author  wenzelm 
Fri, 16 Jul 1999 22:24:42 +0200  
changeset 7024  44bd3c094fd6 
parent 6121  5fe77b9b5185 
permissions  rwrr 
6121
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
changeset

1 
(**** FOL examples ****) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
changeset

2 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
changeset

3 
Pretty.setmargin 72; (*existing macros just allow this margin*) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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4 
print_depth 0; 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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5 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
changeset

6 
(*** Intuitionistic examples ***) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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7 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
changeset

8 
context IFOL.thy; 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
changeset

9 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
changeset

10 
(*Quantifier example from Logic&Computation*) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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11 
Goal "(EX y. ALL x. Q(x,y)) > (ALL x. EX y. Q(x,y))"; 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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changeset

12 
by (resolve_tac [impI] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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changeset

13 
by (resolve_tac [allI] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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14 
by (resolve_tac [exI] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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15 
by (eresolve_tac [exE] 1); 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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16 
choplev 2; 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
changeset

17 
by (eresolve_tac [exE] 1); 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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changeset

18 
by (resolve_tac [exI] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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changeset

19 
by (eresolve_tac [allE] 1); 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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20 
by (assume_tac 1); 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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21 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
changeset

22 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
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23 
(*Example of Dyckhoff's method*) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
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24 
Goalw [not_def] "~ ~ ((P>Q)  (Q>P))"; 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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25 
by (resolve_tac [impI] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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26 
by (eresolve_tac [disj_impE] 1); 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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changeset

27 
by (eresolve_tac [imp_impE] 1); 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
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28 
by (eresolve_tac [imp_impE] 1); 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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29 
by (REPEAT (eresolve_tac [FalseE] 2)); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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30 
by (assume_tac 1); 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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31 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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32 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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33 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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34 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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35 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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36 
(*** Classical examples ***) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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37 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
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38 
context FOL.thy; 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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39 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
changeset

40 
Goal "EX y. ALL x. P(y)>P(x)"; 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
changeset

41 
by (resolve_tac [exCI] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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42 
by (resolve_tac [allI] 1); 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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changeset

43 
by (resolve_tac [impI] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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44 
by (eresolve_tac [allE] 1); 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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45 
prth (allI RSN (2,swap)); 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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changeset

46 
by (eresolve_tac [it] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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47 
by (resolve_tac [impI] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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48 
by (eresolve_tac [notE] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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49 
by (assume_tac 1); 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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50 
Goal "EX y. ALL x. P(y)>P(x)"; 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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51 
by (Blast_tac 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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52 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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53 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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54 

5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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55 
 Goal "EX y. ALL x. P(y)>P(x)"; 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
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56 
Level 0 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
changeset

57 
EX y. ALL x. P(y) > P(x) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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58 
1. EX y. ALL x. P(y) > P(x) 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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59 
 by (resolve_tac [exCI] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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60 
Level 1 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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61 
EX y. ALL x. P(y) > P(x) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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62 
1. ALL y. ~(ALL x. P(y) > P(x)) ==> ALL x. P(?a) > P(x) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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63 
 by (resolve_tac [allI] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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64 
Level 2 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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65 
EX y. ALL x. P(y) > P(x) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
diff
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66 
1. !!x. ALL y. ~(ALL x. P(y) > P(x)) ==> P(?a) > P(x) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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changeset

