NEWS
author wenzelm
Tue Aug 17 18:41:55 2010 +0200 (2010-08-17)
changeset 38470 484e483eb606
parent 38461 75fc4087764e
child 38559 befdd6833ec0
permissions -rw-r--r--
discontinued support for Poly/ML 5.0 and 5.1 versions;
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Isabelle NEWS -- history user-relevant changes
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==============================================
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New in this Isabelle version
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----------------------------
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*** General ***
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* Explicit treatment of UTF8 sequences as Isabelle symbols, such that
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a Unicode character is treated as a single symbol, not a sequence of
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non-ASCII bytes as before.  Since Isabelle/ML string literals may
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contain symbols without further backslash escapes, Unicode can now be
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used here as well.  Recall that Symbol.explode in ML provides a
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consistent view on symbols, while raw explode (or String.explode)
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merely give a byte-oriented representation.
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* Theory loading: only the master source file is looked-up in the
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implicit load path, all other files are addressed relatively to its
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directory.  Minor INCOMPATIBILITY, subtle change in semantics.
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* Special treatment of ML file names has been discontinued.
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Historically, optional extensions .ML or .sml were added on demand --
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at the cost of clarity of file dependencies.  Recall that Isabelle/ML
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files exclusively use the .ML extension.  Minor INCOMPATIBILTY.
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*** Pure ***
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* Interpretation command 'interpret' accepts a list of equations like
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'interpretation' does.
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* Diagnostic command 'print_interps' prints interpretations in proofs
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in addition to interpretations in theories.
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*** HOL ***
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* Session Imperative_HOL: revamped, corrected dozens of inadequacies.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Quickcheck in locales considers interpretations of that locale for
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counter example search.
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* Theory Library/Monad_Syntax provides do-syntax for monad types.  Syntax
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in Library/State_Monad has been changed to avoid ambiguities.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Code generator: export_code without explicit file declaration prints
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to standard output.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Abolished symbol type names:  "prod" and "sum" replace "*" and "+"
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respectively.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Constant "split" has been merged with constant "prod_case";  names
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of ML functions, facts etc. involving split have been retained so far,
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though.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Dropped old infix syntax "mem" for List.member;  use "in set"
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instead.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Refactoring of code-generation specific operations in List.thy
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  constants
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    null ~> List.null
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  facts
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    mem_iff ~> member_def
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    null_empty ~> null_def
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INCOMPATIBILITY.  Note that these were not suppossed to be used
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regularly unless for striking reasons;  their main purpose was code
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generation.
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* Some previously unqualified names have been qualified:
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  types
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    nat ~> Nat.nat
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  constants
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    Ball ~> Set.Ball
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    Bex ~> Set.Bex
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    Suc ~> Nat.Suc
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    Pair ~> Product_Type.Pair
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    fst ~> Product_Type.fst
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    snd ~> Product_Type.snd
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    curry ~> Product_Type.curry
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    op : ~> Set.member
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    Collect ~> Set.Collect
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Removed simplifier congruence rule of "prod_case", as has for long
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been the case with "split".
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* Datatype package: theorems generated for executable equality
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(class eq) carry proper names and are treated as default code
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equations.
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* List.thy: use various operations from the Haskell prelude when
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generating Haskell code.
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* code_simp.ML: simplification with rules determined by
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code generator.
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* code generator: do not print function definitions for case
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combinators any longer.
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* Multivariate Analysis: Introduced a type class for euclidean space. Most
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theorems are now stated in terms of euclidean spaces instead of finite
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cartesian products.
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  types
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    real ^ 'n ~>  'a::real_vector
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              ~>  'a::euclidean_space
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              ~>  'a::ordered_euclidean_space
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        (depends on your needs)
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  constants
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     _ $ _        ~> _ $$ _
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     \<chi> x. _  ~> \<chi>\<chi> x. _
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     CARD('n)     ~> DIM('a)
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Also note that the indices are now natural numbers and not from some finite
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type. Finite cartesian products of euclidean spaces, products of euclidean
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spaces the real and complex numbers are instantiated to be euclidean_spaces.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Inductive package: offers new command "inductive_simps" to automatically
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derive instantiated and simplified equations for inductive predicates,
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similar to inductive_cases.
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*** ML ***
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* ML antiquotations @{theory} and @{theory_ref} refer to named
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theories from the ancestry of the current context, not any accidental
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theory loader state as before.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY, subtle
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change in semantics.
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*** System ***
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* Discontinued support for Poly/ML 5.0 and 5.1 versions.
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New in Isabelle2009-2 (June 2010)
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---------------------------------
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*** General ***
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* Authentic syntax for *all* logical entities (type classes, type
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constructors, term constants): provides simple and robust
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correspondence between formal entities and concrete syntax.  Within
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the parse tree / AST representations, "constants" are decorated by
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their category (class, type, const) and spelled out explicitly with
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their full internal name.
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Substantial INCOMPATIBILITY concerning low-level syntax declarations
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and translations (translation rules and translation functions in ML).
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Some hints on upgrading:
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  - Many existing uses of 'syntax' and 'translations' can be replaced
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    by more modern 'type_notation', 'notation' and 'abbreviation',
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    which are independent of this issue.
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  - 'translations' require markup within the AST; the term syntax
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    provides the following special forms:
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      CONST c   -- produces syntax version of constant c from context
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      XCONST c  -- literally c, checked as constant from context
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      c         -- literally c, if declared by 'syntax'
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    Plain identifiers are treated as AST variables -- occasionally the
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    system indicates accidental variables via the error "rhs contains
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    extra variables".
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    Type classes and type constructors are marked according to their
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    concrete syntax.  Some old translations rules need to be written
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    for the "type" category, using type constructor application
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    instead of pseudo-term application of the default category
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    "logic".
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  - 'parse_translation' etc. in ML may use the following
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    antiquotations:
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      @{class_syntax c}   -- type class c within parse tree / AST
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      @{term_syntax c}    -- type constructor c within parse tree / AST
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      @{const_syntax c}   -- ML version of "CONST c" above
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      @{syntax_const c}   -- literally c (checked wrt. 'syntax' declarations)
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  - Literal types within 'typed_print_translations', i.e. those *not*
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    represented as pseudo-terms are represented verbatim.  Use @{class
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    c} or @{type_name c} here instead of the above syntax
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    antiquotations.
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Note that old non-authentic syntax was based on unqualified base
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names, so all of the above "constant" names would coincide.  Recall
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that 'print_syntax' and ML_command "set Syntax.trace_ast" help to
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diagnose syntax problems.
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* Type constructors admit general mixfix syntax, not just infix.
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* Concrete syntax may be attached to local entities without a proof
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body, too.  This works via regular mixfix annotations for 'fix',
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'def', 'obtain' etc. or via the explicit 'write' command, which is
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similar to the 'notation' command in theory specifications.
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* Discontinued unnamed infix syntax (legacy feature for many years) --
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need to specify constant name and syntax separately.  Internal ML
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datatype constructors have been renamed from InfixName to Infix etc.
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Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Schematic theorem statements need to be explicitly markup as such,
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via commands 'schematic_lemma', 'schematic_theorem',
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'schematic_corollary'.  Thus the relevance of the proof is made
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syntactically clear, which impacts performance in a parallel or
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asynchronous interactive environment.  Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Use of cumulative prems via "!" in some proof methods has been
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discontinued (old legacy feature).
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* References 'trace_simp' and 'debug_simp' have been replaced by
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configuration options stored in the context. Enabling tracing (the
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case of debugging is similar) in proofs works via
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  using [[trace_simp = true]]
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Tracing is then active for all invocations of the simplifier in
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subsequent goal refinement steps. Tracing may also still be enabled or
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disabled via the ProofGeneral settings menu.
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* Separate commands 'hide_class', 'hide_type', 'hide_const',
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'hide_fact' replace the former 'hide' KIND command.  Minor
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Improved parallelism of proof term normalization: usedir -p2 -q0 is
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more efficient than combinations with -q1 or -q2.
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*** Pure ***
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* Proofterms record type-class reasoning explicitly, using the
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"unconstrain" operation internally.  This eliminates all sort
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constraints from a theorem and proof, introducing explicit
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OFCLASS-premises.  On the proof term level, this operation is
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automatically applied at theorem boundaries, such that closed proofs
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are always free of sort constraints.  INCOMPATIBILITY for tools that
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inspect proof terms.
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* Local theory specifications may depend on extra type variables that
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are not present in the result type -- arguments TYPE('a) :: 'a itself
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are added internally.  For example:
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  definition unitary :: bool where "unitary = (ALL (x::'a) y. x = y)"
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* Predicates of locales introduced by classes carry a mandatory
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"class" prefix.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Vacuous class specifications observe default sort.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Old 'axclass' command has been discontinued.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use
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'class' instead.
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* Command 'code_reflect' allows to incorporate generated ML code into
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runtime environment; replaces immature code_datatype antiquotation.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Code generator: simple concept for abstract datatypes obeying
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invariants.
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* Code generator: details of internal data cache have no impact on the
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user space functionality any longer.
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* Methods "unfold_locales" and "intro_locales" ignore non-locale
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subgoals.  This is more appropriate for interpretations with 'where'.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Command 'example_proof' opens an empty proof body.  This allows to
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experiment with Isar, without producing any persistent result.
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* Commands 'type_notation' and 'no_type_notation' declare type syntax
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within a local theory context, with explicit checking of the
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constructors involved (in contrast to the raw 'syntax' versions).
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* Commands 'types' and 'typedecl' now work within a local theory
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context -- without introducing dependencies on parameters or
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assumptions, which is not possible in Isabelle/Pure.
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* Command 'defaultsort' has been renamed to 'default_sort', it works
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within a local theory context.  Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
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*** HOL ***
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* Command 'typedef' now works within a local theory context -- without
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introducing dependencies on parameters or assumptions, which is not
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possible in Isabelle/Pure/HOL.  Note that the logical environment may
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contain multiple interpretations of local typedefs (with different
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non-emptiness proofs), even in a global theory context.
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* New package for quotient types.  Commands 'quotient_type' and
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'quotient_definition' may be used for defining types and constants by
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quotient constructions.  An example is the type of integers created by
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quotienting pairs of natural numbers:
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  fun
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    intrel :: "(nat * nat) => (nat * nat) => bool"
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  where
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    "intrel (x, y) (u, v) = (x + v = u + y)"
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  quotient_type int = "nat * nat" / intrel
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    by (auto simp add: equivp_def expand_fun_eq)
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  quotient_definition
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    "0::int" is "(0::nat, 0::nat)"
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The method "lifting" can be used to lift of theorems from the
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underlying "raw" type to the quotient type.  The example
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src/HOL/Quotient_Examples/FSet.thy includes such a quotient
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construction and provides a reasoning infrastructure for finite sets.
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* Renamed Library/Quotient.thy to Library/Quotient_Type.thy to avoid
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clash with new theory Quotient in Main HOL.
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* Moved the SMT binding into the main HOL session, eliminating
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separate HOL-SMT session.
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* List membership infix mem operation is only an input abbreviation.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Theory Library/Word.thy has been removed.  Use library Word/Word.thy
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for future developements; former Library/Word.thy is still present in
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the AFP entry RSAPPS.
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* Theorem Int.int_induct renamed to Int.int_of_nat_induct and is no
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longer shadowed.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Dropped theorem duplicate comp_arith; use semiring_norm instead.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Dropped theorem RealPow.real_sq_order; use power2_le_imp_le instead.
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INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Dropped normalizing_semiring etc; use the facts in semiring classes
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instead.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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* Dropped several real-specific versions of lemmas about floor and
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ceiling; use the generic lemmas from theory "Archimedean_Field"
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instead.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
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  floor_number_of_eq         ~> floor_number_of
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  le_floor_eq_number_of      ~> number_of_le_floor
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  le_floor_eq_zero           ~> zero_le_floor
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  le_floor_eq_one            ~> one_le_floor
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  floor_less_eq_number_of    ~> floor_less_number_of
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  floor_less_eq_zero         ~> floor_less_zero
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  floor_less_eq_one          ~> floor_less_one
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  less_floor_eq_number_of    ~> number_of_less_floor
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  less_floor_eq_zero         ~> zero_less_floor
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  less_floor_eq_one          ~> one_less_floor
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  floor_le_eq_number_of      ~> floor_le_number_of
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  floor_le_eq_zero           ~> floor_le_zero
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  floor_le_eq_one            ~> floor_le_one
huffman@36979
   366
  floor_subtract_number_of   ~> floor_diff_number_of
huffman@36979
   367
  floor_subtract_one         ~> floor_diff_one
huffman@36979
   368
  ceiling_number_of_eq       ~> ceiling_number_of
huffman@36979
   369
  ceiling_le_eq_number_of    ~> ceiling_le_number_of
huffman@36979
   370
  ceiling_le_zero_eq         ~> ceiling_le_zero
huffman@36979
   371
  ceiling_le_eq_one          ~> ceiling_le_one
huffman@36979
   372
  less_ceiling_eq_number_of  ~> number_of_less_ceiling
huffman@36979
   373
  less_ceiling_eq_zero       ~> zero_less_ceiling
huffman@36979
   374
  less_ceiling_eq_one        ~> one_less_ceiling
huffman@36979
   375
  ceiling_less_eq_number_of  ~> ceiling_less_number_of
huffman@36979
   376
  ceiling_less_eq_zero       ~> ceiling_less_zero
huffman@36979
   377
  ceiling_less_eq_one        ~> ceiling_less_one
huffman@36979
   378
  le_ceiling_eq_number_of    ~> number_of_le_ceiling
huffman@36979
   379
  le_ceiling_eq_zero         ~> zero_le_ceiling
huffman@36979
   380
  le_ceiling_eq_one          ~> one_le_ceiling
huffman@36979
   381
  ceiling_subtract_number_of ~> ceiling_diff_number_of
huffman@36979
   382
  ceiling_subtract_one       ~> ceiling_diff_one
huffman@36979
   383
wenzelm@37144
   384
* Theory "Finite_Set": various folding_XXX locales facilitate the
wenzelm@36857
   385
application of the various fold combinators on finite sets.
wenzelm@36857
   386
wenzelm@36857
   387
* Library theory "RBT" renamed to "RBT_Impl"; new library theory "RBT"
wenzelm@36857
   388
provides abstract red-black tree type which is backed by "RBT_Impl" as
wenzelm@36857
   389
implementation.  INCOMPATIBILTY.
haftmann@36147
   390
huffman@36830
   391
* Theory Library/Coinductive_List has been removed -- superseded by
wenzelm@35763
   392
AFP/thys/Coinductive.
wenzelm@35763
   393
huffman@36829
   394
* Theory PReal, including the type "preal" and related operations, has
huffman@36829
   395
been removed.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36829
   396
wenzelm@37380
   397
* Real: new development using Cauchy Sequences.
wenzelm@37380
   398
wenzelm@37351
   399
* Split off theory "Big_Operators" containing setsum, setprod,
wenzelm@37351
   400
Inf_fin, Sup_fin, Min, Max from theory Finite_Set.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@36857
   401
wenzelm@36857
   402
* Theory "Rational" renamed to "Rat", for consistency with "Nat",
wenzelm@36857
   403
"Int" etc.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@36857
   404
wenzelm@37351
   405
* Constant Rat.normalize needs to be qualified.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@37143
   406
wenzelm@36857
   407
* New set of rules "ac_simps" provides combined assoc / commute
wenzelm@36857
   408
rewrites for all interpretations of the appropriate generic locales.
wenzelm@36857
   409
wenzelm@36857
   410
* Renamed theory "OrderedGroup" to "Groups" and split theory
wenzelm@36857
   411
"Ring_and_Field" into theories "Rings" and "Fields"; for more
wenzelm@36857
   412
appropriate and more consistent names suitable for name prefixes
wenzelm@36857
   413
within the HOL theories.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@35050
   414
haftmann@35084
   415
* Some generic constants have been put to appropriate theories:
wenzelm@36857
   416
  - less_eq, less: Orderings
wenzelm@36857
   417
  - zero, one, plus, minus, uminus, times, abs, sgn: Groups
wenzelm@36857
   418
  - inverse, divide: Rings
haftmann@35084
   419
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@35084
   420
wenzelm@36857
   421
* More consistent naming of type classes involving orderings (and
wenzelm@36857
   422
lattices):
haftmann@35027
   423
haftmann@35027
   424
    lower_semilattice                   ~> semilattice_inf
haftmann@35027
   425
    upper_semilattice                   ~> semilattice_sup
haftmann@35027
   426
haftmann@35027
   427
    dense_linear_order                  ~> dense_linorder
haftmann@35027
   428
haftmann@35027
   429
    pordered_ab_group_add               ~> ordered_ab_group_add
haftmann@35027
   430
    pordered_ab_group_add_abs           ~> ordered_ab_group_add_abs
haftmann@35027
   431
    pordered_ab_semigroup_add           ~> ordered_ab_semigroup_add
haftmann@35027
   432
    pordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le    ~> ordered_ab_semigroup_add_imp_le
haftmann@35027
   433
    pordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add    ~> ordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add
haftmann@35027
   434
    pordered_cancel_comm_semiring       ~> ordered_cancel_comm_semiring
haftmann@35027
   435
    pordered_cancel_semiring            ~> ordered_cancel_semiring
haftmann@35027
   436
    pordered_comm_monoid_add            ~> ordered_comm_monoid_add
haftmann@35027
   437
    pordered_comm_ring                  ~> ordered_comm_ring
haftmann@35027
   438
    pordered_comm_semiring              ~> ordered_comm_semiring
haftmann@35027
   439
    pordered_ring                       ~> ordered_ring
haftmann@35027
   440
    pordered_ring_abs                   ~> ordered_ring_abs
haftmann@35027
   441
    pordered_semiring                   ~> ordered_semiring
haftmann@35027
   442
haftmann@35027
   443
    ordered_ab_group_add                ~> linordered_ab_group_add
haftmann@35027
   444
    ordered_ab_semigroup_add            ~> linordered_ab_semigroup_add
haftmann@35027
   445
    ordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add     ~> linordered_cancel_ab_semigroup_add
haftmann@35027
   446
    ordered_comm_semiring_strict        ~> linordered_comm_semiring_strict
haftmann@35027
   447
    ordered_field                       ~> linordered_field
haftmann@35027
   448
    ordered_field_no_lb                 ~> linordered_field_no_lb
haftmann@35027
   449
    ordered_field_no_ub                 ~> linordered_field_no_ub
haftmann@35027
   450
    ordered_field_dense_linear_order    ~> dense_linordered_field
haftmann@35027
   451
    ordered_idom                        ~> linordered_idom
haftmann@35027
   452
    ordered_ring                        ~> linordered_ring
haftmann@35027
   453
    ordered_ring_le_cancel_factor       ~> linordered_ring_le_cancel_factor
haftmann@35027
   454
    ordered_ring_less_cancel_factor     ~> linordered_ring_less_cancel_factor
haftmann@35027
   455
    ordered_ring_strict                 ~> linordered_ring_strict
haftmann@35027
   456
    ordered_semidom                     ~> linordered_semidom
haftmann@35027
   457
    ordered_semiring                    ~> linordered_semiring
haftmann@35027
   458
    ordered_semiring_1                  ~> linordered_semiring_1
haftmann@35027
   459
    ordered_semiring_1_strict           ~> linordered_semiring_1_strict
haftmann@35027
   460
    ordered_semiring_strict             ~> linordered_semiring_strict
haftmann@35027
   461
wenzelm@36857
   462
  The following slightly odd type classes have been moved to a
wenzelm@37351
   463
  separate theory Library/Lattice_Algebras:
haftmann@35032
   464
haftmann@35032
   465
    lordered_ab_group_add               ~> lattice_ab_group_add
haftmann@35032
   466
    lordered_ab_group_add_abs           ~> lattice_ab_group_add_abs
haftmann@35032
   467
    lordered_ab_group_add_meet          ~> semilattice_inf_ab_group_add
haftmann@35032
   468
    lordered_ab_group_add_join          ~> semilattice_sup_ab_group_add
haftmann@35032
   469
    lordered_ring                       ~> lattice_ring
haftmann@35032
   470
haftmann@35027
   471
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@35027
   472
haftmann@36416
   473
* Refined field classes:
wenzelm@36857
   474
  - classes division_ring_inverse_zero, field_inverse_zero,
wenzelm@36857
   475
    linordered_field_inverse_zero include rule inverse 0 = 0 --
wenzelm@36857
   476
    subsumes former division_by_zero class;
wenzelm@36857
   477
  - numerous lemmas have been ported from field to division_ring.
