src/HOL/Library/Mapping.thy
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(* Author: Florian Haftmann, TU Muenchen *)
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header {* An abstract view on maps for code generation. *}
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theory Mapping
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imports Main
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begin
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subsection {* Type definition and primitive operations *}
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typedef (open) ('a, 'b) mapping = "UNIV :: ('a \<rightharpoonup> 'b) set"
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  morphisms lookup Mapping ..
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lemma lookup_Mapping [simp]:
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  "lookup (Mapping f) = f"
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  by (rule Mapping_inverse) rule
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lemma Mapping_lookup [simp]:
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  "Mapping (lookup m) = m"
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  by (fact lookup_inverse)
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lemma Mapping_inject [simp]:
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  "Mapping f = Mapping g \<longleftrightarrow> f = g"
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  by (simp add: Mapping_inject)
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lemma mapping_eq_iff:
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  "m = n \<longleftrightarrow> lookup m = lookup n"
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  by (simp add: lookup_inject)
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lemma mapping_eqI:
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  "lookup m = lookup n \<Longrightarrow> m = n"
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  by (simp add: mapping_eq_iff)
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definition empty :: "('a, 'b) mapping" where
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  "empty = Mapping (\<lambda>_. None)"
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definition update :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping" where
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  "update k v m = Mapping ((lookup m)(k \<mapsto> v))"
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definition delete :: "'a \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping" where
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  "delete k m = Mapping ((lookup m)(k := None))"
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subsection {* Derived operations *}
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definition keys :: "('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> 'a set" where
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  "keys m = dom (lookup m)"
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definition ordered_keys :: "('a\<Colon>linorder, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> 'a list" where
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  "ordered_keys m = (if finite (keys m) then sorted_list_of_set (keys m) else [])"
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definition is_empty :: "('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> bool" where
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  "is_empty m \<longleftrightarrow> keys m = {}"
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definition size :: "('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> nat" where
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  "size m = (if finite (keys m) then card (keys m) else 0)"
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definition replace :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping" where
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  "replace k v m = (if k \<in> keys m then update k v m else m)"
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definition default :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping" where
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  "default k v m = (if k \<in> keys m then m else update k v m)"
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definition map_entry :: "'a \<Rightarrow> ('b \<Rightarrow> 'b) \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping" where
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  "map_entry k f m = (case lookup m k of None \<Rightarrow> m
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    | Some v \<Rightarrow> update k (f v) m)" 
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definition map_default :: "'a \<Rightarrow> 'b \<Rightarrow> ('b \<Rightarrow> 'b) \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping" where
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  "map_default k v f m = map_entry k f (default k v m)" 
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definition tabulate :: "'a list \<Rightarrow> ('a \<Rightarrow> 'b) \<Rightarrow> ('a, 'b) mapping" where
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  "tabulate ks f = Mapping (map_of (map (\<lambda>k. (k, f k)) ks))"
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definition bulkload :: "'a list \<Rightarrow> (nat, 'a) mapping" where
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  "bulkload xs = Mapping (\<lambda>k. if k < length xs then Some (xs ! k) else None)"
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subsection {* Properties *}
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lemma keys_is_none_lookup [code_inline]:
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  "k \<in> keys m \<longleftrightarrow> \<not> (Option.is_none (lookup m k))"
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  by (auto simp add: keys_def is_none_def)
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lemma lookup_empty [simp]:
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  "lookup empty = Map.empty"
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  by (simp add: empty_def)
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lemma lookup_update [simp]:
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  "lookup (update k v m) = (lookup m) (k \<mapsto> v)"
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  by (simp add: update_def)
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lemma lookup_delete [simp]:
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  "lookup (delete k m) = (lookup m) (k := None)"
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  by (simp add: delete_def)
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lemma lookup_map_entry [simp]:
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  "lookup (map_entry k f m) = (lookup m) (k := Option.map f (lookup m k))"
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  by (cases "lookup m k") (simp_all add: map_entry_def fun_eq_iff)
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lemma lookup_tabulate [simp]:
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  "lookup (tabulate ks f) = (Some o f) |` set ks"
