map (elim_var v eq) roth @ ioth
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   426
     in elim(others,(v,nontriv)::hist) end
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   427
  else
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   428
  let val lists = map (fn (Lineq(_,_,l,_)) => l) noneqs
23063
haftmann
parents: 23025
diff changeset
   429
      val numlist = 0 upto (length (hd lists) - 1)
haftmann
parents: 23025
diff changeset
   430
      val coeffs = map (fn i => map (fn xs => nth xs i) lists) numlist
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   431
      val blows = map calc_blowup coeffs
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   432
      val iblows = blows ~~ numlist
23063
haftmann
parents: 23025
diff changeset
   433
      val nziblows = filter_out (fn (i, _) => i = 0) iblows
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   434
  in if null nziblows then Failure((~1,nontriv)::hist)
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   435
     else
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   436
     let val (c,v) = hd(sort (fn (x,y) => int_ord(fst(x),fst(y))) nziblows)
23063
haftmann
parents: 23025
diff changeset
   437
         val (no,yes) = List.partition (fn (Lineq(_,_,l,_)) => nth l v = 0) ineqs
haftmann
parents: 23025
diff changeset
   438
         val (pos,neg) = List.partition(fn (Lineq(_,_,l,_)) => nth l v > 0) yes
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   439
     in elim(no @ map_product (elim_var v) pos neg, (v,nontriv)::hist) end
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   440
  end
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   441
  end
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   442
  end;
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   443
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   444
(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   445
(* Translate back a proof.                                                   *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   446
(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   447
32091
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   448
fun trace_thm ctxt msg th =
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   449
  (if !trace then (tracing msg; tracing (Display.string_of_thm ctxt th)) else (); th);
9073
40d8dfac96b8 tracing flag for arith_tac
paulson
parents: 8263
diff changeset
   450
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   451
fun trace_term ctxt msg t =
24920
2a45e400fdad generic Syntax.pretty/string_of operations;
wenzelm
parents: 24630
diff changeset
   452
  (if !trace then tracing (cat_lines [msg, Syntax.string_of_term ctxt t]) else (); t)
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   453
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   454
fun trace_msg msg =
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   455
  if !trace then tracing msg else ();
9073
40d8dfac96b8 tracing flag for arith_tac
paulson
parents: 8263
diff changeset
   456
33042
ddf1f03a9ad9 curried union as canonical list operation
haftmann
parents: 33038
diff changeset
   457
val union_term = union Pattern.aeconv;
ddf1f03a9ad9 curried union as canonical list operation
haftmann
parents: 33038
diff changeset
   458
val union_bterm = union (fn ((b:bool, t), (b', t')) => b = b' andalso Pattern.aeconv (t, t'));
26835
404550067389 Lookup and union operations on terms are now modulo eta conversion.
berghofe
parents: 24920
diff changeset
   459
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   460
fun add_atoms (lhs, _, _, rhs, _, _) =
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   461
  union_term (map fst lhs) o union_term (map fst rhs);
6056
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   462
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   463
fun atoms_of ds = fold add_atoms ds [];
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   464
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   465
(*
6056
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   466
Simplification may detect a contradiction 'prematurely' due to type
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   467
information: n+1 <= 0 is simplified to False and does not need to be crossed
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   468
with 0 <= n.
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   469
*)
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   470
local
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   471
  exception FalseE of thm
6056
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   472
in
27020
b5b8afc9fdcd added warning_count for issued reconstruction failure messages (limit 10);
wenzelm
parents: 26945
diff changeset
   473
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   474
fun mkthm ss asms (just: injust) =
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   475
  let
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   476
    val ctxt = Simplifier.the_context ss;
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   477
    val thy = ProofContext.theory_of ctxt;
38763
283f1f9969ba Fast_Lin_Arith.number_of: more conventional merge that prefers the left side -- note that former ordering wrt. serial numbers makes it depend on accidental load order;
wenzelm
parents: 38762
diff changeset
   478
    val {add_mono_thms, mult_mono_thms, inj_thms, lessD, simpset, ...} = get_data ctxt;
283f1f9969ba Fast_Lin_Arith.number_of: more conventional merge that prefers the left side -- note that former ordering wrt. serial numbers makes it depend on accidental load order;
wenzelm
parents: 38762
diff changeset
   479
    val number_of = number_of ctxt;
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   480
    val simpset' = Simplifier.inherit_context ss simpset;
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   481
    fun only_concl f thm =
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   482
      if Thm.no_prems thm then f (Thm.concl_of thm) else NONE;
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   483
    val atoms = atoms_of (map_filter (only_concl (LA_Data.decomp ctxt)) asms);
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   484
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   485
    fun use_first rules thm =
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   486
      get_first (fn th => SOME (thm RS th) handle THM _ => NONE) rules
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   487
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   488
    fun add2 thm1 thm2 =
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   489
      use_first add_mono_thms (thm1 RS (thm2 RS LA_Logic.conjI));
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   490
    fun try_add thms thm = get_first (fn th => add2 th thm) thms;
6056
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   491
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   492
    fun add_thms thm1 thm2 =
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   493
      (case add2 thm1 thm2 of
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   494
        NONE =>
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   495
          (case try_add ([thm1] RL inj_thms) thm2 of
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   496
            NONE =>
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   497
              (the (try_add ([thm2] RL inj_thms) thm1)
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   498
                handle Option =>
32091
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   499
                  (trace_thm ctxt "" thm1; trace_thm ctxt "" thm2;
40316
665862241968 replaced ancient sys_error by raise Fail, assuming that the latter is not handled specifically by the environment;
wenzelm
parents: 38763
diff changeset
   500
                   raise Fail "Linear arithmetic: failed to add thms"))
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   501
          | SOME thm => thm)
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   502
      | SOME thm => thm);
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   503
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   504
    fun mult_by_add n thm =
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   505
      let fun mul i th = if i = 1 then th else mul (i - 1) (add_thms thm th)
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   506
      in mul n thm end;
10575
c78d26d5c3c1 Now adjusted to mixed terms involving coercions.