wenzelm@36857
   478
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@36416
   479
haftmann@36416
   480
* Refined algebra theorem collections:
wenzelm@36857
   481
  - dropped theorem group group_simps, use algebra_simps instead;
wenzelm@36857
   482
  - dropped theorem group ring_simps, use field_simps instead;
wenzelm@36857
   483
  - proper theorem collection field_simps subsumes former theorem
wenzelm@36857
   484
    groups field_eq_simps and field_simps;
wenzelm@36857
   485
  - dropped lemma eq_minus_self_iff which is a duplicate for
wenzelm@36857
   486
    equal_neg_zero.
wenzelm@36857
   487
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@35009
   488
wenzelm@35009
   489
* Theory Finite_Set and List: some lemmas have been generalized from
wenzelm@34076
   490
sets to lattices:
wenzelm@34076
   491
haftmann@34007
   492
  fun_left_comm_idem_inter      ~> fun_left_comm_idem_inf
haftmann@34007
   493
  fun_left_comm_idem_union      ~> fun_left_comm_idem_sup
haftmann@34007
   494
  inter_Inter_fold_inter        ~> inf_Inf_fold_inf
haftmann@34007
   495
  union_Union_fold_union        ~> sup_Sup_fold_sup
haftmann@34007
   496
  Inter_fold_inter              ~> Inf_fold_inf
haftmann@34007
   497
  Union_fold_union              ~> Sup_fold_sup
haftmann@34007
   498
  inter_INTER_fold_inter        ~> inf_INFI_fold_inf
haftmann@34007
   499
  union_UNION_fold_union        ~> sup_SUPR_fold_sup
haftmann@34007
   500
  INTER_fold_inter              ~> INFI_fold_inf
haftmann@34007
   501
  UNION_fold_union              ~> SUPR_fold_sup
haftmann@34007
   502
wenzelm@37351
   503
* Theory "Complete_Lattice": lemmas top_def and bot_def have been
haftmann@36416
   504
replaced by the more convenient lemmas Inf_empty and Sup_empty.
haftmann@36416
   505
Dropped lemmas Inf_insert_simp and Sup_insert_simp, which are subsumed
haftmann@36416
   506
by Inf_insert and Sup_insert.  Lemmas Inf_UNIV and Sup_UNIV replace
haftmann@36416
   507
former Inf_Univ and Sup_Univ.  Lemmas inf_top_right and sup_bot_right
haftmann@36416
   508
subsume inf_top and sup_bot respectively.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@36416
   509
wenzelm@36857
   510
* Reorganized theory Multiset: swapped notation of pointwise and
wenzelm@36857
   511
multiset order:
wenzelm@37351
   512
wenzelm@36857
   513
  - pointwise ordering is instance of class order with standard syntax
wenzelm@36857
   514
    <= and <;
wenzelm@36857
   515
  - multiset ordering has syntax <=# and <#; partial order properties
wenzelm@36857
   516
    are provided by means of interpretation with prefix
wenzelm@36857
   517
    multiset_order;
wenzelm@36857
   518
  - less duplication, less historical organization of sections,
wenzelm@36857
   519
    conversion from associations lists to multisets, rudimentary code
wenzelm@36857
   520
    generation;
wenzelm@36857
   521
  - use insert_DiffM2 [symmetric] instead of elem_imp_eq_diff_union,
wenzelm@36857
   522
    if needed.
wenzelm@37351
   523
nipkow@36903
   524
Renamed:
wenzelm@37351
   525
wenzelm@37351
   526
  multiset_eq_conv_count_eq  ~>  multiset_ext_iff
wenzelm@37351
   527
  multi_count_ext  ~>  multiset_ext
wenzelm@37351
   528
  diff_union_inverse2  ~>  diff_union_cancelR
wenzelm@37351
   529
wenzelm@36857
   530
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@36416
   531
nipkow@36903
   532
* Theory Permutation: replaced local "remove" by List.remove1.
nipkow@36903
   533
haftmann@36416
   534
* Code generation: ML and OCaml code is decorated with signatures.
haftmann@36416
   535
wenzelm@35009
   536
* Theory List: added transpose.
wenzelm@35009
   537
huffman@35810
   538
* Library/Nat_Bijection.thy is a collection of bijective functions
huffman@35810
   539
between nat and other types, which supersedes the older libraries
huffman@35810
   540
Library/Nat_Int_Bij.thy and HOLCF/NatIso.thy.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@35810
   541
huffman@35810
   542
  Constants:
huffman@35810
   543
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat2_to_nat         ~> prod_encode
huffman@35810
   544
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat_to_nat2         ~> prod_decode
huffman@35810
   545
  Nat_Int_Bij.int_to_nat_bij      ~> int_encode
huffman@35810
   546
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat_to_int_bij      ~> int_decode
huffman@35810
   547
  Countable.pair_encode           ~> prod_encode
huffman@35810
   548
  NatIso.prod2nat                 ~> prod_encode
huffman@35810
   549
  NatIso.nat2prod                 ~> prod_decode
huffman@35810
   550
  NatIso.sum2nat                  ~> sum_encode
huffman@35810
   551
  NatIso.nat2sum                  ~> sum_decode
huffman@35810
   552
  NatIso.list2nat                 ~> list_encode
huffman@35810
   553
  NatIso.nat2list                 ~> list_decode
huffman@35810
   554
  NatIso.set2nat                  ~> set_encode
huffman@35810
   555
  NatIso.nat2set                  ~> set_decode
huffman@35810
   556
huffman@35810
   557
  Lemmas:
huffman@35810
   558
  Nat_Int_Bij.bij_nat_to_int_bij  ~> bij_int_decode
huffman@35810
   559
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat2_to_nat_inj     ~> inj_prod_encode
huffman@35810
   560
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat2_to_nat_surj    ~> surj_prod_encode
huffman@35810
   561
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat_to_nat2_inj     ~> inj_prod_decode
huffman@35810
   562
  Nat_Int_Bij.nat_to_nat2_surj    ~> surj_prod_decode
huffman@35810
   563
  Nat_Int_Bij.i2n_n2i_id          ~> int_encode_inverse
huffman@35810
   564
  Nat_Int_Bij.n2i_i2n_id          ~> int_decode_inverse
huffman@35810
   565
  Nat_Int_Bij.surj_nat_to_int_bij ~> surj_int_encode
huffman@35810
   566
  Nat_Int_Bij.surj_int_to_nat_bij ~> surj_int_decode
huffman@35810
   567
  Nat_Int_Bij.inj_nat_to_int_bij  ~> inj_int_encode
huffman@35810
   568
  Nat_Int_Bij.inj_int_to_nat_bij  ~> inj_int_decode
huffman@35810
   569
  Nat_Int_Bij.bij_nat_to_int_bij  ~> bij_int_encode
huffman@35810
   570
  Nat_Int_Bij.bij_int_to_nat_bij  ~> bij_int_decode
huffman@35810
   571
blanchet@36929
   572
* Sledgehammer:
blanchet@36929
   573
  - Renamed ATP commands:
blanchet@36929
   574
    atp_info     ~> sledgehammer running_atps
blanchet@36929
   575
    atp_kill     ~> sledgehammer kill_atps
blanchet@36929
   576
    atp_messages ~> sledgehammer messages
blanchet@36929
   577
    atp_minimize ~> sledgehammer minimize
blanchet@36929
   578
    print_atps   ~> sledgehammer available_atps
blanchet@36929
   579
    INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@36929
   580
  - Added user's manual ("isabelle doc sledgehammer").
blanchet@36929
   581
  - Added option syntax and "sledgehammer_params" to customize
blanchet@36929
   582
    Sledgehammer's behavior.  See the manual for details.
blanchet@36929
   583
  - Modified the Isar proof reconstruction code so that it produces
blanchet@36929
   584
    direct proofs rather than proofs by contradiction.  (This feature
blanchet@36929
   585
    is still experimental.)
blanchet@36929
   586
  - Made Isar proof reconstruction work for SPASS, remote ATPs, and in
blanchet@36929
   587
    full-typed mode.
blanchet@36929
   588
  - Added support for TPTP syntax for SPASS via the "spass_tptp" ATP.
blanchet@36929
   589
blanchet@36928
   590
* Nitpick:
blanchet@36928
   591
  - Added and implemented "binary_ints" and "bits" options.
blanchet@36928
   592
  - Added "std" option and implemented support for nonstandard models.
blanchet@36928
   593
  - Added and implemented "finitize" option to improve the precision
blanchet@36928
   594
    of infinite datatypes based on a monotonicity analysis.
blanchet@36928
   595
  - Added support for quotient types.
blanchet@36928
   596
  - Added support for "specification" and "ax_specification"
blanchet@36928
   597
    constructs.
blanchet@36928
   598
  - Added support for local definitions (for "function" and
blanchet@36928
   599
    "termination" proofs).
blanchet@36928
   600
  - Added support for term postprocessors.
blanchet@36928
   601
  - Optimized "Multiset.multiset" and "FinFun.finfun".
blanchet@36928
   602
  - Improved efficiency of "destroy_constrs" optimization.
blanchet@36928
   603
  - Fixed soundness bugs related to "destroy_constrs" optimization and
blanchet@36928
   604
    record getters.
blanchet@37272
   605
  - Fixed soundness bug related to higher-order constructors.
blanchet@37272
   606
  - Fixed soundness bug when "full_descrs" is enabled.
blanchet@36928
   607
  - Improved precision of set constructs.
blanchet@37260
   608
  - Added "atoms" option.
blanchet@36928
   609
  - Added cache to speed up repeated Kodkod invocations on the same
blanchet@36928
   610
    problems.
blanchet@36928
   611
  - Renamed "MiniSatJNI", "zChaffJNI", "BerkMinAlloy", and
blanchet@36928
   612
    "SAT4JLight" to "MiniSat_JNI", "zChaff_JNI", "BerkMin_Alloy", and
blanchet@36928
   613
    "SAT4J_Light".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@36928
   614
  - Removed "skolemize", "uncurry", "sym_break", "flatten_prop",
blanchet@36928
   615
    "sharing_depth", and "show_skolems" options.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@37264
   616
  - Removed "nitpick_intro" attribute.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
blanchet@36928
   617
berghofe@37361
   618
* Method "induct" now takes instantiations of the form t, where t is not
berghofe@37361
   619
  a variable, as a shorthand for "x == t", where x is a fresh variable.
berghofe@37361
   620
  If this is not intended, t has to be enclosed in parentheses.
berghofe@37361
   621
  By default, the equalities generated by definitional instantiations
berghofe@37361
   622
  are pre-simplified, which may cause parameters of inductive cases
berghofe@37361
   623
  to disappear, or may even delete some of the inductive cases.
berghofe@37361
   624
  Use "induct (no_simp)" instead of "induct" to restore the old
berghofe@37361
   625
  behaviour. The (no_simp) option is also understood by the "cases"
berghofe@37361
   626
  and "nominal_induct" methods, which now perform pre-simplification, too.
berghofe@37361
   627
  INCOMPATIBILITY.
berghofe@37361
   628
haftmann@33993
   629
huffman@36828
   630
*** HOLCF ***
huffman@36828
   631
huffman@36828
   632
* Variable names in lemmas generated by the domain package have
huffman@36828
   633
changed; the naming scheme is now consistent with the HOL datatype
huffman@36828
   634
package.  Some proof scripts may be affected, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   635
huffman@36828
   636
* The domain package no longer defines the function "foo_copy" for
huffman@36828
   637
recursive domain "foo".  The reach lemma is now stated directly in
huffman@36828
   638
terms of "foo_take".  Lemmas and proofs that mention "foo_copy" must
huffman@36828
   639
be reformulated in terms of "foo_take", INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   640
huffman@36828
   641
* Most definedness lemmas generated by the domain package (previously
huffman@36828
   642
of the form "x ~= UU ==> foo$x ~= UU") now have an if-and-only-if form
huffman@36828
   643
like "foo$x = UU <-> x = UU", which works better as a simp rule.
wenzelm@37351
   644
Proofs that used definedness lemmas as intro rules may break,
huffman@36828
   645
potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   646
huffman@36828
   647
* Induction and casedist rules generated by the domain package now
huffman@36828
   648
declare proper case_names (one called "bottom", and one named for each
huffman@36828
   649
constructor).  INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   650
huffman@36828
   651
* For mutually-recursive domains, separate "reach" and "take_lemma"
huffman@36828
   652
rules are generated for each domain, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   653
huffman@36828
   654
  foo_bar.reach       ~> foo.reach  bar.reach
huffman@36828
   655
  foo_bar.take_lemmas ~> foo.take_lemma  bar.take_lemma
huffman@36828
   656
huffman@36828
   657
* Some lemmas generated by the domain package have been renamed for
huffman@36828
   658
consistency with the datatype package, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   659
huffman@36828
   660
  foo.ind        ~> foo.induct
huffman@36828
   661
  foo.finite_ind ~> foo.finite_induct
huffman@36828
   662
  foo.coind      ~> foo.coinduct
huffman@36828
   663
  foo.casedist   ~> foo.exhaust
huffman@36828
   664
  foo.exhaust    ~> foo.nchotomy
huffman@36828
   665
huffman@36828
   666
* For consistency with other definition packages, the fixrec package
huffman@36828
   667
now generates qualified theorem names, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   668
huffman@36828
   669
  foo_simps  ~> foo.simps
huffman@36828
   670
  foo_unfold ~> foo.unfold
huffman@36828
   671
  foo_induct ~> foo.induct
huffman@36828
   672
huffman@37087
   673
* The "fixrec_simp" attribute has been removed.  The "fixrec_simp"
huffman@37087
   674
method and internal fixrec proofs now use the default simpset instead.
huffman@37087
   675
INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@37087
   676
huffman@36828
   677
* The "contlub" predicate has been removed.  Proof scripts should use
huffman@36828
   678
lemma contI2 in place of monocontlub2cont, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   679
huffman@36828
   680
* The "admw" predicate has been removed, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   681
huffman@36828
   682
* The constants cpair, cfst, and csnd have been removed in favor of
huffman@36828
   683
Pair, fst, and snd from Isabelle/HOL, INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@36828
   684
huffman@36828
   685
haftmann@33993
   686
*** ML ***
haftmann@33993
   687
wenzelm@37351
   688
* Antiquotations for basic formal entities:
wenzelm@37351
   689
wenzelm@37351
   690
    @{class NAME}         -- type class
wenzelm@37351
   691
    @{class_syntax NAME}  -- syntax representation of the above
wenzelm@37351
   692
wenzelm@37351
   693
    @{type_name NAME}     -- logical type
wenzelm@37351
   694
    @{type_abbrev NAME}   -- type abbreviation
wenzelm@37351
   695
    @{nonterminal NAME}   -- type of concrete syntactic category
wenzelm@37351
   696
    @{type_syntax NAME}   -- syntax representation of any of the above
wenzelm@37351
   697
wenzelm@37351
   698
    @{const_name NAME}    -- logical constant (INCOMPATIBILITY)
wenzelm@37351
   699
    @{const_abbrev NAME}  -- abbreviated constant
wenzelm@37351
   700
    @{const_syntax NAME}  -- syntax representation of any of the above
wenzelm@37351
   701
wenzelm@37351
   702
* Antiquotation @{syntax_const NAME} ensures that NAME refers to a raw
wenzelm@37351
   703
syntax constant (cf. 'syntax' command).
wenzelm@37351
   704
wenzelm@37351
   705
* Antiquotation @{make_string} inlines a function to print arbitrary
wenzelm@37351
   706
values similar to the ML toplevel.  The result is compiler dependent
wenzelm@37351
   707
and may fall back on "?" in certain situations.
wenzelm@37351
   708
wenzelm@37351
   709
* Diagnostic commands 'ML_val' and 'ML_command' may refer to
wenzelm@37351
   710
antiquotations @{Isar.state} and @{Isar.goal}.  This replaces impure
wenzelm@37351
   711
Isar.state() and Isar.goal(), which belong to the old TTY loop and do
wenzelm@37351
   712
not work with the asynchronous Isar document model.
wenzelm@37351
   713
wenzelm@37351
   714
* Configuration options now admit dynamic default values, depending on
wenzelm@37351
   715
the context or even global references.
wenzelm@37351
   716
wenzelm@37351
   717
* SHA1.digest digests strings according to SHA-1 (see RFC 3174).  It
wenzelm@37351
   718
uses an efficient external library if available (for Poly/ML).
wenzelm@37351
   719
wenzelm@37144
   720
* Renamed some important ML structures, while keeping the old names
wenzelm@37144
   721
for some time as aliases within the structure Legacy:
wenzelm@37144
   722
wenzelm@37144
   723
  OuterKeyword  ~>  Keyword
wenzelm@37144
   724
  OuterLex      ~>  Token
wenzelm@37144
   725
  OuterParse    ~>  Parse
wenzelm@37144
   726
  OuterSyntax   ~>  Outer_Syntax
wenzelm@37216
   727
  PrintMode     ~>  Print_Mode
wenzelm@37144
   728
  SpecParse     ~>  Parse_Spec
wenzelm@37216
   729
  ThyInfo       ~>  Thy_Info
wenzelm@37216
   730
  ThyLoad       ~>  Thy_Load
wenzelm@37216
   731
  ThyOutput     ~>  Thy_Output
wenzelm@37145
   732
  TypeInfer     ~>  Type_Infer
wenzelm@37144
   733
wenzelm@37144
   734
Note that "open Legacy" simplifies porting of sources, but forgetting
wenzelm@37144
   735
to remove it again will complicate porting again in the future.
wenzelm@37144
   736
wenzelm@37144
   737
* Most operations that refer to a global context are named
wenzelm@37144
   738
accordingly, e.g. Simplifier.global_context or
wenzelm@37144
   739
ProofContext.init_global.  There are some situations where a global
wenzelm@37144
   740
context actually works, but under normal circumstances one needs to
wenzelm@37144
   741
pass the proper local context through the code!
wenzelm@37144
   742
wenzelm@37144
   743
* Discontinued old TheoryDataFun with its copy/init operation -- data
wenzelm@37144
   744
needs to be pure.  Functor Theory_Data_PP retains the traditional
wenzelm@37144
   745
Pretty.pp argument to merge, which is absent in the standard
wenzelm@37144
   746
Theory_Data version.
wenzelm@36429
   747
wenzelm@37144
   748
* Sorts.certify_sort and derived "cert" operations for types and terms
wenzelm@37144
   749
no longer minimize sorts.  Thus certification at the boundary of the
wenzelm@37144
   750
inference kernel becomes invariant under addition of class relations,
wenzelm@37144
   751
which is an important monotonicity principle.  Sorts are now minimized
wenzelm@37144
   752
in the syntax layer only, at the boundary between the end-user and the
wenzelm@37144
   753
system.  Subtle INCOMPATIBILITY, may have to use Sign.minimize_sort
wenzelm@37144
   754
explicitly in rare situations.
wenzelm@37144
   755
wenzelm@35021
   756
* Renamed old-style Drule.standard to Drule.export_without_context, to
wenzelm@35021
   757
emphasize that this is in no way a standard operation.
wenzelm@35021
   758
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@35021
   759
wenzelm@34076
   760
* Subgoal.FOCUS (and variants): resulting goal state is normalized as
wenzelm@34076
   761
usual for resolution.  Rare INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@34076
   762
wenzelm@35845
   763
* Renamed varify/unvarify operations to varify_global/unvarify_global
wenzelm@35845
   764
to emphasize that these only work in a global situation (which is
wenzelm@35845
   765
quite rare).
wenzelm@35845
   766
wenzelm@37144
   767
* Curried take and drop in library.ML; negative length is interpreted
wenzelm@37144
   768
as infinity (as in chop).  Subtle INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@36961
   769
wenzelm@37351
   770
* Proof terms: type substitutions on proof constants now use canonical
wenzelm@37351
   771
order of type variables.  INCOMPATIBILITY for tools working with proof
wenzelm@37351
   772
terms.
wenzelm@37351
   773
wenzelm@37351
   774
* Raw axioms/defs may no longer carry sort constraints, and raw defs
wenzelm@37351
   775
may no longer carry premises.  User-level specifications are
wenzelm@37351
   776
transformed accordingly by Thm.add_axiom/add_def.
wenzelm@37351
   777
haftmann@33993
   778
wenzelm@34238
   779
*** System ***
wenzelm@34238
   780
wenzelm@34238
   781
* Discontinued special HOL_USEDIR_OPTIONS for the main HOL image;
wenzelm@34238
   782
ISABELLE_USEDIR_OPTIONS applies uniformly to all sessions.  Note that
wenzelm@34238
   783
proof terms are enabled unconditionally in the new HOL-Proofs image.
wenzelm@34238
   784
wenzelm@34255
   785
* Discontinued old ISABELLE and ISATOOL environment settings (legacy
wenzelm@34255
   786
feature since Isabelle2009).  Use ISABELLE_PROCESS and ISABELLE_TOOL,
wenzelm@34255
   787
respectively.