67 
 by (resolve_tac [impI] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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68 
Level 3 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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69 
EX y. ALL x. P(y) > P(x) 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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70 
1. !!x. [ ALL y. ~(ALL x. P(y) > P(x)); P(?a) ] ==> P(x) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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71 
 by (eresolve_tac [allE] 1); 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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72 
Level 4 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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73 
EX y. ALL x. P(y) > P(x) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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74 
1. !!x. [ P(?a); ~(ALL xa. P(?y3(x)) > P(xa)) ] ==> P(x) 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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75 
 prth (allI RSN (2,swap)); 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
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76 
[ ~(ALL x. ?P1(x)); !!x. ~?Q ==> ?P1(x) ] ==> ?Q 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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77 
 by (eresolve_tac [it] 1); 
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Level 5 
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paulson
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79 
EX y. ALL x. P(y) > P(x) 
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paulson
parents:
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80 
1. !!x xa. [ P(?a); ~P(x) ] ==> P(?y3(x)) > P(xa) 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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81 
 by (resolve_tac [impI] 1); 
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82 
Level 6 
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83 
EX y. ALL x. P(y) > P(x) 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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84 
1. !!x xa. [ P(?a); ~P(x); P(?y3(x)) ] ==> P(xa) 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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85 
 by (eresolve_tac [notE] 1); 
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Level 7 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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87 
EX y. ALL x. P(y) > P(x) 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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88 
1. !!x xa. [ P(?a); P(?y3(x)) ] ==> P(x) 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
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89 
 by (assume_tac 1); 
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Level 8 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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91 
EX y. ALL x. P(y) > P(x) 
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parents:
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No subgoals! 
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paulson
parents:
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93 
 Goal "EX y. ALL x. P(y)>P(x)"; 
5fe77b9b5185
the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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94 
Level 0 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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95 
EX y. ALL x. P(y) > P(x) 
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parents:
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1. EX y. ALL x. P(y) > P(x) 
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97 
 by (best_tac FOL_dup_cs 1); 
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Level 1 
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parents:
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99 
EX y. ALL x. P(y) > P(x) 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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100 
No subgoals! 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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101 

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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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103 
(**** finally, the example FOL/ex/if.ML ****) 
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105 
> val prems = goalw if_thy [if_def] 
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106 
# "[ P ==> Q; ~P ==> R ] ==> if(P,Q,R)"; 
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parents:
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Level 0 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
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parents:
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if(P,Q,R) 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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1. P & Q  ~P & R 
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110 
> by (Classical.fast_tac (FOL_cs addIs prems) 1); 
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Level 1 
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the separate FOL and ZF logics manual, with new material on datatypes and
paulson
parents:
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if(P,Q,R) 
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parents:
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No subgoals! 
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> val ifI = result(); 
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> val major::prems = goalw if_thy [if_def] 
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118 
# "[ if(P,Q,R); [ P; Q ] ==> S; [ ~P; R ] ==> S ] ==> S"; 
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Level 0 
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S 
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1. S 
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122 
> by (cut_facts_tac [major] 1); 
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Level 1 
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124 
S 
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parents:
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125 
1. P & Q  ~P & R ==> S 
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126 
> by (Classical.fast_tac (FOL_cs addIs prems) 1); 
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Level 2 
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S 
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No subgoals! 
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130 
> val ifE = result(); 
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131 

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132 
> goal if_thy "if(P, if(Q,A,B), if(Q,C,D)) <> if(Q, if(P,A,C), if(P,B,D))"; 
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133 
Level 0 
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134 
if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) <> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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135 
1. if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) <> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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136 
> by (resolve_tac [iffI] 1); 
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137 
Level 1 
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138 
if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) <> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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139 
1. if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) ==> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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140 
2. if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) ==> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) 
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141 
> by (eresolve_tac [ifE] 1); 
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142 
Level 2 
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143 
if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) <> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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144 
1. [ P; if(Q,A,B) ] ==> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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145 
2. [ ~P; if(Q,C,D) ] ==> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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146 
3. if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) ==> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) 
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147 
> by (eresolve_tac [ifE] 1); 
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148 
Level 3 
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149 
if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) <> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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150 
1. [ P; Q; A ] ==> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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151 
2. [ P; ~Q; B ] ==> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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152 
3. [ ~P; if(Q,C,D) ] ==> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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153 
4. if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) ==> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) 
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154 
> by (resolve_tac [ifI] 1); 
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155 
Level 4 
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156 
if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) <> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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157 
1. [ P; Q; A; Q ] ==> if(P,A,C) 
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158 
2. [ P; Q; A; ~Q ] ==> if(P,B,D) 
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159 
3. [ P; ~Q; B ] ==> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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160 
4. [ ~P; if(Q,C,D) ] ==> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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161 
5. if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) ==> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) 
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162 
> by (resolve_tac [ifI] 1); 
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163 
Level 5 
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164 
if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) <> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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165 
1. [ P; Q; A; Q; P ] ==> A 
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166 
2. [ P; Q; A; Q; ~P ] ==> C 
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167 
3. [ P; Q; A; ~Q ] ==> if(P,B,D) 
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168 
4. [ P; ~Q; B ] ==> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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169 
5. [ ~P; if(Q,C,D) ] ==> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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170 
6. if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) ==> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) 
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171 