nipkow
parents: 9420
diff changeset
   507
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   508
    val rewr = Simplifier.rewrite simpset';
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   509
    val rewrite_concl = Conv.fconv_rule (Conv.concl_conv ~1 (Conv.arg_conv
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   510
      (Conv.binop_conv rewr)));
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   511
    fun discharge_prem thm = if Thm.nprems_of thm = 0 then thm else
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   512
      let val cv = Conv.arg1_conv (Conv.arg_conv rewr)
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   513
      in Thm.implies_elim (Conv.fconv_rule cv thm) LA_Logic.trueI end
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   514
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   515
    fun mult n thm =
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   516
      (case use_first mult_mono_thms thm of
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   517
        NONE => mult_by_add n thm
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   518
      | SOME mth =>
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   519
          let
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   520
            val cv = mth |> Thm.cprop_of |> Drule.strip_imp_concl
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   521
              |> Thm.dest_arg |> Thm.dest_arg1 |> Thm.dest_arg1
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   522
            val T = #T (Thm.rep_cterm cv)
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   523
          in
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   524
            mth
38763
283f1f9969ba Fast_Lin_Arith.number_of: more conventional merge that prefers the left side -- note that former ordering wrt. serial numbers makes it depend on accidental load order;
wenzelm
parents: 38762
diff changeset
   525
            |> Thm.instantiate ([], [(cv, number_of T n)])
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   526
            |> rewrite_concl
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   527
            |> discharge_prem
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   528
            handle CTERM _ => mult_by_add n thm
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   529
                 | THM _ => mult_by_add n thm
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   530
          end);
10691
4ea37fba9c02 towards rtional arithmetic
nipkow
parents: 10575
diff changeset
   531
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   532
    fun mult_thm (n, thm) =
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   533
      if n = ~1 then thm RS LA_Logic.sym
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   534
      else if n < 0 then mult (~n) thm RS LA_Logic.sym
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   535
      else mult n thm;
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   536
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   537
    fun simp thm =
32091
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   538
      let val thm' = trace_thm ctxt "Simplified:" (full_simplify simpset' thm)
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   539
      in if LA_Logic.is_False thm' then raise FalseE thm' else thm' end;
6056
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   540
32091
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   541
    fun mk (Asm i) = trace_thm ctxt ("Asm " ^ string_of_int i) (nth asms i)
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   542
      | mk (Nat i) = trace_thm ctxt ("Nat " ^ string_of_int i) (LA_Logic.mk_nat_thm thy (nth atoms i))
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   543
      | mk (LessD j) = trace_thm ctxt "L" (hd ([mk j] RL lessD))
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   544
      | mk (NotLeD j) = trace_thm ctxt "NLe" (mk j RS LA_Logic.not_leD)
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   545
      | mk (NotLeDD j) = trace_thm ctxt "NLeD" (hd ([mk j RS LA_Logic.not_leD] RL lessD))
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   546
      | mk (NotLessD j) = trace_thm ctxt "NL" (mk j RS LA_Logic.not_lessD)
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   547
      | mk (Added (j1, j2)) = simp (trace_thm ctxt "+" (add_thms (mk j1) (mk j2)))
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   548
      | mk (Multiplied (n, j)) =
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   549
          (trace_msg ("*" ^ string_of_int n); trace_thm ctxt "*" (mult_thm (n, mk j)))
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   550
27020
b5b8afc9fdcd added warning_count for issued reconstruction failure messages (limit 10);
wenzelm
parents: 26945
diff changeset
   551
  in
b5b8afc9fdcd added warning_count for issued reconstruction failure messages (limit 10);
wenzelm
parents: 26945
diff changeset
   552
    let
b5b8afc9fdcd added warning_count for issued reconstruction failure messages (limit 10);
wenzelm
parents: 26945
diff changeset
   553
      val _ = trace_msg "mkthm";
32091
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   554
      val thm = trace_thm ctxt "Final thm:" (mk just);
27020
b5b8afc9fdcd added warning_count for issued reconstruction failure messages (limit 10);
wenzelm
parents: 26945
diff changeset
   555
      val fls = simplify simpset' thm;
32091
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   556
      val _ = trace_thm ctxt "After simplification:" fls;
27020
b5b8afc9fdcd added warning_count for issued reconstruction failure messages (limit 10);
wenzelm
parents: 26945
diff changeset
   557
      val _ =
b5b8afc9fdcd added warning_count for issued reconstruction failure messages (limit 10);
wenzelm
parents: 26945
diff changeset
   558
        if LA_Logic.is_False fls then ()
b5b8afc9fdcd added warning_count for issued reconstruction failure messages (limit 10);
wenzelm
parents: 26945
diff changeset
   559
        else
35872
9b579860d59b removed warning_count (known causes for warnings have been resolved)
boehmes
parents: 35861
diff changeset
   560
         (tracing (cat_lines
9b579860d59b removed warning_count (known causes for warnings have been resolved)
boehmes
parents: 35861
diff changeset
   561
           (["Assumptions:"] @ map (Display.string_of_thm ctxt) asms @ [""] @
9b579860d59b removed warning_count (known causes for warnings have been resolved)
boehmes
parents: 35861
diff changeset
   562
            ["Proved:", Display.string_of_thm ctxt fls, ""]));
9b579860d59b removed warning_count (known causes for warnings have been resolved)
boehmes
parents: 35861
diff changeset
   563
          warning "Linear arithmetic should have refuted the assumptions.\n\
9b579860d59b removed warning_count (known causes for warnings have been resolved)
boehmes
parents: 35861
diff changeset
   564
            \Please inform Tobias Nipkow.")