wenzelm@34255
   788
wenzelm@36201
   789
* Old lib/scripts/polyml-platform is superseded by the
wenzelm@36201
   790
ISABELLE_PLATFORM setting variable, which defaults to the 32 bit
wenzelm@36201
   791
variant, even on a 64 bit machine.  The following example setting
wenzelm@36201
   792
prefers 64 bit if available:
wenzelm@36201
   793
wenzelm@36201
   794
  ML_PLATFORM="${ISABELLE_PLATFORM64:-$ISABELLE_PLATFORM}"
wenzelm@36201
   795
wenzelm@37218
   796
* The preliminary Isabelle/jEdit application demonstrates the emerging
wenzelm@37218
   797
Isabelle/Scala layer for advanced prover interaction and integration.
wenzelm@37218
   798
See src/Tools/jEdit or "isabelle jedit" provided by the properly built
wenzelm@37218
   799
component.
wenzelm@37218
   800
wenzelm@37375
   801
* "IsabelleText" is a Unicode font derived from Bitstream Vera Mono
wenzelm@37375
   802
and Bluesky TeX fonts.  It provides the usual Isabelle symbols,
wenzelm@37375
   803
similar to the default assignment of the document preparation system
wenzelm@37375
   804
(cf. isabellesym.sty).  The Isabelle/Scala class Isabelle_System
wenzelm@37375
   805
provides some operations for direct access to the font without asking
wenzelm@37375
   806
the user for manual installation.
wenzelm@37375
   807
wenzelm@34238
   808
haftmann@33993
   809
wenzelm@33842
   810
New in Isabelle2009-1 (December 2009)
wenzelm@33842
   811
-------------------------------------
wenzelm@30904
   812
wenzelm@31547
   813
*** General ***
wenzelm@31547
   814
wenzelm@31547
   815
* Discontinued old form of "escaped symbols" such as \\<forall>.  Only
wenzelm@31547
   816
one backslash should be used, even in ML sources.
wenzelm@31547
   817
wenzelm@31547
   818
haftmann@30951
   819
*** Pure ***
haftmann@30951
   820
ballarin@32846
   821
* Locale interpretation propagates mixins along the locale hierarchy.
ballarin@32846
   822
The currently only available mixins are the equations used to map
ballarin@32846
   823
local definitions to terms of the target domain of an interpretation.
ballarin@32846
   824
wenzelm@33842
   825
* Reactivated diagnostic command 'print_interps'.  Use "print_interps
wenzelm@33842
   826
loc" to print all interpretations of locale "loc" in the theory.
wenzelm@33842
   827
Interpretations in proofs are not shown.
ballarin@32846
   828
ballarin@32983
   829
* Thoroughly revised locales tutorial.  New section on conditional
ballarin@32983
   830
interpretation.
ballarin@32983
   831
wenzelm@33843
   832
* On instantiation of classes, remaining undefined class parameters
wenzelm@33843
   833
are formally declared.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@33843
   834
haftmann@30951
   835
wenzelm@33842
   836
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@33842
   837
wenzelm@33842
   838
* New generalized style concept for printing terms: @{foo (style) ...}
wenzelm@33842
   839
instead of @{foo_style style ...}  (old form is still retained for
wenzelm@33842
   840
backward compatibility).  Styles can be also applied for
wenzelm@33842
   841
antiquotations prop, term_type and typeof.
haftmann@32891
   842
haftmann@32891
   843
haftmann@30930
   844
*** HOL ***
haftmann@30930
   845
wenzelm@33842
   846
* New proof method "smt" for a combination of first-order logic with
wenzelm@33842
   847
equality, linear and nonlinear (natural/integer/real) arithmetic, and
wenzelm@33842
   848
fixed-size bitvectors; there is also basic support for higher-order
wenzelm@33842
   849
features (esp. lambda abstractions).  It is an incomplete decision
wenzelm@33842
   850
procedure based on external SMT solvers using the oracle mechanism;
wenzelm@33842
   851
for the SMT solver Z3, this method is proof-producing.  Certificates
wenzelm@33842
   852
are provided to avoid calling the external solvers solely for
wenzelm@33842
   853
re-checking proofs.  Due to a remote SMT service there is no need for
wenzelm@33842
   854
installing SMT solvers locally.  See src/HOL/SMT.
wenzelm@33842
   855
wenzelm@33842
   856
* New commands to load and prove verification conditions generated by
wenzelm@33842
   857
the Boogie program verifier or derived systems (e.g. the Verifying C
wenzelm@33842
   858
Compiler (VCC) or Spec#).  See src/HOL/Boogie.
wenzelm@33842
   859
wenzelm@33842
   860
* New counterexample generator tool 'nitpick' based on the Kodkod
wenzelm@33842
   861
relational model finder.  See src/HOL/Tools/Nitpick and
wenzelm@33842
   862
src/HOL/Nitpick_Examples.
wenzelm@33842
   863
haftmann@33860
   864
* New commands 'code_pred' and 'values' to invoke the predicate
haftmann@33860
   865
compiler and to enumerate values of inductive predicates.
haftmann@33860
   866
haftmann@33860
   867
* A tabled implementation of the reflexive transitive closure.
haftmann@33860
   868
haftmann@33860
   869
* New implementation of quickcheck uses generic code generator;
haftmann@33860
   870
default generators are provided for all suitable HOL types, records
haftmann@33860
   871
and datatypes.  Old quickcheck can be re-activated importing theory
haftmann@33860
   872
Library/SML_Quickcheck.
haftmann@33860
   873
wenzelm@33843
   874
* New testing tool Mirabelle for automated proof tools.  Applies
wenzelm@33843
   875
several tools and tactics like sledgehammer, metis, or quickcheck, to
wenzelm@33843
   876
every proof step in a theory.  To be used in batch mode via the
wenzelm@33843
   877
"mirabelle" utility.
wenzelm@33843
   878
wenzelm@33843
   879
* New proof method "sos" (sum of squares) for nonlinear real
wenzelm@33843
   880
arithmetic (originally due to John Harison). It requires theory
wenzelm@33843
   881
Library/Sum_Of_Squares.  It is not a complete decision procedure but
wenzelm@33843
   882
works well in practice on quantifier-free real arithmetic with +, -,
wenzelm@33843
   883
*, ^, =, <= and <, i.e. boolean combinations of equalities and
wenzelm@33843
   884
inequalities between polynomials.  It makes use of external
wenzelm@33843
   885
semidefinite programming solvers.  Method "sos" generates a
wenzelm@33843
   886
certificate that can be pasted into the proof thus avoiding the need
wenzelm@33843
   887
to call an external tool every time the proof is checked.  See
wenzelm@33843
   888
src/HOL/Library/Sum_Of_Squares.
wenzelm@33843
   889
wenzelm@33843
   890
* New method "linarith" invokes existing linear arithmetic decision
wenzelm@33843
   891
procedure only.
wenzelm@33843
   892
wenzelm@33843
   893
* New command 'atp_minimal' reduces result produced by Sledgehammer.
wenzelm@33843
   894
wenzelm@33843
   895
* New Sledgehammer option "Full Types" in Proof General settings menu.
wenzelm@33843
   896
Causes full type information to be output to the ATPs.  This slows
wenzelm@33843
   897
ATPs down considerably but eliminates a source of unsound "proofs"
wenzelm@33843
   898
that fail later.
wenzelm@33843
   899
wenzelm@33843
   900
* New method "metisFT": A version of metis that uses full type
wenzelm@33843
   901
information in order to avoid failures of proof reconstruction.
wenzelm@33843
   902
wenzelm@33843
   903
* New evaluator "approximate" approximates an real valued term using
wenzelm@33843
   904
the same method as the approximation method.
wenzelm@33843
   905
wenzelm@33843
   906
* Method "approximate" now supports arithmetic expressions as
wenzelm@33843
   907
boundaries of intervals and implements interval splitting and Taylor
wenzelm@33843
   908
series expansion.
wenzelm@33843
   909
wenzelm@33843
   910
* ML antiquotation @{code_datatype} inserts definition of a datatype
wenzelm@33843
   911
generated by the code generator; e.g. see src/HOL/Predicate.thy.
wenzelm@33843
   912
haftmann@33860
   913
* New theory SupInf of the supremum and infimum operators for sets of
haftmann@33860
   914
reals.
haftmann@33860
   915
haftmann@33860
   916
* New theory Probability, which contains a development of measure
haftmann@33860
   917
theory, eventually leading to Lebesgue integration and probability.
haftmann@33860
   918
haftmann@33860
   919
* Extended Multivariate Analysis to include derivation and Brouwer's
haftmann@33860
   920
fixpoint theorem.
wenzelm@33843
   921
wenzelm@33842
   922
* Reorganization of number theory, INCOMPATIBILITY:
wenzelm@33873
   923
  - new number theory development for nat and int, in theories Divides
wenzelm@33873
   924
    and GCD as well as in new session Number_Theory
wenzelm@33873
   925
  - some constants and facts now suffixed with _nat and _int
wenzelm@33873
   926
    accordingly
wenzelm@33873
   927
  - former session NumberTheory now named Old_Number_Theory, including
wenzelm@33873
   928
    theories Legacy_GCD and Primes (prefer Number_Theory if possible)
wenzelm@33842
   929
  - moved theory Pocklington from src/HOL/Library to
wenzelm@33842
   930
    src/HOL/Old_Number_Theory
haftmann@32479
   931
wenzelm@33873
   932
* Theory GCD includes functions Gcd/GCD and Lcm/LCM for the gcd and
wenzelm@33873
   933
lcm of finite and infinite sets. It is shown that they form a complete
haftmann@32600
   934
lattice.
haftmann@32600
   935
haftmann@32600
   936
* Class semiring_div requires superclass no_zero_divisors and proof of
haftmann@32600
   937
div_mult_mult1; theorems div_mult_mult1, div_mult_mult2,
haftmann@32600
   938
div_mult_mult1_if, div_mult_mult1 and div_mult_mult2 have been
haftmann@32600
   939
generalized to class semiring_div, subsuming former theorems
haftmann@32600
   940
zdiv_zmult_zmult1, zdiv_zmult_zmult1_if, zdiv_zmult_zmult1 and
haftmann@32600
   941
zdiv_zmult_zmult2.  div_mult_mult1 is now [simp] by default.
haftmann@32600
   942
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@32600
   943
haftmann@32588
   944
* Refinements to lattice classes and sets:
haftmann@32064
   945
  - less default intro/elim rules in locale variant, more default
haftmann@32064
   946
    intro/elim rules in class variant: more uniformity
wenzelm@33842
   947
  - lemma ge_sup_conv renamed to le_sup_iff, in accordance with
wenzelm@33842
   948
    le_inf_iff
wenzelm@33842
   949
  - dropped lemma alias inf_ACI for inf_aci (same for sup_ACI and
wenzelm@33842
   950
    sup_aci)
haftmann@32064
   951
  - renamed ACI to inf_sup_aci
haftmann@32600
   952
  - new class "boolean_algebra"
wenzelm@33842
   953
  - class "complete_lattice" moved to separate theory
haftmann@33860
   954
    "Complete_Lattice"; corresponding constants (and abbreviations)
wenzelm@33842
   955
    renamed and with authentic syntax:
haftmann@33860
   956
    Set.Inf ~>    Complete_Lattice.Inf
haftmann@33860
   957
    Set.Sup ~>    Complete_Lattice.Sup
haftmann@33860
   958
    Set.INFI ~>   Complete_Lattice.INFI
haftmann@33860
   959
    Set.SUPR ~>   Complete_Lattice.SUPR
haftmann@33860
   960
    Set.Inter ~>  Complete_Lattice.Inter
haftmann@33860
   961
    Set.Union ~>  Complete_Lattice.Union
haftmann@33860
   962
    Set.INTER ~>  Complete_Lattice.INTER
haftmann@33860
   963
    Set.UNION ~>  Complete_Lattice.UNION
haftmann@32600
   964
  - authentic syntax for
haftmann@32600
   965
    Set.Pow
haftmann@32600
   966
    Set.image
haftmann@32588
   967
  - mere abbreviations:
haftmann@32588
   968
    Set.empty               (for bot)
haftmann@32588
   969
    Set.UNIV                (for top)
haftmann@33860
   970
    Set.inter               (for inf, formerly Set.Int)
haftmann@33860
   971
    Set.union               (for sup, formerly Set.Un)
haftmann@32588
   972
    Complete_Lattice.Inter  (for Inf)
haftmann@32588
   973
    Complete_Lattice.Union  (for Sup)
haftmann@32606
   974
    Complete_Lattice.INTER  (for INFI)
haftmann@32606
   975
    Complete_Lattice.UNION  (for SUPR)
haftmann@32600
   976
  - object-logic definitions as far as appropriate
haftmann@32217
   977
haftmann@32691
   978
INCOMPATIBILITY.  Care is required when theorems Int_subset_iff or
wenzelm@33842
   979
Un_subset_iff are explicitly deleted as default simp rules; then also
wenzelm@33842
   980
their lattice counterparts le_inf_iff and le_sup_iff have to be
haftmann@32691
   981
deleted to achieve the desired effect.
haftmann@32064
   982
wenzelm@33842
   983
* Rules inf_absorb1, inf_absorb2, sup_absorb1, sup_absorb2 are no simp
wenzelm@33842
   984
rules by default any longer; the same applies to min_max.inf_absorb1
wenzelm@33842
   985
etc.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@33842
   986
wenzelm@33842
   987
* Rules sup_Int_eq and sup_Un_eq are no longer declared as
wenzelm@33842
   988
pred_set_conv by default.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@33842
   989
wenzelm@33842
   990
* Power operations on relations and functions are now one dedicated
haftmann@32706
   991
constant "compow" with infix syntax "^^".  Power operation on
wenzelm@31547
   992
multiplicative monoids retains syntax "^" and is now defined generic
wenzelm@31547
   993
in class power.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@31547
   994
wenzelm@33842
   995
* Relation composition "R O S" now has a more standard argument order:
wenzelm@33842
   996
"R O S = {(x, z). EX y. (x, y) : R & (y, z) : S}".  INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@33842
   997
rewrite propositions with "S O R" --> "R O S". Proofs may occasionally
wenzelm@33842
   998
break, since the O_assoc rule was not rewritten like this.  Fix using
wenzelm@33842
   999
O_assoc[symmetric].  The same applies to the curried version "R OO S".
wenzelm@32427
  1000
nipkow@33057
  1001
* Function "Inv" is renamed to "inv_into" and function "inv" is now an
wenzelm@33842
  1002
abbreviation for "inv_into UNIV".  Lemmas are renamed accordingly.
nipkow@32988
  1003
INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@32988
  1004
haftmann@33860
  1005
* Most rules produced by inductive and datatype package have mandatory
haftmann@33860
  1006
prefixes.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@31790
  1007
wenzelm@33842
  1008
* Changed "DERIV_intros" to a dynamic fact, which can be augmented by
wenzelm@33842
  1009
the attribute of the same name.  Each of the theorems in the list
wenzelm@33842
  1010
DERIV_intros assumes composition with an additional function and
wenzelm@33842
  1011
matches a variable to the derivative, which has to be solved by the
wenzelm@33842
  1012
Simplifier.  Hence (auto intro!: DERIV_intros) computes the derivative
wenzelm@33873
  1013
of most elementary terms.  Former Maclauren.DERIV_tac and
wenzelm@33873
  1014
Maclauren.deriv_tac should be replaced by (auto intro!: DERIV_intros).
wenzelm@33873
  1015
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@33860
  1016
haftmann@33860
  1017
* Code generator attributes follow the usual underscore convention:
haftmann@33860
  1018
    code_unfold     replaces    code unfold
haftmann@33860
  1019
    code_post       replaces    code post
haftmann@33860
  1020
    etc.
haftmann@33860
  1021
  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@31900
  1022
krauss@33471
  1023
* Renamed methods:
krauss@33471
  1024
    sizechange -> size_change
krauss@33471
  1025
    induct_scheme -> induction_schema
haftmann@33860
  1026
  INCOMPATIBILITY.
nipkow@33673
  1027
wenzelm@33843
  1028
* Discontinued abbreviation "arbitrary" of constant "undefined".
wenzelm@33843
  1029
INCOMPATIBILITY, use "undefined" directly.
wenzelm@33843
  1030
haftmann@33860
  1031
* Renamed theorems:
haftmann@33860
  1032
    Suc_eq_add_numeral_1 -> Suc_eq_plus1
haftmann@33860
  1033
    Suc_eq_add_numeral_1_left -> Suc_eq_plus1_left
haftmann@33860
  1034
    Suc_plus1 -> Suc_eq_plus1
haftmann@33860
  1035
    *anti_sym -> *antisym*
haftmann@33860
  1036
    vector_less_eq_def -> vector_le_def
haftmann@33860
  1037
  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@33860
  1038
haftmann@33860
  1039
* Added theorem List.map_map as [simp].  Removed List.map_compose.
haftmann@33860
  1040
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@33860
  1041
haftmann@33860
  1042
* Removed predicate "M hassize n" (<--> card M = n & finite M).
haftmann@33860
  1043
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@33860
  1044
hoelzl@31812
  1045
huffman@33825
  1046
*** HOLCF ***
huffman@33825
  1047
wenzelm@33842
  1048
* Theory Representable defines a class "rep" of domains that are
wenzelm@33842
  1049
representable (via an ep-pair) in the universal domain type "udom".
huffman@33825
  1050
Instances are provided for all type constructors defined in HOLCF.
huffman@33825
  1051
huffman@33825
  1052
* The 'new_domain' command is a purely definitional version of the
huffman@33825
  1053
domain package, for representable domains.  Syntax is identical to the
huffman@33825
  1054
old domain package.  The 'new_domain' package also supports indirect
huffman@33825
  1055
recursion using previously-defined type constructors.  See
wenzelm@33842
  1056
src/HOLCF/ex/New_Domain.thy for examples.
wenzelm@33842
  1057
wenzelm@33842
  1058
* Method "fixrec_simp" unfolds one step of a fixrec-defined constant
huffman@33825
  1059
on the left-hand side of an equation, and then performs
huffman@33825
  1060
simplification.  Rewriting is done using rules declared with the
wenzelm@33842
  1061
"fixrec_simp" attribute.  The "fixrec_simp" method is intended as a
wenzelm@33842
  1062
replacement for "fixpat"; see src/HOLCF/ex/Fixrec_ex.thy for examples.
huffman@33825
  1063
huffman@33825
  1064
* The pattern-match compiler in 'fixrec' can now handle constructors
huffman@33825
  1065
with HOL function types.  Pattern-match combinators for the Pair
huffman@33825
  1066
constructor are pre-configured.
huffman@33825
  1067
huffman@33825
  1068
* The 'fixrec' package now produces better fixed-point induction rules
huffman@33825
  1069
for mutually-recursive definitions:  Induction rules have conclusions
huffman@33825
  1070
of the form "P foo bar" instead of "P <foo, bar>".
huffman@33825
  1071
huffman@33825
  1072
* The constant "sq_le" (with infix syntax "<<" or "\<sqsubseteq>") has
huffman@33825
  1073
been renamed to "below".  The name "below" now replaces "less" in many
wenzelm@33842
  1074
theorem names.  (Legacy theorem names using "less" are still supported
wenzelm@33842
  1075
as well.)
huffman@33825
  1076
huffman@33825
  1077
* The 'fixrec' package now supports "bottom patterns".  Bottom
huffman@33825
  1078
patterns can be used to generate strictness rules, or to make
huffman@33825
  1079
functions more strict (much like the bang-patterns supported by the
wenzelm@33873
  1080
Glasgow Haskell Compiler).  See src/HOLCF/ex/Fixrec_ex.thy for
wenzelm@33873
  1081
examples.
huffman@33825
  1082
huffman@33825
  1083
wenzelm@31304
  1084
*** ML ***
wenzelm@31304
  1085
wenzelm@33843
  1086
* Support for Poly/ML 5.3.0, with improved reporting of compiler
wenzelm@33843
  1087
errors and run-time exceptions, including detailed source positions.
wenzelm@33843
  1088
wenzelm@33843
  1089
* Structure Name_Space (formerly NameSpace) now manages uniquely
wenzelm@33843
  1090
identified entries, with some additional information such as source
wenzelm@33843
  1091
position, logical grouping etc.
wenzelm@33843
  1092
wenzelm@33524
  1093
* Theory and context data is now introduced by the simplified and
wenzelm@33524
  1094
modernized functors Theory_Data, Proof_Data, Generic_Data.  Data needs
wenzelm@33524
  1095
to be pure, but the old TheoryDataFun for mutable data (with explicit
wenzelm@33524
  1096
copy operation) is still available for some time.