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172 
> choplev 0; 
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173 
Level 0 
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174 
if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) <> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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175 
1. if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) <> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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176 
> val if_cs = FOL_cs addSIs [ifI] addSEs[ifE]; 
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177 
> by (Classical.fast_tac if_cs 1); 
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178 
Level 1 
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179 
if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(Q,C,D)) <> if(Q,if(P,A,C),if(P,B,D)) 
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180 
No subgoals! 
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181 
> val if_commute = result(); 
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182 

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183 
> goal if_thy "if(if(P,Q,R), A, B) <> if(P, if(Q,A,B), if(R,A,B))"; 
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184 
Level 0 
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185 
if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,A,B)) 
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186 
1. if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,A,B)) 
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187 
> by (Classical.fast_tac if_cs 1); 
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188 
Level 1 
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189 
if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,A,B)) 
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190 
No subgoals! 
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191 
> val nested_ifs = result(); 
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192 

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193 

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194 
> choplev 0; 
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195 
Level 0 
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196 
if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,A,B)) 
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197 
1. if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,A,B)) 
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198 
> by (rewrite_goals_tac [if_def]); 
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199 
Level 1 
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200 
if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,A,B)) 
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201 
1. (P & Q  ~P & R) & A  ~(P & Q  ~P & R) & B <> 
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202 
P & (Q & A  ~Q & B)  ~P & (R & A  ~R & B) 
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203 
> by (Classical.fast_tac FOL_cs 1); 
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204 
Level 2 
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205 
if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,A,B)) 
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206 
No subgoals! 
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207 

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208 

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209 
> goal if_thy "if(if(P,Q,R), A, B) <> if(P, if(Q,A,B), if(R,B,A))"; 
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210 
Level 0 
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211 
if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,B,A)) 
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212 
1. if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,B,A)) 
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213 
> by (REPEAT (Classical.step_tac if_cs 1)); 
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214 
Level 1 
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215 
if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,B,A)) 
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216 
1. [ A; ~P; R; ~P; R ] ==> B 
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217 
2. [ B; ~P; ~R; ~P; ~R ] ==> A 
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218 
3. [ ~P; R; B; ~P; R ] ==> A 
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219 
4. [ ~P; ~R; A; ~B; ~P ] ==> R 
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220 

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221 
> choplev 0; 
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222 
Level 0 
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223 
if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,B,A)) 
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224 
1. if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,B,A)) 
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225 
> by (rewrite_goals_tac [if_def]); 
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226 
Level 1 
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227 
if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,B,A)) 
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228 
1. (P & Q  ~P & R) & A  ~(P & Q  ~P & R) & B <> 
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229 
P & (Q & A  ~Q & B)  ~P & (R & B  ~R & A) 
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230 
> by (Classical.fast_tac FOL_cs 1); 
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231 
by: tactic failed 
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232 
Exception ERROR raised 
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233 
Exception failure raised 
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234 

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235 
> by (REPEAT (Classical.step_tac FOL_cs 1)); 
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236 
Level 2 
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237 
if(if(P,Q,R),A,B) <> if(P,if(Q,A,B),if(R,B,A)) 
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238 
1. [ A; ~P; R; ~P; R; ~False ] ==> B 
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239 
2. [ A; ~P; R; R; ~False; ~B; ~B ] ==> Q 
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240 
3. [ B; ~P; ~R; ~P; ~A ] ==> R 
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4. [ B; ~P; ~R; ~Q; ~A ] ==> R 
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5. [ B; ~R; ~P; ~A; ~R; Q; ~False ] ==> A 
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6. [ ~P; R; B; ~P; R; ~False ] ==> A 
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7. [ ~P; ~R; A; ~B; ~R ] ==> P 
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parents:
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8. [ ~P; ~R; A; ~B; ~R ] ==> Q 