27020
b5b8afc9fdcd added warning_count for issued reconstruction failure messages (limit 10);
wenzelm
parents: 26945
diff changeset
   565
    in fls end
32091
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   566
    handle FalseE thm => trace_thm ctxt "False reached early:" thm
27020
b5b8afc9fdcd added warning_count for issued reconstruction failure messages (limit 10);
wenzelm
parents: 26945
diff changeset
   567
  end;
b5b8afc9fdcd added warning_count for issued reconstruction failure messages (limit 10);
wenzelm
parents: 26945
diff changeset
   568
6056
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   569
end;
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   570
23261
85f27f79232f tuned integers
haftmann
parents: 23197
diff changeset
   571
fun coeff poly atom =
26835
404550067389 Lookup and union operations on terms are now modulo eta conversion.
berghofe
parents: 24920
diff changeset
   572
  AList.lookup Pattern.aeconv poly atom |> the_default 0;
10691
4ea37fba9c02 towards rtional arithmetic
nipkow
parents: 10575
diff changeset
   573
4ea37fba9c02 towards rtional arithmetic
nipkow
parents: 10575
diff changeset
   574
fun integ(rlhs,r,rel,rrhs,s,d) =
17951
ff954cc338c7 introduced functions from Pure/General/rat.ML
haftmann
parents: 17892
diff changeset
   575
let val (rn,rd) = Rat.quotient_of_rat r and (sn,sd) = Rat.quotient_of_rat s
24630
351a308ab58d simplified type int (eliminated IntInf.int, integer);
wenzelm
parents: 24112
diff changeset
   576
    val m = Integer.lcms(map (abs o snd o Rat.quotient_of_rat) (r :: s :: map snd rlhs @ map snd rrhs))
22846
fb79144af9a3 simplified DataFun interfaces;
wenzelm
parents: 22596
diff changeset
   577
    fun mult(t,r) =
17951
ff954cc338c7 introduced functions from Pure/General/rat.ML
haftmann
parents: 17892
diff changeset
   578
        let val (i,j) = Rat.quotient_of_rat r
15965
f422f8283491 Use of IntInf.int instead of int in most numeric simprocs; avoids
paulson
parents: 15922
diff changeset
   579
        in (t,i * (m div j)) end
12932
3bda5306d262 updated debugging output
nipkow
parents: 12311
diff changeset
   580
in (m,(map mult rlhs, rn*(m div rd), rel, map mult rrhs, sn*(m div sd), d)) end
10691
4ea37fba9c02 towards rtional arithmetic
nipkow
parents: 10575
diff changeset
   581
38052
04a8de29e8f7 dropped dead code
haftmann
parents: 36945
diff changeset
   582
fun mklineq atoms =
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   583
  fn (item, k) =>
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   584
  let val (m, (lhs,i,rel,rhs,j,discrete)) = integ item
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   585
      val lhsa = map (coeff lhs) atoms
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   586
      and rhsa = map (coeff rhs) atoms
18330
444f16d232a2 introduced new map2, fold
haftmann
parents: 18011
diff changeset
   587
      val diff = map2 (curry (op -)) rhsa lhsa
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   588
      val c = i-j
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   589
      val just = Asm k
31511
boehmes
parents: 31510
diff changeset
   590
      fun lineq(c,le,cs,j) = Lineq(c,le,cs, if m=1 then j else Multiplied(m,j))
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   591
  in case rel of
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   592
      "<="   => lineq(c,Le,diff,just)
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   593
     | "~<=" => if discrete
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   594
                then lineq(1-c,Le,map (op ~) diff,NotLeDD(just))
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   595
                else lineq(~c,Lt,map (op ~) diff,NotLeD(just))
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   596
     | "<"   => if discrete
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   597
                then lineq(c+1,Le,diff,LessD(just))
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   598
                else lineq(c,Lt,diff,just)
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   599
     | "~<"  => lineq(~c,Le,map (op~) diff,NotLessD(just))
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   600
     | "="   => lineq(c,Eq,diff,just)
40316
665862241968 replaced ancient sys_error by raise Fail, assuming that the latter is not handled specifically by the environment;
wenzelm
parents: 38763
diff changeset
   601
     | _     => raise Fail ("mklineq" ^ rel)
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   602
  end;
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   603
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   604
(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   605
(* Print (counter) example                                                   *)
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   606
(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   607
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   608
fun print_atom((a,d),r) =
17951
ff954cc338c7 introduced functions from Pure/General/rat.ML
haftmann
parents: 17892
diff changeset
   609
  let val (p,q) = Rat.quotient_of_rat r
24630
351a308ab58d simplified type int (eliminated IntInf.int, integer);
wenzelm
parents: 24112
diff changeset
   610
      val s = if d then string_of_int p else
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   611
              if p = 0 then "0"
24630
351a308ab58d simplified type int (eliminated IntInf.int, integer);
wenzelm
parents: 24112
diff changeset
   612
              else string_of_int p ^ "/" ^ string_of_int q
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   613
  in a ^ " = " ^ s end;
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   614
19049
2103a8e14eaa counter example: avoid vacuous trace;
wenzelm
parents: 18708
diff changeset
   615
fun produce_ex sds =
17496
26535df536ae slight adaptions to library changes
haftmann
parents: 17325
diff changeset
   616
  curry (op ~~) sds
26535df536ae slight adaptions to library changes
haftmann
parents: 17325
diff changeset
   617
  #> map print_atom
26535df536ae slight adaptions to library changes
haftmann
parents: 17325
diff changeset
   618
  #> commas
23197
f96d909eda37 cosmetic