wenzelm@33524
  1097
wenzelm@32742
  1098
* Structure Synchronized (cf. src/Pure/Concurrent/synchronized.ML)
wenzelm@32742
  1099
provides a high-level programming interface to synchronized state
wenzelm@32742
  1100
variables with atomic update.  This works via pure function
wenzelm@32742
  1101
application within a critical section -- its runtime should be as
wenzelm@32742
  1102
short as possible; beware of deadlocks if critical code is nested,
wenzelm@32742
  1103
either directly or indirectly via other synchronized variables!
wenzelm@32742
  1104
wenzelm@32742
  1105
* Structure Unsynchronized (cf. src/Pure/ML-Systems/unsynchronized.ML)
wenzelm@32742
  1106
wraps raw ML references, explicitly indicating their non-thread-safe
wenzelm@32742
  1107
behaviour.  The Isar toplevel keeps this structure open, to
wenzelm@32742
  1108
accommodate Proof General as well as quick and dirty interactive
wenzelm@32742
  1109
experiments with references.
wenzelm@32742
  1110
wenzelm@32365
  1111
* PARALLEL_CHOICE and PARALLEL_GOALS provide basic support for
wenzelm@32365
  1112
parallel tactical reasoning.
wenzelm@32365
  1113
wenzelm@32427
  1114
* Tacticals Subgoal.FOCUS, Subgoal.FOCUS_PREMS, Subgoal.FOCUS_PARAMS
wenzelm@32427
  1115
are similar to SUBPROOF, but are slightly more flexible: only the
wenzelm@32427
  1116
specified parts of the subgoal are imported into the context, and the
wenzelm@32427
  1117
body tactic may introduce new subgoals and schematic variables.
wenzelm@32427
  1118
wenzelm@32427
  1119
* Old tactical METAHYPS, which does not observe the proof context, has
wenzelm@32427
  1120
been renamed to Old_Goals.METAHYPS and awaits deletion.  Use SUBPROOF
wenzelm@32427
  1121
or Subgoal.FOCUS etc.
wenzelm@32216
  1122
wenzelm@31971
  1123
* Renamed functor TableFun to Table, and GraphFun to Graph.  (Since
wenzelm@31971
  1124
functors have their own ML name space there is no point to mark them
wenzelm@31971
  1125
separately.)  Minor INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@31971
  1126
wenzelm@31901
  1127
* Renamed NamedThmsFun to Named_Thms.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@31901
  1128
wenzelm@33842
  1129
* Renamed several structures FooBar to Foo_Bar.  Occasional,
wenzelm@33842
  1130
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@33842
  1131
wenzelm@33843
  1132
* Operations of structure Skip_Proof no longer require quick_and_dirty
wenzelm@33843
  1133
mode, which avoids critical setmp.
wenzelm@33843
  1134
wenzelm@31306
  1135
* Eliminated old Attrib.add_attributes, Method.add_methods and related
wenzelm@33842
  1136
combinators for "args".  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to use simplified
wenzelm@31306
  1137
Attrib/Method.setup introduced in Isabelle2009.
wenzelm@31304
  1138
wenzelm@32151
  1139
* Proper context for simpset_of, claset_of, clasimpset_of.  May fall
wenzelm@32151
  1140
back on global_simpset_of, global_claset_of, global_clasimpset_of as
wenzelm@32151
  1141
last resort.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@32151
  1142
wenzelm@32092
  1143
* Display.pretty_thm now requires a proper context (cf. former
wenzelm@32092
  1144
ProofContext.pretty_thm).  May fall back on Display.pretty_thm_global
wenzelm@32092
  1145
or even Display.pretty_thm_without_context as last resort.
wenzelm@32092
  1146
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@32092
  1147
wenzelm@32433
  1148
* Discontinued Display.pretty_ctyp/cterm etc.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use
wenzelm@32433
  1149
Syntax.pretty_typ/term directly, preferably with proper context
wenzelm@32433
  1150
instead of global theory.
wenzelm@32433
  1151
wenzelm@31304
  1152
wenzelm@31308
  1153
*** System ***
wenzelm@31308
  1154
wenzelm@33842
  1155
* Further fine tuning of parallel proof checking, scales up to 8 cores
wenzelm@33842
  1156
(max. speedup factor 5.0).  See also Goal.parallel_proofs in ML and
wenzelm@33842
  1157
usedir option -q.
wenzelm@33842
  1158
wenzelm@32326
  1159
* Support for additional "Isabelle components" via etc/components, see
wenzelm@32326
  1160
also the system manual.
wenzelm@32326
  1161
wenzelm@32326
  1162
* The isabelle makeall tool now operates on all components with
wenzelm@32326
  1163
IsaMakefile, not just hardwired "logics".
wenzelm@32326
  1164
wenzelm@33842
  1165
* Removed "compress" option from isabelle-process and isabelle usedir;
wenzelm@33842
  1166
this is always enabled.
kleing@33818
  1167
wenzelm@31308
  1168
* Discontinued support for Poly/ML 4.x versions.
wenzelm@31308
  1169
wenzelm@33842
  1170
* Isabelle tool "wwwfind" provides web interface for 'find_theorems'
wenzelm@33842
  1171
on a given logic image.  This requires the lighttpd webserver and is
wenzelm@33842
  1172
currently supported on Linux only.
wenzelm@32061
  1173
wenzelm@31308
  1174
wenzelm@31304
  1175
wenzelm@30845
  1176
New in Isabelle2009 (April 2009)
wenzelm@30845
  1177
--------------------------------
haftmann@27104
  1178
wenzelm@27599
  1179
*** General ***
wenzelm@27599
  1180
wenzelm@28504
  1181
* Simplified main Isabelle executables, with less surprises on
wenzelm@28504
  1182
case-insensitive file-systems (such as Mac OS).
wenzelm@28504
  1183
wenzelm@28504
  1184
  - The main Isabelle tool wrapper is now called "isabelle" instead of
wenzelm@28504
  1185
    "isatool."
wenzelm@28504
  1186
wenzelm@28504
  1187
  - The former "isabelle" alias for "isabelle-process" has been
wenzelm@28504
  1188
    removed (should rarely occur to regular users).
wenzelm@28504
  1189
wenzelm@28915
  1190
  - The former "isabelle-interface" and its alias "Isabelle" have been
wenzelm@28915
  1191
    removed (interfaces are now regular Isabelle tools).
wenzelm@28504
  1192
wenzelm@28504
  1193
Within scripts and make files, the Isabelle environment variables
wenzelm@28504
  1194
ISABELLE_TOOL and ISABELLE_PROCESS replace old ISATOOL and ISABELLE,
wenzelm@28504
  1195
respectively.  (The latter are still available as legacy feature.)
wenzelm@28504
  1196
wenzelm@28915
  1197
The old isabelle-interface wrapper could react in confusing ways if
wenzelm@28915
  1198
the interface was uninstalled or changed otherwise.  Individual
wenzelm@28915
  1199
interface tool configuration is now more explicit, see also the
wenzelm@28915
  1200
Isabelle system manual.  In particular, Proof General is now available
wenzelm@28915
  1201
via "isabelle emacs".
wenzelm@28504
  1202
wenzelm@28504
  1203
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to adapt derivative scripts.  Users may need to
wenzelm@28504
  1204
purge installed copies of Isabelle executables and re-run "isabelle
wenzelm@28504
  1205
install -p ...", or use symlinks.
wenzelm@28504
  1206
wenzelm@28914
  1207
* The default for ISABELLE_HOME_USER is now ~/.isabelle instead of the
wenzelm@30845
  1208
old ~/isabelle, which was slightly non-standard and apt to cause
wenzelm@30845
  1209
surprises on case-insensitive file-systems (such as Mac OS).
wenzelm@28914
  1210
wenzelm@28914
  1211
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to move existing ~/isabelle/etc,
wenzelm@28914
  1212
~/isabelle/heaps, ~/isabelle/browser_info to the new place.  Special
wenzelm@28914
  1213
care is required when using older releases of Isabelle.  Note that
wenzelm@28914
  1214
ISABELLE_HOME_USER can be changed in Isabelle/etc/settings of any
wenzelm@30845
  1215
Isabelle distribution, in order to use the new ~/.isabelle uniformly.
wenzelm@28914
  1216
wenzelm@29161
  1217
* Proofs of fully specified statements are run in parallel on
wenzelm@30845
  1218
multi-core systems.  A speedup factor of 2.5 to 3.2 can be expected on
wenzelm@30845
  1219
a regular 4-core machine, if the initial heap space is made reasonably
wenzelm@30845
  1220
large (cf. Poly/ML option -H).  (Requires Poly/ML 5.2.1 or later.)
wenzelm@30845
  1221
wenzelm@30845
  1222
* The main reference manuals ("isar-ref", "implementation", and
wenzelm@30845
  1223
"system") have been updated and extended.  Formally checked references
wenzelm@30845
  1224
as hyperlinks are now available uniformly.
wenzelm@30845
  1225
wenzelm@30163
  1226
wenzelm@27599
  1227
*** Pure ***
wenzelm@27599
  1228
wenzelm@30845
  1229
* Complete re-implementation of locales.  INCOMPATIBILITY in several
wenzelm@30845
  1230
respects.  The most important changes are listed below.  See the
wenzelm@30845
  1231
Tutorial on Locales ("locales" manual) for details.
ballarin@29253
  1232
ballarin@29253
  1233
- In locale expressions, instantiation replaces renaming.  Parameters
ballarin@29253
  1234
must be declared in a for clause.  To aid compatibility with previous
ballarin@29253
  1235
parameter inheritance, in locale declarations, parameters that are not
ballarin@29253
  1236
'touched' (instantiation position "_" or omitted) are implicitly added
ballarin@29253
  1237
with their syntax at the beginning of the for clause.
ballarin@29253
  1238
ballarin@29253
  1239
- Syntax from abbreviations and definitions in locales is available in
ballarin@29253
  1240
locale expressions and context elements.  The latter is particularly
ballarin@29253
  1241
useful in locale declarations.
ballarin@29253
  1242
ballarin@29253
  1243
- More flexible mechanisms to qualify names generated by locale
ballarin@29253
  1244
expressions.  Qualifiers (prefixes) may be specified in locale
wenzelm@30728
  1245
expressions, and can be marked as mandatory (syntax: "name!:") or
wenzelm@30728
  1246
optional (syntax "name?:").  The default depends for plain "name:"
wenzelm@30728
  1247
depends on the situation where a locale expression is used: in
wenzelm@30728
  1248
commands 'locale' and 'sublocale' prefixes are optional, in
wenzelm@30845
  1249
'interpretation' and 'interpret' prefixes are mandatory.  The old
wenzelm@30728
  1250
implicit qualifiers derived from the parameter names of a locale are
wenzelm@30728
  1251
no longer generated.
wenzelm@30106
  1252
wenzelm@30845
  1253
- Command "sublocale l < e" replaces "interpretation l < e".  The
wenzelm@30106
  1254
instantiation clause in "interpretation" and "interpret" (square
wenzelm@30106
  1255
brackets) is no longer available.  Use locale expressions.
ballarin@29253
  1256
wenzelm@30845
  1257
- When converting proof scripts, mandatory qualifiers in
wenzelm@30728
  1258
'interpretation' and 'interpret' should be retained by default, even
wenzelm@30845
  1259
if this is an INCOMPATIBILITY compared to former behavior.  In the
wenzelm@30845
  1260
worst case, use the "name?:" form for non-mandatory ones.  Qualifiers
wenzelm@30845
  1261
in locale expressions range over a single locale instance only.
wenzelm@30845
  1262
wenzelm@30845
  1263
- Dropped locale element "includes".  This is a major INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1264
In existing theorem specifications replace the includes element by the
wenzelm@30845
  1265
respective context elements of the included locale, omitting those
wenzelm@30845
  1266
that are already present in the theorem specification.  Multiple
wenzelm@30845
  1267
assume elements of a locale should be replaced by a single one
wenzelm@30845
  1268
involving the locale predicate.  In the proof body, declarations (most
wenzelm@30845
  1269
notably theorems) may be regained by interpreting the respective
wenzelm@30845
  1270
locales in the proof context as required (command "interpret").
wenzelm@30845
  1271
wenzelm@30845
  1272
If using "includes" in replacement of a target solely because the
wenzelm@30845
  1273
parameter types in the theorem are not as general as in the target,
wenzelm@30845
  1274
consider declaring a new locale with additional type constraints on
wenzelm@30845
  1275
the parameters (context element "constrains").
wenzelm@30845
  1276
wenzelm@30845
  1277
- Discontinued "locale (open)".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1278
wenzelm@30845
  1279
- Locale interpretation commands no longer attempt to simplify goal.
wenzelm@30845
  1280
INCOMPATIBILITY: in rare situations the generated goal differs.  Use
wenzelm@30845
  1281
methods intro_locales and unfold_locales to clarify.
wenzelm@30845
  1282
wenzelm@30845
  1283
- Locale interpretation commands no longer accept interpretation
wenzelm@30845
  1284
attributes.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1285
wenzelm@30845
  1286
* Class declaration: so-called "base sort" must not be given in import
wenzelm@30845
  1287
list any longer, but is inferred from the specification.  Particularly
wenzelm@30845
  1288
in HOL, write
wenzelm@30845
  1289
wenzelm@30845
  1290
    class foo = ...
wenzelm@30845
  1291
wenzelm@30845
  1292
instead of
wenzelm@30845
  1293
wenzelm@30845
  1294
    class foo = type + ...
wenzelm@30845
  1295
wenzelm@30845
  1296
* Class target: global versions of theorems stemming do not carry a
wenzelm@30845
  1297
parameter prefix any longer.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1298
wenzelm@30845
  1299
* Class 'instance' command no longer accepts attached definitions.
wenzelm@30845
  1300
INCOMPATIBILITY, use proper 'instantiation' target instead.
wenzelm@30845
  1301
wenzelm@30845
  1302
* Recovered hiding of consts, which was accidentally broken in
wenzelm@30845
  1303
Isabelle2007.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY, ``hide const c'' really
wenzelm@30845
  1304
makes c inaccessible; consider using ``hide (open) const c'' instead.
wenzelm@30845
  1305
wenzelm@30845
  1306
* Slightly more coherent Pure syntax, with updated documentation in
wenzelm@30845
  1307
isar-ref manual.  Removed locales meta_term_syntax and
wenzelm@30845
  1308
meta_conjunction_syntax: TERM and &&& (formerly &&) are now permanent,
wenzelm@30845
  1309
INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations.  Note that &&& should not be used
wenzelm@30845
  1310
directly in regular applications.
wenzelm@30845
  1311
wenzelm@30845
  1312
* There is a new syntactic category "float_const" for signed decimal
wenzelm@30845
  1313
fractions (e.g. 123.45 or -123.45).
wenzelm@30845
  1314
wenzelm@30845
  1315
* Removed exotic 'token_translation' command.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use ML
wenzelm@30845
  1316
interface with 'setup' command instead.
wenzelm@30845
  1317
wenzelm@30845
  1318
* Command 'local_setup' is similar to 'setup', but operates on a local
wenzelm@30845
  1319
theory context.
haftmann@27104
  1320
wenzelm@28114
  1321
* The 'axiomatization' command now only works within a global theory
wenzelm@28114
  1322
context.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@28114
  1323
wenzelm@30845
  1324
* Goal-directed proof now enforces strict proof irrelevance wrt. sort
wenzelm@30845
  1325
hypotheses.  Sorts required in the course of reasoning need to be
wenzelm@30845
  1326
covered by the constraints in the initial statement, completed by the
wenzelm@30845
  1327
type instance information of the background theory.  Non-trivial sort
wenzelm@30845
  1328
hypotheses, which rarely occur in practice, may be specified via
wenzelm@30845
  1329
vacuous propositions of the form SORT_CONSTRAINT('a::c).  For example:
wenzelm@30845
  1330
wenzelm@30845
  1331
  lemma assumes "SORT_CONSTRAINT('a::empty)" shows False ...
wenzelm@30845
  1332
wenzelm@30845
  1333
The result contains an implicit sort hypotheses as before --
wenzelm@30845
  1334
SORT_CONSTRAINT premises are eliminated as part of the canonical rule
wenzelm@30845
  1335
normalization.
wenzelm@30845
  1336
wenzelm@30845
  1337
* Generalized Isar history, with support for linear undo, direct state
wenzelm@30845
  1338
addressing etc.
wenzelm@30845
  1339
wenzelm@30845
  1340
* Changed defaults for unify configuration options:
wenzelm@30845
  1341
wenzelm@30845
  1342
  unify_trace_bound = 50 (formerly 25)
wenzelm@30845
  1343
  unify_search_bound = 60 (formerly 30)
wenzelm@30845
  1344
wenzelm@30845
  1345
* Different bookkeeping for code equations (INCOMPATIBILITY):
wenzelm@30845
  1346
wenzelm@30845
  1347
  a) On theory merge, the last set of code equations for a particular
wenzelm@30845
  1348
     constant is taken (in accordance with the policy applied by other
wenzelm@30845
  1349
     parts of the code generator framework).
wenzelm@30845
  1350
wenzelm@30845
  1351
  b) Code equations stemming from explicit declarations (e.g. code
wenzelm@30845
  1352
     attribute) gain priority over default code equations stemming
wenzelm@30845
  1353
     from definition, primrec, fun etc.
wenzelm@30845
  1354
wenzelm@30845
  1355
* Keyword 'code_exception' now named 'code_abort'.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1356
haftmann@30965
  1357
* Unified theorem tables for both code generators.  Thus [code
wenzelm@30845
  1358
func] has disappeared and only [code] remains.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30577
  1359
wenzelm@30577
  1360
* Command 'find_consts' searches for constants based on type and name
wenzelm@30577
  1361
patterns, e.g.
kleing@29883
  1362
kleing@29883
  1363
    find_consts "_ => bool"
kleing@29883
  1364
wenzelm@30106
  1365
By default, matching is against subtypes, but it may be restricted to
wenzelm@30728
  1366
the whole type.  Searching by name is possible.  Multiple queries are
wenzelm@30106
  1367
conjunctive and queries may be negated by prefixing them with a
wenzelm@30106
  1368
hyphen:
kleing@29883
  1369
kleing@29883
  1370
    find_consts strict: "_ => bool" name: "Int" -"int => int"
kleing@29861
  1371
wenzelm@30845
  1372
* New 'find_theorems' criterion "solves" matches theorems that
wenzelm@30845
  1373
directly solve the current goal (modulo higher-order unification).
wenzelm@30845
  1374
wenzelm@30845
  1375
* Auto solve feature for main theorem statements: whenever a new goal
wenzelm@30845
  1376
is stated, "find_theorems solves" is called; any theorems that could
wenzelm@30845
  1377
solve the lemma directly are listed as part of the goal state.
wenzelm@30845
  1378
Cf. associated options in Proof General Isabelle settings menu,
wenzelm@30845
  1379
enabled by default, with reasonable timeout for pathological cases of
wenzelm@30845
  1380
higher-order unification.
webertj@30415
  1381
haftmann@27104
  1382
wenzelm@27381
  1383
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@27381
  1384
wenzelm@27381
  1385
* Antiquotation @{lemma} now imitates a regular terminal proof,
wenzelm@27392
  1386
demanding keyword 'by' and supporting the full method expression
wenzelm@27519
  1387
syntax just like the Isar command 'by'.
wenzelm@27381
  1388
wenzelm@27381
  1389
haftmann@27104
  1390
*** HOL ***
haftmann@27104
  1391
wenzelm@30845
  1392
* Integrated main parts of former image HOL-Complex with HOL.  Entry
wenzelm@30845
  1393
points Main and Complex_Main remain as before.
wenzelm@30845
  1394
wenzelm@30845
  1395
* Logic image HOL-Plain provides a minimal HOL with the most important
wenzelm@30845
  1396
tools available (inductive, datatype, primrec, ...).  This facilitates
wenzelm@30845
  1397
experimentation and tool development.  Note that user applications
wenzelm@30845
  1398
(and library theories) should never refer to anything below theory
wenzelm@30845
  1399
Main, as before.
wenzelm@30845
  1400
wenzelm@30845
  1401
* Logic image HOL-Main stops at theory Main, and thus facilitates
wenzelm@30845
  1402
experimentation due to shorter build times.
wenzelm@30845
  1403
wenzelm@30845
  1404
* Logic image HOL-NSA contains theories of nonstandard analysis which
wenzelm@30845
  1405
were previously part of former HOL-Complex.  Entry point Hyperreal
wenzelm@30845
  1406
remains valid, but theories formerly using Complex_Main should now use
wenzelm@30845
  1407
new entry point Hypercomplex.
wenzelm@30845
  1408
wenzelm@30845
  1409
* Generic ATP manager for Sledgehammer, based on ML threads instead of
wenzelm@30845
  1410
Posix processes.  Avoids potentially expensive forking of the ML
wenzelm@30845
  1411
process.  New thread-based implementation also works on non-Unix
wenzelm@30845
  1412
platforms (Cygwin).  Provers are no longer hardwired, but defined
wenzelm@30845
  1413
within the theory via plain ML wrapper functions.  Basic Sledgehammer
wenzelm@30845
  1414
commands are covered in the isar-ref manual.