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  by (induct ks) (auto simp add: tabulate_def restrict_map_def fun_eq_iff)
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lemma lookup_bulkload [simp]:
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  "lookup (bulkload xs) = (\<lambda>k. if k < length xs then Some (xs ! k) else None)"
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  by (simp add: bulkload_def)
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lemma update_update:
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  "update k v (update k w m) = update k v m"
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  "k \<noteq> l \<Longrightarrow> update k v (update l w m) = update l w (update k v m)"
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  by (rule mapping_eqI, simp add: fun_upd_twist)+
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lemma update_delete [simp]:
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  "update k v (delete k m) = update k v m"
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  by (rule mapping_eqI) simp
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lemma delete_update:
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  "delete k (update k v m) = delete k m"
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  "k \<noteq> l \<Longrightarrow> delete k (update l v m) = update l v (delete k m)"
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  by (rule mapping_eqI, simp add: fun_upd_twist)+
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lemma delete_empty [simp]:
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  "delete k empty = empty"
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  by (rule mapping_eqI) simp
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lemma replace_update:
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  "k \<notin> keys m \<Longrightarrow> replace k v m = m"
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  "k \<in> keys m \<Longrightarrow> replace k v m = update k v m"
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  by (rule mapping_eqI) (auto simp add: replace_def fun_upd_twist)+
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lemma size_empty [simp]:
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  "size empty = 0"
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  by (simp add: size_def keys_def)
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lemma size_update:
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  "finite (keys m) \<Longrightarrow> size (update k v m) =
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    (if k \<in> keys m then size m else Suc (size m))"
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  by (auto simp add: size_def insert_dom keys_def)
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lemma size_delete:
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  "size (delete k m) = (if k \<in> keys m then size m - 1 else size m)"
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  by (simp add: size_def keys_def)
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lemma size_tabulate [simp]:
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  "size (tabulate ks f) = length (remdups ks)"
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  by (simp add: size_def distinct_card [of "remdups ks", symmetric] comp_def keys_def)
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lemma bulkload_tabulate:
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  "bulkload xs = tabulate [0..<length xs] (nth xs)"
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  by (rule mapping_eqI) (simp add: fun_eq_iff)
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lemma is_empty_empty: (*FIXME*)
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  "is_empty m \<longleftrightarrow> m = Mapping Map.empty"
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  by (cases m) (simp add: is_empty_def keys_def)
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lemma is_empty_empty' [simp]:
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  "is_empty empty"
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  by (simp add: is_empty_empty empty_def) 
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lemma is_empty_update [simp]:
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  "\<not> is_empty (update k v m)"
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  by (simp add: is_empty_empty update_def)
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lemma is_empty_delete:
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  "is_empty (delete k m) \<longleftrightarrow> is_empty m \<or> keys m = {k}"
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  by (auto simp add: delete_def is_empty_def keys_def simp del: dom_eq_empty_conv)
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lemma is_empty_replace [simp]:
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  "is_empty (replace k v m) \<longleftrightarrow> is_empty m"
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  by (auto simp add: replace_def) (simp add: is_empty_def)
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lemma is_empty_default [simp]:
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  "\<not> is_empty (default k v m)"
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  by (auto simp add: default_def) (simp add: is_empty_def)
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lemma is_empty_map_entry [simp]:
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  "is_empty (map_entry k f m) \<longleftrightarrow> is_empty m"
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  by (cases "lookup m k")
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    (auto simp add: map_entry_def, simp add: is_empty_empty)
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lemma is_empty_map_default [simp]:
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  "\<not> is_empty (map_default k v f m)"
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  by (simp add: map_default_def)
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lemma keys_empty [simp]:
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  "keys empty = {}"
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  by (simp add: keys_def)
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lemma keys_update [simp]:
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  "keys (update k v m) = insert k (keys m)"
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  by (simp add: keys_def)
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lemma keys_delete [simp]:
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  "keys (delete k m) = keys m - {k}"
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  by (simp add: keys_def)
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lemma keys_replace [simp]:
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  "keys (replace k v m) = keys m"
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  by (auto simp add: keys_def replace_def)
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lemma keys_default [simp]:
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  "keys (default k v m) = insert k (keys m)"
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  by (auto simp add: keys_def default_def)
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lemma keys_map_entry [simp]:
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  "keys (map_entry k f m) = keys m"
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  by (auto simp add: keys_def)
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lemma keys_map_default [simp]:
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  "keys (map_default k v f m) = insert k (keys m)"
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  by (simp add: map_default_def)
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lemma keys_tabulate [simp]:
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  "keys (tabulate ks f) = set ks"
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  by (simp add: tabulate_def keys_def map_of_map_restrict o_def)
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lemma keys_bulkload [simp]:
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  "keys (bulkload xs) = {0..<length xs}"
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  by (simp add: keys_tabulate bulkload_tabulate)
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lemma distinct_ordered_keys [simp]:
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  "distinct (ordered_keys m)"
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  by (simp add: ordered_keys_def)
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lemma ordered_keys_infinite [simp]:
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  "\<not> finite (keys m) \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys m = []"
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  by (simp add: ordered_keys_def)
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lemma ordered_keys_empty [simp]:
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  "ordered_keys empty = []"
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  by (simp add: ordered_keys_def)
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lemma ordered_keys_update [simp]:
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  "k \<in> keys m \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys (update k v m) = ordered_keys m"
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  "finite (keys m) \<Longrightarrow> k \<notin> keys m \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys (update k v m) = insort k (ordered_keys m)"
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  by (simp_all add: ordered_keys_def) (auto simp only: sorted_list_of_set_insert [symmetric] insert_absorb)
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lemma ordered_keys_delete [simp]:
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  "ordered_keys (delete k m) = remove1 k (ordered_keys m)"
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proof (cases "finite (keys m)")
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  case False then show ?thesis by simp
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next
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  case True note fin = True
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  show ?thesis
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  proof (cases "k \<in> keys m")
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    case False with fin have "k \<notin> set (sorted_list_of_set (keys m))" by simp
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    with False show ?thesis by (simp add: ordered_keys_def remove1_idem)
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  next
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    case True with fin show ?thesis by (simp add: ordered_keys_def sorted_list_of_set_remove)
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  qed
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qed
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lemma ordered_keys_replace [simp]:
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  "ordered_keys (replace k v m) = ordered_keys m"
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  by (simp add: replace_def)
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lemma ordered_keys_default [simp]:
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  "k \<in> keys m \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys (default k v m) = ordered_keys m"
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  "finite (keys m) \<Longrightarrow> k \<notin> keys m \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys (default k v m) = insort k (ordered_keys m)"
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  by (simp_all add: default_def)
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lemma ordered_keys_map_entry [simp]:
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  "ordered_keys (map_entry k f m) = ordered_keys m"
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  by (simp add: ordered_keys_def)
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lemma ordered_keys_map_default [simp]:
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  "k \<in> keys m \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys (map_default k v f m) = ordered_keys m"
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  "finite (keys m) \<Longrightarrow> k \<notin> keys m \<Longrightarrow> ordered_keys (map_default k v f m) = insort k (ordered_keys m)"
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  by (simp_all add: map_default_def)
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lemma ordered_keys_tabulate [simp]:
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  "ordered_keys (tabulate ks f) = sort (remdups ks)"
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  by (simp add: ordered_keys_def sorted_list_of_set_sort_remdups)
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lemma ordered_keys_bulkload [simp]:
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  "ordered_keys (bulkload ks) = [0..<length ks]"
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  by (simp add: ordered_keys_def)
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subsection {* Code generator setup *}
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code_datatype empty update
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instantiation mapping :: (type, type) equal
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begin
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definition [code del]:
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  "HOL.equal m n \<longleftrightarrow> lookup m = lookup n"
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instance proof
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qed (simp add: equal_mapping_def mapping_eq_iff)
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end
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hide_const (open) empty is_empty lookup update delete ordered_keys keys size
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  replace default map_entry map_default tabulate bulkload
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end