webertj
parents: 23195
diff changeset
   619
  #> curry (op ^) "Counterexample (possibly spurious):\n";
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   620
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   621
fun trace_ex ctxt params atoms discr n (hist: history) =
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   622
  case hist of
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   623
    [] => ()
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   624
  | (v, lineqs) :: hist' =>
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   625
      let
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   626
        val frees = map Free params
24920
2a45e400fdad generic Syntax.pretty/string_of operations;
wenzelm
parents: 24630
diff changeset
   627
        fun show_term t = Syntax.string_of_term ctxt (subst_bounds (frees, t))
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   628
        val start =
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   629
          if v = ~1 then (hist', findex0 discr n lineqs)
22950
haftmann
parents: 22846
diff changeset
   630
          else (hist, replicate n Rat.zero)
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   631
        val ex = SOME (produce_ex (map show_term atoms ~~ discr)
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   632
            (uncurry (fold (findex1 discr)) start))
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   633
          handle NoEx => NONE
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   634
      in
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   635
        case ex of
30687
16f6efd4e599 tuned error messages
haftmann
parents: 30406
diff changeset
   636
          SOME s => (warning "Linear arithmetic failed - see trace for a counterexample."; tracing s)
16f6efd4e599 tuned error messages
haftmann
parents: 30406
diff changeset
   637
        | NONE => warning "Linear arithmetic failed"
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   638
      end;
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   639
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   640
(* ------------------------------------------------------------------------- *)
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   641
20268
1fe9aed8fcac code reformatted
webertj
parents: 20254
diff changeset
   642
fun mknat (pTs : typ list) (ixs : int list) (atom : term, i : int) : lineq option =
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   643
  if LA_Logic.is_nat (pTs, atom)
6056
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   644
  then let val l = map (fn j => if j=i then 1 else 0) ixs
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   645
       in SOME (Lineq (0, Le, l, Nat i)) end
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   646
  else NONE;
6056
b21813d1b701 Version 1 of linear arithmetic for nat.
nipkow
parents: 5982
diff changeset
   647
13186
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   648
(* This code is tricky. It takes a list of premises in the order they occur
15531
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15184
diff changeset
   649
in the subgoal. Numerical premises are coded as SOME(tuple), non-numerical
08c8dad8e399 Deleted Library.option type.
skalberg
parents: 15184
diff changeset
   650
ones as NONE. Going through the premises, each numeric one is converted into
13186
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   651
a Lineq. The tricky bit is to convert ~= which is split into two cases < and
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   652
>. Thus split_items returns a list of equation systems. This may blow up if
13186
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   653
there are many ~=, but in practice it does not seem to happen. The really
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   654
tricky bit is to arrange the order of the cases such that they coincide with
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   655
the order in which the cases are in the end generated by the tactic that
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   656
applies the generated refutation thms (see function 'refute_tac').
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   657
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   658
For variables n of type nat, a constraint 0 <= n is added.
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   659
*)
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   660
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   661
(* FIXME: To optimize, the splitting of cases and the search for refutations *)
20276
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   662
(*        could be intertwined: separate the first (fully split) case,       *)
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   663
(*        refute it, continue with splitting and refuting.  Terminate with   *)
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   664
(*        failure as soon as a case could not be refuted; i.e. delay further *)
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   665
(*        splitting until after a refutation for other cases has been found. *)
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   666
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   667
fun split_items ctxt do_pre split_neq (Ts, terms) : (typ list * (LA_Data.decomp * int) list) list =
20276
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   668
let
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   669
  (* splits inequalities '~=' into '<' and '>'; this corresponds to *)
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   670
  (* 'REPEAT_DETERM (eresolve_tac neqE i)' at the theorem/tactic    *)
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   671
  (* level                                                          *)
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   672
  (* FIXME: this is currently sensitive to the order of theorems in *)
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   673
  (*        neqE:  The theorem for type "nat" must come first.  A   *)
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   674