wenzelm@30845
  1415
wenzelm@30845
  1416
* Wrapper scripts for remote SystemOnTPTP service allows to use
wenzelm@30845
  1417
sledgehammer without local ATP installation (Vampire etc.). Other
wenzelm@30845
  1418
provers may be included via suitable ML wrappers, see also
wenzelm@30845
  1419
src/HOL/ATP_Linkup.thy.
wenzelm@30845
  1420
wenzelm@30845
  1421
* ATP selection (E/Vampire/Spass) is now via Proof General's settings
wenzelm@30845
  1422
menu.
wenzelm@30845
  1423
wenzelm@30845
  1424
* The metis method no longer fails because the theorem is too trivial
wenzelm@30845
  1425
(contains the empty clause).
wenzelm@30845
  1426
wenzelm@30845
  1427
* The metis method now fails in the usual manner, rather than raising
wenzelm@30845
  1428
an exception, if it determines that it cannot prove the theorem.
wenzelm@30845
  1429
wenzelm@30845
  1430
* Method "coherent" implements a prover for coherent logic (see also
wenzelm@30845
  1431
src/Tools/coherent.ML).
wenzelm@30845
  1432
wenzelm@30845
  1433
* Constants "undefined" and "default" replace "arbitrary".  Usually
wenzelm@30845
  1434
"undefined" is the right choice to replace "arbitrary", though
wenzelm@30845
  1435
logically there is no difference.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1436
wenzelm@30845
  1437
* Command "value" now integrates different evaluation mechanisms.  The
wenzelm@30845
  1438
result of the first successful evaluation mechanism is printed.  In
wenzelm@30845
  1439
square brackets a particular named evaluation mechanisms may be
wenzelm@30845
  1440
specified (currently, [SML], [code] or [nbe]).  See further
wenzelm@30845
  1441
src/HOL/ex/Eval_Examples.thy.
wenzelm@30845
  1442
wenzelm@30845
  1443
* Normalization by evaluation now allows non-leftlinear equations.
wenzelm@30845
  1444
Declare with attribute [code nbe].
wenzelm@30845
  1445
wenzelm@30845
  1446
* Methods "case_tac" and "induct_tac" now refer to the very same rules
wenzelm@30845
  1447
as the structured Isar versions "cases" and "induct", cf. the
wenzelm@30845
  1448
corresponding "cases" and "induct" attributes.  Mutual induction rules
wenzelm@30845
  1449
are now presented as a list of individual projections
wenzelm@30845
  1450
(e.g. foo_bar.inducts for types foo and bar); the old format with
wenzelm@30845
  1451
explicit HOL conjunction is no longer supported.  INCOMPATIBILITY, in
wenzelm@30845
  1452
rare situations a different rule is selected --- notably nested tuple
wenzelm@30845
  1453
elimination instead of former prod.exhaust: use explicit (case_tac t
wenzelm@30845
  1454
rule: prod.exhaust) here.
wenzelm@30845
  1455
wenzelm@30845
  1456
* Attributes "cases", "induct", "coinduct" support "del" option.
wenzelm@30845
  1457
wenzelm@30845
  1458
* Removed fact "case_split_thm", which duplicates "case_split".
wenzelm@30845
  1459
wenzelm@30845
  1460
* The option datatype has been moved to a new theory Option.  Renamed
wenzelm@30845
  1461
option_map to Option.map, and o2s to Option.set, INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1462
wenzelm@30845
  1463
* New predicate "strict_mono" classifies strict functions on partial
wenzelm@30845
  1464
orders.  With strict functions on linear orders, reasoning about
wenzelm@30845
  1465
(in)equalities is facilitated by theorems "strict_mono_eq",
wenzelm@30845
  1466
"strict_mono_less_eq" and "strict_mono_less".
wenzelm@30845
  1467
wenzelm@30845
  1468
* Some set operations are now proper qualified constants with
wenzelm@30845
  1469
authentic syntax.  INCOMPATIBILITY:
haftmann@30304
  1470
haftmann@30304
  1471
    op Int ~>   Set.Int
haftmann@30304
  1472
    op Un ~>    Set.Un
haftmann@30304
  1473
    INTER ~>    Set.INTER
haftmann@30304
  1474
    UNION ~>    Set.UNION
haftmann@30304
  1475
    Inter ~>    Set.Inter
haftmann@30304
  1476
    Union ~>    Set.Union
haftmann@30304
  1477
    {} ~>       Set.empty
haftmann@30304
  1478
    UNIV ~>     Set.UNIV
haftmann@30304
  1479
wenzelm@30845
  1480
* Class complete_lattice with operations Inf, Sup, INFI, SUPR now in
wenzelm@30845
  1481
theory Set.
wenzelm@30845
  1482
wenzelm@30845
  1483
* Auxiliary class "itself" has disappeared -- classes without any
wenzelm@30845
  1484
parameter are treated as expected by the 'class' command.
haftmann@29797
  1485
haftmann@29823
  1486
* Leibnitz's Series for Pi and the arcus tangens and logarithm series.
haftmann@29823
  1487
wenzelm@30845
  1488
* Common decision procedures (Cooper, MIR, Ferrack, Approximation,
wenzelm@30845
  1489
Dense_Linear_Order) are now in directory HOL/Decision_Procs.
wenzelm@30845
  1490
wenzelm@30845
  1491
* Theory src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Approximation provides the new proof
wenzelm@30845
  1492
method "approximation".  It proves formulas on real values by using
wenzelm@30845
  1493
interval arithmetic.  In the formulas are also the transcendental
wenzelm@30845
  1494
functions sin, cos, tan, atan, ln, exp and the constant pi are
wenzelm@30845
  1495
allowed. For examples see
wenzelm@30845
  1496
src/HOL/Descision_Procs/ex/Approximation_Ex.thy.
haftmann@29823
  1497
haftmann@29823
  1498
* Theory "Reflection" now resides in HOL/Library.
haftmann@29650
  1499
wenzelm@30845
  1500
* Entry point to Word library now simply named "Word".
wenzelm@30845
  1501
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@29628
  1502
haftmann@29197
  1503
* Made source layout more coherent with logical distribution
haftmann@29197
  1504
structure:
haftmann@28952
  1505
haftmann@28952
  1506
    src/HOL/Library/RType.thy ~> src/HOL/Typerep.thy
haftmann@28952
  1507
    src/HOL/Library/Code_Message.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1508
    src/HOL/Library/GCD.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1509
    src/HOL/Library/Order_Relation.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1510
    src/HOL/Library/Parity.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1511
    src/HOL/Library/Univ_Poly.thy ~> src/HOL/
huffman@30176
  1512
    src/HOL/Real/ContNotDenum.thy ~> src/HOL/Library/
haftmann@28952
  1513
    src/HOL/Real/Lubs.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1514
    src/HOL/Real/PReal.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1515
    src/HOL/Real/Rational.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1516
    src/HOL/Real/RComplete.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1517
    src/HOL/Real/RealDef.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1518
    src/HOL/Real/RealPow.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1519
    src/HOL/Real/Real.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1520
    src/HOL/Complex/Complex_Main.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1521
    src/HOL/Complex/Complex.thy ~> src/HOL/
huffman@30176
  1522
    src/HOL/Complex/FrechetDeriv.thy ~> src/HOL/Library/
huffman@30176
  1523
    src/HOL/Complex/Fundamental_Theorem_Algebra.thy ~> src/HOL/Library/
haftmann@28952
  1524
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Deriv.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1525
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Fact.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1526
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Integration.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1527
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Lim.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1528
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Ln.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1529
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Log.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1530
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/MacLaurin.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1531
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/NthRoot.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1532
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Series.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@29197
  1533
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/SEQ.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1534
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Taylor.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1535
    src/HOL/Hyperreal/Transcendental.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1536
    src/HOL/Real/Float ~> src/HOL/Library/
haftmann@29197
  1537
    src/HOL/Real/HahnBanach ~> src/HOL/HahnBanach
haftmann@29197
  1538
    src/HOL/Real/RealVector.thy ~> src/HOL/
haftmann@28952
  1539
haftmann@28952
  1540
    src/HOL/arith_data.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1541
    src/HOL/hologic.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1542
    src/HOL/simpdata.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1543
    src/HOL/int_arith1.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools/int_arith.ML
haftmann@28952
  1544
    src/HOL/int_factor_simprocs.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1545
    src/HOL/nat_simprocs.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1546
    src/HOL/Real/float_arith.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1547
    src/HOL/Real/float_syntax.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1548
    src/HOL/Real/rat_arith.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1549
    src/HOL/Real/real_arith.ML ~> src/HOL/Tools
haftmann@28952
  1550
haftmann@29398
  1551
    src/HOL/Library/Array.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1552
    src/HOL/Library/Heap_Monad.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1553
    src/HOL/Library/Heap.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1554
    src/HOL/Library/Imperative_HOL.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1555
    src/HOL/Library/Ref.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1556
    src/HOL/Library/Relational.thy ~> src/HOL/Imperative_HOL
haftmann@29398
  1557
wenzelm@30845
  1558
* If methods "eval" and "evaluation" encounter a structured proof
wenzelm@30845
  1559
state with !!/==>, only the conclusion is evaluated to True (if
wenzelm@30845
  1560
possible), avoiding strange error messages.
wenzelm@30845
  1561
wenzelm@30845
  1562
* Method "sizechange" automates termination proofs using (a
wenzelm@30845
  1563
modification of) the size-change principle.  Requires SAT solver.  See
wenzelm@30845
  1564
src/HOL/ex/Termination.thy for examples.
wenzelm@30845
  1565
wenzelm@30845
  1566
* Simplifier: simproc for let expressions now unfolds if bound
wenzelm@30845
  1567
variable occurs at most once in let expression body.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1568
wenzelm@30845
  1569
* Method "arith": Linear arithmetic now ignores all inequalities when
wenzelm@30845
  1570
fast_arith_neq_limit is exceeded, instead of giving up entirely.
wenzelm@30845
  1571
wenzelm@30845
  1572
* New attribute "arith" for facts that should always be used
wenzelm@30845
  1573
automatically by arithmetic. It is intended to be used locally in
wenzelm@30845
  1574
proofs, e.g.
wenzelm@30845
  1575
wenzelm@30845
  1576
  assumes [arith]: "x > 0"
wenzelm@30845
  1577
nipkow@30706
  1578
Global usage is discouraged because of possible performance impact.
nipkow@30706
  1579
wenzelm@30845
  1580
* New classes "top" and "bot" with corresponding operations "top" and
wenzelm@30845
  1581
"bot" in theory Orderings; instantiation of class "complete_lattice"
wenzelm@30845
  1582
requires instantiation of classes "top" and "bot".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1583
wenzelm@30845
  1584
* Changed definition lemma "less_fun_def" in order to provide an
wenzelm@30845
  1585
instance for preorders on functions; use lemma "less_le" instead.
wenzelm@30845
  1586
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1587
wenzelm@30845
  1588
* Theory Orderings: class "wellorder" moved here, with explicit
wenzelm@30845
  1589
induction rule "less_induct" as assumption.  For instantiation of
wenzelm@30845
  1590
"wellorder" by means of predicate "wf", use rule wf_wellorderI.
wenzelm@30845
  1591
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1592
wenzelm@30845
  1593
* Theory Orderings: added class "preorder" as superclass of "order".
wenzelm@27793
  1594
INCOMPATIBILITY: Instantiation proofs for order, linorder
wenzelm@27793
  1595
etc. slightly changed.  Some theorems named order_class.* now named
wenzelm@27793
  1596
preorder_class.*.
wenzelm@27793
  1597
wenzelm@30845
  1598
* Theory Relation: renamed "refl" to "refl_on", "reflexive" to "refl,
wenzelm@30845
  1599
"diag" to "Id_on".
wenzelm@30845
  1600
wenzelm@30845
  1601
* Theory Finite_Set: added a new fold combinator of type
wenzelm@30845
  1602
nipkow@28855
  1603
  ('a => 'b => 'b) => 'b => 'a set => 'b
wenzelm@30845
  1604
wenzelm@30845
  1605
Occasionally this is more convenient than the old fold combinator
wenzelm@30845
  1606
which is now defined in terms of the new one and renamed to
wenzelm@30845
  1607
fold_image.
wenzelm@30845
  1608
wenzelm@30845
  1609
* Theories Ring_and_Field and OrderedGroup: The lemmas "group_simps"
wenzelm@30845
  1610
and "ring_simps" have been replaced by "algebra_simps" (which can be
wenzelm@30845
  1611
extended with further lemmas!).  At the moment both still exist but
wenzelm@30845
  1612
the former will disappear at some point.
wenzelm@30845
  1613
wenzelm@30845
  1614
* Theory Power: Lemma power_Suc is now declared as a simp rule in
wenzelm@30845
  1615
class recpower.  Type-specific simp rules for various recpower types
wenzelm@30845
  1616
have been removed.  INCOMPATIBILITY, rename old lemmas as follows:
huffman@30273
  1617
huffman@30273
  1618
rat_power_0    -> power_0
huffman@30273
  1619
rat_power_Suc  -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
  1620
realpow_0      -> power_0
huffman@30273
  1621
realpow_Suc    -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
  1622
complexpow_0   -> power_0
huffman@30273
  1623
complexpow_Suc -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
  1624
power_poly_0   -> power_0
huffman@30273
  1625
power_poly_Suc -> power_Suc
huffman@30273
  1626
wenzelm@30845
  1627
* Theories Ring_and_Field and Divides: Definition of "op dvd" has been
wenzelm@27793
  1628
moved to separate class dvd in Ring_and_Field; a couple of lemmas on
wenzelm@27793
  1629
dvd has been generalized to class comm_semiring_1.  Likewise a bunch
wenzelm@27793
  1630
of lemmas from Divides has been generalized from nat to class
wenzelm@27793
  1631
semiring_div.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  This involves the following theorem
wenzelm@27793
  1632
renames resulting from duplicate elimination:
haftmann@27651
  1633
haftmann@27651
  1634
    dvd_def_mod ~>          dvd_eq_mod_eq_0
haftmann@27651
  1635
    zero_dvd_iff ~>         dvd_0_left_iff
haftmann@28559
  1636
    dvd_0 ~>                dvd_0_right
haftmann@27651
  1637
    DIVISION_BY_ZERO_DIV ~> div_by_0
haftmann@27651
  1638
    DIVISION_BY_ZERO_MOD ~> mod_by_0
haftmann@27651
  1639
    mult_div ~>             div_mult_self2_is_id
haftmann@27651
  1640
    mult_mod ~>             mod_mult_self2_is_0
haftmann@27651
  1641
wenzelm@30845
  1642
* Theory IntDiv: removed many lemmas that are instances of class-based
wenzelm@30845
  1643
generalizations (from Divides and Ring_and_Field).  INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@30845
  1644
rename old lemmas as follows:
nipkow@30044
  1645
nipkow@30044
  1646
dvd_diff               -> nat_dvd_diff
nipkow@30044
  1647
dvd_zminus_iff         -> dvd_minus_iff
nipkow@30224
  1648
mod_add1_eq            -> mod_add_eq
nipkow@30224
  1649
mod_mult1_eq           -> mod_mult_right_eq
nipkow@30224
  1650
mod_mult1_eq'          -> mod_mult_left_eq
nipkow@30224
  1651
mod_mult_distrib_mod   -> mod_mult_eq
nipkow@30044
  1652
nat_mod_add_left_eq    -> mod_add_left_eq
nipkow@30044
  1653
nat_mod_add_right_eq   -> mod_add_right_eq
nipkow@30044
  1654
nat_mod_div_trivial    -> mod_div_trivial
nipkow@30044
  1655
nat_mod_mod_trivial    -> mod_mod_trivial
nipkow@30044
  1656
zdiv_zadd_self1        -> div_add_self1
nipkow@30044
  1657
zdiv_zadd_self2        -> div_add_self2
nipkow@30181
  1658
zdiv_zmult_self1       -> div_mult_self2_is_id
nipkow@30044
  1659
zdiv_zmult_self2       -> div_mult_self1_is_id
nipkow@30044
  1660
zdvd_triv_left         -> dvd_triv_left
nipkow@30044
  1661
zdvd_triv_right        -> dvd_triv_right
nipkow@30044
  1662
zdvd_zmult_cancel_disj -> dvd_mult_cancel_left
nipkow@30085
  1663
zmod_eq0_zdvd_iff      -> dvd_eq_mod_eq_0[symmetric]
nipkow@30044
  1664
zmod_zadd_left_eq      -> mod_add_left_eq
nipkow@30044
  1665
zmod_zadd_right_eq     -> mod_add_right_eq
nipkow@30044
  1666
zmod_zadd_self1        -> mod_add_self1
nipkow@30044
  1667
zmod_zadd_self2        -> mod_add_self2
nipkow@30224
  1668
zmod_zadd1_eq          -> mod_add_eq
nipkow@30044
  1669
zmod_zdiff1_eq         -> mod_diff_eq
nipkow@30044
  1670
zmod_zdvd_zmod         -> mod_mod_cancel
nipkow@30044
  1671
zmod_zmod_cancel       -> mod_mod_cancel
nipkow@30044
  1672
zmod_zmult_self1       -> mod_mult_self2_is_0
nipkow@30044
  1673
zmod_zmult_self2       -> mod_mult_self1_is_0
nipkow@30044
  1674
zmod_1                 -> mod_by_1
nipkow@30044
  1675
zdiv_1                 -> div_by_1
nipkow@30044
  1676
zdvd_abs1              -> abs_dvd_iff
nipkow@30044
  1677
zdvd_abs2              -> dvd_abs_iff
nipkow@30044
  1678
zdvd_refl              -> dvd_refl
nipkow@30044
  1679
zdvd_trans             -> dvd_trans
nipkow@30044
  1680
zdvd_zadd              -> dvd_add
nipkow@30044
  1681
zdvd_zdiff             -> dvd_diff
nipkow@30044
  1682
zdvd_zminus_iff        -> dvd_minus_iff
nipkow@30044
  1683
zdvd_zminus2_iff       -> minus_dvd_iff
nipkow@30044
  1684
zdvd_zmultD            -> dvd_mult_right
nipkow@30044
  1685
zdvd_zmultD2           -> dvd_mult_left
nipkow@30044
  1686
zdvd_zmult_mono        -> mult_dvd_mono
nipkow@30044
  1687
zdvd_0_right           -> dvd_0_right
nipkow@30044
  1688
zdvd_0_left            -> dvd_0_left_iff
nipkow@30044
  1689
zdvd_1_left            -> one_dvd
nipkow@30044
  1690
zminus_dvd_iff         -> minus_dvd_iff
nipkow@30044
  1691
wenzelm@30845
  1692
* Theory Rational: 'Fract k 0' now equals '0'.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1693
wenzelm@30845
  1694
* The real numbers offer decimal input syntax: 12.34 is translated
wenzelm@30845
  1695
into 1234/10^2. This translation is not reversed upon output.
wenzelm@30845
  1696
wenzelm@30845
  1697
* Theory Library/Polynomial defines an abstract type 'a poly of
wenzelm@30845
  1698
univariate polynomials with coefficients of type 'a.  In addition to
wenzelm@30845
  1699
the standard ring operations, it also supports div and mod.  Code
wenzelm@30845
  1700
generation is also supported, using list-style constructors.
wenzelm@30845
  1701
wenzelm@30845
  1702
* Theory Library/Inner_Product defines a class of real_inner for real
wenzelm@30845
  1703
inner product spaces, with an overloaded operation inner :: 'a => 'a
wenzelm@30845
  1704
=> real.  Class real_inner is a subclass of real_normed_vector from
wenzelm@30845
  1705
theory RealVector.
wenzelm@30845
  1706
wenzelm@30845
  1707
* Theory Library/Product_Vector provides instances for the product
wenzelm@30845
  1708
type 'a * 'b of several classes from RealVector and Inner_Product.
wenzelm@30845
  1709
Definitions of addition, subtraction, scalar multiplication, norms,
wenzelm@30845
  1710
and inner products are included.
wenzelm@30845
  1711
wenzelm@30845
  1712
* Theory Library/Bit defines the field "bit" of integers modulo 2.  In
wenzelm@30845
  1713
addition to the field operations, numerals and case syntax are also
wenzelm@30845
  1714
supported.
wenzelm@30845
  1715
wenzelm@30845
  1716
* Theory Library/Diagonalize provides constructive version of Cantor's
wenzelm@30845
  1717
first diagonalization argument.