  (*        better (i.e. less likely to break when neqE changes)    *)
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   675
  (*        implementation should *test* which theorem from neqE    *)
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   676
  (*        can be applied, and split the premise accordingly.      *)
26945
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   677
  fun elim_neq (ineqs : (LA_Data.decomp option * bool) list) :
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   678
               (LA_Data.decomp option * bool) list list =
20276
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   679
  let
26945
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   680
    fun elim_neq' nat_only ([] : (LA_Data.decomp option * bool) list) :
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   681
                  (LA_Data.decomp option * bool) list list =
20276
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   682
          [[]]
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   683
      | elim_neq' nat_only ((NONE, is_nat) :: ineqs) =
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   684
          map (cons (NONE, is_nat)) (elim_neq' nat_only ineqs)
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   685
      | elim_neq' nat_only ((ineq as (SOME (l, i, rel, r, j, d), is_nat)) :: ineqs) =
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   686
          if rel = "~=" andalso (not nat_only orelse is_nat) then
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   687
            (* [| ?l ~= ?r; ?l < ?r ==> ?R; ?r < ?l ==> ?R |] ==> ?R *)
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   688
            elim_neq' nat_only (ineqs @ [(SOME (l, i, "<", r, j, d), is_nat)]) @
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   689
            elim_neq' nat_only (ineqs @ [(SOME (r, j, "<", l, i, d), is_nat)])
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   690
          else
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   691
            map (cons ineq) (elim_neq' nat_only ineqs)
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   692
  in
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   693
    ineqs |> elim_neq' true
26945
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   694
          |> maps (elim_neq' false)
20276
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   695
  end
13464
c98321b8d638 Fixed two bugs
nipkow
parents: 13186
diff changeset
   696
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   697
  fun ignore_neq (NONE, bool) = (NONE, bool)
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   698
    | ignore_neq (ineq as SOME (_, _, rel, _, _, _), bool) =
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   699
      if rel = "~=" then (NONE, bool) else (ineq, bool)
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   700
20276
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   701
  fun number_hyps _ []             = []
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   702
    | number_hyps n (NONE::xs)     = number_hyps (n+1) xs
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   703
    | number_hyps n ((SOME x)::xs) = (x, n) :: number_hyps (n+1) xs
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   704
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   705
  val result = (Ts, terms)
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   706
    |> (* user-defined preprocessing of the subgoal *)
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   707
       (if do_pre then LA_Data.pre_decomp ctxt else Library.single)
23195
f065f7c846fe additional tracing information
webertj
parents: 23190
diff changeset
   708
    |> tap (fn subgoals => trace_msg ("Preprocessing yields " ^
f065f7c846fe additional tracing information
webertj
parents: 23190
diff changeset
   709
         string_of_int (length subgoals) ^ " subgoal(s) total."))
22846
fb79144af9a3 simplified DataFun interfaces;
wenzelm
parents: 22596
diff changeset
   710
    |> (* produce the internal encoding of (in-)equalities *)
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   711
       map (apsnd (map (fn t => (LA_Data.decomp ctxt t, LA_Data.domain_is_nat t))))
20276
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   712
    |> (* splitting of inequalities *)
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   713
       map (apsnd (if split_neq then elim_neq else
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   714
                     Library.single o map ignore_neq))
22846
fb79144af9a3 simplified DataFun interfaces;
wenzelm
parents: 22596
diff changeset
   715
    |> maps (fn (Ts, subgoals) => map (pair Ts o map fst) subgoals)
20276
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   716
    |> (* numbering of hypotheses, ignoring irrelevant ones *)
d94dc40673b1 possible disagreement between proof search and proof reconstruction when eliminating inequalities over different types fixed
webertj
parents: 20268
diff changeset
   717
       map (apsnd (number_hyps 0))
23195
f065f7c846fe additional tracing information
webertj
parents: 23190
diff changeset
   718
in
f065f7c846fe additional tracing information
webertj
parents: 23190
diff changeset
   719
  trace_msg ("Splitting of inequalities yields " ^
f065f7c846fe additional tracing information
webertj
parents: 23190
diff changeset
   720
    string_of_int (length result) ^ " subgoal(s) total.");
f065f7c846fe additional tracing information
webertj
parents: 23190
diff changeset
   721
  result
f065f7c846fe additional tracing information
webertj
parents: 23190
diff changeset
   722
end;
13464
c98321b8d638 Fixed two bugs
nipkow
parents: 13186
diff changeset
   723
33245
65232054ffd0 eliminated some old folds;
wenzelm
parents: 33042
diff changeset
   724
fun add_datoms ((lhs,_,_,rhs,_,d) : LA_Data.decomp, _) (dats : (bool * term) list) =
26835
404550067389 Lookup and union operations on terms are now modulo eta conversion.
berghofe
parents: 24920
diff changeset
   725
  union_bterm (map (pair d o fst) lhs) (union_bterm (map (pair d o fst) rhs) dats);
13498
5330f1744817 Added counter example generation.
nipkow
parents: 13464
diff changeset
   726
26945
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   727
fun discr (initems : (LA_Data.decomp * int) list) : bool list =
33245
65232054ffd0 eliminated some old folds;
wenzelm
parents: 33042
diff changeset
   728
  map fst (fold add_datoms initems []);
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   729
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   730
fun refutes ctxt params show_ex :
26945
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   731
    (typ list * (LA_Data.decomp * int) list) list -> injust list -> injust list option =
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   732
  let
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   733
    fun refute ((Ts, initems : (LA_Data.decomp * int) list) :: initemss) (js: injust list) =
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   734
          let
31510
e0f2bb4b0021 fast_lin_arith uses proper multiplication instead of unfolding to additions
boehmes
parents: 31102
diff changeset
   735
            val atoms = atoms_of (map fst initems)
26945
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   736
            val n = length atoms
38052
04a8de29e8f7 dropped dead code
haftmann
parents: 36945
diff changeset
   737
            val mkleq = mklineq atoms
26945
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   738
            val ixs = 0 upto (n - 1)
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   739
            val iatoms = atoms ~~ ixs
32952
aeb1e44fbc19 replaced String.concat by implode;
wenzelm
parents: 32740
diff changeset
   740
            val natlineqs = map_filter (mknat Ts ixs) iatoms
26945
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   741
            val ineqs = map mkleq initems @ natlineqs
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   742
          in case elim (ineqs, []) of
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   743
               Success j =>
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   744
                 (trace_msg ("Contradiction! (" ^ string_of_int (length js + 1) ^ ")");
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   745
                  refute initemss (js @ [j]))
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   746
             | Failure hist =>
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   747
                 (if not show_ex then ()
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   748
                  else
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   749
                    let
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   750
                      val (param_names, ctxt') = ctxt |> Variable.variant_fixes (map fst params)
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   751
                      val (more_names, ctxt'') = ctxt' |> Variable.variant_fixes
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   752
                        (Name.invents (Variable.names_of ctxt') Name.uu (length Ts - length params))
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   753
                      val params' = (more_names @ param_names) ~~ Ts
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   754
                    in
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   755
                      trace_ex ctxt'' params' atoms (discr initems) n hist
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   756
                    end; NONE)
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   757
          end
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   758
      | refute [] js = SOME js
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   759
  in refute end;
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   760
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   761
fun refute ctxt params show_ex do_pre split_neq terms : injust list option =
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   762
  refutes ctxt params show_ex (split_items ctxt do_pre split_neq
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   763
    (map snd params, terms)) [];
20254
58b71535ed00 lin_arith_prover splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 20217
diff changeset
   764
22950
haftmann
parents: 22846
diff changeset
   765
fun count P xs = length (filter P xs);
20254
58b71535ed00 lin_arith_prover splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 20217
diff changeset
   766
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   767
fun prove ctxt params show_ex do_pre Hs concl : bool * injust list option =
20254
58b71535ed00 lin_arith_prover splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 20217
diff changeset
   768
  let
23190
d45c4d6c5f15 fixed handling of meta-logic propositions
webertj
parents: 23063
diff changeset
   769
    val _ = trace_msg "prove:"
20254
58b71535ed00 lin_arith_prover splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 20217
diff changeset
   770
    (* append the negated conclusion to 'Hs' -- this corresponds to     *)
58b71535ed00 lin_arith_prover splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 20217
diff changeset
   771
    (* 'DETERM (resolve_tac [LA_Logic.notI, LA_Logic.ccontr] i)' at the *)
58b71535ed00 lin_arith_prover splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 20217
diff changeset
   772
    (* theorem/tactic level                                             *)
58b71535ed00 lin_arith_prover splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 20217
diff changeset
   773
    val Hs' = Hs @ [LA_Logic.neg_prop concl]
58b71535ed00 lin_arith_prover splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 20217
diff changeset
   774
    fun is_neq NONE                 = false
58b71535ed00 lin_arith_prover splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 20217
diff changeset
   775
      | is_neq (SOME (_,_,r,_,_,_)) = (r = "~=")
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   776
    val neq_limit = Config.get ctxt LA_Data.fast_arith_neq_limit
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   777
    val split_neq = count is_neq (map (LA_Data.decomp ctxt) Hs') <= neq_limit
20254
58b71535ed00 lin_arith_prover splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 20217
diff changeset
   778
  in
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   779
    if split_neq then ()
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   780
    else
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   781
      trace_msg ("fast_arith_neq_limit exceeded (current value is " ^
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   782
        string_of_int neq_limit ^ "), ignoring all inequalities");
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   783
    (split_neq, refute ctxt params show_ex do_pre split_neq Hs')
23190
d45c4d6c5f15 fixed handling of meta-logic propositions
webertj
parents: 23063
diff changeset
   784
  end handle TERM ("neg_prop", _) =>
d45c4d6c5f15 fixed handling of meta-logic propositions
webertj
parents: 23063
diff changeset
   785
    (* since no meta-logic negation is available, we can only fail if   *)
d45c4d6c5f15 fixed handling of meta-logic propositions
webertj
parents: 23063
diff changeset
   786
    (* the conclusion is not of the form 'Trueprop $ _' (simply         *)
d45c4d6c5f15 fixed handling of meta-logic propositions
webertj
parents: 23063
diff changeset
   787
    (* dropping the conclusion doesn't work either, because even        *)
d45c4d6c5f15 fixed handling of meta-logic propositions
webertj
parents: 23063
diff changeset
   788
    (* 'False' does not imply arbitrary 'concl::prop')                  *)
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   789
    (trace_msg "prove failed (cannot negate conclusion).";
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   790
      (false, NONE));
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   791
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   792
fun refute_tac ss (i, split_neq, justs) =
6074
34242451bc91 Added simproc.