wenzelm@30845
  1718
wenzelm@30845
  1719
* Theory Library/GCD: Curried operations gcd, lcm (for nat) and zgcd,
wenzelm@27599
  1720
zlcm (for int); carried together from various gcd/lcm developements in
wenzelm@30845
  1721
the HOL Distribution.  Constants zgcd and zlcm replace former igcd and
wenzelm@30845
  1722
ilcm; corresponding theorems renamed accordingly.  INCOMPATIBILITY,
wenzelm@30845
  1723
may recover tupled syntax as follows:
haftmann@27556
  1724
haftmann@27556
  1725
    hide (open) const gcd
haftmann@27556
  1726
    abbreviation gcd where
haftmann@27556
  1727
      "gcd == (%(a, b). GCD.gcd a b)"
haftmann@27556
  1728
    notation (output)
haftmann@27556
  1729
      GCD.gcd ("gcd '(_, _')")
haftmann@27556
  1730
wenzelm@30845
  1731
The same works for lcm, zgcd, zlcm.
wenzelm@30845
  1732
wenzelm@30845
  1733
* Theory Library/Nat_Infinity: added addition, numeral syntax and more
wenzelm@30845
  1734
instantiations for algebraic structures.  Removed some duplicate
wenzelm@30845
  1735
theorems.  Changes in simp rules.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1736
wenzelm@30845
  1737
* ML antiquotation @{code} takes a constant as argument and generates
haftmann@27651
  1738
corresponding code in background and inserts name of the corresponding
haftmann@27651
  1739
resulting ML value/function/datatype constructor binding in place.
haftmann@27651
  1740
All occurrences of @{code} with a single ML block are generated
haftmann@27651
  1741
simultaneously.  Provides a generic and safe interface for
wenzelm@30845
  1742
instrumentalizing code generation.  See
wenzelm@30845
  1743
src/HOL/Decision_Procs/Ferrack.thy for a more ambitious application.
wenzelm@30845
  1744
In future you ought to refrain from ad-hoc compiling generated SML
wenzelm@30845
  1745
code on the ML toplevel.  Note that (for technical reasons) @{code}
wenzelm@30845
  1746
cannot refer to constants for which user-defined serializations are
wenzelm@30845
  1747
set.  Refer to the corresponding ML counterpart directly in that
wenzelm@30845
  1748
cases.
wenzelm@27122
  1749
wenzelm@27122
  1750
* Command 'rep_datatype': instead of theorem names the command now
wenzelm@27122
  1751
takes a list of terms denoting the constructors of the type to be
wenzelm@27122
  1752
represented as datatype.  The characteristic theorems have to be
wenzelm@27122
  1753
proven.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  Also observe that the following theorems
wenzelm@27122
  1754
have disappeared in favour of existing ones:
wenzelm@27122
  1755
haftmann@27104
  1756
    unit_induct                 ~> unit.induct
haftmann@27104
  1757
    prod_induct                 ~> prod.induct
haftmann@27104
  1758
    sum_induct                  ~> sum.induct
haftmann@27104
  1759
    Suc_Suc_eq                  ~> nat.inject
haftmann@27104
  1760
    Suc_not_Zero Zero_not_Suc   ~> nat.distinct
haftmann@27104
  1761
haftmann@27104
  1762
ballarin@27696
  1763
*** HOL-Algebra ***
ballarin@27696
  1764
ballarin@27713
  1765
* New locales for orders and lattices where the equivalence relation
wenzelm@30106
  1766
is not restricted to equality.  INCOMPATIBILITY: all order and lattice
wenzelm@30106
  1767
locales use a record structure with field eq for the equivalence.
ballarin@27713
  1768
ballarin@27713
  1769
* New theory of factorial domains.
ballarin@27713
  1770
wenzelm@30845
  1771
* Units_l_inv and Units_r_inv are now simp rules by default.
ballarin@27696
  1772
INCOMPATIBILITY.  Simplifier proof that require deletion of l_inv
ballarin@27696
  1773
and/or r_inv will now also require deletion of these lemmas.
ballarin@27696
  1774
wenzelm@30845
  1775
* Renamed the following theorems, INCOMPATIBILITY:
wenzelm@30845
  1776
ballarin@27696
  1777
UpperD ~> Upper_memD
ballarin@27696
  1778
LowerD ~> Lower_memD
ballarin@27696
  1779
least_carrier ~> least_closed
ballarin@27696
  1780
greatest_carrier ~> greatest_closed
ballarin@27696
  1781
greatest_Lower_above ~> greatest_Lower_below
ballarin@27717
  1782
one_zero ~> carrier_one_zero
ballarin@27717
  1783
one_not_zero ~> carrier_one_not_zero  (collision with assumption)
ballarin@27696
  1784
wenzelm@27793
  1785
wenzelm@30849
  1786
*** HOL-Nominal ***
wenzelm@30849
  1787
wenzelm@30855
  1788
* Nominal datatypes can now contain type-variables.
wenzelm@30855
  1789
wenzelm@30855
  1790
* Commands 'nominal_inductive' and 'equivariance' work with local
wenzelm@30855
  1791
theory targets.
wenzelm@30855
  1792
wenzelm@30855
  1793
* Nominal primrec can now works with local theory targets and its
wenzelm@30855
  1794
specification syntax now conforms to the general format as seen in
wenzelm@30855
  1795
'inductive' etc.
wenzelm@30855
  1796
wenzelm@30855
  1797
* Method "perm_simp" honours the standard simplifier attributes
wenzelm@30855
  1798
(no_asm), (no_asm_use) etc.
wenzelm@30855
  1799
wenzelm@30855
  1800
* The new predicate #* is defined like freshness, except that on the
wenzelm@30855
  1801
left hand side can be a set or list of atoms.
wenzelm@30855
  1802
wenzelm@30855
  1803
* Experimental command 'nominal_inductive2' derives strong induction
wenzelm@30855
  1804
principles for inductive definitions.  In contrast to
wenzelm@30855
  1805
'nominal_inductive', which can only deal with a fixed number of
wenzelm@30855
  1806
binders, it can deal with arbitrary expressions standing for sets of
wenzelm@30855
  1807
atoms to be avoided.  The only inductive definition we have at the
wenzelm@30855
  1808
moment that needs this generalisation is the typing rule for Lets in
wenzelm@30855
  1809
the algorithm W:
wenzelm@30855
  1810
wenzelm@30855
  1811
 Gamma |- t1 : T1   (x,close Gamma T1)::Gamma |- t2 : T2   x#Gamma
wenzelm@30855
  1812
 -----------------------------------------------------------------
wenzelm@30855
  1813
         Gamma |- Let x be t1 in t2 : T2
wenzelm@30855
  1814
wenzelm@30855
  1815
In this rule one wants to avoid all the binders that are introduced by
wenzelm@30855
  1816
"close Gamma T1".  We are looking for other examples where this
wenzelm@30855
  1817
feature might be useful.  Please let us know.
wenzelm@30849
  1818
wenzelm@30849
  1819
huffman@30176
  1820
*** HOLCF ***
huffman@30176
  1821
huffman@30176
  1822
* Reimplemented the simplification procedure for proving continuity
huffman@30176
  1823
subgoals.  The new simproc is extensible; users can declare additional
huffman@30176
  1824
continuity introduction rules with the attribute [cont2cont].
huffman@30176
  1825
huffman@30176
  1826
* The continuity simproc now uses a different introduction rule for
huffman@30176
  1827
solving continuity subgoals on terms with lambda abstractions.  In
huffman@30176
  1828
some rare cases the new simproc may fail to solve subgoals that the
huffman@30176
  1829
old one could solve, and "simp add: cont2cont_LAM" may be necessary.
huffman@30176
  1830
Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
huffman@30176
  1831
wenzelm@30847
  1832
* Command 'fixrec': specification syntax now conforms to the general
wenzelm@30855
  1833
format as seen in 'inductive' etc.  See src/HOLCF/ex/Fixrec_ex.thy for
wenzelm@30855
  1834
examples.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1835
wenzelm@30845
  1836
wenzelm@30845
  1837
*** ZF ***
wenzelm@30845
  1838
wenzelm@30845
  1839
* Proof of Zorn's Lemma for partial orders.
huffman@30176
  1840
huffman@30176
  1841
wenzelm@27246
  1842
*** ML ***
wenzelm@28088
  1843
wenzelm@30845
  1844
* Multithreading for Poly/ML 5.1/5.2 is no longer supported, only for
wenzelm@30845
  1845
Poly/ML 5.2.1 or later.  Important note: the TimeLimit facility
wenzelm@30845
  1846
depends on multithreading, so timouts will not work before Poly/ML
wenzelm@30845
  1847
5.2.1!
wenzelm@30845
  1848
wenzelm@29161
  1849
* High-level support for concurrent ML programming, see
wenzelm@29161
  1850
src/Pure/Cuncurrent.  The data-oriented model of "future values" is
wenzelm@29161
  1851
particularly convenient to organize independent functional
wenzelm@29161
  1852
computations.  The concept of "synchronized variables" provides a
wenzelm@29161
  1853
higher-order interface for components with shared state, avoiding the
wenzelm@30845
  1854
delicate details of mutexes and condition variables.  (Requires
wenzelm@30845
  1855
Poly/ML 5.2.1 or later.)
wenzelm@30845
  1856
wenzelm@30845
  1857
* ML bindings produced via Isar commands are stored within the Isar
wenzelm@30845
  1858
context (theory or proof).  Consequently, commands like 'use' and 'ML'
wenzelm@30845
  1859
become thread-safe and work with undo as expected (concerning
wenzelm@30845
  1860
top-level bindings, not side-effects on global references).
wenzelm@30845
  1861
INCOMPATIBILITY, need to provide proper Isar context when invoking the
wenzelm@30845
  1862
compiler at runtime; really global bindings need to be given outside a
wenzelm@30845
  1863
theory.  (Requires Poly/ML 5.2 or later.)
wenzelm@30845
  1864
wenzelm@30845
  1865
* Command 'ML_prf' is analogous to 'ML' but works within a proof
wenzelm@30845
  1866
context.  Top-level ML bindings are stored within the proof context in
wenzelm@30845
  1867
a purely sequential fashion, disregarding the nested proof structure.
wenzelm@30845
  1868
ML bindings introduced by 'ML_prf' are discarded at the end of the
wenzelm@30845
  1869
proof.  (Requires Poly/ML 5.2 or later.)
wenzelm@29161
  1870
wenzelm@30530
  1871
* Simplified ML attribute and method setup, cf. functions Attrib.setup
wenzelm@30845
  1872
and Method.setup, as well as Isar commands 'attribute_setup' and
wenzelm@30547
  1873
'method_setup'.  INCOMPATIBILITY for 'method_setup', need to simplify
wenzelm@30547
  1874
existing code accordingly, or use plain 'setup' together with old
wenzelm@30547
  1875
Method.add_method.
wenzelm@30530
  1876
wenzelm@28294
  1877
* Simplified ML oracle interface Thm.add_oracle promotes 'a -> cterm
wenzelm@28294
  1878
to 'a -> thm, while results are always tagged with an authentic oracle
wenzelm@28294
  1879
name.  The Isar command 'oracle' is now polymorphic, no argument type
wenzelm@28294
  1880
is specified.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to simplify existing oracle code
wenzelm@28294
  1881
accordingly.  Note that extra performance may be gained by producing
wenzelm@28294
  1882
the cterm carefully, avoiding slow Thm.cterm_of.
wenzelm@28294
  1883
wenzelm@30845
  1884
* Simplified interface for defining document antiquotations via
wenzelm@30845
  1885
ThyOutput.antiquotation, ThyOutput.output, and optionally
wenzelm@30845
  1886
ThyOutput.maybe_pretty_source.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to simplify user
wenzelm@30845
  1887
antiquotations accordingly, see src/Pure/Thy/thy_output.ML for common
wenzelm@30845
  1888
examples.
wenzelm@28099
  1889
wenzelm@30395
  1890
* More systematic treatment of long names, abstract name bindings, and
wenzelm@30395
  1891
name space operations.  Basic operations on qualified names have been
wenzelm@30399
  1892
move from structure NameSpace to Long_Name, e.g. Long_Name.base_name,
wenzelm@30395
  1893
Long_Name.append.  Old type bstring has been mostly replaced by
wenzelm@30395
  1894
abstract type binding (see structure Binding), which supports precise
wenzelm@30845
  1895
qualification by packages and local theory targets, as well as proper
wenzelm@30845
  1896
tracking of source positions.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to wrap old
wenzelm@30845
  1897
bstring values into Binding.name, or better pass through abstract
wenzelm@30399
  1898
bindings everywhere.  See further src/Pure/General/long_name.ML,
wenzelm@30395
  1899
src/Pure/General/binding.ML and src/Pure/General/name_space.ML
wenzelm@30395
  1900
wenzelm@28089
  1901
* Result facts (from PureThy.note_thms, ProofContext.note_thms,
wenzelm@28089
  1902
LocalTheory.note etc.) now refer to the *full* internal name, not the
wenzelm@28089
  1903
bstring as before.  INCOMPATIBILITY, not detected by ML type-checking!
wenzelm@28089
  1904
wenzelm@27287
  1905
* Disposed old type and term read functions (Sign.read_def_typ,
wenzelm@27287
  1906
Sign.read_typ, Sign.read_def_terms, Sign.read_term,
wenzelm@27287
  1907
Thm.read_def_cterms, Thm.read_cterm etc.).  INCOMPATIBILITY, should
wenzelm@27287
  1908
use regular Syntax.read_typ, Syntax.read_term, Syntax.read_typ_global,
wenzelm@27269
  1909
Syntax.read_term_global etc.; see also OldGoals.read_term as last
wenzelm@27269
  1910
resort for legacy applications.
wenzelm@27269
  1911
wenzelm@30609
  1912
* Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to
wenzelm@30609
  1913
the simpset or claset of an implicit theory (such as Addsimps,
wenzelm@30609
  1914
Simp_tac, SIMPSET).  INCOMPATIBILITY, should use @{simpset} etc. in
wenzelm@30609
  1915
embedded ML text, or local_simpset_of with a proper context passed as
wenzelm@30609
  1916
explicit runtime argument.
wenzelm@30609
  1917
wenzelm@30845
  1918
* Rules and tactics that read instantiations (read_instantiate,
wenzelm@30845
  1919
res_inst_tac, thin_tac, subgoal_tac etc.) now demand a proper proof
wenzelm@30845
  1920
context, which is required for parsing and type-checking.  Moreover,
wenzelm@30845
  1921
the variables are specified as plain indexnames, not string encodings
wenzelm@30845
  1922
thereof.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@30845
  1923
wenzelm@30845
  1924
* Generic Toplevel.add_hook interface allows to analyze the result of
wenzelm@30845
  1925
transactions.  E.g. see src/Pure/ProofGeneral/proof_general_pgip.ML
wenzelm@30845
  1926
for theorem dependency output of transactions resulting in a new
wenzelm@30845
  1927
theory state.
wenzelm@30845
  1928
wenzelm@30845
  1929
* ML antiquotations: block-structured compilation context indicated by
wenzelm@27391
  1930
\<lbrace> ... \<rbrace>; additional antiquotation forms:
wenzelm@27391
  1931
wenzelm@30845
  1932
  @{binding name}                         - basic name binding
wenzelm@27519
  1933
  @{let ?pat = term}                      - term abbreviation (HO matching)
wenzelm@27519
  1934
  @{note name = fact}                     - fact abbreviation
wenzelm@27519
  1935
  @{thm fact}                             - singleton fact (with attributes)
wenzelm@27519
  1936
  @{thms fact}                            - general fact (with attributes)
wenzelm@27519
  1937
  @{lemma prop by method}                 - singleton goal
wenzelm@27519
  1938
  @{lemma prop by meth1 meth2}            - singleton goal
wenzelm@27519
  1939
  @{lemma prop1 ... propN by method}      - general goal
wenzelm@27519
  1940
  @{lemma prop1 ... propN by meth1 meth2} - general goal
wenzelm@27519
  1941
  @{lemma (open) ...}                     - open derivation
wenzelm@27380
  1942
wenzelm@27246
  1943
wenzelm@27979
  1944
*** System ***
wenzelm@27979
  1945
wenzelm@28248
  1946
* The Isabelle "emacs" tool provides a specific interface to invoke
wenzelm@28248
  1947
Proof General / Emacs, with more explicit failure if that is not
wenzelm@28248
  1948
installed (the old isabelle-interface script silently falls back on
wenzelm@28248
  1949
isabelle-process).  The PROOFGENERAL_HOME setting determines the
wenzelm@28248
  1950
installation location of the Proof General distribution.
wenzelm@28248
  1951
wenzelm@27979
  1952
* Isabelle/lib/classes/Pure.jar provides basic support to integrate
wenzelm@27979
  1953
the Isabelle process into a JVM/Scala application.  See
wenzelm@27979
  1954
Isabelle/lib/jedit/plugin for a minimal example.  (The obsolete Java
wenzelm@27979
  1955
process wrapper has been discontinued.)
wenzelm@27979
  1956
wenzelm@30845
  1957
* Added homegrown Isabelle font with unicode layout, see lib/fonts.
wenzelm@30845
  1958
wenzelm@30845
  1959
* Various status messages (with exact source position information) are
wenzelm@27979
  1960
emitted, if proper markup print mode is enabled.  This allows
wenzelm@27979
  1961
user-interface components to provide detailed feedback on internal
wenzelm@27979
  1962
prover operations.
wenzelm@27979
  1963
wenzelm@27979
  1964
wenzelm@27143
  1965
wenzelm@27008
  1966
New in Isabelle2008 (June 2008)
wenzelm@27008
  1967
-------------------------------
wenzelm@25464
  1968
wenzelm@25522
  1969
*** General ***
wenzelm@25522
  1970
wenzelm@27061
  1971
* The Isabelle/Isar Reference Manual (isar-ref) has been reorganized
wenzelm@27061
  1972
and updated, with formally checked references as hyperlinks.
wenzelm@27061
  1973
wenzelm@25994
  1974
* Theory loader: use_thy (and similar operations) no longer set the
wenzelm@25994
  1975
implicit ML context, which was occasionally hard to predict and in
wenzelm@25994
  1976
conflict with concurrency.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use ML within Isar which
wenzelm@25994
  1977
provides a proper context already.
wenzelm@25994
  1978
wenzelm@26323
  1979
* Theory loader: old-style ML proof scripts being *attached* to a thy
wenzelm@26323
  1980
file are no longer supported.  INCOMPATIBILITY, regular 'uses' and
wenzelm@26323
  1981
'use' within a theory file will do the job.
wenzelm@26323
  1982
wenzelm@26650
  1983
* Name space merge now observes canonical order, i.e. the second space
wenzelm@26650
  1984
is inserted into the first one, while existing entries in the first
wenzelm@26659
  1985
space take precedence.  INCOMPATIBILITY in rare situations, may try to
wenzelm@26650
  1986
swap theory imports.
wenzelm@26650
  1987
wenzelm@27067
  1988
* Syntax: symbol \<chi> is now considered a letter.  Potential
wenzelm@27067
  1989
INCOMPATIBILITY in identifier syntax etc.
wenzelm@27067
  1990
wenzelm@27067
  1991
* Outer syntax: string tokens no longer admit escaped white space,
wenzelm@27067
  1992
which was an accidental (undocumented) feature.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use
wenzelm@27067
  1993
white space without escapes.
wenzelm@27067
  1994
wenzelm@27067
  1995
* Outer syntax: string tokens may contain arbitrary character codes
wenzelm@27067
  1996
specified via 3 decimal digits (as in SML).  E.g. "foo\095bar" for
wenzelm@27067
  1997
"foo_bar".
wenzelm@27067
  1998
wenzelm@25522
  1999
haftmann@25502
  2000
*** Pure ***
haftmann@25502
  2001
wenzelm@26718
  2002
* Context-dependent token translations.  Default setup reverts locally
wenzelm@26718
  2003
fixed variables, and adds hilite markup for undeclared frees.
wenzelm@26718
  2004
berghofe@26681
  2005
* Unused theorems can be found using the new command 'unused_thms'.
berghofe@26681
  2006
There are three ways of invoking it:
berghofe@26681
  2007
berghofe@26681
  2008
(1) unused_thms
berghofe@26681
  2009
     Only finds unused theorems in the current theory.
berghofe@26681
  2010
berghofe@26681
  2011
(2) unused_thms thy_1 ... thy_n -
berghofe@26681
  2012
     Finds unused theorems in the current theory and all of its ancestors,
berghofe@26681
  2013
     excluding the theories thy_1 ... thy_n and all of their ancestors.
berghofe@26681
  2014
berghofe@26681
  2015
(3) unused_thms thy_1 ... thy_n - thy'_1 ... thy'_m
berghofe@26681
  2016
     Finds unused theorems in the theories thy'_1 ... thy'_m and all of
berghofe@26681
  2017
     their ancestors, excluding the theories thy_1 ... thy_n and all of
berghofe@26681
  2018
     their ancestors.