nipkow
parents: 6062
diff changeset
   793
  fn state =>
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   794
    let
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   795
      val ctxt = Simplifier.the_context ss;
32091
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   796
      val _ = trace_thm ctxt
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   797
        ("refute_tac (on subgoal " ^ string_of_int i ^ ", with " ^
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   798
          string_of_int (length justs) ^ " justification(s)):") state
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   799
      val {neqE, ...} = get_data ctxt;
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   800
      fun just1 j =
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   801
        (* eliminate inequalities *)
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   802
        (if split_neq then
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   803
          REPEAT_DETERM (eresolve_tac neqE i)
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   804
        else
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   805
          all_tac) THEN
32091
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   806
          PRIMITIVE (trace_thm ctxt "State after neqE:") THEN
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   807
          (* use theorems generated from the actual justifications *)
32283
3bebc195c124 qualified Subgoal.FOCUS;
wenzelm
parents: 32214
diff changeset
   808
          Subgoal.FOCUS (fn {prems, ...} => rtac (mkthm ss prems j) 1) ctxt i
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   809
    in
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   810
      (* rewrite "[| A1; ...; An |] ==> B" to "[| A1; ...; An; ~B |] ==> False" *)
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   811
      DETERM (resolve_tac [LA_Logic.notI, LA_Logic.ccontr] i) THEN
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   812
      (* user-defined preprocessing of the subgoal *)
35230
be006fbcfb96 Lin_Arith.pre_tac: inherit proper simplifier context, and get rid of posthoc renaming of bound variables;
wenzelm
parents: 33519
diff changeset
   813
      DETERM (LA_Data.pre_tac ss i) THEN
32091
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   814
      PRIMITIVE (trace_thm ctxt "State after pre_tac:") THEN
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   815
      (* prove every resulting subgoal, using its justification *)
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   816
      EVERY (map just1 justs)
20217
25b068a99d2b linear arithmetic splits certain operators (e.g. min, max, abs)
webertj
parents: 19618
diff changeset
   817
    end  state;
6074
34242451bc91 Added simproc.
nipkow
parents: 6062
diff changeset
   818
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   819
(*
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   820
Fast but very incomplete decider. Only premises and conclusions
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   821
that are already (negated) (in)equations are taken into account.
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   822
*)
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   823
fun simpset_lin_arith_tac ss show_ex = SUBGOAL (fn (A, i) =>
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   824
  let
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   825
    val ctxt = Simplifier.the_context ss
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   826
    val params = rev (Logic.strip_params A)
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   827
    val Hs = Logic.strip_assums_hyp A
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   828
    val concl = Logic.strip_assums_concl A
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   829
    val _ = trace_term ctxt ("Trying to refute subgoal " ^ string_of_int i) A
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   830
  in
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   831
    case prove ctxt params show_ex true Hs concl of
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   832
      (_, NONE) => (trace_msg "Refutation failed."; no_tac)
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   833
    | (split_neq, SOME js) => (trace_msg "Refutation succeeded.";
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   834
                               refute_tac ss (i, split_neq, js))
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   835
  end);
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   836
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   837
fun cut_lin_arith_tac ss =
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   838
  cut_facts_tac (Simplifier.prems_of_ss ss) THEN'
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   839
  simpset_lin_arith_tac ss false;
17613
072c21e31b42 Simplifier.inherit_bounds;
wenzelm
parents: 17524
diff changeset
   840
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   841
fun lin_arith_tac ctxt =
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   842
  simpset_lin_arith_tac (Simplifier.context ctxt Simplifier.empty_ss);
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   843
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   844
5982
aeb97860d352 Replaced the puny nat_transitive.ML by the general fast_lin_arith.ML.
nipkow
parents:
diff changeset
   845
13186
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   846
(** Forward proof from theorems **)
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   847
20433
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   848
(* More tricky code. Needs to arrange the proofs of the multiple cases (due
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   849
to splits of ~= premises) such that it coincides with the order of the cases
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   850
generated by function split_items. *)
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   851
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   852
datatype splittree = Tip of thm list
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   853
                   | Spl of thm * cterm * splittree * cterm * splittree;
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   854
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   855
(* "(ct1 ==> ?R) ==> (ct2 ==> ?R) ==> ?R" is taken to (ct1, ct2) *)
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   856
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   857
fun extract (imp : cterm) : cterm * cterm =
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   858
let val (Il, r)    = Thm.dest_comb imp
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   859
    val (_, imp1)  = Thm.dest_comb Il
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   860
    val (Ict1, _)  = Thm.dest_comb imp1
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   861
    val (_, ct1)   = Thm.dest_comb Ict1
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   862
    val (Ir, _)    = Thm.dest_comb r
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   863
    val (_, Ict2r) = Thm.dest_comb Ir
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   864
    val (Ict2, _)  = Thm.dest_comb Ict2r
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   865
    val (_, ct2)   = Thm.dest_comb Ict2
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   866
in (ct1, ct2) end;
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   867
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   868
fun splitasms ctxt (asms : thm list) : splittree =
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   869
let val {neqE, ...} = get_data ctxt
35693
d58a4ac1ca1c Use same order of neq-elimination as in proof search.
hoelzl
parents: 35230
diff changeset
   870
    fun elim_neq [] (asms', []) = Tip (rev asms')
d58a4ac1ca1c Use same order of neq-elimination as in proof search.
hoelzl
parents: 35230
diff changeset
   871
      | elim_neq [] (asms', asms) = Tip (rev asms' @ asms)
d58a4ac1ca1c Use same order of neq-elimination as in proof search.
hoelzl
parents: 35230
diff changeset
   872
      | elim_neq (neq :: neqs) (asms', []) = elim_neq neqs ([],rev asms')
d58a4ac1ca1c Use same order of neq-elimination as in proof search.
hoelzl
parents: 35230
diff changeset
   873
      | elim_neq (neqs as (neq :: _)) (asms', asm::asms) =
d58a4ac1ca1c Use same order of neq-elimination as in proof search.
hoelzl
parents: 35230
diff changeset
   874
      (case get_first (fn th => SOME (asm COMP th) handle THM _ => NONE) [neq] of
20433
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   875
        SOME spl =>
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   876
          let val (ct1, ct2) = extract (cprop_of spl)
36945
9bec62c10714 less pervasive names from structure Thm;
wenzelm
parents: 36692
diff changeset
   877
              val thm1 = Thm.assume ct1
9bec62c10714 less pervasive names from structure Thm;
wenzelm
parents: 36692
diff changeset
   878
              val thm2 = Thm.assume ct2
35693
d58a4ac1ca1c Use same order of neq-elimination as in proof search.
hoelzl
parents: 35230
diff changeset
   879
          in Spl (spl, ct1, elim_neq neqs (asms', asms@[thm1]),
d58a4ac1ca1c Use same order of neq-elimination as in proof search.
hoelzl
parents: 35230
diff changeset
   880
            ct2, elim_neq neqs (asms', asms@[thm2]))
20433
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   881
          end
35693
d58a4ac1ca1c Use same order of neq-elimination as in proof search.
hoelzl
parents: 35230
diff changeset
   882
      | NONE => elim_neq neqs (asm::asms', asms))
d58a4ac1ca1c Use same order of neq-elimination as in proof search.
hoelzl
parents: 35230
diff changeset
   883
in elim_neq neqE ([], asms) end;
20433
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   884
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   885
fun fwdproof ss (Tip asms : splittree) (j::js : injust list) = (mkthm ss asms j, js)
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   886
  | fwdproof ss (Spl (thm, ct1, tree1, ct2, tree2)) js =
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   887
      let
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   888
        val (thm1, js1) = fwdproof ss tree1 js
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   889
        val (thm2, js2) = fwdproof ss tree2 js1
36945
9bec62c10714 less pervasive names from structure Thm;
wenzelm
parents: 36692
diff changeset
   890
        val thm1' = Thm.implies_intr ct1 thm1
9bec62c10714 less pervasive names from structure Thm;
wenzelm
parents: 36692
diff changeset
   891
        val thm2' = Thm.implies_intr ct2 thm2
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   892
      in (thm2' COMP (thm1' COMP thm), js2) end;
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   893
      (* FIXME needs handle THM _ => NONE ? *)
20433
55471f940e5c lin_arith_prover: splitting reverted because of performance loss
webertj
parents: 20280
diff changeset
   894
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   895
fun prover ss thms Tconcl (js : injust list) split_neq pos : thm option =
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   896
  let
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   897
    val ctxt = Simplifier.the_context ss
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   898
    val thy = ProofContext.theory_of ctxt
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   899
    val nTconcl = LA_Logic.neg_prop Tconcl
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   900
    val cnTconcl = cterm_of thy nTconcl
36945
9bec62c10714 less pervasive names from structure Thm;
wenzelm
parents: 36692
diff changeset
   901
    val nTconclthm = Thm.assume cnTconcl
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   902
    val tree = (if split_neq then splitasms ctxt else Tip) (thms @ [nTconclthm])
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   903
    val (Falsethm, _) = fwdproof ss tree js
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   904
    val contr = if pos then LA_Logic.ccontr else LA_Logic.notI
36945
9bec62c10714 less pervasive names from structure Thm;
wenzelm
parents: 36692
diff changeset
   905
    val concl = Thm.implies_intr cnTconcl Falsethm COMP contr
32091
30e2ffbba718 proper context for Display.pretty_thm etc. or old-style versions Display.pretty_thm_global, Display.pretty_thm_without_context etc.;
wenzelm
parents: 31986
diff changeset
   906
  in SOME (trace_thm ctxt "Proved by lin. arith. prover:" (LA_Logic.mk_Eq concl)) end
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   907
  (*in case concl contains ?-var, which makes assume fail:*)   (* FIXME Variable.import_terms *)
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   908
  handle THM _ => NONE;
13186
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   909
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   910
(* PRE: concl is not negated!
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   911
   This assumption is OK because
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   912
   1. lin_arith_simproc tries both to prove and disprove concl and
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   913
   2. lin_arith_simproc is applied by the Simplifier which
13186
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   914
      dives into terms and will thus try the non-negated concl anyway.
ef8ed6adcb38 Big update. Allows case splitting on ~= now (trying both < and >).
nipkow
parents: 13105
diff changeset
   915
*)
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   916
fun lin_arith_simproc ss concl =
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   917
  let
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   918
    val ctxt = Simplifier.the_context ss
26945
9cd13e810998 renamed type decompT to decomp;
wenzelm
parents: 26835
diff changeset
   919
    val thms = maps LA_Logic.atomize (Simplifier.prems_of_ss ss)
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   920
    val Hs = map Thm.prop_of thms
6102
b985e2184868 Split argument structure.
nipkow
parents: 6079
diff changeset
   921
    val Tconcl = LA_Logic.mk_Trueprop concl
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   922
  in
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   923
    case prove ctxt [] false false Hs Tconcl of (* concl provable? *)
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   924
      (split_neq, SOME js) => prover ss thms Tconcl js split_neq true
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   925
    | (_, NONE) =>
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   926
        let val nTconcl = LA_Logic.neg_prop Tconcl in
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   927
          case prove ctxt [] false false Hs nTconcl of (* ~concl provable? *)
30406
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   928
            (split_neq, SOME js) => prover ss thms nTconcl js split_neq false
15dc25f8a0e2 Instead of giving up entirely, arith now ignores all inequalities when there are too many.
webertj
parents: 27020
diff changeset
   929
          | (_, NONE) => NONE
24076
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   930
        end
ae946f751c44 arith method setup: proper context;
wenzelm
parents: 24039
diff changeset
   931
  end;
6074
34242451bc91 Added simproc.
nipkow
parents: 6062
diff changeset
   932
34242451bc91 Added simproc.
nipkow
parents: 6062
diff changeset
   933
end;