berghofe@26681
  2019
wenzelm@26718
  2020
In order to increase the readability of the list produced by
wenzelm@26718
  2021
unused_thms, theorems that have been created by a particular instance
wenzelm@26874
  2022
of a theory command such as 'inductive' or 'function' are considered
wenzelm@26874
  2023
to belong to the same "group", meaning that if at least one theorem in
wenzelm@26718
  2024
this group is used, the other theorems in the same group are no longer
wenzelm@26718
  2025
reported as unused.  Moreover, if all theorems in the group are
wenzelm@26718
  2026
unused, only one theorem in the group is displayed.
wenzelm@26718
  2027
wenzelm@26718
  2028
Note that proof objects have to be switched on in order for
wenzelm@26718
  2029
unused_thms to work properly (i.e. !proofs must be >= 1, which is
wenzelm@26874
  2030
usually the case when using Proof General with the default settings).
berghofe@26681
  2031
wenzelm@26650
  2032
* Authentic naming of facts disallows ad-hoc overwriting of previous
wenzelm@26650
  2033
theorems within the same name space.  INCOMPATIBILITY, need to remove
wenzelm@26650
  2034
duplicate fact bindings, or even accidental fact duplications.  Note
wenzelm@26650
  2035
that tools may maintain dynamically scoped facts systematically, using
wenzelm@26650
  2036
PureThy.add_thms_dynamic.
wenzelm@26650
  2037
wenzelm@26660
  2038
* Command 'hide' now allows to hide from "fact" name space as well.
wenzelm@26660
  2039
wenzelm@26496
  2040
* Eliminated destructive theorem database, simpset, claset, and
wenzelm@26496
  2041
clasimpset.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY, really need to observe linear
wenzelm@26496
  2042
update of theories within ML code.
wenzelm@26479
  2043
wenzelm@26955
  2044
* Eliminated theory ProtoPure and CPure, leaving just one Pure theory.
wenzelm@26955
  2045
INCOMPATIBILITY, object-logics depending on former Pure require
wenzelm@26955
  2046
additional setup PureThy.old_appl_syntax_setup; object-logics
wenzelm@26955
  2047
depending on former CPure need to refer to Pure.
wenzelm@26650
  2048
wenzelm@26495
  2049
* Commands 'use' and 'ML' are now purely functional, operating on
wenzelm@26479
  2050
theory/local_theory.  Removed former 'ML_setup' (on theory), use 'ML'
wenzelm@26479
  2051
instead.  Added 'ML_val' as mere diagnostic replacement for 'ML'.
wenzelm@26479
  2052
INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26479
  2053
wenzelm@26874
  2054
* Command 'setup': discontinued implicit version with ML reference.
wenzelm@26434
  2055
wenzelm@25970
  2056
* Instantiation target allows for simultaneous specification of class
wenzelm@25970
  2057
instance operations together with an instantiation proof.
wenzelm@25970
  2058
Type-checking phase allows to refer to class operations uniformly.
wenzelm@27067
  2059
See src/HOL/Complex/Complex.thy for an Isar example and
wenzelm@27067
  2060
src/HOL/Library/Eval.thy for an ML example.
haftmann@25502
  2061
wenzelm@26201
  2062
* Indexing of literal facts: be more serious about including only
wenzelm@26201
  2063
facts from the visible specification/proof context, but not the
wenzelm@26201
  2064
background context (locale etc.).  Affects `prop` notation and method
wenzelm@26201
  2065
"fact".  INCOMPATIBILITY: need to name facts explicitly in rare
wenzelm@26201
  2066
situations.
wenzelm@26201
  2067
wenzelm@26925
  2068
* Method "cases", "induct", "coinduct": removed obsolete/undocumented
wenzelm@26925
  2069
"(open)" option, which used to expose internal bound variables to the
wenzelm@26925
  2070
proof text.
wenzelm@26925
  2071
wenzelm@26925
  2072
* Isar statements: removed obsolete case "rule_context".
wenzelm@26925
  2073
INCOMPATIBILITY, better use explicit fixes/assumes.
wenzelm@26925
  2074
wenzelm@26874
  2075
* Locale proofs: default proof step now includes 'unfold_locales';
wenzelm@26874
  2076
hence 'proof' without argument may be used to unfold locale
wenzelm@26874
  2077
predicates.
ballarin@26765
  2078
ballarin@26765
  2079
haftmann@26762
  2080
*** Document preparation ***
haftmann@26762
  2081
wenzelm@26914
  2082
* Simplified pdfsetup.sty: color/hyperref is used unconditionally for
wenzelm@26914
  2083
both pdf and dvi (hyperlinks usually work in xdvi as well); removed
wenzelm@26914
  2084
obsolete thumbpdf setup (contemporary PDF viewers do this on the
wenzelm@26914
  2085
spot); renamed link color from "darkblue" to "linkcolor" (default
wenzelm@26920
  2086
value unchanged, can be redefined via \definecolor); no longer sets
wenzelm@26920
  2087
"a4paper" option (unnecessary or even intrusive).
wenzelm@26914
  2088
wenzelm@27008
  2089
* Antiquotation @{lemma A method} proves proposition A by the given
wenzelm@27008
  2090
method (either a method name or a method name plus (optional) method
wenzelm@27008
  2091
arguments in parentheses) and prints A just like @{prop A}.
haftmann@26762
  2092
haftmann@26762
  2093
wenzelm@25464
  2094
*** HOL ***
wenzelm@25464
  2095
wenzelm@27067
  2096
* New primrec package.  Specification syntax conforms in style to
wenzelm@27067
  2097
definition/function/....  No separate induction rule is provided.  The
wenzelm@27067
  2098
"primrec" command distinguishes old-style and new-style specifications
wenzelm@27067
  2099
by syntax.  The former primrec package is now named OldPrimrecPackage.
wenzelm@27067
  2100
When adjusting theories, beware: constants stemming from new-style
wenzelm@27067
  2101
primrec specifications have authentic syntax.
wenzelm@27067
  2102
wenzelm@27067
  2103
* Metis prover is now an order of magnitude faster, and also works
wenzelm@27067
  2104
with multithreading.
wenzelm@27067
  2105
wenzelm@27067
  2106
* Metis: the maximum number of clauses that can be produced from a
wenzelm@27067
  2107
theorem is now given by the attribute max_clauses.  Theorems that
wenzelm@27067
  2108
exceed this number are ignored, with a warning printed.
wenzelm@27067
  2109
wenzelm@27067
  2110
* Sledgehammer no longer produces structured proofs by default. To
wenzelm@27067
  2111
enable, declare [[sledgehammer_full = true]].  Attributes
wenzelm@27067
  2112
reconstruction_modulus, reconstruction_sorts renamed
wenzelm@27067
  2113
sledgehammer_modulus, sledgehammer_sorts.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@27067
  2114
haftmann@27104
  2115
* Method "induct_scheme" derives user-specified induction rules
wenzelm@27067
  2116
from well-founded induction and completeness of patterns. This factors
wenzelm@27067
  2117
out some operations that are done internally by the function package
wenzelm@27067
  2118
and makes them available separately.  See
wenzelm@27067
  2119
src/HOL/ex/Induction_Scheme.thy for examples.
wenzelm@27067
  2120
wenzelm@27067
  2121
* More flexible generation of measure functions for termination
wenzelm@27067
  2122
proofs: Measure functions can be declared by proving a rule of the
wenzelm@27067
  2123
form "is_measure f" and giving it the [measure_function] attribute.
wenzelm@27067
  2124
The "is_measure" predicate is logically meaningless (always true), and
wenzelm@27067
  2125
just guides the heuristic.  To find suitable measure functions, the
wenzelm@27067
  2126
termination prover sets up the goal "is_measure ?f" of the appropriate
wenzelm@27067
  2127
type and generates all solutions by prolog-style backwards proof using
wenzelm@27067
  2128
the declared rules.
wenzelm@27067
  2129
wenzelm@27067
  2130
This setup also deals with rules like 
wenzelm@27067
  2131
wenzelm@27067
  2132
  "is_measure f ==> is_measure (list_size f)"
wenzelm@27067
  2133
wenzelm@27067
  2134
which accommodates nested datatypes that recurse through lists.
wenzelm@27067
  2135
Similar rules are predeclared for products and option types.
wenzelm@27067
  2136
berghofe@26964
  2137
* Turned the type of sets "'a set" into an abbreviation for "'a => bool"
berghofe@26964
  2138
berghofe@26964
  2139
  INCOMPATIBILITIES:
berghofe@26964
  2140
wenzelm@27008
  2141
  - Definitions of overloaded constants on sets have to be replaced by
wenzelm@27008
  2142
    definitions on => and bool.
berghofe@26964
  2143
berghofe@26964
  2144
  - Some definitions of overloaded operators on sets can now be proved
wenzelm@27008
  2145
    using the definitions of the operators on => and bool.  Therefore,
wenzelm@27008
  2146
    the following theorems have been renamed:
berghofe@26964
  2147
berghofe@26964
  2148
      subset_def   -> subset_eq
berghofe@26964
  2149
      psubset_def  -> psubset_eq
berghofe@26964
  2150
      set_diff_def -> set_diff_eq
berghofe@26964
  2151
      Compl_def    -> Compl_eq
berghofe@26964
  2152
      Sup_set_def  -> Sup_set_eq
berghofe@26964
  2153
      Inf_set_def  -> Inf_set_eq
berghofe@26964
  2154
      sup_set_def  -> sup_set_eq
berghofe@26964
  2155
      inf_set_def  -> inf_set_eq
berghofe@26964
  2156
berghofe@26964
  2157
  - Due to the incompleteness of the HO unification algorithm, some
berghofe@26964
  2158
    rules such as subst may require manual instantiation, if some of
berghofe@26964
  2159
    the unknowns in the rule is a set.
berghofe@26964
  2160
berghofe@26964
  2161
  - Higher order unification and forward proofs:
berghofe@26964
  2162
    The proof pattern
berghofe@26964
  2163
berghofe@26964
  2164
      have "P (S::'a set)" <...>
berghofe@26964
  2165
      then have "EX S. P S" ..
berghofe@26964
  2166
wenzelm@27008
  2167
    no longer works (due to the incompleteness of the HO unification
wenzelm@27008
  2168
    algorithm) and must be replaced by the pattern
berghofe@26964
  2169
berghofe@26964
  2170
      have "EX S. P S"
berghofe@26964
  2171
      proof
berghofe@26964
  2172
        show "P S" <...>
berghofe@26964
  2173
      qed
berghofe@26964
  2174
berghofe@26964
  2175
  - Calculational reasoning with subst (or similar rules):
berghofe@26964
  2176
    The proof pattern
berghofe@26964
  2177
berghofe@26964
  2178
      have "P (S::'a set)" <...>
berghofe@26964
  2179
      also have "S = T" <...>
berghofe@26964
  2180
      finally have "P T" .
berghofe@26964
  2181
wenzelm@27008
  2182
    no longer works (for similar reasons as the previous example) and
wenzelm@27008
  2183
    must be replaced by something like
berghofe@26964
  2184
berghofe@26964
  2185
      have "P (S::'a set)" <...>
berghofe@26964
  2186
      moreover have "S = T" <...>
berghofe@26964
  2187
      ultimately have "P T" by simp
berghofe@26964
  2188
berghofe@26964
  2189
  - Tactics or packages written in ML code:
berghofe@26964
  2190
    Code performing pattern matching on types via
berghofe@26964
  2191
berghofe@26964
  2192
      Type ("set", [T]) => ...
berghofe@26964
  2193
wenzelm@27008
  2194
    must be rewritten. Moreover, functions like strip_type or
wenzelm@27008
  2195
    binder_types no longer return the right value when applied to a
wenzelm@27008
  2196
    type of the form
berghofe@26964
  2197
berghofe@26964
  2198
      T1 => ... => Tn => U => bool
berghofe@26964
  2199
berghofe@26964
  2200
    rather than
berghofe@26964
  2201
berghofe@26964
  2202
      T1 => ... => Tn => U set
berghofe@26964
  2203
wenzelm@26874
  2204
* Merged theories Wellfounded_Recursion, Accessible_Part and
wenzelm@27067
  2205
Wellfounded_Relations to theory Wellfounded.
krauss@26748
  2206
haftmann@26513
  2207
* Explicit class "eq" for executable equality.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26513
  2208
wenzelm@26874
  2209
* Class finite no longer treats UNIV as class parameter.  Use class
wenzelm@26874
  2210
enum from theory Library/Enum instead to achieve a similar effect.
haftmann@26445
  2211
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26445
  2212
wenzelm@26874
  2213
* Theory List: rule list_induct2 now has explicitly named cases "Nil"
wenzelm@26874
  2214
and "Cons".  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26874
  2215
wenzelm@26422
  2216
* HOL (and FOL): renamed variables in rules imp_elim and swap.
wenzelm@26422
  2217
Potential INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26422
  2218
wenzelm@26874
  2219
* Theory Product_Type: duplicated lemmas split_Pair_apply and
wenzelm@26874
  2220
injective_fst_snd removed, use split_eta and prod_eqI instead.
wenzelm@26874
  2221
Renamed upd_fst to apfst and upd_snd to apsnd.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26355
  2222
wenzelm@26335
  2223
* Theory Nat: removed redundant lemmas that merely duplicate lemmas of
wenzelm@26335
  2224
the same name in theory Orderings:
wenzelm@26335
  2225
wenzelm@26335
  2226
  less_trans
wenzelm@26335
  2227
  less_linear
wenzelm@26335
  2228
  le_imp_less_or_eq
wenzelm@26335
  2229
  le_less_trans
wenzelm@26335
  2230
  less_le_trans
wenzelm@26335
  2231
  less_not_sym
wenzelm@26335
  2232
  less_asym
wenzelm@26335
  2233
wenzelm@26335
  2234
Renamed less_imp_le to less_imp_le_nat, and less_irrefl to
wenzelm@26335
  2235
less_irrefl_nat.  Potential INCOMPATIBILITY due to more general types
wenzelm@26335
  2236
and different variable names.
wenzelm@26315
  2237
haftmann@26231
  2238
* Library/Option_ord.thy: Canonical order on option type.
haftmann@26231
  2239
wenzelm@27008
  2240
* Library/RBT.thy: Red-black trees, an efficient implementation of
wenzelm@27008
  2241
finite maps.
krauss@26197
  2242
haftmann@26231
  2243
* Library/Countable.thy: Type class for countable types.
haftmann@26231
  2244
wenzelm@26180
  2245
* Theory Int: The representation of numerals has changed.  The infix
wenzelm@26180
  2246
operator BIT and the bit datatype with constructors B0 and B1 have
wenzelm@26180
  2247
disappeared.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use "Int.Bit0 x" and "Int.Bit1 y" in
wenzelm@26180
  2248
place of "x BIT bit.B0" and "y BIT bit.B1", respectively.  Theorems
wenzelm@26180
  2249
involving BIT, B0, or B1 have been renamed with "Bit0" or "Bit1"
wenzelm@26180
  2250
accordingly.
wenzelm@26180
  2251
wenzelm@26180
  2252
* Theory Nat: definition of <= and < on natural numbers no longer
wenzelm@26180
  2253
depend on well-founded relations.  INCOMPATIBILITY.  Definitions
wenzelm@26180
  2254
le_def and less_def have disappeared.  Consider lemmas not_less
wenzelm@26180
  2255
[symmetric, where ?'a = nat] and less_eq [symmetric] instead.
wenzelm@26180
  2256
wenzelm@26180
  2257
* Theory Finite_Set: locales ACf, ACe, ACIf, ACIfSL and ACIfSLlin
wenzelm@26180
  2258
(whose purpose mainly is for various fold_set functionals) have been
wenzelm@26874
  2259
abandoned in favor of the existing algebraic classes
wenzelm@26180
  2260
ab_semigroup_mult, comm_monoid_mult, ab_semigroup_idem_mult,
wenzelm@26180
  2261
lower_semilattice (resp. upper_semilattice) and linorder.
haftmann@26139
  2262
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@26041
  2263
wenzelm@26180
  2264
* Theory Transitive_Closure: induct and cases rules now declare proper
wenzelm@26180
  2265
case_names ("base" and "step").  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26180
  2266
wenzelm@26180
  2267
* Theorem Inductive.lfp_ordinal_induct generalized to complete
wenzelm@26180
  2268
lattices.  The form set-specific version is available as
wenzelm@26180
  2269
Inductive.lfp_ordinal_induct_set.
haftmann@26013
  2270
wenzelm@26874
  2271
* Renamed theorems "power.simps" to "power_int.simps".
wenzelm@27067
  2272
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25961
  2273
wenzelm@26180
  2274
* Class semiring_div provides basic abstract properties of semirings
haftmann@25942
  2275
with division and modulo operations.  Subsumes former class dvd_mod.
haftmann@25942
  2276
wenzelm@26180
  2277
* Merged theories IntDef, Numeral and IntArith into unified theory
wenzelm@26180
  2278
Int.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26180
  2279
wenzelm@26180
  2280
* Theory Library/Code_Index: type "index" now represents natural
wenzelm@26180
  2281
numbers rather than integers.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@26180
  2282
wenzelm@26180
  2283
* New class "uminus" with operation "uminus" (split of from class
wenzelm@26180
  2284
"minus" which now only has operation "minus", binary).
haftmann@25919
  2285
INCOMPATIBILITY.
haftmann@25919
  2286
wenzelm@25522
  2287
* Constants "card", "internal_split", "option_map" now with authentic
haftmann@25919
  2288
syntax.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@25522
  2289
wenzelm@25522
  2290
* Definitions subset_def, psubset_def, set_diff_def, Compl_def,
wenzelm@25522
  2291
le_bool_def, less_bool_def, le_fun_def, less_fun_def, inf_bool_def,
wenzelm@25522
  2292
sup_bool_def, Inf_bool_def, Sup_bool_def, inf_fun_def, sup_fun_def,
wenzelm@25522
  2293
Inf_fun_def, Sup_fun_def, inf_set_def, sup_set_def, Inf_set_def,
wenzelm@25522
  2294
Sup_set_def, le_def, less_def, option_map_def now with object
haftmann@25919
  2295
equality.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@25464
  2296
schirmer@25705
  2297
* Records. Removed K_record, and replaced it by pure lambda term
wenzelm@25726
  2298
%x. c. The simplifier setup is now more robust against eta expansion.
schirmer@25705
  2299
INCOMPATIBILITY: in cases explicitly referring to K_record.
wenzelm@25464
  2300
wenzelm@27067
  2301
* Library/Multiset: {#a, b, c#} abbreviates {#a#} + {#b#} + {#c#}.
wenzelm@27067
  2302
wenzelm@27067
  2303
* Library/ListVector: new theory of arithmetic vector operations.
wenzelm@27067
  2304
wenzelm@27067
  2305
* Library/Order_Relation: new theory of various orderings as sets of
wenzelm@27067
  2306
pairs.  Defines preorders, partial orders, linear orders and
wenzelm@27067
  2307
well-orders on sets and on types.
krauss@26877
  2308
wenzelm@25726
  2309
krauss@26197
  2310
*** ZF ***
krauss@26197
  2311
wenzelm@26874
  2312
* Renamed some theories to allow to loading both ZF and HOL in the
wenzelm@26874
  2313
same session:
wenzelm@26874
  2314
wenzelm@26874
  2315
  Datatype  -> Datatype_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2316
  Inductive -> Inductive_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2317
  Int       -> Int_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2318
  IntDiv    -> IntDiv_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2319
  Nat       -> Nat_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2320
  List      -> List_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2321
  Main      -> Main_ZF
wenzelm@26874
  2322
wenzelm@26874
  2323
INCOMPATIBILITY: ZF theories that import individual theories below
wenzelm@26874
  2324
Main might need to be adapted.  Regular theory Main is still
wenzelm@26874
  2325
available, as trivial extension of Main_ZF.
krauss@26197
  2326
krauss@26197
  2327
wenzelm@25737
  2328
*** ML ***
wenzelm@25737
  2329
wenzelm@27067
  2330
* ML within Isar: antiquotation @{const name} or @{const
wenzelm@27067
  2331
name(typargs)} produces statically-checked Const term.
wenzelm@27067
  2332
wenzelm@26401
  2333
* Functor NamedThmsFun: data is available to the user as dynamic fact
wenzelm@26724
  2334
(of the same name).  Removed obsolete print command.
wenzelm@26401
  2335
wenzelm@27067
  2336
* Removed obsolete "use_legacy_bindings" function.
wenzelm@26188
  2337
wenzelm@25737
  2338
* The ``print mode'' is now a thread-local value derived from a global
wenzelm@25737
  2339
template (the former print_mode reference), thus access becomes
wenzelm@25737
  2340
non-critical.  The global print_mode reference is for session
wenzelm@25737
  2341
management only; user-code should use print_mode_value,
wenzelm@25737
  2342
print_mode_active, PrintMode.setmp etc.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@25737
  2343
wenzelm@26874
  2344
* Functions system/system_out provide a robust way to invoke external
wenzelm@29161
  2345
shell commands, with propagation of interrupts (requires Poly/ML
wenzelm@29161
  2346
5.2.1).  Do not use OS.Process.system etc. from the basis library!
wenzelm@26222
  2347
wenzelm@25737
  2348
wenzelm@25626
  2349
*** System ***
wenzelm@25626
  2350
wenzelm@25971
  2351
* Default settings: PROOFGENERAL_OPTIONS no longer impose xemacs ---
wenzelm@25971
  2352
in accordance with Proof General 3.7, which prefers GNU emacs.
wenzelm@25970
  2353
wenzelm@25626
  2354
* isatool tty runs Isabelle process with plain tty interaction;
wenzelm@25626
  2355
optional line editor may be specified via ISABELLE_LINE_EDITOR
wenzelm@25626
  2356
setting, the default settings attempt to locate "ledit" and "rlwrap".
wenzelm@25626
  2357
wenzelm@25651
  2358
* isatool browser now works with Cygwin as well, using general
wenzelm@25651
  2359
"javapath" function defined in Isabelle process environment.
wenzelm@25651
  2360
wenzelm@27067
  2361
* YXML notation provides a simple and efficient alternative to
wenzelm@27067
  2362
standard XML transfer syntax.  See src/Pure/General/yxml.ML and
wenzelm@27067
  2363
isatool yxml as described in the Isabelle system manual.
wenzelm@25651
  2364
wenzelm@25652
  2365
* JVM class isabelle.IsabelleProcess (located in Isabelle/lib/classes)
wenzelm@25651
  2366
provides general wrapper for managing an Isabelle process in a robust
wenzelm@25651
  2367
fashion, with ``cooked'' output from stdin/stderr.
wenzelm@25651
  2368
wenzelm@25855
  2369
* Rudimentary Isabelle plugin for jEdit (see Isabelle/lib/jedit),
wenzelm@25855
  2370
based on Isabelle/JVM process wrapper (see Isabelle/lib/classes).
wenzelm@25855
  2371
wenzelm@27067
  2372
* Removed obsolete THIS_IS_ISABELLE_BUILD feature.  NB: the documented
wenzelm@27067
  2373
way of changing the user's settings is via
wenzelm@27067
  2374
ISABELLE_HOME_USER/etc/settings, which is a fully featured bash
wenzelm@27067
  2375
script.
wenzelm@27067
  2376
wenzelm@27067
  2377
* Multithreading.max_threads := 0 refers to the number of actual CPU
wenzelm@27067
  2378
cores of the underlying machine, which is a good starting point for
wenzelm@27067
  2379
optimal performance tuning.  The corresponding usedir option -M allows
wenzelm@27067
  2380
"max" as an alias for "0".  WARNING: does not work on certain versions
wenzelm@27067
  2381
of Mac OS (with Poly/ML 5.1).
wenzelm@27067
  2382
wenzelm@27067
  2383
* isabelle-process: non-ML sessions are run with "nice", to reduce the
wenzelm@27067
  2384
adverse effect of Isabelle flooding interactive front-ends (notably
wenzelm@27067
  2385
ProofGeneral / XEmacs).
wenzelm@27067
  2386
wenzelm@25626
  2387
wenzelm@25464
  2388
wenzelm@25429
  2389
New in Isabelle2007 (November 2007)
wenzelm@25429
  2390
-----------------------------------
wenzelm@17754
  2391
wenzelm@17754
  2392
*** General ***
wenzelm@17754
  2393
wenzelm@22826
  2394
* More uniform information about legacy features, notably a
wenzelm@22826
  2395
warning/error of "Legacy feature: ...", depending on the state of the
wenzelm@23367
  2396
tolerate_legacy_features flag (default true). FUTURE INCOMPATIBILITY:
wenzelm@23367
  2397
legacy features will disappear eventually.
wenzelm@22826
  2398
wenzelm@17918
  2399
* Theory syntax: the header format ``theory A = B + C:'' has been
wenzelm@17918
  2400
discontinued in favour of ``theory A imports B C begin''.  Use isatool
wenzelm@17918
  2401
fixheaders to convert existing theory files.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@17918
  2402
wenzelm@17918
  2403
* Theory syntax: the old non-Isar theory file format has been
wenzelm@17918
  2404
discontinued altogether.  Note that ML proof scripts may still be used
wenzelm@17918
  2405
with Isar theories; migration is usually quite simple with the ML
wenzelm@17918
  2406
function use_legacy_bindings.  INCOMPATIBILITY.
wenzelm@17918
  2407
wenzelm@22871
  2408
* Theory syntax: some popular names (e.g. 'class', 'declaration',
wenzelm@22871
  2409
'fun', 'help', 'if') are now keywords.  INCOMPATIBILITY, use double
wenzelm@22871
  2410
quotes.
wenzelm@19814
  2411
wenzelm@23888
  2412
* Theory loader: be more serious about observing the static theory
wenzelm@23888
  2413
header specifications (including optional directories), but not the
wenzelm@24172
  2414
accidental file locations of previously successful loads.  The strict
wenzelm@24172
  2415
update policy of former update_thy is now already performed by
wenzelm@24172
  2416
use_thy, so the former has been removed; use_thys updates several
wenzelm@24172
  2417
theories simultaneously, just as 'imports' within a theory header
wenzelm@24172
  2418
specification, but without merging the results.  Potential
wenzelm@24172
  2419
INCOMPATIBILITY: may need to refine theory headers and commands
wenzelm@24172
  2420
ROOT.ML which depend on load order.
wenzelm@23888
  2421
wenzelm@23888
  2422
* Theory loader: optional support for content-based file
wenzelm@23888
  2423
identification, instead of the traditional scheme of full physical
wenzelm@23889
  2424
path plus date stamp; configured by the ISABELLE_FILE_IDENT setting
wenzelm@23888
  2425
(cf. the system manual).  The new scheme allows to work with
wenzelm@23888
  2426
non-finished theories in persistent session images, such that source
wenzelm@23888
  2427
files may be moved later on without requiring reloads.
wenzelm@23888
  2428
wenzelm@24187
  2429
* Theory loader: old-style ML proof scripts being *attached* to a thy
wenzelm@24187
  2430
file (with the same base name as the theory) are considered a legacy
wenzelm@24800
  2431
feature, which will disappear eventually. Even now, the theory loader
wenzelm@24800
  2432
no longer maintains dependencies on such files.
wenzelm@24800
  2433
wenzelm@24800
  2434
* Syntax: the scope for resolving ambiguities via type-inference is
wenzelm@24800
  2435
now limited to individual terms, instead of whole simultaneous
wenzelm@24234
  2436
specifications as before. This greatly reduces the complexity of the
wenzelm@24234
  2437
syntax module and improves flexibility by separating parsing and
wenzelm@24234
  2438
type-checking. INCOMPATIBILITY: additional type-constraints (explicit
wenzelm@24234
  2439
'fixes' etc.) are required in rare situations.
wenzelm@24234
  2440
wenzelm@25034
  2441
* Syntax: constants introduced by new-style packages ('definition',
wenzelm@25034
  2442
'abbreviation' etc.) are passed through the syntax module in
wenzelm@25034
  2443
``authentic mode''. This means that associated mixfix annotations
wenzelm@25034
  2444
really stick to such constants, independently of potential name space
wenzelm@25034
  2445
ambiguities introduced later on. INCOMPATIBILITY: constants in parse
wenzelm@25034
  2446
trees are represented slightly differently, may need to adapt syntax
wenzelm@25034
  2447
translations accordingly. Use CONST marker in 'translations' and
wenzelm@25034
  2448
@{const_syntax} antiquotation in 'parse_translation' etc.
wenzelm@25034
  2449
wenzelm@17981
  2450
* Legacy goal package: reduced interface to the bare minimum required
wenzelm@17981
  2451
to keep existing proof scripts running.  Most other user-level
wenzelm@17981
  2452
functions are now part of the OldGoals structure, which is *not* open
wenzelm@17981
  2453
by default (consider isatool expandshort before open OldGoals).
wenzelm@17981
  2454
Removed top_sg, prin, printyp, pprint_term/typ altogether, because
wenzelm@17981
  2455
these tend to cause confusion about the actual goal (!) context being
wenzelm@17981
  2456
used here, which is not necessarily the same as the_context().
wenzelm@17918
  2457
wenzelm@23379
  2458
* Command 'find_theorems': supports "*" wild-card in "name:"
wenzelm@23379
  2459
criterion; "with_dups" option.  Certain ProofGeneral versions might
wenzelm@23379
  2460
support a specific search form (see ProofGeneral/CHANGES).
webertj@22965
  2461
wenzelm@20370
  2462
* The ``prems limit'' option (cf. ProofContext.prems_limit) is now -1
wenzelm@20370
  2463
by default, which means that "prems" (and also "fixed variables") are
wenzelm@20370
  2464
suppressed from proof state output.  Note that the ProofGeneral
wenzelm@20370
  2465
settings mechanism allows to change and save options persistently, but
wenzelm@20370
  2466
older versions of Isabelle will fail to start up if a negative prems
wenzelm@20370
  2467
limit is imposed.
wenzelm@20370
  2468
wenzelm@21308
  2469
* Local theory targets may be specified by non-nested blocks of
wenzelm@21308
  2470
``context/locale/class ... begin'' followed by ``end''.  The body may
wenzelm@21308
  2471
contain definitions, theorems etc., including any derived mechanism
wenzelm@21308
  2472
that has been implemented on top of these primitives.  This concept
wenzelm@21308
  2473
generalizes the existing ``theorem (in ...)'' towards more versatility
wenzelm@21308
  2474
and scalability.
wenzelm@21308
  2475
wenzelm@21960
  2476
* Proof General interface: proper undo of final 'end' command;
wenzelm@21960
  2477
discontinued Isabelle/classic mode (ML proof scripts).
wenzelm@21960
  2478
wenzelm@17754
  2479
wenzelm@17865
  2480
*** Document preparation ***
wenzelm@17865
  2481
wenzelm@21717
  2482
* Added antiquotation @{theory name} which prints the given name,
wenzelm@21717
  2483
after checking that it refers to a valid ancestor theory in the
wenzelm@21717
  2484
current context.
haftmann@21339
  2485
wenzelm@17869
  2486
* Added antiquotations @{ML_type text} and @{ML_struct text} which
wenzelm@17869
  2487
check the given source text as ML type/structure, printing verbatim.
wenzelm@17865
  2488
wenzelm@21717
  2489
* Added antiquotation @{abbrev "c args"} which prints the abbreviation
wenzelm@21717
  2490
"c args == rhs" given in the current context.  (Any number of
wenzelm@21735
  2491
arguments may be given on the LHS.)
wenzelm@21717
  2492
wenzelm@21717
  2493
wenzelm@17779
  2494
*** Pure ***
wenzelm@17779
  2495
wenzelm@24800
  2496
* The 'class' package offers a combination of axclass and locale to
wenzelm@25129
  2497
achieve Haskell-like type classes in Isabelle.  Definitions and
wenzelm@25129
  2498
theorems within a class context produce both relative results (with
wenzelm@25129
  2499
implicit parameters according to the locale context), and polymorphic
wenzelm@25129
  2500
constants with qualified polymorphism (according to the class
wenzelm@25129
  2501
context).  Within the body context of a 'class' target, a separate
wenzelm@25129
  2502
syntax layer ("user space type system") takes care of converting
wenzelm@25129
  2503
between global polymorphic consts and internal locale representation.
wenzelm@25177
  2504
See src/HOL/ex/Classpackage.thy for examples (as well as main HOL).
haftmann@25184
  2505
"isatool doc classes" provides a tutorial.
wenzelm@20807
  2506
haftmann@25199
  2507
* Generic code generator framework allows to generate executable
wenzelm@24800
  2508
code for ML and Haskell (including Isabelle classes).  A short usage
wenzelm@24800
  2509
sketch:
haftmann@20188
  2510
haftmann@20188
  2511
    internal compilation:
haftmann@25199
  2512
        export_code <list of constants (term syntax)> in SML
haftmann@20453
  2513
    writing SML code to a file:
haftmann@25199
  2514
        export_code <list of constants (term syntax)> in SML <filename>
haftmann@22735
  2515
    writing OCaml code to a file:
haftmann@25199
  2516
        export_code <list of constants (term syntax)> in OCaml <filename>
haftmann@20188
  2517
    writing Haskell code to a bunch of files:
haftmann@25199
  2518
        export_code <list of constants (term syntax)> in Haskell <filename>
haftmann@25199
  2519
haftmann@25199
  2520
    evaluating closed propositions to True/False using code generation:
haftmann@25184
  2521
        method ``eval''
haftmann@25184
  2522
haftmann@25184
  2523
Reasonable default setup of framework in HOL.
haftmann@20453
  2524
haftmann@20453
  2525
Theorem attributs for selecting and transforming function equations theorems:
haftmann@20453
  2526
haftmann@22845
  2527
    [code fun]:        select a theorem as function equation for a specific constant
haftmann@22845
  2528
    [code fun del]:    deselect a theorem as function equation for a specific constant
haftmann@22845
  2529
    [code inline]:     select an equation theorem for unfolding (inlining) in place
haftmann@22845
  2530
    [code inline del]: deselect an equation theorem for unfolding (inlining) in place
haftmann@20453
  2531
haftmann@22735
  2532
User-defined serializations (target in {SML, OCaml, Haskell}):
haftmann@20453
  2533
haftmann@20453
  2534
    code_const <and-list of constants (term syntax)>
haftmann@20453
  2535
      {(target) <and-list of const target syntax>}+
haftmann@20453
  2536
haftmann@20453
  2537
    code_type <and-list of type constructors>
haftmann@20453
  2538
      {(target) <and-list of type target syntax>}+
haftmann@20453
  2539
haftmann@20453
  2540
    code_instance <and-list of instances>
haftmann@20453
  2541
      {(target)}+
haftmann@20453
  2542
        where instance ::= <type constructor> :: <class>
haftmann@20453
  2543
haftmann@20453
  2544
    code_class <and_list of classes>
haftmann@20453
  2545
      {(target) <and-list of class target syntax>}+
haftmann@20453
  2546
        where class target syntax ::= <class name> {where {<classop> == <target syntax>}+}?
haftmann@20453
  2547
haftmann@25199
  2548
code_instance and code_class only are effective to target Haskell.
haftmann@22735
  2549
wenzelm@25177
  2550
For example usage see src/HOL/ex/Codegenerator.thy and
wenzelm@25177
  2551
src/HOL/ex/Codegenerator_Pretty.thy.  A separate tutorial on code
wenzelm@24800
  2552
generation from Isabelle/HOL theories is available via "isatool doc
wenzelm@24800
  2553
codegen".
haftmann@20188
  2554
wenzelm@25129
  2555
* Code generator: consts in 'consts_code' Isar commands are now
wenzelm@25129
  2556
referred to by usual term syntax (including optional type
wenzelm@25129
  2557
annotations).
wenzelm@25129
  2558
wenzelm@19254
  2559
* Command 'no_translations' removes translation rules from theory
wenzelm@19254
  2560
syntax.
wenzelm@19254
  2561
wenzelm@19625
  2562
* Overloaded definitions are now actually checked for acyclic
wenzelm@19714
  2563
dependencies.  The overloading scheme is slightly more general than
wenzelm@19714
  2564
that of Haskell98, although Isabelle does not demand an exact
wenzelm@19714
  2565
correspondence to type class and instance declarations.
wenzelm@19714
  2566
INCOMPATIBILITY, use ``defs (unchecked overloaded)'' to admit more
wenzelm@19714
  2567
exotic versions of overloading -- at the discretion of the user!
wenzelm@19711
  2568
wenzelm@19711
  2569
Polymorphic constants are represented via type arguments, i.e. the
wenzelm@19711
  2570
instantiation that matches an instance against the most general
wenzelm@19711
  2571
declaration given in the signature.  For example, with the declaration
wenzelm@19711
  2572
c :: 'a => 'a => 'a, an instance c :: nat => nat => nat is represented
wenzelm@19711
  2573
as c(nat).  Overloading is essentially simultaneous structural
wenzelm@19711
  2574
recursion over such type arguments.  Incomplete specification patterns
wenzelm@19714
  2575
impose global constraints on all occurrences, e.g. c('a * 'a) on the
wenzelm@19715
  2576
LHS means that more general c('a * 'b) will be disallowed on any RHS.
wenzelm@19714
  2577
Command 'print_theory' outputs the normalized system of recursive
wenzelm@19714
  2578
equations, see section "definitions".
wenzelm@19625
  2579
wenzelm@24086
  2580
* Configuration options are maintained within the theory or proof
wenzelm@24086
  2581
context (with name and type bool/int/string), providing a very simple
wenzelm@24086
  2582
interface to a poor-man's version of general context data.  Tools may
wenzelm@24110
  2583
declare options in ML (e.g. using Attrib.config_int) and then refer to
wenzelm@24110
  2584
these values using Config.get etc.  Users may change options via an
wenzelm@24110
  2585
associated attribute of the same name.  This form of context
wenzelm@24110
  2586
declaration works particularly well with commands 'declare' or
wenzelm@24110
  2587
'using', for example ``declare [[foo = 42]]''.  Thus it has become
wenzelm@24110
  2588
very easy to avoid global references, which would not observe Isar
wenzelm@24110
  2589
toplevel undo/redo and fail to work with multithreading.
wenzelm@24086
  2590
wenzelm@24172
  2591
Various global ML references of Pure and HOL have been turned into
wenzelm@24172
  2592
configuration options:
wenzelm@24172
  2593
wenzelm@24172
  2594
  Unify.search_bound		unify_search_bound
wenzelm@24172
  2595
  Unify.trace_bound		unify_trace_bound
wenzelm@24172
  2596
  Unify.trace_simp		unify_trace_simp
wenzelm@24172
  2597
  Unify.trace_types		unify_trace_types
wenzelm@24172
  2598
  Simplifier.simp_depth_limit	simp_depth_limit
wenzelm@24172
  2599
  Blast.depth_limit		blast_depth_limit
wenzelm@24172
  2600
  DatatypeProp.dtK		datatype_distinctness_limit
wenzelm@24172
  2601
  fast_arith_neq_limit  	fast_arith_neq_limit
wenzelm@24172
  2602
  fast_arith_split_limit	fast_arith_split_limit
wenzelm@24172
  2603
wenzelm@24086
  2604
* Named collections of theorems may be easily installed as context
wenzelm@24800
  2605
data using the functor NamedThmsFun (see also
wenzelm@24086
  2606
src/Pure/Tools/named_thms.ML).  The user may add or delete facts via
wenzelm@24110
  2607
attributes; there is also a toplevel print command.  This facility is
wenzelm@24110
  2608
just a common case of general context data, which is the preferred way
wenzelm@24110
  2609
for anything more complex than just a list of facts in canonical
wenzelm@24110
  2610
order.
wenzelm@24086
  2611
wenzelm@24032
  2612
* Isar: command 'declaration' augments a local theory by generic
wenzelm@24032
  2613
declaration functions written in ML.  This enables arbitrary content
wenzelm@24032
  2614
being added to the context, depending on a morphism that tells the
wenzelm@24032
  2615
difference of the original declaration context wrt. the application
wenzelm@24032
  2616
context encountered later on.
wenzelm@24032
  2617
wenzelm@24032
  2618
* Isar: proper interfaces for simplification procedures.  Command
wenzelm@24032
  2619
'simproc_setup' declares named simprocs (with match patterns, and body
wenzelm@24032
  2620
text in ML).  Attribute "simproc" adds/deletes simprocs in the current
wenzelm@24032
  2621
context.  ML antiquotation @{simproc name} retrieves named simprocs.
wenzelm@24032
  2622
wenzelm@24032
  2623
* Isar: an extra pair of brackets around attribute declarations
wenzelm@24032
  2624
abbreviates a theorem reference involving an internal dummy fact,
wenzelm@24032
  2625
which will be ignored later --- only the effect of the attribute on
wenzelm@24032
  2626
the background context will persist.  This form of in-place
wenzelm@24032
  2627
declarations is particularly useful with commands like 'declare' and
wenzelm@24032
  2628
'using', for example ``have A using [[simproc a]] by simp''.
wenzelm@24032
  2629
wenzelm@23369
  2630
* Isar: method "assumption" (and implicit closing of subproofs) now
wenzelm@23369
  2631
takes simple non-atomic goal assumptions into account: after applying
wenzelm@23369
  2632
an assumption as a rule the resulting subgoals are solved by atomic